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International Quarterly of Community Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103767/behavior-risk-factors-among-russian-students
#1
Aleksander Anischenko, Anna Arhangelskaya, Michael Klenov, Ekaterina Burdukova, Valrii Ogarev, Nikolay Ignatov, Irina Osadchenko, Konstantin Gurevich
Purpose To analyze the prevalence of risk factors among Russian students. Methods In this study, 834 students were included from five Federal universities which were localized in four Federal regions of Russian Federation. Future doctors, school teachers, and wellness trainers were included in this study. Students were specifically asked about smoking, physical activity International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and food preference. Waist, hip, weight, and height were measured. Results The region of study and ethnic group were not influenced with respect to age and body mass index ( p > ...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056643/factors-influencing-contraceptive-use-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Sarah R Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Juliet Iwelunmor
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding factors influencing contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa between 2005 and 2015. A total of 58 studies from twelve Sub-Saharan African countries were reviewed. Keywords were grouped using the PEN-3 cultural model. Negative factors prohibiting or reducing contraceptive use were women's misconceptions of contraceptive side-effects, male partner disapproval, and social/cultural norms surrounding fertility. Positive factors included education, employment, and communication with male partner...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628684/behavior-risk-factors-among-russian-university-students-majoring-in-medicine-education-and-exercise-science
#3
Aleksander Anischenko, Konstantin Gurevich, Anna Arhangelskaya, Michael Klenov, Ekaterina Burdukova, Valrii Ogarev, Nikolay Ignatov, Irina Osadchenko
PURPOSE: To analyze the prevalence of select behavioral risk factors among Russian university students majoring in medicine, education, and exercise science. METHODS: A total of 834 students from five Federal universities located in four federal regions of Russia were included in the study. The purposive sample included future doctors, school teachers, and fitness trainers. Students were asked specifically about smoking, level of physical activity, and food preferences...
September 14, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628683/-this-method-i-think-can-shed-new-light-haitian-american-women-s-reflections-on-risk-culture-and-family-planning-decisions-from-a-short-term-trial-of-a-cervical-barrier-femcap%C3%A2
#4
Erica L Gollub, Jessy Dévieux, Jean-Gilles Michele, Suzette Pierre Ste-Rose, Sandra Neptune, Valerie Pelletier
Improving the reproductive health of immigrant populations requires understanding the specific context of risk and need. As part of a field trial of the FemCap™, a woman-initiated cervical barrier contraceptive, we conducted postintervention focus group discussions (FGDs) with 20 women (five FGDs) of Haitian background, the majority of whom were born in Haiti and spoke Haitian Créole at home, at a community health center in south Florida. Participants discussed the role of religion and inequitable gender norms in Haitian traditions about family planning decisions and provided important insights into the gender-power nuances of their partnership dynamics vis à vis the use of female barrier methods...
September 14, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620893/frerichs-rr-2016-deadly-river-cholera-and-cover-up-in-post-earthquake-haiti
#5
Laura Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451350/awareness-and-perception-of-strabismus-among-the-youths-and-women-of-child-bearing-age-in-a-local-government-in-south-western-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#6
Olubunmi Bodunde, Tamramat Runsewe-Abiodun, Adekunle Alabi, Janet Adetunji, Michael Olowonyo, Bolanle Adefuye
PURPOSE: To determine the level of awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of strabismus among youth and women of child-bearing age in southwestern Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen Focus Group Discussions were carried out in Ogun State Nigeria on awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of people toward strabismus. A thematic phenomenological approach was used for the analysis. RESULTS: A total of 139 people participated in the Focus Group Discussions, with a male:female ratio of 1:∼4...
July 22, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431602/improving-latino-youths-environmental-health-literacy-and-leadership-skills-through-participatory-research-on-chemical-exposures-in-cosmetics-the-hermosa-study
#7
Daniel S Madrigal, Meredith Minkler, Kimberly L Parra, Carolina Mundo, Jesus Enrique Cardenas Gonzalez, Ramon Jimenez, Carlos Vera, Kim G Harley
To increase environmental health literacy (EHL) and leadership skills in Latino youth in Salinas, CA., we worked from 2012-2015 with 15 members of the CHAMACOS Youth Community Council (YCC), an outreach arm of a longitudinal study of impacts of environmental chemicals on children's health. The YCC program provided hands-on research experiences related to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) in cosmetics and their possible health effects. We use participatory research principles and Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives to describe the development of EHC and leadership in the youth co-researchers...
July 18, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389041/providing-universal-health-insurance-coverage-in-nigeria
#8
Peter O Okebukola, William R Brieger
Despite a stated goal of achieving universal coverage, the National Health Insurance Scheme of Nigeria had achieved only 4% coverage 12 years after it was launched. This study assessed the plans of the National Health Insurance Scheme to achieve universal health insurance coverage in Nigeria by 2015 and discusses the challenges facing the scheme in achieving insurance coverage. In-depth interviews from various levels of the health-care system in the country, including providers, were conducted. The results of the analysis suggest that challenges to extending coverage include the difficulty in convincing autonomous state governments to buy into the scheme and an inadequate health workforce that might not be able to meet increased demand...
July 7, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27287917/health-related-research-projects-in-fiji-and-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-fiji-and-papua-new-guinea-health-research-portals
#9
Kannan Sridharan, S Gowri
Evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health rely on the best available evidence generated in a specific area for it to be implemented in healthcare practice. This study assesses the range of research studies conducted in Fiji and Papua New Guinea (PNG) islands by reviewing the types of studies now registered with the respective health research registry portals. We assessed all studies registered on the Fiji Health Research Portal (FHRP) and Papua New Guinea Health Research Portal (PNGHRP) since 2014 for the following details: year of registration; study type and participants; field of research; basic statistical analyses; and multicentric or single center study...
June 10, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166357/adolescent-characters-and-alcohol-use-scenes-in-brazilian-movies-2000-2008
#10
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Francisco Lotufo-Neto, Dinesh Bhugra
Quantitative structured assessment of 193 scenes depicting substance use from a convenience sample of 50 Brazilian movies was performed. Logistic regression and analysis of variance or multivariate analysis of variance models were employed to test for two different types of outcome regarding alcohol appearance: The mean length of alcohol scenes in seconds and the prevalence of alcohol use scenes. The presence of adolescent characters was associated with a higher prevalence of alcohol use scenes compared to nonalcohol use scenes...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166356/digital-storytelling-as-a-narrative-health-promotion-process-evaluation-of-a-pilot-study
#11
Gloria T DiFulvio, Aline C Gubrium, Alice Fiddian-Green, Sarah E Lowe, Lizbeth Marie Del Toro-Mejias
Digital storytelling (DST) engages participants in a group-based process to create and share narrative accounts of life events. The process of individuals telling their own stories has not been well assessed as a mechanism of health behavior change. This study looks at outcomes associated with engaging in the DST process for vulnerable youth. The project focused on the experiences of Puerto Rican Latinas between the ages of 15 to 21. A total of 30 participants enrolled in a 4-day DST workshops, with 29 completing a 1 to 3-minute digital story...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154904/managing-noncommunicable-diseases-in-an-african-community-effects-compliance-and-barriers-to-participation-in-a-4-week-exercise-intervention
#12
Sunday O Onagbiye, Sarah J Moss, Melainie Cameron
To determine the compliance, barriers, and effects of participation in a 4-week exercise intervention aimed at reducing risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among community-dwelling adults from a low-resourced area of South Africa. An exercise program and associated pre-posttest were performed by 76 participants (men, n = 26 and women, n = 50) aged 35 to 65 years. Baseline and end tests included height, weight, hip and waist circumference, heart rate, blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, quality of life, and cardiorespiratory fitness measurements...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098856/best-practices-in-integrating-theory-and-practice-in-graduate-education-in-public-health-promotion
#13
David Buchanan
Over the last several decades, consistent concerns have been raised about the quality of education and training provided to students in public health. In this article, we consider the implications of epidemiological transition-the decline of infectious diseases and rise of chronic diseases-for the types of education and training that would be most well suited for preparing students in health promotion to address the social and behavioral factors now associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052661/relationship-between-body-image-discrepancy-and-intuitive-eating
#14
Kesha Dorsey Spoor, Hala Madanat
Dieting is widespread among college women despite being ineffective and harmful long term. Intuitive eating is a dieting alternative that teaches eating in response to hunger and satiety cues. It has been associated with improved physical and psychological health and studied in association with various body image dimensions. A sample of college first years completed baseline measurements during an intuitive eating intervention to test the association between intuitive eating and body image discrepancy (BID)...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984184/evaluation-of-an-urban-farm-to-preschool-and-families-program
#15
Elena T Carbone, Gloria T DiFulvio, Toni Susi, Jerusha Nelson-Peterman, Joan Lowbridge-Sisley, Jessica Collins
Over the past 30 years, the rate of childhood obesity has risen dramatically. Despite recent declines in prevalence among preschool-aged children, child obesity is still a significant public health concern. Healthy People 2020 objectives include increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among children over 2 years of age and increasing the number of schools that offer access to fresh fruits and vegetables. To reach these objectives, farm-to-school programs are being implemented across the United States. The purpose of this evaluation was to: (a) identify factors that facilitate adoption of the Farm-to-Preschool and Families program in Springfield, MA, specifically; and (b) provide recommendations and guidelines for successful implementation of Farm-to-Preschool and Families programs generally...
April 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038500/political-challenges-in-complex-place-based-health-promotion-partnerships-lessons-from-an-exploratory-case-study-in-a-disadvantaged-area-of-queensland-australia
#16
Letitia Del Fabbro, Fiona Rowe Minniss, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall
Settings-based health promotion involving multiple strategies and partners is complex, especially in disadvantaged areas. Partnership development and organizational integration are examined in the literature; however, there is more to learn from the examination of practice stakeholders' experience of intersectoral partnership processes. This case study examines stakeholder experiences of challenges in new partnership work in the context of a culturally diverse and socioeconomically disadvantaged region in Queensland, Australia...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038499/elements-of-access
#17
Stuart Strome, Tracy Johns, Michael J Scicchitano, Karla Shelnutt
This study surveys 900 supplemental nutrition assistance program recipient or eligible households and 300 supplemental nutrition assistance program ineligible households in local food deserts to identify the effects of different dimensions of access on fresh fruit and vegetables (FFV) consumption. While proximity and access to one's own car were not significant predictors of FFV consumption, realized access to nonsupermarket outlets did have a positive effect on fresh vegetable consumption. Among food insecure respondents, limited car access had a negative effect on FFV consumption...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033743/collaborating-to-create-healthier-communities
#18
Amanda W Scarbrough, Jack Hill, Jesus Rodriguez
The Montgomery County United Way and Sam Houston State University explored existing public health and community-based issues and associated assets and gaps within Montgomery County, Texas, through the integration of quantitative geospatial data, demographic information, and the application of geographical information systems. The intent of the initial results was to use maps to visually compare the magnitude of significant emerging health issues in Montgomery County with other counties across Texas in an effort to better educate and increase the awareness of the general public within Montgomery County...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030987/using-a-cultural-framework-to-understand-factors-influencing-hiv-testing-in-nigeria
#19
John E Ehiri, Juliet Iwelunmor, Theddeus Iheanacho, Sarah Blackstone, Michael C Obiefune, Amaka G Ogidi, Frances U Ahunanya, Donatus Nnadi, Dina Patel, Aaron T Hunt, Echezona E Ezeanolue
With support from the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the global fund for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria, Nigeria offers free services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, uptake of these services is low, and pediatric transmission of HIV remains a significant public health challenge. Using the PEN-3 cultural model as the theoretical framework, we examined social, cultural, and contextual factors that influenced uptake of HIV counseling and testing among pregnant women and their male partners...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030986/teen-dating-violence-victimization-perpetration-and-sexual-health-correlates-among-urban-low-income-ethnic-and-racial-minority-youth
#20
Lisa Fedina, Donna E Howard, Min Qi Wang, Kantahyanee Murray
This study explores the associations between teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration, victimization, sexual risk behaviors, and pregnancy among a sample of low-income, urban, and predominately African-American and Latino youth age 15 to 21 years ( N = 513). Findings suggest that youth who experienced TDV victimization were more likely to report inconsistent condom use in the past 12 months ( OR = 1.6) and pregnancy ( OR = 2.2) compared with nonvictimized youth. Youth who reported perpetrating dating violence were more likely to be female ( OR = 3...
January 1, 2016: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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