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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#1
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805476/the-acute-exercise-induced-inflammatory-response-a-comparison-of-young-adult-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#2
Tegan E Kastelein, Cheyne E Donges, Amy E Mendham, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined postexercise inflammatory and leukocyte responses in smokers and nonsmokers, as well as the effects of cigarette smoking on the acute postexercise inflammatory and leukocyte response in habitual smokers. METHOD: Eleven recreationally active male smokers and 11 nonsmokers matched for age and aerobic fitness were familiarized and underwent baseline fitness testing. Participants then completed 40 min of cycling at 50% peak aerobic workload...
November 2, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749158/context-matters-systematic-observation-of-place-based-physical-activity
#3
Thomas L McKenzie
Physical activity is place-based, and being able to assess the number of people and their characteristics in specific locations is important both for public health surveillance and for practitioners in their design of physical activity spaces and programs. Although physical activity measurement has improved recently, many investigators avoid or are at a loss regarding the assessment of physical activity in explicit locations, especially in open environments where many people come and go in a seemingly indiscriminate fashion...
October 17, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736372/school-based-team-research-to-address-grand-challenges-through-p-12-physical-education-programs
#4
Michael W Metzler
One of the grand challenges of our time is to educate children and youth to live physically active and healthy lives today and into adulthood. To do so, we must first agree that the highest mission priority for physical education programs in schools is that of public health promotion through physical activity. Under that mission, school physical education programs from preschool to Grade 12 (P-12) would be designed, implemented, resourced, and evaluated to help children meet the recommended 60 min of daily physical activity...
October 13, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736368/mission-impossible-physical-activity-programming-for-individuals-experiencing-homelessness
#5
Melanie J Gregg, Andrea Bedard
PURPOSE: A pilot study was conducted to describe the physical activity experiences and perceived benefits of and barriers to physical activity participation for patrons of a homeless shelter. The resulting pilot data may be used to inform the creation of and support for physical activity and sport programs for those experiencing homelessness. METHOD: Eighteen male patrons of a homeless shelter completed self-report questionnaires to assess psychosocial factors: global self-esteem, general self-efficacy, exercise intention and attitudes, and quality of life...
October 13, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732450/gaze-strategies-in-skateboard-trick-jumps-spatiotemporal-constraints-in-complex-locomotion
#6
André Klostermann, Philip Küng
PURPOSE: This study aimed to further the knowledge on gaze behavior in locomotion by studying gaze strategies in skateboard jumps of different difficulty that had to be performed either with or without an obstacle. METHOD: Nine experienced skateboarders performed "Ollie" and "Kickflip" jumps either over an obstacle or over a plane surface. The stable gaze at 5 different areas of interest was calculated regarding its relative duration as well as its temporal order...
October 12, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732168/sport-and-recreation-are-associated-with-happiness-across-countries
#7
Shea M Balish, Dan Conacher, Lori Dithurbide
PURPOSE: Preliminary findings suggest sport participation is positively associated with happiness. However, it is unknown if this association is universal and how sport compares to other leisure activities in terms of an association with happiness. This study had 3 objectives: (a) to test if sport membership is associated with happiness, (b) to test if this relationship is universal, and (c) to compare sport membership to other leisure activities. METHOD: Hierarchal Bernoulli modeling was used to analyze the 6th wave (2014) of the World Values Survey (nSs = 67,736, ncountries = 48)...
October 12, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732149/relations-of-preschoolers-visual-motor-and-object-manipulation-skills-with-executive-function-and-social-behavior
#8
Megan MacDonald, Shannon Lipscomb, Megan M McClelland, Rob Duncan, Derek Becker, Kim Anderson, Molly Kile
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to examine specific linkages between early visual-motor integration skills and executive function, as well as between early object manipulation skills and social behaviors in the classroom during the preschool year. METHOD: Ninety-two children aged 3 to 5 years old (Mage = 4.31 years) were recruited to participate. Comprehensive measures of visual-motor integration skills, object manipulation skills, executive function, and social behaviors were administered in the fall and spring of the preschool year...
October 12, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636712/the-influence-of-attentional-focus-instructions-and-vision-on-jump-height-performance
#9
Reza Abdollahipour, Rudolf Psotta, William M Land
PURPOSE: Studies have suggested that the use of visual information may underlie the benefit associated with an external focus of attention. Recent studies exploring this connection have primarily relied on motor tasks that involve manipulation of an object (object projection). The present study examined whether vision influences the effect of attentional focus on the performance of body movements through space (body projection). METHOD: Participants (N = 24, Mage = 25...
September 16, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636554/impact-of-a-submaximal-warm-up-on-endurance-performance-in-highly-trained-and-competitive-male-runners
#10
Michael C Zourdos, Caleb D Bazyler, Edward Jo, Andy V Khamoui, Bong-Sup Park, Sang-Rok Lee, Lynn B Panton, Jeong-Su Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a submaximal running warm-up on running performance in male endurance athletes (n = 16, Mage = 21 ± 2 years, MVO2max = 69.3 ± 5.1 mL/kg/min). METHOD: Endurance performance was determined by a 30-min distance trial after control and submaximal running warm-up conditions in a randomized crossover fashion. The warm-up began with 5 min of quiet sitting, followed by 6 min of submaximal running split into 2-min intervals at speeds corresponding to 45%, 55%, and 65% maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)...
September 16, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841732/children-s-experiences-wearing-pedometers-in-a-telephone-delivered-imagery-intervention-aimed-at-increasing-active-play
#11
Michelle D Guerrero, Matt D Hoffmann, Krista J Munroe-Chandler, Craig R Hall
PURPOSE: Much of what we know about pedometer interventions and imagery interventions with children is grounded in quantitative data. The general purpose of the present study was to qualitatively explore the experiences of children who had participated in a 4-week imagery intervention designed to increase active play. Specifically, the current study investigated children's experiences with (a) wearing pedometers and (b) listening to audio recordings (imagery scripts and short stories) via an automated telephone system...
December 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841731/eov-editorial-board
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586563/agreement-between-vo2peak-predicted-from-pacer-and-one-mile-run-time-equated-laps
#13
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Katelin Anderson, Yang Bai, Gregory J Welk
PURPOSE: This study examined the agreement between estimated peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) obtained from the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) fitness test and equated PACER laps derived from One-Mile Run time (MR). METHODS: A sample of 680 participants (324 boys and 356 girls) in Grades 7 through 12 completed both the PACER and the MR assessments. MR time was converted to PACER laps (PACER-MEQ) using previously developed conversion algorithms...
September 1, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586426/scaling-tennis-racquets-during-pe-in-primary-school-to-enhance-motor-skill-acquisition
#14
Tim Buszard, Machar Reid, Rich S W Masters, Damian Farrow
PURPOSE: Research supporting the skill acquisition benefits of scaling sports equipment for children in a real-world setting where child-to-coach ratios are high is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of scaling the tennis racquet on children's skill acquisition in a primary school setting. METHOD: Children aged 6 to 7 years old practiced for 5 weeks during physical education classes using either a small racquet (SR group; n = 23) or a large racquet (LR group; n = 23)...
September 1, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463227/problematizing-social-justice-in-health-pedagogy-and-youth-sport-intersectionality-of-race-ethnicity-and-class
#15
Symeon Dagkas
Social justice education recognizes the discrepancies in opportunities among disadvantaged groups in society. The purpose of the articles in this special topic on social justice is to (a) provide a critical reflection on issues of social justice within health pedagogy and youth sport of Black and ethnic-minority (BME) young people; (b) provide a framework for the importance of intersectionality research (mainly the intersection of social class, race, and ethnicity) in youth sport and health pedagogy for social justice; and (c) contextualize the complex intersection and interplay of social issues (i...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463070/can-you-hear-that-peak-utilization-of-auditory-and-visual-feedback-at-peak-limb-velocity
#16
COMMENT
Tristan Loria, John de Grosbois, Luc Tremblay
PURPOSE: At rest, the central nervous system combines and integrates multisensory cues to yield an optimal percept. When engaging in action, the relative weighing of sensory modalities has been shown to be altered. Because the timing of peak velocity is the critical moment in some goal-directed movements (e.g., overarm throwing), the current study sought to test whether visual and auditory cues are optimally integrated at that specific kinematic marker when it is the critical part of the trajectory...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462962/contemporary-issues-of-social-justice-a-focus-on-race-and-physical-education-in-the-united-states
#17
Louis Harrison, Langston Clark
Ongoing events in the United States show the continual need to address issues of social justice in every social context. Of particular note in this article, the contemporary national focus on race has thrust social justice issues into the forefront of the country's conscious. Although legal segregation has ran its course, schools and many neighborhoods remain, to a large degree, culturally, ethnically, linguistically, economically, and racially segregated and unequal (Orfield & Lee, 2005). Even though an African American president presently occupies the White House, the idea of a postracial America remains an unrealized ideal...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462823/air-pollution-and-exercise-a-perspective-from-china
#18
Zhen Wang
China is experiencing an air pollution crisis, which has already had a significantly negative impact on the health of the Chinese people. Although exercising is considered a useful means to prevent chronic diseases, it could actually lead to adverse effects due to extra exposure to polluted air when done outdoors. After a brief description of the rather scary situation in China, critical issues and challenges related to exercising in polluted air are outlined. The author calls for the exercise science community to work together to address these issues and challenges so that the health status of the current populations can be improved, the relationship among environment, exercising, and human health can be better understood, and future generations can live in a healthier environment...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314864/examining-young-recreational-male-soccer-players-experience-in-adult-and-peer-led-structures
#19
Faizan Imtiaz, David J Hancock, Jean Côté
PURPOSE: Youth sport has the potential to be one of the healthiest and most beneficial activities in which children can partake. Participation in a combination of adult-led and peer-led sport structures appears to lead to favorable outcomes such as enhanced physical fitness, as well as social and emotional development. The purpose of the present study was to examine the subjective and objective experiences of 27 recreational male soccer players aged 10 to 12 years old (M = 10.11 years, SD = 0...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314751/physical-activity-experiences-and-beliefs-among-single-mothers-a-qualitative-study
#20
Deirdre Dlugonski, Robert W Motl
PURPOSE: Single motherhood has been associated with negative health consequences such as depression and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity might reduce these consequences, but little is known about physical activity experiences and beliefs that might inform interventions and programs for single mothers. The present study used social-cognitive theory as a framework to explore physical activity beliefs and experiences among single mothers. METHOD: Single mothers (N = 14) completed a semistructured interview and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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