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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059454/cancer-incidence-among-capacitor-manufacturing-workers-exposed-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#1
Avima M Ruder, Misty J Hein, Nancy B Hopf, Martha A Waters
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cancer incidence in a cohort of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposed workers. METHODS: Incident cancers, identified using state registries, were compared to those in a national population using standardized incidence ratios. Trends in prostate cancer incidence with cumulative PCB exposure were evaluated using standardized rate ratios and Cox regression models. For selected sites, cumulative PCB exposure was compared between aggressive (fatal/distant stage) and localized/regional cancers...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862116/the-new-ansi-nail-gun-standard-a-lost-opportunity-for-safety
#2
John Howard, Christine M Branche, G Scott Earnest
Pneumatic nail guns have been shown in published studies to cause injury and death to both workers and consumers, but those equipped with sequential trigger mechanisms provide much greater safety protection against unintentional discharge than those equipped with contact triggers. In 2015 the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) approved a revision to its 2002 nail gun standard, but failed to require sequential triggers. Substantive and procedural deficiencies in the ANSI standard's development process resulted in a scientifically unsound nail gun safety standard, detracting from its use as the basis for a mandatory national safety standard and ultimately from its ability to protect worker and consumer users...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862095/cognitive-control-dysfunction-in-workers-exposed-to-manganese-containing-welding-fume
#3
Amal Al-Lozi, Susan Searles Nielsen, Tamara Hershey, Angela Birke, Harvey Checkoway, Susan R Criswell, Brad A Racette
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to manganese (Mn) is a health concern in occupations such as welding because of well-established motor effects due to basal ganglia dysfunction. We hypothesized that cognitive control (the ability to monitor, manipulate, and regulate ongoing cognitive demands) would also be affected by chronic Mn exposure. METHODS: We examined the relationship between Mn exposure and cognitive control performance in 95 workers with varying intensity and duration (median 15...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079281/response-to-goodman-et-al
#4
LETTER
Lynne E Pinkerton, James H Yiin, Robert D Daniels, Kenneth W Fent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079280/cryptosporidiosis-outbreak-at-an-academic-animal-research-laboratory-colorado-2014
#5
Jessica Hancock-Allen, Nisha B Alden, Alicia B Cronquist
BACKGROUND: After cryptosporidiosis was reported in three workers caring for preweaned calves at an academic research laboratory, we sought to identify cases, determine risk factors, and implement control measures. METHODS: A cryptosporidiosis case was defined as diarrhea duration ≥72 hr, abdominal cramps, or vomiting in an animal research laboratory worker during July 14-July 31. A confirmed case had laboratory evidence of Cryptosporidium infection. Staff were interviewed regarding illness, potential exposures, training, and personal protective equipment (PPE) standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079279/evaluating-predictors-of-lead-exposure-for-activities-disturbing-materials-painted-with-or-containing-lead-using-historic-published-data-from-u-s-workplaces
#6
Sarah J Locke, Nicole C Deziel, Dong-Hee Koh, Barry I Graubard, Mark P Purdue, Melissa C Friesen
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated predictors of differences in published occupational lead concentrations for activities disturbing material painted with or containing lead in U.S. workplaces to aid historical exposure reconstruction. METHODS: For the aforementioned tasks, 221 air and 113 blood lead summary results (1960-2010) were extracted from a previously developed database. Differences in the natural log-transformed geometric mean (GM) for year, industry, job, and other ancillary variables were evaluated in meta-regression models that weighted each summary result by its inverse variance and sample size...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079278/corporate-corruption-of-science-another-asbestos-example
#7
REVIEW
David Egilman, Rubén Monárrez
BACKGROUND: Kelsh et al. [2007]: Occup Med (Lond) 57:581-589 published a paper reanalyzing one of the few data sources publicly available on mesothelioma amongst brake workers, the Australian Mesothelioma Surveillance Registry (AMSR). This reanalysis was commissioned by lawyers representing the automobile manufacturing companies and did not align with an independent analysis published by Leigh and Driscoll [2003]: Occup Environ Health 9:206-217. METHODS: We sought to reevaluate the AMSR data ourselves to understand how the company-sponsored research categorized the data...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079277/whole-body-vibration-exposure-of-occupational-horseback-riding-in-agriculture-a-ranching-example
#8
Xiaoke Zeng, Catherine Trask, Aaron M Kociolek
BACKGROUND: Horse riding is common in many occupations; however, there is currently no research evaluating exposure to whole-body vibration and mechanical shock on horseback. METHODS: Whole-body vibration was measured on a cattle rancher during two 30 min horseback rides using a tri-axial accelerometer mounted on a western saddle. Vibration was summarized into standardized metrics, including the 8 hr equivalent root-mean-squared acceleration (A[8]) and the daily 4th power vibration dose value (VDV)...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079276/dermal-tdi-exposure-is-not-associated-with-lung-cancer-risk
#9
LETTER
Julie E Goodman, Ke Zu, Christine T Loftus, Robyn Prueitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079275/non-malignant-respiratory-disease-among-workers-in-industries-using-styrene-a-review-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Randall J Nett, Jean M Cox-Ganser, Ann F Hubbs, Avima M Ruder, Kristin J Cummings, Yuh-Chin T Huang, Kathleen Kreiss
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) cases have occurred among styrene-exposed workers. We aimed to investigate styrene as a risk factor for non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD). METHODS: From a literature review, we identified case reports and assessed cross-sectional and mortality studies for strength of evidence of positive association (i.e., strong, intermediate, suggestive, none) between styrene exposure and NMRD-related morbidity and mortality...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862136/workers-compensation-filings-of-temporary-workers-compared-to-direct-hire-workers-in-illinois-2007-2012
#11
Dana Madigan, Linda Forst, Lee S Friedman
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological risks of temporary employment are well documented but there are still many questions regarding the consequences of injuries among these workers. METHODS: This analysis examines Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission filings from 2007 through 2012 to compare total cost of the decision, days of work missed, and percent disability of employees of temporary agencies with direct hire claims. RESULTS: Total award median was $5,813...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862135/determinants-of-disinfectant-use-among-nurses-in-u-s-healthcare-facilities
#12
Orianne Dumas, Aleta S Wiley, Paul K Henneberger, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Raphaëlle Varraso, Nicole Le Moual, Krislyn M Boggs, Carlos A Camargo
BACKGROUND: Disinfectant use among healthcare workers has been associated with respiratory disorders, especially asthma. We aimed to describe disinfectants used by U.S. nurses, and to investigate qualitative and quantitative differences according to workplace characteristics and region. METHODS: Disinfectant use was assessed by questionnaire in 8,851 nurses. Hospital characteristics were obtained from the American Hospital Association database. RESULTS: Working in a hospital was associated with higher disinfectant use (OR: 2...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859510/pulmonary-abnormalities-as-a-result-of-exposure-to-libby-amphibole-during-childhood-and-adolescence-the-pre-adult-latency-study-pals
#13
Jaime Szeinuk, Curtis W Noonan, Claudia I Henschke, Jean Pfau, Brad Black, Albert Miller, David F Yankelevitz, Mingzhu Liang, Ying Liu, Rowena Yip, Laura Linker, Tracy McNew, Raja M Flores
BACKGROUND: The purpose of Pre-Adult Latency Study was to evaluate lung findings among adults who had been environmentally exposed to Libby Amphibole only during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Recruitment was restricted to volunteers who attended primary and/or secondary school, lived in Libby, MT, prior to age 23 years for males and 21 years for females and subsequently left the area. Subjects completed exposure and respiratory questionnaires, underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), and chest CT scans...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779787/nonstandard-work-arrangements-and-worker-health-and-safety
#14
John Howard
Arrangements between those who perform work and those who provide jobs come in many different forms. Standard work arrangements now exist alongside several nonstandard arrangements: agency work, contract work, and gig work. While standard work arrangements are still the most prevalent types, the rise of nonstandard work arrangements, especially temporary agency, contract, and "gig" arrangements, and the potential effects of these new arrangements on worker health and safety have captured the attention of government, business, labor, and academia...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779327/effects-of-psychosocial-work-factors-and-psychological-distress-on-self-assessed-work-ability-a-7-year-follow-up-in-a-general-working-population
#15
Ola Leijon, Natalja Balliu, Andreas Lundin, Marjan Vaez, Katarina Kjellberg, Tomas Hemmingsson
BACKGROUND: Toinvestigate the effects of psychosocial work factors (PWF) and psychological distress (PD) on self-assessed work ability. METHODS: This follow-up study included 7,810 individuals (55%women) with good work ability at baseline. PWFandPD (measured by GHQ-12) were assessed at baseline and work ability at 7-year follow-up. Effects of PWF and PD on work ability were analyzed by logistic regression, odds ratios (OR) with 95% CI, and by mediation analysisusing 4-way decomposition...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779309/effectiveness-of-osha-outreach-training-on-carpenters-work-related-injury-rates-washington-state-2000-2008
#16
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Hester Lipscomb, Clayton Sinyai, Darrin Adams
INTRODUCTION: Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. METHODS: In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779308/pulmonary-function-among-latino-thoroughbred-horse-farmworkers
#17
John C Flunker, Jessica Miller Clouser, David Mannino, Jennifer Swanberg
BACKGROUND: Latino thoroughbred workers may be at risk for developing abnormal pulmonary function related to occupational exposures. METHODS: Eighty worker participants were recruited via community-based purposive sampling. Questionnaires and spirometry tests were administered by trained lay health promoters. Demographic and occupational factors were assessed for associations with respiratory outcomes via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of participants exhibited abnormal pulmonary function (primarily restrictive), 79% reported any respiratory symptoms, and 94% infrequently used dust masks...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753121/mortality-in-a-combined-cohort-of-uranium-enrichment-workers
#18
James H Yiin, Jeri L Anderson, Robert D Daniels, Stephen J Bertke, Donald A Fleming, David J Tollerud, Chih-Yu Tseng, Pi-Hsueh Chen, Kathleen M Waters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of cause-specific mortality and relationship between internal exposure to uranium and specific causes in a pooled cohort of 29,303 workers employed at three former uranium enrichment facilities in the United States with follow-up through 2011. METHODS: Cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for the full cohort were calculated with the U.S. population as referent. Internal comparison of the dose-response relation between selected outcomes and estimated organ doses was evaluated using regression models...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747921/cancer-incidence-among-copper-smelting-and-nickel-refining-workers-in-finland
#19
Markku Pavela, Jukka Uitti, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Among workers employed at a nickel refinery in Harjavalta, Finland an increased risk of lung and sinus cancer has been demonstrated in two previous studies. The current study adds 16 more years of follow-up to these studies. METHODS: A total of 1,115 persons exposed to nickel and 194 non-exposed workers in the Harjavalta nickel smelter and refinery were followed up for cancer from 1967 to 2011 through the Finnish Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The total number of cancer cases in men was 251 (Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747914/psychosocial-employment-characteristics-and-postpartum-maternal-mental-health-symptoms
#20
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Marizen Ramirez, Sato Ashida, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: For new mothers returning to work, the role of the workplace psychosocial environment on maternal mental health has not been fully described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial employment characteristics and mothers' postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. METHODS: Ninety-seven women answered survey questions regarding employment, job demand, control, and support, and postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms soon after live birth and 6 months later...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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