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American Journal of Otolaryngology

Ameya A Jategaonkar, Arvind K Badhey, Fiyin Sokoya, Sameep Kadakia, Steven Mudrovich, Yadranko Ducic
Bisphosphonates are among several drugs known in modern medicine to have a potentially deleterious effect on the mandible with chronic use. While purportedly causing a necrotic reaction in the bone, the complete mechanism is not fully elucidated yet as cases are quite rare in the general public. Despite the esoteric nature of this entity, patients suffering from bisphosphonate induced necrosis have a complicated and prolonged course often involving varying degrees of mandibular debridement with severe cases requiring reconstruction...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Kayvon F Sharif, Fred M Baik, Ameya A Jategaonkar, Azita S Khorsandi, Mark L Urken
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is a rare infection associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several risk factors for septic arthritis have been reported in the literature ranging from immunodeficiency to intravenous drug use. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old male previously treated for synchronous squamous cell carcinomas of the epiglottis and floor of mouth presented with tenderness and swelling of the sternoclavicular joint two months after tracheostomy decannulation...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Roxana Fu, Nicholas Moore, Taha Z Shipchandler, Jonathan Y Ting, Travis Tollefson, Cyrus Rabbani, Meena Moorthy, William R Nunery, H B Harold Lee
PURPOSE: To present the results of treating combined lower eyelid laxity, retraction and midface descent secondary to facial nerve weakness with a hybrid surgical procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients from January 2015 to January 2017 who underwent a hybrid surgical technique for the treatment of corneal exposure secondary to facial nerve paresis with a single surgeon was performed. Age, gender, and presence of exposure symptoms were recorded pre-operatively...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Frances Mei Hardin, Roy Xiao, Brian B Burkey
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome, a spectrum of disease resulting from an elongated styloid process and/or calcified stylohyoid ligament, lacks standardized recommendations regarding indications for surgical intervention and approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS: Patients treated surgically for Eagle syndrome between January 2011 and June 2017. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with Eagle syndrome based on thorough clinical workup and assessment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Tristan Tham, Yonatan Bardash, Sushma Teegala, Wendy Saori Herman, Peter David Costantino
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the relationship between the Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) and prognosis in upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer. METHODS: PubMed (via the web), Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were searched. A systematic review and meta-analysis was done to generate the pooled hazard ratios (HR) for overall survival (OS), disease specific survival (DSS), and recurrence free survival (RFS)...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Laura Kathryn House, Andrea F Lewis, Mary G Ashmead
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pediatric sinusitis continues to be a controversial topic. It has been recommended to treat pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with adenoidectomy before proceeding to more invasive techniques. There are concerns regarding side effects of endoscopic sinus surgery in pediatric patients. With the advent of balloon catheter dilation (BCD) as a minimally invasive technique, some authors are recommending up front adenoidectomy with BCD in order to maximize disease resolution while minimizing risk...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Katie Mingo, Alan Kominsky
OUTCOME OBJECTIVES: METHODS: This is a case report of a patient who underwent placement and initiation of a hypoglossal nerve stimulator device in the context of receiving electroconvulsive therapy for bipolar depression between February and September 2016. To our knowledge, this has not yet been reported in the literature. Outcome measurements included successful device activation and successful device use throughout electroconvulsive therapy. RESULTS: The patient underwent successful device implantation, activation, and use without disruption throughout electroconvulsive therapy sessions...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Jacob E Kuperstock, J Pieter Noordzij
OBJECTIVE: Upper aero-digestive tract foreign body management can be complicated and life threatening in both adult and pediatric populations. The variation seen with foreign bodies including shape, material, and duration of ingestion can impact clinical decision making and management. The objective of this report is to demonstrate a complicated case of upper airway obstruction by a plastic fork. METHOD: This case report presents an adult with ingestion of an intact plastic fork with acute laryngeal and cervical esophageal obstruction...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Priyanka Chamoli, Chandra Veer Singh, Sheetal Radia, Anand K Shah
BACKGROUND: To study the efficacy of inside-out technique in completely eradicating the cholesteatoma from middle ear and mastoid, preservation of hearing & and quality of life post mastoidectomy with regards to recurrent discharge, wax, granulations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Non-randomized, prospective, observational study performed at the Department of ENT in our hospital. In the study we included 100 patients presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma, they underwent inside out mastoidectomy and were followed up till the end of the study to evaluate the efficacy of inside out mastoidectomy in eradicating the disease from the middle ear cleft...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Melissa Zheng, Karolina A Plonowska, Madeleine P Strohl, William R Ryan
BACKGROUND: Studies on parotid gland ultrasound assessments performed specifically by surgeons are seldom reported. METHODS: Retrospective series of a single academic surgeon experience, analyzing 70 new parotid masses with evaluable preoperative SP-US characteristics, location measurements, and perioperative events. RESULTS: 31/70 masses were malignant. SP-US characteristics significantly associated with both malignancy and positive margins included extraparenchymal extension, irregular borders, hypervascularity, infiltration, and the lack of deep enhancement...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Benedicte Falkenberg-Jensen, Einar Hopp, Greg E Jablonski, Are Hugo Pripp, Juha Tapio Silvola
PURPOSE: Balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube is a treatment option for obstructive Eustachian tube dysfunction. The desired balloon position is in the cartilaginous portion. However, the balloon catheter may slide into the bony portion without the surgeon's knowledge. Knowing the length of the cartilaginous portion may improve catheter positioning, but there is no published research on measuring this portion selectively or on whether the length has an impact on development of disease or treatment outcome...
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ana Luiza Menegatti Pavan, Allan Felipe Fattori Alves, Guilherme Giacomini, João Maurício Carrasco Altemani, Arthur Menino Castilho, Raquel Andrade Lauria, Vagner Antonio Rodrigues da Silva, Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães, Diana Rodrigues de Pina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Imaging exams play a key role in cochlear implants with regard to both planning implantation before surgery and quality control after surgery. The ability to visualize the three-dimensional location of implanted electrodes is useful in clinical routines for assessing patient outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate linear and angular insertion depth measurements of cochlear implants based on conventional computed tomography. METHODS: Tools for linear and angular measurements of cochlear implants were used in computed tomography exams...
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Maheer M Masood, Benjamin Huang, Allie Goins, Trevor G Hackman
PURPOSE: Ultrasonography is a well-established modality for visualization of head and neck anatomy. Using ultrasound to detect vocal fold mobility has been described before, but no study has evaluated factors affecting the exam reliability. The aim of the study is to determine anatomic factors influencing the reliability of ultrasound to detect vocal fold motion. Methods and materials Patients underwent ultrasound evaluation and flexible laryngoscopy to assess vocal fold motion from August 2015 to March 2016...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Brittany C Weber, Scott M Whitlock, Kaidi He, Blake S Kimbrell, Craig S Derkay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS. METHODS: 85 infants with suspected middle ear pathology were retrospectively reviewed after referral for failed NBHS. All subjects underwent a diagnostic microscopic exam with myringotomy with or without placement of a ventilation tube in the presence of a middle ear effusion and had intra-operative auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing or testing at a later date...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Alexandra C G Fonseca, Margaret I Engelhardt, Zhen J Huang, Zi Yang Jiang, Sancak Yuksel, Soham Roy
PURPOSE: To review rates of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) at a quaternary medical center, including the impact of narcotic versus nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) postoperative pain management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of tonsillectomies conducted at a single institution between 1/1/2013 and 1/1/2017. The rates of PTH and subsequent intervention were calculated. These were categorized into patients having surgery pre- and post-July 1, 2015, the former group receiving narcotics and the latter ibuprofen with acetaminophen...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
L Pollak, R Huna-Baron, Michael Osherov, Milo Roni
The objective of this study is to examine the rate of horizontal canal BPPV recurrence of the same type and search for predisposing factors.
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Kaelen Black, Jonathan Murnick, Brian K Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Chunli Liu, Han Lv, Tao Jiang, Jing Xie, Lu He, Guopeng Wang, Jiao Liu, Zhenchang Wang, Shusheng Gong
PURPOSE: We intend to assess the effectiveness of a novel tinnitus treatment therapy, the Cochleural Alternating Acoustic Beam Therapy (CAABT) using the psychoacoustic measures, the questionnaires and rs-fMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 11 older than 18 years old Chinese patients with normal hearing who had unilateral, chronic (longer than 6 months), sensorineural tinnitus, of frequencies between 125-8000 Hz, and an average loudness of 31 dB...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Sammy Othman, Brian J McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current cost impact and financial outcomes of transoral robotic surgery in Otolaryngology. DATA SOURCES: A narrative review of the literature with a defined search strategy using Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science. REVIEW METHODS: Using keywords ENT or otolaryngology, cost or economic, transoral robotic surgery or TORs, searches were performed in Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science and reviewed by the authors for inclusion and analysis...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Joseph E Dohar, Chung H Lu
PURPOSE: Many surgeons instill peri-operative otic drops to maintain tube patency. A post-hoc analysis of three randomized, controlled studies involving a one-time administration of ciprofloxacin (OTO-201) given instead of otic drops perioperatively was conducted to evaluate tube patency in patients who did and did not receive otic drops as defined within the study protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Post-hoc, retrospective analysis from three prospective, randomized, double-blind trials, (Phase 1b study [n = 83] and two Phase 3 studies [n = 532]) which enrolled children with confirmed middle ear effusion on the day of tympanostomy tube surgery and then randomized to placebo/sham (tubes alone) or OTO-201 and studied over a 28-day observation period...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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