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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213617/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#1
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209977/thanks-to-reviewers-and-sources-of-submissions
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179630/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#3
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179629/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#4
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179628/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#5
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174427/the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-global-health-security-agenda-exploring-synergies-for-a-sustainable-and-resilient-world
#6
Sulzhan Bali, Jessica Taaffe
Both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) represent bold initiatives to address systematically gaps in previous efforts to assure that societies can be resilient when confronted with potentially overwhelming threats to health. Despite their obvious differences, and differing criticisms of both, they shift away from vertical (problem- or disease-specific) to horizontal (comprehensive) solutions. Despite the comprehensiveness of the SDGs, they lack a specific target for global health security...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174426/can-the-sdgs-and-ghsa-achieve-synergy
#7
REVIEW
Peter J Hotez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115734/public-health-autonomous-automobiles-and-the-rush-to-market
#8
Ben Kelley
The USA has the worst motor vehicle safety problem among high-income countries and is pressing forward with the development of autonomous automobiles to address it. Government guidance and regulation, still inadequate, will be critical to the safety of the public. The analysis of this public health problem in the USA reveals the key factors that will determine the benefits and risks of autonomous vehicles around the world.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115733/understanding-perceptions-is-critical-for-all-vaccination-efforts-not-only-polio-eradication
#9
Roy Widdus
Because Pakistan is the country with the most daunting challenges for ending transmission of endemic poliovirus, the work of Habib et al in this issue is critical for achieving polio eradication globally. Understanding why immunization programs are not reaching all children is important for success in reducing spread of all vaccine preventable diseases. The methods and insights are important for public health generalists, not only those employed in the pursuit of polio eradication.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077864/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-polio-and-polio-immunization-in-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Imtiaz Hussain, Farhana Tabassum, Zamir Suhag, Saeed Anwar, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only countries where polio is endemic, and Pakistan reports the most cases in the world. Although the rate is lower than in previous years, the situation remains alarming. We conducted a mixed methods study in high-risk areas of Pakistan to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of target populations about polio vaccine and its eradication, and to estimate coverage of routine immunization and oral polio vaccine. We surveyed 10,685 households in Karachi, 2522 in Pishin, and 2005 in Bajaur...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956749/non-adoption-of-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-nigeria-a-look-at-the-policymaking-process
#11
Babayemi Oluwaseun Olakunde, Chinwendu Daniel Ndukwe
In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended 'Option B+' (lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infected pregnant women regardless of their CD4 count or WHO clinical stage) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-based on its operational and clinical advantages. By 2015, 21 out of the 22 Global Plan priority countries had adopted the Option B+ approach. Despite its huge HIV burden, Nigeria is the only country yet to adopt Option B+. We analyse the policymaking process on Option B+ in Nigeria from 2012-2015, highlighting how factors related to the content (uncertainty about Option B+, lack of local evidence), actors (interest and power) and context (low domestic funding and poor retention in care) affected the policymaking process and present the implications of this decision for improving HIV response in Nigeria...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932788/health-system-productivity-change-in-zambia-a-focus-on-the-child-health-services
#12
Tom Achoki, Yohannes Kinfu, Felix Masiye, Geert W J Frederix, Anke Hovels, Hubert G Leufkens
Efficiency and productivity improvement have become central in global health debates. In this study, we explored productivity change, particularly the contribution of technological progress and efficiency gains associated with improvements in child survival in Zambia (population 15 million). Productivity was measured by applying the Malmquist productivity index on district-level panel data. The effect of socioeconomic factors was further analyzed by applying an ordinary least squares regression technique. During 2004-2009, overall productivity in Zambia increased by 5...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202934/the-food-industry-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-nutrition-research-a-latin-american-perspective
#13
Joaquin Barnoya, Marion Nestle
Conflicts of interest arise when corporations marketing harmful products establish financial relationships with research institutions, researchers, or public health organizations. As obesity becomes a worldwide epidemic, such relationships threaten to jeopardize the integrity of scientific research. Latin America, a region undergoing rapid development, is particularly vulnerable to such conflicts. Here, we provide examples of how food and beverage companies are funding nutrition-focused research and institutions in Latin America, putting their credibility at risk...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202933/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202932/the-use-and-impact-of-digital-technology-on-population-health-and-health-equity-gains-a-sponsored-e-supplement
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202931/zika-the-emerging-epidemic-donald-g-mcneil-w-w-norton-new-york-2016-203%C3%A2-pp-isbn-978-0-393-35396-9
#16
Adolfo Martínez-Palomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202930/harm-reduction-and-e-cigarettes-distorting-the-approach
#17
Michael Moore, Martin McKee, Mike Daube
Some supporters of electronic cigarettes have argued that they should be considered a form of harm reduction, analogous to that which has been successful with narcotics. In this viewpoint, we contend that this argument is based on highly selective use of the evidence, coupled with a fundamental misunderstanding of a comprehensive harm minimisation strategy. This includes not only harm reduction but also reduction in demand and supply-two elements that are explicitly rejected by many advocates of electronic cigarettes...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202929/prohibition-of-e-cigarettes-in-the-us-are-prohibitions-where-alcohol-is-consumed-related-to-lower-alcohol-consumption
#18
Alexandra R Hershberger, Kenny A Karyadi, Melissa A Cyders
Recently, research has suggested negative consequences related to electronic cigarette (e-cig) use, including the increased risk for alcohol use and abuse. Previous work found that cigarette smoking ban legislation lowered overall smoking and alcohol use rates; however, researchers have not yet examined the potential effects of prohibiting e-cig use. The present study surveyed 617 individuals from a community-based online sample in the US (mean age = 33.33, SD = 10.50, 54.7 per cent female) who reported their smoking/e-cig use status, alcohol consumption, and the presence of e-cig prohibitions where they consume alcohol...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202928/hospitalizations-due-to-selected-infections-caused-by-opportunistic-premise-plumbing-pathogens-oppp-and-reported-drug-resistance-in-the-united-states-older-adult-population-in-1991-2006
#19
Elena N Naumova, Alexander Liss, Jyotsna S Jagai, Irmgard Behlau, Jeffrey K Griffiths
The Flint Water Crisis-due to changes of water source and treatment procedures-has revealed many unsolved social, environmental, and public health problems for US drinking water, including opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens (OPPP). The true health impact of OPPP, especially in vulnerable populations such as the elderly, is largely unknown. We explored 10(8) claims in the largest US national uniformly collected data repository to determine rates and costs of OPPP-related hospitalizations. In 1991-2006, 617,291 cases of three selected OPPP infections resulted in the elderly alone of $0...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202927/factors-that-encourage-and-discourage-policy-making-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-experience-in-the-united-states
#20
Lainie Rutkow, Jesse Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Marguerite O'Hara, Sara N Bleich
Policy-makers throughout the world seek to address childhood obesity prevention, yet little is known about factors that influence policy-makers' decisions on this topic. From September 2014 to April 2015, we conducted 43 semi-structured interviews about factors that encourage and discourage policy-makers' support for childhood obesity prevention policies. We interviewed policy-makers (n = 12) and two other groups engaged with childhood obesity prevention policies: representatives of non-governmental organizations (n = 24) and academics (n = 7)...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
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