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Journal of Dental Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148608/an-overview-of-the-models-in-reporting-school-data-on-dental-credentialing-examinations
#1
Tsung-Hsun Tsai, Andrew I Spielman, Gene A Kramer
The development and dissemination of meaningful and useful performance reports associated with examinations involved in the licensure process are important to the communities of interest, including state boards, candidates, and professional schools. Discussions of performance reporting have been largely neglected however. The authors recognize and reinforce the need for such discussions by providing prototypes of performance reporting in dentistry with examples and recommendations to guide practice. For illustrative purposes, this article reviews and discusses the different reporting models used over the past ten years with Part I and Part II of the National Board Dental Examination (NBDE)...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148607/training-to-care-for-limited-english-proficient-patients-and-provision-of-interpreter-services-at-u-s-dental-school-clinics
#2
Lisa Simon, Lauren Hum, Romesh Nalliah
Legal protections in the United States mandate that individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP) have equal access to health care. However, LEP populations are at higher risk of poor health. Dental school clinics offer lower cost care by supervised dental students and often provide care for LEP patients. The aims of this study were to survey dental students about their clinical experience with LEP patients, the interpreter resources available at their dental school clinics, and the extent of instruction on these topics...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148606/did-intraprofessional-training-with-dental-therapists-affect-dental-students-attitudes-toward-caring-for-the-underserved
#3
Priscilla M Flynn, Makshita Luthra, Christine M Blue
Dental therapy was recently introduced as a new oral health care workforce model to increase care for vulnerable populations in Minnesota. Nine dental therapy and 98 dental students began intraprofessional training at the University of Minnesota in 2009. The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine whether intraprofessional education with the dental therapy students would affect the dental students' attitudes toward caring for underserved populations. One class of dental students was surveyed annually between 2009 and 2013 using the Attitudes Toward Health Care survey to measure attitudinal changes about treating vulnerable patients across their four years of dental school...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#4
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148604/the-impact-of-oral-systemic-health-on-advancing-interprofessional-education-outcomes
#5
Judith Haber, Erin Hartnett, Kenneth Allen, Ruth Crowe, Jennifer Adams, Abigail Bella, Thomas Riles, Anna Vasilyeva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an interprofessional education (IPE) clinical simulation and case study experience, using oral-systemic health as the clinical population health example, for nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students' self-reported attainment of interprofessional competencies. A pretest-posttest evaluation method was employed, using data from the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Scale (ICCAS) completed by two large cohorts of nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students at one U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148603/international-volunteer-programs-for-dental-students-results-of-2009-and-2016-surveys-of-u-s-dental-schools
#6
Karl F Woodmansey, Briana Rowland, Steve Horne, Francis G Serio
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and nature of international volunteer programs for predoctoral students at U.S. dental schools and to document the change over five years. Web-based surveys were conducted in 2009 and 2016. An invitation to participate in the study, along with a hyperlink to the survey, was emailed to the deans of all U.S. dental schools in the two years. In 2009, 47 of 58 dental school deans responded to the survey, for a response rate of 81%. In 2016, 48 of 64 dental school deans responded, for a response rate of 75%...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148602/an-assessment-of-global-oral-health-education-in-u-s-dental-schools
#7
Janet Sung, Joan I Gluch
Dental schools need to produce graduates who are adequately prepared to respond to the complex needs and challenges of the increasingly diverse and interconnected world in which they will practice dentistry. To enhance discussions about the coverage of global oral health competencies in dental education, the aims of this study were to assess how global health education is currently incorporated into predoctoral dental training in the U.S. and which global oral health competencies are being covered. Surveys were emailed to all 64 accredited U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148601/reviewer-thank-you
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148600/2016-year-end-metrics
#9
EDITORIAL
Nadeem Y Karimbux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049685/peer-education-reviews-of-the-literature-perls
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#11
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049683/predicting-performance-in-technical-preclinical-dental-courses-using-advanced-simulation
#12
Riki Gottlieb, Mary A Baechle, Charles Janus, Sharon K Lanning
The aim of this study was to investigate whether advanced simulation parameters, such as simulation exam scores, number of student self-evaluations, time to complete the simulation, and time to complete self-evaluations, served as predictors of dental students' preclinical performance. Students from three consecutive classes (n=282) at one U.S. dental school completed advanced simulation training and exams within the first four months of their dental curriculum. The students then completed conventional preclinical instruction and exams in operative dentistry (OD) and fixed prosthodontics (FP) courses, taken during the first and second years of dental school, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#13
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049681/caries-removal-by-first-year-dental-students-a-multisource-competency-assessment-strategy-for-reflective-practice
#14
Tracy L de Peralta, Vidya Ramaswamy, Elisabeta Karl, Elizabeth Van Tubergen, Mary Ellen McLean, Mark Fitzgerald
Multisource assessment (MSA) uses multiple assessors to provide feedback. Little is known about the validity of using MSA feedback for improving students' ability to self-assess in a preclinical environment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the validity of using a defined reflective process involving an MSA tool for building skill in dental students' self-evaluation of caries excavation on extracted teeth. As part of this process, 104 first-year students at one U.S. dental school used a self-generated study plan (SGSP) for structured reflection on MSA feedback during the 2013-14 academic year...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049680/career-and-professional-satisfaction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-academic-surgeons-and-private-practitioners-does-gender-matter
#15
Kyriaki C Marti, Jesse Lanzon, Sean P Edwards, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to determine whether male vs. female oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, academic surgeons (i.e., faculty members), and private practitioners in the U.S. differed in their general career satisfaction and job/professional satisfaction. Survey data were collected in 2011-12 from 267 OMS residents (response rate 55%), 271 OMS academic surgeons (response rate 31%), and 417 OMS private practitioners (response rates 13% web-based survey and 29% postal mail survey). The results showed that while the male vs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049679/dental-students-perceptions-of-learning-value-in-pbl-groups-with-medical-and-dental-students-together-versus-dental-students-alone
#16
Maryam Amin, Rosslynn Zulla, Gisele Gaudet-Amigo, Steven Patterson, Natalie Murphy, Shelley Ross
At a dental school in Canada, problem-based learning (PBL) sessions were restructured from an integrated dental-medical model to a separate dental model, resulting in three groups of students available for study: those who had participated in the two-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental alone, and the two-year dental alone. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the extent to which the PBL structure affected the dental students' perceptions of the learning value of PBL in the different models...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049678/the-relationship-between-mock-boards-and-clinical-board-examinations-in-dental-hygiene-education
#17
Victoria M Martin, Ellen J Rogo, Kathleen O Hodges, Neill F Piland, Sharon E Osborn Popp
Research on the effectiveness of clinical mock boards for future oral health professionals is conflicting and limited. Despite this, U.S. dental hygiene programs rely on clinical mock board experiences as essential components for preparing students for their clinical board examinations. Differences in programs' mock board characteristics may relate to board exam outcomes. The validity and reliability of mock boards can be questioned when deviations from exam criteria and procedures are made and grading mechanisms are not consistent...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049677/dental-students-alumni-and-dentists-perspectives-on-leadership-impact-of-the-scholars-program-in-dental-leadership
#18
Audrey L Niemchick, Jessica Delgado, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
In 2006, the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership (SPDL) was created at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry with the aim of preparing dental students to take on leadership roles in their profession and communities. The aims of this quantitative study were to investigate how SPDL alumni and current participants evaluated this program; to assess whether SPDL alumni evaluated their leadership-related educational experiences, leadership perceptions, and attitudes towards leadership activities in dentistry more positively than did non-SPDL dental students and general dentists; and to explore if leadership-related educational/clinical experiences were correlated with these constructs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#19
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#20
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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