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Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833241/reasons-for-schizophrenia-patients-remaining-in-out-or-on-treatment-non-adherence-to-clarity
#1
Harshini Manohar, Shivanand Kattimani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833240/new-food-and-drug-administration-recommendations-for-clozapine-prescribing-and-monitoring-requirements
#2
Satyakam Mohapatra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833239/detection-of-optic-neuropathy-and-3-month-follow-up-of-an-adolescent-inhalant-user-are-we-paying-enough-attention
#3
Prashant Gupta, Piyali Mandal, Digvijay Singh, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rachna Bhargava, Anju Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833238/screening-for-depression-among-community-dwelling-elders-usefulness-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale
#4
Sebind Kumar, Anisha Nakulan, Sumesh Purushothaman Thoppil, Rejani Parameshwaran Parassery, Shaji Sivaraman Kunnukattil
CONTEXT: Though common, depressive disorders often remain undetected in late life. AIM: To examine the usefulness of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) for identifying depression among older people. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Community resident older people (aged 65 years or more), were evaluated by clinicians trained in psychiatry, as part of a cross-sectional study of late-life depression. Assessments were done in the community...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833237/extrapyramidal-side-effects-with-low-dose-amisulpride-a-report-of-two-cases
#5
Pattath Narayanan Suresh Kumar, Arun Gopalakrishnan
Amisulpride, recently introduced atypical antipsychotic, is well-known for its broad spectrum effectiveness and lower profile for extrapyramidal side effects (EPS). Its selective affinity for dopamine receptors in the limbic structures, but not in the striatum, leads to a low risk of extrapyramidal side effects. Here, we report two cases of EPS associated with lower dose of amisulpride. The proposed mechanism for its causation is also discussed. Authors invite more studies, specifically from the Indian context to find out the incidence of EPS and other associated side effects...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833236/self-injurious-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-lesch-nyhan-syndrome
#6
Satyakam Mohapatra, Alok Jyoti Sahoo
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) is a rare inherited disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase-1. Few reports on behavioral aspects especially self-injurious behavior in LNS patients are available. We report a case of LNS in an 8-year-old male child, who presented with characteristic self-injurious behavior.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833235/an-unusual-case-of-baclofen-abuse
#7
Soumitra Das, Dhanya Sasidharan Palappalllil, Sumesh Thoppil Purushothaman, Varun Rajan
Baclofen was initially used for the treatment of spastic conditions. Last decade has seen its emergence as a treatment of profound interest in alcohol dependence, opiates and cocaine abuse, and tobacco addiction. However, the published literature on baclofen abuse is sparse. Here, we report a patient with baclofen abuse.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833234/successful-management-of-patient-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-and-swyer-james-macleod-syndrome-with-clozapine
#8
Arpit Parmar, Rajeev Ranjan, Rajesh Sagar
Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS) is a rare disorder characterized by infective bronchiolitis. It typically presents with a history of recurrent chest infections during childhood. Cardinal sign of the disease includes the hyperlucency of the lung fields. Till date, only a few cases have been reported of this syndrome. We report a very unusual case of SJMS along with comorbid schizophrenia in a 20-year-old female and the successful management using clozapine.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833233/effectiveness-of-metacognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-a-pilot-investigation
#9
Jayasree Lakshmi, Paulomi Matam Sudhir, Mahendra Prakash Sharma, Suresh Bada Math
: Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a recent psychological intervention for emotional disorders. Its efficacy in social anxiety disorder (SAD) is yet to be established. AIMS: We examined the effectiveness of an MCT in patients with SAD. A two group case-control design with baseline, post, and 3 months follow-up was adopted. The control group received training in applied relaxation (AR). Four patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV diagnosis of social anxiety were sequentially allotted to receive either MCT or AR...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833232/hypocalcemia-masquerading-as-schizophreniform-disorder
#10
Shivangi Mehta, Sahil Mehta
Among the symptoms of hypocalcemia, tetany, papilledema, and seizures may occur in patients who develop hypocalcemia acutely. We describe a rare case of hypocalcemia presenting as schizophreniform disorder. Among other presentations of hypocalcemia, one should also look for the relation between psychotic symptoms and calcium levels in a patient presenting with psychotic symptoms.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833231/acute-dystonia-after-single-dose-of-bupropion
#11
Forouzan Elyasi, Elham Mahtiyan
Bupropion is an antidepressant that is effective in the treatment of major depressive disorders, smoking cessation, and sexual side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Acute dystonia is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction often represented by spasms of the head and neck muscles as well as occasional jaw clenching and temporomandibular joint syndrome. Although it is believed that dystonia is the result of an abnormality of the basal ganglia, its pathophysiology is still unclear. A few cases of dystonia resulting from bupropion have been reported in prior research papers...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833230/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-cavum-septum-pellucidum-in-schizophrenia-a-16-slice-computed-tomography-study
#12
Sourav Khanra, Naveen Kumar Srivastava, Vivek Chail, Christoday Raja Jayant Khess
OBJECTIVE: Several significant midline abnormalities including cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) have been reported in schizophrenia. However, not all studies were able to replicate similar findings. Furthermore, very few of them were conducted with large samples. METHODS: CSP was identified and graded with 16 slice computed tomography (CT) machine in 138 patients of schizophrenia and 64 controls. RESULTS: We found 21.0% of patients in schizophrenia group had abnormal CSP compared to only 9...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833229/sexual-dysfunction-among-females-receiving-psychotropic-medication-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Veda N Shetageri, Govind S Bhogale, N M Patil, R B Nayak, S S Chate
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is a known adverse effect of psychotropic medications. Even though sexual difficulties are common among women; very few studies have been carried out in India. OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and nature of SD among females receiving psychotropic medications and to compare the SD among female patients receiving antipsychotics and antidepressants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female investigator conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study on female patients visiting the psychiatry outpatient department...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833228/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-profiles-of-patients-with-gender-identity-disorder-requesting-sex-reassignment-surgery
#14
Sagar Karia, Sanhita Jamsandekar, Alpa Alure, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
BACKGROUND: Gender identity disorder (GID) is a distressing disorder characterized by a persistent unhappiness with one's own sex and a desire to be of the opposite sex as well as seeking sex reassignment surgery for the same. The aim of the study was to assess the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) profiles in patients with GID and examine differences in the profiles based on original gender of the patients. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-seven patients with GID that fulfilled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision criteria for the same were participants of the study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833227/creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-phenotype-and-course-our-experience-from-a-tertiary-center
#15
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Thomas Gregor Issac, Mariamma Philip, Veeranna Gadad
INTRODUCTION: Prion diseases are protein conformation disorders and neither caused by viroid or virus but is a transmissible particle labeled a prion by Pruisner. Normal prion protein becomes infectious by a different folding, but the triggers are not known. Based on the characteristic brain pathology, they are grouped under spongiform encephalopathy affecting both man and animals. Estimated prevalence is one per million. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) registry from National Institute and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, reported 69 cases in 30 years...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833226/legal-terms-used-in-reception-order-and-their-relevance-to-judicial-process
#16
Nakkeerar Subramanian, Rajkumar Ramanathan, Venkatesh Madhan Kumar, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam Chellappan, Jeyaprakash Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833225/does-birth-order-and-academic-proficiency-influence-perfectionistic-self-presentation-among-undergraduate-engineering-students-a-descriptive-analysis
#17
Preeti Tabitha Louis, Navin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is a multifaceted concept. It had both advantages and disadvantages. Perfectionistic traits have been associated with leadership and very intellectual people. The present study is an attempt to understand if engineering students possess perfectionistic orientation and whether it influences self-efficacy, social connectedness, and achievement motivation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study adopts a random sampling design to evaluate the presence of perfectionism as a personality trait among undergraduate engineering students (N = 320)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833224/risk-factors-for-substance-use-among-street-children-entering-treatment-in-india
#18
Shibendu Bhattacharjee, Rajesh Kumar, Alok Agrawal, Kevin E O'Grady, Hendrée E Jones
BACKGROUND: Although empirical studies have reported on substance use in children in India, multivariable statistical models examining risk factors in children seeking treatment for substance use are largely lacking. The goal of this study was to test a conceptual model predicting age of first use, duration of use of any psychoactive substance, and primary substance of choice from child and family characteristics in a sample of children entering substance use treatment. METHODS: This was a single-sample cross-sectional study of 159 children entering a treatment and rehabilitation center in Delhi that provides substance use treatment and teaches children the skills to allow for their re-integration into society...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833223/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-physical-correlates-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#19
Deepak Gauba, Pramod Thomas, Yatan P S Balhara, Smita N Deshpande
AIM: To examine the prevalence and pattern of comorbidity in alcohol dependence and its relationship with physical and laboratory findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty males with alcohol dependence were examined using the Hindi version of Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, the International Classification of Disease-10(th) Edition Personality Disorder Examination, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test for alcohol use, global assessment of functioning, blood sampling electrocardiogram, and ultrasonogram...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833222/a-study-of-soft-neurological-signs-and-its-correlates-in-drug-naive-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#20
Vanishree Gunasekaran, V Mathan Kumar Venkatesh, T V Asokan
BACKGROUND: Soft neurological signs are minor, non localizing, objective abnormalities, thought to reflect damage in cortical and sub-cortical connections or connections within different cortical regions. Regional structural grey matter anomalies have already been observed and correlated with the presence of cognitive deficits and presence of soft neurological signs in schizophrenic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Drug naive patients presenting with first episode of psychosis (FEP)were clinically evaluated for soft neurological signs using the Cambridge Neurological Inventory...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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