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Veterinary Quarterly

Rodrigo C Silva, Virgínia B Richini-Pereira, Mariana Kikuti, Pâmela M Marson, Helio Langoni
BACKGROUND: Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum around the world. Canids are the definitive hosts and sand flies the intermediate hosts. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a new species-specific primers (Lch14:Lch15, targeting a multiple alignment for L. infantum kDNA minicircle) is an efficient diagnostic tool for L. infantum. METHODS: The presence of L. infantum DNA was assessed in blood samples of 69 stray dogs using the conventional PCR (cPCR) and quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
November 9, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Slađan Nešić, Vladimir Kukolj, Darko Marinković, Ivana Vučićević, Milijan Jovanović
BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a disorder characterized by amyloid deposition in the wall of cerebral blood vessels. The deposits of amyloid occur frequently in the blood vessels of the frontal, parietal and occipital cortex. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of CAA classified according to the Vonsattel scale in elderly dogs histologically and immunohistochemically as well as the semi-quantitative evaluation of the amyloid deposits in the different segments of the brain...
September 26, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
M L den Toom, M W van Leeuwen, V Szatmári, E Teske
BACKGROUND: Although scientific evidence is limited, clopidogrel is frequently used as prophylaxis for arterial thromboembolism in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). OBJECTIVES: Evaluating effects of clopidogrel therapy in asymptomatic cats with HCM on (1) conventional whole blood aggregation (WBA), (2) alternative platelet aggregation assessed with tubes of the Plateletworks® assay and (3) standard coagulation parameters. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Mateus Laguardia-Nascimento, Ana Paula Ferreira de Oliveira, Fernanda Rodas Pires Fernandes, Anselmo Vasconcelos Rivetti, Marcelo Fernandes Camargos, Antônio Augusto Fonseca Júnior
BACKGROUND: Parapoxviruses are zoonotic viruses that infect cattle, goats and sheep; there have also been reports of infections in camels, domestic cats and seals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to describe a case of vesicular disease caused by pseudocowpox virus (PCPV) in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Brazil. ANIMALS: Sixty buffalo less than 6 months old exhibited ulcers and widespread peeling of the tongue epithelium. There were no cases of vesicular disease in pigs or horses on the same property...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
J H Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Merran Govendir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Munuswamy Palanivelu, Mariappan Asok Kumar, Shambhu Dayal Singh, Annamalai Latchumikanthan, Sharanabasav Badami, Gautham Kolluri, Rajendra Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Raj Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Capillariasis, an important parasitic disease of birds is caused at least by seven different genera of trichurid nematodes with clinical outcome ranging from mild enteritis to high mortality. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the causative agent involved in high mortality associated with severe enteric illness among turkey flocks in an organized commercial poultry farm at Bareilly, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Turkey carcasses (n = 119) and fecal samples from the affected deep litter pen constituted as the study materials...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Raj Kumar Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Yashpal Singh Malik, Muthannan Andavar Ramakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Sharad Saurabh, Swati Sachan, Sunil Kumar Joshi
This review converses the Zika virus which has attained global concern due to its rapid pandemic potential and impact on humans. Though Zika virus was first isolated in 1947, till the recent large-scale outbreak which occurred in Micronesia, in 2007, the virus was placed into the innocuous pathogen category. The World Health Organization on 1 February 2016 declared it as a 'Public Health Emergency of International Concern.' Of the note, American as well as Pacific Island strains/isolates is relatively closer to Asian lineage strains...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Deborah L Burnett, Nicholas J Cave, Kristene R Gedye, Janis P Bridges
BACKGROUND: DNA is released from dying cells during apoptosis and necrosis. This cell-free DNA (cfDNA) diffuses into the plasma where it can be measured. In humans, an increase in cfDNA correlates with disease severity and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that when DNA in canine plasma was measured by emission fluorometry without prior DNA extraction, the concentration of cfDNA would increase with disease severity. ANIMALS: The diseased population consisted of 97 client-owned dogs...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Boram Kim, Jin Hur, Ji Yeong Lee, Yoonyoung Choi, John Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) causes porcine pleuropneumonia (PP). OBJECTIVE: Serotypes and antimicrobial resistance patterns in APP isolates from pigs in Korea were examined. METHODS: Sixty-five APP isolates were genetically serotyped using standard and multiplex PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Antimicrobial susceptibilities were tested using the standardized disk-agar method. PCR was used to detect β-lactam, gentamicin and tetracycline-resistance genes...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Yasuhiro Fukuyama, Shinpei Kawarai, Tetsushi Tezuka, Atsushi Kawabata, Takuya Maruo
In veterinary medicine, the management of malignant skin wounds is highly challenging. We conducted a study on seven case animals (four dogs and three cats) which presented with malignant skin wounds. All seven animals had signs and symptoms which were controlled following treatment with a modified Mohs paste. Upon obtaining informed consent from their owners, the animals requiring management of malignant wounds were enrolled in this study. The modified Mohs paste was prepared by mixing zinc chloride, zinc oxide starch powder, glycerin, and distilled water...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Chetan V Jawale, John Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Salmonella Typhimurium, a non-host-adapted Gram-negative intracellular pathogen, is capable of infecting a variety of animal hosts and humans. OBJECTIVE: This study utilized the prime-booster immunization strategy using Salmonella Typhimurium-LTB (S. Typhimurium-LTB) ghost with the aim of inducing a robust immune response for the prevention of avian salmonellosis. In addition, the effect of Montanide(TM) ISA 70VG adjuvant on S. Typhimurium-LTB ghost vaccination was investigated...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Rinkoo Devi Gupta, Saurabh Gupta, Shoor Vir Singh, Ashok Kumar Bhatia, Sujata Jayaraman, Naveen Kumar, Anjana Goel, Abhishek Singh Rathore, Sahzad, Jagdip Singh Sohal, Bjorn John Stephen, Manju Singh, Manish Goyal, Kuldeep Dhama, Abdollah Derakhshandeh
Paratuberculosis (pTB) is a chronic granulomatous enteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in a wide variety of domestic and wild animals. Control of pTB is difficult due to the lack of sensitive, efficacious and cost-effective diagnostics and marker vaccines. Microscopy, culture, and PCR have been used for the screening of MAP infection in animals for quite a long time. Besides, giving variable sensitivity and specificity, these tests have not been considered ideal for large-scale screening of domestic livestock...
June 29, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
C Caruso, R Prato, F Ingravalle, D Vecchio, A Sciarra, M Ternavasio, L Ceccarelli, A Martucciello, G Galiero, E De Carlo, L Masoero
BACKGROUND: Both Bovine Herpesvirus (BoHV-1) and Bubaline Herpesvirus (BuHV-1) have been reported to cross the species barrier. Antibody seroconversion in glycoprotein E (gE) blocking ELISA during BuHV-1 infection has been documented. Recent diagnostic efforts have focused on the development and application of discriminatory tests to distinguish between infections with BoHV-1 and BuHV-1. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and distribution of these two infections in Water Buffalo farms in two regions (Piedmont (n = 3) and Campania (n = 10), Italy) where IBR control programs have been implemented...
June 23, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
F Berruex, V Gerber, F D Wohlfender, D Burger, C Koch
BACKGROUND: The progression of equine sarcoids (ES) is notoriously unpredictable. Making a choice for the appropriate treatment or predictions about clinical progression is challenging when dealing with milder manifestations of ES. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical course of ES in young horses. ANIMALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 61 ES-affected three-year-old Franche-Montagnes (FM) horses and a breed-, age- and geographically matched control group of 75 ES-free peers were examined twice over a period of 5-7 years...
June 21, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Khadija Khataby, Siham Fellahi, Chafiqa Loutfi, Ennaji Moulay Mustapha
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is worldwide in distribution, highly infectious, and extremely difficult to control because it has extensive genetic diversity, a short generation time, and a high mutation rate. IBV is a Gammacoronavirus, single-stranded, and positive-sense RNA virus. Avian infectious bronchitis is well studied in European countries with identification of a large number of IBV variants, whereas in African countries epidemiological and scientific data are poor and not updated. However, previous studies reported that an IBV variant continues to appear regularly in Africa, as currently described in Morocco...
June 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
J H Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
Anna Luiza F V Assumpção, Rodrigo C da Silva
Polymerase chain reaction-amplified immunoassay (immuno-PCR, iPCR) is a method that combines the specificity of an immunological detection method and the sensitivity of a nucleic acid amplification method. In this way, immuno-PCR uses a minimum amount of sample, and allows the detection of rare diseases and those diseases in very early stage (i.e. infectious diseases, degenerative disorders, or neoplastic diseases). The present review was aimed to describe this new methodology and applications to the early detection of cancer and non-cancer related diseases, and discuss about the possibility to detect diverse biomarkers of oncology disorders, such as breast, gastric, colorectal and nasopharynx cancer, and other factors related to the growth of the neoplastic disease...
June 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
M Zandvliet
Canine lymphoma (cL) is a common type of neoplasia in dogs with an estimated incidence rate of 20-100 cases per 100,000 dogs and is in many respects comparable to non-Hodgkin lymphoma in humans. Although the exact cause is unknown, environmental factors and genetic susceptibility are thought to play an important role. cL is not a single disease, and a wide variation in clinical presentations and histological subtypes is recognized. Despite this potential variation, most dogs present with generalized lymphadenopathy (multicentric form) and intermediate to high-grade lymphoma, more commonly of B-cell origin...
June 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
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