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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796575/a-systematic-review-of-life-skill-development-through-sports-programs-serving-socially-vulnerable-youth
#1
Niels Hermens, Sabina Super, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
PURPOSE: Despite the strong belief in sports programs as a setting in which socially vulnerable youth can develop life skills, no overview exists of life skill development in sports programs serving this youth group. Therefore, the present systematic review provides an overview of the evidence on life skill development in sports programs serving socially vulnerable youth and, insofar as it was investigated in the included studies, of the conditions conducive to life skill development in these sports programs...
August 10, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742988/publishing-posthumously-the-works-of-a-scholar-a-reflection-on-catherine-d-ennis-s-lecture-paper
#2
Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#3
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723249/experiences-of-individuals-with-visual-impairments-in-integrated-physical-education-a-retrospective-study
#4
Justin A Haegele, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflective field notes, which were recorded during and immediately following each interview...
July 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661718/three-year-study-of-students-attitudes-toward-physical-education-grades-4-8
#5
Kevin Mercier, Corinne Donovan, Anne Gibbone, Kimberly Rozga
PURPOSE: A relationship exists between attitudes toward physical education and future physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in attitude toward physical education as students progressed from upper elementary school (Grade 4) through middle school (Grade 8). METHOD: Three cohorts of students (Cohort 1, Grades 4-6, n = 96; Cohort 2, Grades 5-7, n = 71; and Cohort 3, Grades 6-8, n = 73) were each followed for 3 years to examine changes in attitudes toward physical education...
June 29, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644729/promoting-prenatal-exercise-from-a-sociocultural-and-life-course-perspective-an-embodied-conceptual-framework
#6
Shannon Jette, Julie Maier, Katelyn Esmonde, Cherise Davis
PURPOSE: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to examine existing prenatal exercise interventions and to propose a multidimensional framework intended to guide future theorizing and intervention design...
June 23, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636503/effects-of-instructional-physical-activity-courses-on-overall-physical-activity-and-mood-in-university-students
#7
James J Annesi, Kandice J Porter, Grant M Hill, Bernard D Goldfine
PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to assess the association between university-based instructional physical activity (PA) courses and changes in overall PA levels and negative mood and their interrelations. The study also sought to determine the amount of change in PA required to significantly improve mood in course enrollees. METHOD: Participants were university students initially completing PA below the level recommended for health who were either presently enrolled in an elective instructional PA course (treatment group, n = 52, 69% female) or not presently enrolled in such a course (comparison group, n = 32, 69% female)...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#8
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622106/parent-support-for-children-s-physical-activity-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-strategies
#9
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Ryan Rhodes, Shane Sweet, Lauren Tristani, Yasaman Soltani
PURPOSE: Parents play an important role in supporting children's physical activity (PA) behavior. Parent PA support is a behavior unto itself that has been examined within the framework of an adapted theory of planned behavior (TPB). The primary purpose of this research was to identify key barriers to parent PA support to understand perceptions of control in relation to parent PA support. The second purpose of this research was to identify potential strategies to enhance parent PA support via enhanced perceived behavioral control...
June 16, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622098/influence-of-session-context-on-physical-activity-levels-among-russian-girls-during-a-summer-camp
#10
Justin M Guagliano, Natalie J Updyke, Natalia V Rodicheva, Sara K Rosenkranz, David A Dzewaltowski, Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of summer camp session context on Russian girls' physical activity (PA). METHOD: Girls (n = 32, Mage = 10.7 years, SD = 0.6 years) from a resident summer camp taking place in the Vologda Region of Russia were exposed to 1 session context/day (i.e., free play, organized with no choice, organized with choice) on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday for 3 weeks, with the context order counterbalanced across the 3 weeks...
June 16, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586293/parental-support-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-children-a-yearlong-cluster-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial
#11
Arto Laukkanen, Arto J Pesola, Taija Finni, Arja Sääkslahti
PURPOSE: We studied whether physical activity (PA) counseling for parents influenced the level of parental support of children's PA and leisure-time PA in children of different levels of initial parental support. We hypothesized that the initial level of parental support would moderate the intervention efficacy. METHOD: Children (n = 44, Mage = 6.09 ± 1.17 years) and their parents (n = 61) randomly assigned to an intervention group received counseling for 6 months...
June 6, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537791/mental-rotation-of-tactical-instruction-displays-affects-information-processing-demand-and-execution-accuracy-in-basketball
#12
Till Koopmann, Yvonne Steggemann-Weinrich, Jochen Baumeister, Daniel Krause
PURPOSE: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical displays on observation time and execution performance. High affordances in visual-spatial transformation (e.g., mental rotation processes) might impede information processing and might decrease execution performance with regard to the instructed playing patterns...
May 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#13
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402178/top-10-research-questions-related-to-youth-aerobic-fitness
#14
Neil Armstrong
Peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]2) is internationally recognized as the criterion measure of youth aerobic fitness, but despite pediatric data being available for almost 80 years, its measurement and interpretation in relation to growth, maturation, and health remain controversial. The trainability of youth aerobic fitness continues to be hotly debated, and causal mechanisms of training-induced changes and their modulation by chronological age, biological maturation, and sex are still to be resolved...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388362/sedentary-behavior-and-health-broadening-the-knowledge-base-and-strengthening-the-science
#15
Nyssa Hadgraft, Neville Owen
We provide an overview of a recently published, edited book in a rapidly emerging field of research, policy, and practice for physical activity: Sedentary Behavior and Health. In this commentary, we highlight the broad perspectives provided in the 27 chapters of Sedentary Behavior and Health and suggest a research strategy to move the field forward-not only with scientific rigor, but also with breadth of scholarship. The book's chapters provide an overview of the background to and contexts for sedentary behavior and health...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388333/blunted-myoglobin-and-quadriceps-soreness-after-electrical-stimulation-during-the-luteal-phase-or-oral-contraception
#16
Lindsey J Anderson, Lucinda L Baker, E Todd Schroeder
PURPOSE: Acute muscle damage after exercise triggers subsequent regeneration, leading to hypertrophy and increased strength after repeated exercise. It has been debated whether acute exercise-induced muscle damage is altered under various premenopausal estrogen conditions. Acute contraction-induced muscle damage was compared during exogenous (oral contraceptive, OC), endogenous (luteal phase, HI), or low (menses, LO) estrogen in healthy young women aged 21 to 30 years old. METHODS: Women (OC, n = 9; HI, n = 9; LO, n = 8; total N = 26) performed 1 neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) bout...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388290/the-role-of-postural-support-in-young-adults-control-of-stationary-kicking
#17
Ben Sidaway, Matthew Bouchard, Julie Chasse, Jonathan Dunn, Andrea Govoni, Breanne McPherson, Katherine Roy, David I Anderson
PURPOSE: The requirement for postural stability during the performance of motor skills has been clearly demonstrated in infants, but the necessity for such a postural substrate is not well documented in adults. The present study investigated the role of postural stability during a ballistic ball-kicking task in adults by providing varying degrees of external postural support. METHOD: In the 1st experiment, 30 participants performed 20 maximal-velocity kicks under each of 3 conditions: grasping a rigid stable handle, light fingertip touch, and grasping a suspended elastic tube...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362223/examining-the-error-of-mis-specifying-nonlinear-confounding-effect-with-application-on-accelerometer-measured-physical-activity
#18
Paul H Lee
PURPOSE: Some confounders are nonlinearly associated with dependent variables, but they are often adjusted using a linear term. The purpose of this study was to examine the error of mis-specifying the nonlinear confounding effect. METHODS: We carried out a simulation study to investigate the effect of adjusting for a nonlinear confounder in the estimation of a causal relationship between the exposure and outcome in 3 ways: using a linear term, binning into 5 equal-size categories, or using a restricted cubic spline of the confounder...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362217/can-graduated-compressive-stockings-reduce-muscle-activity-during-running
#19
Ángel Gabriel Lucas-Cuevas, José Ignacio Priego Quesada, José Vicente Giménez, Inmaculada Aparicio, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
PURPOSE: Graduated compressive stockings (GCS) have been suggested to influence performance by reducing muscle oscillations and improving muscle function and efficiency. However, no study to date has analyzed the influence of GCS on muscle activity during running. The objective of the study was to analyze the influence of GCS on the perception of comfort and muscle activation of the main muscles of the lower leg during running. METHOD: Thirty-six participants ran on a treadmill with (GCS) or without (control) GCS...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362163/ties-that-bond-youth-sport-as-a-vehicle-for-social-identity-and-positive-youth-development
#20
Mark W Bruner, Shea M Balish, Christopher Forrest, Sarah Brown, Kristine Webber, Emily Gray, Matthew McGuckin, Melanie R Keats, Laurene Rehman, Christopher A Shields
An emerging area of research has focused on understanding how the group dynamics of a sport team influence positive youth development (PYD). The identities that youth form through their membership in sport teams (i.e., social identities) have been found to influence teammate behavior and team performance. Yet, minimal work exists on social identity and PYD in youth sport. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social identity and PYD in sport. METHOD: Youth engaged in recreational sport (N = 219; Mage = 11...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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