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Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070163/dental-caries-experience-in-texan-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
Sabrina Sunderji, Bhavini Acharya, Catherine Flaitz, Brett Chiquet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the caries experience in the primary dentition of children born with cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on subjects between two and six years old recruited from a university-based pediatric dentistry residency clinic. The number of dental visits and professional fluoride applications, the plaque index and treatment modality, and the presence/location of caries, white spot lesions, and enamel hypoplastic lesions were compared between CLP patients and healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070162/pediatric-dentists-attitudes-perceptions-and-experience-with-the-affordable-care-act
#2
Scott B Schwartz, Jessica Y Lee, Paul S Casamassimo, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: Pediatric oral health benefits were designated as one of 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB) in the Affordable Care Act. Although it provided coverage for many children, several issues prevent its success. The purpose of this study was to document experience with, attitudes toward, and perceptions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) among pediatric dentists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a survey consisting of nine multiple choice questions and one open-ended item and was distributed electronically in November 2015 to active and life members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070161/hpv-vaccination-and-the-role-of-the-pediatric-dentist-survey-of-graduate-program-directors
#3
Yoshita Patel Hosking, David Cappelli, Kevin Donly, Spencer Redding
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to evaluate what is currently being taught in graduate pediatric dental programs regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV), the HPV vaccine, and risk factors associated with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS: A 42-question survey was administered via paper-and-pen survey instrument to attendees at the 2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) annual meeting for graduate and associate program directors. The survey included questions evaluating attitudes/beliefs toward the HPV vaccine and current training in graduate pediatric dentistry programs and aimed to define whether the directors believe that the discussion of HPV vaccination and associated risk factors was within the scope of practice for pediatric dentists...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070160/bioactive-tricalcium-silicate-based-dentin-substitute-as-an-indirect-pulp-capping-material-for-primary-teeth-a-12-month-follow-up
#4
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Karina Quintana-Guevara, Rocío Vázquez-Viera, Juana María Arvizu-Rivera, Héctor Flores-Reyes, Diana María Escobar-García, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a bioactive tricalcium silicate [Ca3SiO5]-based dentin substitute and a light-activated calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]-based liner as indirect pulp treatment (IPT) interventions for vital primary molars with carious lesions approaching the pulp. METHODS: Eighty children, aged four to eight years old, with 160 bilateral primary teeth without signs or symptoms of irreversibly inflamed or degenerative pulp tissue were treated in a split-mouth design trial comparing IPT using Ca3SiO5 or Ca(OH)2...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070159/performance-of-universal-adhesive-in-primary-molars-after-selective-removal-of-carious-tissue-an-18-month-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Carine Weber Pires, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Daniela Prócida Raggio, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 18-month clinical performance of a universal adhesive, applied under different adhesion strategies, after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. METHODS: Forty-four subjects (five to 10 years old) contributed with 90 primary molars presenting moderately deep dentin carious lesions on occlusal or occluso-proximal surfaces, which were randomly assigned following either self-etch or etch-and-rinse protocol of Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE)...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070158/partial-pulpotomy-in-immature-permanent-molars-after-carious-exposures-using-different-hemorrhage-control-and-capping-materials
#6
Beste Özgür, Serdar Uysal, H Cem Güngör
PURPOSE: This study compared the outcome of partial pulpotomies with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium hydroxide (CH) following hemorrhage control with 2.5 percent sodium hypochlorite (SH) or 0.9 percent sterile saline (SS) solutions in cariously exposed immature permanent molars. METHODS: Following removal of two to three mm of the pulp at the exposure site, 80 Class I cavities were randomly allocated to four groups according to the hemorrhage control agent and pulp-capping material used: (1) group one-SH plus MTA; (2) group two-SS plus MTA; (3) group three-SH plus CH; (4) group four-SS plus CH...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070157/academic-pediatric-dentistry-is-a-rewarding-financially-viable-career-path
#7
Janice A Townsend, Donald L Chi
Newly graduated pediatric dentists have unprecedented levels of debt. High levels of student debt may be perceived as an obstacle to pursue an academic career. However, opportunities exist through faculty compensation models and loan repayment programs that make an academic career financially viable. The purpose of this paper is to outline the benefits of a career in academic dentistry and provide examples of young pediatric dentistry faculty members who have been able to manage student debt while pursuing meaningful and rewarding careers...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070156/born-into-addiction-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-pediatric-dentistry
#8
Jennifer L Cully
Drug overdose and opioid-involved deaths continue to increase across the United States. An end-condition related to opioid abuse is neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The implications for pregnant or post-partum women using an opioid, whether prescribed or illicit, can have significant effects on their infant. First described in the 1970s, NAS is defined as a postnatal drug withdrawal syndrome that primarily occurs in opioid-exposed infants. There are no nationally accepted, evidence-based treatment protocols for these infants...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070155/strengthening-the-american-academy-of-pediatric-dentistry-s-public-policy-advocate-network-identifying-advocacy-efforts-and-recommendations
#9
Benjamin D Curtis, C Ashley Orynich, Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to collect information on involvement, training, and barriers to participation in advocacy efforts for Public Policy Advocates (PPAs) of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) and make recommendations to the AAPD. METHODS: Preliminary data were collected from the PPAs during structured AAPD program meetings, conference calls, and individual interviews. Based on these data, a survey was created, piloted, and sent electronically to all PPAs...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070154/letter-to-the-editor
#10
Norman Tinanoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070153/response-to-letter-to-the-editor
#11
Ryan N Hansen, R Mike Shirtcliff, Jeanne Dysert, Peter M Milgrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070152/abstract-of-the-scientific-literature
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070151/can-resident-research-provide-the-evidence-we-are-looking-for
#13
Vineet Dhar, Lilia Y C Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070150/use-of-vital-pulp-therapies-in-primary-teeth-with-deep-caries-lesions
#14
Vineet Dhar, Abdullah A Marghalani, Yasmi O Crystal, Ashok Kumar, Priyanshi Ritwik, Ozlem Tulunoglu, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of vital pulp therapies for treatment of deep caries lesions in children. A guideline panel convened by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry formulated evidence-based recommendations on three vital pulp therapies: indirect pulp treatment (IPT; also known as indirect pulp cap), direct pulp cap (DPC), and pulpotomy. METHODS: The basis of the guideline's recommendations was evidence from "Primary Tooth Vital Pulp Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070149/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#15
Yasmi O Crystal, Abdullah A Marghalani, Steven D Ureles, John Timothy Wright, Rosalyn Sulyanto, Kimon Divaris, Margherita Fontana, Laurel Graham
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122074/cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-hand-nickel-titanium-k-files-and-rotary-system-in-primary-teeth
#16
Etta Radhika, E Rajendra Reddy, S Thabitha Rani, Labishetty Vinay Kumar, M Manjula, Tulluru Ajay Mohan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare canal transportation, centering ability, and removed dentin thickness (RDT) using hand nickel-titanium (NiTi) K-flex files and rotary systems in primary molars and using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This study was conducted on 20 primary maxillary and 20 primary mandibular molars, which were randomly divided into two groups to be instrumented with hand NiTi K-flex files and a rotary system. Pre- and post-instrumentation slices were taken at three predetermined levels using CBCT to evaluate all the parameters by using Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine (DICOM) software...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122073/survival-and-associated-risk-factors-of-resin-based-composite-restorations-in-primary-teeth-a-clinical-retrospective-university-based-study
#17
Djéssica Pedrotti, Jéssica Fogliato Ribeiro, Carine Weber Pires, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi
PURPOSE: This clinical retrospective study evaluated the survival and risk factors associated with failures of resin-based composite restorations in primary teeth. METHODS: A total of 212 restorations in primary teeth from records of 76 high caries-risk children were included. The restorations' longevity for up to six years of follow-up was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survival test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to evaluate the factors associated with failures (P<0...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122072/inhibition-of-residual-cariogenic-bacteria-in-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-by-chlorhexidine-disinfection-or-incorporation
#18
Jooie S Joshi, Noor M Roshan, Basha Sakeenabi, P Poornima, N B Nagaveni, V V Subbareddy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine (CHX) cavity disinfection and of CHX containing glass ionomer cement (GIC) in inhibiting residual cariogenic bacteria. METHODS: Ninety, five- to nine-year-olds were randomly allocated to three groups: Group 1-CHX containing GIC; Group 2-CHX cavity disinfection; and Group 3-conventional GIC. Total viable count (TVC), Streptococcus mutans (SM), and Lactobacillus (LB) were analyzed pre-, post-, and three months after atraumatic restorative treatment (ART)...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122071/costs-and-resource-use-among-child-patients-receiving-silver-nitrate-fluoride-varnish-caries-arrest
#19
Ryan N Hansen, R Mike Shirtcliff, Jeanne Dysert, Peter M Milgrom
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of silver nitrate/fluoride varnish (SN/FV) on care costs. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study, using Oregon Medicaid claims (January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014) for patients younger than 21 years old, compared patients treated with SN/FV to matched patients not treated with SN/FV. The number of services and costs were compared using student's t test and generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression models...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122070/caretakers-self-selected-oral-health-goals-self-efficacy-perceived-compliance-and-effect-on-recall-attendance
#20
Travis Nelson, Marcio A da Fonseca, JoAnna M Scott, Najmeh Hannanvash, Phillip Weinstein
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe caretakers' self-selected pediatric oral health goals, self-reported compliance, perceived self-efficacy, and perceived barriers to goal accomplishment. The effect of self-management plans on recall attendance was also evaluated. METHODS: Fifty caretaker-patient pairs who presented for examinations at a university pediatric dental clinic were assigned to an intervention group. Fifty age-matched subjects were assigned to the comparison group...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
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