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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#1
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513265/perturbing-status-of-vitamin-b12-in-indian-infants-and-their-mothers
#2
Medha Mittal, Vijayashri Bansal, Rahul Jain, Pradeep Kumar Dabla
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency in early life can adversely affect the growth of developing brain with myriad of neurodevelopmental manifestations. At this age, the deficiency is usually the result of low maternal levels. OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin B12 status of healthy exclusively breast-fed Indian infants aged 1 to 6 months and their mothers. METHODS: One hundred term exclusively breast-fed infants aged 1 to 6 months attending pediatric outpatient department were recruited...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513264/body-composition-analysis-by-using-bioelectrical-impedance-in-a-young-healthy-chinese-population-methodological-considerations
#3
Wei Chen, Hua Jiang, Jiong-Xian Yang, Hao Yang, Jing-Min Liu, Xiu-Yuan Zhen, Lian-Jun Feng, Jian-Chun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) model for analyzing body composition by using isotope dilution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as the reference methods in young healthy Chinese populations. METHODS: Thirty healthy participants were enrolled. Their body composition was analyzed using BIA and 3 reference methods. We established a model that uniformed data from 3 references methods (isotope, MRI, and DEXA) into 1 formula...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513263/mortality-benefits-of-vitamin-a-are-not-affected-by-varying-frequency-total-dose-or-duration-of-supplementation
#4
Sarah Kranz, Laura Pimpin, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin A supplementation reduces child mortality, it remains unclear whether dosing frequency, total dose, or duration modifies effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether mortality effects of vitamin A vary by dosing frequency, total dose, or duration. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, identified by systematic review and expert opinion, utilizing relatively standard World Health Organization doses in children <5 years...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513262/introduction-to-rainer-gross
#5
Klaus Schümann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513261/rainer-gross-award-lecture-2016
#6
Saurabh Mehta, Susannah Colt, Seoho Lee, David Erickson
The need for improving methods of nutritional assessment and delivering primary health care globally cannot be overemphasized. While advances in medical technology typically create more disparities because of access being limited to resource-rich settings, a transition of health care to a mobile platform is increasingly leveling the field. Technological advances offer opportunities to scale laboratory procedures down to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Globalization also provides the required infrastructure and network capacity to support the use of mobile health devices in developing settings where nutritional deficiencies are most prevalent...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513260/standing-on-the-shoulders-of-nutrition-s-giants-a-third-editor-assumes-the-food-and-nutrition-bulletin
#7
Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513259/short-stature-is-associated-with-overweight-but-not-with-high-energy-intake-in-low-income-quilombola-women
#8
Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Andreza A Luna, Telma Maria M T Florêncio, Monica L Assunção, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Population exposed to chronic undernutrition in early life seems to be more susceptible to obesity in adulthood due to the development of mechanisms that improve the efficiency of energy use. Therefore, these individuals have relatively reduced energy requirements (thrifty phenotype). OBJECTIVE: To investigate, among women living on severe socioeconomic vulnerability, whether short stature, a marker for undernutrition in early life, is associated with excess body weight but not with a high energy intake...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513258/a-note-from-the-outgoing-editor
#9
Irwin H Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535743/acceptability-of-complementary-foods-that-incorporate-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-among-infants-and-their-caregivers
#10
Laurene Boateng, Ruth Nyarko, Matilda Asante, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Moringa Oleifera leaf powder (MLP) is a nutrient-rich and readily available food resource that has the potential to improve the micronutrient quality of complementary foods in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acceptability of complementary foods fortified with MLP. METHODS: Moringa Oleifera leaf powder was fed to infants either as part of a cereal-legume complementary food blend (MCL-35 g) or by sprinkling as a food supplement (MS-5 g) on infant's usual foods...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528554/delivering-vitamin-a-supplements-to-children-aged-6-to-59-months-comparing-delivery-through-mass-campaign-and-through-routine-health-services-in-ethiopia
#11
Sospeter Gatobu, Susan Horton, Yibeltal Kiflie Aleyamehu, Gelila Abraham, Negalign Birhanu, Alison Greig
BACKGROUND: The delivery of vitamin A supplements in Ethiopia has been shifting from Child Health Days (campaigns) to routine delivery via the community health services. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the cost and effectiveness of these 2 delivery methods. No previous studies have done this. METHODS: A mixed method approach was used. Quantitative data on costs were collected from interviews with key staff and coverage data from health facility records...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490239/components-of-successful-staple-food-fortification-programs-lessons-from-latin-america
#12
Reynaldo Martorell, Daniel López de Romaña
BACKGROUND: There are few effectiveness evaluations of food fortification programs, and little is known about what makes programs successful. OBJECTIVE: We examined 3 food fortification programs in Latin America to identify common features that might explain their success and to draw lessons for program design and implementation everywhere: The vitamin A fortification of sugar in Guatemala with impact on vitamin A status of the population, the fortification of a basket of foods with iron and other micronutrients in Costa Rica with impact on iron status and anemia in women and children, and the fortification of wheat flour with folic acid in Chile, which reduced the incidence of neural tube defects...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#13
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438035/dual-burden-of-malnutrition-among-adolescents-of-smallholder-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-southwest-ethiopia
#14
Kalkidan Hassen, Getu Gizaw, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence is emerging on the coexistence of double burden of malnutrition on adolescents of low-income countries, shaping the health challenges of upcoming adult generation for the worst. Whether nutritional status markers of adolescents in the cash crop setting are at par with economic gains remain uncertain so far. Thus, we investigated the nutritional outcomes of adolescents and its determinants in coffee farming households. METHODS: The survey was carried out in 3 top coffee-producing districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429645/homestead-food-production-and-maternal-and-child-dietary-diversity-in-nepal-variations-in-association-by-season-and-agroecological-zone
#15
Bishnu Dulal, Gary Mundy, Rojee Sawal, Pooja Pandey Rana, Kenda Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Suaahara, a large-scale integrated program, aimed to improve diets and nutritional status among women and children, in part by facilitating enhanced homestead food production (EHFP). OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations between EHFP and maternal and child dietary diversity and variations by season and agroecological zone (AEZ): mountains and terai. METHODS: We used data from household monitoring surveys (n = 2101 mothers; n = 994 children, 6-23 months), which included a 7-day dietary recall and maternal report on participation in 5 EHFP activities-received vegetable seeds, chicks, and technical support and participated in training and EHFP groups...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406036/participatory-assessment-of-factors-influencing-nutrition-and-livelihoods-in-rural-ethiopia-implications-for-measuring-impacts-of-multisector-nutrition-programs
#16
H A Busse, W Jogo, M Fofanah, H Tesfay, M Hadush, E Kiflom, S Schulz
Agricultural interventions more effectively improve nutrition when they are adapted to local contexts and engage multiple sectors. However, evidence is limited for how to design and measure the impacts of such interventions. We piloted a participatory methodology to collect community feedback to inform the design and selection of measures for a multisector nutrition intervention in Ethiopia. Study participants were purposively recruited from 6 rural districts in Tigray and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' regions...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387142/preece-baines-model-1-to-estimate-height-and-knee-height-growth-in-boys-and-girls-from-merida-mexico
#17
Sudip Datta Banik, Sedigheh Mirzaei Salehabadi, Federico Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Height and body segments in children have differential pubertal growth characteristics. Lower leg length is a sensitive indicator of child's nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate differential timing and tempo of height and knee height (KH) growth in 9- to 17-year-old boys (n = 475) and girls (n = 500) from Merida, Mexico. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the Preece-Baines growth curves-model 1 (PB 1) was fitted to the anthropometric data for height and KH...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374648/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-ready-to-use-supplementary-foods-demonstrates-benefit-of-the-higher-dairy-supplement-for-reduced-wasting-in-mothers-and-differential-impact-in-infants-and-children-associated-with-maternal-supplement-response
#18
Nina Schlossman, Carrie Brown, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Ionela Balan, Adrian Balan, Madeleine G Gamache, Lauren Wood, William Pruzensky, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Carlito Balé
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus over best approaches to reliably prevent malnutrition in rural communities in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness of 2 lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods (RUSFs) differing in dairy protein content to improve the nutritional status of mothers and at-risk infants and young children in rural Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: A 3-month cluster-randomized controlled pilot trial of 2 RUSFs was conducted with 692 mothers and 580 mildly or moderately malnourished infants (6-23 months) and children (24-59 months) from 13 villages...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359211/emergency-food-assistance-in-northern-syria
#19
Shannon Doocy, Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Joseph Witiw, Vicki Aken
BACKGROUND: The war in Syria has left millions struggling to survive amidst violent conflict, pervasive unemployment, and food insecurity. Although international assistance funding is also at an all-time high, it is insufficient to meet the needs of conflict-affected populations, and there is increasing pressure on humanitarian stakeholders to find more efficient, effective ways to provide assistance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 3 different assistance programs (in-kind food commodities, food vouchers, and unrestricted vouchers) in Idleb Governorate of Syria from December 2014 and March 2015...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359210/trends-in-iron-zinc-and-vitamin-a-status-biomarkers-among-colombian-children
#20
Wenchao Li, Oscar F Herrán, Eduardo Villamor
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are still highly prevalent in countries undergoing the nutrition transition, but nationally representative data documenting their burden in children are exceedingly rare. OBJECTIVE: To examine the distribution and recent trends in micronutrient status biomarkers of Colombian children. METHODS: We compared the distributions of plasma ferritin, serum zinc, and vitamin A in Colombian children between 2005 and 2010 using 2 cross-sectional, nationally representative surveys overall and by categories of sociodemographic variables...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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