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Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031596/salami-slicing-of-data-sets-what-the-young-researcher-needs-to-know
#1
Vikas Menon, Aparna Muraleedharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031595/inpatient-suicide-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-a-nested-case-control-study
#2
Sourav Khanra, Tathagata Mahintamani, Swarnali Bose, Christoday Raja Jayant Khess, Shreekantiah Umesh, Daya Ram
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for inpatient suicide are different from those in the general population. We examined sociodemographic and clinical variables of patients who committed suicide as an inpatient in a psychiatric hospital in India. METHODS: Matched retrospective nested case-control design was adopted. Ten patients who died by suicide as inpatients between 2000 and 2013 were included, along with fifty controls, matched with respect to age, sex, diagnosis, and period of admission...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031594/suicide-in-rural-central-india-profile-of-attempters-of-deliberate-self-harm-presenting-to-padhar-hospital-in-madhya-pradesh
#3
Johann Alex Ebenezer, Vivek Joge
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue. India currently has the largest number of suicides in the world and has a disproportionate number of youth suicides including young women. The studies on patterns of suicide in rural central India are sparse, particularly among tribal communities. AIMS: The aim of this study is to describe the profile of suicide attempters presenting to a secondary-level hospital in rural central India and identify areas for potential future research toward preventive strategies...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031593/risk-factors-for-farmers-suicides-in-central-rural-india-matched-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#4
Manik Changoji Bhise, Prakash Balkrushna Behere
BACKGROUND: Despite more than two decades since recognition of suicides by farmers in India, systematic studies comparing various risk factors are lacking. This is major hurdle for the formulation of strategies for farmers' suicide prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic and psychological risk factors and their relative contribution in suicides by farmers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A matched case-control psychological autopsy was done on 98 farmers' suicide victims and 98 controls in Central India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031592/ideological-cause-and-hero-worship-related-suicides-indian-perspective-and-changing-trends-during-2001-2014-an-exploratory-study
#5
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss
BACKGROUND: Of the various causes of suicides in India, very less number commit it for an ideological cause or due to hero worship (IHW). The prevalence and changing trends in IHW suicides are not much discussed. An attempt is made to draw attention to this subset of suicides during 2001-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Accessible data from the National Crime Bureau Records in open domain was employed for this study. As only whole sum numbers associated with state, age groups, and genders and years were only available parameters, descriptive statistics of rate of suicides, linear trend with age groups, gender, and geographical divisions are presented...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031591/attitudes-of-general-hospital-staff-toward-patients-who-self-harm-in-south-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Narendra Kumar, Rajagopal Rajendra, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi, Murali Krishna, Paul Keenan, Steve Jones
BACKGROUND: There is growing global interest into the attitudes and clinical management of persons who deliberately self-harm. People who self-harm experience many problems and typically have many needs related to management of their psychological wellbeing. A positive attitude amongst general hospital staff should prevail with people who self-harm. The principal purpose was to determine student staff attitudes towards patients who self-harmed from a professional and cultural perspective, which might influence patient treatment following hospital admission...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031590/role-of-demographic-and-personality-factors-in-mediating-vulnerability-to-suicide-attempts-under-intoxication-with-alcohol-a-record-based-exploratory-study
#7
Shivanand Kattimani, Vikas Menon, Siddharth Sarkar, Anand Babu Arun, Penchilaiya Venkatalakshmi
BACKGROUND: Identifying those who are likely to make suicide attempts under alcohol intoxication has important implications for management and prevention of further suicidal behavior. AIMS: To identify the frequency of suicide attempts made under the influence of alcohol and the percentage of impulsive suicide attempts among them. We also aimed to identify predictors of attempted suicide under intoxication with alcohol. SETTING AND DESIGN: Record-based study carried out at a tertiary care hospital...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031589/profile-of-young-suicide-attempt-survivors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-puducherry
#8
Anand Lingeswaran
CONTEXT: Puducherry has the highest suicide prevalence rate in India by 2014, predominantly among the 14-30 years age group. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to study the characteristics of adolescent and youth suicide attempters in Puducherry and measure the suicide intent. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An observational study of 6 months duration was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031588/assessment-of-suicidal-intent
#9
Rajkumar Ramanathan, Arul Saravanan Ramachandran, Kalaivani Periasamy, Kala Saminathan
BACKGROUND: Suicide and suicidal attempt are an important cause of mortality and denotes severe morbidity among the population. Successful suicide attempt is associated with previous suicide attempts. Identifying factors in suicide attempters will help in formulating a comprehensive response to these issues. OBJECTIVE: To identify the sub group who are more vulnerable and the factors associated with this group. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross sectional observational study of this sub group was carried out...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031587/short-term-cost-of-suicides-in-india
#10
Gopala Sarma Poduri
BACKGROUND: India is experiencing increasing suicides that have much economic impact. OBJECTIVE: To calculate the short-term costs of suicide in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the official data of suicides in India in 2014 formed the base of computation. Both direct and indirect costs were computed basing on market rates and official estimates. Perceived gains were deducted to arrive at the total cost. RESULTS: The contribution of middle age group in the loss was high...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031586/clinical-correlates-of-suicide-in-suicidal-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-and-affective-disorders
#11
Hemendra Singh, Prabha S Chandra, V Senthil Kumar Reddi
BACKGROUND: The most common psychiatric illnesses in the background of suicide are schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and affective disorders (AD). While depression and hopelessness are important factors for suicide in psychiatric patients, the role of psychotic symptoms is unclear. We examine the comparative differences in the clinical correlates of suicide in SSD and AD patients with suicidal risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty suicidal psychiatric patients (aged between 17-60 years) were evaluated for depression severity, hopelessness, past attempts, and reasons for wanting to commit suicide at the emergency psychiatry centre...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031585/suicide-prevention-beyond-mental-disorder
#12
Lakshmi Vijayakumar
Suicide is a conscious act of the will with personal and societal ramifications. Its conscious and volitional nature deepens its tragic impact. India has high suicide rates compared to the other countries and also has intriguing distinctiveness due to the reports of higher rates from areas with better health indices and gender opportunities. In this article, I present a broader paradigm, in contrast to the usual 'mental disorder paradigm', which puts forward practical points for a multi-level engagement of healthcare service, community and policy makers...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031584/reducing-suicide-rates-need-for-public-health-and-population-interventions
#13
K S Jacob
Recent studies from India have challenged the fact that the majority of the people who die by suicide have severe mental illness; they have demonstrated its frequent links to environmental stress, social, cultural, economic, and political correlates. Suicide, a complex phenomenon, is a final common pathway for a variety of causal etiologies. Nevertheless, psychiatry continues to argue for curative solutions based on the reductionistic biomedical model, rather than support public health measures to manage the larger sociocultural, economic, and political context...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031583/suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-among-transgender-persons
#14
REVIEW
H G Virupaksha, Daliboyina Muralidhar, Jayashree Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Suicide rate and suicidal tendencies among transgender persons are considerably high compared to general population. Hence, this review is an attempt to understand the issues around the suicide and suicidal behavior among transgender persons. METHODOLOGY: The literature search conducted using three sources, i.e., electronic databases (PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, PsycInfo), manual search (library catalog), and gray literature (consultation with experts)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031582/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-suicide-in-schizophrenia-critical-role-of-neuroprotective-mechanisms-as-an-emerging-hypothesis
#15
REVIEW
Amresh Shrivastava, Avinash De Sousa, G Prasad Rao
Suicide is a common occurrence in psychiatric disorders and is a cause of increased healthcare utilization worldwide. Schizophrenia is one of the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide and posited to be seen in 1% of the population worldwide. Suicide is a common occurrence in schizophrenia with 25%-30% patients with schizophrenia attempting suicide and 8%-10% completing it. There is a need for valid biological markers to help clinicians identify patients with schizophrenia that may be at a risk of suicide and thus help in them receiving better care and interventions at the earliest even before a suicide attempt occurring...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031581/suicide-in-india-distinct-epidemiological-patterns-and-implications
#16
REVIEW
Starlin Vijay Mythri, Johann Alex Ebenezer
Suicide is a societal crisis which also deeply impacts the personal and family realms. Indian suicidal data present distinctive epidemiological patterns when we compare it with the global suicide rates and trends. Higher proportions of young individuals are resorting to suicide compared to any other country in the world, and Indian suicide rates, especially South Indian rates, are one of the highest in the world. In this article, we present various historical aspects and theories of Indian suicide and review of available Indian research from various sources such as community, hospitals, schools and forensic settings...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031580/suicide-prevention-it-s-time-to-connect-communicate-and-care
#17
EDITORIAL
M S Reddy, M Starlin Vijay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833241/reasons-for-schizophrenia-patients-remaining-in-out-or-on-treatment-non-adherence-to-clarity
#18
Harshini Manohar, Shivanand Kattimani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833240/new-food-and-drug-administration-recommendations-for-clozapine-prescribing-and-monitoring-requirements
#19
Satyakam Mohapatra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833239/detection-of-optic-neuropathy-and-3-month-follow-up-of-an-adolescent-inhalant-user-are-we-paying-enough-attention
#20
Prashant Gupta, Piyali Mandal, Digvijay Singh, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rachna Bhargava, Anju Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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