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Biological Trace Element Research

Torsak Tippairote, Piya Temviriyanukul, Wenika Benjapong, Dunyaporn Trachootham
Toxic element exposure increases risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, hair element profiles of well-nourished urban resident children were largely unknown. We identified prevalence and the contributing factors of high hair aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) levels in 111 Thai children (aged 3-7 years old). Most participants were well-nourished with high socioeconomic status. Since ROC curve of hair element data showed inadequate sensitivity for cutoff set-up, US reference hair levels were used to categorize high and low level groups...
July 13, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Ruoxi Zhao, Kaixuan Li, Jiangshui Wang, Yongxia Wang, Rujuan Wu, Xiuan Zhan
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different selenomethionine (SM) forms and levels on productive performance and antioxidant status of broiler breeders and its offspring. Four hundred eighty 48-week-old Lingnan Yellow broiler breeders were randomly divided into four groups, provided basal diet with 0.15 or 0.30 mg/kg Se coming from two SM forms of DL-SM and L-SM. The experiment included a 4-week pretreatment period and an 8-week trial period. During the trial period, eggs were incubated once a week under standard conditions...
July 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Ezgi Avşar Abdik, Hüseyin Abdik, Pakize Neslihan Taşlı, Ayşen Aslı Hızlı Deniz, Fikrettin Şahin
Over the past years, adipose tissue has become an invaluable source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) due to development of improved isolation methodologies. In a recent work, our group established a primary culture of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs), which were characterized for their stem cell characteristics in detail and studied their myogenic differentiation potential in presence of boron. In the current study, we focused on the effects of a boron-containing compound, sodium pentaborate pentahydrate (NaB), on the adipogenic differentiation of hADSCs...
July 6, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Yaping Tian, Bing Wu, Xiaoping Li, Xuefei Jin, Fuqiang Zhang, Chunyan Jiang, Wenzhou Xu, Hang Li, Heyuan Wang
Cu is toxic to humans and other animals. Oxidative stress is an important mechanism involved in Cu toxicity. Resveratrol (RSV) is an antioxidative compound, so could counteract Cu toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine whether RSV protects the liver from the effects of CuSO4 . Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats (5 weeks old, 110-120 g) were divided into four groups (n = 10 per group), a control group and groups treated with CuSO4 at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight (BW), RSV at a dose of 15 mg/kg BW, and CuSO4 at a dose of 200 mg/kg BW and RSV at a dose of 15 mg/kg BW...
July 6, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Sumit Gaur, Rupali Agnihotri
Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are essentially nicotine delivery devices that mimic the appearance of a conventional cigarette (CC). Lately, they have been marketed as tools for quitting smoking. Even though they are promoted as safe alternatives to CC, they are not devoid of hazardous components. Literature reveals that the EC aerosols and e-liquids are a potential source of elements that induce and promote development of chronic conditions. These include trace metals which are leached from their core assembly...
July 4, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Yizhi Shao, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Hui Zong, Mingwei Xing
The aim of this study is to investigate whether copper (Cu) could induce testicular poisoning and influence the mitochondrial dynamics, apoptosis, and autophagy in chickens. For this purpose, thirty-six 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were divided into control group (C group) and test group (Cu group). The chickens were exposed to 0 (C group) or 300 mg/kg (Cu group) of copper sulfate (CuSO4 ) for 30, 60, and 90 days. CuSO4 was added into the basal diet to make supplements. Testis tissues were subjected to observation of ultrastructure and detection of testis-related indexes...
July 4, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Deepika Tripathi, Veena Mani, Ravi Prakash Pal
Vanadium (V) has not been elucidated as an essential mineral in ruminants, though in lower organisms and rat model, its role is well known as insulin-a mimetic agent for catalyzing enzymatic activities. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of V supplementation on production performance, milk composition, and mineral profile in lactating goats. Twenty-four crossbred goats (body weight 34.83 ± 0.25 kg) were blocked in four groups and randomly assigned to four treatment groups (n = 6) on body weight and milk yield basis...
July 3, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Marcela Capcarova, Lukasz J Binkowski, Robert Stawarz, Loretta Schwarczova, Peter Massanyi
The monitoring of various elements in the cow milk is important in the agricultural sector. The goal of this study was to determine the concentrations of calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), mercury (Hg), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in the milk samples coming from different origins (local region in Nitra, nationwide sample represents the common Slovak brands of milk and common brands of milk from Czech Republic widely available in Slovakia)...
July 3, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Anton Kovacik, Eva Tvrda, Michal Miskeje, Julius Arvay, Marian Tomka, Katarina Zbynovska, Jaroslav Andreji, Lukas Hleba, Eva Kovacikova, Martin Fik, Peter Cupka, Jozef Nahacky, Peter Massanyi
Interactions between trace metals, serum biochemical parameters, and oxidative status markers were observed. Freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio blood samples (n = 38) were collected at the beginning of May (n = 19) and at the end of July (n = 19) of 2015. The concentrations of metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr, and Zn) were analyzed in blood serum samples of fishes by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), and Hg was determined by cold-vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AAS)...
July 2, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Urszula Marzec-Wróblewska, Piotr Kamiński, Paweł Łakota, Marek Szymański, Karolina Wasilow, Grzegorz Ludwikowski, Leszek Jerzak, Tomasz Stuczyński, Alina Woźniak, Adam Buciński
We analyzed cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and lead (Pb) concentrations in human semen and catalase CAT activity in seminal plasma and the effects of their relations on the sperm quality. We obtained semen samples from men (n = 168) undergoing routine infertility evaluation. Studies included two groups based on the ejaculate parameters: I (n = 39; normal ejaculate; normozoospermia); II (n = 129; pathological spermiogram). We examined relationships and differences between Co, Cr, and Pb concentrations in seminal plasma, CAT activity, and semen parameters...
June 29, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Hamid Reza Shamsollahi, Mahmood Alimohammadi, Samane Momeni, Kazem Naddafi, Ramin Nabizadeh, Fazlollah Changani Khorasgani, Masoud Masinaei, Mahmood Yousefi
Heavy metals are a group of pollutants in biological sludge. Many agencies regulated guidelines for heavy metal concentrations for various applications of sludge such as agricultural application. In this study, we tried to determine heavy metal fate after anaerobic digestion. Additionally, we determined the bioaccumulation rate of heavy metals in lettuce cultivated on a sludge-applied land. Heavy metal (As, Pb, Hg, Cd) contents of solid and liquid parts of raw and anaerobically digested sludge were separately measured by ICP-OES...
June 29, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Pritha Pal, Ajanta Halder
Arsenic is a potent human carcinogen affecting the rate of cancer deaths worldwide. In India, West Bengal is the worst affected state by arsenic. To our best knowledge, this is the first study relating arsenic toxicity with oral carcinoma, along with HPV infection, the latter being well established in western countries. To find out a possible correlation between arsenic toxicity and oral carcinoma in the population of West Bengal, in or without any association with human papilloma virus infection. Ethical clearance of this study was obtained from the institutional committee...
June 29, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Fitriani Agustina, Zaenal Muttaqien Sofro, Ginus Partadiredja
Fluoride is frequently added to drinking water supplies, various food products, toothpaste, and mouth rinses to prevent tooth damage. However, at high concentrations, fluoride can cause fluorosis and damage to the brain tissue due to its excitotoxicity and oxidative stress effects. The damage of the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum can lead to motor coordination disorders. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of sodium fluoride on the motor coordination and the number of Purkinje cells of the cerebellum of rats...
June 27, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Lidija Tulić, Snezana Vidaković, Ivan Tulić, Marijana Ćurčić, Zorica Bulat
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of trace element and toxic metal concentrations in blood and the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF). The study included 104 consecutive patients that underwent assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. The following parameters were determined: cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), and lead (Pb); and copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and magnesium (Mg). Serum samples were obtained before commencing stimulation. Patients with smoking habit had significantly higher Pb concentrations (P = 0...
June 27, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Hassan Keramati, Ali Miri, Mehdi Baghaei, Aziz Rahimizadeh, Raheb Ghorbani, Yadolah Fakhri, Abotaleb Bay, Masoud Moradi, Zohreh Bahmani, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
A systematic review, meta-analysis, and non-carcinogenic risk considering fluoride content of drinking water resources of 31 provinces of Iran among some international databases such as Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, and national databases including SID and Irandoc (2011 to July 2017) were conducted. In this context, 10 articles (40 studies) with 1706 samples were included in meta-analyses and risk assessment studies. The pooled concentration of fluoride in the cold, mild, and warm weather provinces were calculated as 0...
June 25, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Mengwei Jia, Xiaoguang Shi, Xiaolan Gu, Haixia Guan, Xiaochun Teng, Di Teng, Chenling Fan, Yongze Li, Zhongyan Shan, Weiping Teng, Yushu Li
To evaluate the relationship between smoking and both antithyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb) and antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) positivity in subjects from Panshan, Zhangwu, and Huanghua with mildly deficient, more than adequate, and excessive iodine intake, respectively. Smoking-related data were collected by questionnaire, and laboratory measurements of TPOAb, TgAb, and thyrotropin (TSH) were determined at baseline and follow-up. (1) A 1.48-fold increased risk of TPOAb positivity was found in smokers than in non-smokers after adjusting for confounders (age, sex, and areas) (OR[95% CI] = 1...
June 25, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Juan Ming, Shouli Wu, Tongzhao You, Xilan Wang, Chun Yu, Peng Luo, Aihua Zhang, Xueli Pan
Chronic fluorosis is a systemic condition which principally manifests as defects in the skeleton and teeth. Skeletal fluorosis is characterized by aberrant proliferation and activation of osteoblasts, however, the underlying mechanisms of osteoblast activation induced by fluoride are not fully understood. Therefore, we investigated the pathogenic mechanism of human primary osteoblast proliferation and activation in relation to histone acetylation of the promoter p16, a well-known cell cycle regulation-related gene...
June 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Gonca Alak, Veysel Parlak, Mehmet Enes Aslan, Arzu Ucar, Muhammed Atamanalp, Hasan Turkez
Heavy metals have harmful effects on health of both ecosystems and organisms to their accumulation ability. Copper (Cu) is an essential element for organism survival, but EPA considers Cu as a priority pollutant. On the other hand, boron has well-defined biological effects in living organisms including cytoprotection and genoprotection, although borax (BX) metabolism is poorly described in fish. Moreover, the effects of boron supplementation against Cu-induced hematotoxicity and DNA damage in aquatic organisms are still undetermined...
June 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Memduh Sahin, Fahri Karayakar, Ali Riza Koksal, Aylin Yetim, Mehmet Sinan İyisoy, İlker Şen, Hüseyin Alkım, Canan Alkım, Tahsin Colak
Approximately 350-400 million people in the world have Hbs Ag (hepatitis B virus surface antigen) positivity. In the international guidelines, the permanent suppression of replication in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection therapy is reported as the primary therapeutic goal. Trace elements play a key role in liver diseases. The aim of our study is to determine some trace element concentrations in the liver during HBV treatment periods. The measurement of 11 trace elements (manganese, lead, nickel, chromium, cadmium, iron, copper, zinc, silver, cobalt, and aluminum) was carried out by the method of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in liver biopsy materials (before starting treatment and at the sixth month of the treatment period)...
June 20, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Pervez Ahmed Khoso, Yiming Zhang, Hang Yin, Xiaohua Teng, Shu Li
Se is an important bioelement essential for a healthy immune system. Dietary Se influences both innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the effects of Se deficiency in chicken spleen are still unknown; thus, we designed an experiment to study the role of Se in chicken spleen. A total of 180 one-day-old sea blue white laying hens were randomly allocated into two groups (a control group and a Se-deficient group). The control group was fed a diet supplemented with sodium selenite with a final Se content of 0...
June 20, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
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