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Journal of Affective Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453948/depression-and-anxiety-among-chronic-pain-patients-receiving-prescription-opioids-and-medical-marijuana
#1
Daniel Feingold, Silviu Brill, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Yael Delayahu, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: High rates of depression and anxiety have been consistently reported among patients suffering from chronic pain. Prescription opioids are one of the most common modalities for pharmacological treatment of pain, however in recent years medical marijuana(MM) has been increasingly used for pain control in the US and in several countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to compare levels of depression and anxiety among pain patients receiving prescription opioids and MM. METHODS: Participants were patients suffering from chronic pain treated with prescription opioids (OP,N=474), MM (N=329) or both (OPMM,N=77)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448949/utility-of-the-fitbit-flex-to-evaluate-sleep-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-comparison-against-polysomnography-and-wrist-worn-actigraphy
#2
Jesse D Cook, Michael L Prairie, David T Plante
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common and important component of affective illness. Fitness activity trackers are emerging as alternative means to estimate sleep in psychiatric patients; however, their ability to quantify sleep in mood disorders has not been empirically evaluated. Thus, this study sought to evaluate the utility of the Fitbit Flex (FBF) to estimate sleep in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) relative to gold standard polysomnography (PSG) and a widely-used actigraph (Actiwatch-2; AW-2)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448948/interactions-between-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-gene-polymorphism-and-life-events-in-susceptibility-to-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Dong Han, Zhengxue Qiao, Lu Chen, Xiaohui Qiu, Deyu Fang, Xiuxian Yang, Jingsong Ma, Mingqi Chen, Jiarun Yang, Lin Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Congpei Zhang, Yanjie Yang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the development of major depressive disorder. The aim of this study is to investigate the interaction between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphism (+405G/C, rs2010963) and negative life events in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: DNA genotyping was performed on peripheral blood leukocytes in 274 patients with MDD and 273 age-and sex-matched controls...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441620/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-is-effective-in-misophonia-an-open-trial
#4
Arjan E Schröder, Nienke C Vulink, Arnoud J van Loon, Damiaan A Denys
BACKGROUND: Misophonia is a psychiatric disorder in which ordinary human sounds like smacking or chewing provoke intense anger and disgust. Despite the high burden of this condition, to date there is no evidence-based treatment available. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and investigated whether clinical or demographic characteristics predicted treatment response. METHODS: Ninety patients with misophonia received eight bi-weekly group CBT sessions...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#5
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437763/depression-and-insomnia-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#6
Kyeong Min Cha, Young Ki Chung, Ki Young Lim, Jae Sung Noh, Mison Chun, So Yeon Hyun, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Distress in cancer patients leads to poorer quality of life (QOL) and negatively impacts survival. For efficient management of a patient's disease course, the interrelationships among distress, depression, insomnia, and QOL must be understood. This study aimed to investigate whether depression and insomnia mediate the relationship between distress and QOL in cancer patients. METHODS: Cancer patients referred to a specialized psycho-oncology clinic (n=208) participated in this study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437761/negative-appraisals-and-fear-extinction-are-independently-related-to-ptsd-symptoms
#7
Daniel V Zuj, Matthew A Palmer, Kate E Gray, Chia-Ming K Hsu, Emma L Nicholson, Gin S Malhi, Richard A Bryant, Kim L Felmingham
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has revealed impaired fear extinction to be a significant predictor of PTSD. Fear extinction is also considered the primary mechanism of exposure therapy, and a critical factor in PTSD recovery. The cognitive theory of PTSD proposes that symptoms persist due to excessive negative appraisals about the trauma and its sequelae. Research has not yet examined the relationship between fear extinction and negative appraisals in PTSD. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of participants with PTSD (n =21), and trauma-exposed controls (n =33) underwent a standardized differential fear conditioning and extinction paradigm, with skin conductance response (SCR) amplitude serving as the index of conditioned responses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432995/eye-disorder-differentiates-seasonality-outcomes-in-persons-with-severe-visual-impairment
#8
Heller Madsen, Henrik Dam, Ida Hageman
BACKGROUND: Light plays a crucial role in both the pathogenesis and treatment of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Consequently decreased retinal sensitivity to light has been suggested to be a risk factor for SAD. In a population of persons with severe visual impairment we recently found a highly increased prevalence of SAD. We now aimed to identify eye disorders or anatomical locations with specific association to seasonality. METHODS: In 912 cases (33%) from our prior seasonal pattern assessment questionnaire (SPAQ) screening study, we retrieved eye diagnoses from the Danish National Patient Registry and analyzed for specific eye disorders or anatomical locations that significantly differentiated SPAQ outcomes (global seasonality score, (GSS) and SPAQ-SAD prevalence)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431383/protocolized-hyperventilation-enhances-electroconvulsive-therapy
#9
Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Antonia Dalmau, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Carmina Ribes, Ana Sánchez-Allueva, José Manuel Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation is recommended in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to enhance seizures and to increase patients' safety. However, more evidence is needed regarding its effects and the optimum method of application. METHODS: This prospective study involving 21 subjects compared two procedures, protocolized hyperventilation (PHV) and hyperventilation as usual (HVau), applied to the same patient in two consecutive sessions. Transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2) was measured throughout all sessions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415007/religion-spirituality-and-mental-health-of-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#11
Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah B Marin, Harold K Koenig, Adriana Feder, Brian M Iacoviello, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, there has been increased interest in studying the association between religion/spirituality (R/S), and mental health and functional outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a contemporary, nationally representative sample of 3151 U.S. military veterans maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks, Inc., we evaluated the relation between R/S and a broad range of mental health, and psychosocial variables. Veterans were grouped into three groups based on scores on the Duke University Religion Index: High R/S (weighted 11...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#12
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411504/severe-insomnia-is-associated-with-hypertriglyceridemia-in-women-with-major-depression-treated-in-psychiatry-settings
#13
Jean-François Costemale-Lacoste, Séverine Trabado, Céline Verstuyft, Khalil El Asmar, Florence Butlen-Ducuing, Romain Colle, Florian Ferreri, Mircea Polosan, Emmanuel Haffen, Beverley Balkau, Bruno Falissard, Bruno Feve, Laurent Becquemont, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a cardiovascular risk factor. In the general population, elevated fasting triglyceridemia (TG) is associated with insomnia. Since insomnia is a core symptom of Major Depressive Episodes (MDE), we studied the association of severe insomnia with HTG in major depression. METHODS: We used the baseline data of the METADAP cohort, comprising 624 patients with a current MDE in a context of Major Depressive Disorder treated in psychiatry settings, without current alcohol use disorders...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437762/public-attitudes-toward-depression-and-help-seeking-impact-of-the-ospi-europe-depression-awareness-campaign-in-four-european-regions
#14
Elisabeth Kohls, Evelien Coppens, Juliane Hug, Eline Wittevrongel, Chantal Van Audenhove, Nicole Koburger, Ella Arensman, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmão, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking behaviour are important factors influencing depressed people to obtain professional help and adequate treatment. OSPI-Europe is a multi-level suicide prevention programme including a public awareness campaign. It was implemented in four regions of four European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland and Portugal). This paper reports the results of the evaluation of the campaign, including its visibility and effects of the campaign on stigma associated with depression and help-seeking behaviour...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411503/anatomical-distance-affects-cortical-subcortical-connectivity-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#16
Wenbin Guo, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Renrong Wu, Lehua Li, Zhikun Zhang, Huafu Chen, Jingping Zhao
BACKGROUND: Brain structural and functional alterations in the cortical-subcortical circuits have been observed in somatization disorder (SD). However, whether and how anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical connectivity in SD remain unclear. This study aims to examine whether anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical in first-episode, drug-naive SD. METHODS: Twenty-five first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and twenty-eight healthy controls were recruited for a resting-state scan...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410476/fear-reactivity-to-cognitive-dyscontrol-via-novel-head-mounted-display-perceptual-illusion-exercises
#17
Daniel W Capron, Aaron M Norr, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns (ASCC), refer to fears of mental catastrophe or losing control over mental processes. Recent findings show that ASCC are related to suicide risk, mood disorders and trauma-related disorders. Using controlled experimental psychopathology paradigms could be one heretofore unutilized method of increasing understanding of ASCC. Our goal was to test fear reactivity to four head-mounted display perceptual illusion challenges designed to bring on feelings of cognitive dyscontrol (i...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407556/functional-network-based-statistics-in-depression-theory-of-mind-subnetwork-and-importance-of-parietal-region
#18
Chien-Han Lai, Yu-Te Wu, Yuh-Ming Hou
OBJECTIVE: The functional network analysis of whole brain is an emerging field for research in depression. We initiated this study to investigate which subnetwork is significantly altered within the functional connectome in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The study enrolled 52 first-episode medication-naïve patients with MDD and 40 controls for functional network analysis. All participants received the resting-state functional imaging using a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance scanner...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412090/pituitary-gland-in-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depression-evidence-from-structural-mri-studies
#19
G Delvecchio, A C Altamura, J C Soares, P Brambilla
BACKGROUND: The function of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) has been widely investigated in mood disorders based on its role in regulating stress response. Particularly, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) reports have explored pituitary gland (PG) in both bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). In this context, the present review summarizes the results from MRI studies with the final aim of commenting on the presence of common or distinct PG structural alterations between these two disabling illnesses...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407553/high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-major-depression-dissociated-effects-on-psychopathology-and-neurocognition
#20
Santiago Tovar-Perdomo, Alexander McGirr, Frederique Van den Eynde, Nicole Rodrigues Dos Santos, Marcelo T Berlim
OBJECTIVES: This open-label pilot study explored the effects of a course of accelerated high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) on two neurocognitive domains (decision-making and impulse control) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Participants with MDD and a treatment resistant major depressive episode (n=24) underwent twice-daily HF-rTMS targeted at the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (lDLPFC) over two weeks...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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