journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Hospital Infection

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743504/the-association-between-infection-control-interventions-and-cre-incidence-in-an-endemic-hospital
#1
Khetam Hussein, Galit Rabino, Orna Eluk, Sigal Warman, Shimon Reisner, Yuval Geffen, Larisa Halif, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Israel experienced a national outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceaee (CRE) starting in 2006. AIM: To assess the association between infection control (IC) interventions implemented in a referral hospital in Israel and (CRE) incidence. METHODS: Retrospective quasi-experimental study of prospectively collected data. CRE incidence, defined as the number of patients newly acquiring CRE in surveillance or clinical samples per 100,000 hospitals days (HD), was plotted quarterly between 2005 to 2016...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743503/a-multi-centre-prospective-evaluation-of-the-check-direct-esbl-screen%C3%A2-for-bd-max%C3%A2-as-a-rapid-molecular-screening-method-for-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-rectal-carriage
#2
Tobias Engel, Brenda J Slotboom, Noortje van Maarseveen, Anton A van Zwet, Marrigje Nabuurs, Ferry Hagen
OBJECTIVE: We prospectively compared a multiplex ESBL-Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) qPCR, directly performed on rectal swabs, to a culture based protocol to study the discrepancies between both methods and identify existing challenges to apply this assay in routine clinical practice. Our secondary objective was to assess its performance. MATERIAL/METHODS: In two Dutch teaching hospitals 573 rectal swabs were prospectively collected. Culture with additional testing with the Check-MDR CT103XL (Check-Points) was compared to the Check-Direct ESBL Screen for BD MAX™ (Check-Points), which detects the presence of the ESBL-gene families CTX-M1, CTX-M2, CTX-M9 and SHV2/5-ESBL...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736270/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-carriage-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-among-hospitalized-patients-in-japan
#3
Norihisa Yamamoto, Rumiko Asada, Ryuji Kawahara, Hideharu Hagiya, Yukihiro Akeda, Rathina Kumar Shanmuga Kani, Hisao Yoshida, Satomi Yukawa, Kouji Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Takayama, Hiroaki Ohnishi, Takashi Taniguchi, Taro Matsuoka, Katsura Matsunami, Isao Nishi, Tetsuo Kase, Shigeyuki Hamada, Kazunori Tomono
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported to be lower in Japan than in many other countries. However, extensive surveillance for CRE carriage has not been performed in Japan. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of CRE carriage in Japan among convalescent patients considered to be at high-risk of being CRE carriers using an improved selective culture medium. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 22 acute care hospitals (ACHs) and 21 long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) in northern Osaka from December 2015 to January 2016...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736269/iodine-lithium-alpha-dextrin-il%C3%AE-d-against-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-infections-a-comparative-study-of-in-vitro-bactericidal-activity-and-cytotoxicity-between-il%C3%AE-d-and-povidone-iodine
#4
A P Zisi, M K Exindari, E K Siska, G G Koliakos
BACKGROUND: As antimicrobial resistance continuously increases, revisiting old antimicrobial agents, modified to enhance efficacy and safety, becomes important. Iodine has been widely used for more than 150 years as a wound and skin disinfectant; it is an effective broad range bactericide, and to date, it lacks reports of resistance development. The most important iodine-based agent is Povidone-Iodine (PVP-I) which provides excellent antibacterial activity. However, its safety profile has been questioned...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734724/vitek-%C3%A2-2-cannot-identify-vancomycin-intermediate-isolates-missing-the-opportunity-for-staphylococcus-aureus-therapy
#5
LETTER
Priscylla Guimarães Migueres Morgado, Thaina Miranda da Costa, Andreia Paredes Damasco, Vanessa Neves Ribeiro, Adriana Lucia Pires Ferreira, Simone Aranha Nouér, Kátia Regina Netto Dos Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734723/response-to-letter-of-singh-k-role-of-silver-nitrate-in-the-efficacy-of-hydrogen-peroxide-aerial-decontamination-systems-regarding-s-ali-et-al-efficacy-of-two-hydrogen-peroxide-vapour-aerial-decontamination-systems-for-enhanced-disinfection-of-methicillin-resistant
#6
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729139/endoscope-drying-and-its-pitfalls
#7
REVIEW
J Kovaleva
Inadequate drying of endoscope channels is a possible cause of replication and survival of remaining pathogens during storage. The presence during storage of potentially contaminated water in endoscope channels may promote bacterial proliferation and biofilm formation. An incomplete drying procedure or lack of drying and not storing in a vertical position are the most common problems identified during drying and endoscope storage. Inadequate drying and storage procedures, together with inadequate cleaning and disinfection, are the most important sources of endoscope contamination and post-endoscopic infection...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716672/influence-of-methylation-on-the-bacterial-efflux-pump-inducing-property-of-triclosan
#8
LETTER
Shruti Tembe, Payel Ghosh, Shibani Sukhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716671/universal-decontamination-of-hospital-surfaces-in-an-occupied-inpatient-room-with-a-continuous-405-nm-light-source
#9
Sarah E Bache, Michelle Maclean, George Gettinby, John G Anderson, Scott J MacGregor, Ian Taggart
BACKGROUND: Previous work has shown that a ceiling-mounted, 405 nm high-intensity narrow-spectrum light environmental decontamination system (HINS-light EDS) reduces bacterial contamination of environmental surfaces in a burns unit by between 27% and 75%. Examination of the efficacy of the light over extended exposure times and its probable mode of action was performed. AIMS: Studies were designed to ascertain the correlation between bacterial kill achieved on sampled surface sites around the Burns Unit and both irradiance levels of the 405 nm light, and exposure time...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716670/nationwide-study-on-peripheral-venous-catheter-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-internal-medicine-departments
#10
María Guembe, María Jesús Pérez-Granda, José Antonio Capdevila, José Barberán, Blanca Pinilla, Pablo Martín-Rabadán, Emilio Bouza
BACKGROUND: The use of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) has increased outside the intensive care unit, as have rates of peripheral venous catheter associated-bloodstream infection (PVC-BSI). The internal medicine department (IMD) is one of the main wards where PVCs are widely used. However, data on the incidence of PVC-BSI and its characteristics in the IMD are scarce. AIM: Our objective was to assess the incidence of PVC-BSI episodes detected in IMDs in Spain...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716669/opinion-steam-sterilisation-does-not-require-saturated-steam
#11
J P C M van Doornmalen, A Paunovic, K Kopinga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712548/excess-mortality-between-2007-and-2014-among-patients-with-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-french-health-insurance-database-analysis
#12
F Barbut, S Bouée, L Longepierre, M Goldberg, C Bensoussan, L Levy-Bachelot
BACKGROUND: The impact of CDI (Clostridium difficile infections) on mortality is controversial. AIM: To assess excess mortality due to CDI in France. METHOD: Two cohorts of patients with CDI and a cohort of matched controls were extracted from a 1% representative sample of subjects covered by the general health insurance system in France (EGB database, 660,000 patients). The CDI patients were hospitalized with CDI as a principal diagnosis (PD) or an associated diagnosis (AD) between 2007 and 2014, but not in 2006...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712547/pilot-study-to-determine-whether-microbial-contamination-levels-in-hospital-washrooms-are-associated-with-hand-drying-method
#13
LETTER
M H Wilcox, E L Best, P Parnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705583/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-colonization-by-clostridium-difficile-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-rehabilitation-clinics-in-germany
#14
Mardjan Arvand, Claudia Ruscher, Gudrun Bettge-Weller, Markus Goltz, Yvonne Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation clinics may vary widely in terms of type of care provided, duration of hospital stay, and case severity. Only few data are available on prevalence of Clostridium difficile or extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) colonization in rehabilitation clinics in Germany. AIM: This study investigated the frequency of intestinal colonization by these pathogens among patients in rehabilitation clinics of different specialization...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698021/impact-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-to-optimize-antimicrobial-use-for-outpatients-at-emergency-department
#15
Aurélien Dinh, Clara Duran, Benjamin Davido, Frédérique Bouchand, Laurène Deconinck, Morgan Matt, Olivia Sénard, Caroline Guyot, Anne-Sophie Levasseur, Julie Attal, David Razazi, Thomas Tritz, Alain Beauchet, Jérôme Salomon, Sébastien Beaune, Julie Grenet
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have proven to be effective in optimizing antibiotic use for inpatients. However, Emergency Department (ED)'s fast-paced clinical setting can be challenging for a successful ASP. AIM: In April 2015, an ASP was implemented in our ED and we aimed to determine its impact on antimicrobial use for outpatients. METHODS: Monocentric study comparing the quality of antibiotic prescriptions between a one-year period before ASP implementation (November 2012 to October 2013) and a one-year period after its implementation (June 2015 to May 2016)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698020/first-outbreak-of-colonization-by-linezolid-and-glycopeptide-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-harbouring-the-cfr-gene-in-a-uk-nephrology-unit
#16
Teresa Inkster, John Coia, Danièle Meunier, Michel Doumith, Kate Martin, Rachel Pike, Laura Imrie, Hayley Kane, Marlene Hay, Camilla Wiuff, Julie Wilson, Chris Deighan, Katie L Hopkins, Neil Woodford, Robert Hill
AIM: To describe an outbreak of colonization by linezolid- and glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium harbouring the cfr gene, in a UK nephrology unit. METHODS: Isolates of linezolid-resistant E. faecium were typed by PFGE and examined by PCR and sequencing for the transmissible cfr gene that confers resistance to linezolid. Enhanced environmental cleaning, initial and weekly screening of all patients and monitoring of adherence to standard infection control precautions (SICPs) were implemented...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694086/an-outbreak-of-post-craniotomy-propionibacterium-acnes-infections-at-a-tertiary-hospital-england-2011-a-case-control-study-identifies-dural-implants-as-a-risk-factor-for-infection
#17
Caoimhe McKerr, Nic Coetzee, Obaghe Edeghere, Shakeel Suleman, Neville Q Verlander, Krishna Banavathi
BACKGROUND: In 2011, 15 deep-seated Propionibacterium acnes infections were identified in patients following craniotomies in a hospital in the UK. AIM: To describe the outbreak and report findings from the investigation undertaken in order to identify the source & risk factors and inform control measures. METHODS: Data were obtained from hospital clinical records and included patient and surgical variables. Cases were defined as patients with microbiologically confirmed deep or organ space surgical site infection (SSI) caused by P...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690117/preparedness-and-the-importance-of-meeting-the-needs-of-healthcare-workers-a-qualitative-study-on-ebola
#18
Evelien Belfroid, Jim van Steenbergen, Aura Timen, Pauline Ellerbroek, Anita Huis, Marlies Hulscher
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) face specific challenges in infectious disease outbreaks, which provide unusual, new events with exposure risk. The fear of infection or new, unknown tasks in an unfamiliar setting, for example, can complicate outbreak management. AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insight into how healthcare organisations can prepare to meet the needs of their HCWs by capturing the experiences of HCWs with patients with suspected Ebola...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600077/national-surgical-site-infection-ssi-surveillance-response-to-jenks-et%C3%A2-al
#19
LETTER
T Lamagni, S Elgohari, C Wloch, A Charlett, P Harrington, A P Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687186/evaluation-of-a-new-packaging-process-for-non-autoclavable-endoscopes-results-for-the-first-100-microbiological-samples
#20
C Minebois, P Saviuc, J Shum, P Tuvignon, I Pelloux, M-P Brenier-Pinchart, C Landelle, M-R Mallaret
BACKGROUND: A new process for packaging endoscopes (SureStore(®), Medical Innovations Group) immediately after they exit from washing and disinfection in an automated endoscope reprocessor (AER) allows for endoscopes to be stored for up to 15 days. AIM: To describe the microbiological quality of samples from gastrointestinal endoscopes following this process. METHODS: Three-month prospective study using microbiological sampling from a stock of 38 gastrointestinal endoscopes carried out in a French University Hospital...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
journal
journal
27988
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"