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Malaysian Journal of Pathology

E S Ch'ng, F I Khiro
No abstract available.
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
J S Gandhi, M Kamboj, G Gupta, N Seth
INTRODUCTION: Primary uterine angiosarcoma is a very rare tumour, with only 23 cases described till now. It is a malignant tumour with cells variably recapitulating the morphologic features of an endothelium and expressing immunohistochemical markers of endothelial cells. In general, it is a bulky neoplasm and frequently is at advance stage of disease at presentation. In general, patients with uterine angiosarcoma tend to have a poorer prognosis, mostly related to the aggressive nature and the metastatic potential of these tumours...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
R Parra-Medina, P Lopez-Correa, V Gutierrez, F Polo
A 43-year-old man presented with two-month history of fatigue, weakness, paleness, rectal bleeding, sweating, and weight loss of 10 kg in the past one month. A complete blood count revealed anaemia. The patient underwent a right hemicolectomy. The microscopic examination revealed an adenosquamous carcinoma associated with a mucinous adenocarcinoma in a patient with microsatellite instability due to loss of MLH1 and PMS2 expression and retention of MSH2 and MSH6 expression in both the squamous and glandular components...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
N A Mansor, N Yusof, Y L Tang, A Ithnin, R Z Azma, N R Tumian, S Shuib
INTRODUCTION: Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) characterised by persistent thombocytosis. It is an indolent disorder but transformation to myelofibrosis (MF), acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) or myelodyplastic syndrome (MDS) has been reported. CASE REPORT: We described a patient with ET whose disease evolved into MDS with fibrosis and complex karyotype after 15 years of stable disease. She was asymptomatic and was on hydroxyurea (HU) treatment until recently when she presented with worsening anaemia...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
D Afandi, I Romus
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a rare in children; the risk of SUDEP in children is up to 10-fold less than adults. Herein, we report a case of SUDEP in a 14-year-old boy. The post-mortem findings in neuropathological examination in SUDEP are not pathognomonic. Tongue and lip bites marks are only an indication of a seizure before death. Basically, there are no lesions that could explain the incidence of seizures before death. However, post-mortem examination is mandatory in order to determine the diagnosis of SUDEP...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
E V A De Los Reyes, D I Rivera, H M Santos, R M Carlos
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial teratomas account for 0.5% of all intracranial tumours and 2-4% of intracranial tumours in children. However, in terms of tumours of the pineal area, the exact incidence is not ascertained. Although, it is noted that 50-60% of central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumours are found in the pineal gland. The degree of difficulty in the sampling of lesions in the pineal gland during biopsy emphasizes the importance of correlating the imaging studies, histopathologic findings, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tumour markers...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
R Rahimi, E Omar, T S Tuan Soh, S F A Mohd Nawi, S Md Noor
INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by spirochaete of the genus Leptospira. Human infection occurs after exposure to water or soil contaminated by urine from an infected animal. Most patients manifest as self-limited systemic illness. However 10% of patients manifest as severe disease associated with high fatality. The disease affects mostly men, cases involving pregnant women are uncommon. We presented a case of leptospirosis in a pregnant woman leading to mortality of both mother and foetus...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
B J Noh, C S Han, J S Park, J Lee, Y W Kim, Y K Park
Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is an uncommon type of extranodal lymphoma involvement. An anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is an extremely rare type of PBL, and it remains unclear whether ALCLs that primarily involve the bone exhibit favourable or unfavourable biological behaviour, and whether they are similar to ALCLs in general, or not. We reported a case of ALK-positive ALCL with primary bone involvement, and reviewed the clinicopathological features of 22 previously reported cases. An ALCL with primary bone involvement mostly affects younger patients with a preponderant towards the involvement of axial-bone...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
O Üreyen, M A Üstuner, A Argon, M Özbilgin, T Egeli, E Ìlhan, E Vardar, T Ünek, M Yildirim, N Erkan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of resveratrol and octreotide, agents that are used to prevent intra-abdominal adhesions in experimental models, in preventing intraperitoneal adhesions when used alone or in combination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study employed 28 young female Wistar albino rats weighing 250-300 grams. An experimental adhesion model was created in each rat using serosal abrasion and peritoneal excision. They were divided into four groups, each comprising seven rats: Group 1, adhesion induction only; Group 2, resveratrol administration only; Group 3, octreotide administration only; and Group 4, administration of resveratrol and octreotide combination...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
B S Lee, J Sathar, L Sivapatham, L I Lee
INTRODUCTION: Non-transfusion dependent thalassaemia (NTDT) is a term used for thalassaemia patients who do not require lifelong regular transfusions for survival. Pregnancy in these women, whether spontaneous or through assisted reproductive technology, represents a challenge for the physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The maternal and foetal outcomes of patients with NTDT followed up in a tertiary haematology centre over 6 months period were studied. A total of 36 pregnancies in 26 pregnant women with NTDT were analysed...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
R Rahimi, N D Dahili, K Anuar Zainun, N A Mohd Kasim, S Md Noor
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac-related diseases contributed approximately 50-60% of sudden natural death cases. This study aimed to describe the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) findings in post mortem subjects irrespective of the cause and manner of death, and the possible use of post mortem serum cTnT as a modality in investigating sudden natural death. METHODS: The study samples comprised 140 subjects aged 18 to 50 years old, natural and unnatural causes of sudden death brought to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh (HSgB) and Hospital Sultanah Aminah Johor Bahru (HSAJB) for a period of 12 months...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
E Kumcu, H Unverdi, E Kaymaz, O Oral, D Turkbey, S Hucmenoglu
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is still a serious health problem in 21st century and diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this malignant disease are subject to many research. While cancer research has been focused on tumour cells primarily, recent studies showed that tumour stroma contribute to carcinogenesis as well as tumour cells. Especially fibroblasts adjacent to epithelial tumour cells are not ordinary fibroblasts and play the critical role. Studies showed that these cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) have different genetic profile and protein expression...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
S Ismail, C L Saw
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to analyse, compare and contrast the demographic, clinical and pathological data of odontogenic tumours seen at a regional oral pathology centre in the Northern part of Peninsular Malaysia with other international data as an aid to clinicians in diagnosing odontogenic tumours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, retrospective study of odontogenic tumours diagnosed from January 2007 to December 2014 at this centre...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
S K Lai, N Masir, S H Md Pauzi
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative frozen section lymph node assessment helps to predict axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer. However, the accuracy of this frozen section analysis may vary among institutions. This study describes our institution's experience in intraoperative analysis of sentinel lymph node and aims to determine the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of our assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the histopathological material and data from 82 breast cancer patients diagnosed over a period of four years who underwent intraoperative frozen section evaluation of sentinel lymph nodes...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
S Muthusamy, S Azhar Sha, S N Abdullah Suhaimi, N Kassim, M Mahasin, M F Mohd Saleh, N Md Isa
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy with more than 95% originating from follicular epithelial cells. Diagnostic dilemma may arise in occasional cases such as when an encapsulated nodule with a follicular growth pattern exhibits clear nuclei with grooves making it difficult to distinguish a follicular adenoma from encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of an immunohistochemical marker, CD56, to distinguish between benign and malignant thyroid lesions...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
J S J Tan, K C Ong, D B L Ong, A Razack, J Lim, R Yunus, M Sundram, A Rhodes
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is a heterogenous disease and the mechanisms that drive it to behave differently are not well understood. Tumour expression of the ERG oncogene occurs in the majority of patients with prostate cancer in Western studies. This is considered to be oncogenic as ERG acts as a transcription factor to regulate genes involved in tumour proliferation and invasion. In this study we investigated expression of ERG in Malaysian men with prostate cancer. METHODS: Tissues were collected from 80 patients with clinically detected prostate cancer and treated with radical prostatectomy...
August 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract available.
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract available.
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
H J Son, H Lee, J H Kim, I K Yu, H Y Han
Progressively transformed germinal centers (PTGC) is a benign process characterised by a morphological variant of reactive follicular hyperplasia in lymph nodes. It was recently shown that some cases of PTGC are associated with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) or increased IgG4 plasma cells. Five years ago, a 57-year-old woman presented with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the left parotid, submandibular, and neck areas, pathologically diagnosed as PTGC after excisional biopsy. Since then, she has experienced numbness in her extremities, especially the left shoulder and arm, pruritus on the left side of the face and intermittent facial palsy, for which she has been receiving regular symptomatic treatment...
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
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