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Journal of Dental Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717077/snapshot-of-dental-education
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717076/what-matters-from-admissions-identifying-success-and-risk-among-canadian-dental-students
#2
Rachel A Plouffe, Robert Hammond, Harvey A Goldberg, Saad Chahine
The aims of this study were to determine whether different student profiles would emerge in terms of high and low GPA performance in each year of dental school and to investigate the utility of preadmissions variables in predicting performance and performance stability throughout each year of dental school. Data from 11 graduating cohorts (2004-14) at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Canada, were collected and analyzed using bivariate correlations, latent profile analysis, and hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717075/timing-of-case-based-discussions-and-educational-outcomes-for-dental-students
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jaime A Chowaniec, Alison F Doubleday, Charles W LeHew, Larry B Salzmann, Anne Koerber
The aim of this study was to determine if the timing of a case-based discussion affected dental students' assessment scores. The study specifically investigated whether the timing of a 60-minute case-based discussion before or after a 90-minute lecture affected students' performance on a quiz on topics in pediatric dentistry. In addition, students' preferences for the timing of the case discussion and confidence in the material with different timings were assessed in a survey. In a crossover design, all 52 second-year students in fall 2016 at one U...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#4
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717073/assessing-the-medical-emergency-preparedness-of-dental-faculty-residents-and-practicing-periodontists-an-exploratory-study
#5
Tatiana de Bedout, Kyle Kramer, Steven Blanchard, Yusuke Hamada, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome, Vanchit John
With the increased number of elderly and medically compromised individuals receiving dental care and the presence of systemic comorbidities and associated treatment modalities in this patient population, it is imperative that dentists be prepared to manage a variety of medical emergencies. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of and preparedness to manage common medical emergencies of cohorts of practicing periodontists, specialty residents, and faculty members, both for comparative purposes and as an aid to refining a dental school's standardized case scenarios...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717072/assessing-dental-students-readiness-to-treat-populations-that-are-underserved-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Linda Furlini, Nioushah Noushi, Geneviève Castonguay, Paul Allison, Christophe Bedos, Raphael De Souza, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Richard Hovey, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Martin Morris, Belinda Nicolau, Frances Power, Jocelyne Feine
In North America, all dental schools have adopted some form of community-based dental education (CBDE) or service-learning, but little is known about the areas being researched and reported in published studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to determine what areas of research had been conducted to determine the effects of CBDE on dental students' readiness to treat populations that are underserved. A systematic search of articles published in English or French since 2000 was performed on July 29, 2015, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717071/implementation-of-recommended-tobacco-cessation-systems-in-dental-practices-a-qualitative-exploration-in-northeastern-north-carolina
#7
Jonathan P Nowlin, Joseph G L Lee, Wanda G Wright
Every year, cigarettes and other tobacco products cause nearly one in five deaths in the U.S., but many smokers report not being advised to quit by their health care providers. Dentists have an important role to play in tobacco cessation, but more research is needed about the extent of and barriers to implementation in dental practices. The aims of this study were to assess the extent to which dental practices in northeastern North Carolina were implementing the recommended U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) Clinical Practice Guideline, to understand policies about smoking in dental practice settings, and to identify barriers to implementation of recommended systems...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717070/effect-on-dental-hygiene-students-of-a-substance-use-simulation-conducted-with-nursing-students
#8
Ann M Mitchell, Angelina Riccelli, Lynn Boucek, Kathryn R Puskar, Holly Hagle, Dawn Lindsay
Dental professionals have an opportunity to screen for substance use, provide targeted feedback based on patients' oral health, provide patient education, and refer for further assessment as needed. The aim of this study was to assess the impact on dental hygiene students of an interprofessional Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) educational intervention with standardized patients as a tool for initiating discussions on alcohol and drug use with patients. Starting in 2015, dental hygiene students in two classes at the University of Pittsburgh participated with nursing students in one and a half hours of didactic instruction followed within a ten-week period by SBIRT simulation scenarios utilizing standardized patients, with subsequent debriefing of students by faculty...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717069/interprofessional-education-perceptions-of-dental-assisting-and-radiologic-technology-students-following-a-live-patient-experience
#9
Amanda R Reddington, Amy J Egli, Heather M Schmuck
Health professions students are often unaware of other health care providers' roles or professional expertise due to most education taking place within their single profession. This pattern may be even more prevalent for baccalaureate and associate degree programs since most interprofessional education (IPE) occurs in predoctoral programs and, when IPE is incorporated into allied health professions education, it often utilizes simulation instead of live patient experiences. The aim of this study was to determine if radiologic technology and dental assisting students' perceptions changed regarding interprofessional practice and teamwork after an IPE activity with actual patients...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717068/nursing-and-dental-students-reflections-on-interprofessional-practice-after-a-service-learning-experience-in-appalachia
#10
Susan Nierenberg, Linda Paine Hughes, Molli Warunek, Joseph E Gambacorta, Suzanne S Dickerson, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Nowhere is the discrepancy between good and poor oral health status more pronounced in the U.S. than in the Appalachian region, where there is a high incidence of dental problems related to non-flouridated water, limited access to care, and tooth loss. To address these disparities, in 2016 University at Buffalo dental and nurse practitioner faculty members led a group of dental and nursing students on a two-day service-learning experience in rural Tennessee. The aim of this study was to assess the dental and nursing students' reflections on this interprofessional service-learning experience in Appalachia...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717067/developing-interprofessional-education-at-one-u-s-dental-school-establishing-a-baseline-and-moving-forward
#11
Janice Townsend, Joseph A Zorek, Sandra C Andrieu, Raquel Baroni de Carvalho, Donald E Mercante, Julie H Schiavo, Tina P Gunaldo
Dental schools across the U.S. are in the process of incorporating interprofessional education (IPE) into their curricula. At Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans (LSUHSC), the process of educating competent students fully prepared to maximize patient outcomes through interprofessional care is under way. The aim of this study was to establish baseline data on three years of LSU dental students' perceptions of IPE prior to and as a new two-year IPE curriculum was being introduced. A survey was conducted of dental students in all four years from 2015 to 2017 using the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised instrument, version 2 (SPICE-R2)...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717066/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-how-could-dentistry-participate
#12
James R Cole, William W Dodge, John S Findley, Bruce D Horn, Kenneth L Kalkwarf, Max M Martin, Richard W Valachovic, Ronald L Winder, Stephen K Young
There is a remarkable phenomenon occurring among health professionals: the development of ongoing, routine collaboration, both in educating the next generation of providers and in delivering care. These new approaches, commonly referred to as interprofessional education and interprofessional collaborative practice, have been introduced into academic health settings and delivery systems throughout the U.S. and the rest of the world; however, the full integration of dentistry in health care teams remains unrealized...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717065/imagination-and-intersection
#13
EDITORIAL
Nadeem Y Karimbux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606663/snapshot-of-dental-education
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606662/peer-education-reviews-of-the-literature-perls
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606661/relationship-between-dental-students-pre-admission-record-and-performance-on-the-comprehensive-basic-science-examination
#16
Kevin C Lee, Victor Y Lee, Laureen A Zubiaurre, John T Grbic, Sidney B Eisig
The Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (CBSE) is the entrance examination for oral and maxillofacial surgery, but its implementation among dental students is a relatively recent and unintended use. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-admission data and performance on the CBSE for dental students at the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine (CDM). This study followed a retrospective cohort, examining data for the CDM Classes of 2014-19. Data collected were Dental Admission Test (DAT) and CBSE scores and undergraduate GPAs for 49 CDM students who took the CBSE from September 2013 to July 2016...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606660/dental-students-skills-assessments-comparisons-of-daily-clinical-grades-and-clinical-and-laboratory-assessments
#17
Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S Bishop
The aim of this study was to compare the daily clinical grades of third-year dental students during routine clinical activities involving direct and indirect operative procedures to clinical and laboratory assessments. The authors compared students' daily clinical grades to graded clinical assessments and compared daily clinical grades to laboratory assessments at one U.S. dental school. A total of 50 third-year students (participation rate: 98%) participated in this study during the school year of 2014-15...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606659/rethinking-dental-school-admission-criteria-correlation-between-pre-admission-variables-and-first-year-performance-for-six-classes-at-one-dental-school
#18
Kevin C Rowland, Susan Rieken
Admissions committees in dental schools are charged with the responsibility of selecting candidates who will succeed in school and become successful members of the profession. Identifying students who will have academic difficulty is challenging. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of pre-admission variables for the first-year performance of six classes at one U.S. dental school. The authors hypothesized that the variables undergraduate grade point average (GPA), undergraduate science GPA (biology, chemistry, and physics), and Dental Admission Test (DAT) scores would predict the level of performance achieved in the first year of dental school, measured by year-end GPA...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606658/comparison-of-dental-students-pat-scores-with-their-performance-in-preclinical-technique-courses-identifying-the-need-for-early-interventions
#19
Michele Schultz-Robins, Kenneth Markowitz, Jeanette DeCastro, Shuying Jiang
The aim of this study was to determine if lower scores on the Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) of the Dental Admission Test (DAT) predicted which dental students required remediation in three preclinical restorative dentistry courses at Rutgers School of Dental Medicine. The academic records of 489 dental students from the graduating Classes of 2010 through 2015 were evaluated. The results showed that, for all three courses (Preclinical General Dentistry I, Preclinical General Dentistry II, and Preclinical Fixed Prosthodontics), the remediating students had significantly lower mean PAT scores than did the passing students...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606657/the-role-of-digital-3d-scanned-models-in-dental-students-self-assessments-in-preclinical-operative-dentistry
#20
Cliff Lee, Hiro Kobayashi, Samuel R Lee, Hiroe Ohyama
The aim of this study was to determine how dental student self-assessment and faculty assessment of operative preparations compared for conventional visual assessment versus assessment of scanned digital 3D models. In 2016, all third-year students in the Class of 2018 (N=35) at Harvard School of Dental Medicine performed preclinical exams of Class II amalgam preparations (C2AP) and Class III composite preparations (C3CP) and completed self-assessment forms; in 2017, all third-year students in the Class of 2019 (N=34) performed the same exams...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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