journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Reproductive Immunology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760578/pre-birth-origins-of-allergy-and-asthma
#1
REVIEW
K L Gatford, A L Wooldridge, K L Kind, R Bischof, V L Clifton
Allergy is a chronic disease that can develop as early as infancy, suggesting that early life factors are important in its aetiology. Variable associations between size at birth, a crude marker of the fetal environment, and allergy have been reported in humans and require comprehensive review. Associations between birth weight and allergy are however confounded in humans, and we and others have therefore begun exploring the effects of early life events on allergy in experimental models. In particular, we are using ovine models to investigate whether and how a restricted environment before birth protects against allergy, whether methyl donor availability contributes to allergic protection in IUGR, and why maternal asthma during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of allergic disease in children...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719804/maternal-obesity-attenuates-predelivery-inflammatory-reaction-in-c57bl-6n-mice
#2
Sarah Appel, Merle Schulze-Edinghausen, Tobias Kretschmer, Sarah Storck, Ruth Janoschek, Inga Bae-Gartz, Marion Handwerk, Maria Wohlfarth, Kai-Dietrich Nüsken, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Malte Heykants, Esther Mahabir, Jörg Dötsch
Inflammation and oxidative stress are known to increase before labour. Whether gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) participates in this process and whether labour-related processes in placental and adipose tissue are altered in obese women is unknown. In our mouse model, lean mice display elevated placental inflammation and oxidative stress towards the end of pregnancy, accompanied by an increased expression of pro-inflammatory factors in gWAT. Obese mice also display elevated levels of pro-inflammatory factors and oxidative stress in placentas shortly before birth...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686909/unraveling-the-role-of-maternal-anti-hla-class-i-antibodies-in-fetal-and-neonatal-thrombocytopenia-antibody-specificity-analysis-using-epitope-data
#3
Jesper Dahl, Erle Refsum, Maria Therese Ahlen, Torstein Egeland, Tore Jensen, Marte K Viken, Tor Brynjar Stuge, Ganesh Acharya, Anne Husebekk, Bjørn Skogen, Heidi Tiller
Anti-HLA class I antibodies have been suggested as a possible cause of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). The aim of this study was to characterize maternal anti-HLA class I alloantibodies in suspected cases of FNAIT. The study population consisted of all nationwide referrals of neonates with suspected FNAIT to the National Unit for Platelet Immunology in Tromsø, Norway, during 1998-2009 (cases), and 250 unselected pregnancies originally included in a prospective study (controls). Inclusion criterion was a positive screening for maternal anti-HLA class I antibodies...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668208/10-workshops-on-immunology-of-preeclampsia
#4
Chaouat Gerard
For the 10th issue of the « island workshops », now the Reunion Workshops, organised by Pierre Yves Robillard since the first one in Tahiti challenging the "vascular disease only" theory of pre eclampsia and introducing the primipaternity concept, we examined the reasons for considering an Immunological approach to the disease. This (brief) overview thus examines several important topics in an Immunological framework. I have chosen to present here the evolution of the main themes rather than a purely chronological vision...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600948/corrigendum-to-what-do-we-know-about-regulatory-t-cells-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-j-reprod-immunol-120-april-2017-48-55
#5
Isabela Bottura Leite de Barros, Helena Malvezzi, Bárbara Yasmin Gueuvoghlanian-Silva, Carla Azevedo Piccinato, Luiz Vicente Rizzo, Sergio Podgaec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641119/maternal-progesterone-levels-are-modulated-by-maternal-bmi-and-predict-birth-weight-sex-specifically-in-human-pregnancies
#6
Anke Diemert, Janina Goletzke, Claus Barkmann, Robert Jung, Kurt Hecher, Petra Arck
OBJECTIVE: Successful pregnancy outcome is the result of a tailored adaptation of the maternal endocrine and immune system throughout gestation. We aimed to investigate if maternal endocrine, anthropometric and life style factors assessed longitudinally throughout pregnancy allow prediction of birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: Data on maternal factors and obstetrical characteristics from 220 pregnancies from a German prospective pregnancy cohort were analyzed using univariate and multivariate regression models...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622535/vitamin-d-mediates-the-relationship-between-placental-cathelicidin-and-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-pregnancy
#7
Christine C Akoh, Eva K Pressman, Corrie M Whisner, Carrie Thomas, Chang Cao, Tera Kent, Elizabeth Cooper, Kimberly O O'Brien
Vitamin D is thought to modulate innate immune responses, and recent studies have highlighted the autocrine and paracrine functions of vitamin D in the placenta. Our objective was to determine the relationship between maternal vitamin D status and placental antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression in a group of racially and ethnically diverse pregnant adolescents. In this study, 158 pregnant adolescents were recruited from the Rochester Adolescent Maternity Program (RAMP) in Rochester, NY. Maternal serum concentrations of the vitamin D biomarkers, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), were measured at mid-gestation (∼26 weeks) and at delivery...
June 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622534/increased-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-2-and-9-is-associated-with-reduced-dna-methylation-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor
#8
Scott W Walsh, Anuja A Chumble, Sonya L Washington, Kellie J Archer, Sinem E Sahingur, Jerome F Strauss
The cause of spontaneous preterm labor (sPTL) is not known, but it could be due to epigenetic alterations that increase the sensitivity of decidual tissue to inflammatory stimuli. We collected decidual tissue from women at term not in labor (TNL), women at term in labor (TL), and women with sPTL. Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip analysis revealed significantly reduced DNA methylation for TLR-2 and TLR-9 in sPTL as compared to TL. Immunohistochemical staining documented significantly increased expression of TLR-2 and TLR-9 in decidual tissue of women with sPTL as compared to TL or TNL...
June 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544972/the-effect-of-elevated-progesterone-levels-before-oocyte-retrieval-in-women-undergoing-ovarian-stimulation-for-ivf-treatment-on-the-genomic-profile-of-peri-implantation-endometrium
#9
Liu Liu, Jin Huang, Tin Chiu Li, Xu Tao Hong, Susan Laird, Yong Dong Dai, Xiao Mei Tong, Hai Yan Zhu, Songying Zhang
To evaluate the effects of high progesterone prior to oocyte retrieval on the genomic profile of peri-implantation endometrium, we conducted this single-center, prospective cohort study. Depending on whether or not the progesterone level on the day of hCG administration and the day after hCG administration were elevated, a total of 20 women undergoing IVF treatment who did not have fresh embryo transfer were included: Group 1 refers to subjects with normal progesterone level on both days; Group 2 refers to subjects with normal progesterone level on the day of hCG administration and high progesterone level on the day after hCG administration; Group 3 refers to subjects with high progesterone level on the day of hCG administration and normal progesterone level on the day after hCG administration; Group 4 refers to subjects with high progesterone level on both days...
June 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558299/ligands-of-toll-like-receptors-2-4-differentially-alter-markers-of-inflammation-adhesion-and-angiogenesis-by-monocytes-from-women-with-pre-eclampsia-in-co-culture-with-endothelial-cells
#10
Ebtisam A Al-Ofi, Dilly O Anumba
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is characterized by an exaggerated systemic inflammatory response and generalized endothelial dysfunction. We have recently demonstrated that fibrinogen, an endogenous ligand of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, activates monocytes from women with pre-eclampsia (Al-ofi et al., 2014). Using an experimental co-culture model of primary human monocytes (derived from 9 women with PE (GA=33.18±5.8) and 9 normotensive pregnant women, NP (GA=33.15±4.0)) and human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVECs), we compared the effects of fibrinogen and lipopolysaccharide (LPS, bacterial ligand to TLR4) on the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-1β), chemokines (IL-8 and MCP-1), and anti-angiogenic factor (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1,sFLT-1), as well as the soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505516/induction-of-experimental-autoimmune-orchitis-by-immunization-with-xenogenic-testicular-germ-cells-in-mice
#11
Ning Qu, Hayato Terayama, Yoshie Hirayanagi, Miyuki Kuramasu, Yuki Ogawa, Shogo Hayashi, Shuichi Hirai, Munekazu Naito, Masahiro Itoh
We previously showed that immunization of mice with syngeneic or allogeneic testicular germ cells (TGC) alone induces autoimmune inflammation in the testes without using any adjuvant. In the present study, we examined testicular autoimmune response against xenogenic TGC antigens in mice. The mice were immunized with murine, rat or guinea pig TGC and then the histopathology, delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) response and humoral autoimmunity were investigated. The results showed that immunization with not only murine but also rat TGC caused experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO) with hypospermatogenesis in mice, while that with guinea pig TGC could not...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482188/pregnancy-favors-the-expansion-of-circulating-functional-follicular-helper-t-cells
#12
Clarice Monteiro, Taissa M Kasahara, José Roberto Castro, Priscila M Sacramento, Joana Hygino, Newton Centurião, Tatiane Cassano, Lana M Ferreira Lopes, Simone Leite, Vander Guimarães Silva, Sudhir Gupta, Cleonice A M Bento
Pregnancy favors antibody production, and some evidence has suggested a direct effect of estrogen on B cells. The impact of pregnancy on circulating follicular helper T (TFH) cells, typically identified by the expression of CD45RO and CXCR5, has not been previously investigated. Here, the percentage of TFH cells, co-expressing or not PD-1, ICOS, or CXCR3 markers was significantly higher in pregnant women (PW) as compared with non-pregnant ones (nPW). Furthermore, the percentage of CXCR3(+) TFH cells able to produce IL-6, IL-21, and IL-10 was significantly higher in PW than nPW...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441551/treating-normal-early-gestation-placentae-with-preeclamptic-sera-produces-extracellular-micro-and-nano-vesicles-that-activate-endothelial-cells
#13
Xirong Xiao, Fengyi Xiao, Mingzhi Zhao, Mancy Tong, Michelle R Wise, Peter R Stone, Lawrence W Chamley, Qi Chen
OBJECTIVES: Preeclampsia is characterised by systemic endothelial cell dysfunction thought to be triggered by toxic/dangerous factors from the placenta, including placental extracellular vesicles (EVs). Why placental EVs become toxic is unknown. We previously reported that preeclamptic sera produced toxic/dangerous placental macrovesicles but whether small EVs are also toxic/dangerous in preeclampsia is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: First trimester placental explants were treated with 10% preeclamptic or control sera (n=10) for 24h...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463710/-what-do-we-know-about-regulatory-t-cells-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Isabela Bottura Leite de Barros, Helena Malvezzi, Bárbara Yasmin Gueuvoghlanian-Silva, Carla Azevedo Piccinato, Luiz Vicente Rizzo, Sergio Podgaec
Endometriosis is a benign, chronic inflammatory disease that presents alterations in immune response that can be detected in eutopic endometrium, peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood of affected women. Regulatory T (TReg) cells are a subpopulation of T lymphocytes specialized in immune regulation that seem to participate in the development of endometriosis, by suppressing the immune response and favoring the establishment of lesions. Our aim was to review the scientific literature that evaluates TReg cell phenotypes in the context of endometriosis...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441552/natural-killer-cell-activity-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriage-etiology-and-pregnancy-outcome
#15
Yasuhiko Ebina, Yukari Nishino, Masashi Deguchi, Yoko Maesawa, Yuki Nakashima, Hideto Yamada
This study aimed to evaluate whether natural killer (NK) cell activity was associated with the etiology of recurrent miscarriage (RM), and to evaluate the predictive value of NK cell activity for outcomes of following pregnancies in women with RM. Peripheral NK cell activity was measured in 160 non-pregnant women with a history of two or more miscarriages. This activity was compared according to the etiology of RM and to pregnancy outcomes in women who became pregnant. NK cell activity in women with unexplained RM was significantly higher than that in those with known etiologies of RM...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432903/the-decidua-of-preeclamptic-like-bph-5-mice-exhibits-an-exaggerated-inflammatory-response-during-early-pregnancy
#16
C Y Heyward, J L Sones, H E Lob, L C Yuen, K E Abbott, W Huang, Z R Begun, S D Butler, A August, C A Leifer, R L Davisson
Preeclampsia is a devastating complication of pregnancy characterized by late-gestation hypertension and proteinuria. Because the only definitive treatment is delivery of the fetus and placenta, preeclampsia contributes to increased morbidity and mortality of both mother and fetus. The BPH/5 mouse model, which spontaneously develops a syndrome strikingly similar to preeclampsia, displays excessive inflammation and suppression of inflammation improves pregnancy outcomes. During early pregnancy, decidual macrophages play an important role in promoting maternal tolerance to fetal antigens and regulating tissue remodeling, two functions that are critical for normal placental development...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399439/maternal-and-pregnancy-related-factors-affecting-human-milk-cytokines-among-peruvian-mothers-bearing-low-birth-weight-neonates
#17
Mara Zambruni, Alex Villalobos, Anoma Somasunderam, Sarah Westergaard, Maitreyee Nigalye, Christie G Turin, Jaime Zegarra, Sicilia Bellomo, Erik Mercado, Theresa J Ochoa, Netanya S Utay
Several cytokines have been detected in human milk but their relative concentrations differ among women and vary over time in the same person. The drivers of such differences have been only partially identified, while the effect of luminal cytokines in the fine-regulation of the intestinal immune system is increasingly appreciated. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between obstetrical complications and human milk cytokine profiles in a cohort of Peruvian women giving birth to Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388469/higher-prevalence-of-colonization-with-gardnerella-vaginalis-and-gram-negative-anaerobes-in-patients-with-recurrent-miscarriage-and-elevated-peripheral-natural-killer-cells
#18
R J Kuon, R Togawa, K Vomstein, M Weber, T Goeggl, T Strowitzki, U R Markert, S Zimmermann, V Daniel, A H Dalpke, B Toth
The role of vaginal infections in recurrent miscarriage (RM) is discussed controversially and screening is not recommended in international guidelines. Peripheral and uterine NK cells (pNK, uNK) play an important role in the establishment of a healthy pregnancy and are targets of immune diagnostics in RM patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the composition of the vaginal microbiota in RM patients and to correlate the findings to clinical characteristics as well as NK cell parameters. In total, n=243 RM patients with ≥3 consecutive miscarriages were recruited between 11/2011 and 03/2016...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267635/associations-between-fetal-hla-g-genotype-and-birth-weight-and-placental-weight-in-a-large-cohort-of-pregnant-women-possible-implications-for-hla-diversity
#19
Johanne Emmery, Ole B Christiansen, Line Lynge Nilsson, Mette Dahl, Peter Skovbo, Anna Margrethe Møller, Rudi Steffensen, Thomas Vauvert F Hviid
Birth weight and placental weight are crucial parameters for the survival of fetuses and newborns in mammals. High variation in the MHC is important for an effective adaptive immune response. The maternal immune system must be controlled in relation to the semi-allogenic fetus. The immunoregulatory HLA/MHC class Ib gene, HLA-G, is strongly expressed on extravillous trophoblast cells. We investigated birth weight and placental weight of the newborns in mothers heterozygous for an HLA-G 14bp insertion (Ins)/deletion (Del) gene polymorphism...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196761/effect-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-vaccination-on-t-lymphocyte-changes-in-male-rats
#20
Shiping Su, Xiuhong Zhou, Xiaorong Zhang, Fuigui Fang
The aim of this study was to detect the effect of immunization against gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on cell-meditated immunity. Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=32) were randomly and equally assigned to two groups: 1) GnRH-tandem-ovalbumin immunized group; and 2) the control group (injected with an equivalent Al(OH)3 adjuvant). Blood samples were collected at two-week intervals to assess the level of GnRH-specific antibodies and testosterone. Moreover, blood and thymus samples were also collected to analyze the T lymphocyte subpopulations one and two months after the last booster immunization...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
journal
journal
27859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"