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Saudi Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042639/the-saudi-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-prophylaxis-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-long-distance-travelers
#1
Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Ali Alaklabi, Ebtisam Bakhsh, Yousef A Alomi, Mohammad Al Baik, Salah Aldahan, Holger Schünemann, Jan Brozek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Andrea J Darzi, Reem Waziry, Elie A Akl
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a preventable disease. Long distant travelers are prone to variable degree to develop VTE. However, the low risk of developing VTE among long-distance travelers and which travelers should receive VTE prophylaxis, and what prophylactic measures should be used led us to develop these guidelines. These clinical practice guidelines are the result of an initiative of the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia involving an expert panel led by the Saudi Association for Venous Thrombo Embolism (a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042638/black-lung-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-saudi-experience-with-sildenafil-and-nitric-oxide
#2
AbdulRahman M Alnemri
To determine the clinical presentation, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment outcome of Saudi infants with black lung persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Methods: This is a retrospective review of all neonates with PPHN presented to the Armed Force Hospital Southern Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to December 2014. Results: Ten term and near term infants presented with PPHN were included. Maternal diabetes and Down syndrome were the most common identified risk factors for PPHN in the study group...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042637/retrospective-analysis-of-patients-with-burn-injury-treated-in-a-burn-center-in-turkey-during-the-syrian-civil-war
#3
Yucel Yuce, Hakan A Acar, Kutlu H Erkal, Nur B Arditi
To report the management of burn injuries that occured in the Syria civil war, which were referred to our burn center. Methods: Forty-three patients with burns, injured in the civil war in Syria and whom were referred to Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Educating and Training Hospital Burn Centre of İstanbul, Turkey between 2011-2015 were analyzed in a retrospective study. Results: Most of our patients were in major burn classification (93%; 40/43) and most of them had burns greater than 15% total on body surface area...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042636/glycogenic-hepatopathy-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-relapsing-hepatitis-in-uncontrolled-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Ahmed A Al Sarkhy, Zafar A Zaidi, Amir M Babiker
Glycogenic hepatopathy is a rare condition that causes significant hepatomegaly and elevated liver enzyme levels in uncontrolled type 1 diabetic patients. It develops due to excessive accumulation of glycogen in the hepatocytes. It is typically reversible with good glycemic control and rarely progresses to mild fibrosis, but not cirrhosis.
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042635/dentists-awareness-and-action-towards-domestic-violence-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-among-dentists-in-western-saudi-arabia
#5
Wafa S AlAlyani, Ehab N Alshouibi
To identify the potential factors that would predict a dentist's awareness of domestic violence (DV), as well as the factors that influence the probability of dentists to take the required action. Also, to list the common barriers that dentists face when managing DV victims. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered, structured questionnaire was sent randomly to dentists practicing in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The online survey link was emailed with a cover message that illustrated the study context...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042634/anesthesia-methods-used-by-anesthetic-specialists-for-circumcision-cases-national-survey-study-for-turkey
#6
Cafer Altaş, Gamze Küçükosman, Bülent S Yurtlu, Rahşan D Okyay, Bengü G Aydın, Özcan Pişkin, Murat Çimencan, Hilal Ayoğlu, Volkan Hancı, Işıl Özkoçak-Turan
To examine the anesthesiologist's choice for anesthesia techniques and drugs in circumcision and determine the preoperative examination, intraoperative monitoring techniques, postoperative analgesia methods, and common complications among anesthesiologists working in Turkey. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bulent Ecevit University Hospital, Zonguldak, Turkey, between May and July 2012. Survey data were obtained via survey forms through electronic data over the web. The questionnaire consists of 20 questions...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042633/the-risk-of-recurrence-of-pilonidal-disease-after-surgical-management
#7
Feras M Almajid, Abdullah A Alabdrabalnabi, Khalifa Abdulaziz Almulhim
To estimate the rate of the Pilonidal disease (PND) recurrence and to evaluate the associated predictors of the recurrence. Methods: This is a retrospective study, conducted at King Fahd Hospital of the University in Alkhobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a period of 10 years from January 2003 until December 2013.  Results: A study of 366 with PND, 19 of those were identified as secondary cases and excluded. Most involved 347 patients were Saudi (82.1%), single (87%), and men (93.1%). The mean age of the sample was 23 ± 8 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 29...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042632/macular-thickness-in-healthy-saudi-adults-a-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#8
Waseem M Al-Zamil, Fahad M Al-Zwaidi, Sanaa A Yassin
To determine the macular thickness in the eyes of healthy Saudi adults using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: This is a prospective, cross-sectional study, including 158 healthy participants between August and December 2015. Mean subject age was 29.9 ± 7.85 years old. All participants underwent full ophthalmic evaluation, including SD-OCT imaging, and axial length measurement. Data from the right eye were included. Mean retinal thickness was determined. Correlations between retinal thickness and gender, age, axial length, and spherical equivalence were analyzed...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042631/the-effect-of-wet-cupping-on-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-chronic-medical-conditions-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital
#9
Soad K Al Jaouni, Eman A El-Fiky, Samiha A Mourad, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Abdullah M Kaki, Sawsan M Rohaiem, Mohamad H Qari, Laila M Tabsh, Adel A Aljawhari
To assess the effect of wet cupping on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adult patients with chronic medical conditions, who were referred to the Cupping Clinic of King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A controlled, quasi-experimental study design was carried out among 629 patients referred for cupping from the KAUH Specialty Clinics, during the period from January to December 2014. Patients in the intervention group (309 patients) completed a pre-test included WHO quality of life-BREF, received one wet-cupping session, and filled-out the post-test (1 month later)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042630/effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-moderate-to-severe-chronic-kidney-disease-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Amaar A Bakhit, Amr M Kurdi, Junaid J Wadera, Abdulkareem O Alsuwaida
To examin the effect of Ramadan fasting on worsening of renal function (WRF). Method: This was a single-arm prospective observational study including 65 patients with stage 3 or higher chronic kidney disease (CKD). By definition, WRF was considered to have occurred when serum creatinine levels increased by 0.3 mg/dL (26.5 µmol/l) from baseline during or within 3 months after Ramadan. The study was conducted in the Nephrology Clinic of King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the month of Ramadan 1436 AH (Hijiri), which corresponded to June 18-July 17, 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042629/the-effects-of-gender-and-age-on-forensic-personal-identification-from-frontal-sinus-in-a-turkish-population
#11
Ertugrul Tatlisumak, Mahmut Asirdizer, Aydin Bora, Yavuz Hekimoglu, Yasin Etli, Orhan Gumus, Siddik Keskin
To define the dimensions of the frontal sinus in groups standardized for age and gender and to discuss the reasons and the effects of the variations. Methods: Frontal sinus measurements were obtained from paranasal CTscans of 180 males and 180 females in the Radiology Department of Dursun Odabas Medical Center of Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, which is located in Eastern Turkey, between February and March 2016. The width and height of sinuses were measured on a coronal plane, and the anteroposterior length was measured on an axial plane...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042628/the-relationship-between-periapical-lesions-and-the-serum-levels-of-glycosylated-hemoglobin-and-c-reactive-protein-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#12
Mohammad S Al-Zahrani, Basel M Abozor, Khalid H Zawawi
To investigate the relationship between the presence of periapical lesions (PL) and levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with type 2 diabetes.  Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between September 2013 and February 2015. Medical and dental history and Sociodemographic data were obtained from participants. Dental and periodontal examinations were conducted and blood samples were obtained to determine levels of HbA1c and CRP...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042627/diagnostic-performance-of-bone-metabolic-indexes-for-the-detection-of-stroke
#13
Li Ming Tan, Lu Wang, Juan-Juan Chen, Hua Li, Wen-Bo Luo
To explore the diagnostic performance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), and osteocalcin (OC) in predicting stroke.  Methods: This retrospective survey was conducted in The Second Affiliated Hospital to Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China. involved 121 cerebral infarction patients and 103 cerebral hemorrhage patients as the experimental groups, 100 volunteers as the healthy control group and 80 brain trauma patients as the disease control group...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042626/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-effective-prognostic-indicator-for-post-amputation-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#14
Qi Wang, Han Liu, Siqiao Sun, Zhihua Cheng, Yang Zhang, Xiwei Sun, Zhongying Wang, Shuai Wang
To confirm whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators for the prognosis of post-amputation patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: In this retrospective observational study a total 270 post-amputation patients with CLI were included between January 2010 and December 2014 in the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China. The neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were recorded before amputations. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was calculated and NLR ≥8...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042625/efficacy-of-carboplatin-based-preoperative-chemotherapy-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Li-Yang Wang, Hua Xie, Hang Zhou, Wen-Xiu Yao, Xin Zhao, Yi Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of carboplatin-based preoperative chemotherapy in triple-negative breast cancer patients (TNBC). METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, major clinical trial registries, and abstract collections from major international meetings were systematically searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Endpoints included rates of pathologic complete response (pCR), overall response (ORR), breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and toxicity...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042624/literature-review-of-factors-affecting-continence-after-radical-prostatectomy
#16
Dalibor Pacik, Michal Fedorko
Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the most common cause of stress urinary incontinence (UI) in men. Several anatomic structures affect or may affect urinary continence - urethral sphincter, levator ani muscle, puboprostatic ligaments, bladder neck, endopelvic fascia, neurovascular bundle - and understanding of the anatomy of pelvic floor and urethra is crucial for satisfactory functional outcome of the procedure. Surgical techniques implemented to improve continence rates include nerve-sparing procedure, bladder neck preservation/plication, urethral length preservation, musculofascial reconstruction, puboprostatic ligaments preservation or seminal vesicle preservation...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042623/saudi-medical-journal-2016-a-year-in-a-review
#17
Fahdah Alokaily
[No abstract available].
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874163/family-profile-of-victims-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#18
Ghulam Nabi, Maha A Almuneef
[No Abstract Available].
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874162/emerging-zika-virus
#19
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
[No Abstract Available].
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874161/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-parotid-masses-preliminary-results
#20
Zeynel Yologlu, Hasan Aydin, Nalan A Alp, Bilgin K Aribas, Volkan Kizilgoz, Kemal Arda
To demonstrate the diagnostic potentials of MRI, diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping in the detection of parotid masses correlated to the histopathological results. Methods: Study design was retrospective. Fifteen patients with parotid gland masses were included as the study group and contralateral normal parotis glands of same patients were taken as the control group. Patients with bilateral parotid gland tumors were excluded, 7 right-sided and 8 left-sided parotid masses were included in the research...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
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