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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382224/determinants-of-stunting-wasting-and-anemia-in-guinean-preschool-age-children-an-analysis-of-dhs-data-from-1999-2005-and-2012
#1
Bradley A Woodruff, James P Wirth, Ismael Ngnie-Teta, Jean Max Beaulière, Daffe Mamady, Mohamed Ag Ayoya, Fabian Rohner
Wasting, stunting, and anemia are persistent and important forms of malnutrition in preschool-age children in the less developed world, in particular the Republic of Guinea, which was the site of a large outbreak of Ebola virus disease in 2014 to 2015. We analyzed data from 3 Demographic and Health Surveys done in Guinea in 1999, 2005, and 2012 to identify possible determinants of wasting, stunting, and anemia. All analyses, both bivariate and multivariate, were carried out separately for each of 3 age groups: less than 6 months, 6 to 23 months, and 24 to 59 months...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284306/coverage-and-consumption-of-micronutrient-powders-fortified-staples-and-iodized-salt-among-children-aged-6-to-23-months-in-selected-neighborhoods-of-nairobi-county-kenya
#2
Magali Leyvraz, Dorcus M David-Kigaru, Catherine Macharia-Mutie, Grant J Aaron, Marlene Roefs, Alison Tumilowicz
BACKGROUND: Intake of micronutrient-rich foods among children aged 6 to 23 months in Nairobi is low. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess existing coverage and utilization of micronutrient powders (MNPs), fortified staples, and iodized salt among children aged 6 to 23 months prior to implementation of an MNP program. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months (n = 618) was implemented in 7 neighborhoods within Nairobi County, representing the implementation area of the new MNP program...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284305/how-functional-is-moringa-oleifera-a-review-of-its-nutritive-medicinal-and-socioeconomic-potential
#3
Oluwadara Oluwaseun Alegbeleye
Moringa oleifera is an important tropical food plant that seems to have great nutritional, therapeutic, industrial, agricultural, and socioeconomic value. Dietary consumption of its parts and preparations is encouraged by several organizations, health food enthusiasts, and other specialists as a strategy of personal health preservation and self-medication in the treatment of various diseases. Studies extoling its ability to mitigate various degenerative ailments now exist in both the scientific and the popular literature...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258337/first-field-test-of-an-innovative-wider-tape-to-measure-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-young-laotian-children
#4
Sonja Y Hess, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Maxwell A Barffour, Bangone Bounheuang, Charles D Arnold, David Bell, Tola H Marts, Sengchanh Kounnavong
BACKGROUND: Measurements of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) may result in measurement error due to incorrect placement along the arm or tight pulling of tape. To reduce the risk of these measurement errors, a new wider tape was developed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the measurement agreement and precision and the ease of use of the standard and wide MUAC tapes. METHODS: Mid-upper arm circumference was measured in 814 children aged 9 to 32 months with both tapes...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258336/ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-made-from-locally-available-food-ingredients-is-well-accepted-by-children-having-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-bangladesh
#5
Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md Iqbal Hossain, M Munirul Islam, Shafiqul A Sarker, Mamane Zeilani, John David Clemens
BACKGROUND: With a prevalence of 3.1%, approximately, 450 000 children in Bangladesh are having severe acute malnutrition (SAM). There is currently no national community-based program run by government to take care of these children, one of the reasons being lack of access to ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). OBJECTIVE: To develop RUTF using locally available food ingredients and test its acceptability. METHODS: A checklist was prepared for all food ingredients available and commonly consumed in Bangladesh that have the potential of being used for developing a RUTF...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226708/-men-are-in-front-at-eating-time-but-not-when-it-comes-to-rearing-the-chicken-unpacking-the-gendered-benefits-and-costs-of-livestock-ownership-in-kenya
#6
Sarah E Dumas, Abena Maranga, Patrick Mbullo, Shalean Collins, Pauline Wekesa, Maricianah Onono, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Livestock can promote resilience in low-income communities through a number of pathways. Livestock development programs seek to amplify these benefits but often fail to consider the costs to intended beneficiaries or the effect of prevailing gender norms. OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions of livestock ownership among female smallholder livestock keepers in Nyanza Region, Kenya, and unpack how the distribution of livestock benefits and investments varies by gender within households...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129112/folate-deficiency-and-anemia-among-women-of-reproductive-age-15-49-years-in-senegal-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Ndèye Fatou Ndiaye, Nicole Idohou-Dossou, Adama Diouf, Amadou Tidiane Guiro, Salimata Wade
BACKGROUND: Widely spread throughout the world, folate and iron deficiencies are risk factors for many diseases. However, contrary to iron deficiency and anemia, which have been documented in depth, the prevalence of folate deficiency among women has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of folate deficiency and anemia and their association among Senegalese women of reproductive age. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey using a stratified 2-stage cluster sampling was conducted...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117737/iodine-status-of-taiwanese-population-in-2013-10-years-after-changing-from-mandatory-to-voluntary-salt-iodization
#8
Fan-Fen Wang, Kam-Tsun Tang, Wen-Harn Pan, Justin Ging-Shing Won, Yao-Te Hsieh, Chun-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: In 2003, Taiwan's iodine policy changed from mandatory to voluntary. The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2001-2002 for schoolchildren showed adequate iodine nutrition, while NAHSIT 2005-2008 for adults showed the iodine status was at borderline adequacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the iodine status of the Taiwanese population from schoolchildren to adulthood 10 years after the change of the salt iodization policy. METHOD: Urinary iodine was measured in samples from subjects in NAHSIT 2013...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969509/household-consumption-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-and-its-associated-factors-in-chipata-district-eastern-province-zambia
#9
Patricia Sakala, Ernesta Kunneke, Mieke Faber
BACKGROUND: The Integrating Orange Project promotes production and consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) to address vitamin A deficiency among rural populations of Zambia since 2011. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed household production and consumption of OFSP and identified factors associated with consumption thereof in Integrating Orange Project areas in Chipata district, Zambia. METHODS: Respondents of 295 randomly selected households were interviewed using a structured questionnaire during the sweet potato harvest season...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826252/contribution-of-nutrient-diversity-and-food-perceptions-to-food-and-nutrition-security-among-smallholder-farming-households-in-western-kenya-a-case-study
#10
Mary Ng'endo, Shonil Bhagwat, Gudrun B Keding
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region in the world where hunger is prevalent in over one-third of the population, with smallholder farming households, producers of over 80% of Africa's food, facing both calorie and micronutrient deficiencies. With agricultural systems serving as the main source of all nutrients, little is known about the extent to which agricultural diversity in different seasons can meet macro- and micronutrient needs in rural Africa. OBJECTIVE: Linkages between nutrient diversity and food species were investigated...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823213/serum-vitamin-d-level-associates-with-handgrip-muscle-strength-among-ethiopian-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Tolassa Wakayo, Tefera Belachew, Susan J Whiting
BACKGROUND: Despite varying serum levels of 25(OH)D among schoolchildren in Ethiopia, data are lacking whether this affects their muscle function as measured by handgrip strength of these children. Handgrip strength may be used as a proxy indicator of muscle strength and function. This study evaluated the association between serum levels of 25(OH)D and handgrip strength among schoolchildren in Ethiopia. METHODS: The study used a data set from a school-based cross-sectional study conducted on a total of 174 randomly selected schoolchildren from urban (N = 89) and rural (N = 85) settings of Adama Town and Adama Woreda, respectively...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535743/acceptability-of-complementary-foods-that-incorporate-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-among-infants-and-their-caregivers
#12
Laurene Boateng, Ruth Nyarko, Matilda Asante, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Moringa oleifera leaf powder (MLP) is a nutrient-rich and readily available food resource that has the potential to improve the micronutrient quality of complementary foods in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acceptability of complementary foods fortified with MLP. METHODS: Moringa oleifera leaf powder was fed to infants either as part of a cereal-legume complementary food blend (MCL-35 g) or by sprinkling as a food supplement (MS-5 g) on infant's usual foods...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756491/innovative-healthy-lifestyles-school-based-public-private-partnerships-designed-to-curb-the-childhood-obesity-epidemic-globally-lessons-learned-from-the-mondel%C3%A4-z-international-foundation
#13
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been recognized as central for addressing the childhood obesity epidemic. However, very few real-world examples have been published documenting the workings of effective PPPs. The objective of this article is to identify the factors that enabled the successful implementation of school-based PPPs focusing mainly on nutrition and physical activity in 7 countries located in Asia (China and India), Africa (South Africa), Europe (Germany, United Kingdom), and Latin America (Brazil and Mexico)...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734823/from-the-field-improving-fetal-and-infant-growth-in-vulnerable-populations
#14
Seth Adu-Afarwuah
BACKGROUND: This article summarizes a presentation given at the 2017 Dairy for Global Nutrition Conference in Boise, Idaho. OBJECTIVE: To give an overview of the pattern of early growth faltering in developing countries and examine the implications of the iLiNS-DYAD randomized trial in Ghana. METHODS: The pattern of growth faltering in developing countries was outlined. In Ghana, 1320 women ≤ 20 weeks of pregnancy were assigned to 20 g/d small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement (SQ-LNS; LNS group) or multiple micronutrients (MMNs) containing 22 and 18 vitamins and minerals, respectively, until 6 months postpartum, or iron and folic acid (IFA) until delivery, and thereafter placebo until 6 months postpartum...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734822/proposal-and-actions-to-decrease-malnutrition-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#15
Patricia Barreto, Carolina Batis, Gisele Bortolini, Daniela Canella, Gustavo Cediel, Jhoana Colina, Katherine Curi, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Yoandry Díaz, Ana Clara Duran, Bárbara I Estrada-Velasco, Gabriela Fretes, Wendy González, Elka González, Susana López, Pamela Mattar, Mónica Mazariegos, Melissa Miranda, María Fernanda Mujica, Diana Murillo, Deborah Navarro-Rosenblatt, María J Ramirez-Luzuriaga, Ana Inés Soruco, María Elisa Zapata
While some of our countries are still facing nutrition deficiencies (stunting/short stature and micronutrient deficiencies), overweight and obesity are increasing in an alarming way. In addition, a very limited research network and lack of funding make it extremely challenging to foster collaborative efforts to address the complex nutritional problems that Latin America is facing. Therefore, as the future leaders in nutrition, we reinforce our commitment to improve our research capacity to identify opportunities for action to end malnutrition in all its forms in our region to address health disparities and to strengthen the Latin American Society of Nutrition...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732931/determinants-of-the-global-prices-of-ready-to-use-therapeutic-foods
#16
Jakub Kakietek
BACKGROUND: A therapy based on ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in outpatient settings is considered the gold standard in the treatment of severe acute malnutrition in children younger than 5 years. The price of RUTF is the key cost driver of the therapy. However, no studies to date have systematically examined the determinants of RUTF prices. OBJECTIVE: This article presents the first analysis of factors associated with the prices of RUTF, focusing on the impact of competition and tendering...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724127/growth-components-of-cow-s-milk-emphasis-on-effects-in-undernourished-children
#17
Benedikte Grenov, Kim F Michaelsen
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk is a core ingredient in foods for prevention and treatment of undernutrition in children. It promotes growth, but there is limited knowledge of which components in milk have growth-stimulating effects. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the growth-stimulating effects of milk in undernourished children with emphasis on protein, lactose, and minerals. METHODS: We reviewed literature on dairy and growth in undernourished children. RESULTS: Cow's milk has a specific stimulating effect on linear growth, even in well-nourished children, and it may stimulate weight gain and muscle accretion in wasted children...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669426/do-coffee-farmers-benefit-in-food-security-from-participating-in-coffee-cooperatives-evidence-from-southwest-ethiopia-coffee-cooperatives
#18
Zekarias Shumeta, Marijke D'Haese
BACKGROUND: Most coffee in Ethiopia is produced by smallholder farmers who face a daily struggle to get sufficient income but also to feed their families. At the same time, many smallholder coffee producers are members of cooperatives. Yet, literature has paid little attention to the effect of cooperatives on combating food insecurity among cash crop producers including coffee farmers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate how coffee cooperative membership may affect food security among coffee farm households in Southwest Ethiopia...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642714/study-of-the-determinants-of-chronic-malnutrition-in-northern-nigeria-quantitative-evidence-from-the-nigeria-demographic-and-health-surveys
#19
Mulubrhan Amare, Todd Benson, Olusegun Fadare, Motunrayo Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: Close to half of all children younger than 5 years in the Northeast and Northwest geopolitical zones were estimated to be stunted in their growth for their age in 2013 compared to 22% of children in the rest of Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: We examine the drivers of chronic child undernutrition in northern Nigeria and how those drivers differ from other areas of the country. METHODS: Both a standard child-level regression-based approach and decomposition analysis were used to address the determinants of stunting and decompose how drivers differ between northern Nigeria and other areas of the country using 2008 and 2013 Nigeria DHS data...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614873/vitamin-d-status-among-young-children-aged-6-to-23-months-from-4-different-ethnic-groups-in-yunnan-china
#20
Yanhong Li, Yan Li, Xian Zhang, Lin Zhao, Liqin Chen, Haisong Sun
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in 6- to 23-month-old children from 4 different ethnic groups, Han, Lisu, Hani, and Bai, in Yunnan Province of China. METHODS: A large cohort of 938 young children aged 6 to 23 months who were living in Yunnan, China (23°28'-27°52' N), were selected and recruited in this study. Venous-blood sampling was conducted in all the participants, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were measured...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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