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Journal of Hospital Infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320543/clostridium-difficile-still-costly-still-difficult-to-treat-and-still-here
#1
EDITORIAL
G Trafford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314635/corrigendum-to-costs-and-possible-benefits-of-a-two-tier-infection-control-management-strategy-consisting-of-active-screening-for-multidrug-resistant-organisms-and-tailored-control-measures-journal-of-hospital-infection-93-2016-191-196
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285740/fight-antibiotic-resistance-it-s-in-your-hands-to-improve-antibiotic-stewardship
#3
EDITORIAL
A Bashir, J Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262434/putting-contact-precautions-in-their-place
#4
EDITORIAL
F Fitzpatrick, E N Perencevich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#5
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318779/infection-control-implications-of-the-laundering-of-ambulance-staff-uniforms-and-reusable-mops
#6
W G Mackay, S Whitehead, N Purdue, M Smith, N Redhead, C Williams, S Wilson
There is a lack of published studies on laundering in ambulance services. We performed bacterial culture on soiled and unsoiled uniforms and reusable mop heads artificially contaminated with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Clostridium difficile spores. Current laundering processes used for routine cleans in the ambulances appears, from our simulations, to be effective at reducing vegetative pathogenic bacteria to undetectable levels, <3.398log10 colony-forming units (S. aureus and E. coli)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284453/infection-of-exposed-patients-during-norovirus-outbreaks-are-there-predictive-parameters
#7
S Kampmeier, M H Pillukat, A Kossow, A Pettke, A Mellmann
BACKGROUND: Norovirus outbreak management comprises isolation and cohorting of patients. In this context, exposed patients are preferably cohorted separately from symptomatic and unexposed asymptomatic patients, since they potentially develop symptoms of norovirus gastroenteritis. Whether routinely examined clinical or laboratory parameters can help to predict occurrence of gastroenteritis symptoms in those patients has not yet been examined. AIM: To evaluate routinely examined clinical and laboratory parameters as predictive values for the development of norovirus symptoms in exposed patients during outbreaks...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325579/burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-china-results-of-the-2015-point-prevalence-survey-in-dong-guan-city
#8
J Wang, J Hu, S Harbarth, D Pittet, M Zhou, W Zingg
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) are a major health threat. There are few data about HCAI and antibiotic use in the People's Republic of China in the English literature. AIM: To describe and discuss the prevalence of HCAI and antibiotic use from the 2015 point prevalence survey (PPS) in Dong Guan City. METHODS: In 2015, the Dong Guan (City) Nosocomial Infection Control and Quality Improvement Centre organized its yearly PPS in the secondary and tertiary care hospitals of Dong Guan City...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262435/handwash-product-and-handwash-technique-are-equally-important
#9
LETTER
J I Blenkharn, C Smales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318778/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-healthcare-associated-infections-identification-of-two-main-pathogenic-genetic-backgrounds
#10
C Corlouer, B Lamy, M Desroches, J Ramos-Vivas, E Mehiri-Zghal, O Lemenand, J-M Delarbre, J-W Decousser
BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an opportunistic multi-drug-resistant bacterium responsible for healthcare-associated infections. Strategies for in-hospital infection control and management of carriers and environmental reservoirs remain controversial. AIM: To determine the population structure of S. maltophilia strains in hospitalized infected patients and to identify putative highly pathogenic subpopulations that require upgraded infection control measures...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283372/influenza-vaccine-uptake-determinants-motivators-and-barriers-of-the-vaccine-receipt-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#11
H K Haridi, K A Salman, E A Basaif, D K Al-Skaibi
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is essential for patient safety, their own safety, and hospital operation. However, despite its strong recommendation, studies indicates a low rate of vaccine uptake. AIM: To assess rates of, and factors affecting, influenza vaccine uptake among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out during October 1(st) to 16(th), 2015, among HCWs in King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268025/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-of-teaching-laboratory-technicians-towards-laboratory-safety-and-waste-management-a-pilot-interventional-study
#12
A-H El-Gilany, S El-Shaer, E Khashaba, S A El-Dakroory, N Omar
A quasi-experimental study was performed on 20 technicians working in the Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. The knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of laboratory technicians was measured before and two months after enrolling them in an intervention programme about laboratory best practice procedures. The programme addressed laboratory safety and medical waste management. The assessment was performed using a validated Arabic self-administered questionnaire. Pre- and post-intervention scores were compared using non-parametric tests...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237503/hand-hygiene-compliance-targets-what-are-we-actually-targeting
#13
LETTER
C W Bradley, E Holden, M I Garvey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262433/evaluation-of-hand-hygiene-compliance-and-associated-factors-with-a-radio-frequency-identification-based-real-time-continuous-automated-monitoring-system
#14
J-C Dufour, P Reynier, S Boudjema, A Soto Aladro, R Giorgi, P Brouqui
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is a major means for preventing healthcare-associated infections. One critical point in understanding poor compliance is the lack of relevant markers used to monitor practices systematically. METHODS: This study analysed hand hygiene compliance and associated factors with a radio-frequency-identification-based real-time continuous automated monitoring system in an infectious disease ward with 17 single bedrooms. Healthcare workers (HCWs) were tracked while performing routine care over 171 days...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237504/is-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-an-option-to-eradicate-highly-drug-resistant-enteric-bacteria-carriage
#15
B Davido, R Batista, H Michelon, M Lepainteur, F Bouchand, R Lepeule, J Salomon, D Vittecoq, C Duran, L Escaut, I Sobhani, M Paul, C Lawrence, C Perronne, F Chast, A Dinh
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) or vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) carriage present a major public health challenge. Decolonization strategies are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the impact of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on a cohort of patients with digestive tract colonization by CRE or VRE. Eight patients were included: six carrying CRE and two colonized by VRE. One month after FMT, two patients were free from CRE carriage, and another patient was free from VRE after three months...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285741/landmark-prediction-of-nosocomial-infection-risk-to-disentangle-short-and-long-stay-patients
#16
M Wolkewitz, M Zortel, M Palomar-Martinez, F Alvarez-Lerma, P Olaechea-Astigarraga, M Schumacher
Length of stay is one of the key determinants for the risk of nosocomial infections. The distribution of this at-risk time is heavily skewed and depends on discharge or death. This study applied landmark competing risk prediction models to account for a large proportion of short-stay patients and a small proportion of long-stay patients.
February 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320542/evaluation-of-fixed-and-variable-hospital-costs-due-to-clostridium-difficile-infection-institutional-incentives-and-directions-for-future-research
#17
P Ryan, M Skally, F Duffy, M Farrelly, L Gaughan, P Flood, E McFadden, F Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Economic analysis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) should consider the incentives facing institutional decision-makers. To avoid overstating the financial benefits of infection prevention, fixed and variable costs should be distinguished. AIM: To quantify CDI fixed and variable costs in a tertiary referral hospital during August 2015. METHODS: A micro-costing analysis estimated CDI costs per patient, including the additional costs of a CDI outbreak...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246002/multi-site-and-nasal-swabbing-for-carriage-of-staphylococcus-aureus-what-does-a-single-nose-swab-predict
#18
B C Young, A A Votintseva, D Foster, H Godwin, R R Miller, L W Anson, A S Walker, T E A Peto, D W Crook, K Knox
BACKGROUND: Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a risk for infections. Targeted decolonization reduces postoperative infections but depends on accurate screening. AIM: To compare detection of S. aureus carriage in healthy individuals between anatomical sites and nurse- versus self-swabbing; also to determine whether a single nasal swab predicted carriage over four weeks. METHODS: Healthy individuals were recruited via general practices. After consent, nurses performed multi-site swabbing (nose, throat, and axilla)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202190/the-risk-for-clostridium-difficile-colitis-during-hospitalization-in-asymptomatic-carriers
#19
LETTER
S Kagan, Y Wiener-Well, E Ben-Chetrit, L Kashat, J Aouizerats, T Bdolah-Abram, A M Yinnon, M V Assous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262432/did-a-patient-acquire-legionella-pneumophila-from-the-cup-filler-of-a-dental-unit-or-did-a-patient-infected-with-l-%C3%A2-pneumophila-contaminate-the-cup-filler
#20
LETTER
S Petti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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