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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818553/the-training-and-creativity-of-professional-chefs-stoking-the-imagination-in-global-gastronomic-field
#1
Leo Pang
The sameness of eating out has been criticised in some quarters of food media in recent years. In this paper I demonstrate through the case of three chefs in Hong Kong how this sameness is the product of global gastronomic field. I suggest that chefs play a crucial role in providing the content that fuels gastronomic discourses and also in delivering the experiences of the discourse on the plate to diners. The experience of chefs with cuisines such as Thai, Vietnamese and Spanish allows them to prepare dishes that attract plaudits from food media and fuel the imagination of potential diners...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818552/spatial-temporal-and-health-associations-of-eating-alone-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-young-adults-in-urban-australia-and-japan
#2
Wakako Takeda, Melissa K Melby
Eating alone is driven by social and cultural factors, not solely by individual preferences. In academic research, eating alone is often simply treated as an alternative to social, commensal eating, and little is known about the practice of eating alone itself. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis to explore social and cultural associations of eating alone. The analysis is based on 1) cultural domain data, derived from principal component analysis of freelist responses, a set of words or phrases related to the topic of eating alone; and 2) in-depth interviews with 72 young adults aged 20-40 in urban Australia and Japan...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807618/repeatability-of-the-infant-food-reinforcement-paradigm-implications-of-individual-and-developmental-differences
#3
Kai Ling Kong, Rina D Eiden, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Corrin L Stier, Rocco A Paluch, Jessica Mendez, Emily Slominski, Gowthami Gengatharan, Leonard H Epstein
The relative reinforcing value of food versus engagement in other behaviors may be related to the development of obesity, and interventions to reduce FRR may decrease incidences of the development of future cases of obesity. Our laboratory recently developed a paradigm to measure the reinforcing value of food versus an alternative stimulus (i.e., playing with bubbles) in infants using a computerized laboratory task, during which infants press a button to earn reinforcers following a progressive ratio schedule of reinforcement...
August 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803978/intraperitoneal-injection-of-d-serine-inhibits-high-fat-diet-intake-and-preference-in-male-mice
#4
Tsutomu Sasaki, Yasunobu Yasoshima, Sho Matsui, Hiromi Yokota-Hashimoto, Masaki Kobayashi, Tadahiro Kitamura
d-serine is a co-agonist of the N-methyl d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, an important modulator of glutamatergic excitatory synaptic transmission. We previously reported that oral d-serine ingestion inhibited the intake of highly preferred food and promoted the intake of less preferred food in mice. Here, we analyzed the effects of intraperitoneal (IP) d-serine injections on feeding behavior in mice. We assessed the effects of d-serine during both the acquisition and maintenance of a preference for high-fat diets (HFDs)...
August 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#5
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802574/-doing-our-best-to-keep-a-routine-how-low-income-mothers-manage-child-feeding-with-unpredictable-work-and-family-schedules
#6
Tara Agrawal, Tracy Jean Farrell, Elaine Wethington, Carol M Devine
Significant changes in work and family conditions over the last three decades have important implications for understanding how young children are fed. The new conditions of work and family have placed pressures on families. The aim of this study was to explore the work and family pressures shaping the ways parents feed their young children on a day-to-day basis. Twenty-two purposively recruited low-income employed mothers of 3-4 year old children from a rural county Head Start program in Upstate New York reported details about the context of their children's eating episodes in a 24-h qualitative dietary recall...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801057/mothers-loss-of-control-over-eating-during-pregnancy-in-relation-to-their-infants-appetitive-traits
#7
Rachel P Kolko, Rachel H Salk, Gina M Sweeny, Marsha D Marcus, Michele D Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797702/unobtrusive-electromyography-based-eating-detection-in-daily-life-a-new-tool-to-address-underreporting
#8
J Blechert, M Liedlgruber, A Lender, J Reichenberger, F H Wilhelm
Research on eating behavior is limited by an overreliance on self-report. It is well known that actual food intake is frequently underreported, and it is likely that this problem is overrepresented in vulnerable populations. The present research tested a chewing detection method that could assist self-report methods. A trained sample of 15 participants (usable data of 14 participants) kept detailed eating records during one day and one night while carrying a recording device. Signals recorded from electromyography sensors unobtrusively placed behind the right ear were used to develop a chewing detection algorithm...
August 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797701/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-between-different-exercise-types-and-food-cravings-in-free-living-healthy-young-adults
#9
Clemens Drenowatz, Line H Evensen, Linda Ernstsen, John E Blundell, Gregory A Hand, Robin P Shook, James R Hébert, Stephanie Burgess, Steven N Blair
INTRODUCTION: An increase in energy intake due to alterations in hedonic appetite sensations may, at least in part, contribute to lower-than-expected weight loss in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between habitual exercise participation and food cravings in free-living young adults. METHODS: A total of 417 adults (49% male, 28 ± 4 years) reported frequency and duration of walking, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and other exercise at baseline and every 3 months over a 12-month period...
August 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789870/relevance-of-the-nucleus-of-the-solitary-tract-gelatinous-part-in-learned-preferences-induced-by-intragastric-nutrient-administration
#10
María A Zafra, Antonio D Agüera, Filomena Molina, Amadeo Puerto
Food preferences have been investigated in Wistar rats utilizing a learned concurrent flavor preference behavioral procedure. Previous studies have demonstrated that the perivagal administration of neurotoxin capsaicin disrupts the learning of preferences induced by intragastric administration of rewarding nutrients (pre-digested milk). The vagus nerve projects almost exclusively towards the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST), a brain medullary gateway for visceral signals. The objective of this study was to investigate the participation of the lateral portion of the dorsomedial region, the gelatinous subnucleus (SolG), in the learning of a concurrent preference task...
August 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789869/stress-induced-eating-and-the-relaxation-response-as-a-potential-antidote-a-review-and-hypothesis
#11
REVIEW
Tasmiah Masih, James Dimmock, Elissa S Epel, Kym J Guelfi
There is an accumulating body of evidence to indicate that stress leads to the consumption of unhealthy, energy-dense, palatable food, potentially contributing to the alarming global prevalence of chronic diseases, including obesity. However, comparatively little research has been devoted to addressing how best to remedy this growing problem. We provide an overview of the influence of stress on dietary intake, and then explore the novel, yet simple, possibility that regular elicitation of the relaxation response may effectively reduce stress-induced eating via both physiological and psychological pathways...
August 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782571/encouraging-bigger-picture-thinking-in-an-intervention-to-target-multiple-obesogenic-health-behaviours
#12
Laura J Rennie, Ayse K Uskul
Research has shown that use of the third-person perspective to visualise a behaviour results in increased motivation to engage in the behaviour relative to the first-person perspective. This effect is claimed to operate in part because the third-person perspective leads the individual to "see the bigger picture", linking the visualised behaviour to broader goals and identities. Reasoning that this effect could be harnessed to encourage engaging in multiple behaviours that serve the same broader goal, the present study manipulated the visual perspective participants used to imagine themselves exercising, and assessed effects on cognitions and behaviour related to both exercising and healthy eating...
August 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780065/eating-and-health-behaviors-in-vegans-compared-to-omnivores-dispelling-common-myths
#13
Sydney Heiss, Jaime A Coffino, Julia M Hormes
Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans ("vegans"), compared to omnivores. Participants (n = 578, 80.4% female) completed an online questionnaire assessing a range of eating- and other health-related attitudes and behaviors...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780064/presenting-a-food-in-multiple-smaller-units-increases-expected-satiety
#14
Rose E Oldham-Cooper, Laura L Wilkinson, Charlotte A Hardman, Peter J Rogers, Jeffrey M Brunstrom
Presentation of the same amount of a food in multiple smaller units ('segmentation') has been shown to reduce food intake and increase estimates of the amount of food consumed. However, this effect has been demonstrated for ad libitum food intake only. In the majority of cases, meals are not consumed ad libitum, but are pre-selected and consumed in their entirety, Expected satiety (ES; the anticipated capacity of a portion of food to relieve hunger between meals) is an excellent predictor of portion size selection...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778813/behavioral-compensation-before-and-after-eating-at-the-minnesota-state-fair
#15
Richie Lenne, Mary E Panos, Lisa Auster-Gussman, Heather Scherschel, Lucy Zhou, Traci Mann
People regulate their eating behavior in many ways. They may respond to overeating by compensating with healthy eating behavior or increased exercise (i.e., a sensible tradeoff), or by continuing to eat poorly (i.e., disinhibition). Conversely, people may respond to a healthy eating event by subsequently eating poorly (i.e., self-licensing) or by continuing to eat healthily (i.e., promotion spillover). We propose that people may also change their behaviors in anticipation of an unhealthy eating event, a phenomenon that we will refer to as pre-compensation...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778812/interactive-and-indirect-effects-of-trait-impulsivity-facets-on-body-mass-index
#16
Adrian Meule, Jens Blechert
Impulsivity is a personality trait that may be a risk factor for overweight and obesity. Increasing evidence suggests, however, that only specific facets of impulsivity are associated with eating- and weight-related variables. Moreover, there seem to be interactive effects such that eating-related self-regulation is low when more than one impulsivity facet is elevated. Finally, the effect of impulsivity on body weight appears to be indirect, that is, is mediated by eating behaviors. In the current study, 790 adults (83% female, 80% students) completed a short form of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and the Perceived Self-Regulatory Success in Dieting Scale online and reported their current height and weight...
August 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764901/providers-perspectives-on-self-regulation-impact-their-use-of-responsive-feeding-practices-in-child-care
#17
Dipti A Dev, Katherine E Speirs, Natalie A Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A McBride, Holly Hatton-Bowers
Supporting children's self-regulation in eating through caregivers' practice of responsive feeding is paramount to obesity prevention, and while much attention has been given to supporting children's self-regulation in eating through parents' responsive feeding practices in the home setting, little attention has been given to this issue in childcare settings. This qualitative study examines childcare providers' perspectives on using responsive feeding practices with young children (2-5years). Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with providers until saturation was reached...
July 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760349/the-effect-of-sequential-information-on-consumers-willingness-to-pay-for-credence-food-attributes
#18
A Botelho, I Dinis, L Lourenço-Gomes, J Moreira, L Costa Pinto, O Simões
The use of experimental methods to determine consumers' willingness to pay for "quality" food has been gaining importance in scientific research. In most of the empirical literature on this issue the experimental design starts with blind tasting, after which information is introduced. It is assumed that this approach allows consumers to elicit the real value that they attach to each of the features added through specific information. In this paper, the starting hypothesis is that this technique overestimates the weight of the features introduced by information in consumers' willingness to pay when compared to a real market situation, in which consumers are confronted with all the information at once...
July 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757437/family-food-and-shape-messages-capturing-the-experiences-of-african-american-women
#19
Evelyn A Hunter, Annette S Kluck, Megan D Cobb-Sheehan, Erin M English, Erica Ray
Four studies explored the family food experiences (FFEs) of African-American (AA) in relation to disordered eating and body image concerns. Focus groups of AA women expressed FFEs that shaped their relationships with food (Study 1). We used the resulting framework to create a measure assessing FFEs related to disordered eating (Family Food Experiences-Black Questionnaire; FFBQ). Measure items were subjected to a content analysis (Study 2). Subject matter experts rated ten items essential (CVR ≥ 0.62, p < 0...
July 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739295/dispositional-mindfulness-and-reward-motivated-eating-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-mental-habit
#20
Naomi R Fisher, Bethan R Mead, Paul Lattimore, Peter Malinowski
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) for eating disorders, weight management and food craving is emerging and further studies are required to understand the underlying mechanisms of MBIs in these domains. The current study was designed to establish the role of specific mechanisms underlying the putative relationship between mindfulness and reward motivated eating. We predicted that mindfulness would be negatively related to features of reward motivated eating and that this association would be mediated by emotion regulation and habitual negative self-thinking...
July 21, 2017: Appetite
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