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Experimental Lung Research

Kevin Looi, Niamh M Troy, Luke W Garratt, Thomas Iosifidis, Anthony Bosco, Alysia G Buckley, Kak-Ming Ling, Kelly M Martinovich, Elizabeth Kicic-Starcevich, Nicole C Shaw, Erika N Sutanto, Graeme R Zosky, Paul J Rigby, Alexander N Larcombe, Darryl A Knight, Anthony Kicic, Stephen M Stick
RATIONALE: No studies have assessed the effects of human rhinovirus (HRV) infection on epithelial tight junctions (TJs) and resultant barrier function. AIM OF THE STUDY: To correlate viral infection with TJ disassembly, epithelial barrier integrity, and function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human airway epithelial cells were infected with HRV minor serotype 1B (HRV-1B) at various 50% tissue culture infectivity doses (TCID50) over 72 hours. HRV replication was assessed by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) while cell viability and apoptosis were assessed by proliferation and apoptotic assays, respectively...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Valeria Puntorieri, Lynda A McCaig, Christopher J Howlett, Li-Juan Yao, James F Lewis, Cory M Yamashita, Ruud A W Veldhuizen
BACKGROUND: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a complex pulmonary disorder in which the local release of cytokines and chemokines appears central to the pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE: Based on the known role of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP3) in inflammatory processes, the objective was to examine the role of MMP3 in the pathogenesis of ARDS through the modulation of pulmonary inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female and male, wild type (MMP3(+/+)) and knock out (MMP3(-/-)) mice were exposed to two, clinically relevant models of ARDS including (i) lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury, and (ii) hydrochloric acid-induced lung injury...
September 27, 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Meihua Jin, Juyoung Lee, Kyung-Yup Lee, Zhengyong Jin, Jhang Ho Pak, Han-Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a main chronic lung disease commonly occurs in preterm infants. BPD is characterized by impaired alveolarization and vascularization of the developing lung. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway is known to play an important role during lung vascular development. In the present study, we examined whether the regulation of TGF-β-ALK-Smad signaling pathway influence on the disruption of pulmonary vascular development in newborn rats as hyperoxia-induced BPD model...
September 12, 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Lin Wang, Yan Sun, Jiqun Yi, Xiuwen Wang, Jizhen Liang, Zhaojun Pan, Li Li, Gaofeng Jiang
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the most common and a lethal malignancy in the world and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most usual type. H19 long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays essential roles in tumor development. But its role in tumor metastasis is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MACC1 RNAi and Lentivirus-mediated H19-specific shRNA was used to establish H19 stable knocking-down A549 cells. Transwell assays were performed to examine the effect of H19 knocking-down on A549 cells migration and invasion...
September 8, 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Ji Young Lee, Helena M Linge, Kanta Ochani, Ke Lin, Edmund J Miller
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is characterized by dysregulated systemic inflammation and cytokine storm. Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is known to closely correlate with severity of sepsis-related acute lung injury and mortality. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanisms involved in Ang-2 secretion to better understand the pathophysiology of sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of Ang-2 was assessed in culture medium of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells in the presence or absence of Gram-positive bacteria cell wall components [lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and peptidoglycan (PGN)] stimulation at different time points ranging from 15 minutes to 24 hours...
September 1, 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Hong-Tao Li, Zhuang-Gui Chen, Hui Liu, Jin Ye, Xiao-Ling Zou, Yan-Hong Wang, Hai-Ling Yang, Ping Meng, Tian-Tuo Zhang
PURPOSE: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a critical regulator of immune responses associated with Th2 cytokine-mediated inflammation. Intranasal administration of oligodeoxynucleotides with CpG motifs (CpG-ODNs) might improve lower airway outcomes of combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS), but the inherent mechanisms of CpG-ODNs are not well defined. This study investigated whether CpG-ODNs treated to upper airway could reduce lower airway TSLP expression as well as whether this reduction could contribute to the alleviation of lower allergic inflammation and airway hyper-reactivity (AHR) in CARAS mice...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Makoto Murata, Mitsuo Otsuka, Noriyuki Ashida, Gen Yamada, Koji Kuronuma, Hirofumi Chiba, Hiroki Takahashi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the serial changes in the SP-D concentrations of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in a bleomycin-induced lung injury rat model and compare them with the levels of conventional biochemical markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wister rats were anesthetized and intratracheally administered bleomycin (1.0 mg/kg). We evaluated the histological changes and SP-D expression of their lung tissues. We also measured the concentrations of SP-D, albumin, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the numbers of various types of cells in BALF, and the serum levels of SP-D and conventional markers, including LDH, high mobility group box 1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and C-reactive protein...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Tomasz Powrózek, Paweł Krawczyk, Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska, Halina Batura-Gabryel, Janusz Milanowski
BACKGROUND: Analysis of epigenetic alterations such as methylation of circulating-free DNA (cf-DNA) expression significantly broadened perspectives of lung cancer (LC) screening. Moreover, methylation of tumor suppressor genes may be analyzed with non-invasive manner in patients' blood samples (liquid biopsy), what underline necessity of detailed investigation of tumor cf-DNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The purpose of current study was to assess methylation of RTEL1 and PCDHGB6 promoter regions in cf-DNA of 70 LC patients and 80 healthy individuals using qMSP-PCR technique...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Yunhu Pan, Yitan Chen, Debin Ma, Zhiyu Ji, Fangyu Cao, Zhibin Chen, Yunye Ning, Chong Bai
BACKGROUND: As one of the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the worldwide, lung cancer needs to be understood better. Nowadays, increasing point mutations of specific oncogenes are biomarkers used to predict the therapeutic effect of targeted therapy and lung cancer has entered the age of individual treatment. At present, many relevant researchers have suggested that EGFR is a biomarker used to predict the therapeutic effect of targeted therapy. A large number of evidence indicates that EGFR/Akt pathway plays important role in cancer growth and metastasis...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Manar A Nader, Nariman Gameil, Rania R Abdelaziz, Khaled R Zalata, Amal Osman, Mohamed M Zedan, Nermin Abo-Elkheir, Abeer Abdalla Elsiddig, Magdy Zedan
AIM OF THE STUDY: The current investigation was taken to scrutinize the action of tranilast on the airway remodeling in chronic asthma in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin was applied to mice for sensitization and subsequent inhalation of 1% ovalbumin three times week for 10 weeks for challenge. Beclomethasone or tranilast were given daily for the 10 week challenge period. At the end of the study, lung weight index, total collagen content, bronchoalveolar lavage level of total and differential cell counts, interleukin-13, in addition to lung tissue nitrate/nitrite and transforming growth beta-1 were measured...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
K Kehoe, J F Gielis, G Vliegen, R Van Elzen, R Verkerk, E Driessens, A Domen, A M Lambeir, L Maes, P Cos, I De Meester, P E Y Van Schil
UNLABELLED: Aim/Purpose of the Study: Activation of the renin-angiotensin system leading to increased angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) and decreased angiotensin 2 (Ang 2) levels may be a new therapeutic approach to reduce acute lung injury. Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) and prolyloligopeptidase (PREP) are capable of hydrolyzing Ang 2 into Ang-(1-7). However, their relation with circulating Ang 2 levels after lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) has never been explored. This study determines whether the activity and expression of PRCP and PREP in plasma and lung tissue is related to circulating Ang 2 levels in a murine model of LIRI...
August 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Zhuxiang Zhao, Yumin Zhou, Yujun Li, Changbin Jiang, Dongxing Zhao, Ziwen Zhao, Zhaohui Liu, Pixin Ran
BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the cholinergic nicotinic receptor subunit genes on chromosome 15q25.1, including CHRNA3, CHRNB4 and CHRNA5, are well-established biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Thus, there is great demand for a rapid, easy and inexpensive method to detect these variations for purpose of risk prediction in large populations. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to establish an accurate and efficient method for genotyping CHRN SNPs and testing their association with age at onset of COPD in Chinese population as well as the clinical stage in COPD patients...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
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June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Daniella Alves Vento, Ana Paula Cassiano Silveira, Livia Arcencio, Agnes A S Albuquerque, Camila Bottura, Alceu Jordão, Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora, Alfredo José Rodrigues
AIM: To set up and test the feasibility of a handmade apparatus adapted for exhaled breath condensate (EBC) collection in medium-sized animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The apparatus was produced using an 18-mm thick u-shaped borosilicate glass. The u-shaped tube body is 25 cm in diameter, and the horizontal portions are 12 cm in diameter. The base consists of a tube joint 14/20 or 14 mm thick by 20 cm in diameter, and has a length of 5 cm. This has a hole that is plugged for condensate flow to a 1...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Carmela Olivieri, Elena Bargagli, Simona Inghilleri, Ilaria Campo, Marcella Cintorino, Paola Rottoli
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe interstitial lung disorder characterized by a pattern of Usual Interstitial Pneumonia where the presence of fibroblastic foci is the hallmark of the disease. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we analyzed the migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression in lung tissue of IPF patients compared with healthy controls and organizing pneumonia (OP) patients focusing into MIF potential role in fibroblastic foci development...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Noriyuki Ohkura, Johsuke Hara, Tamami Sakai, Akihito Okazaki, Miki Abo, Kazuo Kasahara, Masaki Fujimura
BACKGROUND: Atopic cough (AC) and cough variant asthma (CVA) were identified as major causes of chronic non-productive cough in a Japanese study. A characteristic feature of CVA is the presence of a heightened cough response to bronchoconstriction. On the other hand, the cough response to bronchoconstriction in AC remains unclear. METHODS: Methacholine (Mch)-induced cough in AC was measured and compared with that in CVA. Diagnoses of AC and CVA were made based on patient history, physical examination, response to bronchodilator therapy, cough reflex sensitivity to capsaicin, spirometry, and airway responsiveness to methacholine...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Ke Qin, Xi Zhong, Daoxin Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of miRNA-7-5p on human alveolar epithelial sodium channels and clarify the pathway in which miRNA-7-5p regulates the expression of ENaC in ARDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dual luciferase target gene validation experiments were used to confirm whether mTOR and SGK-1 are the target genes of miRNA-7-5p. Then, we overexpressed and inhibited miRNA-7-5p in the human alveolar epithelial cell line A549, respectively...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Masahito Ogasawara, Mieko Otani, Masaoki Takano, Masachika Shudou, Yohei Inaba, Satoru Nirasawa, Saori Takahashi, Takeshi Kiyoi, Yuki Tanaka, Kenji Kameda, Naoki Kunugita, Kazutaka Maeyama, Keiji Sano, Masahiro Yamashita, Kohei Yamauchi
PURPOSE: The increasing amounts of evidence with abnormal aging process have been involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Mice with deficient protein L-isoaspartate (D-aspartate) O-methyl transferase 1 (PCMT1) expression reveal acceleration of aging and result in the increased proportion of D-aspartate (D-Asp) residues and dysfunction in proteins. Furthermore, mitochondrial morphology and functions are associated with COPD and IPF pathogenesis...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Kojiro Honda, Hiroo Wada, Masuo Nakamura, Keitaro Nakamoto, Toshiya Inui, Mitsuru Sada, Takashi Koide, Saori Takata, Takuma Yokoyama, Takeshi Saraya, Daisuke Kurai, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Goto, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested an involvement of neutrophilic inflammation driven by interleukin (IL)-17 from Th17 cells, especially in severe, refractory asthma. It remains unknown about the possible interactions of this cytokine and other proinflammatory cytokines to direct neutrophilic airway inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effects of IL-17A, IL-17E, and IL-17F in combination with other stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α on the production and expression of IL-8 in human bronchial epithelial cells...
May 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Eisa Tahmasbpour Marzony, Mostafa Ghanei, Yunes Panahi
BACKGROUND: Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent and mutagenic agent that targets human lung tissue. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this investigation is to characterize the expression of sulfiredoxin-1 (SRXN1) and peroxiredoxin (PRDXs) genes and oxidative stress (OS) status in human lung after exposure to SM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lung biopsy specimens bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids were provided from SM-exposed patients (n = 6) and controls (n = 5)...
May 2016: Experimental Lung Research
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