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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512300/overview-of-influenza-vaccination-policy-in-beijing-china-current-status-and-future-prospects
#1
Yi Zhang, David J Muscatello, Quanyi Wang, Peng Yang, Jiang Wu, Chandini Raina MacIntyre
Vaccination is the best available way to prevent influenza infections and related complications. Little information is available on vaccination policy in the world's most populous country, China. In China, influenza vaccine is not included in the national immunization programme. Citizens seek the vaccine on their own. Since 2007, Beijing, ahead of most cities in China, has offered free influenza vaccine for seniors aged at least 60 years and for primary and middle school students. There has been limited evaluation of the policy...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507308/barriers-to-breastfeeding-in-lebanon-a-policy-analysis
#2
Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas, Suzanne Filteau, Cecile Knai
Although the issue of breastfeeding in Lebanon has risen on the political agenda, the country does not meet international recommendations for early breastfeeding practices. This study analysed barriers to dissemination, implementation, and enforcement of key policies to improve early breastfeeding practices. We conducted interviews with stakeholders in breastfeeding policy in Lebanon and used a framework approach for analysing data. We found a disconnect between policy endorsement and translation on the ground, weak engagement of professional associations and governmental institutions, undue influence by the breast milk substitute industry, and competing priorities-most notably the current refugee crisis...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479593/can-a-decentralized-blood-system-ensure-self-sufficiency-and-blood-safety-the-lebanese-experience
#3
Antoine Haddad, Tarek Bou Assi, Olivier Garraud
Lebanon has adopted a liberal economic system that also applies to healthcare procurement. There is no national Lebanese blood transfusion service and the blood supply is divided between a large number of licensed (45 per cent) and unlicensed (55 per cent) blood banks, many of them issuing a very limited number of blood components. All blood banks are hospital based and operate the entire transfusion chain, from collection to the release of blood units. Blood donation is voluntary and non-remunerated in 20-25 per cent of donations; it relies principally on replacement donations...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442736/political-determinants-and-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-women-don-t-leave-your-integrity-at-the-political-gate
#4
Vanessa S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432335/policy-coherence-integration-and-proportionality-in-tobacco-control-should-tobacco-sales-be-limited-to-government-outlets
#5
Elizabeth A Smith, Patricia A McDaniel, Heikki Hiilamo, Ruth E Malone
Multiple factors, including marijuana decriminalization/legalization, tobacco endgame discourse, and alcohol industry pressures, suggest that the retail regulatory environment for psychoactive or addictive substances is a dynamic one in which new options may be considered. In most countries, the regulation of tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol is neither coherent, nor integrated, nor proportional to the potential harms caused by these substances. We review the possible consequences of restricting tobacco sales to outlets run by government-operated alcohol retail monopolies, as well as the likely obstacles to such a policy...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386099/participatory-simulation-modelling-to-inform-public-health-policy-and-practice-rethinking-the-evidence-hierarchies
#6
Eloise O'Donnell, Jo-An Atkinson, Louise Freebairn, Lucie Rychetnik
Drawing on the long tradition of evidence-based medicine that aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical practice, the field of public health has sought to apply 'hierarchies of evidence' to appraise and synthesise public health research. Various critiques of this approach led to the development of synthesis methods that include broader evidence typologies and more 'fit for purpose' privileging of methodological designs. While such adaptations offer great utility for evidence-informed public health policy and practice, this paper offers an alternative perspective on the synthesis of evidence that necessitates a yet more egalitarian approach...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289290/editorial-and-call-for-papers-human-survival-in-a-new-era
#7
EDITORIAL
Phyllis Freeman, Anthony Robbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242875/advancing-health-equity-in-healthy-cities-framing-matters
#8
LETTER
Jerry M Spiegel, Jaime Breilh
To improve the governance needed to create Healthy Cities, it is essential that policy processes directly engage marginalized populations and address the forces that affect health equity. Framings such as that provided by the Latin American collective health/social medicine/critical epidemiology orientation to critical processes of social determination of health enables a move beyond a reductionist focus to challenge the drivers that undermine health, and are consistent with policy directives such as the Shanghai Declaration on promoting health in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242874/developing-local-health-policy-profiling-needs-and-opportunities-in-the-municipality-of-quito-ecuador
#9
Maria Isabel Roldós, Claudia Hopenhayn, Fernando Sacoto, Kathy Bustamante
We describe the steps taken and analysis applied in developing a local health policy agenda for the city of Quito, in Ecuador. In 2014, the Health Commissioner's Office of the Municipality of Quito analyzed the city's epidemiological health profiles, social determinants of health, the legal authority of the Municipality, and relevant literature to understand the city's health burden and develop a Ten-Year Health Plan (2015-2025). Results revealed that Quito's population suffered from noncommunicable chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension) and identified the primary risk factors (poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and resulting overweight or obesity)...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533534/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#10
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533532/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#11
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533531/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#12
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533530/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#13
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533529/the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-global-health-security-agenda-exploring-synergies-for-a-sustainable-and-resilient-world
#14
Sulzhan Bali, Jessica Taaffe
Both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) represent bold initiatives to address systematically gaps in previous efforts to assure that societies can be resilient when confronted with potentially overwhelming threats to health. Despite their obvious differences, and differing criticisms of both, they shift away from vertical (problem- or disease-specific) to horizontal (comprehensive) solutions. Despite the comprehensiveness of the SDGs, they lack a specific target for global health security...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533528/can-the-sdgs-and-ghsa-achieve-synergy
#15
REVIEW
Peter J Hotez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533527/public-health-autonomous-automobiles-and-the-rush-to-market
#16
Ben Kelley
The USA has the worst motor vehicle safety problem among high-income countries and is pressing forward with the development of autonomous automobiles to address it. Government guidance and regulation, still inadequate, will be critical to the safety of the public. The analysis of this public health problem in the USA reveals the key factors that will determine the benefits and risks of autonomous vehicles around the world.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533526/are-we-getting-closer-to-using-intellectual-property-safeguards-to-improve-public-health-ellen-t-hoen-private-patents-and-public-health-changing-intellectual-property-rules-for-access-to-medicines-amb-diemen-the-netherlands-20i6-181-pp-%C3%A2-45-00-paper-isbn-97890
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235978/right-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-new-population-policies-of-iran
#18
Fatemeh Kokabisaghi
Sexual and reproductive health services in Iran are influenced by population policies. Willingness of Iranian policy makers to control the population's growth rate resulted in the provision of countrywide family planning services and contraceptives from 1990 to 2013. Now policy makers favour population growth because of a statistically significant decline in the fertility rate and ageing of the population. New population policies contain incentives for higher fertility and limitations on family planning services...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213617/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#19
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179630/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#20
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
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