Read by QxMD icon Read

Immunology Letters

Jeong-Eun Kwon, Seon-Yeong Lee, Hyeon-Beom Seo, Young-Mee Moon, Jun-Geol Ryu, Kyung-Ah Jung, Joo-Yeon Jhun, Jin-Sil Park, Soo-Seok Hwang, Joo-Myeong Kim, Gap Ryol Lee, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor that functions in cooperation with various cofactors to regulate gene expression. In the immune system, YY1 enhances cytokine production and T helper (Th) 2 effector cell differentiation, resulting in the activation of inflammation. However, no studies have reported the role of YY1 in Th17 cell regulation, which is implicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated the expression of YY1 in Th17 cells in vitro and revealed increased levels of YY1 mRNA and protein...
March 12, 2018: Immunology Letters
Liannv Qiu, Yonglie Zhou, Qinhua Yu, Sujie Zheng, Zhenni Wang, Qiang Huang
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is characterized by an abnormal expansion of mature B cells with variable progression. Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells help B cells differentiate into plasma cells or long-lived memory B cells in germinal centres (GCs). However, the role of Tfh cells in CLL is poorly understand, and whether it plays a critical role in disease progression in vivo is lacking. In this study, we investigate the dynamic change of circulating Tfh cells in peripheral blood from patients with CLL during the treatment periods to evaluate their utility to predict disease progression...
March 8, 2018: Immunology Letters
Fang Gong, Hua-Yan Zhu, Jie Zhu, Qiao-Jing Dong, Xuan Huang, Dong-Jin Jiang
The pathogenesis of allergic asthma is primarily characterized by abnormality in immunoglobin(Ig)E pathway, suggesting a possible role for follicular helper T cells (Tfh) in the genesis of excessive IgE accumulation. The blood chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 5 (CXCR)5+ CD4+ T cells, known as "circulating" Tfh, share common functional characteristics with Tfh cells from germinal centers. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotypes and functions of circulating CXCR5+ CD4+ T cells in allergic asthmatics...
March 5, 2018: Immunology Letters
Julio Adrián Garfias-López, Graciela Castro-Escarpuli, Pedro E Cárdenas, María Maximina Bertha Moreno-Altamirano, Juan Padierna-Olivos, F Javier Sánchez-García
A wide array of microorganisms colonizes distinctive anatomical regions of animals, being the intestine the one that harbors the most abundant and complex microbiota. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that it is composed mainly of bacteria, and that Bacterioidetes and Firmicutes are the most represented phyla (>90% of the total eubacteria) in mice and humans. Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in host physiology, contributing to digestion, epithelial cells metabolism, stimulation of intestinal immune responses, and protection against intestinal pathogens...
February 24, 2018: Immunology Letters
H N Sarjan, H N Yajurvedi
The objective was to find out whether severity of stress effects on immunity increases with duration of exposure and recovery depends on duration of exposure. Adult male rats (n = 30) were subjected to restraint (1 h) followed by forced swimming exercise (15 min) after a gap of 4 h daily for 2, 4 and 8 weeks and allowed to recover for 6 weeks after each exposure period. Exposure of rats to stress resulted in duration dependent significant decreases in leukocyte count, phagocytic indices of neutrophils, number of bone marrow stem cells and serum levels of IL-12 and increases in apoptotic index of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and serum levels of IL-10...
February 23, 2018: Immunology Letters
R Solís-Martínez, M Cancino-Marentes, G Hernández-Flores, P Ortiz-Lazareno, G Mandujano-Álvarez, C Cruz-Gálvez, E Sierra-Díaz, C Rodríguez-Padilla, L F Jave-Suárez, A Aguilar-Lemarroy, A Bravo-Cuellar
BACKGROUND: Transcription factor STAT3 has a prominent innate immunity effect on cancer progression. We determined the regulation of STAT3 in the immunophenotype modulation of macrophages from M1 into M2 induced by the cell-culture supernatant of the Prostate-Cancer line PC3. METHODS: Monocytes-macrophages from healthy donors were cultured in the supernatant of PC3 cells, membrane proteins, and intracytoplasmic and phosphorylated STAT3 were measured using flow cytometry, while cytokines and growth factors were studied using luminescence...
February 23, 2018: Immunology Letters
Mehabaw G Derebe, Rupesh K Nanjunda, Gary L Gilliland, Eilyn R Lacy, Mark L Chiu
In therapeutic antibody discovery and early development, mice and cynomolgus monkey are used as animal models to assess toxicity, efficacy and other properties of candidate molecules. As more candidate antibodies are based on human immunoglobulin (IgG) subtypes, many strategies are pursued to simulate the human system in the test animal. However, translation rate from a successful preclinical trial to an approved drug is extremely low. This may partly be due to differences in interaction of human IgG based candidate molecules to endogenous Fcγ receptors of model animals in comparison to those of human Fcγ receptors...
February 21, 2018: Immunology Letters
Andreea Petrasca, Ashanty M Melo, Eamon P Breen, Derek G Doherty
This study tested the hypothesis that the Vδ3 subset of human γδ T cells, like their Vδ2 counterparts, can influence differentiation, antibody secretion and cytokine production by B cells. Vδ3 T cells constitute a minor subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes but are enriched in the liver and gut and are expanded in patients with cytomegalovirus activation and B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. They have been reported to include MHC class I and CD1d restricted cells. Like Vδ2 T cells, they are capable of maturing dendritic cells into cytokine-producing antigen presenting cells, making them potential targets for dendritic cell-based immunotherapies...
February 10, 2018: Immunology Letters
Maria Grazia Clemente, Kathleen B Schwarz, Roberto Antonucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Immunology Letters
Kiandokht Bashiri, Nima Rezaei, Milena Nasi, Andrea Cossarizza
The definitive cure for human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV) infection is represented by the eradication of the virus from the patient's body. To reach this result, cells that are infected but do not produce the virus must become recognizable to be killed by the immune system. For this purpose, drugs defined "latency reverting agents" (LRA) that reactivate viral production are under investigation. A few clinical studies have been performed in HIV-infected patients treated with LRA and combined antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
February 7, 2018: Immunology Letters
Gabriela Peron, Livia de Lima Thomaz, Larissa Camargo da Rosa, Rodolfo Thomé, Liana Maria Cardoso Verinaud
Dendritic cells (DCs) are essential players in the activation of T cells and in the development of adaptive immune response towards invading pathogens. Upon antigen (Ag) recognition of Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs) by their receptors (PRRs), DCs are activated and acquire an inflammatory profile. DCs have the ability to direct the profile of helper T (Th) cells towards Th1, Th2, Th17, Th9 and regulatory (Treg) cells. Each subset of Th cells presents a unique gene expression signature and is endowed with the ability to conduct or suppress effector cells in inflammation...
February 7, 2018: Immunology Letters
Ailsa K Holroyd, Alison M Michie
Mechanistic target for rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that forms two distinct complexes mTORC1 and mTORC2, integrating mitogen and nutrient signals to regulate cell survival and proliferation; processes which are commonly deregulated in human cancers. mTORC1 and mTORC2 have divergent molecular associations and cellular functions: mTORC1 regulates in mRNA translation and protein synthesis, while mTORC2 is involved in the regulation of cellular survival and metabolism. Through AKT phosphorylation/activation, mTORC2 has also been reported to regulate cell migration...
February 3, 2018: Immunology Letters
Dalgys Martínez, Jose Fernando Cantillo, Helber Herazo, Judith Wortmann, Walter Keller, Luis Caraballo, Leonardo Puerta L
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to allergens of the house dust mites Dermatophagoides pteronyssinnus and Blomia tropicalis is an important risk factor for asthma and allergic diseases. Allergen-specific immunotherapy is currently based on natural allergen extracts, however, in the last years recombinant allergens with different modifications have shown promising immunological properties that may be advantageously applied for developing novel allergy vaccines. METHODS: A hybrid molecule (MAVAC-BD-2) containing epitopes of B...
February 3, 2018: Immunology Letters
Vandana Gupta, Sameeksha Mishra, Supriya Mishra, Sandeep Kumar, Vani Gupta
Leptin and adiponectin play an important role in the regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis. The purpose of the present study was to ascertain the relationship between leptin to adiponectin ratio (L:A) and metabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women.This is a cross sectional case-control study. A total of 523 postmenopausal women were recruited for the study 270 postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome and 253 apparently healthy control postmenopausal women without metabolic syndrome. Biochemical and Anthropometrical parameters were measured...
February 2, 2018: Immunology Letters
Farhad Babaie, Milad Hasankhani, Hamed Mohammadi, Elham Safarzadeh, Alireza Rezaiemanesh, Reza Salimi, Behzad Baradaran, Zohreh Babaloo
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that is referred to a group of chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases termed as seronegative spondyloarthropathies or spondyloarthritides. It typically affects the joints of the spinal and axial skeleton and exhibits common clinical features and genetic factors such as human leukocyte antigen class I allele HLA-B27, the Endoplasmic Reticulum Aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1), and environmental factors such as microbial triggers. Although the precise etiopathogenic mechanisms that implicate the pathogenesis of AS have still remained to be clarified, the IL-23/IL-17 immune axis has been detected as an important factor in the immunopathogenesis of AS...
February 2, 2018: Immunology Letters
Shigeharu Ueki, Junko Nishikawa, Mineyo Fukuchi, Yasunori Konno, Masahide Takeda, Yuki Moritoki, Junichi Chihara, Ayumi Omokawa, Tomoo Saga, Makoto Hirokawa
Active metabolites of vitamin A, retinoic acids (RAs), are known to play critical roles in mucosal immune responses and dramatically inhibit human eosinophil apoptosis, but the detailed mechanisms have not been elucidated. We previously screened for ICAM-1 (CD54) upregulation in RA-stimulated human eosinophils by gene microarray analysis. As ICAM-1 induction and activation were observed to have a role in maintenance of eosinophil survival, we tested the hypothesis that RAs prolong eosinophil survival through ICAM-1 outside-in signaling...
January 31, 2018: Immunology Letters
Qian Song, Cheng-Dong Zhang, Xiang-Hua Wu
With the approval of the first therapeutic cancer vaccine by US Food and Drug Administration, numerous therapeutic cancer vaccines have been under clinical trials with an inspiring antitumor immune response in cancer patients. Though there is no therapeutic cancer vaccine showing clinical efficacy in phase III trials, recent advances in personalized cancer vaccine based on neoantigens have emerged as an efficient way to induce tumor regression. In this review, we discuss the selection methods of tumor specific antigen and mainly focus on the development of therapeutic cancer vaccine strategies...
January 30, 2018: Immunology Letters
Xiaoyu Tang, Lingling Zhang, Wei Wei
B cell activating factor (BAFF) is an important cytokine for the maintenance of B cell development, survival and homeostasis. BAFF/BAFF-R could directly activate nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. Tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) are key regulatory proteins in NF-κB signaling pathways. TRAF1 enhances the activation of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNF-R2) induced by NF-κB. TRAF2 and TRAF3 signal adapters act cooperatively to control the maturation and survival signals mediated by BAFF receptor...
January 25, 2018: Immunology Letters
Masahiro Takeuchi, Tomomitsu Doi, Kunie Obayashi, Ayako Hirai, Kazue Yoneda, Fumihiro Tanaka, Yoshiko Iwai
PD-L1 is one of the important immune checkpoint molecules that can be targeted by cancer immunotherapies. PD-L1 has a soluble form (sPD-L1) and a membrane-bound form (mPD-L1). Conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) systems can detect sPD-L1 using anti-PD-L1 capture antibody through the antigen-antibody reaction, but cannot evaluate the quality and function of sPD-L1. In this study, we developed a novel ELISA system for the detection and quantification of sPD-L1 with PD-1-binding capacity (bsPD-L1)...
January 20, 2018: Immunology Letters
Andreas Rheinländer, Burkhart Schraven, Ursula Bommhardt
CD45 is an evolutionary highly conserved receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase exclusively expressed on all nucleated cells of the hematopoietic system. It is characterized by the expression of several isoforms, specific to a certain cell type and the developmental or activation status of the cell. CD45 is one of the key players in the initiation of T cell receptor signaling by controlling the activation of the Scr family protein-tyrosine kinases Lck and Fyn. CD45 defiency results in T- and B-lymphocyte dysfunction in the form of severe combined immune deficiency...
January 20, 2018: Immunology Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"