Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Public Health Policy

Shazeen Suleman, Kent D Garber, Lainie Rutkow
Though xenophobia has become increasingly relevant in today's political climate, little is known about the impact of xenophobia on health. While some studies have shown that xenophobia, in local contexts, may contribute to worse mental health outcomes, none have attempted to review the published literature to integrate these findings. This integrative scoping review examines the strength of these publications, then synthesizes their findings to provide a global perspective on xenophobia. The results show that it is not merely a political threat, but also has real, negative impact on the health of individuals and their communities...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Vladka Kovar, Sarah Brummett, Carol Runyan
Suicide is a critical public health problem, resulting in more than 40,000 deaths a year in the United States (U.S.) and 800,000 globally. Provision of mental health services is a key component of a comprehensive population-based approach to prevention. State licensing boards in some U.S. states require mental health practitioners to be trained in suicide risk assessment and management, but such requirements are not uniform. Our case study examined mental health practitioner preparedness to engage in suicide prevention and intervention in Colorado, a state with a high suicide rate, using a survey designed to understand training experiences and perceptions of the acceptability of mandated training...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Yao Hu, Ciyang, Dunzhuyongzong, Awangluosong, Zuoqing Yang, Aqing
Although hepatitis B vaccine (HepB1 ) was first recommended through China's Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in 1992, Tibet was able to offer universal HepB1 vaccination starting only in early 2004. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess, 12 years after administration of HepB1 , the seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children in Qamdo, Tibet. Focusing on a population of individuals ≤ 15 years of age living in Tibet, we analyzed serum samples from 261 healthy children for HBV status based on the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibodies against HBV core antigen (anti-HBc), and antibodies against HBsAg (anti-HBs)...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Will C Nicholas, Benjamin F Henwood
This paper presents a population health framework for homelessness prevention. Rooted in the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the framework includes strategies that affect social determinants of health that influence a broad range of health outcomes prevalent among the homeless. For each prevention level, we consider the purpose of prevention, the sub-population of interest, and evidence of the effectiveness of interventions in addressing factors that affect health and health outcomes. Our review highlights the importance of cross-cutting strategies and the limits of our knowledge about more targeted preventive interventions...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Anthony Robbins, Phyllis Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
David S Fedson
Almost all new treatments being developed for the next influenza pandemic target the virus. During the Ebola crisis in West Africa, patients were treated with an inexpensive generic statin/angiotensin receptor blocker combination that appeared to greatly improve survival. These drugs target the host response, not the virus, and probably reverse endothelial dysfunction. Scientists and health officials have shown little interest in this idea. Yet, during the early months of the next pandemic, vaccines will be unavailable and treatment options will be limited...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Nadia S Ouedraogo, Caroline Schimanski
This paper addresses an important topic, energy poverty in healthcare facilities. We try to provide an interesting perspective on bringing together two SDGs. The SDG 7, which seeks to ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and modern energy for all, is interlinked with Goal 3 on Health. The literature studies as well as data on the subject are sparse. Nevertheless, a systematic documentation of the levels and variation in access to energy at the health-facility level is important for designing effective policies to improve the quality of healthcare and the ultimate health of the population...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Anne Marie Thow
There is growing global interest in Gross National Happiness (GNH) as a metric to capture population well-being and economic development. Empirical evidence suggests that health is necessary for achievement of happiness. The growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) threatens to undermine the achievement of GNH. We analyze synergies between current policy priorities and the institutional mechanism for GNH and the Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020 that has informed Bhutan's approach to NCDs. We identify strategic policy opportunities to strengthen outcomes for both policy areas...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Emilia Anis, Larisa Moerman, Gary Ginsberg, Isabella Karakis, Paul E Slater, Bruce Warshavsky, Ruslan Gosinov, Itamar Grotto, Esther Marva
Pertussis is the only vaccine-preventable disease that has re-emerged in Israel. In the last two decades, despite high primary immunization coverage, crude incidence increased over tenfold, with especially high morbidity among infants and adolescents and with 19 infant deaths. Two pertussis vaccine boosters were added, in 2005 for 7-year-olds and in 2011 for 13-year-olds. We reviewed age group incidence from 1999 to 2016, before and after the booster program introduction. We compared three groups of 13-15 year-olds with identical primary immunization but different booster immunization histories...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Aida Dias, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber
Child maltreatment (CM) is highly prevalent and one of the most injurious conditions that children may experience. Because it is often-clandestine, it is difficult to assure that existing prevention and treatment mechanisms reach those in need. CM's consequences may take a long time to be recognized and expressed. We discuss the need to increase public health actions when the person reaches adulthood to mitigate the consequences of CM. We propose three intervention targets to alleviate CM-related difficulties in adults: emotion regulation, social functioning, and self-concept...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Khalid A J Al Khaja, Alwaleed K AlKhaja, Reginald P Sequeira
Dissemination of misleading drug information through social media can be detrimental to the health of the public. This study, carried out in Bahrain, evaluated the truthfulness of 22 social media claims about drugs (72.7%), dietary supplements (22.7%), and toxic bisphenol-A (4.5%). They circulated on WhatsApp platform, as case studies. We categorized claims as objectively true, false, or potentially misleading. The content analysis revealed that "potentially misleading" claims were the most frequent messages (59...
August 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Sheldon Krimsky, Carey Gillam
This paper reviews the court-released discovery documents obtained from litigation against Monsanto over its herbicide Roundup and through Freedom of Information Act requests (requests to regulatory agencies and public universities in the United States). We sought evidence of corporate malfeasance and undisclosed conflicts of interest with respect to issues of scientific integrity. The findings include evidence of ghostwriting, interference in journal publication, and undue influence of a federal regulatory agency...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Justin Spiehs, Stacy Conner
As conceptualizations of substance-use disorders (SUDs) have changed, so too has the language used to describe these shifting views. Numerous words and phrases have fallen in and out of vogue as understandings of SUD etiology and treatment have emerged, then receded. In the United States, an historical language persists among health professionals and in society. We consider the role language plays in the SUD treatment field and how the language and concepts the words convey keep individuals from growing through and past the SUD...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Leah Seifu, Cara Ruggiero, Marie Ferguson, Yeeli Mui, Bruce Y Lee, Joel Gittelsohn
Computational simulation models have potential to inform childhood obesity prevention efforts. To guide their future use in obesity prevention policies and programs, we assessed Baltimore City policymakers' perceptions of computational simulation models. Our research team conducted 15 in-depth interviews with stakeholders (policymakers in government and non-profit sectors), then transcribed and coded them for analysis. We learned that informants had limited understanding of computational simulation modeling...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Elena N Naumova, Erin Hennessy
The Seifu et al. article is a start to a timely inquiry on policymakers' perceptions of mathematical modeling and simulations aimed to guide obesity prevention programs. These computational tools have the potential to transform the fields of public health policy. Yet, to be effective, a broad Data and Information Literacy Initiative is needed to instill policymakers with the willingness to become life-long learners, to adapt and accept new technologies, attitudes, information, and creative ways of thinking.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Roy Widdus, Heidi Larson
The experience in Australia with penalizing parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated demonstrates the need to study and understand resistance to vaccination as a global phenomenon with particular local manifestations.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Timothy S Church
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
David Stuckler, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, Ryan Yeung
This is the first study in the United States to examine the effect of prenatal maternal passive smoking on student learning outcomes. We use a national sample of children in combination with ordinary least squares regression and matching methods to examine this effect. We find evidence that prenatal maternal exposure to secondhand smoke leads to lower academic performance in language/literacy and mathematics in the later years of elementary school, particularly for mothers who did not actively smoke while pregnant...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"