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Journal of Periodontology

Stephen K Harrel, Martha E Nunn, Celeste M Abraham, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo, Jay D Shulman, John C Tunnell
BACKGROUND: The 36 to 58 month clinical outcomes from videoscope assisted minimally invasive surgery (VMIS) are reported. METHODS: Fourteen patients having sites with residual pocket probing depth (PPD) of at least 5 mm and 2 mm of clinical attachment level (CAL) loss following initial nonsurgical therapy were treated with VMIS. RESULTS: At 36 months or greater post surgery there was a statistically significant improvement (p <0.001) in mean PPD and CAL (PPD 3...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Julie D Sutton, Mabel L Salas Martinez, Mary M Gerkovich
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies using half-mouth designs for assessment of periodontal disease prevalence have reported that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure of non-smokers is associated with 2-3 fold increase in the odds of developing periodontitis. In response to the possibility of underreporting of periodontitis the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) updated periodontal examination procedures in 2009 for the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES), including full-mouth, 6-site periodontal probing and attachment loss assessment...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Deng-Hui Duan, Jia-Hui Fu, Wei Qi, Yi Du, Jie Pan, Hom-Lay Wang
AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate survival rates of dental implants (ISR) placed simultaneously with graft-free maxillary sinus floor elevation. Factors influencing the amount of vertical bone gain (VBG), protruded implant length in sinus at follow-up (PILf), and peri-implant marginal bone loss (MBL) were also evaluated. METHODS: An electronic and manual search for human clinical studies on simultaneous implant placement and graft-free maxillary sinus floor elevation using the lateral window or transcrestal approach, published in the English language from January 1976 to March 2016, was conducted...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Giovanpaolo Pini Prato, Giliana Zuccati, Carlo Clauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Johanne Kongstad, Christian Enevold, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Nils-Erik Fiehn, Palle Holmstrup
BACKGROUND: Associations of risk factors/indicators with periodontitis may depend on the included case criterion. The objective was to evaluate differences in outcome by applying five periodontitis case definitions for cross-sectional associations with lifestyle factors among participants of The Danish Health Examination Survey (DANHES). METHODS: A total of 4,402 adults aged 18-96 years from the general health examination of DANHES had a periodontal examination consisting of half-mouth registration at 6 sites per tooth including probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Brenda Heaton, Nicholas B Gordon, Raul I Garcia, Lynn Rosenberg, Sharron Rich, Matthew P Fox, Yvette C Cozier
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the validity of self-report of periodontal disease in African Americans. The Black Women's Health Study, a US national cohort study of 59,000 Black women followed via mailed questionnaires since 1995, offered the opportunity to clinically validate self-reported periodontitis among a sample of participants. METHODS: Oral health questionnaires were sent to study participants residing in Massachusetts. Respondents living in the Boston metro area were invited for clinical examination...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Stefka Koychev, Henrik Dommisch, Hong Chen, Nicole Pischon
BACKGROUND: Various antimicrobial agents are widely used in the therapy of oral inflammatory diseases. However, their side effects and the appearance of drug resistance justify research on natural antimicrobial agents to target oral pathogens that are safe for the host. In the present study, antimicrobial properties of mastic extract on commensal and pathogenic oral bacteria, as well as its possible cytotoxic effect toward cells of epithelial and mesenchymal origin, were evaluated in comparison to the common antimicrobial agents hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX)...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Edison Andrés Cruz Olivo, Daniel Santos, Maria Elena de Lima, Vera Lúcia Dos Santos, Rubén Dario Sinisterra, Maria Esperanza Cortés
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have shown rapid and potent effect against planktonic bacteria. However, control of periodontophatic biofilms is a challenge even for AMPs. Thus, we evaluated in vitro the antimicrobial activity of synthetic peptide LyeTxI and the association compound LyeTxI/βCD against multispecies biofilms. METHODS: Sensibility to LyeTxI and LyeTxI/βCD was determined for planktonic Gram-negative periodontopathogens. Time-kill kinetic assay was performed at MICs values in all planktonic strains...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Anna Maria Heikkinen, Teija Raivisto, Kaisa Kettunen, Leena Kovanen, Jari Haukka, Elmira Pakbaznejad Esmaeili, Jessica Elg, Dirk-Rolf Gieselmann, Nilminie Rathnayake, Hellevi Ruokonen, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa
BACKGROUND: In periodontitis, genetics and smoking play important roles in the host immune system response. Our aim was to study whether the genetic background of initial periodontitis and caries could be detected using an active matrix metalloproteinase (aMMP-8) chair-side (Periosafe ®) (#) test in Finnish adolescents. METHODS: Altogether 47 participants gave their approval for oral fluid collection and analysis as well as DNA analyses. An aMMP-8 chair-side test(#) was performed on the participants (adolescents aged 15 to 17), and full-mouth clinical parameters of oral health were assessed including periodontal, oral mucosal and caries status in Eastern Finland in 2014-2015...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Lin Jiang, Jinlin Song, Xiaolei Hu, Hongmei Zhang, Enyi Huang, Yan Zhang, Feng Deng, Xiaomian Wu
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease initiated by bacteria and their virulence factors. Bortezomib (BTZ) is the first proteasome inhibitor for clinical treatment of malignancies. Its anti-cancer activity is accompanied by an anti-inflammatory effect. However, there are few reports about its anti-inflammatory effect and underlying mechanism in periodontal disease, especially on human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs), which are considered as a promising cell-based therapy for treating periodontitis...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Zhi-Bang Li, Hong-Lei Qu, Li-Na Zhou, Bei-Min Tian, Fa-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Although the removal of impacted third molars (I-M3s) is common in dental clinics, the decision to retain or remove asymptomatic non-impacted third molars (N-M3s) presents a significant challenge. This study investigated the influence of N-M3s on the pathologies of the adjacent second molars (A-M2s). METHODS: The clinical status of M3s was evaluated, and the presence of distal caries, the external root resorption (ERR) and the alveolar bone loss of A-M2s were assessed by orthopantomograms (OPGs)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Çiğdem C Türer, Duygu Durmuş, Umut Ballı, Berrak Güven
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease occurred by the interaction between pathogenic microorganism and the host defense. Endocan is a proteoglycan secreted by endothelial cells under the control of inflammatory cytokines. The aims of the study were to determine serum and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) endocan levels in periodontal diseases pathogenesis supported with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels and to evaluate the correlation between GCF endocan levels, VEGF and TNF-α levels with periodontal pocket depth...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Luigi Minenna, Giulio Rasperini, Roberto Farina
BACKGROUND: In the attempt to limit the post-surgery increase in buccal gingival recession (bREC), the effect of a connective tissue graft (CTG) when combined with a buccal Single Flap Approach (SFA) in the regenerative treatment of intraosseous defects was evaluated. METHODS: Data related to 30 patients with an intraosseous defect treated with buccal SFA with (SFA+CTG group; n= 15) or without (SFA group; n= 15) the placement of a CTG and regenerative treatment were retrospectively derived at three clinical centers...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Ferena Sayar, Nasrin Akhondi, Soltanali Fallah, Amir Abbas Moalemnia, Azra Cheraghi
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Considering the suggested association between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases, this study sought to assess the association, if any, between serum triglyceride (TG) levels and gemfibrozil consumption with periodontal parameters. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 90 participants including 30 individuals with a normal lipid profile (group H), 30 hypertriglyceridemic patients not on medication (group N) and 30 hypertriglyceridemic patients taking gemfibrozil over a three month period (group M)...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Meritxell Losada, Rodrigo González, Àngels Pujol, Antonio Santos, José Nart
BACKGROUND: The use of Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) when dealing with non-contained defects may be limited, as EMD does not maintain a space itself. It has been proposed the use of combined therapy, using a bone graft in combination with EMD to avoid the collapse of the flap into the bony defect during the healing time. Therefore the aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological healing response of non-contained infrabony defects following treatment with a combination of EMD and Biphasic calcium phosphate (BC) or EMD alone...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Evangelos Papathanasiou, Matthew Finkelman, Andreas O Parashis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Wayne A Aldredge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Theofilos Koutouzis, Christie Eastman, Sasanka Chukkapalli, Hannu Larjava, Lakshmyya Kesavalu
BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis is a complex polymicrobial biofilm-induced inflammatory osteolytic gingival infection that results in orofacial implant failures. To the best knowledge of the authors, there are no preclinical in vivo studies in implant dentistry that have investigated the inflammatory response to known microbial biofilms observed in humans. The aim of this study is to develop a novel peri-implant rat model using an established model of polymicrobial periodontitis. METHODS: Wistar rats were used for the study of experimental peri-implantitis...
February 2017: Journal of Periodontology
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