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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295479/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-surveillance-using-the-washington-state-workers-compensation-system-recent-declines-and-patterns-by-industry-1999-2013
#1
Jennifer Marcum, Darrin Adams
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common and place large economic and social burdens on workers and their communities. We describe recent WMSD trends and patterns of WMSD incidence among the Washington worker population by industry. METHODS: We used Washington State's workers' compensation compensable claims from 1999 to 2013 to describe incidence and cost of WMSD claims by body part and diagnosis, and to identify high-risk industries...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262973/trouble-in-transit-organizational-barriers-to-workers-health
#2
Nicole P Bowles, Bruce S McEwen, Carla Boutin-Foster
BACKGROUND: Valuable insights on the health and behavior of transit workers can be obtained from qualitative research that considers the social environment, which affects job performance and determines levels of perceived stress. METHODS: Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with American transit workers (n = 32). Recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Participants described categories related to entrenched organizational practices, particularly managements' leadership style, which created an atmosphere of distrust...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262972/reliability-of-self-reported-questionnaire-on-occupational-radiation-practices-among-diagnostic-radiologic-technologists
#3
Moon Jung Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Yousun Ko, Byung Chul Chun, Won Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the reliability of a self-reported questionnaire on occupational radiation practices among radiologic technologists. METHODS: We enrolled 941 participants who had repeatedly completed the questionnaire from the 2012-2013 radiologic technologists' health study in South Korea. We used percentage agreement, kappa statistics, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) to assess the reliability of responses on work practices. RESULTS: Overall agreement for ever-never diagnostic radiation procedures was high (87...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262964/analysis-of-workers-compensation-disabling-claims-in-oregon-s-seafood-preparation-and-packaging-industry-2007-2013
#4
Laura N Syron, Laurel Kincl, Liu Yang, Daniel T Cain, Ellen Smit
BACKGROUND: Few occupational health and safety studies have focused on the US seafood preparation and packaging industry, and none on Oregon's seafood industry. METHODS: Oregon workers' compensation (WC) disabling claims data were analyzed. Oregon Employment Department and US Census Bureau data were used as denominators for rates. RESULTS: During 2007-2013, there were 188 accepted disabling claims, with an average annual rate of 24 claims per 1000 workers...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262963/gender-differences-in-occupations-and-complaints-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-representative-sample-of-south-korean-workers
#5
Jungsun Park, Bo-Young Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: The present study examines gender differences in occupations, occupational hazards, and musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean workers. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). RESULTS: Relative to "managers," men who were "craft and related trades workers," "equipment, machine operating and assembling workers," and in "elementary occupations" were more likely to report back pain (ORs: 2...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262960/estimation-of-occupational-cosmic-radiation-exposure-among-airline-personnel-agreement-between-a-job-exposure-matrix-aggregate-and-individual-dose-estimates
#6
Madar Talibov, Raili Salmelin, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Anssi Auvinen
BACKGROUND: Job-exposure matrices (JEM) are used for exposure assessment in occupational studies, but they can involve errors. We assessed agreement between the Nordic Occupational Cancer Studies JEM (NOCCA-JEM) and aggregate and individual dose estimates for cosmic radiation exposure among Finnish airline personnel. METHODS: Cumulative cosmic radiation exposure for 5,022 airline crew members was compared between a JEM and aggregate and individual dose estimates...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262959/effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-programs-for-emergency-and-protective-services-employees-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Amanda Allisey, Lauren Davenport, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: This brief report summarizes the international literature on the effectiveness of suicide prevention programs for protective and emergency services employees. METHODS: A systematic search of 11 electronic databases was undertaken until June 30, 2015. Quantitative meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of these programs on suicide rates at post-intervention. Qualitative analyses were also used to identify program components that may be associated with reductions in suicide rates...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244610/the-development-and-testing-of-a-tool-to-assess-joint-health-and-safety-committee-functioning-and-effectiveness
#8
Kathryn Nichol, Irena Kudla, Lynda Robson, Chun-Yip Hon, Jonas Eriksson, D Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: Concern regarding functioning and effectiveness of joint health and safety committees (JHSCs) in Ontario hospitals was raised following the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in 2003. A subsequent literature review revealed a lack of studies focused within the healthcare sector. METHODS: A tool to measure JHSC effectiveness was developed by a panel of occupational health and safety experts based on a framework from the healthcare sector. Usability testing was conducted in two phases with members of five hospital JHSCs before, during and after a committee meeting...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244608/malignant-mesothelioma-due-to-asbestos-exposure-in-dental-tape
#9
Steven B Markowitz, Jacqueline M Moline
Although most cases of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura are caused by one or more readily recognized sources of exposure to asbestos, cases of the disease with more occult exposure occur, especially since asbestos has been used in over 3,000 products. Dental lining tape contained asbestos from the 1930s until at least the 1970s and was used in the lost wax method of casting crowns, bridges, and other metal dental prosthetic devices. We report six cases of pathology-verified malignant mesothelioma, mostly among dentists, following exposure to airborne dust from asbestos dental tape, which resulted in asbestos tort litigation...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244606/risk-factors-for-malignant-mesothelioma-in-people-with-no-known-exposure-to-asbestos
#10
Bill Musk, Len Gordon, Helman Alfonso, Alison Reid, Nola Olsen, Robin Mina, Peter Franklin, Susan Peters, Fraser Brims, Jennie Hui, Nicholas de Klerk
OBJECTIVES: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare and generally fatal cancer, usually caused by asbestos, although about 5-10% of cases report no asbestos exposure. This study aimed to identify sources whereby people in Western Australia (WA) may be unknowingly exposed to asbestos or to other exposures which may cause MM. METHODS: Cases with no known asbestos exposure were selected from the WA Mesothelioma Register (WAMR). Matched controls were selected from hospital patients admitted for conditions unrelated to asbestos...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169438/association-between-parental-access-to-paid-sick-leave-and-children-s-access-to-and-use-of-healthcare-services
#11
Abay Asfaw, Maria Colopy
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between parental access to paid sick leave (PPSL) and children's use of preventive care and reduced likelihood of delayed medical care and emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: We used the child sample of the National Health Interview Survey data (linked to the adult and family samples) from 2011 through 2015 and logistic and negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: Controlling for covariates, the odds of children with PPSL receiving flu vaccination were 12...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145560/survival-following-lung-transplantation-for-artificial-stone-silicosis-relative-to-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Dror Rosengarten, Benjamin D Fox, Elizabeth Fireman, Paul D Blanc, Victoria Rusanov, Oren Fruchter, Yael Raviv, Osnat Shtraichman, Milton Saute, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Silicosis is a progressive lung disease resulting from the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica. Lung transplantation is the only treatment for end-stage silicosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the survival experience following lung transplantation among patients with silicosis. METHODS: We reviewed data for all patients who underwent lung transplantation for silicosis and a matched group undergoing lung transplantation for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) at a single medical center between March 2006 and the end of December 2013...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144976/workers-compensation-claims-not-reported-in-the-survey-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-injury-and-claim-characteristics
#13
Sara E Wuellner, Darrin A Adams, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Underreporting in the nation's primary source of non-fatal occupational injury and illness data are well documented, but worker-level characteristics of unreported cases have not been fully explored. METHODS: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data were linked to Washington workers' compensation claims to identify injury and claim characteristics associated with unreported cases. Workers' compensation administrative date data were used to characterize timing of disability and SOII case eligibility...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144970/pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutations-in-asbestos-exposed-non-smokers-a-case-series
#14
Richard L Kradin, John Iafrate, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke and asbestos are recognized causes of lung carcinoma and together promote carcinogenesis. Adenocarcinoma is currently the most common cause of lung cancer in the USA and it has been linked to both smoking and asbestos exposure. Mutations in the epidermal growth factor gene receptor (EGFR) occur predominantly in non-smokers with adenocarcinoma. Methods Mutations in the EGFR gene were investigated using next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: We report the presence of EGFR exon point mutations in the pulmonary adenocarcinomas of three never-smokers occupationally exposed to asbestos...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127780/effects-of-combined-exposure-to-metals-solvents-and-noise-on-permanent-threshold-shifts
#15
Nicholas Schaal, Jeremy Slagley, Majed Zreiqat, Helmut Paschold
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest metal and solvent exposure may damage hearing. This study evaluated the association between exposures classified as high for metals, solvents, and noise on permanent threshold shift (PTS) development. METHODS: A total of 1,546 personnel at an industrial shipyard were divided into five exposure groups based on level of concentration: high noise, high metals/solvents, high metals/noise, high metals/solvents/noise, and a low metals/solvents/noise reference group...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059454/cancer-incidence-among-capacitor-manufacturing-workers-exposed-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#16
Avima M Ruder, Misty J Hein, Nancy B Hopf, Martha A Waters
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cancer incidence in a cohort of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposed workers. METHODS: Incident cancers, identified using state registries, were compared to those in a national population using standardized incidence ratios. Trends in prostate cancer incidence with cumulative PCB exposure were evaluated using standardized rate ratios and Cox regression models. For selected sites, cumulative PCB exposure was compared between aggressive (fatal/distant stage) and localized/regional cancers...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299821/baby-boomers-in-the-united-states-factors-associated-with-working-longer-and-delaying-retirement
#17
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Knut Ringen, Rosemary Sokas
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the self-reported probability of working full-time past age 62 (P62) or age 65 (P65) among four cohorts of Americans born between 1931 and 1959. METHODS: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were analyzed. Respondents in four age cohorts were selected for comparison. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess cohort differences in P62 and P65 while adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: P62 and P65 increased among boomers despite worsened self-rated health compared to the two preceding cohorts, with 37% and 80% increases among mid-boomers in construction trades...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299820/factors-associated-with-employment-status-before-and-during-pregnancy-implications-for-studies-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#18
Carissa M Rocheleau, Stephen J Bertke, Christina C Lawson, Paul A Romitti, Tania A Desrosiers, Aaron J Agopian, Erin Bell, Suzanne M Gilboa
BACKGROUND: Potential confounding or effect modification by employment status is frequently overlooked in pregnancy outcome studies. METHODS: To characterize how employed and non-employed women differ, we compared demographics, behaviors, and reproductive histories by maternal employment status for 8,343 mothers of control (non-malformed) infants in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2007) and developed a multivariable model for employment status anytime during pregnancy and the 3 months before conception...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195660/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-ergonomic-solutions-in-construction
#19
Ann Marie Dale, Lisa Jaegers, Laura Welch, Ellen Barnidge, Nancy Weaver, Bradley A Evanoff
BACKGROUND: Rates of musculoskeletal disorders in construction remain high. Few studies have described barriers and facilitators to the use of available ergonomic solutions. This paper describes these barriers and facilitators and their relationship to the level of adoption. METHODS: Three analysts rated 16 proposed ergonomic solutions from a participatory ergonomics study and assessed the level of adoption, six adoption characteristics, and identified the category of adoption from a theoretical model...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195659/silica-exposure-and-disease-in-semi-precious-stone-craftsmen-minas-gerais-brazil
#20
Ana Paula S Carneiro, Nayara F T Braz, Eduardo Algranti, Olivia M P A Bezerra, Natália P S Araujo, Lênio S Amaral Eng Hyg, Jean L Edmé, Annie Sobaszek, Nathalie Chérot-Kornobis
BACKGROUND: Brazil is an exporter of precious stones and craftsmen often work in poor conditions. We assessed silica-related diseases among crystal craftsmen and the complexity of its control. METHODS: Case-series including 118 subjects evaluated from 2006 to 2015, based on medical interviews, chest X-rays, spirometry, and respirable silica samples. RESULTS: Median age and length of exposure were 32 and 13 years, respectively. Silicosis, with 1/0 as a threshold, was diagnosed radiologically in 57 individuals (48...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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