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Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

Sandeep Kumar Goyal, Chanchal Gera, Mamta Singla, Nitin Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Sourav Khanra, Neelanjana Paul, Swapan Mukherjee
Clinical signs and symptoms of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke are varied and can be challenging to diagnose at early stage. A case of bilateral PCA infarct presenting with marked behavioral symptoms and minimal neurological symptoms is presented here. A 34 years old female had presented with marked behavioral symptoms, blurring of vision and tingling sensation in left half of body. Though the latter complaints resolved following day, her behavioral complaints persisted. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of brain revealed acute non-hemorrhagic infarct in bilateral PCA territory...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Soumitra Das, Dhanya S Palappallil, Arjun Kartha, Varun Rajan
Psychomotor retardation and extrapyramidal symptoms have limited the conventional antipsychotic use. Atypical antipsychotics though widely prescribed with good tolerability and efficacy, the metabolic complications associated with them are of clinical importance. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a fatal complication of atypical antipsychotic use. We report a case of new-onset diabetes presenting as DKA with quetiapine use.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ajeet Sidana
To highlight the association between amisulpride and onset of tardive dyskinesia (TD) in patient suffering with psychosis not otherwise specified (NOS), who has already been treated with amisulpride for many years. A 40-year-old female suffering with psychosis NOS since 19 years presented with recurrence of positive symptoms in the form of delusion of persecution, ideas of grandiosity since last 3 months. She was treated with amisulpride up to 400 mg/day and developed involuntary oro-buccal-lingual movement within 2 months of amisulpride therapy...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Debasweta Purkayastha, Praveen Arathil, Dinesh Narayanan
Frontotemporal dementia commonly presents as a gradual change in personality, social conduct, and language ability, often sparing memory loss in early stages. We report a case of a 55-year-old female with rapid progression of memory impairment and other cognitive functions in a span of 2 years.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Arpit Parmar, Rohit Verma
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder, with predominant involvement of cortico-striato-thalamo-cortico circuitry. Although late-onset cases (>35 years) usually show an association with various neurological disorders involving basal ganglia and thalamus, it is not the case with the young-onset patients. There have been no reports of OCD comorbid with dysferlinopathy which is usually considered as a disease involving only muscles. However, recently, studies suggest involvement of brain in this disease...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Manish Bathla, Shazia Anjum, Manpreet Singh, Saminder Panchal, Gurvinder Pal Singh
Background: Depression is a leading cause of morbidity in modern world and introduction of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) was a revolution for treating depression. However, sexual dysfunction and weight gain always remained an issue for patients leading to discontinuation of treatment. Vilazodone is a novel SSRI and literature show better efficacy and decrease weight gain and sexual dysfunction. Aim of study: This study aims to compare the efficacy, sexual dysfunction, and weight gain caused due to vilazodone and escitalopram...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Satyam Sharma, Anuradha Balsavar, R P Beniwal, Triptish Bhatia, Smita N Deshpande
Background: Intelligence quotient (IQ) and social quotient (SQ) are comparable in predicting intelligence status. The latter is assessed whenever IQ testing is not possible. According to Ayurveda, Buddhi (intelligence) is affected by Prakriti (body constitution) which depends on the predominance of Tridosha and Triguna. There is a paucity of studies to examine their association. The study was designed to examine correlation among IQ, SQ, performance quotient (PQ) and maladaptive behaviour; and to find out their relationship with primary (Anubandhya) and secondary (Anubandha) doshas with intelligence in children with mild to moderate intellectual disability...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ramdas Sarjerao Ransing, Suvarna Patil, Krishna Pevekar, Kshirod Mishra, Bharat Patil
Background: Mood disorders and psychosis has been reported among the patients with macrocytosis; however, its prevalence among the first episode of psychosis and depression is unknown. The purpose of the study was to establish the prevalence of macrocytosis among the patients with the first episode of depression and psychosis. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, three groups comprising patients with first episode of depression ( n = 100), patients with the first episode of psychosis ( n = 100), and healthy controls ( n = 100) were included...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Safwan Ahamed, Chandra Sasitharan Vidhya Annapoorni
Introduction: Creativity is a physiological need based biological function very essential for survival. However, generally in disorders of progressive cognitive dysfunction creative skills are lost. However there are situations where these potentials are temporarily enhanced. Patients and Methods: We did an observational study of children and adults, 5 adults and 2 childrens, who showed extraordinary creativity evaluated based on evidence shown by patient, peers and re produced in test situation...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Mareena Susan Wesley, M Manjula, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Background and Objectives: Patients with bipolar disorder (BD), despite recovering symptomatically, suffer from several functional impairments even in remission. The actual causes of impaired functioning are less known. Materials and Methods: The study aimed to examine the clinical and psychosocial determinants of functioning in patients with BD in remission. A cross-sectional single-group design was adopted ( n = 150). Participants meeting the study criteria were screened with Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview Scale...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Rohit Ninan Benjamin, Thambu David, Ramya Iyadurai, K S Jacob
Background: People who deliberately ingest poisons commonly present to emergency departments of hospitals in India. However, there is a dearth of information on poisoning using nonorganophosphorus pesticides. Methods: This prospective, hospital-based study attempted to examine the nonorganophosphorus poisons used to attempt suicide. Data on sociodemographic characteristics of patients, site and source of poisons, co-ingested substances, premeditation, and reason for poisoning were collected...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Lohit Somashekar Reddy, N M Patil, Raghavendra B Nayak, Sameeran S Chate, Saba Ansari
Background: Patients present with dissociative disorders as a decompensation to underlying stressful situation. It is clinically important to evaluate the presence, type, and temporal relation of the stressors resulting in dissociation. Further knowing the sociodemographic and psychological profile of the dissociative patient helps in better management. Materials and Methods: The study included 55 dissociative patients aged between 5 to 45 years. Psychiatric diagnosis was made using ICD-10 DCR...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Dhanya Raveendranthan, Naren P Rao, Mukund G Rao, Ajish G Mangot, Shivaram Varambally, Muralidharan Kesavan, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Bangalore N Gangadhar
Background: Antipsychotic treatment-induced hyperprolactinemia is a highly distressing and disabling side effect for patients. The use of add-on aripiprazole has been identified as a possible treatment strategy in this situation. However, data on prolactin changes with add-on aripiprazole in a real-world naturalistic clinical setting from India are sparse. Materials and Methods: The retrospective chart review was conducted at the specialty metabolic clinic at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Pastin Pushpa Rani, Helen Charles, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, K G Selvaraj, Priya Mary Mammen, Sushila Russell, Muttathu K C Nair
Objectives: Family dysfunction is observed in families with children with intellectual disability (ID). We study the prevalence, pattern of dysfunction, and severity of impairment in these special families using Systems approach. Methods: Sixty-two special families (a child with ID) and 62 typical families (all children with typical development) were included in the present study. The presence of ID was confirmed and quantified with the Binet-Kamat Scale of intelligence or Gesell's Developmental Schedule and Vineland Social Maturity Scales among the special families...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Priya Mary Mammen, Minju K Asokan, Sushila Russell, Sherab Tsheringla, SatyaRaj Shankar, Muttathu K C Nair, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell
Objective: Brief Intellectual Disability Scale (BIDS) is a measure validated for identification of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in countries with low disability resources. Following the publication of the exploratory factor analysis of BIDS, the authors have documented the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of BIDS in this study. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted to document the CFA of the BIDS. Primary caregivers ( N = 124) of children with ID were recruited and rated the BIDS...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
R Arun, S Inbakamal, Anna Tharyan, Prasanna S Premkumar
Background: Schizophrenia, a chronic psychiatric disorder, can affect one's productivity and psychosocial functioning. In Indian context, the responsibility of caring persons with schizophrenia is increasingly on their spouses. Spousal caregiver experience and its relation with disability in schizophrenia need to be studied. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 52 outpatients with schizophrenia and their spouses attending a tertiary psychiatric center...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Era Dutta, Payal Sharma, Nilesh Shah, Anup Bharati, Sushma Sonavane, Avinash Desousa
Background: The recent and rapidly popularized social phenomenon of selfie taking has been showing an increasing trend. It is thus imperative to assess the knowledge, attitude, and perception of the groups toward this phenomenon. Selfie taking is associated with younger age groups and hence, we aimed to explore the attitudes toward selfie taking and its relation toward body image and narcissism in medical college students. Methodology: This was cross-sectional study and had two groups with Group A comprising 92 first year medical students and Group B including 103 postgraduate (PG) medical students from various specialties...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Aruna Rose Mary Kapanee, K S Meena, Prasanthi Nattala, Narayana Manjunatha, Paulomi M Sudhir
Background: Depression is a significant public health concern in India, associated with a large treatment gap. Assessing perceptions of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) on depression can be invaluable as they are selected to work at the interface between their own communities and the health-care delivery system. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed at utilizing a qualitative approach to examine the ASHAs' understanding of depression, their mental health-care practices specific to depression, and their capacity-building needs with regard to identification and helping persons with depression...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Delnaz Palsetia, G Prasad Rao, Sarvada C Tiwari, Pragya Lodha, Avinash De Sousa
There is a growing incidence of dementia patients in the community, and with this growth, there is need for rapid, valid, and easily administrable tests for the screening of dementia and mild cognitive impairment in the community. This review looks at the two most commonly used tests in dementia screening, namely, the clock drawing test (CDT) and the mini-mental status examination (MMSE). Both these tests have been used in dementia screening over the past three decades and have been the subject of scrutiny of various studies, reviews, and meta-analysis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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