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Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011014/underlying-diseases-and-causative-microorganisms-of-recurrent-pneumonia-in-children-a-13-year-study-in-a-university-hospital
#1
Tugçe Tural-Kara, Halil Özdemir, Nihan Yildiz, Bilge Aldemir Kocabas, Tugba Erat, Aysun Yahsi, Figen Dogu, Ercan Tutar, Erdal Ince, Ergin Çiftçi
Pneumonia is a significant cause of death for children, particularly those in developing countries. The records of children who were hospitalized because of pneumonia between January 2003 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed, and patients who met the recurrent pneumonia criteria were included in this study. During this 13-year period, 1395 patients were hospitalized with pneumonia; of these, 129 (9.2%) met the criteria for recurrent pneumonia. Underlying diseases were detected in 95 (73.6%) patients, with aspiration syndrome (21...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007342/performances-of-the-ideia-hpstar-stool-antigen-test-in-detection-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-before-and-after-eradication-treatment-in-algerian-children
#2
Mostefa Moubri, Christophe Burucoa, Nicolas Kalach, R Rezki Larras, Nouria Nouar, Fawsia Mouffok, Zakia Arrada
We aimed to evaluate in an Algerian pediatric population the diagnostic performances of the IDEIA HpStAR noninvasive stool antigen test (Oxoid, Cambridge, UK) to detect Helicobacter pylori infection before and after eradication therapy. A prospective study including 158 symptomatic Algerian children was conducted. Patients were initially diagnosed with invasive (culture, histology, and rapid urease test) and noninvasive tests (urea breath test and IDEIA HpStAR test). Infected patients were treated, and 101 were controlled after treatment with two invasive (culture and histology) and two noninvasive tests (urea breath test and IDEIA HpStAR test)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982732/high-frequency-of-cardiovascular-complications-in-tunisian-kawasaki-disease-patients-need-for-a-further-awareness
#3
Amel Ben Chehida, Sana Ben Messaoud, Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Hela Boudabous, Mariem Oujra, Hadhami Ben Turkia, Mohamed Slim Abdelmoula, Hatem Azzouz, Kaothar Hakim, Neji Tebib
Background: The outcome of Kawasaki disease (KD) depends on cardiovascular complications (CVCs). Objectives: This study aimed to explore diagnostic features and CVCs in Tunisian patients with KD. Methods: In total, 33 Tunisian patients (age, 2.9 ± 2.2 years) fulfilling the diagnosis criteria of KD, were retrospectively reviewed. Nonparametric tests were used to compare the two groups with regards to coronary complications (CCs). Results: Diagnosis of KD was established at day 11 ± 5...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893951/course-of-illness-after-viral-infection-in-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Krishna Mohan Gulla, Arvind Balaji, Aparna Mukherjee, Kana Ram Jat, Jhuma Sankar, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil K Kabra
Objective: To study the clinical impact of respiratory viral infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care referral centre for CF in India. Participants/patients: Children with CF attending a pediatric chest clinic. Methods: Case records of the children with CF who had a pulmonary exacerbation with documented acute respiratory viral infection between October 2013 and December 2014 (Group I) and an equal number of controls (Group II) with pulmonary exacerbation in absence of acute respiratory viral infection were reviewed...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893939/experience-of-perinatal-and-neonatal-chikungunya-virus-chikv-infection-in-a-tertiary-care-neonatal-centre-during-outbreak-in-north-india-in-2016-a-case-series
#5
Surender Kumar, Gopal Agrawal, Sanjay Wazir, Anil Kumar, Sandeep Dubey, Manish Balde, Bir Singh Yadav
Background: In 2016, there was a massive outbreak of chikungunya in North India. During the epidemic, we observed many neonatal and early infantile cases of chikungunya, with a probable perinatal transmission. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary care neonatal centre between August 2016 and November 2016. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection was detected and confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and/or serology (anti-CHIKV IgM) in mothers and infants...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878264/surfactant-lung-lavage-vs-standard-care-in-the-treatment-of-meconium-aspiration-syndrome-a-randomized-trial
#6
Prathik Bandiya, Sushma Nangia, Arvind Saili
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of surfactant lung lavage (SLL) on duration of respiratory support in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Patients and methods: Sixty term infants with MAS who had moderate to severe respiratory distress (Downes score >4) were randomized toSLL (n = 31) or no lung lavage-NLL (n = 29). Neonates in intervention group underwent lung lavage with dilute surfactant and those in control group were managed as per unit protocol...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846733/clinical-spectrum-of-pediatric-tuberculosis-a-microbiological-correlation-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#7
Neha Gupta, Bineeta Kashyap, Pooja Dewan, Puneeta Hyanki, N P Singh
Aim and objectives: The paucibacillary nature of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) makes diagnosis difficult. The aim of the study was to correlate the clinical spectrum of pediatric TB with microbiological diagnosis. Materials and methods: Specimens from clinically suspected pediatric TB cases were subjected to Ziehl-Neelsen staining, culture on Lowenstein-Jensen medium and cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification test (CB-NAAT) for TB. Results: Pulmonary TB was the predominant form affecting 36 of 62 (58%) patients...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846731/get-the-basics-right-a-description-of-the-key-priorities-for-establishing-a-neonatal-service-in-a-resource-limited-setting-in-cambodia
#8
Shivani Fox-Lewis, Wyatt Genasci Smith, Vary Lor, Gregor McKellar, Chea Phal, Andrew Fox-Lewis, Paul Turner, Leakhena Neou, Claudia Turner
Background: Worldwide, reduction in under-five mortality has not sufficiently included neonates, who represent 45% of deaths in children of age under five years. The least progress has been observed in resource-limited settings. Methods: This mixed methods study conducted at a Cambodian non-governmental paediatric hospital described the key priorities of the ongoing neonatal service. Routinely collected data from the hospital and microbiology databases included the number of admissions, discharges and deaths and the number of cases of bacteraemias (2011-2016)...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800471/fatal-fulminant-herpetic-tracheobronchitis-following-cardiac-surgery
#9
Pradeep Vaideeswar, Supreet P Marathe
Nosocomial infection is a feared complication after any surgical procedure. Respiratory tract microbial colonization and development of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis and/or pneumonia are unfortunate sequelae in mechanically ventilated patients, commonly caused by bacteria; viral etiology is seldom anticipated. We present a fatal case of fulminant herpetic tracheobronchitis in a 33-month-old patient following cardiac surgery. We intend to highlight the fact that herpetic viral etiology should be considered in post-operative respiratory infections...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800293/high-maternal-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-an-early-onset-of-overweight-obesity-in-pre-school-aged-children-in-malawi-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-2015-16-malawi-demographic-and-health-survey
#10
Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Thomas Gabriel Mhone, Owen Nkoka
Background: Overweight/obesity in young children is one of the most serious public health issues globally. We examined whether individual- and community-level maternal nutritional status is associated with an early onset of overweight/obesity in pre-school-aged children in Malawi. Design: Data were obtained from the 2015-16 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS). The maternal nutritional status as body mass index and childhood overweight/obesity status was assessed by using the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800384/clinical-profile-and-therapeutic-response-of-scrub-typhus-in-children-a-recent-trend-from-eastern-india
#11
Suprit Basu, Arpan Saha, Sumantra Sarkar, Malay Kumar Sinha, Mrinal Kanti Das, Ranjabati Datta, Avijit Hazra, Sumana Datta Kanjilal, Supratim Datta
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the clinico-laboratory parameters, complications and therapeutic responses in children with scrub typhus in Eastern India. Materials and methods: In this prospective, observational study, all children (age, <12 years) with suspected scrub typhus with a compatible clinical scenario were enrolled consecutively over six months. Cases confirmed by means of a positive IgM serology or a positive Weil-Felix reaction (OXK = 1/80 or above) were administered enteral doxycycline (4...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800322/efficacy-of-polyethylene-skin-wrapping-in-preventing-hypothermia-in-preterm-neonates-34-weeks-a-parallel-group-non-blinded-randomized-control-trial
#12
Somashekhar M Nimbalkar, Ankush K Khanna, Dipen V Patel, Archana S Nimbalkar, Ajay G Phatak
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of polyethylene skin wrapping on thermoregulation in preterm neonates. Methods: Total 151 neonates were enrolled in this randomized control trial. In the control group, neonates were transferred to the radiant warmer and covered with warm cloth after initial care. In the study group, neonates were transferred to the radiant warmer and placed in a food-grade polyethylene bag for 1 h. Axillary temperature of all neonates was recorded for first 24 h at frequent time intervals...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762771/improving-early-neonatal-development-in-conflict-affected-countries
#13
Karen Edmond, Malalai Naziri, Sayed Masoud Sadat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741690/severe-multisystem-involvement-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-pediatric-patient
#14
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ibrahim Adaletli, Emine Caliskan, Manolya Acar, Selda Hancerli Torun, Ayper Somer
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder identified by recurrent pyogenic and fungal infections infections secondary to defective nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase enzyme. In the present study, we demonstrated a case with a history of multiple segmental lung resections because of invasive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, multifocal hepatic and splenic granulomas, bilateral adnexal calcific foci presumed to be related with old granulomatous infection and finally gastric outlet obstruction secondary to the involvement of the stomach wall thickening with granulomatous tissue...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688558/diphtheria-in-children-in-northern-haiti
#15
Marc-Mesadieu Exavier, Michele Paul Hanna, Emanise Muscadin, Robert J Freishstat, Jean-Pierre Brisma, Michael F Canarie
Infection with Corynebacterium diphtheriae persists in Haiti. Twenty-six children with clinically severe respiratory diphtheria presented to a hospital in northern Haiti during a 3-year period beginning in early 2015. The mortality rate was 50%. Partial or absent vaccinations as well as delayed and limited care contributed to mortality. This cohort offer insights into the multiple challenges involved in preventing and caring for children with diphtheria in resource-limited settings.
April 23, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873796/cytomegalovirus-disease-in-hiv-infected-children-a-single-centre-clinical-experience-over-23-years
#16
Deepti Suri, Ankur K Jindal, Aman Gupta, Anju Gupta, Priya Bajgai, Ramandeep Singh, Mini P Singh, Ranjana W Minz, Sunil Arora, Surjit Singh
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) results in significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected individuals. There is paucity of literature on paediatric CMV disease, especially from developing countries. Methods: A retrospective review of records of all HIV-infected children with evidence of CMV disease was done. Results: A total of 15 children were found to have CMV disease (retinitis in all, pneumonia in two and invasive gastrointestinal disease in one)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315432/the-unbearable-lightness-of-being-malnourished-severe-acute-malnutrition-remains-a-neglected-tropical-disease
#17
Indi Trehan, Quique Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315413/let-us-talk-about-stunting
#18
Anuradha Bose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985435/neonatal-outcome-of-babies-born-to-women-40-years-and-over-at-the-university-hospital-of-the-west-indies-2012-2013
#19
Terry Ann Johnson-Harrison, Helen Trotman
Aim: This article aims to determine neonatal outcome of babies born to women ≥40 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies. Methods: This was a matched retrospective cohort study looking at the outcome of all babies born to women ≥40 years and control babies born to women aged 20-30 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies over a 2-year period. Maternal and neonatal demographic data and course of admission for admitted neonates were recorded...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985421/socioeconomic-condition-and-prevalence-of-malaria-fever-in-pakistani-children-findings-from-a-community-health-survey
#20
Atta Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Ramzan Tahir, Irshad Ahmad Arshad
Objective: We assessed the prevalence of malarial fever and its association with demographic and socioeconomic factors in children <5 years of age. Methods: Using the data of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS), the socioeconomic condition (SEC) was assessed by using a household wealth index as a proxy indicator, generated through principal component analysis. Two-stage sampling was used for selection of households, and multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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