journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165615/human-herpesvirus-8-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#1
Marcelo Comerlato Scotta, Alexandre Todorovic Fabro, Paula Renata Lima Machado, Simone Gusmão Ramos, Maria Célia Cervi, Benedito Antônio Lopes da Fonseca, Fabrizio Motta, Bento Vidal de Moura Negrini
Introduction: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is associated with the pathogenesis of Kaposi Sarcoma and interstitial pneumonitis in adults. This study aims to evaluate association between HHV-8 and interstitial lung disease in HIV-infected children. Methods: HIV-infected children with interstitial pneumonitis underwent lung biopsies in a tertiary hospital and were investigated for HHV-8, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry in lung tissue...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161443/fragile-x-syndrome-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#2
Archana Kadam, Anand Pandit, Sanjay Patole
The authors present a case of Fragile X syndrome (FXS) in siblings from an Indian family with no developmental delay in previous generations. The boy presented with developmental delay, autistic features and defiant behaviours that raised clinical suspicion. He also had congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Social anxiety and difficulty in making friends were the subtle features in his sister with dull normal intelligence. FXS was confirmed by clinical features and DNA testing. Intervention was initiated for both the siblings...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149345/predictive-indicators-to-identify-high-risk-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia-in-paediatric-oncology-patients-in-a-middle-income-country
#3
Lindy-Lee Green, Pierre Goussard, Anel van Zyl, Martin Kidd, Mariana Kruger
Purpose: To validate a clinical risk prediction score (Ammann score) to predict adverse events (AEs) in paediatric febrile neutropenia (FN). Patients and methods: Patients <16 years of age were enrolled. A risk prediction score (based on haemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl, white cell count (WCC) < 0.3 G/l, platelet count <50 G/l and chemotherapy more intensive than acute lymphoblastic leukaemia maintenance therapy) was calculated and AEs were documented. Results: In total, 100 FN episodes occurred in 52 patients, male:female ratio was 1...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126217/change-in-pneumococcus-serotypes-but-not-mortality-or-morbidity-in-pre-and-post-13-valent-polysaccharide-conjugate-vaccine-era-epidemiology-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-over-10-years
#4
Kam Lun Hon, King Hang Chan, Pak Long Ko, Michelle Ho Yan Cheung, Kathy Yin C Tsang, Lawrence C N Chan, Renee W Y Chan, Ting Fan Leung, Margaret Ip
Aim: Pneumococcus is a common commensal and an important pathogen among children for which immunization is available. Some serotypes occasionally cause severe pneumococcal disease with high mortality and morbidity. We reviewed all pneumococcal serotypes and mortality/morbidity in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) following universal pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) immunization. Methods: A 13-valent PCV was introduced in the universal immunization program in late 2011 in Hong Kong...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112756/global-health-journal-club-opening-editorial-applying-evidence-based-medicine-in-resource-limited-nations
#5
Peter T Cartledge, Quique Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112737/estimation-of-burden-of-influenza-among-under-five-children-in-india-a-meta-analysis
#6
Debjani Ram Purakayastha, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Sobha Broor, Anand Krishnan
Background: We estimated the burden of influenza-related acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) among under-fives in India through meta-analysis. Methodology: We estimated pooled incidence and proportional positivity of laboratory-diagnosed influenza among under-fives using data from observational studies published from 1 January 1961 to 31 December 2016. Death due to influenza was estimated using a multiplier model. Results: Influenza-associated ARI incidence was estimated as 132 per 1000 child-years (115-149)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112731/in-a-resource-limited-setting-is-oral-ibuprofen-effective-for-closure-of-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-a-preterm-neonate
#7
Peter T Cartledge, Christian Umuhoza, Catherine Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106671/palivizumab-for-infants-%C3%A2-29-weeks-in-hong-kong-without-a-clear-cut-season-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#8
Shing-Yan Robert Lee, Ka Li Kwok, Daniel Kwok Keung Ng, Kam Lun Hon
Aim: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab prophylaxis for premature infants born <29 weeks in Hong Kong. Method: We evaluated the hospitalization rate for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection within the first 12 months of discharge of a cohort of preterm infants born between 2010 and 2014 at two local hospitals. Results: In total, 40 of 135 infants were given palivizumab. The hospitalization rate for premature infants <29 weeks was reduced from 15...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092084/hormonal-correlates-and-predictors-of-nutritional-recovery-in-malnourished-african-children
#9
Helen M Nabwera, Robin M Bernstein, Schadrac C Agbla, Sophie E Moore, Momodou K Darboe, Mariama Colley, Amadou T Jallow, Richard Bradbury, Jennifer Karafin, Anthony J Fulford, Andrew M Prentice
Background: Malnourished children show variable growth responses to nutritional rehabilitation. We aimed to investigate whether these differences could be explained by variations in growth and energy-regulating hormones. Methods: Quasi-experimental study: Children aged 6-24 months in rural Gambia were recruited to controls if weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) > -2 (n = 22), moderate acute malnutrition if WHZ < -2 and > -3 (n = 18) or severe acute malnutrition if WHZ < -3 (n = 20)...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092080/disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-in-south-india-perspectives-of-caregivers
#10
Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Kayur Mehta, G N Sanjeeva, Anita Shet
This study was designed to examine the rates of HIV serostatus disclosure in a sample of HIV-infected children in the state of Karnataka in South India, their reactions to learning their HIV-positive status and the reasons for and barriers to disclosure from the point of view of their caregivers. We enrolled 233 HIV-infected children, aged 5-18 years and their caregivers between July 2011 and February 2013 at HIV clinics in three tertiary care centers. Caregiver interviews included information about demographic characteristics, medical history, type of disclosure to the child and other related factors, including disclosure barriers...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059411/clinical-and-laboratory-factors-associated-with-severe-dengue-a-case-control-study-of-hospitalized-children
#11
Mayumi Duarte Wakimoto, Luiz Antonio Bastos Camacho, Michelle Luiza Gonin, Patrícia Brasil
Background: More than half of the hospitalizations because of dengue in Brazil occurred in children <15 years of age in 2007 and 2008, an unexpected change in the epidemiological pattern. We sought to determine clinical and laboratory parameters associated with severity. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in three pediatric hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 233 laboratory-confirmed dengue patients were included: 69 cases and 164 controls. Specific clinical and laboratory factors were assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048588/bertiella-studeri-infection-a-rare-cause-of-chronic-abdominal-pain-in-a-child-from-north-india
#12
Shruti Sharma, Jagadeesh Menon, Sadhna Lal, Babu Ram Thapa
Bertiella is a common parasite seen in non-human primates. It is rarely seen in humans. We present the case of a 2-year-old child with bertiellosis. He had recurrent abdominal pain, and worm fragments were found in stool, which were refractory to albendazole therapy.
October 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045735/seasonal-variation-and-dengue-burden-in-paediatric-patients-in-new-delhi
#13
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta, Nidhi Chopra, Satish Kumar Meena, Kailash Chander Aggarwal
Objective: We conducted a study to find a relationship between main weather parameters with admission of positive dengue cases in a tertiary hospital. Methods: Retrospective analysis was undertaken to identify epidemiological trend of dengue in 2016 from paediatric wards of a tertiary hospital in New Delhi. Data were collected on patient particulars and daily weather from January to December 2016. Results: A total of 266 confirmed cases of dengue were considered...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040790/goodbye-paper-we-are-moving-to-online-only-publication
#14
Quique Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040742/intussusception-rate-aamong-uunder-five-children-before-introduction-of-rotavirus-vaccine-in-north-india
#15
Madhu Gupta, Ravi Kanojia, Ritesh Singha, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Kamlesh Mahajan, Akshay Saxena, Arun Bansal, Jeyashree Muralidharan, Rajesh Kumar
Background: Baseline data on intussusception are needed to compare the intussusception rates following introduction of rotavirus vaccine. Methods: A hospital-based bidirectional surveillance (retrospective from 2009 to 2012; and prospective from 2013 to 2015) was set up in a tertiary care hospital in Chandigarh, India, to enrol children <5 years of age admitted with intussusception as per Brighton's classification, to estimate the hospital admission rate. Incidence of intussusception among infants and children <5 years of age was also estimated...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040795/case-presentation-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-a-4-year-old-boy
#16
Daniel A Gbadero, Emmanuel O Adegbite, Jean-Baptist LePichon, Tina M Slusher
We report a case of a 4-year-old boy from Oyo, Nigeria, presenting with prolonged seizures and coma with the subsequent development of oro-lingual-facial dyskinesia with frequent tongue thrusting, dysconjugate gaze and choreoathetoid movements of the limbs because of autoimmune encephalitis consistent with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis.
October 6, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036724/etiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-with-airway-malacia-in-children
#17
Wang Yu-Qing, Hao Chuang-Li, Ji Wei, Chen Zheng-Rong, Zhang Xin-Xin, Gu Wen-Jing
Objective: The objective of this article is to study the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children with airway malacia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 428 pneumonia patients. All patients underwent bronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were processed for microbiological assessment. Results: In a total of 428 cases reviewed, 60 were found to have airway malacia. Pathogens were identified in 44 of the 60 specimens (73...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036732/predictors-of-poor-outcome-in-neonates-with-pyogenic-meningitis-in-a-level-three-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-of-developing-country
#18
Mala Kumar, Shalini Tripathi, Himanshu Kumar, S N Singh
Background: The mortality of neonatal pyogenic meningitis is reduced to 10-15%, but morbidity is unchanged. Methods: Primary objective is to determine the outcome, i.e. death or abnormal neurological examination (NE) at discharge and abnormal developmental quotient (DQ) at 3 months. Secondary objective is to find predictors of poor outcome. Results: In all, 89 neonates enrolled, 10 expired and 24 neonates had abnormal NE at discharge. A total of 59 neonates came for follow up, 13 had DQ < 70...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036682/perinatal-risk-factors-for-neonatal-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-sepsis-after-initiation-of-risk-based-maternal-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-case-control-study
#19
Sridhar Santhanam, Sumita Arun, Grace Rebekah, Nithya J Ponmudi, Jolly Chandran, Ruby Jose, Atanu Kumar Jana
Objectives: To identify the perinatal risk factors for early-onset Group B Streptococcus (EOGBS) sepsis in neonates after inception of a risk-based maternal intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis strategy in 2004. Design: Case control study. Methods: All newborn with early onset GBS sepsis (born between 2004 and 2013) were deemed to be "cases" and controls were selected in a 1:4 ratio. Results: More than three per vaginal (PV) examinations [odds ratio (OR) 8...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977585/a-study-of-malaria-parasite-density-in-hiv-1-positive-under-fives-in-benin-city-nigeria
#20
Ikechukwu Okonkwo, Michael Ibadin, Wilson Sadoh, Austine Omoigberale
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among under-fives in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV infection could affect development of antimalarial immunity by impaired parasite clearance with predisposition to higher malaria parasitaemia. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess asymptomatic malaria parasite density (AMPD) in HIV-1-infected under-fives in a holoendemic zone. Methods: HIV-1-positive and -negative children <5 years on follow-up care were recruited and AMPD and CD4 counts were determined...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
journal
journal
28054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"