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Saudi Medical Journal

Irene Karampela, Maria Dalamaga
[No Abstract Available].
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Giath Gazal
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potency and speed of action of 2% lidocaine and 3% prilocaine for upper teeth extractions. METHODS: This prospective clinical study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017. Ninety-six patients, aged between 16 to 70 years old were recruited in this study. Two regimens were randomly administered over one visit. Patients, treatment group I, received 2% lidocaine with 1:00.000 adrenaline. Patients treatment group II received prilocaine 3% and felypressin 0...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Rami M Abazid, Ahmad Almeman, Haitham Sakr, Akram F Eldesoky, Hisham M Eissa, Tawfeeq H Alharbi, Abdullah A Altorbag, Osama A Smettei
To assess the perception and awareness of cardiologists in Saudi Arabia about medical fitness to drive in different cardiovascular diseases. Methods: The study is a cross-sectional survey-based study between June 2018 and July 2018. Cardiologists were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about awareness of driving fitness and educating patients regarding driving risks in specific cardiovascular conditions. Results: A total of 194 cardiologists completed the study survey; there were 30...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Alia M Al Amer, Khloud M Al Rubaya, Ali S Alzahrani
We are presenting a monozygotic twin brothers presented at different ages with different presentations. Twin-A presented at age of 18 days with salt losing crisis. Investigations revealed high plasma renin with low-normal aldosterone. Adrenocorticotropic hormone, stimulation test revealed low 17-OH progesterone at 0 and 60 minutes. Adrenocorticotropic hormone level and serum cortisol were normal, which excluded initial impression of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. He was diagnosed to have isolated primary hypoaldosteronism...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Maha A Bahammam, Wamiq M Fareed
To assess the effects of immediate and delayed loadings of dental implants on the overall quality of life (QoL) of patients. Methods: The prospective analysis was conducted in the Department of Periodontology Clinics, Faculty of Dentistry Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted from November 2013 to August 2016 and was according to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. Quality of life in 24 patients (10 males and 14 females), aged between 18-60 years were assessed...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Ashraf M Hussain, Riyadh K Lafta
To figure out the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases in Iraq on the health system through measuring the incidence and trend of these diseases. Methods: This descriptive study that was conducted between January 2016 and 2017, involved treatment data of chronic non-communicable diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, stroke, asthma and epilepsy). The data was collected from the registry of the Department of Health and Vital Statistics in the Ministry of Health, Babylon, Iraq, between 2000 and 2016...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Marwan A Bakarman, Maimona K Felimban, Mohammad M Atta, Nadeem S Butt
OBJECTIVES: To assess health-related quality of life (QOL) among hemodialysis (HD) patients attending HD units in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to evaluate the effect of an educational program on health-related QOL. METHOD: One hundred HD patients were recruited and followed from 4 different dialysis units in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 2018 and May 2018. The patients were divided into an intervention group (n=50) receiving educational program and control group (n=50)...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Omar S Al Zahrani, Osama Mukhtar, Menahi Al Subaie, Wazenah E Al Howiti
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of the psychological problems such as depression and anxiety in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in Tabuk region, northwestern Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 89 patients with SCD was assessed in the outpatient clinics of King Salman Armed Forces Hospital,   Tabuk, Saudi Arabia between March 2017 and August 2017. Two validated Arabic translated questionnaires, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), were used to assess the type and degree of psychopathology (anxiety or depression) each patient suffered...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulsalam A Alhaidary, Kishore Tanniru, Adel F Aljadaan, Lamya M Alabdulkarim
To study auditory temporal resolution skills using adaptive auditory tasks designed with a computer-based experimental program, and to provide normative valuesfor gap detection thresholds (GDTs) of young listeners in 3 listening conditions. Methods:  The GDTs were established under 3 stimulus conditions: 1) broadband noise (BBN), 2) narrowband noise within-channel (NBN WC) using similar leading and trailing markers centered at 1.0 KHz, and 3) narrowband noise across-channel (NBN AC) with the leading marker centered at 2...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Halil Ibrahim Tas, Ozge Caglar
To evaluate the ‎depressive and anxiety levels in allergic rhinitis (AR) and to investigate the relationship between ‎depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive and anxious temperament features. Methods: The study design is cross-sectional. The study was conducted between January 2017 and January  2018. Patients (n=101)  diagnosed with  AR and healthy controls (n=74) were included in this ‎study. All participants were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety‎ Inventory (BAI), and TEMPS-A (Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego ‎Autoquestionaire)...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdullah A AlTurki, Khalid S AlAqeely, Turki S AlMugren, Ibrahim S AlZimami
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of different types of femoral fractures post-motor vehicle accident (MVA) based on fracture location: proximal, middle and distal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of all femoral fracture post-MVA x-ray charts carried out at the National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between November 2007 to December 2013. RESULTS: Among the 471 patients reviewed, most fractures were in male (87%) compared with female (13%) victims, with breaks more in the right femur (56%) than the left femur (44%)...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Raouf M Seyam, Mohammed M Alalawi, Waleed K Alkhudair, Hassan M Alzahrani, Raed A Azhar, Khalid I Alothman, Turki O Al-Hussain, Mohammed F Alotaibi
To report robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) outcomes from a single tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive cases of patients undergoing RPN at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of  Saudi Arabia, between January 2008 and January 2018. The study reports patient's demographics, tumor characteristics, operative details, and perioperative outcomes, using descriptive statistics of median and range values. Results: One hundred and one patients underwent RPN during the study period...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Basak Sahin, Ikbal Inanli, Ali M Calıskan, Sema Uysal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between the expression level and biologic role of YKL-40 in bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, Turkey in 2015. One hundred and four patients diagnosed as having bipolar disorder (DSM5 criteria), and 96 participants were included as healthy controls in this study. A human YKL-40 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was used to measure the serum YKL-40 levels...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Maryam N Alotibi, Amina M Alnoury, Amani M Alhozali
To investigate the serum levels of nesfatin-1 and galanin in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and also to show their association with the parameters of the disease. Methods: We performed a case-control study with 84 participants (44 patients with MetS diagnosed according to the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and International Diabetes Federation criteria and 40 control group) were recruited from King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between October 2014 and  June 2015...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohammad-Ayman A Safi
OBJECTIVES: To perform a meta-analysis for celiac diseases (CD) among at-risk populations in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), as well as a comparison with our previously reported meta-analysis in the normal population. METHODS: In March 2018, at King Abdulaziz University,  Jeddah, KSA we commenced a retrospective comprehensive database and journal search for CD among at-risk populations in SA. Data from each of the relevant articles were analyzed using the  Statistical Package for Social Science Version 20 (Armonk, NY: IBM Corp...
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Fahdah Alokaily
[No Abstract Available].
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Fahdah Alokaily
[No Abstract Available].
January 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
[No Abstract Available].
December 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohammad A Althubiti, Mohamed M Nour Eldein
To analyze the overall trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Saudi Arabia between 1990 and 2016.   Methods: Data were retrieved through a Global Burden of Disease (GBD, 2016) database (Viz Hub) that is developed by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Results: The incidence of cancer increased around 26-fold for thyroid cancer; approximately 10-fold in breast, colon, bladder and uterine cancers; 8-fold for prostate cancer; 5-fold for renal cancer; 4-fold for pancreatic and ovarian cancer; 3...
December 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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