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American Journal of Infection Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433268/mumps-2017-the-role-of-educational-institutes-in-preventing-the-spread-of-the-disease
#1
LETTER
Saba Ahmed, Iqra Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431853/transmission-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-health-care-worker-gowns-and-gloves-during-care-of-residents-in-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#2
Lisa Pineles, Daniel J Morgan, Alison Lydecker, J Kristie Johnson, John D Sorkin, Patricia Langenberg, Natalia Blanco, Alan Lesse, John Sellick, Kalpana Gupta, Luci Leykum, Jose Cadena, Nickie Lepcha, Mary-Claire Roghmann
BACKGROUND: This was an observational study designed to estimate the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission to gowns and gloves worn by health care workers (HCWs) interacting with Veterans Affairs Community Living Center (VA nursing home) residents to inform MRSA prevention policies. METHODS: Participants included residents and HCWs from 7 VA nursing homes in 4 states and Washington, DC. Residents were cultured for MRSA at the anterior nares, perianal skin, and wound (if present)...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431852/how-well-does-transfer-of-bacterial-pathogens-by-culture-swabs-correlate-with-transfer-by-hands
#3
Anubhav Kanwar, Thriveen S C Mana, Jennifer L Cadnum, Heba Alhmidi, Sreelatha Koganti, Curtis J Donskey
In laboratory testing and in isolation rooms, pickup and transfer of health care-associated pathogens by premoistened rayon swabs correlated well with pickup and transfer by bare hands or moistened gloves. These results suggest that swab cultures provide a useful surrogate indicator of the risk for pathogen pickup and transfer by hands.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431851/ultraviolet-c-light-as-a-means-of-disinfecting-anesthesia-workstations
#4
Matthew Nottingham, Gene Peterson, Christopher Doern, Michelle Doll, Nadia Masroor, Kakotan Sanogo, Michael Stevens, Gonzalo Bearman
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia workstations (AWs) are a reservoir for pathogenic organisms potentially associated with surgical site infections. This study examined the effectiveness of the Tru-D SmartUVC device (Tru-D LLC, Nashville, TN) on bioburden reduction (BR) on AWs. METHODS: Strips of tissue inoculated with a known concentration of either Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, or Acinetobacter sp were placed on 22 high-touch surfaces of an AW. Half of the AW surfaces received direct ultraviolet (UV) light exposure and half received indirect exposure...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431850/klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing-serratia-marcescens-outbreak-in-a-university-hospital
#5
LETTER
Felipe Francisco Tuon, Kassia Cordova, Thayrine Mayara Dario, Luciana de Souza Nunes, Afonso Luís Barth, Andreza Francisco Martins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431849/prospective-cluster-controlled-crossover-trial-to-compare-the-impact-of-an-improved-hydrogen-peroxide-disinfectant-and-a-quaternary-ammonium-based-disinfectant-on-surface-contamination-and-health-care-outcomes
#6
John M Boyce, Kerri A Guercia, Linda Sullivan, Nancy L Havill, Renee Fekieta, Janet Kozakiewicz, David Goffman
BACKGROUND: Quaternary ammonium-based (Quat) disinfectants are widely used, but they have disadvantages. METHODS: This was a 12-month prospective cluster controlled crossover trial. On 4 wards, housekeepers performed daily cleaning using a disinfectant containing either 0.5% improved hydrogen peroxide (IHP) or Quat. Each month, 5-8 high-touch surfaces in several patient rooms on each ward were tagged with a fluorescent marker and cultured before and after cleaning...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#7
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431847/guideline-compliance-and-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-with-infectious-diseases-consultation-in-addition-to-antimicrobial-stewardship-directed-review
#8
Kevin Buehrle, Jennifer Pisano, Zhe Han, Natasha N Pettit
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown infectious diseases consultation (IDC) for Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) improves management and outcomes. The influence of IDC on outcomes for SAB in addition to an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) review for adult inpatients with SAB has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of IDC on SAB management with concomitant ASP review and resulting outcomes. METHODS: Adult inpatients with SAB admitted December 2012-October 2014 were included...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431846/implementation-of-daily-chlorhexidine-bathing-to-reduce-colonization-by-multidrug-resistant-organisms-in-a-critical-care-unit
#9
Jackson S Musuuza, Ajay K Sethi, Tonya J Roberts, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Colonized patients are a reservoir for transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Not many studies have examined the effectiveness of daily chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) bathing under routine care conditions. We present a descriptive analysis of the trends of MDRO colonization following implementation of daily CHG bathing under routine clinical conditions in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: From May 2010-January 2011, we screened patients admitted to a 24-bed ICU for and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and fluoroquinolone-resistant gram-negative bacilli (FQRGNB)...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#10
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431844/health-care-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration
#11
Henrietta Smith, Janet E Brooks, Denise Leaptrot, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Angela Anttila, Cindy Gross, Joan N Hebden, Georganne Ryan, Eileen Scalise, Marc-Oliver Wright
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network's (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. The intent of the case study series is to foster standardized application of the NHSN's HAI surveillance definitions among infection preventionists and accurate determination of HAI events. This specific case study focuses on the definitions found within the surgical site infection (SSI) protocol. It aims to reflect the real life and complex patient scenario surrounding a bloodstream infection that is secondary to an SSI and the application of the Present at the Time of Surgery event detail...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427787/comparing-knowledge-and-self-reported-hand-hygiene-practices-with-direct-observation-among-iranian-hospital-nurses
#12
Seyed Sadeq Seyed Nematian, Charles John Palenik, Seyed Kousha Mirmasoudi, Nahid Hatam, Mehrdad Askarian
We compared knowledge and self-reported hand hygiene practices with direct observations among Shiraz Nemazee Hospital nurses. Overall hand hygiene compliance was low (39.6%). Use and appreciation for alcohol-based handrubs were suboptimal. Some reluctance was due to religious concerns. Most nurses self-reported performing proper hand hygiene more than 75% of the time, whereas direct observation indicated much lower levels of compliance. It appears that additional training and improved monitoring are needed.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410827/staphylococcus-aureus-surface-contamination-of-mobile-phones-and-presence-of-genetically-identical-strains-on-the-hands-of-nursing-personnel
#13
Akiko Katsuse Kanayama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sadako Yoshizawa, Kazuhiro Tateda, Akihiro Kaneko, Intetsu Kobayashi
We investigated the genetic relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from mobile phones and palms and fingers of users. Genetically identical isolates were detected from mobile phones and their user and multiple users, which is consistent with mobile phones serving as reservoirs of infection in the health care environment. These findings reinforce the need for hand hygiene prior to patient contact as the most effective intervention for preventing health care-associated infection.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410826/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-a-neglected-infectious-disease-with-potential-nosocomial-infection-threat
#14
LETTER
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Resat Ozaras, Mustafa Sunbul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410825/active-offer-of-vaccinations-during-hospitalization-improves-coverage-among-splenectomized-patients-an-italian-experience
#15
Maria Serena Gallone, Carmen Martino, Michele Quarto, Silvio Tafuri
In 2014, an Italian hospital implemented a protocol for pneumococcal, meningococcal, and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines offer to splenectomized patients during their hospitalization. After 1 year, coverage for recommended vaccinations increased from 5.7%-66.7% and the average time between splenectomy and vaccines administration decreased from 84.7-7.5 days.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410824/treated-and-released-urinary-catheterization-in-the-emergency-department-by-sex
#16
Scott Martin Vouri, Margaret A Olsen, Daniel Theodoro, Seth A Strope
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and difference in likely indications of urinary catheterization (UC) in treated-and-released emergency department (ED) visits between men and women are currently unknown. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis using the 2013 National Emergency Department Sample for all treated-and-released visits in persons aged ≥18 years. The prevalence of conditions associated with UC visits in men and women were identified. A hierarchical ranking was used to categorize diagnosis codes identified during ED visits into clinically meaningful categories to assess conditions for UC...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385466/self-reported-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-australian-paramedics-in-relation-to-hand-hygiene-and-gloving-practices-in-paramedic-led-health-care
#17
Nigel Barr, Mark Holmes, Anne Roiko, Peter Dunn, Bill Lord
BACKGROUND: Noncompliance with recommended hand hygiene and gloving practices by workers in the emergency medical services may contribute to the transmission of health care-associated infections and lead to poor patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the self-reported behaviors and perceptions of Australian paramedics in relation to their hand hygiene and gloving practices in paramedic-led health care. METHODS: A national online survey (n = 417; 17% response rate) and 2 semistructured focus groups (6 per group) were conducted with members of Paramedics Australasia...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385465/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-risk-perception-among-students-at-a-university-in-south-korea-2015
#18
Seongwoo Yang, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: The 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in South Korea was a serious threat to public health, and was exacerbated by the inappropriate responses of major institutions and the public. This study examined the sources of confusion during the MERS outbreak and identified the factors that can affect people's behavior. METHODS: An online survey of the risk perception of university students in South Korea was performed after the epidemic had peaked...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385464/microbiology-of-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-cancer-a-7-year-review
#19
Juan Carlos Hernaiz-Leonardo, Maria Fernanda Golzarri, Patricia Cornejo-Juárez, Patricia Volkow, Consuelo Velázquez, Mauricio Ostrosky-Frid, Diana Vilar-Compte
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAIs) have arisen as major sources of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most frequent HAIs in many countries, with high antimicrobial-resistant prevalence. METHODS: A 7-year retrospective review (2008-2014) of microbiologic data within a prospective surveillance program on patients with SSI at a cancer hospital in Mexico. RESULTS: There were 23,421 surgeries performed during the study period...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385463/clinical-and-social-barriers-to-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-pulmonary-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#20
Jennifer K Broom, Alex F Broom, Emma R Kirby, Alexandra F Gibson, Jeffrey J Post
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pulmonary infections is one of the largest indications for antibiotics in human health care, offering significant potential for antibiotic optimization internationally. This study explores the perspectives of pulmonary clinicians on antibiotic use in hospital pulmonary infections. METHODS: Twenty-eight pulmonary doctors and nurses from 2 hospitals participated in semi-structured interviews focusing on their experiences of antibiotic use...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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