journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ear and Hearing

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782443/association-between-vestibular-vertigo-and-motor-vehicle-accidents-data-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#1
Eric X Wei, Yuri Agrawal
Recent evidence has shown that individuals with vestibular impairment have higher rates of self-reported driving difficulty compared with individuals without vestibular impairment. However, it is unknown whether individuals with vestibular impairment are more likely to be involved in motor vehicle accidents. We used data from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey of U.S. adults to evaluate whether individuals with vestibular vertigo are more likely to experience motor vehicle accidents relative to individuals without vestibular vertigo...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782442/informational-masking-effects-on-neural-encoding-of-stimulus-onset-and-acoustic-change
#2
Christopher E Niemczak, Kathy R Vander Werff
OBJECTIVE: Recent investigations using cortical auditory evoked potentials have shown masker-dependent effects on sensory cortical processing of speech information. Background noise maskers consisting of other people talking are particularly difficult for speech recognition. Behavioral studies have related this to perceptual masking, or informational masking, beyond just the overlap of the masker and target at the auditory periphery. The aim of the present study was to use cortical auditory evoked potentials, to examine how maskers (i...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782441/how-do-hearing-aid-owners-respond-to-hearing-aid-problems
#3
Rebecca J Bennett, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Robert H Eikelboom
BACKGROUND: Although hearing aids can improve hearing and communication, problems that arise following the acquisition of hearing aids can result in their disuse. This study aimed to gather perspectives of hearing aid owners and hearing health care clinicians about how hearing aid owners respond to problems that arise following hearing aid fitting, and then use these perspectives to generate a conceptual framework to better understand these responses. METHODS: Seventeen hearing aid owners and 21 hearing health care clinicians generated, sorted, and rated statements regarding how hearing aid owners respond to problems associated with hearing aid use...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782445/comparing-two-hearing-aid-fitting-algorithms-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-users
#4
Jantien L Vroegop, Nienke C Homans, Marc P van der Schroeff, André Goedegebure
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible advantage of the use of a dedicated bimodal hearing aid fitting formula, the Adaptive Phonak Digital Bimodal (APDB), compared with a frequently used standard hearing aid fitting formula, the NAL-NL2. We evaluated the effects of bimodal hearing aid fitting on provided hearing aid gain and on bimodal auditory functioning in a group of experienced bimodal cochlear implant (CI) users. A second aim of our study was to determine the effect of broadband loudness balancing on the prescribed gain of those two fitting formulas...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#5
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762197/high-frequency-horizontal-semicircular-canal-function-in-certain-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#6
Claudia Jerin, Rebecca Maxwell, Robert Gürkov
OBJECTIVES: To characterize video head impulse testing (vHIT) in definitive Menière's disease and to investigate the relationship between vHIT results and other audiovestibular function tests. DESIGN: Fifty-four patients with certain Menière's disease, that is, patients with clinically definite Menière's disease and endolymphatic hydrops visualized by locally enhanced inner ear MR imaging, were recruited for this study. All patients underwent vHIT. The vestibular-ocular reflex gain at 60 ms and refixation saccades were the outcome parameters measured...
May 14, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757801/effects-of-additional-low-pass-filtered-speech-on-listening-effort-for-noise-band-vocoded-speech-in-quiet-and-in-noise
#7
Carina Pals, Anastasios Sarampalis, Mart van Dijk, Deniz Başkent
OBJECTIVES: Residual acoustic hearing in electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) can benefit cochlear implant (CI) users in increased sound quality, speech intelligibility, and improved tolerance to noise. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the low-pass-filtered acoustic speech in simulated EAS can provide the additional benefit of reducing listening effort for the spectrotemporally degraded signal of noise-band-vocoded speech. DESIGN: Listening effort was investigated using a dual-task paradigm as a behavioral measure, and the NASA Task Load indeX as a subjective self-report measure...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757800/are-you-there-for-me-joint-engagement-and-emotional-availability-in-parent-child-interactions-for-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#8
Evelien Dirks, Carolien Rieffe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined joint engagement and emotional availability of parent-child interactions for toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH) and in relation to children's language abilities. DESIGN: The participants in this study were 25 children with MHL (40 to 60 dB hearing loss) and 26 children with NH (mean age: 33.3 months). The children and their parents were filmed during a 10-minute free play session in their homes...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757799/improved-detection-of-vowel-envelope-frequency-following-responses-using-hotelling-s-t2-analysis
#9
Frederique J Vanheusden, Steven L Bell, Michael A Chesnaye, David M Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Objective detection of brainstem responses to natural speech stimuli is an important tool for the evaluation of hearing aid fitting, especially in people who may not be able to respond reliably in behavioral tests. Of particular interest is the envelope frequency following response (eFFR), which refers to the EEG response at the stimulus' fundamental frequency (and its harmonics), and here in particular to the response to natural spoken vowel sounds. This article introduces the frequency-domain Hotelling's T (HT2) method for eFFR detection...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757798/tinnitus-severity-is-related-to-the-sound-exposure-of-symphony-orchestra-musicians-independently-of-hearing-impairment
#10
Jesper Hvass Schmidt, Helene M Paarup, Jesper Bælum
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus can be debilitating and with great impact of musicians professional and private life. The objectives of the study were therefore to: (1) describe the epidemiology of tinnitus including its severity in classical orchestra musicians, (2) investigate the association between tinnitus severity in classical musicians and their cumulative lifetime sound exposure, and (3) the association between tinnitus and hearing thresholds. DESIGN: The study population included all musicians from five Danish symphony orchestras...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742545/perceptual-discrimination-of-speaking-style-under-cochlear-implant-simulation
#11
Terrin N Tamati, Esther Janse, Deniz Başkent
OBJECTIVES: Real-life, adverse listening conditions involve a great deal of speech variability, including variability in speaking style. Depending on the speaking context, talkers may use a more casual, reduced speaking style or a more formal, careful speaking style. Attending to fine-grained acoustic-phonetic details characterizing different speaking styles facilitates the perception of the speaking style used by the talker. These acoustic-phonetic cues are poorly encoded in cochlear implants (CIs), potentially rendering the discrimination of speaking style difficult...
May 9, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742546/evaluation-of-two-circumaural-earphones-for-audiometry
#12
Clae C Smull, Brandon Madsen, Robert H Margolis
OBJECTIVE: The Sennheiser HDA 200 earphone, a standard circumaural earphone used in audiometry for many years, is out of production and is replaced by the RadioEar DD450. The Sennheiser HD 280 Pro earphone is a consumer product that has characteristics that may be suitable for audiometry and may be a low-cost alternative to the DD450. The DD450 and HD 280 Pro earphones were compared with the HDA 200 for use in audiometry. DESIGN: RadioEar DD450 and Sennheiser HD 280 Pro earphones were evaluated for reference equivalent threshold sound pressure levels (RETSPLs), ambient-noise attenuation, and occlusion effects...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742544/assessing-the-relationship-between-the-electrically-evoked-compound-action-potential-and-speech-recognition-abilities-in-bilateral-cochlear-implant-recipients-erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742543/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-new-scale-to-measure-hyperacusis-introducing-the-inventory-of-hyperacusis-symptoms
#14
Benjamin Greenberg, Megan Carlos
OBJECTIVES: Despite increasing interest in hyperacusis and other disorders of auditory sensitivity, there is still a lack of valid, standardized assessment tools to measure symptom severity, treatment outcomes, and diagnostic differentiation. Accordingly, this study sought to create a new scale that is reliable, valid, brief, and easy to score with the purpose of filling this gap. DESIGN: Original items were constructed through review of currently existing models of hyperacusis measurement, as well as qualitative data collected from professional audiologists and individuals reporting heightened audiological sensitivity with tinnitus...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742542/dynamic-current-focusing-a-novel-approach-to-loudness-coding-in-cochlear-implants
#15
Monique A M de Jong, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVES: In an attempt to improve spectral resolution and speech intelligibility, several current focusing methods have been proposed to increase spatial selectivity by decreasing intracochlear current spread. For example, tripolar stimulation administers current to a central electrode and uses the two flanking electrodes as the return pathway, creating a narrower intracochlear electrical field and hence increases spectral resolution when compared with monopolar (MP) stimulation. However, more current is required, and in some patients, specifically the ones with high electrode impedances, full loudness growth cannot be supported because of compliance limits...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698363/relationship-between-audio-vestibular-functional-tests-and-inner-ear-mri-in-meniere-s-disease
#16
Raphaële Quatre, Arnaud Attyé, Alexandre Karkas, Agnès Job, Georges Dumas, Sébastien Schmerber
OBJECTIVES: Meniere's disease is an inner ear disorder generally attributed to an endolymphatic hydrops. Different electrophysiological tests and imaging techniques have been developed to improve endolymphatic hydrops diagnosis. The goal of our study was to compare the sensitivity and the specificity of delayed inner ear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after intravenous injection of gadolinium with extratympanic clicks electrocochleography (EcochG), phase shift of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (shift-DPOAEs), and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) for the diagnosis of Meniere's disease...
April 25, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697465/temporal-sensitivity-measured-shortly-after-cochlear-implantation-predicts-6-month-speech-recognition-outcome
#17
Julia Erb, Alexandra Annemarie Ludwig, Dunja Kunke, Michael Fuchs, Jonas Obleser
OBJECTIVES: Psychoacoustic tests assessed shortly after cochlear implantation are useful predictors of the rehabilitative speech outcome. While largely independent, both spectral and temporal resolution tests are important to provide an accurate prediction of speech recognition. However, rapid tests of temporal sensitivity are currently lacking. Here, we propose a simple amplitude modulation rate discrimination (AMRD) paradigm that is validated by predicting future speech recognition in adult cochlear implant (CI) patients...
April 24, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688962/deterioration-in-distortion-product-otoacoustic-emissions-in-auditory-neuropathy-patients-with-distinct-clinical-and-genetic-backgrounds
#18
Kyoko Kitao, Hideki Mutai, Kazunori Namba, Noriko Morimoto, Atsuko Nakano, Yukiko Arimoto, Tomoko Sugiuchi, Sawako Masuda, Yasuhide Okamoto, Noriko Morita, Hirokazu Sakamoto, Tomoko Shintani, Satoshi Fukuda, Kimitaka Kaga, Tatsuo Matsunaga
OBJECTIVES: Auditory neuropathy (AN) is a clinical disorder characterized by the absence of auditory brainstem response and presence of otoacoustic emissions. A gradual loss of otoacoustic emissions has been reported for some cases of AN. Such cases could be diagnosed as cochlear hearing loss and lead to misunderstanding of the pathology when patients first visit clinics after the loss of otoacoustic emissions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of changes in distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in association with patients' genetic and clinical backgrounds, including the use of hearing aids...
April 23, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688963/how-to-optimally-fit-a-hearing-aid-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-users-a-systematic-review
#19
Jantien L Vroegop, André Goedegebure, Marc P van der Schroeff
OBJECTIVES: Bimodal hearing has shown to improve speech recognition in quiet and in noise and to improve sound localization compared with unilateral cochlear implant (CI) use alone. Fitting the CI and hearing aid (HA) separately has been described well, but HA fitting procedures for bimodal CI users are not well researched or widely accepted. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the literature on the effect of different HA fitting strategies on auditory performance in bimodal CI users...
April 20, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668566/effects-of-hearing-loss-and-fast-acting-compression-on-amplitude-modulation-perception-and-speech-intelligibility
#20
Alan Wiinberg, Morten Løve Jepsen, Bastian Epp, Torsten Dau
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to investigate the effects of hearing-loss and fast-acting compression on speech intelligibility and two measures of temporal modulation sensitivity. DESIGN: Twelve adults with normal hearing (NH) and 16 adults with mild to moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss were tested. Amplitude modulation detection and modulation-depth discrimination (MDD) thresholds with sinusoidal carriers of 1 or 5 kHz and modulators in the range from 8 to 256 Hz were used as measures of temporal modulation sensitivity...
April 17, 2018: Ear and Hearing
journal
journal
27934
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"