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Saudi Medical Journal

Abdullah A Bin Shalhoub, Anas A Khan, Yaser A Alaska
[No Abstract Available].
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
[No Abstract Available].
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Nijmeh M Al-Atiyyat, Almutazbillah Z Banifawaz
To assess the knowledge, practice, and confidence of oncology nurses toward chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) among patients with cancer in Jordan. Methods: Descriptive, and cross sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of 148 Jordanian registered oncology nurses recruited from a Specialized Oncology Center in Jordan. Data collection took place in June, 2015. As a data collection tool, the assessment of oncology nurses' knowledge and practice-revised questionnaire was used. Results: The mean CIPN knowledge score of 8...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Anwar E Ahmed, Rouzait S Mohammad
To study the associated factors for cesarean section (C-section) in a sample of pregnant women and to estimate its frequency at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KAMC-R). Methods: We studied 364 pregnant women who attended the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic at KAMC-R between March and June 2017. Results: Our 3-month study had higher rates of C-sections: women with older maternal age; (adjusted risk ratio [aRR]=1.08, p=0.001), lack of education (aRR=1.39, p=0.022), no personal history of vaginal delivery (aRR=1...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ehab N Alshouibi, Wafa S AlAlyani
To investigate HIV related discrimination among general dentists in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; and to list factors affecting or causing healthcare providers to discriminate people living with HIV (PLWH). Methods: The current study takes place in Jeddah, western Saudi Arabia. The duration for accepting all responses was between March and November, 2017. In this cross-sectional study, we used a self-administered, structured questionnaire. The sample size was 430 general dentists practicing in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Asma'a A Faden, Anas B Alsalhani, Majdy M Idrees, Mohammed A Alshehri, Mohammad Z Nassani, Omar B Kujan
To assess the knowledge levels of dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia regarding the association between systemic and oral disease in addition to evaluating their attitude about integrating this knowledge into clinical practice. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire of 102 items among 192 randomly selected dental hygienists practicing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by individual interview. The research tool was pilot tested among 12 dental hygienists (8 females and 4 males) to obtain feedback about clarity and objectivity...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Rashid A Barnawi, Weaam M Alrefai, Faris Qari, Ahmed Aljefri, Sarah K Hagi, Mawya Khafaji
OBJECTIVES: To assess emergency doctors' knowledge of radiation exposure doses and risks, and the increasing use of radiological investigations in emergency medicine practice is very concerning because of the associated risks of cancer. METHODS: Doctors from different specialties and with different levels of training working in emergency departments of 8 hospitals in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, filled out a questionnaire. Participants estimated the radiation doses of different imaging modalities and answered questions regarding possible associated risks...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdullah Nofal, Isamme Alfayyad, Anas Khan, Zohair Al Aseri, Amani Abu-Shaheen
To assess the knowledge, practices, and attitudes regarding disaster and emergency preparedness among Emergency Department (ED) staff. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Tertiary health care hospital in central Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A self-administered survey was utilized to collect data from ED physicians and nurses. The questionnaire was divided into 5 sections viz; demographics, knowledge about disaster management and preparedness, attitudes about disaster planning, current role and practices, and familiarity towards emergency...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Reham M Khresheh, Nagwa M Ahmad
To examine the association between prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy among Saudi pregnant women and type of feeding at 4 weeks post partum, and also to examine the association of maternal socio-demographic variables with the breastfeeding self-efficacy levels of Saudi pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional design has been applied in the study by recruiting 101 pregnant women from the General Hospital, Umluj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy scale was used to measure self-efficacy for breastfeeding during pregnancy...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohammed A Alsaleem, Shamsun N Khalil, Aesha F Siddiqui, Maha M Alzahrani, Safar A Alsaleem
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, socioeconomic, and demographic determinants of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age residing in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The data of this study was collected through a cross sectional survey conducted on unmet need for family planning in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between March and May 2016. Three hundred and seventy-four married women were recruited from 6 primary health care centers by a consecutive sampling technique...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ziya Kalem, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Batuhan Bakırarar, Erkin Kent, Timur Gurgan
To compare implantation rates, clinical pregnancy rates and live birth rates associated with natural and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) methods of endometrial preparation in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles.  Methods: The results of 108 natural cycles and 224 HRT cycles of FET transfers performed in a private in vitro fertilization (IVF) center between June 2013 and August 2015 were  retrospectively compared with respect to implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate. Results: A total of 144 embryos were transferred in 108 natural cycles and 357 embryos were  transferred in 224 HRT cycles...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mosaad O Almegren, Alhanouf A Alhedaithy, Amal S Alomri, Nouf F Albawardy, Rawan S Mesmar, Mohammad A Al Qahtani
To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of Venous thromboembolism (VTE) among total knee arthroplasty (TKA)  and total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients following surgery. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic medical records of consecutive patients between January 2010 and January 2015 who underwent TKA or THA at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.  Results: The incidence of symptomatic VTE was 1.9% (17 events, 95% CI: 1.1-2.8) in 756 patients who underwent 889 surgeries...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ling-Yun Zhang, Bao-An Gao, Zhu Jin, Guang-Ming Xiang, Zheng Gong, Ting-Ting Zhang, Hong-Fang Lu, Yong-Quan Wang, Yuan Gong, Cheng Lu, Wei-Ling Huang
To investigate the efficacy and safety of initial thrombolysis by recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in compared with anticoagulant therapy in patients with acute intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism (PE).  Methods: Sixty-six patients with acute intermediate-risk PE were randomly assigned to receive rt-PA or LMWH between June 2014 and June 2017 in our department. We obtained information regarding the difference in the right ventricle/left ventricle (RV/LV) ratio, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), clinical symptoms improvement, PE-related mortality, hemodynamic decompensation, recurrent PE, and major and minor bleeding...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ulku Sabuncu, Hatice S Kusderci, Mesut Oterkus, Ruslan Abdullayev, Asli Demir, Oznur Uludag, Sabri Ozdas, Mustafa Goksu
  To evaluate and compare the performances of new types of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) with endotracheal intubation regarding their ease of insertions, perioperative complications, and effects on hemodynamic parameters and peak airway pressures in laparascopic cholecystectomy (LC).  Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with ASA 1-2 physical status scheduled for elective LC were recruited for this prospective randomized controlled trial. The study was completed between January  2016 and January 2017 in Adiyaman University Research and Educational Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdullah H Alkhenizan, Mohammed R Shafiq
Efficient process of litigation of medical errors is a key to ensure fair, speedy, and accessible justice system. The conditions of establishing medical negligence are similar in both legal systems. These conditions include the duty of care, breach of that duty of care, the damages, and establishing causation. A culture of litigation and compensation is growing in the United Kingdom and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; however the cost of medical claims and awarded compensations are much more in the United Kingdom compared to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Sharfuddin Chowdhury, Mohammad A Alnajashi, Yasir A Alsalamah, Arief Arrowaili
[No Abstract Available].
October 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Sahar H Abdulghani
[No Abstract Available].
October 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Fahad M Al Majid
We herein present the case of a 43-year-old male diabetic patient who presented with an aggressive form of infective endocarditis involving the tricuspid, mitral and aortic valves following a gluteal abscess due to infection with Staphylococcus lugdunensis. This coagulase-negative organism which is generally considered a component of the normal flora of the skin has however recently emerged as an unusually virulent pathogen responsible for both nosocomial and community-acquired infections. The case demonstrates the importance of paying utmost attention and ensuring a logical conclusion to the identification of persistent coagulase-negative blood cultures...
October 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abrar A Alzaher, Sami S Almudarra, Muna H Mustafa, Ibrahim M Gosadi
To quantify the reduction in absence due to upper respiratory infections (URIs) among primary schoolgirls attending Riyadh's schools after delivering a hand hygiene workshop intervention over a period of 5 weeks. Methods: A cluster randomized trial was conducted among girls attending 4 primary schools between January and March 2018. The participants attended a hand hygiene workshop. The schoolgirls' absences were followed up for 5 weeks. Incidence rate, percentage of absence days, and absence rate were calculated for total and URIs absences...
October 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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