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Research on Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285582/the-good-times-cohort-in-later-life
#1
Jessica Kelley-Moore, Wenxuan Huang
Race differences in midlife circumstances explain much of the disability gap in older adulthood, but questions remain about whether early life selection processes are race invariant. To address this, we (1) isolate the 1930s cohort to explore potential race-specific life courses and (2) utilize a two-stage estimation procedure to examine the role of early-to-midlife selection in shaping later-life functional limitations. Using data on Black and White adults born 1931-1941 from the Health and Retirement Study (W2-W9), we estimate trajectories of later-life functional limitations after modeling midlife income and comorbidity as a function of early life factors...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285581/decisions-decisions
#2
Emma C Potter, Karen A Roberto, Nancy Brossoie, Rosemary Blieszner
African American families' experiences with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have received little attention in the research literature. Guided by the life-course perspective, we analyzed qualitative interview data from members of 27 African American families including the person with MCI (PwMCI), a relative or friend who was highly involved in the PwMCI's daily life, and if available, a relative or friend who had at least monthly contact with the PwMCI. Findings uncovered variability in families' MCI awareness, assessment, and need for role changes; the importance of reaching out to trusted others; and honoring PwMCI's care preferences (e...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285580/intraindividual-variability-in-late-life-functional-limitations-among-white-black-and-hispanic-older-adults
#3
Jielu Lin, Jessica Kelley-Moore
Consistent with the weathering hypothesis, many studies have captured racial/ethnic disparities in average functional health trajectories. The same mechanisms of social inequality that contribute to worse average health among minority adults may also contribute to greater fluctuations in their physical function at upper ages. Using panel data from the Health and Retirement Study, we examine patterns of intraindividual variability over time in trajectories of functional limitations for White, Black, and Hispanic older adults...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#4
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285578/advancing-minority-aging-research
#5
Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667987/neighborhood-predictors-of-cognitive-training-outcomes-and-trajectories-in-active
#6
Oanh L Meyer, Shannon M Sisco, Danielle Harvey, Laura B Zahodne, M Maria Glymour, Jennifer J Manly, Michael Marsiske
We examined the influence of neighborhood socioeconomic position (SEP), racial/ethnic composition, and living in a major city on cognitive trajectories and intervention outcomes. Data came from the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly study ( N = 2,438). Mixed effects analyses examined the associations between neighborhood variables and memory, reasoning, speed of processing, and everyday cognition, estimating differences in initial gains (potentially related to practice) and long-term rate of change over 10 years...
March 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181873/does-protecting-older-workers-from-discrimination-make-it-harder-to-get-hired-evidence-from-disability-discrimination-laws
#7
David Neumark, Joanne Song, Patrick Button
We explore the effects of disability discrimination laws on hiring of older workers. A concern with antidiscrimination laws is that they may reduce hiring by raising the cost of terminations and-in the specific case of disability discrimination laws-raising the cost of employment because of the need to accommodate disabled workers. Moreover, disability discrimination laws can affect nondisabled older workers because they are fairly likely to develop work-related disabilities, but are generally not protected by these laws...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181872/health-status-health-shocks-and-asset-adequacy-over-retirement-years
#8
Geoffrey L Wallace, Robert Haveman, Barbara Wolfe
This article uses data on a sample of retirees drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to examine changes in health over the retirement years and to estimate the effects of health changes in retirement on wealth. Using the framework of item response theory, we develop a novel measure of health that makes use of multiple indicators of physical health that are available in the HRS. We find that large negative shocks to the health of male retirees and their spouses are frequent in retirement and that when such shocks do occur, recovery to the preshock level of health is rare...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181871/the-impact-of-medicare-part-d-on-self-employment
#9
Jeremy G Moulton, Jeffrey C Diebold, John C Scott
We explore the relationship between access to affordable health insurance and self-employment using exogenous variation from the introduction of Medicare Part D that reduced the out-of-pocket cost of prescription drugs and improved health outcomes in a difference-in-differences model using the American Community Survey. We find that our treatment group of individuals aged 65-69 were 0.5 percentage points (or 5%) more likely to be self-employed in relation to a control group aged 60-64.
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181870/accounting-for-the-process-of-disablement-and-longitudinal-outcomes-among-the-near-elderly-and-elderly
#10
Kalman Rupp, Irena Dushi
Using a new disability measure applicable to both the near elderly and elderly population, we track respondents aged 51-61 in 1992 from the Health and Retirement Study and account for their status over 20 years. We demonstrate that to screen in as disabled and to screen out as nondisabled require different analytic strategies and use multiple indicators to establish three groups: disabled, nondisabled, and a residual category with ambiguous status. We use work-disability and Supplemental Security Income/Disability Insurance (SSI/DI) receipt for testing distributional outcomes and assessing face validity of our disability measure...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181869/late-career-job-loss-and-retirement-behavior-of-couples
#11
Ajin Lee
This article argues that wealth uncertainty influences when couples choose to retire. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, I show that wives delay retirement when their husbands retire following a job loss. This effect is stronger when husbands are the primary earners, and couples are relatively poorer. This provides evidence of intra-household insurance that mitigates the impact of an unexpected earnings shock. I find that wives tend to delay retirement only until they become eligible for social security...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181868/the-distributional-impact-of-social-security-policy-options
#12
Kenneth A Couch, Gayle L Reznik, Christopher R Tamborini, Howard M Iams
Using microsimulation, we estimate the effects of three policy proposals that would alter Social Security's eligibility rules or benefit structure to reflect changes in women's labor force activity, marital patterns, and differential mortality among the aged. First, we estimate a set of options related to the duration of marriage required to receive divorced spouse and survivor benefits. Second, we estimate the effects of an earnings sharing proposal with survivor benefits, in which benefits are based entirely on earned benefits with spouses sharing their earnings during years of marriage...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181867/marital-biography-social-security-receipt-and-poverty
#13
I-Fen Lin, Susan L Brown, Anna M Hammersmith
Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social Security and they enjoy relatively high Social Security benefits and very low poverty levels...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181866/raising-the-social-security-entitlement-age
#14
Julie Zissimopoulos, Barbara Blaylock, Dana P Goldman, John W Rowe
An aging America presents challenges but also brings social and economic capital. We quantify public revenues from, and public expenditures on, Americans aged 65 and older, the value of their unpaid, productive activities and financial gifts to family. Using microsimulation, we project the value of these activities, and government revenues and expenditures, under different scenarios of change to the Old Age and Survivors Insurance eligibility age through 2050. We find the value of unpaid productive activities and financial gifts are US$721 billion in 2010, while net (of tax revenues) spending on the 65 years and older is US$984 billion...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181865/living-arrangements-of-mothers-and-their-adult-children-over-the-life-course
#15
Emily E Wiemers, Vladislav Slanchev, Kathleen McGarry, V Joseph Hotz
Early in the last century, it was commonplace for elderly women to live with their adult children. Over time, the prevalence of this type of living arrangement declined, as incomes increased. In more recent decades, coresidence between adult children and their retirement-age parents has become more common, as children rely on parental support later into adulthood. We use panel data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine the living arrangements of older mothers and their adult children over the life course...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181864/employment-support-for-the-transition-to-retirement
#16
David C Stapleton, Jody Schimmel Hyde
As workers near retirement, many experience a medical event that limits the ability to work. Public programs provide health insurance and income support for these individuals, but that support is often not adequate to protect against poverty following the onset of a new health condition. Moreover, these policies generally are not designed to encourage continuing work rather than premature retirement. In this article, we propose a new type of program-Employment Support for the Transition to Retirement-designed to encourage older workers with health limitations to remain in the workforce, reducing their reliance on federal disability and early retirement benefits...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181863/introduction-to-the-special-issue
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932626/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-association-between-living-arrangements-and-health-among-older-adults-in-china
#18
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Jiaping Ma, Shichao Hao, Zhengmin Min Qian, Keith Elder, Jason S Turner, Ya Fang
This article used the nationally representative Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to explore the associations between living arrangements and health among older adults. Living arrangements were stratified into six categories. Health was measured by self-rated health, activities of daily living (ADL) disability, and cognitive impairment. Random-effects ordered probit regressions were applied. The results indicated that coresidence had a positive effect on self-rated health compared with living alone...
December 8, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909061/understanding-socioenvironmental-contributors-to-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-among-older-americans
#19
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
Our understanding of the mechanisms through which racial/ethnic disparities in disability in older adults develop and are maintained is limited. We examined the role of physical impairment, socioeconomic factors and health for racial/ethnic disparities in activities of daily living (ADL), and the modifying role of the indoor home environment. Data come from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 5,640), and negative binomial regression models were specified separately for men and women. Blacks and Hispanics reported more ADL difficulty than Whites...
November 30, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879424/a-research-note-on-challenges-of-cross-national-aging-research-an-example-of-productive-activities-across-three-countries
#20
Yu-Chih Chen, Yi Wang, Ben Cooper, Timothy McBride, Huajuan Chen, Dongmin Wang, Ching-Ying Lai, Lauren C Montemuro, Nancy Morrow-Howell
Cross-national studies can elucidate the influence of sociocultural contexts on a wide variety of aging issues. This study aims to develop methods for using secondary data for cross-national comparisons using productive activities as an example. The study also identifies challenges in conducting cross-national research. Using the national representative data from the United States, China, and South Korea, this study developed a sequence of methods for cross-national analysis. Results indicate that productive activities vary by country, and this variation could possibly be due to the differences in sociocultural context and variations in operationalization and measurement...
November 21, 2016: Research on Aging
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