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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330707/structure-based-feeding-strategies-a-key-component-of-child-nutrition
#1
Maija B Taylor, Elizabeth Emley, Mercedes Pratt, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between structure, autonomy promotion, and control feeding strategies and parent-reported child diet. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 497) were parents of children ages 2.5 to 7.5 recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. This sample was a Caucasian (79%), educated sample (61% college graduates) with most reports from mothers (76%). METHODS AND MEASURES: Online survey including measures of parent feeding strategies and child dietary intake...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330706/eating-dependence-and-weight-gain-no-human-evidence-for-a-sugar-addiction-model-of-overweight
#2
C Rob Markus, Peter J Rogers, Fred Brouns, Robbie Schepers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is an increasing societal concern that consumption of specific foods such as sugar might become 'addictive' and, hence, promote weight gain. Claims about the addictiveness of sugar however are based largely on findings from few animal studies, whereas there is a lack of direct human evidence for symptoms of sugar-related substance dependence. The current study examined in a large sample of human participants whether foods mainly containing sugar in particular might cause 'addiction-like' problems that meet clinical DSM criteria for substance dependence, and, also whether in turn this relates to body weight and negative affectivity (depressed mood)...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323061/influence-of-product-placement-in-children-s-movies-on-children-s-snack-choices
#3
Callie L Brown, Camden E Matherne, Cynthia M Bulik, Janna B Howard, Sophie N Ravanbakht, Asheley C Skinner, Charles T Wood, Anna M Bardone-Cone, Jane D Brown, Andrew J Perrin, Cary Levine, Michael J Steiner, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND: Media exposure affects health, including obesity risk. Children's movies often contain food placements-frequently unhealthy foods. However, it is not known if these cues influence children's food choices or consumption after viewing. We explored whether children's snack choices or consumption differs based on: 1) recent exposure to movies with high versus low product placement of unhealthy foods; and 2) children's weight status. METHODS: Children ages 9-11 were assigned to watch a high ("Alvin and the Chipmunks," n = 54) or low ("Stuart Little," n = 60) product-placement movie...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323060/food-neophobia-and-its-association-with-intake-of-fish-and-other-selected-foods-in-a-norwegian-sample-of-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Sissel H Helland, Elling Bere, Helga Birgit Bjørnarå, Nina Cecilie Øverby
Reluctance to try novel foods (food neophobia) prevents toddlers from accepting healthy foods such as fish and vegetables, which are important for child development and health. Eating habits established between ages 2 and 3 years normally track into adulthood and are therefore highly influential; even so, there are few studies addressing food neophobia in this age group. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between the level of food neophobia and the frequency of toddlers' intake of fish, meat, berries, fruit, vegetables, and sweet and salty snacks...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323059/what-is-a-nutritious-snack-level-of-processing-and-macronutrient-content-influences-young-adults-perceptions
#5
Nienke M de Vlieger, Clare Collins, Tamara Bucher
Snacking has become more prevalent in developed countries. While poor food choices pose health risks, nutritious choices contribute important nutrients to overall dietary intakes. Young adults consumer snacks frequently and nutritious choices should be promoted among this group. However, how young adults define the term 'nutritious' currently and how they evaluate the nutritiousness of various snack foods required further investigation. The current study used a mixed methods design with 115 young adults invited to sort 32 commonly available snack foods into a line ranging from 'not nutritious' to 'very nutritious'...
March 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323058/executive-functioning-in-a-racially-diverse-sample-of-children-who-are-overweight-and-at-risk-for-eating-disorders
#6
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Setareh O'Brien, Jason M Lavender, Carolyn M Pearson, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Hunter
Difficulties with executive functioning may underlie both overweight and loss of control (LOC) eating behavior across the age spectrum, but there is a relative paucity of research in children with both conditions. This study aimed to characterize general executive functioning among children with overweight and LOC eating as compared to their overweight and normal-weight peers. Participants were 75 racially diverse children (58.7% female; 81.3% African-American), aged 9-12y (M age = 10.5 ± 1.1), of whom 26 were overweight/obese and endorsed LOC eating (OW-LOC), 34 were overweight controls (OW-CON), and 15 were normal-weight controls (NW-CON)...
March 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323057/meet-meat-an-explorative-study-on-meat-and-cultured-meat-as-seen-by-chinese-ethiopians-and-dutch
#7
Gerben A Bekker, Hilde Tobi, Arnout R H Fischer
In this cross-cultural study we investigated how study participants from China, Ethiopia and the Netherlands operationalize the concept of meat and to what extent cultured meat fits or does not fit into this operationalization. We argue that combining the conceptual approaches symbolic boundaries and theory of social practice helps to better understand the possibly culturally dependent operationalization of the concept meat. Ten visiting graduate students from China, 10 from Ethiopia and 10 native Dutch graduate students completed freelist tasks, a pile sort task, interview and essay task, during a single session...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315781/optimistic-and-pessimistic-self-assessment-of-own-diets-is-associated-with-age-self-rated-health-and-weight-status-in-danish-adults
#8
Mette Rosenlund Sørensen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Lotte Holm, Vibeke Kildegaard Knudsen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Inge Tetens
The aim of this study was to analyse concordance between Danish adults' recorded diet quality and their own assessment of the healthiness and to examine socio-demographic, health and behavioural characteristics associated with an optimistic or pessimistic self-assessment. Data were derived from The Danish National Survey of Diet and Physical Activity 2011-2013 and included a random sample of 3014 adults (18-75 y). Diet quality was evaluated on the basis of seven-day pre-coded food diaries and categorised 'unhealthy', 'somewhat healthy' and 'healthy'...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315778/need-of-improvement-of-diet-and-life-habits-among-university-student-regardless-of-religion-professed
#9
Silvia Navarro-Prado, Emilio González-Jiménez, Javier S Perona, Miguel A Montero-Alonso, Marta López-Bueno, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
At present, few studies have assessed the possible influence of culture and religion on healthy eating habits among the university population. The aim of this study was to identify differences in healthy and eating habits among university students of different religions. A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample population of 257 students (22.4 ± 4.76 y) at the campus of the University of Granada in Melilla (Spain). The quality of diet was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet by a validated score (MDS)...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315777/appetite-disorders-in-cancer-patients-impact-on-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life
#10
David E Barajas Galindo, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Ana Hernández-Moreno, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Manuela Pedraza-Lorenzo, María Asunción Rodríguez-García, Dalia María Ávila-Turcios, Miran Alejo-Ramos, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-h recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both)...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315780/simplifying-mental-math-changing-how-added-sugars-are-displayed-on-the-nutrition-facts-label-can-improve-consumer-understanding
#11
Neha Khandpur, Dan J Graham, Christina A Roberto
BACKGROUND: Proposed variations to Nutrition Facts Labels (NFL) have included the display of added sugars (AS) content, but its impact on consumer understanding is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree to which different formats for displaying AS influence consumer understanding, perceptions, and purchase intentions. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled online experiment. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 2509 U.S adults...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#12
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315417/higher-bmi-is-associated-with-stronger-effects-of-social-cues-on-everyday-snacking-behaviour
#13
Benjamin Schüz, Sarah Revell, Andrew P Hills, Natalie Schüz, Stuart G Ferguson
Discretionary food choices (snacks) contribute up to a third of the daily energy intake and potentially contribute to energy imbalance and weight gain. Individual snack intake behaviour is guided by internal and external cues, with social cues (seeing others eat, being alone) consistently showing large effects. A wide body of (mainly laboratory-based) research suggests marked differences in people's response to eating cues based on BMI. Here, we show that these BMI differences in cue responsiveness also pertain to everyday snacking behaviour...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315421/meal-box-schemes-a-convenient-way-to-avoid-convenience-food-uses-and-understandings-of-meal-box-schemes-among-danish-consumers
#14
Frej Daniel Hertz, Bente Halkier
The term convenience food is subject to diversification, lack of clarity and moral ambiguity. In this paper we address these issues and critically discuss convenience food by using empirical findings from a Danish study that deals with practitioners' uses of meal box schemes. The methodological design consists of thirteen individual interviews, four focus groups and some observations of cooking practices. We combine the empirical findings with a particular definition of convenience food by Brunner et al. (2010) and selected practice theoretical concepts...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315420/eating-behaviour-is-associated-with-eating-frequency-and-food-consumption-in-6-8-year-old-children-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#15
H Jalkanen, V Lindi, U Schwab, S Kiiskinen, T Venäläinen, L Karhunen, T A Lakka, A M Eloranta
The association between eating behaviour and dietary factors has been studied narrowly in children. Therefore, we investigated whether eating frequency and food consumption are influenced by eating behaviour in a population sample of 406 children aged 6-8 years. We assessed features of eating behaviour by the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and dietary factors by a 4-day food record. The results showed that enjoyment of food was directly associated with a number of main meals (p = 0.041) and consumption of vegetables (p = 0...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315419/identifying-the-mechanisms-through-which-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-improves-food-decision-making-in-obesity
#16
Kathryn E Demos, Jeanne M McCaffery, J Graham Thomas, Kimberly A Mailloux, Todd A Hare, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs are the recommended treatment for obesity, yet it is unknown whether these programs change one's ability to use self-control in food choices and what specific mechanisms support such change. Using experimental economics methods, we investigated whether changes in dietary behavior in individuals with obesity following BWL are driven by one or more of the following potential mechanisms: changes in the perception of the 1) health or 2) taste of food items, and/or 3) shifting decision weights for health versus taste attributes...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315418/importance-of-perceived-naturalness-for-acceptance-of-food-additives-and-cultured-meat
#17
Michael Siegrist, Bernadette Sütterlin
Four experiments examined some factors influencing the perceived naturalness of food products and their biasing effect on risk perception. The results of Experiment 1a showed that three food additives displaying their respective E-numbers (i.e., codes for food additives in the European Union and Switzerland) decreased perceived naturalness. Experiment 1b demonstrated that mentioning possible health effects decreased the perceived naturalness of a plant-based food additive. This experiment further showed that it would not matter for perceived naturalness whether the food was synthetic or nature-identical...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300608/towards-a-reduced-meat-diet-mindset-and-motivation-of-young-vegetarians-low-medium-and-high-meat-eaters
#18
Joop de Boer, Hanna Schösler, Harry Aiking
This study provides insight into differences and similarities in the mindset and motivation of four dietary groups (young self-declared vegetarians, low, medium and high meat-eaters) to support the development of strategies for a general transition to a less meat-based diet. The paper highlights the value of the identity concept for our understanding of both vegetarians and meat eaters. The analysis involves a comparison of the four dietary groups focusing on the strength and the profile of their food-related motivation and their reasons for and against frequent meat eating...
March 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300607/high-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-impaired-cognitive-control
#19
Roberta Sellaro, Lorenza S Colzato
The prevalence of weight problems is increasing worldwide. There is growing evidence that high body mass index (BMI) is associated with frontal lobe dysfunction and cognitive deficits concerning mental flexibility and inhibitory control efficiency. The present study aims at replicating and extending these observations. We compared cognitive control performance of normal weight (BMI < 25) and overweight (BMI ≥ 25) university students on a task tapping either inhibitory control (Experiment 1) or interference control (Experiment 2)...
March 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288802/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-food-cravings-consumption-and-disorders-of-eating-a-review-of-methods-findings-and-controversies
#20
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Corita Vincent
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the human research literature pertaining to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) procedures for modulating food cravings, food consumption, and treating disorders of eating (i.e., obesity, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa). METHODS: A narrative review of methods, empirical findings, and current areas of controversy. Both single-session experimental and multi-session therapeutic modalities are considered, separately for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technologies...
March 10, 2017: Appetite
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