Read by QxMD icon Read

American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Paraquat is considered to be the main pesticide involved in accidental and intentional poisoning, and is responsible for a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to present a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of paraquat intoxication-related research. METHODS: Data was retrieved in March 2017 from the Scopus database. An overview of the research on paraquat intoxication was presented alongside the information related to several bibliometric indicators, such as research trends, countries with their h-index, collaboration, hot issues, top-cited publications, journals, and institutions...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ellen Kerns, Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann, Geoffrey M Calvert
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kevin M Walters, Gwenith G Fisher, Liliana Tenney
BACKGROUND: Understanding worker health and safety in the rapidly growing legal U.S. cannabis industry is important. Although little published research exists, workers may be exposed to biological, chemical, and physical hazards. This study investigated the Colorado cannabis industry workforce and both physical and psychosocial hazards to worker health and safety. METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen Colorado cannabis workers completed an online survey after in-person and online recruitment...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Sara Wuellner, Polly Phipps
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of the Bureau of Labor Statistics Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data is dependent on employer compliance with workplace injury and illness recordkeeping requirements. Characterization of employer recordkeeping can inform efforts to improve the data. METHODS: We interviewed representative samples of SOII respondents from four states to identify common recordkeeping errors and to assess employer characteristics associated with limited knowledge of the recordkeeping requirements and non compliant practices...
March 11, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kirsten S Almberg, Lee S Friedman, David Swedler, Robert A Cohen
BACKGROUND: The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) requires reporting of injuries and illnesses to their Part 50 program. A 2011 study indicated that the Part 50 program did not capture many cases of injury in Kentucky, causing concern about underreporting in other states. METHODS: MSHA Part 50 reports from Illinois for 2001-2013 were linked to Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission (IWCC) data. IWCC cases not found in the Part 50 data were considered unreported...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Michele Ochsner, Elizabeth G Marshall, Daniel Lefkowitz
BACKGROUND: Given predictions that climate change will lead to an increase in severe storms, it is important to more fully understand the risks experienced by workers charged with the cleanup and removal of storm damaged trees. These hazards have received little attention in the occupational safety and health literature. METHODS: This paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 23 stakeholders involved in the Hurricane Sandy cleanup effort. RESULTS: Interview participants identified at risk sectors, gaps in training and preparedness, and raised particular concerns about storm downed trees, electrical hazards, and fatigue and suggested steps to reduce these hazards...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
David Perlman, Jeffrey H Mandel, Nnaemeka Odo, Andy Ryan, Christine Lambert, Richard F MacLehose, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Bruce H Alexander
BACKGROUND: Iron ore (taconite) mining and processing are an important industry in northern Minnesota and western Michigan. Concerns around exposures have centered largely on exposure to non-asbestiform amphibole elongate mineral particles (EMPs) found in the eastern portion of the Minnesota iron range. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was undertaken of current and former taconite workers and spouses along with a detailed exposure assessment. Participants provided an occupational history and had a chest radiograph performed...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ceylan Bal, Erol R Ağış, Murat Büyükşekerci, Meşide Gündüzöz, Lütfiye Tutkun, Ömer H Yılmaz
OBJECTIVES: We designed the present study to determine the effect of occupational exposure to asphalt fumes on oxidative status and DNA damage in road paving workers. METHODS: Sixty road paving workers exposed to asphalt fumes and forty non-exposed control subjects were recruited. Occupational exposure to PAHs was assessed by urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) excretion. Serum thiol disulfide homeostasis (TDH), total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) and urinary 8-hydro-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) level were evaluated by automated colourimetric method...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Charles-Olivier Betansedi, Patricia Vaca Vasquez, Emilie Counil
BACKGROUND: In occupational epidemiology, a male-centered perspective often predominates. We aimed to describe current research practices in terms of gender consideration at different stages of epidemiological studies. METHODS: A systematic review of occupational lung cancer publications indexed in PubMed was conducted over the period 2003-2014. Articles were described according to the sex composition of their study sample. RESULTS: In 243 studies, 7 (3%) were women-only, 101 (41%) were mixed, with a disproportionate men-to-women ratio (P50 = 3...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Hyun Kim, David Kriebel, Bian Liu, Sherrry Baron, Steven Mongin, Navneet K Baidwan, Jacqueline M Moline
PURPOSE: We conducted external comparisons for the prevalence of asthma, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer among World Trade Center (WTC) general responders using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) as the reference, along with internal comparisons for the incidence of asthma. METHODS: Standardized Morbidity Ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the prevalence of the health conditions, and risk ratios (RRs) for asthma incidence. RESULTS: Relative to the NHIS, asthma prevalence was in excess in responders over the study years (age-adjusted SMRs = 1...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John Dement, Laura S Welch, Knut Ringen, Kim Cranford, Patricia Quinn
BACKGROUND: A prior study of this construction worker population found significant noise-associated hearing loss. This follow-up study included a much larger study population and consideration of additional risk factors. METHODS: Data included audiometry, clinical chemistry, personal history, and work history. Qualitative exposure metrics for noise and solvents were developed. Analyses compared construction workers to an internal reference group with lower exposures and an external worker population with low noise exposure...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Viviola Gómez-Ortiz, Boris Cendales, Sergio Useche, Juan P Bocarejo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate accident risk rates and mental health of bus rapid transit (BRT) drivers based on psychosocial risk factors at work leading to increased stress and health problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design utilized a self-report questionnaire completed by 524 BRT drivers. RESULTS: Some working conditions of BRT drivers (lack of social support from supervisors and perceived potential for risk) may partially explain Bogota's BRT drivers' involvement in road accidents...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Stella E Hines, Ashley H Barnes, Clayton Brown, Patricia Gucer, Marc S Oliver, Joanna M Gaitens, Marian Condon, Melissa McDiarmid
INTRODUCTION: A cohort of Gulf War I veterans who sustained exposure to depleted uranium undergoes biennial surveillance for potential uranium-related health effects. We performed impulse oscillometry and hypothesized that veterans with higher uranium body burdens would have more obstructive abnormalities than those with lower burdens. METHODS: We compared pulmonary function of veterans in high versus low urine uranium groups by evaluating spirometry and oscillometry values...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Rahmat A Balogun, Andrea Siracusa, Dennis Shusterman
BACKGROUND: Occupational asthma is the most frequently reported occupational respiratory disease in registries, and is often co-diagnosed with occupational rhinitis. We undertook a systematic review of the English-language epidemiologic literature linking these two conditions, with emphasis on progression from occupational rhinitis to occupational asthma. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were queried in a series of structured searches designed to identify studies comparing occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis incidence or prevalence in occupationally exposed individuals...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lilah Rinsky-Halivni, Yehuda Lerman
BACKGROUND: Despite their legal rights, individuals with disabilities face numerous obstacles to integration in the workplace which can result in their discharge from the labor force. Currently occupational physicians have few resources to help decide whether to integrate disabled workers in pre-placement, or in cases of return-to-work. METHODS: A network of 13 discussion groups comprised of the occupational physicians of each regional clinic of a large Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) in Israel was created to deal with disability management dilemmas...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kenneth A Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
BACKGROUND: Severity of workplace injury tends to increase with age. Whether older workers who experience a workplace injury or illness exit the labor force sooner than comparable peers is not established. METHODS: A case-cohort study design and complementary log-log model were used to identify factors associated with average time to early substantial labor force exit among workers' compensation claimants 50-64 years of age with permanent impairment from an occupational injury or illness...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Christina M Socias-Morales, Cammie K Chaumont Menéndez, Suzanne M Marsh
BACKGROUND: Falls are the second leading cause of work-related fatalities among US workers. We describe fatal work-related falls from 2003 to 2014, including demographic, work, and injury event characteristics, and changes in rates over time. METHODS: We identified fatal falls from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and estimated rates using the BLS Current Population Survey. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, there were 8880 fatal work-related falls, at an annual rate of 5...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Rodney Ehrlich, Steven Markowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Fionna S Mowat, Patrick J Sheehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Robert M Park
BACKGROUND: Metalworking fluids (MWF) are complex mixtures with dermal and inhalation exposure. Published reports reveal excess cancer risk. METHODS: Using published findings exposure response was derived for each attributable cancer site. Aggregate excess lifetime risk was estimated by applying a lifetable calculation. RESULTS: Cancer sites contributing the most attributable cases were larynx, esophagus, brain, female breast, and uterine cervix...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"