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Biological Trace Element Research

Falah S Al-Fartusie, Hassanain K Al-Bairmani, Zahraa S Al-Garawi, Ahmed H Yousif
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mental disorder worldwide; however, little is known about its etiology. It is well known that levels of certain trace elements are associated with the pathogenesis of some diseases. Accordingly, this study aims to evaluate the effect of trace elements and vitamins in the etiology of MDD. In this case-control study, sixty men patients with MDD and sixty, age and gender matched, control subjects were examined. Serum levels of Cu, Zn, Ni, Cr, Mn, Mg, and Al were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry as well as serum levels of vitamins E and A were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography...
September 20, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Anuj Singh, Muneendra Kumar, Vinod Kumar, Debashis Roy, Raju Kushwaha, Shalini Vaswani, Avinash Kumar
Nickel (Ni) has not been elucidated as an essential mineral in dairy animals, though in plants and lower organisms, its role in activation of urease enzyme is well known. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Ni supplementation on intake, growth performance, urease activity, antioxidant and immune status, and energy and lipid metabolism in growing cattle. Eighteen growing Hariana heifers were randomly allocated into three groups on body weight (125 ± 3.0 kg) and age basis (10 ± 2.0 months)...
September 20, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Davit Pipoyan, Meline Beglaryan, Stella Stepanyan, Nicolò Merendino
Fruits and vegetables grown under the impact of Armenia's mining industry are widely sold in markets of adjacent towns. As the share of fruits and vegetables in Armenians' diet is significant, the present study aims to assess the dietary exposure of potentially toxic trace elements through the intake of fruits and vegetables sold in Kapan town, located in the biggest mining region of Armenia. The concentrations of Cu, Mo, Ni, Cr, Pb, Zn, Hg, As, and Cd in 15 types of fruits and vegetables were determined. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks were assessed...
September 19, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Tiantian Meng, Yi-Lin Liu, Chun-Yan Xie, Bin Zhang, Yi-Qiang Huang, Ya-Wei Zhang, Yajun Yao, Ruilin Huang, Xin Wu
Supplementation of selenium (Se) is a common practice in the poultry industry via sodium selenite (SS) and selenium yeast (SY), while the effects of nano-selenium (NS) on laying hens are poorly known. This study aimed to compare the effects of NS, SS, and SY on productivity; selenium (Se) deposition in eggs; and antioxidant capacity in laying hens. A total of 288 30-week-old Brown Hy-line laying hens were randomly assigned into four dietary treatments, which included corn-soybean meal basal diet (Con) without Se sources and basal diets supplemented with 0...
September 19, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Li Zhang, Jian-Hong Zhu, Xiong Zhang, Wen-Hsing Cheng
The thioredoxin-like (Rdx) family proteins contain four selenoproteins (selenoprotein H, SELENOH; selenoprotein T, SELENOT; selenoprotein V, SELENOV; selenoprotein W, SELENOW) and a nonselenoprotein Rdx12. They share a CxxU or a CxxC (C, cysteine; x, any amino acid; U, selenocysteine) motif and a stretch of eGxFEI(V) sequence. From the evolutionary perspective, SELENOW and SELENOV are clustered together and SELENOH and SELENOT are in another branch. Selenoproteins in the Rdx family exhibit tissue- and organelle-specific distribution and are differentially influenced in response to selenium deficiency...
September 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Hossein Najafi Saleh, Maryam Panahande, Mahmood Yousefi, Farzaneh Baghal Asghari, Gea Oliveri Conti, Elham Talaee, Ali Akbar Mohammadi
The present work reports the As, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, and Fe concentrations of drinking water samples in Neyshabur Plain, Iran. This study aimed also to ascertain the potential consumers' health risk of heavy metal intake. Heavy metal concentrations were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The highest and lowest average values in the analyzed water samples were observed for Fe (9.78 ± 5.61 μg/L) and As (1.30 ± 2.99 μg/L), respectively. These values were well below the limits recommended by the World Health Organization and the Iranian national standard...
September 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Július Árvay, Marek Šnirc, Martin Hauptvogl, Jana Bilčíková, Alica Bobková, Lenka Demková, Marek Hudáček, Miroslava Hrstková, Tomáš Lošák, Martin Král, Anton Kováčik, Jana Štefániková
The aim of the present study was to determine concentrations of 15 macro- and micro-elements in 10 commercially available plantation Arabica coffee brands. The elemental concentration was studied in 50 samples of green and roasted coffee beans of various roasting degrees and their infusions. There were four different roasting degrees: City + (C+), Full city (FC), Full city ++ (FC++), and Dark (D). The attention was given to the impact of the roasting process on the elemental composition. Statistically significant differences were found between the green coffee beans and the different roasting degrees in both macro- and micro-elements...
September 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Yanting Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Lanrong Luo, Qian He, Yanhui Gao, Hongqi Feng, Lijun Zhao, Wei Wei, Songbo Fu, Dianjun Sun
The exposure/biotransformation of inorganic arsenic (iAs) may perturb DNA methylation patterns and subsequently influence disease risk by altering the expression of key genes. Interindividual variation in patterns of DNA methylation can be explained by the influence of environmental, genetic, and stochastic factors. Here, we examined promoter DNA methylation levels with urinary arsenical concentrations and investigated the genetic and nongenetic determinants of DNA methylation in 105 samples collected from populations in Shanxi Province, China, with high levels of arsenic in drinking water...
September 15, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Partha Sarathi Swain, Somu Bala Nageswara Rao, Duraisamy Rajendran, Dintaran Pal, Sukanta Mondal, Sellapan Selvaraju
A study was conducted to validate the effects of nano form of zinc (NZn) on nutrient digestibility, zinc retention, organ and serum zinc profile, and hepatic metallothionein gene expression in Wistar albino rats (WAR). Nano zinc (NZn) was synthesized through chemical method, by using 0.45 M zinc nitrate [Zn(NO3 )2 .6H2 O] and 0.9 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The NZn particle in its oxide form was characterized by TEM-EDAX and XRD, and found to be in nano range (below 100 nm. Zinc was supplemented to the Wistar albino rats (WAR) through synthetic semi-purified diet either without Zn, or as inorganic zinc (IZn; 25 mg/kg), or as synthesized NZn (25, 12...
September 15, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Meire Nikaido Suzuki, Brisa Maria Fregonesi, Carolina Sampaio Machado, Guilherme Sgobbi Zagui, Luciana Kusumota, Adriano Kamimura Suzuki, José Abrão Cardeal da Costa, Jordi Sierra Llopart, Martí Nadal, Jose Luis Domingo, Susana Segura-Muñoz
Contamination by metals and microbiological agents in hemodialysis water can cause clinical intercurrences in hemodialysis patients. Evaluating and assuring minimum levels of contamination from metals and microorganisms in hemodialysis water can improve patient safety. The objective of this study was to assess hemodialysis water quality in a major tertiary hospital in Brazil and investigate the relationship between hemodialysis water quality and clinical intercurrences in hemodialysis patients. A prospective-observational cohort study for evaluation of water quality parameters and clinical intercurrences present by patients (n = 52) were performed from May 2014 to April 2015...
September 14, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Wei Zhao, Xinyu Li, Xinghai Xia, Zhengnan Gao, Cheng Han
Iodine is a trace element that is important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. During pregnancy, iodine requirements are increased by approximately 50% because of physiological changes. Adequate iodine status in pregnancy is crucial for maternal health and fetal growth. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a daily intake of 250 μg iodine for pregnant women to maintain adequate iodine status. Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy can result in a series of detrimental effects on maternal and fetal health including hypothyroidism, goiter, stillbirth, abortion, increased neonatal mortality, neurological damage, and intellectual impairment...
September 14, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Giovanni Forte, Carlo Fadda, Beatrice Bocca, Gian Luca Erre, Giuseppe Passiu, Roberto Madeddu
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem connective tissue disease; exogenous factors-including heavy metals-may have a role in the disease pathogenesis. In this context, a study on the quantification of Al, Cd, Hg, and Pb in blood and urine of 27 SSc patients and 30 controls was carried out. Main findings were that Al was significantly depleted in blood and increased in urine of SSc patients respect to controls; and Pb was found slightly increased in blood and significantly decreased in SSc group. In addition, higher Hg levels in urine were found in SSc subjects with the higher severity of the disease...
September 13, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Hong-Wei Wang, Jing Liu, Wen-Peng Zhao, Zi-Hao Zhang, Si-Qi Li, Si-Han Li, Shi-Quan Zhu, Bian-Hua Zhou
This study aimed to determine the effect of excessive fluoride (F) on the morphological characteristics of the small intestine and the contents of serum cytokines in rats. A total of 48 3-week-old healthy female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 12). The control group was given deionized distilled water, while the F treatment groups were treated with water containing 25, 50, and 100 mg F- /L. After 70 days of treatment, the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum were collected to measure the developmental parameters and the distribution of intestinal glycoproteins, goblet cells, and mast cells through Pannoramic Viewer, Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, Alcian blue and periodic acid-Schiff (AB-PAS) staining, and toluidine blue staining, respectively...
September 13, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Magdalena Markowicz-Piasecka, Agata Skupień, Elżbieta Mikiciuk-Olasik, Joanna Sikora
Apart from using as radiopharmaceuticals, iminodiacetic acid derivatives, after complexation with gadolinium, have been also tested as MRI CAs (magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents) since they show high affinity to hepatocytes and therefore provide high-resolution MRI of the liver. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of four gadolinium complexes with iminodiacetic acid (IDA) derivatives differing in substituent in aromatic ring by estimating their influence on plasma hemostasis, integrity of erythrocyte membrane, and toxicity towards human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
September 13, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Andrey R Grabeklis, Anatoly V Skalny, Anastasia A Skalnaya, Irina V Zhegalova, Svetlana V Notova, Anna L Mazaletskaya, Margarita G Skalnaya, Alexey A Tinkov
The objective of the present study was to assess the level of minerals and trace elements in 40 children with Down's syndrome and 40 controls aged 1-2 years old. Hair mineral and trace element analysis was performed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The obtained data demonstrate that hair levels of Mg, P, I, Cr, Si, Zn, and Pb in Down's syndrome patients exceeded the respective control values by 36, 36, 93, 57, 45, 28, and 54%, whereas hair mercury was more than twofold lower in children with Down's syndrome...
September 12, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Zheng Feei Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Glauber Vale, Nícolas Simões, Guilherme Santana, Brenda Mota, Marcoeli Moura
This study aimed to evaluate the gastrointestinal absorption and renal excretion of fluoride after the ingestion of high-fluoride dentifrice. Twelve volunteers participated in this in vivo, crossover, and blinded study. In three experimental phases, the volunteers were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, who ingested either the following: distilled and deionized water (control), conventional dentifrice (1100 μg/g), or high-fluoride dentifrice (5000 μg/g). Both dentifrices contained fluoride in the form of NaF/SiO2 ...
September 11, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Ke Guan, Hang Li, Zhicai Zuo, Fengyuan Wang, Ping Hu, Xi Peng, Jing Fang, Hengmin Cui, Gang Shu, Ping Ouyang
This research was designed to explore the protective effects of sodium selenite on G0 /G1 phase arrest induced by AFB1 in thymocytes of broilers. Two hundred eighty-eight Cobb broilers were divided into control group, + Se group (0.4 mg/kg Se), AFB1 group (0.6 mg/kg AFB1 ), and AFB1 + Se group (0.6 mg/kg AFB1  + 0.4 mg/kg Se). The results revealed that 0.4 mg/kg Se supplement in diets could improve the AFB1 -induced histological lesions in the thymus consisting of the more vacuoles and nuclear debris in thymic cortical area...
September 10, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Karim N Jallad
Different types of infant foods categorized as formulas, cereals, and purees imported from seven different countries and available on the Kuwaiti retail market were collected for arsenic analysis. The samples were analyzed both for total arsenic concentration using ICP-MS and for arsenic speciation using HPLC-ICP-MS. Speciation is essential for food analysis because of the toxicity and carcinogenicity of inorganic arsenic species. There was a strong positive linear correlation between the total and inorganic arsenic levels in the tested infant foods at the 95% confidence level...
September 10, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Tongsen Zhang, Si Chen, Lei Chen, Lixiao Zhang, Fanqi Meng, Shuang Sha, Chunlong Ai, Jiandong Tai
Lead (Pb) exposure is a global environmental problem and its exposure can lead to serious renal damage by disturbing the pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance and facilitating inflammation. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is one of the most abundant polyphenols in the diet and has been reported to have many biological properties such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. In this study, we aimed to investigate the protective efficacy and mechanism of CGA against Pb-induced nephrotoxicity in mice. The results showed that CGA inhibited Pb-induced bodyweight loss, reduced kidney coefficients, and alleviated renal function and structure...
September 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
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