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Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583250/oral-juvenile-xanthogranuloma-report-of-two-cases
#1
Mônica Simões Israel, Roman Carlos, Fábio Ramôa Pires
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis that usually occurs in the skin of children. Extracutaneous involvement is rare, and few cases affecting the oral cavity have been reported. The purpose of the present study was to report two cases of oral juvenile xanthogranuloma affecting the lower lip of a 14-year-old girl and the soft palate of a second 14-month-old girl, both present as yellowish papules. The lesions were surgically excised, and histological and immunohistochemical analysis showed a proliferation of non-Langerhans cells histiocytes and foamy cells, fulfilling the morphologic features of juvenile xanthogranuloma...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583249/efficacy-of-four-remineralizing-agents-on-primary-teeth-in-vitro-evaluation-using-microhardness-testing-and-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence
#2
Gayathri Krishnan, Sageena George, S Anandaraj, Sheen Ann John, V Mathew, Nikil M Shanavas
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to evaluate the remineralization of primary enamel using GC Tooth Mousse, Clinpro Tooth Crème, SHY-NM, and Pronamel by employing microhardness testing and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) values. METHODS: An in vitro study was performed with 100 intact primary anterior teeth. After specimen preparation, they were subjected to baseline microhardness and QLF testing. The specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution, subjected again to microhardness and QLF testing, and divided randomly into five groups of 20 teeth: group one-control group (artificial saliva); group two-GC Tooth Mousse; group three-ClinPro tooth crème; group four-SHY-NM; and group five-Pronamel...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583248/pediatric-phantom-dosimetry-of-kodak-9000-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#3
Juan F Yepes, Megan R Booe, Brian J Sanders, James E Jones, Ygal Ehrlich, John B Ludlow, Brandon Johnson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the radiation dose of the Kodak 9000 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) device for different anatomical areas using a pediatric phantom. METHODS: Absorbed doses resulting from maxillary and mandibular region three by five cm CBCT volumes of an anthropomorphic 10-year-old child phantom were acquired using optical stimulated dosimetry. Equivalent doses were calculated for radiosensitive tissues in the head and neck area, and effective dose for maxillary and mandibular examinations were calculated following the 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583247/pediatric-caries-risk-assessment-as-a-predictor-of-caries-outcomes
#4
Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone, Ling Zhan
PURPOSE: To determine cumulative dental treatment experience in a retrospective clinical cohort, according to baseline caries risk assessment (CRA) information. METHODS: Evaluated were electronic records from a university pediatric dental clinic (2009 to 2014) of new, six- to 72- month-old patients who were not treated under sedation or general anesthesia (<small>N</small> equals 750). The mean number of teeth restored or extracted (two-year total and omitting the first 190 days post-baseline to discount initial treatment needs) was compared by baseline CRA category and CRA items (caries risk indicators, protective items, and clinical disease indicators)...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583246/ectopic-eruption-of-the-permanent-maxillary-first-molar-predictive-factors-for-irreversible-outcome
#5
Basma Dabbagh, Michael J Sigal, Bryan D Tompson, Keith Titley, Paul Andrews
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of self-correction and predictive factors for irreversible outcome of mesial ectopic eruption of permanent maxillary first molars (EE), in a sample population where no interceptive treatment was initiated. METHODS: Charts of patients diagnosed with EE were reviewed, and radiographs were analyzed for predictive factors reported in the literature. RESULTS: Sixty-five EE were included in the study; 46 (71 percent) self-corrected, of which one-third occurred after age nine years...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583245/-they-told-me-to-take-him-somewhere-else-caregivers-experiences-seeking-emergency-dental-care-for-their-children
#6
Beau D Meyer, Jessica Y Lee, Lewis N Lampiris, Paul Mihas, Sarah Vossers, Kimon Divaris
PURPOSE: The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to examine pediatric emergency dental trends in two safety net clinics and care-seeking experiences of young children's caregivers. METHODS: Administrative data were used to describe and compare emergency first visits of children ages zero to six years in a community-based (CC) and a University-based (UC) safety net clinic from 2010 to 2014. In-person interviews were conducted with 11 caregivers of children ages zero to six presenting for nontrauma-related emergency visits at the UC from January to August 2016...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583244/association-between-childhood-traumatic-stress-and-behavior-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic
#7
Serena Mitchual, Marcio A da Fonseca, Sheela Raja, Darien Weatherspoon, Anne Koerber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of potentially traumatic events (PTE) and a child's behavior during dental treatment. METHODS: Parents of healthy children, age four years and older and attending their initial dental appointment at a university pediatric dental clinic, were asked to complete the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised and a demographic survey. Following the dental appointment, a pediatric dental resident reported the child's behavior using the Frankl scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583243/significant-factors-related-to-failed-pediatric-dental-general-anesthesia-appointments-at-a-hospital-based-residency-program
#8
John R Emhardt, Juan F Yepes, LaQuia A Vinson, James E Jones, John D Emhardt, Diana C Kozlowski, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) evaluate the relationship between appointment failure and the factors of age, gender, race, insurance type, day of week, scheduled time of surgery, distance traveled, and weather; (2) investigate reasons for failure; and (3) explore the relationships between the factors and reasons for failure. METHODS: Electronic medical records were accessed to obtain data for patients scheduled for dental care under general anesthesia from May 2012 to May 2015...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583242/postoperative-pain-after-root-canal-preparation-with-hand-and-rotary-files-in-primary-molar-teeth
#9
Gamze Topçuoğlu, Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu, Ebru Delikan, Mustafa Aydınbelge, Salih Dogan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intensity and duration of postoperative pain after root canal preparation of primary maxillary molar teeth using two preparation techniques. METHODS: A total of 110 patients requiring pulpectomy for asymptomatic primary molar teeth with non-vital pulps were included in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups of 55 patients each, according to the canal preparation method used. In Group one, teeth were prepared up to size 35 with hand files...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583241/abstract-of-the-scientific-literature
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583240/letter-to-the-editor
#11
Jeff Mabry, Dale M Ahrendt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583239/back-to-the-future
#12
Leonard J Carapezza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583238/regenerative-endodontic-treatment-of-necrotic-primary-molars-with-missing-premolars-a-case-series
#13
Ayca T Ulusoy, Zafer C Cehreli
The endodontic treatment of necrotic primary teeth with missing successors presents a unique clinical challenge. The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical and radiological outcomes of regenerative endodontic treatment (revascularization) of necrotic primary molars. Four infected necrotic primary second molars with missing premolars were treated with a two-visit revascularization protocol. The crowns were restored with amalgam or acid-etch composite resin. The teeth were followed-up clinically and radiographically for 18 months...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583237/intrapulpal-temperature-rise-during-light-activation-of-restorative-composites-in-a-primary-molar
#14
Craig V Vinall, Tales C Garcia-Silva, Jennifer S B Lou, Martha H Wells, Daranee Tantbirojn, Antheunis Versluis
PURPOSE: To investigate intrapulpal temperature rise in a primary molar during light activation of a composite restoration to determine if clinically significant pulpal temperatures (greater than 5.5 degrees Celsius) were reached. METHODS: Restorative composites (EsthetX HD, Filtek Supreme Ultra, Filtek Bulk Fill) were placed into a primary molar with occlusal preparation (1.5 mm depth; remaining pulpal floor thickness one mm). The pulp was extirpated through a root access to place a thermocouple against the pulpal roof...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390469/abstract-of-the-scientific-literature
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390468/2017-annual-session-research-abstracts
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390467/the-effect-of-fluoride-varnish-on-enamel-shear-bond-strength-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#17
Rebecca A Frazer, Jeffrey A Platt, Brian J Sanders, Juan F Yepes, James E Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of fluoride varnish on the enamel shear bond strength of pit and fissure sealants. METHODS: Ninety-six teeth were divided into three duplicated test groups: sealant (S)/sealant thermocycle (ST) received Clinpro Sealant only; varnish sealant (VS)/varnish sealant thermocycle (VST) received five percent sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish plus sealant (VPS); and VPS/VPS thermocycle (VPST) received NaF, polish with Clinpro Prophy Paste, plus sealant...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390466/a-nomogram-for-calculation-of-maximum-recommended-dose-by-volume-of-local-anesthetic-in-pediatric-dentistry
#18
David Williams, Theodore Splaver, Jason Walker
PURPOSE: Calculation of maximum recommended doses for local anesthetic agents and added vasopressors is complex and error-prone with potentially fatal consequences. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a nomogram to calculate the maximum recommended doses, expressed as volumes (number of cartridges or ml) of local anesthetic for healthy U.S. pediatric dental patients based on body weight, and test its accuracy and reproducibility. METHODS: Standard mathematical techniques were used to draft the nomogram...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390465/antibiofilm-activity-of-five-different-endodontic-filling-materials-used-in-primary-teeth-using-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy
#19
Katerine Jahnecke Pilownic, Ceci Nunes Carvalho, Ana Regina Romano, Renata Dornelles Morgental, Ya Shen, Markus Haapasalo, Fernanda Geraldo Pappen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of five endodontic materials for primary teeth on in vitro mixed-species biofilms. METHODS: Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) cement, Vitapex, Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide (ZO), pure calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) paste, and iodoform were evaluated. Sterile water was used as a control. Mixed-species biofilm was incubated in anaerobic conditions for 21 days. The biofilm specimens were placed in contact with the endodontic materials for periods of seven and 30 days...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390464/caries-experience-and-periodontal-status-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#20
Kadyja Assis Veiga, Alessandra Nogueira Porto, Fernanda Zanol Matos, Pammela Cris Brandão de Brito, Álvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Andreza Maria Fábio Aranha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate of dental caries and the periodontal status of children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare them with gender- and age-matched control subjects. METHODS: A total of 156 five- to 18-year-olds, with or without CLP, were examined for dental caries (decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth and primary surfaces [DMFT and dmfs, respectively] indices), plaque index (PI), the gingival bleeding index (BI), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing pocket depth (PPD)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
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