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Psychiatry Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30453217/what-specifically-contributes-to-disturbed-non-verbal-fluency-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-ineffective-performance-initiation-slowed-processing-or-lack-of-the-execution-strategy
#1
Paweł Krukow, Michał Harciarek, Cezary Grochowski, Agata Makarewicz, Kamil Jonak, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
The study aimed at identifying the cognitive and clinical determinants of impaired design fluency in bipolar patients, with special reference to processing speed and performance strategy. A sample of bipolar disorder patients (BD, n = 45) and matched healthy controls (HC, n = 42) underwent the assessment of figural fluency, cognitive and manual speed, cognitive effort and affective state. An electronic version of design fluency test was applied, enabling assessment of performance speed, execution strategy and spontaneous fluctuations in production efficiency...
November 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447819/a-reply-to-hormonal-contraception-depression-and-academic-performance-among-females-attending-college-in-the-united-states
#2
LETTER
Paris Stowers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447558/attachment-style-and-history-of-childhood-abuse-in-suicide-attempters
#3
Fatemeh Ghassem Boroujerdi, Sayed Ali Kimiaee, Seyed Amir Amin Yazdi, Mitra Safa
Insecure attachment style has been observed in some people with a history of suicide attempt. Furthermore, some types of abuse in childhood may predict suicide attempt in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to assess the attachment style, history of abuse, demographic information and number of suicide attempts in suicide attempters. This cross-sectional study was performed on 80 suicide attempters in Tehran in 2017. Demographic information, suicide behavior, attachment style and history of childhood abuse were assessed in a psychological interview using the Revised Adult Attachment Scale...
November 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448449/clinical-significance-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-in-bipolar-patients-an-18-month-prospective-study
#4
Matias Carvalho Aguiar Melo, Raquel Fernandes Garcia, Carolina Freitas Cardeal de Araújo, Rafael Leônidas Cristiano Abreu, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin
Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have recently been investigated as inexpensive and reproducible markers of systemic inflammation in many diseases. However, few studies evaluate clinical and prognostic value of NLR and PLR in psychiatric patients. The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical repercussions of NLR and PLR in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). An 18-month prospective study followed up eighty euthymic BD outpatients. Baseline data included an interviewer-administered questionnaire, behavioral scales and a blood count to calculate NLR and PLR...
October 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384290/expanding-the-validity-of-the-malignant-self-regard-construct-in-an-italian-general-population-sample
#5
Roberto Pedone, Steven K Huprich, Sharon M Nelson, Marina Cosenza, Antonino Carcione, Giuseppe Nicolò, Antonio Semerari, Livia Colle
Malignant self-regard (MSR) was proposed as a particular type of self-structure that may account for similarities among a set of clinically relevant Personality Disorders (PDs) such as masochistic/self-defeating and depressive PDs that yet have failed to be adequately represented in the diagnostic manuals. The investigation on the MSR may provide a better framework upon which to understand the nature of these personality types and their discrimination from related constructs. The present study examines the psychometric properties of the Italian adaptation of the Malignant Self-Regard Questionnaire (MSRQ)...
October 25, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384289/improving-the-professional-competency-of-psychiatric-nurses-results-of-a-stress-inoculation-training-program
#6
Omolbanin Sargazi, Golnaz Foroughameri, Sakineh Miri, Jamileh Farokhzadian
It is essential to conduct cognitive-behavioral interventions on nurses' professional competency. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a stress inoculation training (SIT) on professional competency of psychiatric nurses. This was an experimental study, in which 70 psychiatric nurses were allocated to two intervention and control groups (35 in each group) using cluster random design. A SIT program was conducted for the intervention group. Data were gathered by competency inventory for registered nurse (CIRN) before and one month after SIT...
October 25, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384287/expressed-emotion-ee-in-families-of-individuals-at-risk-of-developing-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#7
Emma Izon, Katherine Berry, Heather Law, Paul French
The At-Risk Mental State (ARMS) for psychosis describes a state of high but not inevitable risk for developing a psychotic disorder. The distressing experiences for individuals with an ARMS may impact on themselves; their sense of wellbeing, psychosocial functioning and their family. Expressed emotion (EE) considers the environment and communication style of relatives towards the individual and is a key factor for determining outcomes in established psychosis. Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of EE in relatives of ARMS was conducted...
October 25, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384288/do-unit-and-post-deployment-social-support-influence-the-association-between-deployment-sexual-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation
#8
Lindsey L Monteith, Claire A Hoffmire, Ryan Holliday, Crystal L Park, Carolyn M Mazure, Rani A Hoff
Deployment sexual trauma is associated with post-deployment suicidal ideation. No studies have examined the role of social support in this association. The present study examined if perceived unit support and post-deployment support influenced the association between deployment sexual trauma and suicidal ideation. 824 post-9/11 veterans (480 men, 344 women) from the Survey of Experiences of Returning Veterans completed the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 and Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale...
October 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384286/expressed-emotion-emotional-distress-and-individual-and-familial-history-of-affective-disorder-among-parents-of-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Zachary B Millman, Marc J Weintraub, David J Miklowitz
Parental expressed emotion (EE) attitudes are important prognostic indicators in the course of bipolar disorder (BD) in adolescents and adults. This study examined the hypothesis that parents' own susceptibility to affective disturbances contributes to their likelihood of high-EE attitudes. We examined past-week levels of emotional distress, lifetime affective diagnoses, and family histories of affective disorder among high- and low-EE parents of 86 adolescents with bipolar I or II disorder who were recovering from an episode of depression or (hypo) mania...
October 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384282/csf-glutamate-level-decreases-in-heavy-smokers-and-negatively-correlates-with-bdi-scores
#10
Hui Li, Junzheng Chen, Caiming Chen, Zeping Xu, Jinzhong Xu, Wenhui Lin, Junnan Wu, Guohua Li, Heng Xu, Yimin Kang, Fan Wang, Yanlong Liu
Glutamate is involved in mental disorders and nicotine addiction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glutamate levels and mental status in Chinese heavy smokers. Participants comprised 41 non-smokers and 77 heavy smokers (n = 118). Cerebrospinal fluid was extracted and glutamate levels were measured. We recorded age, years of education, BMI, the Barratt impulsiveness scale (BIS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS)...
October 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384281/a-big-five-facet-analysis-of-sub-clinical-dependent-personality-disorder-dutifulness
#11
Adrian Furnham
This study aimed to examine a Big Five, normal personality trait, "bright side" analysis of a sub-clinical personality disorder: Dependency Personality Disorder. Around 6000 British adults completed the NEO-PI-R which measures the Big Five personality factors at the domain and the facet level. They also completed the Hogan Development Survey (HDS) which has a measure of sub-clinical Dependency Personality Disorder called Dutiful as one of its eleven dysfunctional interpersonal tendencies. Correlation and regression results confirmed many of the associations between the Big Five domains and facets and sub-clinical Dependency...
October 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384280/association-between-family-history-of-mental-disorders-and-outcome-in-psychotic-disorders
#12
J Käkelä, T Nordström, M Haapea, E Jääskeläinen, J Miettunen
We investigated the association of family history of mental disorders, especially psychosis, with occupational and clinical outcome in psychotic disorders in a longitudinal population-based cohort. The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (n = 9432) was used to gather the data. In total 189 individuals with psychosis were identified by age of 28. The outcome was assessed by using register information regarding occupational activity, disability pension and hospital treatments due to psychiatric cause. Parental psychosis and any psychiatric disorder were used as predictors of outcome...
October 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384279/recent-suicide-attempts-and-serum-lipid-profile-in-subjects-with-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Enrico Capuzzi, Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Maria Rosaria Malerba, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Peripheral biomarkers for suicide have been studied generating mixed results. We investigated the association between serum lipid levels and suicide attempts in subjects with different mental disorders. We conducted a cross-sectional study, including 593 inpatients with schizophrenia spectrum, bipolar, major depressive, and personality disorders, hypothesizing that subjects with lower total cholesterol levels would have higher rates of recent suicide attempts. Contrary to our hypothesis, individuals with lower total cholesterol levels (<160 mg/dL) showed lower rates also of suicide attempts (OR adjusted for age and gender: 0...
October 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384278/the-role-of-disclosure-attitudes-in-the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-and-perceived-social-support-among-emergency-service-workers
#14
Martina Köhler, Hanja Schäfer, Simone Goebel, Anya Pedersen
The social-interpersonal framework model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Maercker and Horn, 2012) highlights the relevance of interpersonal factors in the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms. Therefore, the present study examined the role of self-perceived disclosure abilities to elucidate the well-known link between PTSD symptom severity and social support. In a cross-sectional design, 131 emergency service workers completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES-R), the Disclosure of Trauma Questionnaire (DTQ) and the Social Acknowledgement Questionnaire (SAQ) as well as answering trauma-specific questions to provide in-depth information regarding their experiences in potentially traumatic incidents and subsequent social interactions...
October 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384283/interacting-and-dissociable-effects-of-alexithymia-and-depression-on-empathy
#15
Christian Banzhaf, Ferdinand Hoffmann, Philipp Kanske, Yan Fan, Henrik Walter, Stephanie Spengler, Stefanie Schreiter, Tania Singer, Felix Bermpohl
Major-depressive-disorder (MDD) and alexithymia have both been associated with empathy deficits. We examined whether depression and alexithymia show dissociable or interacting effects on cognitive and emotional trait and state empathy. Healthy controls with high and low alexithymia and MDD-patients with high and low alexithymia were assessed. We used the Interpersonal-Reactivity-Index-questionnaire (IRI) for trait cognitive and emotional empathy and the Multifaceted-Empathy-Test (MET) for state cognitive and emotional empathy...
October 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384277/the-potential-role-of-subjective-wellbeing-and-gender-in-the-relationship-between-bullying-or-cyberbullying-and-suicidal-ideation
#16
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
Bullying and cyberbullying are common problems all over the world. One of their consequences can be suicidal ideation. A better understanding of the mechanisms that link them to suicidal ideation is needed in order to develop effective prevention and intervention initiatives. Subjective wellbeing is a potential mechanism that has not been studied within this framework. The present study examined whether subjective wellbeing could serve as a mediator or moderator of the relationship between bullying or cyberbullying and suicidal ideation, and whether these relationships were moderated by gender...
October 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384285/relationship-between-ways-of-coping-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-firefighters-compared-to-the-general-population-in-south-korea
#17
Jung Hyun Lee, Subin Park, Minyoung Sim
Professional firefighters frequently encounter stressful events in the line of duty, which may lead to the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, it remains unclear how PTSS relates to ways of coping in this population. We evaluated the differences in ways of coping between firefighters and the general population, and we determined the relationship between ways of coping and PTSS in both groups. Professional firefighters (N = 212) and adults from the general population (N = 500) completed measures of potentially traumatic events (PTEs), the Ways of Coping Checklist, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
October 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384284/combining-trait-and-state-model-systems-of-psychosis-the-effect-of-sleep-deprivation-on-cognitive-functions-in-schizotypal-individuals
#18
Eliana Faiola, Inga Meyhöfer, Maria Steffens, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, Veena Kumari, Ulrich Ettinger
Model systems of psychosis play an important role in pathophysiology and drug development research. Schizotypal individuals display similar cognitive impairments as schizophrenia patients in several domains. Therefore, schizotypy may be interpreted as a trait model system of psychosis. In addition, experimentally controlled sleep deprivation is a putative state psychosis model that evokes subclinical psychosis-like states. We aimed to further validate these model systems by examining them in relation to central cognitive biomarkers of schizophrenia...
October 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360915/neurocognitive-deficits-in-a-transdiagnostic-clinical-staging-model
#19
Sylvia Romanowska, Glenda MacQueen, Benjamin I Goldstein, JianLi Wang, Sidney H Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Jean Addington
There is a growing literature which suggests that neurocognitive deficits may be markers of susceptibility for serious mental illness development. This study assessed neurocognitive functioning in a sample of youth at risk of serious mental illness across different clinical stages as described by McGorry and colleagues and compared them to healthy controls. The sample was 243 male and female youths aged 12-26 and included: asymptomatic participants with psychiatric risk factors (Stage 0; n = 41); youth with early mood or anxiety symptoms (Stage 1a; n = 52); youth with attenuated psychiatric syndromes (Stages 1b; n = 108); and healthy controls (n = 42)...
October 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366639/association-of-positive-negative-and-disorganized-schizotypy-dimensions-with-affective-symptoms-and-experiences
#20
Kathryn C Kemp, Georgina M Gross, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Thomas R Kwapil
Schizotypy offers a useful construct for investigating the etiology, development, and expression of schizophrenia-spectrum psychopathology, as well as the comorbid expression of mood and anxiety disorders across the schizophrenia spectrum. The present study examined the associations of positive, negative, and disorganized schizotypy with affective symptoms and experiences in a sample of MTurk workers and college students (n = 575). Participants completed the Multidimensional Schizotypy Scale (MSS) and measures of depression, anxiety, social phobia, hypomanic traits, and state affect...
October 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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