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Research on Aging

Margaret Gough, Kanya Godde
We investigate socioeconomic, social, demographic, and biological variables that are associated with chronic stress in the body to assess whether they have an effect on bone mineral density (BMD) as an indicator of accelerated aging. Multiple regression models were derived from data in the Midlife in the United States: A National Longitudinal Study of Health and Well-Being, Waves 1 (1995-1996) and 2 (2004-2006). Three BMD variables were used as outcomes: femoral, femoral neck, and spine T scores. The sample included 333 men and women aged 34-80...
December 6, 2018: Research on Aging
Ashley E Ermer, Christine M Proulx
The present study investigates the association between social connectedness (i.e., social network characteristics, family and friend support, and social ties with neighbors), emotional well-being, and self-rated health and whether these associations differ based on respondents' relationship status among adults aged 62 and older. A series of multigroup generalized structural equation models (GSEMs) were conducted using data from the National Social, Health, and Aging Project. Social connectedness items were mostly positively associated with emotional well-being and self-rated health, and several of these associations are stronger for older adults who are unpartnered versus those who are cohabiting or married...
November 28, 2018: Research on Aging
Anning Hu, Feinian Chen
Adult children are an important source of care providers for parents in a rapidly aging Chinese society, but we know little of which particular child is preferred by parents in time of need. Using the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, we investigate the factors associated with parental preference of caregivers and listeners among all his or her children. With children nested within each parent, we fit the conditional (family) fixed-effect fractional logit model. The main results for both caregivers and listeners suggest a preference for the unmarried, the oldest or the youngest, and children who have provided them with support before...
November 27, 2018: Research on Aging
Ioana van Deurzen, Bram Vanhoutte
Are challenging life courses associated with more wear and tear on the biological level? This study investigates this question from a life-course perspective by examining the influence of life-course risk accumulation on allostatic load (AL), considering the role of sex and birth cohorts. Using biomarker data collected over three waves (2004, 2008, and 2012) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing ( N = 3,824) in a growth curve framework, AL trajectories over a period of 8 years are investigated. Our results illustrate that AL increases substantially in later life...
November 22, 2018: Research on Aging
Kathrin Boerner, Daniela S Jopp, Kyungmin Kim, Abigail Butt, Óscar Ribeiro, Lia Araújo, Christoph Rott
This study examined how common thinking of and planning for the end of life (EOL) is among German and Portuguese centenarians, and whether patterns of EOL views are shaped by cultural and individual characteristics. A significant portion of centenarians in both countries reported not thinking about the EOL, not believing in the afterlife, and not having made EOL arrangements. Latent class analysis identified three EOL patterns: Class 1 ( EOL thoughts with EOL arrangements and afterlife beliefs), Class 2 ( EOL arrangements and afterlife beliefs without EOL thoughts), and Class 3 ( Overall low endorsement of EOL items)...
October 28, 2018: Research on Aging
Pamela Nadash, Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Edward Alan Miller, Adrita Barooah, Xiao Joyce Wang
Little research has explored the relationship between consumer satisfaction and quality in nursing homes (NHs) beyond the few states mandating satisfaction surveys. We examine this relationship through data from 1,765 NHs in the 50 states and District of Columbia using My InnerView resident or family satisfaction instruments in 2013 and 2014, merged with Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reporting, LTCfocus, and NH Compare (NHC) data. Family and resident satisfaction correlated modestly; both correlated weakly and negatively with any quality-of-care (QoC) and any quality-of-life deficiencies and positively with NHC five-star ratings; this latter positive association persisted after covariate adjustment; the negative relationship between QoC deficiencies and family satisfaction also remained...
October 16, 2018: Research on Aging
Rikuya Hosokawa, Katsunori Kondo, Michiyo Ito, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Seiko Mizutani, Fumie Goto, Yoshinobu Abe, Yumi Tsuge, Yuko Handa, Toshiyuki Ojima
This study examines the effectiveness of a community center in Japan at promoting social participation and sustaining its regular users' functional capacity. The surveys were distributed to 108 physically and cognitively independent local older people; 72 responses were received. There were 16 regular users and 56 nonregular users. An inverse probability of treatment-weighted Poisson regression analysis was performed, and prevalence rate ratios were computed for social participation and functional capacity according to respondents' use of the center...
October 16, 2018: Research on Aging
Jong Hyun Jung
Research suggests that religion plays a critical role in individuals' attitudes toward death in later life. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a previously unexamined aspect of religion-secure attachment to God-is associated with death anxiety among U.S. older adults and whether this association varies across race. Using longitudinal data from a representative sample of adults aged 65 and older ( N = 936), the analyses reveal that secure attachment to God is associated with a decrease in death anxiety over time...
December 2018: Research on Aging
Jung-Hwa Ha, Manacy Pai
This study examines (1) whether subjective memory problems (SMP) influence perceived emotional support from and frequency of contact with family and friends; and, (2) the extent to which this relationship is moderated by gender, education, and functional limitations. We use the 2014 wave of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative panel survey of adults aged 51 and over in the United States. While SMP does not affect perceived emotional support for younger group (YG; aged 51-64), in older group (OG; aged 65+), SMP is associated with reduced perceived support from friends...
December 2018: Research on Aging
Seung-Won Choi, Zhenmei Zhang
An increasing number of older Korean women have played an important role in taking care of their grandchildren to help their adult children. This study investigates the effects of grandparenting on older women' health in South Korea. Using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging ( N = 3,092), we estimated ordinal logistic regression models with lagged dependent variable to examine whether and how grandparenting type and transition and grandparenting intensity are associated with older women's self-rated health...
December 2018: Research on Aging
Alex Bierman, Yeonjung Lee, Scott Schieman
The association between chronic discrimination and sleep problems is important to examine in older adults because sleep is highly reactive to stress and impaired sleep has diverse adverse health effects. The association between chronic discrimination and sleep problems may, however, be confounded by a number of time-stable influences, and this association may also vary by religious involvement. In three waves (2006, 2010, and 2014) of the Health and Retirement Study ( N = 7,130), the overall association between chronic discrimination and sleep problems is negated in econometric models that control for all time-stable sources of confounding...
December 2018: Research on Aging
Lili Xie
This study aims to examine the extent to which older adults' perceptions of environmental age-friendliness are associated with their life satisfaction. We used a national representative sample ( N = 9,965) with elders aged 60 and above from urban China and structural equation modeling to analyze the relationship among community characteristics, socioeconomic status (SES), and life satisfaction. Results showed that older people's perceptions of housing conditions, local amenities, and social inclusion were significantly associated with general life satisfaction...
October 2018: Research on Aging
Anna Muraco, Jennifer Putney, Chengshi Shiu, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
This study uses mixed-methods data and a life-course perspective to explore the role of pets in the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults age 50 and over and addresses the following research questions: (1) How does having a pet relate to perceived social support and social network size? and (2) how do LGBT older adults describe the meaning of pets in their lives? The qualitative data ( N = 59) were collected from face-to-face interviews, and the quantitative data ( N = 2,560) were collected via surveys from a sample across the United States...
October 2018: Research on Aging
Liat Ayalon
The study examined family relations and elder care, in light of the modernization processes that are taking place in the Arab sector. Interviews with 25 older adults, 27 family members, and 5 paid home care workers of an Arab origin were conducted. Qualitative analysis consisted of constant comparisons and contrasts of relevant themes. Most Arabs reported that intergenerational solidarity is very strong in the Arab sector. Whereas many older adults and a few of their family members tended to favor paid care, the majority of Arab family members and fewer older adults stated that family care is preferred...
October 2018: Research on Aging
Benjamin A Shaw, Stefan Fors, Johan Fritzell, Carin Lennartsoon, Neda Agahi
This study identifies specific social and functional disadvantages associated with living alone during old age in Sweden and assesses whether these associations have changed during recent decades. Data came from repeated cross-sectional surveys of Swedish adults aged 77+ during 1992-2014. Findings indicate that several types of disadvantage are consistently associated with the probability of living alone including financial insecurity and having never married for women and having never married and mobility impairment for men...
October 2018: Research on Aging
Joseph D Wolfe
A large body of research finds that the association between educational attainment and health is at historic highs for White women. Rapid changes in labor force participation, access to high-paying jobs, and gender attitudes have radically altered the meaning of education for women's lives and their dependence on the socioeconomic attainments of their families. Drawing on three nationally representative longitudinal surveys conducted from 1967 to 2012, this study examines how personal, parental, and spousal attainments contribute to the widening education gap in health for successive cohorts of White women ( N = 8,405)...
September 13, 2018: Research on Aging
Nan Lu, Nan Jiang, Vivian W Q Lou, Yue Zeng, Meng Liu
The present study aimed to test the moderating effect of gender on the relationship between social capital and life satisfaction among older adults in urban China. A quota sampling method was used to select 456 older adults aged 60 and older from 16 local communities in Suzhou city in 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression was employed to test the proposed models. The associations between family social capital and life satisfaction were higher among older men than women. Trust and helping others were stronger predictors of older women's life satisfaction than their male counterparts...
September 2018: Research on Aging
Geoffrey J Hoffman, Steven P Wallace
This study examined differences between paid and unpaid family/friend caregivers to better understand the consumer-driven caregiving workforce. We compared economic vulnerability, unhealthy behavior, and serious emotional distress for 475 paid and 10,500 unpaid family/friend informal caregivers from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. We then estimated whether caregiver status moderated the relationship between economic vulnerability and health outcomes. Compared to unpaid family/friend caregivers, paid family/friend caregivers had a 27% greater risk ( p = ...
September 2018: Research on Aging
Markus H Schafer, Laura Upenieks, Andie MacNeil
This article examines whether disorderly household conditions and bodily self-presentation predict mortality, above and beyond four sets of variables conceptually linked to both death and disorder. Data come from 2005/2006 and 2010/2011 waves of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. We used naturalistic observation of respondents' homes and bodies, along with a diverse range of additional covariates, to predict probability of death. Older adults living in disorderly households were at highest risk of death over 5 years, primarily because they confronted high levels of frailty...
September 2018: Research on Aging
Oksana Harasemiw, Nancy Newall, Shahin Shooshtari, Corey Mackenzie, Verena Menec
It is well-documented that social isolation is detrimental to health and well-being. What is less clear is what types of social networks allow older adults to get the social support they need to promote health and well-being. In this study, we identified social network types in a national sample of older Canadians and explored whether they are associated with perceived availability of different types of social support (affectionate, emotional, or tangible, and positive social interactions). Data were drawn from the baseline questionnaire of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging for participants aged 65-85 (unweighted n = 8,782)...
September 2018: Research on Aging
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