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Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292344/an-analysis-of-pediatric-dentistry-residents-productivity-in-the-operating-room
#1
Oscar Arevalo, Daniel M Saman, Rosie Roldan, Andre Ballard, Adi Suta, Gabriel Brocha
PURPOSE: To analyze productivity of pediatric dental residents (PDRs) in the operating room (OR) and to determine predictors of case length. METHODS: Service-mix for OR cases completed between 2010 and 2013 were converted to relative value units (RVUs). Additional information, including patients' age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, number of teeth, and operation time was retrieved. Analysis entailed descriptive, correlational, and multivariable techniques...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292343/abstract-of-the-scientific-literature
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292342/a-comparison-of-mixed-dentition-dental-development-in-cleft-patients-treated-with-and-without-the-latham-type-appliance
#3
Jin Lin, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Elizabeth Ross, Stephen Shusterman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the Latham-type appliance's effect on the development and eruption of posterior teeth during the mixed dentition stage before palatal expansion and secondary alveolar bone graft(s). METHODS: The charts of complete cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients treated with and without the Latham-type appliance were screened using the following inclusion criteria: nonsyndromic; CLP; and available panoramic radiographs and clinical photographs in the mixed dentition prior to palatal expansion and secondary alveolar bone grafts...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292341/pyramidal-and-taurodont-molars-and-their-association-with-other-tooth-anomalies
#4
Ulrich Klein, Bramaramba Paimagham, Rachel Blumhagen, Miranda Kroehl, Joel Sain
PURPOSE: Determine the prevalence of pyramidal molars (PMs), associated tooth anomalies, and medical conditions (MC). METHODS: Pantomograms from 10,168 subjects were searched for PMs. RESULTS: A total of 148 individuals (75.7 percent females), aged 9.7 to 18.9 years old, had PMs. Subjects with MCs (53.4 percent) had on average 17 percent more PMs (P=.0476) and 2.8 times greater odds of palatally displaced canines (P=.0309). The mean number of pyramidal and taurodont molars per subject was 2...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292340/phase-four-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial-of-phentolamine-mesylate-in-two-to-five-year-old-dental-patients
#5
Elliot V Hersh, Rochelle Lindemeyer, Joel H Berg, Paul S Casamassimo, Judith Chin, Adam Marberger, Brent P Lin, Matthew C Hutcheson, Paul A Moore, Pediatric Soft Tissue Anesthesia Recovery Group
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using a randomized, double-blind methodology: (1) the safety of phentolamine mesylate (Oraverse) in accelerating the recovery of soft tissue anesthesia following the injection of two percent lidocaine plus 1:100,000 epinephrine in two- to five-year-olds; and (2) efficacy in four- to five-year-olds only. METHODS: One hundred fifty pediatric dental patients underwent routine dental restorative procedures with two percent lidocaine plus 1:100,000 epinephrine with doses based on body weight...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292339/comparison-of-ferric-sulfate-combined-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-pulpotomy-and-zinc-oxide-eugenol-pulpectomy-of-primary-maxillary-incisors-an-18-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Trang D Nguyen, Peter L Judd, Edward J Barrett, Nicole Sidhu, Michael J Casas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes and survival of ferric sulfate with mineral trioxide aggregate (FS+MTA) pulpotomy and root canal therapy (RCT) in carious vital primary maxillary incisors. METHODS: In this parallel group noninferiority trial, asymptomatic carious vital primary incisors with pulp exposure in healthy 18- to 46-month-olds were allocated randomly to receive FS+MTA pulpotomy or RCT between September 2010 and September 2012. Each incisor was classified into one of the following radiographic outcomes: N (incisor without pathologic change); Po (pathologic change present, follow-up recommended); Px (pathologic change present, extract...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292338/antibacterial-effect-of-calcium-hydroxide-with-or-without-chlorhexidine-as-intracanal-dressing-in-primary-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis
#7
Lea A B Silva, Priscilla C Romualdo, Raquel A B Silva, Maria C M Souza-Gugelmin, Luciana C Pazelli, Aldevina C De Freitas, Gisele Faria, Paulo Nelson-Filho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vivo the antibacterial effect of calcium hydroxide (CH) dressings, with or without chlorhexidine (CHX), on human primary teeth with apical periodontitis. METHODS: Forty root canals in 40 children were selected. A first microbiological sample was obtained after coronal opening, and the teeth were randomly assigned to Group 1 (root canals filled with CH paste) and Group 2 (CH paste plus 1.0 percent CHX). After 30 days, the dressing was removed and the canals were allowed to remain empty for 72 hours...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292337/primary-tooth-vital-pulp-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
James A Coll, N Sue Seale, Kaaren Vargas, Abdullah A Marghalani, Shahad Al Shamali, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed outcomes in primary teeth for the vital pulp therapy (VPT) options of indirect pulp therapy (IPT), direct pulp capping (DPC), and pulpotomy after a minimum of 12 months to determine whether one VPT was superior. METHODS: The following databases were searched from 1960 to September 2016: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, EBSCO, ICTRP, Dissertation abstracts, and grey literature for parallel and split-mouth randomized controlled trials of at least 12 months duration comparing the success of IPT, DPC, and pulpotomy in children with deep caries in primary teeth...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292336/children-s-sugar-consumption-obesity-and-dental-caries
#9
Norman Tinanoff, Katrina Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292335/stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#10
Roopa P Gandhi, Ulrich Klein
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare condition, characterized by its dramatic involvement of the skin and various mucosal surfaces including the oral mucosae, that severely impairs the affected patient's ability to speak, chew, or swallow. The purpose of this report was to present two cases with significant variations in the clinical presentation of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In both situations, the patients' conditions were not immediately recognized. Pediatric dentists should be aware of these variations in the clinical manifestations of SJS, as the signs and symptoms can initially mimic common viral conditions...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292334/in-vivo-effect-of-calcium-hydroxide-and-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-on-carious-dentin-in-young-permanent-molars-an-ultrastructural-and-macroscopic-study
#11
Shireen Opal, Shalini Garg, Deepak Sharma, Abhishek Dhindsa, Isha Jatana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate macroscopically and ultrastructurally the effect of calcium hydroxide cement (CH) and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) compared with gutta percha (control) as a lining material on carious dentin after partial caries removal and sealing. METHODS: Twenty-seven permanent molars with deep carious lesions underwent partial caries removal with the application of CH, RMGIC, or gutta percha (control) and were then sealed for three months...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281958/2016-index
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281957/effects-of-remineralization-agents-on-artificial-carious-lesions
#13
Selcuk Savas, Ebru Kucukyilmaz, Esra Uzer Celik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the remineralization potentials of different agents on demineralized enamel surfaces. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty extracted human molars with artificial carious lesions were divided into six groups: (1) control; (2) acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF); (3) Curodont Repair (CR); (4) silver diamine fluoride (SDF); (5) ammonium hexafluorosilicate (SiF); and (6) SiF plus cetylpiridinium chloride (SiF+CPC). They were subdivided according to immersion periods (seven out of 30 days)...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281956/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-iii-preferred-level-of-participation-in-decision-making
#14
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess Canadian and American pediatric dentists' preferred level of participation in clinical decision-making. METHODS: A web-based survey was used to collect the opinions of all active Royal College of Dentists of Canada members and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth (n equals 4,648; 19.3 percent response rate). The main survey also included a domain to elicit participants' preferred role in clinical decision-making, ranging from an active role (the dentist takes the primary role in decision-making while considering patients/caregivers opinions) to a passive role (the dentist prefers to have the patient guide the decision-making)...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281955/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-ii-rubber-dam-isolation
#15
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess usage, indications, and contraindications for rubber dam isolation (RDI) by pediatric dentists in Canada and the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based, self-administered survey was utilized to collect the opinions of all active pediatric dentist members of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth (n equals 4,648; 19...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281954/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-i-material-choice
#16
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the preferences of pediatric dentists in Canada and the United States about clinical decision-making related to the placement of direct restorative materials. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey was used to collect the preference of all active pediatric members of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth in healthy, developmentally delayed (DD), and medically compromised (MC) children...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281953/children-s-toothbrushing-practices-recommended-on-the-internet-by-pediatric-dentistry-associations
#17
Branca Heloisa de Oliveira, Barbara Monteiro Grisolia, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe online recommendations by North and South American National Associations of Pediatric Dentistry (NAPD), intended for laypersons, concerning children's toothbrushing practices. METHODS: In February 2015, the International Association of Pediatric Dentistry (IAPD) website and the Latin American Association of Pediatric Dentistry (ALOP) Facebook webpage were searched to identify which countries had NAPD. Attempts were made to obtain the electronic addresses of ALOP national member societies, and Google and Facebook were used to identify NAPD not found using the previous strategies...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281952/abstract-of-the-scientific-literature
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281951/bedsharing-and-oral-health-related-feeding-behaviors-among-zero-to-three-year-old-children
#19
Vanessa R Axelsen, Arwa I Owais, Fang Qian, Cameron L Perigo, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between bedsharing and oral health-related feeding behaviors among zero- to three-year-old children. METHODS: Data were collected from records of children attending the University of Iowa's Infant Oral Health Program (1998 to 2009), including maternal demographics, children's nighttime dietary practices, bedsharing habits, methods to help children sleep, and clinical evidence of plaque and caries...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281950/penetration-of-filled-and-unfilled-resin-sealants-on-different-enamel-substrates
#20
Kamila Rosamilia Kantovitz, Kelly Maria Silva Moreira, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Francisco Humberto Nociti, Cinthia P Machado Tabchoury, Regina Maria Puppin-Rontani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the penetration ratio of filled and unfilled resin-based sealants on different enamel substrates and pit and fissure morphologies. METHODS: Forty-eight occlusal enamel blocks obtained from impacted human third molars were randomly divided (n equals eight) according to enamel substrates (sound; caries-like lesion; caries-like lesion plus topical fluoride application) and sealant material (FluroShield; Helioseal Clear Chroma). Sealants were applied on the enamel surface...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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