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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#1
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629931/fathers-feeding-practices-and-children-s-weight-status-in-mexican-american-families
#2
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Julianna Deardorff, Elena Flores, Lauri A Pasch, Nancy F Butte, Steven E Gregorich, Louise C Greenspan, Suzanna M Martinez, Emily Ozer
Mothers' feeding practices are associated with their children's weight status, but little is known about the associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status. Moreover, there is a dearth of research on Latino fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status, even though Latino children suffer some of the highest obesity rates in the U.S. We examined the associations between fathers' feeding practices and child weight status, conditional on mothers' feeding practices, within 174 Mexican American families with children aged 8-10 years...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629930/dining-with-dad-fathers-influences-on-family-food-practices
#3
Priya Fielding-Singh
Scholars have documented multiple barriers to healthy eating within families. This article examines an overlooked obstacle to a nutritious family diet: fathers. Using 109 in-depth interviews with middle and upper-middle class mothers, adolescents, and fathers in the United States, I show how fathers can undermine mothers' efforts to provision a healthy diet. While family members perceive mothers as committed to provisioning a healthy diet, many fathers are seen as, at best, detached and, at worst, a threat to mothers' dietary aspirations...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625855/children-s-purchase-behavior-in-the-snack-market-can-branding-or-lower-prices-motivate-healthier-choices
#4
Monika Hartmann, Sean B Cash, Ching-Hua Yeh, Stefanie C Landwehr, Anna R McAlister
BACKGROUND: Children's dietary-related diseases and their associated costs have expanded dramatically in many countries, making children's food choice a policy issue of increasing relevance. As children spend a considerable amount of money on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) products, a better understanding of the main drivers of children's independent food purchase decisions is crucial to move this behavior toward healthier options. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to investigate the role of branding and price in motivating children to choose healthier snack options...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625854/promoting-healthier-children-s-meals-at-quick-service-and-full-service-restaurants-results-from-a-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#5
Nanette V Lopez, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca
High-calorie restaurant foods contribute to childhood overweight. Increased consumer demand for healthier kids' meals may motivate the restaurant industry to provide additional healthy options. This study pilot-tested a combination of four strategies (toy incentive, placemats, server prompts, signage) designed to increase demand for healthier kids' meals, which were defined as those eligible for the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell program. Relative sales of healthier kids' meals were examined before (n = 3473 total kids' meal orders) and during Month 1 (n = 3546 total kids' meal orders) and Month 2 of implementation (n = 3645 total kids' meal orders) of an 8-week intervention in two locations each of a quick-service (QSR) and full-service (FSR) restaurant chain...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624258/incentivizing-healthy-eating-in-children-an-investigation-of-the-ripple-and-temporal-effects-of-a-reward-based-intervention
#6
Saied Toossi
Although previous studies have established the effectiveness of using small reward-based incentives in inducing the choice and consumption of healthier foods among children, little is known about their impact outside of experimental settings or their effectiveness over time when administered daily. This paper presents the results of a field experiment conducted to provide insight on these matters. The study employs a removed treatment within-subject design and was conducted at a summer program catering to low-income children between the ages of 5 and 12...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624259/body-talk-weight-status-and-pathological-eating-behavior-in-romantic-relationships
#7
Ellen Hart, Chong Man Chow, Cin Cin Tan
This study examined whether engagement in body talk would interact with weight status (body mass index; BMI) to predict pathological eating behaviors among romantically involved adults. Adults (N = 137, females = 86.86%, average age = 23.50) involved in a romantic relationship were recruited to complete an online survey about their body image, dietary behaviors, and engagement in body talk. Results indicated that engagement in negative body talk was directly related to higher pathological eating (i.e...
June 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624181/corrigendum-to-prolonged-chewing-at-lunch-decreases-later-snack-intake-appetite-62-1-march-2013-91-95
#8
Suzanne Higgs, Alison Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627402/attention-can-choices-for-low-value-food-over-high-value-food-be-trained
#9
Michael J Zoltak, Harm Veling, Zhang Chen
People choose high value food items over low value food items, because food choices are guided by the comparison of values placed upon choice alternatives. This value comparison process is also influenced by the amount of attention people allocate to different items. Recent research shows that choices for food items can be increased by training attention toward these items, with a paradigm named cued-approach training (CAT). However, previous work till now has only examined the influence of CAT on choices between two equally valued items...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#10
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610906/a-walnut-containing-meal-had-similar-effects-on-early-satiety-cck-and-pyy-but-attenuated-the-postprandial-glp-1-and-insulin-response-compared-to-a-nut-free-control-meal
#11
Cheryl L Rock, Shirley W Flatt, Hava-Shoshana Barkai, Bilge Pakiz, Dennis D Heath
Regular nut consumption is associated with lower adiposity and reduced weight gain in adulthood. Walnut feeding studies have observed minimal effect on body weight despite potential additional energy intake. Several mechanisms may explain why consuming nuts promotes weight control, including increased early phase satiety, possibly reflected in postprandial response of gastrointestinal and pancreatic peptides hypothesized to affect appetite. The purpose of this study was to compare postprandial insulin, glucagon and gastrointestinal peptide response and satiety following a meal with ∼54% of energy from walnuts or cream cheese, using a within-subject crossover study design in overweight/obese adults (N = 28)...
June 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606563/participants-with-pharmacologically-impaired-taste-function-seek-out-more-intense-higher-calorie-stimuli
#12
Corinna A Noel, Meaghan Sugrue, Robin Dando
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests a weaker sense of taste in people with obesity, with the assumption that this debilitated taste response increases the desire for more intensely tasting stimuli to compensate for decreased taste input. However, empirical testing of this supposition remains largely absent. METHOD: In a randomized, repeated measure design, 51 healthy subjects were treated with varying concentrations of a tea containing Gymnema sylvestre (GS), to temporarily and selectively diminish sweet taste perception, or a control tea...
June 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603060/organic-consumption-and-diet-choice-an-analysis-based-on-food-purchase-data-in-france
#13
Christine Boizot-Szantai, Oualid Hamza, Louis-Georges Soler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603059/a-comparison-of-the-health-star-rating-system-when-used-for-restaurant-fast-foods-and-packaged-foods
#14
Elizabeth K Dunford, Jason H Y Wu, Lyndal Wellard-Cole, Wendy Watson, Michelle Crino, Kristina Petersen, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: In June 2014, the Australian government agreed to the voluntary implementation of an interpretive 'Health Star Rating' (HSR) front-of-pack labelling system for packaged foods. The aim of the system is to make it easier for consumers to compare the healthiness of products based on number of stars. With many Australians consuming fast food there is a strong rationale for extending the HSR system to include fast food items. OBJECTIVE: To examine the performance of the HSR system when applied to fast foods...
June 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601679/the-rural-school-meal-as-a-site-for-learning-about-food
#15
Irene Torres, Jette Benn
The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the school meal as a site for learning about food, nutrition and the wider determinants of health in three small rural schools of Ecuador. Based on a year-long qualitative fieldwork, the multiple case study associates Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning with Noddings' theory of care to analyze the findings. In the study, elements of care in the relationships between children and adults seemed to promote dialogue and, in this way, adults were able to model what is required to care for others and oneself...
June 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601678/an-investigation-of-two-dimensions-of-impulsivity-as-predictors-of-loss-of-control-eating-severity-and-frequency
#16
Hallie M Espel, Alexandra F Muratore, Michael R Lowe
Loss-of-control (LOC) eating episodes represent one form of dysregulated eating common to full- and sub-threshold eating disorders. Extensive evidence suggests that impulsivity, particularly in the context of negative affect and/or depression, may play an important etiological role in the development and maintenance of LOC eating. However, most prior studies have considered LOC eating as a dichotomous rather than dimensional construct, and few studies have considered the interaction of multiple dimensions of impulsivity while also accounting for the role of depressive symptoms...
June 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587942/the-association-of-addictive-like-eating-with-food-intake-in-children
#17
Rebekah L Richmond, Christina A Roberto, Ashley N Gearhardt
OBJECTIVES: The potential role of an addictive process in problematic eating is a growing area of interest and debate. Children are more vulnerable to the negative effects of addictive substances than adults and may be at increased risk for addictive-like eating behavior. No prior study has evaluated the association of addictive-like eating with objectively measured eating behavior in adults or children. We examined the association between "food addiction" and observed food consumption among children and whether age moderated this association...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587941/family-food-talk-child-eating-behavior-and-maternal-feeding-practices
#18
Elizabeth Roach, Gail B Viechnicki, Lauren B Retzloff, Pamela Davis-Kean, Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller
Families discuss food and eating in many ways that may shape child eating habits. Researchers studying how families talk about food have examined this process during meals. Little work has examined parent-child food-related interactions outside of mealtime. We assessed family food talk at home outside of mealtime and tested whether food talk was associated with obesogenic child eating behaviors, maternal feeding practices, or child weight. Preschool and school-aged mother-child dyads (n = 61) participated in naturalistic voice recording using a LENA (Language ENvironment Analysis) recorder...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583655/cookbooks-in-u-s-history-how-do-they-reflect-food-safety-from-1896-to-2014
#19
Barbara A Almanza, Karen S Byrd, Carl Behnke, Jing Ma, Li Ge
Historical cookbooks as a source of recipes and food preparation information would be expected to document advancements in food safety related to kitchen equipment, cleaning, foodborne illness knowledge, and consumer education materials. In turn, this food safety information might be expected to contribute to consumers' food safety behaviors. Using both quantitative and qualitative research methodology, this study assessed how food safety information in cookbooks changed and how quickly advancements were incorporated...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583654/autistic-traits-associated-with-food-neophobia-but-not-olfactory-sensitivity
#20
Lorenzo D Stafford, Irene Tsang, Beatriz López, Martina Severini, Silvia Iacomini
Food neophobia has been shown to be associated with a range of personality traits (including anxiety, lower sensation seeking) and additionally sensory aspects of food such as taste and texture. Running parallel to that work, research has demonstrated higher incidences of food neophobia in autistic populations and separately evidence of hypersensitivity in some sensory domains. The aim of the current study was to extend our understanding by exploring whether the broader aspects of autistic traits can predict food neophobia in a non-autistic population and whether this is mediated by differences in olfactory sensitivity...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
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