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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Hashim Islam, Logan K Townsend, Tom J Hazell
PURPOSE: Few studies have directly compared excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and fat utilization following different exercise intensities, and the effect of continuous exercise exceeding 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) on these parameters remains unexplored. The current study examined EPOC and fat utilization following acute moderate- and vigorous-intensity continuous training (MICT and VICT) and sprint interval training (SIT). METHODS: Eight active young men performed 4 experimental sessions: (a) MICT (30 min of running at 65% VO2 max); (b) VICT (30 min of running at 85% VO2 max); (c) SIT (4 30-s "all-out" sprints with 4 min of rest); and (d) no exercise (REST)...
October 16, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Yuxin Liu, Lida Mao, Yunan Zhao, Yufang Huang
PURPOSE: To create a high-stress shooting among the crowd (SAC) program and to examine its effectiveness in reducing SWAT trainees' stress level and their shooting performance in a simulated hostage-rescue situation. METHOD: After the SAC program was created, it was evaluated using a pretest and posttest experimental design: 98 young male SWAT trainees were randomly divided into experiment and control groups, with the former group trained in hostage rescue, shooting with real persons (high stress), and the latter group trained with "dummy" men (low stress); training for both lasted three days...
October 16, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Mathieu Gourlan, Julie Boiché, Monica Takito, Bruno Fregeac, Florence Cousson-Gélie
PURPOSE: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. METHOD: Four hundred thirty-eight children (Mage  = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a TPB questionnaire and a PA questionnaire at Time 1. The PA measure was repeated 2 months later. Path analyses were performed to test the hypothesized model including interaction terms between TPB variables...
October 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Kerstin Grafe, Phillip Bendick, Margaret Burr, Judy Boura, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of adjunctive resistance training (RT) in aerobically trained patients with coronary artery disease on systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE; using the traditional 6-to-20 scale), and rate-pressure product (RPP) responses to lifting fixed submaximal workloads. Additionally, pretest and posttest RT measures of brachial artery reactivity were obtained. METHOD: Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease (Mage  = 66...
October 9, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Rosalie Coolkens, Phillip Ward, Jan Seghers, Peter Iserbyt
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of generalization of engagement in parkour from physical education (PE) to organized and supervised recess on voluntary participation and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHOD: Children received a 6-day parkour unit in PE and every two lessons they could voluntarily participate in 20-min parkour recess. Fourteen elementary school classes constituting 281 children (8-10 years old) and 16 PE teachers were randomized to either three supervised or three organized parkour recess sessions...
October 5, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Brian V Wright, Joel M Stager
Adherence to prescribed training intensity (i.e., swim speed) has been conveyed as a key parameter regarding improvements in seasonal performance. Evidence has also suggested swimmers have difficulty complying with coach-prescribed training. How this compliance is affected by a coaching presence and oversight has yet to be examined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine swimmers' compliance to prescribed training intensity during 3 observational conditions using activity monitors...
October 5, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Timothy A Brusseau, Ryan D Burns
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationship among physical activity, health-related fitness, and on-task classroom behavior in children using a discriminant function analysis. METHOD: Participants were a convenience sample of children (N = 533; Mage  = 8.8 ± 1.9 years) recruited from 77 1st- through 5th-grade classrooms at 3 low-income schools in a capital city in the Southwest United States. Percent of the school day spent in sedentary behavior (%SED), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA), and health-related fitness scores (body mass index [BMI] and Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run [PACER] laps) were assessed during school hours...
October 4, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Jesús Cámara, Raúl Reina, Daniel Castillo, Itziar Barrenetxea, Lander Lozano, Javier Yanci
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the present study was to determine physiological responses in wheelchair basketball (WB) matches in relation to heart rate (HR), match load (ML), differentiated perceived exertion (dRPE), lactate concentrations (LA), and tympanic temperature (TEMP), while specifying the individual player's playing time during different types of matches. METHOD: Nine Spanish First Division WB players participated in the study. Three groups were determined for each observation (i...
September 27, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Stephanie Santana Pinto, Cristine Lima Alberton, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ana Carolina Kanitz, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Patrícia Dias Pantoja, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga, Thaís Reichert, Luciana Peruchena Bregagnol, Salime Donida Chedid Lisboa, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of water-based aerobic exercises on the performance of water-based resistance exercises by assessing kinematic parameters during protocols and neuromuscular responses after them. METHOD: Ten women performed 2 water-based protocols (i.e., resistance and concurrent water-based exercises) on separate days. We evaluated isometric force and electromyographic signal (sEMG) before and after protocols and analyzed kinematic parameters during a water-based resistance exercise...
September 26, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
David C Marchant, Gillian Griffiths, Julie A Partridge, Leah Belsley, Jared M Porter
PURPOSE: Research has demonstrated that verbal instructions directing attention externally (i.e., toward the effect of the movement) significantly enhance motor skill performance, and this effect is enhanced when the distance of the external focus relative to the body is increased. However, few studies have investigated this distance-of-focus effect in children. The present study aimed to examine the effect of increasing the distance of an external focus on children's motor performance in 2 experiments...
September 26, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Matthew J Barnes, Jeremy Fraser, Karl Coley, Blake G Perry
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify whether post-resistance exercise (REx) blood flow restriction (BFR) can elicit a similar acute training stimulus to that offered by either heavy REx or traditional low-load BFR REx. METHOD: Ten men completed trials with 30% one-repetition maximum (1RM) for 5 sets of 15 repetitions without BFR (30%), with BFR during exercise (30% RD), and with postexercise BFR (30% RP) and at 75% 1RM for 3 sets of 10 repetitions...
September 21, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Marcel Lemire, Evelyne Lonsdorfer-Wolf, Marie-Eve Isner-Horobeti, Blah Y L Kouassi, Bernard Geny, Fabrice Favret, Stéphane P Dufour
PURPOSE: Mountain running races are becoming increasingly popular, although our understanding of the particular physiology associated with downhill running (DR) in trained athletes remains scarce. This study explored the cardiorespiratory responses to high-slope constant velocity uphill running (UR) and DR. METHOD: Eight endurance athletes performed a maximal incremental test and 2 15-min running bouts (UR, +15%, or DR, -15%) at the same running velocity (8.5 ± 0...
September 19, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Kazuhiro Harada, Kouhei Masumoto, Narihiko Kondo
PURPOSE: Although it has been proposed that 1 spouse's health behaviors might correlate with the other spouse's health behavior among married couples, few studies have focused on sedentary behavior. This study examined whether objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity are correlated with each other and whether attachment to one's spouse moderates such correlations among middle-aged and older married couples. METHODS: Seventy-two couples participated in the survey...
September 10, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Morgan N Clennin, Zewditu Demissie, Shannon L Michael, Carly Wright, Stephen Silverman, Jamie Chriqui, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in school-based physical education (PE) attendance over time among nationally representative samples of U.S. high school students and how changes in PE attendance have varied across demographic subgroups. METHOD: Student demographic information and PE attendance data were obtained from 13 biennial cycles (1991-2015) of the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Physical education variables derived from YRBS data included PE attendance, daily PE, average PE days/week, and PE frequency...
August 28, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Julian Dale, Mark Glaister
PURPOSE: This study investigated the existence of the oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) overshoot and the effects of exercise intensity and fitness status on the [Formula: see text] response during moderate-intensity exercise. METHODS: Twelve "high-fitness" (Mage = 26 ± 5 years; Mheight = 184.1 ± 5.4 cm; Mbody mass = 76.6 ± 8.9 kg; mean peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]peak) = 59.0 ± 3.3 mL·kg-1 ·min·-1 ) and 11 "moderate-fitness" (Mage = 29 ± 5 years; Mheight = 178...
September 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Heather Erwin, Timothy A Brusseau, Russell Carson, Samuel Hodge, Minsoo Kang
SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators has targeted youth physical activity (PA) as 1 of its 4 goals within the 50 Million StrongTM campaign. Only 27.1% of youth met the target of all students (preK-12) participating in at least 60 min of PA that increases their heart rate enough to breathe hard at least some of the time for 7 days/week. Thus, improvements for child and adolescent engagement in PA need to be made now through 2029 and beyond. The need for these improvements warrants research related to PA and youth...
September 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Darla Castelli, Hans van der Mars
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Barbara E Ainsworth, Kathleen B Watson, Kate Ridley, Karin A Pfeiffer, Stephen D Herrmann, Scott E Crouter, Robert G McMurray, Nancy F Butte, David R Bassett, Stewart G Trost, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
PURPOSE: The purposes of this article are to: (a) describe the rationale and development of the Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium); and (b) discuss the utility of the Youth Compendium for audiences in research, education, community, health care, public health, and the private sector. METHODS: The Youth Compendium provides a list of 196 physical activities (PA) categorized by activity types, specific activities, and metabolic costs (youth metabolic equivalents of task [METy ]) as measured by indirect calorimetry...
September 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Iván Peña-González, Jaime Fernández-Fernández, Manuel Moya-Ramón, Eduardo Cervelló
PURPOSE: The talent identification and selection process in young male soccer players is mainly focused on anthropometrics and physical performance, but social factors are also considered in this process. The purpose of this study was to test the existence of the relative age effect and its possible influence on anthropometrics and physical performance and to analyze coaches' efficacy expectations. METHOD: Data for 564 young male soccer players (Mage = 13.7 ± 1...
September 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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