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Immunology Letters

Ilaria Gandoglia, Federico Ivaldi, Paolo Carrega, Eric Armentani, Guido Ferlazzo, Gianluigi Mancardi, Nicole Kerlero de Rosbo, Antonio Uccelli, Alice Laroni
Natalizumab (NTZ) is a monoclonal antibody targeting the α4β1 integrin (CD49d/CD29), very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), which is approved for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS). A possible association between NTZ treatment and a higher risk of melanoma is under debate. Natural Killer (NK) cells, which express VLA-4, represent an innate barrier limiting spreading of melanoma under steady state conditions. Indeed, because of their expression of activating receptors, they are very efficient in recognizing and killing melanoma cells without the need of a previous priming...
December 2, 2016: Immunology Letters
Hongyu Liu, Hai Lei, Jingqi Tian, Jie Xiang, Yatong Fan, Hua Zhang, Jianhui Liu, Xuejun Zhang
Liver largely relies on its innate immune immunity to initiate quick and effective defense against potentially toxic agents, and innate immune cells are major players in this process. However, excessive inflammation due to out-of-control immune response may eventually cause liver injury. Thus, it is important to fully understand the regulatory mechanisms associated with liver inflammation. Here we show that anti-CD24 neutralizing antibody exacerbates hepatic inflammation in a Con A-induced acute liver injury murine model...
December 2, 2016: Immunology Letters
Sanam Sadreddini, Reza Safaralizadeh, Behzad Baradaran, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Mohammad Ali Hosseinpour-Feizi, Dariush Shanehbandi, Farhad Jadidi-Niaragh, Sevil Sadreddini, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Vahid Younesi, Mehdi Yousefi
Nanoparticles are widely used to deliver anticancer drugs and inhibit tumor growth without systemic toxicity. Recently, chitosan has received much attention as a functional biopolymer for encapsulation of small interfering RNA (siRNA). Because of cationic nature, chitosan efficiently encapsulate siRNA and forming nanoparticles. Moreover, biocompatible and biodegradable properties represent chitosan as potential candidate for in vivo siRNA delivery. In the present study we designed carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) chitosan nanoparticles (ChNPs) to encapsulat snail siRNA and anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX)...
December 1, 2016: Immunology Letters
Somayeh Ashrafi, Reza Shapouri, Mehdi Mahdavi
In this study, we sought out to study the anti-cancer effects of propranolol (Pro) in combination with tumor lysate vaccine on lymphocyte proliferation activities as well as on IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17 and IFN-γ cytokine concentration in the tumor microenvironment (TME). A tumor model was established in inbred Balb/C mice using transplantation of tumor to the flank of native mice. Tumor-bearing mice were immunized with lysate tumor cells (vaccine), a combination of Pro/Vaccine (Vac). Control groups consisted of tumor-bearing mice receiving only propranolol or PBS three times with one week interval via subcutaneous (s...
November 27, 2016: Immunology Letters
Hisako Kubo, Masato Hoshi, Akihiro Mouri, Chieko Tashita, Yasuko Yamamoto, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Kuniaki Saito
Infection of the encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) in mice is an established model for viral myocarditis. Previously, we have demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an L-tryptophan - kynurenine pathway (KP) enzyme, affects acute viral myocarditis. However, the roles of KP metabolites in EMCV infection remain unclear. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is one of the key regulatory enzymes, which metabolizes kynurenine to 3-hydroxykynurenine in the KP. Therefore, we examined the role of KMO in acute viral infection by comparing between KMO(-/-) mice and KMO(+/+) mice...
November 23, 2016: Immunology Letters
Fabio D'Amico, Evangelia Skarmoutsou, Lauren J Lo, Mariagrazia Granata, Chiara Trovato, Giulio A Rossi, Chiara Bellocchi, Maurizio Marchini, Raffaella Scorza, Maria Clorinda Mazzarino, Alon Keinan
Autoimmune diseases often share common susceptibility genes. Most genetic variants associated with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus are also associated with other autoimmune diseases. The X-linked variant rs2294020 is positioned in exon 7 of the CCDC22 gene. The encoded protein functions in the regulation of NF-κB, a master regulator in immune response. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the rs2294020 polymorphism may be a general susceptibility factor for autoimmunity. We evaluated case-control association between the occurrence of rs2294020 and different autoimmune diseases, including new data for systemic lupus erythematosus and previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (though most did not analyse the X chromosome) of psoriasis, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, multiple sclerosis, vitiligo, type-1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis...
November 22, 2016: Immunology Letters
Vlad-Vasile Pop, Andrada Seicean, Iulia Lupan, Gabriel Samasca, Claudia-Cristina Burz
Pancreatic cancer has attracted a great deal of attention owing to the poor outcome, increasing prevalence in the last years and delay diagnosis. Known as a complex disease, it involves genetic mutations, changes in tumour microenvironment and inflammatory component dominated by interleukin-6 and its activated pathways, like Janus Kinase-Signal Transducer and Activator of Translation3, Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase and Androgen receptor. The pro-inflammatory cytokine, plays a central role in oncogenesis, cancer progression, invasiveness, microenvironment changes, treatment resistance, prognosis and associated co morbidities like cachexia and depression...
November 19, 2016: Immunology Letters
Peng Zhao, Danni Zhu, Zhen Zhang, Bin Han, Daiqing Gao, Xiaofang Wei, Xihe Xie, Changyou Li, Weihong Sun, Qingqing Wang, Qingming Guo
Cytokine induced killer (CIK) cells have a powerful tumor cells killing activity both in vitro and in vivo and transfusion of these cells have become an adjuvant treatment for tumors. CIK cells are induced and amplified from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with multiple cytokines. As CD4(+)CD25(bri) regulatory T cells can be also induced by high dose of interleukin 2 (IL-2) which is used for CIK cells amplification in the CIK cell culture system, the anti-tumor activity of CIK cells was suppressed to some extent...
November 17, 2016: Immunology Letters
Allan V Rodrigues, Chander P Puri, Paresh B Bhanushali, Kunal K Shukla, Sampurna Roychoudhury, Shamkant B Badgujar
The prevalence of Ulcerative Colitis (UC), once thought to be negligible, has increases exponentially in the Indian population. The development of novel, cost effective and time efficient Indirect Immunofluorescence (IIF) based assay for detection of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and diagnosis of UC in the Indian population is discussed. A novel IIF based assay was developed using intact nuclei from human neutrophils to detect atypical p-ANCA in patients suffering from UC. Sera from 45 patients diagnosed with UC, 45 healthy controls and one related disease control were tested using a novel UC-ANCA assay and validated by commercially available ANCA IIF assay...
November 11, 2016: Immunology Letters
Ferjani Zouidi, D Bouzid, H Fourati, R Fakhfakh, T Kammoun, M Hachicha, C Penha-Gonçalves, H Masmoudi
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease caused by the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells by autoreactive T cells. Studies in animal models, such as the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse reveal that this disease is under the control of several genes that encode molecules implicated in regulation of transcription factors and in T cell activation. In order to underline the role of the genes involved in this regulation pathways, we investigated, using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform, 13 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) belonging to CREM, IRF5, STAT4, and STAT5a/b genes in 59 T1D Tunisian families...
November 10, 2016: Immunology Letters
Tomonori Nagaya, Koji Kawata, Ryuta Kamekura, Sumito Jitsukawa, Terufumi Kubo, Motonari Kamei, Noriko Ogasawara, Ken-Ichi Takano, Tetsuo Himi, Shingo Ichimiya
Lipid mediators such as leukotrienes and lipoxines broadly regulate innate and acquired immunity, and their dysfunction causes various immune-mediated disorders. We previously reported a salient feature of arachidonate 5-lipoxyganase (Alox5), which is responsible for the production of such lipid mediators, in the regulation of high affinity antibodies in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine the functional significance of Alox5-related lipid mediators during the processes of acquired humoral responses...
November 10, 2016: Immunology Letters
Naglaa Abd Elrahman Mosaad, Hala Mohamed Lotfy, Yomna Mohamed Farag, Rasha Hossam El-Din Mahfouz, Rasha Mohamad Hosny Shahin
The aim of the study was to assess the serum levels of Syndecan-1 in a group of Egyptian juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients and to study any possible associations with disease activity, renal activity and organ damage. Serum level of Syndecan-1 was assessed in 60 Egyptian JSLE patients and 30 apparently healthy age and gender matched children using ELISA. SLE Disease Activity Index-2000 (SLEDAI-2K), renal SLEDAI-2K, renal activity score and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) Damage Index were assessed for all patients...
November 9, 2016: Immunology Letters
Enza D'Auria, Salvatore Barberi, Amilcare Cerri, Daniela Boccardi, Federica Turati, Sabrina Sortino, Giuseppe Banderali, Giorgio Ciprandi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (vitD) is involved in important regulatory functions of the innate and adaptive immune system. So, it has been hypothesized that vitD might influence the course of atopic dermatitis (AD). Also obesity may have impact on immune system. The aim of our study was to investigate vitamin D status and body mass index (BMI) in urban children with AD. METHODS: 52 children with AD and 43 healthy children were enrolled. SCORAD, BMI and serum vitD levels were evaluated...
November 9, 2016: Immunology Letters
Raffaella Mormile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Immunology Letters
Andreia Ribeiro, Thomas Ritter, Matthew Griffin, Rhodri Ceredig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Immunology Letters
Bing Yan, Jinyue Zhang, Wei Zhang, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Kunfeng Sun, Xiaoyue Chen, Anchun Cheng, Shun Chen
Aquatic birds are considered the biological and genetic reservoirs of avian influenza virus and play a critical role in the transmission and dissemination of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV). Both TLR7 and TLR21 are important for the host antiviral immune response. In an in vivo study, goTLR7, not goTLR21, was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of geese at 3 to 7 d after challenge with H9N2. And goOASL expression was induced in the bursa of fabricius, harderian glands and lungs. An increase in goRIG-I was detected in the lung and small intestine, whereas goPKR was increased in the lung but decreased in the thymus...
November 8, 2016: Immunology Letters
Min Zhang, Zhongqi Zhou, Jinguang Wang, Shufa Li
Recent studies demonstrated that activated CD8+ T cells contributed to the development of T1D, and Zinc Transporter 8 (ZnT8) has emerged as a target of autoreactive T cells in human T1D in recent years. In the previous work, we identified that ZnT8107-115 peptide as a candidate to generate CD8+ T cells and induce diabetes in mice. In addition, MHC-peptide complexes that interact with autoreactive T cells can induce immune tolerance. In the current study, we constructed ZnT8107-115/HLA-A2 dimers, and utilized them to immunize diabetes mice...
November 8, 2016: Immunology Letters
Cristina Capittini, Giacomo Emmi, Mara De Amici, Nicola Aronico, Luigia Scudeller, Elena Antoniazzi, Michele Di Stefano, Carmine Tinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Immunology Letters
Loredana Cifaldi, Rita Maria Pinto, Ippolita Rana, Maurizio Caniglia, Adriano Angioni, Stefano Petrocchi, Caterina Cancrini, Laura Cursi, Giuseppe Palumbo, Alessandra Zingoni, Angela Gismondi, Paolo Rossi, Angela Santoni, Cristina Cerboni
NK cell cytotoxicity in Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is strongly impaired as lytic granules are not released upon NK-target cell contact, contributing to several defects typical of this severe immunodeficiency. Correction of NK cell defects in CHS should improve the outcome of hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, proposed as therapy. We investigated NK cell functions in a CHS patient before and after cord-blood transplantation, and the ability of in vitro IL-2 treatment to restore them. Before the transplant, the strong defect in NK cell-mediated natural and antibody-dependent cytotoxicity, as well as in IFN-γ production, could be restored up to normal levels by in vitro IL-2 treatment...
November 2, 2016: Immunology Letters
Tujing Guo, Lin Zhao, Yawen Zhang, Guoqiang Liu, Yuanhang Yao, Huangjin Li
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an attractive target for the treatment of epithelial cancers. However, EGFR antagonists have low clinical response rates and frequently induce resistance mainly caused by the hypermutation of the extracellular and intracellular domains and the heterodimerization of EGFR. Dimerization plays a key role in the activation of the EGFR family of receptors. Thus, targeting the highly conserved dimer interface of EGFR maybe an attractive strategy for improving the clinical response of anti-EGFR therapies...
November 2, 2016: Immunology Letters
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