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Veterinary Quarterly

Jiang Zhang, Gang Wang, Chang Zhao, Yunlong Bai, Shi Shu, Ziling Fan, Cheng Xia
BACKGROUND: As the milk production of dairy cows increases, the reproductive capacity gradually declines. Ovarian quiescence has become one of the concerns of the dairy industry. OBJECTIVE: To explore the different plasma metabolite levels between estrus and anestrus in energy balanced (EB) dairy cows. METHODS: Ten estrous and 10 anestrus EB Holstein cows in early lactation were selected for the study. 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance technology was used to detect plasma metabolites and screen different plasma metabolites between anestrous and estrous cows at 60-90 days postpartum using multivariate statistical analysis...
June 27, 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Emad Hashish, Abdallah Merwad, Shimaa Elgaml, Ali Amer, Huda Kamal, Ahmed Elsadek, Ayman Marei, Mahmoud Sitohy
Mycobacterium marinum is an opportunistic pathogen inducing infection in fresh and marine water fish. This pathogen causes necrotizing granuloma like tuberculosis, morbidity and mortality in fish. The cell wall-associated lipid phthiocerol dimycocerosates, phenolic glycolipids and ESAT-6 secretion system 1 (ESX-1) are the conserved virulence determinant of the organism. Human infections with Mycobacterium marinum hypothetically are classified into four clinical categories (type I-type IV) and have been associated with the exposure of damaged skin to polluted water from fish pools or contacting objects contaminated with infected fish...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Brigitte B McAtee, Johanna C Heseltine, Ling T Guo, Michael D Willard, G Diane Shelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
James L Carmalt, Brian A Scansen
BACKGROUND: Current treatment of equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) requires daily oral medication. Minimally invasive surgical palliation of this condition is appealing as a single treatment to alleviate the clinical signs of disease, dramatically improving the welfare of the horse. OBJECTIVE: To develop a surgical approach to the equine pituitary gland, for subsequent treatment of PPID. STUDY DESIGN: A cadaver study to develop methodology and a terminal procedure under anaesthesia in the most promising techniques...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Joelson Jardim, Priscila E Kobayashi, Patrícia D Cosentino, Ana Alcaraz, Renée Laufer-Amorim, Carlos E Fonseca-Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Luisa Z Moreno, Carlos E C Matajira, Andre P Poor, Renan E Mesquita, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Cristina R Amigo, Ana Paula G Christ, Mikaela R F Barbosa, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common disease in sows due to intensification of pig production. Despite direct economic losses, UTI prevalence and respective microbial identification are still poorly studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to identify the causative agents of UTI in sows through MALDI-TOF MS and to characterize their antimicrobial resistance profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine samples from 300 sows of three herds from São Paulo State (Brazil) were screened for UTI; suggestive samples were submitted to bacterial isolation...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Sara A Burt, Romy E Röring, Marloes Heijne
BACKGROUND: Feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) live and breed in many city centres and contact with their droppings can be a hazard for human health if the birds carry Chlamydia psittaci. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether pigeon droppings in two Dutch cities (Utrecht and Haarlem) contain C. psittaci and/or C. avium, which could be a potential hazard for transmission to humans. METHODS: In May 2017 seven feral pigeon 'hot spots' with between 5 and 40+ pigeons present were identified in two cities by visual observations over two days...
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Floryne O Buishand, Federico R Vilaplana Grosso, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) the sensitivity of contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) for detection of primary canine insulinomas and metastases 2) the sensitivity of CECT to locate canine insulinomas within the pancreas and 3) the CECT attenuation pattern of canine insulinomas and post-contrast phase in which insulinomas have the best visibility. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of 27 canine insulinoma patients. Simultaneous occurrence of blood glucose < 3...
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Shoor Vir Singh, Saurabh Gupta, Manju Singh, Jagdip Singh Sohal, Naveen Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh, Ashok Kumar Bhatia, Kuldeep Dhama
This review underlines the public health significance of 'Indian Bison Type' of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) and also its potential as 'zoonotic infection'. In the absence of control programs, bio-load of MAP is increasing and if we take total population of animals (500 million plus) and human beings (1.23 billion plus) into account, the number of infected animals and human beings will run into millions in India. Our research on screening of over 26,000 domestic livestock for MAP infection using 4 different diagnostic tests (microscopy, culture, ELISA and PCR), during last 31 years has shown that the average bio-load of MAP in the livestock population of India is very high (cattle 43%, buffaloes 36%, goats 23% and sheep 41%)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Owen Davies, Sarah Spencer, Slavomira Necova, Emma Holmes, Angela Taylor, Laura Blackwood, Ana Lara-Garcia
Three dogs were investigated for chronic unilateral nasal discharge. In all cases CT imaging showed an intranasal mass causing turbinate lysis and no evidence of metastasis. Cytology in cases 1 (a 14-year-old neutered male crossbreed dog) and 2 (a five-year-old neutered male German Shepherd dog) demonstrated a pleomorphic cell population with variable intracellular pigment suspicious of melanocytic neoplasia. Histopathology with immunohistochemistry (Melan-A and vimentin, plus PNL-2 in one case) confirmed the diagnosis of melanoma in all dogs...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
J H Han van der Kolk, J J Gross, V Gerber, R M Bruckmaier
In mammals, excess energy is stored primarily as triglycerides, which are mobilized when energy demands arise and cannot be covered by feed intake. This review mainly focuses on the role of long chain fatty acids in disturbed energy metabolism of the bovine species. Long chain fatty acids regulate energy metabolism as ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. Carnitine acts as a carrier of fatty acyl groups as long-chain acyl-CoA derivatives do not penetrate the mitochondrial inner membrane. There are two different types of disorders in lipid metabolism which can occur in cattle, namely the hypoglycaemic-hypoinsulinaemic and the hyperglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic type with the latter not always associated with ketosis...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Jobin Jose Kattoor, Sharad Saurabh, Yashpal Singh Malik, Shubhankar Sircar, Kuldeep Dhama, Souvik Ghosh, Krisztián Bányai, Nobumichi Kobayashi, Raj Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus C (RVC), a known etiological agent of diarrheal outbreaks, mainly inflicts swine population globally with sporadic incidence in human, cattle, ferret, mink and dog. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the presence of RVC in Indian swine population and characterization of its selected structural (VP6) and non-structural (NSP4 and NSP5) genes. METHODS: A total of 108 diarrheic samples from different regions of India were used. Isolated RNA was loaded onto polyacrylamide gel to screen for the presence of RVs through the identification of specific electrophoretic genomic migration pattern...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Rajendra Singh, Karam Pal Singh, Susan Cherian, Mani Saminathan, Sanjay Kapoor, G B Manjunatha Reddy, Shibani Panda, Kuldeep Dhama
Rabies is a zoonotic, fatal and progressive neurological infection caused by rabies virus of the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae. It affects all warm-blooded animals and the disease is prevalent throughout the world and endemic in many countries except in Islands like Australia and Antarctica. Over 60,000 peoples die every year due to rabies, while approximately 15 million people receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) annually. Bite of rabid animals and saliva of infected host are mainly responsible for transmission and wildlife like raccoons, skunks, bats and foxes are main reservoirs for rabies...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Pablo Eduardo Martino, Luis Ernesto Samartino, Néstor Oscar Stanchi, Nilda Esther Radman, Eduardo Joaquín Parrado
BACKGROUND: Basic pathologic characteristics for farmed minks were previously reported worldwide. However, its status in the wild has not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: Serology and electrophoresis were carried out for evidence of exposure to 12 mink pathogens on two different locations. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Serology was done in 87 wild minks by reference techniques against Toxoplasma gondii, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Neospora caninum, Brucella abortus, Mycobacterium bovis, Leptospira interrogans, canine distemper virus (CDV), canine adenovirus (CAV), canine parvovirus (CPV), rabies virus (RV), Influenza A virus (FLUAV) and Aleutian disease virus (ADV)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
J H Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Abdullah D Alanazi, Rami M Mukbel, Mohamed S Alyousif, Zafer S AlShehri, Ibrahim O Alanazi, Hamdan I Al-Mohammed
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Parascaris spp. resistance to anthelmintics has been recorded in many countries. In Saudi Arabia, there are limited data available on Parascaris spp. resistance to anthelmintics. OBJECTIVE: To determine the current status of ivermectin, abamectin and praziquantel combined, and fenbendazole resistance to Parascaris spp. in horses in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-one foals from eleven different farms were examined by faecal egg count (FEC)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Yordan Fernandez, Mayank Seth, Daniela Murgia, Jordi Puig
There is limited veterinary literature about dogs or cats with ileocolic junction resection and its long-term follow-up. To evaluate the long-term outcome in a cohort of dogs and cats that underwent resection of the ileocolic junction without extensive (≥50%) small or large bowel resection. Medical records of dogs and cats that had the ileocolic junction resected were reviewed. Follow-up information was obtained either by telephone interview or e-mail correspondence with the referring veterinary surgeons...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Sébastien Moine, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Päivi de Jesus Maia-Nussbaumer, Micaël D Klopfenstein Bregger, Vincent Gerber
OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine: (1) if degree of dental malocclusion assigned prior to dental treatment was associated with equine rideability, assessed using a standardized score and (2) if performance dentistry improved this score. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight Franches-Montagnes stallions. METHODS: All horses were examined and assigned a dental malocclusion score by a veterinary dentist and randomized into two groups: sham treatment (Group S) and performance dentistry including occlusal equilibration (Group D)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
N I Stacy, D V Fredholm, C Rodriguez, L Castro, J W Harvey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
Thadiyam Puram Ramees, Kuldeep Dhama, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ramswaroop Singh Rathore, Ashok Kumar, Mani Saminathan, Ruchi Tiwari, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh
Arcobacter has emerged as an important food-borne zoonotic pathogen, causing sometimes serious infections in humans and animals. Newer species of Arcobacter are being incessantly emerging (presently 25 species have been identified) with novel information on the evolutionary mechanisms and genetic diversity among different Arcobacter species. These have been reported from chickens, domestic animals (cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, dogs), reptiles (lizards, snakes and chelonians), meat (poultry, pork, goat, lamb, beef, rabbit), vegetables and from humans in different countries...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
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