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Neuro Endocrinology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233961/the-impact-of-air-pollution-in-the-southern-bohemia-region-on-fetuses-and-newborns
#1
(no author information available yet)
Air pollution with increased concentrations of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (c-PAHs, represented by benzo[a]pyrene, B[a]P) affect fetal development, reduce birth weights (LBW) of newborns, and increases intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). The Southern Bohemia Region is believed to be one of the least air polluted regions in the Czech Republic. Monitoring air pollution in the city of České Budějovice from 2011-2015, PM2.5 (particulate matter <2.5 µm) decreased from 20.3 ± 14.5 µg/m3 to 14...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233960/selected-aspects-of-health-literacy-among-seniors
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to map the selected indicators of health literacy in the senior population via a qualitative survey that focused specifically on its relationship with autonomy in the context of health literacy among seniors. METHODS: A qualitative survey focused on the selected indicators of health literacy of seniors living in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic (R1-19). The snowball sampling method was intentionally selected. Completed interviews were transcribed and data was reduced, analyzed, and categorized...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233959/risk-management-in-inpatient-units-in-the-czech-republic-from-the-point-of-view-of-nurses-in-leadership-positions
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess specific features of risk management from the point of view of nurses in leadership positions in inpatient units in Czech hospitals. METHODS: The study was performed using a quantitative research strategy, i.e., a questionnaire. The data sample was analyzed using SPSS v. 23.0. Pearson's chi-square and analysis of adjusted residues were used for identifying the existence associations of nominal and/or ordinal quantities...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233958/retrospective-analysis-of-falls-in-selected-hospitals-of-the-czech-republic
#4
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals strive, over the long term, to reduce the incidence of falls of hospitalized patients. Falls are monitored, analyzed, and regularly evaluated and corrective and preventive actions are established based on the findings. To establish preventive actions, it is essential to determine the circumstances under which the patient fell and in what type of health care facility. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study consisted in retrospectively analyzing falls in selected hospitals of the South Bohemian Region in 2014 and 2015...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233957/participation-of-adult-patients-in-healthcare
#5
(no author information available yet)
In this study, the question of health literacy in adult patient population in the Czech Republic is explored in the context of healthcare, particularly in the South Bohemian Region. The study is based on the analysis of qualitative data which were collected during the first half of 2016. The study included 34 adult participants at the age range between 18 and 64 years. The study is focused on the involvement of adult patients in the process of decision making concerning the healthcare provided. The views of this sort of problems were recorded by the technique of semi-structured dialogues...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233956/opinions-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-measures-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-czech-republic
#6
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of deaths. Cardiovascular mortality is influenced by several factors that can be changed by our behaviour. The goal of this study was to survey the opinions of physicians and nurses on the topic of preventative cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: The inquiry was carried out using a standardized structured interviewer-respondent interview (face-to-face). The final form of the interview was based on the results of a pre-investigation...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233955/areas-of-health-education-of-physicians-and-nurses-in-care-for-cardiac-patients-from-the-perspective-of-citizens-of-the-czech-republic
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article was to assess the delivery of patient health-education, relative to cardiovascular disease from the perspective of physicians and nurses, as well as from the perspective of citizens living in the Czech Republic. METHODS: The article is based on data acquired from the "Intervention procedures in preventive cardiology" grant project. To evaluate patient health education, non-standardized questionnaires intended for physicians (n = 1000) and nurses (n = 1000) were used...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233954/approach-to-prevention-of-obesity-of-roma-population-in-the-region-of-south-bohemia-with-focus-on-selected-eating-behaviors
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To survey obesity prevention methods for use in the Roma population with a focus on eating behaviors. METHODS: A semi-structured interview was used to identify potentially useful obesity prevention methods. Basic anthropometric measurements were also gathered at the same time. This study was part of the "Obesity and overweight in the Roma minority in the Region of South Bohemia" research project (grant project 280-COST-LD14114). Participants consisted of members of the Roma minority (302 respondents) as well as the majority (Czech) population for comparisons...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231686/evaluation-of-the-amoxicillin-concentrations-in-amniotic-fluid-placenta-umbilical-cord-blood-and-maternal-serum-two-hours-after-intravenous-administration
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate amoxicillin concentrations in amniotic fluid, placenta, umbilical cord blood and maternal blood two hours after intravenous administration to assess obstetric and non-obstetric factors that could have influences on the penetration of the antibiotic into the examined tissues and to analyze the sensitivity to amoxicillin of the most common pathogens isolated from the genital tract. METHODS: A total of 35 full-term pregnant women who qualified for elective Caesarean delivery were included in the study...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171222/effect-of-long-term-cultivation-on-morphological-and-biological-characteristics-of-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Recently, it was demonstrated that human periodontal ligament stem cells have great potential for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine not limited to oro-maxillofacial region. They are easily accessible and they may be expanded under in vitro conditions. In this study we assessed the effect of long-term cultivation on the selected biological and morphological properties of human periodontal ligament stem cells. METHODS: Periodontal tissues were obtained from normal impacted third molars of healthy donors (n=5; aged 18-27 years), after obtaining informed consent...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171221/the-significance-of-electron-microscopic-examination-of-gingiva-in-cases-of-hunter-syndrome-and-hereditary-gingival-fibromatosis
#16
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Electron microscopy has been for decades a basic morphological method still used in diagnostic protocols of some pathological conditions affecting the ultrastructure of cells and extracellular matrix. The aim of this study was an ultrastructural description of gingiva of patients with Hunter syndrome and hereditary gingival fibromatosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Gingival biopsies were obtained during surgical periodontal treatment from a 9-year-old boy with Hunter disease (with enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant human idursulphase) and a 15-year-old girl with hereditary gingival fibromatosis...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171220/prevention-of-nitrosative-stress-by-a-nutritional-supplement-lavita%C3%A2-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-with-healthy-volunteers
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A common pathomechanism involved in many degenerative manifestations of non-communicable diseases is nitrosative stress, giving rise to a chronic insidious inflammation causing silent inflammation at a cellular level. The release of nitric oxide inhibits multiple enzyme reactions with reduced oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial ATP depletion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that enzyme-inhibition can be alleviated by micronutrient supply, and studied laboratory parameters associated with nitrosative stress (nitrotyrosine, mitochondrial activity) after a micronutrient supplementation (a multivitamin mineral and trace element formulation as verum: LaVita®) and a placebo in healthy volunteers (n=150) for six months...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857052/permanent-atrial-fibrillation-in-heart-failure-patients-as-another-condition-with-increased-reverse-triiodothyronine-concentration
#18
Maciej Jakowczuk, Dominika Zalas, Maciej Owecki
OBJECTIVE: To fully investigate the thyroid hormonal function in patients with the most common arrhythmia - atrial fibrillation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients (aged 55-85 yrs) with symptoms of congestive heart failure exacerbation and no other concomitant disorders (inclusion criteria: normal cardiac troponin T at admission and 12 hours after, normal renal, hepatic and respiratory function; exclusion criteria: inflammatory state, history of myocardial infarction)...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857051/elevation-of-the-acth-cortisol-ratio-in-female-opioid-dependent-patients-a-biomarker-of-aging-and-correlate-of-metabolic-and-immune-activation
#19
Albert Stuart Reece, Gary Kenneth Hulse
BACKGROUND: Whilst the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) Axis is a major stress axis, and is necessarily perturbed in opioid dependency, and stress is a major contributor to aging mechanisms, the HPA axis has not been studied in opioid dependency in an age-dependent manner. OBJECTIVE: Hypothesis - Differences in age dependent levels of HPA components. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of general medical and opioid dependent patients (ODP, GMP)...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857050/central-nervous-system-lymphoma-a-morphological-mri-study
#20
Eva Koubska, Jiri Weichet, Hana Malikova
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate morphological MRI findings in histologically-proven central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL) at time of their first appearance, and to describe dynamic changes on repeat MRI before the diagnosis was histologically proven. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the MRI examinations of 74 patients with histologically-proven CNSL (10 secondary CNSL, 64 primary PCNSL; 10 immunocompromised, 54 immunocompetent). In 43 patients, we evaluated the evolution of CNSL on MRI before the diagnosis was proven...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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