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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597945/specific-psychosocial-exposures-for-workers-mental-health-a-population-based-study
#1
Albert Navarro, Mireia Utzet, Sergio Salas, Clara Llorens, Emilia Molinero-Ruiz, Salvador Moncada
BACKGROUND: In order to plan interventions it is important to obtain evidence on the relation between a health outcome and specific exposures. However, there are few studies that identify the effect of specific psychosocial work exposures on poor mental health. This is the aim of this study. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study in Catalonia. We estimated prevalence ratios (PR) of minor psychiatric disorder associated with several psychosocial work exposures...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#2
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524238/psychosocial-work-factors-and-low-back-pain-in-taxi-drivers
#3
Barbara J Burgel, Rami A Elshatarat
INTRODUCTION: Taxi drivers are at high risk for low back pain (LBP). AIM: Identify the association between psychosocial-work factors (Job strain, Iso-strain, effort-reward imbalance [ERI], unfairness, and mental exertion) and LBP in taxi drivers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done with 129 taxi drivers. RESULTS: Approximately 63% reported LBP in the prior 12 months. Chi square or t-test analyses identified the associations between demographic, work, health, and psychosocial work factors, and self-report of LBP in the prior 12 months...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497853/respiratory-morbidity-among-u-s-coal-miners-in-states-outside-of-central-appalachia
#4
Laura E Reynolds, David J Blackley, Anthony S Laney, Cara N Halldin
BACKGROUND: Recent NIOSH publications have focused on the respiratory health of coal miners in central Appalachia, yet 57% of U.S. coal miners work in other regions. We characterized respiratory morbidity in coal miners from these regions. METHODS: Active coal miners working outside of central Appalachia who received chest radiographs and/or spirometry during 2005-2015 were included. Chest radiographs were classified according to International Labour Office standards and spirometry was interpreted using the American Thoracic Society guidelines...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485525/associations-between-safety-climate-and-safety-management-practices-in-the-construction-industry
#5
Luz S Marín, Hester Lipscomb, Manuel Cifuentes, Laura Punnett
BACKGROUND: Safety climate, a group-level measure of workers' perceptions regarding management's safety priorities, has been suggested as a key predictor of safety outcomes. However, its relationship with actual injury rates is inconsistent. We posit that safety climate may instead be a parallel outcome of workplace safety practices, rather than a determinant of workers' safety behaviors or outcomes. METHODS: Using a sample of 25 commercial construction companies in Colombia, selected by injury rate stratum (high, medium, low), we examined the relationship between workers' safety climate perceptions and safety management practices (SMPs) reported by safety officers...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394434/case-control-study-on-occupational-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-and-glioma-risk
#6
Michael Carlberg, Tarmo Koppel, Mikko Ahonen, Lennart Hardell
BACKGROUND: Exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) was in 2002 classified as a possible human carcinogen, Group 2B, by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at WHO. METHODS: Life time occupations were assessed in case-control studies during 1997-2003 and 2007-2009. An ELF-EMF Job-Exposure Matrix was used for associating occupations with ELF exposure (μT). Cumulative exposure (μT-years), average exposure (μT), and maximum exposed job (μT) were calculated...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616888/firefighter-perceptions-of-cancer-risk-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#7
David A Anderson, Tyler R Harrison, Fan Yang, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Susan E Morgan
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological research on firefighters indicates an increased incidence of specific types of cancer. Intervention is needed in the fire service yet little is known about how firefighters perceive their cancer risk. METHODS: Participant observation (150 h, n = 100) and focus group (n = 17) data were collected from 15 fire stations in South Florida. Firefighters had at least 3 years of experience, ranks included drivers, captains, lieutenants, and specialty captains, with a median age of 51 years...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616887/computer-based-training-cbt-intervention-reduces-workplace-violence-and-harassment-for-homecare-workers
#8
Nancy Glass, Ginger C Hanson, W Kent Anger, Naima Laharnar, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Marc Weinstein, Nancy Perrin
BACKGROUND: The study examines the effectiveness of a workplace violence and harassment prevention and response program with female homecare workers in a consumer driven model of care. METHODS: Homecare workers were randomized to either; computer based training (CBT only) or computer-based training with homecare worker peer facilitation (CBT + peer). Participants completed measures on confidence, incidents of violence, and harassment, health and work outcomes at baseline, 3, 6 months post-baseline...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616886/cancer-incidence-among-boat-building-workers-exposed-to-styrene
#9
Avima M Ruder, Stephen J Bertke
BACKGROUND: A cancer incidence analysis was conducted on The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health boat-builders cohort exposed to styrene, a possible carcinogen. METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and standardized rate ratios (SRR) were calculated using national and Washington State rates and a person-years analysis program. RESULTS: Among 3704 workers living in Washington State after 1991, when cancer registry case accrual began, 516 first primary diagnoses occurred through 2007...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616885/non-fatal-agricultural-injury-surveillance-in-the-united-states-a-review-of-national-level-survey-based-systems
#10
REVIEW
Ketki Patel, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Rosa Gofin, Gleb Haynatzki, Risto Rautiainen
BACKGROUND: Currently, surveillance of non-fatal agricultural injuries in the U.S. mainly relies on national surveys, and to date, none of these surveys were formally reviewed. Our objective was to review and evaluate these survey-based systems, to identify critical gaps in them and provide recommendations to improve them. METHODS: We used the updated Center for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines to describe each system and evaluate each system's attributes like simplicity, flexibility, data quality, timeliness, representativeness, etc...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543634/thaumatin-and-gum-arabic-allergy-in-chewing-gum-factory-workers
#11
Mattias P Tschannen, Ulrich Glück, Andreas J Bircher, Ingmar Heijnen, Claudia Pletscher
Thaumatin is a sweetener and flavor modifier commonly used in the food industry. Likewise, gum arabic is widely used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent. We report here that a powder mixture composed of 10% thaumatin and 90% gum arabic led to allergic symptoms in the upper airways in occupationally exposed individuals: four of eight workers of a chewing gum factory exposed to this powder mixture had pronounced rhinitis. A positive skin prick test result for pure thaumatin was obtained in all four individuals with rhinitis of whom two also had a positive skin prick test result for pure gum arabic and gum arabic-specific IgE...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543608/evaluation-of-a-state-based-syndromic-surveillance-system-for-the-classification-and-capture-of-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-in-new-jersey
#12
Marija Borjan, Margaret Lumia
BACKGROUND: This preliminary study evaluates a real-time syndromic surveillance system to track occupationally-related emergency room visits throughout New Jersey. METHODS: Emergency Department (ED) chief complaint fields were evaluated from 79 of 80 hospitals in NJ in 2014, using work-related keywords and ICD-9 E-codes, to determine its ability to capture non-fatal work-related injuries. Sensitivity analysis and descriptive statistics, were used to evaluate and summarize the occupational injuries identified...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524264/maternal-occupational-physical-activity-and-risk-for-orofacial-clefts
#13
A J Agopian, Jihye Kim, Peter H Langlois, Laura Lee, Lawrence W Whitehead, Elaine Symanski, Michele L Herdt, George L Delclos
OBJECTIVES: To perform a case-control study of maternal occupational physical activity and risk for orofacial clefts in Texas during 1999-2009. METHODS: We used logistic regression to assess 14 measures of physical activity estimated from a job exposure matrix, using the maternal occupation reported on the birth certificate, among 887 children with cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP), 436 children with cleft palate only (CP), and 1932 controls. RESULTS: After adjusting for several potential confounders, seven measures of physical activity (as a categorical and/or continuous variable) were significantly associated with CLP, CP, or both...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497854/allergic-sinusitis-and-severe-asthma-caused-by-occupational-exposure-to-locust-bean-gum-case-report
#14
Brie Hawley, Kristin J Cummings, Mohammed Mohammed, Anne E Dimmock, Rebecca Bascom
We present a case that highlights the difficulties with diagnosis and the dangers of occupational allergic sinusitis and asthma left unrecognized. We describe the case history of a man who experienced work-related symptoms 1 year after beginning work as a cheesemaker at a creamery, and whose respiratory symptoms progressively worsened over 16 years before an occupational cause of his asthma was identified. His initial discrete episodes of sinusitis and acute bronchitis evolved into persistent asthma of increasing severity with exacerbations requiring repeated emergency room treatment...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485505/posterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-after-pneumatic-hammer-use-an-uncommon-condition
#15
Bernardo Nunes, Francisco Serdoura, Luísa Vital, Manuel Seara, Rui Pinto
This case report presents a 27 year-old manual worker with right wrist extension deficit after pneumatic hammer handling. MRI and electromyographic studies revealed partial compromise of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) proximal to the branch for the extensor digitorum communis. The patient enrolled a 6-week rehabilitation period and recovered without remaing symptoms. PIN syndrome has mostly been associated with compressive neuropathies of the upper limb, but has seldom been reported in labor contexts...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#16
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514025/acute-joint-pain-in-the-emerging-green-collar-workforce-evidence-from-the-linked-national-health-interview-survey-and-occupational-information-network-o-net
#17
Samuel R Huntley, David J Lee, William G LeBlanc, Kristopher L Arheart, Laura A McClure, Lora E Fleming, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Green jobs are a rapidly emerging category of very heterogeneous occupations that typically involve engagement with new technologies and changing job demands predisposing them to physical stressors that may contribute to the development of joint pain. METHODS: We estimated and compared the prevalence of self-reported acute (past 30 days) joint pain between green and non-green collar workers using pooled 2004-2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data linked to the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET)...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514024/historical-review-of-efforts-to-reduce-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-the-united-states
#18
Madeleine J Kerr, Richard L Neitzel, OiSaeng Hong, Robert T Sataloff
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss is a centuries-old problem that is still prevalent in the United States and worldwide. AIM: To describe highlights in the development of hearing loss prevention in the U.S. from World War II to the present. METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS: Approaches to occupational noise-induced hearing loss prevention in the United States over the past seven decades are described using a hierarchy of controls framework and an interdisciplinary perspective...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514023/silicosis-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-semi-precious-stone-mining-in-brazil
#19
Tamires P Souza, Guilherme Watte, Alaíde M Gusso, Rafaela Souza, José da S Moreira, Marli M Knorst
BACKGROUND: Underground mining generates large amounts of dust and exposes workers to silica. This study aims to determine the prevalence and predictor factors for the development of silicosis among semi-precious-stone mineworkers in southern Brazil working in a self-administered cooperative. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 348 current workers and retirees, demographic data, medical, and occupational history were collected through an interview performed by a nurse and medical record review...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514022/one-year-weight-change-and-long-term-sickness-absence-in-professional-firefighters
#20
BongKyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between weight change (particularly moderate weight loss, 5-10% in initial weight) and long-term sickness absence (LSA) in working populations. METHODS: Three hundred and forty professional firefighters reported their current and past (1 year ago) weights in a cross-sectional survey, along with their LSA experience due to a severe accident, injury, or illness during the previous 12 months. RESULTS: The prevalence of LSA was 14...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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