Read by QxMD icon Read

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Barbara E Ainsworth, Kathleen B Watson, Kate Ridley, Karin A Pfeiffer, Stephen D Herrmann, Scott E Crouter, Robert G McMurray, Nancy F Butte, David R Bassett, Stewart G Trost, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
PURPOSE: The purposes of this article are to: (a) describe the rationale and development of the Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium); and (b) discuss the utility of the Youth Compendium for audiences in research, education, community, health care, public health, and the private sector. METHODS: The Youth Compendium provides a list of 196 physical activities (PA) categorized by activity types, specific activities, and metabolic costs (youth metabolic equivalents of task [METy ]) as measured by indirect calorimetry...
July 18, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Iván Peña-González, Jaime Fernández-Fernández, Manuel Moya-Ramón, Eduardo Cervelló
PURPOSE: The talent identification and selection process in young male soccer players is mainly focused on anthropometrics and physical performance, but social factors are also considered in this process. The purpose of this study was to test the existence of the relative age effect and its possible influence on anthropometrics and physical performance and to analyze coaches' efficacy expectations. METHOD: Data for 564 young male soccer players (Mage = 13.7 ± 1...
July 17, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Leonardo S Fortes, José R A Nascimento-Júnior, Arnaldo L Mortatti, Dalton Roberto Alvas Araújo de Lima-Júnior, Maria E C Ferreira
It seems that dehydration may impair decision-making performance in athletes. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of dehydration on passing decision-making performance in soccer players. METHOD: Participants were 40 male soccer players (Mage = 22.3 ± 2.3 years) who agreed to participate in the study and were randomly assigned to the following conditions: control (CON), dehydration (DEH), and euhydration (EUH). The players played in 2 games of 90 min in duration (2 45-min halves) followed by 2 15-min halves (overtime) with and without proper hydration...
July 17, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Jason A Bennie, Glen H Wiesner, Ineke Vergeer, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Katrien De Cocker, Chris Alexander, Stuart J H Biddle
PURPOSE: There is currently no standardized testing protocol for assessing clients' fitness/health within the Australian fitness industry. This study examined the perceptions of the feasibility of using a standardized testing protocol among Australian fitness industry professionals. METHOD: In 2014, 1,206 registered fitness industry professionals (aged 17-69 years) completed an online survey. Perceived feasibility for using a standardized testing protocol was assessed based on responses to 6 items...
July 17, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Cheryl A Coker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether functional movement proficiency could be improved as measured via the Functional Movement Screen using a standardized warm-up protocol in middle school physical education. A secondary purpose was to determine whether such improvement, if it occurred, would positively influence the technical performance of 4 fundamental motor skills: overhand throw, vertical jump, kicking, and running. METHOD: Participants were 120 7th- and 8th-grade physical education student volunteers...
July 9, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Justin A Haegele, Amanda Yessick, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use an explicitly intersectional approach to examine the embodied experiences of individuals identifying as female and as having a visual impairment in school-based physical education. METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used, and 8 adult women (ages 21-30 years) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflected field notes...
July 9, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Benjamin J Houltberg, Kenneth T Wang, Wei Qi, Christina S Nelson
Further research is needed on factors related to the emotional health of elite athletes. Previous research has linked self-narratives of people or their narrative identities to their psychological well-being. However, no study has yet examined self-narratives among elite athletes. PURPOSE: This study examined whether specific profiles or narrative identities of athletes emerge through multiple self-narrative indicators; these profiles were compared on measures of psychological well-being (e...
July 9, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Clint R Bellenger, Rebecca L Thomson, Kade Davison, Eileen Y Robertson, Maximillian J Nelson, Laura Karavirta, Jonathan D Buckley
PURPOSE: Correlations between fatigue-induced changes in exercise performance and maximal rate of heart rate (HR) increase (rHRI) may be affected by exercise intensity during assessment. This study evaluated the sensitivity of rHRI for tracking performance when assessed at varying exercise intensities. METHOD: Performance (time to complete a 5-km treadmill time-trial [5TTT]) and rHRI were assessed in 15 male runners following 1 week of light training, 2 weeks of heavy training (HT), and a 10-day taper (T)...
June 13, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Kasee Hildenbrand, K Andrew R Richards, Paul M Wright
PURPOSE: Our primary aim was to determine physical educators' current level of understanding of concussion symptoms and response guidelines. METHOD: Participants included 404 in-service physical educators (137 male, 266 female, 1 other) recruited through 3 SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators communication outlets. Participants were asked to complete an online survey. The survey included 8 questions related to previous concussion training, 6 items to measure awareness of concussion policies, 20 items related to concussion symptoms, and 14 items for concussion knowledge...
June 11, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Andrew N L Buskard, Heath R Gregg, Soyeon Ahn
Guidelines for improving maximal concentric strength through resistance training (RT) have traditionally included large muscle-group exercises, full ranges of motion, and a load approximating 85% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Supramaximal eccentric training (SME; controlled lowering of loads above the concentric 1RM) has also been shown to be effective at increasing concentric 1RM in the lower body, but concerns regarding injury risk, postexercise soreness, and null benefit over traditional methods (TRAD) may limit the practical utility of this approach...
June 11, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Giuseppe Coratella, Stefano Longo, Emiliano Cè, Eloisa Limonta, Susanna Rampichini, Angela Valentina Bisconti, Federico Schena, Fabio Esposito
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate whether or not eccentric-only training induced different sex-related adaptations in vastus lateralis muscle architecture and knee extensors strength. METHODS: Thirteen healthy women and 13 healthy men were recruited. Vastus lateralis pennation angle, fascicle length, and muscle thickness, as well as knee extensors eccentric, isometric, and concentric peak torque and one-repetition maximum (1RM) were measured. Both women and men underwent a unilateral iso-load knee-extension eccentric-only training with 120% of the concentric 1RM, consisting of 4 sets × 10 repetitions twice a week for a total of 8 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Kenneth H Cooper
Looking back over the 50 years since Aerobics was published, I could never have expected for there to have been a major change in physicians' attitudes toward the value of exercise in the practice of medicine. In my lifetime, I never thought I would see a stress test be considered a mandatory component of a complete examination, inactivity classified as importantly as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and cigarette smoking considered a coronary risk factor. I have tried in this Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) Lecture presentation to document how this slow but gradual transition took place due to my work and the work of many of my colleagues in this field, along with the important work of The Cooper Institute...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Michael S Green, Amanda K Benson, Tyler D Martin
PURPOSE: This study investigated the physiological effects of wearing a mouthguard during submaximal treadmill exercise. METHOD: Twenty-four recreationally active males (Mage = 21.3 ± 2.4 years, Mheight = 1.78 ± 0.06 m, Mweight = 81.9 ± 10.6 kg, Mbody mass index = 25.8 ± 3.4 kg·m-2 ) performed incremental, continuous exercise at 2, 4, 6, and 8 mph (3.2, 6.4, 9.7, 12.9 kph) for 5 min at each speed on a motor-driven treadmill on 2 separate occasions in a randomized, crossover, counterbalanced design while wearing or not wearing a self-adaptable "boil and bite" mouthguard...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Sally A Taunton, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Ali S Brian
PURPOSE: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control (focus, self-regulation, and concentration), and surgency (energy and activity level). Temperament often influences cognitive, social, and behavioral outcomes and may be a significant factor in the development of FMS...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Pål Lagestad, Ingar Mehus
Research from several countries has documented a decline in physical activity (PA) levels and in participation in organized sport with increasing age, indicating that organized sport may be of importance to adolescents' cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how regular participation in organized and unorganized PA affected the development of adolescents' CRF (peak oxygen consumption [VO2 peak]), when controlled for sex interaction. METHOD: Data on direct measures of VO2 peak and participation in organized PA among adolescents organized into 3 groups (participation in organized sport, participation in unorganized PA, and no weekly PA) were collected from 76 students (39 boys and 37 girls), when they were aged 14 and 19 years old...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Cassandra Iannucci, Ann MacPhail
PURPOSE: This study was situated within a longitudinal study of 5 teachers examining the realities of teaching physical education by determining the impact of individual dispositions and contextual factors on the career trajectories of postprimary physical education teachers in Ireland (Iannucci & MacPhail, 2017). One of these participants, Jane, was examined in this study to gain a greater understanding of the realities and tensions experienced by a postprimary teacher enacting 2 distinct sets of role expectations when teaching physical education and another school subject concurrently...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Femke van Abswoude, Nienke B Nuijen, John van der Kamp, Bert Steenbergen
PURPOSE: A large pool of evidence supports the beneficial effect of an external focus of attention on motor skill performance in adults. In children, this effect has been studied less and results are inconclusive. Importantly, individual differences are often not taken into account. We investigated the role of working memory, conscious motor control, and task-specific focus preferences on performance with an internal and external focus of attention in children. METHODS: Twenty-five children practiced a golf putting task in both an internal focus condition and external focus condition...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Ja Youn Kwon, Pamela Hodges Kulinna, Hans van der Mars, Mirka Koro-Ljungberg, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley, Jason Norris
PURPOSE: Physical educators may be the responsible people for implementing comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) in schools. However, it is unclear whether physical education teacher education (PETE) programs provide the relevant learning opportunities to preservice teachers for CSPAP implementation. The purpose of this study was to understand preservice teachers' perspectives and experiences of CSPAP preparation in their PETE programs. METHOD: Fourteen PETE students from 6 different universities participated and shared their experiences in PETE programs...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Tom St Quinton, Julie A Brunton
PURPOSE: This study is the 3rd piece of formative research utilizing the theory of planned behavior to inform the development of a behavior change intervention. Focus groups were used to identify reasons for and solutions to previously identified key beliefs in addition to potentially effective behavior change techniques. METHOD: A purposive sample of 22 first-year undergraduate students (n = 8 men; Mage  = 19.8 years, SD = 1.3 years) attending a university in the North of England was used...
June 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"