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American Journal of Industrial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344984/the-editors-respond-to-drs-mowat-and-sheehan
#1
LETTER
Rodney Ehrlich, Steven Markowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344978/letter-to-the-editor
#2
LETTER
Fionna S Mowat, Patrick J Sheehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327473/risk-assessment-for-metalworking-fluids-and-cancer-outcomes
#3
Robert M Park
BACKGROUND: Metalworking fluids (MWF) are complex mixtures with dermal and inhalation exposure. Published reports reveal excess cancer risk. METHODS: Using published findings exposure response was derived for each attributable cancer site. Aggregate excess lifetime risk was estimated by applying a lifetable calculation. RESULTS: Cancer sites contributing the most attributable cases were larynx, esophagus, brain, female breast, and uterine cervix...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327418/response-to-verbeek-and-ruotsalainen-letter-to-the-editor
#4
LETTER
John Howard, John Piacentino, Kathleen MacMahon, Paul Schulte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327357/niosh-and-the-use-of-systematic-review-methods-in-occupational-safety-and-health
#5
LETTER
Jos Verbeek, Jani Ruotsalainen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281122/occupational-exposure-to-textile-dust-and-lung-cancer-risk-results-from-the-icare-study
#6
Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Florence Guida, Mireille Matrat, Sylvie Cenée, Marie Sanchez, Loredana Radoi, Gwenn Menvielle, Emilie Marrer, Danièle Luce, Isabelle Stücker
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association of lung cancer with occupational exposure to textile dust and specifically to cotton dust in the population-based case-control study ICARE. METHODS: Lifelong occupational history of 2926 cases and 3555 controls was collected using standardized questionnaires, with specific questions for textile dust exposure. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models controlling for confounding factors including smoking and asbestos exposure...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250811/injury-illness-and-disability-risk-in-american-seafarers
#7
Rafael Y Lefkowitz, Martin D Slade, Carrie A Redlich
BACKGROUND: Seafarers are an understudied and essential workforce, isolated from medical care. This study describes injuries, illness, and risk factors for resultant disability in one shipping company with a majority of American seafarers. METHODS: The study used a telemedicine database of injury and illness incidence in seafarers, and applied descriptive statistical methods and logistic regression modeling. RESULTS: Illnesses were more frequently reported than injuries (860 vs 479)...
December 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226347/job-insecurity-and-depression-among-automobile-sales-workers-a-longitudinal-study-in-south-korea
#8
Yugyun Kim, Seung-Sup Kim
BACKGROUND: Job insecurity, the subjective perception of fear due to uncertainty about job continuity, could have long-term health effects. We aimed to examine the effect of job insecurity on depression among automobile sales workers in South Korea. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in 2007 and 2014 from a longitudinal cohort of 560 sales workers from an automobile company in South Korea. Change in job insecurity was classified into four groups: secure to secure; insecure to secure; secure to insecure; and insecure to insecure...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210092/comparison-of-digital-and-film-chest-radiography-for-detection-and-medical-surveillance-of-silicosis-in-a-setting-with-a-high-burden-of-tuberculosis
#9
Alfred Franzblau, Jim teWaterNaude, Ananda Sen, Hannah d'Arcy, Jacqueline S Smilg, Khanyakude S Mashao, Cristopher A Meyer, James E Lockey, Rodney I Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: Continuing use of analog film and digital chest radiography for screening and surveillance for pneumoconiosis and tuberculosis in lower and middle income countries raises questions of equivalence of disease detection. This study compared analog to digital images for intra-rater agreement across formats and prevalence of changes related to silicosis and tuberculosis among South African gold miners using the International Labour Organization classification system. METHODS: Miners with diverse radiological presentations of silicosis and tuberculosis were recruited...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205424/multi-source-surveillance-for-work-related-crushing-injuries
#10
Joanna Kica, Kenneth D Rosenman
BACKGROUND: Work-related crushing injuries are serious but preventable. For 2013 through 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) reported 1260 crushing injuries in Michigan. In 2013, Michigan initiated multi-data source surveillance of work-related crushing injuries. METHODS: Records from all 134 of Michigan's hospitals/emergency departments (EDs), the Workers Compensation Agency (WCA) and Michigan's Fatality Assessment Control and Evaluation (MIFACE) program were used to identify work-related crushing injuries...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193187/same-level-fall-injuries-in-us-workplaces-by-age-group-gender-and-industry
#11
Kenneth A Scott, Gwenith G Fisher, Anna E Barón, Emile Tompa, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
BACKGROUND: As the workforce ages, occupational injuries from falls on the same level will increase. Some industries may be more affected than others. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to estimate same-level fall injury incidence rates by age group, gender, and industry for four sectors: 1) healthcare and social assistance; 2) manufacturing; 3) retail; and 4) transportation and warehousing. We calculated rate ratios and rate differences by age group and gender...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178541/violence-against-emergency-medical-services-personnel-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Brian J Maguire, Peter O'Meara, Barbara J O'Neill, Richard Brightwell
BACKGROUND: Violence against emergency medical services (EMS) personnel is a growing concern. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize the current literature on violence against EMS personnel. METHODS: We examined literature from 2000 to 2016. Eligibility criteria included English-language, peer-reviewed studies of EMS personnel that described violence or assaults. Sixteen searches identified 2655 studies; 25 studies from nine countries met the inclusion criteria...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159876/work-related-injuries-in-the-alaska-logging-industry-1991-2014
#13
Yuri P Springer, Devin L Lucas, Louisa J Castrodale, Joseph B McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Although loggers in Alaska are at high risk for occupational injury, no comprehensive review of such injuries has been performed since the mid-1990s. We investigated work-related injuries in the Alaska logging industry during 1991-2014. METHODS: Using data from the Alaska Trauma Registry and the Alaska Occupational Injury Surveillance System, we described fatal and nonfatal injuries by factors including worker sex and age, timing and geographic location of injuries, and four injury characteristics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159835/precarious-schedules-linked-with-workplace-aggression-in-a-high-risk-occupation
#14
David A Hurtado, Lisset M Dumet, Samuel A Greenspan, Miguel Marino, Kimberly Bernard
INTRODUCTION: Night work and prolonged work hours increase the risk for workplace aggression, however, the risk related to precarious schedules remains unknown. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among Parole Probation Officers (PPOs) (n = 35). A precarious schedules index was created including the following indicators (a) experiencing one or more unexpected shifts during the last 4 weeks; (b) having minimal control over work hours; and (c) shifts notifications of less than a week...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152784/workplace-violence-injury-in-106-us-hospitals-participating-in-the-occupational-health-safety-network-ohsn-2012-2015
#15
Matthew R Groenewold, Raymond F R Sarmiento, Kelly Vanoli, William Raudabaugh, Susan Nowlin, Ahmed Gomaa
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a substantial occupational hazard for healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed workplace violence injury surveillance data submitted by hospitals participating in the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Data were frequently missing for several important variables. Nursing assistants (14.89, 95%CI 10.12-21.91) and nurses (8.05, 95%CI 6.14-10.55) had the highest crude workplace violence injury rates per 1000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152771/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-noise-exposed-workers-within-the-agriculture-forestry-fishing-and-hunting-sector-2003-2012
#16
Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann, Geoffrey M Calvert
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. METHODS: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17 299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. RESULTS: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148090/assessment-of-cumulative-health-risk-in-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#17
Ghalib A Bello, Susan L Teitelbaum, Roberto G Lucchini, Christopher R Dasaro, Moshe Shapiro, Julia R Kaplan, Michael A Crane, Denise J Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: Multiple comorbidities have been reported among rescue/recovery workers responding to the 9/11/2001 WTC disaster. In this study, we developed an index that quantifies the cumulative physiological burden of comorbidities and predicts life expectancy in this cohort. METHODS: A machine learning approach (gradient boosting) was used to model the relationship between mortality and several clinical parameters (laboratory test results, blood pressure, pulmonary function measures)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143350/dna-variants-and-organophosphate-neurotoxicity-among-emerging-farmers-in-the-western-cape-of-south-africa
#18
Tracy Glass, Mohamed A Dalvie, Zelda Holtman, Anna A Vorster, Rajkumar S Ramesar, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiological studies investigating modification of organophosphate (OP) neurotoxicity by xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) polymorphisms have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 301 emerging farmers was conducted. Neurotoxicity testing included forward and backward recall, digit span, and vibration sensitivity testing. Questionnaire data included demography, potential confounders, and work history of pesticide exposures...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125194/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-mechanistic-review-of-the-association-with-toluene-and-other-volatile-organic-compounds
#19
Marcia H Ratner, Joe F Jabre, William M Ewing, Mohamed Abou-Donia, L Christine Oliver
Unmasking of latent neurodegenerative disease has been reported following exposure to chemicals that share one or more mechanisms of action in common with those implicated in the specific disease. For example, unmasking of latent Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with exposure to anti-dopaminergic agents, while the progression of pre-existing mild cognitive impairment and unmasking of latent Alzheimer's disease has been associated with exposure to general anesthetic agents which promote Aβ protein aggregation...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119586/self-reported-musculoskeletal-disorder-pain-the-role-of-job-hazards-and-work-life-interaction
#20
Victoria P Weale, Yvonne Wells, Jodi Oakman
BACKGROUND: Previous research identified an association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain. This study explores how the work-life interface might affect pain experienced by residential aged care staff. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 426 employees in residential aged care was analyzed to assess the impacts of workplace hazards, work-family conflict, and work-life balance on self-reported musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: Work-family conflict acts as a mediator of the relationships between workplace hazards and the total number of body regions at which musculoskeletal pain was experienced...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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