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American Journal of Otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150027/tailored-resections-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-using-narrow-band-imaging
#1
Giancarlo Tirelli, Marco Piovesana, Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Annalisa Gatto, Matteo Biasotto, Rossana Bussani, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabiola Giudici, Francesca Boscolo Nata
PURPOSE: In a previous pilot study we observed that intra-operative narrow-band imaging (NBI) helps achieve clear superficial resection margins. The aim of this study was to verify if the use of intra-operative NBI can help to obtain tailored resections and if it is influenced by the lesion site, aspects not investigated in our previous study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The resection margins of 39 oral and 22 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas were first set at 1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146064/reconstruction-of-preauricular-soft-tissue-defects-using-a-superiorly-based-rotation-advancement-scalp-flap-a-novel-approach-to-the-surgical-treatment-of-preauricular-sinuses
#2
Bernard Tan, Tee Sin Lee, Ian Loh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132731/adenoidectomy-and-chronic-nasal-obstruction-developing-after-failure-of-nasal-steroid-therapy
#3
LETTER
Zhengcai Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132730/it-is-vital-to-identify-the-underlying-cause-of-chronic-laryngopharyngeal-neuropathy
#4
LETTER
Zhengcai Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100672/treating-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-evaluation-of-an-anti-reflux-program-with-comparison-to-medications
#5
Jin Yang, Salem Dehom, Stephanie Sanders, Thomas Murry, Priya Krishna, Brianna K Crawley
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an anti-reflux induction program relieves laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) symptoms more effectively than medication and behavioral changes alone. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A database was populated with patients treated for LPR. Patients were included in the study group if they completed a two-week anti-reflux program (diet, alkaline water, medications, behavioral modifications)...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092747/pediatric-airway-study-endoscopic-grading-system-for-quantifying-tonsillar-size-in-comparison-to-standard-adenotonsillar-grading-systems
#6
Neha A Patel, Kristen Carlin, Joseph M Bernstein
SIGNIFICANCE: Current grading systems may not allow clinicians to reliably document and communicate adenotonsillar size in the clinical setting. A validated endoscopic grading system may be useful for reporting tonsillar size in future clinical outcome studies. This is especially important as tonsillar enlargement is the cause of a substantial health care burden on children. OBJECTIVE: To propose and validate an easy-to-use flexible fiberoptic endoscopic grading system that provides physicians with a more accurate sense of the three-dimensional relationship of the tonsillar fossa to the upper-airway...
October 29, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110919/effects-of-intratympanic-dexamethasone-on-noise-induced-hearing-loss-an-experimental-study
#7
Sait Serdar Gumrukcu, İlhan Topaloglu, Ziya Salturk, Belgin Tutar, Yavuz Atar, Güler Berkiten, Ayşe Enise Göker
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of intratympanic steroid treatment on hearing based on oto-acoustic emission. METHODS: A total of 16 healthy female Wistar albino rats weighing were used in this study. They were divided in to 2 groups and each group was exposed to noise at 110dB for 25min to induce acoustic trauma. Intratympanic dexamethasone was administered to the middle ears of animals in the experimental group on the same day as exposure to noise...
October 27, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089142/survival-in-patients-with-parotid-gland-carcinoma-results-of-a-multi-center-study
#8
Keigo Honda, Shinzo Tanaka, Shogo Shinohara, Ryo Asato, Hisanobu Tamaki, Toshiki Maetani, Ichiro Tateya, Morimasa Kitamura, Shinji Takebayashi, Kazuyuki Ichimaru, Yoshiharu Kitani, Yohei Kumabe, Tsuyoshi Kojima, Koji Ushiro, Masanobu Mizuta, Koichiro Yamada, Koichi Omori
BACKGROUND: Parotid gland carcinoma is a rare malignancy, comprising only 1-4% of head and neck carcinomas; therefore, it is difficult for a single institution to perform meaningful analysis on its clinical characteristics. The aim of this study was to update the clinical knowledge of this rare disease by a multi-center approach. METHODS: The study was conducted by the Kyoto University Hospital and Affiliated Facilities Head and Neck Clinical Oncology Group (Kyoto-HNOG)...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056243/prognostic-significance-of-standardized-uptake-value-on-f18-fdg-pet-ct-in-patients-with-extranodal-nasal-type-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis
#9
Kyoungjune Pak, Bum Soo Kim, Keunyoung Kim, In Joo Kim, Sungmin Jun, Young Jin Jeong, Hye Kyung Shim, Sung-Dong Kim, Kyu-Sup Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of parameters assessed with F18-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting relapse free survival and overall survival in patients with extranodal nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with extranodal nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma, and who underwent PET/CT prior to curative treatment, were enrolled at five institutions. Volumes of interest covering the entire tumor volume were delineated on PET/CT images, and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean SUV (SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured using thresholds of 40% of SUVmax...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054767/identifying-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-prior-to-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-who-is-at-risk-for-intolerance
#10
Jason E Cohn, Michael Pfeiffer, Niki Patel, Robert T Sataloff, Brian J McKinnon
PURPOSE: Determine whether specific risk factors, symptoms and clinical examination findings are associated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) intolerance and subsequent tympanotomy tube placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series with chart review was conducted from 2007 to 2016 of patients undergoing HBOT clearance at a tertiary care university hospital in an urban city. Eighty-one (n=81) patient charts were reviewed for risk factors, symptoms and clinical examination findings related to HBOT eustachian tube dysfunction and middle ear barotrauma...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050753/outcome-of-spray-cryotherapy-plus-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-on-management-of-healing-in-nasal-polyposis
#11
Ahmad Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Nasal Polyposis is a benign tumor in nasal or paranasal mucosa, which confronts difficulties in management of healing after treatments with surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Spray Cryotherapy (SCT) on management of healing in patients with nasal polyposis who undergone functional endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: In this prospective, clinical trial study, we investigated on 40 patients with nasal polyposis that had indication for functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037582/endoscopic-versus-microscopic-approach-in-attic-cholesteatoma-surgery
#12
Giuseppe Magliulo, Giannicola Iannella
PURPOSE: Compare the outcomes of primary exclusive endoscopic ear surgery with those of the microscopic ear surgery in a group of patients affected by attic cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients suffered from attic cholesteatoma. Forty patients surgical treated with endoscopic ear surgery and forty patients surgical treated with microscopic ear surgery. RESULTS: No statistical differences were found in the parameters analysed (frequency of facial nerve dehiscence, age, disease duration, site of dehiscence) between the endoscopic and microscopic groups indicating a homogeneous selection thus providing a good comparison of the outcomes between the two groups...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031937/payer-database-and-geospatial-analysis-to-evaluate-practice-patterns-in-treating-allergy-in-north-carolina
#13
Matthew G Crowson, Kristine Schulz, Alex Ulvila, David L Witsell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the delivery of allergy care in North Carolina using a large payer charge database and visualization techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Geospatial database analysis. SETTING: North Carolina State claims database. SUBJECTS & METHODS: Medical data from the 2013 FAIR Health National Private Insurance Claims (FH NPIC) database for North Carolina was mined for CPT codes and charges for allergy testing, and for the preparation and provision of allergen immunotherapy...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055686/the-role-of-explorative-tympanotomy-in-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-with-and-without-perilymphatic-fistula
#14
REVIEW
N K Prenzler, B Schwab, D M Kaplan, S El-Saied
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the role of explorative tympanotomy in patients with Profound Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) without clinical evidence of perilymphatic or labyrinthine fistula and to compare intraoperative findings with the postoperative hearing outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SSNHL who underwent explorative tympanotomy between 2002 and 2005. SETTINGS: Tertiary care university-affiliated hospital...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037583/landmarks-for-the-preservation-of-the-middle-temporal-artery-during-mastoid-surgery-cadaveric-dissection-study
#15
Pedram Daraei, Douglas E Mattox
IMPORTANCE: The middle temporal artery flap is a vascularized periosteal flap that is highly useful for otologic reconstruction including the middle cranial fossa, mastoidectomy defect, and external auditory canal. The course of the artery is close to the external auditory canal and is easily injured during preliminary exposure and elevation of flaps. OBJECTIVES: To describe the course of the middle temporal artery in relation to the external auditory canal and the superficial temporal artery in order to enhance preservation and use in otologic reconstruction...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110917/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-outcomes-of-overlay-myringoplasty-endoscopic-versus-microscopic-approach
#16
LETTER
Yuvatiya Plodpai, Nanatphong Paje
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042068/reduction-of-bone-mineral-density-in-native-chinese-female-idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-patients
#17
Yunqin Wu, Chengyao Gu, Weiwei Han, Xiaoxiong Lu, Caijing Chen, Zhenyi Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical association between idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and reduction of bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: BMD was measured in 78 native Chinese female de novo idiopathic BPPV patients and 126 healthy controls using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. We compared the mean T-scores and abnormal BMD prevalence between the two groups. RESULTS: The mean T-scores were significantly lower in idiopathic BPPV patients than in healthy controls...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110918/in-response-to-the-commentary-of-dr-lou-on-treatment-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-using-a-sleep-positioning-device-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
William S Tierney, Scott L Gabbard, Paul C Bryson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942232/an-unusual-case-of-temporal-bone-encephalomeningocele-occurring-together-with-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#19
Bernard Tan Wen Sheng, David Low Yong Ming, Heng Wai Yuen
Temporal bone encephalomeningoceles are uncommon clinical entities that can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Common presenting complaints include symptoms of aural fullness, hearing loss, clear otorrhea and meningitis. Common etiologies are chronic middle ear disease and trauma. A significant proportion of cases are spontaneous, which occurs in relation to benign intracranial hypertension. Normal pressure hydrocephalus associated with temporal bone encepahomeningoceles has not been previously described...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947344/marital-status-as-a-predictor-of-survival-in-patients-with-human-papilloma-virus-positive-oropharyngeal-cancer
#20
Samuel J Rubin, Diana N Kirke, Waleed H Ezzat, Minh T Truong, Andrew R Salama, Scharukh Jalisi
PURPOSE: Determine whether marital status is a significant predictor of survival in human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single center retrospective study included patients diagnosed with human papilloma virus-positive oropharyngeal cancer at Boston Medical Center between January 1, 2010 and December 30, 2015, and initiated treatment with curative intent at Boston Medical Center. Demographic data and tumor-related variables were recorded...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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