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Journal of Affective Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#1
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787929/association-between-the-ratio-of-serum-arachidonic-acid-to-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-the-presence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-a-general-japanese-population-the-hisayama-study
#2
Mao Shibata, Tomoyuki Ohara, Daigo Yoshida, Jun Hata, Naoko Mukai, Hiroyuki Kawano, Shigenobu Kanba, Takanari Kitazono, Toshiharu Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence suggests that fish consumption and intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)-namely, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-confer protection against depression. However, few studies have addressed the influence of the balance between n-3 PUFA and n-6 PUFA in the human body on depression. METHODS: A total of 2,529 community-dwelling Japanese residents aged ≥ 40 years were assessed for depressive symptoms (defined as a score of 16 points or more on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [CES-D]) in 2007...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763849/heart-rate-variability-as-candidate-endophenotype-of-social-anxiety-a-two-generation-family-study
#3
A Harrewijn, M J W Van der Molen, B Verkuil, S W Sweijen, J J Houwing-Duistermaat, P M Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the extreme fear and avoidance of one or more social situations. The goal of the current study was to investigate whether heart rate variability (HRV) during resting state and a social performance task (SPT) is a candidate endophenotype of SAD. METHODS: In this two-generation family study, patients with SAD with their partner and children, and their siblings with partner and children took part in a SPT (total n = 121, 9 families, 3-30 persons per family, age range: 8-61 years, 17 patients with SAD)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758448/strong-correlation-between-the-self-model-other-model-system-and-the-anxiety-avoidance-system-assessing-basic-attachment-dimensions
#4
LETTER
Koichi Otani, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Toshinori Shirata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758449/comparison-of-comorbid-depression-between-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#5
Qin Geng, Qing-E Zhang, Fei Wang, Wei Zheng, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of comorbid depression is high in chronic gastrointestinal disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For these two disorders in particular, the findings have not been consistent. This meta-analysis systematically compares the rates and severity of comorbid depression between IBS and IBD patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wan Fang, SinoMed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure from their inception date to September 12, 2017 for comparative studies on IBS and IBD patients...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754020/the-relationship-between-schizotypal-traits-and-hoarding-symptoms-an-examination-of-symptom-specificity-and-the-role-of-perceived-cognitive-failures
#6
Marc J Weintraub, Caitlin A Brown, Kiara R Timpano
BACKGROUND: Hoarding disorder presents significant individual and interpersonal consequences. Because hoarding has only recently been added to the DSM, relatively little is known about associated comorbidity patterns. Several researchers have postulated a relationship between hoarding and schizotypy. To date, however, no investigations have considered which specific types of schizotypal traits relate to hoarding symptoms. METHODS: We examined the association between hoarding and schizotypal symptoms using multivariate analyses in two samples-a sample of 120 young adults and a community sample of 291 individuals recruited from Mechanical Turk's online crowdsourcing system...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747138/depressive-symptoms-and-psychological-distress-among-rural-african-americans-the-role-of-material-hardship-and-self-rated-health
#7
Addie Weaver, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Joseph A Himle
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing conditions associated with higher risk for depression and psychological distress, the mental health of rural African Americans remains understudied. This brief report examines the association between sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and material hardship, and depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans. METHOD: Data are from the rural African American subsample (N = 250) of the National Survey of American Life (NSAL; 2001-2003)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734097/the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-and-stressful-life-events-on-psychological-problems-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-industrial-employees-structural-equations-modeling-approach
#8
Maryam Yazdi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Katayoon Rabiei, Nizal Sarafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems affect many employees and their job performance. Although, the association of diet and stress, as modifiable risk factors, with psychological problems have been investigated separately, however their simultaneous impacts have not been studied. The present study aimed at reinvestigating the association of major dietary patterns and stressful life events with intensity of psychological problems in a large sample of Iranian industrial employees. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 3063 employees in an industrial unit in Isfahan, Iran were investigated...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730512/the-pregnancy-related-anxiety-scale-a-validity-examination-using-rasch-analysis
#9
Robyn J Brunton, Rachel Dryer, Chris Krägeloh, Anthony Saliba, Jane Kohlhoff, Oleg Medvedev
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related anxiety is increasingly recognised as a common condition that is associated with many deleterious outcomes for both the mother and infant (e.g., preterm birth, postnatal depression). Limitations in the psychometric properties and/or breadth of existing scales for pregnancy-related anxiety highlight the need for a psychometrically sound measure to facilitate effective screening and possible early interventions. The recently developed Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale (PrAS) was evaluated using Rasch analysis to explore how the scale's psychometric properties could be fine-tuned...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730511/do-mothers-who-are-anxious-during-pregnancy-have-inattentive-children
#10
Blanca Bolea-Alamañac, Simon Jc Davies, Jonathan Evans, Carol Joinson, Rebecca Pearson, Petros Skapinakis, Alan Emond
BACKGROUND: Maternal somatic anxiety during pregnancy may affect neural foetal development via corticoid pathways. Using a large epidemiological cohort, this study explores the relationship between maternal somatic anxiety in pregnancy and child scores on the Test of Everyday Attention in Children (TEA-Ch). METHODS: Linear regression was used to analyse the association of maternal somatic anxiety during pregnancy and performance of children on three subtests of the TEA-Ch at age 8...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730510/early-life-stress-resilience-and-emotional-dysregulation-in-major-depressive-disorder-with-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Min-Kyeong Kim, Jong-Sun Kim, Hae-In Park, Sun-Woo Choi, Wook-Jin Oh, Jeong-Ho Seok
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) show different course and treatment compared to major depressive disorder (MDD). Early life stress may increase BPD onset; however, resilience may play a protective role against the development of psychopathology. The goal of this study was to compare the early life stress, resilience, and the clinical characteristics of emotional dysregulation in patients with MDD with and without comorbid BPD. METHODS: Thirty patients with both BPD and MDD, 25 patients with MDD alone, and 25 age- and sex- matched healthy controls, participated in this study...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747139/prevalence-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Chunli Chen, Zhiping Hu, Zheng Jiang, Fangfang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of anxiety in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) varied widely across studies and may confer a higher likelihood of progression to dementia. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of anxiety in MCI and identify reasons for heterogeneity in the reported results. METHODS: A computerized search in PubMed, EMBASE, and Psyc INFO for studies on anxiety in MCI was performed up to March 2017. The overall prevalence of anxiety in patients with MCI was pooled using a random-effects model...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729519/prediction-of-preterm-birth-should-be-done-before-the-preterm-birth-occurs
#13
LETTER
Sean O'Leary, Ben W Mol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778935/different-levels-of-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokines-in-patients-with-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression
#14
Ruizhi Mao, Chen Zhang, Jun Chen, Guoqing Zhao, Rubai Zhou, Fan Wang, Jingjing Xu, Tao Yang, Yousong Su, Jia Huang, Zhiguo Wu, Lan Cao, Yong Wang, Yingyan Hu, Chengmei Yuan, Zhenghui Yi, Wu Hong, Zuowei Wang, Daihui Peng, Yiru Fang
BACKGROUND: Immune system dysregulation is critical in the physiopathology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). However, it is unclear whether both diseases present the same inflammatory patterns during depressive episodes. We explored the differences in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines between unipolar and bipolar depression (BDD) and the trajectory of these cytokines after acute-phase treatment. METHODS: Sixty-four MDD patients, 61 BDD patients, and 62 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754022/resilience-and-amygdala-function-in-older-healthy-and-depressed-adults
#15
Amber M Leaver, Hongyu Yang, Prabha Siddarth, Roza M Vlasova, Beatrix Krause, Natalie St Cyr, Katherine L Narr, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that low emotional resilience may correspond with increased or over-active amygdala function. Complementary studies suggest that emotional resilience increases with age; older adults tend to have decreased attentional bias to negative stimuli compared to younger adults. Amygdala nuclei and related brain circuits have been linked to negative affect, and depressed patients have been demonstrated to have abnormal amygdala function. METHODS: In the current study, we correlated psychological resilience measures with amygdala function measured with resting-state arterial spin-labelled (ASL) and blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in older adults with and without depression...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754021/a-genetically-informative-analysis-of-the-association-between-dyadic-adjustment-depressive-symptoms-and-anxiety-symptoms
#16
Mark A Whisman, Alta du Pont, Soo Hyun Rhee, Erica L Spotts, Paul Lichtenstein, Jody M Ganiban, David Reiss, Jenae M Neiderhiser
BACKGROUND: Prior research has found a reliable and robust association between poor dyadic (e.g., marital) adjustment and depression and anxiety. However, it is possible that this association may be due, at least in part, to confounding variables (i.e., variables that are causally associated both with marital adjustment and psychopathology and could account for their covariation). The present study was conducted using a genetically informative sample of twins to examine the association between dyadic adjustment and symptoms of depression and anxiety, accounting for unmeasured genetic and shared environmental confounds...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751243/adult-attachment-representations-and-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Or Dagan, Christopher R Facompré, Kristin Bernard
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory has long argued that insecure and disorganized attachment representations are associated with vulnerability to psychopathology in general, and depressive symptoms in particular. However, studies assessing the link between insecure and disorganized attachment and depressive symptoms report inconsistent results. The primary aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the extent to which adult attachment representations are associated with depressive symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a literature search for published studies using PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and ProQuest in March 2017, identifying 55 samples (N = 4,386)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751241/negative-affect-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-as-potential-mediators-of-change-in-comorbid-depression-in-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-anxiety
#18
Alexander M Talkovsky, Peter J Norton
BACKGROUND: Transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety (TGCBT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving comorbid conditions, including depression. Mediators of change in reductions in comorbid depression have yet to be established following this anxiety-focused treatment. Negative affect (NA) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have demonstrated contributions to anxiety reduction in TGCBT, as has positive affect (PA) on depression reductions in other cognitive behavioral treatments...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723766/timing-and-risk-of-mood-disorders-requiring-psychotropics-in-long-term-survivors-of-adult-cancers-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Wen-Kuan Huang, Yeong-Yuh Juang, Chia-Chi Chung, Shu-Hao Chang, John Wen-Cheng Chang, Yung-Chang Lin, Hung-Ming Wang, Hsien-Kun Chang, Jen-Shi Chen, Chieh-Sheng Tsai, Kuang-Hui Yu, Chang-Fu Kuo, Lai-Chu See
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of long-term cancer survivors over the past few decades poses the challenge of mental health care needs. However, little is known about risks of mood disorders in long-term cancer survivors. METHODS: Long-term survivors (≥5 years) of adult cancers (LSAC) (n = 190,748) newly diagnosed between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2007 were matched with one control. The primary outcome was diagnosis of mood disorders requiring psychotropics...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723763/behavioral-activation-therapy-during-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Grace B Russo, Eric Tirrell, Andrew Busch, Linda L Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Behavioral Activation (BA) Therapy and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) have each been shown to be effective in the treatment of adult outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Combining both treatments may produce synergistic antidepressant outcomes. METHODS: We developed a new protocol for incorporating a simplified version of BA during a standard 6-week course of TMS and it was pilot tested in 11 consecutively treated outpatients with treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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