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International Quarterly of Community Health Education

Sachin Taware, Priyanka Gawai, Ameeta Chatterjee, Harshad Thakur
Personal hygiene plays an important role in preventing communicable diseases especially in children. In developing countries like India, the burden of communicable diseases is high which makes an awareness program imperative in school children. The objective was to study the outcome of school-based intervention program in promoting personal hygiene among the primary school children of Mumbai and Thane. This is a comparative study carried out from July 2015 to March 2016 between intervention and nonintervention groups before and after intervention...
October 30, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Anu Rajasingham, Janell A Routh, Anagha Loharikar, Elly Chemey, Tracy Ayers, Andrews W Gunda, Elizabeth T Russo, Siri Wood, Robert Quick
Access to safe drinking water and improved hygiene are essential for preventing diarrheal diseases in low- and middle-income countries. Integrating water treatment and hygiene products into antenatal clinic care can motivate water treatment and handwashing among pregnant women. Free water hygiene kits (water storage containers, sodium hypochlorite water treatment solution, and soap) and refills of water treatment solution and soap were integrated into antenatal care and delivery services in Machinga District, Malawi, resulting in improved water treatment and hygiene practices in the home and increased maternal health service use...
September 5, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Tengiz Verulava, Lana Khuchua, Iago Kachkachishvili, Revaz Jorbenadze
Health problems are substantially increased in homeless populations who have higher prevalence's of infectious diseases than do general population. They have relatively earlier onset of sexual activity, and due to lack of information, many facilities for the practice of unprotected sex and low level of condom usage increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study aims to identify the knowledge and prevention of STIs among homeless people. An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted in a Tbilisi municipal shelter...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Charleen C McNeill, Tim S Killian, Zola Moon, Kelly A Way, M E Betsy Garrison
Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the self-reported level of individual emergency preparedness, the dependent variable, of people who attended a community health-related fair. The study's independent variables included demographic characteristics, perceptions of preparedness, previous disaster experience, and the presence of a medical condition and were used to examine the variability in self-reported emergency preparedness levels. Methods Data came from attendees at two community health-related fairs...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Fatemeh Bakouei, Seyed Jalil Seyedi-Andi, Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Soraya Khafri
The health-promoting behaviors form typically during adolescence and youth. This study was conducted to determine the status of the health-promoting behaviors in the students of Babol University of Medical Sciences and its predictors. This cross-sectional study was done on 350 students from April 2016 to July 2016. The applied questionnaires were health-promoting lifestyle profile II, general self-efficacy scale, and sociodemographic variables. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software by descriptive tests, one-way analysis of variance, and multivariable linear regression...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Leso Munala, Emily Welle, Emily Hohenshell, Nene Okunna
Sexual violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Kenya. Recognizing this, the Kenyan government introduced health care sector guidelines for survivors of sexual violence. This study explores the care of rape survivors from the perspective of health-care practitioners and identifies a number of recommendations for improving the quality of care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 health practitioners from eight post-rape care facilities located in Nairobi, Kenya. Data were analyzed using the Colaizzi's 1978 analytical model...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Patricia A McDaniel, Meredith Minkler, Lisa Juachon, Ryan Thayer, Jessica Estrada, Jennifer Falbe
In low-income urban communities across the United States and globally, small stores frequently offer processed foods, sodas, alcohol, and tobacco but little access to healthy products. To help address this problem, the city of San Francisco created a healthy food retailer incentive program. Its success depends, in part, on retailers' willingness to participate. Through in-person interviews, we explored attitudes toward the program among store owners or managers of 17 nonparticipating stores. Eleven merchants were uninterested in the program due to negative past experiences trying to sell healthier products, perceived lack of customer demand, and fears that meeting program requirements could hurt profits...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Abbas Ebadi, Seyedeh A Sajadi, Seyed T Moradian, Roghayeh Akbari
Purpose To determine the personal life of family caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methodology In this qualitative study, individual semistructured interviews were carried out with 19 caregivers of hemodialysis patients. All interviews were recorded, typed, and imported into the Open Code Software. The Graneheim and Lundman's content analysis approach was used for the analysis. Findings The theme of this study was suspended life pattern that was extracted from two categories of "Imbalance between caregiving and life" and "ambiguity in life status...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Patricia Anafi, Wisdom K Mprah, Allen M Jackson, Janelle J Jacobson, Christopher M Torres, Brent M Crow, Kathleen M O'Rourke
In 2008, the government of Ghana implemented a national user fee maternal care exemption policy through the National Health Insurance Scheme to improve financial access to maternal health services and reduce maternal as well as perinatal deaths. Although evidence shows that there has been some success with this initiative, there are still issues relating to cost of care to beneficiaries of the initiative. A qualitative study, comprising 12 focus group discussions and 6 interviews, was conducted with 90 women in six selected urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana, to examine users' perspectives regarding the implementation of this policy initiative...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Linda Larkey, Lizbeth Del Toro-Mejías, Gloria DiFulvio, Aline Gubrium
Digital storytelling workshops are increasingly being used to capture lived experiences and develop/disseminate health promotion messages for vulnerable and marginalized populations. Thirty female Latina teens of varied sexual/parity status produced digital stories of significant life experiences in a group context and then viewed and evaluated them using the Narrative Quality Assessment Tool. This tool was used to examine participants' experience of emotional engagement and identification with each story as well as a single-item indicator of desire to "do something in my community" related to the story...
April 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
April 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Mathieu Gourlan, Monica Takito, Céline Lambert, Bruno Fregeac, Natalie Alméras, Olivier Coste, Bruno Pereira, Florence Cousson-Gélie
This pilot study pursued three objectives: to assess the effect of a 1-month multilevel intervention on the PA of children, to assess the impact of the intervention on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) variables, and to evaluate the extent to which the impact of the intervention on PA and TPB variables varied according to personal (i.e., gender and age) and situational (i.e., class and school) moderating variables. Children were aged 7 to 11 years ( n = 306). Analyses revealed a significant increase of PA practice and TPB variables ( ps < ...
April 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Meseret Ayalew, Mateb Tafere, Yohannes Asmare
This study was conducted to examine the prevalence, trends, and consequences of substance use among university students. The prevalence of substance use, the trends of substance use, and the differences among sociodemographic variables in the experiences of substance use as well as the consequences of substance use among university students were assessed in this study. Using stratified sampling method, 1,156 students were chosen. Descriptive statistics, chi-square, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis...
April 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
S S Asa, A Titilayo, J A Kupoluyi
Marital status, from the perspective of men (and especially sexually active men), as a potential factor that influences contraceptive use for the purposes of fertility control, has received little consideration in the scientific literature. This study thus assesses contraceptive use among sexually active men occupying different marital statuses. The study employed the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey dataset. Using a total sample of 11,476 weighted sexually active men, the study revealed that 30% of the sampled population were currently using contraceptives, with condom as the dominant method (65...
April 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Ananta Kumar Jena
Community sanitation is now an essential issue of environmental sustainability. In recently, community-led total sanitation program is going in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ethiopia, and Kenya with the help of government and nongovernmental organizations. In this context, a community sanitation program was organized in Silchar, India, in which the students, local community members, and university professors directly and indirectly participated and gave their valuable feedback. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of community sanitation program on the awareness of environmental sustainability...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Oladipupo O Fakoya, Emmanuel A Abioye-Kuteyi, Ibrahim S Bello, Olarenwaju O Oyegbade, Samuel A Olowookere, Ikechi T Ezeoma
Background Aging is associated with change in health status and decreasing functional capacity affecting the general well-being of individuals with increase in the prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Objective This study aimed to assess the quality of life (QoL) and its determinants in elderly patients attending a general practice clinic in Southwest Nigeria. Method Descriptive cross-sectional study of consenting elderly patients completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire on QoL and its determinants...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Kaji Tamanna Keya, Benjamin Bellows, Ubaidur Rob, Charlotte Warren
To test a statistically significant change in delivery by medically trained providers following introduction of a demand-side financing voucher, a population-based quasi-experimental study was undertaken, with 3,300 mothers in 2010 and 3,334 mothers at follow-up in 2012 in government-implemented voucher program and control areas. Results found that voucher program was significantly associated with increased public health facility use (difference-in-differences (DID) 13.9) and significantly increased delivery complication management care (DID 13...
January 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
James J Annesi
Background Results of behavioral weight-loss treatments vary widely, with mostly unsuccessful outcomes beyond the short term. Women with obesity participating in a new cognitive-behavioral weight-loss treatment were assessed on their responses to psychological targets. Methods Groups of responders ( n = 43) and nonresponders ( n = 48) were established post hoc. Results Age, race/ethnicity, education, income, body composition, physical activity, and eating behaviors at baseline were not discriminated between responders and nonresponders...
January 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Sarah N Cox, Kathryn E Guidera, Molly J Simon, Bareng Aletta Sanny Nonyane, William Brieger, Maria Susanna Bornman, Philippus Stephanus Kruger
Malaria is preventable and treatable, yet remains the most prevalent parasitic endemic disease in Africa. This article analyzes prospective observational data from the Malaria Awareness Program (MAP), an interactive malaria education initiative led by home-based care workers to improve participant knowledge of malaria as a precursor to increased uptake of malaria control interventions in the Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa. Between 2012 and 2016, 1,330 individuals participated in MAP. MAP's effectiveness was measured through pre- and post-participation surveys assessing knowledge in malaria transmission, symptoms, prevention, and treatment...
January 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
FuelUp&Go! is a technology-driven food literacy program consisting of six in-person skill building sessions as well as fitness trackers, text messages, and a companion website. A community-based participatory research approach was used with adolescents who were recruited to participate in a Kid Council. Qualitative data were collected about the use of surveys, program activities, recipes, technology and text messages, and music and incentives. Changes suggested by Kid Councilmembers informed the design and development of a pilot program...
January 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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