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International Quarterly of Community Health Education

Aleksander Anischenko, Konstantin Gurevich, Anna Arhangelskaya, Michael Klenov, Ekaterina Burdukova, Valrii Ogarev, Nikolay Ignatov, Irina Osadchenko
PURPOSE: To analyze the prevalence of select behavioral risk factors among Russian university students majoring in medicine, education, and exercise science. METHODS: A total of 834 students from five Federal universities located in four federal regions of Russia were included in the study. The purposive sample included future doctors, school teachers, and fitness trainers. Students were asked specifically about smoking, level of physical activity, and food preferences...
September 14, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Erica L Gollub, Jessy Dévieux, Jean-Gilles Michele, Suzette Pierre Ste-Rose, Sandra Neptune, Valerie Pelletier
Improving the reproductive health of immigrant populations requires understanding the specific context of risk and need. As part of a field trial of the FemCap™, a woman-initiated cervical barrier contraceptive, we conducted postintervention focus group discussions (FGDs) with 20 women (five FGDs) of Haitian background, the majority of whom were born in Haiti and spoke Haitian Créole at home, at a community health center in south Florida. Participants discussed the role of religion and inequitable gender norms in Haitian traditions about family planning decisions and provided important insights into the gender-power nuances of their partnership dynamics vis à vis the use of female barrier methods...
September 14, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Laura Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Olubunmi Bodunde, Tamramat Runsewe-Abiodun, Adekunle Alabi, Janet Adetunji, Michael Olowonyo, Bolanle Adefuye
PURPOSE: To determine the level of awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of strabismus among youth and women of child-bearing age in southwestern Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen Focus Group Discussions were carried out in Ogun State Nigeria on awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of people toward strabismus. A thematic phenomenological approach was used for the analysis. RESULTS: A total of 139 people participated in the Focus Group Discussions, with a male:female ratio of 1:∼4...
July 22, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Daniel S Madrigal, Meredith Minkler, Kimberly L Parra, Carolina Mundo, Jesus Enrique Cardenas Gonzalez, Ramon Jimenez, Carlos Vera, Kim G Harley
To increase environmental health literacy (EHL) and leadership skills in Latino youth in Salinas, CA., we worked from 2012-2015 with 15 members of the CHAMACOS Youth Community Council (YCC), an outreach arm of a longitudinal study of impacts of environmental chemicals on children's health. The YCC program provided hands-on research experiences related to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) in cosmetics and their possible health effects. We use participatory research principles and Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives to describe the development of EHC and leadership in the youth co-researchers...
July 18, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Peter O Okebukola, William R Brieger
Despite a stated goal of achieving universal coverage, the National Health Insurance Scheme of Nigeria had achieved only 4% coverage 12 years after it was launched. This study assessed the plans of the National Health Insurance Scheme to achieve universal health insurance coverage in Nigeria by 2015 and discusses the challenges facing the scheme in achieving insurance coverage. In-depth interviews from various levels of the health-care system in the country, including providers, were conducted. The results of the analysis suggest that challenges to extending coverage include the difficulty in convincing autonomous state governments to buy into the scheme and an inadequate health workforce that might not be able to meet increased demand...
July 7, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Kannan Sridharan, S Gowri
Evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health rely on the best available evidence generated in a specific area for it to be implemented in healthcare practice. This study assesses the range of research studies conducted in Fiji and Papua New Guinea (PNG) islands by reviewing the types of studies now registered with the respective health research registry portals. We assessed all studies registered on the Fiji Health Research Portal (FHRP) and Papua New Guinea Health Research Portal (PNGHRP) since 2014 for the following details: year of registration; study type and participants; field of research; basic statistical analyses; and multicentric or single center study...
June 10, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Francisco Lotufo-Neto, Dinesh Bhugra
Quantitative structured assessment of 193 scenes depicting substance use from a convenience sample of 50 Brazilian movies was performed. Logistic regression and analysis of variance or multivariate analysis of variance models were employed to test for two different types of outcome regarding alcohol appearance: The mean length of alcohol scenes in seconds and the prevalence of alcohol use scenes. The presence of adolescent characters was associated with a higher prevalence of alcohol use scenes compared to nonalcohol use scenes...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Gloria T DiFulvio, Aline C Gubrium, Alice Fiddian-Green, Sarah E Lowe, Lizbeth Marie Del Toro-Mejias
Digital storytelling (DST) engages participants in a group-based process to create and share narrative accounts of life events. The process of individuals telling their own stories has not been well assessed as a mechanism of health behavior change. This study looks at outcomes associated with engaging in the DST process for vulnerable youth. The project focused on the experiences of Puerto Rican Latinas between the ages of 15 to 21. A total of 30 participants enrolled in a 4-day DST workshops, with 29 completing a 1 to 3-minute digital story...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Sunday O Onagbiye, Sarah J Moss, Melainie Cameron
To determine the compliance, barriers, and effects of participation in a 4-week exercise intervention aimed at reducing risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among community-dwelling adults from a low-resourced area of South Africa. An exercise program and associated pre-posttest were performed by 76 participants (men, n = 26 and women, n = 50) aged 35 to 65 years. Baseline and end tests included height, weight, hip and waist circumference, heart rate, blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, quality of life, and cardiorespiratory fitness measurements...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
David Buchanan
Over the last several decades, consistent concerns have been raised about the quality of education and training provided to students in public health. In this article, we consider the implications of epidemiological transition-the decline of infectious diseases and rise of chronic diseases-for the types of education and training that would be most well suited for preparing students in health promotion to address the social and behavioral factors now associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Kesha Dorsey Spoor, Hala Madanat
Dieting is widespread among college women despite being ineffective and harmful long term. Intuitive eating is a dieting alternative that teaches eating in response to hunger and satiety cues. It has been associated with improved physical and psychological health and studied in association with various body image dimensions. A sample of college first years completed baseline measurements during an intuitive eating intervention to test the association between intuitive eating and body image discrepancy (BID)...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Elena T Carbone, Gloria T DiFulvio, Toni Susi, Jerusha Nelson-Peterman, Joan Lowbridge-Sisley, Jessica Collins
Over the past 30 years, the rate of childhood obesity has risen dramatically. Despite recent declines in prevalence among preschool-aged children, child obesity is still a significant public health concern. Healthy People 2020 objectives include increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among children over 2 years of age and increasing the number of schools that offer access to fresh fruits and vegetables. To reach these objectives, farm-to-school programs are being implemented across the United States. The purpose of this evaluation was to: (a) identify factors that facilitate adoption of the Farm-to-Preschool and Families program in Springfield, MA, specifically; and (b) provide recommendations and guidelines for successful implementation of Farm-to-Preschool and Families programs generally...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Lisa Wexler, Diane McEachern, Gloria DiFulvio, Cristine Smith, Louis F Graham, Kirk Dombrowski
It is critical to develop practical, effective, ecological, and decolonizing approaches to indigenous suicide prevention and health promotion for the North American communities. The youth suicide rates in predominantly indigenous small, rural, and remote Northern communities are unacceptably high. This health disparity, however, is fairly recent, occurring over the last 50 to 100 years as communities experienced forced social, economic, and political change and intergenerational trauma. These conditions increase suicide risk and can reduce people's access to shared protective factors and processes...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
William D Lopez, Alana M W LeBrón, Louis F Graham, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Discrimination is associated with negative mental health outcomes for Latina/o adolescents. While Latino/a adolescents experience discrimination from a number of sources and across contexts, little research considers how the source of discrimination and the context in which it occurs affect mental health outcomes among Latina/o children of immigrants. We examined the association between source-specific discrimination, racial or ethnic background of the source, and school ethnic context with depressive symptoms for Latina/o adolescents of immigrant parents...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
David R Buchanan
The article examines the limitations of a strict scientific account of the causes of unhealthy behaviors, based on the standards promoted in evidence-based medicine, where randomized controlled trials are seen to provide the gold standard for establishing the validity of different explanations. The article critiques this account based on its disputed assumption that human free will does not exist, and thus, human autonomy and moral responsibility are an illusion. By denying human autonomy, the naturalistic paradigm also denies the possibility of human dignity...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Sally A Linowski, Gloria T DiFulvio, Diane Fedorchak, Elaine Puleo
College student drinking continues to be a problem in the United States. Students who have violated campus alcohol policy are at particularly high risk for dangerous drinking. While Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) has been found to be an effective strategy in reducing high-risk drinking and associated consequences, questions remain about ways to further reduce risk or sustain changes associated with a face-to face intervention. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a computer-delivered personalized feedback (electronic booster) delivered to policy violators who completed a mandated BASICS program...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Lynn M Morgan, Sabina Knight, Aline C Gubrium
Since the 2003 call by the Institute of Medicine to educate undergraduates in public health, various models have emerged for incorporating public health into the liberal arts and sciences. One model is a professionalized public health major that uses core public health competencies to prepare a workforce of health professionals. A second model offers a broad-based public health major rooted in liberal arts principles, resisting the utilitarian trend toward human capital formation. A third model resists even the label of "public health," preferring instead to introduce undergraduates to many ways of analyzing human health and healing...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Louis F Graham, Mark B Padilla, William D Lopez, Alexandra M Stern, Jerry Peterson, Danya E Keene
An emerging body of research suggests that those who reside in socially and economically marginalized places may be marked by a stigma of place, referred to as spatial stigma, which influences their sense of self, their daily experiences, and their relations with outsiders. Researchers conducted 60 semistructured interviews at partnering community-based organizations during summer 2011 with African American and Latina/o, structurally disadvantaged youth of diverse gender and sexual identities who were between 18 and 26 years of age residing in Detroit, Michigan...
2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
George Cernada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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