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Infant Mental Health Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236357/psychometric-properties-of-the-alabama-parenting-questionnaire-adapted-to-families-of-chilean-preschoolers
#1
Félix Cova, Claudio Bustos, Paulina Rincón, David L Streiner, Pamela Grandón, Sandra Saldivia, Carolina Inostroza, Gisela Contreras
The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) is a well-known tool to assess empirically identified aspects of positive and negative parenting practices. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the APQ for its use with parents of children between 2 and 6 years of age in Chile. The participants were 557 parents of children aged 2 to 6 years. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that the best fit was obtained by a four-factor model (positive reinforcement, parental involvement, inconsistency of disciplinary practices, and punitive practices)...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236329/unpacking-the-burden-of-care-for-infants-in-the-nicu
#2
Amy L D'Agata, Marilyn R Sanders, Damion J Grasso, Erin E Young, Xiaomei Cong, Jacqueline M Mcgrath
Infants who begin early life in the medicalized environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience disruption to numerous fundamental expectancies. In the NICU, infants are exposed to chronic, extreme stressors that include painful medical procedures and parental separation. Due to their preverbal stage of development, infants are unable to fully express these experiences, and linking these experiences to long-term outcomes has been difficult. This clinical article proposes the terminology Infant Medical Trauma in the NICU (IMTN) to describe the infant experience...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236319/history-of-childhood-abuse-and-mother-infant-interaction-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#3
Kyla Vaillancourt, Susan Pawlby, R M Pasco Fearon
Literature that has examined maternal self-reported history of abuse and an observational assessment of infant-mother interaction were reviewed. Electronic databases were searched, and studies that met predefined criteria were included. Fourteen (12 independent samples) studies were included and assessed for quality using the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool (National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools, ). Ten of the 14 studies found a direct or an indirect relationship between self-reported abuse and observed caregiving...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236315/impact-of-a-support-group-for-the-caregivers-at-an-orphanage-in-turkey
#4
Zeynep Çatay, Dilşad Koloğlugil
This study examined the effectiveness of a 20-session training and supervision support group for caregivers working at an orphanage in Istanbul. The support group's goals were to promote sensitive and responsive caregiving in an institutional setting, to decrease the stress level of the caregivers, and to increase the quality of the relationship between caregivers and children. Thirty-six children (15-37 months) and 24 caregivers participated in this study. Comparison of the pre- and posttest measures of the caregiver intervention and control groups indicated that the intervention yielded successful outcomes...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236309/best-practice-in-individual-supervision-of-psychologists-working-in-the-french-capedp-preventive-perinatal-home-visiting-program-results-of-a-delphi-consensus-process
#5
Tim Greacen, Bertrand Welniarz, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Jaqueline Wendland, Romain Dugravier, Thomas Saïas, Susana Tereno, Florence Tubach, Alain Haddad, Antoine Guedeney
Individual supervision of home-visiting professionals has proved to be a key element for perinatal home-visiting programs. Although studies have been published concerning quality criteria for supervision in North American contexts, little is known about this subject in other national settings. In the context of the CAPEDP program (Compétences parentales et Attachement dans la Petite Enfance: Diminution des risques liés aux troubles de santé mentale et Promotion de la résilience; Parental Skills and Attachment in Early Childhood: Reducing Mental Health Risks and Promoting Resilience), the first randomized controlled perinatal mental health promotion research program to take place in France, this article describes the results of a study using the Delphi consensus method to identify the program supervisors' points of view concerning best practice for the individual supervision of home visitors involved in such programs...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199031/adapting-a-parent-completed-socioemotional-questionnaire-in-china-the-ages-stages-questionnaires-social-emotional
#6
Xiaoyan Bian, Huichao Xie, Jane Squires, Chieh-Yu Chen
The Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE; Squires, Bricker, & Twombly, 2002a), developed in the United States, was translated and adapted for use in China. Lack of valid and reliable instruments for identifying social and emotional delays in young children is a worldwide issue. Professionals in China have recently focused efforts on developing methods for early identification of social, emotional, and behavioral issues in the birth-to-5 population. Following the guidelines of the International Test Commission, the ASQ:SE was translated into Simplified Chinese (ASQ:SE-C) to collect a normative sample of 2,528 children across China...
February 15, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199026/secure-base-script-content-explains-the-association-between-attachment-avoidance-and-emotion-related-constructs-in-parents-of-young-children
#7
Jessica L Borelli, Margaret L Burkhart, Hannah F Rasmussen, Robin Brody, David A Sbarra
The secure base script (SBS) framework is one method of assessing implicit internal working models of attachment; recently, researchers have applied this method to analyze narratives regarding relationship experiences. This study examines the associations between attachment avoidance and SBS content when parents recall a positive moment of connection between themselves and their children (relational savoring) as well as their association with parental emotion and reflective functioning (RF). Using a sample of parents (N = 155, 92% female) of young children (53% boys, Mage = 12...
February 15, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182282/antenatal-determinants-of-parental-attachment-and-parenting-alliance-how-do-mothers-and-fathers-differ
#8
Rita Luz, Astrid George, Rachel Vieux, Elisabeth Spitz
Parental (parent-to-infant) attachment and parenting alliance are defined as two important components of psychoaffective adjustment to the parental role. This study aimed to build a predictive model of parental attachment and parenting alliance for mothers and fathers using partial least squares-structural equation modeling. Specifically, we were interested in assessing how adult romantic attachment, marital quality, and psychological distress influenced parental attachment (parent-to-infant) and parenting alliance...
February 9, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045192/public-policy-child-development-research-and-boys-at-risk-challenging-enduring-and-necessary-partnership
#9
Marvin Mckinney, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Donna-Marie Winn, Patrick Babcock
Research findings documenting the issues and challenges of boys prebirth through age 5 years have barely penetrated the arena of public policy making nor has it permeated the public agenda of politicians, government, or other funding stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to articulate pathways for researchers to enter into the policy-making process. We review critical issues related to implementing the process of public policy. We argue that the policy process needs to be informed by more dynamic theoretical models of human development, and that researchers and clinicians need to be exposed more deeply to the processes required to inform and subsequently change public policy...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042663/all-our-sons-the-developmental-neurobiology-and-neuroendocrinology-of-boys-at-risk
#10
Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042661/associations-between-early-maternal-depressive-symptom-trajectories-and-toddlers-felt-security-at-18-months-are-boys-and-girls-at-differential-risk
#11
Marjorie Beeghly, Ty Partridge, Ed Tronick, Maria Muzik, Mahya Rahimian Mashhadi, Jordan L Boeve, Jessica L Irwin
The goal of this study was to evaluate whether there are sex differences in children's vulnerability to caregiving risk, as indexed by trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms assessed from 2 to 18 months' postpartum, and children's rated attachment security in toddlerhood, adjusting for maternal social support and demographic risk. Analyses utilized longitudinal data collected for 182 African American mother-child dyads from economically diverse backgrounds. Participants were recruited at the time of the child's birth and followed to 18 months' postpartum...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026043/the-early-home-environment-of-latino-boys-and-their-peers-a-developmental-perspective
#12
Natasha J Cabrera, Jenessa L Malin, Catherine Kuhns, Jerry West
Using a sample (N = 5,200) drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we examined Latino boys' developmental profiles and their early home experiences from 9 months to kindergarten entry in comparison to their peers-Latina girls and White boys. We also examined how children's early home experiences related to outcomes at kindergarten entry and whether these varied by gender and ethnicity. Controlling for socioeconomic indicators, the largest mean group differences were between Latino and White boys, beginning at 24 months and persisting at kindergarten entry...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026042/early-childhood-predictors-of-low-income-boys-pathways-to-antisocial-behavior-in-childhood-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#13
Daniel S Shaw, Mary Gilliam
Guided by a bridging model of pathways leading to low-income boys' early starting and persistent trajectories of antisocial behavior, the current article reviews evidence supporting the model from early childhood through early adulthood. Using primarily a cohort of 310 low-income boys of families recruited from Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Supplement centers in a large metropolitan area followed from infancy to early adulthood and a smaller cohort of boys and girls followed through early childhood, we provide evidence supporting the critical role of parenting, maternal depression, and other proximal family risk factors in early childhood that are prospectively linked to trajectories of parent-reported conduct problems in early and middle childhood, youth-reported antisocial behavior during adolescence and early adulthood, and court-reported violent offending in adolescence...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004407/reflecting-on-the-practice-of-infant-mental-health-and-the-reduction-of-risk-in-infancy-and-early-parenthood-an-essay
#14
Deborah J Weatherston
This essay discusses infant mental health (IMH) as well as its origins and relational framework. The author then reflects, professionally and personally, on the meaning of psychological vulnerability of boys under 5 years of age, the importance of early caregiving relationships to the reduction of risk, and implications for education and training in the IMH field.
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004406/development-and-socialization-of-physical-aggression-in-very-young-boys
#15
Carolyn Joy Dayton, Johanna C Malone
The expression of physical aggression is normative in early child development; it peaks in the second year of life, with steep declines for most children by the third and fourth years as children learn alternatives to aggression. Some children, however, fail to demonstrate declines in aggressive acts, and many of these are boys. The current review uses a dynamic systems (DS) approach to identify early individual and contextual factors that may dynamically influence trajectories of aggression as a characteristic way of engaging within communities and relationships...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997031/predictors-of-infant-and-toddler-black-boys-early-learning-seizing-opportunities-and-minimizing-risks
#16
Iheoma U Iruka
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) data set (U.S. Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2001), this study examined child, family, and community factors in the early years (infant and toddler years) to predict the cognitive and language outcomes for preschool-age Black boys in relation to Black girls and White boys. Findings indicate that Black children face many challenges, with Black boys experiencing less sensitive parenting as compared to their peers...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976816/boys-early-risk-factors-for-alcohol-problems-and-the-development-of-the-self-an-interconnected-matrix
#17
Leon I Puttler, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Mary M Heitzeg, Robert A Zucker
Alcohol-use disorders are a major public health issue worldwide. Although drinking and problematic alcohol use usually begins during adolescence, developmental origins of the disorder can be traced back to infancy and early childhood. Identification of early risk factors is essential to understanding developmental origins. Using data from the Michigan Longitudinal Study, an ongoing, prospective, high-risk family study, this article summarizes findings of family context and functioning of both children and parents...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966785/american-indian-and-alaska-native-boys-early-childhood-risk-and-resilience-amidst-context-and-culture
#18
Michelle Sarche, Greg Tafoya, Calvin D Croy, Kyle Hill
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescent and adult men experience a range of health disparities relative to their non-AIAN counterparts and AIAN women. Given the relatively limited literature on early development in tribal contexts, however, indicators of risk during early childhood specific to AIAN boys are not well-known. The current article reviews sources of strength and challenge within AIAN communities for AIAN children in general, including cultural beliefs and practices that support development, and contextual challenges related to socioeconomic and health disparities and historical trauma affecting the AIAN population as a whole...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959473/psychology-of-boys-at-risk-indicators-from-0-5
#19
Paul Golding, Hiram E Fitzgerald
In utero and during the first 5 years of life, boys face unique risks as a result of neurobiological and environmental factors. This introductory article to the Special Issue describes the background of this gender-specific inquiry and outlines some of those risks, drawing attention to the areas that will be covered in depth in the following contributions. We also describe the basis of this inquiry as the link between early life and the subsequent difficulties that adolescent boys and many young men face, and pay particular attention to the circumstances of young men of color and to the growing knowledge about the contributions of fathers to boys' development...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870193/reflection-in-home-visiting-the-what-why-and-a-beginning-step-toward-how
#20
Angela M Tomlin, Elesia Hines, Lynne Sturm
The work of home visitors in early childhood fields may include addressing many challenges to achieving curricular outcomes, including issues such as maintaining boundaries and managing one's own reactions to children, parents, and overall family situations. Increasingly, reflective supervision and consultation are recognized as a way for workers in home-visiting early intervention and early care fields to address these personal and professional challenges and build competence (Watson, Gatti, Cox, Harrison, & Hennes, )...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
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