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Appetite

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223238/self-compassion-directly-and-indirectly-predicts-dietary-adherence-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-celiac-disease
#1
A Justine Dowd, Mary E Jung
Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for preventing both short- and long-term consequences of celiac disease. Given that following a strict GFD can be difficult, evidence-based strategies are needed to improve the psychological experience of living with celiac disease and following the GFD. Self-compassion appears to be an important component of effectively self-regulating one's behavior to cope with a chronic disease. The main goal of this study was to examine the relationships between self-compassion and management of celiac disease as assessed by (a) adherence to a strict GFD and (b) celiac-specific quality of life (CQoL)...
February 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223237/consumer-preferences-for-sustainable-aquaculture-products-evidence-from-in-depth-interviews-think-aloud-protocols-and-choice-experiments
#2
Antje Risius, Meike Janssen, Ulrich Hamm
Fish from aquaculture is becoming more important for human consumption. Sustainable aquaculture procedures were developed as an alternative to overcome the negative environmental impacts of conventional aquaculture procedures and wild fisheries. The objective of this contribution is to determine what consumers expect from sustainable aquaculture and whether they prefer sustainable aquaculture products. A combination of qualitative research methods, with think aloud protocols and in-depth interviews, as well as quantitative methods, using choice experiments and face-to-face interviews, was applied...
February 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215545/associations-of-parental-food-choice-control-and-use-of-food-to-soothe-with-adiposity-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
Shiau Y Chong, Catherine R Chittleborough, Tess Gregory, John W Lynch, Murthy N Mittinty, Lisa G Smithers
BACKGROUND: Associations of parental feeding techniques with adiposity are mixed and largely rely on cross-sectional studies. We examined associations between parental food-choice control and using food to soothe at 3.5 years on adiposity at 7 and 15 years. METHODS: Participants were from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 7312). Food-choice control was assessed using the item 'how much choice do you allow him/her in deciding what foods he eats at meals?'...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215544/longitudinal-multigroup-invariance-analysis-of-the-satisfaction-with-food-related-life-scale-in-university-students
#4
Berta Schnettler, Horacio Miranda, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Natalia Salinas-Oñate, Klaus Grunert, Germán Lobos, José Sepúlveda, Ligia Orellana, Clementina Hueche, Héctor Bonilla
This study examined longitudinal measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) scale using follow-up data from university students. We examined this measure of the SWFL in different groups of students, separated by various characteristics. Through non-probabilistic longitudinal sampling, 114 university students (65.8% female, mean age: 22.5) completed the SWFL questionnaire three times, over intervals of approximately one year. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine longitudinal measurement invariance...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#5
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating. Yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212827/longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-feeding-and-overweight-in-low-income-toddlers
#6
Julie C Lumeng, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller
Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mass index, maternal education, and maternal depressive symptoms...
February 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229938/participation-of-ghrelin-signalling-in-the-reciprocal-regulation-of-hypothalamic-npy-pomc-mediated-appetite-control-in-amphetamine-treated-rats
#7
Ching-Han Yu, Shu-Chen Chu, Pei-Ni Chen, Yih-Shou Hsieh, Dong-Yih Kuo
Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) have been documented to participate in amphetamine (AMPH)-induced appetite suppression. This study investigated whether ghrelin signalling is associated with changes in NPY/POMC-mediated appetite control. Rats were given AMPH daily for four days, and changes in food intake, body weight, plasma ghrelin, hypothalamic NPY, melanocortin 3 receptor (MC3R), ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT), acyl ghrelin (AG) and ghrelin receptor (GHSR1a) were examined and compared...
February 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202412/play-with-your-food-sensory-play-is-associated-with-tasting-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-preschool-children
#8
Helen Coulthard, Anne-Marie Sealy
The objective of the current study was to ascertain whether taking part in a sensory play activity with real fruits and vegetables (FV) can encourage tasting in preschool children, compared to a non-food activity or visual exposure to the activity. Three to four year old pre-school children (N = 62) were recruited from three preschool nursery classes from a school in Northamptonshire, UK. A between participants experimental study was conducted with each class assigned to one of three conditions; sensory FV play, sensory non-food play and visual FV exposure...
February 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196711/acceptance-and-imagery-based-strategies-can-reduce-chocolate-cravings-a-test-of-the-elaborated-intrusion-theory-of-desire
#9
Sophie Schumacher, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The elaborated-intrusion theory of desire proposes that craving is a two-stage process whereby initial intrusions about a desired target are subsequently elaborated with mental imagery. The present study tested whether the craving reduction strategies of cognitive defusion and guided imagery could differentially target the intrusion and elaboration stages, respectively, and thus differentially impact the craving process. Participants were randomly assigned to a cognitive defusion, a guided imagery or a mind-wandering control condition...
February 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192220/the-effect-of-real-time-vibrotactile-feedback-delivered-through-an-augmented-fork-on-eating-rate-satiation-and-food-intake
#10
Roel C J Hermans, Sander Hermsen, Eric Robinson, Suzanne Higgs, Monica Mars, Jeana H Frost
Eating rate is a basic determinant of appetite regulation, as people who eat more slowly feel sated earlier and eat less. Without assistance, eating rate is difficult to modify due to its automatic nature. In the current study, participants used an augmented fork that aimed to decelerate their rate of eating. A total of 114 participants were randomly assigned to the Feedback Condition (FC), in which they received vibrotactile feedback from their fork when eating too fast (i.e., taking more than one bite per 10 s), or a Non-Feedback Condition (NFC)...
February 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192219/a-qualitative-study-of-overweight-and-obese-australians-views-of-food-addiction
#11
A J Cullen, A Barnett, P A Komesaroff, W Brown, K S O'Brien, W Hall, A Carter
The concept of food addiction is increasingly used in the academic literature and popular media to explain some forms of overweight and obesity. However, there is limited evidence on how this term is understood by and impacts overweight and obese individuals. This qualitative study investigated the views of overweight and obese individuals on food addiction, and its likely impact upon stigma, treatment-seeking, and support for public policies to reduce overeating. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 overweight and obese individuals (Mage = 38, MBMI = 33, 74% female) and analysed thematically...
February 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192218/perceived-eating-norms-and-children-s-eating-behaviour-an-informational-social-influence-account
#12
Maxine Sharps, Eric Robinson
There is initial evidence that beliefs about the eating behaviour of others (perceived eating norms) can influence children's vegetable consumption, but little research has examined the mechanisms explaining this effect. In two studies we aimed to replicate the effect that perceived eating norms have on children's vegetable consumption, and to explore mechanisms which may underlie the influence of perceived eating norms on children's vegetable consumption. Study 1 investigated whether children follow perceived eating norms due to a desire to maintain personal feelings of social acceptance...
February 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189750/intermittent-feeding-alters-sensitivity-to-changes-in-reward-value
#13
Shauna L Parkes, Teri M Furlong, Alanna D Black, Bernard W Balleine
The influence of binge-like feeding schedules on subsequent food-related behavior is not well understood. We investigated the effect of repeated cycles of restriction and refeeding on two food-related behaviors; goal-directed responding for a palatable food reward and sensory-specific satiety. Hungry rats were trained to perform two instrumental actions for two distinct food outcomes and were then subjected to repeated cycles of restricted and unrestricted access to their maintenance chow for 30-days or were maintained on food restriction...
February 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189749/the-carnism-inventory-measuring-the-ideology-of-eating-animals
#14
Christopher A Monteiro, Tamara M Pfeiler, Marcus D Patterson, Michael A Milburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188866/does-a-future-oriented-temporal-perspective-relate-to-body-mass-index-eating-and-exercise-a-meta-analysis
#15
Allison M Sweeney, Ileana Culcea
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to quantify the magnitude of the association between future temporal perspective and Body Mass Index (BMI), diet, and exercise, respectively, and to clarify whether subjective future-focus scales or delay-discounting tasks are a more robust predictor of health behaviors. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for studies that included a dispositional measure of future temporal perspective and a measure of BMI, eating, and/or exercise behavior...
February 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188865/predicting-organic-food-consumption-a-meta-analytic-structural-equation-model-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#16
REVIEW
Andrea Scalco, Stefano Noventa, Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi
During the last decade, the purchase of organic food within a sustainable consumption context has gained momentum. Consequently, the amount of research in the field has increased, leading in some cases to discrepancies regarding both methods and results. The present review examines those works that applied the theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) as a theoretical framework in order to understand and predict consumers' motivation to buy organic food. A meta-analysis has been conducted to assess the strength of the relationships between attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention, as well as between intention and behavior...
February 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188864/food-shopping-sensory-determinants-of-food-choice-and-meal-preparation-by-visually-impaired-people-obstacles-and-expectations-in-daily-food-experiences
#17
Eliza Kostyra, Sylwia Żakowska-Biemans, Katarzyna Śniegocka, Anna Piotrowska
The number of visually impaired and blind people is rising worldwide due to ageing of the global population, but research regarding the impact of visual impairment on the ability of a person to choose food and to prepare meals is scarce. The aim of this study was threefold: to investigate factors determining the choices of food products in people with various levels of impaired vision; to identify obstacles they face while purchasing food, preparing meals and eating out; and to determine what would help them in the areas of food shopping and meal preparation...
February 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179204/understanding-maternal-dietary-choices-during-pregnancy-the-role-of-social-norms-and-mindful-eating
#18
A D Hutchinson, M Charters, I Prichard, C Fletcher, C Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Serious health complications associated with excessive weight have been documented for pregnant women and their babies during pregnancy, birth and beyond. Whilst research has focused on identifying particular foods that can be either detrimental or essential for the developing baby, pregnant women's food choices are likely determined by broader considerations. This study examined social influences as represented in reports of descriptive and injunctive social norms related to healthy eating during pregnancy, and individual differences in mindfulness while eating, as important potential correlates of pregnant women's self-reported diet...
February 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174038/fourth-grade-children-s-dietary-reporting-accuracy-by-meal-component-results-from-a-validation-study-that-manipulated-retention-interval-and-prompts
#19
Suzanne D Baxter, David B Hitchcock, Julie A Royer, Albert F Smith, Caroline H Guinn
We examined reporting accuracy by meal component (beverage, bread, breakfast meat, combination entrée, condiment, dessert, entrée, fruit, vegetable) with validation-study data on 455 fourth-grade children (mean age = 9.92 ± 0.41 years) observed eating school meals and randomized to one of eight dietary recall conditions (two retention intervals [short, long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal-name, open, reverse]). Accuracy category (match [observed and reported], omission [observed but unreported], intrusion [unobserved but reported]) was a polytomous nominal item response variable...
February 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174037/observed-infant-food-cue-responsivity-associations-with-maternal-report-of-infant-eating-behavior-breastfeeding-and-infant-weight-gain
#20
Elizabeth Buvinger, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller, Niko A Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
Infant obesity and the rate of weight gain during infancy are significant public health concerns, but few studies have examined eating behaviors in infancy. Food cue responsivity has been described as a key contributor to obesity risk in school age children and adults, but has been rarely examined during infancy. The purpose of the current study was to test among 30 infants aged 6-12 months the hypotheses that infants would show greater interest in food versus non-food stimuli, and that greater birth weight, greater rate of weight gain during infancy, greater mother-reported food responsiveness, being formula versus breastmilk fed, and higher maternal body mass index, would each be associated with greater interest in the food versus non-food stimulus...
February 4, 2017: Appetite
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