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Issues in Mental Health Nursing

Dominique Bulgin, Paula Tanabe, Coretta Jenerette
The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the literature regarding health-related stigma in adolescents and adults living with sickle cell disease (SCD). Four domains were identified from 27 studies: 1) social consequences of stigma, 2) the effect of stigma on psychological well-being, 3) the effect of stigma on physiological well-being, and 4) the impact of stigma on patient-provider relationships and care-seeking behaviors. Current literature revealed that SCD stigma has detrimental consequences...
April 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Stephanie Burnett, Lana Brown, Darla Dee Pettis, Connie Jordan, Stacy Pettus
Communication among Interdisciplinary Healthcare Teams is an essential component of providing optimal patient care. Staff members at one U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs on an Acute Psychiatric Unit identified fragmented communication on the unit and expressed interest in forming an interdisciplinary communication workgroup. This quality improvement (QI) project was designed to enhance communication among the Interdisciplinary Healthcare Team on the Acute Psychiatric Unit. A workgroup was formed and met four times at one-hour intervals...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Bill Moloney, Ian Cameron, Ashley Baker, Johanna Feeney, Anthony Korner, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary, Loyola McLean
In this paper, we demonstrate the value of implementing a Trauma-Informed Model of Care in a Community Acute Mental Health Team by providing brief intensive treatment (comprising risk interventions, brief counselling, collaborative formulation and pharmacological treatment). The team utilised the Conversational Model (CM), a psychotherapeutic approach for complex trauma. Key features of the CM are described in this paper using a clinical case study. The addition of the Conversational Model approach to practice has enabled better understandings of consumers' capacities and ways to then engage, converse, and intervene...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Wyona M Freysteinson, Susan Mellott, Tania Celia, Jinlan Du, Marilyn Goff, Tana Plescher, Zoheb Allam
The researchers were invited to a transitional home for homeless women veterans to help veterans with body image issues. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 12 veterans who perceived they had a physical difference due to military service. Data were obtained in focus groups where the veterans were invited to share stories. Ricoeur's hermeneutic phenomenology guided the study. The research team learned early in the data collection stage that 11 of the 12 participants suffered military sexual trauma (MST)...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Mohammad Akbari, Mousa Alavi, Alireza Irajpour, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
This paper explored the support needs of family caregivers of people living with a mental illness in Iran. This descriptive study focused on the experiences of 20 family caregivers as well as the views of 29 professional support workers through individual face-to-face interviews. From these interviews three key themes emerged in regards to the care needs of family caregivers: (i) social support; (ii) emotional support; and (iii) safety and security. These themes highlighted the complex role of caring for a family member with a mental illness and the emotional, social and economic challenges that these caregivers experienced as a result...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Lisa Ann Davenport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Leila Jansson, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim
This study describes nurses' experiences of assessing suicide risk in specialised mental health outpatient care in rural areas in Sweden. We used a qualitative, descriptive design based on twelve interviews that were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the nurses felt anguish due to a lack of control. They expressed uncertainty and loneliness, and they struggled with ethical issues and organisational challenges. Having the sole responsibility to assess suicide risk can increase a person's emotional vulnerability and moral stress...
March 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Vatinee Sukmak, Sirirat Sipola
Little is known about access to healthcare services among people with mental illness in rural Thailand. This study describes a contextual understanding of access to mental healthcare services for people with mental illness in three selected villages located in a rural district in Northeastern Thailand. An ethnographic approach was adopted wherein in-depth interviews and site observation were conducted. In all, 14 participants were interviewed, 9 persons with mental illness and 5 caregivers, between January and July in 2017...
March 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Henrika Jormfeldt, Ing-Marie Carlsson
Persons diagnosed with schizophrenia are not sufficiently offered health promotion interventions, notwithstanding their increased risk of bodily ill health. Physical activity is found to improve health and decrease psychiatric symptoms although, there is a challenge to motivate and increase physical activity in people with schizophrenia and innovative evidence-based treatment interventions are needed. The aim was to systematically review studies concerning equine assisted interventions among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia...
March 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Lisa L Onega, Thomas W Pierce, Lora Epperly
This secondary analysis examined whether the benefits of bright light therapy on depression are greater in persons with mild/moderate or severe dementia. Exploratory analyses were also conducted to determine if bright light treatment targets different depressive symptom clusters based on dementia severity. Analyses using total scores from the instruments, Depressive Symptom Assessment for Older Adults and the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, showed that bright light exposure is an equally effective intervention for depression in persons with both mild/moderate and severe dementia...
March 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Amanda J Simonton, Cara C Young, Richard A Brown
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are prevalent in the United States and costly to society. SUDs contribute significantly to decreased quality of life and overdose deaths. Physical activity (PA) interventions may be one efficacious method to improve recovery and long-term abstinence from substance use; although PA interventions have resulted in positive physical and psychological outcomes, their adherence and attrition rates have been problematic. To address lack of adherence and high attrition rates, it is important to understand the preferences and attitudes for PA among patients in SUD treatment...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Pedro Martins Faria, Maycon Sousa Pegorari, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Janaína Santos Nascimento, Gianna Fiori Marchiori
We sought to examine the frailty association with depression and functional disability in hospitalized older adults. In particular, we compared non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly hospitalized individuals. We performed a cross-sectional study with 255 hospitalized Brazilian elderly patients. We used a structured instrument to assess socio-economic data, the Fried frailty phenotype and used morbidity scales (Geriatric Depression; Katz; Lawton and Brody). The adjusted analysis revealed that frail elderly exhibit increased odds ratios (OR) for depressive symptoms (OR = 2...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Joy Longo, Michael A DeDonno
Incivility and bullying in healthcare can impact care delivery and quality. There are challenges in research to making a direct link between the behaviors and patient outcomes. One way to address the challenges is through the creation of bullying vignettes that induce mood changes that reflect a feeling of being bullied. The purpose of this study was to develop workplace bullying textual vignettes and to test content validity. Cognitive interviewing was used by engaging content experts to rate 21 author-created vignettes for relevance, realism, and severity...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Sarah M Gilbert, Lynne Nemeth, Elaine Amella, Barbara Edlund, Virginia Burggraf
This study explores the experiences of adult children as they transition their functionally and/or cognitively declining aging parents from independent living to supervised housing. A qualitative grounded theory approach was used to chronicle the experiences of adult children as their caregiving responsibilities intensified and their parents' health declined. Purposive, snowball sampling was used to enlist adult children (n = 16) who were in the process of transitioning an aging parent from an independent living situation to one providing assistance with everyday care and tasks...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Irene Chen, Ho-Si Ng, Lorraine S Evangelista
An Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to promote positive mental health in primarily Hispanic elementary school-aged children. In order to further expand the EHC, the mothers' experiences with the curriculum were examined. Eighteen mothers participated in two focus groups. Mothers reported that they valued this curriculum as a preventive program. Importantly, all mothers wished to extend their involvement to not only assisting their child in completing the curriculum homework but also attending a proposed parenting program...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Bonnie Lashewicz
People with developmental disabilities often experience needs for support that extend beyond the caregiving capacity of their aging parents and their siblings tend to be looked to as next-generation support providers. Yet, sibling support relationships are distinct for their simultaneously obligatory and voluntary nature. This pilot exploration, using in-depth focus group data from five siblings of people with developmental disabilities, is aimed at enriching understandings of the nature of, and expectations surrounding, sibling support for brothers and sisters with developmental disabilities...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Adam Carlbo, Hanna Persic Claesson, Sture Åström
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a common disease with a high risk of comorbidity in both psychiatric and somatic diseases. Physical activity is proven effective in reducing symptoms of schizophrenia and increasing overall health. Still it is not used systematically in the care of persons with schizophrenia. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe nurses' experience, including personal motivation, in using physical activity as complementary treatment in patients with schizophrenia...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Jacquelyn H Flaskerud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Aine Horgan, Peter Kelly, John Goodwin, Laura Behan
This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among 220 first year undergraduate university students in Ireland. Data were collected using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire. Findings indicated that 59% of participants experienced depressive symptoms and 28.5% had suicidal ideation. Financial stress and poor relationships with both parents, increased the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms. Sexual orientation, financial stress, and poor relationships with fathers, increased the odds of experiencing suicidal ideation...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Michelle Cleary, David Lees, Jan Sayers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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