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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442337/the-weight-related-eating-questionnaire-offers-a-concise-alternative-to-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-for-measuring-eating-behaviors-related-to-weight-loss
#1
Brittany L James, Eric Loken, Liane S Roe, Barbara J Rolls
OBJECTIVE: During a one-year weight loss trial, we compared the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), a valid 51-item measure of restraint, disinhibition, and hunger subscales, with the newer 16-item Weight-Related Eating Questionnaire (WREQ) measuring routine and compensatory restraint and external and emotional eating. METHODS: Both questionnaires were administered to women with overweight or obesity (n = 186, mean ± SD, age 50 ± 10.6 y, BMI 34 ± 4...
April 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442336/observed-and-reported-differences-in-child-picky-eating-behavior-between-home-and-childcare-locations
#2
Virginia Luchini, Salma Musaad, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
Picky eating (PE) is a common mealtime difficulty that is reported by up to 50% of caregivers. Most of the research to date on PE has focused on parents, even though millions of children also eat meals in home- or center-based childcare settings. Currently, little is known about PE behaviors manifested by the child across the home and childcare settings, or how these behaviors differ between home-based childcare (HBCC) and center-based childcare (CBCC) locations. The objectives of this study were to compare PE behaviors between the child's home and HBCC or CBCC environments, and compare PE behaviors between HBCC and CBCC environments...
April 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442335/do-impulsive-individuals-benefit-more-from-food-go-no-go-training-testing-the-role-of-inhibition-capacity-in-the-no-go-devaluation-effect
#3
Zhang Chen, Harm Veling, Ap Dijksterhuis, Rob W Holland
Not responding to food items in a go/no-go task can lead to devaluation of these food items, which may help people regulate their eating behavior. The Behavior Stimulus Interaction (BSI) theory explains this devaluation effect by assuming that inhibiting impulses triggered by appetitive foods elicits negative affect, which in turn devalues the food items. BSI theory further predicts that the devaluation effect will be stronger when food items are more appetitive and when individuals have low inhibition capacity...
April 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438548/promoting-toddlers-vegetable-consumption-through-interactive-reading-and-puppetry
#4
Simone M de Droog, Roselinde van Nee, Mieke Govers, Moniek Buijzen
Picture books with characters that promote healthy eating are increasingly being used to make this behavior more attractive. The first aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of vegetable-promoting picture books on toddlers' vegetable consumption differed according to the reading style and the use of a hand puppet during reading. The second aim was to investigate whether these effects were mediated by toddlers' narrative involvement and character imitation. In a 2 (reading style: interactive vs...
April 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434893/what-makes-people-leave-their-food-the-interaction-of-personal-and-situational-factors-leading-to-plate-leftovers-in-canteens
#5
Bettina Anne-Sophie Lorenz, Monika Hartmann, Nina Langen
In order to provide a basis for the reduction of food losses, our study analyzes individual food choice, eating and leftover behavior in a university canteen by consideration of personal, social and environmental determinants. Based on an extended literature review, a structural equation model is derived and empirically tested for a sample of 343 students. The empirical estimates support the derived model with a good overall model fit and sufficient R(2) values for dependent variables. Hence, our results provide evidence for a general significant impact of behavioral intention and related personal and social determinants as well as for the relevance of environmental/situational determinants such as portion sizes and palatability of food for plate leftovers...
April 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433776/increasing-water-intake-in-pre-school-children-with-unhealthy-drinking-habits-a-year-long-controlled-longitudinal-field-experiment-assessing-the-impact-of-information-water-affordance-and-social-regulation
#6
Bradley Franks, Saadi Lahlou, Jeanne H Bottin, Isabelle Guelinckx, Sabine Boesen-Mariani
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of three interventions to increase the plain water consumption of children with unhealthy drinking habits, with an innovative approach combining the three layers of Installation Theory: embodied competences, affordances and social regulation. METHODS: 334 preschool children and their carers were allocated to three interventions: Control (control): no intervention, Information (info): online coaching sessions on water health benefits aiming at modifying embodied competences (knowledge), Information + Water Affordance (info + w): the same plus home delivery of small bottles of water...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433775/looking-is-buying-how-visual-attention-and-choice-are-affected-by-consumer-preferences-and-properties-of-the-supermarket-shelf
#7
Kerstin Gidlöf, Andrey Anikin, Martin Lingonblad, Annika Wallin
There is a battle in the supermarket isle, a battle between what the consumer wants and what the retailer and others want her to see, and subsequently to buy. Product packages and displays contain a number of features and attributes tailored to catch consumers' attention. These are what we call external factors comprising the visual saliency, the number of facings, and the placement of each product. But a consumer also brings with her a number of goals and interests related to the products and their attributes...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433774/the-role-of-compensatory-health-beliefs-in-eating-behavior-change-a-mixed-method-study
#8
Melanie A Amrein, Pamela Rackow, Jennifer Inauen, Theda Radtke, Urte Scholz
Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs), defined as beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated for by engaging in another healthy behavior, are assumed to hinder health behavior change. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of CHBs for two distinct eating behaviors (increased fruit and vegetable consumption and eating fewer unhealthy snacks) with a mixed method approach. Participants (N = 232, mean age = 27.3 years, 76.3% women) were randomly assigned to a fruit and vegetable or an unhealthy snack condition...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#9
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432007/caloric-compensation-in-preschool-children-relationships-with-body-mass-and-differences-by-food-category
#10
S Carnell, L Benson, E L Gibson, L A Mais, S Warkentin
Maintaining a healthy weight may involve compensating for previously consumed calories at subsequent meals. To test whether heavier children demonstrated poorer caloric compensation across a range of conditions, and to explore whether compensation failure was the result of inadequate adjustment of overall intake or specific over-consumption of highly palatable, high energy-density 'junk' foods, we administered two compensation tests to a sample of 4-5 y olds. For Test A, preloads varied only in carbohydrate content and were organoleptically indistinguishable (200 ml orange-flavored beverage [0 kcal vs...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428151/impact-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-and-label-design-on-children-s-choice-of-two-snack-foods-comparison-of-warnings-and-the-traffic-light-system
#11
Alejandra Arrúa, María Rosa Curutchet, Natalia Rey, Patricia Barreto, Nadya Golovchenko, Andrea Sellanes, Guillermo Velazco, Medy Winokur, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
Research on the relative influence of package features on children's perception of food products is still necessary to aid policy design and development. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relative influence of two front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling schemes, the traffic light system and Chilean warning system, and label design on children's choice of two popular snack foods in Uruguay, wafer cookies and orange juice. A total of 442 children in grades 4 to 6 from 12 primary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428150/satiety-regulation-in-children-with-loss-of-control-eating-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-test-meal-study
#12
Susanne Kurz, Dominik Schoebi, Daniela Dremmel, Wieland Kiess, Simone Munsch, Anja Hilbert
Children with loss of control (LOC) eating and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for excessive weight gain. However, it is unclear whether or not these children show disturbances in hunger and satiety regulation. The goal was to examine the food intake and sense of LOC over eating as well as LOC eating-related characteristics during test meal in children with LOC eating and ADHD. Children aged 8-13 y with LOC eating (n = 33), ADHD (n = 32), and matched healthy controls (n = 33), consumed a test meal consisting of their chosen lunch food, with the instruction to eat until feeling full...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428152/convenience-food-with-environmentally-sustainable-attributes-a-consumer-perspective
#13
Stefanella Stranieri, Elena Claire Ricci, Alessandro Banterle
The use of chemicals in agriculture poses risks on both human health and the environment. Regulatory measures, both mandatory and voluntary, have been introduced to promote a reduction in the use of pesticides. The proliferation of such standards is related to the gradual shift of consumer preferences towards foods with reduced negative health and environmental impacts. Beside consumer demand for sustainable food products, convenience foods are also assuming an increasingly important role in developed countries...
April 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416329/weight-stigma-predicts-inhibitory-control-and-food-selection-in-response-to-the-salience-of-weight-discrimination
#14
Ashley M Araiza, Joseph D Wellman
OBJECTIVE: Fear and stigmatization are often used to motivate individuals with higher body weight to engage in healthy behaviors, but these strategies are sometimes counterproductive, leading to undesirable outcomes. In the present study, the impact of weight-based stigma on cognition (i.e., inhibitory control) and food selection (i.e., calories selected) was examined among individuals who consider themselves to be overweight. It was predicted that participants higher in perceived weight stigma would perform more poorly on an inhibitory control task and order more calories on a food selection task when they read about discrimination against individuals with higher weight versus discrimination against an out-group...
April 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414042/promising-technological-innovations-in-cognitive-training-to-treat-eating-related-behavior
#15
Evan M Forman, Stephanie P Goldstein, Daniel Flack, Brittney C Evans, Stephanie M Manasse, Cara Dochat
One potential reason for the suboptimal outcomes of treatments targeting appetitive behavior, such as eating and alcohol consumption, is that they do not target the implicit cognitive processes that may be driving these behaviors. Two groups of related neurocognitive processes that are robustly associated with dysregulated eating and drinking are attention bias (AB; selective attention to specific stimuli) and executive function (EF; a set of cognitive control processes such as inhibitory control, working memory, set shifting, that govern goal-directed behaviors)...
April 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412311/cross-national-investigation-of-the-drivers-of-obesity-re-assessment-of-past-findings-and-avenues-for-the-future
#16
Katrien Cooremans, Maggie Geuens, Mario Pandelaere
In this paper we question whether prior cross-national differences in food attitudes still exist and if so, to what extent. Due to societal evolutions such as sedentarism and globalization, international variations in food attitudes may not be as pronounced as currently believed. A cross-sectional web-based survey was carried out in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Belgium. A total of 2167 respondents (52% women; mean age = 39.0 years, SD = 11.4) participated. To successfully combat obesity, a joint approach focusing on food choice and physical activity is required; therefore we included behavioral measures by means of choice tasks for these two important drivers...
April 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411128/the-effects-of-experimental-gestational-hypertension-on-maternal-blood-pressure-and-fluid-intake-and-pre-weanling-hypothalamic-neuronal-activity
#17
Juan Arguelles, Carmen Perillan, Terry G Beltz, Baojian Xue, Daniel Badaue-Passos, Jose A Vega, Alan Kim Johnson
To examine the fetal programming effects of maternal hypertension, natriophilia and hyperreninemia [experimentally induced in rats by partial inter-renal aortic ligature (PAL) prior to mating] fos immunoreactivity was studied in 6-day-old offspring of PAL and control mothers. The purposes of the present set of experiments were twofold. The first was to characterize the effects of PAL on the mother's arterial blood pressure and intake of salt (1.8% NaCl solution) and water over the course of gestation. Second, was to study the pattern of neuronal activation in key brain areas of 6-day-old offspring treated with the dipsogen isoproterenol that were from PAL and control mothers...
April 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400303/infant-feeding-and-child-fussy-eating-the-generation-r-study
#18
Lisanne M de Barse, Pauline W Jansen, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Henning Tiemeier, Jolien Steenweg-de Graaff
Fussy/picky eating - i.e. consistently avoiding certain foods - is common in childhood and can be worrisome for parents. Repeated exposure to various flavors as occurs in breastmilk and early exposure to complementary feeding may increase food acceptance and thereby decrease fussy eating. This study examines the associations between infant feeding and child fussy eating in 4779 participants of Generation R, a Dutch population-based cohort. Breastfeeding initiation and continuation, and timing of complementary feeding were assessed by questionnaires at 2, 6, and 12 months...
April 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400302/decreased-comfort-food-intake-and-allostatic-load-in-adolescents-carrying-the-a3669g-variant-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-gene
#19
Danitsa Marcos Rodrigues, Roberta Sena Reis, Roberta Dalle Molle, Tania Diniz Machado, Amanda Brondani Mucellini, Andressa Bortoluzzi, Rudineia Toazza, Juliano Adams Pérez, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Marilyn Agranonik, Luciano Minuzzi, Robert D Levitan, Augusto Buchweitz, Alexandre Rosa Franco, Gisele Gus Manfro, Patrícia Pelufo Silveira
BACKGROUND: The A3669G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene NR3C1 is associated with altered tissue sensitivity to glucocorticoids (GCs). GCs modulate the food reward circuitry and are implicated in increased intake of palatable foods, which can lead to the metabolic syndrome and obesity. We hypothesized that presence of the G variant of the A3669G SNP would affect preferences for palatable foods and alter metabolic, behavioural, and neural outcomes...
April 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400301/breakfast-consumption-and-depressive-mood-a-focus-on-socioeconomic-status
#20
Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park, Yeong Jun Ju, Tae Hoon Lee, Euna Han, Tae Hyun Kim
Skipping breakfast can be potentially harmful because breakfast consumption is considered one of the important health-related behaviors that benefit physical and mental health. As the rate of depression has increased recently, we investigated the association between the frequency of eating breakfast and depression in adults. We obtained the data from the 2013 Korean Community Health Survey; a total of 207,710 survey participants aged 20 years or over were studied. Participants were categorized into three groups by the frequency of breakfast consumption as follows: "seldom," "sometimes," and "always...
April 8, 2017: Appetite
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