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Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792107/hand-grip-strength-normative-reference-values-and-equations-for-18-to-85-year-olds-residing-in-the-united-states
#1
Ying-Chih Wang, Richard W Bohannon, Xiaoyan Li, Bhagwant Sindhu, Jay Kapellusch
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The value of handgrip strength as an indicator of overall strength and as a predictor of important outcomes notwithstanding, up-to-date and population-specific reference values are needed if measurements of grip strength are to be properly interpreted. Objectives To provide US population-based grip strength reference values and equations for 18- to 85-year-olds. Methods Handgrip data from 1,232 18- to 85-year old participants were extracted from the database of the 2011 normative phase of the NIH Toolbox project...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792106/psychometric-properties-of-the-photograph-series-of-daily-activities-short-electronic-version-phoda-sev-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-according-to-cosmin-checklist
#2
Crystian Bitencourt Oliveira, Marcia Rodrigues Franco, Samantha Janaina Demarchi, Rob Johannes E M Smeets, Ivan P J Huijnen, Priscila Kalil Morelhão, Thalysi Mayumi Hisamatsu, Rafael Zambelli Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background The Photograph Daily Activities Series - Short Electronic Version (PHODA-SeV) assesses perceived harmfulness of daily activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). Although there is some evidence that the PHODA-SeV is a reliable and valid tool, its psychometric properties have not been fully investigated. Objectives To investigate the test-retest reliability, measurement error, interpretability, construct validity, internal and external responsiveness of the PHODA-SeV in patients with chronic LBP...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792105/risk-factors-for-groin-injury-and-symptoms-in-elite-level-soccer-players-a-cohort-study-in-the-dutch-professional-leagues
#3
Rob Langhout, Igor Tak, Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, Martijn Ricken, Adam Weir, Maarten Barendrecht, Gino Kerkhoffs, Janine Stubbe
Study Design Cohort study with prospective and retrospective elements. Background Groin injury and symptoms are common in soccer players. Their relationship with reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and previous injury is unclear. Objectives To conduct a retrospective assessment of associations between previous injury and pre-season hip ROM and pre-season prevalence of severe groin symptoms; and prospective identification of risk factors for within-season groin injury. Methods During 2015-2016, 190 players from 9 Dutch professional soccer clubs participated...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792104/association-of-hip-and-foot-factors-with-patellar-tendinopathy-jumper-s-knee-in-athletes
#4
Luciana D Mendonça, Juliana M Ocarino, Natália F N Bittencourt, Luciana G Macedo, Sérgio T Fonseca
Study Design Clinical measurement, cross-sectional. Background Investigations on the causes of patellar tendinopathy (PT) should consider impairments at the hip and foot/ankle since they are known to influence movement patterns and affect patellar tendon loading. Objectives To investigate, by means of CART analysis, impairments of the hip and foot/ankle that are associated with PT in volleyball and basketball athletes. Methods One-hundred and ninety athletes were assessed for impairments of the hip and foot/ankle including: shank-forefoot alignment (SFA), ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM), iliotibial band flexibility, passive hip internal rotation (IR) ROM, and hip external rotator (ER) and hip abductor isometric strength...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787697/rehabilitation-practice-patterns-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-survey-of-physical-therapists
#5
Elliot M Greenberg, Eric T Greenberg, Jeffrey Albaugh, Eileen Storey, Theodore J Ganley
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Recovery from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) requires an intensive course of post-operative rehabilitation. Although guidelines outlining evidence-based rehabilitation recommendations have been published, the actual practice patterns of physical therapists are unknown. Objectives To analyze the current landscape of clinical practice as it pertains to rehabilitation progression and the use of time and objective criteria following ACLR. Methods An online survey was distributed to members of the orthopaedics, sports and private practice sections of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) between January and March 2017...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787696/impact-of-risk-adjustment-on-provider-ranking-for-patients-with-low-back-pain-receiving-physical-therapy
#6
Daniel Deutscher, Mark W Werneke, Deanna Hayes, Jerome E Mioduski, Karon F Cook, Julie Fritz, Linda J Woodhouse, Paul W Stratford
Study Design Retrospective cohort. Background Impact of risk-adjustment on clinic quality ranking for patients treated in physical therapy outpatient clinics is unknown. Objectives To compare clinic ranking, based on unadjusted vs. risk-adjusted outcomes, for patients with low back pain (LBP) treated in physical therapy. Methods Secondary analysis of data from adult patients with LBP treated in outpatient physical therapy clinics during 2014-2016. Patients with complete outcomes data at admission and discharge were included to develop the risk-adjustment model...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787695/incidence-of-musculoskeletal-injury-in-us-army-unit-types-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Deydre S Teyhen, Stephen L Goffar, Scott W Shaffer, Kyle Kiesel, Robert J Butler, Ann-Maree Tedaldi, Jennifer C Prye, Daniel I Rhon, Phillip J Plisky
Study Design A prospective observational cohort. Background Musculoskeletal injuries during military service are a primary source of disability resulting in 2.4 million annual health care visits and 25 million limited-duty days. While the injury incidence during basic training is well documented there is little understanding of injury distribution by organization type in the Army following initial training. Objective Compare injury incidence, distribution, and impact across various military units. Methods Comprehensive injury data from subject questionnaires and medical chart reviews were collected for 1430 initially healthy Army personnel representing combat, combat support, combat service support, and ranger units over 12 months...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787694/gait-alterations-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-differ-by-sex
#8
Cara L Lewis, Anne Khuu, Kari L Loverro
Study Design Laboratory study, case-control design. Background Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome may affect gait kinematics differently between males and females. Objectives Investigate if individuals with FAI syndrome have different hip and pelvic motion during gait, at their preferred speed and a prescribed speed, compared to individuals of the same sex without pain. Methods Eleven males and 10 females with FAI syndrome and 19 males and 22 females without hip pain participated. Groups were not different in age, body mass index, or activity score...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787693/quadriceps-rate-of-torque-development-and-disability-in-persons-with-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis
#9
Brittney A Luc-Harkey, J Troy Blackburn, Eric D Ryan, Matthew S Harkey, Hope C Davis, Brian R Gaynor, Daniel B Nissman, Jeffery T Spang, Brian Pietrosimone
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross-sectional. Background Declines in the ability to rapidly generate quadriceps muscle torque may underlie disability in persons with tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Objective To determine if quadriceps rate of torque development (RTD) predicts self-reported disability and physical performance outcomes in persons with tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Methods Quadriceps strength and RTD were assessed in 76 individuals (53% female, age = 61.83±7.11 years) with symptomatic and radiographic tibiofemoral osteoarthritis...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772956/lumbar-muscle-structure-predicts-operational-postures-in-active-duty-marines
#10
David B Berry, Bahar Shahidi, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, Jan M Hughes-Austin, Karen R Kelly, Samuel R Ward
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background The relationship between lumbar spine posture and muscle structure is not well understood. Objectives Investigate the predictive capacity of muscle structure on lumbar spine posture in active duty Marines. Methods Fouty-three Marines were scanned using an upright magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner while standing unloaded and standing, sitting, and prone on elbows with body armor. Cobb, horizontal, and sacral angles were measured. Marines were then scanned unloaded in supine using a supine MRI scanner...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747540/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-enhance-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-triple-blind-randomized-control-trial
#11
Amélie Fournier Belley, Catherine Mercier, Maude Bastien, Guillaume Léonard, Nathaly Gaudreault, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Study Design Triple-blind parallel-group randomized control trial. Background Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) has been shown to enhance the effects of sensorimotor training in neurological populations. For treatment of rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy, sensorimotor training leads to reduce pain and increase function. Addition of a-tDCS during a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training could improve treatment outcome. Objective To compare a group receiving a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training with a-tDCS to a group receiving the same rehabilitation program with sham a-tDCS in individuals with RC tendinopathy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747539/illness-perceptions-association-and-prognosis-with-pain-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-non-cancer-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Edwin J de Raaij, Raymond W Ostelo, Francois Maissan, Jurgen Mollema, Harriët Wittink
Study Design Systematic review. Background In the literature, Illness Perceptions (IPs) have been reported to be important psychological factors associated with pain intensity and physical function in musculoskeletal pain (MP). Objective To assess the relationship of IPs with pain intensity and physical function in patients with MP. Methods Relevant databases including PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched up to December 2017. Two authors (EdR, HW) independently performed the procedures according to the PRISMA and AMSTAR guidelines, including the Risk of Bias assessment, using the QUIPS tool...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739304/soccer-injury-movement-screen-sims-composite-score-is-not-associated-with-injury-among-semi-professional-soccer-players
#13
Robert McCunn, Karen Aus der Fünten, Matthew Whalan, John A Sampson, Tim Meyer
Study Design Prospective cohort. Background The association between movement quality and injury is equivocal. No soccer-specific movement assessment has been prospectively investigated in relation to injury risk. Objectives To investigate the association between a soccer-specific movement quality assessment and injury risk among semi-professional soccer players. Methods Semi-professional soccer players (n=306) from 12 clubs completed the Soccer Injury Movement Screen (SIMS) during the pre-season period. Individual training/match exposure and non-contact time loss injuries were recorded prospectively for the entirety of the 2016 season...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739303/the-utilization-of-formal-physical-therapy-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#14
Eric R Wagner, Muriel J Solberg, Laurence D Higgins
Study Design Epidemiological retrospective database study. Background It is widely believed that structured rehabilitation programs by professional therapists help guide patients through the various recovery periods after shoulder arthroplasty, speeding up their recovery and improving their final functional gains. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies providing information about the current state of physical rehabilitation use after shoulder arthroplasty. Objectives Describe the variation in physical rehabilitation utilization after total and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and identify differences in utilization based on type of insurance (private versus public), gender, age, region of the country, and type of replacement...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739302/risk-for-lower-extremity-injury-after-concussion-a-matched-cohort-study-in-soldiers
#15
Joseph R Kardouni, Tracie L Shing, Craig J McKinnon, Dennis E Scofield, Susan P Proctor
Study Design Matched cohort study. Background Rates of lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury are reportedly higher in professional and collegiate athletes following concussions. However, there is a paucity of evidence on this relationship outside of high level athletes. Objectives Examine the risk of acute LE musculoskeletal injury in Soldiers within 2 years of an incident concussion compared to matched non-concussed Soldiers. Methods This study used the medical encounter and personnel data of active duty U...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739301/sub-elite-football-players-with-hip-related-groin-pain-and-positive-flexion-adduction-internal-rotation-test-exhibit-distinct-biomechanical-differences-compared-with-the-asymptomatic-side
#16
Matthew G King, Adam I Semciw, Harvi F Hart, Anthony G Schache, Kane J Middleton, Josh J Heerey, Rintje Agricola, Kay M Crossley
Study Design Observational cross-sectional study. Background Hip-related groin pain is common in sub-elite football players and may be associated with altered hip biomechanics. Objectives To compare the hip biomechanics, bony hip morphology associated with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome, and hip strength and range of motion between the symptomatic and asymptomatic limb of sub-elite football players with unilateral hip-related groin pain and a positive flexion adduction internal rotation test. Methods Fifteen sub-elite football (soccer) players with unilateral hip-related groin pain and a positive flexion adduction internal rotation test were recruited...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739300/does-a-diagnostic-classification-algorithm-help-to-predict-the-course-of-low-back-pain-a-study-of-danish-chiropractic-patients-with-one-year-follow-up
#17
Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Werner Vach, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design A prospective observational study. Background A diagnostic classification algorithm was developed by Petersen et al., consisting of 12 categories based on a standardized examination protocol with the primary purpose of identifying clinically homogeneous subgroups of low back pain (LBP). Objectives To investigate if a diagnostic classification algorithm is associated with activity limitation and LBP intensity at 2-week and 3-month follow up, and 1-year trajectories of LBP intensity, and if it improves prediction of outcome when added to a set of known predictors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703124/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-self-report-measure-of-patellar-tendinopathy-in-youth-basketball
#18
Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, J Preston Wiley, Richard E A Walker, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Prospective diagnostic accuracy validation study. Background Engaging clinicians for diagnosis of patellar tendinopathy in large surveillance studies is often impracticable. A self-report measure, the Oslo Sports Research Trauma Centre patellar tendinopathy (OSTRC-P) Questionnaire, an adaptation of the OSTRC Questionnaire may provide a viable alternative. Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the OSTRC-P Questionnaire in detecting patellar tendinopathy in youth basketball players when compared to clinical evaluation...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690828/evidence-for-increased-mri-signal-intensity-and-morphological-changes-in-the-brachial-plexus-and-median-nerves-of-patients-with-chronic-arm-and-neck-pain-following-whiplash-injury
#19
Jane Greening, Kamakshi Anantharaman, Rupert Young, Andrew Dilley
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Whiplash following a motor vehicle accident can result in chronic neck and arm pain. Patients frequently present with cutaneous hypersensitivities and hypoesthesia but without obvious clinical sign of nerve injury. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has previously been used to identify nerve pathology. Objectives To determine whether there are signs of peripheral nerve pathology on MRI in patients with chronic arm and neck pain following whiplash injury...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690827/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-victorian-institute-of-sport-assessment-achilles-visa-a-questionnaire
#20
Gabriel Nunes de Mesquita, Marcela Nicácio Medeiros de Oliveira, Amanda Ellen Rodrigues Matoso, Alberto Galvão de Moura Filho, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Achilles tendon disorders are very common among athletes and it is important to objectively measure symptoms and functional limitations related to Achilles tendinopathy using outcome measures that have been validated in the language of the target population. Objectives To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and to evaluate the measurement properties of the Brazilian version of the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire. Methods We adapted the VISA-A questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese (VISA-A-Br)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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