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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

Beth Imhoff-Kunsch, Iju Shakya, Salome Aroma Diatalau Namohunu, Anna Pitaboe, Pierre Wong, Becky L Tsang, Karen Codling, Jessica Foley, Helena Pachón
BACKGROUND: Solomon Islands (SI) mandated wheat flour fortification in 2010. Rice is a key staple food in SI, and its fortification may provide an opportunity to deliver additional micronutrients to the population. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fortified rice (proposed) and fortified wheat flour potentially benefit women of reproductive age (WRA). METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2012-2013 Household Income and Expenditure Survey to quantify food purchases, which served as a proxy for food consumption...
January 3, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Aziz Zargaraan, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Hedayat Hosseini, Yeganeh Salmani, Manochehr Bahmaei, Fatemeh Esfarjani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore stakeholders' views about quality and safety of edible oils from farm to industry and propose policy options to address these challenges. METHODS: Semistructured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 11 experts in edible oil industry. Participants were selected through purposive sampling and snowballing. Open-ended interview questions were used to identify the edible oil's challenges from farm to industry...
December 5, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Catherine Latu, Marj Moodie, Jeremaia Coriakula, Gade Waqa, Wendy Snowdon, Colin Bell
INTRODUCTION: Policy interventions can encourage healthier dietary choices and help prevent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, governments are seeking to develop and implement food-related policies, but little research on food-related policies is available to guide policy development. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an in-depth examination of barriers and facilitators to food-related policy development in Fiji. METHOD: Case studies were undertaken on 7 food-related policies that were recommended for action in 2010...
November 28, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Priya Rampal
BACKGROUND: India became self-sufficient in food because of the Green Revolution in the 1960s. However, both the technological innovation and policy support have been biased toward cereals. It is expected that cereals are the major source of proteins in the diet. In recent years, the consumption of cereals is declining in spite of increasing output due to declining preference. Therefore, the country needs to increase production and consumption of pulses to meet the nutritional requirements of the population...
November 27, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Eltony Mugomeri
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of nutrition indicators is critical for informing nutrition policies and programs. The failure by many sub-Saharan countries to maintain functional surveillance systems for maternal and child health (MCH) hampers their capacity to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals relevant for MCH. The nutrition surveillance system (NSS) for MCH in the southern African country of Lesotho is no exception to this problem despite the country having some of the highest maternal and child mortality ratios globally...
November 26, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kerry S Flannagan, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Ana Victoria Roman, Arun K Das, Eduardo Villamor
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake is low throughout Latin America. Improving PUFA status could be an effective intervention against chronic disease, but information on sociodemographic and dietary patterning of PUFA status in the region is limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize sociodemographic, anthropometric, and dietary predictors of PUFA status biomarkers in adipose tissue among children and their parents from Mesoamerica. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 220 children aged 7 to 12 years and 471 parents from capital cities of Guatemala, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize, as well as Tuxtla Gutiérrez in Mexico...
November 20, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kathryn P Derose, Kartika Palar, Hugo Farías, Jayne Adams, Homero Martínez
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and malnutrition present challenges to HIV management, but little research has been done in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). OBJECTIVE: To assess levels of food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV (PLHIV) across multiple countries in LAC to inform pilot projects and policy. METHODS: Through interinstitutional collaboration, we collected data on sociodemographics, household food security, anthropometry, and commonly consumed foods among adults seeking care at HIV clinics in Bolivia, Honduras, and the Dominican Republic (DR; N = 400) and used the results for pilot projects...
November 19, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Archna Singh, Tanica Lyngdoh, Melina S Magsumbol, Preeti Kamboj, Gail Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: Oraon tribes of India have high levels of undernutrition. Dietary diversification is one of the food-based interventions to ameliorate malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the awareness and availability of indigenous foods and estimated dietary intakes and nutritional status with emphasis on indigenous food consumption among women in the Oraon tribal community in Jharkhand, India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component on dietary intake assessment to capture seasonality...
November 14, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Anna Roesler, Lisa G Smithers, Pattanee Winichagoon, Prasit Wangpakapattanawong, Vivienne Moore
BACKGROUND: In Thailand, despite widespread improvements in child nutrition, stunting is still highly prevalent among northern hill tribe children. OBJECTIVE: To understand how villagers and health workers (volunteers and officials) gauge health of children younger than 5 years, whether growth monitoring is salient, and the relationships of villagers with the health system in this remote location. METHODS: Qualitative research was undertaken with 8 hill tribe villages...
November 12, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Chian Yi Teng, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Yoke Mun Chan
BACKGROUND: Independence gained during adolescence may be associated with unhealthy eating behaviors. Although malnutrition among adolescents is evident, studies on eating behaviors among adolescents are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a teacher-led Healthy Lifestyle Program on eating behaviors among adolescents in Malaysia. METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled trial (conducted in 2012 to 2014), with 100 schools randomly selected from 721 schools, then assigned to 50 intervention schools and 50 control schools...
November 8, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Maimouna Halidou Doudou, Ousmane Ouedraogo, Bertine Ouaro, Nicolas Bidault, Kristina Reinhardt
BACKGROUND: The government of Burkina Faso, along with the United Nations Network for Nutrition (UNN), activity REACH (Renewed Efforts Against Child Hunger and undernutrition) partnership, conducted a mapping of nutrition interventions and stakeholders to identify the best approaches for scaling up priority nutrition interventions and to strengthen a multisectoral response to fight malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: The objectives include describing the process used to map a set of country-prioritized nutrition interventions and to describe how the results contributed to the multisectoral nutrition planning process in Burkina Faso...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Dacia Whitsett-Morrow
The U.S. Dairy Export Council's Dairy for Global Nutrition Initiative hosted a conference titled, "Dairy Nutrition: An Engine for Economic Growth," held on May 10 to 11, 2017, at the Boise Center in Boise, Idaho. Speakers explored the role of dairy products in mitigating malnutrition, stimulating local economies, and promoting better health, globally.
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Nina Schlossman
BACKGROUND: This article synthesizes the results of 3 cluster randomized controlled trials of dairy-containing ready-to-use supplementary foods (RUSFs) to address malnutrition in primary schools, preschools and villages in Guinea-Bissau, one of the world's poorest countries. Together, these studies document widespread malnutrition across infants, young children, adolescents, and pregnant and lactating women and point to intervention options that were not previously presented. OBJECTIVE: To combine the evidence from the United States Department of Agriculture-funded pilot studies in Guinea-Bissau on the effects of dairy protein supplementation to gain a broader perspective on the role of dairy containing RUSFs in various age-groups, the importance of the mother-child dyad and family food dynamics for infant and child growth...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Gene Moses
This manuscript is an opinion editorial, which summarizes the presentation given at the Dairy Nutrition: An Engine for Economic Growth conference.
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Melody Mui
The development of a superior treatment option for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) which allowed for home-based therapy put in place constraints that are crucial for ensuring the feasibility and nutritional integrity of the treatment. Soon after the initial success of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), there were attempts to modify the formulation for cost and other areas of acceptability. While alternative formulations have been taken on in clinical trials, they have been inferior to the standard RUTF recipe...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Heather Stobaugh
BACKGROUND: Much debate exists about the utility of dairy ingredients in the supplementary foods used to treat childhood moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding the effectiveness of dairy-containing supplements, particularly specially formulated foods containing whey permeate and whey protein concentrate, in treating children with MAM. METHODS: A summary of a conference presentation regarding an overview of current evidence behind the use of whey in supplementary foods, including results of a randomized double-blinded clinical effectiveness trial involving 2259 Malawian children treated for MAM using either a soy ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) or a novel whey RUSF treatment...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Bharati Kulkarni
The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity-related chronic diseases is a key concern in many developing countries that are currently undergoing epidemiological and nutrition transition. Impaired linear growth with suboptimal lean body mass development seems to be the link between these 2 seemingly contrasting forms of malnutrition. Studies assessing the role of early nutrition in the later lean body mass development have shown consistent positive association. In addition, the nutrition during life course, especially the dietary intake of protein, zinc, calcium, and vitamin D status, impacts the lean body mass...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
David C Clark
BACKGROUND: One in 4 children globally is stunted. Stunting is associated with reduced cognitive development, reduced productivity, and chronic disease in later life. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between maternal diet during pregnancy and low birth weight, which increases the risk of stunting. METHODS: Current literature pertaining to maternal diet and low birth weight was reviewed. RESULTS: Low birth weight and small for gestational age are risk factors for stunting...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Cara Safon, Gabriela Buccini, Isabel Ferré, Teresita González de Cosío, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
BACKGROUND: The Becoming Breastfeeding Friendly (BBF) initiative includes a guide that helps countries worldwide assess their readiness to scale up national breastfeeding programs. Country committees of breastfeeding experts across government, academia, and civil society engage with BBF by applying the BBF toolbox that includes (1) the BBF Index (BBFI) to measure and score a country's breastfeeding environment, (2) case studies that illustrate how countries have created enabling environments for breastfeeding, and (3) a 5-meeting process, during which country committees develop policy recommendations intended to improve breastfeeding outcomes based on the BBFI scores...
September 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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