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Journal of Infection

Marie-Odile Husson, Delphine Ley, Céline Portal, Madeleine Gottrand, Thomas Hueso, Jean-Luc Desseyn, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Although n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) are used widely in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, their effect in infectious disease requires a particular attention. METHODS: The present article discusses their anti-inflammatory and immune properties involved in the host defence and presents a systematic review of the effects of their oral administration on the prevention and outcome of experimental and clinical infections...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Infection
Ula Khatib, Diederik van de Beek, John A Lees, Matthijs C Brouwer
OBJECTIVES: To study the diagnostic accuracy of clinical and laboratory features in the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infection and bacterial meningitis. METHODS: We included consecutive adult episodes with suspected CNS infection who underwent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination. The reference standard was the diagnosis classified into five categories: 1) CNS infection; 2) CNS inflammation without infection; 3) other neurological disorder; 4) non-neurological infection; and 5) other systemic disorder...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Infection
Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
OBJECTIVES: Gut dysbiosis has been associated with several clinically relevant conditions, including alterations of central nervous system (CNS) structure and function development. This review discussed aspects of the relationship between gut microbiota and the CNS during development. METHODS: PubMed was used to search for all of the studies published over the last 15 years using the key word "microbiota" and "gut" or "intestinal" and "nervous system". More than 350 articles were found, and only those published in English and providing data on aspects related to neurologic diseases were included in the evaluation...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Infection
Dariusz Marczak, Marek Synder, Marcin Sibiński, Marcin Waśko, Michał Polguj, Jacek Kowalczewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Xia Yu, Pengnian Liu, Guan Liu, Liping Zhao, Yanjie Hu, Guomei Wei, Jingjing Luo, Hairong Huang
Despite increasing attention towards the non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) diseases, the overall epidemiological information remains unavailable for China. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using data of 105 qualified publications from Chinese mainland. The assay demonstrated that the prevalence of NTM infections among tuberculosis suspects was 6.3% (5.4%-7.4%) in mainland, while the Southeastern region had the highest NTM prevalence at 8.6% (7.1%-10.5%). In Northern China, slow growing mycobacteria (SGM) consistituted 63...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Nathella Pavan Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A Menon, Vijay Viswanathan, Hardy Kornfeld, Subash Babu
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis-diabetes co-morbidity (TB-DM) is characterized by increased inflammation with elevated circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines and other factors. Circulating angiogenic factors are intricately involved in the angiogenesis-inflammation nexus. METHODS: To study the association of angiogenic factors with TB-DM, we examined the systemic levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGF-R1, VEGF-R2, VEGF-R3 in individuals with either TB-DM (n = 44) or TB alone (n = 44)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Laura Krogh Jørgensen, Lars Skov Dalgaard, Lars Jørgen Østergaard, Mette Nørgaard, Trine Hyrup Mogensen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the incidence and mortality of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry, we identified all adults hospitalised with a first-time diagnosis of HSE in Denmark during 2004-2014. The HSE diagnoses were verified using medical records and microbiological data. Patients were followed for mortality through the Danish Civil Registry System. We estimated age-standardised incidence rates of HSE and 30-day, 60-day, and 1-year cumulative mortality...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Juergen Prattes, Daniel Schneditz, Florian Prueller, Eva Jaindl, Notburga Sauseng, Martin Hoenigl, Gernot Schilcher, Robert Krause
BACKGROUND: The aim of this combined in-vitro and in-vivo study was to investigate whether state of the art dialysis modalities produce false positive serum 1,3-ß-d-Glucan (BDG) levels. METHODS: Dialysis fluid for simulated dialysis treatments was spiked with BDG from different sources. Samples were taken from the dialysate and dialyzer blood compartments at various time points. In addition, serum samples were obtained in three groups of patients without invasive fungal disease: a...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Amadou Jallow, Gunnar Ljunggren, Per Wändell, Lars Wahlström, Axel C Carlsson
CONTEXT: The Greater Stockholm HIV Cohort Study is an initiative to provide longitudinal information regarding the health of people living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the prevalence of HIV and its association with psychiatric co-morbidities. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All patients with a recorded diagnosis of HIV (any position of the ICD-10 codes B20-B24) were identified during the period 2007-2014 and related to the total population in Stockholm by January 1, 2015, N = 2...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Elisa Petruccioli, Teresa Chiacchio, Ilaria Pepponi, Valentina Vanini, Rocco Urso, Gilda Cuzzi, Lucia Barcellini, Daniela Maria Cirillo, Fabrizio Palmieri, Giuseppe Ippolito, Delia Goletti
INTRODUCTION: QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) is the new generation of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test to identify latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). QFT-Plus includes TB1 and TB2 tubes which contain selected Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) peptides designed to stimulate both CD4 and CD8 T-cells. Aim of this study is the flow cytometric characterization of the specific CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses to Mtb antigens contained within QFT-Plus. METHODS: We enrolled 27 active tuberculosis (TB) patients and 30 LTBI individuals...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Sylvia Taylor, Pio Lopez, Lily Weckx, Charissa Borja-Tabora, Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Angkool Kerdpanich, Miguel Angel Rodriguez Weber, Abiel Mascareñas de Los Santos, Juan-Carlos Tinoco, Marco Aurelio P Safadi, Fong Seng Lim, Marcela Hernandez-de Mezerville, Idis Faingezicht, Aurelio Cruz-Valdez, Yang Feng, Ping Li, Serge Durviaux, Gerco Haars, Sumita Roy-Ghanta, David W Vaughn, Terry Nolan
BACKGROUND: Better population data on respiratory viruses in children in tropical and southern hemisphere countries is needed. METHODS: The epidemiology of respiratory viruses among healthy children (6 months to <10 years) with influenza-like illness (ILI) was determined in a population sample derived from an influenza vaccine trial (NCT01051661) in 17 centers in eight countries (Australia, South East Asia and Latin America). Active surveillance for ILI was conducted for approximately 1 year (between February 2010 and August 2011), with PCR analysis of nasal and throat swabs...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Infection
Iolanda Jordan, Aida Felipe, Mònica Balaguer, Elisabeth Esteban, Ricard Tello, Francisco José Cambra, Marta Villanova, M Esther Esteban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2016: Journal of Infection
T M Rawson, L S P Moore, D Gill, M Lupton, A H Holmes
The National Health Service recognises the importance of research, teaching, and training to the future success of the organisation and medical students are expected to qualify with the necessary clinical, professional, and academic skills to support this. There is a wide variation in the level of cross-specialty engagement with Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) & Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) research at UK and international state-of-the-art conferences, with a heterogeneous level of importance also attributed amongst undergraduate and postgraduate training pathways across clinical medicine...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Infection
Tristan W Clark, Sean Ewings, Marie-Jo Medina, Sally Batham, Martin D Curran, Surendra Parmar, Karl G Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Respiratory viruses are detectable in a large proportion of adults hospitalised with acute respiratory illness. For influenza and other viruses there is evidence that viral load and persistence are associated with certain clinical outcomes but it is not known if there is an association between viral load and hospital length of stay. METHODS: 306 adults hospitalised with viral acute respiratory illness were studied. Associations between viral load and length of stay were examined...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Infection
Ciara O'Connor, Fintan O'Hara, Cormac McCarthy, Ross Morgan, Hilary Humphreys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2016: Journal of Infection
Matthieu Bardou, Piseth Seng, Line Meddeb, Jean Gaudart, Estelle Honnorat, Andreas Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: Journal of Infection
Tiegang Li, Ma Yu, Kuibiao Li, Ming Wang, Zhicong Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: Journal of Infection
Manoj V Murhekar, Mahima Mittal, John Antony Jude Prakash, Vivekanandan M Pillai, Mahim Mittal, C P Girish Kumar, Satish Shinde, Prashant Ranjan, Chinmay Oak, Nivedita Gupta, Sanjay Mehendale, Rashmi Arora, Mohan Gupte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Journal of Infection
Mohamed Jeljeli, Valérie Guérin-El Khourouj, Myriam Hormi, Ghislaine Sterkers, Virginie Pommelet, Albert Faye, Sophie Guilmin-Crepon, Pierre Gressens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection
Montina B Befus, Benjamin A Miko, Carolyn T A Herzig, Nowai Keleekai, Dhritiman V Mukherjee, Elaine Larson, Franklin D Lowy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between HIV and Staphylococcus aureus colonization after confounding by incarceration is removed. METHOD: A cross-sectional stratified study of all HIV-infected and a random sample of HIV-uninfected inmates from two maximum-security prisons in New York State. Structured interviews were conducted. Anterior nares and oropharyngeal samples were cultured and S. aureus isolates were characterized. Log-binomial regression was used to assess the association between HIV and S...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection
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