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Journal of Dental Education

Rongrong Nie, Feng Zhu, Xiangfeng Meng, Hai Zhang, Sijing Xie, Li Wu, Jie Yang, Weibin Sun
The aim of this study was to establish and implement an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for stage assessment in standardized training for oral residents, evaluating its validity and suitability. An OSCE was established for stage assessment of 158 residents in a program in Jiangsu Province, China. Its validity and suitability were evaluated using indices such as reliability and discrimination coefficients of assessment results. The established OSCE had eight stations: interpretation of auxiliary examination results, basic knowledge, doctor-patient communication and clinical examination, clinical case analysis, medical record and prescription writing, public skills, first aid skills, and specialist's operation skills...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Hooman Rabiee, Neville J McDonald, Reinhilde Jacobs, Alireza Aminlari, Marita R Inglehart
Over the past decade, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been increasingly used by endodontists. The aims of this study were to assess endodontic program directors', residents', and endodontists' considerations concerning CBCT-related graduate education, attitudes, and professional behavior. Survey data were collected from 31 of the 56 directors of U.S. endodontic graduate programs, 73 of 270 contacted residents, and 689 of 2,221 contacted endodontists (response rates 55%, 27%, and 31%, respectively)...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Hiwet Ephrem, Karl D Self, Christine M Blue
There is growing interest in developing more efficient, patient-centered, and cost-effective models of dental care delivery using teams of professionals. The aims of this small pilot study were to assess the number of patient visits, type and number of procedures performed, and clinic revenues generated by an intraprofessional team of dental, dental hygiene, and dental therapy students and to determine the students' and patients' perceptions of this model of care. Sixteen senior students from three student cohorts (dental, dental hygiene, and dental therapy) at the University of Minnesota piloted a team-based dental delivery model from January to April 2015...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Brian B Partido, Rachel Stafford
Emotional intelligence (EI) has been increasingly associated with the success of health care professionals, including dental professionals. Mental health, physical health, and life satisfaction all have been linked to having a high EI. The aim of this study was to determine any associations between EI scores and academic and clinical performance in a cohort of undergraduate dental hygiene students. All 63 first- and second-year dental hygiene students enrolled at The Ohio State University in the spring term 2017 were invited to participate in this quantitative cross-sectional study...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Robin Kerkstra, Lori Giblin-Scanlon, Dianne Smallidge, Curt Baragar, Kristeen Perry
The aim of this pilot study was to measure and compare dental hygiene students' level of text anxiety and performance when being tested on an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) using camera supervision versus direct examiner observation. This randomized, controlled trial, conducted in October 2016, assessed students' anxiety levels and performance using the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and performance on an OSCE. All 32 first-year students in one U.S. dental hygiene program were invited to participate, and all 32 participated for a 100% response rate...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Jessica N August, Linda D Boyd, Lori Giblin-Scanlon
Dental educators are challenged to bridge the theory-practice gap to enhance the educational experience and meet the diverse learning needs of students. The aim of this study was to explore dental hygiene students' perceptions of the effectiveness, appeal, and satisfaction regarding instrumentation videos as a resource to improve learning in the clinical environment. All 152 first-year students in a U.S. baccalaureate dental hygiene program at two sites in two consecutive years were invited to participate in the study...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Fonda G Robinson, Henry W Fields, Gregory M Ness, David J Heinlein, Robert G Gellin, Peter E Larsen
One approach to enhancing quality care outcomes and patient safety is through effective implementation of clinical risk reduction strategies. Clinical risk identification at The Ohio State University College of Dentistry revealed lack of a standardized informed consenting process for patients. The purpose of this project was to develop and implement a uniform college-wide informed consenting process. An operating procedure was also developed. The resulting consenting documents used a uniform approach in which clinics could use a basic readable and processable informed consent template...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Tim Hausdörfer, Philipp Kanzow, Claudia Tschammler, Manfred Herrmann, Annette Wiegand
The aim of this study was to evaluate dental students' retention of factual and procedural knowledge gained in a preclinical course in operative dentistry during a clinical dental curriculum. In 2017, all 157 seventh- to tenth-semester dental students at a dental school in Germany were asked to repeat the same written examination performed at the end of the preclinical course in the sixth semester. The examinations consisted of 30 multiple-choice questions covering factual and procedural knowledge. The percentage of correctly answered questions per exam and differences in correct answers between the original examination and the re-examination (per question) were analyzed...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Herminio L Perez, Emily H Sabato, Shuying Jiang, Cecile A Feldman
The aim of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between students' academic history and their performance in the first year of dental school, with a focus on academic load in undergraduate education. A total of 174 student records from the Rutgers School of Dental Medicine Classes of 2011 to 2018 were analyzed. These records included students at the top and bottom of each class at the end of their first term of study. Outcomes were broad measures of student success: student continued in curriculum, student withdrew/was dismissed, or student remediated at least one course...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Gary M Johnson, Amy F Buros, Radd W Lukas
Postbaccalaureate programs help predental students strengthen their basic science knowledge and improve their study skills before applying or reapplying for dental school admission. A high percentage of postbac students are admitted to and graduate from dental schools, but gaining greater understanding of how well these students perform in key areas of the first two years' curriculum would be useful for the design of those programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate postbac dental students' performance in the D1 and D2 years at one U...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Allison C Everett, Olivia S Anderson, Mary C Wright, Margherita Fontana
Critical thinking and problem-solving are two of the most frequently desired goals for dental student learning, but greater understanding is needed of how students' critical thinking skills develop from the beginning to the end of the curriculum. The aim of this study was to use students' performance on critical thinking assessments at five time points from the first to the fourth years to longitudinally assess their critical thinking development across the curriculum. In 2014-16, the performance of students in two successive graduating classes at one U...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
John P Hanlon, Thomas J Prihoda, Ronald G Verrett, John D Jones, Stephan J Haney, William D Hendricson
To date, there has been a lack of published studies examining the validity of the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT) to assess critical thinking among dental students. The aim of this study was to examine the construct validity of the HSRT using a novice-expert model consisting of first-year dental students as novices and experienced general dentists as experts. Novice cohort subjects were recruited from all 105 students in the first-year dental school class at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio during a regularly scheduled course in August 2015...
September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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September 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Indika Priyanthi Thilakumara, Rasika Manori Jayasinghe, Sumudu Kumari Rasnayaka, Vajira Pushpa Jayasinghe, Sachith Abeysundara
Even though the traditional live demonstration method is commonly used in teaching laboratory techniques to dental students, it has many drawbacks. The aim of this study was to assess the acquisition of knowledge, practical skills, and perceptions of dental students who had a live demonstration versus procedural video on arranging artificial teeth. All 79 third-year dental students at a dental school in Sri Lanka, who had no previous experience in arrangement of teeth, were randomly divided into two groups in 2016...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Ramtin Sadid-Zadeh, Upoma Guha, Hema Arany
The aims of this study were 1) to determine whether the Compare software Comparison% score provided appropriate feedback for preparation depth on a non-anatomical tooth and 2) to define an acceptable tolerance for use in calculating the Comparison% for virtual assessment of cavity depth on a non-anatomical mandibular first molar. Forty-six non-anatomical ivorine teeth with laser-marked outlines on their occlusal surfaces were used for this study. One tooth was prepared at a 1.5 mm depth, approved by participating faculty at a U...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Carla I R Fernandes, Roberta F Bonan, Paulo R F Bonan, Augusto C L S Leonel, Elaine J A Carvalho, Jurema F L de Castro, Danyel E C Perez
Virtual microscopy (VM) is a technology for showing microscope slides using computers and could be considered a progression of classic methodology using optical microscopes. The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions and performance of dental students in oral pathology regarding the use of conventional microscopy (CM) and VM in relation to teaching and learning. All fourth-semester dental students (N=165) in an oral pathology course at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco in Brazil in 2016-17 were invited to participate in the study...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Blaine Murray Cleghorn, Martha Brillant, Ferne Kraglund, Sachin Seth, H Wayne Garland
The Manual Dexterity Test (MDT) was originally developed in the 1940s as part of the American Dental Association's Dental Aptitude Test to assist in reducing high attrition rates in U.S. dental schools. The Perceptual Motor Ability Test (PMAT) replaced the MDT in 1972 in the U.S., but the MDT continues to be available in Canada. The MDT was originally developed to be used as a screening tool to eliminate those applicants who demonstrated poor psychomotor skills, and it was very effective in doing so. The MDT has been subsequently criticized for not being an effective predictor of performance in dental school...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Marc R Hayashi, Kimberlin Low, Kyle Tupaz, Alison Ozaki, Richard G Stevenson, Reuben H Kim
Teaching dental students the proper protocol and application of bonding agents for improved composite restorations in the preclinical setting can be challenging due to difficulty in translating their bonding technique to clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of utilizing a shear bond strength test and to evaluate if it improved student performance and confidence in adhesive dentistry. All 106 third-year and 106 fourth-year dental students (total N=212) at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Dentistry were invited to participate in a shear bond strength workshop in 2016...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Grace M De Souza, Wafa El-Badrawy, Laura E Tam
The aims of this study were to evaluate 1) the effect of different light-curing training methods on first-year dental students' light-curing performance immediately after and one year after training and 2) the effect of dental student year (first vs. third year) and different light-curing training methods on students' light-curing efficacy. The study was organized into two parts, conducted in 2013 and 2014. In the first part, all students (N=66) in the first-year restorative course at a Canadian dental school were invited to participate in a light-curing activity immediately after training; after 12 months, those students (now in their second year) were asked to again perform the light-curing activity...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Edna Perez, Leda Regina Fernandes Mugayar, Yu Su, Jasdeep Guram, Sukhi Guram, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Adolescents' engagement in risk-taking behaviors is well documented. However, the role of the dental practitioner in helping teenage patients understand and avert those behaviors is relatively unknown. The aim of this pilot study was to assess dental students' familiarity with adolescent risk behaviors, comfort level in discussing adolescent risk behaviors with teenage patients, and ratings of the relevance of these topics in dental education. Of the 373 University of Florida dental students across all four years who were invited to participate in 2017, 151 (40...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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