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Saudi Medical Journal

Ali S Jawad, Wan Zuraida W A Hamid
[No abstract available].
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ibrahim Altraif
[No abstract available].
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Jarallah M Albahlal, Ali A Alhandi, Khalid A Aldihan, Odai H Alsultan, Faisal A Alhusain, Hanadi M Alqahtani, Sami I Aleissa
To assess the primary healthcare physicians' adherence to referral guidelines for acute low back pain and if there is any association with experience level.  Methods: A cross-sectional study held in Tertiary care hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Questionnaires were distributed in-person between October 2017 and January 2018 among 100 primary healthcare physicians, with a 79% response rate. Results: The distribution between male to female was 43%-57%. Twenty-five percent of physicians encounter 1-5 patients weekly, while 28% encounter more than 15 patients...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Shashi P Sharma, Shahzada K Sohail, Salah Makkawi, Emadeldien Abdalla
Heterotopic pancreas is defined as aberrantly located pancreatic tissue without anatomical, vascular, or neural connection to the pancreas. Usual sites include the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, and spleen; in rare cases, heterotopic pancreas can be found in the lungs, gallbladder, Meckel's diverticulum, and the mediastinum. In most cases, it is an insignificant, incidental finding. Pre-operative diagnosis is not possible, and histopathological examination is mandatory for establishing a definite diagnosis. Less than 40 cases of heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder have been reported worldwide...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Hana Aldaajani, Salma Albahrani, Khalid Saleh, Khawla Alghanim
A 43-year-old man with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and previous thromboembolic events treated with warfarin for 6 months, presented with right flank pain accompanied with vomiting, dizziness, and altered mental status 2 weeks after discontinuation of warfarin. His clinical examination findings were unremarkable. Routine blood work showed lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, and hypoosmolar hyponatremia. Random serum cortisol level was low (14 nmol/L). Computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed bilateral bulky heterogeneous suprarenal gland surrounded by fat stranding representing adrenal hemorrhage...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Fadia M Alhummayani, Salwa M Taibah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate orthodontic treatment needs using the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) components and to estimate the required manpower in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 670 participants (390 females and 280 males) collected between November 2016 and April 2017, whose ages ranged from 12-19 years from secondary and high school students. Treatment needs were estimated using the IOTN components, dental health component (DHC), and aesthetic component (AC)...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Zeynep F Zor, Emine Kaygisiz, Can Ates, Tuba Tortop, Sema Yuksel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mandibular retromolar space after facemask therapy and a follow-up period.  Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between May and September in 2014. The sample consisted of pre-treatment (T1), post-treatment (T2), and follow-up(T3) panoramic radiographs of 19 skeletal and dental Class III patients (7 female, 12 male; mean age: 10.5 years) treated with facemask and a removable intraoral upper appliance in the Faculty of Dentistry Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulrahman T Halawani, Zeidan A Zeidan, Abid M Kareem, Areej A Alharthi, Hani A Almalki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of exposure to sociodemographic, environmental, and lifestyle risk factors during adolescence with the development of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study between October 2017 and January 2018 at King Fahd General Hospital (KFH) in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected by direct physician-subject interviews. We utilized a questionnaire modified from the environmental risk factors in multiple sclerosis questionnaire (EnvIMS-Q)...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Najbeer A Mikael, Nasir As Al-Allawi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health related quality of life (HRQoL) in Iraqi Kurd children and adolescents with thalassemia, and identify the factors that affect it. METHODS:  In the period between May and June 2018, 100 thalassemic patients and 100 healthy subjects between the ages of 6-18 years were enrolled. The patients included 73 with thalassemia major (TM) and 27 with intermedia (TI). Patients were clinically re-evaluated, and the pediatric quality of life inventory (PedsQL) 4...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ayla C Turk, Sultan Ozkurt, Ebru Turgal, Fusun Sahin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and to compare CRF patients with or without RLS in terms fatigue and sleep quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 patients (18-75 years) who were undergoing dialysis 3 times weekly in Çorum Province, Corum, Turkey, between January 2014 and January 2016. The diagnosis of RLS was based on the diagnostic form proposed by the international RLS study group...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ahmed A Al Sarkhy, Anjum Saeed, Yassin H Hamid, Mona M Al Asmi, Tariq I Altokhais, Anhar A Ullah, Asaad M Assiri
OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcomes  of endoscopic dilatation of esophageal strictures in children. METHODS: Children younger than 18 years of age diagnosed with esophageal strictures over a period of 7 years (June 2010 to June 2017) were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. The study took place at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The patients' clinical characteristics, endoscopic findings, and details of the strictures, treatment, and outcomes were documented...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulkader M Albasri, Mohammed A Elkablawy, Akbar S Hussainy, Hala M Yousif, Ahmed S Alhujaily
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) over-expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its role in carcinogenesis and prognosis. METHODS: It was a retrospective study. Archival samples were obtained from Pathology Department at King Fahad Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia, over 11 years' period (January 2006 to December 2017). Samples were analyzed using immunohistochemistry for COX-2 and Ki67 over-expression in 324 CRC patients, 40 cases of colorectal adenomas and 20 cases of normal colonic mucosa...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Tuğba K Atik, Bülent Atik, Osman Kilinç, Bayhan Bektöre, Hülya Duran, Burak M Selek, Nihan Ceken, Orhan Baylan, Mustafa Özyurt
OBJECTIVES: To reveal the relationship between clinical and environmental isolates, analyzing both phenotypic and molecular aspects, in an Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) epidemic, and to use the epidemiological data to determine the source of the epidemic, to identify potential risk factors, and inform the effort to prevent and manage future epidemics. METHODS: Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from 5 clinical samples in Sultan Abdulhamid Han Training and Research hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, for a week period...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Shaia S R Almalki
OBJECTIVE: To detect changes in circulating strains of rotavirus in the Eastern Mediterranean Region post rotavirus immunization drive. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library and specific database website (Nutrition and Food Sciences) for relevant articles. Our search included websites of a number of relevant organizations in addition to gray literature search. Of the 2198 articles found, we included only 35 studies after excluding irrelevant, ineligible, duplicated, and very low-quality papers...
August 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mazlum Sahin, Semi Öztürk, Tugba I Mert, Gündüz Durmuş, Mehmet Mustafa Can
OBJECTIVE: To assess  outcomes of Syrian refugees undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a tertiary hospital in Turkey. METHODS:  We sought for in-hospital mortality and one year all-cause mortality as the main outcomes. We reviewed records of 67 Syrian and 427 Turkish patients undergoing isolated coronary bypass surgery between 2015 January and 2017 January retrospectively.  Results: History of coronary, peripheral and carotid artery diseases and obesity were more frequent in Syrian patients...
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Suzan M Attar
[No Abstract Available].
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohammed AlAhmari
[No Abstract Available].
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Safana A Al-Rawi, Basil O Saleh, Manwar A Al-Naqqash
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of serum anti müllerian hormone (AMH) pre-chemotherapy treatment levels in prediction of post-chemotherapy effect on the ovarian reserve of women with breast cancer. METHODS: This cohort prospective study was carried out at the Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad and at the Oncology Clinic, Oncology Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. It included 58 women with regular menstrual cycle (25-45 years) who were  newly diagnosed with breast cancer...
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Eman A Aljufairi, Sara M George, Safa A Alshaikh, Ameera A Radhi, Rawia M Mohamed
To determine the spectrum of various types of lymphoma in Bahrain according to the latest World Health Organization classification criteria.  Methods: A retrospective review was conducted for all new lymphoma cases diagnosed at Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain during the period from January 2010 to December 2015.  Results: Two hundred and twenty-one new cases of lymphoma in Bahraini patients were diagnosed in the study period. Eighty patients had Hodgkin lymphoma, 140 had non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and one patient had composite lymphoma...
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Khalid A Ahmed, Alia K Alfadhel, Bayan J Mohammed
Intra-parenchymal sialolithiasis and subsequent fibrosis of the submandibular salivary glands is a rare disorder. The resulting swelling, pain, and infection derives affected patients to seek treatment. We present the case of an 85-years-old Saudi male patient who suffered from repeated swelling and infection in the left submandibular region which was misdiagnosed and treated for over 60 years as dental infection, infected skin sebaceous gland or lipoma. The presented case represents the largest intra-glandular submandibular stone with the longest duration ever reported in the medical literature...
July 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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