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Infant Mental Health Journal

Cynthia A Frosch, Zubeda Varwani, Julia Mitchell, Celia Caraccioli, Matthew Willoughby
Despite widespread recognition of the importance of reflective practice in the field of infant mental health, little quantitative research exists regarding the impact of reflective supervision on professionals' self-efficacy, job satisfaction, and work-related stress. Thirty-three early childhood interventionists received approximately 9 months of reflective supervision and completed pre- and post-assessments of their job-related stress and self-efficacy using a modified version of the Reflective Supervision Self-Efficacy Scales for Supervisees (S...
July 3, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Tanika Eaves Simpson, Joann L Robinson, Edna Brown
Infant mental health practice requires the performance of intense emotional labor. Professionals comprising the infant mental health (IMH) field are largely women at seminal points in adult life-span development. The purpose of this article is to explore the day-to-day challenges faced by clinical infant mental health professionals and their perspectives on the supports available for effective job performance. We review reflective supervision as a long-cherished professional support in the IMH field designed to hold the practitioner's fears, worries, and ambivalence, so that she may return to the work fortified to remain in therapeutic alliance with families despite unsolvable problems and an unknowable future (Weatherston, D...
July 3, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Victoria K Aldridge, Terence M Dovey, Nicole El Hawi, Antonie Martiniuc, Clarissa I Martin, Caroline Meyer
Despite widespread use of behavioral observations to evaluate child feeding behaviors in research and clinical practice, few studies have comprehensively characterized mealtimes or identified features that differentiate children with and without disordered feeding; these were the aims of the current study. Mealtime observations were conducted for 18 children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and 21 typically developing children. Observations were coded inductively, and associations between disorder and observed mealtime actions were examined...
June 28, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Brandi N Hawk, Robert B Mccall, Christina J Groark, Rifkat J Muhamedrahimov, Oleg I Palmov, Natalia V Nikiforova
The current study addressed whether two institution-wide interventions in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, that increased caregiver sensitivity (Training Only: TO) or both caregiver sensitivity and consistency (Training plus Structural Changes: T+SC) promoted better socioemotional and cognitive development than did a No Intervention (NoI) institution during the first year of life for children who were placed soon after birth. It also assessed whether having spent less than 9 versus 9 to 36 months with a family prior to institutionalization was related to children's subsequent socioemotional and cognitive development within these three institutions...
June 28, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jennifer Ericksen, Elizabeth Loughlin, Charlene Holt, Natalie Rose, Eliza Hartley, Melissa Buultjens, Alan W Gemmill, Jeannette Milgrom
Symptoms of depression negatively impact on mother-infant relationships and child outcomes. We evaluated a novel, 10-session mother-infant therapeutic playgroup-Community HUGS (CHUGS)-which combines cognitive and experiential components through psychoeducation, play, music, and movement. Participants were mothers experiencing a range of postnatal mental health difficulties, including depression, with infants ≤12 months of age. However, the aim was not to treat maternal depression but to ameliorate associated problems in the mother-infant interaction...
June 28, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Katherine Bain, Tessa Baradon
This article is part of a project investigating the interfacing of clinically and research-generated knowledge in the field of infant mental health (IMH) with local cultural models of child care and development. The article explores the experiences and challenges reported by psychology-trained supervisors in supervision with local, lay, trained home visitors. Supervisors and supervisees were drawn from two early intervention programs which apply relational IMH mental health models in socioeconomically deprived townships in South Africa...
June 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Rachel Tupper, Jean-François Bureau, Diane St-Laurent
Research has suggested that military spouses experience increased depressive symptoms and parenting stress during a military member's deployment. A relationship between maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and child attachment security has been found in the general population, as has an indication that social support may provide a buffering effect. While there appears to be an association between the emotional well-being of military spouses and child emotional well-being during deployment, data are limited regarding the association between maternal emotional well-being and child attachment security...
June 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Youngjo Im, Tyler J Vanderweele
Drawing on economic models of child development and attachment relationship perspectives, this study examined the effect of maternal employment in the first year after childbirth on subsequent behavioral and cognitive development in low-income children. Analyses of data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (N = 411) revealed that despite the accompanying family income gains, maternal employment in the first year after childbirth adversely affected caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems of Hispanic, Black, and White children at ages 3 and 5 years...
June 15, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick, Aaron Murnan
This article tested a model of parenting stress as a mediator between maternal depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, and child behavior problems using a sample of homeless, substance-abusing mothers. Participants were 119 homeless mothers (ages 18-24 years) and their young children (ages 0-6 years). Mothers responded to questions about their depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, parenting stress, and child behavior problems. A path analysis showed that maternal depressive symptoms were positively associated with child behavior problems through increased parenting stress whereas maternal cognitive reappraisal was negatively associated with child behavior problems through decreased parenting stress...
June 14, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Allison Barlow, Judy A McDaniel, Farha Marfani, Anne Lowe, Cassie Keplinger, Moushumi Beltangady, Novalene Goklish
Early childhood home-visiting has been shown to yield the greatest impact for the lowest income, highest disparity families. Yet, poor communities generally experience fractured systems of care, a paucity of providers, and limited resources to deliver intensive home-visiting models to families who stand to benefit most. This article explores lessons emerging from the recent Tribal Maternal and Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) legislation supporting delivery of home-visiting interventions in low-income, hard-to-reach American Indian and Alaska Native communities...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Aleta Meyer, Erin Geary, Debra Heath, Vanessa Hiratsuka, Melina Salvador, Jenae Sanchez, Nancy Whitesell
The research that underlies evidence-based practices is often based on relatively homogenous study samples, thus limiting our ability to understand how the study findings apply in new situations as well as our understanding of what might need to be adapted. In a preliminary effort to address those gaps, the requirements for the Tribal Maternal Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) included the expectation that grantees design and implement rigorous evaluations to address local priorities and to help build the knowledge base regarding the use of evidence-based home-visiting programs in tribal communities...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Myra E Parker, Jenae Sanchez, Rebecca Riley, Debra Heath, Julianna C Chomo, Moushumi Beltangady, Michelle Sarche
The Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (Tribal MIECHV) Program provides federal grants to tribes, tribal consortia, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations to implement evidence-based home-visiting services for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) families. To date, only one evidence-based home-visiting program has been developed for use in AI/AN communities. The purpose of this article is to describe the steps that four Tribal MIECHV Programs took to assess community needs, select a home-visiting model, and culturally adapt the model for use in AI/AN communities...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
M Rebecca Kilburn, Kate Lyon, Cyndi Anderson, Pamela Gutman, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell
Drawing on previous studies and the collective experience of conducting rigorous evaluations as part of the Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting grants, we outline methodological considerations that will inform future research in tribal communities, particularly in the area of home visiting. The methodological issues we discuss are study design choices, measurement and data collection, and including community members in all aspects of the research.
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Douglas Novins, Aleta Meyer, Moushumi Beltangady
Home-visiting programs have become a key component of evidence-based services for pregnant women, new mothers, their infants, and their families. When Congress authorized the Maternal Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) in 2010, it set aside 3% of the $1.5 billion in funding to support home-visiting programs operated by tribes, Tribal MIECHV programs have been funded in 14 states and have served over 3,100 families, providing nearly 55,000 home visits to families at risk for poor child, maternal, and family outcomes...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Catherine C Ayoub, Erin Geary, Rucha Londhe, Vanessa Hiratsuka, Erica Roberts
The goal of this current descriptive study was to examine the roles and relationships of evaluators with the tribal communities in which they work. First, we describe a participatory community research model with a strong capacity-building component as the standard for assessing successful working partnerships between evaluators, programs, tribes, and tribal organizations. This model serves as a yardstick against which we examine the success and challenges of program-evaluation partnerships. Second, we report on a survey of tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting program leaders and outline their impressions of successes and challenges related to program-evaluation partnerships...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Marc Bolan, Julianna C Chomos, Debra Heath, Jon Miles, Melina Salvador, Corrie Whitmore, Allison Barlow
In this article, Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees share strategies they have developed and adopted to address the most common barriers to effective measurement (and thus to effective evaluation) encountered in the course of implementation and evaluation of their home-visiting programs. We identify key challenges in measuring outcomes in Tribal MIECHV Programs and provide practical examples of various strategies used to address these challenges within diverse American Indian and Alaska Native cultural and contextual settings...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Julie R Morales, Cathy Ferron, Corrie Whitmore, Nancy Reifel, Erin Geary, Cyndi Anderson, Judy Mcdaniel
Over the last several decades, performance measurement has become an increasingly prevalent requirement among human services agencies for demonstrating program progress and achieving outcomes. In the Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (Tribal MIECHV), performance measurement was one of the central components of the Administration for Children and Families' cooperative agreements to tribes, urban Indian organizations, and tribal organizations. Since the inception of the Tribal MIECHV Program in 2010, the benchmark requirement was intended to be a mechanism to systematically monitor program progress and performance toward improving the quality of home-visiting programs that serve vulnerable American Indian or Alaska Native families...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Julianna C Chomos, William P Evans, Marc Bolan, Lindsay Merritt, Aleta Meyer, Douglas K Novins
Single-case designs are typically used in classroom and clinical settings to assess the behavioral impacts of an intervention with an individual child. Using two illustrative case studies, this article describes the extension of this model to home-visitation programs serving tribal communities and examines the lessons learned throughout the process of adapting this approach. Our experience suggests that the benefits of using this design outweigh the associated challenges and allows researchers to expand the use of single-case designs to previously unexplored settings...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Douglas K Novins, Cathy Ferron, Lisa Abramson, Allison Barlow
Given the high rates for substance use among women and men of childbearing age, perinatal and early childhood home-visiting programs serving tribal communities must consider how they will address substance-use problems among the families they support. In this study, we explored the approaches to identifying and addressing family-based substance-use problems that were implemented by nine home-visiting programs serving American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities that are funded through the federal Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (Tribal MIECHV)...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
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