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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Jungsun Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues of self-employed individuals in Korea. METHODS: The working conditions and OSH issues in three groups were analyzed using the Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Among self-employed individuals, "Physical work" was more common among males, whereas "Emotional work" was more common among females. Self-employed individuals performing "Mental work" had more education, higher incomes, and the lowest exposure to physical/chemical and ergonomic hazards in the workplace...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bryan Weichelt, Marsha Salzwedel, Scott Heiberger, Barbara C Lee
BACKGROUND: The AgInjuryNews system and dataset are a news report repository and information source for agricultural safety professionals, policymakers, journalists, and law enforcement officials. METHODS: AgInjuryNews was designed as a primary storage and retrieval system that allows users to: identify agricultural injury/fatality events; identify injury agents and emerging issues; provide safety messages for media in anticipation of trends; and raise awareness and knowledge of agricultural injuries and prevention strategies...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Hsiu-Hao Lee, Bing-Yu Chen, Shih-Chun Pan, Shih-Hsiang Lo, Pau-Chung Chen, Yue Leon Guo
BACKGROUND: The dynamic effects of duty events on the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) of physicians on duty are unknown. METHODS: A study was conducted among 12 physicians on night duty. BP and HRV with and without the effect of a duty event were compared. The risk of higher BP and impaired HRV after a phone call were calculated. RESULTS: Physicians had higher mean BP (122.4 ± 11.1; 76.9 ± 7.1 mmHg) within 30 min after a phone calls than without a phone call (113...
May 20, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Donald E Eggerth, Brenna M Keller, Michael A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Persons born outside the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis disease (TB) than native-born individuals. Foreign-born Latinos at risk of TB may be difficult to reach with public health interventions due to cultural and institutional barriers. Workplaces employing large concentrations of foreign-born Latinos may be useful locations for TB interventions targeting this high-risk population. METHOD: This study used a two-phase approach to investigate the feasibility of workplace TB interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
James H Yiin, Jeri L Anderson, Stephen J Bertke, David J Tollerud
OBJECTIVE: To examine dose-response relationships between internal uranium exposures and select outcomes among a cohort of uranium enrichment workers. METHODS: Cox regression was conducted to examine associations between selected health outcomes and cumulative internal uranium with consideration for external ionizing radiation, work-related medical X-rays and contaminant radionuclides technetium (99 Tc) and plutonium (239 Pu) as potential confounders. RESULTS: Elevated and monotonically increasing mortality risks were observed for kidney cancer, chronic renal diseases, and multiple myeloma, and the association with internal uranium absorbed organ dose was statistically significant for multiple myeloma...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Xaver Baur
BACKGROUND: Although antigorite is generally described as platy, its fibrous (asbestiform) variant is present widespread in serpentinite rocks. In addition to its primarily fibrous occurrence, asbestiform antigorite may also be formed from serpentinite with massive appearance during tunneling and mining. It is not of commercial interest, but exposure may occur in the certain environments. METHODS AND RESULTS: Detailed studies of the structural features of this antigorite type revealed characteristics closely related to those of chrysotile...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
David J Blackley, Cara N Halldin, A Scott Laney
BACKGROUND: Severe coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is increasingly common, and sometimes requires lung transplantation. METHODS: Using Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network data, we updated the trend for CWP-related lung transplants, described CWP patients who have been waitlisted but not transplanted, and characterized the primary payer of medical costs for CWP-related and other occupational lung disease transplants. RESULTS: There have been at least 62 CWP-related lung transplants; 49 (79%) occurred in the last decade...
May 6, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lynne E Pinkerton, Misty J Hein, Jeri L Anderson, Annette Christianson, Mark P Little, Alice J Sigurdson, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
BACKGROUND: Flight attendants may have an increased risk of some cancers from occupational exposure to cosmic radiation and circadian disruption. METHODS: The incidence of thyroid, ovarian, and uterine cancer among ∼6000 female flight attendants compared to the US population was evaluated via life table analyses. Associations of these cancers, melanoma, and cervical cancer with cumulative cosmic radiation dose and metrics of circadian disruption were evaluated using Cox regression...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Yousef Jaradat, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Rita Bast-Pettersen
BACKGROUND: The study examined associations between workplace aggression (WPA) and psychosomatic symptoms in Palestinian nurses. METHODS: The 341 nurses, (62% females and 38% males), answered a WHO questionnaire and a psychosomatic symptoms checklist. RESULTS: A total of 27.3% of the nurses reported exposure to WPA of any kind within the last 12 months. After adjusting for covariates, female nurses exposed to WPA of any kind and those exposed to verbal aggression reported a higher symptom score: (1...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Zaid Al-Faham, Ryan F LeBouf, Randall J Nett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Robert R Harvey, Randy Boylstein, Joel McCullough, Alice Shumate, Kristin Yeoman, Rachel L Bailey, Kristin J Cummings
At least four workers at a metal recycling facility were hospitalized and one died after exposure to chlorine gas when it was accidentally released from an intact, closed-valved cylinder being processed for scrap metal. This unintentional chlorine gas release marks at least the third such incident at a metal recycling facility in the United States since 2010. We describe the fatal case of the worker whose clinical course was consistent with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) following exposure to high concentrations of chlorine gas...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Stephen J Bertke, James H Yiin, Robert D Daniels
BACKGROUND: There is sparse and inconsistent evidence of an association between styrene exposure and cancer. METHODS: This study examines mortality patterns in a previously studied cohort of 5201 workers employed in two Washington boat-building facilities, extending follow-up 5 years. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated using state rates as referent. Cox regression calculated rate ratios (RR) per year employed in styrene-exposed exposed jobs. RESULTS: No excess deaths from lymphohematopoietic cancers (LHCs) were observed (SMR: 0...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Dorothee Fischer, Santosh K Verma, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether environmental variables including weather, road surface, time-of-day, and light conditions were associated with the severity of injuries resulting from bicycle-motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Using log-binomial regressions, we analyzed 113 470 police reports collected between 2000 and 2014 in four U.S. states with environmental and injury severity information. "Severe" injuries included fatal and incapacitating injuries, and "non-severe" included non-incapacitating, possible or no-injuries...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Caroline K Smith, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Race and ethnicity data are often absent from administrative and health insurance databases. Indirect estimation methods to assign probability scores for race and ethnicity to insurance records may help identify occupational health inequities. METHODS: We compared race and ethnicity estimates from the Bayesian Improved Surname Geocoding (BISG) formula to self-reported race and ethnicity from 1132 workers. RESULTS: The accuracy of the BISG using gender stratified regression models adjusted for worker age and industry were excellent for White and Latino males and Latino females, good for Black and Asian Pacific Islander males and White and Asian Pacific Islander females...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Vilma S Santana, Eduardo Algranti, Felipe Campos, Franciana Cavalcante, Leonardo Salvi, Simone A Santos, Rosemeire N Inamine, William Souza, Dario Consonni
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, underreporting of mesothelioma and cancer of the pleura (MCP) is suspected to be high. Records from death certificates (SIM) and hospital registers (SIH-SUS) can be combined to recover missing data but only anonymous databases are available. This study shows how common data can be used for linkage and as an assessment of accuracy. METHODS: Mesothelioma (all sites, ICD-10 codes C45.0-C45.9) and cancer of the pleura (C38.4) were retrieved from both information systems and combined using a linkage algorithm...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Peg Seminario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Michela Bonafede, Monica Ghelli, Marisa Corfiati, Valentina Rosa, Fanny Guglielmucci, Antonella Granieri, Claudia Branchi, Sergio Iavicoli, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to present the results of a systematic review of published research that focuses on psychological aspects of malignant mesothelioma patients and asbestos-exposed people. METHODS: Our research includes primary studies published between 1980 and 2016, using information from the Cochrane Library, the Psychology Behavioral Sciences Collection, PsychINFO, PubMed, PubGet, PubPsych, and Scopus, in compliance with PRISMA guidelines...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Mai Uchida, Huifen Feng, Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Clyde B Schechter, Hilary D Woodworth, Caroline G Kelberman, Michael Crane, Philip Landrigan, Jacqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Craig Katz, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: We investigated trans-generational associations between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in World Trade Center (WTC) responders and behavioral problems in their children. METHODS: Participants were WTC responders-8034 police and 8352 non-traditional (eg, construction workers)-with one or more children at the time of their first visit to the World Trade Center Health Program (WTC-HP). Self-report questionnaires were administered approximately 4 years after the 9/11 WTC attack...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Philip J Landrigan, Knut Ringen, Richard Duffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Sharon R Silver, Rebecca J Tsai, Cyllene R Morris, James M Boiano, Jun Ju, Marilyn S Scocozza, Geoffrey M Calvert
INTRODUCTION: Industry and occupation (I&O) information collected by cancer registries is useful for assessing associations among jobs and malignancies. However, systematic differences in I&O availability can bias findings. METHODS: Codability by patient demographics, payor, identifying (casefinding) source, and cancer site was assessed using I&O text from first primaries diagnosed 2011-2012 and reported to California Cancer Registry. I&O were coded to a U...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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