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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169438/association-between-parental-access-to-paid-sick-leave-and-children-s-access-to-and-use-of-healthcare-services
#1
Abay Asfaw, Maria Colopy
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between parental access to paid sick leave (PPSL) and children's use of preventive care and reduced likelihood of delayed medical care and emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: We used the child sample of the National Health Interview Survey data (linked to the adult and family samples) from 2011 through 2015 and logistic and negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: Controlling for covariates, the odds of children with PPSL receiving flu vaccination were 12...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145560/survival-following-lung-transplantation-for-artificial-stone-silicosis-relative-to-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Dror Rosengarten, Benjamin D Fox, Elizabeth Fireman, Paul D Blanc, Victoria Rusanov, Oren Fruchter, Yael Raviv, Osnat Shtraichman, Milton Saute, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Silicosis is a progressive lung disease resulting from the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica. Lung transplantation is the only treatment for end-stage silicosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the survival experience following lung transplantation among patients with silicosis. METHODS: We reviewed data for all patients who underwent lung transplantation for silicosis and a matched group undergoing lung transplantation for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) at a single medical center between March 2006 and the end of December 2013...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144976/workers-compensation-claims-not-reported-in-the-survey-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-injury-and-claim-characteristics
#3
Sara E Wuellner, Darrin A Adams, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Underreporting in the nation's primary source of non-fatal occupational injury and illness data are well documented, but worker-level characteristics of unreported cases have not been fully explored. METHODS: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data were linked to Washington workers' compensation claims to identify injury and claim characteristics associated with unreported cases. Workers' compensation administrative date data were used to characterize timing of disability and SOII case eligibility...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144970/pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutations-in-asbestos-exposed-non-smokers-a-case-series
#4
Richard L Kradin, John Iafrate, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke and asbestos are recognized causes of lung carcinoma and together promote carcinogenesis. Adenocarcinoma is currently the most common cause of lung cancer in the USA and it has been linked to both smoking and asbestos exposure. Mutations in the epidermal growth factor gene receptor (EGFR) occur predominantly in non-smokers with adenocarcinoma. Methods Mutations in the EGFR gene were investigated using next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: We report the presence of EGFR exon point mutations in the pulmonary adenocarcinomas of three never-smokers occupationally exposed to asbestos...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127780/effects-of-combined-exposure-to-metals-solvents-and-noise-on-permanent-threshold-shifts
#5
Nicholas Schaal, Jeremy Slagley, Majed Zreiqat, Helmut Paschold
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest metal and solvent exposure may damage hearing. This study evaluated the association between exposures classified as high for metals, solvents, and noise on permanent threshold shift (PTS) development. METHODS: A total of 1,546 personnel at an industrial shipyard were divided into five exposure groups based on level of concentration: high noise, high metals/solvents, high metals/noise, high metals/solvents/noise, and a low metals/solvents/noise reference group...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059454/cancer-incidence-among-capacitor-manufacturing-workers-exposed-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#6
Avima M Ruder, Misty J Hein, Nancy B Hopf, Martha A Waters
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cancer incidence in a cohort of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposed workers. METHODS: Incident cancers, identified using state registries, were compared to those in a national population using standardized incidence ratios. Trends in prostate cancer incidence with cumulative PCB exposure were evaluated using standardized rate ratios and Cox regression models. For selected sites, cumulative PCB exposure was compared between aggressive (fatal/distant stage) and localized/regional cancers...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195660/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-ergonomic-solutions-in-construction
#7
Ann Marie Dale, Lisa Jaegers, Laura Welch, Ellen Barnidge, Nancy Weaver, Bradley A Evanoff
BACKGROUND: Rates of musculoskeletal disorders in construction remain high. Few studies have described barriers and facilitators to the use of available ergonomic solutions. This paper describes these barriers and facilitators and their relationship to the level of adoption. METHODS: Three analysts rated 16 proposed ergonomic solutions from a participatory ergonomics study and assessed the level of adoption, six adoption characteristics, and identified the category of adoption from a theoretical model...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195659/silica-exposure-and-disease-in-semi-precious-stone-craftsmen-minas-gerais-brazil
#8
Ana Paula S Carneiro, Nayara F T Braz, Eduardo Algranti, Olivia M P A Bezerra, Natália P S Araujo, Lênio S Amaral Eng Hyg, Jean L Edmé, Annie Sobaszek, Nathalie Chérot-Kornobis
BACKGROUND: Brazil is an exporter of precious stones and craftsmen often work in poor conditions. We assessed silica-related diseases among crystal craftsmen and the complexity of its control. METHODS: Case-series including 118 subjects evaluated from 2006 to 2015, based on medical interviews, chest X-rays, spirometry, and respirable silica samples. RESULTS: Median age and length of exposure were 32 and 13 years, respectively. Silicosis, with 1/0 as a threshold, was diagnosed radiologically in 57 individuals (48...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195658/risk-of-work-injury-among-adolescent-students-from-single-and-partnered-parent-families
#9
Imelda S Wong, F Curtis Breslin
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement in keeping their children safe at work has been examined in a handful of studies, with mixed results. Evidence has suggested that non-work injury risk is higher among children from single-parent families, but little is known about their risk for work-related injuries. METHODS: Five survey cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey were pooled to create a nationally representative sample of employed 15-19-year old students (N = 16,620)...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195657/pulmonary-function-and-airway-inflammation-among-dairy-parlor-workers-after-exposure-to-inhalable-aerosols
#10
Matthew W Nonnenmann, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Jeffrey Levin, David Douphrate, Vijay Boggaram, Joshua Schaffer, Michael Gallagher, Madeleine Hornick, Stephen Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Inhalation exposure to organic dust causes lung inflammation among agricultural workers. Due to changes in production and work organization, task-based inhalation exposure data, including novel lung inflammation biomarkers, will inform exposure recommendations for dairy farm workers. METHODS: Linear regression was used to estimate the associations of airborne exposure to dust concentration, endotoxin, and muramic acid with pulmonary outcomes (i.e., FEV1 , exhaled nitric oxide)...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195656/risk-of-indium-lung-disease-in-display-panel-manufacturing-workers
#11
LETTER
Yong Lim Won, Sungyeul Choi, Eun-A Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079281/response-to-goodman-et-al
#12
LETTER
Lynne E Pinkerton, James H Yiin, Robert D Daniels, Kenneth W Fent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079280/cryptosporidiosis-outbreak-at-an-academic-animal-research-laboratory-colorado-2014
#13
Jessica Hancock-Allen, Nisha B Alden, Alicia B Cronquist
BACKGROUND: After cryptosporidiosis was reported in three workers caring for preweaned calves at an academic research laboratory, we sought to identify cases, determine risk factors, and implement control measures. METHODS: A cryptosporidiosis case was defined as diarrhea duration ≥72 hr, abdominal cramps, or vomiting in an animal research laboratory worker during July 14-July 31. A confirmed case had laboratory evidence of Cryptosporidium infection. Staff were interviewed regarding illness, potential exposures, training, and personal protective equipment (PPE) standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079279/evaluating-predictors-of-lead-exposure-for-activities-disturbing-materials-painted-with-or-containing-lead-using-historic-published-data-from-u-s-workplaces
#14
Sarah J Locke, Nicole C Deziel, Dong-Hee Koh, Barry I Graubard, Mark P Purdue, Melissa C Friesen
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated predictors of differences in published occupational lead concentrations for activities disturbing material painted with or containing lead in U.S. workplaces to aid historical exposure reconstruction. METHODS: For the aforementioned tasks, 221 air and 113 blood lead summary results (1960-2010) were extracted from a previously developed database. Differences in the natural log-transformed geometric mean (GM) for year, industry, job, and other ancillary variables were evaluated in meta-regression models that weighted each summary result by its inverse variance and sample size...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079278/corporate-corruption-of-science-another-asbestos-example
#15
REVIEW
David Egilman, Rubén Monárrez
BACKGROUND: Kelsh et al. [2007]: Occup Med (Lond) 57:581-589 published a paper reanalyzing one of the few data sources publicly available on mesothelioma amongst brake workers, the Australian Mesothelioma Surveillance Registry (AMSR). This reanalysis was commissioned by lawyers representing the automobile manufacturing companies and did not align with an independent analysis published by Leigh and Driscoll [2003]: Occup Environ Health 9:206-217. METHODS: We sought to reevaluate the AMSR data ourselves to understand how the company-sponsored research categorized the data...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079277/whole-body-vibration-exposure-of-occupational-horseback-riding-in-agriculture-a-ranching-example
#16
Xiaoke Zeng, Catherine Trask, Aaron M Kociolek
BACKGROUND: Horse riding is common in many occupations; however, there is currently no research evaluating exposure to whole-body vibration and mechanical shock on horseback. METHODS: Whole-body vibration was measured on a cattle rancher during two 30 min horseback rides using a tri-axial accelerometer mounted on a western saddle. Vibration was summarized into standardized metrics, including the 8 hr equivalent root-mean-squared acceleration (A[8]) and the daily 4th power vibration dose value (VDV)...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079276/dermal-tdi-exposure-is-not-associated-with-lung-cancer-risk
#17
LETTER
Julie E Goodman, Ke Zu, Christine T Loftus, Robyn Prueitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079275/non-malignant-respiratory-disease-among-workers-in-industries-using-styrene-a-review-of-the-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Randall J Nett, Jean M Cox-Ganser, Ann F Hubbs, Avima M Ruder, Kristin J Cummings, Yuh-Chin T Huang, Kathleen Kreiss
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) cases have occurred among styrene-exposed workers. We aimed to investigate styrene as a risk factor for non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD). METHODS: From a literature review, we identified case reports and assessed cross-sectional and mortality studies for strength of evidence of positive association (i.e., strong, intermediate, suggestive, none) between styrene exposure and NMRD-related morbidity and mortality...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862136/workers-compensation-filings-of-temporary-workers-compared-to-direct-hire-workers-in-illinois-2007-2012
#19
Dana Madigan, Linda Forst, Lee S Friedman
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological risks of temporary employment are well documented but there are still many questions regarding the consequences of injuries among these workers. METHODS: This analysis examines Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission filings from 2007 through 2012 to compare total cost of the decision, days of work missed, and percent disability of employees of temporary agencies with direct hire claims. RESULTS: Total award median was $5,813...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862135/determinants-of-disinfectant-use-among-nurses-in-u-s-healthcare-facilities
#20
Orianne Dumas, Aleta S Wiley, Paul K Henneberger, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Raphaëlle Varraso, Nicole Le Moual, Krislyn M Boggs, Carlos A Camargo
BACKGROUND: Disinfectant use among healthcare workers has been associated with respiratory disorders, especially asthma. We aimed to describe disinfectants used by U.S. nurses, and to investigate qualitative and quantitative differences according to workplace characteristics and region. METHODS: Disinfectant use was assessed by questionnaire in 8,851 nurses. Hospital characteristics were obtained from the American Hospital Association database. RESULTS: Working in a hospital was associated with higher disinfectant use (OR: 2...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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