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Journal of Affective Disorders

Caroline A Smith, Zewdneh Shewamene, Megan Galbally, Virginia Schmied, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common during the antenatal and postnatal period, and are known to have a significant impact on the woman and her unborn infant. Pregnant women state a preference for non-pharmacological treatment options, and use complementary medicines and therapies to manage these symptoms. We examined the effectiveness and safety of these modalities on depression and anxiety during pregnancy. METHODS: CENTRAL, EMBASE and PubMed databases were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing complementary therapies and medicines to a control, for pregnant women with depression or anxiety...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Silvia Clausi, Michela Lupo, Giusy Olivito, Libera Siciliano, Maria Pia Contento, Fabio Aloise, Luigi Pizzamiglio, Marco Molinari, Maria Leggio
BACKGROUND: Although depressive symptoms are often reported to be comorbid with degenerative cerebellar diseases, the role of the cerebellum in depressive disorder needs to be elucidated. To address this aim, we investigated self-perception of the negative mood state in patients with cerebellar pathology and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with cerebellar damage (10 with depressive symptoms - CB-DP and 28 with no depressive symptoms - CB-nDP), 11 subjects with depressive disorders without cerebellar damage (DP) and 29 healthy controls (CTs) were enrolled...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
J Tayama, S Ogawa, N Nakaya, T Sone, T Hamaguchi, A Takeoka, K Hamazaki, H Okamura, J Yajima, M Kobayashi, M Hayashida, S Shirabe
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether a combined intervention of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and psychoeducation better improved mild to moderate depression in workers compared to psychoeducation alone. METHODS: This study was a double-blinded, parallel group, randomized controlled trial that compared the intervention group, receiving omega-3 fatty acids, with a control group, receiving a placebo supplement. Participants receiving omega-3 fatty acids took 15 × 300 mg capsules per day for 12 weeks...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Peter Niemegeers, Peter de Boer, Jeroen Schuermans, Glenn J H Dumont, Violette Coppens, Kurt Spittaels, Stephan Claes, Bernard G C Sabbe, Manuel Morrens
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) covers a wide spectrum of symptoms, including cognitive dysfunction, which can persist during remission. Both inflammatory states and psychosocial stress play a role in MDD pathogenesis. METHODS: The effects of inflammatory (i.e., Salmonella typhi vaccine) and psychosocial stressor (i.e., Trier Social Stress Test), as well as their combination were investigated on cognition in women (aged 25-45 years, n = 21) with (partially) remitted MDD and healthy controls (n = 18) in a single-blind placebo-controlled study...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Danqing Hu, Lixiao Cheng, Wenjie Jiang
BACKGROUND: It remains inconsistent whether sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption increases the risk of depression. Thus, we carried out a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between SSBs consumption and the risk of depression. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published up to June 2018. Pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by the fixed-effects model or random effect model based on heterogeneity test...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Renato Gomes Borges Junior, Rogerio Salvini, Beny Lafer, Rodrigo da Silva Dias
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterized by periodic episodes of manic and depressive symptomatology. Predominant polarity (PP) appears to be an important specifier of BD. The present study employed machine learning (ML) algorithms to accurately determine a patient´s PP without the inclusion of number and polarity of past episodes, while exploring associations between PP and demographic and clinical variables. METHODS: From a cohort of 148 BD patients, demographic and clinical variables were collected using a customized questionnaire and the SCID-CV...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Benjamin G Shapero, Amy Farabaugh, Olga Terechina, Stephanie DeCross, Joey C Cheung, Maurizio Fava, Daphne J Holt
BACKGROUND: Early adulthood is a period of increased risk for depression and suicide. Emotional reactivity (a tendency to react to stress with increases in negative affect and maladaptive interpretations of events) is an important risk factor for these outcomes that has been under-studied. We hypothesized that elevated emotional reactivity would be associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Further, we hypothesized that experiences of childhood maltreatment would amplify this relationship, whereas the presence of resilience would act as a buffer...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Peter C Britton, Jessica M McKinney, Todd M Bishop, Wilfred R Pigeon, Jameson K Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Insomnia has been shown to have direct and indirect associations with suicidal ideation, attempts, and death in U.S. military and veteran populations. However, transdiagnostic models of insomnia and psychopathology have not been used to examine the contribution of psychopathology. METHOD: The present study is a secondary analysis examining the associations among insomnia symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms, interpersonal theory of suicide variables, and risk for suicidal behavior in community veterans (n = 392)...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
David J Hellerstein, Jonathan W Stewart, Ying Chen, Vinushini Arunagiri, Bradley S Peterson, Patrick J McGrath
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacotherapy of non-major persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is little studied. We report a study of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) desvenlafaxine (DVLX) for PDD. METHOD: Non-psychotic, non-bipolar outpatients aged 20-65 having PDD without concurrent major depression (MDD) were randomized double-blind to desvenlafaxine or placebo for 12 weeks. All had Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-24) score ≥ 12. Open-label DVLX was offered for 12 weeks following the acute trial...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ryo Okubo, Minori Koga, Noriko Katsumata, Toshitaka Odamaki, Shiina Matsuyama, Matsuhiko Oka, Hisashi Narita, Naoki Hashimoto, Ichiro Kusumi, Jinzhong Xiao, Yutaka J Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Studies of probiotics have suggested they have a positive effect on anxiety and depressive symptoms in humans. This study investigated the effect of consuming the probiotic Bifidobacterium breve A-1 on anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia and explored its effect on immune products such as cytokines and chemokines. METHODS: In this open-label single-arm study, all participants received B. breve strain A-1 (1011 cfu/day) for 4 weeks followed by 4 weeks of observation...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Riquin Elise, Lamas Claire, Nicolas Isabelle, Dugre Lebigre Corinne, Curt Florence, Cohen Henri, Legendre Guillaume, Corcos Maurice, Godart Nathalie
OBJECTIVE: To test if the evaluation of body dissatisfaction by images could be an interesting tool to detect perinatal depression early in pregnancy, questioning patients about their body image instead of their depressive symptoms. METHODS: A sample of 457 women was recruited in a longitudinal study. Three evaluations were performed at the 4th and 8th months of pregnancy and during post-partum. During these evaluations, sociodemographic data were collected and psychiatric scales were completed, including Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Pictorial Body Image Scale (PBIS) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ)...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Han-Ting Wei, Tai-Long Pan, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Nai-Ying Ko, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wei-Chen Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Mu-Hong Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the unaffected siblings of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience deficits in attention, impulsivity control, and behavior inhibition, which are associated with health-risk behaviors. However, risks to mental and physical health among the unaffected siblings of ADHD probands have rarely been investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5128 unaffected siblings of ADHD probands born between 1980 and 2000 were included in our study along with 20,512 age- and sex-matched controls, and they were followed from 1996 or birth until the end of 2011...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Amy M Brausch
BACKGROUND: NSSI is a robust predictor of suicide attempts but little is known about what factors may serve protective functions in this relationship. METHODS: This study used a subsample of 828 young adults with past year NSSI. Participants were recruited from two universities to complete an on-line survey that included assessments of past year NSSI frequency and total NSSI methods used (versatility), past year suicide attempts, life satisfaction, subjective happiness, and resilience...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Hua Li, Angela Bowen, Rudy Bowen, Lloyd Balbuena, Marilyn Baetz, Cindy Feng, Nazeem Muhajarine, Jill Bally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kyu-Man Han, Hee-Jung Jee, Hyonggin An, Cheolmin Shin, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Hoon Ko, Byung-Joo Ham, Yong-Ku Kim, Changsu Han
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a serious detrimental effect on mental health outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association of verbal or physical IPV with incidence of depressive symptoms in both married women and men according to the victim-perpetrator role. The potential mediating role of verbal or physical IPV in the association between satisfaction level with family relationships or childhood adversity and the incidence of depressive symptoms in married adults was also explored...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Belén Gago, Manuel Perea, Pilar Sierra, Lorenzo Livianos, Antonio Cañada-Martínez, Ana García-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) patients experience altered emotional states and deficits in social adaptation that may also be involved in deontological moral judgments in which participants have to choose whether to sacrifice one person in order to save the lives of a greater number. METHODS: In the present study we compared the utilitarian responses of BD patients in their different states (euthymia, mania, depression) and healthy controls to moral dilemmas with low (impersonal dilemma) and high (personal dilemma) emotional saliency...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Amparo Tatay-Manteiga, Omar Cauli, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Erin E Michalak, Flavio Kapczinski, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with significant neurocognitive and functional impairment, which may progress across stages. However, the potential progression of subjective cognitive complaints and quality of life (QoL) has not been addressed. Our main objective was to assess subjective cognitive complaints and QoL on euthymic patients with BD and their healthy siblings. METHODS: Four groups were compared: euthymic patients with type I BD in the early (n = 25) and late (n = 23) stages, their healthy siblings (latent stage; n = 23) and healthy controls (n = 21)...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ryan D McMullan, David Berle, Sandra Arnáez, Vladan Starcevic
BACKGROUND: Cyberchondria refers to an abnormal behavioral pattern in which excessive or repeated online searches for health-related information are distressing or anxiety-provoking. Health anxiety has been found to be associated with both online health information seeking and cyberchondria. The aims of the present systematic review and meta-analysis were to examine the magnitude of these associations and identify any moderator variables. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed across several databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase) and reference lists of included studies...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Zhongwei Xiong, Kai Zhang, Qian Ren, Lijia Chang, Jincao Chen, Kenji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: The inwardly rectifying K+ channel subtype Kir4.1 has been well studied in the astrocyte within brain; however, the precise role of this protein in psychiatric disorders is unknown. Kir4.1 is also known to interact with GABAB receptors which may be implicated in psychiatric disorders. Here we studied whether expression of Kir4.1 and GABAB receptors was altered in the postmortem brain samples (parietal cortex and cerebellum) from patients with major psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Protein expression of Kir4...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jae-Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: This study is to longitudinally investigate the association between grip strength and mental health disorders in middle aged and aged population from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. METHODS: Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) from 2006 to 2016 was assessed using longitudinal data analysis and out of the 9279 research subjects gathered 1549 (16.7%) participants were reported as Q1 group and 2074 (22.4%) participants were reported as Q5 group...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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