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Journal of Dental Education

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January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Pierre-Luc Michaud, Mahdis Maleki, Isabel Mello
The aim of this in vitro study was to determine whether different disinfection/sterilization methods affected the risk of fracture of extracted teeth used for preclinical dental education. Freshly extracted intact mandibular incisors were assigned to different groups according to the processing method used. In the autoclave group (n=20), teeth were autoclaved for 40 min at 240°F under a pressure of 20 psi; in the formalin group (n=20), teeth were immersed in 10% formalin for two weeks; and in the control group (n=10), teeth were not processed...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Richard Heym, Sebastian Krause, Till Hennessen, Vinay Pitchika, Christina Ern, Reinhard Hickel
The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate the development of a model-based, computer-assisted training approach for performing and charting periodontal examinations in a dental clinic in Germany. The study was initiated in summer semester 2013 and repeated in two consecutive semesters (S1: 44 students, S2: 48 students, and S3: 61 students) because technical features were introduced (S2: feedback and time control; S3: input control). In each semester, new dental students who had never performed periodontal examinations participated...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Alan R Furness, Richard S Callan, J Rodway Mackert, Anthony G Mollica
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Planmeca Compare software in identifying and quantifying a common critical error in dental students' crown preparations. In 2014-17, a study was conducted at one U.S. dental school that evaluated an ideal crown prep made by a faculty member on a dentoform to modified preps. Two types of preparation errors were created by the addition of flowable composite to the occlusal surface of identical dies of the preparations to represent the underreduction of the distolingual cusp...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Anthea Senior, Curtis Winand, Seema Ganatra, Hollis Lai, Noura Alsulfyani, Camila Pachêco-Pereira
A guiding principle of radiation safety is ensuring that radiation dosage is as low as possible while yielding the necessary diagnostic information. Intraoral images taken with conventional dental film have a higher re-exposure rate when taken by dental students compared to experienced staff. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of and reasons for re-exposure of digital intraoral images taken by third- and fourth-year dental students in a dental school clinic. At one dental school in Canada, the total number of intraoral images taken by third- and fourth-year dental students, re-exposures, and error descriptions were extracted from patient clinical records for an eight-month period (September 2015 to April 2016)...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Anna Vishnevetsky, Jennifer Mirman, Vinodh Bhoopathi
Dentists, like other health professionals, are uniquely positioned to be public health advocates. One venue where dental students can become skilled public health advocates is in dental education programs. However, debates about the need and importance of integrating advocacy training into dental curricula exist. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the association between pediatric dentists' interest in and willingness to participate in an advocacy-related activity and their prior training in advocacy during dental education...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Cristina D Presoto, Danielle Wajngarten, Patrícia A S Domingos, Juliana A D B Campos, Patrícia P N S Garcia
The aims of this study were to adapt the Job Factors Questionnaire to the field of dentistry, evaluate its psychometric properties, evaluate dental students' perceptions of work/study risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders, and determine the influence of gender and academic level on those perceptions. All 580 students enrolled in two Brazilian dental schools in 2015 were invited to participate in the study. A three-factor structure (Repetitiveness, Work Posture, and External Factors) was tested through confirmatory factor analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Svetlana Tikhonova, Félix Girard, Margherita Fontana
The aim of this study was to document cariology education across Canadian dental schools. Ten faculty members who supervise cariology education at each of the ten Canadian dental schools were invited to participate in the study in 2016. An adapted version of the European Organization for Caries Research-Association for Dental Education in Europe cariology curriculum group questionnaire was used. Representatives of all ten dental schools completed the questionnaire, for a 100% response rate. In four schools, cariology and restorative dentistry were taught by the same department...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Melanie E Mayberry, Deirdre D Young, Shlomo Sawilowsky, Diane Hoelscher
While pipeline programs for students from underrepresented minority groups have been established at the high school and college levels, fewer programs have been developed for middle school students. In an effort to reach this cohort, the University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry embarked on a grassroots collaborative pipeline program with two distinct segments: Urban Impressions and Dental Imprint. Their purpose is to expose Detroit-area seventh and eighth grade students to careers in dentistry, provide oral health education, and introduce role models...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Keith A Mays, Meghan Maguire
Since 2000, reports have documented the challenges faced by many Americans in receiving oral health care and the consequences of inadequate care such as high levels of dental caries among many U.S. children. To help address this problem, many dental schools now include community-based dental education (CBDE) in their curricula, placing students in extramural clinics where they provide care in underserved communities. CBDE is intended to both broaden the education of future oral health professionals and expand care for patients in community clinics...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Lisa Simon, Deepti Shroff, Jane Barrow, Sang E Park
Community-based dental education (CBDE) allows dental students to be immersed in community settings and provide care to populations that are underserved. Exposure to those groups during training may impact provider attitudes, which may be strengthened by supporting students' reflection and exploration of their own attitudes. The aim of this study was to describe the implementation and preliminary results of a pilot longitudinal reflection curriculum integrated into a community-based clinical experience (CBCE) for senior dental students at one U...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Julie M Coe, Tegwyn H Brickhouse, Bushra A Bhatti, Al M Best
With a significant need for more general dentists to provide care for pediatric patients, previous studies have found that community-based clinical training experience with children increased dental students' willingness to provide care to pediatric patients after graduation. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of community-based clinical training with pediatric patients on dental students' self-perceived confidence in treating pediatric patients, both overall and related to specific procedures...
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
HsingChi von Bergmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Dental Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Henriette Lucander
Evidence suggests that involving patients in health care decisions has a positive impact on health care outcomes and patients' perception of quality. However, the extent to which dental students are trained in communication and shared decision making (SDM) differs, and studies have identified a need for intensified learning and assessment of this competence. A need to more clearly define and operationalize what it means to be proficient in this area has been identified. The aim of this study was to operationalize communicative and relational skills in a comprehensive assessment instrument for SDM...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Marilia M Sly, Juliana A Barros, Charles F Streckfus, Dianna M Arriaga, Shalizeh A Patel
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a novel assessment software system with the traditional grading protocol used in the University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston operative dentistry preclinical curriculum. In the study, conducted in 2016, 98 Class I preparations were evaluated both traditionally and digitally by two teams of calibrated preclinical faculty members (two evaluators for each team). Scores from each faculty pair were averaged for the traditional and the digital grading systems, and the scores for the two grading systems were compared...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Keisuke Nishigawa, Rika Hayama, Katsuhiro Omoto, Kazuo Okura, Toyoko Tajima, Yoshitaka Suzuki, Maki Hosoki, Mayu Ueda, Miho Inoue, Omar Marianito Maningo Rodis, Yoshizo Matsuka
The aim of this study was to determine the validity of peer evaluation for team-based learning (TBL) classes in dental education in comparison with the term-end examination records and TBL class scores. Examination and TBL class records of 256 third- and fourth-year dental students in six fixed prosthodontics courses from 2013 to 2015 in one dental school in Japan were investigated. Results of the term-end examination during those courses, individual readiness assurance test (IRAT), group readiness assurance test (GRAT), group assignment projects (GAP), and peer evaluation of group members in TBL classes were collected...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Kamran Ali, Matthew Jerreat, Daniel Zahra, Christopher Tredwin
Dental students are assessed using a range of methods in their final-year examinations. The aim of this study was to explore the correlations and predictive value of final-year dental students' performance on knowledge-based and clinical assessments. Examination data related to applied dental knowledge (ADK), exit case presentation (CP), and integrated structured clinical examination (ISCE) assessments for five consecutive cohorts of final-year students at one U.K. dental school from 2011-12 to 2015-16 were collated...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Kristan D Rodriguez, Joseph A Bartoloni, William D Hendricson
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between personality preferences of incoming fourth-year dental students at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio as measured by the Keirsey Temperament Sorter II and their third-year clinical productivity and percentage of broken appointments. All 105 incoming fourth-year dental students in 2016 were invited to participate in the study, and 92 students completed the temperament questionnaire, for a response rate of 87.5%. Those students' clinical activity during their third year was measured by production points and percentage of broken appointments extracted from the electronic health record...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Gloria J Redford, Brenda S Bohaty
In recognition of the importance for dental education programs to take a student-centered approach in which students are encouraged to take responsibility for their learning, a pediatric dentistry course redesign aimed at promoting greater active and self-directed learning was implemented at one U.S. dental school. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the students' self-reported study habits and active learning practices necessary for meaningful learning in the flipped/blended classroom...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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