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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452224/methodological-and-reporting-quality-in-laboratory-studies-of-human-eating-behavior
#1
Eric Robinson, Kirsten E Bevelander, Matt Field, Andrew Jones
The methodological quality and reporting practices of laboratory studies of human eating behavior determine the validity and replicability of nutrition science. The aim of this research was to examine basic methodology and reporting practices in recent representative laboratory studies of human eating behavior. We examined laboratory studies of human eating behavior (N = 140 studies) published during 2016. Basic methodology (e.g., sample size, use of participant blinding) and reporting practices (e.g., information on participant characteristics) were assessed for each study...
February 13, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447997/multisensory-flavor-perception-the-relationship-between-congruency-pleasantness-and-odor-referral-to-the-mouth
#2
Robin Fondberg, Johan N Lundström, Maria Blöchl, Mats J Olsson, Janina Seubert
Our hedonic response to a food is determined by its flavor, an inherently multisensory experience that extends beyond the mere addition of its odor and taste. While congruency is known to be important for multisensory processes in general, little is known about its specific role in flavor processing. The aim of the present study was to delineate the effects of odor-taste congruency on two central aspects of flavor: odor referral (or mislocalization) to the mouth, and pleasantness. We further aimed to test whether an eventual effect on pleasantness was mediated by odor referral...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447996/sleep-food-cravings-and-taste
#3
Wen Lv, Graham Findlayson, Robin Dando
OBJECTIVE: Taste is influenced by factors from our environment, psychology, and from our own physiological state. The objective of the study was to determine whether sleep influences our sense of taste or our cravings for food. METHOD: 57 healthy panelists, predominantly of college age, submitted to sleep tracking, and subsequently underwent a series of sensory tests, using basic prototypic tastants as well as real foods. Panelists were also evaluated to quantify food cravings, using both the Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, and the Control of Eating Questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447995/how-effective-are-messages-and-their-characteristics-in-changing-behavioural-intentions-to-substitute-plant-based-foods-for-red-meat-the-mediating-role-of-prior-beliefs
#4
Annukka Vainio, Xavier Irz, Hanna Hartikainen
By means of a population-based survey experiment, we analysed the effectiveness of two message characteristics - message framing and the refutation of misinformation - in persuading respondents to reduce their consumption of red meat and increase that of plant-based alternatives. We also tested whether the effects of those two message characteristics were moderated by prior beliefs about the health and climate impacts of red meat consumption. The data were collected with an online survey of the adult population living in Finland (N = 1279)...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447994/who-eats-with-family-and-how-often-household-members-and-work-styles-influence-frequency-of-family-meals-in-urban-japan
#5
Wakako Takeda, Melissa K Melby, Yuta Ishikawa
Family commensality, or meals eaten together with family members, is a key practice to understand the socio-cultural organization of eating and family lives. Yet empirical evidence is limited outside of western societies, which have different household structures, work styles, and socio-cultural constructions of the practice. This study examined frequencies of family commensality based on 242 surveys of Japanese adults aged between 20 and 85 in two metropolitan areas. Results showed that family commensality is less frequent not only among those living alone, but also among those living with only non-partners including adult children, parents, and non-family members, than among those living with partners...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438715/perceived-child-eating-behaviours-and-maternal-migrant-background
#6
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Claude Marcus, Myles S Faith, Christine Persson Osowski, Anna Ek, Paulina Nowicka
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4...
February 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428546/-not-eating-for-the-environment-the-impact-of-restaurant-menu-design-on-vegetarian-food-choice
#7
Linda Bacon, Dario Krpan
Previous research has shown that restaurant menu design can influence food choices. However, it remains unknown whether such contextual effects on food selection are dependent on people's past behavior. In the present study, we focused on vegetarian food choices, given their important implications for the environment, and investigated whether the influence of different restaurant menus on the likelihood of selecting a vegetarian dish is moderated by the number of days on which people reported eating only vegetarian food during the previous week...
February 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428545/the-montreal-children-s-hospital-feeding-scale-relationships-with-parental-report-of-child-eating-behaviours-and-observed-feeding-interactions
#8
Samantha Rogers, Maria Ramsay, Jackie Blissett
Feeding problems are common, with implications for nutrition, growth and family stress, placing burden on primary care services. The Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCHFS) is a quick and reliable measure of feeding problems for clinical settings, but there is little examination of its relationship to commonly used research measures of parental feeding practice, child eating behaviour and observations of parent-infant interaction at mealtimes. We examined the relationships between the MCHFS, demographics and early feeding history, weight across the first year, parental report of feeding practices and child eating behaviours, and observations of maternal-infant feeding interaction at 1 year...
February 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427693/a-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-an-in-class-vegetable-promotion-program
#9
Gael Myers, Shannon Wright, Sally Blane, Iain S Pratt, Simone Pettigrew
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition interventions that target both fruits and vegetables are effective in increasing fruit consumption, but have been limited in their ability to improve vegetable intake. To address the low proportion of children meeting vegetable intake guidelines, approaches specifically targeting vegetables are needed. This paper reports on a mixed-method analysis of a 10-week vegetable promotion pilot project that aimed to increase vegetable intake as part of the existing Crunch&Sip in-class fruit and vegetable break program...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427692/eating-with-eyes-comparing-eye-movements-and-food-choices-between-overweight-and-lean-individuals-in-a-real-life-buffet-setting
#10
Eunice Wang, Yusuf O Cakmak, Mei Peng
Researchers have long sought to pinpoint factors underpinning individual differences in eating behaviour. Emerging data from eye-tracking studies have suggested that attentional biases to food exist among individuals and food types. However, such studies have thus far focussed primarily on food images and computerised tasks, limiting real-world implications. The present study tested 32 healthy male participants (16 being overweight) for attentional biases in an ad libitum buffet setting, using wearable eye-trackers...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427691/subjective-satiety-and-plasma-pyy-concentration-after-wholemeal-pasta
#11
Giuseppina Costabile, Ettore Griffo, Paola Cipriano, Claudia Vetrani, Marilena Vitale, Gianfranco Mamone, Angela A Rivellese, Gabriele Riccardi, Rosalba Giacco
Dietary fiber and whole grain foods may contribute to the regulation of appetite; however, evidence has produced inconclusive findings. The objective was to evaluate the effects of an experimental wholemeal pasta on appetite ratings, plasma concentrations of gastrointestinal hormones involved in appetite control, and postprandial glucose/insulin responses in healthy adults. Fourteen healthy adults (7M/7F), mean age 30 ± 2 yrs (mean ± SEM), participated in a randomized, controlled, crossover trial...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427690/the-buffer-effect-of-body-compassion-on-the-association-between-shame-and-body-and-eating-difficulties
#12
Sara Oliveira, Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira
Body compassion is a new construct which incorporates two multidimensional concepts: body image and self-compassion. Self-compassion has been revealed as a protective mechanism against body image and eating-related-related disturbances, including eating disorders. However, the study of this compassionate competence specifically focused on the domain of the body is still largely unexplored. This study aims to test whether body compassion moderate the impact of external shame on body image shame and disordered eating, in a sample of 354 women from the Portuguese general population...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427689/food-insecurity-diet-quality-and-body-mass-index-of-women-participating-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-the-role-of-intrapersonal-home-environment-community-and-social-factors
#13
Namrata Sanjeevi, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Matthew Hersh
Obesity is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low-income populations. Moreover, participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been associated with obesity among low-income women. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of intrapersonal, home environment, community and social factors on diet quality and body mass index (BMI) of low-income women participating in SNAP. This study also aimed to examine the role of these factors in mediating the relationship between food insecurity and diet quality, and BMI...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425883/foods-with-increased-protein-content-a-qualitative-study-on-european-consumer-preferences-and-perceptions
#14
Marija Banovic, Anne Arvola, Kyösti Pennanen, Denisa E Duta, Monika Brückner-Gühmann, Klaus G Grunert, Liisa Lähteenmäki
Foods with increased protein content have rapidly become one of the fastest-growing product categories targeting image- and health-focused consumers. However, it is not clear whether consumers really understand the difference between 'inherently rich in protein' and 'artificially increased protein'. This study used a qualitative focus group approach to investigate the consumer preferences and perceptions of foods with increased protein content among mixed-age and older population in four European countries...
February 6, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410008/changes-in-eating-behavior-and-plasma-leptin-in-children-with-obesity-participating-in-a-family-centered-lifestyle-intervention
#15
Tamara R Cohen, Tom J Hazell, Catherine A Vanstone, Celia Rodd, Hope A Weiler
The goal of childhood obesity lifestyle interventions are to positively change body composition, however it is unknown if interventions also modulate factors that are related to energy intake. This study aimed to examine changes in eating behaviors and plasma leptin concentrations in overweight and obese children participating in a 1-year family-centered lifestyle intervention. Interventions were based on Canadian diet and physical activity (PA) guidelines. Children were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: Control (Ctrl; no intervention), Standard treatment (StnTx: 2 servings milk and alternatives/day (d), 3x/wk weight-bearing PA), or Modified treatment (ModTx: 4 servings milk and alternatives/day; daily weight-bearing PA)...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408466/ecology-shapes-moral-judgments-towards-food-wasting-behavior-evidence-from-the-yali-of-west-papua-the-ngorongoro-maasai-and-poles
#16
Michał Misiak, Marina Butovskaya, Piotr Sorokowski
People judge food wasting as an immoral behavior. Although moral concerns vary widely across cultures, to this date, food wasting moral judgments were investigated only among rich and industrialized ones. This study reports first evidence of cultural variability on moral judgments of food wasting between modern and traditional cultures. We conducted our study among the Maasai - pastoralists of Ngorongoro, Yali - horticulturalists of West Papua, and among citizens of Poland. According to the results, Maasai judge food wasting as more immoral compared to Yali and Poles...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408380/parent-child-feeding-practices-in-a-developing-country-findings-from-the-family-diet-study
#17
Wai Yew Yang, Tracy Burrows, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lauren T Williams, Clare E Collins, Winnie Siew Swee Chee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Malaysia, examination of family environmental factors is warranted. Reviews from developed countries report inconsistent findings on the relationship between parental-child feeding practices and child weight-related health outcomes. The current study aimed to examine parent-child feeding practices by familial-child characteristics in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The Family Diet Study was conducted with urban Malay families and included a child aged 8-12 years and their main carer(s)...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408379/healthy-and-sustainable-diets-community-concern-about-the-effect-of-the-future-food-environments-and-support-for-government-regulating-sustainable-food-supplies-in-western-australia
#18
Amelia J Harray, Xingqiong Meng, Deborah A Kerr, Christina M Pollard
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of community concern about future food supplies and perception of the importance placed on government regulation over the supply of environmentally friendly food and identify dietary and other factors associated with these beliefs in Western Australia. DESIGN: Data from the 2009 and 2012 Nutrition Monitoring Survey Series computer-assisted telephone interviews were pooled. Level of concern about the effect of the environment on future food supplies and importance of government regulating the supply of environmentally friendly food were measured...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408332/cross-sectional-associations-between-maternal-self-efficacy-and-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-in-four-year-old-children-of-first-time-swedish-mothers
#19
Rohde Jeanett Friis, Bohman Benjamin, Berglind Daniel, M Hansson Lena, Frederiksen Peder, Mortensen Erik Lykke, Heitmann Berit Lilienthal, Rasmussen Finn
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408331/influence-of-oral-processing-on-appetite-and-food-intake-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Emma M Krop, Marion M Hetherington, Chandani Nekitsing, Sophie Miquel, Luminita Postelnicu, Anwesha Sarkar
Food delivers energy, nutrients and a pleasurable experience. Slow eating and prolonged oro-sensory exposure to food during consumption can enhance the processes that promote satiation. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effects of oral processing on subjective measures of appetite (hunger, desire to eat) and objectively measured food intake. The aim was to investigate the influence of oral processing characteristics, specifically "chewing" and "lubrication", on "appetite" and "food intake"...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
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