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Michelle L Blumfield, Bei Bei, Iona Z Zimberg, Sean W Cain
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep independently influences eating habits and weight status. However, the relationship between these three factors has not been well quantified. The objective of this study was to examine if eating behavior (i.e. dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger) mediates the relationship between sleep and body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of American adults. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Nathan Kline Institute Rockland sample were assessed (n = 602; 38...
October 14, 2017: Appetite
Jeffrey M Brunstrom, Alex C L Drake, Ciarán G Forde, Peter J Rogers
In many species the capacity to accurately differentiate the energy density (kcal/g) of foods is critical because it greatly improves efficiency in foraging. In modern humans this ability remains intact and is expressed in a selective preference for types of fruit and vegetables that contain more calories. However, humans evolved consuming these low energy-dense foods (typically < 1.75 kcal/g) and it remains unclear whether they can also discriminate more energy-dense foods that now feature in modern Western diets...
October 13, 2017: Appetite
Patrícia P Silveira, Irina Pokhvisneva, Hélène Gaudreau, Leslie Atkinson, Alison S Fleming, Marla B Sokolowski, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Laurette Dubé, Robert D Levitan, Michael J Meaney
BACKGROUND: We have shown that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) leads to increased preference for palatable foods at different ages in both humans and rodents. In IUGR rodents, altered striatal dopamine signaling associates with a preference for palatable foods. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate if a multilocus genetic score reflecting dopamine-signaling capacity is differently associated with spontaneous palatable food intake in children according to the fetal growth status...
October 13, 2017: Appetite
Paula Nuñez, Juan Arguelles, Carmen Perillan
Thirst and sodium appetite are motivational states that lead to the search for and ingestion of water and sodium, thus contributing to maintenance of hydromineral balance. Oestrogens affect fluid intake and sodium preference. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine-disrupting substance with oestrogenic activity. Whether there are sex differences in the ingestive effects of BPA is unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to determine the effect of short-term treatment of low doses of BPA on thirst and sodium appetite in adult male and ovariectomised Wistar rats...
October 12, 2017: Appetite
Norma Olvera, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Mijin Kim, Alexandria Posada, Madeline Rancine, Consuelo Arbona
There is a dearth of research regarding the association of child and parent traits to the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors among minority girls with obesity. This study examined the moderating effects of mothers' and daughters' acculturation in the relation of parenting strategies (setting limits, monitoring and discipline) to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic girls with obesity. Participants included 148 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads (Mage = 39.1, SD = 6.4 years; Mage = 11.3, SD = 1...
October 11, 2017: Appetite
Monica Marina Nour, Anika Saiyara Rouf, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
Young adults are the poorest consumers of vegetables. Social media and smartphones are frequently used by this demographic and could serve as an engaging medium for nutrition promotion. Five focus groups were conducted to capture participants' perceptions of a theory-based gamified self-monitoring app for improving vegetable intake of young adults. Ranking activities were used to gather feedback on preferences for social media posts. Data arising from group discussion were analysed using NVivo software using a deductive approach to group common ideas into themes...
October 11, 2017: Appetite
Mary Hannan-Jones, Sandra Capra
Hospital meals are important for supporting nutrition goals and the overall hospital experience. The aim of this study was to assess if patients' perceptions of quality attributes of hot meals were impacted by the type of plate on which the meal was served. Eligible patients selected from medical and/or surgical wards at a 929 bed acute care hospital were randomised to receive hot meals served on either ceramic or disposable plates at eight evening meals. Patients from a multi-centre trial of pre-packaged meals where re-thermalised meals were presented on a variety of colour and shaped disposable plates were included in a second phase...
October 10, 2017: Appetite
L Bourdier, M Orri, A Carre, A N Gearhardt, L Romo, C Dantzer, S Berthoz
There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. This study aimed to investigate in a large sample of French university students 1) the associations between self-reported levels of psychological distress (PD), emotional eating (EE), food addiction (FA) and Body Mass Index (BMI); and 2) the potential mediation effect of eating behaviors (EE and FA) between PD and BMI...
October 10, 2017: Appetite
Nikki Boswell, Rebecca Byrne, Peter S W Davies
Despite ongoing investigation of children's eating behaviors to better understand the etiology of childhood obesity, few studies have aimed to determine differences in eating behavior based on psycho-social variables reflective of 'stressful' life circumstance. Cross-sectional data collected from parents of 977 Australian children (2.0-5.0 years) in an online survey was used to determine associations between parent-reported Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire [CEBQ] sub-scales, child BMI z-scores and psycho-social variables...
October 9, 2017: Appetite
Claudia Symmank, Susann Zahn, Harald Rohm
One reason for the significant amount of food that is wasted in developed countries is that consumers often expect visually suboptimal food as being less palatable. Using bananas as example, the objective of this study was to determine how appearance affects consumer overall liking, the rating of sensory attributes, purchase intention, and the intended use of bananas. The ripeness degree (RD) of the samples was adjusted to RD 5 (control) and RD 7 (more ripened, visually suboptimal). After preliminary experiments, a total of 233 participants were asked to judge their satisfaction with the intensity of sensory attributes that referred to flavor, taste, and texture using just-about-right scales...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
Nina van den Broek, Junilla K Larsen, Maaike Verhagen, Rob Eisinga, William J Burk, Jacqueline M Vink
A large proportion of adolescents eats too many energy-dense snacks, which is detrimental for their current and future health. To understand how to promote healthy dietary behaviors in adolescents, we need to identify factors that affect their snacking. While previous cross-sectional work has shown mother-child similarities in eating behavior, longitudinal studies are lacking. Hence, the first aim of this study was to examine whether maternal snacking predicted changes in adolescents' snacking over time. A second aim was to examine whether adolescents' television viewing magnified the strength of this longitudinal association...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
Naiara Ferraz Moreira, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Odysseas Androutsos, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Anelise Bezerra de Vasconcelos de Moraes, Karen Van den Bussche, Laura Censi, Marcela González-Gross, David Cañada, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Mólnar, Luis Alberto Moreno
The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
H Coulthard, I Williamson, Z Palfreyman, S Lyttle
Recent research has found an association between dislike of messy play and higher levels of food neophobia in children. The aim of the present study was to pilot and assess a five week intervention with preschool children, to examine whether engagement in tactile sensory tasks leads to increased fruit acceptance. Interventions were carried out to examine whether weekly sessions of sensory play combined with fruit exposure, would increase acceptance and enjoyment of fruits to a greater extent than two non-sensory play conditions featuring fruit exposure or normal play activities alone...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
Sabrina S Gupta, Helena Teede, Rosalie Aroni
South Asians are a growing migrant population, both globally and in Australia. This group are at higher risk for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine dietary practices of South Asians, n = 41 (Indian, n = 25; Sri Lankan, n = 16) and Anglo-Australians, n = 16, with these conditions, using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Findings suggest that both groups had a high level of awareness of dietary practices necessary for optimum disease management, both prior to and post diagnosis...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
Carolina Bertagnoli Volpe, Maria Luiza Blanques Petty, Altay Alves Lino de Souza, Maria Arlete Meil Schimith Escrivão
This study aimed to compare answers given by parents and their adolescent children to the Portuguese version of the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS) and to assess associations among the reported behaviors. To compare these answers, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 72 patients of the Obesity Clinic of the Division of Nutrology of the Pediatrics Department at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), Brazil. These patients were aged from 10 years to 19 years and 11 months, and their parents or legal guardians also participated...
October 6, 2017: Appetite
Evita Belegri, Leslie Eggels, Unga A Unmehopa, Joram D Mul, Anita Boelen, Susanne E la Fleur
Consumption of fat and sugar induces hyperphagia and increases the prevalence of obesity and diabetes type 2. Low-grade inflammation in the hypothalamus, a key brain area involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis is shown to blunt signals of satiety after long term high fat diet. The fact that this mechanism can be activated after a few days of hyperphagia before apparent obesity is present led to our hypothesis that hypothalamic inflammation is induced with fat and sugar consumption. Here, we used a free-choice high-fat high-sugar (fcHFHS) diet-induced obesity model and tested the effects of differential overnight nutrient intake during the final experimental night on markers of hypothalamic inflammation...
October 5, 2017: Appetite
H Melis Yavuz, Bilge Selcuk
Childhood obesity/overweight (OB/OW) displayed a rapid increase and high prevalence in the last few decades in preschool-aged children, which raised health concerns across the world and motivated researchers to investigate the factors that underlie childhood obesity. The current study examined parenting styles and child-feeding practices as potential predictors for OB/OW in preschool children, controlling for child's temperament, which has been shown to be linked with OB/OW. The sample included 61 normal weight (NW) and 61 obese/overweight (OB/OW) Turkish pre-schoolers (M age = 62...
October 5, 2017: Appetite
Emily Swan, Laura Bouwman, Noelle Aarts, Leah Rosen, Gerrit Jan Hiddink, Maria Koelen
The biomedical model of health (BMH) studies the causes and origins of disease. When applied to nutrition research, eating is studied as a behavior that supports physical health. However, the lack of attention the BMH pays to social and historical circumstances in which health behaviors are constructed has been widely addressed in literature. When people are studied without considering contextual influences, the relevance to everyday life is limited. As a result, how individuals actively deal with their context to manage healthful eating is poorly understood...
October 4, 2017: Appetite
Adrian Meule, Julia Reichenberger, Jens Blechert
Stress-related eating has long been a focus of study in several disciplines. Currently available psychometric scales conflate stress-related eating with emotional eating despite that not all stress states can be subsumed under some form of specific emotion. Moreover, existing measures primarily assess increased food intake in response to emotions and stress, thus ignoring evidence of decreased food intake in response to stress. Therefore, we drew from established stress concepts to develop the first genuine stress-related eating scale (Salzburg Stress Eating Scale [SSES]) in both German and English versions...
October 3, 2017: Appetite
Suzie Waddingham, Kelly Shaw, Pieter Van Dam, Silvana Bettiol
In Australia, children are not eating according to the Australian Dietary Guidelines despite the incorporation of numerous public health initiatives in the school setting. Literature regarding children's views about what influences their food choice is limited. Incorporating children in the creation of strategies to build healthy public policy aligns with the World Health Organisation (WHO) Ottawa Charter framework. In this qualitative study we used participatory action research to determine why children make the food choices they do...
September 30, 2017: Appetite
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