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Journal of Periodontology

Øystein Fardal, Jostein Grytten, John Martin, Stig Ellingsen, Patrick Fardal, Peter Heasman, Gerard J Linden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the financial costs that smoking adds to the life-time treatment of periodontal disease. METHODS: The total life-time cost of periodontal treatment was modelled using data from private periodontal practice. The costs of initial and supportive therapy, re-treatment and tooth replacements (with bridgework or implants) were identified using average dental charges from the American Dental Association survey. Smoking costs at $6 and $10 for 20 cigarettes were compared to the costs of life-time periodontal treatment for stable and unstable compliant patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Anastasios Plessas, Douglas P Robertson, Penny J Hodge
BACKGROUND: The dental complications of uncontrolled diabetes include reduced salivary flow rate, candidiasis and periodontal manifestations. A recent meta-analysis concluded that diabetes patients have a significantly higher severity, but not extent, of destructive periodontal disease than non-diabetes people. The authors reported that most type-1 diabetes studies using dental radiographic data have not controlled for confounding factors such as smoking. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare radiographic alveolar bone loss between type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and non-diabetes (NDM) participants in a Scottish non-smoking population...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Hiroko Hashimoto, Shimpei Hashimoto, Akinori Muto, Nanae Dewake, Yoshihiro Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Functional disability of the finger joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients could affect their oral hygiene and periodontal status due to poor plaque control. We examined the influence of plaque control on the relationship between the severity of RA and periodontal status in RA patients. METHODS: This study recruited 89 Japanese RA patients who reported no difficulty in performing oral hygiene. We assessed RA severity using four indices: the Steinbrocker stage and class, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Disease Activity Score (DAS)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Jin Chung, Sumi Kim, Hyun Ah Lee, Mi Hee Park, Seyeon Kim, Yu Ri Song, HeeSam Na
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation is an essential response against bacterial infection as a host defense mechanism, which can lead to tissue damage. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) is major pathogen for aggressive periodontitis characterized by rapid destruction of periodontal tissue surrounding teeth. Trans-cinnamic aldehyde is a key bioactive compound of the cinnamon extracts, which has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antipyretic, antimicrobial, and anti-cancer properties. The objective of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of trans-cinnamic aldehyde against Aa infection in human THP-1 derived macrophages and on Aa-induced periodontitis in mice...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Gözde Dinç, Özlem Fentoğlu, Atalay Doğru, İlter İlhan, F Yeşim Kırzıoğlu, Hikmet Orhan
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherent autoinflammatory disease and have a high prevalence in Mediterranean countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate salivary levels of oxidative stress parameters in patients with FMF and chronic periodontitis. METHODS: The study population consists of 81 patients with FMF and 85 systemically healthy controls. The test and control groups were classified as chronic periodontitis and periodontally healthy [FMF-periodontitis (n = 37); FMF-periodontally healthy (n = 44); systemically healthy-periodontitis (n = 37); systemically and periodontally healthy (n = 48]...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Suzana P Pimentel, Roberto Shiota, Fabiano R Cirano, Renato C V Casarin, Vanessa G A Pecorari, Marcio Z Casati, Alex N Haas, Fernanda V Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of peri-implant diseases have been reported; however, the lack of standardization of definition criteria has lead to variations in the observed estimates. In addition, scarce data is available concerning patient and implant related factors associated to peri-implantitis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of peri-implant diseases and their risk indicators at the patient and implant levels. METHODS: 147 patients with 490 dental implants were included...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Andrea Ravidà, Shayan Barootchi, Mustafa A Tattan, Muhammad H A Saleh, Jordi Gargallo-Albiol, Hom-Lay Wang
BACKGROUND: Computer-guided systems were developed to facilitate implant placement at optimal positions in relation to the future prosthesis. However, the time, cost and technique sensitivity involved with computer-guided surgery impedes its routine practice. The aim of this study is to evaluate survival rates and complications associated with computer-guided versus conventional implant placement in implant-retained hybrid prostheses. Furthermore, long-term economic efficiency of this approach was assessed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Lorenzo Tavelli, Shayan Barootchi, Trang V N Nguyen, Mustafa Tattan, Andrea Ravidà, Hom-Lay Wang
BACKGROUND: Tunnel technique (TUN) has recently gained popularity among clinicians for its promising clinical and esthetic results when treating gingival recessions (GRs) defects. However, the evidence of the efficacy of TUN in the literature is still to be determined. Therefore, the aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the predictability of TUN and its comparison to coronally advanced flap (CAF) procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search on PubMed, Cochrane libraries, EMBASE, and hand-searched journals until November 2017 was conducted to identify clinical studies investigating TUN for root coverage procedures...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Pussadee Phusuntornsakul, Suwanna Jitpukdeebodintra, Prasit Pavasant, Chidchanok Leethanakul
BACKGROUND: Although vibration combined with orthodontic force may accelerate orthodontic tooth movement, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the associated cellular responses. The propose of this study was to investigate whether mechanical vibration combined with compressive force regulates COX-2/PGE2 , IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA and protein expression in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells via the cyclooxygenase pathway. METHODS: The primary cultured hPDL cells were exposed to mechanical vibration, compressive force or a combination of both mechanical vibration and compressive force at 24, 48, 72 h...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Elise G Zuiderveld, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink, Gerry M Raghoebar
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue grafting to thicken the soft tissue around dental implants was proposed to ameliorate the esthetic outcome. Traditionally, connective tissue is used as a grafting material, but a xenogeneic collagen matrix was introduced as an alternative to reduce patient morbidity. METHODS: Sixty patients randomly received either no graft (n = 20, NG group), a connective tissue graft (n = 20, CTG group) or a xenogeneic collagen matrix (n = 20, XCM group) when placing an implant in a preserved alveolar ridge...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Özgün Özçaka, Esin Alpöz, Ayşe Nalbantsoy, Gonca Karabulut, Yasemin Kabasakal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to compare the clinical periodontal findings as well as gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and Caspase-1 in primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) subjects. METHODS: In the present case control study plasma and GCF samples were collected, full-mouth recordings comprising plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were performed in 44 subjects with pSS, 39 subjects with RA and 30 systemically healthy subjects...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Pranjali V Bawankar, Abhay P Kolte, Rajashri A Kolte
BACKGROUND: Existing literature indicates a positive relationship between stress and chronic periodontitis (CP) but there is limited information on the combined influence of stress and smoking on the progression of periodontal disease. So, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of stress, salivary and serum, cortisol and Interleukin-1β levels in smokers with CP. METHODS: Seventy five patients equally divided into three groups of healthy controls (Group I), smokers and non smokers with CP (Group II and Group III) respectively were evaluated for clinical parameters, biochemical parameters of salivary and serum cortisol and IL-1β levels via Enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Gundolf Schuettfort, Philipp Leuw, Annette Haberl, Eva Herrmann, Kyu-Hyun Park, Timo Wolf, Christoph Stephan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between HLA-B57.01 (Human leukocyte antigen) and clinical parameters of chronic periodontitis in people living with HIV (PLWHIV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were recruited from the HIVCENTER at the Universityhospital Frankfurt during April 2014 and July 2015. Periodontal examination included Periodontal Screening Index (PSI), Gingivalindex (GI), Bleeding on Probing Index (BOP), Periodontal Probing Depth (PD), Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) and DMF-T Score (decayed, missing, filled teeth)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Fatemeh Mazhari, Marzie Boskabady, Amir Moeintaghavi, Atieh Habibi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mechanical plaque control methods such as brushing and flossing are highly recommended to remove dental plaque. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the sequence of brushing and flossing on reducing interdental plaque and increasing fluoride retention in that area. METHODS: This randomized controlled crossover trial was conducted on 25 dental students. After prophylaxis, they were asked to discontinue all forms of oral hygiene for 48 hours...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, A Sidney Barritt, Jianwen Cai, Steven Offenbacher, Bharat Thyagarajan, Tasneem Khambaty, Richard Singer, Eric Kallwitz, Gerardo Heiss, Gary D Slade
OBJECTIVE: NAFLD prevalence is greater among Hispanics/Latinos than other racial/ethnic groups and is reported to vary among Hispanic/Latino groups. Experimental animal and human studies demonstrate associations between periodontitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), not yet reported among Hispanics/Latinos. This study examined periodontitis as a novel risk factor that may contribute to the burden of NAFLD among Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: Data came from 11,914 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Umberto Demoner Ramos, Flavia Suaid, Ulf Me Wikesjö, Cristiano Susin, Patrícia Conde Vital, Sérgio Luis Scombatti de Souza, Michel Reis Messora, Daniela Bazan Palioto, Arthur Belém Novaes
BACKGROUND: The aim of this split-mouth design pilot study was to assess microbiologic effects of two topical anti-infective treatment protocols on dental implants subject to ligature-induced peri-implantitis in dogs, without the use of systemic antibiotics. METHODS: Eight adult Beagle dogs each received four dental implants in contralateral edentulated mandibular jaw quadrants. After 8 wks, silk ligatures were installed to be removed following another 8 wks. After additional 6 wks induced peri-implantitis lesions were subject to either antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) or a topical tetracycline HCL (50 mg/mL) solution...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Shivaprasad Bilichodmath, Sruthi K Nair, Rekha Bilichodmath, Sachin B Mangalekar
BACKGROUND: Several studies have proven the existence of herpesviruses in periodontal pockets of chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients. Recently discovered interferon lambda (IFN-λ) has antiviral properties and is induced by herpesviruses. The present study was aimed at quantitative analysis of mRNA expression of IFN-λs (IFN-λ1, IFN-λ2, IFN-λ3) in the gingival tissues of chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 participants (50 males and 40 females; age ranging from 19 to 50 years, mean age 31...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Vincent Offermanns, Otto Steinmassl, Ole Z Andersen, Christian S Jeppesen, Søren Sørensen, Heribert Talasz, Herbert H Lindner, Morten Foss, Frank Kloss
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that strontium comprising medical devices affirmatory contribute to bone healing and osseointegration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo performance of surface-functionalized implants (Ti-Sr-O), showing predictable release characteristics of strontium and compare it to a commercially available fluoride-modified surface. METHODS: Ti-Sr-O functionalized, fluoride-modified and Grade 4 titanium implants were inserted in the femoral condyle of adult male New Zealand White rabbits...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Kirk W Noraian, Charles M Cobb
Twenty-five years of research focused on various aspects of laser-mediated periodontal therapy have yielded a significant amount of conflicting evidence and a considerable amount of controversy. Despite the inconsistencies and the polemics, the use of lasers, either as a monotherapy or adjunctive to traditional therapy, is still promoted by some expert clinicians, key opinion leaders, and commercial entities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 25, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Michael P Mills, Paul S Rosen, Leandro Chambrone, Henry Greenwell, Richard T Kao, Perry R Klokkevold, Bradley S McAllister, Mark A Reynolds, Georgios E Romanos, Hom-Lay Wang
The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recently embarked on a Best Evidence Consensus (BEC) model of scientific inquiry to address questions of clinical importance in the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant diseases. For each focused question addressed below, there is a critical mass of evidence. However, standing alone, that evidence is, in the judgment of the Expert Panel convened by the AAP, insufficient to support broad conclusions and/or clinical practice guidelines. This article is protected by copyright...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
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