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Neuro Endocrinology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857052/permanent-atrial-fibrillation-in-heart-failure-patients-as-another-condition-with-increased-reverse-triiodothyronine-concentration
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To fully investigate the thyroid hormonal function in patients with the most common arrhythmia - atrial fibrillation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients (aged 55-85 yrs) with symptoms of congestive heart failure exacerbation and no other concomitant disorders (inclusion criteria: normal cardiac troponin T at admission and 12 hours after, normal renal, hepatic and respiratory function; exclusion criteria: inflammatory state, history of myocardial infarction)...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857051/elevation-of-the-acth-cortisol-ratio-in-female-opioid-dependent-patients-a-biomarker-of-aging-and-correlate-of-metabolic-and-immune-activation
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Whilst the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) Axis is a major stress axis, and is necessarily perturbed in opioid dependency, and stress is a major contributor to aging mechanisms, the HPA axis has not been studied in opioid dependency in an age-dependent manner. OBJECTIVE: Hypothesis - Differences in age dependent levels of HPA components. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of general medical and opioid dependent patients (ODP, GMP)...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857050/central-nervous-system-lymphoma-a-morphological-mri-study
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate morphological MRI findings in histologically-proven central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL) at time of their first appearance, and to describe dynamic changes on repeat MRI before the diagnosis was histologically proven. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the MRI examinations of 74 patients with histologically-proven CNSL (10 secondary CNSL, 64 primary PCNSL; 10 immunocompromised, 54 immunocompetent). In 43 patients, we evaluated the evolution of CNSL on MRI before the diagnosis was proven...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857049/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-polysomnographic-study
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Epilepsy and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are relatively common disorders. SDB induces repetitive arousals and sleep fragmentation and may cause symptomatic epileptic seizures or hypoxic encephalopathy. Epileptic seizures change sleep architecture with increase of light sleep and reduction of REM sleep, which may lead to central apneas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between SDB and daytime sleepiness in patients with epilepsy, who underwent polysomnography (PSG) due to problems with breathing during sleep or due to excessive daytime sleepiness...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857048/myocardial-scarring-after-repair-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-pulmonary-artery
#5
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Prognosis of patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from pulmonary artery has dramatically improved as a result of both, early diagnosis and improvements in surgical techniques. Post surgical complications are rare and most patients show quick improvement of the left ventricular performance after repair with complete functional recovery within one year after surgery. Exercise-induced electrocardiographic changes have been found in patients postoperatively and scars and perfusion deficits of the left ventricle may not be detected by standard echocardiographic evaluation...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857047/evaluation-of-rheological-parameters-of-the-axial-system-using-the-transfer-vibration-through-spine-tvs-method
#6
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The human motion system reacts to both hypo and hyperactivity loads by changes to the rheological properties of tissues. This study deals with changes to the axial system (AS) compartment. Using the appropriate methodologies and mathematical-physical methods, these changes can be identified and quantified. METHODS: This study describes the noninvasive TVS (Transfer Vibration through Spine) method, which was applied to assess the AS selected mechanical properties in various modes...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857046/women-s-fertility-after-laparoscopic-cystectomy-of-endometrioma-and-other-benign-ovarian-tumors-a-24-month-follow-up-retrospective-study
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The golden standard in treatment benign ovarian cysts is laparoscopic cystectomy, but it may also influence women's fertility. The aim of the study was to compare women's fertility after laparoscopic cystectomy of endometrioma versus other benign ovarian tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of the 123 patients operated because of benign ovarian tumor (OT), 66 underwent laparoscopic cystectomy of endometrioma (endometrioma group) and 57 underwent laparoscopic cystectomy of other benign ovarian tumor like: functional cyst, hemorrhagic cyst, yellow body cyst or mature teratoma (reference group)...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857045/long-term-pharmacotherapy-by-methylfenidate-or-atomoxetine-dat-1-10-10-adhd-children-in-correlation-with-results-of-the-imaging-methods
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: ADHD is one of the most significant diagnostic units in child and adolescent psychiatry. The occurrence in children is 5-6% and 50-80% continued to adult age. The presence of individual genes (polymorphism) on particular symptoms and processes in ADHD are not known. It is estimated that ADHD symptoms are up to 80% to genetic. The higher density of resultant DAT 1 protein was observed in ADHD patients in comparison with controls. The question was if DAT 1 10/10 predicted bad prognoses in long term therapy...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857044/the-impact-of-the-d3-growth-hormone-receptor-d3-ghr-polymorphism-on-the-therapeutic-effect-of-growth-hormone-replacement-in-children-with-idiopathic-growth-hormone-deficiency-in-poland
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The human growth hormone receptor (GHR) exon 3 deletion (d3) polymorphism has been reported to be associated with the responsiveness to growth hormone (GH) therapy. This study aimed to: (a) assess the frequency of this polymorphism in a group of Polish children with idiopathic growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) and (b) analyze their response to GH therapy. METHODS: The study group consisted of 67 prepubertal children with IGHD. The control group was composed of 150 Caucasian newborns from whom umbilical cord blood samples were drawn...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857043/lgmd2d-syndrome-the-importance-of-clinical-and-molecular-genetics-in-patient-and-family-management-case-report
#10
(no author information available yet)
We report the case of a seven-year-old female from a consanguineous Saudi family with autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D (LGMD2D) most likely caused by a rare SGCA mutation. Histopathological and molecular investigations resulted in the discovery of a homozygous mutation (c.226 C>T (p.L76 F)) in exon 3 of SGCA in the patient. The parents and one sibling were heterozygous carriers, but the mutation was not otherwise detected in 80 ethnic controls from the same geographic area. In silico analysis revealed that the mutation resulted in a functional leucine to phenylalanine alteration that was deleterious to the protein structure...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857042/odontogenic-keratocysts-in-the-basal-cell-nevus-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-associated-with-paresthesia-of-the-lower-jaw-case-report-retrospective-analysis-of-a-representative-czech-cohort-and-recommendations-for-the-early-diagnosis
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Identification of early presenting signs of the Basal Cell Nevus (BCNS; synonyme Gorlin-Goltz) syndrome, which is associated with a principal triad of multiple basal cell nevi, jaw odontogenic keratocysts, and skeletal anomalies, in stomatological and neurological practices. Proposal of multidisciplinary diagnostic algorithm comprising other medical specialists, including pathology, imaging, laboratory and molecular analyses based on the study outcomes. DESIGN: Case report of a male patient reporting paresthesia of their lower jaw, with right facial asymmetry (maxilla and mandible) and radiological detection of large osteolytic lesions in both jaws, including a retrospective analysis of a representative Czech cohort with BCNS from within the last decade...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857041/narcolepsy-with-cataplexy-in-a-child-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-case-report
#12
(no author information available yet)
We report an 8-year-old boy diagnosed with both CMT1 and narcolepsy, which were not reported simultaneously presenting in one person. The boy presented with a history of increased suddenly falling frequency and excessive daytime sleepiness for 3 months. CMT1 was diagnosed by electrophysiology and genetic testing. Narcolepsy had not been diagnosed until the frequently falling caused by sudden and transient episodes of legs weakness triggered by emotion was found. Multiple sleep latency test showed multiple sleep onset REM periods with reduced sleep latency...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857040/effect-of-stress-on-structural-brain-asymmetry
#13
(no author information available yet)
There is a growing body of evidence that stressful events may affect the brain not only as a whole, but also in multiple laterality aspects. The present review is aimed at discussing the effect of stress and stress hormones on structural brain asymmetry. Differences and crossroads of functional and structural asymmetry are briefly mentioned throughout the document. The first part of this review summarizes major findings in the field of structural brain asymmetries in animals and humans from the evolutionary perspective...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618609/why-acupuncture-in-pain-treatment
#14
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618608/the-role-of-early-cortisol-level-in-the-assessment-of-the-radicality-of-resection-in-central-cushing-s-disease
#15
Vaclav Masopust, David Netuka, Daniel Horinek, Mikulas Kosak, Vaclav Hana, Michal Krsek
INTRODUCTION: To increase radicality and avoid surgical complications new treatment options are under investigation. One of the promising possibilities is to assess early morning cortisol levels on the first and second postoperative day. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 34 patients (9 males, 25 females) diagnosed with Cushing's disease. Blood samples to determine cortisol level were taken always at 06:00 and sent to the lab. The samples were taken on the first and second postoperative day...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618607/pulmonary-dysfunction-in-patients-after-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-serial-follow-up-measurement-within-the-first-year-post-injury
#16
Jan Sulc, Krystof Slaby, Zuzana Hlinkova, Pavel Kolar, Jiri Kozak, Jiri Kriz
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory complications are most common cause of morbidity/mortality in patients with cervical spinal cord injury (cSCI) due to respiratory muscle weakness and lower diaphragm position resulting in limited availability of inspiration, reduced thorax mobility and limited forced expiration. Differences in respiratory dysfunctions (RDs) in patients with motor complete versus incomplete cSCI were assessed. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study, serial measurement...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618606/pomegranate-and-licorice-juices-modulate-metformin-pharmacokinetics-in-rats
#17
Riad Awad, Eyad Mallah, Bayan Al Khawaja, Wael Abu Dayyih, Feras El-Hajji, Khalid Z Matalka, Tawfiq Arafat
OBJECTIVES: Food or drinks may significantly alter the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs which may lead to adverse events. A drug such as metformin is widely used to regulate plasma glucose level and pomegranate and licorice have been identified to help in type-2 diabetes management. However, the interactions of the latter on metformin pharmacokinetics were not studied. Therefore, we aimed here to study the impact of pomegranate and licorice on metformin pharmacokinetics in rats...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618605/no-definitive-evidence-for-a-connection-between-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases-and-stress-in-women
#18
Lisandra Damian, Cristina Mihaela Ghiciuc, Lucia Corina Dima-Cozma, Maria Christina Ungureanu, Sebastian Cozma, Francesca Romana Patacchioli, Catalina Elena Lupusoru
The purpose of this literature review was to examine the available clinical studies performed during the last 15 years to identify if there is a causal relationship between the onset and course of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis/sympathetic-adrenomedullary system (SAM) (dys)function in women. Using the PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases, a comprehensive search was performed, and 14 articles were finally identified. The majority of selected studies suggested a causal connection between Graves' Disease (GD) and stress, as well as between Hashimoto Thyroiditis (HT), with its variant postpartum thyroiditis, and stress...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618604/neuronal-excitability-changes-depend-on-the-time-course-of-cellular-edema-induced-by-water-intoxication-in-young-rats
#19
Dana Maresova, Petr Kozler, Jaroslav Pokorny
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether the functional state of neurons is affected by the duration of the induced cellular edema and by the age of animals tested. The cellular edema was induced by water intoxication and neuronal functions were tested by the standard method of electrical stimulation of neurons of the cerebral cortex. METHODS: water intoxication was induced by standard method of fractionated hyperhydration. Excitability of cortical neurons was tested by cortical stimulation with the intensity required to induce cortical afterdischarge (AD)...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618603/malignant-insulinoma-report-of-6-patients-and-literature-review
#20
Yi Shao, Yu-Qing Qu, Xian-Ling Wang, Zhi-Gang Song, Qing-Hua Guo, Jing-Tao Dou, Jian-Ming Ba, Zhao-Hui Lü, Yi-Ming Mu
OBJECTIVE: Patients with malignant insulinoma always present with symptoms of severe hypoglycemia and have poor life expectancy. In addition, inoperable metastatic malignant insulinomas are very difficult to manage. The aim of this report is to present our successful experiences in diagnosis and treatment of this disease in 6 patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Six patients (male 2, female 4) with malignant insulinomas were admitted into our hospital. Their clinical histories, including clinical presentations, endocrine evaluations, radiological images, pathological examination and treatments, were reviewed...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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