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Biological Trace Element Research

Klaus Häfelein, Andrea Preuße-Prange, Peter Behrendt, Bodo Kurz
Meniscal integrity is a prerequisite for sustained knee joint health and prevention of meniscal degeneration is a main research goal. Cartilage-protective effects of selenium have been described, but little is known about the impact on the meniscus. We therefore investigated the influence of sodium selenite on meniscal explants under tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα)-stimulated proinflammatory conditions. Meniscal explant disks (3 mm diameter × 1 mm thickness) were isolated from 2-year-old cattle and incubated with TNFα (10 ng/ml) and sodium selenite (low dose, LoD 6...
October 25, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Forrest H Nielsen, Lu Ann K Johnson
Determination of whether magnesium (Mg) is a nutrient of public health concern has been hindered by questionable Dietary Recommended Intakes (DRIs) and problematic status indicators that make Mg deficiency assessment formidable. Balance data obtained since 1997 indicate that the EAR and RDA for 70-kg healthy individuals are about 175 and 250 mg/day, respectively, and these DRIs decrease or increase based on body weight. These DRIs are less than those established for the USA and Canada. Urinary excretion data from tightly controlled metabolic unit balance studies indicate that urinary Mg excretion is 40 to 80 mg (1...
October 24, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Kai Li, Jiangming Yu, Youtao Xie, Mingyu You, Liping Huang, Xuebin Zheng
Ideal coatings for orthopedic implants should be able to induce excellent osseointegration with host bone tissue, which requires good osteogenic responses and limited inflammatory reactions. Cerium oxide (CeO2) ceramics have anti-oxidative properties and can be used to decrease mediators of inflammation, making them attractive for biomedical application. In this study, two kinds of CeO2 incorporated calcium silicate coatings (CS-10Ce and CS-30Ce) were prepared via plasma spraying technique, and the effects of CeO2 addition on the responses of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and RAW264...
October 20, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Yanhan Liu, Pan Hao, Xiao Zhang, Xiaona Zhao, Yongxia Liu, Jianzhu Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of chromic chloride (CrCl3) on Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn contents in the brain and serum of chicken. Seventy-two chickens were randomly divided into four groups and treated with different doses of CrCl3 via drinking water: 0, 1/8, 1/4, and 1/2 LD50 for 42 days. The contents of the elements were evaluated through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Results showed that Cr contents in the brain and serum were higher than those in the control groups, although no significant dose-dependent changes (P > 0...
October 19, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Kate E Smith, Martin M Shafer, Debora Weiss, Henry A Anderson, Patrick R Gorski
Exposure to the neurotoxic element lead (Pb) continues to be a major human health concern, particularly for children in US urban settings, and the need for robust tools for assessment of exposure sources has never been greater. The latest generation of multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) instrumentation offers the capability of using Pb isotopic signatures as a tool for environmental source tracking in public health. We present a case where MC-ICPMS was applied to isotopically resolve Pb sources in human clinical samples...
October 19, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Margarita G Skalnaya, Anatoly V Skalny, Vasily V Yurasov, Vasily A Demidov, Andrei R Grabeklis, Ivan V Radysh, Alexey A Tinkov
The primary aim of the research was to assess the level of trace elements and electrolytes in serum of postmenopausal diabetic women. Sixty-four postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and 64 age- and body mass index-matched controls were examined. Serum trace elements were assessed using inductively coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometry (ICP-DRC-MS). Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were evaluated using Randox kits. The obtained data demonstrate that DM2 patients were characterized by 42 and 34 % higher FPG and HbA1c levels, respectively (p < 0...
October 18, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Brajesh K Yadav, Shanker K Singh, Udayraj P Nakade, Vivek K Singh, Abhishek Sharma, Mukesh Srivastava, Brijesh Yadav, Yajuvendra Singh, Rajneesh Sirohi, Satish K Garg
Twelve apparently healthy multiparous parturient Sahiwal cows were allocated into two groups having six cows in each one. Six cows were supplemented with antioxidant mixture (mixture containing Cu, Mn, Cr, Zn, and vitamins A and D3) daily from 21 days before parturition till the day relative to calving. Whereas, remaining non-supplemented six cows were kept as the control group. Blood samples were obtained five times: at enrolment (21 days pre-partum), and again at days 0, +7, +14, and +21 relative to calving...
October 17, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Roger A Sunde, Kevin M Thompson, Kevin L Fritsche, Jacqueline K Evenson
Second-generation selenium-deficient weanling rats fed graded levels of dietary Se were used (a) to study the impact of initial Se deficiency on dietary Se requirements; (b) to determine if further decreases in selenoperoxidase expression, especially glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4), affect growth or gross disease; and (c) to examine the impact of vitamin E deficiency on biochemical and molecular biomarkers of Se status. Rats were fed a vitamin E-deficient and Se-deficient crystalline amino acid diet (3 ng Se/g diet) or that diet supplemented with 100 μg/g all-rac-α-tocopheryl acetate and/or 0, 0...
October 17, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Khalid Mahrose, Ali A Askar, Mahmoud Alagawany, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Saeed, Farzana Abbasi, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Maria Tabassum Chaudhry
A study was conducted using 162 Bovans laying hens to investigate the impacts of extra dietary vitamin A (0, 8000, 16,000 IU/kg), selenium (0, 0.25, 0.50 mg/kg), and their combinations on the performance, egg quality, and blood biological parameters of laying hens during summer months. Supplemental vitamin A up to 16,000 IU/kg diet significantly (P < 0.05) improved all productive traits studied except feed intake which increased with 8000 IU/kg diet compared with control. Feed intake and feed conversion of hens fed diet supplemented with selenium revealed high statistical (P = 0...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Cuiping Wang, Xinying Lin, Dongmei Guo, Lili Ding, Haifeng Guo, Guifa Xu, Xi Cui, Xia Wang
The objective of this study was to investigate the zinc fractional absorption of young Chinese men and women from the Shandong rural region under the routine dietary pattern by stable isotope technique. Ten men and 10 women, aged 20 to 35 years, and with a representative diet during the experiment were recruited from the Shandong rural region. Stable (67)Zn was used as a tracer to label ZnCl2, and Yb was used to monitor the excretion of (67)Zn in urine and feces. All volunteers were given rice containing 4...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Keyla Dos Santos Sigarini, Adriana Paiva de Oliveira, Daiane Lima Martins, Alexandre Silva Brasil, Kamila Cristina de Oliveira, Ricardo Dalla Villa
This work aimed to determine the concentration of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) in mineral feeds and supplements for cattle produced in the Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Three different lots of nine mineral supplements and eleven mineral feeds were collected, and the samples were prepared by wet decomposition and quantified by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The limits of detection and quantification ranged from 0.18 to 0.64 mg kg(-1) and 0.54 to 1.94 mg kg(-1), respectively. Cr concentrations varied from lower than the LQI to 11...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Soheila Asadi, Mohammad Nabi Moradi, Nejat Khyripour, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Marzieh Mahmoodi
Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose level. Trace element homeostasis causes disturbances in diabetes due to hyperglycemia. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), an antioxidant enzyme, contains zinc and copper ions as its cofactors. Defects in SOD level and activity have been observed in diabetes. Resveratrol (RSV) has displayed hypoglycemic effects and is proven to improve oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible effects of RSV on blood glucose level, serum copper and zinc levels, SOD, and a number of other oxidative markers in type 2 diabetic rats...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Pervez Ahmed Khoso, Tingru Pan, Na Wan, Zijiang Yang, Ci Liu, Shu Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selenium (Se) deficiency on autophagy-related genes and on ultrastructural changes in the spleen, bursa of Fabricius, and thymus of chickens. The Se deficiency group was fed a basal diet containing Se at 0.033 mg/kg and the control group was fed the same basal diet containing Se at 0.15 mg/kg. The messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of the autophagy genes microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, Beclin 1, dynein, autophagy associated gene 5 (ATG5), and target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) were assessed using real-time qPCR...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Ali Said Durmus, Mehmet Tuzcu, Oguzhan Ozdemir, Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Sahin, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, James Richard Komorowski, Shakir Ali, Kazim Sahin
Arginine silicate inositol (ASI) complex is a composition of arginine, silicon, and inositol that has been shown to have beneficial effects on vascular health. This study reports the effects of an ASI ointment on wound healing in rats. A full-thickness excision wound was created by using a disposable 5 mm diameter skin punch biopsy tool. In this placebo-controlled study, the treatment group's wound areas were covered by 4 or 10 % ASI ointments twice a day for 5, 10, or 15 days. The rats were sacrificed either 5, 10, or 15 days after the wounds were created, and biopsy samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological analysis...
October 14, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Lv-Hui Sun, Ding-An Pi, Ling Zhao, Xiu-Ying Wang, Luo-Yi Zhu, De-Sheng Qi, Yu-Lan Liu
Circulating concentration of the essential trace element selenium (Se) was significantly lower in inflammatory disorders. Although Se plays physiological roles mainly through the function of 25 selenoproteins, the response of the selenogenome in immune tissues during inflammatory reactions remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the Se retention and selenogenome expression in immune tissues during the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in porcine. A total of 12 male pigs were randomly divided into two groups and injected with LPS or saline...
October 11, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Ying Li, Zhen-Long Kang, Na Qiao, Lian-Mei Hu, Yong-Jiang Ma, Xiao-Huan Liang, Ji-Long Liu, Zeng-Ming Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of copper ions on decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) cultured in vitro. Firstly, non-toxic concentrations of copper D-gluconate were screened in HESCs based on cell activity. Then, the effects of non-toxic concentrations of copper ions (0~250 μM) were examined on decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells. Our data demonstrated that the mRNA expressions of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP-1), prolactin (PRL), Mn-SOD, and FOXO1were down-regulated during decidualization following the treatments with 100 or 250 μM copper ions...
October 10, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Małgorzata Szkup, Anna Jurczak, Aleksandra Brodowska, Agnieszka Brodowska, Iwona Noceń, Dariusz Chlubek, Maria Laszczyńska, Beata Karakiewicz, Elżbieta Grochans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Syeda Mehpara Farhat, Aamra Mahboob, Ghazala Iqbal, Touqeer Ahmed
Aluminum is associated with etiology of many neurodegenerative diseases specially Alzheimer's disease. Chronic exposure to aluminum via drinking water results in aluminum deposition in the brain that leads to cognitive deficits. The study aimed to determine the effects of aluminum on cholinergic biomarkers, i.e., acetylcholine level, free choline level, and choline acetyltransferase gene expression, and how cholinergic deficit affects novel object recognition and sociability in mice. Mice were treated with AlCl3 (250 mg/kg)...
October 6, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Sibel Gunes, Varol Sahinturk, Pinar Karasati, Ilknur Kulcanay Sahin, Adnan Ayhanci
The objective of this study is to evaluate the possible protective effects of selenium (Se) against cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced acute cardiotoxicity in rats. A total of 42 male Spraque-Dawley rats were divided into six groups (n = 7). Rats in the first group were served as control. Rats in the second group received CP (150 mg/kg) at the sixth day of experiment. Animals in the third and fourth groups were treated with only 0.5 and 1 mg/kg Se respectively for six consecutive days. Rats in the fifth and sixth groups received respective Se doses (0...
October 6, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Veeran Srinivasan, Periyakali Saravana Bhavan, Gopalan Rajkumar, Thangavelu Satgurunathan, Thirunavukkarasu Muralisankar
This study was performed to assess the growth-promoting potential of dietary magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs) in Macrobrachium rosenbergii post-larvae (PL). MgO NPs were supplemented at 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 mg kg(-1) with the basal diet (containing 0.95 g Mg kg(-1)); the concentrations of Mg in MgO NP-supplemented diets were increased correspondingly (1.07, 1.15, 1.24, 1.37 and 1.46 g Mg kg(-1) respectively). MgO NP-supplemented diets were fed to M. rosenbergii PL (initial weight 0.11 ± 0...
October 5, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
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