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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

James H Yiin, Jeri L Anderson, Robert D Daniels, Stephen J Bertke, Donald A Fleming, David J Tollerud, Chih-Yu Tseng, Pi-Hsueh Chen, Kathleen M Waters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of cause-specific mortality and relationship between internal exposure to uranium and specific causes in a pooled cohort of 29,303 workers employed at three former uranium enrichment facilities in the United States with follow-up through 2011. METHODS: Cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for the full cohort were calculated with the U.S. population as referent. Internal comparison of the dose-response relation between selected outcomes and estimated organ doses was evaluated using regression models...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Markku Pavela, Jukka Uitti, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Among workers employed at a nickel refinery in Harjavalta, Finland an increased risk of lung and sinus cancer has been demonstrated in two previous studies. The current study adds 16 more years of follow-up to these studies. METHODS: A total of 1,115 persons exposed to nickel and 194 non-exposed workers in the Harjavalta nickel smelter and refinery were followed up for cancer from 1967 to 2011 through the Finnish Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The total number of cancer cases in men was 251 (Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Marizen Ramirez, Sato Ashida, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: For new mothers returning to work, the role of the workplace psychosocial environment on maternal mental health has not been fully described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial employment characteristics and mothers' postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. METHODS: Ninety-seven women answered survey questions regarding employment, job demand, control, and support, and postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms soon after live birth and 6 months later...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Chan Yeu Pu, Mohamed Rizwan Haroon Al Rasheed, Marin Sekosan, Vibhu Sharma
A 61-year-old man was evaluated for a 2 month history of cough and dyspnea without relevant exposures other than pyrethrin containing insecticidal sprays he used while grooming dogs almost daily. High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the chest demonstrated a Non-Specific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP) pattern. Pulmonary function testing revealed an isolated mildly reduced diffusion capacity. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) results confirmed the presence of foamy histiocytes, lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells consistent with ongoing exposure...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Sadie H Conway, Lisa A Pompeii, Vanessa Casanova, David I Douphrate
BACKGROUND: The logging industry is recognized as one of the most dangerous professions in the U.S., but little is known about safety management practices on remote logging sites. METHODS: A total of six focus group sessions were held among logging supervisors and front line crew members in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas (N = 27 participants). RESULTS: Participants perceived that logging was a dangerous profession, but its risks had been mitigated in several ways, most notably through mechanization of timber harvesting...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kevin Riley, Jennifer Nazareno, Sterling Malish
INTRODUCTION: Live-in formal caregivers spend consecutive days in patients' homes, raising questions about their ability to secure adequate sleep while on duty. Few studies have examined sleeping conditions and outcomes for this growing workforce. METHODS: We collected weeklong sleep logs and interview data from 32 Filipino caregivers in Los Angeles who provide live-in services at least 3 consecutive days per week. RESULTS: Respondents recorded a total average of 6...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
R Reid Harvey, M Abbas Virji, Kristin J Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Katherine Lippel, Joan M Eakin, D Linn Holness, Dana Howse
BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify impacts of compensation system characteristics on doctors in Québec and Ontario. METHODS: (i) Legal analysis; (ii) Qualitative methods applied to documentation and individual and group interviews with doctors (34) and other system participants (31); and (iii) Inter-jurisdictional transdisciplinary analysis involving cross-disciplinary comparative and integrative analysis of policy contexts, qualitative data, and the relationship between the two...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Noa Krawczyk, Aline de Souza Espíndola Santos, Jaime Lima, Armando Meyer
: Background Agricultural production has expanded dramatically throughout Brazil. Previous research in the Serrana Region found that from 1979 to 1998, agricultural workers experienced high mortality rates from certain cancers compared to non-agricultural workers [Meyer et al. (2003): Environ Res 93:264-271]. METHODS: New data were obtained for 1999-2013 and Mortality Odds Ratios (MORs) were utilized to compare cancer and other mortality between male agricultural workers in the Serrana Region and non-agricultural workers in the Serrana Region, Rio de Janeiro, and Porto Alegre, and to compare mortality odds to previous decades...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jin-Young Min, Shin-Goo Park, Sang Hee Hwang, Kyoung-Bok Min
BACKGROUND: This study explored whether precarious workers have difficulties in health care access as compared with non-precarious workers. METHODS: The 2008 Korean Community Health Survey data were used for this study. Information was obtained on 51,322 participants (40,514 non-precarious workers and 10,808 precarious workers). Precarious workers were defined as part-time or contingent workers. RESULTS: Precarious workers had significantly higher risk of limited access to hospitals (OR = 1...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Joydeep Majumder, Priyanka Shah, Bhavani S Bagepally
BACKGROUND: The study examined the work environment of Indian ceramics workers and assessed associations between work hazards, work category, and self-reported symptoms. METHODS: The multi-method ergonomic review technique (MMERT) checkpoints was used for work analysis and prevalence of self-reported symptoms among 329 male workers. RESULTS: Ambient temperature and relative humidity in ceramic industries were 39.9°C and 17.4% respectively...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jeffrey H Mandel, Bruce H Alexander, Gurumurthy Ramachandran
BACKGROUND: Mining of gold, taconite, and talc may involve exposure to elongate mineral particles (EMP). The involved EMPs are typically non-asbestiform, include dimensions that regulatory definitions exclude, and have been less studied. METHODS: A review of the literature was undertaken for this exposure and occupational epidemiological studies that occur in gold, talc, and taconite mining. RESULTS: Quantitative EMP exposure information in these industries is incomplete...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, Dorothy Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: Workplace training may help to prevent contact dermatitis, a common work-related disease. Information on the characteristics of existing workplace training programs and worker perceptions of this training is limited. METHODS: Fourteen workers with suspected occupational contact dermatitis participated in one-on-one, semi-structured interviews. An inductive thematic analysis approach was used to identify interview themes. RESULTS: Workers expressed a desire for hands-on training with content relevant to their job tasks, favored training from supervisors who had practical experience, and were conflicted about employer motivations for providing training...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Steven J Wurzelbacher, Ibraheem S Al-Tarawneh, Alysha R Meyers, P Timothy Bushnell, Michael P Lampl, David C Robins, Chih-Yu Tseng, Chia Wei, Stephen J Bertke, Jill A Raudabaugh, Thomas M Haviland, Teresa M Schnorr
BACKGROUND: Workers' compensation (WC) claims data may be useful for identifying high-risk industries and developing prevention strategies. METHODS: WC claims data from private-industry employers insured by the Ohio state-based workers' compensation carrier from 2001 to 2011 were linked with the state's unemployment insurance (UI) data on the employer's industry and number of employees. National Labor Productivity and Costs survey data were used to adjust UI data and estimate full-time equivalents (FTE)...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ha Do Byon, Carla Storr, Lori Edwards, Jane Lipscomb
BACKGROUND: Health care workers providing home care are frequently unaware of their client's history of violence or mental illness/substance abuse disorder, recognized risk factors for workplace violence. This study estimated the associations between these factors and experiencing client violence among direct care workers in the home settings (DCWHs). METHODS: Acts and threats of violence were estimated using data from an anonymous survey among DCWHs (n = 876) working at two large home care agencies...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jemma Benson, Emma Garrison, Jonathan Dropkin, Paul L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The original objective was to measure the impact of kneepads on musculoskeletal pain in migrant and seasonal farmworkers (MSFWs). Secondary analyses were conducted to quantify the extent to which response bias may have skewed the study's results. METHODS: Surveys were used to collect data on baseline pain and post-intervention pain, the amount of time participants spent wearing kneepads, and their overall ratings of the intervention. RESULTS: Participants did not experience significantly less pain with kneepads, and wore them for considerably less than the prescribed amount of time...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Rebecca J Guerin, Andrea H Okun, Patricia Kelley
BACKGROUND: An online, multiple-choice assessment was developed and validated for Youth@Work-Talking Safety, a NIOSH curriculum that equips middle and high school students with foundational workplace safety and health knowledge and skills. METHODS: Classical Test Theory was used for the test development and validation; the Jaeger method was used for cut score determination. A total of 118 multiple-choice items were developed to measure the acquisition of knowledge and skills taught through the NIOSH curriculum...
November 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lisa A Pompeii, Ashley Schoenfisch, Hester J Lipscomb, John M Dement, Claudia D Smith, Sadie H Conway
BACKGROUND: Under-reporting of type II (patient/visitor-on-worker) violence by workers has been attributed to a lack of essential event details needed to inform prevention strategies. METHODS: Mixed methods including surveys and focus groups were used to examine patterns of reporting type II violent events among ∼11,000 workers at six U.S. hospitals. RESULTS: Of the 2,098 workers who experienced a type II violent event, 75% indicated they reported...
October 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jennifer M Cavallari, Manik Ahuja, Alicia G Dugan, John D Meyer, Nancy Simcox, Sara Wakai, Jennifer L Garza
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among custodians is high. We sought to compare musculoskeletal symptoms between female and male custodians and to explore how task might affect this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 712 custodians who completed a survey assessing upper extremity, back, and lower extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and exposure to cleaning tasks. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between gender, cleaning tasks, and musculoskeletal symptoms...
October 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Alicia G Dugan, Dana A Farr, Sara Namazi, Robert A Henning, Kelly N Wallace, Mazen El Ghaziri, Laura Punnett, Jeffrey L Dussetschleger, Martin G Cherniack
BACKGROUND: Correctional Officers (COs) have among the highest injury rates and poorest health of all the public safety occupations. The HITEC-2 (Health Improvement Through Employee Control-2) study uses Participatory Action Research (PAR) to design and implement interventions to improve health and safety of COs. METHOD: HITEC-2 compared two different types of participatory program, a CO-only "Design Team" (DT) and "Kaizen Event Teams" (KET) of COs and supervisors, to determine differences in implementation process and outcomes...
October 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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