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Journal of Dental Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049685/peer-education-reviews-of-the-literature-perls
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#2
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049683/predicting-performance-in-technical-preclinical-dental-courses-using-advanced-simulation
#3
Riki Gottlieb, Mary A Baechle, Charles Janus, Sharon K Lanning
The aim of this study was to investigate whether advanced simulation parameters, such as simulation exam scores, number of student self-evaluations, time to complete the simulation, and time to complete self-evaluations, served as predictors of dental students' preclinical performance. Students from three consecutive classes (n=282) at one U.S. dental school completed advanced simulation training and exams within the first four months of their dental curriculum. The students then completed conventional preclinical instruction and exams in operative dentistry (OD) and fixed prosthodontics (FP) courses, taken during the first and second years of dental school, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#4
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049681/caries-removal-by-first-year-dental-students-a-multisource-competency-assessment-strategy-for-reflective-practice
#5
Tracy L de Peralta, Vidya Ramaswamy, Elisabeta Karl, Elizabeth Van Tubergen, Mary Ellen McLean, Mark Fitzgerald
Multisource assessment (MSA) uses multiple assessors to provide feedback. Little is known about the validity of using MSA feedback for improving students' ability to self-assess in a preclinical environment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the validity of using a defined reflective process involving an MSA tool for building skill in dental students' self-evaluation of caries excavation on extracted teeth. As part of this process, 104 first-year students at one U.S. dental school used a self-generated study plan (SGSP) for structured reflection on MSA feedback during the 2013-14 academic year...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049680/career-and-professional-satisfaction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-academic-surgeons-and-private-practitioners-does-gender-matter
#6
Kyriaki C Marti, Jesse Lanzon, Sean P Edwards, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to determine whether male vs. female oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, academic surgeons (i.e., faculty members), and private practitioners in the U.S. differed in their general career satisfaction and job/professional satisfaction. Survey data were collected in 2011-12 from 267 OMS residents (response rate 55%), 271 OMS academic surgeons (response rate 31%), and 417 OMS private practitioners (response rates 13% web-based survey and 29% postal mail survey). The results showed that while the male vs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049679/dental-students-perceptions-of-learning-value-in-pbl-groups-with-medical-and-dental-students-together-versus-dental-students-alone
#7
Maryam Amin, Rosslynn Zulla, Gisele Gaudet-Amigo, Steven Patterson, Natalie Murphy, Shelley Ross
At a dental school in Canada, problem-based learning (PBL) sessions were restructured from an integrated dental-medical model to a separate dental model, resulting in three groups of students available for study: those who had participated in the two-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental alone, and the two-year dental alone. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the extent to which the PBL structure affected the dental students' perceptions of the learning value of PBL in the different models...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049678/the-relationship-between-mock-boards-and-clinical-board-examinations-in-dental-hygiene-education
#8
Victoria M Martin, Ellen J Rogo, Kathleen O Hodges, Neill F Piland, Sharon E Osborn Popp
Research on the effectiveness of clinical mock boards for future oral health professionals is conflicting and limited. Despite this, U.S. dental hygiene programs rely on clinical mock board experiences as essential components for preparing students for their clinical board examinations. Differences in programs' mock board characteristics may relate to board exam outcomes. The validity and reliability of mock boards can be questioned when deviations from exam criteria and procedures are made and grading mechanisms are not consistent...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049677/dental-students-alumni-and-dentists-perspectives-on-leadership-impact-of-the-scholars-program-in-dental-leadership
#9
Audrey L Niemchick, Jessica Delgado, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
In 2006, the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership (SPDL) was created at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry with the aim of preparing dental students to take on leadership roles in their profession and communities. The aims of this quantitative study were to investigate how SPDL alumni and current participants evaluated this program; to assess whether SPDL alumni evaluated their leadership-related educational experiences, leadership perceptions, and attitudes towards leadership activities in dentistry more positively than did non-SPDL dental students and general dentists; and to explore if leadership-related educational/clinical experiences were correlated with these constructs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#10
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#11
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049674/dental-students-knowledge-of-resources-for-lgbt-persons-findings-from-three-dental-schools
#12
Xiaoying Feng, Leda Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Recently, there has been increased attention to including cultural diversity in the education of health professionals, including concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion and visibility. Studies regarding cultural exposure and acceptance of LGBT populations have been concentrated in medicine, with findings showing that medical providers often graduate having missed the preparation required to care for LGBT persons. A visible, comprehensive, culturally competent environment in dental schools would help ensure that all oral health professionals and students are aware of services available to address the particular needs of LGBT students...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049673/dental-students-reflections-on-quality-of-periodontal-care-in-dental-school-clinics
#13
Sangeetha Chandrasekaran, Charles Powell, Laurice De la Rosa, Anuj Mittal, Lonnie Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyze dental students' descriptions of and reflections on the periodontal care they provided for their patients in dental school clinics. All students enrolled in the final year of the DDS program in 2011-14 at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine were required to complete a self-assessment of the periodontal care they provided for patients. Assessments from 263 students were compiled and qualitatively analyzed. The key reasons given for not providing good care were identified and then stratified as student/school-dependent or patient-dependent factors...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049672/exploring-how-u-s-dental-schools-teach-removal-of-carious-tissues-during-cavity-preparations
#14
Marcelle M Nascimento, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Xiaoying Feng, Sandra Guzmán-Armstrong, Margherita Fontana
Approaches for managing carious tissues during cavity preparations vary considerably among clinicians, which may reflect inconsistencies in the teaching of this subject by dental schools. The aims of this study were to investigate practices related to the preclinical and clinical teaching of caries removal at U.S. dental schools and the relationship between that teaching and requirements for U.S. dental licensure examinations. The electronic survey included questions about terminology, methods, instruments and materials, treatment planning, criteria for clinical exams, faculty calibration sessions, and licensure exams...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049671/nutrition-education-for-oral-health-professionals-a-must-yet-still-neglected
#15
EDITORIAL
Saima Yunus Khan, Katrina Holt, Norman Tinanoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934676/subject-index-to-volume-80-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934675/author-index-to-volume-80-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934674/should-attendance-be-required-in-lecture-classrooms-in-dental-education-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-attendance-in-the-lecture-classroom-should-be-required-and-viewpoint-2-attendance-should-not-be-required-in-the-lecture-classroom
#18
Christopher W Cutler, Mary Parise, Ana Lucia Seminario, Maria Jose Cervantes Mendez, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Renato Silva
This Point/Counterpoint discusses the long-argued debate over whether lecture attendance in dental school at the predoctoral level should be required. Current educational practice relies heavily on the delivery of content in a traditional lecture style. Viewpoint 1 asserts that attendance should be required for many reasons, including the positive impact that direct contact of students with faculty members and with each other has on learning outcomes. In lectures, students can more easily focus on subject matter that is often difficult to understand...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934673/should-lecture-recordings-be-mandated-in-dental-schools-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-lecture-recordings-should-be-mandatory-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-viewpoint-2-lecture-recordings-should-not-be-mandatory-in-u-s-dental-schools
#19
Andrea Ferreira Zandona, Janet Kinney, WookJin Seong, Vandana Kumar, Alexander Bendayan, Edmond Hewlett
Transcription or recording of lectures has been in use for many years, and with the availability of high-fidelity recording, the practice is now ubiquitous in higher education. Since technology has permeated education and today's tech-savvy students have expectations for on-demand learning, dental schools are motivated to record lectures, albeit with positive and negative implications. This Point/Counterpoint article addresses the question of whether lecture recording should be mandatory in U.S. dental schools...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934672/the-global-footprint-of-oral-medicine-specialists-the-university-of-pennsylvania-experience
#20
Eric T Stoopler, Scott S De Rossi, Martin S Greenberg, Thomas P Sollecito
The aim of this study was to analyze the global footprint of oral medicine specialists who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania oral medicine residency program. In 2016, a cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to 53 graduates of that program, asking about their current geographical location and professional status. Of those 53 graduates, 23 (43%) completed the survey with 22 reporting their current location and 21 reporting their current professional status. The results showed that 17 graduates were located within the U...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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