journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Appetite

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225142/ethical-concerns-regarding-animal-use-mediate-the-relationship-between-variety-of-pets-owned-in-childhood-and-vegetarianism-in-adulthood
#1
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225141/effects-of-healthcare-professional-delivered-early-feeding-interventions-on-feeding-practices-and-dietary-intake-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Elaine Toomey, Lisa Delaney, Janas Harrington, Molly Byrne, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global public health challenge. Parental feeding practices, such as responsive feeding, are implicated in the etiology of childhood obesity. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to examine of effects of healthcare professional-delivered early feeding interventions, on parental feeding practices, dietary intake, and weight outcomes for children up to 2 years. The role of responsive feeding interventions was also specifically examined...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223581/toward-new-forms-of-meal-sharing-collective-habits-and-personal-diets
#3
Estelle Masson, Sandrine Bubendorff, Christèle Fraïssé
This article sheds light on the fact that the commensality remains a fundamental aspect of eating in French culture. However, at the same time, the expansion of the individualization and medicalization of the act of eating during the latest decades impacted the social representations of food. We will first place dietary practices into a general context in which the relationship to food tends to be individualised and in which health-related issues remain an important aspect of the discourse about food on internet...
December 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217390/food-and-beverage-tv-advertising-to-young-children-measuring-exposure-and-potential-impact
#4
Jennifer L Harris, Svetlana S Kalnova
Children of all ages are vulnerable to influence from exposure to unhealthy food advertisements, but experts raise additional concerns about children under 6 due to their more limited cognitive abilities. Most companies in the U.S. Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI) industry self-regulatory program pledge to not direct any advertising to children under 6. However, young children also watch programming primarily directed to older children and thus may view food-related advertising despite companies' pledges...
December 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208483/initial-validation-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-a-measure-of-three-restrictive-eating-patterns
#5
Hana F Zickgraf, Jordan M Ellis
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g., picky eating), poor appetite or limited interest in eating, or fear of negative consequences from eating. Research on the prevalence and psychopathology of ARFID is limited by the lack of validated instruments to measure these eating behaviors...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208482/what-motivates-women-to-breastfeed-in-lebanon-an-exploratory-qualitative-analysis
#6
BouDiab Sarah, Werle Carolina
This exploratory qualitative study examined the influence of injunctive and descriptive norms on breastfeeding, a health-improving behaviour related to a highly committed personal decision. The research explores the different mechanisms through which social norms impact breastfeeding behaviour pre or post-adoption of breastfeeding practice. A qualitative approach was used by performing in-depth analysis of cross-sectional accounts of women in Lebanon contemplating adoption of breastfeeding practice and women who already breastfed...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208481/detection-thresholds-for-four-different-fatty-stimuli-are-associated-with-increased-dietary-intake-of-processed-high-caloric-food
#7
Jaana M Heinze, Andrew Costanzo, Inga Baselier, Andreas Fritsche, Sabine Frank-Podlech, Russell Keast
BMI-specific differences in food choice and energy intake have been suggested to modulate taste perception. However, associations between body composition and fat taste sensitivity are controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the association between body composition, dietary intake and detection thresholds of four fatty stimuli (oleic acid, paraffin oil, canola oil, and canola oil spiked with oleic acid) that could be perceived via gustatory and/or textural cues. In 30 participants, fat detection thresholds were determined in a repeated measurements design over twelve days...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203444/stress-and-eating-behaviors-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Deborah C Hill, Rachael H Moss, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Mark Conner, Daryl B O'Connor
It is well established that stress is linked to changes in eating behaviors. Research using adult populations has shown that stress is associated with both increases and decreases in the amount and type of food consumed. However, due to a lack of research reviews, the relationship between stress and eating behaviors in children is unclear. This systematic research review and meta-analysis aimed to identify whether stress is associated with healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors in children aged 8-18 years. Studies were included in the review if they measured stress and included a measure of food consumption...
December 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203443/examination-of-emotion-induced-changes-in-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire
#9
L Bourdier, Y Morvan, G Kotbagi, L Kern, L Romo, S Berthoz
It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Using the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Latent Profile Analysis, this study aimed to examine the existence of latent emotion-induced changes in eating profiles, and explore how these profiles differ by testing their relations with 1) age and sex, 2) BMI and risk for eating disorders (ED) and 3) factors that are known to be associated with EE such as perceived positive/negative feelings, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and impulsivity...
December 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#10
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
November 30, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191745/do-nutrition-labels-influence-healthier-food-choices-analysis-of-label-viewing-behaviour-and-subsequent-food-purchases-in-a-labelling-intervention-trial
#11
Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Helen Eyles, Yannan Jiang, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: There are few objective data on how nutrition labels are used in real-world shopping situations, or how they affect dietary choices and patterns. DESIGN: The Starlight study was a four-week randomised, controlled trial of the effects of three different types of nutrition labels on consumer food purchases: Traffic Light Labels, Health Star Rating labels, or Nutrition Information Panels (control). Smartphone technology allowed participants to scan barcodes of packaged foods and receive randomly allocated labels on their phone screen, and to record their food purchases...
November 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191744/predicting-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-long-haul-heavy-goods-vehicle-drivers-application-of-a-multi-theory-dual-phase-model-and-the-contribution-of-past-behaviour
#12
D J Brown, M S Hagger, S Morrissey, K Hamilton
Fruit and vegetable intake is insufficient in industrialized nations and long-haul heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers are considered a particularly at-risk group. The aim of the current study was to test the effectiveness of a multi-theory, dual-phase model to predict fruit and vegetable consumption in Australian long-haul HGV drivers. A secondary aim was to examine the effect of past fruit and vegetable consumption on model paths. A prospective design with two waves of data collection spaced one week apart was adopted...
November 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183701/effect-of-snack-food-proximity-on-intake-in-general-population-samples-with-higher-and-lower-cognitive-resource
#13
Jennifer A Hunter, Gareth J Hollands, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVE: Placing snack-food further away from people consistently decreases its consumption ("proximity effect"). However, given diet-related health inequalities, it is important to know whether interventions that alter food proximity have potential to change behaviour regardless of cognitive resource (capacity for self-control). This is often lower in those in lower socio-economic positions, who also tend to have less healthy diet-related behaviours. Study 1 aims to replicate the proximity effect in a general population sample and estimate whether trait-level cognitive resource moderates the effect...
November 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180074/sweet-taste-of-prosocial-status-signaling-when-eating-organic-foods-makes-you-happy-and-hopeful
#14
Petteri Puska, Sami Kurki, Merja Lähdesmäki, Marjo Siltaoja, Harri Luomala
As the current research suggests that there are links between prosocial acts and status signaling (including sustainable consumer choices), we empirically study (with three experiments) whether food consumers go green to be seen. First, we examine how activating a motive for status influences prosocial organic food preferences. Then, we examine how the social visibility of the choice (private vs. public) affects these preferences. We found that when consumers' desire for status was elicited, they preferred organic food products significantly over their nonorganic counterparts; making the choice situation visible created the same effect...
November 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183700/attachment-and-eating-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-relevance-of-attachment-for-unhealthy-and-healthy-eating-behaviors-in-the-general-population
#15
REVIEW
Aida Faber, Laurette Dubé, Bärbel Knäuper
Attachment relationships play an important role in people's wellbeing and affliction with physical and mental illnesses, including eating disorders. Seven reviews from the clinical field have consistently shown that higher attachment insecurity-failure to form trusting and reliable relationships with others-systematically characterized individuals with eating disorders. Nevertheless, to date, it is unclear whether (and if so how) these findings apply to the population at large. Consequently, the objective of the present meta-analysis is to quantify the relationship between attachment and unhealthy and healthy eating in the general population...
November 25, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180073/assessing-the-potential-impact-of-a-front-of-pack-nutritional-rating-system-on-food-availability-in-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Kathryn Reilly, Nicole Nathan, Jason H Y Wu, Tessa Delaney, Rebecca Wyse, Megan Cobcroft, John Wiggers, Rachel Sutherland, Kym Buffet, Serene Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Front-of-pack graphical nutritional rating of products is becoming an important strategy in many countries to improve healthy food purchases by consumers. Evidence of the effectiveness of such on facilitating healthy food choices by school food service providers has not been reported. The primary aim of the study was to assess the impact of providing front-of-pack nutritional rating information on school canteen managers' likely food selections. Secondary outcomes were canteen manager awareness, attitudes and reported barriers to using the front-of-pack information...
November 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175441/emotional-ratings-of-high-and-low-calorie-food-are-differentially-associated-with-cognitive-restraint-and-dietary-restriction
#17
Sarah E Racine
Dietary restraint is a robust risk factor for binge eating and eating disorders, which may partially result from increased reward reactivity to food in individuals who attempt to diet. However, research examining the association between dietary restraint and reactivity to food cues is mixed. Mixed findings may reflect distinct relations between food cue reactivity and different dimensions of dietary behavior; attempts to diet (cognitive restraint) may be associated with increased positive evaluations of food, whereas actual reduction in food intake (dietary restriction) may be achieved through decreased reactivity to food cues...
November 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170121/personal-relative-deprivation-increases-self-selected-portion-sizes-and-food-intake
#18
A Y Sim, E X Lim, C G Forde, B K Cheon
Cues and experiences of the deprivation of financial/material resources have been associated with increased caloric intake and risk for overweight/obesity. Given that social comparisons may serve as a powerful reference for the adequacy of one's standing and resources, the present research tested whether subjective feelings of personal relative deprivation (PRD) or "losing out" to others stimulates calorie selection and intake. Study 1 demonstrated that self-reported chronic experiences of PRD positively predicted calories selected for a portion and consumed during an ad-libitum meal...
November 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158150/is-repeated-exposure-the-holy-grail-for-increasing-children-s-vegetable-intake-lessons-learned-from-a-dutch-childcare-intervention-using-various-vegetable-preparations
#19
Gertrude G Zeinstra, Milou Vrijhof, Stefanie Kremer
Children's failure to eat enough vegetables highlights the need for effective interventions encouraging this behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repeated exposure to three a priori unfamiliar vegetables, each prepared in two ways, on children's vegetable acceptance in a childcare setting. Two hundred fifty children (mean age 25 months; 57% boys) participated in a pre-test and a post-test, where they were offered pumpkin, courgette, and white radish. The intervention group (N = 125) participated in a 5-month exposure period, where they were exposed repeatedly (∼12x) to the vegetables: pumpkin blanched and as a cracker spread; courgette blanched and as soup; white radish raw and as a cracker spread...
November 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155173/domestic-food-practices-a-study-of-food-management-behaviors-and-the-role-of-food-preparation-planning-in-reducing-waste
#20
Simona Romani, Silvia Grappi, Richard P Bagozzi, Ada Maria Barone
Recent research has started to show the key role of daily food provision practices in affecting household food waste. Building on and extending these previous contributions, the objective of this paper is to investigate how individuals' everyday practices regarding food (e.g., shopping, cooking, eating, etc.) lead to food waste, and how policy makers and the food industry can implement effective strategies to influence such practices and ultimately help consumers reduce food waste. The research performs three Studies; a critical incident qualitative study (Study 1) and a quantitative, survey-based study (Study 2) to identify and examine relevant food management behaviors associated with domestic waste...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
journal
journal
27974
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"