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Saudi Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738021/unusual-case-of-central-alveolar-hypoventilation-lessons-learned-from-ventilatory-management-of-patients-with-alveolar-hypoventilation-in-critical-care-conditions
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738020/ultrasound-guided-subcostal-posterior-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-pain-control-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738019/the-rising-trend-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-true-increase-or-over-diagnosis
#3
Arif A Shaukat
[No Abstract Available].
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738018/level-of-diabetes-knowledge-among-adult-patients-with-diabetes-using-diabetes-knowledge-test
#4
Abdulghani H Al Saeed, Ayman A Al Hayek
[No Abstract Available].
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738017/assessment-of-pediatric-residents-burnout-in-a-tertiary-academic-centre
#5
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
[No Abstract Available].
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738016/post-traumatic-chronic-seronegative-monarthritis-responding-to-antitumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-therapy
#6
Jamie Fairweather, Ali S Jawad
[No Abstract Available].
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738015/burden-of-influenza-related-severe-acute-respiratory-infections-during-hajj-season-1438-2017-lessons-and-future-directions
#7
Abdullah M Assiri, Sari I Asiri, Talib Banassir, Mustafa J Baljoon, Hani Jokhdar
[No Abstract Available].
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738014/percutaneous-bone-biopsy-using-a-flat-panel-cone-beam-computed-tomography-virtual-navigation-system
#8
Juan-Fang Liu, De-Chao Jiao, Jian-Zhuang Ren, Wen-Guang Zhang, Xin-Wei Han
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical role of flat-panel cone beam CT (CBCT) in performing percutaneous needle biopsy (PNB) of bone lesions. Flat-panel cone beam CT systems have been used as a guidance tool for performing percutaneous biopsy. Real-time fluoroscopy and virtual navigation systems help simplify needle path planning and shorten procedure times. METHODS: From March 2012 to March 2016, 80 patients with 80 bone lesions were retrospectively enrolled in the study in Zhengzhou city of China...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738013/atypical-posterior-scleritis-mimicking-choroidal-melanoma
#9
Heba M Alsharif, Saad A Al-Dahmash
We report a case of atypical posterior scleritis mimicking amelanotic choroidal melanoma. A 30-year-old healthy Filipino man, with a history of painless subacute loss of vision in his left eye over 5 months, was referred to our institute for further workup and management. On examination, visual acuity of the left eye was 20/200. Anterior segment examination yielded unremarkable results, with injected conjunctiva and quiet episcleral blood vessels, while fundus examination revealed non-pigmented nasal choroidal mass, with significant subretinal fluid resembling amelanotic choroidal melanoma...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738012/walking-based-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-saudi-males-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Mohammed M Alyami, Sue C Jenkins, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVES: To compare walking-based activity and sedentary behavior between males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy controls and to examine the association between dyspnea with time spent in walking-based activity and sedentary behavior in males with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 30 males with COPD (age 62.0±5.0 years; forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] 46±15% predicted) and 29 healthy controls (age 63.0±4...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738011/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-c-and-hiv-among-patients-attending-a-teaching-dental-hospital-a-7-year-retrospective-study-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Suhail H Al-Amad
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence and case characteristics of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and their transmissibility from patients to dental personnel following percutaneous and mucocutaneous injuries. METHODS: All incidents of sharp and splash injuries reported between January 2010 and January 2017 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated using the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS)...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738010/evaluation-of-dynamic-thiol-disulfide-redox-state-in-community-acquired-pneumonia
#12
Ebru S Parlak, Murat Alisik, Habibe Hezer, Aysegul Karalezli, Hatice C Hasanoglu, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVES: To compare dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis between patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and healthy controls. METHODS: This prospective, case-control study was conducted in the Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey, between August 2016 and August 2017. In total, 50 hospitalized patients with CAP and 35 healthy individuals were enrolled. Patients with comorbidities and smokers were excluded...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738009/serotonin-and-serotonin-transporter-levels-in-autistic-children
#13
Haidar A Abdulamir, Omar F Abdul-Rasheed, Emad A Abdulghani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the possible correlation between serotonin and serotonin transporter (SERT) with the autism severity and investigate the association between these parameters in autistic children to assess their possible role for diagnosis of autism severity. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq while the samples were taken from 60 male autistic children recruited to the Department of Pediatrics at Al-Sader Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq between November 2014 amd April 2015...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738008/does-fasting-in-ramadan-increase-the-risk-of-developing-urinary-stones
#14
Abdullah O Al Mahayni, Sultan S Alkhateeb, Ibrahim H Abusaq, Abdullah A Al Mufarrih, Muath I Jaafari, Amen A Bawazir
OBJECTIVES: To explore the frequency of renal colic (RC) secondary to urinary stones in Ramadan compared to other months and seasons of the year. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study using medical records of 237 patients admitted through the emergency room (ER) with a diagnosis of RC secondary to urinary stones over a 10-year period at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Patients fasting in Ramadan are 2 times more likely to present with a calculus of ureter as opposed to calculus in another location in the urinary tract, particularly when the holy month of Ramadan falls in the summer season...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738007/histopathological-pattern-of-testicular-diseases-in-western-saudi-arabia
#15
Abdulkader M Albasri, Akbar S Hussainy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the histopathological pattern of testicular diseases among Saudi patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This retrospective histopathology-based study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, from January 2006 to December 2017. The data collected were entered into MS-Excel and  analyzed using the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences Version 19. RESULTS: Of the 199 testicular specimens received, 108 (54...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738006/the-effect-of-varying-cone-beam-computed-tomography-image-resolution-and-field-of-view-centralization-on-effective-radiation-dose
#16
Fatima M Jadu, Asmaa A Alzahrani, Maha A Almutairi, Salma O Al-Amoudi, Ahmed M Jan, Mawya A Khafaji
To investigate changes in the effective radiation dose (E) in relation to variations in voxel (VOX) size settings and the field-of-view (FOV) centralization. Methods: This cross-sectional dosimetry study used nanoDot OSLD dosimeters placed at 25 pre-determined sites in the head and neck slices of a RANDO male phantom to measure the absorbed radiation. The imaging scans took place at King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between September 2016 and May 2017 using the i-CAT classic cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)  unit...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738005/age-distribution-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-breast-cancer-resection-in-saudi-arabia-a-single-institute-study
#17
Balqis Alabdulkarim, Mazen Hassanain, Areej Bokhari, Abdulaziz AlSaif, Hana Alkarji
OBJECTIVES: In response to rising incidence and mortality we aimed to investigate the demographic characteristics of patients with operative breast cancer in our region. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 224 patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between 2005 and 2012. Results: We identified a young population overall with a mean age of 48.8±12.2 years (range: 26-93 years)...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738004/kidney-cancer-in-saudi-arabia-a-25-year-analysis-of-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-in-a-tertiary-center
#18
Sultan S Alkhateeb, Ali S Alothman, Abdulmalik M Addar, Raed A Alqahtani, Tarek M Mansi, Emad M Masuadi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate available epidemiological data and risk factors for kidney cancer in a tertiary care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, over a period of 25 years. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care center included all adult patients with primary kidney cancer who presented and were managed between 1990 and 2015. Based on this information, we forecast the incidence of the disease in our center over the next 5 years (2016 to 2020)...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738003/prostate-cancer-in-the-arab-population-an-overview
#19
Osman Z Al-Abdin, Ibrahim Z Al-Beeshi
This review evaluated prostate cancer studies from around the world and investigated the causes of differences among them. Prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates showed significant discrepancies between countries and ethnicities. In North America as well as in other western countries, the most common cancer was found to be prostate cancer; however, it appears to be not as prevalent among men in the Middle East and North Africa. Statistics show that screening of prostate-specific antigen levels should be applied depending on ethnicity and age...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738002/evidence-based-synthesis-for-prevention-of-noninvasive-ventilation-related-facial-pressure-ulcers
#20
Jaber S Alqahtani, Mohammed D AlAhmari
The last 2 decades have seen a growing trend towards the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) therapy in the management of many conditions that cause acute respiratory failure. However, there is a serious side effect that results in using these devices; the development of facial skin pressure damage, specifically pressure ulcers. This skin damage has a considerable effect on patients' quality of life, treatment adherence and patients' comfort in addition to the therapy challenges of wound care. The aim of this clinical review is to discuss the different characteristics of NIV interfaces and to provide evidence based recommendations to facilitate the selection and application of such interfaces to reduce NIV interfaces related pressure ulcers...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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