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Pediatric Dentistry

Di I Wu, Saalini Velamakanni, Joseph Denisson, Peter Yaman, James R Boynton, Petros Papagerakis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on the microtensile bonding strength of resin composite to the dentin of primary molars. METHODS: Twelve primary molars were randomly assigned to either the control or the SDF groups, and microtensile bonding strength (mTBS) was measured. The surface morphology was evaluated by visual inspection and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. RESULTS: The mean±(SD) value of mTBS in the control and SDF group was 162...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Lícia Aguilar Freitas, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré, Adrian Lussi, Michele Baffi Diniz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo performance of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS), Lesion Activity Assessment (LAA), and bitewing radiographs (BW) in detecting carious lesions on approximal surfaces of primary teeth and determine their association with treatment decisions (TDs). METHODS: Eighty-nine primary molars (166 approximal surfaces) in 56 eight- to 12-year-old children were clinically evaluated by a single examiner before and after temporary tooth separation...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Hsin-Fang Li, Lisa H Nam, Heather M Bush
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) describe the comorbidity burden in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia (GA); and (2) characterize the complexity of these concurrent comorbidities. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed of 303 children with ASD who received dental treatment under GA. All comorbidities, in addition to the primary diagnosis of ASD, were categorized using the International Classification of Diseases-10 codes...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Stephen Wilson, Milton Houpt
PURPOSE: A 25-year follow-up survey was conducted among members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) to explore changes in the use of sedative agents. METHODS: The survey was conducted in the winter of 2010 via an email LISTSERV of active members of the AAPD in the United States. The survey targeted demographics of participants and issues related to their use of sedation. RESULTS: A total of 1,642 responded, representing a response rate of 44 percent...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
David Barton, Thomas P Stossel
PURPOSE: This study surveyed pediatric dentists' knowledge of the Physician Payments Sunshine Act (PPSA) and their impressions of its effect on their future interactions with the dental products industry and on their clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hundred seventy four practicing dentists responded to a survey, with 13 responding to a follow-up survey. RESULTS: Most respondents were unfamiliar (43 percent) or only vaguely familiar (33 percent) with the PPSA...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Jason White, Martha Wells, Kristopher L Arheart, Martin Donaldson, Marjorie A Woods
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions of parents about oral sedation in pediatric dentistry. METHODS: A 21-question questionnaire, administered to parents of children presenting for care in four pediatric dental practices, collected demographic information, media exposure to sedation, and parental knowledge/opinions regarding sedation procedures, such as NPO (nothing by mouth) guidelines, need for restraint, parental presence, and parental acceptance of treatment scenarios...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Jyoti Oberoi, Anup Panda, Iti Garg
PURPOSE: Hypnosis is a tool that can help pediatric dentists allay fear or increase patient cooperation while administering local anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether hypnosis altered a patient's physical and/or verbal resistance and oxygen saturation or heart rate during administration of local anesthesia. METHODS: Two hundred six- to 16-year-olds were randomly allocated to either a control group or an experimental group that received hypnotic induction prior to the delivery of local anesthesia...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
A Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel, Sharath Asokan, J Baby John, P R Geetha Priya, M Thirumalai Raaja
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess and compare the changes in anxiety level and drug acceptance after intranasal and sublingual midazolam sedation. METHODS: Forty three- to seven-year-olds were randomly assigned to Group A (N equals 20; 0.2 mg/kg intranasal midazolam sedation) or Group B (N equals 20; 0.2 mg/kg sublingual midazolam sedation) sedation. The anxiety levels at various time periods were assessed from recorded videos using the Venham clinical anxiety scale by two pediatric dentists...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Theodore P Croll, Constance M Killian, Richard J Simonsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
S Thikkurissy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Prasad K Musale, Abhishek S Soni
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of Copaifera langsdorffii oil resin (CLOR) as a pulpotomy medicament compared with one-minute full-strength formocresol (FC) and white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA). METHODS: Determined by a power analysis, 152 primary molars of 64 four- to eight-year-olds with at least two asymptomatic molars requiring vital pulpotomies were recruited, randomly assigned to receive CLOR, WMTA, or FC, and restored with prefabricated metal crowns...
March 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Burton L Edelstein, Steven D Ureles, Arlene Smaldone
PURPOSE: Culturing mutans streptococci (MS) from children's saliva has high utility in caries risk assessment. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine its ability in predicting caries progression and determine sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios of a very high ["too numerous to count (TNTC) MS test result. METHODS: 200 preschoolers (3.3±1.2 years, 50 percent no recoverable MS, 50 percent TNTC MS at first dental visit) were followed for five or more years...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Maryam Amin, M-Reza Nouri, Sarah Hulland, Mohamed ElSalhy, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the success rate of various treatments provided under general anesthesia for early childhood caries (ECC) over three-year follow-up period. METHODS: ECC children no older than 72 months at the time of dental surgery, who had completed a three-year follow-up, were included. The success rate of every treatment was evaluated. The longevity of each treatment and significant factors associated with failures were assessed...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Minyue R Dai, Daniel K Ho, Lihua Huang, Ryan L Quock, Catherine M Flaitz
PURPOSE: To characterize traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use, emphasizing herbal remedies, for oral conditions among two Chinese pediatric populations in the United States. METHODS: 318 unique ethnic Chinese parental units in Houston and Boston with children younger than 12 years old were interviewed for themselves and their children. Questionnaire included age, gender, duration in the United States, frequency of TCM use, and the five selected oral conditions for which TCM agents might be used...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Carolina Veloso Lima, Josué Júnior Araújo Pierote, Helleny Alves de Santana Neta, Marina de Deus Moura de Lima, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura, Marcoeli Silva de Moura
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries, toothbrushing habits, fluoride intake, and factors associated with the use of toothpaste in Brazilian children according to socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with 148 three- to four-year-olds of both low and high socioeconomic status. Data collection consisted of administering a questionnaire to guardians, brushing to determine fluoride intake, and examining the children's teeth to evaluate dental caries...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Amira N Fadl, Magda M ElTekeya, Karin L Dowidar, Nadia Mokhles, Maha M El Tantawi
PURPOSE: Control of Streptococcus mutans can prevent caries in high-risk preschool children. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on Streptococcus mutans in the plaque of high-risk preschool children. METHODS: A triple blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial included 40 healthy three- to five-year-olds with at least one white spot lesion. They were randomized into test (daily applications of GC Tooth Mousse:CPP-ACP) and control groups (placebo mousse)...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
John T Wright, Malavika P Tampi, Laurel Graham, Cameron Estrich, James J Crall, Margherita Fontana, E Jane Gillette, Brian B Nový, Vineet Dhar, Kevin Donly, Edmond R Hewlett, Rocio B Quinonez, Jeffrey Chaffin, Matt Crespin, Timothy Iafolla, Mark D Siegal, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 data indicated that, in the United States, nearly onefourth of children and over one-half of adolescents experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. The purpose of this review was to summarize the available clinical evidence regarding the effect of dental sealants for the prevention and management of pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent molars, compared with a control without sealants, with fluoride varnishes, or with other head-to head comparisons...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Nicola Innes, Ruth Santamaria, Monty Duggal, Christian Splieth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Natalia I Chalmers, Richard Scoville, Adam Richman, James J Crall, Krishna Aravamudhan, Man Wai Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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