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Journal of Dental Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803211/notice-of-retraction
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803210/can-multiple-mini-interviews-predict-academic-performance-of-dental-students-a-two-year-follow-up
#2
Sumer M Alaki, Ibrahim A Yamany, Lana A Shinawi, Mona H A Hassan, Ara Tekian
Prior research has shown that students' previous grade point average (GPA) is the best predictor for future academic success. However, it can only partly predict the variability in dental school performance. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of multiple mini-interviews (MMI) as an admission criterion by comparing them with the academic performance of dental students over a two-year period. All incoming undergraduate dental students at the King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD) during academic year 2013-14 were invited to participate in MMI...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803209/validation-of-the-maslach-burnout-inventory-human-services-survey-for-estimating-burnout-in-dental-students
#3
José María Montiel-Company, Cristian Subirats-Roig, Pau Flores-Martí, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) as a tool for assessing the prevalence and level of burnout in dental students in Spanish universities. The survey was adapted from English to Spanish. A sample of 533 dental students from 15 Spanish universities and a control group of 188 medical students self-administered the survey online, using the Google Drive service. The test-retest reliability or reproducibility showed an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803208/south-african-dental-students-perceptions-of-most-important-nonclinical-skills-according-to-medical-leadership-competency-framework
#4
Sophy E Van der Berg-Cloete, Lorraine Snyman, Thomas C Postma, John G White
Recent developmental frameworks suggest that dental curricula should focus on developing nonclinical skills in dental students. The aim of this study was to qualitatively map students' perceptions of the most important nonclinical skills against the Medical Leadership Competency Framework (MLCF). A representative sample of second- to fifth-year students (n=594; overall response rate 69%) from all four dental schools in South Africa participated in a cross-sectional survey in 2014-15 enquiring about nonclinical skills and dental practice management...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803207/clinician-patient-small-talk-comparing-fourth-year-dental-students-and-practicing-dentists-in-a-standardized-patient-encounter
#5
Gerardo Maupome, Christopher Holcomb, Stuart Schrader
The aim of this study was to establish whether frequency of non-diagnostic, non-management exchanges between clinicians and patient (called "socioemotional communication," SC) during a consultation differed between fourth-year dental students and dentists, controlling for clinically driven exchanges of information. Fifteen dentists and 17 fourth-year dental students were recorded in 2006 while undergoing a consultation with a live standardized patient and were subsequently interviewed by investigators in a separate room with the recording present for analysis...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803206/effect-of-a-person-centered-course-on-the-empathic-ability-of-dental-students
#6
Julien Rosenzweig, Alessandra Blaizot, Nancie Cougot, Estelle Pegon-Machat, Olivier Hamel, Nareg Apelian, Christophe Bedos, Maria-Teresa Munoz-Sastre, Jean-Noel Vergnes
Person-centered or patient-centered care (PCC) focuses on the individual's needs and concerns. Although PCC is widely acknowledged as a core value of modern medicine, there has been a lack of research on how dental curricula could engage future dentists in PCC approaches. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a PCC course on empathy in dental students. A controlled study was conducted with fourth-year dental students in four dental faculties in France in 2014-15. The test group (n=63) received 20 hours of PCC training including arts-based approaches, narrative dentistry activities, and workshops on communication based on the Calgary-Cambridge guide...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803205/the-impact-of-an-infant-oral-health-program-on-dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes
#7
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803204/flipping-the-classroom-assessment-of-strategies-to-promote-student-centered-self-directed-learning-in-a-dental-school-course-in-pediatric-dentistry
#8
Brenda S Bohaty, Gloria J Redford, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
The aim of this study was to explore student and course director experiences with the redesign of a traditional lecture-based course into a flipped classroom for teaching didactic content in pediatric dentistry to second-year dental students. The study assessed student satisfaction, extent of student engagement, overall course grades, and course director satisfaction. The students enrolled in a flipped classroom pediatric dentistry course (spring semester 2014; SP14) were asked to complete pre- and post-course questionnaires to assess their perceptions of active learning, knowledge acquisition, and course satisfaction...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803203/exploring-faculty-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-copyright-at-u-s-dental-schools-a-pilot-study
#9
Alison F Doubleday, Abigail Goben
The aims of this pilot study were to investigate current copyright training and support provided to faculty at North American dental schools and to examine faculty members' knowledge and attitudes related to specific copyright issues. In 2015, a survey with questions about faculty members' comfort about their own and their colleagues' knowledge and application of various copyright issues was designed and distributed. True/false questions were asked to determine the extent of knowledge about copyright. Participants were given eight scenarios depicting examples of behavior related to copyright issues and asked to indicate whether the behavior in the scenario was ethical or unethical and compliant with or infringing upon copyright...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803202/implementation-of-problem-based-learning-by-faculty-members-at-12-u-s-medical-and-dental-schools
#10
Ahmad Abdelkarim, Dorothy Schween, Timothy Ford
The aim of this study was to assess the perspectives of medical and dental faculty members regarding implementation of problem-based learning (PBL). A survey instrument was designed with demographic questions and two open-ended questions to investigate faculty members' perceptions of the most suitable subjects or courses in which to use PBL and examples of how they incorporated PBL into their instruction. The survey was sent to 12 U.S. medical and dental schools known to use PBL, and 73 medical faculty members and 88 dental faculty members completed the survey (n=161), for an overall response rate of 28% of those who were sent the survey at each school (not each's total faculty)...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803201/the-effects-of-faculty-calibration-on-caries-risk-assessment-and-quality-assurance
#11
Susie P Goolsby, Douglas A Young, Harmeet K Chiang, Caroline K Carrico, Leonard V Jackson, Peter Rechmann
Accurate caries risk assessment (CRA) plays a pivotal role in managing the disease of dental caries. The aim of this quality assurance study was to determine if faculty calibration training using a specific set of guidelines in a single session would improve the faculty members' CRA decision making. A calibration seminar was held in December 2014 at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry, during which seven completed CRA forms for simulated patients were used to test 55 faculty members' risk assignment level before and after an instructional lecture was given...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803200/characteristics-of-effective-simulation-preclinical-teachers-as-identified-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-study
#12
Maureen McAndrew, Thomas W Mucciolo, Leila Jahangiri
The aim of this qualitative research study was to identify and categorize criteria for simulation teacher quality preferences as reported by dental students. Second-year dental students at New York University College of Dentistry in 2015 were given a two-question, open-ended survey asking what qualities they liked most and least in a simulation or preclinical teacher. Responses were collected until data saturation was reached. Key words in the responses were identified and coded based on similar relationships and then were grouped into defined categories...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803199/should-pgy-1-be-mandatory-in-dental-education-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-pgy-1-provides-benefits-that-support-making-it-mandatory-and-viewpoint-2-pgy-1-should-be-available-for-dental-graduates-but-not-mandatory
#13
Vineet Dhar, Alison Glascoe, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Kelly B Williams, Michelle R McQuistan, Mark R Stevens
This Point/Counterpoint considers whether a general dentistry postgraduate year one (PGY-1) residency should be required for all new graduates who do not pursue specialty training. Currently, New York and Delaware require PGY-1 for dental licensure, while other states offer it as an alternative to a clinical examination for obtaining licensure. Viewpoint 1 supports the position that PGY-1 should be mandatory by presenting evidence that PGY-1 residencies fulfill new graduates' need for additional clinical training, enhance their professionalism and practice management skills, and improve access to care...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803198/faculty-calibration-much-ado-about-something
#14
EDITORIAL
Maureen McAndrew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694301/peer-education-reviews-of-the-literature-perls
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694300/evaluating-the-impact-of-releasing-an-item-pool-on-a-test-s-empirical-characteristics
#16
Chad W Buckendahl, Jack D Gerrow
Protecting the security of examination questions is an important task for high-stakes examining boards/agencies and university programs. To maintain the security of questions, examining boards and university programs use a combination of prevention, detection, and enforcement strategies. A common prevention strategy is to establish a number of controls on access to questions; however, restricting access can motivate examinees to try harder to reconstruct questions that may appear on future versions of the test...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694299/developing-and-testing-the-short-form-knowledge-efficacy-and-practices-instrument-for-assessing-cultural-competence
#17
Gerard J Garvan, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The importance of educating dental students in cultural competence has been widely emphasized, but there is a need to assess cultural competence in a consistent and reliable way. The aims of this study were to determine latent constructs for the initial measure of cultural competence for oral health providers, the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI), and to determine how well these factors related to previously identified latent constructs. Data were collected in surveys of dental students and from dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental faculty members in 44 academic dental institutions from 2012 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694298/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-13-point-measure-of-students-overall-competence-in-community-based-dental-education-programs
#18
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694297/quality-of-impressions-and-work-authorizations-submitted-by-dental-students-supervised-by-prosthodontists-and-general-dentists
#19
Terence A Imbery, Nicholas Diaz, Kristy Greenfield, Charles Janus, Al M Best
Preclinical fixed prosthodontics is taught by Department of Prosthodontics faculty members at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry; however, 86% of all clinical cases in academic year 2012 were staffed by faculty members from the Department of General Practice. The aims of this retrospective study were to quantify the quality of impressions, accuracy of laboratory work authorizations, and most common errors and to determine if there were differences between the rate of errors in cases supervised by the prosthodontists and the general dentists...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694296/quantifying-appointments-treatment-time-impressions-and-diagnostic-data-of-cases-staffed-by-general-dentists-and-prosthodontists-in-a-dental-school-clinic
#20
Terence A Imbery, Kristy Greenfield, Nicholas Diaz, Charles Janus, Al M Best
The aim of this retrospective study was to quantify differences between general dentists and prosthodontists regarding appointments, treatment time, impressions, and preoperative diagnostic data in teaching predoctoral clinical fixed prosthodontics. Electronic dental records (n=356) of patients treated at one dental school in academic year 2012 were randomly selected for review to obtain the following data: faculty and student demographics, number of appointments and treatment time from preparation to cementation, number of impressions made, completion of oral disease control treatment (ODCT), and presence of preoperative periapical radiographs and diagnostic casts...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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