Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Infection

Hong-Lu Zhou, Wei Zhang, Can-Jing Zhang, Song-Mei Wang, Ya-Chen Duan, Jin-Xia Wang, Huan Yang, Xuan-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers and ranked as the eighth most common killer for Chinese women. A dozen of HPV vaccines are being developed in China without a solid China-specific distribution of carcinogenic HPV types, thus, we performed this systematic review to explore the China-specific spectrum of high-risk types causing cancer. METHODS: Studies on HPV infection among Chinese women were searched...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection
Jorge A Ramos-Castañeda, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, Raquel Barbosa-Lorenzo, Jaime E Paillier-Gonzalez, Javier C Saldaña-Campos, Diego F Salinas, Elkin V Lemos
INTRODUCTION: KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-KP) has become a major public health challenge. Accordingly, this study sought to use a systematic review of the scientific literature to ascertain the mortality of KPC-KP infection, and analyze such mortality by country, year of publication, hospital ward, and type of interpretation used to define carbapenem resistance. METHODOLOGY: A search without language restrictions was made of the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EBSCO, LILACS and EMBASE databases from 1996 through June 2017, to locate all studies which had determined the existence of KPC-KP infection...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Infection
Kelvin K W To, Lu Lu, Carol H Y Fong, Alan K L Wu, Ka-Yi Mok, Cyril C Y Yip, Yi-Hong Ke, Kong-Hung Sze, Susanna K P Lau, Ivan F N Hung, Kwok-Yung Yuen
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the immunological response of hospitalized adult patients with rhinovirus infection, including critically-ill patients. METHODS: The differential white blood cell (WBC) count and the levels of 29 plasma cytokines/chemokines were compared between 50 adult hospitalized patients with rhinovirus infection and 100 age-matched controls with influenza virus infection. RESULTS: The demographics and comorbidities were similar between rhinovirus and influenza patients, but severe disease was more common for the rhinovirus cohort...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Infection
Sonja Jacobsen, Marina Höhne, Andreas Mas Marques, Klara Beslmüller, C-Thomas Bock, Sandra Niendorf
OBJECTIVES: In order to analyze the molecular epidemiology of human astroviruses (HAstV) in Germany, a retrospective long term study was performed to characterize circulating human astrovirus in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Germany. METHODS: A total of 2877 stool samples, collected between January 2010 and December 2015 from sporadic cases and outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis were retrospectively analyzed for astrovirus. A two step PCR algorithm was developed and used to identify and characterize human astrovirus infections...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Infection
Ian McHardy, Anna Romanelli, Linda J Harris, Glenn Opp, Reggie Gaudino, Anthony Torres, Christopher R Polage, Joseph M Tuscano, George R Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Infection
J Guitard, F Isnard, M-D Tabone, M Antignac, E Brissot, Y Senghor, A Petit, G Leverger, C Hennequin
OBJECTIVES: Definitive diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) may be difficult to achieve in patients with haematological malignancy (PHM). We aimed to evaluate the performance of BDG for the diagnosis and the follow-up of IC in PHM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the serological data of BDG assay in adult and paediatric PHM, who developed candidemia or chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) through a 4-year period. Sensitivity and kinetics of BDG were determined for both clinical forms...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Infection
Clara L Ramos, Otávio A Moreno-Carvalho, Cristiana M Nascimento-Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Infection
Ruprecht Schmidt-Ott, Ulf Schutter, Jörg Simon, Barbara Poulsen Nautrup, Alfred von Krempelhuber, Kusuma Gopala, Anastassia Annastassopoulou, Adrienne Guignard, Desmond Curran, Sean Matthews, Emmanuelle Espié
OBJECTIVES: Herpes zoster (HZ) mainly affects elderly people and immunocompromised individuals. HZ is usually characterized by a unilateral painful skin rash. Its most common complication, postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), may cause chronic debilitating pain. This study aimed to estimate the HZ incidence in individuals aged ≥50 years in Germany, the proportion of PHN and the economic burden. METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, HZ patients were recruited when consulting physicians in physician networks covering about 157,000 persons aged ≥50 years...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Infection
Shi-Yang Sun, Fan Gao, Ya-Lin Hu, Lian-Lian Bian, Qun-Ying Mao, Xing Wu, Jing-Xin Li, Feng-Cai Zhu, Jian-Wei Wang, Zheng-Lun Liang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Infection
Konstantinos Z Vardakas, Andreas D Mavroudis, Maria Georgiou, Matthew E Falagas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether IV plus inhaled combination (IV/INHCC) compared to IV monotherapy (IVCM) was associated with patient outcomes and identify factors influencing study outcomes. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched till November 2016. Studies were included if they evaluated adult patients with lower respiratory tract infections due to MDR/XDR Gram-negative bacteria and reported comparative mortality data (adjusted and unadjusted) for patients receiving IV/INHCC versus IVCM...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Infection
Caihong Xu, Yu Pang, Renzhong Li, Yunzhou Ruan, Lixia Wang, Mingting Chen, Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical outcome and the risk factors associated with poor outcome of MDR-TB patients receiving standardized second-line treatment regimen in China. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2010, a total of 12,100 clinical diagnosed TB cases at high risk of drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) were enrolled in this study. Routine follow-up tests were conducted every month during the 6-month intensive phase, and every two months during the 18-month continuation phase...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Infection
Henk Scheper, Daphne van Hooven, Leo Visser, Mark de Boer, Michiel van de Sande, Robert van der Wal, Rob Nelissen, Martha van der Beek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Infection
Junhong Li, Zhujun Shao, Gang Liu, Xilian Bai, Ray Borrow, Min Chen, Qinglan Guo, Yue Han, Yixing Li, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Xihai Xu, Xin Xu, Huizhen Zheng
The Global Meningococcal Initiative (GMI) is a global expert group, including scientists, clinicians and public health officials from a wide range of specialities. The goal of the GMI is to prevent meningococcal disease worldwide through education, research, and co-operation. The Chinese GMI roundtable meeting was held in June 2017. The GMI met with local experts to gain insight into the meningococcal disease burden in China and current prevention and vaccination strategies in place. China experienced five epidemics of serogroup A meningococcal disease (MenA) between 1938 and 1977, with peak incidence of 403/100,000 recorded in 1967...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Infection
Yue Teng, Dehua Bi, Xiaocan Guo, Dingwen Hu, Dan Feng, Yigang Tong
An early steep increase in the number of humans infected with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus was observed in China, raising great public concern domestically and internationally. Little is known about the dynamics of the transmission contacts between poultry and human populations, although such understanding is essential for developing effective strategies to control this zoonosis. In this study, we evaluated the effects of contact reductions from live poultry markets (LPMs) closures on the transmission of H7N9 virus during epidemics in Guangdong Province, China...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Infection
Valérie Zeller, Younes Kerroumi, Vanina Meyssonnier, Beate Heym, Marie-Astrid Metten, Nicole Desplaces, Simon Marmor
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to analyze prosthetic joint infection (PJI)-causing microorganisms and compare their distribution patterns according to PJI classification. METHODS: Cohort study from a single referral center for bone-and-joint infections from January 2004 to December 2015. RESULTS: Nine hundred and twenty-six patients, who developed 997 PJIs, involving the hip (62%), knee (35%) and/or shoulder (1%), were included. PJIs were classified as early postoperative (19%), late chronic (30%), hematogenous (35%) and undetermined (16%)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Infection
Nannan Pang, Fengbo Zhang, Shaoyu Li, Yuejie Zhu, Chuntao Zhang, Mengting An, Hongying Wang, Wulamu Mamuti, Jianbing Ding, Haining Fan
OBJECTIVES: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus (Eg) infection. Th9 cells are reported to be involved in the immune responses in CE patients. This study aims to investigate the role of TGF-β/Smad pathway in the regulation of Th9 cells in CE patients. METHODS: Using Western blot analysis, flow cytometry, qPCR, immunohistochemistry, ELISA and MTT assay, we measured the expression levels of TGF-β/Smad, PU.1, IRF-4, and IL-9 in CE patients...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Infection
Monica Fabbrini, Fabio Rigat, Giovanna Tuscano, Emiliano Chiarot, Gilbert Donders, Roland Devlieger, Sara Filippini, Elisabetta Frigimelica, Pietro Forte, Frederick Wittke, Scott A Halperin, Karen Slobod, Guido Grandi, Immaculada Margarit
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this exploratory study was to evaluate functional activity of antibodies elicited by a maternal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) investigational vaccine composed of capsular polysaccharides Ia, Ib, and III conjugated to genetically detoxified Diphtheria toxin CRM197. The second objective was to investigate the relationship between serotype-specific IgG concentrations and functional activity in maternal and cord sera. METHODS: Maternal and cord sera collected at baseline and at delivery from vaccine and placebo recipients during a double-blind placebo-controlled Phase II study (www...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Infection
Christina Orasch, Dominik Mertz, Jorge Garbino, Christian van Delden, Stephane Emonet, Jacques Schrenzel, Stefan Zimmerli, Lauro Damonti, Konrad Mühlethaler, Alexander Imhof, Christian Ruef, Jan Fehr, Reinhard Zbinden, Katia Boggian, Thomas Bruderer, Ursula Flückiger, Anna Conen, Nina Khanna, Reno Frei, Thomas Bregenzer, Frédéric Lamoth, Véronique Erard, Pierre-Yves Bochud, Thierry Calandra, Jacques Bille, Oscar Marchetti
OBJECTIVES: Breakthrough candidemia (BTC) on fluconazole was associated with non-susceptible Candida spp. and increased mortality. This nationwide FUNGINOS study analyzed clinical and mycological BTC characteristics. METHODS: 3-year prospective study in 567 consecutive candidemias. Species identification and susceptibility testing (CLSI) in reference laboratory. Data analysis according to STROBE criteria. RESULTS: 43/576 (8%) BTC were studied: 37/43 (86%) on fluconazole (28 prophylaxis, median 200mg/day)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Infection
Barbara Caroline Peixoto, Gabriela Gomes Contrera, Juliette Cieslinski, Juliano Gasparetto, Felipe Francisco Tuon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Journal of Infection
C De la Calle, H G Ternavasio-de la Vega, L Morata, F Marco, C Cardozo, C García-Vidal, A Del Rio, C Cilloniz, A Torres, J A Martínez, J Mensa, A Soriano
OBJECTIVE: Combining a macrolide or a fluoroquinolone to beta-lactam regimens in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe community-acquired pneumonia is recommended by the international guidelines. However, the information in patients with bacteraemic pneumococcal pneumonia is limited. METHODS: A propensity score technique was used to analyze prospectively collected data from all patients with bacteraemic pneumococcal pneumonia admitted from 2000 to 2015 in our institution, who had received empirical treatment with third-generation cephalosporin in monotherapy or plus macrolide or fluoroquinolone...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Infection
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"