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Journal of Hospital Infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202190/the-risk-for-clostridium-difficile-colitis-during-hospitalization-in-asymptomatic-carriers
#1
LETTER
S Kagan, Y Wiener-Well, E Ben-Chetrit, L Kashat, J Aouizerats, T Bdolah-Abram, A M Yinnon, M V Assous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202191/effect-of-music-on-surgical-hand-disinfection-a-video-based-intervention-study
#2
N Gautschi, J Marschall, D Candinas, V M Banz
Surgical hand disinfection (SHD) is likely to be influenced by various factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of listening to music on the duration of SHD. In total, 236 SHD procedures were recorded on video. The duration of SHD exceeded 2min in both the intervention group and the control group, with background music unable to achieve an increase in the time spent scrubbing. However, listening to music reduced the proportion of very short scrub times (<90s) from 17% to 9% (P=0.07). The following four factors increased mean scrub time significantly: female sex; lower staff seniority; scrubbing hands in groups; and use of a stopwatch...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169012/preoperative-skin-antisepsis-it-ain-t-what-you-do-but-the-way-that-you-do-it
#3
LETTER
K Steinhauer, C Matthies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202189/does-the-presence-of-a-urinary-catheter-predict-severe-sepsis-in-a-bacteraemic-cohort
#4
M Melzer, C Welch
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a major cause of mortality with an estimated 37,000 deaths in the UK each year. This study aimed to determine host factors that can predict severe sepsis in a bacteraemic cohort. METHODS: From December 2012 to November 2013, demographic, clinical and microbiological data were collected on consecutive patients with bacteraemia at a London teaching hospital. These data were used to categorize patients as having severe or non-severe sepsis. Multi-variate logistic regression was used to determine the association between host factors and severe sepsis...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196726/use-of-genome-sequencing-to-identify-hepatitis-c-virus-transmission-in-a-renal-healthcare-setting
#5
M I Garvey, C W Bradley, K L Holden, P Hewins, S-L Ngui, R Tedder, P Jumaa, E Smit
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health burden worldwide. A patient with no history of HCV infection while on a renal unit was found to seroconvert to HCV. Here we report the use of sequencing to postulate how transmission of HCV occurred in a healthcare setting, and how this guided our outbreak investigation. Based on infection control inspections the transmission event was surmised to be due to ward environmental contamination with blood and subsequent inoculation from intravenous interventions on the patient acquiring HCV...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169010/escherichia-coli-bacteraemia-papers
#6
EDITORIAL
B Oppenheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196725/epidemiology-of-escherichia-coli-bloodstream-infections-in-children
#7
LETTER
J Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153557/infection-control-capacity-building-in-european-countries-with-limited-resources-issues-and-priorities
#8
M Licker, L Bădiţoiu, D Lungeanu, R Dobrevska, E Szilagy, L Raka, L Markovic-Denic, S Brusaferro
We report the results of a panel investigation aimed at assessing the critical aspects regarding healthcare-associated infections in European countries with limited resources and pinpointing the highest priority issues that need to be addressed for effective infection control. Questionnaires were designed and information collected from national EUNETIPS representatives in Bulgaria, Hungary, Kosovo, Romania, and Serbia. Based on the data collected, we concluded that rigorous implementation of existing law, standardized training, and political commitment constitute a common relevant background and provide the lessons to be learnt for aligning healthcare systems in this area with internationally recommended standards of infection control...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173962/prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-polish-adult-intensive-care-units-summary-data-from-the-ecdc-european-point-prevalence-survey-of-hospital-associated-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-in-poland-2012-2014
#9
A Deptuła, E Trejnowska, G Dubiel, M Żukowski, A Misiewska-Kaczur, T Ozorowski, W Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. Local epidemiological studies need to be conducted to set the priorities for surveillance and prevention programmes. AIM: To investigate the epidemiology of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) among patients admitted to Polish adult ICUs over a three-year period. METHODS: Data were collected according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) European Union Point Prevalence Survey of Healthcare-associated Infections and Antimicrobial Use in European Acute Care Hospitals (EU-PPS HAI & AU) protocol for 39,318 patients within 160 acute care hospitals...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131645/using-a-carbapenemase-producing-organism-polymerase-chain-reaction-to-rapidly-determine-the-efficacy-of-terminal-room-disinfection
#10
LETTER
M I Garvey, C W Bradley, A L Casey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169013/cost-analysis-of-an-outbreak-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-ribotype-027-in-a-dutch-tertiary-care-centre
#11
Y H van Beurden, M K Bomers, S D van der Werff, E A P M Pompe, S Spiering, C M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C J J Mulder
BACKGROUND: The economic impact of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) on the healthcare system is significant. From May 2013 to May 2014, an outbreak of C. difficile ribotype 027 occurred in a Dutch tertiary care hospital, involving 72 patients. The primary aim of this study was to provide insight into the financial burden that this CDI outbreak brought upon this hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to estimate the costs of a one-year-long C...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153556/use-of-tigecycline-for-the-management-of-clostridium-difficile-colitis-in-oncology-patients-and-case-series-of-breakthrough-infections
#12
B J Brinda, Y Pasikhova, R E Quilitz, C M Thai, J N Greene
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most frequent cause of nosocomial diarrhoea in adults. Cancer patients, in particular, are at a higher risk for CDI. Limited clinical data exist regarding the use of tigecycline for the treatment of CDI, especially in patients with oncologic and haematologic malignancies. AIM: To characterize the use of tigecycline for treatment of CDI in oncology patients at an academic cancer centre. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-centre, single-arm, chart review evaluating the use of tigecycline for the management of CDI in oncology patients at an academic cancer centre...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131642/viral-influenza-like-illnesses-dynamic-interrelationships-during-the-2015-2016-influenza-season-in-hospitalized-patients
#13
B A Cunha
In hospitalized children and adults, the temporal relationship of viruses causing influenza-like illnesses (ILIs) and influenza has not been well described. During the 2015-2016 influenza season at our hospital, the dynamic interrelationships between ILI viruses (human metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, human parainfluenza viruses 3 and 4, rhinoviruses/enteroviruses, and coronaviruses) and influenza A were characterized in 768 hospitalized children and adults.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131641/retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infections-with-and-without-the-use-of-antibacterial-envelopes
#14
A Hassoun, E D Thottacherry, M Raja, M Scully, A Azarbal
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections are associated with morbidity and mortality. Peri-operative systemic intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the rate of CIED infections. AIGISRx, a polymer envelope implanted with the CIED, releases minocycline and rifampin, and has been introduced to reduce infections. METHODS: Retrospective review of 184 patients who underwent CIED implantation was conducted. Ninety-two patients were implanted with an AIGISRx envelope (AIGISRx group) and 92 patients were not implanted with an AIGISRx envelope (control group)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189270/association-between-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-positive-water-samples-and-healthcare-associated-cases-nine-year-study-at-one-university-hospital
#15
A Lefebvre, X Bertrand, C Quantin, P Vanhems, J-C Lucet, G Nuemi, K Astruc, P Chavanet, L S Aho-Glélé
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between the results of water samples and Pseudomonas aeruginosa healthcare-associated cases in a French university hospital. METHODS: Generalized Estimating Equations were used on complete case and imputed datasets. The spatial unit was the building and the time unit was the quarter. RESULTS: For the period 2004-2013, 2932 water samples were studied; 17% were positive for P. aeruginosa. A higher incidence of P...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153559/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-the-most-common-clostridium-difficile-ribotypes-isolated-in-belgium
#16
F Neely, M-L Lambert, J Van Broeck, M Delmée
BACKGROUND: Previous studies comparing Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) due to different ribotypes have been conflicting, and many have only compared small numbers of cases or few ribotypes. AIM: To compare patient and episode characteristics for CDI due to different ribotypes. METHODS: The ribotyping results from 3333 toxin-producing isolates collected from 110 Belgian hospitals between October 2010 and December 2015 were matched to clinical data from the national CDI surveillance database...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131646/resource-impact-of-managing-suspected-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-patients-in-a-uk-teaching-hospital
#17
J Veater, N Wong, I Stephenson, H Kirk-Granger, L F Baxter, R Cannon, S Wilson, S Atabani, A Sahota, D Bell, M Wiselka, J W Tang
Clinical challenges exist in the management of hospitalized patients returning to the UK with potential Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, particularly with its clinical overlap with influenza, as demonstrated in this case-series and cost-analysis review of returning Hajj pilgrims. These patients were hospitalized with acute febrile respiratory illness, initially managed as potential MERS-CoV infections, but were eventually diagnosed with influenza. Additional costs were small, yet enhanced infection prevention measures created significant burdens on isolation rooms and staff time...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131640/the-burden-of-healthcare-associated-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-a-non-metropolitan-setting
#18
S E Bond, C S Boutlis, W W Yeo, W A B Pratt, M E Orr, S Miyakis
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection (HCA-CDI) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. However, few data exist on the burden of HCA-CDI in multi-site non-metropolitan settings. This study examined the introduction of an antimicrobial stewardship programme (ASP) in relation to HCA-CDI rates, and the effect of HCA-CDI on length of stay (LOS) and hospital costs. METHODS: A comparative before-and-after intervention study of patients aged ≥16 years with HCA-CDI from December 2010 to April 2016 across the nine hospitals of a non-metropolitan health district in New South Wales, Australia was undertaken...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081911/antimicrobial-coating-innovations-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infection
#19
EDITORIAL
F R L Crijns, M M Keinänen-Toivola, C P Dunne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190700/epidemiology-of-escherichia-coli-bacteraemia-in-england-results-of-an-enhanced-sentinel-surveillance-programme
#20
J Abernethy, R Guy, E A Sheridan, S Hopkins, M Kiernan, M H Wilcox, A P Johnson, R Hope
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli causes more than one-third of the bacteraemia cases in England each year, and the incidence of these infections is increasing. AIM: To determine the underlying risk factors associated with E. coli bacteraemia. METHODS: A three-month enhanced sentinel surveillance study involving 35 National Health Service hospitals was undertaken in the winter of 2012/13 to collect risk factor information and further details on the underlying source of infection to augment data already collected by the English national surveillance programme...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
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