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Ultrastructural Pathology

Sylwia Szotek, Joanna Dawidowicz, Brian Eyden, Natalia Matysiak, Aleksander Czogalla, Grzegorz Dudzik, Anna Leśniewicz, Krzysztof Maksymowicz
Fascia lata is an important element of the fascial system, which forms the continuum of connective tissue throughout the body. This deep fascia envelops the entire thigh and hip area and its main function is to transmit mechanical forces generated by the musculoskeletal system of the lower extremities. Fascia lata is also known as a useful and easily harvested graft material. Despite its crucial role in lower extremity biomechanics and wide-ranging applications in plastic and reconstructive surgery, both the structure of fascia lata and particularly the cells populating this tissue are relatively unexplored and therefore poorly understood...
October 20, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Vincenzo Grassia, Enrica Gentile, Dario Di Stasio, Abdolreza Jamilian, Giovanni Matarese, Fabrizia D'Apuzzo, Rossella Santoro, Letizia Perillo, Rosario Serpico, Alberta Lucchese
After orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances, bonded brackets and residual adhesive must be removed. This procedure should lead to restitutio ad integrum of the enamel or, at least, restore the enamel surface as closely as possible to its pre-treatment conditions. The purpose of this study is the in vivo assessment at a microscopic resolution of enamel surfaces after bracket debonding while avoiding the tooth extraction. Nine orthodontic patients who had brackets removed at the conclusion of orthodontic treatment were enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Defne Yalçın Yeler, Murat Aydın, Peyami Turgay Hocaoğlu, Melike Koraltan, Hakan Özdemir, Tuğba Kotil, Mehmet Gül
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) appear mainly in the oral air of patients with halitosis. It seems that VSCs are directly involved in the pathogenesis of gingival diseases. In previous studies, short-term (7 hours-4 days), high concentrations (5-400 ppm) of H2S applications on periodontal tissues have been evaluated in a culture medium. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of lower (equivalent to halitosis) concentrations of H2S on rat gingival tissue for longer-term inhalation...
October 13, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Fakhri Al-Bagdadi, Matthew J Young, James P Geaghan, Shaomian Yao, Humberto M Barona, Eduardo Martinez-Ceballos, Masami Yoshimura
It is estimated that 5.9% of all human deaths are attributable to alcohol consumption and that the harmful use of ethanol ranks among the top five risk factors for causing disease, disability, and death worldwide. Ethanol is known to disrupt phospholipid packing and promote membrane hemifusion at lipid bilayers. With the exception of mitochondria involved in hormone synthesis, the sterol content of mitochondrial membranes is low. As membranes that are low in cholesterol have increased membrane fluidity and are the most easily disordered by ethanol, we hypothesize that mitochondria are sensitive targets for ethanol damage...
September 28, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Laura Penna Rocha, Fabiano Bichuette Custódio, Juliana Reis Machado, Lívia Helena de Morais Pereira, Maria Luiza Gonçalves Dos Reis Monteiro, Valéria Lima Laterza, Marlene Antônia Dos Reis, Rosana Rosa Miranda Corrêa
Congenital or infantile nephrotic syndromes (CNS/INS) correspond to a heterogeneous group of rare diseases in which glomerular renal dysfunction and proteinuria are prominent. The aim of this study is to present six cases of possible CNS/INS with diagnoses based on clinical findings and especially histological, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical characteristics of renal biopsies. Four cases are presented with diffuse mesangial sclerosis, one of them possibly part of Denys-Drash syndrome and two cases with CNS probably of the Finnish type in patients between 3 months old and 13 years old...
September 26, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Kye Won Kwon, Hyeon Joo Jeong, Jang Han Lee
Podocytic infolding glomerulopathy (PIG) is a rare glomerular abnormality involving glomerular basement membrane (GBM) bubbling viewable by light microscopy, extensive invagination of the podocytic cytoplasm, and the presence of microstructures viewable by electron microscopy. PIG was proposed as a new disease entity in 2008. However, cases have been reported exclusively in Japan and no case reports outside Japan have been published. Here, we report a case of PIG in a 44-year-old Korean female. The patient showed mild proteinuria without renal functional impairment or other systemic diseases...
September 23, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Gordana Samardzija, Tamara Kravic Stevovic, Slavisa Djuricic, Dragomir Djokic, Marina Djurisic, Darko Ciric, Tamara Martinovic, Vladimir Bumbasirevic, Dragana Vujic
Autophagy is activated in cancer cells in response to multiple stresses and has been demonstrated to promote tumor cell survival and drug resistance in neuroblastoma (NB). This study was conducted to analyze the ultrastructural features of peripheral neuroblastic tumors (pNTs) and identify the relation of the types of NTs, the proliferation rate, and MYCN gene amplification with a number of autophagic vacuoles. Our results indicate that aggressive human NBs show a massive increase in the number of autophagic vacuoles associated with proliferation rate and that alteration of the mitochondria might be an important factor for the induction of autophagy in NTs...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Jie Fan, Jie Ping, Wan-Xia Zhang, Yi-Song Rao, Han-Xiao Liu, Jing Zhang, You-E Yan
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prenatal and lactation nicotine exposure on the morphology and function of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in male rat offspring. We conducted a morphological assay and gene expression study of interscapular BAT (iBAT) in male rat offspring. The male offspring from nicotine-exposed dams exhibited higher body weight and iBAT weight. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and transmission electron microscopy showed that iBAT from nicotine-exposed male offspring presented a "whitening" phenotype characterized by lipid droplet accumulation and impaired mitochondria with a randomly oriented and fractured cristae...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Marwa M Fawzy, Zeinab M El Maadawi, Rehab A Hegazy, Nesrin S Abd El Fatah
Melanocyte loss is the main feature of vitiligo, but evidence refers to pathological multiplayers. Transmission electron microscopy was utilized to further explore vitiligo before and after narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) therapy. Skin biopsies were retrieved from lesional and perilesional skin and compared to normal control skin. Sections were examined for melanocytes and keratinocytes and the number of melanosomes and thickness of basal lamina were measured. In lesional skin, keratinocytes revealed two types of degeneration with a significant increase in the mean thickness of basal lamina and decrease in the number of melanosomes...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Hala Kfoury
The aim of this work was to determine the mean glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickness in the Saudi population. We calculated the average GBM thickness in patients diagnosed with minimal change disease, and the ultrastructural analysis of at least three glomeruli was reviewed using a digital camera installed in an electron microscope. There were a total of 53 cases from 53 Saudi patients aged 2-70 years old. The mean GBM thickness for all cases was 323.6 ± 49.5 nm. There was no significant statistical difference in the mean GBM thickness between males and females...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Soheir S Mansy, Mona M Nosseir, May M Othman, Mona A Zoheiry, Mohammed F Guda, Hoda A Yehia, Moataz H Hassanein
The present work deals with the simultaneous ultrastructure and triple immunofluorescence study of the three main hepatic fibrogenic cells, hepatic stellate cell, myofibroblast (MF), and fibroblast, in a group of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA positive patients, as their exact interrelation behavior in vivo with the progress of hepatic fibrosis is still inadequate. In this study, for the first time, cells having the morphological characteristic of MF and not bone marrow fibrocytes were revealed in liver portal vessels...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Hugo Domínguez-Malagón, Ana María Cano-Valdez, Carlos González-Carrillo, Yelitza Esmeralda Campos-Salgado, Alejandra Lara-Garcia, Mariana Lopez-Mejia, Jose Francisco Corona-Cruz, Oscar Arrieta
The diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is challenging and requires immunohistochemistry or electron microscopy assays to specifically differentiate MPM from lung adenocarcinoma. An ultrastructural study of fresh tissue is considered to be the "gold standard." In most cases, the first diagnostic approach is performed on pleural effusion, and in some patients, this is the only available sample for diagnosis. The aim of the present study is to evaluate if an examination of pleural effusion samples based on electron microscopy (EMpe) is a useful tool for the differential diagnosis of MPM and lung adenocarcinoma...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Luca Roncati, Antonietta Morena Gatti, Teresa Pusiol, Francesco Piscioli, Giuseppe Barbolini, Antonio Maiorana
Morgellons disease is an infrequent syndromic condition, that typically affects middle-aged white women, characterized by crawling sensations on and under the skin, associated with itchy rashes, stinging sores, fiber-like filaments emerging from the sores, severe fatigue, concentrating difficulty, and memory loss. The scientific community is prone to believe that Morgellons is the manifestation of various psychiatric syndromes (Munchausen, Munchausen by proxy, Ekbom, Wittmaack-Ekbom). Up until now, no investigative science-based evidence about its psychogenesis has ever been provided...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Jacques Gilloteaux, Carston Ruffo, James M Jamison, Jack L Summers
Ultrastructural data compiled from DU145 human prostate carcinoma cells growing in vivo and, more often in vitro or after treatment by pro-oxidant reactants, can induce and encompass several processes of cell internalization or entosis. These events were observed after tumor cells were essentially undergoing autoschizic injuries and other cell deaths without externalization of phosphatidylserine. Based on other previous observations made on DU145 cells, one hypothesizes that, as a means of survival, tumor cells find sources of nutrients through phagocytosis of apparently intact, injured cells, corpses, and cell debris by cannibalism...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Manal Abdul-Hamid, Ehab M Abdella, Sanaa R Galaly, Rania H Ahmed
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an immunosuppressor agent, which is most frequently used in transplant surgeries and in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate the protective effects of ellagic acid (EA) against CsA-induced testicular histopathology and ultrastructure changes, oxidative stress, and cytogenotoxicity in male albino rats. Rats were divided into six groups; the first group was used as a control, the second group received a subcutaneous injection of slightly alkaline solution, the third group received olive oil orally, the fourth group was injected subcutaneously with EA at a dose of 10 mg/kg b...
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Rafal Zielinski, Jozef Kobos, Anna Zakrzewska
Pleomorphic adenoma, the most common benign nonvascular tumor of the parotid gland in juveniles, should be differentiated from other extremely rare tumors, including schwannoma. In this article, we present a rare case of an intraparotid schwannoma in a juvenile, along with the patient history, a description of pathological features, and the results of ultrastructural and immunohistochemical examination. The respective labeling indexes of Ki-67 and MCM-3, i.e., the mean proportions of positive tumor cells out of 1000 tumoral cells counted in 10 microscopic fields at ×400 magnification, given as a percentage, were found to be 0...
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Yong-Xin Ru, Shu-Xu Dong, Hao-Yue Liang, Shi-Xuan Zhao
Megakaryocytes (MKs) build characteristic structures to produce platelets in a series of steps. Although mechanisms of demarcation membrane system (DMS) and open canalicular system transformation have been proposed based on experimental studies in recent decades, the related evidence is lacking in human cells in vivo. The present review describes and discusses the development of MKs, transformation of DMS, and the release and maturation of proplatelets based on our observation of human MKs in vivo and bone marrow biopsy by light microscope and transmission electron microscope...
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Ying Wang, Peng-Chao Hu, Yan-Bin Ma, Rong Fan, Fang-Fang Gao, Jing-Wei Zhang, Lei Wei
This study investigated the effects of sodium butyrate (NaB) on Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) breast cancer cells and analyzed the relevant mechanism. Here, we demonstrated that a certain concentration of NaB effectively induced MCF-7 cell apoptosis. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell viability and the apoptosis rate. Western blotting was used to detect changes in the Bcl-2 expression level. We observed cell shape changes with microscopy. Immunofluorescence revealed some apoptotic nuclei...
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Jacques Gilloteaux, Aneil Bhalla, Omar Faour, James M Jamison
The intracellular or intracytoplasmic lumen (IL) is an enigmatic histological structure that occurs in various tumor cells. A reassessment of diverse ILs fine-structure micrographs obtained out of previous studies encompassing the human prostate carcinoma (DU145) cell line and xenotransplanted carcinomas enabled us to propose aspects of ILs development in cancer cells: a combination of altered expressions in intercellular contacts and their cytoskeletal components would favor a disarray of self-apical polarity orientation; those defects, associated with a local, entwined enriched membranous structures growing as microvilli-like formations out of a disrupted endoplasm and trans-Golgi sorting, create ILs in cells' perikarya...
July 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
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