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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Jaime Szeinuk, Curtis W Noonan, Claudia I Henschke, Jean Pfau, Brad Black, Albert Miller, David F Yankelevitz, Mingzhu Liang, Ying Liu, Rowena Yip, Laura Linker, Tracy McNew, Raja M Flores
BACKGROUND: The purpose of Pre-Adult Latency Study was to evaluate lung findings among adults who had been environmentally exposed to Libby Amphibole only during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Recruitment was restricted to volunteers who attended primary and/or secondary school, lived in Libby, MT, prior to age 23 years for males and 21 years for females and subsequently left the area. Subjects completed exposure and respiratory questionnaires, underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), and chest CT scans...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Dana Madigan, Linda Forst, Lee S Friedman
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological risks of temporary employment are well documented but there are still many questions regarding the consequences of injuries among these workers. METHODS: This analysis examines Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission filings from 2007 through 2012 to compare total cost of the decision, days of work missed, and percent disability of employees of temporary agencies with direct hire claims. RESULTS: Total award median was $5,813...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Orianne Dumas, Aleta S Wiley, Paul K Henneberger, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Raphaëlle Varraso, Nicole Le Moual, Krislyn M Boggs, Carlos A Camargo
BACKGROUND: Disinfectant use among healthcare workers has been associated with respiratory disorders, especially asthma. We aimed to describe disinfectants used by U.S. nurses, and to investigate qualitative and quantitative differences according to workplace characteristics and region. METHODS: Disinfectant use was assessed by questionnaire in 8,851 nurses. Hospital characteristics were obtained from the American Hospital Association database. RESULTS: Working in a hospital was associated with higher disinfectant use (OR: 2...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John Howard, Christine M Branche, G Scott Earnest
Pneumatic nail guns have been shown in published studies to cause injury and death to both workers and consumers, but those equipped with sequential trigger mechanisms provide much greater safety protection against unintentional discharge than those equipped with contact triggers. In 2015 the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) approved a revision to its 2002 nail gun standard, but failed to require sequential triggers. Substantive and procedural deficiencies in the ANSI standard's development process resulted in a scientifically unsound nail gun safety standard, detracting from its use as the basis for a mandatory national safety standard and ultimately from its ability to protect worker and consumer users...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Amal Al-Lozi, Susan Searles Nielsen, Tamara Hershey, Angela Birke, Harvey Checkoway, Susan R Criswell, Brad A Racette
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to manganese (Mn) is a health concern in occupations such as welding because of well-established motor effects due to basal ganglia dysfunction. We hypothesized that cognitive control (the ability to monitor, manipulate, and regulate ongoing cognitive demands) would also be affected by chronic Mn exposure. METHODS: We examined the relationship between Mn exposure and cognitive control performance in 95 workers with varying intensity and duration (median 15...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John Howard
Arrangements between those who perform work and those who provide jobs come in many different forms. Standard work arrangements now exist alongside several nonstandard arrangements: agency work, contract work, and gig work. While standard work arrangements are still the most prevalent types, the rise of nonstandard work arrangements, especially temporary agency, contract, and "gig" arrangements, and the potential effects of these new arrangements on worker health and safety have captured the attention of government, business, labor, and academia...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ola Leijon, Natalja Balliu, Andreas Lundin, Marjan Vaez, Katarina Kjellberg, Tomas Hemmingsson
BACKGROUND: Toinvestigate the effects of psychosocial work factors (PWF) and psychological distress (PD) on self-assessed work ability. METHODS: This follow-up study included 7,810 individuals (55%women) with good work ability at baseline. PWFandPD (measured by GHQ-12) were assessed at baseline and work ability at 7-year follow-up. Effects of PWF and PD on work ability were analyzed by logistic regression, odds ratios (OR) with 95% CI, and by mediation analysisusing 4-way decomposition...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Hester Lipscomb, Clayton Sinyai, Darrin Adams
INTRODUCTION: Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. METHODS: In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John C Flunker, Jessica Miller Clouser, David Mannino, Jennifer Swanberg
BACKGROUND: Latino thoroughbred workers may be at risk for developing abnormal pulmonary function related to occupational exposures. METHODS: Eighty worker participants were recruited via community-based purposive sampling. Questionnaires and spirometry tests were administered by trained lay health promoters. Demographic and occupational factors were assessed for associations with respiratory outcomes via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of participants exhibited abnormal pulmonary function (primarily restrictive), 79% reported any respiratory symptoms, and 94% infrequently used dust masks...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
James H Yiin, Jeri L Anderson, Robert D Daniels, Stephen J Bertke, Donald A Fleming, David J Tollerud, Chih-Yu Tseng, Pi-Hsueh Chen, Kathleen M Waters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of cause-specific mortality and relationship between internal exposure to uranium and specific causes in a pooled cohort of 29,303 workers employed at three former uranium enrichment facilities in the United States with follow-up through 2011. METHODS: Cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for the full cohort were calculated with the U.S. population as referent. Internal comparison of the dose-response relation between selected outcomes and estimated organ doses was evaluated using regression models...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Markku Pavela, Jukka Uitti, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Among workers employed at a nickel refinery in Harjavalta, Finland an increased risk of lung and sinus cancer has been demonstrated in two previous studies. The current study adds 16 more years of follow-up to these studies. METHODS: A total of 1,115 persons exposed to nickel and 194 non-exposed workers in the Harjavalta nickel smelter and refinery were followed up for cancer from 1967 to 2011 through the Finnish Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The total number of cancer cases in men was 251 (Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Marizen Ramirez, Sato Ashida, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: For new mothers returning to work, the role of the workplace psychosocial environment on maternal mental health has not been fully described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial employment characteristics and mothers' postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. METHODS: Ninety-seven women answered survey questions regarding employment, job demand, control, and support, and postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms soon after live birth and 6 months later...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Chan Yeu Pu, Mohamed Rizwan Haroon Al Rasheed, Marin Sekosan, Vibhu Sharma
A 61-year-old man was evaluated for a 2 month history of cough and dyspnea without relevant exposures other than pyrethrin containing insecticidal sprays he used while grooming dogs almost daily. High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the chest demonstrated a Non-Specific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP) pattern. Pulmonary function testing revealed an isolated mildly reduced diffusion capacity. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) results confirmed the presence of foamy histiocytes, lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells consistent with ongoing exposure...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Sadie H Conway, Lisa A Pompeii, Vanessa Casanova, David I Douphrate
BACKGROUND: The logging industry is recognized as one of the most dangerous professions in the U.S., but little is known about safety management practices on remote logging sites. METHODS: A total of six focus group sessions were held among logging supervisors and front line crew members in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas (N = 27 participants). RESULTS: Participants perceived that logging was a dangerous profession, but its risks had been mitigated in several ways, most notably through mechanization of timber harvesting...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
R Reid Harvey, M Abbas Virji, Kristin J Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Noa Krawczyk, Aline de Souza Espíndola Santos, Jaime Lima, Armando Meyer
: Background Agricultural production has expanded dramatically throughout Brazil. Previous research in the Serrana Region found that from 1979 to 1998, agricultural workers experienced high mortality rates from certain cancers compared to non-agricultural workers [Meyer et al. (2003): Environ Res 93:264-271]. METHODS: New data were obtained for 1999-2013 and Mortality Odds Ratios (MORs) were utilized to compare cancer and other mortality between male agricultural workers in the Serrana Region and non-agricultural workers in the Serrana Region, Rio de Janeiro, and Porto Alegre, and to compare mortality odds to previous decades...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, Dorothy Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: Workplace training may help to prevent contact dermatitis, a common work-related disease. Information on the characteristics of existing workplace training programs and worker perceptions of this training is limited. METHODS: Fourteen workers with suspected occupational contact dermatitis participated in one-on-one, semi-structured interviews. An inductive thematic analysis approach was used to identify interview themes. RESULTS: Workers expressed a desire for hands-on training with content relevant to their job tasks, favored training from supervisors who had practical experience, and were conflicted about employer motivations for providing training...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Benedetto Terracini, Dario Mirabelli, Xaver Baur, Philip J Landrigan, Collegium Ramazzini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kristen L Kucera, Karen G Roos, Jennifer M Hootman, Hester J Lipscomb, John M Dement, Barbara A Silverstein
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work-related injury and illnesses experienced by certified athletic trainers (AT). METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of injury/illness claims filed in two workers' compensation systems were described from 2001 to 2011. Yearly populations at risk were estimated from National Athletic Trainers' Association membership statistics. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were reported by job setting. RESULTS: Claims were predominantly for traumatic injuries and disorders (82...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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