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Infant Mental Health Journal

Audrey Thurm, Stacy S Manwaring, Cecilia Cardozo Jimenez, Lauren Swineford, Cristan Farmer, Renee Gallo, Mika Maeda
Toddlers with language delay are at risk for persistent developmental and behavioral difficulties; however, the association between socioemotional/behavior problems and language in young children is not well understood. This study explored socioemotional/behavior problems in a unique sample of toddlers with language delays using a measure developed explicitly for this age group. Toddlers identified by 18 months with receptive and expressive language delay (LD; n = 30) or typical development (TD; n = 61) were evaluated at 18 and 24 months of age using the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) and the Mullen Scales of Early Learning...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Thomas Skjothaug, Lars Smith, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Vibeke Moe
This study aimed to explore fathers' mental health and retrospectively reported adverse childhood experiences during pregnancy, as well as various pathways predicting self-reported stress at 6 months' postpartum as assessed by the Parenting Stress Index (PSI; R.R. Abidin, ). A total of 835 fathers contributed data to the study. Data collection comprised five time points during pregnancy and one at 6 months' postpartum. The main analyses were performed using linear regression and path analyses. First, linear regression analyses showed that paternal anxiety symptoms during pregnancy predicted stress scores in the PSI child domain at 6 months (coefficient = 0...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Alex Neuhauser, Erich Ramseier, Simone Schaub, Susan C A Burkhardt, Andrea Lanfranchi
Home-visiting programs have gained increasing importance in family-centered prevention and intervention. However, few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying early intervention treatment effects. The goal of this study is to analyze the mediating role of maternal sensitivity in enhancing language development with the home-visiting program Parents as Teachers (PAT). Data were collected and analyzed within the ongoing, long-term ZEPPELIN study, a randomized controlled trial with 251 participating at-risk families...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Christine M Low, Rebecca Newland, Rebecca B Silver, Stephanie Parade, Sara Remington, Stacey Aguiar, Kristine Campagna
Despite widespread belief in the early childhood field of the benefits of reflective supervision, there has been limited empirical evidence to support the effectiveness of reflective supervision for home visitors and the children and families they serve. The present study examined the psychometric properties of four adapted self-report measures assessing supervisors' reflective supervision capacities; the study also investigated whether these measures captured change in reflective capacity over time as supervisors participated in professional development activities focused on reflective supervision...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Silvia Cimino, Luca Cerniglia, Alessio Porreca, Giulia Ballarotto, Eleonora Marzilli, Alessandra Simonelli
This study examines psychopathological problems in children of parents with binge eating disorder (BED), particularly the effect of parental diagnosis on their offspring's psychopathology and the mediating power of the quality of parent-infant feeding interactions. Two hundred parents and their offspring were administered a questionnaire for the assessment of their children's psychopathology at 18 (T1) and 36 (T2) months of age. An observational measure to evaluate feeding interactions was administered at T1...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Kristin Haabrekke, Torill Siqveland, Egil Nygaaard, Astrid Bjornebekk, Kari Slinning, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Kristine B Walhovd, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Cognitive and socioemotional functioning at 4½ years of age were examined in children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems (n = 22) recruited from residential treatment institutions while pregnant, and then compared to children born to mothers with mental health problems (n = 18) and children from a low-risk group (n = 26). No significant group differences in cognitive functioning were found, but the children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems showed more caregiver-reported socioemotional problems than did the low-risk children, like the children born to mothers with mental health problems...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jonathan E Handelzalts, Heidi Preis, Maya Rosenbaum, Miri Gozlan, Yael Benyamini
Recollections of own maternal care measured by parental bonding were found to be important in the pregnant woman's construction of herself as a mother. Although these recollections were studied with regard to various variables, there is a dearth of studies associated with pregnancy and childbirth. In this cross-sectional study, 341 pregnant women were recruited. Measures included a Sociodemographics-Obstetric History Questionnaire; the Childbirth Choices Questionnaire (H. Preis, M. Gozlan, U. Dan, & Y. Benyamini, 2018); the Parental Bonding Instrument (G...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Lauren R Bader, Hillary N Fouts
How mothers perceive their infants' emotions and their subsequent responses are influenced by cultural values and beliefs. Mothers who live in particularly harsh environments may have perceptions about their infants' emotions that reflect not only cultural values but also constraints of the environment. In this qualitative study, 29 Gamo mothers living in rural Ethiopia were interviewed about perceptions of their infants' emotions, how they felt about these emotions, and what they believed their infants needed in response...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jennifer Marshall, Pamela C Birriel, Elizabeth Baker, Leandra Olson, Ngozichukwuka Agu, Lianne F Estefan
The Florida Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program is designed to support pregnant women and families in developing skills and utilizing resources necessary to promote their children's physical, social, and emotional development. Little evaluation attention has focused on large-scale, public policy driven home-visiting programs. Social support provision is a critical component of a successful home-visiting program; therefore, there is a need to better understand participants' perceptions of social support provided to them in this context...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Cynthia A Frosch, Zubeda Varwani, Julia Mitchell, Celia Caraccioli, Matthew Willoughby
Despite widespread recognition of the importance of reflective practice in the field of infant mental health, little quantitative research exists regarding the impact of reflective supervision on professionals' self-efficacy, job satisfaction, and work-related stress. Thirty-three early childhood interventionists received approximately 9 months of reflective supervision and completed pre- and post-assessments of their job-related stress and self-efficacy using a modified version of the Reflective Supervision Self-Efficacy Scales for Supervisees (S...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Tanika Eaves Simpson, Joann L Robinson, Edna Brown
Infant mental health practice requires the performance of intense emotional labor. Professionals comprising the infant mental health (IMH) field are largely women at seminal points in adult life-span development. The purpose of this article is to explore the day-to-day challenges faced by clinical infant mental health professionals and their perspectives on the supports available for effective job performance. We review reflective supervision as a long-cherished professional support in the IMH field designed to hold the practitioner's fears, worries, and ambivalence, so that she may return to the work fortified to remain in therapeutic alliance with families despite unsolvable problems and an unknowable future (Weatherston, D...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Victoria K Aldridge, Terence M Dovey, Nicole El Hawi, Antonie Martiniuc, Clarissa I Martin, Caroline Meyer
Despite widespread use of behavioral observations to evaluate child feeding behaviors in research and clinical practice, few studies have comprehensively characterized mealtimes or identified features that differentiate children with and without disordered feeding; these were the aims of the current study. Mealtime observations were conducted for 18 children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and 21 typically developing children. Observations were coded inductively, and associations between disorder and observed mealtime actions were examined...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Brandi N Hawk, Robert B Mccall, Christina J Groark, Rifkat J Muhamedrahimov, Oleg I Palmov, Natalia V Nikiforova
The current study addressed whether two institution-wide interventions in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, that increased caregiver sensitivity (Training Only: TO) or both caregiver sensitivity and consistency (Training plus Structural Changes: T+SC) promoted better socioemotional and cognitive development than did a No Intervention (NoI) institution during the first year of life for children who were placed soon after birth. It also assessed whether having spent less than 9 versus 9 to 36 months with a family prior to institutionalization was related to children's subsequent socioemotional and cognitive development within these three institutions...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jennifer Ericksen, Elizabeth Loughlin, Charlene Holt, Natalie Rose, Eliza Hartley, Melissa Buultjens, Alan W Gemmill, Jeannette Milgrom
Symptoms of depression negatively impact on mother-infant relationships and child outcomes. We evaluated a novel, 10-session mother-infant therapeutic playgroup-Community HUGS (CHUGS)-which combines cognitive and experiential components through psychoeducation, play, music, and movement. Participants were mothers experiencing a range of postnatal mental health difficulties, including depression, with infants ≤12 months of age. However, the aim was not to treat maternal depression but to ameliorate associated problems in the mother-infant interaction...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Katherine Bain, Tessa Baradon
This article is part of a project investigating the interfacing of clinically and research-generated knowledge in the field of infant mental health (IMH) with local cultural models of child care and development. The article explores the experiences and challenges reported by psychology-trained supervisors in supervision with local, lay, trained home visitors. Supervisors and supervisees were drawn from two early intervention programs which apply relational IMH mental health models in socioeconomically deprived townships in South Africa...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Rachel Tupper, Jean-François Bureau, Diane St-Laurent
Research has suggested that military spouses experience increased depressive symptoms and parenting stress during a military member's deployment. A relationship between maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and child attachment security has been found in the general population, as has an indication that social support may provide a buffering effect. While there appears to be an association between the emotional well-being of military spouses and child emotional well-being during deployment, data are limited regarding the association between maternal emotional well-being and child attachment security...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Youngjo Im, Tyler J Vanderweele
Drawing on economic models of child development and attachment relationship perspectives, this study examined the effect of maternal employment in the first year after childbirth on subsequent behavioral and cognitive development in low-income children. Analyses of data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (N = 411) revealed that despite the accompanying family income gains, maternal employment in the first year after childbirth adversely affected caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems of Hispanic, Black, and White children at ages 3 and 5 years...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick, Aaron Murnan
This article tested a model of parenting stress as a mediator between maternal depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, and child behavior problems using a sample of homeless, substance-abusing mothers. Participants were 119 homeless mothers (ages 18-24 years) and their young children (ages 0-6 years). Mothers responded to questions about their depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, parenting stress, and child behavior problems. A path analysis showed that maternal depressive symptoms were positively associated with child behavior problems through increased parenting stress whereas maternal cognitive reappraisal was negatively associated with child behavior problems through decreased parenting stress...
July 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Allison Barlow, Judy A McDaniel, Farha Marfani, Anne Lowe, Cassie Keplinger, Moushumi Beltangady, Novalene Goklish
Early childhood home-visiting has been shown to yield the greatest impact for the lowest income, highest disparity families. Yet, poor communities generally experience fractured systems of care, a paucity of providers, and limited resources to deliver intensive home-visiting models to families who stand to benefit most. This article explores lessons emerging from the recent Tribal Maternal and Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) legislation supporting delivery of home-visiting interventions in low-income, hard-to-reach American Indian and Alaska Native communities...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
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