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Journal of Public Health Policy

Robert N Proctor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Miriam Komaromy, Venice Ceballos, Andrea Zurawski, Thomas Bodenheimer, David H Thom, Sanjeev Arora
More than 50,000 community health workers (CHWs) are employed in the United States (US), a country with no national accreditation or certification program. In the US, CHWs are trained, formally and/or on-the-job, and rarely is long-term mentoring included. We developed a CHW training program using the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) model™, distance education using video teleconferencing to support case-based learning, and mentoring of healthcare providers from medically underserved communities...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Lakkana Thaikruea, Sineenart Santidherakul
Our team aimed to create a new, simple, and inexpensive technique for collecting and transferring of toxic jellyfish specimens and for nematocysts identification. We collected tentacles of Chironex spp., Morbakka spp., and Physalia spp., and transferred them from the beaches by standard and by 'vacuum sticky tape' (VST) techniques. For the VST technique, our team placed the sticky tape on a tentacle and then folded it over to seal the tentacle in the equivalent of a vacuum. We kept the VST in room temperature...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
David Stuckler, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee
Statements on conflicts of interest provide important information for readers of scientific papers. There is now compelling evidence from several fields that papers reporting funding from organizations that have an interest in the results often generate different findings from those that do not report such funding. We describe the findings of an analysis of correspondence between representatives of a major soft drinks company and scientists researching childhood obesity. Although the studies report no influence by the funder, the correspondence describes detailed exchanges on the study design, presentation of results and acknowledgement of funding...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Ralf Itzwerth, Aye Moa, C Raina MacIntyre
We analysed Australian plans issued by the public sector and current at the time of the last human pandemic in 2009. They came from various levels of governance, and offered guidance in key domains. Using 13 established criteria, we rated 10 plans (national, state, and territorial) for their usefulness to guide health and medical intervention, business continuity, and crisis communication, plus consideration of at-risk populations. The intended end-user of most plans was not clear, whether hospital manager, health worker, or policy maker...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Bing Han, Hongbo Liu, Guojiang Zhai, Qun Wang, Jie Liang, Mengcang Zhang, Kai Cui, Fuhai Shen, Hongbo Yi, Jie Chen
Our research estimated the economic costs of possible cases of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) among redeployed coal workers from the Fuxin Mining Industry Group. The study cohort included 19,116 coal workers between 1965 and 2012. We estimated direct and indirect economic costs due to possible current and future CWP cases among redeployed coal workers. We found as of 2012 that 141 possible CWP cases might have resulted in economic costs of $37.52 million ($33.84 million were direct and $3.68 million indirect)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Clayton Velicer, Gideon St Helen, Stanton A Glantz
We examined the relationship between the tobacco industry and the journal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (RTP) using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents Library and internet sources. We determined the funding relationships, and categorised the conclusions of all 52 RTP papers on tobacco or nicotine between January 2013 and June 2015, as "positive", "negative" or "neutral" for the tobacco industry. RTP's editor, 57% (4/7) of associate editors and 37% (14/38) of editorial board members had worked or consulted for tobacco companies...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Rahi Abouk, Scott Adams
Following Flint's switching from the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River as the source of its tap water, we show, using birth records, that there were lower average birthweights and higher incidence of low birthweight (< 2500 g) among infants. We compare these observed reductions in Flint birthweights to a series of counterfactuals. We find that among white mothers, there was a 71 g reduction in birthweight and a 26% increase in the incidence of low birthweight relative to what would have likely occurred without the water change...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Amy Prangnell, Kate Shannon, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
Workplace violence, by clients or predators, poses serious negative health consequences for sex workers. In 2013, the Vancouver (British Columbia), Canada Police Department changed their guidelines with the goal of increasing safety for sex workers by focusing law enforcement on clients and third parties, but not sex workers. We sought to examine the trends and correlates of workplace violence among female sex workers (FSW) before and after the guideline change, using data collected from prospective cohorts of persons who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Carlos F Vázquez-Rodríguez, Francisco Vazquez-Nava, Eliza M Vazquez-Rodriguez, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Jorge B Vargas Correa, Nancy V Ortega Betancourt
Unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents continue to be major health problems around the world. They are associated with sex that occurs without contraceptive protection. We determined the relationship of family, personal, and social factors with the non-use of any contraceptive method during the first sexual experience in 1409 adolescent women. The most significant risk factors were being less than 15 years of age and lacking knowledge and awareness about contraceptive methods...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, María Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Nancy López-Olmedo, Florence Théodore, Jessica Moreno-Saracho, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Anabelle Bonvecchio, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan A Rivera, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Excess weight in schoolchildren is a serious health problem in Mexico. In 2010, the government established General Guidelines for Dispensing or Distribution of Foods and Beverages at School Food Establishments (SFEs) in Elementary Schools with the objective of stopping the epidemic of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate compliance with the Guidelines during two academic years. With a sample of 39 schools already randomly selected, we carried out a follow-up study. The research team recorded foods and beverages available at schools in two academic years, and compared their nutritional characteristics to those established in the Guidelines...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Andrew T Fisher, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, Mariano E Cebrián
Global concern about arsenic in drinking water and its link to numerous diseases make translation of evidence-based research into national policy a priority. Delays in establishing a maximum contaminant level (MCL) to preserve health have increased the burden of disease and caused substantial and avoidable loss of life. The current Mexican MCL for arsenic in drinking water is 25 μg/l (2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation from 1993). Mexico's struggles to set its arsenic MCL offer a compelling example of shortcomings in environmental health policy...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
David Smith, Thomas Acton
We trace the post-war evolution of a national approach to providing caravan sites for Gypsies and Travellers-something essential to protect the health of that population in the United Kingdom (UK). Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the late Norman Dodds MP championed in Parliament the plight of the UK's Gypsies and other nomads. He was instrumental in galvanising support for the 1968 Caravan Sites Act. The vision of influential individuals working in public and environmental health surmounted practical considerations and local opposition to implement the national programme of site provision envisioned by the Act...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Abraham Assan, Amirhossein Takian, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Shahrzad Nematolahi
Despite continuing international attention to malaria prevention, the disease remains a global public health problem. We investigated socio-demographic factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices about malaria in rural Ghana. Our survey looked at 354 households. Mean knowledge score was higher among individuals with a history of volunteers having visited their households to educate them about malaria; families with 4-6 members; and males. Households with at least one under-five-aged child also had significantly higher knowledge scores...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Tim Komarek, Attila Cseh
The United States (US) began to experience a boom in natural gas production in the 2000s due to the advent of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling technology. While the natural gas boom affected many people through lower energy prices, the strongest effects were concentrated in smaller communities where the fracking occurred. We analyze one potential cost to communities where fracking takes place: an increase of sexually transmitted diseases. We use a quasi-natural experiment within the Marcellus shale region plus panel data estimation techniques to quantify the impact of fracking activity on local gonorrhea incidences...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Mohammed Jawad, Andrea Darzi, Tamara Lotfi, Rima Nakkash, Ben Hawkins, Elie A Akl
We assessed compliance of waterpipe product packaging and labelling with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's Article 11. We evaluated samples collected at a trade fair against ten domains: health warning location, size, use of pictorials, use of colour, and packaging information on constituents and emissions. We also evaluated waterpipe accessories (e.g., charcoal) for misleading claims. Ten of 15 tobacco products had health warnings on their principal display areas, covering a median of 22.4 per cent (interquartile range 19...
August 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
Christine Crudo Blackburn
As far back as the late 1700s, peoples in the United States were developing ways to control infectious disease without infringing on Constitutional rights. Despite acknowledgement that an infected person has certain civil liberties, the history of public health law shows that, in many instances, infectious disease isolation and quarantine proved to be scientifically questionable at best. I examine an historical example of such questionable relationship between public health and civil liberties: the locked ward at Firland Sanatorium in Seattle, Washington...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
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