journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Animal Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464116/estimating-mineral-requirements-of-nellore-beef-bulls-fed-with-or-without-inorganic-mineral-supplementation-and-the-influence-on-mineral-balance
#1
D Zanetti, L A Godoi, M M Estrada, T E Engle, B C Silva, H M Alhadas, M L Chizzotti, L F Prados, L N Rennó, S C Valadares Filho
The objectives of this study were to quantify the mineral balance of Nellore cattle fed with and without Ca, P, and micromineral (MM) supplementation and to estimate the net and dietary mineral requirement for cattle. Nellore cattle ( = 51; 270.4 ± 36.6 kg initial BW and 8 mo age) were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: reference ( = 5), maintenance ( = 4), and performance ( = 42). The reference group was slaughtered prior to the experiment to estimate initial body composition. The maintenance group was used to collect values of animals at low gain and reduced mineral intake...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464115/consumer-sensory-evaluation-and-chemical-composition-of-beef-gluteus-medius-and-triceps-brachii-steaks-from-cattle-finished-on-forage-or-concentrate-diets
#2
A Chail, J F Legako, L R Pitcher, R E Ward, S Martini, J W MacAdam
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of cattle finishing diet and muscle type on meat quality. Consumer sensory response, proximate composition, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), fatty acid composition, and volatile compounds were assessed from the gluteus medius (GM) and triceps brachii (TB) muscles of cattle ( = 6 per diet) which were grain-finished (USUGrain) on conventional feedlot or 2 forage diets, a perennial legume, birdsfoot trefoil-finished (USUBFT; ), and grass-finished (USUGrass; )...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464114/management-practices-associated-with-stress-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
Handling, weaning, and euthanasia are some of the most stressful practices performed on cow-calf operations. Although strategies to minimize stress exist, their use on western Canadian cow-calf operations is unknown. The objectives were to describe current stress-associated practices on western Canadian cow-calf operations, describe producer and operation demographics associated with the use of nonabrupt weaning methods, and explore producer perceptions toward these practices. A questionnaire focusing on stressful management practices was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464113/breeding-and-genetics-symposium-climate-change-and-selective-breeding-in-aquaculture
#4
P Sae-Lim, A Kause, H A Mulder, I Olesen
Aquaculture is the fastest growing food production sector and it contributes significantly to global food security. Based on Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, aquaculture production must increase significantly to meet the future global demand for aquatic foods in 2050. According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and FAO, climate change may result in global warming, sea level rise, changes of ocean productivity, freshwater shortage, and more frequent extreme climate events...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464112/association-between-environmental-predisposing-risk-factors-and-leg-disorders-in-broiler-chickens
#5
E Tullo, I Fontana, A Peña Fernandez, E Vranken, T Norton, D Berckmans, M Guarino
Footpad dermatitis and lameness are a major welfare concern in broiler chicken farming. In general, footpad lesions are linked to poor environmental conditions. Ulcers that arise from advanced lesions can negatively affect the gait of the birds, with effects on the animal welfare, including, in the worst cases, inability to reach the feed or water. In this study, the degree of footpad dermatitis and lameness was manually scored on 4 broiler farms across Europe, as part of an EU-wide welfare assessment program...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464111/circulating-beta-hydroxybutyrate-concentration-may-be-a-predictive-measurement-for-young-cows-that-have-a-greater-probability-to-conceive-at-a-fixed-time-artificial-insemination
#6
J D Hobbs, S R Edwards, E R Cope, Z D McFarlane, K G Pohler, J T Mulliniks
Timing of conception, which has been indicated to be negatively influenced by metabolic dysfunctions, can influence lifetime productivity within the cow herd. Therefore, our objective was to analyze the association of milk production, serum metabolites as an indicator of nutrient status, cow BW and BW change, and calf BW with timing of pregnancy in 183 spring-calving beef cows. Cows were retrospectively classified by timing of pregnancy as cows that were diagnosed pregnant by timed AI (TAI; = 118) or natural breeding (NAT; = 65)...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464110/variations-in-the-chemical-composition-and-standardized-ileal-digestibility-of-amino-acids-in-eight-genotypes-of-triticale-fed-to-growing-pigs
#7
E J P Strang, M Eklund, P Rosenfelder, J K Htoo, R Mosenthin
The study was conducted to determine the chemical composition, physical characteristics, and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA of 8 currently available genotypes of triticale fed to growing pigs. The genotypes included Grenado, Cando, Agostino, Massimo, Tarzan, HYT Prime, SW Talentro, and Cultivo. Eight barrows with an initial BW of 31 ± 2 kg were fitted with simple T-cannulas at the distal ileum and allotted to an 8 × 8 Latin square design with 8 periods of 7 d each and 8 assay diets. The N-free method was used to determine basal ileal endogenous CP and AA losses...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464109/technical-note-genomic-evaluation-for-crossbred-performance-in-a-single-step-approach-with-metafounders
#8
T Xiang, O F Christensen, A Legarra
A single-step genomic BLUP method (ssGBLUP) has been successfully developed and applied for purebred and crossbred performance in pigs. However, it requires phasing the genotypes and inferring the breed origin of alleles in crossbred animals, which is somewhat inconvenient. Recently, a new concept of metafounders that considers the relationship within and across base populations was developed. With this concept of metafounders, regular methods to build and invert the pedigree relationships matrix can be used with only minor modifications and, moreover, genomic relationships and pedigree-based relationships are automatically compatible in the ssGBLUP...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464107/rumen-protected-arginine-alters-blood-flow-parameters-and-luteinizing-hormone-concentration-in-cyclic-beef-cows-consuming-toxic-endophyte-infected-tall-fescue-seed
#9
M A Green, B K Whitlock, J L Edwards, E J Scholljegerdes, J T Mulliniks
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of rumen-protected arginine on median caudal artery blood flow and LH dynamics in cows fed toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue seed. Four ruminally cannulated nonlactating beef cows (539 ± 30 kg) were used in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments utilizing a 4 × 4 Latin square design with 4 periods of 31 d each. Each cow was assigned to individual pens and fed orchardgrass hay (10.3% CP and 85% NDF; OM basis) during a 10-d adaptation period, followed by a 21-d collection period in which each cow was assigned 1 of 4 treatments: 1) rumen-protected Arg (180 mg/kg of BW) and 1...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464106/breeding-and-genetics-symposium-breeding-heat-tolerant-dairy-cattle-the-case-for-introgression-of-the-slick-prolactin-receptor-variant-into-dairy-breeds
#10
S R Davis, R J Spelman, M D Littlejohn
Increasing environmental temperatures are a threat to the sustainability of livestock production and, because of the high metabolic demands of lactation, to dairy production in particular. Summer heat waves in temperate climates reduce feed intake, milk production, and cow comfort. In extreme heat events, there is an increase in cow mortality. In tropical climates, dairy cattle are mostly (zebu) type or zebu crossbred with temperate dairy breeds. Crossbreeding is undertaken to combine the heat tolerance and tick resistance of zebu with the productivity of temperate dairy breeds...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464105/effects-of-dexamethasone-treatment-and-respiratory-vaccination-on-rectal-temperature-complete-blood-count-and-functional-capacities-of-neutrophils-in-beef-steers
#11
H D Hughes, J A Carroll, N C Burdick Sanchez, S L Roberts, P R Broadway, N D May, M A Ballou, J T Richeson
The objective of this research was to examine the effects of dexamethasone (DEX) treatment on various aspects of immunity following administration of a multivalent respiratory vaccine, using a model intended to mimic acute versus chronic stress. Angus × Hereford steers ( = 32; 209 ± 8 kg) were stratified by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: 1) acute stress (ACU), in which 0.5 mg/kg BW DEX was intravenously administered at 1000 h only on d 0; 2) chronic stress (CHR), in which 0.5 mg/kg BW DEX was intravenously administered at 1000 h on d -3 to 0; or 3) control (CON), in which no DEX was administered...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464104/postmortem-protein-degradation-is-a-key-contributor-to-fresh-pork-loin-tenderness
#12
K B Carlson, K J Prusa, C A Fedler, E M Steadham, A C Outhouse, D A King, E Huff-Lonergan, S M Lonergan
The objective of this study was to determine factors that influence tenderness independent of variation in pH, color, or marbling. To achieve the objective, 2 sample groups were chosen from a population of 159 pork loins aged 11 to 16 d. Predetermined ranges (ultimate pH, 5.54 to 5.86; marbling score, 1.0 to 3.0; percent total lipid, 1.61 to 3.37%) were defined for inclusion of individual loins in the study. The pork loins with the greatest ( = 12) and least ( = 12) Instron star probe values were assigned to 2 classification groups...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464103/comparison-of-plasma-tryptophan-related-metabolites-in-crossbred-pi%C3%A3-train-and-duroc-pigs
#13
N Le Floc'h, A Simongiovanni, E Corrent, J J Matte
Besides being incorporated into proteins, Trp, an indispensable AA, is involved in numerous metabolic pathways. Previous data showed that Trp conversion into kynurenine (Kyn) and nicotinamide (Nam) differs among studies, and such differences cannot be explained by different dietary niacin supplies. We hypothesized that pig genotype influences Trp metabolism and thus the conversion of Trp into its metabolites. The objective of this study was to compare plasma appearance of Trp and related metabolites in 12 Duroc and 12 Piétrain crossbred postweaning pigs fed 2 contrasting dietary Trp levels...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464102/effects-of-feeding-different-levels-of-dried-orange-pulp-and-recycled-poultry-bedding-on-the-performance-of-fattening-lambs
#14
Z Tadayon, Y Rouzbehan, J Rezaei
The effects of dietary feeding different levels of recycled poultry bedding (RPB) and dried orange pulp (DOP) on the performance of fattening Shal lambs (initial BW of 28 ± 2.2 kg) were assessed using a factorial experiment (2 × 3) with a completely randomized design. Six diets, containing different levels of RPB (0 or 160 g/kg of DM) and DOP (0, 110, or 220 g/kg of DM), were randomly assigned to 6 groups of 6 lambs each for a 74-d period (14 d for adaptation and 60 d for data collection). Diets were offered as total mixed ration to ensure 10% of orts...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464101/genetic-control-of-residual-variance-of-yearling-weight-in-nellore-beef-cattle
#15
L H S Iung, H H R Neves, H A Mulder, R Carvalheiro
There is evidence for genetic variability in residual variance of livestock traits, which offers the potential for selection for increased uniformity of production. Different statistical approaches have been employed to study this topic; however, little is known about the concordance between them. The aim of our study was to investigate the genetic heterogeneity of residual variance on yearling weight (YW; 291.15 ± 46.67) in a Nellore beef cattle population; to compare the results of the statistical approaches, the two-step approach and the double hierarchical generalized linear model (DHGLM); and to evaluate the effectiveness of power transformation to accommodate scale differences...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464100/a-deterministic-dynamic-systems-model-of-cow-calf-production-the-effects-of-the-duration-of-postpartum-anestrus-on-production-parameters-over-a-10-year-horizon
#16
D D Shane, R L Larson, M W Sanderson, M Miesner, B J White
The duration of postpartum anestrus (dPPA) is important to consider for reproductive performance and efficiency in cow-calf operations. We developed a deterministic, dynamic systems model of cow-calf production over a 10-yr horizon to model the effects that dPPA had on measures of herd productivity, including the percentage of cows cycling before the end of the first 21 d of the breeding season (%C21), the percentage of cows pregnant at pregnancy diagnosis (%PPD), the distribution of pregnancy by 21-d breeding intervals, the kilograms of calf weaned (KW), the kilograms of calf weaned per cow exposed (KPC), and the replacement percentage...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464099/endogenous-phosphorus-losses-in-growing-finishing-pigs-and-gestating-sows
#17
P Bikker, C M C van der Peet-Schwering, W J J Gerrits, V Sips, C Walvoort, H van Laar
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of diet composition, feeding level (FL), and BW on endogenous phosphorous losses (EPL) using growing-finishing (GF) pigs and sows. After an adaptation period, 48 GF pigs (initial BW 90.5 kg) and 48 just-weaned sows (initial BW 195 kg), both individually housed, were allotted to 12 dietary treatments in a 2 × 3 × 2 factorial arrangement. Treatments were animal type (GF pigs or sows), diet composition (a semipurified starch (STA), inulin (INU), or lignocellulose (CEL) based low-P diet), and FL (2...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464098/effects-of-hydroxychloride-sources-of-copper-zinc-and-manganese-on-measures-of-supplement-intake-mineral-status-and-pre-and-postweaning-performance-of-beef-calves
#18
L S Caramalac, A Saran Netto, P G M A Martins, P Moriel, J Ranches, H J Fernandes, J D Arthington
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of Cu, Zn, and Mn source on measures of 1) preferential intake of mineral-concentrated supplements and 2) mineral status and pre- and postweaning performance of beef calves. In Exp. 1, 4 trials were conducted to assess the effect of source of Cu (750 mg/kg; Trial 1), Zn (2,000 mg/kg; Trial 2), Mn (3,000 mg/kg; Trial 3), and all 3 elements (Trial 4) on preferential intake of mineral-concentrated supplements. Supplements differed only by source of Cu, Zn, and Mn, which included hydroxychloride (hydroxy), sulfate, and organic options...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464097/live-animal-assessments-of-rump-fat-and-muscle-score-in-angus-cows-and-steers-using-3-dimensional-imaging
#19
M J McPhee, B J Walmsley, B Skinner, B Littler, J P Siddell, L M Cafe, J F Wilkins, V H Oddy, A Alempijevic
The objective of this study was to develop a proof of concept for using off-the-shelf Red Green Blue-Depth (RGB-D) Microsoft Kinect cameras to objectively assess P8 rump fat (P8 fat; mm) and muscle score (MS) traits in Angus cows and steers. Data from low and high muscled cattle (156 cows and 79 steers) were collected at multiple locations and time points. The following steps were required for the 3-dimensional (3D) image data and subsequent machine learning techniques to learn the traits: 1) reduce the high dimensionality of the point cloud data by extracting features from the input signals to produce a compact and representative feature vector, 2) perform global optimization of the signatures using machine learning algorithms and a parallel genetic algorithm, and 3) train a sensor model using regression-supervised learning techniques on the ultrasound P8 fat and the classified learning techniques for the assessed MS for each animal in the data set...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464096/the-impact-of-multi-generational-genotype-imputation-strategies-on-imputation-accuracy-and-subsequent-genomic-predictions
#20
M M Judge, D C Purfield, R D Sleator, D P Berry
The objective of the present study was to quantify, using simulations, the impact of successive generations of genotype imputation on genomic predictions. The impact of using a small reference population of true genotypes versus a larger reference population of imputed genotypes on the accuracy of genomic predictions was also investigated. After construction of a founder population, high-density (HD) genotypes ( = 43,500 single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNP) were simulated across 25 generations ( = 46,800 per generation); a low-density genotype panel ( = 3,000 SNP) was developed from these HD genotypes, which was then used to impute genotypes using 7 alternative imputation strategies...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
journal
journal
27879
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"