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Saudi Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917073/effects-of-personality-traits-on-collaborative-performance-in-problem-based-learning-tutorials
#1
Sang Y Lee, Jin H Kim, Chang R Geum, Sung J Wu, Jin S Kim
[No Abstract Available].
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917072/primary-extraskeletal-mesenchymal-chondrosarcoma-arising-from-the-iliac-vein
#2
Hua Zhang, Shuai Wang, Zhihua Cheng, Han Liu
The iliac vein is an extremely rare site for mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, and patients with primary extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising from a vein always suffer a very poor prognosis. We report a case of a 45-year-old female who presented with a 5-month history of left leg edema in 2015. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a large mass in the left iliac vein with scattered calcifications. Wide-margin resection was performed, and histopathologic and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the presence of intraluminal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma with local invasion out of the vein wall...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917071/quantitative-evaluation-of-palatal-bone-thickness-for-the-placement-of-orthodontic-miniscrews-in-adults-with-different-facial-types
#3
Yunji Wang, Ye Qiu, Henglang Liu, Jinlong He, Xiaoping Fan
To quantitatively evaluate palatal bone thickness in adults with different facial types using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).  Methods: The CBCT volumetric data of 123 adults (mean age, 26.8 years) collected between August  2014 and August 2016 was retrospectively studied. The subjects were divided into a low-angle group (39 subjects), a normal-angle group (48 subjects) and a high-angle group (36 subjects) based on facial types assigned by cephalometric radiography. The thickness of the palatal bone was assessed at designated points...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917070/consumption-and-correlates-of-sweet-foods-carbonated-beverages-and-energy-drinks-among-primary-school-children-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
To assess the consumption of sweets, carbonated beverages, and energy drinks along with their correlates among primary school children.  Methods: A total of 725 children (7-12 years old) were randomly recruited from 10 elementary schools from Al-Baha city, Saudi Arabia in 2013, using a multi-stage stratified sampling technique and pre-tested validated questionnaire.  Results: Approximately 26.1% of children reported consuming sweets on daily basis, and 63.4% consumed sweets occasionally during the week...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917069/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-antibiotic-use-and-misuse-among-adults-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#5
Nouf Al-Shibani, Abdulaziz Hamed, Nawaf Labban, Reem Al-Kattan, Hanan Al-Otaibi, Sara Alfadda
To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics (ABs) use and misuse among adults living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to participants from  March 2016 to January 2017 in the outpatient department of King Khalid University Hospital and Dental Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire was divided into 4 sections. The first and second section inquired regarding demographic details and knowledge of ABs...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917068/group-a-streptococcal-bacteraemia-experience-at-king-fahad-medical-city-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#6
Fawzyh J Al-Khadidi, Mohammed A AlSheheri, Tariq S AlFawaz, Mushira A Enani, Abdulaziz A AlAqeel, Dayel A AlShahrani
To identify clinical presentation, predisposing factors, and the outcome in patients with Group A Streptococcal bacteremia. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 33 pediatric and adult patients with Streptococcus pyogenes bacteremia, admitted at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 2007 to 2015. Results: Thirty-three patient records, documenting bacteremia with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus, were reviewed. Approximately 51.5% were pediatric and 48.5% were adult patients, with a male to female ratio of 2:1...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917067/dengue-fever-clinical-features-of-567-consecutive-patients-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Samar Badreddine, Fahmi Al-Dhaheri, Ammar Al-Dabbagh, Abdulrahman Al-Amoudi, Maged Al-Ammari, Nader Elatassi, Haytham Abbas, Rami Magliah, Abdulbasit Malibari, Hani Almoallim
To delineate the clinical features and outcomes of dengue infection and to guide clinician of early diagnosis and identification of risks factors for dengue hemorrhagic fever. Methods: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional. Clinical records of 567 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of dengue infection, admitted to a single hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2010 and  June 2014 were reviewed.  Results: Dengue infection was most common in adult males. Sixty-eight percent of infections were in Saudi nationals...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917066/effectiveness-of-the-critical-congenital-heart-disease-screening-program-for-early-diagnosis-of-cardiac-abnormalities-in-newborn-infants
#8
Abdulmajid M Almawazini, Hamdi K Hanafi, Hasan A Madkhali, Noura B Majrashi
To evaluate the effectiveness of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) screening program for early diagnosis of cardiac anomalies in newborn infants.  Methods: This is a hospital-based prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Pediatric and Neonatology Department, King Fahad Hospital at  Albaha, Saudi Arabia, between February 2016 and February 2017. Results: We screened 2961 (95.4%) of 3103 patients in a nursery unit; 142 (4.6%) patients were not screened. The test was positive in 114 (3.9%) patients and negative in 2847 (96...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917065/diagnosis-of-mesenteric-panniculitis-in-the-multi-detector-computed-tomography-era-association-with-malignancy-and-surgical-history
#9
Waleed S Mahafza, Karam A Manzalawi, Azza A Gharaibeh, Omar W Khayat, Awni Shahait, Malik E Juweid
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and associations of mesenteric panniculitis (MP) using multi-detector CT (MDCT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 4758 consecutive patients who underwent abdomino-pelvic MDCT between January 2012 and December 2014 at Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Radiological database was searched for MP diagnosis and patients with suspected MP were re-evaluated by an experienced radiologist to confirm the diagnosis. Data on all patients with confirmed MP diagnosis were subsequently collected and analyzed...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917064/a-novel-method-for-improving-chest-tube-insertion-skills-among-medical-interns-using-biomaterial-covered-mannequin
#10
Ozgur Tatli, Suha Turkmen, Melih Imamoglu, Yunus Karaca, Mustafa Cicek, Metin Yadigaroglu, Selen T Bayrak, Olgun Asik, Murat Topbas, Suleyman Turedi
To develop a low-cost biomaterial-covered chest tube simulation model and assess its possible usefulness for developing the chest tube insertion skills among medical interns. Methods: This mannequin-based interventional study was performed in a University hospital setting. We included 63 physicians performing emergency medicine internship at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey, between January 2015 and March 2015. A dummy was prepared for training simulation using a display mannequin...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917063/accuracy-of-preoperative-fine-needle-aspiration-in-diagnosis-of-malignant-parotid-tumors
#11
Hani Z Marzouki, Mohammed A Altabsh, Mohammed O Albakrei, Talal A Al-Khatib, Mazin A Merdad, Nada J Farsi
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for detecting malignant parotid tumors. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with benign or malignant parotid gland tumors in King Abdulaziz University Hospital,  Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2004 and May 2015. The records of 65 subjects were obtained. Histopathological findings and data from FNA examinations were obtained from medical records. Twenty-three subjects were excluded due to missing FNA, histopathology results or both...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917062/wound-infiltration-with-bupivacaine-0-5-with-or-without-adrenaline-does-not-decrease-pain-after-thyroidectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Ayman A Mismar, Mohammad I Mahseeri, Mutasim A Al-Ghazawi, Firas W Obeidat, Mai N Albsoul, Mohammad S Al-Qudah, Nader M Albsoul
To study the effect of local wound infiltration with and without adrenaline on pain perception after thyroidectomy using the visual analog score (VAS).  Methods: A prospective randomized controlled double-blinded study was conducted between May 2015 and June 2016 at The University of Jordan Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Eighty-nine patients undergoing planned thyroidectomy were included in the study. Patients were divided randomly into 3 groups: Group A, local wound infiltration with bupivacaine 0.5% was administered; Group B, bupivacaine 0...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917061/use-of-lipid-emulsion-therapy-in-local-anesthetic-overdose
#13
Ozgur Karcioglu
The use of intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) therapy as antidote in systemic toxicity of certain agents has gained widespread support. There are increasing data suggesting use of ILE in reversing from local anesthetic-induced systemic toxicity severe, life-threatening cardiotoxicity, although findings are contradictory. Efficiency of ILE was demonstrated in animal studies in the treatment of severe impairment of cardiac functions, via a mechanism for trapping lipophilic drugs in an expanded plasma lipid compartment ("lipid sink")...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889158/detection-and-identification-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-isolates-by-culture-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-sequence-analyses-in-syrian-and-central-anatolia-patients
#14
Yunus E Beyhan, Mehmet Karakus, Alper Karagoz, Mesut Mungan, Aysegul T Ozkan, Murat Hokelek
To characterize the cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) isolates of Syrian and Central Anatolia patients at species levels. Methods: Skin scrapings of 3 patients (2 Syrian, 1 Turkish) were taken and examined by direct examination, culture in Novy-MacNeal-Nicole (NNN) medium, internal transcribed spacer polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis (PCR). Results:According to microscopic examination, culture and PCR methods, 3 samples were detected positive. The sequencing results of all isolates in the study were identified as Leishmania tropica...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889157/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-gastric-malignancies-among-jordan-university-hospital-patients
#15
Heyam A Awad, Manar H Hajeer, Mohand W Abulihya, Mohammad A Al-Chalabi, Ali A Al Khader
To discover the epidemiologic distribution of gastric malignancies among Jordan University Hospital patients and to compare this distribution with the neighboring Arab countries. Methods: Retrospective study covering the period between  January 2006, and May 2016, in Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan. All cases were retrieved from the computer system and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23 software.  Results: One hundred and sixty-five cases were analyzed. Male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. The mean age was 58...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889156/oxidative-damage-and-associated-inflammatory-risk-factors-in-obese-emirati-women-body-mass-index-versus-waist-circumference
#16
Salah Gariballa, Juma Alkaabi, Javed Yasin, Awad Al Essa
OBJECTIVES: To establish whether body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) is a better predictor of cardio metabolic risk factors that are associated with increased visceral fat among obese women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: In this  cross-sectional study, 333 obese subjects visiting community health centers in Al Ain city, UAE, were recruited between 2012 and 2015. After a written consent subjects had anthropometric, clinical and biochemical measurements...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889155/comparison-of-3-different-regional-block-techniques-in-pediatric-patients-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#17
Levent Sahin, Mahmut H Soydinc, Elzem Sen, Omer Cavus, Mehrican Sahin
To compare the analgesic efficiencies of caudal blocks, ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks, and ilio-inguinal/ilio-hypogastric (II/IH) blocks performed to provide postoperative analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing unilateral lower abdominal surgery. Methods: This prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was conducted in the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey from July 2013 to January 2015. The doses used were as follows: 0...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889154/factors-influencing-the-psychology-and-quality-of-life-in-lung-cancer-patients
#18
Bin Wang, Nan Hao, Xun Zhang
To determine the factors closely correlated with the unhealthy psychological status of patients with lung cancer and to ascertain whether the unhealthy psychology adversely affects their quality-of-life (QOL). Methods: Patients newly diagnosed with lung cancer between May 2013 and December 2015 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tianjin 4th Centre Hospital, Tianjin, China were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Patients were asked to complete the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) survey...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889153/medical-residents-attitudes-and-emotions-related-to-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Turki Aldrees, Mohammed Al Ghobain, Abdullah Alenezi, Saleh Alqaryan, Dana Aldadeeb, Najed Alotaibi, Kamal Alzahrani, Sami Alharethy
To determine medical residents' emotions, attitudes, and knowledge related to Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreaks. Methods: In this is a cross sectional study, self-administered questionnaires were distributed and collected before resident education activities in 4 tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between November 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaire included questions related to residents' demographic data and their emotions, attitudes, and knowledge related to an MERS outbreak...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889152/anti-carbamylated-protein-antibodies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-and-their-association-with-rheumatoid-factor
#20
Maizatul A Othman, Wan Syamimee W Ghazali, Wan Zuraida W A Hamid, Kah K Wong, Nurul K Yahya
To evaluate levels of anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to determine their association with serological parameters and disease activity. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 105 multiethnic RA patients (48 rheumatoid factor [RF]-positive and 57 RF-negative patients) was conducted at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia, from January 2015 to February 2016. Fifty healthy controls (HCs) were included. C-reactive protein (CRP), RF, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) and anti-CarP antibodies were measured...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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