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Neuro Endocrinology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29919989/discrepancy-between-readiness-to-change-insight-and-motivation-in-alcohol-dependent-inpatients
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poland, Czech Republic, and the Slovak Republic are countries with high alcohol consumption, and alcohol-induced disorders are in the ten leading causes of Years Lost due to Disability. Therefore it is necessary to study factors as insight, motivation, and readiness to change for the better understanding the variables which are in probably connected with therapeutic effectiveness. AIM: The purpose of the study was to examine the state of readiness to change at the beginning and the end of inpatient short (six weeks) and long (12 weeks) therapeutic program in the Slovak Republic, Poland, and the Czech Republic, and look for the relationship between readiness to change, insight, and motivation in alcohol-dependent persons...
May 19, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29919988/amygdala-and-emotionality-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-integrative-review-of-the-neuropsychological-evidence
#2
(no author information available yet)
Parkinson\'s disease (PD) is often accompanied by significant changes in emotionality, such as apathy, anhedonia, anxiety and depression. The present review summarizes the empirical evidence, including amygdala changes and psychological changes in emotionality in people suffering with PD. Seventeen empirical full-text articles including research on both amygdala and emotionality in PD were reviewed.The changes in amygdala volumes as well as changes in binding potentials, functional connectivity, regional homogeneity and regional cerebral blood flow were found to have various impacts on emotionality in people with PD...
May 19, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803210/shall-we-diagnose-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The clinical value of the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MS) in children and adolescents remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of metabolic complications, other than included in 2007 IDF MS definition, in obese children and adolescents METHODS: The study included 75 (33 boys) obese adolescents (mean age 13.9 years, mean BMI SDS 4.49). Classical (fasting glucose, TGL, HDL, blood pressure) and non classical (insulin resistance [HOMA-IR], creatinine, AST, ALT, uric acid, fibrinogen, liver US and 24h BP profile) risk factors were compared between groups with and without MS...
May 19, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803211/estimation-of-testosterone-cortisol-ratio-by-resting-state-eeg-delta-beta-ratio-in-elderly-people
#4
Watchara Sroykham, Yodchanan Wongsawat
OBJECTIVES: Testosterone and cortisol are the end products of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axes. Both hormones affect brain anatomy and brain activity, which is positively correlated with the testosterone/cortisol ratio. The aim of the present study was to observe the main effect and interaction between testosterone and cortisol in relation to brain activity and whether it is possible to predict neuroendocrine levels. METHODS: Sixty-seven participants were included for evaluating saliva hormones and resting state EEG...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803209/antipsychotics-in-hyperthyroid-related-psychosis-case-report-and-systematic-review
#5
Danielle Golub, Victor Rodack
OBJECTIVES: Hyperthyroidism has been associated with relatively rare presentations of psychotic symptoms. We report an example of the successful use of antipsychotics to manage psychotic symptoms in hyperthyroid-related psychosis. Furthermore, we systematically describe the available literature on the use of antipsychotics in this setting to determine the associated relative efficacies of the various antipsychotic agents. METHODS: Presentation of a case of hyperthyroid-related psychosis treated with an antipsychotic agent followed by a systematic review of all similar cases: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE and PMC were searched for articles published between 1960 and 2017 that report on the use of specific antipsychotics in the management of hyperthyroid-related psychosis...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803208/content-of-fatty-acids-in-a-diet-and-the-homocysteine-levels-in-women-with-fertility-disorders
#6
Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Małgorzata Jerzak, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Katarzyna Karzel, Iwona Boniecka
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the effects of consumption of fatty acids on the homocysteine levels in women with fertility disorders. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 286 women at the age between 23 and 46 years (the mean 33.13±4.21 years) with a fertility disorders. We measured: levels of homocysteine [μmol/L] (n=171), body weight and height (n=286). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. A diet was assessed by 3-day dietary food records method including one day of the weekend...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803207/telomere-length-and-tert-abnormalities-in-pituitary-adenomas
#7
Joanna Boresowicz, Paulina Kober, Nataliia Rusetska, Maria Maksymowicz, Krzysztof Goryca, Jacek Kunicki, Wiesław Bonicki, Mateusz Bujko
OBJECTIVES: Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are among the most frequent intracranial tumors in humans. Abnormal telomerase activity and telomere lengthening are features of tumor cells. They may result from mutations in TERT promoter region, gene amplification or aberrant DNA methylation pattern. Such changes were found in variety of tumors including those of brain. Aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of TERT abnormalities and to assess their role in telomere lengthening in PAs. METHODS: Study involved 101 patients with PA including both nonfunctioning and functioning subtypes...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803206/lymphocytic-hypophysitis-associated-with-behcet-s-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Tingting Tao, Ziyi Zhang, Hong Li
Lymphocytic hypophysitis (LH) is a rare inflammatory disorder involving the pituitary gland, often with other autoimmune diseases combined. The coexistence of LH and Behçet\'s disease (BD) is a rare combination and only one case was reported in the previous literatures. A 50-year-old man was admitted into Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital presented with frontal headache and fatigue which had lasted for four months. Endocrinological inspection indicated anterior pituitary dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed homogeneous pituitary enlargement and thickened pituitary stalk...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803205/signs-of-impaired-blood-brain-barrier-function-and-lower-igg-synthesis-within-the-central-nervous-system-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-related-psychosis-compared-to-that-in-controls
#9
Kristina Melkersson, Sophie Bensing
OBJECTIVES: Evidence has accumulated that an inflammatory, possibly autoimmune-mediated, process in the central nervous system (CNS), and by way of an aberrant immune system, may underlie the development of schizophrenia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate patients with schizophrenia or related psychosis for blood-brain barrier (BBB) function and immunoglobulin (Ig)G synthesis within the CNS. METHODS: Fifteen patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 12 controls were investigated using lumbar puncture and blood sampling...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803204/physiological-responses-to-different-neuromuscular-movement-task-during-eccentric-bench-press
#10
Michal Wilk, Petr Stastny, Artur Golas, Monika Nawrocka, Karel Jelen, Adam Zajac, James J Tufano
OBJECTIVES: Increasing muscular hypertrophy is one of the main reasons for participating in a resistance training program, where different movement task such as eccentric cadences may serve as a potent hypertrophic stimulus and improve movement stability. Aim of this study was to investigate the physiological responses between slow 6/0/2/0 (SLOW) and moderate 2/0/2/0 (REG) eccentric cadences during five sets of bench press to failure using 70% 1 repetition maximum (1RM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples from sixteen men (21-29y, 85...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604620/supplementation-of-caricol%C3%A2-gastro-reduces-chronic-gastritis-disease-associated-pain
#11
Friedrich-Anton Weiser, Michael Fangl, Wilhelm Mosgoeller
OBJECTIVE: Papaya and oats are natural food and used in traditional medicine in many parts of the world. Papaya has a high content of enzymes supporting digestive function. Oats are a source of minerals, beta-glucan fibres, immunmodulatory and antiinflammatory probiotic substances. Caricol®-Gastro combines both constituents, it was designed as vegan organic preparation for intestinal inflammatory diseases. We performed a randomized, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial to investigate the potential of Caricol®-Gastro as add on therapy in patients with diagnosed chronic gastritis...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604619/positive-and-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-and-their-relation-to-depression-anxiety-hope-self-stigma-and-personality-traits-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Milos Slepecky, Marie Ociskova
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the investigation was to explore the relationship between positive or negative symptoms, social anxiety, hope, personality, and self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. METHOD: 57 outpatients took part in this cross-sectional study. The structured interview M.I.N.I. International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to confirm the diagnosis. All patients completed the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604618/an-open-prospective-pilot-study-of-a-herbal-combination-relief-as-a-supportive-dietetic-measure-during-alcohol-withdrawal
#13
Kenza Mansoor, Fadi Qadan, Andreas Hinum, Caroline Schneider, Klaus Hechenbichler, Mathias Schmidt, Georg Linsinger, Khalid Matalka
OBJECTIVE: A herbal combination (saffron extract, passion flower herb extract, cocoa seed extract, radish extract and black cumin extract) called "Relief" was designed as a supportive therapy of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). This combination was based on the scientific evidence of each constituent effect on AWS-like symptoms. In addition, our preclinical studies have shown the effectiveness of Relief on AWS detoxification. The rationale of the study was to document whether the oral intake of the designed content of Relief could have a positive effect on the course of alcohol detoxification by reducing some of the AWS in hospitalized patients...
March 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504737/anxiety-disorders-and-marital-satisfaction
#14
REVIEW
Petra Kasalova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Daniela Zmeskalova, Milos Slepecky, Ales Grambal
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety disorders can be a burden for the patient and his family. They affect the family everyday functioning, require greater demands on adaptation and re-evaluation of the existing habits of family members and consequently may result in family dysfunction due to anxiety disorders, especially in marital relationship or partnership. However, the knowledge about the impact of anxiety disorders on one or both partners in marital or partner life is still limited. METHOD: The relevant studies were identified through the Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus databases, within the period 1990-2017...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504736/anxiolytic-effects-of-venlafaxine-olanzapine-combination-in-treatment-of-anxious-depression
#15
Tomas Kulhan, Veronika Marcincakova Husarova, Igor Ondrejka, Ivan Farsky, Gabriela Nosalova
OBJECTIVE: Both venlafaxine and olanzapine have been previously found to have anxiolytic properties, however no study examined the effect of their combination on anxiety in anxious MDD. The aim of this study was to reveal if and when venlafaxine/olanzapine combination (VOC) can reduce the anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with severe MDD at the level of patients with moderate-severe depression treated with venlafaxine monotherapy. METHODS: Fifty seven patients were included into the study...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504735/does-autoimmunity-play-a-role-in-the-risk-of-implantation-failures
#16
Hanna Motak-Pochrzest, Andrzej Malinowski
158 non-pregnant women with recurrent implantation failures after IVF/ET procedures were tested for peripheral blood autoimmune profile. The control group consisted of 76 patients after first successful IVF procedure and pregnancy outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate different autoantibodies peripheral blood profile after excluding anatomical, endocrinological, endometrial and genetic disorders and to estimate the risk of implantation failures. The study's including criteria were 1.indications for IVF/ET determined by male factor and unexplained infertility 2...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504734/estimation-of-vitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-secondary-and-primary-hypothyroidism-of-different-etiology
#17
Hanna Lawnicka, Anna Galant-Gdula, Ewelina Motylewska, Jan Komorowski, Jacek Swietoslawski, Henryk Stepien
BACKGROUND: Though vitamin D deficiency is a global problem with wide spectrum of severe public health consequences, inadequate vitamin D status still remains one of the most common and untreated medical conditions. Thyroid diseases, including hypothyroidism, also represent the most frequent endocrinopathies in general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the vitamin D status in hypothyroid patients and to ascertain the status of thyroid hormone replacement. METHODS: The 25(OH)D concentrations (ECLIA) in 71 hypothyroid patients recruited in the Outpatient Clinic of Endocrinology or Department of Clinical Endocrinology were assessed...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504733/qtc-prolongation-after-adhd-medication
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eva Snircova, Veronika Marcincakova Husarova, Igor Ondrejka, Igor Hrtanek, Ivan Farsky, Gabriela Nosalova
OBJECTIVE: Multicenter studies have shown that cardiovascular risks of ADHD medication are extremely low. However, QTc length has been shown to be increased in smaller samples of patients or case reports after stimulant and atomoxetine medication. Based on recent studies of genetic polymorphisms associated with drug-induced QTc prolongation and polymorphisms linkage to regional populations, we hypothesized that the drug-induced QTc prolongation could be a factor of particular polymorphisms linked to specific regional populations undistinguished in multicenter studies...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504732/effect-of-the-dash-diet-and-salt-kardisal%C3%A2-on-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-prehypertension-cooperative-multicentre-interventional-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jan Janda, Milos Veleminsky, Terezie Sulakova, Bohuslav Prochazka, Jan Eliasek, Pravoslav Stransky, Richard Rokyta
BACKGROUND: In a cooperative multi-center interventional study of 60 probands with prehypertension and normal BMIs were followed for 3 months. DESIGN: The intervention included the DASH diet for 3 months in 30 probands plus sodium limited intake using the low sodium salt Kardisal® (60% NaCl, 40% KCl) (group A) and the DASH diet for 3 months in 30 probands without Kardisal® (group B). RESULTS: In group A (n=26 probands evaluated) the systolic blood pressure (median) decreased significantly from 138 to 129 mmHg (p<0...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504731/expression-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-enzymes-in-endometrium-of-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#20
Barbara Grzechocinska, Filip A Dabrowski, Marcin Chlebus, Agata Gondek, Katarzyna Czarzasta, Lukasz Michalowski, Agnieszka Cudnoch-Jedrzejewska, Miroslaw Wielgos
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is caused by derangement of physiological processes of tissue growth, shedding and regeneration. It is known that interplay between metalloproteinases (MMP's) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP's) may play a crucial role in its occurrence. AIM: To define if expression of proMMP-2, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 in endometrium of women with AUB is dependent on steroid sex hormone concentration and histopathological picture...
February 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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