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Neurosurgical Review

Veysel Burulday, Mehmet Hüseyin Akgül, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Mehmet Faik Ozveren, Ahmet Kaya
In the present study, we investigated the types and ratio of posterior clinoid process (PCP) pneumatization in paranasal sinus multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Paranasal MDCT images of 541 subjects (227 males, 314 females), between 15 and 65 years old, were included into the study. Pneumatization of anterior clinoid process and pneumatization types (I, II, or III) were evaluated in the males and females. PCP pneumatization was detected in 20.7 % of the males and 11.5 % of the females. Right, left, and bilateral PCP pneumatizations were detected in 7...
October 21, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Lei Xia, Ming-Xing Liu, Jun Zhong, Ning-Ning Dou, Bin Li, Hui Sun, Shi-Ting Li
Although the microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery has become an effective remedy for cranial nerve rhizopathies, it is still challengeable and may result in a fatal sequel sometimes. Therefore, the operative skill needs to be further highlighted with emphasis on the safety and a preplan for management of postoperative fatal complications should be established. We retrospectively analyzed 6974 cases of MVD. Postoperatively, 46 patients (0.66 %) presented decline in consciousness with a positive finger-nose test (or failure to be tested) after wake up from the anesthesia, whom were focused on in this study...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Vesna Malinova, Anna Schlegel, Veit Rohde, Dorothee Mielke
For the fibrinolytic therapy of intracerebral hematomas (ICH) using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), a catheter position in the core of the hematoma along the largest clot diameter was assumed to be optimal for an effective clot lysis. However, it never had been proven that core position indeed enhances clot lysis if compared with less optimal catheter positions. In this study, the impact of the catheter position on the effectiveness and on the time course of clot lysis was evaluated. We analyzed the catheter position using a relative error calculating the distance perpendicular to the catheter's center in relation to hematoma's diameter and evaluated the relative hematoma volume reduction (RVR)...
October 10, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Anja Tschugg, Michael Diepers, Simone Steinert, Felix Michnacs, Sebastian Quirbach, Martin Strowitzki, Hans Jörg Meisel, Claudius Thomé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Malte Mohme, Klaus Christian Mende, Theresa Krätzig, Rosemarie Plaetke, Kerim Beseoglu, Julian Hagedorn, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Frank W Floeth, Sven O Eicker
Spinal cord or cauda equina compression (SCC) is an increasing challenge in clinical oncology due to a higher prevalence of long-term cancer survivors. Our aim was to determine the clinical relevance of SCC regarding patient outcome depending on different tumor entities and their anatomical localization (extradural/intradural/intramedullary). We retrospectively analyzed 230 patients surgically treated for SCC. Preoperative status for pain and neurological impairment were correlated to the degree of compression, tumor location, and early as well as short-term follow-up outcome parameters...
October 7, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Michael J Montalbano, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
There is growing evidence that the nervous system influences spinal cord vasculature. However, most descriptions of the spinal cord have paid little attention to this important aspect. We reviewed the literature on the innervation of spinal cord vessels with an emphasis on findings that may be applicable to human medicine. Multiple neurotransmitters and competing theories have been implicated in the neural regulation of spinal cord blood vessels. Identifying valid mechanisms of pathogenesis could be beneficial to human patients with spinal cord lesions...
October 6, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Ryuya Yamanaka, Azusa Hayano, Tomohiko Kanayama
By conducting a systemic search of the PubMed database, we performed a comprehensive literature review to characterize secondary gliomas following radiotherapy treatment and to determine the most appropriate treatment strategy. Our analysis included 296 cases of radiation-induced gliomas. The primary lesion was characterized as a hematological malignancy in 104 cases (35.1 %), pituitary adenoma in 35 (11.8 %), craniopharyngioma in 19 (6.4 %), medulloblastoma in 38 (12.8 %), germ cell tumor in 13 (4.3 %), low-grade glioma in 28 (9...
October 5, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Martin M Mortazavi, Marcus A Cox, Erfanul Saker, Sanjay Krishnamurthy, Ketan Verma, Christoph J Griessenauer, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The superior petrosal sinus is located between the middle and posterior cranial fossae and is important during many neurosurgical approaches to the skull base. Using standard search engines, the anatomical and clinical importance of the superior petrosal sinus was investigated. The superior petrosal sinus is important in many neurosurgical approaches and pathological entities. Therefore, it is important for those who operate at the skull base or interpret imaging here to have a good working knowledge of its anatomy, development, and pathological involvement...
September 19, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
P Vaněk, Ondřej Bradáč, P de Lacy, R Konopková, J Lacman, V Beneš
There are numerous indications for stabilization using instrumentation of the upper cervical spine. This area is comprised of sophisticated anatomy. There is no study describing bony and vascular anomalies of this area in the middle European population. The main aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of any vertebral artery (VA) variations and osseous anomalies in the region of the craniocervical junction in a large sample of Czech patients based on three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D CTA)...
September 13, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Nurhan Torun, Yosef Laviv, Kianush Karimian Jazi, Anand Mahadevan, Rafeeque A Bhadelia, Anderson Matthew, Mitchell Strominger, Ekkehard M Kasper
Schwannomas of cranial nerves in the absence of systemic neurofibromatosis are relatively rare. Among these, schwannomas of the trochlear nerve are even less common. They can be found incidentally or when they cause diplopia or other significant neurological deficits. Treatment options include observation only, neuro-ophthalmological intervention, and/or neurosurgical management via resection or sterotactic radiosurgery (SRS). In recent years, the latter has become an attractive therapeutic tool for a number of benign skull base neoplasm including a small number of reports on its successful use for trochlear Schwannomas...
September 1, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Anja Tschugg, Michael Diepers, Steinert Simone, Felix Michnacs, Sebastian Quirbach, Martin Strowitzki, Hans Jörg Meisel, Claudius Thomé
NOVOCART(®) Disk plus, an autologous cell compound for autologous disk chondrocyte transplantation, was developed to reduce the degenerative sequel after lumbar disk surgery or to prophylactically avoid degeneration in adjacent disks, if present. The NDisc trial is an ongoing multi-center, randomized study with a sequential phase I study within the combined phase I/II trial with close monitoring of tolerability and safety. Twenty-four adult patients were randomized and treated with the investigational medicinal product NDisc plus or the carrier material only...
August 27, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
G Lakshmi Prasad, Kanthilatha Pai
Hemangiomas are benign, slow-growing tumors composed of sinusoidal blood vessels. Skeletal hemangiomas are uncommon and are mostly vertebral, followed by cranial in location. Cranial hemangiomas are very rarely encountered in children. Authors report a 12-year girl who presented with a painless enlarging mass over the parietal scalp for 3 months. Imaging revealed a left parietal intraosseous lytic mass with a sunburst appearance. Enbloc removal and cranioplasty was performed, and histopathology was suggestive of hemangioma...
August 25, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Hussein Fathalla, Antonio Di Ieva, John Lee, Jennifer Anderson, Rowan Jing, Michael Solarski, Michael D Cusimano
Following extended endoscopic transsphenoidal approach (EETSA), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak rate has been reported in the range of 5-50 %. Novel closure techniques, such as the nasoseptal flap and other multilayered repairs improved the outcomes significantly but took most of our focus. Little attention, however, was given to other aspects of the equation such as nasal support-to support the heavy weight of such repairs-and lumbar drains. These are important because they diminish the forces acting on both sides of the repair, hence covering all the angles...
August 24, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Hajime Takase, Takafumi Kawasaki, Kensuke Tateishi, Taka-Akira Yokoyama, Hidetoshi Murata, Nobutaka Kawahara
Clinical and radiological features or characteristics of posterior clinoid process (PCP) meningiomas have rarely been described because of their extreme scarcity and terminological confusion. Therefore, the strategies in the surgical intervention for PCP meningiomas have not been well established. Moreover, the presence of deep and critical neuroanatomical structures and relatively high morbidity, which can be difficult to predict preoperatively, make their surgical excision more challenging. We report two surgical cases of PCP meningioma and discuss the appropriate assessment of preoperative features and surgical strategies with review of the literature...
August 24, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Long Wang, Xiang'en Shi, Hai Qian
Giant serpentine and dolichoectatic aneurysms (GSDAs) are a small subgroup of intracranial aneurysms that often have poor clinical outcomes and are hardly to be treated by either conservative or endovascular management. We assessed seven patients who underwent internal maxillary artery bypass using radial artery graft interposition followed by parent artery occlusion to treat GSDAs. Intraoperative Doppler ultrasonography was used to assess the patency of the graft. CT angiogram or DSA were used postoperatively...
August 23, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
L Pescatori, M Niutta, M P Tropeano, G Santoro, A Santoro
Despite the recent progress in surgical technology in the last decades, the surgical treatment of skull base lesions still remains a challenge. The purpose of this study was to assess the anatomy of the tentorial and cavernous segment of the fourth cranial nerve as it appears in two different surgical approaches to the skull base: subtemporal transtentorial approach and pretemporal fronto-orbito-zygomatic approach. Four human cadaveric fixed heads were used for the dissection. Using both sides of each cadaveric head, we made 16 dissections: 8 with subtemporal transtentorial technique and 8 with pretemporal fronto-orbito-zygomatic approach...
August 22, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Shouhei Noshiro, Takeshi Mikami, Yuko Kataoka-Sasaki, Masanori Sasaki, Kazuo Hashi, Shunya Ohtaki, Masahiko Wanibuchi, Nobuhiro Mikuni, Jeffery D Kocsis, Osamu Honmou
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital abnormal vessels that shunt blood directly from the arterial to the venous system without a capillary bed. The underlying pathology of AVMs is not fully understood. The objective of the study was to determine the association between the expression patterns of tissue factor (TF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in AVMs with clinical and pathological findings. Eighteen cases of sporadic AVM with operative specimens were included in this study. The expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) of TF and IL-6 was assayed, and association with clinical factors was investigated...
August 19, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Iman El Sayed, Adel Zaki, Akram M Fayed, Gihan M Shehata, Sherif Abdelmonem
Traumatic brain injury is a major problem worldwide. Our objective is to synthesize available evidence in the literature concerning the effectiveness of neuroprotective drugs (cerebrolysin, citicoline, and piracetam) on Glasgow outcome score (GOS), cognitive performance, and survival in traumatic brain injury patients. Comprehensive search of electronic databases, search engines, and conferences proceedings; hand search journals; searching reference lists of relevant articles, theses, and local publications; and contact of authors for incomplete data were performed...
August 18, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
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