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Journal of Public Health Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626895/soda-industry-influence-on-obesity-science-and-policy-in-china
#1
Susan Greenhalgh
Soda industry efforts to manipulate obesity science and policy in the US are well documented, yet little is known about whether the industry has pursued similar efforts abroad. In-depth research in China-analyses of interviews with prominent Chinese obesity experts, and of trends in obesity-related activities documented in newsletters of China's lead organization on obesity, a branch of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), a US-based, corporate-funded, global nonprofit strongly influenced by the Coca-Cola Company-showed that from 1999 to 2015, China's obesity science and policy shifted markedly toward physical activity as Coca-Cola's influence in China increased...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626894/brexit-and-health-security-why-we-need-to-protect-our-global-networks
#2
REVIEW
Danielle Solomon
As the United Kingdom (UK) negotiates its separation from the European Union (EU), it is important to remember the public health mechanisms that are directly facilitated via our relationship with the EU. One such mechanism is the UK's role within the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Global health protection is an area that is currently experiencing an unprecedented wave of innovation, both technologically and ideologically, and we must therefore ensure that our future relationship with ECDC is one that facilitates full involvement with the global health security systems of the future...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626893/the-importance-of-insulin-donations-for-children-in-43-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
REVIEW
Hans V Hogerzeil, Sterre Recourt
Diabetes mellitus is rapidly becoming one of the major diseases affecting people's health globally. Over half of 100 million diabetes patients who need insulin to survive, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), are not able to get this medicine and die prematurely. Since 2000, insulin-producing companies have started support programmes with a component of insulin donations to children and youth with type 1 diabetes in 43 LMIC. Based on their experiences we conclude, contrary to common belief, that the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of fatal complications in children with type 1 diabetes in LMIC are very possible in practice, with large improvements in survival, mean body weight, mean glucose levels, and frequency of complications...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30559451/inconsistent-screening-for-lead-endangers-vulnerable-children-policy-lessons-from-south-bend-and-saint-joseph-county-indiana-usa
#4
Heidi Beidinger-Burnett, Lacey Ahern, Michelle Ngai, Gabriel Filippelli, Matthew Sisk
Lead exposure is a major health hazard affecting children and their growth and is a concern in many urban areas around the world. One such city in the United States (US), South Bend Indiana, gained attention for its high levels of lead in blood and relatively low testing rates for children. We assessed current lead screening practices in South Bend and the surrounding St. Joseph County (SJC). The 2005-2015 lead screening data included 18,526 unique children. Lead screening rates ranged from 4.7 to 16.7%. More than 75% of children had 'elevated blood lead levels' (EBLL) ≥ 1 micrograms per deciliter (µg/Dl) and 9...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552366/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations-www-wfpha-org
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30546111/a-public-health-framework-for-the-regulation-of-marketing
#6
REVIEW
Anthony Biglan, Mark Van Ryzin, Erika Westling
Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental studies have found a link between youth exposure to cigarette marketing and youth initiation of smoking. These decisive research findings led to regulations of cigarette marketing to youth-including no television or radio ads, prohibitions on the use of cartoons, bans on transit and billboard advertisements, and disallowing tobacco brand sponsorships of sporting events or concerts. Similar products that may cause more harm than benefits include alcohol, electronic cigarettes, and opioids...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538269/the-world-breastfeeding-trends-initiative-implementation-of-the-global-strategy-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-84-countries
#7
Arun Gupta, Shoba Suri, J P Dadhich, Marta Trejos, Barbara Nalubanga
Breastfeeding could save the lives of more than 820,000 children and 20,000 women. Worldwide, despite evidence of the importance of both, only 42% women begin breastfeeding within an hour of birth, and 41% practice exclusive breastfeeding. In 2002, to mobilise action and support optimal breastfeeding, the World Health Assembly adopted the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding. The WHO identified the need to assess implementation of policies and programmes at the national level and provided an assessment tool...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30504846/understanding-and-managing-the-new-psychoactive-substances-phenomenon-a-holistic-approach
#8
Luca Zamengo, Giampietro Frison, Guus Zwitser
The new psychoactive substances (NPS) phenomenon has emerged as a global threat that challenges public health and institutions. There are important qualitative differences between the NPS and traditional drugs phenomena. We discuss these differences and explore the complex structure of the NPS phenomenon. We analyse the entire phenomenon with a global, holistic approach. We present an original framework to help policy makers, healthcare practitioners, and community workers understand the NPS phenomenon's structure and to plan comprehensive policy responses and prevention strategies...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30478435/implementation-and-outcomes-of-suicide-prevention-strategies-by-restricting-access-to-lethal-suicide-methods-in-korea
#9
REVIEW
Haesoo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Yong Min Ahn, Hong Jin Jeon, Subin Park, Jin Pyo Hong
For more than 10 years, the suicide rate in South Korea has been the highest among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Suicide-prevention strategies, such as restricting access to lethal suicide methods, have been implemented in Korea. In this paper, we discuss suicide-prevention strategies that restrict access to the five leading methods for committing suicide: pesticide ingestion, inhalation of charcoal fumes, jumping from heights, placing oneself in front of moving subway trains, and hanging oneself by the neck...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382156/support-for-evidence-based-alcohol-policy-in-ireland-results-from-the-community-action-on-alcohol-pilot-project
#10
Martin P Davoren, David Lane, Joe Kirby, Kate Gibney, Gordon Kinsley, Ann Hope, Michael Byrne, Ivan J Perry
In Ireland, the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill proposes introducing minimum unit pricing, health labelling, and advertising restrictions to tackle excessive consumption. The aim of this research was to examine the level of support for evidence-based alcohol control policy among the Irish population. We conducted a household survey using quota sampling in three pilot sites in Southern Ireland. Consumption, attitude, and behaviour questions were taken from previously validated instruments. In total, 1075 individuals completed the questionnaire...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377300/air-pollution-control-and-the-occurrence-of-acute-respiratory-illness-in-school-children-of-quito-ecuador
#11
Bertha Estrella, Fernando Sempértegui, Oscar H Franco, Magda Cepeda, Elena N Naumova
Because of air quality management and control, traffic-related air pollution has declined in Quito, Ecuador. We evaluated the effect of a city-wide 5-year air pollution control program on the occurrence of acute respiratory illness (ARI). We compared two studies conducted at the same location in Quito: in 2000, 2 years before the policy to control vehicle emission was introduced, and in 2007. Each study involved ~ 730 children aged 6-12 years, observed for 15 weeks. We examined associations between carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) serum concentration-an exposure proxy for carbon monoxide (CO)-ambient CO, and ARI in both cohorts...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401808/monsanto-pcbs-and-the-creation-of-a-world-wide-ecological-problem
#12
Gerald Markowitz, David Rosner
For the past three decades, we have written on the history of occupational and environmental health, authoring books and articles on lead poisoning, silicosis, asbestosis, and angiosarcoma of the liver, among other diseases. One book, Deceit and Denial, focused specifically on the chemical and lead industries. Because of the rarity of historians who study this history, we have been asked to testify on behalf of workers who allege harm from these industrial materials and by state, county, and local governments who seek redress for environmental damages and funds to prevent future harm to children...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401807/learning-from-history
#13
EDITORIAL
David H Wegman
The ways historians assemble primary material from which to learn how industry has failed to protect workers and the environment is changing dramatically. Increasingly, historians focus concern on the evolution of the internet and the demise of paper records. The authors of "Monsanto, PCBs," and the Creation of a "World-Wide Ecological Problem" (2018) are also founders of ToxicDocs.org. This web-based resource provides an entirely new degree of transparency. Readers of their article may look at any document they cite by clicking on the reference...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297918/policy-options-for-reducing-antibiotics-and-antibiotic-resistant-genes-in-the-environment
#14
Ellen Bloomer, Martin McKee
Responses to the threat posed by antimicrobial resistance have been inadequate. Most attention has focused on the emergence of resistant organisms in human medicine and in agriculture. Much less attention has been given to antibiotic contamination of the environment. To assist health advocates to engage with this issue, we review the evidence on the role of agriculture, aquaculture, domestic waste and pharmaceutical manufacturing in the spread of antibiotic resistance, concluding that all of these activities pose a potentially serious threat...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228355/wfpha-world-federation-of-public-health-associations-www-wfpha-org-bettina-borisch-and-marta-lomazzi-federation-s-pages-editors
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177729/xenophobia-as-a-determinant-of-health-an-integrative-review
#16
Shazeen Suleman, Kent D Garber, Lainie Rutkow
Though xenophobia has become increasingly relevant in today's political climate, little is known about the impact of xenophobia on health. While some studies have shown that xenophobia, in local contexts, may contribute to worse mental health outcomes, none have attempted to review the published literature to integrate these findings. This integrative scoping review examines the strength of these publications, then synthesizes their findings to provide a global perspective on xenophobia. The results show that it is not merely a political threat, but also has real, negative impact on the health of individuals and their communities...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097612/should-suicide-prevention-training-be-required-for-mental-health-practitioners-a-colorado-united-states-case-study
#17
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Vladka Kovar, Sarah Brummett, Carol Runyan
Suicide is a critical public health problem, resulting in more than 40,000 deaths a year in the United States (U.S.) and 800,000 globally. Provision of mental health services is a key component of a comprehensive population-based approach to prevention. State licensing boards in some U.S. states require mental health practitioners to be trained in suicide risk assessment and management, but such requirements are not uniform. Our case study examined mental health practitioner preparedness to engage in suicide prevention and intervention in Colorado, a state with a high suicide rate, using a survey designed to understand training experiences and perceptions of the acceptability of mandated training...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089882/seroepidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-children-12-years-after-china-s-expanded-program-on-immunization-in-qamdo-tibet
#18
Yao Hu, Ciyang, Dunzhuyongzong, Awangluosong, Zuoqing Yang, Aqing
Although hepatitis B vaccine (HepB1 ) was first recommended through China's Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in 1992, Tibet was able to offer universal HepB1 vaccination starting only in early 2004. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess, 12 years after administration of HepB1 , the seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children in Qamdo, Tibet. Focusing on a population of individuals ≤ 15 years of age living in Tibet, we analyzed serum samples from 261 healthy children for HBV status based on the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibodies against HBV core antigen (anti-HBc), and antibodies against HBsAg (anti-HBs)...
November 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353132/malnutrition-in-india-status-and-government-initiatives
#19
REVIEW
Jitendra Narayan, Denny John, Nirupama Ramadas
Malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person's intake of energy and/or nutrients. It is well-known that maternal, infant, and child nutrition play significant roles in the proper growth and development, including future socio-economic status of the child. Reports of National Health & Family Survey, United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, and WHO have highlighted that rates of malnutrition among adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and children are alarmingly high in India...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279448/barriers-to-the-evaluation-of-evidence-based-public-health-policy
#20
REVIEW
Megan Freund, Alison Zucca, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Andrew Milat, Lisa Mackenzie, Heidi Turon
Public health policy has the potential to produce great benefits for individuals and communities. There is growing demand that such efforts be rigorously evaluated to ensure that the expected benefits are, in fact, realised. Commonly, public health policy is evaluated by consumer acceptability, reach, or changes in knowledge and attitudes. Non-robust research designs are often used. But these approaches to evaluation do not answer three critical questions: Has a change in the desired outcome occurred? Was it a consequence of the policy and not some extraneous factor? Was the size of the change considered significant and cost-effective? We, a team of government and academic scholars working in research and evaluation, have examined some of the more common impediments to robust evaluation: political impediments, a lack of investment in evaluation capacity within bureaucracy, and the failure of academic researchers to understand the need for the evaluation of public health policy...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
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