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Infant Mental Health Journal

Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Miriam Steele, Pehr Granqvist
In the service of children's best interests, we argue for a sharpening of the evidentiary standards used in family court decision making, from preponderance of (occasionally substandard) evidence to "beyond a reasonable doubt." Second, we call for a move in child protection cases from static diagnoses (e.g., attachment classifications) to assessments of the potential for enhanced parenting. Finally, informed by the implications of the replication crisis in the biomedical and psychological sciences, we applaud the move of the attachment field forward to large-scale, collective research agendas and goals...
November 12, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Susan J Spieker, Patricia M Crittenden
The historic publication of the "consensus statement" on not using the "D/disorganized" category in the infant Strange Situation (M. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, & S. Wall, 1978) for case-specific child protection work (P. Granqvist et al., 2017) opens the door for a broader discussion of different branches of attachment theory and different attachment classificatory systems applied to infants, young children, and their parents. We agree with the consensus authors that Strange Situation classifications alone, regardless of coding method, are insufficient for decision-making...
November 5, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Patricia M Crittenden, Susan J Spieker
In this brief response, we commend the commentary authors for joining a dialogue about the future of individual differences in attachment both around person-specific forensic and clinical issues also around working together to develop theory and coding practices. We point to several areas of explicit and implicit agreement and discuss several misunderstandings. We close with a proposal for future work together, possibly using the only set of video-recorded Strange Situations classified by Mary Ainsworth as a starting point from which we can explore alternative means of extending and expanding her work...
November 5, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Whitney A Grube, Kiley W Liming
Attachment Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC; Dozier et al., 2006) is a 10-week, in-home intervention primarily for early childhood aged children (ages 6 months-2 years). The ABC intervention seeks to teach parents how to provide nurturing care and engage in appropriate interactions with their children. ABC has been identified as a Level 1 evidence-based practice by the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare. However, to date, there has been no systematic review presenting the overall evidence behind ABC available in a peer-reviewed journal...
October 26, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Haruka Konishi, Ashley Karsten, Claire D Vallotton
Research on the intersections of young children's emerging communication skills and emotion regulation has increased, following recognition of the link between these skills as they emerge in toddlerhood and the long-term impact of these skills on academic success. However, little is known about how toddlers use gesture and emerging language for emotion regulation. The current study describes toddlers' use of both words and gestures in naturally occurring distressing routines in childcare (diaper change, separation from parents)...
October 22, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Joana Baptista, Joana R Silva, Sofia Marques, Carla Martins, Isabel Soares
The present study is focused on child socioemotional problems 6 months after institutionalization, by considering the putative predictive role of child maltreatment, of developmental functioning at admission and the following months, and of the quality of institutional relational care. Fifty institutionalized infants and toddlers participated in this study. Child developmental functioning (i.e., cognitive, language, and motor development) was assessed at admission to the institution (Wave 0), and 3 (Wave 1) and 6 months (Wave 2) thereafter...
October 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Tanya Wright, Suzanne Stevens, Trecia A Wouldes
Research on Mother-Baby Units (MBUs) has mainly focused on maternal psychiatric outcomes, not the well-being of infants. This study investigated infant development and mental health along with maternal characteristics and the mother-infant relationship in 45 dyads (60% New Zealand European, 20% Māori, 11% Pacific) admitted to a new MBU. Maternal psychopathology was measured with the Health of the Nations Outcome Scale (HoNOS, J.K Wing et al., ) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF; I.M. Aas, ). The Parent-Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale (PIR-GAS, Zero to Three, ) measured the mother-infant relationship...
October 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Judith L M Mccoyd, Shari Munch, Laura Curran
Medically high-risk pregnancy (MHRP) affects 3 to 10% (diagnosis-dependent) of pregnant women in the United States (National Institute of Child Health Development, 2015), threatening maternal and fetal well-being. Although mothers' prenatal distress and mother-infant attachment after birth have been quantitatively researched, little research has examined women's lived experiences of MHRP in the United States. We examined 16 women's experiences of MHRP during hospitalization at an urban, Northeastern U.S. hospital using an interpretive phenomenological approach...
October 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Leanne Winter, Matthew R Sanders, Roslyn N Boyd, Margo Pritchard, Peter H Gray, Koa Whittingham, Kylee Forrest, Lachlan Webb, Louise Marquart, Paul B Colditz
Preventive parenting interventions can experience challenges in maximizing dosage, or the amount of intervention received by parents. This study examined the associations of baseline mother, father, and very preterm infant (VPT; <32 weeks) characteristics with satisfactory intervention attendance of the family within a randomized controlled trial of Baby Triple P for Preterm Infants (Colditz et al., 2015). Mothers (n = 160) and fathers (n = 115) completed questionnaires prior to the randomization of family units (n = 160) to receive the intervention...
October 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Mandy Mihelic, Alina Morawska, Ania Filus
Fathers are increasingly expected to contribute to their parenting role at the transition to parenthood; however, many fathers experience mental health problems during this time. Parenting support for new fathers is limited, and research often only includes the mothers in intervention studies. Clear evidence for parenting programs for fathers has not yet been established. This study evaluated the effects of a parenting intervention (Baby Triple P) on fathers who were expecting their first baby. The design was a randomized controlled trial comparing Baby Triple P with care as usual over three time points (pregnancy, 10 weeks' postbirth, and 6 months' postbirth) for 112 fathers living in Brisbane, Australia...
October 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Jacob J W Bakermans, Miriam Steele, Pehr Granqvist
We express serious doubt and cautioning regarding Spieker and Crittenden's (2010) claim that attachment measures associated with the dynamic-maturational model of attachment and adaptation (DMM; Crittenden, 2016) can be used for court decision-making. We demonstrate, using Crittenden's and coworkers' (e.g., Spieker & Crittenden, ) own data, that such measures have (a) insufficient reliability for use in individual diagnosis and (b) cannot retrodict maltreatment with sufficient sensitivity or specificity for court use...
October 17, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Audrey Thurm, Stacy S Manwaring, Cecilia Cardozo Jimenez, Lauren Swineford, Cristan Farmer, Renee Gallo, Mika Maeda
Toddlers with language delay are at risk for persistent developmental and behavioral difficulties; however, the association between socioemotional/behavior problems and language in young children is not well understood. This study explored socioemotional/behavior problems in a unique sample of toddlers with language delays using a measure developed explicitly for this age group. Toddlers identified by 18 months with receptive and expressive language delay (LD; n = 30) or typical development (TD; n = 61) were evaluated at 18 and 24 months of age using the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) and the Mullen Scales of Early Learning...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Thomas Skjothaug, Lars Smith, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Vibeke Moe
This study aimed to explore fathers' mental health and retrospectively reported adverse childhood experiences during pregnancy, as well as various pathways predicting self-reported stress at 6 months' postpartum as assessed by the Parenting Stress Index (PSI; R.R. Abidin, ). A total of 835 fathers contributed data to the study. Data collection comprised five time points during pregnancy and one at 6 months' postpartum. The main analyses were performed using linear regression and path analyses. First, linear regression analyses showed that paternal anxiety symptoms during pregnancy predicted stress scores in the PSI child domain at 6 months (coefficient = 0...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Alex Neuhauser, Erich Ramseier, Simone Schaub, Susan C A Burkhardt, Andrea Lanfranchi
Home-visiting programs have gained increasing importance in family-centered prevention and intervention. However, few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying early intervention treatment effects. The goal of this study is to analyze the mediating role of maternal sensitivity in enhancing language development with the home-visiting program Parents as Teachers (PAT). Data were collected and analyzed within the ongoing, long-term ZEPPELIN study, a randomized controlled trial with 251 participating at-risk families...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Christine M Low, Rebecca Newland, Rebecca B Silver, Stephanie Parade, Sara Remington, Stacey Aguiar, Kristine Campagna
Despite widespread belief in the early childhood field of the benefits of reflective supervision, there has been limited empirical evidence to support the effectiveness of reflective supervision for home visitors and the children and families they serve. The present study examined the psychometric properties of four adapted self-report measures assessing supervisors' reflective supervision capacities; the study also investigated whether these measures captured change in reflective capacity over time as supervisors participated in professional development activities focused on reflective supervision...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Silvia Cimino, Luca Cerniglia, Alessio Porreca, Giulia Ballarotto, Eleonora Marzilli, Alessandra Simonelli
This study examines psychopathological problems in children of parents with binge eating disorder (BED), particularly the effect of parental diagnosis on their offspring's psychopathology and the mediating power of the quality of parent-infant feeding interactions. Two hundred parents and their offspring were administered a questionnaire for the assessment of their children's psychopathology at 18 (T1) and 36 (T2) months of age. An observational measure to evaluate feeding interactions was administered at T1...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Kristin Haabrekke, Torill Siqveland, Egil Nygaaard, Astrid Bjornebekk, Kari Slinning, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Kristine B Walhovd, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Cognitive and socioemotional functioning at 4½ years of age were examined in children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems (n = 22) recruited from residential treatment institutions while pregnant, and then compared to children born to mothers with mental health problems (n = 18) and children from a low-risk group (n = 26). No significant group differences in cognitive functioning were found, but the children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems showed more caregiver-reported socioemotional problems than did the low-risk children, like the children born to mothers with mental health problems...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jonathan E Handelzalts, Heidi Preis, Maya Rosenbaum, Miri Gozlan, Yael Benyamini
Recollections of own maternal care measured by parental bonding were found to be important in the pregnant woman's construction of herself as a mother. Although these recollections were studied with regard to various variables, there is a dearth of studies associated with pregnancy and childbirth. In this cross-sectional study, 341 pregnant women were recruited. Measures included a Sociodemographics-Obstetric History Questionnaire; the Childbirth Choices Questionnaire (H. Preis, M. Gozlan, U. Dan, & Y. Benyamini, 2018); the Parental Bonding Instrument (G...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Lauren R Bader, Hillary N Fouts
How mothers perceive their infants' emotions and their subsequent responses are influenced by cultural values and beliefs. Mothers who live in particularly harsh environments may have perceptions about their infants' emotions that reflect not only cultural values but also constraints of the environment. In this qualitative study, 29 Gamo mothers living in rural Ethiopia were interviewed about perceptions of their infants' emotions, how they felt about these emotions, and what they believed their infants needed in response...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jennifer Marshall, Pamela C Birriel, Elizabeth Baker, Leandra Olson, Ngozichukwuka Agu, Lianne F Estefan
The Florida Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program is designed to support pregnant women and families in developing skills and utilizing resources necessary to promote their children's physical, social, and emotional development. Little evaluation attention has focused on large-scale, public policy driven home-visiting programs. Social support provision is a critical component of a successful home-visiting program; therefore, there is a need to better understand participants' perceptions of social support provided to them in this context...
September 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
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