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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102943/does-immersion-or-detachment-facilitate-healthy-eating-comparing-the-effects-of-sensory-imagery-and-mindful-decentering-on-attitudes-and-behavior-towards-healthy-and-unhealthy-food
#1
Betty P I Chang, Maria D G H Mulders, Renata Cserjesi, Axel Cleeremans, Olivier Klein
Many people would like to reduce indulging in unhealthy foods, but find it difficult to do so. Previous research shows that individuals eat smaller portions of unhealthy hedonic food if they first imagine the sensory properties of tempting food (sensory imagery; Cornil & Chandon, 2016). Similarly, they show less preference for such food if they think about food in a detached way (decentering; Papies, Barsalou, & Custers, 2012; Papies, Pronk, Keesman, & Barsalou, 2015). Given that these two mindsets are seemingly at odds with each other, we compared them across two studies to examine their effects on the preference for (Experiment 1) and consumption of (Experiment 2) hedonic healthy and unhealthy food...
August 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102942/factors-related-to-vegetable-intake-among-pregnant-japanese-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Haruka Takei, Mie Shiraishi, Masayo Matsuzaki, Megumi Haruna
INTRODUCTION: Vegetable intake (VI) is important for both fetal and maternal health. However, VI is insufficient among many pregnant Japanese women. This study aimed to identify the factors related to VI during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014, at a university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Dietary intake was assessed using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Demographic, physical, and psychological characteristics, dietary habits, and health-related behaviors were investigated using another questionnaire...
August 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099069/the-effect-of-a-mindfulness-based-decentering-strategy-on-chocolate-craving
#3
Katy Tapper, Abigail Turner
According to the elaborated-intrusion theory of desire, strategies that load visual working memory will reduce cravings. According to the grounded cognition theory of desire, cravings will be reduced with mindfulness-based decentering strategies that encourage individuals to see their thoughts as thoughts. However, decentering strategies also tend to load visual working memory making it difficult to test the latter prediction. This study addressed this issue by matching visualization across decentering and guided imagery tasks...
August 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099068/antecedents-of-picky-eating-behaviour-in-young-children
#4
Pauline M Emmett, Nicholas P Hays, Caroline M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Picky eating behaviour in young children is a common concern for parents. OBJECTIVE: To investigate early life factors which are associated with a child becoming a picky eater. DESIGN: Singleton children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were studied prospectively (n = 5758-6608). Parental-completion questionnaires were used to define 'picky eating' status at age 3 years, and child and parental feeding behaviours and practices throughout the first 2 years of life...
August 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099067/observed-and-self-reported-assessments-of-caregivers-feeding-styles-variable-and-person-centered-approaches-for-examining-relationships-with-children-s-eating-behavior
#5
Thomas G Power, Karina Silva Garcia, Ashley D Beck, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan L Johnson, Sheryl O Hughes
BACKGROUND: Demandingness and responsiveness are dimensions used in general parenting as well as the feeding literature to measure parent attitudes and behaviors. These dimensions can be treated as continuous variables (variable-centered) or used to form groups of parents based on scores on each dimension (person-centered). Research focusing on these dimensions in the feeding domain has relied exclusively on maternal self-reports; observational studies of feeding styles have yet to be conducted...
August 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098403/meals-based-on-cod-or-veal-in-combination-with-high-or-low-glycemic-index-carbohydrates-did-not-affect-diet-induced-thermogenesis-appetite-sensations-or-subsequent-energy-intake-differently
#6
Lone V Nielsen, Signe Nyby, Lars Klingenberg, Nicole Juul-Hindsgaul, Jullie Rudnicki, Christian Ritz, Bjørn Liaset, Karsten Kristiansen, Lise Madsen, Anne Raben
The objective of this study was to investigate the acute effects of meals containing protein from either cod or veal in combination with high or low glycemic index (GI) carbohydrates, on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) (primary endpoint), appetite, energy intake (EI), as well as postpranidal ghrelin, glucose, and insulin responses. Twenty-three overweight men and women (mean ± SD age: 30.0 ± 7.6 y, BMI: 27.2 ± 1.4 kg/m2 ) consumed 4 test meals: cod with mashed potatoes (high GI carbohydrate), cod with wholegrain pasta (low GI carbohydrate), veal with mashed potatoes, and veal with wholegrain pasta (∼2010 kJ, ∼25...
August 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097354/comments-on-methodological-and-reporting-quality-in-laboratory-studies-of-human-eating-behaviour
#7
Eric Robinson, Kirsten E Bevelander, Matt Field, Andrew Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096345/results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-increasing-package-size-on-usage-volume-of-peanut-butter-in-older-adults
#8
Michelle Eykelenboom, Elizabeth Velema, Berend P D Eberson, Gillian C Scholten, Valerié K Lushpa, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
BACKGROUND: Portion and package sizes of foods generally influence energy intake in children and adults. However, little is known about this effect in older adults. This study aimed to determine the effect of increasing package size on usage volume of peanut butter in older adults. Furthermore, it is investigated whether older women and men, different age groups (<65, 65-80, and 80+), and non-overweight (BMI<25), overweight (BMI≥25) and obese (BMI>30) older adults had different responses to variation in package size...
August 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092233/feeding-behavior-in-three-year-old-children-born-30-weeks-and-term-born-peers
#9
Katherine Sanchez, Jessica O Boyce, Angela T Morgan, Alicia J Spittle
BACKGROUND: Feeding difficulties threaten growth, health and neurodevelopment, and are prevalent among infants born preterm. The literature differs on (i) whether these problems persist into early childhood, and (ii) risk factors in the preterm population. In this study we explore feeding difficulties and risk factors in preterm and term-born three-year-olds. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether three-year-olds born <30 weeks have poorer feeding outcomes than their term-born peers; and identify predictors of feeding outcomes in children born <30 weeks...
August 6, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086323/cutting-through-conflicting-prescriptions-how-guidelines-inform-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-in-switzerland
#10
Laurence Godin, Marlyne Sahakian
This paper takes as a starting point "food consumption prescriptions", or guidelines on what and how one should eat when it comes to "healthy and sustainable diets". Through qualitative research in Switzerland, involving discourse analysis, observations, in-depth interviews, and focus groups, we set out to uncover the more dominant prescriptions put forward by a variety of actors, how consumers represent these prescriptions, as well as overlaps and tensions between them. The notion of a "balanced meal" is the more prominent prescription, along with the idea that food and eating should be "pleasurable"...
August 4, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086322/food-choices-made-by-primary-carers-mothers-grandmothers-in-west-java-indonesia
#11
Cut Novianti Rachmi, Cynthia Louise Hunter, Mu Li, Louise Alison Baur
BACKGROUND: Indonesian children currently face a decreasing prevalence of underweight and an increasing prevalence of overweight. For children aged 0-12 years, mothers/grandmothers hold the primary role in feeding practices. This study specifically aimed to explore mothers'/grandmothers' decision-making around food choices in West Java, Indonesia. METHODS: Twelve focus groups discussions were conducted between June and October 2016. Ninety-four carers of children aged under-five and 7-12 years from three socioeconomic groups participated...
August 4, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082103/opportunistic-food-consumption-in-relation-to-childhood-and-adult-food-insecurity-an-exploratory-correlational-study
#12
Daniel Nettle, Mona Joly, Eleanor Broadbent, Chloe Smith, Ellie Tittle, Melissa Bateson
Food insecurity is associated with high body weight for women but not men in affluent Western societies. However, it is not currently known what behavioural or psychological mechanisms drive this association. Moreover, it is also unknown whether only current experience of food insecurity in adulthood is important, or there are lasting effects of childhood experience. We carried out a mock 'taste test' where 126 adult volunteers had the opportunity to consume and rate senergy-dense snack foods. Current food insecurity was measured using the standard USDA measure, and in addition, we used a novel measure that also captures childhood experience of food insecurity...
August 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081055/rapid-onset-anorectic-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-in-young-men
#13
Victoria Burmester, Suzanne Higgs, Philip Terry
Although the neuropeptide oxytocin exhibits many of the characteristics that would support its use as an anorectic agent for overeaters, studies of oxytocin's effectiveness at reducing eating in humans remain limited. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study, under the pretext of examining oxytocin's effects on various aspects of sensory perception, 20 men were given 24 IU of oxytocin and took a taste test of sweet, salty, and neutral snacks 45 min later. Participants self-rated appetite, anxiety, and other mood parameters, and then were left alone for 10 min with the pre-weighed snack food and invited to help themselves...
August 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078673/evolutionary-considerations-on-social-status-eating-behavior-and-obesity
#14
REVIEW
Ann E Caldwell, R Drew Sayer
Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is consistently related to higher obesity risk, especially in women living in developed countries such as the United States and Western Europe. Prevailing theories to describe this relationship have focused primarily on proximate level factors such as the generally poorer food environment (e.g. relative lack of healthy food options and higher concentrations of fast food restaurants) found in lower vs. higher SES neighborhoods and the higher financial costs associated with purchasing healthy, nutrient-dense foods compared to unhealthy, energy-dense foods...
August 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077731/will-work-less-for-food-go-no-go-training-decreases-the-reinforcing-value-of-high-calorie-food
#15
Katrijn Houben, Janneke C A H Giesen
Consistently inhibiting responses to palatable food stimuli increases motor suppression for those stimuli and reduces their hedonic value, suggesting a close link between motor inhibition and food reward. The current study aimed to investigate whether GNG training also reduces the motivational, reinforcing value of palatable, high-calorie food. Participants completed either GNG training for high-calorie food or a control task. This was followed by Concurrent Schedules Task (CST) to measure the reinforcing value of high-calorie food...
August 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077730/food-fussiness-and-early-feeding-characteristics-of-infants-following-baby-led-weaning-and-traditional-spoon-feeding-in-new-zealand-an-internet-survey
#16
XiaoXi Fu, Cathryn A Conlon, Jillian J Haszard, Kathryn L Beck, Pamela R von Hurst, Rachael W Taylor, Anne-Louise M Heath
The aim of this study was to compare food fussiness, weight, serious choking, and early feeding characteristics in babies following Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) and babies following traditional spoon-feeding (TSF) at 6-7 months of age. The First Foods New Zealand Internet Survey recruited 876 New Zealand caregivers of children aged 6-36 months through social media. Information was collected on food fussiness, infant weight, choking, infant feeding practices, and demographics. Based on infant feeding at 6-7 months of age, participants were described as: TSF (mostly or all adult spoonfed), partial BLW (half adult spoonfed, half self-fed), or full BLW (mostly or all self-fed)...
August 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075177/cost-based-anorexia-a-novel-framework-to-model-anorexia-nervosa
#17
REVIEW
Neil E Rowland, Deniz Atalayer, Melissa R Cervantez, Dulce M Minaya, Emily C Splane
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder that is thought to emerge through biological predisposition(s) within sociocultural context(s). Practical and ethical concerns limit study of the etiology of this disorder in humans, and in particular the biological aspects. Laboratory animal models have a pivotal role in advancing our understanding of the neurobiological, physiological and behavioral aspects of this disorder, and developing new treatment strategies. One shortcoming of animal models, including activity based anorexia (ABA) in rodents, is that they cannot fully capture the contextual aspects of AN...
July 31, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063961/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-in-young-children-the-role-of-maternal-feeding-strategies
#18
Samantha B Boots, Marika Tiggemann, Nadia Corsini
Restrictive feeding strategies have been associated with increased eating in the absence of hunger in a small number of studies of young girls. The aim of the present study was to examine a broader range of maternal feeding styles and eating in the absence of hunger in both girls and boys aged 3-5 years old. Participants were 184 mother-child dyads. Mothers completed a questionnaire containing measures of feeding strategies (Restriction, Pressure to Eat and Covert Control). Children consumed a lunch meal and then completed the Eating in the Absence of Hunger protocol...
July 28, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063960/wasted-food-a-qualitative-study-of-u-s-young-adults-perceptions-beliefs-and-behaviors
#19
Cassandra J Nikolaus, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson, Brenna Ellison
U.S. consumers, namely young adults, are one of the largest sources of preventable food waste. However, the antecedents of wasted food among young adults in the U.S. are unknown. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, beliefs and behaviors related to wasted food among 18- to 24-year-old adults. Fifty-eight individuals (63.8% female) with an average age of 20.2 y (±1.6) who lived in a residence where they had control over some food purchases (excluding co-op or other communal housing, and living with parents) participated in 75-min focus groups during spring of 2016...
July 28, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063959/the-duration-of-intermittent-access-to-preferred-sucrose-rich-food-affects-binge-like-intake-fat-accumulation-and-fasting-glucose-in-male-rats
#20
A D Kreisler, M Mattock, E P Zorrilla
Many people restrict their palatable food intake. In animal models, time-limiting access to palatable foods increases their intake while decreasing intake of less preferred alternatives; negative emotional withdrawal-like behavior is sometimes reported. In drug addiction models, intermittent extended access drives greater changes in use than brief access. When it comes to palatable food, the impact of briefer vs. longer access durations within intermittent access conditions remains unclear. Here, we provided male rats with chow or with weekday access to a preferred, sucrose-rich diet (PREF) (2, 4, or 8 h daily) with chow otherwise available...
July 28, 2018: Appetite
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