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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900304/the-campaign-for-a-national-strategy-for-gypsy-site-provision-and-the-role-of-public-health-activism-in-the-1960-1970s
#1
David Smith, Thomas Acton
We trace the post-war evolution of a national approach to providing caravan sites for Gypsies and Travellers-something essential to protect the health of that population in the United Kingdom (UK). Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the late Norman Dodds MP championed in Parliament the plight of the UK's Gypsies and other nomads. He was instrumental in galvanising support for the 1968 Caravan Sites Act. The vision of influential individuals working in public and environmental health surmounted practical considerations and local opposition to implement the national programme of site provision envisioned by the Act...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883528/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-malaria-socio-demographic-implications-for-malaria-control-in-rural-ghana
#2
Abraham Assan, Amirhossein Takian, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Shahrzad Nematolahi
Despite continuing international attention to malaria prevention, the disease remains a global public health problem. We investigated socio-demographic factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices about malaria in rural Ghana. Our survey looked at 354 households. Mean knowledge score was higher among individuals with a history of volunteers having visited their households to educate them about malaria; families with 4-6 members; and males. Households with at least one under-five-aged child also had significantly higher knowledge scores...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860550/the-fight-against-overweight-and-obesity-in-school-children-public-policy-in-mexico
#3
Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, María Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Nancy López-Olmedo, Florence Théodore, Jessica Moreno-Saracho, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Anabelle Bonvecchio, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan A Rivera, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Excess weight in schoolchildren is a serious health problem in Mexico. In 2010, the government established General Guidelines for Dispensing or Distribution of Foods and Beverages at School Food Establishments (SFEs) in Elementary Schools with the objective of stopping the epidemic of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate compliance with the Guidelines during two academic years. With a sample of 39 schools already randomly selected, we carried out a follow-up study. The research team recorded foods and beverages available at schools in two academic years, and compared their nutritional characteristics to those established in the Guidelines...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827566/fracking-and-public-health-evidence-from-gonorrhea%C3%A2-incidence-in-the-marcellus-shale-region
#4
Tim Komarek, Attila Cseh
The United States (US) began to experience a boom in natural gas production in the 2000s due to the advent of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling technology. While the natural gas boom affected many people through lower energy prices, the strongest effects were concentrated in smaller communities where the fracking occurred. We analyze one potential cost to communities where fracking takes place: an increase of sexually transmitted diseases. We use a quasi-natural experiment within the Marcellus shale region plus panel data estimation techniques to quantify the impact of fracking activity on local gonorrhea incidences...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808298/standards-for-arsenic-in-drinking-water-implications-for-policy-in-mexico
#5
Andrew T Fisher, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, Mariano E Cebrián
Global concern about arsenic in drinking water and its link to numerous diseases make translation of evidence-based research into national policy a priority. Delays in establishing a maximum contaminant level (MCL) to preserve health have increased the burden of disease and caused substantial and avoidable loss of life. The current Mexican MCL for arsenic in drinking water is 25 μg/l (2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation from 1993). Mexico's struggles to set its arsenic MCL offer a compelling example of shortcomings in environmental health policy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710493/-greater-good-versus-civil-liberties-in-the-united-states-tuberculosis-and-seattle-s-firland-sanatorium
#6
Christine Crudo Blackburn
As far back as the late 1700s, peoples in the United States were developing ways to control infectious disease without infringing on Constitutional rights. Despite acknowledgement that an infected person has certain civil liberties, the history of public health law shows that, in many instances, infectious disease isolation and quarantine proved to be scientifically questionable at best. I examine an historical example of such questionable relationship between public health and civil liberties: the locked ward at Firland Sanatorium in Seattle, Washington...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676705/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations-call-for-global-public-health-leaders-provision-of-safe-dentistry-for-all
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659607/policy-and-advocacy-for-informal-caregivers-how-state-policy-influenced-a-community-initiative
#8
Panagis Galiatsatos, Amelia Gurley, W Daniel Hale
With a growing proportion of elderly in the global population, the role of 'informal caregivers' gains importance. Informal caregivers are unpaid family members or friends who provide assistance to home-dwelling adults with health-related needs or limitations. Internationally, informal caregivers provide important medical support to those with a variety of diseases. While informal caregivers will remain vital to the growing aging population's pursuit of healthy aging, they often suffer from 'caregiver burnout,' a state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion caused by their caregiving work...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659606/the-right-to-health-in-brazil-a-constitutional-guarantee-threatened-by-fiscal-austerity
#9
Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de Souza
After 25 years of expanding coverage and improving the quality of preventive public health measures and publicly financed medical care associated with positive outcomes for the health of Brazil's population, our country suffers from deterioration of social policies. Among the areas of policy affected by new economic austerity measures is health-with potential to damage lives. These threats stem mainly from the 2016 approval of a Constitutional amendment that limits, for the next 20 years, public investments in health, education, social assistance, and social security...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630401/waterpipe-product-packaging-and-labelling-at-the-3rd-international-hookah-fair-does-it-comply-with-article-11-of-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control
#10
Mohammed Jawad, Andrea Darzi, Tamara Lotfi, Rima Nakkash, Ben Hawkins, Elie A Akl
We assessed compliance of waterpipe product packaging and labelling with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's Article 11. We evaluated samples collected at a trade fair against ten domains: health warning location, size, use of pictorials, use of colour, and packaging information on constituents and emissions. We also evaluated waterpipe accessories (e.g., charcoal) for misleading claims. Ten of 15 tobacco products had health warnings on their principal display areas, covering a median of 22.4 per cent (interquartile range 19...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630400/in-memorium-dorothy-rice-1922-2017
#11
Anthony Robbins, Phyllis Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596554/salt-intake-blood-pressure-and-socioeconomic-disparities-among-government-employees-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Anuji Upekshika Gamage, Rohini De Alwis Seneviratne, Fahad S Hanna
Our study estimated salt intake, examined the association between blood pressure (BP) and salt intake, and explored the socioeconomic variations in salt intake among administrators (government employees). This is a cross-sectional study. We studied 168 randomly selected administrators aged 30-60 years attached to government offices in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Self-administered questionnaire gathered information on socio-demographic, work-related information, lifestyle practices, and medical history. BP, 24-hour urine collection, and anthropometric indices were measured...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512300/overview-of-influenza-vaccination-policy-in-beijing-china-current-status-and-future-prospects
#13
Yi Zhang, David J Muscatello, Quanyi Wang, Peng Yang, Jiang Wu, Chandini Raina MacIntyre
Vaccination is the best available way to prevent influenza infections and related complications. Little information is available on vaccination policy in the world's most populous country, China. In China, influenza vaccine is not included in the national immunization programme. Citizens seek the vaccine on their own. Since 2007, Beijing, ahead of most cities in China, has offered free influenza vaccine for seniors aged at least 60 years and for primary and middle school students. There has been limited evaluation of the policy...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507308/barriers-to-breastfeeding-in-lebanon-a-policy-analysis
#14
Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas, Suzanne Filteau, Cecile Knai
Although the issue of breastfeeding in Lebanon has risen on the political agenda, the country does not meet international recommendations for early breastfeeding practices. This study analysed barriers to dissemination, implementation, and enforcement of key policies to improve early breastfeeding practices. We conducted interviews with stakeholders in breastfeeding policy in Lebanon and used a framework approach for analysing data. We found a disconnect between policy endorsement and translation on the ground, weak engagement of professional associations and governmental institutions, undue influence by the breast milk substitute industry, and competing priorities-most notably the current refugee crisis...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479593/can-a-decentralized-blood-system-ensure-self-sufficiency-and-blood-safety-the-lebanese-experience
#15
Antoine Haddad, Tarek Bou Assi, Olivier Garraud
Lebanon has adopted a liberal economic system that also applies to healthcare procurement. There is no national Lebanese blood transfusion service and the blood supply is divided between a large number of licensed (45 per cent) and unlicensed (55 per cent) blood banks, many of them issuing a very limited number of blood components. All blood banks are hospital based and operate the entire transfusion chain, from collection to the release of blood units. Blood donation is voluntary and non-remunerated in 20-25 per cent of donations; it relies principally on replacement donations...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533534/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#16
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533532/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#17
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533531/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#18
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533530/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#19
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533529/the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-global-health-security-agenda-exploring-synergies-for-a-sustainable-and-resilient-world
#20
Sulzhan Bali, Jessica Taaffe
Both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) represent bold initiatives to address systematically gaps in previous efforts to assure that societies can be resilient when confronted with potentially overwhelming threats to health. Despite their obvious differences, and differing criticisms of both, they shift away from vertical (problem- or disease-specific) to horizontal (comprehensive) solutions. Despite the comprehensiveness of the SDGs, they lack a specific target for global health security...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
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