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Issues in Mental Health Nursing

Cheryl Ann Anderson
Depression, violence, and infant complications are recognized risk factors for negative birth experiences. Substance use, which often co-occurs with these risk factors, is unexplored for its role upon the birth experience. The frequency of these risk factors among childbearing adolescents suggests a need for research in this area. This study revealed direct and indirect effects by all risk factors on the adolescent's birth experience. Implications for nursing practice suggest collaboration between maternal child health and mental health nurses in prenatal, hospital, and follow-up healthcare settings to provide essential assessment of risk factors and resources and referrals across the perinatal period...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Sükran Ertekin Pinar Rn PhD, Havva Tel Rn PhD
The study was conducted to determine the effects of music on auditory hallucination and quality of life in schizophrenic patients. The sample of this randomised controlled study consisted of 28 patients (14 experimental and 14 control groups) hospitalised with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (DSM-IV) and auditory hallucination. The study data were collected with the Information Form, The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), Characteristics of Auditory Hallucinations Questionnaire, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF)...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Neslihan Keser Özcan, Nur Elçin Boyacıoğlu, Gül Dikeç, Husniye Dinç, Semra Enginkaya, Nesrin Tomruk
The presence of a mental disorder in the mother is one of the key factors affecting attachment. The present study aimed to evaluate prenatal and postnatal attachment among mothers diagnosed with a mental health disorder by comparing them to a healthy group. The patient group included women who received follow-up care in a psychiatric clinic (74 pregnant and 75 postpartum), and the healthy group consisted of women who attended a follow-up polyclinic (118 pregnant and 82 postpartum). Data were collected using questionnaire forms, including the Prenatal Attachment Inventory and the Maternal Attachment Scale...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Paulo Rosário Carvalho Seabra, José Joaquim Penedos Amendoeira, Luis Octávio Sá, Manuel Luís Vila Capelas
Our aim was to contribute to the clinical validation of "Substance Addiction Consequences" (SAC) derived from the nursing outcomes classification (NOC), and to analyse psychometric properties. To that purpose, we applied a methodological design. The study's outcome comprises 16 nursing-sensitive indicators, within four different consequence factors: psychological and family; physical and cognitive ability; self-care; economic and work. The psychometric properties were considered good. We concluded that the scale can be used as a valid tool to measure the consequences of substance addiction and to assess the health status as a nursing sensitive outcome...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Alexis Siren, Kristin Cleverley, Gillian Strudwick, Sarah Brennenstuhl
INTRODUCTION: The Physical Health Attitude Scale (PHASe) tool was developed to better understand mental health nurses' attitudes towards their involvement and confidence in physical health care. This tool has been used in the United Kingdom and Australia; however, it has not been used in Canada. AIM: This study aims to modify and provide an initial psychometric evaluation of the PHASe tool for use in a Canadian mental health and addictions context. METHODS: In Phase 1, clinical experts (n = 8) were consulted to provide feedback on the content and face validity of the PHASe tool...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Manuela Schmidt, Joakim Ekstrand, Anita Bengtsson Tops
AIM: To investigate self-reported needs for care, support and treatment among persons who frequently visit psychiatric emergency rooms (PERs). DESIGN: A cross-sectional design. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected using an interview-based manual. Qualitative data were analysed using content analysis, whereas quantitative data were analysed using descriptive, non-parametric statistical tests. RESULTS: Persons who frequently visit PERs self-reported unmet needs for care, support and treatment in life domains such as health, socialisation, daytime activities, and emotional and financial security...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Timothy Muga, Gladys Mbuthia, Samwel Maina Gatimu, Rachel Rossiter
Nurses play key roles in recognizing, diagnosing, managing, and referring persons with mental disorders. This cross-sectional study assessed mental health literacy (depression and suicidal ideation) among nurses in a private urban referral hospital in Kenya. Nurses read a vignette and answered questions regarding diagnosis, treatment/interventions, and related attitudes and beliefs. Thirty-seven nurses (12 males) completed the questionnaire. Three correctly identified the diagnosis and 23 identified depression only...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Elizabeth Scruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Inhong Kim, Won-Oak Oh
A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit Gyeongju City, South Korea, in 2016, traumatising and psychologically panicking residents. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for posttraumatic growth (PTG) among university students who experienced South Korea's largest earthquake. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 493 university students in Gyeongju City. Data were collected via 5 self-report questionnaires. PTG was found to be positively correlated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), resilience and social support...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Hui-Man Huang, Pei-Jane Yu, Chun-Ying Chiang
Assessing the recovery ability of individuals who have attempted suicide is crucial for psychiatric health nurses. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a psychometric Suicidal Recovery Ability Scale (SRAS). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that three subscales with 15 items best fit the data. The global SRAS score showed significant negative correlation with the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) score. The Cronbach's α and test-retest reliability scores for the global SRAS and the subscales all exceeded 0...
August 7, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Jacquelyn H Flaskerud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Jacquelyn H Flaskerud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Sarah M Kipping, Jen L De Souza, Lisa A Marshall
Violence and aggression are highly complex problems in mental health care facilities; thus, multi-faceted conflict-reduction strategies are required to mitigate and reduce violence. Safewards is an evidence-informed model aimed at preventing events that have the capacity to trigger aggression and violence. Effectiveness studies of the implementation of Safewards have shown mixed results, including that implementation strategies failed to engage staff and fidelity was low. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of implementing the Safewards model with an approach that embedded co-creation principles in the staff training...
August 1, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Behzad Imani, Sima Mohamad Khan Kermanshahi, Zohreh Vanaki, Anoshiravan Kazemnejad Lili, MohammadReza Zoghipaydar
Emotional intelligence can help nurses improve their clients' satisfaction and health. The aim of this hermeneutic phenomenological study was to explore Iranian hospital nurses' lived experiences of emotional intelligence. Data collection was done through holding ten in-depth semi-structured interviews with ten hospital nurses. Participants were recruited from hospitals affiliated with Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran. Data analysis was done using Van Manen's ( 1997 ) six-step approach and resulted in the development of the main theme of normative interactive management and the following three subthemes of resorting to spiritualities, self-protection, and intelligent resilience...
May 31, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Morgan C Shields, Hailey Reneau, Sasha M Albert, Leeann Siegel, Nhi-Ha Trinh
Inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United States lack systematic regulation and monitoring of a variety of patient safety concerns. We conducted a qualitative analysis of 61 news articles to identify common causes and types of harms within inpatient psychiatric facilities, with a focus on physical harm. The news articles reported on patient self-harm, patient-patient violence, and violence between patients and staff, noting that youth, older adults, and veterans were especially vulnerable. Harms occurred throughout the care continuum - at admission, during the inpatient stay, and at discharge - and retaliation towards whistleblowers deterred facility accountability...
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Frederica Hughes, Joy Vess, Emily Johnson
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to psychiatric mediations is a nationwide problem for people diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI). National non-adherence rates for psychotropic medications are estimated to range from 50% to as high as 75%. The project site data is reflective of the national data. AIMS: The aim of this manuscript is to report the impact of Motivational Interviewing Style Adherence Therapy (MISAT) on adherence to psychotropic medication in Veterans living with SMI...
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Janna Lesser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Kheirolnesa Mojahed, Ali Navidian
Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence on hookah in pregnant women (n = 140) addicted to hookah who reside in the outskirts of Zahedan, a city in southeast of Iran. The subjects were selected using the convenience sampling and randomly divided into either the control or intervention group. The intervention group received five motivational interviewing group sessions about hookah smoking withdrawal, whereas the control group was given the conventional recommendations for quitting hookah...
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Myung-Sun Hyun, Kyoung A Nam, Hyunlye Kim
Families of persons with mental illness (PMIs) are considered important resources for PMIs rather than as contributors to their mental illness. However, these families experience not only the burden of caregiving but also social stigma and discrimination in various aspects of their lives, and their psychosocial needs tend to be overlooked. This was a pilot study to explore the effects of a brief empowerment program on the empowerment and quality of life of families of PMIs in South Korea. A repeated-measures design with a control group and pre/post-follow-up testing was used...
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Brenda Happell, Sarah Gordon, Julia Bocking, Pete Ellis, Cath Roper, Jackie Liggins, Brett Scholz, Chris Platania-Phung
A crucial development resulting from consumer involvement in mental health services has been engagement as active participants in mental health research, often conducted in collaboration with mental health researchers representing the health disciplines (referred to in this paper as 'other' researchers). Despite progress in mental health consumer research, unequal power relations continue to pose a major barrier. Although power issues are discussed in the literature, there is little research from the perspective of other mental health researchers who have collaborated with consumers on research projects...
May 30, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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