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Journal of Reproductive Immunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064076/drospirenone-reduces-inflammatory-cytokines-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-and-nerve-growth-factor-ngf-expression-in-human-endometriotic-stromal-cells
#1
Tomoko Makabe, Kaori Koga, Mariko Miyashita, Arisa Takeuchi, Fusako Sue, Ayumi Taguchi, Yoko Urata, Gentaro Izumi, Masashi Takamura, Miyuki Harada, Tetsuya Hirata, Yasushi Hirota, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
Drospirenone has been used as a progestin in oral contraceptives with ethinyl estradiol (DRSP/EE) and is expected to regulate endometriosis, however, the direct effects of drospirenone on endometriosis have not been clarified. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-neurogenic effects of drospirenone on endometriotic stromal cells (ESC). ESC isolated from endometriotic tissues were obtained from patients during laparoscopic surgery for ovarian endometriosis. ESC were exposed to IL-1β and cultured in the absence or presence of drospirenone...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043035/pibf-positive-uterine-nk-cells-in-the-mouse-decidua
#2
Agnes Bogdan, Gergely Berta, Julia Szekeres-Bartho
: Though uterine NK cells (u NK cells) contain cytotoxic granules, and selectively over- express the genes of perforin and granzymes, during normal pregnancy, they are not cytotoxic. Progesterone is indispensable for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy both in humans and in mice. Mouse uterine NK cells do not express the classical progesterone receptor, yet progesterone affects the recruitment and function of uterine NK cells, the latter partly via the Progesterone-Induced Blocking Factor (PIBF)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915038/intrauterine-administration-of-hcg-activated-autologous-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-pbmc-promotes-live-birth-rates-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-of-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#3
Saijiao Li, Jing Wang, Yan Cheng, Danni Zhou, Tailang Yin, Wangming Xu, Nan Yu, Jing Yang
Recurrent implantation failure refers to unsuccessful implantation after repeated transfers of morphologically good quality embryos into a normal uterus. Recently, accumulating evidence has suggested that local immune cells at the implantation site have actively contributed to embryo implantation. Our aim was to study the effects of intrauterine administration of hCG-activated autologous human PBMC on clinical pregnancy, implantation rates and live birth rate of patients who received frozen/thawed embryo transfer...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984763/soluble-hla-g-concentrations-in-obese-women-during-pregnancy-and-in-cord-blood
#4
Fausta Beneventi, Elena Locatelli, Mara De Amici, Miryam Martinetti, Arsenio Spinillo
CONTEXT: Little is known about soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) concentrations in obese pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of sHLA-G in obese pregnancies. DESIGN: Case-control study, from 2013 to 2015. SETTING: A tertiary care centre. PATIENTS: 168 healthy normal weight women and 59 overweight/obese women; to avoid the effect of preeclampsia on sHLA-G concentrations, cases were further divided in two groups: 42 with normotensive pregnancy and 17 who developed preeclampsia...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915039/uterine-immune-profiling-for-increasing-live-birth-rate-a-one-to-one-matched-cohort-study
#5
Nathalie Lédée, Laura Prat-Ellenberg, Lucie Chevrier, Richard Balet, Cynthia Simon, Clarisse Lenoble, Elie El Irani, Dominique Bouret, Guy Cassuto, Dominique Vitoux, Katia Vezmar, Armand Bensussan, Gérard Chaouat, Marie Petitbarat
BACKGROUND: Embryo implantation remains the main limiting factor in IVF/ICSI program. Endometrial immune remodeling events begin before implantation and are a vital process for pregnancy, preparing future maternal immune tolerance and regulating the placentation process. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, 193 patients (analyzed group) enrolled in our IVF program benefitted of an endometrial immune profiling to determine if their uterus was immunologically ready to accept an embryo and, if not, the specific immune mechanisms involved...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863266/pregnancy-persistently-affects-memory-t-cell-populations
#6
Tom E C Kieffer, Marijke M Faas, Sicco A Scherjon, Jelmer R Prins
Pregnancy is an immune challenge to the maternal immune system. The effects of pregnancy on maternal immunity and particularly on memory T cells during and after pregnancy are not fully known. This observational study aims to show the short term and the long term effects of pregnancy on the constitution, size and activation status of peripheral human memory T-lymphocyte populations. Effector memory (EM) and central memory (CM) T-lymphocytes were analyzed using flow cytometry of peripheral blood from 14 nulligravid, 12 primigravid and 15 parous women that were on average 18 months postpartum...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865124/the-killer-cell-story-in-recurrent-miscarriage-association-between-activated-peripheral-lymphocytes-and-uterine-natural-killer-cells
#7
R J Kuon, K Vomstein, M Weber, F Müller, C Seitz, S Wallwiener, T Strowitzki, E Schleussner, U R Markert, V Daniel, B Toth
Peripheral and uterine NK cells (pNK, uNK) can be distinguished according to their receptor expression. Recent studies indicate an association of elevated pNK and uNK with recurrent miscarriage (RM). This study aimed to analyze pNK and uNK in patients with RM and healthy controls. Out of n=590 RM patients screened according to a standard diagnostic protocol, n=268 couples with ≥3 consecutive RM were identified. Subgroups consisted of n=151 primary RM (pRM), n=85 secondary RM (sRM), n=32 tertiary RM (tRM) and n=42 healthy controls...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821286/immunization-against-lysozyme-like-proteins-affect-sperm-function-and-fertility-in-the-rat
#8
Ganapathy Narmadha, Suresh Yenugu
Proteins of the epididymal and testicular mileu contribute to sperm maturation and a vast majority of them remain uncharacterised. In this study, the role of three Lysozyme-like (LYZL) proteins, namely LYZL1, LYZL4 and LYZL6 in sperm function was assessed using in vitro neutralization and auto antibodies generation model. Rats immunized with LYZL1, LYZL4 and LYZL6 proteins had a litter size of 5.93, 8.47 and 2.10 respectively compared to 9.96 in the control rats. The litter size was further reduced to 4.53, 7...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792886/tim-3-expression-on-immune-cells-and-roles-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface
#9
REVIEW
Xiao-Hui Hu, Mao-Xing Tang, Gil Mor, Ai-Hua Liao
Successful pregnancy relies on the accurate regulation of the maternal-fetal immune system. Without enough tolerance in the uterine microenvironment, the mother and the hemiallogeneic fetus could not peacefully coexist. T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain (Tim)-3 is a molecule originally regarded as to be expressed on terminally differentiated IFN-γ expressing CD4(+) T cells (Th1). The engagement of Tim-3 with its ligand, galectin-9 (Gal-9) could induce the exhaustion or apoptosis of effector T cells, and thus might regulate the tolerance...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620141/cervicovaginal-cytokines-sialidase-activity-and-bacterial-load-in-reproductive-aged-women-with-intermediate-vaginal-flora
#10
Mariana Morena de Vieira Santos-Greatti, Márcia Guimarães da Silva, Carolina Sanitá Tafner Ferreira, Camila Marconi
: Studies have shown that not only bacterial vaginosis, but also intermediate vaginal flora has deleterious effects for women's reproductive health. However, literature still lacks information about microbiological and immunological aspects of intermediate flora. OBJECTIVE: To characterize intermediate flora regarding levels of Interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-10, sialidase; loads of Gardnerella vaginalis, total bacteria and to verify whether it is closer related to normal flora or bacterial vaginosis...
November 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728856/preterm-delivery-and-associated-negative-pregnancy-outcome-a-tale-of-faulty-progesterone-receptor-signalling-pathway-and-linked-derailed-immunomodulation-a-study-from-northeast-india
#11
Diptika Tiwari, Purabi Deka Bose, Rizwana Sultana, Chandana Ray Das, Sujoy Bose
Preterm delivery (PTD) is one of the potent contributor of neonatal mortality and morbidity, and the underlying cause in some situation is elusive. This study attempts to delineate the association of deregulation in progesterone receptor (PR) pathway and deleterious immune responses in predisposing patients to PTD in Northeast India, a region with high rate of PTD cases. A total of 109 cases of PTD and 100 term delivery cases were enrolled with all clinical details. The PTD cases were stratified based on gestation age at delivery...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743525/association-of-anti-sperm-antibodies-with-chronic-prostatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yumei Jiang, Dong Cui, Yuefeng Du, Jun Lu, Lin Yang, Jinmei Li, Jing Zhang, Xiaojing Bai
Chronic prostatitis is a risk factor for impaired male fertility potential, and anti-sperm antibodies (ASAs) cause the autoimmune disease immune infertility, which has a negative effect on semen parameters. Current studies have investigated the ASA-positive relationship between chronic prostatitis versus normal controls, but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we systematic searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct/Elsevier, Medline, and the Cochrane Library up to October 2015 for case-control studies that involved the ASA-positive relationship between chronic prostatitis patients versus normal controls...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716543/deficiency-in-memory-b-cell-compartment-in-a-patient-with-infertility-and-recurrent-pregnancy-losses
#13
N Sung, H J Byeon, M D Salazar Garcia, A Skariah, L Wu, S Dambaeva, K Beaman, A Gilman-Sachs, J Kwak-Kim
Alterations in normal balance of B cell subsets have been reported in various rheumatic diseases. In this study, we report a woman with a history of recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) and infertility who had low levels of memory B cells. A 35-year-old woman with a history of RPL and infertility was demonstrated to have increased peripheral blood CD19+ B cells with persistently low levels of memory B cell subsets. Prior to the frozen donor egg transfer cycle, prednisone and intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIg) treatment was initiated and patient achieved dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680579/the-role-of-decidual-nk-cells-in-pregnancies-with-impaired-vascular-remodelling
#14
Judith E Cartwright, Laura James-Allan, Rebecca J Buckley, Alison E Wallace
The pathologies of the dangerous pregnancy complications pre-eclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) are established in the first trimester of human pregnancy yet we know little of how this happens. Finely tuned interactions between maternal and placental cells are essential for pregnancy to progress without complications; however, the precise nature of this cross-talk and how it can go wrong are crucial questions that remain to be answered. This review summarises recent studies examining the role played by natural killer cells in regulating normal placentation and remodelling...
September 18, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687635/alternative-functions-of-the-complement-protein-c1q-at-embryo-implantation-site
#15
Chiara Agostinis, Francesco Tedesco, Roberta Bulla
Complement component C1q is one of the recognition molecules of the complement system which can serve several functions unrelated to complement activation. This molecule is produced at foeto-maternal interface by macrophages as wells as by decidual endothelial cells and invading trophoblast. Foetal trophoblast cells migrating through the decidua in the early stages of pregnancy synthesize and express C1q on their surface, which is actively involved in promoting trophoblast endovascular and interstitial invasion of the decidua...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665197/involvement-of-nadph-oxidase-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-cxcl1-induction-by-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-human-endometrial-epithelial-cells-of-patients-with-adenomyosis
#16
Tsung-Hsuan Lai, Pi-Hui Wu, Wen-Bin Wu
Chemokines were known to participate in inflammation and angiogenesis but have been recently recognized to be involved in embryonic implantation and endometrium-related pathologies. Among these chemokines, the CXC chemokines, such as CXCL1, have potential roles to work as biomarkers to identify patients with uterine adenomyosis. In this study, human endometrial epithelial cells (HEECs) were derived from patients' endometrium with adenomyosis. The inductive effects of CXCL1 production by various mediators/growth factors were investigated in the HEECs...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636828/association-of-polymorphisms-in-pate1-gene-with-idiopathic-asthenozoospermia-in-sichuan-china
#17
Shun Zhang, Qing-Ming Wang, Xian-Ping Ding, Tao Wang, Xue-Mei Mu, Zu-Yi Chen
PURPOSE: Idiopathic Asthenozoospermia (AZS) is a common symptom of male infertility described as reduced forward motility or absence of sperm motility. The PATE1 is generally expressed in male genital tract and related to sperm development, maturation and fertilization. However, the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PATE1 gene which contribute to AZS were still unknown. For this reason, the possible association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the PATE1 gene and idiopathic asthenozoospermia was investigated in this research...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529307/lymphatic-vascular-endothelial-hyaluronan-receptor-1-immunoexpression-in-placenta-of-hiv-infected-pre-eclamptic-women
#18
Onankoy A Onyangunga, Jagidesa Moodley, Vesselina Merhar, David A Ofusori, Thajasvarie Naicker
INTRODUCTION: Lymphangiogenesis is the formation of new vessels from pre-existing lymphatic vessels. Data on lymphangiogenesis in the placenta of HIV-infected pre-eclamptics are sparse and the findings are conflicting. The aim of this novel study was to evaluate LYVE-1 immunoexpression in the placenta of HIV infected normotensive versus pre-eclamptic women. METHODS: Placental tissue was obtained from normotensive and pre-eclamptic women stratified according to their HIV status...
September 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505846/distribution-of-hla-drb1-and-dqb1-alleles-and-drb1-dqb1-haplotypes-among-bahraini-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
Amira Messadi, Zainab H Malalla, Safa A Al-Madhi, Jawaher A Al-Jalahma, Wassim Y Almawi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles and DRB1-DQB1 haplotypes, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Bahraini women. DESIGN: Case-control, retrospective study. METHODS: Study subjects comprised 80 women with PCOS, and 169 age- and ethnically-matched control women. DRB1 and DQB1 genotyping was done by PCR-SSP. RESULTS: Of the 13 DRB1 alleles and 5 DQB1 alleles identified, DRB1*10 (14...
September 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505845/evaluation-of-endometrial-natural-killer-cell-expression-of-cd4-cd103-and-cd16-cells-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#20
Sertan Aksu, Eray Çalışkan, Yigit Cakiroglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether natural killer cell (NK) concentrations in the mid-secretory endometrial tissue of women with unexplained infertility differ from those in the mid-secretory endometrial tissue of fertile women. METHODS: This study was conducted with 22 patients with unexplained infertility caused by unsuccessful ovulation induced with gonadotrophins and 12 healthy fertile women, who formed a control group. Mid-secretory endometrial tissue samples were obtained with a Pipelle catheter, and the endometrial NK cell phenotypes were determined by flow cytometry...
September 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
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