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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289290/editorial-and-call-for-papers-human-survival-in-a-new-era
#1
EDITORIAL
Phyllis Freeman, Anthony Robbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242875/advancing-health-equity-in-healthy-cities-framing-matters
#2
LETTER
Jerry M Spiegel, Jaime Breilh
To improve the governance needed to create Healthy Cities, it is essential that policy processes directly engage marginalized populations and address the forces that affect health equity. Framings such as that provided by the Latin American collective health/social medicine/critical epidemiology orientation to critical processes of social determination of health enables a move beyond a reductionist focus to challenge the drivers that undermine health, and are consistent with policy directives such as the Shanghai Declaration on promoting health in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242874/developing-local-health-policy-profiling-needs-and-opportunities-in-the-municipality-of-quito-ecuador
#3
Maria Isabel Roldós, Claudia Hopenhayn, Fernando Sacoto, Kathy Bustamante
We describe the steps taken and analysis applied in developing a local health policy agenda for the city of Quito, in Ecuador. In 2014, the Health Commissioner's Office of the Municipality of Quito analyzed the city's epidemiological health profiles, social determinants of health, the legal authority of the Municipality, and relevant literature to understand the city's health burden and develop a Ten-Year Health Plan (2015-2025). Results revealed that Quito's population suffered from noncommunicable chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension) and identified the primary risk factors (poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and resulting overweight or obesity)...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235978/right-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-new-population-policies-of-iran
#4
Fatemeh Kokabisaghi
Sexual and reproductive health services in Iran are influenced by population policies. Willingness of Iranian policy makers to control the population's growth rate resulted in the provision of countrywide family planning services and contraceptives from 1990 to 2013. Now policy makers favour population growth because of a statistically significant decline in the fertility rate and ageing of the population. New population policies contain incentives for higher fertility and limitations on family planning services...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213617/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#5
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179630/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#6
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179629/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#7
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179628/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#8
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174427/the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-global-health-security-agenda-exploring-synergies-for-a-sustainable-and-resilient-world
#9
Sulzhan Bali, Jessica Taaffe
Both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) represent bold initiatives to address systematically gaps in previous efforts to assure that societies can be resilient when confronted with potentially overwhelming threats to health. Despite their obvious differences, and differing criticisms of both, they shift away from vertical (problem- or disease-specific) to horizontal (comprehensive) solutions. Despite the comprehensiveness of the SDGs, they lack a specific target for global health security...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174426/can-the-sdgs-and-ghsa-achieve-synergy
#10
REVIEW
Peter J Hotez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115734/public-health-autonomous-automobiles-and-the-rush-to-market
#11
Ben Kelley
The USA has the worst motor vehicle safety problem among high-income countries and is pressing forward with the development of autonomous automobiles to address it. Government guidance and regulation, still inadequate, will be critical to the safety of the public. The analysis of this public health problem in the USA reveals the key factors that will determine the benefits and risks of autonomous vehicles around the world.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115733/understanding-perceptions-is-critical-for-all-vaccination-efforts-not-only-polio-eradication
#12
Roy Widdus
Because Pakistan is the country with the most daunting challenges for ending transmission of endemic poliovirus, the work of Habib et al in this issue is critical for achieving polio eradication globally. Understanding why immunization programs are not reaching all children is important for success in reducing spread of all vaccine preventable diseases. The methods and insights are important for public health generalists, not only those employed in the pursuit of polio eradication.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077864/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-polio-and-polio-immunization-in-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan
#13
Muhammad Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Imtiaz Hussain, Farhana Tabassum, Zamir Suhag, Saeed Anwar, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only countries where polio is endemic, and Pakistan reports the most cases in the world. Although the rate is lower than in previous years, the situation remains alarming. We conducted a mixed methods study in high-risk areas of Pakistan to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of target populations about polio vaccine and its eradication, and to estimate coverage of routine immunization and oral polio vaccine. We surveyed 10,685 households in Karachi, 2522 in Pishin, and 2005 in Bajaur...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275259/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275258/understanding-perceptions-is-critical-for-all-vaccination-efforts-not-only-polio-eradication
#15
Roy Widdus
Because Pakistan is the country with the most daunting challenges for ending transmission of endemic poliovirus, the work of Habib et al in this issue is critical for achieving polio eradication globally. Understanding why immunization programs are not reaching all children is important for success in reducing spread of all vaccine preventable diseases. The methods and insights are important for public health generalists, not only those employed in the pursuit of polio eradication.
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275257/non-adoption-of-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-nigeria-a-look-at-the-policymaking-process
#16
Babayemi Oluwaseun Olakunde, Chinwendu Daniel Ndukwe
In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended 'Option B+' (lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infected pregnant women regardless of their CD4 count or WHO clinical stage) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-based on its operational and clinical advantages. By 2015, 21 out of the 22 Global Plan priority countries had adopted the Option B+ approach. Despite its huge HIV burden, Nigeria is the only country yet to adopt Option B+. We analyse the policymaking process on Option B+ in Nigeria from 2012-2015, highlighting how factors related to the content (uncertainty about Option B+, lack of local evidence), actors (interest and power) and context (low domestic funding and poor retention in care) affected the policymaking process and present the implications of this decision for improving HIV response in Nigeria...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275256/health-system-productivity-change-in-zambia-a-focus-on-the-child-health-services
#17
Tom Achoki, Yohannes Kinfu, Felix Masiye, Geert W J Frederix, Anke Hovels, Hubert G Leufkens
Efficiency and productivity improvement have become central in global health debates. In this study, we explored productivity change, particularly the contribution of technological progress and efficiency gains associated with improvements in child survival in Zambia (population 15 million). Productivity was measured by applying the Malmquist productivity index on district-level panel data. The effect of socioeconomic factors was further analyzed by applying an ordinary least squares regression technique. During 2004-2009, overall productivity in Zambia increased by 5...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275255/adoption-of-one-health-in-thailand-s-national-strategic-plan-for-emerging-infectious-diseases
#18
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
This study illustrates how Thailand adopted the One Health concept. Massive socio-economic and health consequences of emerging infectious diseases, especially Avian Influenza in 2004, led to recognition of the importance of and need for One Health. Based on collaboration and consultative meetings between the national actors and international development partners, Thailand adopted One Health to drive more effective containment of Emerging Infectious Diseases. This concept gained support from the non-governmental and civil society organizations through processes of the National Health Assembly...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275254/in-memoriam-max-p-pepper
#19
EDITORIAL
Peter Orris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275253/minimum-alcohol-pricing-policies-in-practice-a-critical-examination-of-implementation-in-canada
#20
Kara Thompson, Tim Stockwell, Ashley Wettlaufer, Norman Giesbrecht, Gerald Thomas
There is an interest globally in using Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) of alcohol to promote public health. Canada is the only country to have both implemented and evaluated some forms of minimum alcohol prices, albeit in ways that fall short of MUP. To inform these international debates, we describe the degree to which minimum alcohol prices in Canada meet recommended criteria for being an effective public health policy. We collected data on the implementation of minimum pricing with respect to (1) breadth of application, (2) indexation to inflation and (3) adjustments for alcohol content...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
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