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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929950/high-versus-low-theoretical-fidelity-pedometer-intervention-using-social-cognitive-theory-on-steps-and-self-efficacy
#1
Thomas D Raedeke, Deirdre Dlugonski
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare a low versus high theoretical fidelity pedometer intervention applying social-cognitive theory on step counts and self-efficacy. METHOD: Fifty-six public university employees participated in a 10-week randomized controlled trial with 2 conditions that varied in theoretical fidelity. Participants in the high theoretical fidelity condition wore a pedometer and participated in a weekly group walk followed by a meeting to discuss cognitive-behavioral strategies targeting self-efficacy...
September 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929937/extracurricular-physical-activity-programs-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#2
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
PURPOSE: Interscholastic, intramural, and club physical activity (PA) programs can be important contributors to student PA accrual at schools. Few studies have assessed factors related to the provision of these extracurricular PA programs, especially in private schools. METHODS: We used a 16-item questionnaire to assess the associations and influences of selected factors relative to extracurricular PA program policies and practices in 450 private California secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829243/correction-to-review-panel-chairs-and-reviewers
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829238/guideposts-and-roadblocks-to-the-career-long-scholarly-engagement-of-physical-education-teacher-education-faculty
#4
Catherine P Berei, Erica Pratt, Melissa Parker, Kevin Shephard, Tanjian Liang, Udon Nampai, Guntima Neamphoka
PURPOSE: Scholarship is essential for the growth and development of the physical education field. Over time, scholarship expectations have changed, forcing faculty members to alter time spent for research, teaching, and service. Social-cognitive career theory (SCCT) presents a model for understanding performance and persistence in an occupational environment. The interconnected aspects of SCCT have different emphasis related to self-efficacy, outcome expectations, or personal goals pursuit...
August 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796575/a-systematic-review-of-life-skill-development-through-sports-programs-serving-socially-vulnerable-youth
#5
Niels Hermens, Sabina Super, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
PURPOSE: Despite the strong belief in sports programs as a setting in which socially vulnerable youth can develop life skills, no overview exists of life skill development in sports programs serving this youth group. Therefore, the present systematic review provides an overview of the evidence on life skill development in sports programs serving socially vulnerable youth and, insofar as it was investigated in the included studies, of the conditions conducive to life skill development in these sports programs...
August 10, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742988/publishing-posthumously-the-works-of-a-scholar-a-reflection-on-catherine-d-ennis-s-lecture-paper
#6
Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723249/experiences-of-individuals-with-visual-impairments-in-integrated-physical-education-a-retrospective-study
#7
Justin A Haegele, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflective field notes, which were recorded during and immediately following each interview...
July 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#8
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#9
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661718/three-year-study-of-students-attitudes-toward-physical-education-grades-4-8
#10
Kevin Mercier, Corinne Donovan, Anne Gibbone, Kimberly Rozga
PURPOSE: A relationship exists between attitudes toward physical education and future physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in attitude toward physical education as students progressed from upper elementary school (Grade 4) through middle school (Grade 8). METHOD: Three cohorts of students (Cohort 1, Grades 4-6, n = 96; Cohort 2, Grades 5-7, n = 71; and Cohort 3, Grades 6-8, n = 73) were each followed for 3 years to examine changes in attitudes toward physical education...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644729/promoting-prenatal-exercise-from-a-sociocultural-and-life-course-perspective-an-embodied-conceptual-framework
#11
REVIEW
Shannon Jette, Julie Maier, Katelyn Esmonde, Cherise Davis
PURPOSE: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to examine existing prenatal exercise interventions and to propose a multidimensional framework intended to guide future theorizing and intervention design...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636503/effects-of-instructional-physical-activity-courses-on-overall-physical-activity-and-mood-in-university-students
#12
James J Annesi, Kandice J Porter, Grant M Hill, Bernard D Goldfine
PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to assess the association between university-based instructional physical activity (PA) courses and changes in overall PA levels and negative mood and their interrelations. The study also sought to determine the amount of change in PA required to significantly improve mood in course enrollees. METHOD: Participants were university students initially completing PA below the level recommended for health who were either presently enrolled in an elective instructional PA course (treatment group, n = 52, 69% female) or not presently enrolled in such a course (comparison group, n = 32, 69% female)...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#13
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622106/parent-support-for-children-s-physical-activity-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-strategies
#14
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Ryan Rhodes, Shane Sweet, Lauren Tristani, Yasaman Soltani
PURPOSE: Parents play an important role in supporting children's physical activity (PA) behavior. Parent PA support is a behavior unto itself that has been examined within the framework of an adapted theory of planned behavior (TPB). The primary purpose of this research was to identify key barriers to parent PA support to understand perceptions of control in relation to parent PA support. The second purpose of this research was to identify potential strategies to enhance parent PA support via enhanced perceived behavioral control...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622098/influence-of-session-context-on-physical-activity-levels-among-russian-girls-during-a-summer-camp
#15
Justin M Guagliano, Natalie J Updyke, Natalia V Rodicheva, Sara K Rosenkranz, David A Dzewaltowski, Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of summer camp session context on Russian girls' physical activity (PA). METHOD: Girls (n = 32, Mage = 10.7 years, SD = 0.6 years) from a resident summer camp taking place in the Vologda Region of Russia were exposed to 1 session context/day (i.e., free play, organized with no choice, organized with choice) on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday for 3 weeks, with the context order counterbalanced across the 3 weeks...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586293/parental-support-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-children-a-yearlong-cluster-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arto Laukkanen, Arto J Pesola, Taija Finni, Arja Sääkslahti
PURPOSE: We studied whether physical activity (PA) counseling for parents influenced the level of parental support of children's PA and leisure-time PA in children of different levels of initial parental support. We hypothesized that the initial level of parental support would moderate the intervention efficacy. METHOD: Children (n = 44, Mage = 6.09 ± 1.17 years) and their parents (n = 61) randomly assigned to an intervention group received counseling for 6 months...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537791/mental-rotation-of-tactical-instruction-displays-affects-information-processing-demand-and-execution-accuracy-in-basketball
#17
Till Koopmann, Yvonne Steggemann-Weinrich, Jochen Baumeister, Daniel Krause
PURPOSE: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical displays on observation time and execution performance. High affordances in visual-spatial transformation (e.g., mental rotation processes) might impede information processing and might decrease execution performance with regard to the instructed playing patterns...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524729/preschoolers-physical-activity-participation-across-a-yearlong-mastery-motivational-climate-intervention
#18
Danielle D Wadsworth, Mary E Rudisill, Peter A Hastie, Jacqueline M Irwin, Mynor G Rodriguez-Hernandez
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. METHOD: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program delivered 2 days a week for 20 weeks during a period of 8 months. All children were fitted with an Actigraph GT3X triaxial accelerometer...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524725/a-sport-education-fitness-season-s-impact-on-students-fitness-levels-knowledge-and-in-class-physical-activity
#19
Jeffery Kurt Ward, Peter A Hastie, Danielle D Wadsworth, Shelby Foote, Sheri J Brock, Nikki Hollett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a sport education season of fitness could provide students with recommended levels of in-class moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while also increasing students' fitness knowledge and fitness achievement. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-six 5th-grade students (76 boys, 90 girls) participated in a 20-lesson season called "CrossFit Challenge" during a 4-week period. The Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, push-ups, and curl-ups tests of the FITNESSGRAM® were used to assess fitness at pretest and posttest, while fitness knowledge was assessed through a validated, grade-appropriate test of health-related fitness knowledge (HRF)...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506112/resting-bradycardia-enhanced-postexercise-heart-rate-recovery-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-recreational-ballroom-dancers
#20
Carlos Janssen Gomes da Cruz, Guilherme Eckhardt Molina, Luiz Guilherme Grossi Porto, Luiz Fernando Junqueira
PURPOSE: In a cross-sectional study design, we evaluated the resting heart rate (HRbaseline) and exercise and postexercise stress test-related chronotropic responses in male practitioners of recreational ballroom dancing (BD; n = 25, Mage = 26.6 ± 6.1 years) compared to a control group of insufficiently active nondancers (CG; n = 25, Mage = 25.9 ± 4.5 years). METHOD: All participants underwent a submaximal exercise test. At 85% of the maximal predicted HR, the recovery protocol was started, and heart rate recovery (HRR) was recorded during 1-min intervals for 5 min...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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