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European Journal of Orthodontics

Fahad Alharbi, Mohammed Almuzian, David Bearn
Background: Miniscrews in orthodontics have been mainly used for anchorage without patient compliance in orthodontic treatment. The literature has reported changing failure rates. Objective: The aim of this review was to provide a precise estimation of miniscrew failure rate and the possible risk factors of the mechanically-retained miniscrews. Search method: Electronic search in database was undertaken up to July 2017 through the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Ovid...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Erfan Salloum, Declan T Millett, Niamh Kelly, Grant T McIntyre, Michael S Cronin
Background/objectives: Functional appliances are commonly used to correct Class II malocclusion. This study aimed to compare the facial soft tissue changes in Caucasians between pre-treatment and with the construction bite versus pre-treatment and completion of treatment with a modified Twin-block appliance (MTBA). Materials and methods: Fifty-eight Caucasian subjects with Class II division 1 malocclusion had 3D stereophotogrammetric images captured pre-treatment (T1), with the construction bite (T2), and on completion of MTBA treatment (T3)...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
David Herrera, Nayra Escudero, Leire Pérez, María Otheo, Elena Cañete-Sánchez, Tania Pérez, Bettina Alonso, Jorge Serrano, Juan Carlos Palma, Mariano Sanz, Conchita Martín
Objective: To assess the clinical, microbiological, and patient-based effects of using a cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) toothpaste and mouth rinse in orthodontic patients. Design: Parallel randomized controlled, triple-blinded trial (participants, examiners, outcomes' assessors). A computer-generated list was used to allocate treatments. Central allocation was used for concealment. Participants: Thirty-one placebo (10 males, 21 females; mean age 15...
December 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Pawel Plakwicz, Ewa Czochrowska, Krzysztof Kukula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Domenico Dalessandri, Simone Parrini, Rachele Rubiano, Diletta Gallone, Marco Migliorati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Suchada Limsiriwong, Wikanda Khemaleelakul, Supassara Sirabanchongkran, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtawelert, Siriwan Ongchai, Dhirawat Jotikasthira
Background/objectives: Maxillary tooth distal movement is a treatment option for Class II malocclusion. This prospective clinical study (split-mouth design) was aimed to compare chondroitin sulphate (CS) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), the rates of tooth movement, and patient pain and discomfort during segmental maxillary posterior tooth distal movement using either 120 or 180 g of retraction force. Materials and methods: Twenty patients (6 males and 14 females; aged 18...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Konstantinos A Parikakis, Ola Larson, Margareta Larson, Agneta Karsten
Objectives: To compare the minimal incision (MI) technique with the minimal incision including muscle reconstruction (MMI) technique regarding surgical complications and dentoalveolar status at 5 years of age. Subjects and method: A consecutive series of 202 Caucasian non-syndromic children (apart from Pierre Robin Sequence) born with isolated cleft palate between 1987 and 2007 and treated with MI (n = 78) or MMI (n = 102) palatoplasty at a mean age of 12.7 (SD = 1...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Niko C Bock, Mitra Saffar, Helge Hudel, Marjut Evälahti, Kaisa Heikinheimo, David P Rice, Sabine Ruf
Aim: To investigate the outcome quality and the long-term (≥15 years) post-treatment (Tx) changes after Class II:2 Herbst-multibracket appliance (MBA) Tx. Subjects and Methods: In this longitudinal observational study, a recall of Class II:2 patients who had been treated by a Herbst-MBA during adolescence was conducted. Study models from before and after active Tx, after retention and after recall were assessed using standard occlusal variables and the peer assessment rating index (PAR)...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Johanna Julku, Kirsi Pirilä-Parkkinen, Pertti Pirttiniemi
Background: A Kloehn-type cervical headgear (CH) aims to correct skeletal jaw discrepancy in Class II children. A few studies have reported CH treatment effects on airway dimensions, but none of them have been randomized according to timing. Objectives: To evaluate related craniofacial structures and pharyngeal airway dimensions in children with a Class II occlusion treated with CH and randomized into early and late treatment groups. Trial design: Randomized, parallel-group, prospective controlled trial...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Ahlam R Alqaydi, Georgios Kanavakis, Shazia Naser-Ud-Din, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Background/Objective: This study was conducted to explore authorship characteristics and publication trends of all orthodontic randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews (SRs), and meta-analyses (MAs) published in non-orthodontic journals with impact factor (IF). Materials and methods: Appropriate research strategies were developed to search for all articles published until December 2015, without restrictions regarding language or publication status...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Salem Abdulraheem, Lars Bondemark
Objective: To investigate in 10 orthodontic journals how many randomized controlled trials (RCTs) considered the Hawthorne effect, and if considered, to determine whether it was related to the patients or the therapists involved in the trial and, finally, to discuss the Hawthorne effect in an educational way. Materials and methods: A search was performed on the Medline database, via PubMed, for publication type 'randomized controlled trial' published for each journal between 1 August 2007 and 31 July 2017...
November 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Varro Faxén Sepanian, Liselotte Sonnesen
Background/Objectives: The aims were 1. to analyse differences in the occurrence of orthodontic induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) of the upper and lower incisors in Angle Class II division 2 patients, between patients treated with fixed appliance only (one-phase treatment group) and patients treated with removable appliance before treatment with fixed appliance (two-phase treatment group) and 2. to analyse differences in OIIRR between treatment time, age, gender, craniofacial morphology and deviations in the dentition for the two groups together...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Mark J Buijs, Monique H van der Veen
Background: Casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-fluoride-phosphate (CPP-ACFP) can remineralize subsurface lesions. It is the active ingredient of MI-Paste-Plus® (MPP). The long-term remineralization efficacy is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the long-term effect of MPP versus a placebo paste on remineralization of enamel after fixed orthodontic treatment over a 12-month period. Design: This trial was designed as a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled RCT...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Marco Mijuskovic, Meret C Gebistorf, Nikolaos Pandis, Anne M Renkema, Piotr S Fudalej
Aim: To assess the association between tooth wear (TW) and gingival recession (GR). Materials and Methods: Two hundred and ten orthodontically treated participants (100 males) were evaluated. GR and TW were rated independently by four raters on plaster models at four time points: before treatment (T1), mean age 13.8 years (SD = 3.7); after treatment (T2), mean age 16.7 years (SD = 3.9); 3 years after treatment (T3), mean age 19.7 years (SD = 4.2); and 7 years after treatment (T4), mean age 23...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Emina Cirgic, Heidrun Kjellberg, Max Petzold, Ken Hansen
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess and relate the societal costs of reducing large overjet with a prefabricated functional appliance (PFA), or a slightly modified Andresen activator (AA), using a cost-minimization analysis (CMA). Design, settings, and participants: A multicentre, prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted with patients from 12 general dental practices. Ninety-seven patients with an Angle Class II, division 1 malocclusion, and an overjet of ≥6 mm were randomly allocated by lottery to treatment with either a PFA or an AA...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Chiara Pavoni, Elisabetta Cretella Lombardo, Roberta Lione, Kurt Faltin, James A McNamara, Paola Cozza, Lorenzo Franchi
Objective: To evaluate the role of treatment timing on long-term dentoskeletal effects of Class II treatment with removable functional appliances followed by full-fixed appliance therapy. Materials and methods: A group of 46 patients (23 females and 23 males) with Class II malocclusion treated consecutively with either Bionator or Activator, followed by fixed appliances was compared with a matched control group of 31 subjects (16 females and 15 males) with untreated Class II malocclusion...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Eliane H Dutra, Ahmad Ahmida, Alexandro Lima, Sydney Schneider, Ravindra Nanda, Sumit Yadav
Objectives: Alveolar decortication (AD) is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed in the orthodontic office as an intervention to accelerate tooth movement. There is a gap in the literature evaluating the earlier and delayed responses after AD using lighter orthodontic forces in a rat model. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of AD in the amount of orthodontic tooth movement and on alveolar bone remodelling in a rodent model, after 7 or 14 days...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Xi Wen, Lorenzo Franchi, Feng Chen, Yan Gu
Background: Detection of pubertal growth peak is vital in orthodontic treatment timing and planning. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) contains abundant proteins from different sources and is an ideal source of biomarkers. The aim of this research is to detect candidate GCF biomarkers of pubertal growth by tandem mass tags (TMT) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to help diagnosis and treatment planning of functional treatment. Methods: Forty subjects were recruited and were divided into pubertal and post-pubertal groups according to cervical vertebral maturation method...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Farhan Bazargani, Anders Magnuson, Björn Ludwig
Objectives: To evaluate and compare the effects of tooth-borne (TB) and tooth-bone-borne (TBB) rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nasal airflow and resistance. Material and methods: Fifty-four consecutive patients who met the eligibility criteria were recruited from September 2010 to December 2015. Of these 54 subjects, 40 agreed to participate in the part of the study involving evaluation of nasal flow and resistance. The 40 subjects were allocated to either the TB group, mean age 9...
October 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
Lars Bondemark, Salem Abdulraheem
Objective: To systematically evaluate in five orthodontic journals how many randomized controlled trials (RCTs) use intention to treat (ITT) analysis and to assess the methodological quality of the ITT analysis, and finally, to demonstrate in an academic way how outcomes can be affected when not implementing the ITT analysis. Material and methods: A search of the database, Medline, was performed via PubMed for publication type 'randomized controlled trial' published for each journal between 1 January 2013 and 30 April 2017...
October 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
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