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Veterinary Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438095/arcobacter-an-emerging-food-borne-zoonotic-pathogen-its-public-health-concerns-and-advances-in-diagnosis-and-control-a-comprehensive-review
#1
Thadiyam Puram Ramees, Kuldeep Dhama, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ramswaroop Singh Rathore, Ashok Kumar, Mani Saminathan, Ruchi Tiwari, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh
Arcobacter has emerged as an important food-borne zoonotic pathogen, causing sometimes serious infections in humans and animals. Newer species of Arcobacter are being incessantly emerging (presently 25 species have been identified) with novel information on the evolutionary mechanisms and genetic diversity among different Arcobacter species. These have been reported from chickens, domestic animals (cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, dogs), reptiles (lizards, snakes and chelonians), meat (poultry, pork, goat, lamb, beef, rabbit), vegetables and from humans in different countries...
April 25, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320262/intracardiac-electrophysiological-conduction-parameters-in-adult-dogs
#2
Alicja Cepiel, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Robert Pasławski, Adrian Janiszewski, Urszula Pasławska
BACKGROUND: Invasive electrophysiology study (EPS) is one of the most important adjunct tests for the evaluation of arrhythmias in human medicine. Moreover, it is a vital procedure conducted prior to, and after, radiofrequency ablation. However, EPS is neither well known, nor widely used in veterinary medicine. OBJECTIVE: To define the values for intracardiac conduction parameters determined during invasive EPS in dogs. ANIMALS AND METHODS: The study included 16 admitted dogs of various breeds, sex and ages and 6 control Beagles...
March 21, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317453/ebola-virus-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-control-threat-to-humans-lessons-learnt-and-preparedness-plans-an-update-on-its-40-year-s-journey
#3
Raj Kumar Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Yashpal Singh Malik, Muthannan Andavar Ramakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Rekha Khandia, Ruchi Tiwari, Ashok Munjal, Mani Saminathan, Swati Sachan, Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Jobin Jose Kattoor, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Sunil Kumar Joshi
Ebola virus (EBOV) is an extremely contagious pathogen and causes lethal hemorrhagic fever disease in man and animals with high fatality rates. The recently occurred Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks in the West African countries have categorized it as an international health concern. For the virus maintenance and transmission, the non-human primates and reservoir hosts like fruit bats have played a vital role. Furthermore, the virus may also get transferred through contaminated biological fluids like breast milk, tears, urine, semen, blood, etc...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317440/potent-immune-responses-induced-by-a-salmonella-ghost-delivery-system-that-expresses-the-recombinant-stx2eb-fedf-and-feda-proteins-of-the-escherichia-coli-producing-f18-and-shiga-toxin-in-a-murine-model-and-evaluation-of-its-protective-effect-as-a-porcine-vaccine
#4
Gayeon Won, John Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: In the pathogenicity of porcine edema disease, which is caused by the Escherichia coli-producing F18 and Shiga toxin, F18(+) fimbrial adhesins and Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2e) play pivotal roles in the colonization and enterotoxicity of this pathogen. OBJECTIVE: To develop a vaccine candidate against edema disease by combining three selected antigens of F18(+) Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). METHODS: Genetically engineered Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) ghosts that express Stx2eB, FedF, and FedA were individually inserted in a ghost plasmid cassette (pJHL184), and the resultant plasmids were transformed into a Δasd Δlon ΔcpxR ST (JOL912)...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320263/duck-virus-enteritis-duck-plague-a-comprehensive-update
#5
Kuldeep Dhama, Naveen Kumar, Mani Saminathan, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh
Duck virus enteritis (DVE), also called duck plague, is one of the major contagious and fatal diseases of ducks, geese and swan. It is caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV)/Anatid herpesvirus-1 of the genus Mardivirus, family Herpesviridae, and subfamily Alpha-herpesvirinae. Of note, DVE has worldwide distribution, wherein migratory waterfowl plays a crucial role in its transmission within and between continents. Furthermore, horizontal and/ or vertical transmission plays a significant role in disease spread through oral-fecal discharges...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293985/immortalized-sheep-microglial-cells-are-permissive-to-a-diverse-range-of-ruminant-viruses
#6
James B Stanton, Beryl Swanson, Edith Orozco, Juan F Muñoz-Gutiérrez, James F Evermann, Julia F Ridpath
BACKGROUND: Ruminants, including sheep and goats (small ruminants), are key agricultural animals in many parts of the world. Infectious diseases, including many viral diseases, are significant problems to efficient production of ruminants. Unfortunately, reagents tailored to viruses of ruminants, and especially small ruminants, are lacking compared to other animals more typically used for biomedical research. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the permissibility of a stably immortalized, sheep microglial cell line to viruses that are reported to infect ruminants: bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV), and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150535/molecular-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-characterization-of-globicatella-sulfidifaciens-isolated-from-sow-s-urinary-tract-infection
#7
Carlos E C Matajira, Luisa Z Moreno, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Renan E Mesquita, Cristina R Amigo, Ana Paula G Christ, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
BACKGROUND: The Globicatella genus comprises Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic, α-hemolytic and catalase negative cocci morphologically and phenotypically very similar to Streptococcus and Aerococcus genus which can lead to misidentification and underestimation of this pathogen. Globicatella species have already been isolated from human and animals with heart and brain disorders. Their clinical relevance in animals, and its zoonotic potential, remains unknown due to the difficulty in their identification...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786603/effects-of-clopidogrel-therapy-on-whole-blood-platelet-aggregation-the-plateletworks%C3%A2-assay-and-coagulation-parameters-in-cats-with-asymptomatic-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-pilot-study
#8
M L den Toom, M W van Leeuwen, V Szatmári, E Teske
BACKGROUND: Although scientific evidence is limited, clopidogrel is frequently used as prophylaxis for arterial thromboembolism in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). OBJECTIVES: Evaluating effects of clopidogrel therapy in asymptomatic cats with HCM on (1) conventional whole blood aggregation (WBA), (2) alternative platelet aggregation assessed with tubes of the Plateletworks® assay and (3) standard coagulation parameters. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774854/detection-of-leishmania-l-infantum-in-stray-dogs-by-molecular-techniques-with-sensitive-species-specific-primers
#9
Rodrigo C Silva, Virgínia B Richini-Pereira, Mariana Kikuti, Pâmela M Marson, Helio Langoni
BACKGROUND: Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum around the world. Canids are the definitive hosts and sand flies the intermediate hosts. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a new species-specific primers (Lch14:Lch15, targeting a multiple alignment for L. infantum kDNA minicircle) is an efficient diagnostic tool for L. infantum. METHODS: The presence of L. infantum DNA was assessed in blood samples of 69 stray dogs using the conventional PCR (cPCR) and quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774853/detection-of-pseudocowpox-virus-in-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-with-vesicular-disease-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-in-2016
#10
Mateus Laguardia-Nascimento, Ana Paula Ferreira de Oliveira, Fernanda Rodas Pires Fernandes, Anselmo Vasconcelos Rivetti, Marcelo Fernandes Camargos, Antônio Augusto Fonseca Júnior
BACKGROUND: Parapoxviruses are zoonotic viruses that infect cattle, goats and sheep; there have also been reports of infections in camels, domestic cats and seals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to describe a case of vesicular disease caused by pseudocowpox virus (PCPV) in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Brazil. ANIMALS: Sixty buffalo less than 6 months old exhibited ulcers and widespread peeling of the tongue epithelium. There were no cases of vesicular disease in pigs or horses on the same property...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669976/histological-and-immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-in-elderly-dogs
#11
Slađan Nešić, Vladimir Kukolj, Darko Marinković, Ivana Vučićević, Milijan Jovanović
BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a disorder characterized by amyloid deposition in the wall of cerebral blood vessels. The deposits of amyloid occur frequently in the blood vessels of the frontal, parietal and occipital cortex. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of CAA classified according to the Vonsattel scale in elderly dogs histologically and immunohistochemically as well as the semi-quantitative evaluation of the amyloid deposits in the different segments of the brain...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075231/presumptive-granulocytic-leukemia-in-a-hognose-snake-heterodon-platirhinos
#12
Estelle Rousselet, Terry M Norton, Maxey Wellman, Nicole Kohart, Nicole I Stacy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024457/haemorrhagic-enteritis-of-turkeys-current-knowledge
#13
Kuldeep Dhama, Vasudevan Gowthaman, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Swati Sachan, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh, Muhammad Munir
Haemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV), an adenovirus associated with acute hemorrhagic gastro-intestinal disease of 6-11 weeks old turkeys predominantly hampers both humoral and cellular immunity. Affected birds are more prone to secondary complications (like colibacillosis and clostridiosis) and failure to mount an effective vaccine-induced immune response. HEV belongs to the new genus Siadenovirus. Feco-oral transmission is the main route of entry of the virus and it mainly colonizes bursa, intestine and spleen...
December 27, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790957/bovine-versus-bubaline
#14
EDITORIAL
J H Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356470/trends-and-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-control-of-paratuberculosis-in-domestic-livestock
#15
REVIEW
Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Rinkoo Devi Gupta, Saurabh Gupta, Shoor Vir Singh, Ashok Kumar Bhatia, Sujata Jayaraman, Naveen Kumar, Anjana Goel, Abhishek Singh Rathore, Sahzad, Jagdip Singh Sohal, Bjorn John Stephen, Manju Singh, Manish Goyal, Kuldeep Dhama, Abdollah Derakhshandeh
Paratuberculosis (pTB) is a chronic granulomatous enteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in a wide variety of domestic and wild animals. Control of pTB is difficult due to the lack of sensitive, efficacious and cost-effective diagnostics and marker vaccines. Microscopy, culture, and PCR have been used for the screening of MAP infection in animals for quite a long time. Besides, giving variable sensitivity and specificity, these tests have not been considered ideal for large-scale screening of domestic livestock...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334411/prevalence-of-antibodies-against-bubaline-herpesvirus-buhv-1-among-mediterranean-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-with-implications-in-buffalo-trade
#16
C Caruso, R Prato, F Ingravalle, D Vecchio, A Sciarra, M Ternavasio, L Ceccarelli, A Martucciello, G Galiero, E De Carlo, L Masoero
BACKGROUND: Both Bovine herpesvirus (BoHV-1) and Bubaline herpesvirus (BuHV-1) have been reported to cross the species barrier. Antibody seroconversion in glycoprotein E (gE) blocking ELISA during BuHV-1 infection has been documented. Recent diagnostic efforts have focused on the development and application of discriminatory tests to distinguish between infections with BoHV-1 and BuHV-1. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and distribution of these two infections in water buffalo farms in two regions (Piedmont (n = 3) and Campania (n = 10), Italy) where infectious bovine rhinotracheitis control programs have been implemented...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327513/clinical-course-of-sarcoids-in-61-franches-montagnes-horses-over-a-5-7-year-period
#17
F Berruex, V Gerber, F D Wohlfender, D Burger, C Koch
BACKGROUND: The progression of equine sarcoids (ES) is notoriously unpredictable. Making a choice for the appropriate treatment is challenging when dealing with milder manifestations of ES. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical course of ES in young horses. ANIMALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 61 ES-affected three-year-old Franches-Montagnes horses and a breed-, age- and geographically matched control group of 75 ES-free peers were examined twice over a period of 5-7 years...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161841/presumed-phenobarbital-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-in-a-4-year-old-female-great-dane
#18
Ine Cornelis, Sophie Vandenabeele, Dana Dunon, Luc Van Ham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075688/probiotics-as-beneficial-microbes-in-aquaculture-an-update-on-their-multiple-modes-of-action-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Mohammad Jalil Zorriehzahra, Somayeh Torabi Delshad, Milad Adel, Ruchi Tiwari, K Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Carlo C Lazado
Wide and discriminate use of antibiotics has resulted in serious biological and ecological concerns, especially the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Probiotics, known as beneficial microbes, are being proposed as an effective and eco-friendly alternative to antibiotics. They were first applied in aquaculture species more than three decades ago, but considerable attention had been given only in the early 2000s. Probiotics are defined as live or dead, or even a component of the microorganisms that act under different modes of action in conferring beneficial effects to the host or to its environment...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26610027/utility-of-two-modified-live-virus-canine-distemper-vaccines-in-wild-caught-fishers-martes-pennanti
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Steven T Peper, Randall L Peper, Denise H Mitcheltree, George V Kollias, Robert P Brooks, Sadie S Stevens, Thomas L Serfass
BACKGROUND: Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects families in the order Carnivora. As a preventive measure, vaccinations against CDV are frequently given to mustelids in captive environments. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to compare the utility between two modified-live virus canine distemper vaccines (MLV CDV's), Fervac-D® (no longer manufactured) and Galaxy-D® (now manufactured by MSD Animal Health as part of a multivalent vaccine), in developing an immune response in wild-caught fishers...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
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