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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958169/recommendations-for-infant-feeding-policy-and-programs-in-dzimauli-region-south-africa-results-from-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#1
Lindelani Fhumudzani Mushaphi, Tjale Cloupas Mahopo, Cebisa Noxolo Nesamvuni, Brenda Baloyi, Ellen Mashau, Jeniata Richardson, Rebecca Dillingham, Richard Guerrant, Ramya Ambikapathi, Pascal Bessong
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of life reduces the risk of diseases in infancy and in later life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the maternal reasoning that influences optimum infant feeding practices of caregivers in semirural communities of Limpopo province. METHODS: Nested qualitative study among mothers in an ongoing birth cohort study was conducted; structured and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data...
September 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758423/factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-stunting-among-children-aged-below-five-years-in-bangladesh
#2
Haribondhu Sarma, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Fakhar Uddin, Sayeeda Tarannum, Md Mehedi Hasan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition during childhood impedes physical and mental development of children, which propagate the vicious cycle of intergenerational under nutrition. This paper is aimed at understanding the determinants of stunting among children aged 0 to 59 months in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data and a multistage stratified cluster-sampling design. Anthropometric data (for height and weight) were collected and analysis was limited to 7647 children...
September 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#3
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513265/perturbing-status-of-vitamin-b12-in-indian-infants-and-their-mothers
#4
Medha Mittal, Vijayashri Bansal, Rahul Jain, Pradeep Kumar Dabla
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency in early life can adversely affect the growth of developing brain with myriad of neurodevelopmental manifestations. At this age, the deficiency is usually the result of low maternal levels. OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin B12 status of healthy exclusively breast-fed Indian infants aged 1 to 6 months and their mothers. METHODS: One hundred term exclusively breast-fed infants aged 1 to 6 months attending pediatric outpatient department were recruited...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513264/body-composition-analysis-by-using-bioelectrical-impedance-in-a-young-healthy-chinese-population-methodological-considerations
#5
Wei Chen, Hua Jiang, Jiong-Xian Yang, Hao Yang, Jing-Min Liu, Xiu-Yuan Zhen, Lian-Jun Feng, Jian-Chun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) model for analyzing body composition by using isotope dilution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as the reference methods in young healthy Chinese populations. METHODS: Thirty healthy participants were enrolled. Their body composition was analyzed using BIA and 3 reference methods. We established a model that uniformed data from 3 references methods (isotope, MRI, and DEXA) into 1 formula...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513263/mortality-benefits-of-vitamin-a-are-not-affected-by-varying-frequency-total-dose-or-duration-of-supplementation
#6
Sarah Kranz, Laura Pimpin, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin A supplementation reduces child mortality, it remains unclear whether dosing frequency, total dose, or duration modifies effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether mortality effects of vitamin A vary by dosing frequency, total dose, or duration. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, identified by systematic review and expert opinion, utilizing relatively standard World Health Organization doses in children <5 years...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513262/introduction-to-rainer-gross
#7
Klaus Schümann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513261/rainer-gross-award-lecture-2016-a-laboratory-in-your-pocket-enabling-precision-nutrition
#8
Saurabh Mehta, Susannah Colt, Seoho Lee, David Erickson
The need for improving methods of nutritional assessment and delivering primary health care globally cannot be overemphasized. While advances in medical technology typically create more disparities because of access being limited to resource-rich settings, a transition of health care to a mobile platform is increasingly leveling the field. Technological advances offer opportunities to scale laboratory procedures down to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Globalization also provides the required infrastructure and network capacity to support the use of mobile health devices in developing settings where nutritional deficiencies are most prevalent...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513260/standing-on-the-shoulders-of-nutrition-s-giants-a-third-editor-assumes-the-food-and-nutrition-bulletin
#9
Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513259/short-stature-is-associated-with-overweight-but-not-with-high-energy-intake-in-low-income-quilombola-women
#10
Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Andreza A Luna, Telma Maria M T Florêncio, Monica L Assunção, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Population exposed to chronic undernutrition in early life seems to be more susceptible to obesity in adulthood due to the development of mechanisms that improve the efficiency of energy use. Therefore, these individuals have relatively reduced energy requirements (thrifty phenotype). OBJECTIVE: To investigate, among women living on severe socioeconomic vulnerability, whether short stature, a marker for undernutrition in early life, is associated with excess body weight but not with a high energy intake...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513258/a-note-from-the-outgoing-editor
#11
Irwin H Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359209/trained-cohorts-of-university-students-are-a-useful-resource-for-conducting-dietary-surveys-in-mongolia
#12
Sabri Bromage, Holly Ya-Fan Chung, Hannah Bonville, Jeannie Choi Sprenger, Rebecca Lander, Davaasambuu Ganmaa
BACKGROUND: Population-based dietary assessment is important for informing national nutrition policy. The developing country setting presents challenges for robust implementation of dietary surveys, yet effective nutrition interventions are often urgently required. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a low-cost approach to epidemiologic dietary assessment in Mongolia, involving the use of large cohorts of local public health and medical students as research assistants for collecting diet records...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284306/coverage-and-consumption-of-micronutrient-powders-fortified-staples-and-iodized-salt-among-children-aged-6-to-23-months-in-selected-neighborhoods-of-nairobi-county-kenya
#13
Magali Leyvraz, Dorcus M David-Kigaru, Catherine Macharia-Mutie, Grant J Aaron, Marlene Roefs, Alison Tumilowicz
BACKGROUND: Intake of micronutrient-rich foods among children aged 6 to 23 months in Nairobi is low. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess existing coverage and utilization of micronutrient powders (MNPs), fortified staples, and iodized salt among children aged 6 to 23 months prior to implementation of an MNP program. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months (n = 618) was implemented in 7 neighborhoods within Nairobi County, representing the implementation area of the new MNP program...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284305/how-functional-is-moringa-oleifera-a-review-of-its-nutritive-medicinal-and-socioeconomic-potential
#14
Oluwadara Oluwaseun Alegbeleye
Moringa oleifera is an important tropical food plant that seems to have great nutritional, therapeutic, industrial, agricultural, and socioeconomic values. Dietary consumption of its parts and preparations is encouraged by several organizations, health food enthusiasts, and other specialists as a strategy of personal health preservation and self-medication in the treatment of various diseases. Studies extoling its ability to mitigate various degenerative ailments now exist in both the scientific and the popular literature...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281918/how-could-agronomic-biofortification-of-rice-be-an-alternative-strategy-with-higher-cost-effectiveness-for-human-iron-and-zinc-deficiency-in-china
#15
Cheng-Ming Zhang, Wan-Yi Zhao, A-Xiang Gao, Ting-Ting Su, Yan-Kun Wang, Yue-Qiang Zhang, Xin-Bin Zhou, Xin-Hua He
BACKGROUND: Iron and zinc deficiencies affect human health globally, especially in developing countries. Agronomic biofortification, as a strategy for alleviating these issues, has been focused on small-scale field studies, and not widely applied while lacking of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA). OBJECTIVE: We conducted the CEA of agronomic biofortification, expressed as USD per disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) saved, to recommend a cost-effectiveness strategy that can be widely applied...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258337/first-field-test-of-an-innovative-wider-tape-to-measure-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-young-laotian-children
#16
Sonja Y Hess, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Maxwell A Barffour, Bangone Bounheuang, Charles D Arnold, David Bell, Tola H Marts, Sengchanh Kounnavong
BACKGROUND: Measurements of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) may result in measurement error due to incorrect placement along the arm or tight pulling of tape. To reduce the risk of these measurement errors, a new wider tape was developed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the measurement agreement and precision and the ease of use of the standard and wide MUAC tapes. METHODS: Mid-upper arm circumference was measured in 814 children aged 9 to 32 months with both tapes...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258336/ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-made-from-locally-available-food-ingredients-is-well-accepted-by-children-having-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-bangladesh
#17
Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md Iqbal Hossain, M Munirul Islam, Shafiqul A Sarker, Mamane Zeilani, John David Clemens
BACKGROUND: With a prevalence of 3.1%, approximately, 450 000 children in Bangladesh are having severe acute malnutrition (SAM). There is currently no national community-based program run by government to take care of these children, one of the reasons being lack of access to ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). OBJECTIVE: To develop RUTF using locally available food ingredients and test its acceptability. METHODS: A checklist was prepared for all food ingredients available and commonly consumed in Bangladesh that have the potential of being used for developing a RUTF...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226708/-men-are-in-front-at-eating-time-but-not-when-it-comes-to-rearing-the-chicken-unpacking-the-gendered-benefits-and-costs-of-livestock-ownership-in-kenya
#18
Sarah E Dumas, Abena Maranga, Patrick Mbullo, Shalean Collins, Pauline Wekesa, Maricianah Onono, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Livestock can promote resilience in low-income communities through a number of pathways. Livestock development programs seek to amplify these benefits but often fail to consider the costs to intended beneficiaries or the effect of prevailing gender norms. OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions of livestock ownership among female smallholder livestock keepers in Nyanza Region, Kenya, and unpack how the distribution of livestock benefits and investments varies by gender within households...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129112/folate-deficiency-and-anemia-among-women-of-reproductive-age-15-49-years-in-senegal-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Ndèye Fatou Ndiaye, Nicole Idohou-Dossou, Adama Diouf, Amadou Tidiane Guiro, Salimata Wade
BACKGROUND: Widely spread throughout the world, folate and iron deficiencies are risk factors for many diseases. However, contrary to iron deficiency and anemia, which have been documented in depth, the prevalence of folate deficiency among women has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of folate deficiency and anemia and their association among Senegalese women of reproductive age. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey using a stratified 2-stage cluster sampling was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117737/iodine-status-of-taiwanese-population-in-2013-10-years-after-changing-from-mandatory-to-voluntary-salt-iodization
#20
Fan-Fen Wang, Kam-Tsun Tang, Wen-Harn Pan, Justin Ging-Shing Won, Yao-Te Hsieh, Chun-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: Since 2003, Taiwan had iodine policy changes from mandatory to voluntary. The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2001-2002 for schoolchildren showed an adequate iodine nutrition, while NAHSIT 2005-2008 for adults showed the iodine status was at borderline adequacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the iodine status of the Taiwanese population from schoolchildren to adulthood 10 years after the change of the salt iodization policy. METHOD: Urinary iodine was measured in samples from subjects in NAHSIT 2013...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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