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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148090/assessment-of-cumulative-health-risk-in-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#1
Ghalib A Bello, Susan L Teitelbaum, Roberto G Lucchini, Christopher R Dasaro, Moshe Shapiro, Julia R Kaplan, Michael A Crane, Denise J Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: Multiple comorbidities have been reported among rescue/recovery workers responding to the 9/11/2001 WTC disaster. In this study, we developed an index that quantifies the cumulative physiological burden of comorbidities and predicts life expectancy in this cohort. METHODS: A machine learning approach (gradient boosting) was used to model the relationship between mortality and several clinical parameters (laboratory test results, blood pressure, pulmonary function measures)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143350/dna-variants-and-organophosphate-neurotoxicity-among-emerging-farmers-in-the-western-cape-of-south-africa
#2
Tracy Glass, Mohamed A Dalvie, Zelda Holtman, Anna A Vorster, Rajkumar S Ramesar, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiological studies investigating modification of organophosphate (OP) neurotoxicity by xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) polymorphisms have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 301 emerging farmers was conducted. Neurotoxicity testing included forward and backward recall, digit span, and vibration sensitivity testing. Questionnaire data included demography, potential confounders, and work history of pesticide exposures...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125194/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-mechanistic-review-of-the-association-with-toluene-and-other-volatile-organic-compounds
#3
Marcia H Ratner, Joe F Jabre, William M Ewing, Mohamed Abou-Donia, L Christine Oliver
Unmasking of latent neurodegenerative disease has been reported following exposure to chemicals that share one or more mechanisms of action in common with those implicated in the specific disease. For example, unmasking of latent Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with exposure to anti-dopaminergic agents, while the progression of pre-existing mild cognitive impairment and unmasking of latent Alzheimer's disease has been associated with exposure to general anesthetic agents which promote Aβ protein aggregation...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119586/self-reported-musculoskeletal-disorder-pain-the-role-of-job-hazards-and-work-life-interaction
#4
Victoria P Weale, Yvonne Wells, Jodi Oakman
BACKGROUND: Previous research identified an association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain. This study explores how the work-life interface might affect pain experienced by residential aged care staff. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 426 employees in residential aged care was analyzed to assess the impacts of workplace hazards, work-family conflict, and work-life balance on self-reported musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: Work-family conflict acts as a mediator of the relationships between workplace hazards and the total number of body regions at which musculoskeletal pain was experienced...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114913/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cardiometabolic-health-in-a-large-cohort-of-truck-drivers-compared-to-the-american-working-population
#5
Matthew S Thiese, Richard J Hanowski, Gary Moffitt, Stefanos N Kales, Richard J Porter, Brenden Ronna, Natalie Hartenbaum, Kurt T Hegmann
BACKGROUND: Truck drivers face many health challenges, including lifestyle, diet, inactivity, stressors, and social support. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional analysis compared 88,246 truck drivers with data from (n = 11 918) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Trends over time for body mass index (BMI), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and sleep disorders were analyzed, adjusting for potential confounders...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114903/occupational-generalized-urticaria-and-anaphylaxis-after-inhalation-of-cefuroxime-in-a-nurse
#6
Rolf Merget, Ingrid Sander, Manigé Fartasch, Vera van Kampen, Stefani Röseler, Hans Merk, Gerda Wurpts, Monika Raulf, Thomas Brüning
We present the case of a 53 years old nonatopic female nurse who experienced repeated anaphylactic reactions at work without involvement in drug-specific tasks such as crushing of tablets or preparation of injections. The causal allergen was not identified until a further severe anaphylactic reaction occurred after oral use of cefuroxime during a respiratory infection. Sensitization to cefuroxime was demonstrated by specific IgE, basophil activation test and skin prick test. An inhalation challenge with a dosimeter induced generalized urticaria after a cumulative dose of about 10 μg of the drug, but no asthmatic reaction...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114898/adapting-the-t0-t4-implementation-science-model-to-occupational-health-and-safety-in-agriculture-forestry-and-fishing-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Pamela J Tinc, Anne Gadomski, Julie A Sorensen, Lars Weinehall, Paul Jenkins, Kristina Lindvall
BACKGROUND: Despite much research to develop life-saving innovations for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing workforce, these populations continue to face the highest fatal and non-fatal injury rates in the United States, as many of these solutions are not fully adopted. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of research to practice efforts in this field. The language used to describe these initiatives, the utility of the NIH T0-T4 model, and the progress along the research to practice continuum were examined...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114957/sinonasal-cancer-in-the-italian-national-surveillance-system-epidemiology-occupation-and-public-health-implications
#8
Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Anna M Cacciatore, Jana Zajacovà, Carolina Mensi, Paolo Galli, Lucia Miligi, Roberto Calisti, Elisa Romeo, Alessandro Franchi, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer (SNC) is a rare tumor with predominant occupational etiology associated with exposures to specific carcinogens. The aim of this study is to describe SNC cases recorded in Italy in the period 2000-2016. METHODS: Clinical information, occupational history, and lifestyle habits of SNC cases collected in the Italian Sinonasal Cancer Register were examined. Age-standardized rates were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 cases were recorded...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090827/perceptions-of-health-and-cancer-risk-among-newly-recruited-firefighters-in-south-florida
#9
Natasha Schaefer Solle, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Rachel A Levy, BreAnn Young, David Lee, Tyler Harrison, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Despite hazardous exposures to cancer-causing agents in the line of duty, the main health and safety concerns of active firefighters have yet to be studied. We compare the perceptions of health and cancer risks between rookie and experienced firefighters. METHODS: Focus groups were used to investigate potential risk of job exposures, and broad-based concerns regarding work and health. An 18-item demographic survey was also administered. Five focus group sessions were conducted with a total of 57 firefighters...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086993/prevalence-of-occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-and-crystalline-silica-according-to-phenotypes-of-lung-cancer-from-the-capromat-study-a-case-only-study
#10
Mohamad El Zoghbi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Stücker, Christophe Paris, Jean C Pairon, Antoine Gislard, Jack Siemiatycki, Vincent Bonneterre, Bénédicte Clin, Patrick Brochard, Fleur Delva, Aude Lacourt
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to compare the prevalence of occupational exposure to asbestos and crystalline silica according to histological types of lung cancer and age at diagnosis. METHODS: CaProMat study is a pooled case-only study conducted between 1996 and 2011. The current study consisted of 6521 lung cancer cases. Occupational exposure to asbestos and crystalline silica was assessed by two Job-Exposure Matrices. A weighted prevalence of exposure was derived and compared according to histological types and age at diagnosis...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063618/vulnerability-of-employees-in-businesses-with-fewer-than-five-workers-micro-enterprises-to-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#11
Jungsun Park, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the characteristics of micro-enterprises (businesses with fewer than five workers) focusing on occupational safety and health (OSH) issues. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the Economically Active Population Supplementary Survey and the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Relative to larger businesses, micro-enterprises employ more women, temporary workers, and older workers (>55 years)...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027244/unmanned-aerial-vehicles-in-construction-and-worker-safety
#12
John Howard, Vladimir Murashov, Christine M Branche
Applications of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for military, recreational, public, and commercial uses have expanded significantly in recent years. In the construction industry, UAVs are used primarily for monitoring of construction workflow and job site logistics, inspecting construction sites to assess structural integrity, and for maintenance assessments. As is the case with other emerging technologies, occupational safety assessments of UAVs lag behind technological advancements. UAVs may create new workplace hazards that need to be evaluated and managed to ensure their safe operation around human workers...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027241/spatial-distribution-of-kidney-disease-in-the-contaminated-site-of-taranto-italy
#13
Marta Benedetti, Marco De Santis, Valerio Manno, Sante Minerba, Antonella Mincuzzi, Angela Morabito, Nicola Panocchia, Maria Eleonora Soggiu, Annalisa Tanzarella, Tiziano Pastore, Maurizio Bossola, Roberto Giua, Simona Leogrande, Alessandra Nocioni, Susanna Conti, Pietro Comba
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals has been associated with kidney disease. We investigated the spatial distribution of kidney disease in the industrially contaminated site of Taranto. METHODS: Cases were subjects with a first hospital discharge diagnosis of kidney disease. Cases affected by specific comorbidities were excluded. Standardized Hospitalization Ratios (SHRs) were computed for low/high exposure area and for modeled spatial distribution of cadmium and fine particulate matter...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990211/translation-research-in-occupational-safety-and-health-a-proposed-framework
#14
Paul A Schulte, Thomas R Cunningham, Leslie Nickels, Sarah Felknor, Rebecca Guerin, Fred Blosser, Chia-Chia Chang, Pietra Check, Donald Eggerth, Michael Flynn, Christy Forrester, David Hard, Heidi Hudson, Jennifer Lincoln, Lauralynn T McKernan, Preethi Pratap, Carol M Stephenson, Donna Van Bogaert, Lauren Menger-Ogle
Translation research in occupational safety and health is the application of scientific investigative approaches to study how the outputs of basic and applied research can be effectively translated into practice and have an impact. This includes the study of the ways in which useful knowledge and interventions are disseminated, adopted, implemented, and institutionalized. In this paper, a 4-stage framework (Development, Testing, Institutionalization, and Evaluation) is presented. Translation research can be used to enhance the use and impact of occupational safety and health knowledge and interventions to protect workers...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990210/the-impact-of-practice-guidelines-on-opioid-utilization-for-injured-workers
#15
Christine Buttorff, Antonio J Trujillo, Renan Castillo, Andres I Vecino-Ortiz, Gerard F Anderson
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is rising in the US and may cause special problems in workers compensation cases, including addiction and preventing a return to work after an injury. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a physician-level intervention to curb opioid usage. An insurer identified patients with out-of-guideline opioid utilization and called the prescribing physician to discuss the patient's treatment protocol. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study uses a differences-in-differences study design with a propensity-score-matched control group...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984008/a-response-to-the-letter-sleep-problems-in-prison-employees-submitted-to-the-american-journal-of-industrial-medicine
#16
Lois James, Natalie Todak, Suzanne Best
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983929/sleep-problems-in-prison-employees
#17
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930375/occupation-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-minsk-tractor-plant-workers
#18
Denis Vinnikov, Sergey Semizhon, Tatsyana Rybina, Ludmila Savich, Vicktor Scherbitsky, Igor Manichev
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure the association of exposure to dust at workplace with COPD using objective methods of exposure and outcome classification. METHODS: Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) to forced vital capacity (FVC) <70%; FVC below LLN, and FEV1 below LLN from the annual screening of Minsk Tractor Plant workers (N = 458) were tested for predictors in an adjusted logistic regression model. RESULTS: In a regression model, adjusted for pack-years of smoking, age, sex, and work duration, work in highly exposed workplaces was associated with FEV1 /FVC<70% (odds ratio (OR) 2...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913914/new-onset-of-asthma-and-job-status-change-among-world-trade-center-responders-and-workers
#19
Hyun Kim, Sherry Baron, Navneet K Baidwan, Adam Schwartz, Jacqueline Moline
BACKGROUND: Despite the high rates, the consequences of new onset asthma among the World Trade Center (WTC) responders in terms of the change in job status have not been studied. METHODS: This study consists of a cohort of 8132 WTC responders out of the total 25 787 responders who held a full-time job at the baseline visit, and participated in at least one follow-up visit. RESULTS: Overall, 34% of the study cohort changed their job status from full-time at a follow-up visit...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869311/factors-underlying-observed-injury-rate-differences-between-temporary-workers-and-permanent-peers
#20
Michael Foley
BACKGROUND: Temporary workers face increased risk of injury as compared to permanent workers in similar occupations. This study explores the role played by several potential risk factors. METHODS: Injured temporary and permanent workers, matched by industry, tenure and demographic characteristics, were interviewed to isolate the association of temporary employment with several injury risk factors. RESULTS: Temporary workers had higher workers' compensation claims rates than their permanent worker-peers...
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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