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Journal of Periodontology

A R Pradeep, Pavan Bajaj, Nishanth S Rao, Esha Agarwal, Savitha B Naik
BACKGROUND: Porous hydroxyapatite (HA) bone grafting material has been used to fill periodontal intrabony defects (IBDs), resulting in clinically acceptable responses. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a leukocyte and platelet preparation that concentrates various polypeptide growth factors and, therefore, has the potential for use as regenerative treatment for periodontal defects. The present study aims to explore the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of autologous PRF versus PRF + HA in treatment of IBDs in patients with chronic periodontitis...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Huseyin Besiroglu, Emin Ozbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Soojin Pi, Yoon Jeong Choi, Soonshin Hwang, Dong-Won Lee, Jong In Yook, Kyung-Ho Kim, Chooryung J Chung
BACKGROUND: The open gingival embrasure, the so-called black triangle, is one of the unsolved dilemmas in adult dentistry. Although various techniques have been introduced to improve black triangles, the lack of reproducible experimental models has prevented development of successful protocols to regenerate or to compensate loss of the interdental papilla. Therefore, the objective of this study is first to develop a reliable animal model of open gingival embrasure and then to validate a minimally invasive injection technique using hyaluronic acid (HA) filler to augment the interdental papilla...
November 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Lamees Alssum, Timothy D Eubank, Sashwati Roy, Barbaros S Erdal, Vedat O Yildiz, Dimitris N Tatakis, Binnaz Leblebicioglu
BACKGROUND: Postextraction alveolar bone loss, mostly affecting the buccal plate, occurs despite regenerative procedures. To better understand possible determinants, this prospective case series assesses gingival blood perfusion and tissue molecular responses in relation to postextraction regenerative outcomes. METHODS: Adults scheduled to receive bone grafting in maxillary, non-molar, single-tooth extraction sites were recruited. Clinical documentation included the following: 1) probing depth (PD); 2) keratinized tissue width (KT); 3) tissue biotype (TB); and 4) plaque level...
November 2017: Journal of Periodontology
David M Kim, Seyed Hossein Bassir
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiographic examinations are essential in establishing correct periodontal diagnoses as well as providing appropriate treatment options. Current radiographic examinations, however, do not provide adequate information regarding the severity of periodontal disease, presenting a need to investigate alternative methods. The aim of this best evidence consensus is to determine when cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging is appropriate for diagnostic inquiry in the management of inflammatory periodontitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
George A Mandelaris, E Todd Scheyer, Marianna Evans, David Kim, Bradley McAllister, Marc L Nevins, Hector F Rios, David Sarment
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recently embarked on a Best Evidence Consensus (BEC) model of scientific inquiry to address questions of clinical importance in periodontology for which there is insufficient evidence to arrive at a definitive conclusion. This review addresses oral indications for use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: To develop the BEC, the AAP convened a panel of experts with knowledge of CBCT and substantial experience in applying CBCT to a broad range of clinical scenarios that involve critical structures in the oral cavity...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Bradley S McAllister, V Thomas Eshraghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
George A Mandelaris, Rodrigo Neiva, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate whether cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging can be used to assess dentoalveolar anatomy critical to the periodontist when determining risk assessment for patients undergoing orthodontic therapy using fixed or removable appliances. METHODS: Both observational and interventional trials reporting on the use of CBCT imaging assessing the impact of orthodontic/dentofacial orthopedic treatment on periodontal tissues (i...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Hector F Rios, Wenche S Borgnakke, Erika Benavides
BACKGROUND: Application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has grown exponentially across dentistry with a clear impact in implant dentistry. This review aims at providing the scientific context to understand if CBCT imaging should become the standard of care for patients requiring dental implants. METHODS: A literature search for CBCT applications in implant dentistry was performed using the PubMed database that included studies published between January 1, 2000, and June 24, 2017...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
A R Pradeep, Kaushik Patnaik, Kanika Nagpal, Shruti Karvekar, C N Guruprasad, K M Kumaraswamy
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate efficacy of metformin (MF) 1% gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of moderate and severe chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Seventy patients were categorized into two treatment groups: 1) SRP plus 1% MF and 2) SRP plus placebo. Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline and 3, 6, and 9 months. They included plaque index (PI), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL)...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Gro Eirin Holde, Nils Oscarson, Tordis A Trovik, Anders Tillberg, Birgitta Jönsson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence, severity, and extent of periodontitis in the adult population of circumpolar communities in Norway using data from the Tromstannen-Oral Health in Northern Norway study. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, data were collected from a randomized population sample (aged 20 to 79 years) in Northern Norway. Periodontal conditions were assessed for 1,911 dentate adults with a full-mouth periodontal examination...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Fawad Javed, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Hans Malmstrom, Irfan Rahman, Georgios E Romanos
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, there are no studies that have compared periodontal parameters and self-perceived oral symptoms (OSs) among cigarette smokers (CSs) (group 1), individuals exclusively vaping electronic cigarettes (group 2), and never-smokers (NSs) (group 3). The aim of this study is to assess periodontal parameters and self-perceived OSs among vaping individuals, CSs, and NSs. METHODS: Ninety-four male participants (groups 1, 2, and 3: 33, 31, and 30 individuals, respectively) were included...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Gloria Inés Lafaurie, María Alejandra Sabogal, Diana Marcela Castillo, María Victoria Rincón, Luz Amparo Gómez, Yamil Augusto Lesmes, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: This systematic review assesses microbiologic profiles of peri-implantitis, periodontitis, and healthy implants based on studies that evaluated microbial biofilms and entire microbiomes to establish their similarities and differences. METHODS: The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online via PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, were searched without language restrictions through July 30, 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
José Antonio Gil-Montoya, Rocío Barrios, Soraya Santana, Inés Sanchez-Lara, Cristobal Carnero Pardo, Francisco Fornieles-Rubio, Juan Montes, Carlos Ramírez, Miguel Angel González-Moles, Javier S Burgos
BACKGROUND: Evidence that periodontal disease is a possible risk factor for cognitive impairment may be explained by the inflammatory hypothesis. The aim of this study is to determine whether periodontitis is related to the amyloid β (Aβ) load in blood and the role of any such relationship in the association between Aβ and cognitive impairment. METHODS: A case-control study was performed in elderly people diagnosed with cognitive impairment with or without dementia (cases group) and cognitively healthy elderly people (control group); data were collected on the medical and dental history of participants, and blood samples were drawn to determine Aβ levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Deepti, Shikha Tewari, Satish Chander Narula, Savita Rani Singhal, Rajinder Kumar Sharma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy and medical treatment on the level of a serologic marker of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]) and insulin resistance (homeostatic model assessment [HOMA]) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Women with PCOS and CP (n = 60) were randomly divided into two groups. The test group was treated with scaling and root planing (SRP) and myo-inositol (MI)...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Yilin Hao, Yihong Ge, Jianjia Li, Yanwei Hu, Buling Wu, Fuchun Fang
BACKGROUND: The roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) remain largely unexplored. In this study, the underlying molecular mechanism of osteogenic differentiation in hPDLSCs is investigated using miRNA profiling. METHODS: The miRNA expression profile during osteogenic differentiation was analyzed using a microarray. Target genes of miRNAs with at least two-fold change in expression (P <0.05) were predicted by bioinformatics...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, José Nart
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate association between peri-implant maintenance therapy (PIMT) and the frequency of peri-implant diseases and to further identify factors that contribute to failure of PIMT compliance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on patients who were healthy and partially edentulous was conducted. They were grouped in the following categories according to PIMT compliance: 1) regular compliers (RC) (≥2 PIMT/year); 2) erratic compliers (EC) (<2 PIMT/year); and 3) non-compliers (NC) (no PIMT)...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Wenyan Kang, Ting Wang, Zhekai Hu, Feng Liu, Yundong Sun, Shaohua Ge
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis, one of the most prevalent oral diseases, is associated with Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infection and has profound effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM). Metformin, a well-known antidiabetic agent, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects on various cells. This study aims to investigate the role of metformin on LPS-influenced inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). METHODS: Dose-dependent additive effects of metformin on LPS-influenced HGFs were detected...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
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