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Malaysian Journal of Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028306/abstracts-of-the-2016-3rd-annual-scientific-meeting-of-malaysian-division-of-the-international-academy-of-pathology
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028305/rare-post-operative-complications-in-a-previously-undiagnosed-congenital-factor-x-deficiency-patient
#2
H Mohd Nazri, A A Suhair, W A R Wan Suriana, Z Zefarina, H Azlan, A Wan Zaidah
Factor X (FX) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive congenital bleeding disorder. The clinical presentation is among the most severe among the rare coagulation defects. Thus, majority of diagnosed patients will receive factor replacement therapy before surgical manipulation. However, the diagnosis of FX deficiency may be overlooked because it is a rare entity. This is a case report of a 15-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with FX deficiency after developing post-operative complications. With regular fresh frozen plasma infusion given, the patient responded well and recovered...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028304/zollinger-ellison-syndrome-an-unusual-case-of-chronic-diarrhoea-in-a-child
#3
R Goyal, U Debi, P Dey, K K Prasad, B R Thapa
Most cases of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) are described in adults. It is a rare disorder in childhood. Most cases present with abdominal pain due to peptic ulceration and chronic diarrhoea not responding to general measures. The symptom complex is initially confused with other more common diseases, which lead to a delay in diagnosis. We present a rare case of a-12-year boy who initially presented with abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting and progressive weight loss for over a two-year period before he was finally diagnosed as a case of ZES with the primary tumour in the pancreatic head and with multiple metastasis in both the liver and lymph nodes...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028303/dismal-outcome-of-therapy-related-myeloid-neoplasm-associated-with-complex-aberrant-karyotypes-and-monosomal-karyotype-a-case-report
#4
Y L Tang, W K Chia, E C S W Yap, M I Julia, C F Leong, S Salwati, C L Wong
INTRODUCTION: Individuals who are exposed to cytotoxic agents are at risk of developing therapyrelated myeloid neoplasms (t-MN). Cytogenetic findings of a neoplasm play an important role in stratifying patients into different risk groups and thus predict the response to treatment and overall survival. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Following this, he underwent all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) based chemotherapy and achieved remission...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028302/acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia-with-a-novel-translocation-t-16-17-q12-p13-a-case-report
#5
H Bhat, S Geelani, M Rashid, T Bhat, M Qadri, N Bashir N, F Manzoor, S Bhat, F Rather, J Rasool
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APML) is characterised by the t(15;17)(q22;q21), that results in the fusion of the promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) gene at 15q22 with the retinoic acid α-receptor (RARA) gene at 17q21. The current case report describes a 13-year-old male with APML, who was negative for PML/RARA fusion signal but reported to have an atypical translocation t(16;17). To the best of our knowledge this is the first case report of APML responsive to ATRA with such a translocation.
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028301/biochemical-and-molecular-characteristics-of-malaysian-patients-with-lysinuric-protein-intolerance
#6
A Habib, N A Azize, Y Yakob, Z Md Yunus, T K Wee
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an inborn error of dibasic amino acid transport due to a defect in the dibasic amino acid transporter in the renal and intestine and has a heterogenous presentation. Three Malaysian patients with LPI were studied and their biochemical and molecular findings compared. There were differences and similarities in the biochemical and molecular findings. Molecular analysis of SLC7A7 gene revealed a novel mutation c.235G>A; p.(Gly79Arg) in exon three in Patient 1 and a mutation c...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028300/high-quality-cell-block-preparation-from-scraping-of-conventional-cytology-slide-a-technical-report-on-a-modified-cytoscrape-cell-block-technique
#7
Y I Choi, M Jakhongir, S J Choi, L Kim, I S Park, J Y Han, J M Kim, Y C Chu
BACKGROUND: Immunocytochemistry (ICC) on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded cell blocks is an ancillary tool commonly recruited for differential diagnoses of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) samples. However, the quality of conventional cell blocks in terms of adequate cellularity and evenness of distribution of cytologic material is not always satisfactory for ICC. We introduce a modified agarose-based cytoscrape cell block (CCB) technique that can be effectively used for the preparation of cell blocks from scrapings of conventional FNAC slides...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028299/gene-expression-in-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#8
M Muhammad Aliff, S Muhammad Shazwan, M M Nur Fariha, A R Hayati, A R Nur Syahrina, M Maizatul Azma, A H Nazefah, S Jameela, A A Asral Wirda
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystem disease that may present as venous or arterial thrombosis and/or pregnancy complications with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. Until today, heterogeneity of pathogenic mechanism fits well with various clinical manifestations. Moreover, previous studies have indicated that genes are differentially expressed between normal and in the disease state. Hence, this study systematically searched the literature on human gene expression that was differentially expressed in Obstetric APS...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028298/microrna-expression-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-microrna-target-genes-analysis
#9
S Muhammad Shazwan, M Muhammad Aliff, A A Asral Wirda, A R Hayati, M Maizatul Azma, A R Nur Syahrina, A H Nazefah, S Jameela, M M Nur Fariha
INTRODUCTION: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are autoantibodies that attack phospholipid through anti-beta 2-glycoprotein 1. The actions of aPL are associated with events leading to thrombosis and morbidity in pregnancy. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is diagnosed when a patient is persistently positive for aPL and also has recognised clinical manifestations such as recurrent pregnancy losses, arterial or venous thrombosis and in a catastrophic case, can result in death. Unfortunately, the pathogenesis of APS is still not well established...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028297/histopathological-features-of-coeliac-disease-in-a-sample-of-sudanese-patients
#10
M A N Mokhtar, S O Mekki, H M Y Mudawi, S H Sulaiman, M A Tahir, M A Tigani, I A Omer, B M Yousif, I A Fragalla, Z Mohammed, M Dafaalla
INTRODUCTION: Coeliac disease can occur at any age but is more common in children. Its diagnosis requires correlation between clinical presentations, serological results, endoscopic findings and histopathological classification using the modified Marsh grading system. This study of coeliac disease with biopsies received in the department of histopathology at Soba University Hospital, and Fedail Hospital aimed to gain insight into the demographic profile, clinical presentations and histopathological classification of patients with coeliac disease...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028296/human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-egyptian-females-study-by-cytology-histopathology-colposcopy-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-high-risk-types
#11
M A Nayel, O G Shaker, A N Hosni, H N Hosni, S E Khalifa, A F Shazly
OBJECTIVES: In Northern Africa, the region Egypt belongs to, about 10.7% of women are estimated to harbour cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and 78.4% of invasive cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18. We aimed at comparing HPV detection by ISH-PCR tissue with other conventional available cheaper techniques, finding which of them can be relied upon in a developing country like Egypt for HPV detection. METHODS: Sixty patients were included. For them colposcopy, PAP smear, histopathology and detection of HPV using ISH PCR tissue and PCR swab were achieved...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028295/current-trends-of-seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infections-in-pakistani-%C3%AE-thalassaemic-patients
#12
S Sultan, S M Irfan, M Siddiqui, S M H Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Though regular blood transfusion improves the survival, it carries the unavoidable risk of transfusion transmitted infections (TTI) in β-thalassaemic patients. Owing to the lack of uniformity in blood screening practices in Pakistan, TTI is still a major challenge. OBJECTIVES: To study the current trends of TTI in regularly transfused β-thalassaemics and their correlation with age, number of transfusions, hematological and biochemical markers. METHODS: We carried out a prospective case-control study...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028294/emergence-of-ctx-m-15-producing-e-coli-o25b-st131-clone-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-bangladesh
#13
N Begum, S M Shamsuzzaman
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing uropathogens has become prevalent worldwide. E. coli O25b-ST131 clone, associated with blaCTX-M-15, has been reported from many parts of the world and is frequently associated with multidrug resistance. Thus far, there are no reports about this clone in Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to investigate ESBL producing uropathogens and to survey the prevalence of E. coli O25b-ST131 clone among ESBL positive E. coli isolates...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028293/potential-use-of-cord-blood-for-hb-e-hemoglobinopathy-screening-programme-using-capillary-electrophoresis
#14
W A Wan Mohd Saman, R Hassan, S Mohd Yusoff, C A Che Yaakob, N A F Abdullah, S Ghazali, M A R Mohd Radzi, R Bahar
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies are inherited red blood cell disorders found worldwide. Hemoglobin (Hb) E disorder is one of the hemoglobinopathies known to have the high prevalence in South East Asia. Most of transfusion-dependent thalassemias were genotypically compound heterozygous Hb E/ β-thalassemia. In Malaysia, the national screening program for thalassemia was implemented for early pregnancy or secondary school girls; however many participants do not turn-up and missed the screening test...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028292/glypican-3-is-useful-but-not-superior-to-hep-par-1-in-differentiating-hepatocellular-carcinoma-from-other-liver-tumours
#15
A M Pour, N Masir, I M Rose
To assess the diagnostic utility of glypican-3 (GPC-3) in comparison to Hep Par 1 in the diagnosis of liver tumours, a cross-sectional study involving 66 resected liver tumours were tested for the protein expression of these markers by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies. Of the 66 cases, 26 (39.4%) were hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 4 (6.1%) were intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and 36 (54.5%) were metastatic tumours. Hep Par 1 and GPC-3 expressions in HCC were 24/26 (92.3%) and 19/26 (73.1%) respectively...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028291/contaminated-milk-is-a-common-cause-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-a-hypothesis
#16
N Y Boo
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is the most commonly acquired gastrointestinal disease of neonates, particularly the very preterm (gestation <32 weeks) and/or very low birth weight (<1500g). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite improvement in neonatal care and increased use of expressed breast milk (EBM), the incidence remains high in many neonatal intensive care units (NICU), and even shows increasing trend in some countries. Numerous studies have pointed to the infective nature of NEC...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568678/abstracts-of-the-2016-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-college-of-pathologists-academy-of-medicine-malaysia
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568677/erratum-phyllodes-tumours-of-the-breast-retrospective-analysis-of-a-university-hospital-s-experience
#18
Y F Toh, P L Cheah, L M Looi, K H Teoh, P H Tan
No abstract available.
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568676/adult-onset-sinonasal-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-rare-case-report-with-cytohistological-features
#19
N Sood, N Sehrawat
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a fast growing, malignant tumour arising from immature mesenchymal cells, committed to skeletal muscle differentiation. It is more often seen in the paediatric population and constitutes less than 1% of all malignancies and less than 3% of all soft tissue tumours. RMS of the paranasal sinuses constitutes 10-15% of adult head and neck RMS, ethmoidal and maxillary sinuses being the most common. We report a 56-year-oldman presenting with left nasal obstruction, epistaxis on and off and left cheek swelling...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568675/skin-metastasis-an-uncommon-course-of-prostate-carcinoma-a-report-of-two-cases
#20
L Telis, V Wolf, O Yaskiv, B J Pearson, M Katsigeorgis, S B Jazayeri, D B Samadi, P D Unger
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men worldwide and in the USA. Most prostate cancer progression either locally invades to seminal vesicles or metastasizes distally to bone. Skin is not a common site of metastasis for the majority of malignancies including prostate cancer. This paper reports two extremely rare cases of prostate carcinoma metastatic to the skin: a 74-year-old man previously treated with radiation for prostate cancer with cutaneous metastases to the shoulder and a 68-year-old man with prostate adenocarcinoma and cutaneous metastases to the groin...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
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