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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Laurel Kincl, Mara Nery, Laura N Syron, Viktor Bovbjerg, Kaety Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: The West Coast Dungeness crab fishery is high-risk for occupational fatalities. The Fishermen Led Injury Prevention Program (FLIPP) explored this worker population's nonfatal injuries and safety perspectives. METHODS: Focus groups were held along the West Coast to (a) review reported injuries, (b) discuss risk factors, and (c) identify content to inform future FLIPP research activities, including survey development. Focus group data were transcribed and analyzed qualitatively...
January 13, 2019: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Simona Soldati, Corrado Scarnato, Alberto Gerosa, Giuseppe Giacomozzi, Angelo d'Errico
BACKGROUND: Nickel and chromium-VI compounds are carcinogens for lung cancer, although it is still debated if there is an increased risk at low levels of exposure and for other cancers. METHODS: In a cohort of 2991 Italian electroplaters, a proportion of whom were exposed to low levels of nickel and/or chromium, cumulative exposure to their compounds was obtained by multiplying average concentrations of the metals in each electroplating tank by duration of employment in the company...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Emilio Antonio L Gianicolo, Cristina Mangia, Marco Cervino, Antonella Bruni, Maurizio Portaluri, Pietro Comba, Roberta Pirastu, Annibale Biggeri, Mariangela Vigotti, Maria Blettner
BACKGROUND: In 1976 in Manfredonia (Italy), arsenic was released into the atmosphere due to an accident in a petrochemical plant. We aimed to analyze the mortality of workers involved in the factory for the site cleaning activities. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 1467 workers grouped into contract, fertilizer, and plastic workers. The outcome of interest was mortality for specific causes. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were computed...
January 4, 2019: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Gary M Franklin, Mark Mercier, Jaymie Mai, Doug Tuman, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, Thomas Wickizer, Jeanne M Sears
BACKGROUND: Evidence has associated opioid use initiated early in a workers' compensation claim with subsequent disability. In 2013, the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries (DLI) implemented procedures based on new regulations that require improvement in pain and function to approve opioids beyond the acute pain period. METHODS: We measured opioid prescriptions between 6 and 12 weeks following injury, an indicator of persistent opioid use. Actuarial data for the association of any opioid use versus no opioid use with development of lost time payments are reported...
December 28, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Thomas A Arcury, Taylor J Arnold, Joanne C Sandberg, Sara A Quandt, Jennifer W Talton, Andreina Malki, Gregory D Kearney, Haiying Chen, Melinda F Wiggins, Stephanie S Daniel
BACKGROUND: Although children as young as 10 years can work in agriculture, little research has addressed their occupational health. This paper describes a large, multicomponent study of hired Latinx child farmworkers, and the characteristics of children participating in this study. METHODS: Survey interviews were conducted in 2017 with 202 Latinx children aged 10-17 years employed in agriculture across North Carolina (NC). RESULTS: Most (81...
December 28, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Victoria Hall, Joni Scheftel, Stacy Holzbauer, Kirk Smith
BACKGROUND: After Campylobacter infection was reported in a contract construction worker (contractor) at a chicken processing facility, we described the illness and determined illness associations with workforce exposure. METHODS: Case finding was conducted by reportable disease surveillance and contractor interviews. A case was defined as either diarrhea and fever, or diarrhea lasting ≥3 days during January-September, 2016. RESULTS: Fourteen cases were identified among 74 contractors interviewed; four were laboratory-confirmed (two Campylobacter, two Salmonella)...
December 24, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Nathan DeBono, Kaitlin Kelly-Reif, David Richardson, Alex Keil, Whitney Robinson, Melissa Troester, Stephen Marshall
BACKGROUND: Workers raised concerns over suspected excesses of mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing facilities in Huntsville, Alabama. METHODS: A study of 4396 UAW members ever-employed at Huntsville facilities between 1972 and 1993 was conducted with mortality follow-up through 2016. Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMRs) were estimated using U.S. and Alabama reference rates. RESULTS: Relative to U.S. rates, there was a modest excess of all-cause mortality among White female workers (SMR 1...
December 19, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Seth J Prins, Sarah McKetta, Jonathan Platt, Carles Muntaner, Katherine M Keyes, Lisa M Bates
BACKGROUND: We draw on a relational theoretical perspective to investigate how the social division and structure of labor are associated with serious and moderate mental illness and binge and heavy drinking. METHODS: The Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Occupational Information Network were linked to explore how occupation, the productivity-to-pay gap, unemployment, the gendered division of domestic labor, and factor-analytic and theory-derived dimensions of work are related to mental illness and drinking outcomes...
December 19, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Elena Farina, Selene Bianco, Antonella Bena, Osvaldo Pasqualini
BACKGROUND: The method "Learning by mistakes" was developed in Italy to conduct occupational injury investigations and to collect information on the genesis of injuries. The aim is to analyze data classified with this method in order to identify patterns among the factors contributing to injury dynamics. METHODS: Data regarding 673 factors, corresponding to 354 occupational fatalities that occurred in the Piedmont region (north-west of Italy) during 2005-2014 were considered...
December 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Dennis Murphy, Serap Gorucu, Bryan Weichelt, Erika Scott, Mark Purschwitz
BACKGROUND: Agricultural safety and health researchers have used a variety of classification and coding schemes to identify and categorize injury, illness, and disease associated with agricultural hazards. This paper demonstrates how the Farm and Agricultural Injury Classification (FAIC) and Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) coding schemes can be used in tandem for all agricultural injuries. METHODS: Specific cases from the AgInjuryNews...
December 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Annie Doubleday, Marissa G Baker, Jérôme Lavoué, Jack Siemiatycki, Noah S Seixas
OBJECTIVE: Federal Region X is an administrative region in the northwestern United States comprised of the states of Alaska (AK), Idaho (ID), Oregon (OR), and Washington (WA). Quantifying the number of workers in this region exposed to harmful circumstances in the workplace, and projected changes over time will help to inform priorities for occupational health training, risk reduction, and research. METHODS: State data for WA, ID, OR, and AK were used to estimate number of workers by occupation, in 2014 and 2024...
December 13, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
A Michael Donoghue, James C Wesdock
BACKGROUND: Lobar pneumonia is an occupational disease of welders. This is the first report of global deployment of a pneumococcal vaccination program for welders within a multi-national corporation. METHODS: Global webinars were conducted to introduce the program. Communication packages translated into all location languages were deployed. All employee welders who had not previously been vaccinated were offered a free single dose of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) by on-site location medical centers during normal working hours...
December 10, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Hilary L Colbeth, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Yang Liu, Mayris P Webber, Theresa M Schwartz, Charles B Hall, David J Prezant
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to estimate the impact of exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) site on annual and persistent rates of otalgia and hearing impairment among Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) Firefighters and Emergency Medical Service Workers (EMS). METHODS: Responders completed routine physical health questionnaires at monitoring visits. We used logistic and marginal logistic regression models to explore the association between otalgia and hearing impairment and WTC arrival time...
December 6, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Laura Kurth, Brent Doney, Cara Halldin, Janet Hale, Steven M Frenk
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the prevalence of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction by industry and occupation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among ever-employed U.S. adults. METHODS: Data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2008 to 2011-2012, a nationally representative study of the non-institutionalized civilian U.S. POPULATION: Data on respondent's current and/or longest held job were used to create prevalence estimates and adjusted prevalence odds ratios (PORs) for airflow obstruction and COPD...
December 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Skye Buckner-Petty, Ann Marie Dale, Bradley A Evanoff
BACKGROUND: Existing datasets often lack job exposure data. Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) codes can link work exposure data to health outcomes via a Job Exposure Matrix, but manually assigning SOC codes is laborious. We explored the utility of two SOC autocoding programs. METHODS: We entered industry and occupation descriptions from two existing cohorts into two publicly available SOC autocoding programs. SOC codes were also assigned manually by experienced coders...
December 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Junghun Yoo, Ji-Hwan Kim, Jaehong Yoon, Seung-Sup Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical service (EMS) providers may face sexual harassment (SH) from citizens. No studies have assessed SH prevalence and its association with depressive symptoms among EMS providers in South Korea. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1346 EMS providers in South Korea. SH experience was assessed by asking, "During the past 12 months, have you ever experienced sexual harassment on duty by civil citizens?" Depressive symptoms during the preceding week were assessed using the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Soile Jungewelter, Liisa Airaksinen, Maria Pesonen
We describe four cases of slaughterhouse workers with occupational immediate allergy to raw pork allergens, confirmed by positive skin prick testing and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. Our first patient was diagnosed with occupational asthma from raw pork allergens. Two patients were diagnosed with occupational rhinitis caused by raw pork allergens, which was confirmed by a nasal provocation test. One of these also had occupational contact urticaria caused by raw pork meat. We were unable to diagnose an occupational respiratory or skin disease in the fourth patient, despite signs of immediate sensitization to raw pork meat from occupational exposure...
November 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ugo Fedeli, Paolo Girardi, Giulio Gardiman, Davide Zara, Luca Scoizzato, Maria N Ballarin, Michela Baccini, Roberta Pirastu, Pietro Comba, Giuseppe Mastrangelo
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) has been established as a cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver angiosarcoma (ASL). However, some controversy remains due to conflicting results on liver cirrhosis, and to evidence on HCC based on few confirmed cases. The aim of the study is to clarify the association between VCM exposure and mortality from liver diseases. METHODS: In a cohort of 1658 workers involved in VCM production and polymerization, Poisson regression was adopted to estimate rate ratios (RR) across categories of VCM exposure for mortality due to ASL (n = 9), HCC (n = 31) confirmed by histological/clinical records, and the combination of deaths from liver cirrhosis and from liver cancer with clinical/histological evidence of cirrhosis (n = 63)...
November 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Soo-Jeong Lee, Joung Hee Lee, Robert Harrison
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of California's safe patient handling (SPH) legislation on musculoskeletal injury prevention among hospital nurses. METHODS: Two serial cross-sectional surveys were conducted using postal and online questionnaires in statewide random samples of California registered nurses in 2013 and 2016. Analysis included hospital nurses who performed patient handling (n = 254 and n = 281, respectively). RESULTS: In 2016, there were significant improvements in nurses' knowledge of a SPH policy in their hospital (87%), receipt of annual SPH training (73%), and availability of lift equipment (80%); 33% perceived their hospital's SPH programs as excellent or very good...
November 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Levent Altınay, Elif Coşkun, Anıl Tekin, Ufuk Tütün
Anthracosis is an occupational disease which is caused by long-term inhalation of coal and rock dust. We present a case of epicardial anthracosis in a patient who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery for coronary artery disease. This is the first case of anthracosis related to the heart in the literature to the best of our knowledge. This case report emphasizes the systemic dissemination of inorganic particles such as carbon in the human body.
October 27, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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