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Infant Mental Health Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045192/public-policy-child-development-research-and-boys-at-risk-challenging-enduring-and-necessary-partnership
#1
Marvin Mckinney, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Donna-Marie Winn, Patrick Babcock
Research findings documenting the issues and challenges of boys prebirth through age 5 years have barely penetrated the arena of public policy making nor has it permeated the public agenda of politicians, government, or other funding stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to articulate pathways for researchers to enter into the policy-making process. We review critical issues related to implementing the process of public policy. We argue that the policy process needs to be informed by more dynamic theoretical models of human development, and that researchers and clinicians need to be exposed more deeply to the processes required to inform and subsequently change public policy...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042663/all-our-sons-the-developmental-neurobiology-and-neuroendocrinology-of-boys-at-risk
#2
Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042661/associations-between-early-maternal-depressive-symptom-trajectories-and-toddlers-felt-security-at-18-months-are-boys-and-girls-at-differential-risk
#3
Marjorie Beeghly, Ty Partridge, Ed Tronick, Maria Muzik, Mahya Rahimian Mashhadi, Jordan L Boeve, Jessica L Irwin
The goal of this study was to evaluate whether there are sex differences in children's vulnerability to caregiving risk, as indexed by trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms assessed from 2 to 18 months' postpartum, and children's rated attachment security in toddlerhood, adjusting for maternal social support and demographic risk. Analyses utilized longitudinal data collected for 182 African American mother-child dyads from economically diverse backgrounds. Participants were recruited at the time of the child's birth and followed to 18 months' postpartum...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026043/the-early-home-environment-of-latino-boys-and-their-peers-a-developmental-perspective
#4
Natasha J Cabrera, Jenessa L Malin, Catherine Kuhns, Jerry West
Using a sample (N = 5,200) drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we examined Latino boys' developmental profiles and their early home experiences from 9 months to kindergarten entry in comparison to their peers-Latina girls and White boys. We also examined how children's early home experiences related to outcomes at kindergarten entry and whether these varied by gender and ethnicity. Controlling for socioeconomic indicators, the largest mean group differences were between Latino and White boys, beginning at 24 months and persisting at kindergarten entry...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026042/early-childhood-predictors-of-low-income-boys-pathways-to-antisocial-behavior-in-childhood-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#5
Daniel S Shaw, Mary Gilliam
Guided by a bridging model of pathways leading to low-income boys' early starting and persistent trajectories of antisocial behavior, the current article reviews evidence supporting the model from early childhood through early adulthood. Using primarily a cohort of 310 low-income boys of families recruited from Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Supplement centers in a large metropolitan area followed from infancy to early adulthood and a smaller cohort of boys and girls followed through early childhood, we provide evidence supporting the critical role of parenting, maternal depression, and other proximal family risk factors in early childhood that are prospectively linked to trajectories of parent-reported conduct problems in early and middle childhood, youth-reported antisocial behavior during adolescence and early adulthood, and court-reported violent offending in adolescence...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004407/reflecting-on-the-practice-of-infant-mental-health-and-the-reduction-of-risk-in-infancy-and-early-parenthood-an-essay
#6
Deborah J Weatherston
This essay discusses infant mental health (IMH) as well as its origins and relational framework. The author then reflects, professionally and personally, on the meaning of psychological vulnerability of boys under 5 years of age, the importance of early caregiving relationships to the reduction of risk, and implications for education and training in the IMH field.
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004406/development-and-socialization-of-physical-aggression-in-very-young-boys
#7
Carolyn Joy Dayton, Johanna C Malone
The expression of physical aggression is normative in early child development; it peaks in the second year of life, with steep declines for most children by the third and fourth years as children learn alternatives to aggression. Some children, however, fail to demonstrate declines in aggressive acts, and many of these are boys. The current review uses a dynamic systems (DS) approach to identify early individual and contextual factors that may dynamically influence trajectories of aggression as a characteristic way of engaging within communities and relationships...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997031/predictors-of-infant-and-toddler-black-boys-early-learning-seizing-opportunities-and-minimizing-risks
#8
Iheoma U Iruka
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) data set (U.S. Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2001), this study examined child, family, and community factors in the early years (infant and toddler years) to predict the cognitive and language outcomes for preschool-age Black boys in relation to Black girls and White boys. Findings indicate that Black children face many challenges, with Black boys experiencing less sensitive parenting as compared to their peers...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976816/boys-early-risk-factors-for-alcohol-problems-and-the-development-of-the-self-an-interconnected-matrix
#9
Leon I Puttler, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Mary M Heitzeg, Robert A Zucker
Alcohol-use disorders are a major public health issue worldwide. Although drinking and problematic alcohol use usually begins during adolescence, developmental origins of the disorder can be traced back to infancy and early childhood. Identification of early risk factors is essential to understanding developmental origins. Using data from the Michigan Longitudinal Study, an ongoing, prospective, high-risk family study, this article summarizes findings of family context and functioning of both children and parents...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966785/american-indian-and-alaska-native-boys-early-childhood-risk-and-resilience-amidst-context-and-culture
#10
Michelle Sarche, Greg Tafoya, Calvin D Croy, Kyle Hill
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescent and adult men experience a range of health disparities relative to their non-AIAN counterparts and AIAN women. Given the relatively limited literature on early development in tribal contexts, however, indicators of risk during early childhood specific to AIAN boys are not well-known. The current article reviews sources of strength and challenge within AIAN communities for AIAN children in general, including cultural beliefs and practices that support development, and contextual challenges related to socioeconomic and health disparities and historical trauma affecting the AIAN population as a whole...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959473/psychology-of-boys-at-risk-indicators-from-0-5
#11
Paul Golding, Hiram E Fitzgerald
In utero and during the first 5 years of life, boys face unique risks as a result of neurobiological and environmental factors. This introductory article to the Special Issue describes the background of this gender-specific inquiry and outlines some of those risks, drawing attention to the areas that will be covered in depth in the following contributions. We also describe the basis of this inquiry as the link between early life and the subsequent difficulties that adolescent boys and many young men face, and pay particular attention to the circumstances of young men of color and to the growing knowledge about the contributions of fathers to boys' development...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870193/reflection-in-home-visiting-the-what-why-and-a-beginning-step-toward-how
#12
Angela M Tomlin, Elesia Hines, Lynne Sturm
The work of home visitors in early childhood fields may include addressing many challenges to achieving curricular outcomes, including issues such as maintaining boundaries and managing one's own reactions to children, parents, and overall family situations. Increasingly, reflective supervision and consultation are recognized as a way for workers in home-visiting early intervention and early care fields to address these personal and professional challenges and build competence (Watson, Gatti, Cox, Harrison, & Hennes, )...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870192/-effective-volunteerism-helping-child-caregivers-in-developing-countries
#13
Alexandra Murray Harrison
This article proposes a method of volunteering mental health consultation to child caregivers in developing countries in the context of episodic visits and a long-term relationship. It is derived from the author's experience doing this work for approximately 12 years. The two foundational features of the method-the role of a consultant and a long-term relationship-are described. The method is then elaborated in two settings: consultation to caregivers in an orphanage in Central America and at a hospital in India...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870191/a-community-mental-health-professional-development-model-for-the-expansion-of-reflective-practice-and-supervision-evaluation-of-a-pilot-training-series-for-infant-mental-health-professionals
#14
Sarah E Shea, Sheryl Goldberg, Deborah J Weatherston
The Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health identified a need for reflective supervision training for infant mental health (IMH) specialists providing home-based services to highly vulnerable infants and their families. Findings indicate that this pilot of an IMH community mental health professional development model was successful, as measured by the participants' increased capacity to apply reflective practice and supervisory knowledge and skills. Furthermore, IMH clinicians demonstrated an increase in the frequency of their use of reflective practice skills, and their supervisors demonstrated an increase in their sense of self-efficacy regarding reflective supervisory tasks...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786366/building-capacity-in-reflective-practice-a-tiered-model-of-statewide-supports-for-local-home-visiting-programs
#15
Christopher L Watson, Ann E Bailey, Karen J Storm
This preliminary study examines an initiative to further develop capacity in reflective practice among public health home visitors and their supervisors. A Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Expansion Grant to the Minnesota Department of Health funded the development of a tiered structure to support reflective practice within county public health agencies throughout the state. Study data revealed a general consensus among individuals at all levels of the county programs that state supports were adequate to implement reflective practice...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786363/introduction
#16
Deborah J Weatherston, Joy D Osofsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783883/reflective-practice-in-infant-mental-health-a-south-african-perspective
#17
Astrid Berg
Reflective practice forms a pivotal part of mental health intervention in a setting where language and cultural differences require working together with a community counselor for language interpretation. Reflective practice in infant mental health began with Esther Bick's () infant observations and continued with Selma Fraiberg's () parent-infant psychotherapy. These two models formed the basis of the practice of infant mental health in a community in South Africa. A clinical example will highlight the importance of culturally informed observation that is then reflected upon...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783865/implementation-and-sustainability-of-child-parent-psychotherapy-the-role-of-reflective-consultation-in-the-learning-collaborative-model
#18
Carmen Rosa NoroƱa, Michelle L Acker
Recent implementation science in mental health has focused on identifying the most effective strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based treatments (EBTs) into real-world practice settings. The learning collaborative training methodology and its use of expert trainers/consultants have become increasingly popular as one of these approaches. Moreover, there is preliminary evidence that ongoing expert consultation may increase the adoption, learning, and sustainability of EBTs by an already practicing workforce and, consequently, help trainers, practitioners, and organizations address implementation barriers...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783848/reflecting-together-reflective-functioning-as-a-focus-for-deepening-group-supervision
#19
Mary Claire Heffron, Diane Reynolds, Bronwyn Talbot
This article proposes how group reflective supervision, informed by the theory of reflective functioning, may provide a powerful method for developing reflective capacity of staff serving families, infants, and young children in multidisciplinary settings. An explanation of reflective functioning, related research, and its relevance to relational treatment and preventive intervention are discussed. Other approaches to reflective practice are referenced. We describe the necessary tension and encounters with distressing affect that mark reflective supervision groups using this focus...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759169/creating-a-nest-of-emotional-safety-reflective-supervision-in-a-child-parent-psychotherapy-case
#20
Michele M Many, Mindy E Kronenberg, Amy B Dickson
Reflective supervision is considered a key practice component for any infant mental health provider to work effectively with young children and their families. This article will provide a brief history and discussion of reflective supervision followed by a case study demonstrating the importance of reflective supervision in the context of child-parent psychotherapy (CPP; A.F. Lieberman, C. Ghosh Ippen, & P. Van Horn, ; A.F. Lieberman & P. Van Horn, , 2008). Given that CPP leverages the caregiver-child relationship as the mechanism for change in young children who have been impacted by stressors and traumas, primary objectives of CPP include assisting caregivers as they understand the meaning of their child's distress and improving the caregiver-child relationship to make it a safe and supportive space in which the child can heal...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
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