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Veterinary Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075231/presumptive-granulocytic-leukemia-in-a-hognose-snake-heterodon-platirhinos
#1
Estelle Rousselet, Terry M Norton, Maxey Wellman, Nicole Kohart, Nicole I Stacy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024457/haemorrhagic-enteritis-of-turkeys-current-knowledge
#2
Kuldeep Dhama, Vasudevan Gowthaman, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Swati Sachan, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh, Muhammad Munir
Haemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV), an adenovirus associated with acute hemorrhagic gastro-intestinal disease of 6-11 weeks old turkeys predominantly hampers both humoral and cellular immunity. Affected birds are more prone to secondary complications (like colibacillosis and clostridiosis) and failure to mount an effective vaccine-induced immune response. HEV belongs to the new genus Siadenovirus. Feco-oral transmission is the main route of entry of the virus and it mainly colonizes bursa, intestine and spleen...
December 27, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786603/effects-of-clopidogrel-therapy-on-whole-blood-platelet-aggregation-the-plateletworks%C3%A2-assay-and-coagulation-parameters-in-cats-with-asymptomatic-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-pilot-study
#3
M L den Toom, M W van Leeuwen, V Szatmári, E Teske
BACKGROUND: Although scientific evidence is limited, clopidogrel is frequently used as prophylaxis for arterial thromboembolism in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). OBJECTIVES: Evaluating effects of clopidogrel therapy in asymptomatic cats with HCM on (1) conventional whole blood aggregation (WBA), (2) alternative platelet aggregation assessed with tubes of the Plateletworks® assay and (3) standard coagulation parameters. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774854/detection-of-leishmania-l-infantum-in-stray-dogs-by-molecular-techniques-with-sensitive-species-specific-primers
#4
Rodrigo C Silva, Virgínia B Richini-Pereira, Mariana Kikuti, Pâmela M Marson, Helio Langoni
BACKGROUND: Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum around the world. Canids are the definitive hosts and sand flies the intermediate hosts. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a new species-specific primers (Lch14:Lch15, targeting a multiple alignment for L. infantum kDNA minicircle) is an efficient diagnostic tool for L. infantum. METHODS: The presence of L. infantum DNA was assessed in blood samples of 69 stray dogs using the conventional PCR (cPCR) and quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774853/detection-of-pseudocowpox-virus-in-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-with-vesicular-disease-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-in-2016
#5
Mateus Laguardia-Nascimento, Ana Paula Ferreira de Oliveira, Fernanda Rodas Pires Fernandes, Anselmo Vasconcelos Rivetti, Marcelo Fernandes Camargos, Antônio Augusto Fonseca Júnior
BACKGROUND: Parapoxviruses are zoonotic viruses that infect cattle, goats and sheep; there have also been reports of infections in camels, domestic cats and seals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to describe a case of vesicular disease caused by pseudocowpox virus (PCPV) in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Brazil. ANIMALS: Sixty buffalo less than 6 months old exhibited ulcers and widespread peeling of the tongue epithelium. There were no cases of vesicular disease in pigs or horses on the same property...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669976/histological-and-immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-in-elderly-dogs
#6
Slađan Nešić, Vladimir Kukolj, Darko Marinković, Ivana Vučićević, Milijan Jovanović
BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a disorder characterized by amyloid deposition in the wall of cerebral blood vessels. The deposits of amyloid occur frequently in the blood vessels of the frontal, parietal and occipital cortex. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of CAA classified according to the Vonsattel scale in elderly dogs histologically and immunohistochemically as well as the semi-quantitative evaluation of the amyloid deposits in the different segments of the brain...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790957/bovine-versus-bubaline
#7
J H Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334411/prevalence-of-antibodies-against-bubaline-herpesvirus-buhv-1-among-mediterranean-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-with-implications-in-buffalo-trade
#8
C Caruso, R Prato, F Ingravalle, D Vecchio, A Sciarra, M Ternavasio, L Ceccarelli, A Martucciello, G Galiero, E De Carlo, L Masoero
BACKGROUND: Both Bovine herpesvirus (BoHV-1) and Bubaline herpesvirus (BuHV-1) have been reported to cross the species barrier. Antibody seroconversion in glycoprotein E (gE) blocking ELISA during BuHV-1 infection has been documented. Recent diagnostic efforts have focused on the development and application of discriminatory tests to distinguish between infections with BoHV-1 and BuHV-1. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and distribution of these two infections in water buffalo farms in two regions (Piedmont (n = 3) and Campania (n = 10), Italy) where infectious bovine rhinotracheitis control programs have been implemented...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327513/clinical-course-of-sarcoids-in-61-franches-montagnes-horses-over-a-5-7-year-period
#9
F Berruex, V Gerber, F D Wohlfender, D Burger, C Koch
BACKGROUND: The progression of equine sarcoids (ES) is notoriously unpredictable. Making a choice for the appropriate treatment is challenging when dealing with milder manifestations of ES. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical course of ES in young horses. ANIMALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 61 ES-affected three-year-old Franches-Montagnes horses and a breed-, age- and geographically matched control group of 75 ES-free peers were examined twice over a period of 5-7 years...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161841/presumed-phenobarbital-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-in-a-4-year-old-female-great-dane
#10
Ine Cornelis, Sophie Vandenabeele, Dana Dunon, Luc Van Ham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075688/probiotics-as-beneficial-microbes-in-aquaculture-an-update-on-their-multiple-modes-of-action-a-review
#11
Mohammad Jalil Zorriehzahra, Somayeh Torabi Delshad, Milad Adel, Ruchi Tiwari, K Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Carlo C Lazado
Wide and discriminate use of antibiotics has resulted in serious biological and ecological concerns, especially the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Probiotics, known as beneficial microbes, are being proposed as an effective and eco-friendly alternative to antibiotics. They were first applied in aquaculture species more than three decades ago, but considerable attention had been given only in the early 2000s. Probiotics are defined as live or dead, or even a component of the microorganisms that act under different modes of action in conferring beneficial effects to the host or to its environment...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26610027/utility-of-two-modified-live-virus-canine-distemper-vaccines-in-wild-caught-fishers-martes-pennanti
#12
Steven T Peper, Randall L Peper, Denise H Mitcheltree, George V Kollias, Robert P Brooks, Sadie S Stevens, Thomas L Serfass
BACKGROUND: Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects families in the order Carnivora. As a preventive measure, vaccinations against CDV are frequently given to mustelids in captive environments. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to compare the utility between two modified-live virus canine distemper vaccines (MLV CDV's), Fervac-D® (no longer manufactured) and Galaxy-D® (now manufactured by MSD Animal Health as part of a multivalent vaccine), in developing an immune response in wild-caught fishers...
December 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454760/veterinary-quarterly-2015-impact-factor-increases-to-1-047
#13
Merran Govendir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161590/baruscapillaria-obsignata-a-serious-cause-of-enteropathy-and-high-mortality-in-turkeys-meleagris-gallopavo
#14
Munuswamy Palanivelu, Mariappan Asok Kumar, Shambhu Dayal Singh, Annamalai Latchumikanthan, Sharanabasav Badami, Gautham Kolluri, Rajendra Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Raj Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Capillariasis, an important parasitic disease of birds is caused at least by seven different genera of trichurid nematodes with clinical outcome ranging from mild enteritis to high mortality. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the causative agent involved in high mortality associated with severe enteric illness among turkey flocks in an organized commercial poultry farm at Bareilly, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Turkey carcasses (n = 119) and fecal samples from the affected deep litter pen constituted as the study materials...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158761/zika-virus-emergence-evolution-pathology-diagnosis-and-control-current-global-scenario-and-future-perspectives-a-comprehensive-review
#15
Raj Kumar Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Yashpal Singh Malik, Muthannan Andavar Ramakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Sharad Saurabh, Swati Sachan, Sunil Kumar Joshi
This review converses the Zika virus which has attained global concern due to its rapid pandemic potential and impact on humans. Though Zika virus was first isolated in 1947, till the recent large-scale outbreak which occurred in Micronesia, in 2007, the virus was placed into the innocuous pathogen category. The World Health Organization on 1 February 2016 declared it as a 'Public Health Emergency of International Concern.' Of the note, American as well as Pacific Island strains/isolates is relatively closer to Asian lineage strains...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103480/investigation-of-cell-free-dna-in-canine-plasma-and-its-relation-to-disease
#16
Deborah L Burnett, Nicholas J Cave, Kristene R Gedye, Janis P Bridges
BACKGROUND: DNA is released from dying cells during apoptosis and necrosis. This cell-free DNA (cfDNA) diffuses into the plasma where it can be measured. In humans, an increase in cfDNA correlates with disease severity and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that when DNA in canine plasma was measured by emission fluorometry without prior DNA extraction, the concentration of cfDNA would increase with disease severity. ANIMALS: The diseased population consisted of 97 client-owned dogs...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879953/molecular-serotyping-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-isolated-from-pigs-in-south-korea
#17
Boram Kim, Jin Hur, Ji Yeong Lee, Yoonyoung Choi, John Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) causes porcine pleuropneumonia (PP). OBJECTIVE: Serotypes and antimicrobial resistance patterns in APP isolates from pigs in Korea were examined. METHODS: Sixty-five APP isolates were genetically serotyped using standard and multiplex PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Antimicrobial susceptibilities were tested using the standardized disk-agar method. PCR was used to detect β-lactam, gentamicin and tetracycline-resistance genes...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828294/the-palliative-efficacy-of-modified-mohs-paste-for-controlling-canine-and-feline-malignant-skin-wounds
#18
Yasuhiro Fukuyama, Shinpei Kawarai, Tetsushi Tezuka, Atsushi Kawabata, Takuya Maruo
In veterinary medicine, the management of malignant skin wounds is highly challenging. We conducted a study on seven case animals (four dogs and three cats) which presented with malignant skin wounds. All seven animals had signs and symptoms which were controlled following treatment with a modified Mohs paste. Upon obtaining informed consent from their owners, the animals requiring management of malignant wounds were enrolled in this study. The modified Mohs paste was prepared by mixing zinc chloride, zinc oxide starch powder, glycerin, and distilled water...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26727359/evaluation-of-immunogenicity-and-protective-efficacy-of-adjuvanted-salmonella-typhimurium-ghost-vaccine-against-salmonellosis-in-chickens
#19
Chetan V Jawale, John Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Salmonella Typhimurium, a non-host-adapted Gram-negative intracellular pathogen, is capable of infecting a variety of animal hosts and humans. OBJECTIVE: This study utilized the prime-booster immunization strategy using Salmonella Typhimurium-LTB (S. Typhimurium-LTB) ghost with the aim of inducing a robust immune response for the prevention of avian salmonellosis. In addition, the effect of Montanide(TM) ISA 70VG adjuvant on S. Typhimurium-LTB ghost vaccination was investigated...
September 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356470/trends-and-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-control-of-paratuberculosis-in-domestic-livestock
#20
Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Rinkoo Devi Gupta, Saurabh Gupta, Shoor Vir Singh, Ashok Kumar Bhatia, Sujata Jayaraman, Naveen Kumar, Anjana Goel, Abhishek Singh Rathore, Sahzad, Jagdip Singh Sohal, Bjorn John Stephen, Manju Singh, Manish Goyal, Kuldeep Dhama, Abdollah Derakhshandeh
Paratuberculosis (pTB) is a chronic granulomatous enteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in a wide variety of domestic and wild animals. Control of pTB is difficult due to the lack of sensitive, efficacious and cost-effective diagnostics and marker vaccines. Microscopy, culture, and PCR have been used for the screening of MAP infection in animals for quite a long time. Besides, giving variable sensitivity and specificity, these tests have not been considered ideal for large-scale screening of domestic livestock...
June 29, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
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