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Neuro Endocrinology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200254/-lack-of-knowledge-is-no-excuse-hiv-positive-patient-with-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-case-report-from-kenya
#1
(no author information available yet)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system, which has high morbidity and mortality and no effective, targeted therapies are available. According to the data from developing countries, it affects about 3 to 5% patients who are HIV positive. We present a case of a 27-year-old patient, who got infected with the HIV virus from his mother. The patient had poor compliance to the therapy since its initiation. Due to poor compliance and immunological and virological failure of the first line ARVs, the patient developed PML...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200253/the-role-of-implementation-and-communication-of-mantra-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-improving-public-health-in-odisha-state-india
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Provision of safe drinking water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. The Government of India has declared its commitment towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals and universal sanitation coverage in the country by the year 2022. Indian NGO Gram Vikas offers a solution to this task through its flagship WASH program MANTRA. It focuses on water and sanitation as an entry point for integrated village development. METHODS: The case study from Haradango village (Odisha state, India) investigates the effectiveness of MANTRA program by identifying key principles of this Gram Vikas' flagship programme and by analysing an impact of its implemenation and communication on public health of Haradango villagers...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200252/fetal-adrenal-gland-enlargement-prenatal-and-postnatal-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The enlargement of suprarenal gland is related to preterm birth and the birth weight. The ultrasound measurement of fetal adrenal gland volume may identify women at risk for impending preterm birth. The aim of our study was to investigate the newborns in the region of western Slovakia followed up due to suprarenal gland enlargement. To set the ratio of prenatally diagnosed suprarenal gland enlargment, postnatal managment and treatment and interventions. The newborns with congenital adrenal hyperplasia were excluded...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200251/misdiagnosing-of-malaria-as-rti-decreased-after-introduction-of-rdts-in-rural-areas-of-kenya
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation of malaria is highly variable and can be mistaken for number of other diseases, including respiratory tract diseases, which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, presumptive management of fever as malaria can result in significant overdiagnosis, even in high-risk areas. Quality microscopy services for the diagnosis of malaria are not widely available in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa as well as in substandard conditions of low-income settings and the accuracy of microscopy is usually poor...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200250/intraoperative-calcitonin-stimulation-testing-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-c-cell-disease
#5
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), derived from parafollicular C-cells, depends on the completeness of the initial surgical excision. The C-cells produce calcitonin, a peptide hormone used as a biochemical and immunohistochemical tumor marker. The aim of the study was to evaluate an individualized approach to patients with C-cell disease, i.e. MTC and C-cell hyperplasia (CCH), using the intraoperative calcitonin testing-assisted surgical strategy as a predictor of the final outcome...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200249/decision-and-cost-analysis-of-empirical-antibiotic-therapy-of-acute-sinusitis-in-the-era-of-increasing-antimicrobial-resistance-do-we-have-an-additional-tool-for-antibiotic-policy-decisions
#6
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: No previous analyses have attempted to determine optimal therapy for upper respiratory tract infections on the basis of cost-minimization models and the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among respiratory pathogens in Slovakia. This investigation compares macrolides and cephalosporines for empirical therapy and look at this new tool from the aspect of potential antibiotic policy decision-making process. METHODS: We employed a decision tree model to determine the threshold level of macrolides and cephalosporines resistance among community respiratory pathogens that would make cephalosporines or macrolides cost-minimising...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200248/detection-of-anti-infliximab-antibodies-in-slovak-ibd-patients-and-its-costs-saving-effect
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Management chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients is associated with diagnosis, targeted treatment and and individual approach. There is a group of patients which loss the response to the biologic treatment caused by insufficient levels of biologics or positive antibodies against these drugs. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of patients with positive antibodies against the biological treatment and the costs saving probabilities of the antibodies detection during the treatment...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200247/review-of-utilization-of-cardiovascular-medicines-by-daily-defined-dose-in-the-czech-republic-and-slovak-republic
#8
(no author information available yet)
To the Editor, Drug utilization is an important field of drug policy and an integral part of public health internationally. This area of research attracts increasing interest but the pioneering work was done 50 years ago when the first drug consumption report from six European countries for the period of 1966-1967 showed great differences in drug utilization between population groups (WHO, 1968). These results gave important stimulus for creation of Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification and technical unit of measurement called the Defined Daily Dose (DDD) which is specified as "the assumed average maintenance dose per day for a drug used for its main indication in adults" that dealt with the objections against traditional units of measurement in drug utilization studies (WHO, 2016)...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200246/edtorial
#9
(no author information available yet)
Editorial.
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106794/sexual-arousal-by-dominance-and-submission-in-relation-to-increased-reproductive-success-in-the-general-population
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Sexual arousal by dominance and submissiveness was long considered a mental disorder. The origin of this sexual preference has not been clearly explained. This study scrutinizes the hypothesis that sexual arousal by hierarchical disparity is a manifestation of mating strategy by comparing number of offspring and self-reported attractiveness of the study participants. METHODS: Our data were obtained from the general population via e-mail questionnaire (n=673, age 25-34 years and 35-44 years)...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106793/body-mass-index-and-plasma-leptin-in-psychiatric-suicide-attempters
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate body mass index (BMI) and its correlate plasma leptin levels that have been associated with psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour, in relation to clinical features in psychiatric patients after a suicide attempt. METHODS: BMI and plasma leptin were assessed in 198 patients (66 males, age range of 21 to 80 years) who were admitted to the hospital after a suicide attempt, 98 with major depressive disorder, 28 with bipolar disorder, 30 with psychosis, and 42 with personality or adjustment disorder, compared to data of 134 healthy subjects, and evaluated in relation to gender, diagnosis, mode of attempt, and pharmacological treatment before attempt...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106792/novel-insights-in-ultrasound-evaluation-of-thyroid-gland-in-children-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The coincidence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is ranging between 10 and 58% in the general population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present study retrospective ultrasound, clinical and autoimmune assessment of 24 patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma between 2000-2016 was performed. RESULTS: The coexistence of PTC and AIT was found in 50% of patients with PTC. Patients were divided into two groups...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106791/possibilities-of-objective-identification-of-meniscoids-in-joint-blocks-of-the-axial-system-by-mri-and-transfer-vibration-through-the-spine
#13
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the meniscoids of the cervical spine using in-vivo MRI imaging and to determine their potential role in the development of functional joint blocks of the axial system (AS). Another objective was to find out how the articular blocks affect the rheological properties of the spine by the Transfer Vibration through the Spine (TVS) method. METHOD: In this study were used methods TVS and MRI. The study was conducted on a research file of 12 subjects and was conceived as a pilot one...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106790/phytoestrogen-alpha-zearalanol-attenuate-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-to-against-cultured-rat-hippocampal-neurons-apoptotic-death-induced-by-amyloid-beta25-35
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Our previous studies demonstrated both phytoestrogen α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and estrogen is effective decrease Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like apoptotic neuron death, but α-ZAL showed significantly less side-effect on breast and endometrial tissue compared to estrogen, it suggested that α-ZAL can be used as a potential substitute for estrogen. However, the molecular mechanism by which α-ZAL prevents neuron damage remains unclear. Growing evidence suggests that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in the process of cell apoptosis in AD; in addition, our published data indicated that α-ZAL possessed the potential ability to stabilize ER function...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106789/depression-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is described as intermittent interruptions or reductions in airflow which are initiated by an incomplete or complete collapse of the upper airways despite respiratory effort. When left untreated, OSA is connected with comorbid conditions, such as cardiovascular and metabolic illnesses. METHOD: The PubMed database was used to examine papers published until April 2017 using the subsequent terms: "obstructive sleep apnea" or "obstructive sleep apnoea" and "depression" in successive combination with "CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)", "therapy", "pharmacotherapy", "psychotherapy", "cognitive behavioral therapy" or "quality of life"...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106788/early-onset-inguinal-hernia-as-risk-factor-for-schizophrenia-or-related-psychosis-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: In an earlier interview study, we found that more men with familial schizophrenia had undergone inguinal hernia operation, than men with sporadic schizophrenia. However, there are no other studies published specifically on inguinal hernia and schizophrenia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to carry out a Swedish register-based cohort study on the association between inguinal hernia and schizophrenia or related psychosis. METHODS: Data from the Total Population- and Medical Birth-Registers were used to create a cohort of all individuals born in Sweden 1987-1999 (n=1 406 168)...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106787/familial-pallister-hall-in-adulthood
#17
(no author information available yet)
Pallister Hall syndrome is autosomal dominant disorder usually diagnosed in infants and children. Current diagnostic criteria include presence of hypothalamic hamartoma, post axial polydactyly and positive family history, but the disease has variable manifestations. Herein we report Pallister Hall syndrome diagnosed in a family where both patients were adults. A 59 year old man developed seizures 4 years prior to our evaluation of him, at which time imaging showed a hypothalamic hamartoma. The seizures were controlled medically...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106786/iatrogenic-perforation-of-hypopharynx-as-a-cause-of-severe-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-a-case-report
#18
(no author information available yet)
The authors present a case report of severe descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) etiologically of unrecognized traumatic endotracheal intubation with hypopharynx-esophageal junction perforation. Patient was treated inadequately for seven days in local hospital what was the cause of sepsis progression into the septic shock with multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. Patient was transferred to specialized hospital and was immediately operated in general anaesthesia - combined transcervical approach and lateral thoracotomy was used for mediastinal drainage and debridement...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106785/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-three-different-mechanisms-of-dysnatremia-onset-after-a-child-s-craniopharyngioma-surgery
#19
(no author information available yet)
Craniopharyngioma, due to its sellar location, can be perioperatively complicated by different types of dysnatremia. We present a rare postoperative onset of a combination of three different mechanisms of dysnatremia with N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) and renal function parameters in a boy with a good outcome after craniopharyngioma surgery: 1/ Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) onset immediately after the operation, hypernatremia with peak serum sodium (SNa) 158 mmol/l) caused by free water polyuria (electrolyte-free water clearance, EWC 0...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106784/lucky-gene-5-httlpr-and-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) should be given more attention for its increasing incidences, severe complications and complex pathogenesis. Previous studies of PPD have mainly been focused on the social contributions to its etiology such as age, marriage and economic status, whilst less attention has been given to inner biological factors. Currently, emerging researches have endeavored to explore 5-HTT related pathogenesis of PPD. OBJECTIVE: This report was aimed at proffering updates on some research advancements in the field of PPD through the reviewing published papers concerning postpartum depression, with prime focus on the role of 5-HTT...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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