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Journal of UOEH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925739/-treatment-of-mandibular-fracture-associated-infectious-pseudarthrosis-accompanied-by-osteomyelitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#1
Soichi Hirashima, Akihiko Miyawaki, Kotaro Oho, Yawaka Shitozawa, Motohiro Arai, Norihiko Furuta, Ryoichi Oya
Peritoneal dialysis can be performed at home, and the transfer of solutes in the blood and other body fluids is slow compared to hemodialysis, reducing the load on the circulatory organs and lessening the frequency of hospital visits. We encountered a male patient in his 70s on peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal failure who developed obsolete mandibular fracture-associated pseudarthrosis accompanied by osteomyelitis, which was treated with noninvasive reduction and fixation using circumferential wiring after the resolution of inflammation...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925738/-the-position-and-roles-of-occupational-health-and-safety-functions-in-the-uk-risk-management-system
#2
Tetsuo Takahashi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Koji Mori
Studying the crisis management systems of other developed countries has been effective in clarifying what the position and roles of occupational health and safety functions should be in the crisis management system in Japan. In addition to previous studies on the US system, we studied the UK system. We gathered relevant information by visiting the headquarters of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR), as well as obtaining information available via the internet. In the UK, the crisis management system was developed based on the Civil Contingencies Act of 2004, which regulated the system of planning and actual correspondence...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925737/-breastfeeding-affects-the-sleep-of-mothers-in-postpartum-period
#3
Tomoko Honda
Many mothers in the postpartum period complain of fatigue and shortened sleeping time because of child care. Breastfeeding, especially in the early postpartum period, accounts for a large share of this problem. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of breastfeeding on the sleep of mothers in the postpartum period, using 2 questionnaires: a self-created questionnaire for a survey of breastfeeding, and the OSA sleep inventory MA version for sleeping mothers. We performed the investigation twice, at 5-8 days and at one month after childbirth...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925736/immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-icis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#4
Kazue Yoneda, Naoko Imanishi, Yoshinobu Ichiki, Fumihiro Tanaka
Cancer immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has become a "game changer" in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Its most clinically important advantage over traditional chemotherapy using cytotoxic agents are its long-term survival benefits, and some advanced NSCLC patients treated with an antibody against programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) have survived for 5 years or longer. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are also potentially useful for earlier-stage NSCLC when used in combination with surgery or radiotherapy...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925735/cancer-risks-of-hexavalent-chromium-in-the-respiratory-tract
#5
Kazuhiro Yatera, Yasuo Morimoto, Susumu Ueno, Shingo Noguchi, Takako Kawaguchi, Fumihiro Tanaka, Hideaki Suzuki, Toshiaki Higashi
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are recognized as carcinogens in the respiratory tract, giving rise to cancers of the lung, nose and nasal sinuses, especially in certain occupational environments. Inhalation exposure of Cr(VI)-containing particles, dusts and fumes commonly occurs in chromium-related occupational environments, such as chromium production, plating, welding of chromium-containing metals and alloys, electroplating, chromium-containing pigments and paints. Epidemiological surveys of chromium compounds have shown strong associations between exposure to Cr(VI) and mortality due to lung cancer, as well as positive associations with cancers of the nose and nasal cavity...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925734/roles-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-gsk-3-in-cardiac-development-and-heart-disease
#6
Fumi Takahashi-Yanaga
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a cytoplasmic serine/threonine protein kinase which is known to regulate a variety of cellular processes through a number of signaling pathways important for cell proliferation, stem cell renewal, apoptosis and development. Although GSK-3 exists in a variety of tissues, this kinase plays very important roles in the heart to control its development through the formation of heart and cardiomyocyte proliferation. GSK-3 is also recognized as one of the main molecules that control cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925733/usefulness-of-fibrinogen-fibrin-degradation-products-value-in-differential-diagnosis-between-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-acute-aortic-dissection
#7
Shun-Ichi Nihei, Hideaki Arai, Takayuki Uchida, Ayako Kanazawa, Takeru Endo, Ken Otsuji, Nobuya Harayama, Keiji Aibara, Masayuki Kamochi
A post-marketing surveillance study reported fatalities following tissue plasminogen activator administration in acute aortic dissection (AAD) with the symptoms of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Therefore, it is important to discriminate AAD from AIS. The present study aimed to investigate whether fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products (FDP) value can be useful in differential diagnosis between AAD and AIS. The study group comprised 20 AAD patients (10 men and 10 women; age 63.9 ± 13.6 years) and 159 AIS patients (91 men and 68 women; age 74...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553078/-abstracts-of-the-35th-annual-meeting-of-the-uoeh-association-of-health-sciences
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553077/-daily-life-style-and-psoriasis
#9
Yu Sawada, Motonobu Nakamura
Skin is an important organ that is located on the outermost layer of the human body, and serves as a defense barrier against external stimulation. Daily life style, including diet, exercise, and sleep, is a fundamental behavior of humans, and it has recently been reported that daily life style has a strong relationship with the inflammatory condition of skin diseases. This relationship has been examined by various approaches, including epidemiological investigations. Psoriasis is one inflammatory skin disease and is especially closely related with daily life style, such as diet, sleep, smoking and alcohol consumption...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553076/-type-2-diabetes-and-vascular-endothelial-dysfunction
#10
Keiichi Torimoto, Yosuke Okada, Yoshiya Tanaka
Vascular endothelial function is important for maintaining the homeostasis of the living body. Especially, nitric oxide (NO) produced in vascular endothelial cells regulates blood vessel tone and has an antiatherosclerotic effect. Type 2 diabetes is a typical disease that causes impaired vascular endothelial function, resulting in various vascular complications and damage to organs. Cardiovascular disease associated with type 2 diabetes is a chronic inflammatory disease that starts with endothelial dysfunction (ED), and vascular ED is important as an initial change in arteriosclerotic lesions...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553075/-stressors-and-the-sense-of-coherence-related-to-the-mental-health-of-nurses-assuming-the-roles-of-wives-and-or-mothers-investigation-into-the-effects-of-leaving-jobs-because-of-marriage-childbirth-and-childrearing
#11
Nagisa Okada, Akinori Nakata, Masahiro Nakano, Kumiko Sakai, Kiyako Takai, Hiromi Kodama, Toshio Kobayashi
Many female nurses leave their jobs because of major life events. However, the mental health status and related factors among nurses who assume the roles of wives and/or mothers have been insufficiently examined. Therefore we examined the mental health levels and related factors among such nurse. We conducted a questionnaire survey on 763 female nurses working at general hospitals with over 200 beds in Fukuoka Prefecture. Of 402 responses, 108 were divided into two groups: nurses who had left because of marriage, childbirth, or childrearing (leaving group), and those who had not (non-leaving group)...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553074/-validation-of-the-kit-for-detecting-mycoplasma-genitalium-from-the-male-urethritis
#12
Ryoichi Hamasuna, Masahiro Matsumoto, Phuong Thi LE, Naohiro Fujimoto, Tetsuro Matsumoto
Mycoplasma genitalium is one of the pathogenic microorganisms in male urethritis as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). M.genitalium is detected in the urine specimens of 15-25% male patients with urethritis. The emergence of macrolide- or fluoroquinolone-resistant M.genitalium has become a serious problem in the treatment of male urethritis worldwide, but there is no commercial-based detecting kits accepted by the national insurance in Japan. In this study, we tested the validity of a molecular kit for detecting seven microorganisms related to STI (Anyplex™ II STI-7 Detection which detects Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, M...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553073/-the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-thailand-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#13
Nanae Fukai, Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Chatchai Thanachokswang, Sara Arphorn, Msamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
We collected information necessary for conducting occupational health activities in Thailand with regard to occupational safety and health management systems (OSHMS). Based on an information collection check sheet developed in our previous research, we conducted a literature research and visited four local business bases, one ISO certification body and two higher educational institutions. The legal framework concerning occupational health in Thailand consists of the Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Act of 2011 and 13 ordinances from the Ministry of Labor under that act...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553072/formulae-evaluation-for-estimating-body-surface-area-of-korean-children
#14
Lito M Amit, Young-Woong Song
Body surface area (BSA) is an important parameter in the conduct of human exposure studies and in clinical processes in children. The aim of this paper was to compare seven BSA formulas and to find out which of these formulas is appropriate for use with Korean children. Body surface area was calculated according to age, age-group and BMI-group using the height and weight data of Korean children (n = 4899) ages 1 to 18 from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012-2014). We used the formulas of Banerjee and Bhattacharya (1961), Fujimoto and Watanabe (1969), US EPA (1985), Gehan and George (1970), Boyd (1935), Haycock et al (1978) and Mosteller (1987)...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553071/association-between-diabetic-microangiopathies-and-glycemic-variability-assessed-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#15
Satomi Sonoda, Yosuke Okada, Hiroko Mori, Fumi Uemura, Kei Sugai, Maiko Hajime, Kenichi Tanaka, Akira Kurozumi, Manabu Narisawa, Keiichi Torimoto, Yoshiya Tanaka
The aim of this retrospective study was to elucidate the association between glucose profile using the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) and microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The subjects were 160 inpatients with T2DM. The mean blood glucose (MBG) level, percentage of time in a 24-hour period spent with blood glucose level higher than 180 mg/dl (time at >180 mg/dl), standard deviation (SD), and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) were measured continuously over 48 hours using the CGMS...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553070/comparison-of-the-effects-of-teneligliptin-and-sitagliptin-two-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-with-different-half-lives-on-glucose-fluctuation-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Akira Kurozumi, Yosuke Okada, Kei Sugai, Keiichi Torimoto, Yoshiya Tanaka
Our purpose was to determine the effects of teneligliptin and sitagliptin, two dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP4-Is) with different half-lives, on glycemic variability and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study subjects were 14 drug-naïve patients with T2DM who were allocated to either a 20 mg/day teneligliptin group (n = 7) or a 50 mg/day sitagliptin group (n = 7) for 7 days, then switched to the other treatment for another 7 days...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249744/-a-successful-case-of-tracheal-segmental-resection-and-reconstruction-for-cicatricial-tracheal-stenosis
#17
Teruo Iwata, Yuusuke Nabe, Takeshi Hanagiri, Fumihiro Tanaka
A 45-year-old man had consciousness disorder due to fall trauma had received ventilation support and tracheostomy. Two months later, the tracheostomy tube was removed. One year later, he suffered from severe cicatricial tracheal stenosis. Under a diagnosis of post-intubation tracheal stenosis, he underwent circumferential resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the trachea. The central part of the resected trachea of 3 cartilage rings showed a stenosis like a pin hole. The post operative course was uneventful, and there was no stenosis or sutural insufficiency on examination by bronchoscopy...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249743/-the-role-of-mid-career-nurses-in-educating-new-nurses-from-the-perspective-of-self-efficacy
#18
Hiromi Kodama, Chiemi Ishida, Fumiko Yasukata
This study sought to clarify the relationship between the educational role behavior of mid-career nurses toward new nurses, and their sense of self-efficacy. Educational role behaviors of mid-career nurses toward new nurses were set to 13 items related to career ladder and previous researches. To identify the relationship between the sense of self-efficacy in mid-career nurses and performing these 13 behaviors in their educational role toward new nurses, we had 310 mid-career nurses complete a questionnaire survey and analyzed the resulting data using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal-Wallis test...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249742/-analysis-of-advanced-or-postoperative-recurrent-non-small-lung-cancer-cases-treated-with-nivolumab
#19
Yoshinobu Ichiki, Takashi Iwanami, Kesei Kakizoe, Takayuki Hamatsu, Taketoshi Suehiro, Kazue Yoneda, Fumihiro Tanaka, Keizo Sugimachi
Recent developments in cancer immunotherapy are remarkable. Many reports have described the clinical effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), supporting their utility as a promising therapy that will achieve prominent effects even in patients resistant to cytotoxic anticancer drugs or gene-targeting therapy. ICIs may also prolong overall survival. We analyzed 10 cases of advanced lung cancer targeted with nivolumab, which is one of ICIs in our hospital and reviewed the literature regarding ICIs. We retrospectively analyzed 10 cases that consisted of 6 males and 4 females, which comprised 7 adenocarcinomas, 2 squamous cell carcinomas and one pleomorphic carcinoma...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249741/-a-survey-about-the-radiation-effects-and-a-health-survey-of-fukushima-inhabitants-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#20
Ryuji Okazaki, Kazuhiro Ohga, Makoto Yoko-O, Masaoki Kohzaki
According to questionnaire surveys in 2011 and 2013 about the health effects of radiation after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, the guardians of child patients were more anxious than doctors and medical students. Also, according to the thyroid examinations in a Fukushima health survey, 190 cases of thyroid cancer were reported, and anxiety about radiation effects remained. This study is based on a survey about the guardians of child patients anxiety about radiation effects six years after the nuclear power plant accident, and includes a questionnaire survey about radiation effects and thyroid examinations in a Fukushima health survey...
2017: Journal of UOEH
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