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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077864/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-polio-and-polio-immunization-in-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Imtiaz Hussain, Farhana Tabassum, Zamir Suhag, Saeed Anwar, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only countries where polio is endemic, and Pakistan reports the most cases in the world. Although the rate is lower than in previous years, the situation remains alarming. We conducted a mixed methods study in high-risk areas of Pakistan to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of target populations about polio vaccine and its eradication, and to estimate coverage of routine immunization and oral polio vaccine. We surveyed 10,685 households in Karachi, 2522 in Pishin, and 2005 in Bajaur...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074046/are-we-getting-closer-to-using-intellectual-property-safeguards-to-improve-public-health-ellen-t-hoen-private-patents-and-public-health-changing-intellectual-property-rules-for-access-to-medicines-amb-diemen-the-netherlands-20i6-181-pp-%C3%A2-45-00-paper-isbn-97890
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956749/non-adoption-of-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-nigeria-a-look-at-the-policymaking-process
#3
Babayemi Oluwaseun Olakunde, Chinwendu Daniel Ndukwe
In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended 'Option B+' (lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infected pregnant women regardless of their CD4 count or WHO clinical stage) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-based on its operational and clinical advantages. By 2015, 21 out of the 22 Global Plan priority countries had adopted the Option B+ approach. Despite its huge HIV burden, Nigeria is the only country yet to adopt Option B+. We analyse the policymaking process on Option B+ in Nigeria from 2012-2015, highlighting how factors related to the content (uncertainty about Option B+, lack of local evidence), actors (interest and power) and context (low domestic funding and poor retention in care) affected the policymaking process and present the implications of this decision for improving HIV response in Nigeria...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932788/health-system-productivity-change-in-zambia-a-focus-on-the-child-health-services
#4
Tom Achoki, Yohannes Kinfu, Felix Masiye, Geert W J Frederix, Anke Hovels, Hubert G Leufkens
Efficiency and productivity improvement have become central in global health debates. In this study, we explored productivity change, particularly the contribution of technological progress and efficiency gains associated with improvements in child survival in Zambia (population 15 million). Productivity was measured by applying the Malmquist productivity index on district-level panel data. The effect of socioeconomic factors was further analyzed by applying an ordinary least squares regression technique. During 2004-2009, overall productivity in Zambia increased by 5...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857070/adoption-of-one-health-in-thailand-s-national-strategic-plan-for-emerging-infectious-diseases
#5
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
This study illustrates how Thailand adopted the One Health concept. Massive socio-economic and health consequences of emerging infectious diseases, especially Avian Influenza in 2004, led to recognition of the importance of and need for One Health. Based on collaboration and consultative meetings between the national actors and international development partners, Thailand adopted One Health to drive more effective containment of Emerging Infectious Diseases. This concept gained support from the non-governmental and civil society organizations through processes of the National Health Assembly...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857069/in-memoriam-max-p-pepper
#6
EDITORIAL
Peter Orris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829664/minimum-alcohol-pricing-policies-in-practice-a-critical-examination-of-implementation-in-canada
#7
Kara Thompson, Tim Stockwell, Ashley Wettlaufer, Norman Giesbrecht, Gerald Thomas
There is an interest globally in using Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) of alcohol to promote public health. Canada is the only country to have both implemented and evaluated some forms of minimum alcohol prices, albeit in ways that fall short of MUP. To inform these international debates, we describe the degree to which minimum alcohol prices in Canada meet recommended criteria for being an effective public health policy. We collected data on the implementation of minimum pricing with respect to (1) breadth of application, (2) indexation to inflation and (3) adjustments for alcohol content...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789905/national-legislation-and-spending-on-vaccines-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#8
Michael McQuestion, Ana Gabriela Felix Garcia, Cara Janusz, Jon Kim Andrus
This study examined the dynamics of vaccine spending and vaccine legislation in the Americas Region over the period 1980-2013. Annual vaccine expenditures from thirty-one countries were extracted from the Pan American Health Organization Revolving Fund database. Information on vaccine laws and regulations was provided by the PAHO Family, Gender, and Life Course Unit. Both time series and event history models were estimated. The results show that passing an immunization law led a representative country to increase its vaccine spending, controlling for income, infant mortality, population size, and DPT3 vaccine coverage...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789904/the-use-and-impact-of-digital-technology-on-population-health-and-health-equity-gains-a-sponsored-e-supplement
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899801/digital-technology-population-health-and-health-equity
#10
EDITORIAL
James Chauvin, Laetitia Rispel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899800/creating-a-pandemic-of-health-what-is-the-role-of-digital-technologies
#11
Alejandro R Jadad
Imagine a world in which every human being is healthy until the last breath. Thanks to the fast penetration of digital technologies in every region of the planet, this seemingly utopian scenario is not only feasible but also potentially viable. Now that digital technologies have provided almost full interconnectivity among all humans, they should be used to meet key challenges to ensure that health is created and that it spreads to reach every person on earth. The objective of this article is to describe and trigger a serious discussion of such challenges, which include: adopting a new concept of health; positioning self-rated health as the main outcome of the system; creating a health-oriented model to guide service provision; facilitating the identification, scaling up, and sustaining of innovations that can create and spread health; promoting a culture of health promotion; and encouraging the emergence of Precision Health...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#12
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899798/digital-technologies-for-population-health-and-health-equity-gains-the-perspective-of-public-health-associations
#13
James Chauvin, Yoshith Perera, Michael Clarke
Digital technology (DT) plays an increasingly important role in the health sector. This study explores how national public health associations (PHAs) use DT to achieve their mandate. The World Federation of Public Health Associations canvassed and conducted a semi-structured interview with its national public health association members about their use of DT, the challenges they encounter in using it, and their experiences and thoughts as to how to assess its impact, both organizationally as well as on population health and health equity...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899797/social-media-knowledge-translation-and-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-equity-a-survey-of-public-health-practices
#14
Sume Ndumbe-Eyoh, Agnes Mazzucco
The growth of social media presents opportunities for public health to increase its influence and impact on the social determinants of health and health equity. The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health at St. Francis Xavier University conducted a survey during the first half of 2016 to assess how public health used social media for knowledge translation, relationship building, and specific public health roles to advance health equity. Respondents reported that social media had an important role in public health...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899796/health-information-technologies-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-mapping-the-evidence-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#15
G Nigenda, M Torres, A Jáuregui, J O Silverman-Retana, A Casas, E Servan-Mori
In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of populations is a high priority for governments. Health information technologies (HITs) have been proposed as tools to close access gaps for SRH services. We developed an "evidence map" through a systematic search of articles published between 2005 and 2015 about the use of HITs to enhance SRH services in LAC countries. Two hundred and thirty-two registries were identified and screened. Thirty-one were eligible for full-text assessment...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899795/the-momconnect-mhealth-initiative-in-south-africa-early-impact-on-the-supply-side-of-mch-services
#16
Peter Barron, Yogan Pillay, Antonio Fernandes, Jane Sebidi, Rob Allen
MomConnect is an mHealth initiative giving pregnant women information via SMS. We report on an analysis of the compliments and especially complaints component of the feedback. We scrutinised the electronic databases containing information on the first seventeen months of operation of MomConnect. During this time, 583,929 pregnant women were registered on MomConnect, representing approximately 46 per cent of pregnant women booking their pregnancy in the public sector in South Africa. These women gave feedback on services received: 4173 compliments and 690 complaints...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899794/the-impact-of-digital-technology-on-health-of-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-recent-innovations-and-current-gaps
#17
Sandra Mesmar, Reem Talhouk, Chaza Akik, Patrick Olivier, Imad H Elhajj, Shady Elbassuoni, Sarah Armoush, Joumana Kalot, Madeline Balaam, Aline Germani, Hala Ghattas
Digital technology is increasingly used in humanitarian action and promises to improve the health and social well-being of populations affected by both acute and protracted crises. We set out to (1) review the current landscape of digital technologies used by humanitarian actors and affected populations, (2) examine their impact on health and well-being of affected populations, and (3) consider the opportunities for and challenges faced by users of these technologies. Through a systematic search of academic databases and reports, we identified 50 digital technologies used by humanitarian actors, and/or populations affected by crises...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742921/peer-reviewed-public-health-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-an-updated-snapshot
#18
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Jacquelyn E Bowser
There is a positive association between availability of regional peer-reviewed public health information systems and progressive change in community and population health. The objective of this brief report was to identify public health journals in Arabic-speaking countries actively publishing as of 2016. We conducted an electronic search in several electronic database records for public health journals using a combination of search terms. We excluded journals that focused on human medicine, veterinary medicine, nursing, and other discipline-specific or clinical health professions...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664061/state-and-local-policies-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-the-united-states
#19
Ryan Cramer, Sarah Hexem, Archana LaPollo, Kendra M Cuffe, Harrell W Chesson, Jami S Leichliter
Poorer health suffered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations may be associated with public policies. We collected the laws that in 2013 prohibited discrimination based on sexual orientation from 50 United States (US) states, the District of Columbia (Washington, DC or DC), and the 30 most populous US metropolitan areas. To facilitate future research, we coded certain aspects of these laws to create a dataset. We generated descriptive statistics by jurisdiction type and tested for regional differences in state law using Chi-square tests...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664060/researching-lgb-health-and-social-policy-methodological-issues-and-future-directions
#20
Nathaniel M Lewis
Researchers interested in sexual minority health are beginning to examine contextual and environmental determinants of health such as neighbourhoods, health services, and social policies. Efforts to catalogue and systematise policies relating to the health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are therefore central in uncovering more comprehensive determinants of LGB health. This commentary identifies the links between social policy and LGB health, some methodological concerns of spatial analyses in this research area, and some future research directions...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
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