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Journal of Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644108/comparison-of-periodontal-parameters-and-self-perceived-oral-symptoms-among-cigarette-smokers-individuals-vaping-electronic-cigarettes-and-never-smokers-a-pilot-study
#1
Fawad Javed, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Hans Malmstrom, Irfan Rahman, Georgios E Romanos
BACKGROUND: There are no studies that have compared periodontal parameters and self-perceived oral symptoms (OS) among cigarette smokers (Group-1), individuals exclusively vaping electronic cigarettes (Group-2) and never-smokers (Group-3). The aim was to assess the periodontal parameters and self-perceived OS among vaping individuals, CS and NS. METHODS: Demographic data, self-perceived OS and duration and daily frequency of vaping and smoking were gathered using a questionnaire...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644107/gingival-perfusion-and-tissue-biomarkers-during-early-healing-of-post-extraction-regenerative-procedures-a-prospective-case-series
#2
Lamees Alssum, Timothy D Eubank, Sashwati Roy, Barbaros S Erdal, Vedat O Yildiz, Dimitris N Tatakis, Binnaz Leblebicioglu
BACKGROUND: Post-extraction alveolar bone loss, mostly affecting the buccal plate, occurs despite regenerative procedures. To better understand possible determinants, this prospective case series assessed gingival blood perfusion and tissue molecular responses in relation to post-extraction regenerative outcomes. METHODS: Adults scheduled to receive bone grafting in maxillary, non-molar, single tooth extraction site were recruited. Clinical documentation included probing pocket depth (PD), keratinized tissue width (KT), tissue biotype (TB), plaque (P) and bleeding...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644106/viability-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-periodontal-ligament-progenitor-cells-are-maintained-after-incubation-with-porphyromonas-gingivalis-protein-extract
#3
Mayra Laino Albiero, Rafael Nóbrega Stipp, Miki Taketomi Saito, Márcio Zaffalon Casati, Enilson Antonio Sallum, Francisco Humberto Nociti, Karina Gonzales Silvério
BACKGROUND: Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) is a major periodontal pathogen that contains immunostimulatory components. Periodontal ligament mesenchymal stem cells (PDLSCs) are responsible for regeneration of the periodontium that is lost due to periodontitis. Pathologic factors within the microenvironment that impair resident PDLSCs are not well understood. The present study investigated in vitro the effects of Pg protein extract (PgPE) on the biological properties of CD105-enriched PDL progenitor cell populations (PDL-CD105(+) cells)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625077/microbiome-and-microbial-biofilm-profiles-of-peri-implantitis-a-systematic-review
#4
Gloria Inés Lafaurie, María Alejandra Sabogal, Diana Marcela Castillo, María Victoria Rincón, Luz Amparo Gómez, Yamil Augusto Lesmes, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: This systematic review assesses the microbiological profiles of peri-implantitis, periodontitis and healthy implants based on studies that evaluated microbial biofilms and entire microbiomes to establish their similarities and differences. METHODS: The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, via PubMed, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica Database) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched without language restrictions through July 30, 2016...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625076/the-one-abutment-one-time-protocol-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Momen A Atieh, Andrew Tawse-Smith, Nabeel H M Alsabeeha, Sunyoung Ma, Warwick J Duncan
BACKGROUND: The use of definitive abutments (DAs) at the time of implant placement has been introduced to overcome the limitations of dis/reconnection of healing / provisional abutments (PAs). With little and inconsistent information in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using DAs, the aim of this systematic review was to examine marginal bone and soft tissue level changes, technical and biological complications and implant failure associated with the use of DAs and PAs. METHODS: This systematic review was prepared according to the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625075/2016-research-forum-poster-session-and-competition-finalists-and-posters
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598288/implant-patient-compliance-varies-by-periodontal-treatment-history
#7
Blerina Zeza, Andrea Pilloni, Dimitris N Tatakis, Angelo Mariotti, GianLuca Di Tanna, Claudio Mongardini
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study aimed to assess the compliance to supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) of implant treated patients with different periodontitis history and the possible influence of their compliance on peri-implant marginal bone level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dental records of 106 patients treated with at least one dental implant were reviewed. A single operator who did not provide care to the patients recorded the following during the first year of implant function (first year of follow-up), during the first 5 years of follow-up and during the entire follow-up duration: (a) number of recalls; (b) compliance, calculated from registered attendance; (c) periodontal disease history; (d) peri-implant radiographic bone level from most recent examination; and (e) clinical parameters: probing pocket depth (PPD) and bleeding on probing (BOP)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598287/association-between-periodontitis-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptide-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment
#8
José Antonio Gil-Montoya, Rocío Barrios Rodríguez, Soraya Santana, Inés Sanchez-Lara, Cristobal Carnero Pardo, Francisco Fornieles-Rubio, Juan Montes, Carlos Ramírez, Miguel Angel González-Moles, Javier S Burgos
BACKGROUND: Evidence that periodontal disease is a possible risk factor for cognitive impairment may be explained by the inflammatory hypothesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether periodontitis is related to the amyloid-β (Aβ) load in blood and the role of any such relationship in the association between Aβ and cognitive impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study was performed in elderly people diagnosed with cognitive impairment with or without dementia (cases) and cognitively healthy elderly people; data were collected on the medical and dental history of participants, and blood samples were drawn to determine Aβ levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598286/gingival-inflammation-and-salivary-or-serum-granulocyte-secreted-enzymes-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
Aliye Akcalı, Nagihan Bostanci, Özgun Özçaka, Pınar Gümüş, Banu Öztürk-Ceyhan, Taina Tervahartiala, Heidi Husu, Nurcan Buduneli, Timo Sorsa, Georgios N Belibasakis
BACKGROUND: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the levels of salivary and serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil elastase (NE) and MMP-9/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1) ratio in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and systemically healthy controls, in the presence or absence of gingivitis. METHODS: Serum and salivary levels of these biomarkers were evaluated in periodontally healthy women with PCOS (Ph) (n=45); women with PCOS and gingivitis (Pg) (n=35); systemically and periodontally healthy women (Hh) (n=25); systemically healthy women with gingivitis (Hg) (n=20)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598285/effect-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-along-with-myo-inositol-on-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-having-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Dr Deepti, Dr Shikha Tewari, Dr Satish Chander Narula, Dr Savita Rani Singhal, Dr Rajinder Kumar Sharma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy along with medical treatment on the level of serological marker of inflammation {high sensitivity-C Reactive Protein (hsCRP)} and Insulin resistance{Homeostatic Model Assessment(HOMA)} in Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) women having periodontitis. METHODS: Women having PCOS with chronic periodontitis (n=60) were randomly divided into two groups. Test Group: treated with scaling and root planing along with Myo-inositol and Control Group: treated with Myo-inositol along with oral hygiene instructions...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598284/the-circular-rna-landscape-of-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-during-osteogenesis
#11
Yunfei Zheng, Xiaobei Li, Yiping Huang, Lingfei Jia, Weiran Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the distinct expression pattern of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) during osteogenesis. METHODS: PDLSCs were isolated and cultured in osteogenic medium. Total RNA from cells at Day 0 (D0), Day 3 (D3), Day 7 (D7), and Day 14 (D14) were extracted, and submitted to RNA-sequencing to detect the expression profiles of circRNAs, mRNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs). Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to validate the expression of circRNAs and miRNAs...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598283/identification-of-micrornas-by-microarray-analysis-and-prediction-of-target-genes-involved-in-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#12
Yilin Hao, Yihong Ge, Jianjia Li, Yanwei Hu, Buling Wu, Fuchun Fang
BACKGROUND: The roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) remain largely unexplored. In our study, the underlying molecular mechanism of osteogenic differentiation in hPDLSCs was investigated using miRNA profiling. METHODS: The miRNA expression profile during osteogenic differentiation was analyzed using a microarray. Target genes of miRNAs with at least a 2-fold change in expression (P value < 0...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598282/microrna-126-regulates-inflammatory-cytokine-secretion-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts-under-high-glucose-via-targeting-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-associated-factor-6
#13
Yi Wu, Li-Ting Song, Jia-Shan Li, Dong-Wang Zhu, Shao-Yun Jiang, Jia-Yin Deng
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRs) play a crucial role in inflammatory diseases including periodontitis. Meanwhile, miRs act as biomarkers for predicting diabetes mellitus. However, the regulatory mechanism of miR-126 on the development of periodontitis in diabetes patients still remains unclear. METHODS: Human gingival fibroblasts were cultured with low (5.5 mmol/L), medium (15 mmol/L) and high (25 mmol/L) glucose, respectively. The expressions of miR-126, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and related cytokines were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548887/effects-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-on-vertical-bone-augmentation-in-a-canine-model
#14
Yung-Ting Hsu, Khalid Al-Hezaimi, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Francisco O'Valle, Abdulaziz Al-Rasheed, Hom-Lay Wang
BACKGROUND: Vertical bone augmentation (VBA) remains unpredictable and challenging for most clinicians. This study was aimed to compare hard tissue outcomes of VBA, with and without rhBMP-2, under space-making titanium mesh in a canine model. METHODS: Eleven male beagle dogs were used in the study. Experimental ridge defects were created to form atrophic ridges. VBA was performed via guide bone regeneration (GBR) using titanium mesh and allografts. In experimental hemimandibles, rhBMP-2/ACS was well mixed with allografts prior to procedures, whereas a control buffer was applied within controls...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548886/association-of-preventive-maintenance-therapy-compliance-and-peri-implant-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, José Nart
AIM: This study was aimed at investigating the association between peri-implant maintenance therapy (PIMT) and the frequency of peri-implant diseases, and to further identify the factors that contribute to failure of PIMT compliance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study on healthy partial edentulous patients was conducted. These were grouped in the following categories according to the PIMT compliance: regular compliers (RC) (≥2 PIMT/year), erratic compliers (EC) (<2 PIMT/year), and non-compliers (NC) (0 PIMT/year)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548885/metformin-inhibits-p-gingivalis-lipopolysaccharide-lps-influenced-inflammatory-response-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts-via-regulating-activating-transcription-factor-3-atf3-expression
#16
Wenyan Kang, Ting Wang, Zhekai Hu, Feng Liu, Yundong Sun, Shaohua Ge
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis is one of the most prevalent oral diseases, which is associated with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infection, and has profound effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Metformin, a well-known antidiabetic agent, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects on various cells. This study aimed to investigate the role of metformin on LPS-influenced inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). METHODS: Dose-dependent additive effects of metformin on LPS-influenced HGFs were detected...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548884/patient-centered-perspectives-and-understanding-of-peri-implantitis
#17
Angel Insua, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, Marita Inglehart
BACKGROUND: Daily-basis patients have uncertain understanding about dental implant therapy and its complications. Therefore, an assessment of the level of knowledge, awareness and attitudes on peri-implantitis, evaluation of information provided by the dentist/specialist that performed the treatment and assessment of perceptions, level of satisfaction and impact in the quality of life of the patients were carried out. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with implant therapy and currently undergoing peri-implant implant maintenance therapy were recruited...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548883/simultaneous-detection-of-oral-pathogens-in-subgingival-plaque-and-prostatic-fluid-of-men-with-periodontal-and-prostatic-diseases
#18
John Estemalik, Catherine Demko, Nabil F Bissada, Nishant Joshi, Donald Bodner, Eswar Shankar, Sanjay Gupta
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis (CP) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are complex inflammatory conditions for which the etiological determinants are still poorly defined. Periodontitis is caused by subgingival colonizing bacteria in the oral cavity. The causal effect of periodontal disease on prostatic inflammation has not been established. The purpose of this study is to isolate oral pathogens from expressed prostatic secretions of patients with periodontal disease and chronic prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523955/collaborative-cross-mouse-population-for-studying-the-alveolar-bone-changes-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance-comorbidity-after-high-fat-diet-consumption
#19
Aysar Nashef, Hanifa J Abu-Toamih Atamni, Yuval Buchnik, Hatice Hasturk, Alpdogan Kantarci, Danielle Stephens, Ervin I Wiess, Yael Houri-Haddad, Fuad A Iraqi
BACKGROUND: High-fat diet (HFD), body weight (BW) gain and impaired glucose tolerance development were associated with alveolar bone loss in susceptible individuals. This report explores the Collaborative Cross (CC) mouse population for studying the impact of genetic background on the comorbidity of alveolar bone change and glucose tolerance following HFD consumption. METHODS: 78 mice from 19 different CC lines were maintained on rodents chow diet (CH) for 8 weeks, and subsequently, transferred to HFD (42% Fat) for an additional 12 weeks...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523954/photometric-cielab-analysis-of-the-gingiva-a-novel-approach-to-assess-response-to-periodontal-therapy
#20
Yaniv Mayer, Ofir Ginesin, Eli E Machtei
OBJECTIVE: A new photometric method is introduced for the assessment of the gingival condition and changes following periodontal therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data (probing depth, plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level) and photographs from 53 subjects (49% males, 51% females) undergoing initial periodontal treatment were used for this analysis. Each maxillary anterior area was photographed before treatment and three months after...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
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