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Saudi Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133698/non-therapeutic-infant-male-circumcision-evidence-ethics-and-international-law-perspective
#1
Alamin Berhanu, Abdullah Alkhenizan
[No Avaliable Abstract].
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133697/prevalence-and-predictors-of-physical-exercise-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mohamad A Al-Tannir, Samer Y Kobrosly, Nahid K Elbakri, Amani K Abu-Shaheen
To identify the prevalence and predictors of physical exercise among nurses. Methods: This study was conducted at 2 hospitals selected randomly from tertiary hospitals in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon in 2014. The study included nurses with at least one year of nursing experience. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was divided into 2 sections, one covering the respondents' demographics, and the other one assessing the prevalence and the characteristics of physical exercise...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133696/the-serum-levels-of-tumor-marker-ca19-9-cea-ca72-4-and-nse-in-type-2-diabetes-without-malignancy-and-the-relations-to-the-metabolic-control
#3
Xiaojing Shang, Chunqing Song, Xiaoming Du, Hailin Shao, Donghong Xu, Xiaolai Wang
To investigate whether there is a difference in carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA72-4), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) between diabetic and non-diabetic patients.  Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in 268 type 2 diabetic patients and 95 non-diabetic ones, and their serum levels of CA19-9, CEA, CA72-4, and NSE were compared in our endocrine ward at the Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital, Tianjin, Chinaduring the period from January to June 2015...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133695/rupture-rudimentary-horn-pregnancy-at-31-week
#4
Abdullah A Al Qarni, Nawal Al-Braikan, Moh'd M Al-Hanbali, Abdullah H Alharmaly
Rudimentary horn could be a rare congenital uterine anomalies result from incomplete fusion of the two Müllerian ducts throughout embryo-genesis. Pregnancy in an exceedingly rudimentary horn is rare and typically terminates in rupture throughout the late of first or second trimester of pregnancy. We tend to present a rare case of a gravida within the trimester (31 weeks) presented with complain of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomit for 3 days. On presentation, the patient was pale and irritable. Ultrasound scan showed fetus at (30 weeks) with cardiac activity...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133694/spontaneous-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus
#5
Fahad M Al-Hameed
The Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV) is a novel positive sense singlestranded ribonucleic acid virus of the genus Beta corona virus. This virus was first isolated from a patient who died from severe respiratory illness in June 2012 in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. We describe an unusual case of a 42 year old healthcare worker who was admitted to our Intensive Care Unit (ICU)King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, with MERS-CoV and severe acute respiratory distress Syndrome and developed a sudden-onset diabetes insipidus and spontaneous massive intracranial hemorrhage with intra-ventricular extension and tonsillar herniation...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133693/effect-of-software-facilitated-teaching-on-final-grades-of-dental-students-in-a-dental-morphology-course
#6
Ahmad M Al-Thobity, Imran Farooq, Soban Q Khan
  To evaluate differences in students' performance in a dental morphology course after the introduction of a 3D software-teaching program.  Methods: This retrospective study took place at the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from Augst 2013 to January 2016. The study included 3 groups of students taking the course during 3 different academic years: group 1, 2013-14 control; group 2, 2014-2015; and group 3, 2015-2016. The total sample size was 294 (n = 294; group 1 = 94; group 2 = 100; and group 3 = 100)...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133692/the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-academic-performance
#7
Khaled A Alswat, Abdullah D Al-Shehri, Tariq A Aljuaid, Bassam A Alzaidi, Hassan D Alasmari
To examine the relation between body mass index (BMI) and the academic performance of students from Taif city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using the grade point average (GPA). Method: A cross-sectional study that includes students from intermediate and high schools located in Taif city, KSA between April 2014 and June 2015. Height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. Related risk factors including dietary habits, activity, parent's education, sleeping pattern, and smoking were recorded.  Result: A total of 14 schools included 424 students...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133691/impairments-activity-limitations-and-participation-restrictions-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-in-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#8
Akmer Mutlu, Sema Büğüşan, Özgün K Kara
To examine the impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions in children with spastic unilateral and bilateral cerebral palsy (CP). We investigated the relationship between these factors according to the international classification of functioning, disability, and health (ICF) model. Methods: This prospective cross sectional study included 60 children aged between 4-18 years with spastic CP (30 unilateral, 30 bilateral involvement) classified as Levels I and II on the gross motor function classification system...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133690/remifentanil-consumption-in-septoplasty-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-association-with-humane-mu-opioid-receptor-gene-variants
#9
Mahmoud M Al-Mustafa, Abdelkarim S Al Oweidi, Khaled R Al-Zaben, Ibraheem Y Qudaisat, Sami A Abu-Halaweh, Subhi M Al-Ghanem, Islam M Massad, Walid K Samarah, Reem A Al-Shaer, Said I Ismail
To evaluate the influence of the ORM1 variants in codon 118 on the intra-operative remifentanil consumption under general anesthesia. Methods: A prospective gene association study, performed at the Jordan University Jordan, Amman, Jordan from September 2013 to August 2014. It includes patients who underwent septoplasty surgery under general anesthesia. All patients received standard intravenous anesthesia. Anesthesia maintained with fixed dose of Sevoflurane and variable dose of Remifentanil to keep the systolic blood pressure between 90-100 mm Hg...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133689/diabetes-mellitus-in-two-genetically-distinct-populations-in-jordan-a-comparison-between-arabs-and-circassians-chechens-living-with-diabetes
#10
Laith N Al-Eitan, Ahmad M Nassar, Rana B Dajani, Basima A Almomani, Nesreen A Saadeh
To compare clinical, anthropometric, and laboratory characteristics in diabetes type 2 patients of 2 genetically-distinct ethnicities living in Jordan, Arabs and Circassians/Chechens.  Methods: This cross sectional ethnic comparison study was conducted in King Abdullah University Hospital, Irbid and The National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics, Amman, Jordan between June 2013 and February 2014. A sample of 347 (237 Arab and 110 Circassian/Chechen) people living with diabetes were included in the study...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133688/hormone-receptor-status-and-survival-of-medullary-breast-cancer-patients-a-turkish-cohort
#11
Asude Aksoy, Hatice Odabas, Serap Kaya, Oktay Bozkurt, Mustafa Degirmenci, Turkan O Topcu, Aydin Aytekin, Erkan Arpaci, Nilufer Avci, Kezban N Pilanci, Havva Y Cinkir, Yakup Bozkaya, Yalcin Cirak, Mahmut Gumus
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationship between clinical features, hormonal receptor status, and survival in patients who were diagnosed with medullary breast cancer (MBC). Methods: Demographic characteristics, histopathological features, and survival statuses of 201 patients diagnosed with MBC between 1995 and 2015 were retrospectively recorded. Survival analyses were conducted with uni- and multivariate cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Median follow-up time was 54 (4-272) months...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133687/gender-differences-in-risk-profile-and-outcome-of-middle-eastern-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#12
Mohamad I Jarrah, Ayman J Hammoudeh, Dalal B Al-Natour, Yousef S Khader, Ramzi A Tabbalat, Imad A Alhaddad, Susan M Kullab
To determine the gender differences in cardiovascular risk profile and outcomes among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: In a prospective multicenter study of consecutive Middle Eastern patients managed with PCI from January 2013 to February 2014 in 12 tertiary care centers in Amman and Irbid, Jordan. Clinical and coronary angiographic features, and major cardiovascular events were assessed for both genders from hospital stay to 1 year. Results: Women comprised 20.6% of 2426 enrolled patients, were older (mean age 62...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133686/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-appropriate-therapy-in-idiopathic-dilated-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-primary-prevention-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#13
Fatih M Uçar, Burak Açar
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether an inflammatory marker of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicts appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy (shock or anti tachycardia pacing) in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively examined IDC patients (mean age: 58.3 ± 11.8 years, 81.5% male) with ICD who admitted to outpatient clinic for pacemaker control at 2 tertiary care hospitals in Ankara and Edirne, Turkey from January 2013-2015...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133685/impact-of-acute-kidney-injury-on-long-term-mortality-and-progression-to-chronic-kidney-disease-among-critically-ill-children
#14
Najlaa G Al-Otaibi, Maryam Zeinelabdin, Mohamed A Shalaby, Norah Khathlan, Ghadi D Mashat, Amal A Zahrani, Sundus Mw NoorSaeed, Nora M Shalabi, Khalid A Alhasan, Sara N Sharief, Amr S Albanna, Jameela A Kari
To determine the 2-year outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) following admission to pediatric critical care units (PICU). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2012 and December 2013. We followed 131 children admitted to PICU, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with a diagnosis of AKI, based on pRIFLE (pediatric risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease), for 2 years. During the study period, 46 children died and 38 of survivors completed the follow-up...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133684/antioxidant-effect-of-vitamin-e-and-5-aminosalicylic-acid-on-acrylamide-induced-kidney-injury-in-rats
#15
Nisreen A Rajeh, Najlaa M Al-Dhaheri
To explore renal toxicity caused by sub-acute exposure of acrylamide and to study the protective effect of 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and Vitamin E (vit-E)on Acrylamide (ACR) induced renal toxicity. Methods: This study was conducted at King Fahad Medical Research Centre, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between August and November 2015. A total of 49 adult Wistar rats (250 ± 20g) aged 60 days were kept in a controlled environment and used in the present study. The rats were divided into 7 groups (control, ACR alone, ACR+5-ASA, ACR+vit-E, ACR+ASA+vit-E, vit-E alone, and ASA alone)...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133683/restrictive-and-liberal-fluid-administration-in-major-abdominal-surgery
#16
Qianyun Pang, Hongliang Liu, Bo Chen, Yan Jiang
To determine whether perioperative fluid restrictive administration can reduce specific postoperative complications in adults undergoing major abdominal surgery.  Methods: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google scholar, and article reference lists (up to December 2015) for studies that assessed fluid therapy and morbidity or mortality in patients undergoing major abdominal surgeries. The quality of the trials was assessed using the Jadad scoring system, and a meta-analysis of the included randomized, controlled trials was conducted using Review Manager software, version 5...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042639/the-saudi-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-prophylaxis-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-long-distance-travelers
#17
Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Ali Alaklabi, Ebtisam Bakhsh, Yousef A Alomi, Mohammad Al Baik, Salah Aldahan, Holger Schünemann, Jan Brozek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Andrea J Darzi, Reem Waziry, Elie A Akl
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a preventable disease. Long distant travelers are prone to variable degree to develop VTE. However, the low risk of developing VTE among long-distance travelers and which travelers should receive VTE prophylaxis, and what prophylactic measures should be used led us to develop these guidelines. These clinical practice guidelines are the result of an initiative of the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia involving an expert panel led by the Saudi Association for Venous Thrombo Embolism (a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042638/black-lung-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-saudi-experience-with-sildenafil-and-nitric-oxide
#18
AbdulRahman M Alnemri
To determine the clinical presentation, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment outcome of Saudi infants with black lung persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Methods: This is a retrospective review of all neonates with PPHN presented to the Armed Force Hospital Southern Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to December 2014. Results: Ten term and near term infants presented with PPHN were included. Maternal diabetes and Down syndrome were the most common identified risk factors for PPHN in the study group...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042637/retrospective-analysis-of-patients-with-burn-injury-treated-in-a-burn-center-in-turkey-during-the-syrian-civil-war
#19
Yucel Yuce, Hakan A Acar, Kutlu H Erkal, Nur B Arditi
To report the management of burn injuries that occured in the Syria civil war, which were referred to our burn center. Methods: Forty-three patients with burns, injured in the civil war in Syria and whom were referred to Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Educating and Training Hospital Burn Centre of İstanbul, Turkey between 2011-2015 were analyzed in a retrospective study. Results: Most of our patients were in major burn classification (93%; 40/43) and most of them had burns greater than 15% total on body surface area...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042636/glycogenic-hepatopathy-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-relapsing-hepatitis-in-uncontrolled-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Ahmed A Al Sarkhy, Zafar A Zaidi, Amir M Babiker
Glycogenic hepatopathy is a rare condition that causes significant hepatomegaly and elevated liver enzyme levels in uncontrolled type 1 diabetic patients. It develops due to excessive accumulation of glycogen in the hepatocytes. It is typically reversible with good glycemic control and rarely progresses to mild fibrosis, but not cirrhosis.
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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