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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958169/recommendations-for-infant-feeding-policy-and-programs-in-dzimauli-region-south-africa-results-from-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#1
Lindelani Fhumudzani Mushaphi, Tjale Cloupas Mahopo, Cebisa Noxolo Nesamvuni, Brenda Baloyi, Ellen Mashau, Jeniata Richardson, Rebecca Dillingham, Richard Guerrant, Ramya Ambikapathi, Pascal Bessong
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of life reduces the risk of diseases in infancy and in later life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the maternal reasoning that influences optimum infant feeding practices of caregivers in semirural communities of Limpopo province. METHODS: Nested qualitative study among mothers in an ongoing birth cohort study was conducted; structured and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data...
September 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#2
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513265/perturbing-status-of-vitamin-b12-in-indian-infants-and-their-mothers
#3
Medha Mittal, Vijayashri Bansal, Rahul Jain, Pradeep Kumar Dabla
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency in early life can adversely affect the growth of developing brain with myriad of neurodevelopmental manifestations. At this age, the deficiency is usually the result of low maternal levels. OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin B12 status of healthy exclusively breast-fed Indian infants aged 1 to 6 months and their mothers. METHODS: One hundred term exclusively breast-fed infants aged 1 to 6 months attending pediatric outpatient department were recruited...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513264/body-composition-analysis-by-using-bioelectrical-impedance-in-a-young-healthy-chinese-population-methodological-considerations
#4
Wei Chen, Hua Jiang, Jiong-Xian Yang, Hao Yang, Jing-Min Liu, Xiu-Yuan Zhen, Lian-Jun Feng, Jian-Chun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) model for analyzing body composition by using isotope dilution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as the reference methods in young healthy Chinese populations. METHODS: Thirty healthy participants were enrolled. Their body composition was analyzed using BIA and 3 reference methods. We established a model that uniformed data from 3 references methods (isotope, MRI, and DEXA) into 1 formula...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513263/mortality-benefits-of-vitamin-a-are-not-affected-by-varying-frequency-total-dose-or-duration-of-supplementation
#5
Sarah Kranz, Laura Pimpin, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin A supplementation reduces child mortality, it remains unclear whether dosing frequency, total dose, or duration modifies effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether mortality effects of vitamin A vary by dosing frequency, total dose, or duration. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, identified by systematic review and expert opinion, utilizing relatively standard World Health Organization doses in children <5 years...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513262/introduction-to-rainer-gross
#6
Klaus Schümann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513261/rainer-gross-award-lecture-2016-a-laboratory-in-your-pocket-enabling-precision-nutrition
#7
Saurabh Mehta, Susannah Colt, Seoho Lee, David Erickson
The need for improving methods of nutritional assessment and delivering primary health care globally cannot be overemphasized. While advances in medical technology typically create more disparities because of access being limited to resource-rich settings, a transition of health care to a mobile platform is increasingly leveling the field. Technological advances offer opportunities to scale laboratory procedures down to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Globalization also provides the required infrastructure and network capacity to support the use of mobile health devices in developing settings where nutritional deficiencies are most prevalent...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513260/standing-on-the-shoulders-of-nutrition-s-giants-a-third-editor-assumes-the-food-and-nutrition-bulletin
#8
Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513259/short-stature-is-associated-with-overweight-but-not-with-high-energy-intake-in-low-income-quilombola-women
#9
Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Andreza A Luna, Telma Maria M T Florêncio, Monica L Assunção, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Population exposed to chronic undernutrition in early life seems to be more susceptible to obesity in adulthood due to the development of mechanisms that improve the efficiency of energy use. Therefore, these individuals have relatively reduced energy requirements (thrifty phenotype). OBJECTIVE: To investigate, among women living on severe socioeconomic vulnerability, whether short stature, a marker for undernutrition in early life, is associated with excess body weight but not with a high energy intake...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513258/a-note-from-the-outgoing-editor
#10
Irwin H Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359209/trained-cohorts-of-university-students-are-a-useful-resource-for-conducting-dietary-surveys-in-mongolia
#11
Sabri Bromage, Holly Ya-Fan Chung, Hannah Bonville, Jeannie Choi Sprenger, Rebecca Lander, Davaasambuu Ganmaa
BACKGROUND: Population-based dietary assessment is important for informing national nutrition policy. The developing country setting presents challenges for robust implementation of dietary surveys, yet effective nutrition interventions are often urgently required. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a low-cost approach to epidemiologic dietary assessment in Mongolia, involving the use of large cohorts of local public health and medical students as research assistants for collecting diet records...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129112/folate-deficiency-and-anemia-among-women-of-reproductive-age-15-49-years-in-senegal-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Ndèye Fatou Ndiaye, Nicole Idohou-Dossou, Adama Diouf, Amadou Tidiane Guiro, Salimata Wade
BACKGROUND: Widely spread throughout the world, folate and iron deficiencies are risk factors for many diseases. However, contrary to iron deficiency and anemia, which have been documented in depth, the prevalence of folate deficiency among women has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of folate deficiency and anemia and their association among Senegalese women of reproductive age. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey using a stratified 2-stage cluster sampling was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117737/iodine-status-of-taiwanese-population-in-2013-10-years-after-changing-from-mandatory-to-voluntary-salt-iodization
#13
Fan-Fen Wang, Kam-Tsun Tang, Wen-Harn Pan, Justin Ging-Shing Won, Yao-Te Hsieh, Chun-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: Since 2003, Taiwan had iodine policy changes from mandatory to voluntary. The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2001-2002 for schoolchildren showed an adequate iodine nutrition, while NAHSIT 2005-2008 for adults showed the iodine status was at borderline adequacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the iodine status of the Taiwanese population from schoolchildren to adulthood 10 years after the change of the salt iodization policy. METHOD: Urinary iodine was measured in samples from subjects in NAHSIT 2013...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065728/results-of-applying-cultural-domain-analysis-techniques-and-implications-for-the-design-of-complementary-feeding-interventions-in-northern-senegal
#14
Stephanie Zobrist, Nikhila Kalra, Gretel Pelto, Brittney Wittenbrink, Peiman Milani, Abdoulaye Moussa Diallo, Tidiane Ndoye, Issa Wone, Megan Parker
BACKGROUND: Designing effective nutrition interventions for infants and young children requires knowledge about the population to which the intervention is directed, including insights into the cognitive systems and values that inform caregiver feeding practices. OBJECTIVE: To apply cultural domain analysis techniques in the context of implementation research for the purpose of understanding caregivers' knowledge frameworks in Northern Senegal with respect to infant and young child (IYC) feeding...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046067/making-food-aid-fit-for-purpose-in-the-21st-century-a-review-of-recent-initiatives-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-foods-used-in-emergency-and-development-programming
#15
Patrick Webb, Kristine Caiafa, Shelley Walton
Important strides have been made recently in upgrading the global food aid agenda in line with evolving medical and nutrition sciences, operational experience, and innovations in food technology. A 2011 report endorsed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) recommended numerous improvements to products intended to support improved survival and nutrition in humanitarian programming, as well as greater rigor and transparency in the research agenda that supports innovations in this critical field...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978233/predictors-of-stunting-in-children-aged-6-to-59-months-a-case-control-study-in-southwest-uganda
#16
John Bukusuba, Archileo N Kaaya, Abel Atukwase
BACKGROUND: Stunting affects close to 2.4 million children in Uganda and it is among the major contributors to the annual loss in productivity of the equivalent of US$899 million. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify the key underlying causes of the persistently high stunting rates in a region of Uganda known to have low poverty rates and a high agricultural output. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted in Buhweju district, southwest Uganda to compare prior exposures between stunted children (cases) and nonstunted children (controls)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978232/retail-sugar-from-one-zambian-community-does-not-meet-statutory-requirements-for-vitamin-a-fortification
#17
Matthew D Greene, Gladys Kabaghe, Mofu Musonda, Amanda C Palmer
BACKGROUND: Industrial food fortification is a major strategy to improve dietary micronutrient intakes and prevent deficiencies. Zambia introduced mandatory sugar fortification with vitamin A, at a target of 10 mg/kg, in 1998. Representative surveys conducted since that time do not support marked improvement in vitamin A status. OBJECTIVE: To describe vitamin A concentrations in retail sugar, as well as vendor practices, perceptions of fortified foods, and sugar use practices...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978231/breastfeeding-duration-and-adolescent-educational-outcomes-longitudinal-evidence-from-india
#18
Arindam Nandi, Randall Lutter, Ramanan Laxminarayan
OBJECTIVE: There is a significant evidence gap on the long-term educational benefits of longer breastfeeding in low- and middle-income countries. We estimated the association between duration of (any) breastfeeding and educational outcomes of Indian children. METHODS: We used regression analysis to examine the association between the length of breastfeeding (in months) and future education outcomes on the basis of 2 data sets: (1) data from a follow-up survey known as the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS, 2003-2005) of 1165 children aged 13 to 18 years from a controlled nutrition trial originally conducted in South India during the period of 1987 to 1990; and (2) nationally representative data from the India Human Development Survey (IHDS-2, 2011-2012) of 6121 children aged 6 to 12 years...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969509/household-consumption-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-and-its-associated-factors-in-chipata-district-eastern-province-zambia
#19
Patricia Sakala, Ernesta Kunneke, Mieke Faber
BACKGROUND: The Integrating Orange Project promotes production and consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) to address vitamin A deficiency among rural populations of Zambia since 2011. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed household production and consumption of OFSP and identified factors associated with consumption thereof in Integrating Orange Project areas in Chipata district, Zambia. METHODS: Respondents of 295 randomly selected households were interviewed using a structured questionnaire during the sweet potato harvest season...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969508/rich-food-biodiversity-amid-low-consumption-of-food-items-in-kilosa-district-tanzania
#20
Julius E Ntwenya, Joyce Kinabo, John Msuya, Peter Mamiro, Delphina Mamiro, Elifuraha Njoghomi, Philip Liwei, Megan Huang
BACKGROUND: Indigenous foods, which contribute largely to the majority of the households' food basket in rural Tanzanian communities, have not been fully characterized or documented. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to document foods available and consumed in Kilosa District, Tanzania, in an attempt to promote, revive use, and build evidence for sustainable utilization of the rich local biodiversity. METHODS: Data were collected from 307 households in 3 agroecological zones in Kilosa District during the beginning of the rainy season (February-May) and immediately after harvest (September-October)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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