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Journal of Dental Education

Tanya Wanchek, Bryan J Cook, Richard W Valachovic
This report examines the results of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Seniors graduating in 2016. Data were collected from 4,558 respondents at all 59 U.S. dental schools with graduating classes that year. This annual survey asks graduating students about a variety of topics in order to understand their motivation for attending dental school, educational experiences while in school, debt incurred, and plans following graduation. Motivations for choosing to attend dental school typically involved family or friends who were dentists or students' personal experiences...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Aurel D Bodenmann, Julia M B├╝hler, Mauro Amato, Ronald Weiger, Nicola U Zitzmann
Several evaluation systems for clinical exams have been suggested over the years, but no systematic analysis of checklists or criteria-based exam forms has yet been undertaken. The aims of this study were to analyze criteria-based evaluation forms and to identify areas in the teaching process potentially requiring improvements. All evaluation forms introduced in 2012 at the Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology, and Cariology at the University Center of Dental Medicine in Basel, Switzerland, and applied over a three-year period (n=1,093 in 2015) were analyzed using predefined criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Carly F Park, Justin M Sheinbaum, Yasushi Tamada, Raina Chandiramani, Lisa Lian, Cliff Lee, John Da Silva, Shigemi Ishikawa-Nagai
Objective self-assessment is essential to learning and continued competence in dentistry. A computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) learning software (prepCheck, Sirona) allows students to objectively assess their performance in preclinical prosthodontics. The aim of this study was to evaluate students' perceptions of CAD/CAM learning software for preclinical prosthodontics exercises. In 2014, all third-year dental students at Harvard School of Dental Medicine (n=36) were individually instructed by a trained faculty member in using prepCheck...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Kiran Kumar Ganji
An oral assessment is a direct way to assess students' learning outcomes by questioning them. The format of oral examinations (viva voce) is not uniform. Unlike interviews, which usually have structured question lists, oral assessments usually do not have a question structure. Structured viva voce overcomes the weaknesses of traditional viva voce The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of structured viva voce as a formative assessment of dental students. A sample of 65 third-year and 70 fourth-year dental students at one dental school in India were subjected to structured viva voce examinations with questions derived from the subject of periodontics...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Mitchell J Lipp, Kiyoung Cho, Han Suk Kim
Feedback can exert a powerful influence on learning and achievement although its effect varies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three types of feedback on dental students' attitudes and confidence in a competency-based course in predoctoral orthodontics at New York University College of Dentistry. In 2013-14, all 253 third-year students in a course using test-enhanced instructional methods received written feedback on formative assessments. The type of feedback varied across three groups: pass/fail grades (PF) N=77, emoticons (EM) N=90, or written comments (WC) N=86...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Michael J Metz, Marcelo T Durski, Megan O'Malley DeGaris, Timothy C Daugherty, Randall L Vaught, Celine Joyce Cornelius, Theresa G Mayfield
The aim of this study was to evaluate the process of student self-assessment on operative dentistry skills across four years at the University of Louisville School of Dentistry. First, a retrospective analysis of the Class of 2016 students' self-assessment and faculty assessment grade sheets was conducted to determine mean differences and correlations across time. Both preclinical (D2: n=120) and clinical (D3: n=120; D4: n=120) grade sheets were evaluated. Second, 25 students from each of the D1, D2, D3, and D4 classes in 2016 were asked to evaluate dentoform work, and 25 operative calibrated faculty members graded the same two dentoforms...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Donald B Giddon, R Bruce Donoff, Paul C Edwards, Lawrence I Goldblatt
This Point/Counterpoint acknowledges the transformation of dental practice from a predominantly technically based profession with primary emphasis on restoration of the tooth and its supporting structures to that of a more medically based specialty focusing on the oral and maxillofacial complex. While both viewpoints accept the importance of this transformation, they differ on the ultimate desired outcome and how changes should be implemented during training of dentists as oral health professionals. Viewpoint 1 argues that, in response to a shortage of both primary care providers and access to affordable oral health care, dentists need to be able and willing to provide limited preventive primary care (LPPC), and dental educators should develop and implement training models to prepare them...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Jeanne C Sutton, Rose-Marie Fay, Carolyn P Huynh, Cleverick D Johnson, Liang Zhu, Ryan L Quock
The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of dental faculty members' utilization of diagnostic codes and resulting treatment planning based on radiographic interproximal tooth radiolucencies. In 2015, 50 full-time and part-time general dentistry faculty members at one U.S. dental school were shown a sequence of 15 bitewing radiographs; one interproximal radiolucency was highlighted on each bitewing. For each radiographic lesion, participants were asked to choose the most appropriate diagnostic code (from a concise list of five codes, corresponding to lesion progression to outer/inner halves of enamel and outer/middle/pulpal thirds of dentin), acute treatment (attempt to arrest/remineralize non-invasively, operative intervention, or no treatment), and level of confidence in choices...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Erin Ballard, Michael J Metz, Bryan T Harris, Cynthia J Metz, Jang-Ching Chou, Dean Morton, Wei-Shao Lin
The aims of this study were to evaluate dental students' clinical shade-matching outcomes (from subjective use of shade guide) with an objective electronic shade-matching tool (spectrophotometer); to assess patients', students', and supervising faculty members' satisfaction with the clinical shade-matching outcomes; and to assess clinicians' support for use of the spectrophotometer to improve esthetic outcomes. A total of 103 volunteer groups, each consisting of patient, dental student, and supervising faculty member at the University of Louisville, were recruited to participate in the study in 2015...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Fatemah A Ahmad, Anfal A Karimi, Naela A Alboloushi, Qasem D Al-Omari, Fatimah J AlSairafi, Muawia A Qudeimat
The aim of this study was to investigate the stress level of medical and dental students at Kuwait University after a case-based integrated curriculum replaced the former subject-based curriculum. A modified version of the Dental Environment Stress questionnaire was used to measure possible stressors for both medical and dental students. The investigators administered the questionnaire for the first time in 2008, when Kuwait University medical and dental schools followed a subject-based curriculum (group A)...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Gary M Johnson, Howard H Polk, Scott D Van Da Huvel, Gilda P Ferguson, Scott D Soby
Predental students are often unsuccessful in gaining admission to dental school because of low academic scores. Many of these students are from economically and/or educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. Postbaccalaureate and Master's programs provide these students with the opportunity to raise their grade point averages and/or scores on the Dental Admission Test and then apply or reapply for dental school admission. The aim of this study was to compare seven of these postbac programs and their success rates in gaining dental school admission for their graduates...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Karl D Self, Naty Lopez, Christine M Blue
This study is a follow-up to a 2010 study at one U.S. dental school that found faculty attitudes toward the dental therapy model were mixed and there was a clear divide in attitudes between faculty members who were full-time educators and part-timers who also practiced outside the educational institution. The aim of this study was to determine faculty attitudes toward and perceptions of the dental therapy model at the same school four years after implementation of the dental therapy program. The identical questionnaire used in 2010 was used in this survey conducted from November 2013 to January 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Shannon Myers Virtue, Elizabeth M Waldron, Katie Darabos, Courtney DeAngelis, David A Moore, Maria Fornatora, Marisol Tellez
Many dental schools have integrated tobacco cessation into their predoctoral curricula. However, dental students' perceptions should be taken into consideration when designing those curricula. The aim of this study was to systematically review the published literature on dental students' attitudes and perceptions regarding tobacco cessation. The research team conducted a search for articles through April 2016 using the following electronic databases: Medline, PsychInfo, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL. Each abstract and/or article was reviewed for inclusion...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
George Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Caitlyn Ayn, Lynne Robinson, April Nason, John Lovas
Professional communication skills have a significant impact on dental patient satisfaction and health outcomes. Communication skills training has been shown to improve the communication skills of dental students. Therefore, strengthening communication skills training in dental education shows promise for improving dental patient satisfaction and outcomes. The aim of this study was to facilitate the development of dental communication skills training through a scoping review with compilation of a list of considerations, design of an example curriculum, and consideration of barriers and facilitators to adoption of such training...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Samy A Azer
The aims of this study were to identify characteristics of the top-cited articles in problem-based learning (PBL) and assess the quality of evidence provided by these articles. The most frequently cited articles on PBL were searched in April 2015 in the Science Citation Index Expanded database (List A) and Google Scholar database (List B). Eligible articles identified were reviewed for key characteristics. The Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine guidelines were used in assessing the level of evidence...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Shumei Murakami, Rinus G Verdonschot, Sven Kreiborg, Naoya Kakimoto, Asuka Kawaguchi
The aim of this study was to investigate whether stereoscopy can play a meaningful role in dental education. The study used an anaglyph technique in which two images were presented separately to the left and right eyes (using red/cyan filters), which, combined in the brain, give enhanced depth perception. A positional judgment task was performed to assess whether the use of stereoscopy would enhance depth perception among dental students at Osaka University in Japan. Subsequently, the optimum angle was evaluated to obtain maximum ability to discriminate among complex anatomical structures...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Todd E Thierer, Kelsey A Delander
The aims of this study were to improve progress note documentation by dental students, achieve accurate and timely charge capture and treatment code and note approval, and determine the effectiveness of multiple interventions in improving overall documentation of patient encounters in the clinic of one U.S. dental school. The study, conducted in 2014-15, used a logic model to create a process to address documentation issues in the clinic's electronic dental record (EDR) and to assess the effectiveness of interventions...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Nancy Leong, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
The aim of this study was to identify the challenges encountered by dental assisting students, especially those from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups (UREG), that affected their achieving academic success. In 2016, directors of the nine northern California dental assisting programs were contacted via email to explain the study and request an opportunity to administer the 26-item survey to their currently enrolled students. Student responses were entered into a survey research program, which tabulated the data and calculated the frequency of responses to each item...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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