journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329448/the-prevalence-and-management-of-dehydration-amongst-neonatal-admissions-to-general-paediatric-wards-in-kenya-a-clinical-audit
#1
Samuel Akech, Beatrice Rotich, Mercy Chepkirui, Philip Ayieko, Grace Irimu, Mike English
An audit of randomly selected case records of 810 patients admitted to 13 hospitals between December 2015 and November 2016 was done. Prevalence of dehydration was 19.7% (2293 of 11 636) [95% CI: 17.1-22.6%], range across hospitals was 9.4% to 27.0%. Most cases with dehydration were clinically diagnosed (82 of 153; 53.6%), followed by excessive weight loss (54 of 153; 35.3%) and abnormal urea/electrolytes/creatinine (23 of 153; 15.0%). Documentation of fluids prescribed was poor but, where data were available, Ringers lactate (30 of 153; 19...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325169/severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-associated-with-chikungunya-fever-in-an-adolescent
#2
Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Maneesh Kumar, Neha Bhandari, Anand Kushwaha
Chikungunya is usually a benign disease, and little is known on the occurrence of severe clinical complications. We describe a 12-year-old boy with rapid onset septic shock and multi-organ failure associated with chikungunya fever. Severe sepsis and septic shock can be associated with chikungunya.
January 6, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315432/the-unbearable-lightness-of-being-malnourished-severe-acute-malnutrition-remains-a-neglected-tropical-disease
#3
Indi Trehan, Quique Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315413/let-us-talk-about-stunting
#4
Anuradha Bose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304220/prevalence-and-outcome-of-sepsis-induced-myocardial-dysfunction-in-children-with-sepsis-with-and-without-shock-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Aditi Jain, Jhuma Sankar, Anubhuti Anubhuti, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, M Jeeva Sankar
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and effects of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) in children with septic shock. Methodology: Enrolled children with septic shock (n = 31) and sepsis (n = 30) underwent echocardiography and cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) estimation within first 3 h. SIMD was defined as presence of systolic/diastolic dysfunction by echocardiography. Results: The prevalence of SIMD was 71% in 'septic shock' and 23% in 'sepsis'...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300996/factors-associated-with-time-to-full-feeds-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Gaurav Patwardhan, Ankit Soni, Nitin Rachwani, Sandeep Kadam, Sanjay Patole, Anand Pandit
Background: Feeding intolerance prolongs time to full feeds (TFFs) in preterm infants. We studied factors associated with TFF in preterm infants on standardized feeding regimen (SFR) and routine probiotic supplementation (RPS). Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of preterm infants ≤1500 g. Pearson's correlation, Mann-Whitney test and multivariate analysis were used. Results: In total, 37 of 304 admitted infants died before reaching full feeds...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272545/clinical-profile-of-scrub-typhus-meningoencephalitis-among-south-indian-children
#7
Narayanasamy Dinesh Kumar, Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu, Vijayasankar Vijayadevagaran, Shanthi Ananthakrishnan, Devi Kittu
Re-emerging scrub typhus is gaining recognition as an important cause of paediatric meningoencephalitis in tropics. We studied the clinical profile of scrub typhus meningoencephalitis (STME) in children <12 years. Of 270 serology-confirmed cases of scrub typhus, 14 (5%) had features consistent with STME and 9 (64%) of these children were between 5 and 12 years of age; 12 (85%) children presented to the hospital during the second week of illness. Fever, headache and altered sensorium were observed in all children, while meningeal signs, papilledema and seizures were observed in 8 (57%), 7 (50%) and 6 (43%) children, respectively...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272534/leukoerythroblastosis-in-a-young-child-with-severe-malaria-and-superimposed-gram-negative-infection
#8
Rosauro Varo, Antonio Sitoe, Anelsio Cossa, Jaume Ordi, Maria Rozman, Quique Bassat
Background: Leukoerythroblastosis, a non-specific and often short-lasting response of the bone marrow to different diseases such as malignancies or infections, is characterized by the presence in the peripheral blood of immature red and white cells. Methods: We present a case of leukoerythoblastosis occurring in a 24 months old Mozambican girl, in the context of a severe malaria episode and an associated urinary tract infection. Peripheral blood smear was used for diagnosis of malaria and leukoerythroblastosis...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253258/gangrenous-necrotizing-cutaneous-mucormycosis-in-an-immunocompetent-neonate-a-case-report-from-oman
#9
Kiran P Sawardekar
We describe a case of progressive cutaneous mucormycosis, which caused gangrenous necrotizing fasciitis, in an immunocompetent neonate from Oman. Extensive wound contamination and a favorable environment for the growth of Mucorales were the predisposing factors. Early aggressive management including frequent wound debridement, targeted pharmacotherapy with liposomal amphotericin B and supportive care is pivotal for improved outcomes.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253256/effect-of-cardia-banding-and-improved-anaesthetic-care-on-outcome-of-oesophageal-atresia-in-a-developing-country
#10
Sebastian O Ekenze, Obinna V Ajuzieogu, Elochukwu P Nwankwo
We comparatively analysed cases of oesophageal atresia (OA) managed in Enugu, south-eastern Nigeria from October 2010 to September 2015 to evaluate our short-term outcome with management following incorporation of temporary cardia banding to gastrostomy for late presenting cases and improved anaesthesia in 2013. Overall, 19 cases were analysed. The clinical parameters did not differ in the cases managed before (Group A) and after (Group B) these introductions. Four (21.1%) cases had primary repair (2 per group), six (31...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253244/assessing-neonatal-pain-duration-of-crying-and-procedure-time-following-use-of-automatic-or-manual-heel-lances-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Sadiye Dur, Serap Balci
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare neonatal pain, duration of crying and procedure time following use of automatic or manual heel lancets. Methods: This randomized trial was conducted with neonates undergoing heel prick procedures in a neonatal intensive care unit for routine blood bilirubin monitoring. An information form, an observation form and the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) were used. Pain before, during and after (1 and 3 min) was assessed using NIPS scoring...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244176/parvovirus-b19-is-associated-with-a-significant-decrease-in-hemoglobin-level-among-children-5-years-of-age-with-anemia-in-northwestern-tanzania
#12
Yustina A Tizeba, Mariam M Mirambo, Neema Kayange, Tumaini Mhada, Emmanuela E Ambrose, Luke R Smart, Stephen E Mshana
Parvovirus B19 (B19) can cause transient aplastic crisis and lead to acute severe anemia. This study investigated the relationship between B19 and anemia among children <5 years old in the city of Mwanza, Tanzania. An enzyme immunoassay was used to detect B19 IgM- and IgG-specific antibodies among children with various categories of anemia according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. A total of 265 children with median age of 28.5 months (interquartile range 18-39.5) were investigated. Eighty-six children (32...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207005/global-health-journal-club-is-honey-effective-as-a-treatment-for-chemotherapy-induced-mucositis-in-paediatric-oncology-patients
#13
Amanda Friend, Fidel Rubagumya, Peter Cartledge
Oral mucositis (OM) is an inflammatory response of mucosal epithelium to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy causing severe oral pain and ulceration, which may complicate the management of cancer. The Mucositis Prevention Guideline Development Group has developed an international guideline for the prevention of mucositis in children receiving treatment for cancer or undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Evidence-based preventative strategies include cryotherapy, low-level light therapy and keratinocyte growth factor...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206991/clinical-predictors-of-malaria-acute-bacterial-meningitis-and-treatment-outcomes-among-febrile-children-admitted-with-altered-mental-status-in-northwestern-tanzania
#14
Shakilu Jumanne, John Meda, Adolfine Hokororo, Kelvin Leshabari
Background: Malaria and acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) are the leading infectious causes of febrile encephalopathy in malaria endemic settings. The clinical distinction of the two conditions is complicated by overlap in clinical features. Objective: To determine the clinical predictors for malaria, ABM and treatment outcome in febrile children aged 2 months to 12 years with altered mentation at two tertiary hospitals in Northwestern Tanzania. Methods: Prospective study of 103 children to document demographic data and physical examination findings, such as level of consciousness and meningeal irritations...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206941/factors-associated-with-bottle-feeding-in-namibia-findings-from-namibia-2013-demographic-and-health-survey
#15
Anselm S Berde
Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of bottle feeding (BF) among children aged 0-23 months and factors associated with BF in Namibia. Methods: Data from Namibia 2013 Demographic Health Survey were used for the study. The study covered last-born alive children aged 0-23 months, making up 1926 mother-baby pairs. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were used to test for association between BF and related factors. Results: Prevalence of BF in Namibia was 35...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206935/report-of-a-myocarditis-outbreak-among-pediatric-patients-human-herpesvirus-7-as-a-causative-agent
#16
Rahmi Ozdemir, Mehmet Kucuk, Saime Ergen Dibeklioglu
Background: The etiology of myocarditis in children has not yet been completely elucidated. Objective: Medical records of eight pediatric patients diagnosed with acute myocarditis within a 41-day period in a small-town hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Methods: We examined antibody titers of adenovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus, respiratory syncytial virus, varicella-zoster virus and cytomegalovirus in peripheral blood...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177510/disseminated-cryptococcosis-presenting-as-miliary-lung-shadows-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#17
Javed Ismail, Muthu Chidambaram, Jhuma Sankar, Shipra Agarwal, Rakesh Lodha
Disseminated cryptococcosis is infrequent in immunocompetent children. Pulmonary and central nervous system are the commonly involved sites of infection in an immunocompromised host. We report a fatal case of disseminated cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent host presenting as fever of unknown origin with miliary shadows on chest radiograph, mimicking tuberculosis. In countries with the heavy burden of tuberculosis, a high index of suspicion is needed for early diagnosis of its close mimics like disseminated cryptococcosis...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177467/true-pathogen-or-contamination-validation-of-blood-cultures-for-the-diagnosis-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-developing-country
#18
Indah K Murni, Trevor Duke, Andrew J Daley, Sharon Kinney, Yati Soenarto
Background: Blood culture results are frequently used to guide antibiotic decision-making, but culture contaminants need to be distinguished from true pathogens. Aims: To assess the contamination rate of blood cultures and validate a method to distinguish between true bacteraemia and contamination. Methods: We analysed blood culture results from children who were admitted to the paediatric ICU and paediatric wards at the Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia between December 2010 and February 2013...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165615/human-herpesvirus-8-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#19
Marcelo Comerlato Scotta, Alexandre Todorovic Fabro, Paula Renata Lima Machado, Simone Gusmão Ramos, Maria Célia Cervi, Benedito Antônio Lopes da Fonseca, Fabrizio Motta, Bento Vidal de Moura Negrini
Introduction: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is associated with the pathogenesis of Kaposi Sarcoma and interstitial pneumonitis in adults. This study aims to evaluate association between HHV-8 and interstitial lung disease in HIV-infected children. Methods: HIV-infected children with interstitial pneumonitis underwent lung biopsies in a tertiary hospital and were investigated for HHV-8, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry in lung tissue...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161443/fragile-x-syndrome-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#20
Archana Kadam, Anand Pandit, Sanjay Patole
The authors present a case of Fragile X syndrome (FXS) in siblings from an Indian family with no developmental delay in previous generations. The boy presented with developmental delay, autistic features and defiant behaviours that raised clinical suspicion. He also had congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Social anxiety and difficulty in making friends were the subtle features in his sister with dull normal intelligence. FXS was confirmed by clinical features and DNA testing. Intervention was initiated for both the siblings...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
journal
journal
28054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"