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Journal of Dental Education

Susan Rowan, Elmer J Newness, Sotirios Tetradis, Joanne L Prasad, Ching-Chang Ko, Arlene Sanchez
Student evaluation of teaching (SET) is often used in the assessment of faculty members' job performance and promotion and tenure decisions, but debate over this use of student evaluations has centered on the validity, reliability, and application of the data in assessing teaching performance. Additionally, the fear of student criticism has the potential of influencing course content delivery and testing measures. This Point/Counterpoint article reviews the potential utility of and controversy surrounding the use of SETs in the formal assessment of dental school faculty...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Varsha Murthy, K R Sethuraman, Sunayana Choudhury, P Shakila
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prosthodontic residents' attitudes toward provider-client communication would be shaped by a tailor-made communications skills course. In 2016, the pre-intervention attitudes of all six second- and third-year prosthodontic residents in a three-year residency at an academic dental institution in India were assessed using the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). The residents' performance was then video-recorded while they treated complete denture patients and was analyzed using the Kalamazoo scale, a validated scale for communication skills assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Marsha E Rubin, Heidi J Hansen
Dentists can encounter life-threatening medical emergencies during the provision of routine dental care and must therefore be comfortable with the management of these emergencies. High-fidelity simulation has been used routinely in medical and surgical training and is a recognized and effective educational and assessment tool. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a new high-fidelity simulation training course in medical emergency management for residents in the General Practice Residency program at New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Sandra Farah-Franco, Gail Singer-Chang, Harshavardhan Deoghare
In dental education, professionalism has been viewed as a requirement in order to achieve and maintain competence in the practice of dentistry. The Professionalism Mini-Evaluation Exercise (P-MEX), a 21-item instrument validated in medicine, is often used to measure the following observable professionalism behaviors: doctor-patient relationship, reflective skills, time management skills, and interprofessional relationship skills. Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as the ability to accurately perceive emotions in oneself and in others in order to improve performance and personal growth...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Katherine M Frimenko, Carol Anne Murdoch-Kinch, Marita R Inglehart
Providing care for patients with eating disorders (EDs) requires an interprofessional care (IPC) approach. The aims of this study were to assess dental students' ED- and IPC-related educational experiences, perceptions of preparedness for ED-related communication with patients and providers, and attitudes related to an IPC approach to ED. Relationships among perceptions of education, preparedness, attitudes, and characteristics (e.g., year in program and family members in other health care fields) were also explored...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Jenni A Shearston, Krina Shah, Eric Cheng, Rizvan Moosvi, Su Hyun Park, Naiya Patel, Andrew I Spielman, Michael L Weitzman
Using cigarettes and alternative tobacco products (ATPs) is associated with negative oral health outcomes, and dental health professionals are poised to help patients quit. The aim of this study was to determine dental, dental hygiene, and advanced dental students' use, knowledge, and beliefs about cigarettes and ATPs, including perceptions about their education in tobacco dependence treatment and counseling experience. All 1,783 students enrolled in the dental, dental hygiene, and postdoctoral dental programs at the New York University College of Dentistry were invited to participate in the survey in 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Beatriz Ferraz Dos Santos, Sreenath Madathil, Angela Cristina Cilense Zuanon, Christophe Bedos, Belinda Nicolau
The aims of this study were to investigate dental students' attitudes toward people living in poverty and the extent to which their perceptions were associated with their willingness to treat those patients in their future practice. All 910 dental students enrolled in three Brazilian public universities in 2010 were invited to take part in a cross-sectional survey. A total of 766 students (83.7% response rate) completed the self-administered questionnaire on their perceptions of and attitudes about poverty and their intention to provide dental care to poor people...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Parker A S Crutchfield, Justin S Jarvis, Terry L Olson, Matthew S Wilson
The conventional wisdom in dental and medical education is that dental and medical students experience "ethical erosion" over the duration of dental and medical school. There is some evidence for this claim, but in the case of dental education the evidence consists entirely of survey research, which does not measure behavior. The aim of this study was to measure the altruistic behavior of dental students in order to fill the significant gap in knowledge of how students are disposed to behave, rather than how they are disposed to think...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Xiaoying Feng
Failure to receive proper oral health care including both prevention and maintenance is influenced by myriad and complex social, economic, and dental factors, including access to care. Reducing oral health disparities requires changes in the preparation of future dentists as well as measuring and influencing the attitudes and knowledge of practicing dentists. The aim of this study was to determine the likelihood that future dentists (students and residents) and faculty members at one U.S. dental school would treat Medicaid participants...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Leonardo Marchini, Jennifer E Hartshorn, Howard Cowen, Deborah V Dawson, David C Johnsen
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a learning strategy using critical thinking to teach dental students how to assess the risk of rapid oral health deterioration (ROHD) among elderly patients. A learning guide was developed using risk factors identified in the literature and the steps that expert faculty members apply in their clinical decision making, summarized in a set of ten steps. A new system of labeling risk was developed for the elderly population, which correlates the level of risk with the amount of disease...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Mary E Northridge, Andrew B Schenkel, Shirley Birenz, Ivette Estrada, Sara S Metcalf, Mark S Wolff
To help eliminate reported racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequities in oral health care, listening to the perspectives of racial/ethnic minority older adults on their experiences with dental school clinics is needed. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of African American, Puerto Rican, and Dominican older adults who attend senior centers in upper Manhattan, New York City, regarding the care received at dental school clinics. Focus groups were conducted from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority men and women aged 50 years and older living in upper Manhattan...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Muhammad F Walji, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Andrew I Spielman
Many readers may be familiar with patient-centered care, but they may not be familiar with the concept of person-centered care. Person-centered care implies knowing the patient as a person, not as just another patient or as a clinical requirement in dental school. Person-centered care gains the trust of the patient and is meaningful to the person because it respects his or her values, preferences, needs, and beliefs, emphasizing the individual's freedom of choice while promoting emotional and physical comfort...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Anthony Palatta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Andrew I Spielman, Elizabeth Maas, Elise S Eisenberg
Digital textbooks are being used to reduce production and storage costs of printed copies, enhance usage, and include search capabilities, but the use of digital texts is not universally accepted. In 2001, the New York University College of Dentistry introduced a digital reference library, the VitalBook. Beginning in 2005, the college annually surveyed senior students and, from 2012, also surveyed alumni on their opinions and extent of use of the VitalBook. The aim of this study was to evaluate 12 years of students' perspectives and three years of alumni perspectives on the value of the VitalBook to their dental educational experience...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Matthew Parker Hickin, Jaffer A Shariff, Philip J Jennette, Joseph Finkelstein, Panos N Papapanou
The aim of this study was to use electronic health care records (EHRs) to examine retrospectively the incidence of and attributes associated with dental implant failures necessitating implant removal in a large cohort of patients treated in the student clinics of a U.S. dental school over three and a half years. EHRs were searched for all patients who received dental implants between July 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014. Characteristics of patients and implants that were actively removed due to irrevocable failure of any etiology ("failure cohort") during this period were compared to those of all other patients who received dental implants during the same time frame ("reference cohort")...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Nicola U Zitzmann, Irina Kovaltschuk, Patrik Lenherr, Philipp Dedem, Tim Joda
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to analyze inexperienced dental students' perceptions of the difficulty and applicability of digital and conventional implant impressions and their preferences including performance. Fifty undergraduate dental students at a dental school in Switzerland were randomly divided into two groups (2×25). Group A first took digital impressions in a standardized phantom model and then conventional impressions, while the procedures were reversed for Group B. Participants were asked to complete a VAS questionnaire (0-100) on the level of difficulty and applicability (user/patient-friendliness) of both techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
The aim of this study was to determine the number and size of postdoctoral teaching programs in geriatric dentistry in U.S. dental schools and other health professions educational institutions and those programs with Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funding. In 2015, all 67 U.S. dental schools were contacted via email with a questionnaire to ask if they had a postdoctoral program in geriatric dentistry; if they did, they were asked to report the length and size of the program. Directors of all 16 HRSA-funded geriatric fellowships were also invited to participate in the survey...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Susan M Leiken
Students in many fields have been found to learn more the more they are engaged in both the academic and social aspects of the learning experience. The aims of this study were to determine the level of dental hygiene students' engagement in their educational programs and in student chapters of the American Dental Hygienists' Association (ADHA) and to assess the relationship of that engagement to students' success as measured by cumulative GPA. All 12,000 dental hygiene students (6,000 in the first year and 6,000 in the second year of two-year programs) enrolled in the 334 accredited U...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Vickie E Jones, Anastasios Karydis, Timothy L Hottel
Interprofessional and intraprofessional education (when students from two or more professions or within the same profession, respectively, learn about, from, and/or with each other) is crucial for effective interdisciplinary collaboration. The aims of this study were to assess the effectiveness of a clinical intraprofessional education program for dental and dental hygiene students, based on students' expectations and satisfaction with the program and patients' satisfaction with the team-based care. The pilot program was developed at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Dentistry, where dental hygiene students were paired randomly with dental students scheduled for prophylaxis, scaling and root planing, or periodontal maintenance...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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