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Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320946/cognitive-demands-influence-lower-extremity-mechanics-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-task-in-female-athletes
#1
Thomas Gus Almonroeder, Thomas Kernozek, Stephen Cobb, Brooke Slavens, Jinsung Wang, Wendy Huddleston
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The drop vertical jump task is commonly used in anterior cruciate ligament injury risk screening; however, the predictive validity is limited. Part of the limited predictive validity may be because the drop vertical jump task does not impose cognitive demands that reflect sports participation. Objectives To investigate the influence of additional cognitive demands on lower extremity mechanics during execution of the drop vertical jump task. Methods Twenty uninjured females (ages 18-25 years old) were required to perform the standard drop vertical jump task, as well as drop vertical jumps which included additional cognitive demands...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308698/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-on-pain-and-self-reported-function-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Brian J Eckenrode, David M Kietrys, J Scott Parrott
Study Design Systematic literature review with meta-analysis. Background Management of patellofemoral pain (PFP) may include the utilization of manual therapy (MT) techniques to the patellofemoral joint, surrounding soft tissues, and/or lumbospelvic region. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of MT, either used alone or as an adjunct intervention, compared to standard treatment or sham, for reducing pain and improving self-report function in individuals with PFP. Methods An electronic literature search (PubMed, OVID, CENTRAL, and CINAHL databases) was conducted for studies investigating MT for individuals with PFP...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308697/knee-joint-loading-in-healthy-adults-during-functional-exercises-implications-for-rehabilitation-guidelines
#4
Sam Van Rossom, Colin R Smith, Darryl G Thelen, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Dieter Van Assche, Ilse Jonkers
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Inclusion of specific exercises in rehabilitation after knee injury is currently expert-based as a thorough description of the knee contact forces during different exercises is lacking. Objective To quantify knee loading during frequently used activities such as squat, lunges, single leg hop, walking stairs, standing up and gait to grade knee joint loading during these activities. Methods 3D-motion analysis data of 15 healthy adults were acquired during 9 standardized activities used in rehabilitation...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257926/use-of-pain-neuroscience-education-tactile-discrimination-and-graded-motor-imagery-in-an-individual-with-frozen-shoulder
#5
Eric E Sawyer, Amy W McDevitt, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Paul E Mintken
Study Design Case report. Background Aggressive PT in the freezing stage of frozen shoulder (FS) may prolong the course of recovery. Central sensitization (CS) may play a role in the early stages of FS. Pain neuroscience education (PNE), tactile discrimination (TD) and graded motor imagery (GMI) have been used in a number of conditions with CS. The purpose of this case report is to describe the examination and treatment of a patient in the freezing stage of FS using PNE, TD and GMI. Case Description A 54-year-old female with a diagnosis of FS was referred by an orthopedic surgeon following a failed bout of 4 weeks of intensive daily physical therapy (PT)...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257925/validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-pain-self-efficacy-questionnaire-in-patients-with-neck-pain-disorders
#6
Alessandro Chiarotto, Deborah Falla, Andrea Polli, Marco Monticone
Study Design Longitudinal clinimetric study. Background Pain self-efficacy predicts poor recovery, and mediates the relationship between pain and disability in patients with neck pain disorders (NPDs). The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a frequently used instrument to measure pain self-efficacy, however, its measurement properties have never been evaluated in a group of patients with NPDs. Objectives This study aimed to assess validity and responsiveness of the PSEQ in patients with NPDs. Methods Patients with NPDs (n = 161) were included...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257924/electrically-elicited-quadriceps-muscle-torque-comparison-of-three-waveforms
#7
Cheryl Adams, Wayne Scott, Jonathan Basile, Lorraine Hughes, Joshua Leigh, Anna Schiller, Jeffrey Walton
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; Single-blind, block-randomization crossover design. Background Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is the therapeutic use of electrical current to strengthen muscle. Muscle torque produced by NMES is limited by discomfort. Objectives To compare the electrically-elicited knee extensor torque produced by 3 clinically available waveforms: 2500-Hz burst-modulated alternating current (BMAC), 1000-Hz BMAC, and 1000-Hz burst-modulated biphasic square-wave pulsed current (BMBPC)...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237356/the-influence-of-injury-definition-on-injury-burden-in-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#8
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Cohort study. Background Multiple operational definitions of injury exist in dance research. The influence that these different injury definitions have on epidemiological estimations of injury burden among dancers warrants investigation. Objective To describe the influence of injury definition on injury prevalence, incidence, and severity in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Methods Dancers registered in full-time pre-professional ballet [n=85, 77 females, median age 15-years (range 11-19)] and contemporary [n=60, 58 females, median age 19-years (range 17-30)] training completed weekly online questionnaires (modified Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre's Questionnaire on Health Problems) using three injury definitions: (1) time-loss (unable to complete ≥1 class/rehearsal/performance ≥1 day(s) beyond onset); (2) medical attention; (3) any complaint...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237355/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-victorian-institute-of-sports-assessment-achilles-visa-a-questionnaire-for-spanish-athletes
#9
Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Emilio José Poveda-Pagán, Yasser Alakhdar, Maria Dolores Hidalgo-Montesinos, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, José L Arias-Buría
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Achilles tendinopathy is a prevalent sport-related injury. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire is a widely-used patient-reported outcome to assess the severity of symptoms for this injury. Objective To adapt the VISA-A questionnaire into Spanish and to assess its psychometric properties. Methods Cross-cultural adaptation was conducted according to recommended guidelines. The Spanish VISA-A (VISA-A-Sp) questionnaire was administered to 210 subjects: 70 healthy students, 70 active at risk subjects (participating in running and jumping) and 70 patients with Achilles tendinopathy diagnosis...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113571/dual-task-assessment-protocols-in-concussion-assessment-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Michelle Kleiner, Lynne Wong, Alexandra Dubé, Katie Wnuk, Susan W Hunter, Laura J Graham
Study Design Systematic review. Background When assessed in isolation, balance and neurocognitive testing may not be sufficiently responsive to capture changes that occur with concussion. Normal daily activities require simultaneous cognitive and physical demands. Therefore, a dual-task assessment paradigm should be considered to identify performance deficits. Objectives To evaluate the literature and identify dual-task testing protocols associated with changes in gait after concussion. Methods A systematic review of articles of individuals with concussion who underwent dual-task testing with a combination of motor and cognitive tasks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113570/a-novel-downhill-gait-training-program-following-a-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report-highlighting-the-impacts-of-self-selected-speed-on-gait-symmetry
#11
Cody Blue, Sara Coomes, Yuri Yoshida
Study Design Case report. Background Walking plays an essential role in activities of daily living that lead to varied health benefits. Studies report gait speed and symmetry are impacted in individuals following TKA. Unfortunately, abnormal gait patterns persistently exist in individuals after TKA. Downhill walking may provide a simple and feasible exercise regimen to improve gait patterns. The purpose of this case report is to describe the application of a downhill treadmill training program and the subsequent changes in gait patterns in an individual following a unilateral TKA...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113569/physical-therapy-rehabilitation-of-an-adolescent-pre-professional-dancer-following-os-trigonum-excision-a-case-report
#12
Alyson Filipa, Kelli Barton
Study Design Case report. Background An os trigonum can be a source of pain for dancers due to impingement during repetitive ankle plantarflexion movements. Following excision of an os trigonum, it is important to have a gradual, progressive return-to-dance program for optimal recovery. The purpose of this case report is to describe the post-operative management and return-to-dance progression of an adolescent dancer status post os trigonum excision. Case Description An adolescent pre-professional female dancer had an extensive history of left posterior heel pain beginning at age eight that led to surgical removal of an os trigonum at age fifteen...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073842/the-influence-of-patient-choice-of-first-provider-on-costs-and-outcomes-analysis-from-a-physical-therapy-patient-registry
#13
Thomas R Denninger, Chad E Cook, Cole G Chapman, Timothy McHenry, Charles A Thigpen
Study Design Retrospective study. Background Alternative models of care which allow patients to choose direct access to physical therapy have shown promise in terms of cost reduction for neck and back pain. However, real-world exploration within the U.S. healthcare system is notably limited. Objectives To compare total claims paid and patient outcomes for patients with neck and back pain who chose physical therapy intervention via direct access versus from medical referral. Methods Data were accessed for care-seeking patients (n=603) between 2012-2014 with neck or back pain who chose to begin care either through traditional medical referral or direct access to a physical therapy led spine management program...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073840/a-novel-apparatus-measuring-knee-flexor-strength-during-various-hamstring-exercises-a-reliability-and-retrospective-study
#14
Jack T Hickey, Peter F Hickey, Nirav Maniar, Ryan G Timmins, Morgan D Williams, Christian A Pitcher, David A Opar
Study Design Reliability and case-control injury study. Background Knee flexor strength is a key variable when dealing with hamstring strain injury (HSI) and methodologies of objective measurement are often limited to single exercises. Objectives To establish test re-test reliability of a novel apparatus measuring knee flexor strength during various hamstring exercises; to investigate whether these measures detect between-leg differences in males with and without history of unilateral HSI. Methods Twenty males without and ten males with previous unilateral HSI participated...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291289/glenohumeral-dislocation-with-engaging-hill-sachs-lesion
#15
Rob Halle, Jeffery Dolbeer, Donald Goss
A 20-year-old military cadet injured his left shoulder after landing in an abducted and externally rotated arm position while participating in a mandatory obstacle course. Following examination, the individual was taken to the emergency department, where radiographs confirmed an anterior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint and a large Hill-Sachs lesion wedged on the glenoid. Results of noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging and a computed tomography scan confirmed the presence of a large Hill-Sachs lesion...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291288/orthopaedic-section-platform-presentations-abstracts-opl1-opl64
#16
(no author information available yet)
These abstracts are presented here as prepared by the authors. The accuracy and content of each abstract remain the responsibility of the authors. In the identification number above each abstract, OPL designates an Orthopaedic Section platform presentation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(1):A1-A29. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.48.1.A1.
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291287/orthopaedic-section-poster-presentations-abstracts-opo1-opo300
#17
(no author information available yet)
These abstracts are presented here as prepared by the authors. The accuracy and content of each abstract remain the responsibility of the authors. In the identification number above each abstract, OPO designates an Orthopaedic Section poster presentation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(1):A67-A202. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.48.1.A67.
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291286/sports-physical-therapy-section-platform-presentations-abstracts-spl1-spl86
#18
(no author information available yet)
These abstracts are presented here as prepared by the authors. The accuracy and content of each abstract remain the responsibility of the authors. In the identification number above each abstract, SPL designates a Sports Physical Therapy Section platform presentation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(1):A30-A66. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.48.1.A30.
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291285/the-challenge-of-sharing-new-information
#19
Guy G Simoneau
Interim Editor-in-Chief Guy Simoneau opens 2018 with an introduction to the returning and new members of the editorial board, and a preview of the January issue of JOSPT. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(1):1-2. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.0101.
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291284/little-league-shoulder-in-a-15-year-old-male-baseball-pitcher
#20
Mark C Zipser, Jonathan C Sum, Alison G Wilcox
A 15-year-old baseball pitcher presented to physical therapy with a 1-week history of acute right shoulder pain experienced during the acceleration phase of throwing. The week after physical therapy evaluation, the patient returned with radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging results that revealed lateral physeal widening with adjacent edema. Additionally, a nondisplaced labral tear was noted. In this case, imaging was necessary for an accurate diagnosis of lateral physeal widening, commonly referred to as "Little League shoulder...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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