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American Journal of Otolaryngology

Orhan Ozturan, Remzi Dogan, Sabri Baki Eren, Fadlullah Aksoy
PURPOSE: Despite the ever-growing popularity of endoscopic ear surgery (EES), there are still concerns regarding the potential thermal risk associated with the use of light sources and also questions raised about the thermal safety of extended stationary applications of endoscopes with holders that allow the use of both hands in the middle ear. The temperature changes witnessed during EES when using different calipers on static endoscopes fitted with camera holders during true operations were measured, and effects of varying light source intensities, as well as the cooling effect of irrigation and suction, were investigated...
July 2, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Eugene Wong, Aneeza W Hamizan, Raquel Alvarado, Carolyn A Orgain, Larry Kalish, Raymond Sacks, Richard J Harvey
PURPOSE: Middle turbinate head edema has recently been found to have high specificity for diagnosis of inhalant allergy. However, subtle mucosal edema can be difficult to appreciate under white light endoscopy. Narrow band imaging (NBI) has the potential to demonstrate edema by identifying reduced mucosal vascularity and improve sensitivity for the detection of mucosal edema. Narrow band imaging was assessed to determine its utility in objectifying mucosal edema. MEATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional diagnostic study was performed on patients with edematous mucosa of the middle turbinate head...
June 22, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
James A Gallogly, Mejd Jumaily, Farhoud Faraji, Anthony A Mikulec
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the rates of tumor control, hearing preservation and cranial nerve toxicity with the use of CyberKnife stereotactic radiotherapy consisting of 2100 cGy to the 80% isodose line delivered in three weekly fractions to treat vestibular schwannomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of vestibular schwannoma patients treated with CyberKnife stereotactic radiotherapy or undergoing watchful waiting between 2006 and 2017 was performed...
June 22, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Arash Bahrami, Aurora Vincent, Sameep Kadakia, Jared Inman, Masoud Saman, Yadranko Ducic
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we explore whether preoperative external beam radiation affects complication rates in patients that have undergone double simultaneous free tissue transfer for head and neck defects. STUDY DESIGN, SETTING, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Approval was obtained from the JPS Institutional Review Board. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent double free flap reconstruction of head and neck defects between August 1997 and April 2017...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Alberto A Arteaga, Kristen D Pitts, Andrea F Lewis
Hypoglossal nerve stimulation is a promising new treatment for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. In the initial Stimulation Therapy for Apnea Reduction Trial, the overall rate of serious adverse events was <2% and no cases of pneumothorax were reported. We present the case of an iatrogenic pneumothorax during placement of the chest sensor lead between the intercostal muscles. Following clinical and radiological evaluation, surgery was continued and the patient was treated expectantly. In the following review, we discuss pathophysiology, diagnosis, and expected outcomes...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Gerald M Haase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Grace M Tabatabai, Peter Karempelis, Jennifer C Hsia
Implantation rates of hypoglossal nerve stimulators, such as INSPIRE, are increasing. The device is still in its early stages of complication reporting, which to date includes implant related infection requiring device removal, and stimulation lead cuff dislodgement requiring replacement. Here we present a 48-year-old female who experienced generator migration and stimulator lead tension requiring an additional operation in order to resecure the generator device. This proved unsuccessful and a second surgery was performed with complete relocation of the device generator to inhibit device migration...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Tyler A Janz, David M Neskey, Shaun A Nguyen, Eric J Lentsch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of brain metastasis at the time of diagnosis for patients with cutaneous head and neck melanoma (CHNM). METHODS: Patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included from 2010 to 2014 based on a diagnosis of CHNM using ICD O-3 histology codes and primary site location documentation. Patients were also included if they had a "yes" or "no" documented in the "Mets at Dx-Brain" category...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Peter J Ciolek, Brandon L Prendes, Michael A Fritz
INTRODUCTION: The reconstructive goals following radical parotidectomy include restoration of symmetry, reanimation of the face, and reestablishment of oral competence. We present our experience utilizing the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap, orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer (OTTT), and facial nerve cable grafting to reestablish form and function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2016, 17 patients underwent radical parotidectomy followed by immediate reconstruction...
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Rosh K V Sethi, Daniel G Deschler
PURPOSE: Operating room (OR) procedures represent one quarter of hospitalizations, yet OR-related stays account for nearly 50% of hospital costs. Understanding trends in inpatient parotidectomy, associated charges, and key outcomes including length of stay is imperative in the era of evolving health reform. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was queried for patients who underwent inpatient parotidectomy (ICD9-CM procedure code 26.31 and 26...
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Eric J Formeister, A Sean Alemi, Ivan El-Sayed, Jonathan R George, Patrick Ha, P Daniel Knott, William R Ryan, Rahul Seth, Matthew L Tamplen, Chase M Heaton
PURPOSE: To evaluate how the interval between radiation and salvage surgery for advanced laryngeal cancer with free tissue transfer reconstruction influences complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective series of 26 patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy with vascularized free tissue reconstruction (anterolateral thigh or radial forearm) following radiation or chemoradiation between 2012 and 2017 at a single academic center...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Judd H Fastenberg, Christina H Fang, Nadeem A Akbar, Waleed M Abuzeid, Howard S Moskowitz
INTRODUCTION: The development of portable, high resolution video displays such as video glasses allows clinicians the opportunity to offer patients an increased ability to visualize aspects of their physical examination in an ergonomic and cost-effective manner. The objective of this pilot study is to trial the use of video glasses for patients undergoing binocular microscopy as well as to better understand some of the potential benefits of the enhanced display option. METHODS: This study was comprised of a single treatment group...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Richard Chan Woo Park, Amishav Y Bresler, Amy P Bansal, Soly Baredes
BACKGROUND: Resident duty hour restrictions can limit the frequency of resident flap checks at smaller institutions with "home" call. Institutions are compensating with adjuvant nursing flap checks as well as incorporating technology; however, this management remains controversial. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 122 free flaps for reconstruction of the head and neck by a single surgeon. Demographic information, operative details, postoperative care, and flap outcomes were recorded...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Kylie H Kang, William Grubb, Komal Sawlani, Michael K Gibson, Christopher J Hoimes, Lisa R Rogers, Pierre Lavertu, Min Yao
BACKGROUND: We present a case of myositis and possible overlapping neuromuscular junction disorder following treatment with nivolumab for recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: We report a 75-year-old man with recurrent stage IVA, T1N2cM0 oral cavity HNSCC treated with weight-dosed nivolumab who presented three weeks later with severe fatigue, generalized weakness, and bilateral ptosis. Evaluation demonstrated elevated creatine kinase and myopathic motor units on electromyography, supporting a diagnosis of an underlying muscle disease...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Luis F Tintinago, William Victoria, Estephania Candelo, Juan Camilo Diaz, Juan Carlos Arce, Luis Miguel Aristizabal, Claudia Sanz, Maria Claudia Montes, Maria A Velez-Esquivia
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral vocal folds' immobility is a challenge in laryngology. Multiple procedures have been proposed to improve breathing by statically enlarging the glottal airway, what also results in loss of voice and aspiration. We proposed a technique to enlarge the posterior glottis by rotating the arytenoids on its axis, imitating the function of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, with the objective of evaluating the results regarding decannulation, voice quality, and bronchoaspiration...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Hongcun Sun, Xiaowen Qiu, Jiandao Hu, Zhaoxin Ma
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of intratympanic dexamethasone (ITD) therapy and hyperbaric oxygen(HBO) therapy for the salvage treatment of patients with high-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) after the failure of conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 104 refractory high-frequency SSNHL patients were enrolled in our study. Among them, 31 received ITD alone (ITD group), 32 received HBO alone (HBO group) and 41 received no salvage therapies (control group)...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
A T Day, L Tang, U A Patel, J D Richmon, K S Emerick
OBJECTIVE: Despite the resurgence in regional flap use, otolaryngology resident regional flap experience has been incompletely studied. We sought to characterize United States (US) otolaryngology resident exposure to, and perceptions of, supraclavicular flaps (SCFs), submental flaps (SMFs), and other regional flaps. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated every two weeks to 106 US otolaryngology residency program directors for distribution to residents within their programs between August and October 2016...
May 31, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Hongbo Shan, Yunfei Gao, Liran Liu, Mingtian Li, Xiaoyan Gao, Yin Li, Xi Wang, Dian Ouyang, Zhuming Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present a novel technique for stapler-assisted laryngectomy under direct visualization using a videoendoscope with narrow-band imaging (NBI-endoscopy). METHODS: A case series of five consecutive patients were treated with stapler-assisted total laryngectomy from December 2014 to March 2016. The technique involved monitoring the stapler closure of laryngopharyngeal cavity under NBI-endoscopic vision, triple checking of neo-pharynx cavity by an endoscopic view inside and transillumination verification outside, air leakage test, and guiding the insertion of feeding tube under direct visualization...
May 28, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Sarah M Kidwai, Arjun K Parasher, Abib Agbetoba, Alfred M Iloreta, Peter Som, Satish Govindaraj, Brett A Miles
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a disease of widespread prevalence and high morbidity. Many suggest that the introduction of toxins and allergens via nasal airflow plays a significant role in the development of CRS. In patients who have undergone total laryngectomy, nasal airflow is disrupted, providing an opportunity to examine the role of nasal airflow in sinonasal pathology. METHODS: All patients who received a total laryngectomy between 2002 and 2012 with preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans were retrospectively reviewed...
May 26, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Bernard Tan, Alvin Tan, Yiong Huak Chan, Yingjuan Mok, Hang Siang Wong, Pon Poh Hsu
PURPOSE: To investigate the rates of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) uptake and adherence amongst Singaporean patients diagnosed with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), and to evaluate factors correlated with CPAP uptake and adherence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for baseline demographics, daytime sleepiness, presence of nasal symptoms and OSA severity, initial treatment choice, the rate of CPAP treatment uptake and CPAP adherence at 1 and 12 months...
May 26, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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