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Journal of Affective Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005328/venus-and-mars-on-the-benches-of-the-faculty-influence-of-gender-on-mental-health-and-behavior-of-medical-students-results-from-the-bourbon-national-study
#1
G Fond, A Bourbon, P Auquier, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Lançon, L Boyer
Medical student wellness has emerged as an important issue in medical education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gender influence on psychiatric and/or psychological follow-up, psychotropic and illicit drug consumption, addictive behaviors, quality of life and motives for consumption in a large multicentric national sample of medical students. METHODS: Medical students of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2017 and fulfilled Internet anonymized questionnaires...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005327/negative-effects-of-psychotherapies-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-deterioration-rates
#2
REVIEW
Pim Cuijpers, Mirjam Reijnders, Eirini Karyotaki, Leonore de Wit, David D Ebert
BACKGROUND: The risk for deterioration in patients receiving psychotherapy for adult depression has not been examined extensively and it is not clear whether psychotherapy reduces this risk or may even increase it in some patients. We conducted a meta-analysis of trials comparing these psychotherapies with control conditions that report deterioration rates. METHODS: We used an existing database of randomized trials on psychotherapies for adult depression which was updated up to 1/1/2017, through systematic searches in bibliographic databases...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005326/smoking-among-adults-with-serious-psychological-distress-analysis-of-anonymized-data-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-in-japan
#3
Masaki Fujiwara, Masatoshi Inagaki, Naoki Nakaya, Maiko Fujimori, Yuji Higuchi, Kyoko Kakeda, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
BACKGROUND: Smoking behavior among people with serious psychological distress (SPD) has not been fully investigated in Asia, although smoking has become a public health concern worldwide. Many Western population-based studies indicate that people with psychological distress are more likely to smoke. METHODS: This study used a national representative data set from the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions of Japan. SPD was defined as scores ≥13 or greater on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990667/association-between-sexual-minority-status-and-suicidal-behavior-among-chinese-adolescents-a-moderated-mediation-model
#4
Yeen Huang, Pengsheng Li, Zhisheng Lai, Xiaofei Jia, Di Xiao, Tian Wang, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows sexual minority adolescents have a higher risk of suicidality than their heterosexual peers due to minority stressors or lack of social support, but it remains unclear how the combined effects of these influence factors impact suicidality in this population. In this study, we examine whether school victimization mediates association between sexual minority status and suicidal behavior of adolescents and explore whether such mediation is moderated by interpersonal relationships...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990656/state-and-trait-hopelessness-in-a-prospective-five-year-study-of-patients-with-depressive-disorders
#5
Ilya Baryshnikov, Tom Rosenström, Pekka Jylhä, Maaria Koivisto, Outi Mantere, Kirsi Suominen, Tarja Melartin, Maria Vuorilehto, Mikael Holma, Kirsi Riihimäki, Erkki T Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is a common experience of patients with depressive disorders (DD) and an important predictor of suicidal behaviour. However, stability and factors explaining state and trait variation of hopelessness in patients with DD over time are poorly known. METHODS: Patients with DD (n = 406) from the Vantaa Depression Study and the Vantaa Primary Care Depression Study filled in the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Perceived Social Support Scale-Revised (PSSS-R), and Eysenck Personality Inventory-Q (EPI-Q) at baseline, at six and eighteen months, and at five years...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990655/can-social-support-and-physical-activity-buffer-cognitive-impairment-in-individuals-with-depressive-symptoms-results-from-a-representative-sample-of-young-to-older-adults
#6
Caroline Cohrdes, Julia Bretschneider
BACKGROUND: Previous study results on associations between depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning, mainly based on clinical samples and explanatory mechanisms including potential protective factors, are yet to be clarified. To this end, we investigated relations between depressive symptoms and executive functioning as well as episodic memory in a representative population sample. Furthermore, we determined the role of social support and physical activity in the explanation of cognitive performance differences in individuals with depressive symptoms...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990666/determinants-of-antidepressant-response-implications-for-practice-and-future-clinical-trials
#7
Jonathan Rabinowitz, Nomi Werbeloff, Francine S Mandel, Lauren Marangell, François Menard, Shitij Kapur
BACKGROUND: Response to antidepressants in major depressive disorder is variable and determinants are not well understood or used to design clinical trials. We aimed to understand these determinants. METHODS: Supported by Innovative Medicines Initiative, as part of a large public-private collaboration (NEWMEDS), we assembled the largest dataset of individual patient level information from industry sponsored randomized placebo-controlled trials of antidepressant drugs in adults with MDD...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990659/response-letter-retinal-changes-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-controlled-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#8
LETTER
Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Arno Schmidt, Thomas Kregel, Jan Kassubek, Jens Dreyhaupt, Roland W Freudenmann, Bernhard J Connemann, Elmar H Pinkhardt, Maximilian Gahr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990664/availability-and-use-of-mental-health-services-in-european-countries-influence-on-national-suicide-rates
#9
Daniel König, Matthäus Fellinger, Nathalie Pruckner, Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Georg Dorffner, Andreas Gleiss, Sandra Vyssoki, Benjamin Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests significant increases in suicide mortality rates in European countries following the economic crisis of 2008. However, the relationship between national differences in availability and use of mental health services and suicide rates has not been extensively examined yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on mental health services and socioeconomic variables were derived from Eurostat for the years 2000-2013 for ten European countries...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990662/employment-predictors-and-outcomes-of-u-s-state-federal-vocational-rehabilitation-consumers-with-affective-disorders-a-chaid-analysis
#10
Jennifer Sánchez
BACKGROUND: This study examined the demographic and rehabilitation service variables affecting employment outcomes of people with affective disorders receiving services from U.S. state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies. METHODS: An ex post facto design, using data mining as a statistical analysis strategy, was used to analyze the Rehabilitation Services Administration Case Service Report (RSA-911) for the fiscal year 2011. The sample included 44,960 customers with affective disorders who were closed either as successfully employed (Status 26) or not employed (Status 28) by their VR agency...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957482/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-bipolar-disorders-knowledge-scale
#11
Trevor A Stump, Marty L Eng
PURPOSE: Bipolar Disorder (BD) presents in 1-4% of the world's population, carrying significant financial and functional consequences. Beyond the direct disease burden, patients with BD experience a high degree of both internal and external stigma. Additionally, medication adherence tends to be poor in patients with BD. Knowledge appears to play a role in mitigating both stigma and non-adherence, but these relationships have not been fully elucidated. The Bipolar Disorder Knowledge Scale (BDKS) was designed to explore the role of knowledge and better define such relationships...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990661/efficacy-of-narrative-reformulation-during-cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-depression-randomized-dismantling-trial
#12
Stephen Kellett, Corrie Stockton, Helen Marshall, Jo Hall, Charley Jennings, Jamie Degadillo
BACKGROUND: Narrative reformulation (NR) is a component of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) that is assumed to increase client engagement and improve clinical outcomes. This study set out to test these claims. METHODS: A single-blind randomized and controlled dismantling trial investigated treatment outcomes for moderate to severely depressed patients receiving CAT in Primary Care. Ninety-five participants were randomized to either full-CAT (n = 52) or CAT minus narrative reformulation (CAT-NR, n = 43)...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990658/prevalence-and-incidence-of-probable-perinatal-depression-among-women-enrolled-in-option-b-antenatal-hiv-care-in-malawi
#13
Bryna J Harrington, Mina C Hosseinipour, Madalitso Maliwichi, Jacob Phulusa, Allan Jumbe, Shaphil Wallie, Bradley N Gaynes, Joanna Maselko, William C Miller, Brian W Pence
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is a common condition of pregnancy and the postpartum period. Depression negatively affects engagement in HIV care, but systematic screening for perinatal depression is not done in most sub-Saharan African countries. Estimating the burden and timing of perinatal depression can help inform medical programs with the current scale-up of HIV care for pregnant women. METHODS: Women (n = 299) initiating antiretroviral therapy for HIV were recruited from a government antenatal clinic in Malawi in 2015-2016 into a cohort study...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990663/socio-demographic-mental-health-and-childhood-adversity-risk-factors-for-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-college-students-in-northern-ireland
#14
Siobhan O'Neill, Margaret McLafferty, Edel Ennis, Coral Lapsley, Tony Bjourson, Cherie Armour, Sam Murphy, Brendan Bunting, Elaine Murray
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates of suicidal behaviour in the college student population are consistently higher than rates for the general adult population. This study examines mental health disorders and childhood adversities as predictors of self-harm and suicidal behaviours. METHODS: The Ulster University Student Wellbeing study commenced in September 2015 as part of the WHO World Mental Health Surveys International College Student Project. In Northern Ireland (NI) 739 students participated (462 female, 274 male and 3 other specified), with the WMH-CIDI used to examine psychopathology...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936391/involvement-of-prolactin-in-newborn-infant-irritability-following-maternal-perinatal-anxiety-symptoms
#15
Huiping Zhang, Shuya Shao, Qian Su, Dan Yao, Hongli Sun, Ding Ding, Shaokang Dang, Shan Wang, Zhongliang Zhu, Hui Li
BACKGROUND: Newborn irritability could be an unique and special status and/or adverse neurobehavioral outcomes which was independent of serious disease. To determine whether maternal perinatal anxiety symptoms was associated with newborn irritability, and whether the alteration of serum prolactin in newborns were involved in newborn irritability. METHODS: 205 pregnant women were recruited: normal group (n = 100), and anxiety group (n = 105), which was randomly divided to Newborn Behavioral Observations (NBO)+anxiety group(n = 65) and control+anxiety group(n = 40)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966930/immediate-and-long-term-effects-of-bilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-a-depressive-disorder
#16
Jasper O Nuninga, Thomas F I Claessens, Metten Somers, René Mandl, Wendy Nieuwdorp, Marco P Boks, Steven Bakker, Marieke J H Begemann, Sophie Heringa, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for patients suffering from major depression. However, its use is limited due to concerns about negative effects on cognition. Unilateral ECT is associated with transient cognitive side-effects, while case-controlled studies investigating the effect of bilateral ECT on cognition remain scarce. We investigate the effects of bilateral ECT on cognition in depression in a longitudinal case-controlled study. We hypothesize that adverse cognitive effects of bilateral ECT are transient rather than long-term...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960147/the-association-of-affective-disorders-and-facial-scarring-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
John A G Gibson, Edward Ackling, Jonathan I Bisson, Thomas D Dobbs, Iain S Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Facial scarring can have a dramatic effect on a patient's psychological health and wellbeing and present unique management challenges. This patient population remains poorly characterised in the contemporary literature. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors associated with affective disorders in adult patients with facial scars. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using a protocol registered with PROSPERO and in line with the PRISMA statement...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957477/5-htt-mrna-level-as-a-potential-biomarker-of-treatment-response-in-patients-with-major-depression-in-a-clinical-trial
#18
Wei-Tsung Kao, Chen-Lin Chang, For-Wey Lung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the serotonin transporter (5-HTT or SERT or SLC6A4) mRNA level could be used as a biomarker of treatment response in patients with major depression treated with different antidepressants while controlling related factors. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen patients with major depression were recruited; all genotyped for the 5-HTT polymorphism concerning 5-HTTLPR, rs25531, and STin2 VNTR, provided demographic data and completed relevant questionnaires...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005325/social-participation-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-older-adults-a-study-on-rural-urban-differences
#19
Qiuju Guo, Xue Bai, Nan Feng
BACKGROUND: Although studies conducted in developed countries have reported a negative relationship between social participation and depressive symptoms, few studies have examined rural-urban differences in the relationship between participation in various types of social activities and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between participation in paid work, political, and voluntary activities and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults in urban and rural areas...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990665/affective-instability-predicts-the-course-of-depression-in-late-middle-age-and-older-adulthood
#20
Lameese Eldesouky, Renee J Thompson, Thomas F Oltmanns, Tammy English
BACKGROUND: Affective instability is a facet of emotion dysregulation that characterizes various mental disorders, including Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). However, it is unclear as to how affective instability predicts the course of MDD. It is also unknown whether affective instability is a relevant predictor of MDD in later adulthood, a period when there is a decrease in both affective instability and MDD prevalence. Thus, we investigated the role of affective instability in the course of MDD in a sample of late middle-age and older adults...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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