journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944715/balance-training-enhances-motor-coordination-during-a-perturbed-side-step-cutting-task
#1
Anderson Souza Oliveira, Priscila de Brito Silva, Morten Enemark Lund, Dario Farina, Uwe Gustav Kersting
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Balance training (BTR) may improve motor coordination, however little is known about the changes in motor coordination during unexpected perturbations to postural control following BTR. Objectives To study the effects of BTR on motor coordination and knee mechanics during perturbed side-step cutting maneuvers in healthy adults. Methods Twenty-six healthy men were randomly assigned to a training group (TG) or control (CG). Before BTR, subjects performed unperturbed, 90° side-step cutting maneuvers and one unexpected perturbed cut (10-cm translation of a moveable platform)...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918691/measuring-musculoskeletal-pain-in-infants-children-and-adolescents
#2
Zoe A Michaleff, Steven J Kamper, Jennifer N Stinson, Lise Hestbaek, Chris M Williams, Paul Campbell, Kate M Dunn
Synopsis Accurate, reliable, and timely assessment of pain is critical for effective management of musculoskeletal pain conditions. The assessment of pain in infants, children, and adolescents with and without cognitive impairment can be particularly challenging for clinicians for a number of reasons, including factors related to: the consultation (eg, heterogeneous patient population, time constraints), the clinician (eg, awareness / knowledge of available pain scales), standardised assessment scales (eg, availability, psychometric properties, and application of each scale) the patient (eg, developmental stage, ability to communicate), and the context in which the interaction takes place (eg, familiarity with the setting and physiological and psychological state)...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915773/does-motor-development-in-infancy-predict-spinal-pain-in-later-childhood-a-cohort-study
#3
Steven J Kamper, Christopher M Williams, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design Longitudinal cohort study. Background Spinal pain is responsible for a huge personal and societal burden but the aetiology remains unclear. Deficits in motor control have been implicated with spinal pain in adults, and delayed motor development is associated with a range of health problems and risks in children. Objectives To assess whether there is an independent relationship between the age at which infants first sit and walk without support, and spinal pain at age 11 years. Methods Data from the Danish National Birth Cohort were analysed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#4
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite level adolescent athletes. Objectives To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite level adolescent athletes (36 males; 96 females), mean (SD) age 14.0 (0.9) years, participated (n=22 ballet dancers, n=57 teamgym gymnasts, n=53 team handball players)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#5
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898137/pain-related-fear-and-its-disabling-impact-in-hypermobile-adolescents-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#6
Thijs van Meulenbroek, Ivan P J Huijnen, Carlijn M H Wiertz, Jeanine A Verbunt
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) has a negative impact on physical functioning. During adolescence joint hypermobility is a potential risk factor for developing CMP and pain-related fear contributes to the persistence of CMP. Whether pain-related fear and being hypermobile are related and even reinforce each other, resulting in a stronger association with perceived level of disability, is still unknown. Objectives To evaluate whether pain-related fear has a stronger association with disability in hypermobile compared to non-hypermobile adolescents with CMP...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898136/the-relationship-between-accelerometer-determined-physical-activity-and-clinical-low-back-pain-measures-in-adolescents-with-chronic-or-sub-acute-recurrent-low-back-pain
#7
Brent Leininger, Craig Schulz, Zan Gao, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans, Zachary Pope, Nan Zeng, Mitchell Haas
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Although low back pain (LBP) occurs commonly in adolescence, little is known about the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and chronic LBP. Objectives Assess the relationship between objective physical activity measures assessed by accelerometers and standard clinical measures (pain intensity, disability, quality of life) in a sample of adolescents with recurrent or chronic LBP. Methods The study used a sub-sample of 143 adolescents, 12 - 18 years of age, from a randomized clinical trial...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898135/understanding-adolescent-low-back-pain-from-a-multidimensional-perspective-implications-for-management
#8
Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Leon Straker
Synopsis Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability worldwide. It often begins in adolescence, setting a course for later life. We have tracked the time course of LBP in the Raine Study cohort from the age of 14 years into early adulthood. Our work highlights that LBP is already prevalent at 14 years increasing across adolescence and into early adulthood. It is often co-morbid with other musculoskeletal pain. For some adolescents LBP has little impact - while for others its impact includes care seeking, taking medication, taking time off school and work, as well as modifying physical and functional activity...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898134/the-management-of-complex-pain-in-children-referred-to-a-pain-clinic-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-australia
#9
John Collins, Natasha Haynes, Hannah Klingberg, Heather Nicholas, Meg Pounder, Renee Sandells
Synopsis One of the key aspects of good healthcare for children and young people is the prevention and management of pain. The experience of persisting pain in children and adolescents has a major impact not only on the individual's physical, emotional, social, and developmental well-being but it also may have an impact on the broader world which may include family, school, and social networks. The multi-disciplinary paediatric pain clinic adopts a holistic approach to care through a biopsychosocial model. One outcome of an initial paediatric pain clinic review is the creation of a pain management plan which addresses the pharmacological, physical, psychological, and other domains of care...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870143/characteristics-and-outcome-of-patellofemoral-pain-in-adolescents-do-they-differ-from-adults
#10
Marienke van Middelkoop, Rianne A van der Heijden, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra
Study Design Case-series with one-year follow-up. Background Most of the recommendations on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of patellofemoral pain (PFP) are based on research performed in adults. The literature suggest potential differences between adolescent and adults with PFP. Objectives To investigate differences in characteristics, symptoms, and prognosis at 1-year follow-up, between adolescents and adults with PFP. Methods Data from 64 patients with PFP at baseline and one-year follow-up were used...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870142/validation-of-the-standardized-universal-pain-evaluations-for-rheumatology-providers-for-children-and-youth-super-kidz
#11
Nadia J Luca, Jennifer N Stinson, Brian M Feldman, Susanne M Benseler, Dorcas Beaton, Sarah Campillo, Claire LeBlanc, Margaret van Wyk, Ahmed M Bayoumi
Study Design Longitudinal observational clinimetric study with repeated measures. Background No validated multi-dimensional pain measure for children and youth with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) exists. Objectives To determine the test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of English and French versions of the Standardized Universal Pain Evaluations for Rheumatology Providers for Children and Youth (SUPER-KIDZ). Methods Measurement properties of SUPER-KIDZ (older child, younger child, and parent versions) were prospectively evaluated in patients aged 4-18 years with JIA at 2 centres...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870141/physical-and-psychosocial-characteristics-of-current-child-dancers-and-nondancers-with-systemic-joint-hypermobility-a-descriptive-analysis
#12
Leslie L Nicholson, Roger Adams, Louise Tofts, Verity Pacey
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The effect of current participation in dance training on joint pain and instability, fatigue, and quality of life is unknown. Objectives To examine differences in joint pain, instability, gross-motor skills, non-musculoskeletal systemic manifestations, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and fatigue between children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobility Type (JHS/EDS-HT) who currently undertake formal dance training and those who do not...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704627/task-specific-training-for-adults-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-case-series
#13
Allyn M Bove, Nancy Baker, Heather Livengood, Visnja King, Joseph Mancino, Adam Popchak, G Kelley Fitzgerald
Study Design Case series. Background Recent evidence suggests that traditional impairment-based rehabilitation approaches for patients with knee pain may not result in improved function or reduced disability. This case series describes a novel task-specific training approach to exercise therapy for patients with chronic knee pain and reports changes in measures of clinical outcome (pain and physical function) following participation in the training program. Case Description Seven patients with chronic knee pain aged ≥ 40 years were included...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704626/the-effectiveness-of-neural-mobilization-for-neuro-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Annalie Basson, Benita Olivier, Richard Ellis, Michel Coppieters, Aimee Stewart, Witness Mudzi
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background Neural mobilization (NM) or neurodynamics is a movement-based intervention aimed at restoring the homeostasis in and around the nervous system. The current level of evidence for NM is largely unknown. Objectives To determine the efficacy of NM for musculoskeletal conditions with a neuropathic component. Methods Databases were searched for randomised trials investigating the effect of NM for neuro-musculoskeletal conditions. Standard methods for article identification, selection and quality appraisal were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704624/a-systematic-review-of-emg-studies-in-normal-shoulders-to-inform-postoperative-rehabilitation-following-rotator-cuff-repair
#15
Peter K Edwards, Jay R Ebert, Chris Littlewood, Tim Ackland, Allan Wang
Study Design Systematic review. Background Electromyography (EMG) has previously been used to guide postoperative rehabilitation progression following rotator cuff repair, to prevent deleterious loading of early surgical repair. Objective To review the current literature investigating EMG during rehabilitation exercises in normal shoulders, to identify exercises that meet a cut point of ≤15% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and unlikely to result in excessive loading in the early postoperative stages...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704623/process-of-change-in-pain-related-fear-clinical-insights-from-a-single-case-of-persistent-back-pain-managed-with-cognitive-functional-therapy
#16
J P Caneiro, Anne Smith, Martin Rabey, G Lorimer Moseley, Peter O'Sullivan
Study Design Single-case report with repeated measures over 18 months. Background Management of persistent low back pain (PLBP) associated with high pain-related fear is complex. This single-case report aims to provide clinicians with an insight to the process of change in a person with PLBP and high bending-related fear, managed with an individualized behavioral approach - Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT). Case Description A retired manual worker with PLBP believed that his spine was degenerating, that bending would hurt him and avoidance was the only form of pain control...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704622/assessment-of-psychometric-properties-of-various-balance-assessment-tools-in-persons-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#17
Alice Y Y Chiu, Marco Y C Pang
Study Design Clinical measurement; cross-sectional, repeated measures. Background Persons with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are known to have balance impairments. The psychometric properties of various balance assessment tools have not been evaluated in this population. Objective To examine the floor and ceiling effects, item difficulty and item discrimination index, internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), Mini-BESTest, Brief-BESTest and Berg balance scale (BBS) in persons with CSM...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704621/making-sense-of-low-back-pain-and-pain-related-fear
#18
Samantha Bunzli, Anne Smith, Robert Schütze, Ivan Lin, Peter O'Sullivan
Synopsis Pain-related fear is implicated in the transition from acute to chronic low back pain and the persistence of disabling low back pain, making it a key target for physiotherapy intervention. The current understanding of pain-related fear is that it is a psychopathological problem where people who catastrophise about the meaning of pain become trapped in a vicious cycle of avoidance behaviour, pain and disability, as recognised in the Fear Avoidance Model. However there is evidence that pain-related fear can also be seen as a common sense response to deal with low back pain, for example, when one is told that their back is vulnerable, degenerating or damaged...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704620/rasch-model-analysis-gives-new-insights-into-the-structural-validity-of-the-quick-dash-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-shoulder-pain
#19
Christina Jerosch-Herold, Rachel Chester, Lee Shepstone
Study Design Cross-sectional secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study. Background The Quick-DASH is a widely used outcome measure which has been extensively evaluated using classical test theory (CTT). Rasch model analysis can identify strengths and weaknesses of rating scales which goes beyond CTT approaches. It uses a mathematical model to test the fit between the observed data and expected responses and converts ordinal-level scores into interval-level measurement. Objective To test the structural validity of the Quick-DASH using Rasch analysis...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683231/sound-intensity-feedback-during-running-reduces-loading-rates-and-impact-peak
#20
Jeremiah J Tate, Clare E Milner
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, within session design. Background Gait retraining has been proposed as an effective intervention to reduce impact loading in runners at risk of stress fractures. Interventions that can be easily implemented in the clinic are needed. Objective To assess the immediate effects of sound intensity feedback related to impact during running on vertical impact peak (VIP), peak vertical instantaneous loading rate (VILR), and vertical average loading rate (VALR). Methods Fourteen healthy, college-aged runners who ran at least 9...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
journal
journal
27728
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"