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Pediatric Dentistry

Mudrika Chhabra, Ann L Greenwell
PURPOSE: The fracture of rubber dam clamps after repeated clinical uses can result in ingestion/aspiration of the fragments. This pilot study was aimed at examining whether the tensile strength of a rubber dam clamp changes significantly following the stresses of repeated clinical use and steam sterilizations. METHODS: One-hundred new stainless-steel rubber dam clamps were subjected to repeated steam sterilization and placement on a wooden dowel periodically, simulating clinical use...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Tae Jun Oh, Ok Hyung Nam, Mi Sun Kim, Sung Chul Choi, Hyo-Seol Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health state and dental treatment outcomes of patients with special health care needs (SHCN) after general anesthesia (GA), according to their compliance with dental checkups. METHODS: The medical records of SHCN patients who were treated under GA in a dental hospital from 1991 to 2016 were analyzed. The 157 patients in this study were divided into regular (<small>N</small> equals 62) and irregular (n equals 95) dental checkups...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Pâmela Campagna, Lisara Tosatto Pinto, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha, Marta Dutra Machado Oliveira
PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical retrospective study was to assess survival and risk factors associated with failures of resin composite restorations placed in patients with early childhood caries. METHODS: Seventy-eight restorations in primary teeth from records of 24 high caries risk children were included in the study. The restorations' longevity up to 30 months of follow-up was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survival test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to evaluate the factors associated with failures (P<0...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Martha H Wells, Brigid A McCarthy, Chi-Hong Tseng, Clarice S Law
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine provider and practice characteristics influencing usage of behavior guidance techniques (BGTs). METHODS: A 24-item survey was emailed to 4,117 active AAPD members to identify factors influencing pediatric dentists' use of BGTs. RESULTS: A total of 1,081 surveys were returned, for a 26 percent response rate. The mean age of respondents was 44.7 years old, with recent graduates comprising the largest group (30...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Sara M Bagher, Fahad M Hegazi, Matthew Finkelman, Aruna Ramesh, Nour Gowharji, Gerald Swee, Osama Felemban, Cheen Y Loo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this split-mouth, randomized, prospective clinical trial was to evaluate radiographically the effectiveness of resin infiltration, as an adjunct to standard-of-care preventive measures compared to standard-of-care preventive measures alone, in arresting the progression of non-adjacent, incipient, proximal enamel lesions in primary molars 24 months after treatment. METHODS: The study included a total of 45 healthy five- to eight-year-olds who had been diagnosed radiographically with at least two non-adjacent, incipient, proximal enamel lesions in primary molars (90 lesions)...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Letícia Maíra Wambier, Juliana Larocca de Geus, Thaynara Faelly Boing, João Armando Brancher, Ana Cláudia Chibinski, Denise Stadler Wambier, Paulo Vitor Farago, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
PURPOSE: Discomfort during rubber dam clamp often occurs in pediatric dentistry. The purpose of this randomized, triple-blind, clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of pain reduction using a new topical liposomal thermo-sensitive gel (TLTG) or a placebo gel during rubber dam clamp isolation for sealants in children. METHODS: Eighty-one children (eight to 12 years old) had LTSG or the placebo gel with random assignment placed around the gingival tissue of their permanent mandibular first molars...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Hossein Nematollahi, Homa Noorollahian, Ali Bagherian, Mahsa Yarbakht, Samane Nematollahi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success rates of mineral trioxide aggregate partial pulpotomy (PP) compared to formocresol pulpotomy (FP) in human primary molars. METHODS: In this randomized, controlled, split-mouth, clinical trial, 25 healthy five- to eight-year-olds, with 50 carious primary mandibular second molars lacking clinical and radiographic evidence of pulp pathology, were selected. The selected teeth were randomly assigned into two groups, PP and FP, for vital pulp therapy...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Priyanka Avisa, Rekhalakshmi Kamatham, Kalasandhya Vanjari, Sivakumar Nuvvula
PURPOSE: Acupressure is a non-invasive variant of acupuncture and is known to reduce general anxiety. The purpose of this study was to test acupressure's effect on children's dental anxiety. METHODS: Eight- to 12-year-old children undergoing scaling and/or restorative procedures were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: acupressure (Group 1); sham (Group 2); or control (Group 3). Anxiety was recorded for all the children using the Modified Child Dental Anxiety scale (MCDAS)...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Vineet Dhar
Social media is increasingly being relied upon by health care professionals, including pediatric dentists, to make decisions in their practices. While social media serves as an excellent resource, there is lack of sound guidelines on its use by health professionals in dentistry. Pediatric dentists using social media for professional purposes need to be aware of the uses as well as the challenges it presents. More importantly, members and moderators of social media groups should ensure that all patient care-related information is de-identified and discussions are compliant with federal and state privacy laws and based on evidence-based recommendations...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Joe B Castellano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Aneesh Kalra, Evelyn C Sheehy, Joanna Johnson, Fraser McDonald
Odontomas are the most common odontogenic tumors, typically diagnosed during the first two decades of life. 1 The purpose of this paper was to report an interesting case of an eight-year-old Caucasian boy who presented with an asymptomatic, progressive, firm swelling of the right maxilla with no eruption of the permanent maxillary right lateral incisor. Radiographic investigation revealed a mixed radiolucent and radiopaque lesion measuring 28 by 24 by 17 mm with a corticated border causing expansion and thinning of the buccal cortical plate...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Paula Stepp, Brian R Morrow, Martha Wells, David A Tipton, Franklin Garcia-Godoy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare microleakage of prefabricated posterior NuSmile® ZR and EZCrowns when cemented with BioCem and Ketac Cem dental cements. METHODS: Forty extracted permanent teeth (n equals 10 per group) were fitted for either NuSmile or EZCrowns prefabricated posterior zirconia crowns and cemented with BioCem or Ketac Cem, for a total of four groups. Crowned teeth were placed in Dulbecco's Phosphate Buffered Saline solution at 37 degrees Celsius for 24 hours...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Joanie Jean, Sara Goldberg, Ritu Khare, L Charles Bailey, Christopher B Forrest, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Hyun Koo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether there is an association between oral thrush or other Candida-related conditions in infancy and early childhood caries (ECC) diagnosed by pediatricians. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records from six national children's hospitals that participate in the PEDSnet research network. There were 1,012,668 children with a visit at ages one to 12 months and another visit at ages 13 to 71 months...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Lan Pham, Thomas Tanbonliong, Marie Beverly Dizon, Annie Huang, Matthew Cooke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the trends and utilization of general anesthesia services among board-certified pediatric dentists practicing in the United States. METHODS: A 26 item survey was sent to 4,216 board-certified pediatric dentists by REDCap or mail. Results were tabulated, and trends were analyzed. RESULTS: A response rate of 31.8 percent was obtained. All American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry districts were represented proportionally...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Aikaterini Koleventi, Dimitra Sakellari, Konstantinos N Arapostathis, Nikolaos Kotsanos
PURPOSE: When treating an early permanent molar with coronal malformation in children, as in severe molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) cases, preformed metal crowns (PMCs) are a successful mid- to long-term restorative option. The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible changes in periodontal tissues and subgingival microbiota after PMC placement by way of a split-mouth study. METHODS: Fourteen healthy patients with a mean age of 10.6 (±4.2) years old, attending a university dental clinic, had one MIH severely affected permanent first molar restored with a PMC (study side), while the contralateral relatively healthy tooth was the control...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Mojdeh Faraz, Farhad Yeroshalmi, Keith S Margulis, Victor Badner
PURPOSE: To obtain information regarding attitudes and perspectives of pediatric dentistry residency program directors (PD) and pediatric dentistry residents (PDR) about what makes a great resident. METHODS: Surveys for PDs (36 questions), and PDRs (31 questions) were created and emailed via SurveyMonkey® to the 88 PDs and 906 residents of United States programs in 2015. Desirable characteristics identified during selection and attendance in the residency program were compared...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Darya Dabiri, George J Eckert, Yihong Li, Kim Seow, Robert J Schroth, John Warren, J Timothy Wright, Shi Zhao, Margherita Fontana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' ability to correctly identify and classify development defects of enamel (DDE). METHODS: The modified DDE (MDDE) index was used to classify enamel defects into two types: (1) enamel hypoplasia-pitted, grooved, or missing enamel; or (2) enamel opacity-translucency of enamel not caused by dental caries or fluorosis (can be either demarcated or diffuse). A panel of six experts selected and scored 36 images using the MDDE, and the consensus score was used as the gold standard score in the evaluation of survey respondents...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
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