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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758218/trade-associations-and-labor-organizations-as-intermediaries-for-disseminating-workplace-safety-and-health-information
#1
Andrea H Okun, Janice P Watkins, Paul A Schulte
BACKGROUND: There has not been a systematic study of the nature and extent to which business and professional trade associations and labor organizations obtain and communicate workplace safety and health information to their members. These organizations can serve as important intermediaries and play a central role in transferring this information to their members. METHODS: A sample of 2294 business and professional trade associations and labor organizations in eight industrial sectors identified by the National Occupational Research Agenda was surveyed via telephone...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745030/cause-specific-mortality-and-cancer-morbidity-in-390-male-workers-exposed-to-high-purity-talc-a-six-decade-follow-up
#2
Ebba Wergeland, Finn Gjertsen, Linda Vos, Tom K Grimsrud
BACKGROUND: This study updates information on mortality and cancer morbidity in a cohort of Norwegian talc workers. METHODS: Follow-up was extended with 24 years, covering 1953-2011. Comparisons were made with the general population and between subgroups within the cohort. RESULTS: Standardized mortality ratio for non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD) was 0.38 (95%CI: 0.18, 0.69) and for diseases of the circulatory system (CVD) 0.98 (95%CI: 0...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744929/safety-of-union-home-care-aides-in-washington-state
#3
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Hester Lipscomb, Leslie E Phillips
INTRODUCTION: A rate-based understanding of home care aides' adverse occupational outcomes related to their work location and care tasks is lacking. METHODS: Within a 30-month, dynamic cohort of 43 394 home care aides in Washington State, injury rates were calculated by aides' demographic and work characteristics. Injury narratives and focus groups provided contextual detail. RESULTS: Injury rates were higher for home care aides categorized as female, white, 50 to <65 years old, less experienced, with a primary language of English, and working through an agency (versus individual providers)...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744908/lung-cancer-in-a-patient-with-predominantly-short-tremolite-fibers-in-his-lung
#4
Norihiko Kohyama, Masaaki Fujiki, Takumi Kishimoto, Kenji Morinaga
The carcinogenicity of short tremolite fibers in human has not been cleared and has been argued hitherto. A lung cancer patient had worked at a gabbro quarry. Particles isolated from the excised lung parenchyma of the patient were measured for asbestos bodies (ABs) and asbestos fibers (AFs). The concentrations of ABs were 3964 AB/g dry lung, and AFs were 5.60 × 106 fibers/g dry lung (>5 um in length) and 22.5 × 106 fibers/g dry lung (>1 um in length). AFs were mostly tremolite fibers and under 7 um in length (mean length 4...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744881/new-common-program-requirements-for-the-resident-physician-workforce-and-the-omission-of-strategic-napping-a-missed-opportunity
#5
Michelle M Shnayder, Joan E St Onge, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVES: Napping has known benefits for fatigue mitigation and improved alertness. However the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) New Common Program Requirements recently removed the 16 h work limit for PGY1 residents and removed any suggestions of napping. METHODS: We utilized a cross-sectional study design to administer a 44-item questionnaire in June 2016 to 858 residents and fellows at one large urban academic medical center. We assessed: 1) resident physician sentiment of work environment supportiveness for napping at work; and 2) agreement with 2011 ACGME guidelines on workweek hour limitations and strategic napping recommendations...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677893/youth-doing-dangerous-tasks-supervision-matters
#6
Kristina M Zierold
BACKGROUND: Supervisors are partially responsible for ensuring that teens are safe at work. The purpose of this study was to explore whether supervision is related to teens' willingness to do a dangerous task at work. METHODS: A mixed-methods study consisting of focus groups and a cross-sectional survey was conducted with teens from two public high schools. RESULTS: If asked by a supervisor, 21% of working teens would do a dangerous task. After controlling for gender and age, teens whose supervisor did not establish weekly goals (AOR = 3...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677842/fatal-and-non-fatal-animal-related-injuries-and-illnesses-to-workers-united-states-2011-2014
#7
Nirmalla Barros, Ricky Langley
BACKGROUND: Study provides update of national estimates for work-related fatal injuries and non-fatal injuries and illnesses by animals in US. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014, injuries and illnesses were retrieved from US Department of Labor and were translated to economic losses using National Safety Council estimates. RESULTS: Total of 222 fatalities (36% by cattle and other bovines) and 71 460 non-fatal injuries and illnesses (38% by insects, arachnids, mites) were identified from animal sources...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597945/specific-psychosocial-exposures-for-workers-mental-health-a-population-based-study
#8
Albert Navarro, Mireia Utzet, Sergio Salas, Clara Llorens, Emilia Molinero-Ruiz, Salvador Moncada
BACKGROUND: In order to plan interventions it is important to obtain evidence on the relation between a health outcome and specific exposures. However, there are few studies that identify the effect of specific psychosocial work exposures on poor mental health. This is the aim of this study. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study in Catalonia. We estimated prevalence ratios (PR) of minor psychiatric disorder associated with several psychosocial work exposures...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#9
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766770/the-effect-of-long-working-hours-on-cerebrovascular-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-case-crossover-study
#10
Kyong-Sok Shin, Yun Kyung Chung, Young-Jun Kwon, Jun-Seok Son, Se-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between weekly working hours and the occurrence of cerebro-cardiovascular diseases using a case-crossover study design. METHODS: We investigated average working hours during the 7 days before the onset of illness (hazard period) and average weekly working hours between 8 days and 3 months before the onset of cerebro-cardiovascular diseases (control period) for 1,042 cases from the workers' compensation database for 2009...
September 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766769/erratum-to-lung-function-not-affected-by-asbestos-exposure-in-workers-with-normal-computed-tomography-scan
#11
Christian Schikowsky, Michael K Felten, Christian Eisenhawer, Marco Das, Thomas Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766768/erratum-to-computer-based-training-cbt-intervention-reduces-workplace-violence-and-harassment-for-homecare-workers
#12
Nancy Glass, Ginger C Hanson, W Kent Anger, Naima Laharnar, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Marc Weinstein, Nancy Perrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766767/data-processing-and-case-identification-in-an-agricultural-and-logging-morbidity-surveillance-study-trends-over-time
#13
Erika Scott, Erin Bell, Nicole Krupa, Liane Hirabayashi, Paul Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Agriculture and logging are dangerous industries, and though data on fatal injury exists, less is known about non-fatal injury. Establishing a non-fatal injury surveillance system is a top priority. Pre-hospital care reports and hospitalization data were explored as a low-cost option for ongoing surveillance of occupational injury. METHODS: Using pre-hospital care report free-text and location codes, along with hospital ICD-9-CM external cause of injury codes, we created a surveillance system that tracked farm and logging injuries...
September 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692194/trends-in-exposure-to-respirable-crystalline-silica-1986-2014-in-australian-mining
#14
Susan Peters, Roel Vermeulen, Lin Fritschi, Aw Bill Musk, Alison Reid, Nicholas de Klerk
BACKGROUND: Respirable crystalline silica (RCS) has been associated with severe health risks. Exposures in Western Australia (WA) have been typically high in hard-rock mining and have reduced substantially since the mid-1900s. We described trends in RCS exposure in WA miners over the past 30 years. METHODS: A total of 79 445 reported personal RCS exposure measurements, covering the years 1986-2014, were examined. Mixed-effects models were applied to estimate RCS exposure levels, including spline terms to estimate a time trend...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692193/predictors-of-transitions-from-single-to-multiple-job-holding-results-of-a-longitudinal-study-among-employees-aged-45-64-in-the-netherlands
#15
Stef Bouwhuis, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile R L Boot, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
OBJECTIVES: To construct prediction models for transitions to combination multiple job holding (MJH) (multiple jobs as an employee) and hybrid MJH (being an employee and self-employed), among employees aged 45-64. METHODS: A total of 5187 employees in the Netherlands completed online questionnaires annually between 2010 and 2013. We applied logistic regression analyses with a backward elimination strategy to construct prediction models. RESULTS: Transitions to combination MJH and hybrid MJH were best predicted by a combination of factors including: demographics, health and mastery, work characteristics, work history, skills and knowledge, social factors, and financial factors...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692192/aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-risk-of-skin-cancer-by-anatomical-site-in-25%C3%A2-000-male-offshore-petroleum-workers
#16
Jo Steinson Stenehjem, Trude Eid Robsahm, Magne Bråtveit, Sven Ove Samuelsen, Jorunn Kirkeleit, Tom Kristian Grimsrud
BACKGROUND: We prospectively examined skin cancer risk according to occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons with adjustment for ultraviolet radiation exposure, in a cohort of 24 917 male offshore petroleum workers. METHODS: Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated with Cox regression adapted to a stratified case-cohort design. RESULTS: During 13.5 years of follow-up, 112 cutaneous melanomas (CMs) and 70 non-melanoma skin cancers were identified...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692191/capture-and-coding-of-industry-and-occupation-measures-findings-from-eight-national-program-of-cancer-registries-states
#17
MaryBeth B Freeman, Lori A Pollack, Judy R Rees, Christopher J Johnson, Randi K Rycroft, David L Rousseau, Mei-Chin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Although data on industry and occupation (I&O) are important for understanding cancer risks, obtaining standardized data is challenging. This study describes the capture of specific I&O text and the ability of a web-based tool to translate text into standardized codes. METHODS: Data on 62 525 cancers cases received from eight National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) states were submitted to a web-based coding tool developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for translation into standardized I&O codes...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692190/dupuytren-s-contracture-and-handwork-a-case-control-study
#18
Alfred Haines, Carolyn Levis, Charles H Goldsmith, Manraj Kaur, Eric Duku, Richard Wells, Stephen D Walter, Cheryl Rook, Susan Stock, Gary Liss, Jessica Murphy, Achilleas Thoma
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between Dupuytren's contracture (DC), repetitive handwork (RHW), heavy handwork (HHW), and/or vibration exposure. METHODS: Frequency and intensity of the three types of handwork were collected and compared between DC patients and controls. Hours of work were weighted by average "frequency," for RHW, and average "intensity," for HHW and use of vibrating tool. Logistic regression was used to evaluate risk of developing DC associated with the above-mentioned factors...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616888/firefighter-perceptions-of-cancer-risk-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#19
David A Anderson, Tyler R Harrison, Fan Yang, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Susan E Morgan
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological research on firefighters indicates an increased incidence of specific types of cancer. Intervention is needed in the fire service yet little is known about how firefighters perceive their cancer risk. METHODS: Participant observation (150 h, n = 100) and focus group (n = 17) data were collected from 15 fire stations in South Florida. Firefighters had at least 3 years of experience, ranks included drivers, captains, lieutenants, and specialty captains, with a median age of 51 years...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616887/computer-based-training-cbt-intervention-reduces-workplace-violence-and-harassment-for-homecare-workers
#20
Nancy Glass, Ginger C Hanson, W Kent Anger, Naima Laharnar, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Marc Weinstein, Nancy Perrin
BACKGROUND: The study examines the effectiveness of a workplace violence and harassment prevention and response program with female homecare workers in a consumer driven model of care. METHODS: Homecare workers were randomized to either; computer based training (CBT only) or computer-based training with homecare worker peer facilitation (CBT + peer). Participants completed measures on confidence, incidents of violence, and harassment, health and work outcomes at baseline, 3, 6 months post-baseline...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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