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Epidemiologic Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860344/re-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-prisoners
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860343/prevalence-of-drug-injection-sexual-activity-tattooing-and-piercing-among-prison-inmates
#2
Babak Moazen, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Marisa A Silbernagl, Masoud Lotfizadeh, Rebecca J Bosworth, Zahra Alammehrjerdi, Stuart A Kinner, Andrea L Wirtz, Till W Bärnighausen, Heino J Stöver, Kate A Dolan
Prisoners engage in a range of risk behaviors that can lead to the transmission of viral infections, such as HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. In this review, we summarize the epidemiologic literature from 2007 to 2017 on 4 key risk behaviors for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus among prisoners globally: drug injection, sexual activity, tattooing, and piercing. Of 9,303 peer-reviewed and 4,150 gray literature publications, 140 and 14, respectively, met inclusion criteria covering 53 countries (28%)...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860342/understanding-and-improving-the-health-of-people-who-experience-incarceration-an-overview-and-synthesis
#3
Stuart A Kinner, Jesse T Young
The world prison population is growing at a rate that exceeds the rate of population growth. This issue of Epidemiologic Reviews comprises articles in which researchers summarize what is known about some of the key health issues facing people in prison, particularly in relation to human immunodeficiency virus and other blood-borne viral infections. A key recurring theme is that addressing the health needs of people in prison is important to reducing health inequalities at the population level-that prisoner health is public health...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746635/smoking-in-correctional-settings-worldwide-prevalence-bans-and-interventions
#4
Anne C Spaulding, Gloria D Eldridge, Cynthia E Chico, Nancy Morisseau, Ana Drobeniuc, Rebecca Fils-Aime, Carolyn Day, Robyn Hopkins, Xingzhong Jin, Junyu Chen, Kate A Dolan
Smoking tobacco contributes to 11.5% of deaths worldwide and, in some countries, more hospitalizations than alcohol and drugs combined. Globally in 2015, 25% of men and 5% of women smoked. In the United States, a higher proportion of people in prison smoke than do community-dwelling individuals. To determine smoking prevalence in prisons worldwide, we systematically reviewed the literature using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines; we also examined whether prisons banned smoking or treated smokers...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733373/substance-use-and-recidivism-outcomes-for-prison-based-drug-and-alcohol-interventions
#5
Dominique de Andrade, Jessica Ritchie, Michael Rowlands, Emily Mann, Leanne Hides
We conducted a systematic review to examine the substance use and recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. We searched public health, criminology, and psychology databases, and conducted forward and backward snowballing methods to identify additional studies. Studies were included if they were published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017; were published in English; and reported substance use and/or recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. Studies were reviewed for methodological rigor using the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688317/hiv-and-viral-hepatitis-among-imprisoned-key-populations
#6
Andrea L Wirtz, Ping T Yeh, Natalie L Flath, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
Prisons and other closed facilities create opportunities for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis during detention and after release. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed publications (2005-2015) to describe the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus among key populations in prisons worldwide and to compare estimates of infection with those of other prison populations. Most data were reported for people who inject drugs (PWID; n = 72) and for men who have sex with men (MSM; n = 21); few data were reported on sex workers (SW; n = 6), or transgender women (n = 2)...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684115/a-note-from-the-editors
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659780/health-outcomes-for-clients-of-needle-and-syringe-programs-in-prisons
#8
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Kristina L Hetherington, Daniel J Bromberg, Denise Ocampo, Niels Graf, Anna Dichtl, Heino Stöver, Hans Wolff
High levels of drug dependence have been observed in the prison population globally, and the sharing of injecting drug equipment in prisons has contributed to higher prevalence of bloodborne diseases in prisoners than in the general population. Few prison needle and syringe programs (PNSPs) exist. We conducted a systematic review to assess evidence regarding health outcomes of PNSPs. We searched peer-reviewed databases for data relating to needle and syringe programs in prisons. The search methodology was conducted in accordance with accepted guidelines...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648594/active-case-finding-for-communicable-diseases-in-prison-settings-increasing-testing-coverage-and-uptake-among-the-prison-population-in-the-european-union-european-economic-area
#9
Lara Tavoschi, Hilde Vroling, Giordano Madeddu, Sergio Babudieri, Roberto Monarca, Marije Vonk Noordegraaf-Schouten, Netta Beer, Joana Gomes Dias, Éamonn O'Moore, Dagmar Hedrich, Anouk Oordt-Speets
Prison populations are disproportionally affected by communicable diseases when compared with the general community because of a complex mix of socioeconomic determinants and environmental factors. Tailored and adequate health care provision in prisons has the potential to reach vulnerable and underserved groups and address their complex needs. We investigated the available evidence on modalities and effectiveness of active case-finding interventions in prisons by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for records on prison and active case finding with no language limit...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635444/parental-incarceration-and-child-health-in-the-united-states
#10
Christopher Wildeman, Alyssa W Goldman, Kristin Turney
Mass incarceration has profoundly restructured the life courses of not only marginalized adult men for whom this event is now so prevalent but also their families. We examined research published from 2000 to 2017 on the consequences of parental incarceration for child health in the United States. In addition to focusing on specific health outcomes, we also considered broader indicators of child well-being because there has been little research on the association between parental incarceration and objectively measured child health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617757/editorial-changing-of-the-guard-a-new-editor-for-epidemiologic-reviews
#11
EDITORIAL
Michel A Ibrahim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596582/prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-prisoners
#12
Gergõ Baranyi, Megan Cassidy, Seena Fazel, Stefan Priebe, Adrian P Mundt
People involved with criminal justice frequently are exposed to violence and traumatic experiences. This may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, no review, to our knowledge, has synthetized findings in this setting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate prevalence rates of PTSD in prison populations. Original studies in which prevalence rates of PTSD in unselected samples of incarcerated people were reported were systematically searched between 1980 and June 2017...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584869/the-health-of-america-s-aging-prison-population
#13
Kimberly A Skarupski, Alden Gross, Jennifer A Schrack, Jennifer A Deal, Gabriel B Eber
Older incarcerated individuals comprise the fastest growing demographic in the US prison system. Unhealthy lifestyles among incarcerated individuals and inadequate health care lead to earlier onset and more rapid progression of many chronic conditions that are prevalent among community-living older adults. There are limited peer-reviewed epidemiologic data in this area; however, there is growing interest in identifying strategies for housing aging incarcerated individuals, delivering appropriate health care in prisons, and coordinating after-release health care...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584860/substance-use-during-imprisonment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Adrian P Mundt, Gergo Baranyi, Caroline Gabrysch, Seena Fazel
Substance use disorders are among the most common health problems of people involved with the criminal justice system. Scaling up addiction services in prisons is a global public health and human rights challenge, especially in poorly resourced countries. We systematically reviewed the prevalence of substance use in prison populations in low- and middle-income countries. We searched for studies reporting prevalence rates of nicotine, alcohol, illicit drug, and injection drug use during imprisonment in unselected samples of imprisoned people in low- and middle-income countries...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566137/dynamic-models-of-infectious-disease-transmission-in-prisons-and-the-general-population
#15
Martial L Ndeffo-Mbah, Vivian S Vigliotti, Laura A Skrip, Kate Dolan, Alison P Galvani
Incarcerated populations experience elevated burdens of infectious diseases, which are exacerbated by limited access to prevention measures. Dynamic models are used to assess the spread and control of diseases within correctional facilities and repercussions on the general population. Our systematic review of dynamic models of infectious diseases within correctional settings identified 34 studies published between 1996 and 2017. Of these, 23 focused on disease dynamics and intervention in prison without accounting for subsequent spread to the community...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554240/epidemiology-of-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-viral-hepatitis-and-tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-transgender-people-a-case-of-limited-data
#16
Tonia C Poteat, Mannat Malik, Chris Beyrer
Transgender people experience a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and incarceration. Discrimination, victimization, poverty, and poor mental health drive vulnerability to HIV and related infections, as well as risk of arrest, detention, and incarceration. In this paper, we systematically review published data on HIV, sexually transmitted infections, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis among incarcerated transgender people; describe potential structural determinants of HIV risk and transmission; identify gaps in the literature; and make recommendations for research and interventions to address this neglected population...
June 1, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510714/re-what-do-we-know-about-the-association-between-firearm-legislation-and-firearm-related-injuries
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510713/re-disasters-introduction-and-state-of-the-art
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486701/cancer-in-transgender-people-evidence-and-methodological-considerations
#19
REVIEW
Hayley Braun, Rebecca Nash, Vin Tangpricha, Janice Brockman, Kevin Ward, Michael Goodman
Transgender people comprise a diverse group of individuals whose gender identity or expression differs from that originally assigned to them at birth. Some, but not all, transgender people elect to undergo medical gender affirmation, which may include therapy with cross-sex hormones and/or surgical change of the genitalia and other sex characteristics. As cross-sex hormones administered for the purposes of gender affirmation may be delivered at high doses and over a period of decades, the carcinogenicity of hormonal therapy in transgender people is an area of considerable concern...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486651/vitamin-d-and-cancer-risk-and-mortality-state-of-the-science-gaps-and-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Alison M Mondul, Stephanie J Weinstein, Tracy M Layne, Demetrius Albanes
There has been substantial enthusiasm recently regarding the potential role of vitamin D in the primary and secondary prevention of cancer. Laboratory studies demonstrate a range of anticarcinogenic effects for vitamin D compounds, but human studies have yielded little consistent evidence supporting a protective association. Higher circulating levels of vitamin D (i.e., 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 25(OH)D) appear to be associated with reduced risk of colorectal and bladder malignancies, but higher risk of prostate and possibly pancreatic cancers, with no clear association for most other organ sites examined...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
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