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Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819193/unique-contributions-of-body-diagram-scores-and-psychosocial-factors-to-pain-intensity-and-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-military-primary-care-clinic
#1
Daniel I Rhon, Trevor A Lentz, Steven Z George
Study Design Retrospective cross-sectional cohort of patients reporting to a primary care clinic for a musculoskeletal pain. Background Body diagrams are often use to document symptom and have also been used as a proxy to assess psychological influence. However, literature on their value for this purpose is conflicting. Objectives To examine the moderating influence of psychological factors on the relationship between body diagram score and both pain and disability. Methods Pain, numbness, and/or tingling was denoted on a body diagram...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819192/evaluation-of-psoas-major-and-quadratus-lumborum-recruitment-using-diffusion-weighted-imaging-before-and-after-five-trunk-exercises
#2
Atsushi Imai, Yu Okubo, Koji Kaneoka
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; pre-test post-test. Background Diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging technique that can be used to assess the recruitment of the psoas major (PM) and quadratus lumborum (QL). The recruitment of these muscles during trunk exercises has not been evaluated. Objective To evaluate the diffusion of water movement in several trunk muscles using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging before and after specific trunk exercises in order to understand the level of recruitment of each muscle during each exercise...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819191/optimism-moderates-the-influence-of-pain-catastrophizing-on-shoulder-pain-outcome-a-longitudinal-analysis
#3
Rogelio A Coronado, Corey B Simon, Trevor A Lentz, Charles W Gay, Lauren N Mackie, Steven Z George
Study Design Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data. Background An abundance of evidence has highlighted the influence of pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance on clinical outcomes. Less is known about the interaction of positive psychological resources with these pain-associated distress factors. Objective To assess if optimism moderates the influence of pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance on 3-month clinical outcomes in patients with shoulder pain. Methods Data from 63 individuals with shoulder pain (mean age (SD) = 38...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817301/neuroplasticity-associated-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Dustin R Grooms, Stephen J Page, Deborah S Nichols-Larsen, Ajit M W Chaudhari, Susan E White, James A Onate
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may result in neuroplastic changes due to lost mechanoreceptors of the ACL and compensations in neuromuscular control. These alterations are not completely understood. Assessing brain function after ACL injury and reconstruction with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), provides a means to address this gap in knowledge. Objective To investigate brain activation differences during knee flexion/extension in persons who have undergone ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and matched controls...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814667/assessment-of-relationships-between-joint-motion-quality-and-postural-control-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-joint-instability
#5
Dawid Bączkowicz, Krzysztof Falkowski, Edyta Majorczyk
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross sectional. Background Lateral ankle sprains are among the most common injuries encountered during athletic participation. Following the initial injury there is an alarmingly high risk of re-injury and development of chronic ankle instability (CAI), which is dependent on a combination of factors, including sensorimotor deficits and changes in the biomechanical environment of the ankle joint. Objective To evaluate CAI-related disturbances in arthrokinematic motion quality and postural control and the relationships between them...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814666/trunk-and-shank-position-influences-patellofemoral-joint-stress-of-the-lead-and-trail-limb-during-the-forward-lunge-exercise
#6
Cory L Hofmann, Derek T Holyoak, Paul M Juris
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; Repeated measures design. Background The effects of trunk and shank position on patellofemoral joint stress of the lead limb has been well studied, however the effects on the trail limb are not well understood. Objectives To test the hypothesis that trunk and shank position influence patellofemoral joint stress of both limbs during the forward lunge exercise. Methods Patellofemoral kinetics were quantified from 18 healthy participants performing the lunge exercise with different combinations of trunk and shank position (vertical or forward)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796189/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#7
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists (PTs) in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Objective To examine how PTs use traction for patients with neck pain, when traction is used, delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interven¬tions, and whether professional demographics influence usage. Methods We surveyed a random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733088/biofeedback-in-partial-weight-bearing-validity-of-3-different-devices
#8
Remko van Lieshout, Mirelle J Stukstette, Rob A de Bie, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Martijn F Pisters
Study Design Controlled laboratory study to assess criterion-related validity, with a cross-sectional within-subject design. Background Patients with orthopaedic conditions have difficulties complying with partial weight-bearing instructions. Technological advances have resulted in biofeedback devices that offer real-time feedback. However, the accuracy of these devices is mostly unknown. Inaccurate feedback can result in incorrect lower-limb loading and may lead to delayed healing. Objectives To investigate validity of peak force measurements obtained using 3 different biofeedback devices under varying levels of partial weight-bearing categories...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733087/comparison-of-muscle-activation-levels-between-healthy-individuals-and-persons-who-have-undergone-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-during-different-phases-of-weight-bearing-exercises
#9
Gulcan Harput, Jennifer Sebert Howard, Carl Mattacola
Study Design Cross-sectional, controlled laboratory study. Background Quantification of muscular activation during different phases of functional activities is important to understand activation deficits in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Objectives To compare activation levels of vastus medialis (VM), medial hamstrings (MH) and gluteus medius (GMed) muscles during the different phases of weight bearing tasks between individuals who had undergone ACLR and healthy controls...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686413/pelvic-rotation-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-is-decreased-compared-to-other-symptomatic-hip-conditions
#10
Daniel Camara Azevedo, Edson Barreto Paiva, Alexia Moura Abuhid Lopes, Henrique de Oliveira Santos, Ricardo Luiz Carneiro, André Soares Rodrigues, Marco Antonio Percope de Andrade, Eduardo N Novais, Linda R Van Dillen
Study Design Cross-sectional, case-control design. Background Pelvic movement has been considered a possible discriminating parameter associated with FAI symptom onset. Decreased pelvic rotation has been found during squatting in people with FAI when compared to hip-healthy people. However, it is possible that changes in pelvic movement may occur in other hip conditions because of pain and may not be specific to FAI. Objectives To compare sagittal pelvic rotation during hip flexion and in sitting between people with Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) and people with other symptomatic hip conditions...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681449/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaption-of-the-lysholm-score-and-tegner-activity-scale-for-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries
#11
Rienk Eshuis, Gijsbertus Wilhelmus Lentjes, Yelverton Tegner, Nienke Wolterbeek, Maurits Remmelt Veen
Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale are frequently used patient-reported instruments to determine the functional status and activity level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale for use in the Dutch population and to evaluate reliability and validity of these questionnaires in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Methods The translation and adaptation was conducted in several steps according to the guidelines in the literature...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681448/a-standardized-rescue-exercise-program-for-symptomatic-flare-up-of-knee-osteoarthritis-description-and-safety-considerations
#12
Cecilie Bartholdy, Louise Klokker, Elisabeth Bandak, Henning Bliddal, Marius Henriksen
Study Design Secondary analysis of clinical trial data. Background Knee osteoarthritis (OA) management has changed significantly over recent decades towards non-pharmacological treatments, particularly exercise. However, the optimal exercise program remains to be established. Objective To describe the implementation of standardized rescue exercises, for patients with pain exacerbations, and assess whether performing these benefited or further worsened symptoms in patients with exacerbation of knee OA symptoms...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903164/a-look-back-at-2016-jospt
#13
J Haxby Abbott
Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott looks back on JOSPT's accomplishments in 2016. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1016-1017. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.0115.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903163/ultrasound-imaging-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury
#14
Arie J van Duijn, Shawn D Felton
The patient was an 18-year-old collegiate baseball pitcher who injured his right throwing elbow during an overhead slider pitch. As a part of a study, preinjury ultrasound images of the throwing arm were obtained 2 weeks prior to the injury. One day postinjury, repeat ultrasound imaging of the medial elbow was performed. The attending team physician ordered a magnetic resonance arthrogram 2 days after injury, which confirmed the presence of a complete tear of the ulnar collateral ligament. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1086...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903162/a-partial-tear-of-the-infraspinatus-muscle
#15
Myles Murphy, Jonathon Charlesworth
A 29-year-old man experienced right shoulder pain and weakness following a forced abduction and external rotation motion performed during an Australian football game. The following morning, the sports medicine physician referred the player for magnetic resonance imaging to exclude infraspinatus rupture, given the external rotation strength deficit. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a low-grade partial tear of the medial infraspinatus muscle. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1087. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903161/a-call-for-saving-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#16
Xiulu Ruan, Alan David Kaye
Chronic pain is pervasive and costly. In 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a landmark report on chronic pain, which estimated that more than 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain, making pain a major and significant public health problem. The benefits of interdisciplinary pain management programs are undeniable and have been demonstrated for over a half century. Until health care leaders and other stakeholders such as insurers work together to ensure best practices in pain management, we will certainly end up in a lose-lose situation for both the health care teams and patients...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903160/thank-you-to-all-jospt-contributors-for-2016
#17
J Haxby Abbott
On behalf of the many stakeholders in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT), including the Sections and international partners, readers, Editorial Board, and authors, Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott gives thanks and recognizes all of the many individuals who have contributed to the editorial process and content of JOSPT this past year. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1018-1020. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.0116.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903159/recognition-and-treatment-of-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients-not-limited-to-specialized-care
#18
Jo Nijs, Dorien Goubert, Kelly Ickmans
Modern pain neuroscience has substantially improved our understanding of the (development of) chronic musculoskeletal pain. The time has come for orthopaedic and sports physical therapists to implement modern pain neuroscience in specialized, but definitely also in primary, care settings, including the role of central sensitization (CS) in amplifying and explaining the presence of the pain experience. Central sensitization dominates the clinical picture in a subgroup of the musculoskeletal pain population, ranging from tennis elbow over shoulder pain to osteoarthritis and whiplash...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825293/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-clinimetric-testing-of-instruments-used-to-assess-patients-with-ankle-sprain-in-the-brazilian-population
#19
Ronaldo Alves da Cunha, Fuad Ahmad Hazime, Maria Cecília da Silva Martins, Mateus Ferreira, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Ankle sprain is a common condition. Therefore, translated, culturally adapted, and clinimetrically tested instruments for measuring the ankle are needed. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Sports Athlete Foot and Ankle Score (SAFAS) and the global rating of change (GROC) into Brazilian Portuguese. This study also aimed to test the measurement properties of the SAFAS, the GROC, and the existing Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS) and the ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) in a group with ankle sprain...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825292/long-term-clinical-outcomes-and-factors-that-predict-poor-prognosis-in-athletes-after-a-diagnosis-of-acute-spondylolysis-a-retrospective-review-with-telephone-follow-up
#20
Mitchell Selhorst, Anastasia Fischer, Kristine Graft, Reno Ravindran, Eric Peters, Richard Rodenberg, James MacDonald
Study Design Retrospective review with telephone follow-up. Background Acute spondylolytic injuries have a dramatic impact on the young athlete. Excellent short-term clinical outcomes have been observed, but not enough is known about long-term clinical outcomes. Objectives (1) To report long-term clinical outcomes for patients diagnosed with acute spondylolysis, and (2) to assess the prognostic ability of retrospective variables for long-term outcomes. Methods Patients from 2010 through 2013 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients and to obtain demographic, baseline, and short-term outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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