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Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250571/clozapine-use-in-adolescents
#1
Samir Kumar Praharaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250570/ecological-momentary-interventions-delivered-by-smartphone-apps-applications-in-substance-use-treatment-in-indian-scenario
#2
Arpit Parmar, Pragya Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250569/dissociative-motor-disorder
#3
Arya Jith, Dinesh Narayanan
Conversion disorders are more prevalent in childhood and adolescence, especially in females. They are usually associated with stressors and symptoms usually reflect a means to avoid the stressor, or also with a primary and secondary gain. This case report involves a similar situation where a young girl was treated successfully with diazepam, therapeutic nerve conduction study, and behavioral psychotherapy.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250568/severe-tardive-dystonia-on-low-dose-short-duration-exposure-to-atypical-antipsychotics-factors-explored
#4
Nilanjan C Chandra, Shabina A Sheth, Ritambhara Y Mehta, Kamlesh R Dave
Tardive dystonia (TD) is a serious side effect of antipsychotic medications, more with typical antipsychotics, that is potentially irreversible in affected patients. Studies show that newer atypical antipsychotics have a lower risk of TD. As a result, many clinicians may have developed a false sense of security when prescribing these medications. We report a case of 20-year-old male with hyperthymic temperament and borderline intellectual functioning, who developed severe TD after low dose short duration exposure to atypical antipsychotic risperidone and then olanzapine...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250567/feasibility-of-online-neuromodulation-using-transcranial-alternating-current-stimulation-in-schizophrenia
#5
Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Vandita Shanbhag, Hema Nawani, Venkataram Shivakumar, Dinakaran Damodharan, Anushree Bose, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Abnormalities in resting and event-related brain oscillations are known to be associated with cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) modulates these rhythms across the neuronal circuits and could have a potential therapeutic role in psychiatric disorders. In this report, we describe, for the first time, application of online tACS in a schizophrenia patient with working memory deficits. This case report supports the feasibility and potential utility of online tACS in schizophrenia, which needs further systematic research...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250566/atomoxetine-induced-hypomania-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-disorder-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Vijaya Kumar, Shivarama Varambally
Comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequent. The management of comorbid ADHD and BD is complicated by the risk of induction of (hypo) mania by the medications used for ADHD treatment. Earlier reports in children and adolescents with ADHD-BD suggest that the possibility of (hypo) mania induction is low when atomoxetine is used along mood stabilizers or antipsychotics. Here, we report induction of hypomania by atomoxetine when used for the treatment of comorbid ADHD in a BD patient while on prophylactic treatment with mood stabilizers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250565/multimodal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-its-management
#7
Vijaya Kumar, Virupakshappa Bagewadi, Dayanand Sagar, Shivarama Varambally
A cluster of symptoms including hallucinations characterizes schizophrenia. Hallucinations that occur in more than one modality simultaneously and emanate from a single source are called multimodal hallucinations (MMHs). The occurrence of simultaneous hallucinations as the major manifestations of a psychiatric disorder often was dismissed as factitious disorder or malingering. Conversely, MMHs have been reported in severe mental disorders including schizophrenia. Here, we report MMH in two patients of treatment-resistant schizophrenia and its successful management with clozapine...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250564/an-interesting-case-report-of-hematohidrosis
#8
Anu Rita Jayaraman, P Kannan, V Jayanthini
Hematohidrosis or hematidrosis is a rare condition in which a human being sweats blood. Psychogenic cause is found to be the most frequent cause among other causes such as systemic disease and vicarious menstruation. This is a case report of a 10-year-old girl with oozing of blood from intact skin of scalp. Underlying intense fear secondary to psychosocial stressor was identified and a provisional diagnosis of mixed anxiety and depressive disorder was made. Pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy were followed by complete remission...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250563/specific-learning-disabilities-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-school-children-in-south-india
#9
Shailaja Bandla, Gowri Devi Mandadi, Anand Bhogaraju
BACKGROUND: Specific learning disabilities (SLDs) are an important cause of academic underachievement in children and are also associated with comorbidities like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which further have an impact on the child's education. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and psychosocial profile and psychiatric comorbidities in children with SLD in two settings, i.e., on special (remedial) education and schools and to compare the findings with normal children...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250562/comparison-of-effect-of-antidepressants-on-psychomotor-functions
#10
Pranjali P Mendhe, Samidh P Shah, Mira K Desai, Minakshi N Parikh
OBJECTIVE: The comparison of the effect of antidepressants on psychomotor functions in patients with endogenous depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective interventional study was carried out at a tertiary care teaching hospital on 95 literate patients with newly diagnosed endogenous depression matching inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were prescribed either desvenlafaxine (50 mg) or fluoxetine (40 mg) or sertraline (50 mg). Psychomotor functions were assessed by digit letter substitution, six letter cancellation, choice reaction time, hand steadiness and flicker fusion test at the baseline 1(st) month and 3(rd) month...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250561/psychological-adaptation-to-alteration-of-body-image-among-stoma-patients-a-descriptive-study
#11
Umesh Jayarajah, Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera
BACKGROUND: Creation of an ostomy leads to significant change in the body image of the patient. However, adaptation to this alteration of body image is necessary for rehabilitation following surgery. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that influence adaptation to altered body image. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 41 ostomy patients who were treated at a single tertiary care unit. Body image disturbance questionnaire (BIDQ) was used to assess the perception of body image...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250560/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-a-study-from-southern-india
#12
Suhas Ganesh, Arun Kandasamy, Ubahara S Sahayaraj, Vivek Benegal
CONTEXT: Externalizing disorders of childhood characterized by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder are well known to predispose an individual to experiment with substances at an early age and the later lead to the development of substance use disorders (SUD). ADHD, a developmental disorder, persists into adulthood in about two-thirds of the cases. AIMS: In the present study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of ADHD and its subtypes in treatment-seeking patients with SUD in an outpatient setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250559/prevalence-of-depression-and-associated-factors-among-diabetic-patients-at-mekelle-city-north-ethiopia
#13
Tilahun Belete Mossie, Gebreselassie Hagos Berhe, Gebremedhin Haile Kahsay, Minale Tareke
BACKGROUND: Coexistence of mental health problems on diabetes mellitus can result in poor management of the illness, poor adherence to treatment, and low quality of life. Therefore, it is highly crucial to assess these problems; thus we carried out this study with the aim of determining the prevalence of depression and identifying related factors among diabetic patients at city of Mekelle, North Ethiopia. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study was employed among 264 diabetic patients, and participants were selected through systematic random sampling technique...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250558/sociodemographic-correlates-of-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-in-north-east-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kamal Narayan Kalita, Jyoti Hazarika, Mohan Sharma, Shilpi Saikia, Priyanka Patangia, Pranabjyoti Hazarika, Anil Chandra Sarmah
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis and management of depression is important for better therapeutic outcome. Strategies for distinguishing between unipolar and bipolar depression are yet to be defined, resulting improper management. This study aims at comparing the socio-demographic and other variables between patients with unipolar and bipolar depression, along with assessment of severity of depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care psychiatry hospital in North-East India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250557/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-disability-and-its-correlates-among-treatment-seeking-individuals-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#15
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Shalini Singh, Tamonud Modak, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol use is a major risk factor for global disease burden, and excessive use leads to disability in the individual. This study aimed to assess the disability and its correlates among individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). In addition, it assessed the quality of life measures in this population group. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study on a sample (N = 62) from among treatment seekers for alcohol dependence. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria were used to assess disorder severity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250556/cascade-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-correlational-study-of-cognition-postconcussion-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#16
Rajakumari Pampa Reddy, Jamuna Rajeswaran, B Indira Devi, Thennarasu Kandavel
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a significant burden on health care resources in India. TBI is a dynamic process which involves damage to the brain thus leading to behavior cognitive and emotional consequences. AIM: To study the cognitive profile, post-concussion symptoms (PCS), quality of life (QOL), and their correlation. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with TBI were recruited and assessed for neuropsychological profile, PCS, and QOL, the correlation among the variables were analyzed...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250555/personality-traits-in-the-siblings-and-children-of-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-a-questionnaire-based-study
#17
Suresh Kumar Korada, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Vivek Benegal, Meera Purushothaman, Mariamma Philip
INTRODUCTION: Frontotemporal dementias (FLD) form a group of relatively young onset, male dominant dementias with significant behavioral abnormalities early in the course of the disease. Routine assessment suggested preexisting traits such as lack of empathy, self-directedness, and persistence in most of these persons even before the onset of disease. Hence, we decided the study, the siblings and children of patients for any specific traits and correlation with hexanucleotide expansion repeats if any traits were identified...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250554/technology-addiction-among-treatment-seekers-for-psychological-problems-implication-for-screening-in-mental-health-setting
#18
Aswathy Das, Manoj Kumar Sharma, P Thamilselvan, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Technology usage has seen an increase among users. The usage varies from social, personal, and psychological reasons. Users are frequently using to overcome mood states as well as to manage the other psychological states. This work is going to explore the information technology use among subjects with a psychiatric disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects were assessed using background data sheet, internet addiction impairment index, video game use pattern, pornography addiction screening tool and screening for mobile phone use, from in-patient and out-patient setting of tertiary mental health setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250553/barriers-and-challenges-in-seeking-psychiatric-intervention-in-a-general-hospital-by-the-collaborative-child-response-unit-a-multidisciplinary-team-approach-to-handling-child-abuse-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Vyjayanthi Kanugodu Srinivasa Subramaniyan, Anukant Mital, Chandrika Rao, Girish Chandra
Child abuse is a serious criminal act against children in our country and punishable according to protection of children from sexual offenses act 2012. No one agency has the ability to respond completely to the abuse. Hence a multidisciplinary team approach was developed in India. Aim is to narrate the collaborative effort among the multiple disciplines in a general hospital to deliver child protection services and explore the barriers to integrate psychiatric services. METHODOLOGY: Members of the team were recruited from different disciplines and trained by experts...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250552/psychotherapeutic-applications-of-mobile-phone-based-technologies-a-systematic-review-of-current-research-and-trends
#20
REVIEW
Vikas Menon, Tess Maria Rajan, Siddharth Sarkar
There is a growing interest in using mobile phone technology to offer real-time psychological interventions and support. However, questions remain on the clinical effectiveness and feasibility of such approaches in psychiatric populations. Our aim was to systematically review the published literature on mobile phone apps and other mobile phone-based technology for psychotherapy in mental health disorders. To achieve this, electronic searches of PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were carried out in January 2016...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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