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Journal of Infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813644/rotavirus-disease-course-among-immunocompromised-patients-5-year-observations-from-a-tertiary-care-medical-centre
#1
P Bruijning-Verhagen, M D Nipshagen, H de Graaf, M J M Bonten
Rotavirus (RV) is highly endemic inside and outside hospital-settings. Immunocompromised children and adults are at risk of complicated rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), but general rotavirus disease severity in this group remains poorly described and rotavirus testing is not routinely performed beyond infancy. We assessed rotavirus disease among immunocompromised hospitalized patients. METHODS: Rotavirus infections at a Dutch tertiary-care centre were identified from 5-year laboratory records...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797725/human-infection-with-a-novel-h7n9-avian-influenza-virus-in-yunnan-china
#2
LETTER
Yue Feng, Li Gao, Jing Miao, Mi Zhang, Chunyue Zhang, Xicheng Wang, Yuejuan Zhao, Jianrong Zhao, Haiyan Mi, Xingqi Dong, Xueshan Xia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782565/genomic-epidemiology-of-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-across-colonisation-and-skin-and-soft-tissue-infection
#3
Alex Grinberg, Patrick J Biggs, Ji Zhang, Stephen Ritchie, Zachary Oneroa, Charlotte O'Neil, Ali Karkaba, Niluka S Velathanthiri, Geoffrey W Coombs
OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infection (Sa-SSTI) places a significant burden on healthcare systems. New Zealand has a high incidence of Sa-SSTI, and here most morbidity is caused by a polyclonal methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) population. However, MSSA also colonise asymptomatically the cornified epithelia of approximately 20% of the population, and their divide between commensalism and pathogenicity is poorly understood. We aimed to see whether MSSA is genetically differentiated across asymptomatic colonisation and SSTI; and given the close interactions between people and pets, whether strains isolated from pets differ from human strains...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782564/hhv-6-reactivation-as-a-cause-of-fever-in-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-a-reply
#4
LETTER
Francesco Drago, Giulia Ciccarese, Aurora Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782563/emergence-of-low-virulent-carbapenem-resistant-hypermucoviscous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-china
#5
LETTER
Junying Zhu, Xing Yin, Wei Xi, Rongping Zhao, Min Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780007/estimated-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-italy
#6
LETTER
Matteo Bassetti, Alessia Carnelutti, Maddalena Peghin, Franco Aversa, Francesco Barchiesi, Corrado Girmenia, Livio Pagano, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Anna Maria Tortorano, Maria Teresa Montagna, Pierluigi Viale, Claudio Viscoli, David W Denning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778751/bone-responses-in-health-and-infectious-diseases-a-focus-on-osteoblasts
#7
REVIEW
Cécile Saint-Pastou Terrier, Philippe Gasque
Historically, bone was thought to be immunologically inactive with the sole function of supporting locomotion and ensuring stromaness functions as a major lymphoid organ. However, a myriad of pathogens (bacteria such as staphylococcus as well as viruses including alphaviruses, HIV or HCV) can invade the bone. These pathogens can cause apoptosis, autophagy and necrosis of osteoblasts and lead to lymphopenia and immune paralysis. There are now several detailed studies on how osteoblasts contribute to innate immune and inflammatory responses; indeed, osteoblasts in concert with resident macrophages can engage an armory of defense mechanisms capable of detecting and controlling pathogen evasion mechanisms...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760414/first-case-of-multidrug-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-isolated-from-herding-horse-in-xinjiang-western-china
#8
LETTER
Yayin Qi, Zihuan Gong, Mengmeng Wang, Jian Song, Jingwen Gao, Jianpeng Gao, Hui Li, Chencheng Xiao, Li Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760413/circulating-levels-of-hydrogen-sulfide-and-substance-p-in-patients-with-sepsis
#9
Ravinder Reddy Gaddam, Stephen Chambers, David Murdoch, Geoffrey Shaw, Madhav Bhatia
OBJECTIVE: To determine alterations of circulating levels of hydrogen sulfide and substance P in patients with sepsis compared to non-sepsis patients with similar disease severity and organ dysfunction. METHODS: This study included 23 septic and 14 non-septic patients during 2015-16 study period at the Christchurch Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Christchurch, New Zealand. Blood samples were collected from the time of admission to 96 h, with collection at different time points (0 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h) and subjected to measurement of hydrogen sulfide, substance P, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and lactate levels...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751172/detection-of-lyme-disease-causing-borrelia-burgdorferi-s-l-in-questing-ixodes-ricinus-ticks-on-jersey
#10
LETTER
Jolyon M Medlock, Scott Meadows, Kayleigh M Hansford, Emma L Gillingham, Stephen Thompson, Joseph Muscat, Clara Beckert, Ivan Muscat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751171/use-of-ifn-%C3%AE-and-ip-10-detection-in-the-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-patients-with-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases
#11
Raquel Villar-Hernández, Irene Latorre, Sonia Mínguez, Jéssica Díaz, Esther García-García, Beatriz Muriel-Moreno, Alicia Lacoma, Cristina Prat, Alex Olivé, Morten Ruhwald, Lourdes Mateo, José Domínguez
OBJECTIVES: Biologic agents are used against rheumatic diseases, however, they increase the risk of developing severe infections and diseases such as tuberculosis. We aimed to determine the benefits of IP-10 detection to diagnose latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases on different immunosuppressive drug regimens, and compare these results with IFN-γ detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 64 patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712937/returning-ex-patriot-chinese-to-guangdong-china-increase-the-risk-for-local-transmission-of-zika-virus
#12
Jiufeng Sun, De Wu, Haojie Zhong, Dawei Guan, Huan Zhang, Qiqi Tan, Huiqiong Zhou, Meng Zhang, Dan Ning, Baohuan Zhang, Changwen Ke, Tie Song, Jinyan Lin, Yonghui Zhang, Marion Koopmans, George F Gao
OBJECTIVES: Rapid transmission and linkage to microcephaly and Guillain-Barre syndrome have made Zika virus (ZIKV) infection become a serious threat to global public health. The epidemiology, virological characteristics and genetic evolution of introduced ZIKV to Guangdong, China, were investigated. METHODS: Analyses of the epidemiological characteristics and genetic diversity of ZIKV isolates were performed. RESULTS: Nineteen confirmed ZIKV infection cases were imported from Venezuela and Samoa...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712936/prognostic-and-diagnostic-potential-of-supar-levels-in-pleural-effusion
#13
LETTER
Lucie-Marie Matzkies, Reinhard Bernd Raggam, Holger Flick, Jasmin Rabensteiner, Gebhard Feierl, Martin Hoenigl, Juergen Prattes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676411/incidence-of-herpes-zoster-amongst-adults-varies-by-severity-of-immunosuppression
#14
Carsten Schröder, Dirk Enders, Tania Schink, Oliver Riedel
OBJECTIVES: We examined the incidence of herpes zoster in immunocompromised adults (≥18 years) with different severities of immunosuppression and assessed the prevalence of complications and of various kinds of healthcare resource utilisation. METHODS: German claims data from more than ten million adults were used to calculate annual incidence rates of herpes zoster for the years 2006-2012 and to analyse the prevalence of complications, physician visits, hospitalisations, and antiviral and analgesic treatments using a cohort design...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676409/enterococci-in-orthopaedic-infections-who-is-at-risk-getting-infected
#15
Ilker Uçkay, Daniela Pires, Americo Agostinho, Nastassia Guanziroli, Mehmet Öztürk, Placido Bartolone, Philippe Tscholl, Michael Betz, Didier Pittet
Some orthopaedic patients might be at risk for enterococcal infections and might benefit from adapted perioperative prophylaxis. METHODS: We performed a single-center cohort of adult patients with orthopaedic infections. RESULTS: Among 2740 infection episodes, 665 surgeries (24%) involved osteosynthesis material, including total joint arthroplasties. The recommended perioperative prophylaxis was cefuroxime (or vancomycin in case of documented MRSA body carriage)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676408/respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-adults-with-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-setting
#16
Jocelyn Moyes, Sibongile Walaza, Marthi Pretorius, Michelle Groome, Anne von Gottberg, Nicole Wolter, Sumayya Haffejee, Ebrahim Variava, Adam L Cohen, Stefano Tempia, Kathleen Kahn, Halima Dawood, Marietjie Venter, Cheryl Cohen, Shabir A Madhi
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) illness in HIV-infected adults or the elderly in Africa. We studied the epidemiology of RSV-associated severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) hospitalizations in adults in South Africa from 2009 through 2013. METHODS: Individuals admitted to sentinel surveillance hospitals were investigated by respiratory tract swabs for RSV, using a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assay...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668598/successful-treatment-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-osteomyelitis-with-antibiotic-monotherapy-of-limited-duration
#17
Nadir Laghmouche, Fabrice Compain, Anne-Sophie Jannot, Pierre Guigui, Jean-Luc Mainardi, Guillaume Lonjon, Benjamin Bouyer, Marie-Paule Fernandez-Gerlinger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present a 15-year experience and provide a comprehensive analysis of a large cohort of patients with Pseudomonasaeruginosa osteomyelitis. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to a large French university hospital for P. aeruginosa osteomyelitis over a 15-year period. Patient outcome was assessed at follow-up after at least six months. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients were included, comprising 57% with chronic osteomyelitis...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648496/fruits-as-the-vehicle-of-drug-resistant-pathogenic-yeasts
#18
Hsiu-Jung Lo, Sheng-Hua Tsai, Wen-Li Chu, Yin-Zhi Chen, Zi-Li Zhou, Hong-Fu Chen, Ching-Fu Lee, Yun-Liang Yang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the diversity and drug susceptibility of pathogenic yeasts on fruit surfaces. METHOD: Fruits were purchased from supermarkets and washed with buffer. The pellets were re-suspended in medium after centrifugation. The cell suspensions were plated onto CHROMagar Candida medium. Yeasts were identified by ribosomal DNA sequencing and their drug susceptibilities were determined by broth microdilution assay. RESULTS: Of 184 isolates, comprised of 55 species, from 22 different types of fruits, 29 species, including Candida famata, Candida fermentati, Candida guilliermondii, Candida intermedia, Candida krusei, Candida orthopsilosis, Candida parapsilosis, Candida pelliculosa, Candida tropicalis, and others have been reported to cause diseases in humans...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648495/comparison-of-zika-virus-zikv-rna-detection-in-plasma-whole-blood-and-urine%C3%A2-case-series-of-travel-associated-zikv%C3%A2-infection-imported-to-italy-2016
#19
Giada Rossini, Paolo Gaibani, Caterina Vocale, Roberto Cagarelli, Maria Paola Landini
OBJECTIVES: The capability to detect ZIKV RNA is of crucial importance for cases confirmation. However, due to the short-lived viremia, the detection of ZIKV RNA in plasma/serum is challenging for samples collected more than one week after onset of clinical illness. We compared the window time and detection rate of ZIKV RNA in different specimen types (plasma, whole blood and urine) collected simultaneously at several times post-symptom onset. METHODS: We examined the presence of ZIKV RNA in matched specimens of whole blood, plasma and urine collected in the same date (3-28 days after symptom onset) from 10 ZIKV infected patients...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633888/burden-of-acute-gastroenteritis-caused-by-norovirus-in-china-a-systematic-review
#20
Hong-Lu Zhou, Shan-Shan Zhen, Jin-Xia Wang, Can-Jing Zhang, Chao Qiu, Song-Mei Wang, Xi Jiang, Xuan-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: To understand the epidemiology and disease burden of norovirus (NoVs) gastroenteritis in China, a systematic review was conducted. METHODS: Studies on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) caused by NoVs from mainland China, published before 2017 were searched. All retrieved articles were screened and reviewed by a standardized algorithm. NoVs detection rates as well as strain variations by ages, seasonal variations and geographic locations were analyzed using random-effects model...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Infection
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