journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurobiology of Aging

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223680/dysregulation-of-c-x-c-motif-ligand-10-during-aging-and-association-with-cognitive-performance
#1
Steven Bradburn, Jamie McPhee, Liam Bagley, Michael Carroll, Mark Slevin, Nasser Al-Shanti, Yoann Barnouin, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Mati Pääsuke, Helena Gapeyeva, Andrea Maier, Sarianna Sipilä, Marco Narici, Andrew Robinson, David Mann, Antony Payton, Neil Pendleton, Gillian Butler-Browne, Chris Murgatroyd
Chronic low-grade inflammation during aging (inflammaging) is associated with cognitive decline and neurodegeneration; however, the mechanisms underlying inflammaging are unclear. We studied a population (n = 361) of healthy young and old adults from the MyoAge cohort. Peripheral levels of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) was found to be higher in older adults, compared with young, and negatively associated with working memory performance. This coincided with an age-related reduction in blood DNA methylation at specific CpGs within the CXCL10 gene promoter...
November 23, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175709/alpha7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-specific-agonist-dmxba-gts-21-attenuates-a%C3%AE-accumulation-through-suppression-of-neuronal-%C3%AE-secretase-activity-and-promotion-of-microglial-amyloid-%C3%AE-phagocytosis-and-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of
#2
Kazuyuki Takata, Takahide Amamiya, Hiroaki Mizoguchi, Shohei Kawanishi, Eriko Kuroda, Risa Kitamura, Aina Ito, Yuki Saito, Manami Tawa, Tomofumi Nagasawa, Haruka Okamoto, Yuko Sugino, Shigehiko Takegami, Tatsuya Kitade, Yuki Toda, William R Kem, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Shun Shimohama, Eishi Ashihara
We previously demonstrated that stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) increases amyloid-β (Aβ) phagocytosis in rat microglia and is closely associated with the decrease of brain Aβ and amelioration of memory dysfunction in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we examined the subtypes of nAChRs involved in these beneficial effects. In primary cultures of rat microglia, the α7 nAChR selective agonist 3-[(2,4-dimethoxy)benzylidene]-anabaseine dihydrochloride (DMXBA) promoted Aβ and fluorescent latex bead phagocytosis, whereas selective α7 nAChR antagonists suppressed the enhanced Aβ phagocytosis...
November 22, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223682/neocortical-origin-and-progression-of-gray-matter-atrophy-in-nonamnestic-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Jeffrey S Phillips, Fulvio Da Re, Laynie Dratch, Sharon X Xie, David J Irwin, Corey T McMillan, Sanjeev N Vaishnavi, Carlo Ferrarese, Edward B Lee, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowski, David A Wolk, Murray Grossman
Amnestic Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by early atrophy of the hippocampus and medial temporal lobes before spreading to the neocortex. In contrast, nonamnestic Alzheimer's patients have relative sparing of the hippocampus, but the pattern in which the disease spreads is unclear. We examined spreading disease in nonamnestic AD using a novel magnetic resonance imaging-based analysis adapted from pathologic staging studies, applied here to cross-sectional imaging data. We selected 240 T1-weighted scans from 129 patients with pathology confirmed by autopsy or cerebrospinal fluid, and atrophy maps were computed relative to 238 scans from 115 elderly controls...
November 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223072/alteration-of-autophagy-related-proteins-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Yasuo Miki, Shuji Shimoyama, Tomoya Kon, Tatsuya Ueno, Ryo Hayakari, Kunikazu Tanji, Tomoh Matsumiya, Eiki Tsushima, Fumiaki Mori, Koichi Wakabayashi, Masahiko Tomiyama
Previous postmortem studies demonstrated dysregulation of autophagy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). To clarify whether this alteration reflects a fundamental aspect of PD or represents the final stage of autophagy dysregulation resulting from a long neurodegenerative process, we focused on basal autophagy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of PD patients (n = 35) and controls (n = 23). The whole-transcriptome assay revealed downregulation of mRNAs for 6 core regulators of autophagy (UNC-51-like kinase [ULK] 3, autophagy-related [Atg] 2A, Atg4B, Atg5, Atg16L1, and histone deacetylase 6)...
November 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207276/environmental-enrichment-improves-hippocampal-function-in-aged-rats-by-enhancing-learning-and-memory-ltp-and-mglur5-homer1c-activity
#5
Guiseppe P Cortese, Andrew Olin, Kenneth O'Riordan, Rikki Hullinger, Corinna Burger
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that environmental enrichment (EE) in young rats results in improved learning ability and enhanced metabotropic glutamate receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (mGluR-dependent LTP) resulting from sustained activation of p70S6 kinase. Here, we investigated whether 1-month EE is sufficient to improve hippocampus-dependent learning and memory and enhance hippocampal LTP in 23-24 month-old Fischer 344 male rats. Aged rats were housed in environmentally enriched, socially enriched, or standard housing conditions...
November 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154038/dna-damage-and-neurodegenerative-phenotypes-in-aged-ciz1-null-mice
#6
Mohammad Moshahid Khan, Jianfeng Xiao, Damini Patel, Mark S LeDoux
Cell-cycle dysfunction and faulty DNA repair are closely intertwined pathobiological processes that may contribute to several neurodegenerative disorders. CDKN1A interacting zinc finger protein 1 (CIZ1) plays a critical role in DNA replication and cell-cycle progression at the G1/S checkpoint. Germline or somatic variants in CIZ1 have been linked to several neural and extra-neural diseases. Recently, we showed that germline knockout of Ciz1 is associated with motor and hematological abnormalities in young adult mice...
November 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223681/language-processing-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-associated-with-unique-functional-connectivity-signatures-in-the-right-hemisphere
#7
Jie Zhuang, David J Madden, Xuan Duong-Fernandez, Nan-Kuei Chen, Scott W Cousins, Guy G Potter, Michele T Diaz, Heather E Whitson
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal disease associated with significant vision loss among older adults. Previous large-scale behavioral studies indicate that people with AMD are at increased risk of cognitive deficits in language processing, particularly in verbal fluency tasks. The neural underpinnings of any relationship between AMD and higher cognitive functions, such as language processing, remain unclear. This study aims to address this issue using independent component analysis of spontaneous brain activity at rest...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223679/striking-a-chord-with-healthy-aging-memory-system-cooperation-is-related-to-preserved-configural-response-learning-in-older-adults
#8
Michelle W Voss, Rachel Clark, Michael Freedberg, Timothy Weng, Eliot Hazeltine
Evidence from tasks that primarily tap either hippocampal- or striatal-based memory systems suggests that although these systems often compete for control of behavior, aging is associated with greater cooperation between them. This may stem from altered prefrontal cortex function. Here, we use a configural response task designed to engage both memory systems to test how age affects their interaction with cortical regions including the prefrontal cortex. We found that although older and younger adults learned just as well, older adults showed greater initial activation in cortical networks associated with visuospatial-action mapping and resolving conflict for competing memory representations...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220823/patterns-of-progressive-atrophy-vary-with-age-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#9
Cassidy M Fiford, Gerard R Ridgway, David M Cash, Marc Modat, Jennifer Nicholas, Emily N Manning, Ian B Malone, Geert Jan Biessels, Sebastien Ourselin, Owen T Carmichael, M Jorge Cardoso, Josephine Barnes
Age is not only the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) but also a key modifier of disease presentation and progression. Here, we investigate how longitudinal atrophy patterns vary with age in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. Data comprised serial longitudinal 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging scans from 153 AD, 339 MCI, and 191 control subjects. Voxel-wise maps of longitudinal volume change were obtained and aligned across subjects. Local volume change was then modeled in terms of diagnostic group and an interaction between group and age, adjusted for total intracranial volume, white-matter hyperintensity volume, and apolipoprotein E genotype...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149631/prostaglandin-j2-promotes-o-glcnacylation-raising-app-processing-by-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-secretases-relevance-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Teneka Jean-Louis, Patricia Rockwell, Maria E Figueiredo-Pereira
Regulation of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing by α- and β-secretases is of special interest to Alzheimer's disease (AD), as these proteases prevent or mediate amyloid beta formation, respectively. Neuroinflammation is also implicated in AD. Our data demonstrate that the endogenous mediator of inflammation prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2) promotes full-length APP (FL-APP) processing by α- and β-secretases. The decrease in FL-APP was independent of proteasomal, lysosomal, calpain, caspase, and γ-secretase activities...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146050/progranulin-plasma-levels-predict-the-presence-of-grn-mutations-in-asymptomatic-subjects-and-do-not-correlate-with-brain-atrophy-results-from-the-genfi-study
#11
Daniela Galimberti, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Chiara Fenoglio, Sara M G Cioffi, Andrea Arighi, Maria Serpente, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Mario Masellis, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, John van Swieten, Lieke Meeter, Caroline Graff, Alexandre de Mendonça, Martina Bocchetta, Jonathan D Rohrer, Elio Scarpini
We investigated whether progranulin plasma levels are predictors of the presence of progranulin gene (GRN) null mutations or of the development of symptoms in asymptomatic at risk members participating in the Genetic Frontotemporal Dementia Initiative, including 19 patients, 64 asymptomatic carriers, and 77 noncarriers. In addition, we evaluated a possible role of TMEM106B rs1990622 as a genetic modifier and correlated progranulin plasma levels and gray-matter atrophy. Plasma progranulin mean ± SD plasma levels in patients and asymptomatic carriers were significantly decreased compared with noncarriers (30...
November 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173836/alzheimer-s-disease-combination-treatment
#12
LETTER
Jeffrey Fessel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203090/regional-patterns-of-gray-matter-volume-hypometabolism-and-beta-amyloid-in-groups-at-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Miranka Wirth, Alexandre Bejanin, Renaud La Joie, Eider M Arenaza-Urquijo, Julie Gonneaud, Brigitte Landeau, Audrey Perrotin, Florence Mézenge, Vincent de La Sayette, Béatrice Desgranges, Gaël Chételat
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and neurodegeneration. To seek for signs of such pathologies, we compared regional biomarker degrees and patterns of Aβ deposition, glucose hypometabolism, and gray matter volume (GMV) reduction in 3 groups at risk of AD. In elderly carriers of the apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE4, n = 17), patients with subjective cognitive decline (n = 16), and patients with mild cognitive impairment (n = 30), head-to-head intermodality comparisons were performed on cross-sectional structural magnetic resonance images as well as 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose and 18F-florbetapir positron emission tomography scans...
November 7, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107848/treated-hypothyroidism-is-associated-with-cerebrovascular-disease-but-not-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-in-older-adults
#14
Willa D Brenowitz, Fang Han, Walter A Kukull, Peter T Nelson
Thyroid hormone disease is common among older adults and is associated with cognitive impairment. However, pathologic correlates are not well understood. We studied pathologic and clinical factors associated with hypothyroidism, the most common manifestation of thyroid disease, in research subjects seen annually for clinical evaluations at U.S. Alzheimer's Disease Centers. Thyroid disease and treatment status were assessed during clinician interviews. Among autopsied subjects, there were 555 participants with treated hypothyroidism and 2146 without known thyroid disease; hypothyroidism was associated with severe atherosclerosis (odds ratio: 1...
November 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207277/laser-captured-microglia-in-the-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-brain-reveal-unique-regional-expression-profiles-and-suggest-a-potential-role-for-hepatitis-b-in-the-alzheimer-s-brain
#15
Diego Mastroeni, Jennifer Nolz, Shobana Sekar, Elaine Delvaux, Geidy Serrano, Lori Cuyugan, Winnie S Liang, Thomas G Beach, Joseph Rogers, Paul D Coleman
Expression array data from dozens of laboratories, including our own, show significant changes in expression of many genes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients compared with normal controls. These data typically rely on brain homogenates, and information about transcripts specific to microglia and other central nervous system (CNS) cell types, which far outnumber microglia-specific transcripts, is lost. We therefore used single-cell laser capture methods to assess the full range of microglia-specific expression changes that occur in different brain regions (substantia nigra and hippocampus CA1) and disease states (AD, Parkinson's disease, and normal controls)...
November 1, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190526/the-influence-of-perceptual-similarity-and-individual-differences-on-false-memories-in-aging
#16
Nancy A Dennis, Indira C Turney
Previous false memory research has suggested that older adults' false memories are based on an overreliance on gist processing in the absence of item-specific details. Yet, false memory studies have rarely taken into consideration the precise role of item-item similarity on the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying perceptual false memories in older adults. In addition, work in our laboratory has suggested that when investigating the neural basis of false memories in older adults, it is equally as critical to take into account interindividual variability in behavior...
November 1, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175710/eeg-correlates-of-visual-short-term-memory-in-older-age-vary-with-adult-lifespan-cognitive-development
#17
Iris Wiegand, Martin J Lauritzen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Egill Rostrup, Lene Rask, Nelly Richard, Anna Horwitz, Krisztina Benedek, Signe Vangkilde, Anders Petersen
Visual short-term memory (vSTM) is a cognitive resource that declines with age. This study investigated whether electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of vSTM vary with cognitive development over individuals' lifespan. We measured vSTM performance and EEG in a lateralized whole-report task in a healthy birth cohort, whose cognitive function (intelligence quotient) was assessed in youth and late-middle age. Higher vSTM capacity (K; measured by Bundesen's theory of visual attention) was associated with higher amplitudes of the contralateral delay activity (CDA) and the central positivity (CP)...
October 31, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195086/postmortem-mri-and-histology-demonstrate-differential-iron-accumulation-and-cortical-myelin-organization-in-early-and-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Marjolein Bulk, Walid M Abdelmoula, Rob J A Nabuurs, Linda M van der Graaf, Coen W H Mulders, Aat A Mulder, Carolina R Jost, Abraham J Koster, Mark A van Buchem, Remco Natté, Jouke Dijkstra, Louise van der Weerd
Previous MRI studies reported cortical iron accumulation in early-onset (EOAD) compared to late-onset (LOAD) Alzheimer disease patients. However, the pattern and origin of iron accumulation is poorly understood. This study investigated the histopathological correlates of MRI contrast in both EOAD and LOAD. T2*-weighted MRI was performed on postmortem frontal cortex of controls, EOAD, and LOAD. Images were ordinally scored using predefined criteria followed by histology. Nonlinear histology-MRI registration was used to calculate pixel-wise spatial correlations based on the signal intensity...
October 28, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154037/sex-and-age-specific-modulation-of-brain-gaba-levels-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Upasana Roy, Lara Stute, Corinna Höfling, Maike Hartlage-Rübsamen, Jörg Matysik, Steffen Roβner, A Alia
Age and sex are risk factors of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among the neurotransmitter systems, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been implicated in AD pathogenesis but the relevance of sex-specific GABAergic dysfunction during AD progression remains unknown. In the present study, we utilized state-of-the-art high-resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance to systematically monitor the brain region-, age-, and sex-specific modulation of GABA levels in wild-type and Tg2576 mice with amyloid pathology...
October 26, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149630/age-related-vulnerability-of-pattern-separation-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#20
Aurélia Cès, Thibaut Burg, Karine Herbeaux, Céline Héraud, Jean-Bastien Bott, Ayikoe Guy Mensah-Nyagan, Chantal Mathis
Aging is associated with impaired performance in behavioral pattern separation (PS) tasks based on similarities in object features and in object location. These deficits have been attributed to functional alterations in the dentate gyrus (DG)-CA3 region. Animal studies suggested a role of adult-born DG neurons in PS performance. The present study investigated the effect of aging in C57BL/6J mice performing PS tasks based on either object features or object location. At the age of 18 months or more, performance was severely impaired in both tasks...
October 25, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
journal
journal
28075
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"