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Journal of Natural Products

Shi Qiu, Wen-Zhi Yang, Chang-Liang Yao, Xiao-Jian Shi, Jing-Ya Li, Yang Lou, Ya-Nan Duan, Wan-Ying Wu, De-An Guo
LC-MS-guided phytochemical isolation of malonylginsenosides, featuring neutral elimination of CO2 and C3H2O3 by the negative mode collision-induced dissociation, from the flower buds of Panax ginseng led to the isolation of 19 malonyl-substituted triterpenoid saponins. They include 15 new malonylginsenosides, malonylfloralginsenosides-Re1-Re3 (1-3), -Rb1 and -Rb2 (4, 5), -Rd1-Rd6 (6-11), and -Rc1-Rc4 (12-15), and the known m-Rb1, m-Rc, m-Rb2, and m-Rd (16-19). Compound 11 represents the first dimalonyl saponin isolated from the Panax genus, while 2-4, 9, and 10 are five ginsenosides with single malonylation at the C-20 sugar chain...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Jeremy L Motley, Blake W Stamps, Carter A Mitchell, Alec T Thompson, Jayson Cross, Jianlan You, Douglas R Powell, Bradley S Stevenson, Robert H Cichewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Lizhen Jiang, Xiaojing Liu, Po Yuan, Yanli Zhang, Xiaochuan Chen
A stereoselective synthetic approach was utilized to synthesize enantiopure annuionones A (1b) and B (2b), two ionone-type norsesquiterpenoids that both bear a 6-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane framework and possess allelopathic activity. A stereoselective Diels-Alder reaction based on chiral trisubstituted dienophile 20 was employed to obtain the optically active polysubstituted cyclohexane core of both natural products. Using this approach, (+)-annuionone A (1b) and (-)-annuionone B (2b) were synthesized from lactol (+)-15 in 10% overall yield...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Tsuyoshi Ogihara, Naruki Amano, Yuki Mitsui, Kaien Fujino, Hiroyuki Ohta, Kosaku Takahashi, Hideyuki Matsuura
A monoglyceride (1) has been reported to possess an antibolting effect in radish (Raphanus sativus), but its absolute configuration at the C-2 position was not determined earlier. In this work, the absolute configuration of 1 was determined to be (2S), and it was also accompanied by one new (2) and two known monoglycerides (3 and 4). The chemical structure of 2 was determined as β-(7'Z,10'Z,13'Z)-hexadecatrienoic acid monoglyceride (β-16:3 monoglyceride). Qualitative and quantitative analytical methods for compounds 1-4 were developed, using two deuterium-labeled compounds (8 and 9) as internal standards...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Jyrki Heinämäki, Minni M Pirttimaa, Sami Alakurtti, H Pauliina Pitkänen, Heimo Kanerva, Janne Hulkko, Urve Paaver, Jaan Aruväli, Jouko Yliruusi, Karin Kogermann
The isolation and physical material properties of suberin fatty acids (SFAs) were investigated with special reference to their potential applications as novel pharmaceutical excipients. SFAs were isolated from outer birch bark (OBB) with a new extractive hydrolysis method. The present simplified isolation process resulted in a moderate batch yield and chemical purity of SFAs, but further development is needed for establishing batch-to-batch variation. Cryogenic milling was the method of choice for the particle size reduction of SFAs powder...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Ye Liu, Heng-Yi Yu, Yan-Mei Wang, Tian Tian, Wen-Ming Wu, Ming Zhou, Xiang-Gao Meng, Han-Li Ruan
Nine new lignans (1-9) and ten known analogues (10-19) were isolated from the fruits of Schisandra bicolor var. tuberculata. The structures of compounds 1-9 were established on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis with Cu Kα irradiation techniques, and the absolute configurations of compounds 2-9 were deduced by comparing their experimental ECD spectra and optical rotations with those of compound 1 or similar compounds...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Charles B Larson, Max Crüsemann, Bradley S Moore
The transformation-associated recombination cloning methodology facilitates the genomic capture and heterologous expression of natural product biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). We have streamlined this procedure by introduction of synthetic DNA gene blocks for the efficient capture of BGCs. We show the successful capture and expression of the aromatic polyketide antitumor agent cosmomycin from streptomycete bacteria and the discovery of new cosmomycin analogues by mass spectral molecular networking.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Gang Li, Souvik Kusari, Christopher Golz, Hartmut Laatsch, Carsten Strohmann, Michael Spiteller
An endophytic fungus, Eupenicillium sp. LG41, isolated from the Chinese medicinal plant Xanthium sibiricum, was subjected to epigenetic modulation using an NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, nicotinamide. Epigenetic stimulation of the endophyte led to enhanced production of two new decalin-containing compounds, eupenicinicols C and D (3 and 4), along with two biosynthetically related known compounds, eujavanicol A (1) and eupenicinicol A (2). The structures and stereochemistry of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis using LC-HRMS, NMR, optical rotation, and ECD calculations, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Mehmet Tatli, Mandar T Naik, Shigeru Okada, Lawrence J Dangott, Timothy P Devarenne
Three cyclic C33 botryococcenes and one new trimethylsqualene isomer were isolated from the B race, Showa (Berkeley) strain of Botryococcus braunii, which is known to produce large amounts of isoprenoid hydrocarbons ranging in carbon number from 30 to 34. Their purity was determined by GC-MS, and structures were characterized by 1D and 2D NMR. One of these molecules, cyclic C33-1 botryococcene (5), has an unusual connection of a methylenecyclohexane ring to the molecule backbone not seen before in botryococcenes...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Katia Gindro, Sylvain Schnee, Davide Righi, Laurence Marcourt, Samad Nejad Ebrahimi, Josep Massana Codina, Francine Voinesco, Emilie Michellod, Jean-Luc Wolfender, Emerson Ferreira Queiroz
The protein secretome of Botrytis cinerea was used to perform the biotransformation of resveratrol, pterostilbene, and a mixture of both. Metabolite profiling by UHPLC-HRMS revealed the presence of compounds with unusual molecular formula, suggesting the existence of new products. To isolate these products, the reactions were scaled-up, and 21 analogues were isolated and fully characterized by NMR and HRESIMS analyses. The reaction with pterostilbene afforded five new compounds, while the reaction with a mixture of pterostilbene and resveratrol afforded seven unusual stilbene dimers...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Andrea A Stierle, Donald B Stierle, Daniel Decato, Nigel D Priestley, Jeremy B Alverson, John Hoody, Kelly McGrath, Dorota Klepacki
A carefully timed coculture fermentation of Penicillium fuscum and P. camembertii/clavigerum yielded eight new 16-membered-ring macrolides, berkeleylactones A-H (1, 4, 6-9, 12, 13), as well as the known antibiotic macrolide A26771B (5), patulin, and citrinin. There was no evidence of the production of the berkeleylactones or A26771B (5) by either fungus when grown as axenic cultures. The structures were deduced from analyses of spectral data, and the absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 9 were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Zuzana Hanáková, Jan Hošek, Zsófia Kutil, Veronika Temml, Přemysl Landa, Tomáš Vaněk, Daniela Schuster, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Josef Cvačka, Ondřej Polanský, Karel Šmejkal
Geranyl flavones have been studied as compounds that potentially can be developed as anti-inflammatory agents. A series of natural geranylated flavanones was isolated from Paulownia tomentosa fruits, and these compounds were studied for their anti-inflammatory activity and possible mechanism of action. Two new compounds were characterized [paulownione C (17) and tomentodiplacone O (20)], and all of the isolated derivatives were assayed for their ability to inhibit cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Amalyn Nain-Perez, Luiz Cláudio Almeida Barbosa, Célia Regina Álvares Maltha, Giuseppe Forlani
Abenquines are natural quinones, produced by some Streptomycetes, showing the ability to inhibit cyanobacterial growth in the 1 to 100 μM range. To further elucidate their biological significance, the synthesis of several analogues (4f-h, 5a-h) allowed us to identify some steric and electronic requirements for bioactivity. Replacing the acetyl by a benzoyl group in the quinone core and also changing the amino acid moiety with ethylpyrimidinyl or ethylpyrrolidinyl groups resulted in analogues 25-fold more potent than the natural abenquines...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Anna Vuorinen, Roger T Engeli, Susanne Leugger, Fabio Bachmann, Muhammad Akram, Atanas G Atanasov, Birgit Waltenberger, Veronika Temml, Hermann Stuppner, Liselotte Krenn, Sylvin B Ateba, Dieudonné Njamen, Rohan A Davis, Alex Odermatt, Daniela Schuster
17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (17β-HSD2) converts the active steroid hormones estradiol, testosterone, and 5α-dihydrotestosterone into their weakly active forms estrone, Δ(4)-androstene-3,17-dione, and 5α-androstane-3,17-dione, respectively, thereby regulating cell- and tissue-specific steroid action. As reduced levels of active steroids are associated with compromised bone health and onset of osteoporosis, 17β-HSD2 is considered a target for antiosteoporotic treatment. In this study, a pharmacophore model based on 17β-HSD2 inhibitors was applied to a virtual screening of various databases containing natural products in order to discover new lead structures from nature...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Hui Tian, Jamil Shafi, Mingshan Ji, Yuhui Bi, Zhiguo Yu
One new indole derivative, chloroindole (1), one new diketone, streptoone A (2), two new ketonic acids, streptoones B (3) and C (4), and one known macrolide antibiotic, X-14952B (5), were isolated from Streptomyces sp. SN0280. Extensive NMR, HRESIMS, and IR analysis was used to elucidate their structures. Streptoone A (2) displayed antibacterial activity (MIC value of 7.81 μg/mL) against Clavibater michiganensis, comparable with the positive control streptomycin (MIC value of 7.81 μg/mL). Streptoone B (3) showed antifungal activity (MIC value of 15...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Luo-Yi Wang, Jun-Jun Qin, Zhen-Hua Chen, Yu Zhou, Wei Tang, Jian-Ping Zuo, Wei-Min Zhao
Further phytochemical investigation of the root bark of Periploca sepium afforded nine new spiro-orthoester group-containing pregnane-type glycosides termed periplosides O-V and 3-O-formyl-periploside A. The structures of these glycosides along with the absolute configuration of the unique seven-membered formyl acetal-bridged spiro-orthoester function and the 4,6-dideoxy-3-O-methyl-Δ(3)-2-hexosulosyl moiety were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation and chemical transformation. The absolute configurations of the major compounds periplosides C and F were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Arihiro Iwasaki, Takato Tadenuma, Shimpei Sumimoto, Taichi Ohshiro, Kaori Ozaki, Keisuke Kobayashi, Toshiaki Teruya, Hiroshi Tomoda, Kiyotake Suenaga
Biseokeaniamides A, B, and C (1-3), structurally novel sterol O-acyltransferase (SOAT) inhibitors, were isolated from an Okeania sp. marine cyanobacterium. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and degradation reactions. Biseokeaniamide B (2) exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against human HeLa cancer cells, and compounds 1-3 inhibited both SOAT1 and SOAT2, not only at an enzyme level but also at a cellular level. Biseokeaniamides (1-3) are the first linear lipopeptides that have been shown to exhibit SOAT-inhibitory activity...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Masahiro Okada, Tomotoshi Sugita, Chin Piow Wong, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Ikuro Abe
A novel pyridinium with three indole moieties, tricepyridinium, was obtained from the culture of an Escherichia coli clone incorporating metagenomic libraries from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx. For the important structural elements of tricepyridinium to be investigated for antibacterial activity, tricepyridinium and its analogues were chemically synthesized. Tricepyridinium had antimicrobial activity, but not against E. coli, and cytotoxicity against P388 cells. Additional bioassays with its synthetic analogues revealed that the intriguing combination of the indole moieties, most likely derived from three tryptamines, as well as the pyridinium moiety were chiefly responsible for its potent biological activities...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Airi Suzuki, Yohei Saito, Shuichi Fukuyoshi, Masuo Goto, Katsunori Miyake, David J Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Kyoko Nakagawa-Goto
A bioactive CH3OH-CH2Cl2 (1:1) extract of the bark of Laetia corymbulosa provided five new clerodane diterpenes with an isozuelanin skeleton, designated as corymbulosins D-H (1-5), as well as the known corymbulosins B (6) and C (7), for which the relative configurations were not previously determined. The structures of 1-5 were characterized on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and HRMS analysis. The absolute configurations of all isolated compounds 1-7 were verified through chemical methods, including modified Mosher esterifications or oxidation of the hydroxy group at C-2, ECD experiments, and spectroscopic data comparison...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Alexander E Fox Ramos, Charlotte Alcover, Laurent Evanno, Alexandre Maciuk, Marc Litaudon, Christophe Duplais, Guillaume Bernadat, Jean-François Gallard, Jean-Christophe Jullian, Elisabeth Mouray, Philippe Grellier, Philippe M Loiseau, Sébastien Pomel, Erwan Poupon, Pierre Champy, Mehdi A Beniddir
Three new monoterpene indole alkaloids (1-3) have been isolated from the bark of Geissospermum laeve, together with the known alkaloids (-)-leuconolam (4), geissolosimine (5), and geissospermine (6). The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by analysis of their HRMS and NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of geissolaevine (1) was deduced from the comparison of experimental and theoretically calculated ECD spectra. The isolation workflow was guided by a molecular networking-based dereplication strategy using an in-house database of monoterpene indole alkaloids...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
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