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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018300/applying-a-prevention-framework-to-address-homelessness-as-a-population-health-issue
#1
Will C Nicholas, Benjamin F Henwood
This paper presents a population health framework for homelessness prevention. Rooted in the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the framework includes strategies that affect social determinants of health that influence a broad range of health outcomes prevalent among the homeless. For each prevention level, we consider the purpose of prevention, the sub-population of interest, and evidence of the effectiveness of interventions in addressing factors that affect health and health outcomes. Our review highlights the importance of cross-cutting strategies and the limits of our knowledge about more targeted preventive interventions...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013136/completing-the-global-strategy-a-missing-element-in-preparation-for-pandemic-influenza
#2
EDITORIAL
Anthony Robbins, Phyllis Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013135/what-treating-ebola-means-for-pandemic-influenza
#3
David S Fedson
Almost all new treatments being developed for the next influenza pandemic target the virus. During the Ebola crisis in West Africa, patients were treated with an inexpensive generic statin/angiotensin receptor blocker combination that appeared to greatly improve survival. These drugs target the host response, not the virus, and probably reverse endothelial dysfunction. Scientists and health officials have shown little interest in this idea. Yet, during the early months of the next pandemic, vaccines will be unavailable and treatment options will be limited...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950575/energy-poverty-in-healthcare-facilities-a-silent-barrier-to-improved-healthcare-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Nadia S Ouedraogo, Caroline Schimanski
This paper addresses an important topic, energy poverty in healthcare facilities. We try to provide an interesting perspective on bringing together two SDGs. The SDG 7, which seeks to ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and modern energy for all, is interlinked with Goal 3 on Health. The literature studies as well as data on the subject are sparse. Nevertheless, a systematic documentation of the levels and variation in access to energy at the health-facility level is important for designing effective policies to improve the quality of healthcare and the ultimate health of the population...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950574/strengthening-non-communicable-disease-policy-with-lessons-from-bhutan-linking-gross-national-happiness-and-health-policy-action
#5
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Anne Marie Thow
There is growing global interest in Gross National Happiness (GNH) as a metric to capture population well-being and economic development. Empirical evidence suggests that health is necessary for achievement of happiness. The growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) threatens to undermine the achievement of GNH. We analyze synergies between current policy priorities and the institutional mechanism for GNH and the Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020 that has informed Bhutan's approach to NCDs. We identify strategic policy opportunities to strengthen outcomes for both policy areas...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884897/roundup-litigation-discovery-documents-implications-for-public-health-and-journal-ethics
#6
REVIEW
Sheldon Krimsky, Carey Gillam
This paper reviews the court-released discovery documents obtained from litigation against Monsanto over its herbicide Roundup and through Freedom of Information Act requests (requests to regulatory agencies and public universities in the United States). We sought evidence of corporate malfeasance and undisclosed conflicts of interest with respect to issues of scientific integrity. The findings include evidence of ghostwriting, interference in journal publication, and undue influence of a federal regulatory agency...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807998/did-two-booster-doses-for-schoolchildren-change-the-epidemiology-of-pertussis-in-israel
#7
Emilia Anis, Larisa Moerman, Gary Ginsberg, Isabella Karakis, Paul E Slater, Bruce Warshavsky, Ruslan Gosinov, Itamar Grotto, Esther Marva
Pertussis is the only vaccine-preventable disease that has re-emerged in Israel. In the last two decades, despite high primary immunization coverage, crude incidence increased over tenfold, with especially high morbidity among infants and adolescents and with 19 infant deaths. Two pertussis vaccine boosters were added, in 2005 for 7-year-olds and in 2011 for 13-year-olds. We reviewed age group incidence from 1999 to 2016, before and after the booster program introduction. We compared three groups of 13-15 year-olds with identical primary immunization but different booster immunization histories...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795522/public-health-actions-to-mitigate-long-term-consequences-of-child-maltreatment
#8
Aida Dias, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber
Child maltreatment (CM) is highly prevalent and one of the most injurious conditions that children may experience. Because it is often-clandestine, it is difficult to assure that existing prevention and treatment mechanisms reach those in need. CM's consequences may take a long time to be recognized and expressed. We discuss the need to increase public health actions when the person reaches adulthood to mitigate the consequences of CM. We propose three intervention targets to alleviate CM-related difficulties in adults: emotion regulation, social functioning, and self-concept...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795521/drug-information-misinformation-and-disinformation-on-social-media-a-content-analysis-study
#9
Khalid A J Al Khaja, Alwaleed K AlKhaja, Reginald P Sequeira
Dissemination of misleading drug information through social media can be detrimental to the health of the public. This study, carried out in Bahrain, evaluated the truthfulness of 22 social media claims about drugs (72.7%), dietary supplements (22.7%), and toxic bisphenol-A (4.5%). They circulated on WhatsApp platform, as case studies. We categorized claims as objectively true, false, or potentially misleading. The content analysis revealed that "potentially misleading" claims were the most frequent messages (59...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743656/considerations-for-substance-use-disorder-language-cultivating-a-shift-from-addicts-in-recovery-to-people-who-thrive
#10
REVIEW
Justin Spiehs, Stacy Conner
As conceptualizations of substance-use disorders (SUDs) have changed, so too has the language used to describe these shifting views. Numerous words and phrases have fallen in and out of vogue as understandings of SUD etiology and treatment have emerged, then receded. In the United States, an historical language persists among health professionals and in society. We consider the role language plays in the SUD treatment field and how the language and concepts the words convey keep individuals from growing through and past the SUD...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743655/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations-www-wfpha-org
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728599/simulation-modeling-to-assist-with-childhood-obesity-control-perceptions-of-baltimore-city-policymakers
#12
Leah Seifu, Cara Ruggiero, Marie Ferguson, Yeeli Mui, Bruce Y Lee, Joel Gittelsohn
Computational simulation models have potential to inform childhood obesity prevention efforts. To guide their future use in obesity prevention policies and programs, we assessed Baltimore City policymakers' perceptions of computational simulation models. Our research team conducted 15 in-depth interviews with stakeholders (policymakers in government and non-profit sectors), then transcribed and coded them for analysis. We learned that informants had limited understanding of computational simulation modeling...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622781/presenting-models-to-policymakers-intention-and-perception
#13
LETTER
Elena N Naumova, Erin Hennessy
The Seifu et al. article is a start to a timely inquiry on policymakers' perceptions of mathematical modeling and simulations aimed to guide obesity prevention programs. These computational tools have the potential to transform the fields of public health policy. Yet, to be effective, a broad Data and Information Literacy Initiative is needed to instill policymakers with the willingness to become life-long learners, to adapt and accept new technologies, attitudes, information, and creative ways of thinking.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568036/vaccine-mandates-public-trust-and-vaccine-confidence-understanding-perceptions-is-important
#14
REVIEW
Roy Widdus, Heidi Larson
The experience in Australia with penalizing parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated demonstrates the need to study and understand resistance to vaccination as a global phenomenon with particular local manifestations.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540814/letter-to-the-editors
#15
LETTER
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Timothy S Church
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540813/letter-to-the-editors
#16
LETTER
David Stuckler, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531305/from-mother-to-child-the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-passive-smoking-on-academic-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#17
Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, Ryan Yeung
This is the first study in the United States to examine the effect of prenatal maternal passive smoking on student learning outcomes. We use a national sample of children in combination with ordinary least squares regression and matching methods to examine this effect. We find evidence that prenatal maternal exposure to secondhand smoke leads to lower academic performance in language/literacy and mathematics in the later years of elementary school, particularly for mothers who did not actively smoke while pregnant...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531304/road-death-trend-in-the-united-states-implied-effects-of-prevention
#18
Leon Robertson
This study estimates road deaths prevented by U.S. vehicle safety regulations, state laws, and other efforts based on comparison of actual deaths to those predicted from temperature and precipitation effects on exposure, migration to warmer areas, population growth, median age of the population, and vehicle mix. Logistic regression of risk factors predictive of road deaths in 1961, prior to the adoption of federal vehicle safety regulations, state behavioral change laws, and other preventive efforts were used to predict deaths in subsequent years given the changing prevalence of the risk factors from 1962 to 2015...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531303/the-relationship-between-health-policy-and-public-health-interventions-a-case-study-of-the-drive-project-to-end-the-hiv-epidemic-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-haiphong-vietnam
#19
Theodore M Hammett, Nguyen Thu Trang, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Nguyen Thi Huong, Le Minh Giang, Duong Thi Huong, Nicolas Nagot, Don C Des Jarlais
We present a case study of the effects of health policies on the implementation and potential outcomes of a public health intervention, using the DRIVE project, that aims to 'end' the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Haiphong, Vietnam. DRIVE's success depends on two policy transitions: (1) integration of donor-funded HIV outpatient clinics into public health clinics and expansion of social health insurance; (2) implementation of a "Renovation Plan" for substance use treatment. Interviews and focus group discussions with key informants and review of policy documents and clinic data reveal that both policy transitions are underway but face challenges...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531302/global-oral-health-in-the-framework-of-the-global-charter-for-the-public-s-health
#20
REVIEW
Hyewon Lee, Marta Lomazzi, Aimee Lee, Raman Bedi
Oral diseases are a neglected epidemic affecting all ages globally and can substantially impact overall health and well-being. Even though most oral diseases are preventable and share major risk factors with other non-communicable diseases, integration of oral health into public health systems is still limited in both clinical and health policy perspectives. This Viewpoint aims to highlight oral health from a global health perspective, calling for all public health leaders to advocate for oral health of all...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
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