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Archives of Pharmacal Research

Hee Yeon Won, Eun Sook Hwang
Regulatory T (Treg) cells with high expression of both CD25 and Foxp3 are developed in the thymus and also peripheral tissues. Treg cells suppress the activation and functions of effector T cells raised against specific antigens and are crucial for maintaining immune homeostasis. Treg cell development is associated with the induction of and epigenetic alterations of forkhead transcription factor Foxp3. Foxp3 expression is increased by the activation of several transcription factors including nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and Smad3 in response to various signals such as TGFβ, retinoic acid, and rapamycin...
October 25, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Gahee Min, Sae-Kwang Ku, Mi Seon Park, Tae-Joo Park, Hyun-Shik Lee, Jong-Sup Bae
A certain nucleosomal protein-high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1)-has recently been established as a late mediator of sepsis, with a relatively wide therapeutic window for pharmacological intervention. Pelargonidin (PEL) is a well-known red pigment found in plants; it has important biological activities that are potentially beneficial for human health. In the present study, we investigated whether PEL can modulate HMGB1-mediated inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in mice...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Sonia Barua, Hyeongmin Kim, Seong-Chul Hong, Seung-Yup Yoo, Dohyun Shin, Chung-Lyol Lee, Seon-Jeong Na, Yeong Hyo Kim, Kanghee Jo, Gyiae Yun, Joong-Hark Kim, Uy Dong Sohn, Jaehwi Lee
This study evaluated the moisturizing effect of serine-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (serine-SLN) and polysaccharide-rich reed (Phragmites communis) root extract (RRE) incorporated in hydrogel bases. The hydrogels with serine-SLN and/or RRE were carefully applied on the volar forearm of human volunteers. Their moisturizing efficacy was evaluated by monitoring conductance values using a skin surface hygrometer. The values of the area under the normalized conductance-time curve (AUCC) were developed and compared as a parameter for the water holding capacity of the skin...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Ju Hui Jeong, Yong Jin Oh, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Young Ho Seo
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 has emerged as an attractive cancer therapeutic target due to its role in cellular homeostasis by modulating the stabilization and maturation of many oncogenic proteins. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of Hsp90 inhibitors that hybridized NVP-AUY992 (2) and PU3 (3) in the chalcone scaffold using a structure-based approach. Our results indicate that compound 1g inhibited the proliferation of gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (H1975) cells, downregulated the expression of client proteins of Hsp90 including EGFR, MET, Her2 and Akt, and up-regulated the expression of Hsp70...
October 21, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Junsik Park, Minsuk Kwon, Eui-Cheol Shin
During immune responses antigen-specific T cells are regulated by several mechanisms, including through inhibitory receptors and regulatory T cells, to avoid excessive or persistent immune responses. These regulatory mechanisms, which are called 'immune checkpoints', suppress T cell responses, particularly in patients with chronic viral infections and cancer where viral antigens or tumor antigens persist for a long time and contribute to T cell exhaustion. Among these regulatory mechanisms, cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein-4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) are the most well-known receptors and both have been targeted for drug development...
October 21, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Taehee Kang, Chulhun Park, Beom-Jin Lee
Cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment are affected by fluid shear stress generated by blood flow in the vascular microenvironment and interstitial flows in the tumor microenvironment. Thus, we investigated how fluidic shear stress affects cellular uptake as well as the endocytosis mechanism of nanoparticles using a biomimetic microfluidic system that mimics the human dynamic environment. Positively charged amino-modified polystyrene nanoparticles (PSNs) at 100 μg/mL were delivered to cancer cells under static and biomimetic dynamic conditions (0...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
You Jin Jang, Moon Jung Back, Zhicheng Fu, Joo Hyun Lee, Jong Hoon Won, Hae Chan Ha, Hae Kyung Lee, Ji Min Jang, Jong Min Choi, Dae Kyong Kim
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a respiratory failure disease and the major source of mortality in the critically ill patients. The main pathological changes involved in ALI include the excessive recruitment and activation of neutrophils by increased pro-inflammatory mediators. However, any specific therapy for ALI has not been developed. The objective of this study was to investigate protective effects of parthenolide, a sesquiterpene lactone produced in feverfew, on LPS-induced lung injury. In the present study, parthenolide treatment reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells, airway permeability and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-induced ALI mouse model...
October 18, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Han Sol Kim, Ha Ra Cho, Myoung Jin Ho, Myung Joo Kang, Yong Seok Choi
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. To manage OA, in general, oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is used. Recently, the analgesic and anti-inflammatory efficacy of piroxicam (PX), a long-acting NSAID, by intra-articular (IA) administration in OA was reported, and the possibility that PX is distributed in articular tissues at a certain concentration was raised. Thus, herein, novel LC-MS/MS methods to detect PX in rat articular tissue and plasma are presented...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Salwa Elmeligie, Azza T Taher, Nadia A Khalil, Ahmed H El-Said
Novel series of 1,3,4-trisubstituted azetidin-2-one derivatives 8a-p were synthesized and proposed as cytotoxic agents acting via inhibition of tubulin at the colchicine binding site. The design of the target compounds was based upon modification in the structure of the vascular targeting agent combretastatin A-4 (CA-4). The cis double bond linker in CA-4 was replaced with the azetidin-2-one ring aiming to prevent the cis/trans isomerization that suppresses the activity of CA-4, thereby enhancing its antiproliferative activity...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Fan Dong Kong, Li Man Zhou, Qing Yun Ma, Sheng Zhuo Huang, Pei Wang, Hao Fu Dai, You Xing Zhao
Three new compounds named penicitor A, aculene E and penicitor B, as well as four known compounds, were isolated from the fermentation broth of Penicillium sp. SCS-KFD08 associated with a marine animal Sipunculus nudus from the Haikou bay of China. Their planar structures and absolute configurations were unambiguously elucidated by spectroscopic data, Mosher's method, CD spectrum analysis along with quantum ECD calculation. Among them, compounds 2-7 showed quorum sensing inhibitory activity against Chromobacterium violaceum CV026, and could significantly reduce violacein production in N-hexanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (C6-HSL) induced C...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Shao-Rui Chen, Wen-Ping Zhang, Jing-Mei Bao, Zhong-Bin Cheng, Sheng Yin
Aristoyunnolin H is a novel aristophyllene sesquiterpenoid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Aristolochia yunnanensis Franch. The present research was designed to explore the anti-fibrotic effects of aristoyunnolin H in adult rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) stimulated with angiotensin II (Ang II). Western blot analysis data showed that aristoyunnolin H reduced the upregulation of fibronectin (FN), connective tissue growth factor and collagen I(Col I) production induced by Ang II in CFs. By studying the dynamic intracellular changes of Ca(2+), we further found that while aristoyunnolin H relieved the calcium influx, it has no effect on intracellular calcium store release...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Ban-Ban Li, Jia-Lin Li, Na Li, Shi-Zhou Qi, Hyun-Sun Lee, Le Zhang, Shan-Shan Xing, Zhen-Dong Tuo, Long Cui
Two new furofuran lignans were isolated from the stems of Acanthopanax senticosus, along with seven known compounds. Their structures were all determined by spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods. All the isolates were evaluated for in vitro inhibitory activity against DGAT1 and DGAT2. Compounds 1 and 2 were found to exhibit selective inhibitory activity on DGAT1 with IC50 values 89.5 ± 1.5 and 57.5 ± 1.3 µM, respectively.
October 4, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Hyo Sun Jin, Tae Sung Kim, Eun-Kyeong Jo
Innate immunity constitutes the first line of defense against pathogenic and dangerous insults. However, it is a double-edged sword, as it functions in both clearance of infection and inflammatory damage. It is therefore important that innate immune responses are tightly controlled to prevent harmful excessive inflammation. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are a family of transcription factors that play critical roles in various physiological responses. Orphan NRs are a subset of NRs for which the ligands and functions are unclear...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jaesuk Yun, So Young Kim, Kyung Sik Yoon, Heejung Shin, Ho-Sang Jeong, Hyejoo Chung, Young-Hoon Kim, Jisoon Shin, Hye Jin Cha, Kyoung Moon Han, Seungha Hyeon, Tac-Hyung Lee, Hye-Kyung Park, Hyung Soo Kim
Astemizole, a non-sedating histamine H1 receptor blocker, is widely known to cause cardiac arrhythmia, which prolongs the QT interval. However, the precise molecular mechanism involved in antihistamine-induced cardiovascular adverse effects other than hERG channel inhibition is still unclear. In this study, we used DNA microarray analysis to detect the mechanisms involved in life-threatening adverse effects caused by astemizole. Rat primary cardiomyocytes were treated with various concentrations of astemizole for 24 h and the corresponding cell lysates were analyzed using a DNA microarray...
September 28, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jung-Hwan Kang, Se-Young Choung
Damage of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells by A2E may be critical for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) management. Accumulation and photooxidation of A2E are known to be one of the critical causes in AMD. Here, we evaluated the protective effect of resveratrol (RES), piceatannol (PIC) and RES glycones on blue-light-induced RPE cell death caused by A2E photooxidation. A2E treatment followed by blue light exposure caused significant damages on human RPE cells (ARPE-19). But the damages were attenuated by post- and pre-treatment of RES and PIC in our in vitro models...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jing Li, Jin Xie, Fei-Xue Yu, Yu-Hui Chen, Pei-Ji Zhao
The white pine blister rust caused by Cronartium ribicola is a severe disease of Pinus armandii Franch in Sichuan Province, China. A mycoparasite was isolated from aeciospore piles of C. ribicola and identified as Pestalotipsis sp. The chemical constituents were investigated and nine new polyketides, named pestalotic acids A-I (1-9), were isolated from solid fermentation products of Pestalotiopsis sp. cr014. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D- and 2D- NMR, HR-MS experiments...
September 19, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jinchao Ai, Haitong Wan, Mingchun Shu, Huifen Zhou, Tao Zhao, Wei Fu, Yu He
Guhong injection (GHI), composed of aceglutamide and safflower aqueous extract, has been used clinically for the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases such as cerebral embolism, hemorrhage and mental deterioration. In this paper, we reported the results of the first study on the anti-inflammatory effects of GHI in murine focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: Sham group, I/R group, GHI-L group (2.5 mL/kg), GHI-M group (5 mL/kg), GHI-H group (10 mL/kg) and Nimodipine group...
September 13, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Rungusa Pantan, Jiraporn Tocharus, Manussabhorn Phatsara, Apichart Suksamrarn, Chainarong Tocharus
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G) in synergy with atorvastatin, even when it is used in low concentrations. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were used to verify the synergistic mechanism of atorvastatin and C3G against angiotensin II-induced proliferation and migration. BrdU incorporation assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation. Wound healing and Boyden chamber assays were used to investigate cell migration. The cell cycle was examined using flow cytometry...
September 13, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jae Sik Yu, Jiwon Baek, Hyun Bong Park, Eunjung Moon, Sun Yeou Kim, Sang Un Choi, Ki Hyun Kim
A new rearranged eudesmane sesquiterpene, named eudeglaucone (1), and five known sesquiterpenes including (+)-faurinone (2) and four eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes (3-6), were isolated from the twigs of Lindera glauca (Sieb. et Zucc.) Blume. The structure of 1 was elucidated by a combination of extensive spectroscopic analyses, including extensive 2D NMR ((1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and NOESY) and HR-MS. Compound 1 was a relatively rare rearranged eudesmane sesquiterpene in terpenoids. All isolates were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against four human tumor cell lines (A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, and HCT-15)...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Ahmed H Eid, Noha F Abdelkader, Ola M Abd El-Raouf, Hala M Fawzy, Ezz-El-Din S El-Denshary
The clinical application of the anticancer drug cisplatin is limited by its deleterious side effects, including male reproductive toxicity. In this context, the potential protective effect of carvedilol on testicular and spermatological damage induced by cisplatin in male Sprague-Dawley rats was investigated. Carvedilol was orally administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg for 2 weeks, and cisplatin was given as a single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg on the 12th day to induce toxicity. Cisplatin significantly reduced reproductive organ weight, sperm count and sperm motility, and increased sperm abnormalities and histopathological damage of testicular tissue...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
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