Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Periodontology

Richard H Singer, Mark Stoutenberg, Daniel J Feaster, Jianwen Cai, WayWay M Hlaing, Lisa R Metsch, Christian R Salazar, Shirley M Beaver, Tracy L Finlayson, Gregory Talavera, Marc D Gellman, Neil Schneiderman
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that periodontal disease (PD) is associated with a significant increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of known confounders. PD is a chronic oral disease with significant variation in prevalence demonstrated among Hispanic/Latino subgroups. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between PD and CVD risk and variations with sex, age, and Hispanic/Latino background. METHODS: The sample included 7,379 participants aged 30-74 years, from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008 to 2011)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Fernando Oliveira Costa, Thaís Riberal Vieira, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, José Eustáquio Costa, Maria Cássia Ferreira Aguiar, José Roberto Cortelli
BACKGROUND: It is well established that regular compliance during periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT) maintains the stability of periodontal clinical parameters obtained after active periodontal therapy (APT). However, compliance during PMT has not yet been related to subgingival bacterial levels. Thus, this study followed individuals in PMT over 6 years and longitudinally evaluated the effects of compliance on periodontitis-associated bacterial levels and its relation to periodontal status...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ahmed Y Gamal, Khaled A Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed G Zouair, Mohamed H Salama, Mahmoud T El Destawy
BACKGROUND: Since it is important to establish and maintain a firm blood clot to the surrounding tissues within the intrabony lesion; we have to investigate the potentials of different materials in resisting clot retraction that disrupt clot adhesion to the root surface. This study was designed to measure the gap distance created by clot retraction within the defect following intrabony defects grafting with and without root surface EDTA etching. METHODS: Eight mongrel dogs with surgically created acute-chronic bilateral mandibular interproximal intrabony defects in the premolar-molar areas were enrolled in this study (total 8 defects per dog)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Toru Takagi, Akira Aoki, Shizuko Ichinose, Yoichi Taniguchi, Noriko Tachikawa, Takeshi Shinoki, Walter Meinzer, Anton Sculean, Yuichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: Recently, the occurrence of peri-implantitis has been increasing. However, a suitable method to debride the contaminated surface of titanium implants has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological changes of the microstructured fixture surface after erbium laser irradiation, and to clarify the effects of the erbium lasers when used to remove calcified deposits from implant fixture surfaces. METHODS: In experiment 1, sandblasted, large grit, acid etched surface implants were treated with Er:YAG laser or Er,Cr:YSGG laser at 30-60 mJ/pulse and 20 Hz with water spray...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Cristina Magnani, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: Coronally advanced flap (CAF) has been considered as one of the most predictable and versatile root coverage procedures. Thus, the aims of this study are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the long-term outcomes following CAF in the treatment of gingival recession (GR); and 2) to explore the influence of several tooth/patient-related factors on the stability of gingival margin at 5, 10, and 20 years after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with 97 GR (73 Miller`s Class I and 24 Miller's Class III) were treated with CAF in a private practice between 1984 and 1996...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Nobuhiro Yamauchi, Yoichiro Taguchi, Hirohito Kato, Makoto Umeda
BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diode (LED) is attracting attention as a new light source for phototherapy. However, its effects on periodontal tissue regeneration remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of high-power, red LED irradiation on human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), which play an important role in periodontal tissue regeneration. METHODS: PDLSCs were derived from adult human third molars. The light source was red LED (peak wavelength: 650 nm)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Carlo Lajolo, Nicola Alberto Valente, William Giuseppe Romandini, Massimo Petruzzi, Fernando Verdugo, Antonio D'Addona
BACKGROUND: The apical portion of the implant osteotomy receives less irrigation and cooling during surgical preparation. High bone temperatures, above the critical 10°C threshold, may impair osseointegration, particularly, around dense cortical bone. The aim of this study is to evaluate the apical cortical plate temperature increase with two different devices and pressure loads in a porcine rib ex-vivo model. METHODS: Twenty-four implant sites were prepared on porcine ribs divided into 4 groups of 6 samples each according to the device used (conventional drill system or piezosurgery) and pressure load applied (1000 g or 1500 g)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Yago Leira, Pablo Ameijeira, Clara Domínguez, Rogelio Leira, Juan Blanco
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the contribution of chronic periodontitis (CP) to serum procalcitonin (proCT) levels in chronic migraine (CM) patients in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: We included 138 subjects divided into 4 groups based on clinical features of CM and periodontal parameters: systemically and periodontally healthy individuals (n = 37), systemically healthy and CP patients (n = 19), CM and periodontally healthy patients (n = 34), and CM+CP patients (n = 48)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Zeyad H Al-Sowygh, Abdulaziz A Al-Kheraif, Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: Peri-implant soft tissue inflammatory parameters and crestal bone loss (CBL) among waterpipe smokers (WS) with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains uninvestigated. The aim of the present study was to assess peri-implant soft tissue inflammatory parameters and CBL among WS and never smokers (NS) with and without T2DM. METHODS: Demographic data and information regarding duration of implants in function, daily frequency of smoking, duration and treatment of T2DM and daily tooth brushing was collected using a questionnaire...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Markus Schlee, Florian Rathe, Claudine Bommer, Frank Bröseler, Lucy Kind
BACKGROUND: Patient reported dentin hypersensitivity [DHS] pain is a common finding linked with periodontal disease. This pilot clinical study investigates a novel therapeutic regimen using self-assembling peptide matrix [SAPM] gel (test) and compare it to the use of an 8% arginine and calcium carbonate [ACC] toothpaste (control) for treatment of DHS. METHODS: 50 patients with history of Supportive Periodontal Therapy [SPT] were enrolled in the prospective, randomized monocentric clinical study, of which 45 (test: N = 22; control: N = 23) fulfilled all the study visits...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Cüneyt Asım Aral, Kübra Aral, Arzu Yay, Özge Özçoban, Afig Berdeli, Recep Saraymen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of colchicine on cytokine production, apoptosis, alveolar bone loss, and oxidative stress in an experimental model of periodontitis in rats. METHODS: Forty-eight rats were divided equally into four groups: healthy (H); periodontitis (P); periodontitis+colchicine low dose (CL, 30 μg/kg/day), and periodontitis+colchicine high dose (CH, 100 μg/kg/day). After 11 days, interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-8, and IL-10 were analyzed in gingival samples using Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ana P Ortiz, Daisy González, Jeslie Ramos, Cristina Muñoz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Despite limited data, research suggests that marijuana use is associated with oral HPV infection and periodontitis, two potential oropharyngeal cancer risk factors. We assessed these associations in a Hispanic adult population in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 735 adults assessed marijuana use, determined through an audio computer-assisted self-interview, and periodontitis and self-collection of oral HPV samples following the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Camila Lopes Ferreira, Vinicius Clemente da Rocha, Weber José da Silva Ursi, Andrea Carvalho De Marco, Milton Santamaria, Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini
BACKGROUND: Systemic conditions can influence orthodontic tooth movement. This study evaluates histologic periodontal responses to orthodontic tooth movement in diabetes-induced rats with or without periodontal disease. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided according their systemic condition (SC) into diabetic (D) and non-diabetic (ND) groups. Each group was subdivided into control (C), orthodontic tooth movement (OM), ligature-induced periodontitis (P) and ligature-induced periodontitis with orthodontic movement (P+OM) groups...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Atika Resti Fitri, Prasit Pavasant, Supakarn Chamni, Piyamas Sumrejkanchanakij
BACKGROUND: Asiaticoside is a compound isolated from Herb Centella asiatica, which has been shown to promote osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. This study investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the asiaticoside-induced osteogenic differentiation of hPDL cells. METHODS: hPDL cells were incubated with various concentrations of asiaticoside to test cell viability by MTT assay. The mRNA expression levels were analyzed by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Tetsuo Kobayashi, Jun-Ichi Kido, Yuichi Ishihara, Kazuhiro Omori, Satoshi Ito, Takato Matsuura, Takashi Bando, Jun Wada, Akira Murasawa, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Akio Mitani, Shogo Takashiba, Toshihiko Nagata, Hiromasa Yoshie
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship of periodontitis with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the genetic factors that underlie these relationships have not been elucidated. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter case-control study that included 185 patients with RA and chronic periodontitis (CP), 149 patients with T2DM and CP, 251 patients with CP, and 130 systemically and periodontally healthy controls from a cohort of Japanese adults to assess the shared genetic risk factors for RA and CP as well as for T2DM and CP...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Jia Ni, Lei Chen, Sulan Zhong, Qiaoxue Chai, Lin Zhang, Dan Wang, Shaobing Li, Jincai Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the influence of periodontitis and scaling and root planning on insulin resistance and hepatic CD36 in obese rats with periodontitis. METHODS: Thirty-two specific pathogen free Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of eight animals each as follows: healthy rats (healthy group), obese rats (obesity group), obese rats with periodontitis (non-therapy group), and obese rats with periodontitis who underwent periodontal scaling and root planning (SRP) (therapy group)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Hye-Sun Shin
BACKGROUND: No studies have reported the association between the number of teeth and hypertensions in the Korean national data. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the number of teeth is associated with blood pressure and hypertension in a representative sample of the Korean population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 13,561 participants ≥ 19 years of age using the 2012-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Filippo Graziani, Nicola Discepoli, Stefano Gennai, Dimitra Karapetsa, Marco Nisi, Lea Bianchi, Nanning A Martijn Rosema, Ubele Van der Velden
BACKGROUND: To assess the nutraceutical effects of twice/daily intake of kiwifruit on periodontal parameters and systemic health before and after initial periodontal treatment (IPT). METHODS: At baseline, participants were randomly assigned to test and control group, and either consumed two kiwifruits/day for 5 months or no kiwifruit. In the first 2 months, no periodontal treatment was delivered (2 M). Subsequently, a session of full-mouth IPT within 24 hours was performed...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Songlin He, Shicheng Wei, Jinhua Wang, Ping Ji
BACKGROUND: This population-based, cross-sectional study explored the association between chronic periodontitis and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Chinese adults, independently of sociodemographic factors and other common oral conditions. METHODS: The present study was carried out in a sample population of 480 adults aged 35 to 74 years from Chongqing municipality. A multi-stage stratified random sampling approach was adopted to select participants...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Özlem Fentoğlu, Gözde Dinç, Atalay Doğru, Nermin Karahan, İlter İlhan, F Yeşim Kırzıoğlu, Mehmet Fatih Şentürk, Hikmet Orhan
BACKGROUND: There are no published studies regarding the role of the plasminogen (PLG) system in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), FMF-associated secondary amyloidosis, or chronic periodontitis (CP), although recent limited data have focused on the association between FMF and chronic periodontitis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the serum, salivary, and gingival tissue levels of PLG in patients with CP, FMF, and amyloidosis. METHODS: The study population included 122 patients with FMF (only FMF, and FMF and amyloidosis and 128 individuals who were systemically healthy controls...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"