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Biotechnology Letters

Yan Zhang, Xia Meng, Cheng Li, Zhoulin Tan, Xinwei Guo, Zhiting Zhang, Tao Xi
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that miR-9 inhibits autophagy by down-regulating Beclin1 and thus enhances the sensitivity of A549 cells to cisplatin. RESULTS: MiR-9 inhibited Beclin1 expression by binding to its 3'UTR. The inhibition decreased the cisplatin-induced autophagy in A549 cells, evidenced by the decreased expression of LC3II and GFP-LC3 puncta and the increased expression of P62. Upregulation of miR-9 level enhanced the sensibility of A549 cells to cisplatin and increased the cisplatin-induced apoptosis...
March 23, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Wenyi Sun, Xiaobing Yang, Xueying Wang, Xinping Lin, Yanan Wang, Sufang Zhang, Yushi Luan, Zongbao K Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To target a carotenoid biosynthetic gene in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides by using the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (AMT) method. RESULTS: The RHTO_04602 locus of R. toruloides NP11, previously assigned to code the carotenoid biosynthetic gene CRTI, was amplified from genomic DNA and cloned into the binary plasmid pZPK-mcs, resulting in pZPK-CRT. A HYG-expression cassette was inserted into the CRTI sequence of pZPK-CRT by utilizing the restriction-free clone strategy...
March 23, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Yang Wang, Kai Zhang, Huijuan Su, Muhan Yang, Jing Ge, Guiyao Li, Jun Yi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Qing Guo, Long Jin, Hai-Ying Zhu, Xiao-Chen Li, Yu-Chen Zhang, Xiao-Xu Xing, Guang-Lei Zhang, Mei-Fu Xuan, Qi-Rong Luo, Zhao-Bo Luo, Jun-Xia Wang, Jin-Dan Kang, Xi-Jun Yin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of SU9516, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, on the induction of tetraploid blastocyst formation in porcine embryos by parthenogenetic activation. RESULTS: Karyotype analysis of blastocysts showed that in the SU9516-treatment group 56% were tetraploid, whereas in the cytochalasin B (CB) group 67% were diploid. The level of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in stimulated embryos treated with 10 µM SU9516 for 4 h was lower than in embryos treated with CB group (103 vs...
March 17, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Lucas Rodrigues Ramos, Edson Luiz Silva
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and cheese whey (CW) substrate concentration (15 and 25 g lactose l(-1)) on the performance of EGSB reactors (R15 and R25, respectively) for H2 production. RESULTS: A decrease in the HRT from 8 to 4 h favored the H2 yield and H2 production rate (HPR) in R15, with maximum values of 0.86 ± 0.11 mmol H2 g COD(-1) and 0.23 ± 0.024 l H2 h(-1) l(-1), respectively. H2 production in R25 was also favored at a HRT of 4 h, with maximum yield and HPR values of 0...
March 17, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Jiwei Mao, Quanli Liu, Xiaofei Song, Hesuiyuan Wang, Hui Feng, Haijin Xu, Mingqiang Qiao
OBJECTIVE: To identify new enzymatic bottlenecks of L-tyrosine pathway for further improving the production of L-tyrosine and its derivatives. RESULT: When ARO4 and ARO7 were deregulated by their feedback resistant derivatives in the host strains, the ARO2 and TYR1 genes, coding for chorismate synthase and prephenate dehydrogenase were further identified as new important rate-limiting steps. The yield of p-coumaric acid in the feedback-resistant strain overexpressing ARO2 or TYR1, was significantly increased from 6...
March 15, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Tingzhen Mu, Jixiang Zhao, Yueping Guan, Jiangnan Tian, Maohua Yang, Chen Guo, Jianmin Xing
OBJECTIVE: Thialkalivibrio versutus D301 cells were immobilized on Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized by an improved chemical coprecipitation method and modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), then the immobilized cells were used in sulfur oxidation. RESULTS: The prepared Fe3O4-APTES NPs had a narrow size distribution (10 ± 2 nm) and were superparamagnetic, with a saturation magnetization of 60.69 emu/g. Immobilized cells had a saturation magnetization of 34...
March 15, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Amir Akhgari, Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey, Heiko Rischer
Rhazya stricta Decne. (Apocynaceae) is an important medicinal plant that is widely distributed in the Middle East and Indian sub-continent. It produces a large number of terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs) some of which possess important pharmacological properties. However, the yields of these compounds are very low. Establishment of a reliable, reproducible and efficient transformation method and induction of hairy roots system is a vital prerequisite for application of biotechnology in order to improve secondary metabolite yields...
March 15, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Shuliang Gao, Yangyang Tong, Li Zhu, Mei Ge, Yu Jiang, Daijie Chen, Sheng Yang
OBJECTIVES: To obtain functional expression of a heterologous multifunctional carotene synthase containing phytoene synthase, phytoene dehydrogenase, and lycopene β-cyclase activities encoded by carS from Schizochytrium sp. in order to allow Yarrowia lipolytica to produce β-carotene. RESULTS: To increase the integration efficiency of a 3.8 kb carS under the control of P GPD promoter with a 2 kb selection marker, ura3, along with a geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGS1) expression cassette (~10 kb in total), was inserted into the Y...
March 13, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Ángel Domínguez, Elisa Muñoz, M Carmen López, Miguel Cordero, José Pedro Martínez, Miguel Viñas
The emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, multiple drug-resistance, and extremely drug-resistant strains demonstrates the need for improved strategies to discover new drug-based compounds. The development of transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics has provided new tools for global studies of living organisms. However, the compendium of expression profiles produced by these methods has introduced new scientific challenges into antimicrobial research. In this review, we discuss the practical value of transcriptomic techniques as well as their difficulties and pitfalls...
March 13, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Dagmara Głód
OBJECTIVE: To generate Candida antarctica lipase A (CAL-A) mutants with modified fatty acid selectivities and improved lipolytic activities using error-prone PCR (epPCR). RESULTS: A Candida antarctica lipase A mutant was obtained in three rounds of epPCR. This mutant showed a 14 times higher ability to hydrolyze triacylglycerols containing conjugated linoleic acids, and was 12 and 14 times more selective towards cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 isomers respectively, compared to native lipase...
March 9, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
C Kealey, C A Creaven, C D Murphy, C B Brady
New antibiotics are urgently required by human medicine as pathogens emerge with developed resistance to almost all antibiotic classes. Pioneering approaches, methodologies and technologies have facilitated a new era in antimicrobial discovery. Innovative culturing techniques such as iChip and co-culturing methods which use 'helper' strains to produce bioactive molecules have had notable success. Exploiting antibiotic resistance to identify antibacterial producers performed in tandem with diagnostic PCR based identification approaches has identified novel candidates...
March 8, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Huihui Xu, Yang Zhang, Xin Feng, Kunyuan Tie, Yuan Cao, Wenyu Han
OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterize a novel antimicrobial peptide, catesbeianin-1. RESULTS: Catesbeianin-1 is 25 amino acids long and is α-helical, cationic and amphipathic. It had antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It was resistant against trypsin and pepsin. Catesbeianin-1 exhibited moderate hemolytic activity (approx 8%) at 100 μg/ml, and its HC50 (50% hemolytic concentration) was 300 μg/ml. Its cytotoxicity was approx 10-20% at 100 μg/ml, and its CC50 (50% cytotoxic concentration) was >100 μg/ml...
March 3, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Fei Mao, Yunbing Wu, Xudong Tang, Juanjuan Wang, Zhaoji Pan, Peng Zhang, Bin Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Xu Zhang, Hui Qian, Wenrong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) in the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RESULTS: ICG-hucMSCs homed to colon tissues of IBD mice 12 h after injection. The injection of hucMSCs significantly relieved the IBD symptoms and inflammatory cell infiltration. The expression of IL-10 gene increased while those of 15-LOX-1, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IP-10 genes decreased in colon tissues and spleens of hucMSCs-treated mice...
March 3, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Qingdai Liu, Xiaoqian Ma, Haijiao Cheng, Ning Xu, Jun Liu, Yanhe Ma
OBJECTIVES: To improve the production of α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) from L-glutamate by whole-cell biocatalysis. RESULTS: A novel and highly active L-glutamate oxidase, SmlGOX, from Streptomyces mobaraensis was overexpressed and purified. The recombinant SmlGOX was approx. 64 kDa by SDS-PAGE. SmlGOX had a maximal activity of 125 ± 2.7 U mg(-1) at pH 6.0, 35 (o)C. The apparent Km and Vmax values of SmlGOX were 9.3 ± 0.5 mM and 159 ± 3 U mg(-1), respectively...
March 1, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Kai Zhang, Huijuan Su, Muhan Yang, Jing Ge, Guiyao Li, Jun Yi, Yang Wang
OBJECTIVES: To establish a positive cloning system with a zero background for high-throughput DNA cloning purpose. RESULTS: The cloning vector, pRI857, and the genomic-library construction vector, pRI857-BAC, were constructed based on the mechanism of expression of the thermo-sensitive cI857 repressor gene that can stringently repress the PR promoter and kanamycin resistance gene (PR-kan (R) ) at 30 °C, but have no effect on PR-kan (R) gene at 37 °C or at higher temperatures...
March 1, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Junhong Wei, Jinjin Tian, Guoqing Pan, Jie Xie, Jialing Bao, Zeyang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable and easy to use expression system for antibiotic production improvement of Streptomyces. RESULTS: A two-compound T7 RNA polymerase-dependent gene expression system was developed to fulfill this demand. In this system, the T7 RNA polymerase coding sequence was optimized based on the codon usage of Streptomyces coelicolor. To evaluate the functionality of this system, we constructed an activator gene overexpression strain for enhancement of actinorhodin production...
February 28, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Malihe Keramati, Mohammad Mehdi Aslani, Shohreh Khatami, Farzin Roohvand
OBJECTIVE: To gain insights on the degree of heterogeneity and kinetic differences of streptokinase (SK) from group G (SKG) Streptococci compared with standard SK from group C (SKC) and identification of potentially contributing critical residues (hotspots). RESULTS: DNA and sequencing analyses confirmed the proper construction of all SK encoding vectors (two SKGs and one standard SKC). SDS-PAGE and western blot analyses confirmed the expression and proper purification of the recombinant SKs from E...
February 28, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Xin-An Luo, Yuan-Min Zhu, Ting-Ting Liu, Xiao-Peng Wang, Peng-Peng Zhou, Zhen-Dong Bao, Long-Jiang Yu
OBJECTIVES: To clone and express a diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) gene from Mortierella alpina in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and characterize oil production and fatty acid composition of the resulting recombinant RESULTS: A new, full-length cDNA, putatively encoding a DGAT, was cloned from M. alpina. We subsequently cloned the gene, except the transmembrane-encoding region, termed MaDGAT, its molecular mass was 31.3 kDa. MaDGAT shares 75% identity with a DGAT from Mortierella verticillata NRRL 6337...
February 28, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Hai-Ying Zhu, Long Jin, Qing Guo, Zhao-Bo Luo, Xiao-Chen Li, Yu-Chen Zhang, Xiao-Xu Xing, Mei-Fu Xuan, Guang-Lei Zhang, Qi-Rong Luo, Jun-Xia Wang, Cheng-Du Cui, Wen-Xue Li, Zheng-Yun Cui, Xi-Jun Yin, Jin-Dan Kang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the small molecule, RepSox, on the expression of developmentally important genes and the pre-implantation development of rhesus monkey-pig interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) embryos. RESULTS: Rhesus monkey cells expressing the monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 which have a normal (42) chromosome complement, were used as donor cells to generate iSCNT embryos. RepSox increased the expression levels of the pluripotency-related genes, Oct4 and Nanog (p < 0...
February 28, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
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