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Archives of Dermatological Research

Yanhong Li, Xiaolong Sui, Hua Zhu, Yanfeng Xu, Lan Huang, Yuhuan Xu, Yunlin Han, Xiaochun Feng, Chuan Qin
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis mediated by autologous immune complex. Animal models of HSP are scarce. Here, we describe the characteristics of HSP rabbit model in the acute and recovery phase. First, we constructed the HSP rabbit models, and then assessed immunologic indicators of models by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoturbidimetry. Histomorphological characteristics were analyzed by haematoxylin-eosin, immunofluorescence and special staining. In the acute stage (24 h) after antigen challenge, the model group rabbits featured skin ecchymosis and abnormal laboratory examination results...
October 21, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Bernice M Benoit, Neha Jariwala, Geraldine O'Connor, Landon K Oetjen, Timothy M Whelan, Adrienne Werth, Andrea B Troxel, Hélène Sicard, Lisa Zhu, Christopher Miller, Junko Takeshita, Daniel W McVicar, Brian S Kim, Alain H Rook, Maria Wysocka
Sézary syndrome (SS), a leukemic variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), is associated with a significantly shorter life expectancy compared to skin-restricted mycosis fungoides. Early diagnosis of SS is, therefore, key to achieving enhanced therapeutic responses. However, the lack of a biomarker(s) highly specific for malignant CD4(+) T cells in SS patients has been a serious obstacle in making an early diagnosis. We recently demonstrated the high expression of CD164 on CD4(+) T cells from Sézary syndrome patients with a wide range of circulating tumor burdens...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
James Doolittle, Patricia Walker, Thomas Mills, Jane Thurston
Current published estimates of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the United States are outdated and underestimate the true prevalence of the condition. The objectives of this study are to provide an updated estimate of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the US population and to further assess the severity and impact of sweating on those affected by the condition. For the purposes of obtaining prevalence, a nationally representative sample of 8160 individuals were selected using an online panel, and information as to whether or not they experience hyperhidrosis was obtained...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Nadin Dewert, Katharina Amschler, Verena Lorenz, Michael P Schön
Owing to activation of several resistance-mediating pathways including NF-κB signaling, metastasized melanoma is almost universally resistant against chemotherapy. Given that blocking of NF-κB either by proteasome-, pan-IKK- or selective IKKβ-inhibitors may increase the susceptibility of melanoma cells to chemotherapy, we have assessed the role of the second kinase within the IKK complex, IKKα. While expression of IKKα and overall activation of NF-κB were heterogeneous, the IKKα-specific p100/p52 processing was detected in a small subset of melanomas (1/9 primary and 1/12 metastatic melanomas) as well as in 1/8 melanoma cell lines...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Jian Li, Lu-Yan Tang, Wen-Wen Fu, Jin Yuan, You-Yu Sheng, Qin-Ping Yang
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) may have a biphasic effect on melanin synthesis and melanosome transfer. High H2O2 concentrations are involved in impaired melanosome transfer in vitiligo. However, low H2O2 concentration promotes the beneficial proliferation and migration of melanocytes. The aim of this study was to explore low H2O2 and its mechanism in melanosome transfer, protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) expression and calcium balance. Melanosomes were fluorescein-labeled for clear visualization of their transfer...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Kelsey Stover, Tomoki Fukuyama, Ashlyn T Young, Michael A Daniele, Rebecca Oberley, James D Crapo, Wolfgang Bäumer
In this study, we topically administered two antioxidant compounds, the manganese-porphyrin-derivatives BMX-001 and BMX-010, in a mouse model of allergic dermatitis and compared the efficacy for reduction of itch and inflammation. In vitro effects of BMX-001 and BMX-010 on keratinocytes, bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and T-cells were initially analysed. For assessment of scratching behaviour, BMX-001 and BMX-010 (0.01 and 0.1 %) were topically applied 16 h and/or 1 h before compound 48/80 or toluene-2,4,-diisocyanate (TDI) challenge in a TDI induced mouse dermatitis model...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
William E Fahl
Radiation dermatitis is a commonly occurring, painful, side effect of cancer radiotherapy that causes some patients to withdraw from the radiotherapy course. Our goal was to test and optimize topical application of an adrenergic vasoconstrictor to rat skin in a preclinical test to prevent radiation-induced dermatitis. A radiation dermatitis assay was developed in which 17.2 Gy to a 1.5 × 3.0 cm rectangle on the clipped dorsal back of rats yielded Grade 3 radiation dermatitis over the irradiated area 13 days later...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Yu Zhen, Lei Yao, Shuxia Zhong, Yang Song, Yan Cui, Shanshan Li
Accumulating studies have indicated that vitiligo, especially non-segmental vitiligo (NSV), is one kind of autoimmune diseases and CD4(+) T cells play important roles in the pathogenesis. However, there have been very limited data on the detailed changes of each of the CD4(+) T cell subsets in periphery in active NSV. To clarify this issue, we collected the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 30 patients with active NSV and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The percentages of circulating Th1, Th2, Th17 and Tregs were evaluated using flow cytometry and the expressions of their specific transcription factors T-bet, GATA3, RORγt and FOXP3 at mRNA level and protein levels were qualified by qPCR and flow cytometry, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Yumi Ozawa, Shujiro Hayashi, Yoichiro Hamasaki, Atsushi Hatamochi
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a disease characterized by fibrosis of the systemic organs in patients with renal failure. Following the findings of recent epidemiological studies and the finding of gadolinium (Gd) in the skin tissue of NSF patients, it is now definitely known that the use of Gd contrast agents can trigger NSF. To date, however, the exact mechanism underlying the induction of fibrosis in various organs by Gd remains unexplained. This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of Gd on the proliferation activity and collagen production of cultured fibroblasts...
September 28, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
T Emanuelli, A Burgeiro, E Carvalho
Diabetic foot ulcers affect 15-20 % of all diabetic patients and remain an important challenge since the available therapies have limited efficacy and some of the novel therapeutic approaches, which include growth factors and stem cells, are highly expensive and their safety remains to be evaluated. Despite its low cost and safety, the interest for topical insulin as a healing agent has increased only in the last 20 years. The molecular mechanisms of insulin signaling and its metabolic effects have been well studied in its classical target tissues...
September 21, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Jordan M Thompson, Tricia Li, Min Kyung Park, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
Studies have identified increased prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease characterized by hair loss, but none have prospectively examined vitamin D status and incident AA. In 55,929 women in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), we prospectively evaluated the association between estimated vitamin D status, derived from a prediction model incorporating lifestyle determinants of serum vitamin D, and self-reported incident AA. We evaluated dietary, supplemental, and total vitamin D intake as additional exposures...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Magda Babina, Sven Guhl, Metin Artuc, Torsten Zuberbier
Mast cells (MCs), unique cellular elements of the body, are commonly associated with IgE-mediated reactions and manifestations of Th2-type immunity. A key characteristic of the lineage is its heterogeneity, with subsets displaying significant variation depending on maturation stage, species, tissue, microenvironment and other. Heterogeneity also affects MC responses to extracellular cues. Indeed, IL-4, the signature cytokine of Th2-immunity, can affect MCs in opposing ways ranging from the induction of apoptosis to positive regulation of lineage characteristics...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Tatiana do Nascimento Pedrosa, Aline Oliveira Barros, Jéssica Rodrigues Nogueira, Andréa Costa Fruet, Isis Costa Rodrigues, Danielle Queiroz Calcagno, Marilia de Arruda Cardoso Smith, Tatiane Pereira de Souza, Silvia Berlanga de Moraes Barros, Marne Carvalho de Vasconcellos, Felipe Moura Araújo da Silva, Hector Henrique Ferreira Koolen, Silvya Stuchi Maria-Engler, Emerson Silva Lima
Skin aging is a natural process of the human body that may be accelerated due to extrinsic causes. Libidibia ferrea, popularly known as jucá, is a small tree, which possesses an abundant phenolic composition with potential antioxidant and enzymatic inhibition activities. Thus, this work aimed to investigate the anti-wrinkle and anti-whitening potentials of jucá trunk bark (LFB) and pod (LFP) extracts. A comprehensive analysis of LFB and LFP phenolic composition was accomplished by means of liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Ben Boursi, Kevin Haynes, Ronac Mamtani, Yu-Xiao Yang
Colonization with staphylococcus aureus (SA) is associated with disease activity and progression in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) secondary to T-cell activation by bacterial superantigens. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the possible role of SA as an etiologic factor affecting CTCL initiation. We conducted a nested case-control study in a large population-representative database from the UK. Cases were defined as all patients with an incident diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (MF) or Sezary syndrome (SS) between 1995 and 2013...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Nükhet Cavusoglu, Caroline Delattre, Mark Donovan, Sylvie Bourassa, Arnaud Droit, Charles El Rawadi, Roland Jourdain, Dominique Bernard
The study aimed at detecting differentially expressed proteins in the stratum corneum of dandruff versus non-dandruff scalps to better understand dandruff aetiology. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis revealed a total of 68 differentially expressed biomarkers. A detailed analysis of their known physiological functions provided new insights into the affected metabolic pathways of a dandruff scalp. Dandruff scalp showed (1) profound changes in the expression and maturation of structural and epidermal differentiation related proteins, that are responsible for the integrity of the skin, (2) altered relevant factors that regulate skin hydration, and (3) an imbalanced physiological protease-protease inhibitor ratio...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Momoko Nakao, Makoto Sugaya, Naomi Takahashi, Sayaka Otobe, Rina Nakajima, Tomonori Oka, Miyoko Kabasawa, Hiraku Suga, Sohshi Morimura, Tomomitsu Miyagaki, Hideki Fujita, Yoshihide Asano, Shinichi Sato
Syndecan-4 (SDC-4) is a cell surface proteoglycan, which participates in signaling during cell adhesion, migration, proliferation, endocytosis, and mechanotransduction, and is expressed on various cells, including endothelial cells, epithelial cells, T cells, and eosinophils. Emerging evidences have suggested that SDC-4 might contribute to Th2-driven allergic immune responses. Here, we examined the role of SDC-4 in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Serum SDC-4 levels in AD patients were significantly higher than in healthy individuals, and they increased according to the disease severity...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
F Kilinc, S Sener, A Akbaş, A Metin, S Kirbaş, S Neselioglu, O Erel
Localized scleroderma (LS) (morphea) is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease with unknown cause that progresses with sclerosis in the skin and/or subcutaneous tissues. Its pathogenesis is not completely understood. Oxidative stress is suggested to have a role in the pathogenesis of localized scleroderma. We have aimed to determine the relationship of morphea lesions with oxidative stress. The total oxidant capacity (TOC), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), paroxonase (PON) and arylesterase (ARES) activity parameters of PON 1 enzyme levels in the serum were investigated in 13 LS patients (generalized and plaque type) and 13 healthy controls...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
L A von Schuckmann, M C Hughes, A C Green, J C van der Pols
Evidence suggests that progenitor cells of keratinocyte cancers (basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)) may originate from epidermal stem cells including hair follicle stem cells. We hypothesised that, therefore, a relatively higher density of hair follicles on human skin may increase keratinocyte cancer risk. To evaluate this, we assessed density of mid-forearm hair in Australian adults who were randomly selected participants in a community-based cohort study of skin cancer. Hair density was assessed clinically against a set of four standard photographs showing grades of hair density, and incidence data on histologically confirmed BCC and SCC across a 20-year period were collected...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Mandy Gutknecht, Magdalene Krensel, Matthias Augustin
In the course of the chronic skin disease psoriasis, where a variety of treatment interventions is available, a strong growth of health economic studies comparing treatment costs and benefits can be noticed. The objective was to identify health economic evaluations of psoriasis treatments that have been published to date. Of particular interest were the mostly used analysis and outcome parameters, the compared treatments, and the question, if available health economic studies may be used to perform a meta-analysis of qualitative findings...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Dongyun Shin, Dae Suk Kim, Sung Hee Kim, Jung Hwan Je, Hee Ju Kim, Do Young Kim, Soo Min Kim, Min-Geol Lee
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are recently characterized subset of helper T cells, which are initially found in the germinal centers of B cell follicles. The major role of Tfh cells is helping B cell activation and antibody production during humoral immunity. Recently, blood Tfh cells were shown to be associated with autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, bullous pemphigoid and psoriasis. There is only one study which investigated Tfh cells in psoriasis patients. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated and analyzed blood Tfh cells in Korean patients with psoriasis...
October 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
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