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Journal of Affective Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647669/-engage-therapy-prediction-of-change-of-late-life-major-depression
#1
George S Alexopoulos, Robert O'Neil, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue, Lindsay W Victoria, Jennifer N Bress, Cristina Pollari, Patricia A Arean
OBJECTIVE: Engage grew out of the need for streamlined psychotherapies that can be accurately used by community therapists in late-life depression. Engage was based on the view that dysfunction of reward networks is the principal mechanism mediating depressive symptoms. Accordingly, Engage uses "reward exposure" (exposure to meaningful activities) and assumes that repeated activation of reward networks will normalize these systems. This study examined whether change in a behavioral activation scale, an index of reward system function, predicts change in depressive symptomatology...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647668/a-combined-marker-of-early-non-improvement-and-the-occurrence-of-melancholic-features-improve-the-treatment-prediction-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#2
Stefanie Wagner, André Tadić, Sibylle C Roll, Alice Engel, Nadine Dreimüller, Jan Engelmann, Klaus Lieb
BACKGROUND: Early Improvement of depressive symptoms within two weeks of antidepressant treatment is a highly sensitive but less specific predictor of later treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to identify clinical features at treatment initiation which are associated with early improvement and non-improvement as well as to identify variables predicting non-remission in patients showing an early improvement. METHODS: 889 patients with a major depressive episode according to DSM-IV who had participated in an antidepressant treatment trial served as study sample...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645025/decreased-functional-connectivity-and-disrupted-neural-network-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-affective-disorders-a-resting-state-fnirs-study
#3
Huilin Zhu, Jie Xu, Jiangxue Li, Hongjun Peng, Tingting Cai, Xinge Li, Shijing Wu, Wei Cao, Sailing He
BACKGROUND: Affective disorders (AD) have been conceptualized as neural network-level diseases. In this study, we utilized functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to investigate the spontaneous hemodynamic activities in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of the AD patients with or without medications. METHODS: 42 optical channels were applied to cover the superior frontal gyrus (SFG), middle frontal gyrus (MFG), and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), which constitute one of the most important affective networks of the brain...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647667/self-esteem-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Rebecca L Forrester, Hayley Slater, Khowla Jomar, Susan Mitzman, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a self-destructive act that represents a considerable burden on the individual and society. Low self-esteem may be a psychological variable that is related to NSSI. However, little is known about the nature of this relationship in adulthood. This systematic review therefore aimed to provide a synthesis of the available literature on the relationship between self-esteem and NSSI. METHODS: Articles were independently identified and risk of bias assessed by two reviewers searching PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline and Web of Science databases...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646710/psychological-distress-and-the-incident-risk-of-functional-disability-in-elderly-survivors-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#5
Fumiya Tanji, Yumi Sugawara, Yasutake Tomata, Takashi Watanabe, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yu Kaiho, Hiroaki Tomita, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: We conducted a prospective cohort study to investigate whether psychological distress would have increased the incident risk of functional disability after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: First phase data pertaining to psychological distress and other lifestyle factors were collected from 1037 subjects aged ≥ 65 years, from June to December 2011, in four affected areas of Miyagi prefecture in Japan. Psychological distress was measured by the Kessler 6-item psychological distress scale (K6), and classified into three categories (K6 score ≤ 9, 10-12, ≥ 13)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#6
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#7
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#8
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633048/affective-traits-and-history-of-depression-are-related-to-ventral-striatum-connectivity
#9
Sophie R DelDonno, Lisanne M Jenkins, Natania A Crane, Robin Nusslock, Kelly A Ryan, Stewart A Shankman, K Luan Phan, Scott A Langenecker
INTRODUCTION: Studying remitted Major Depressive Disorder (rMDD) facilitates a better understanding of neural mechanisms for risk, given that confounding effects of active symptoms are removed. Disrupted functional connectivity has been reported in multiple networks in MDD. However, no study to date of rMDD has specifically examined connectivity of the ventral striatum (VS), a region highly implicated in reward and motivation. We investigated functional connectivity of the VS in individuals with and without a history of MDD, and in relation to affective personality traits...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633047/the-impacts-of-the-global-financial-crisis-on-hospitalizations-due-to-depressive-illnesses-in-taiwan-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-study
#10
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chen-Mao Liao, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: In the third quarter of 2008, a major financial crisis hit many developed countries. Taiwan suffered its own share: a rise in unemployment and a severe decline in gross domestic product. This study is to address the health consequences of this crisis on different socioeconomic populations in Taiwan. METHODS: A sample of 6,225,766 men and 5,417,651 women, was obtained and their admissions data over 2007-2012 were retrieved. Stratified into three income levels, the sample was examined on the 147,921 episodes of hospitalization due to depressive illnesses (DIs) over that period by an interrupted time series analysis for monthly incidence rates of DI hospitalizations RESULTS: The adjusted incidence rates of hospitalization (AIRH) for DIs among the low income were 10 times that of the high income group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647666/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-and-depression-during-methamphetamine-withdrawal
#11
Wenwei Ren, Xiaoqian Luan, Jie Zhang, Priyanka Gutteea, Yan Cai, Jiyun Zhao, Yingying Gu, Chaowen Wu, Hang Su, Jingyan Tao, Ying Xie, Dezhao Lv, Liang Feng, Jincai He
BACKGROUND: Depression symptoms is highly comorbid with methamphetamine (METH) dependence. Except for the role in the pathophysiology of depression symptoms, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is also involved in the METH dependence. The present study aims to explore whether BDNF plays a role in the development of depression symptoms during METH withdrawal. METHODS: We recruited 179 patients with METH dependence who were followed up for two weeks. Ultimately, 131 (73...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628766/multimorbidity-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jennifer R Read, Louise Sharpe, Matthew Modini, Blake F Dear
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, the presence of two or more chronic conditions, is increasingly common and complicates the assessment and management of depression. The aim was to investigate the relationship between multimorbidity and depression. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the databases; PsychINFO, Medline, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Central. Results were meta-analysed to determine risk for a depressive disorder or depressive symptoms in people with multimorbidity...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647670/temperament-and-character-profile-of-college-students-who-have-suicidal-ideas-or-have-attempted-suicide
#13
Kounseok Lee, Hye-Kyung Lee, Seok Hyeon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a major cause of death in university students. Personality traits have been suggested as possible risk factors for suicidal behaviors. This study looked at the relationship between the personality dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and suicidal behaviors. METHOD: A total of 5644 college students took the TCI test and the suicidality module of the M.I.N.I. The students were divided into the suicidal ideation group (n = 302; 5...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646712/prediction-of-vocational-participation-and-global-role-functioning-in-help-seeking-young-adults-from-neurocognitive-demographic-and-clinical-variables
#14
Alice J Cairns, David J Kavanagh, Frances Dark, Steven M McPhail
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate neurocognitive, demographic and clinical correlates of vocational participation among a sample of young help-seeking adults. METHODS: Young people (18-25 years) accessing an early intervention youth health service participated. The Global Functioning: Role scale and level of vocational participation, participant characteristics (age, gender, socioeconomic background and family history of serious mental illness), distress, psychotic-like experiences, substance use, and mental health diagnoses were recorded...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645024/prevalence-of-depression-comparisons-of-different-depression-definitions-in-population-based-samples-of-older-adults
#15
Linnea Sjöberg, Björn Karlsson, Anna-Rita Atti, Ingmar Skoog, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression prevalence in older adults varies largely across studies, which probably reflects methodological rather than true differences. This study aims to explore whether and to what extent the prevalence of depression varies when using different diagnostic criteria and rating scales, and various samples of older adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 3353 individuals aged 60-104 years from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) were examined in 2001-2004...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641149/thyroid-autoimmunity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Margherita Barbuti, André F Carvalho, Cristiano A Köhler, Andrea Murru, Norma Verdolini, Giovanni Guiso, Ludovic Samalin, Michael Maes, Brendon Stubbs, Giulio Perugi, Eduard Vieta, Isabella Pacchiarotti
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to the pathophysiological relevance between immune dysfunction and mood disorders. High rates of thyroid dysfunction have been found in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), compared to the general population. A systematic review of the relationship between BD and thyroid autoimmunity was performed. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched up till January 28th, 2017. This review has been conducted according to the PRISMA statements...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628769/complex-psychotropic-polypharmacy-in-bipolar-disorder-across-varying-mood-polarities-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-2712-inpatients
#18
Julia C Golden, John W Goethe, Stephen B Woolley
BACKGROUND: It is common for patients with bipolar disorder (BP) to receive multiple psychotropics, but few studies have assessed demographic and clinical features associated with risk for receiving complex psychotropic polypharmacy. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study examined 2712 inpatients with a DSM-IV clinical diagnosis of BP to assess associations between complex polypharmacy (defined as ≥4 psychotropics) and demographic and clinical features; associations with risk of rehospitalization were also examined...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628768/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-antenatal-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Erik Forsell, Marie Bendix, Fredrik Holländare, Barbara Szymanska von Schultz, Josefine Nasiell, Margareta Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Caroline Eriksson, Sara Kvarned, Johanna Lindau van der Linden, Elin Söderberg, Jussi Jokinen, Katarina Wide, Viktor Kaldo
Major depression occurs in 5-10% of pregnancies and is associated with many negative effects for mother and child, yet treatment options are scarce. To our knowledge, this is the first published randomised controlled trial on Internet delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) for this group. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a pregnancy adapted version of an existing 10-week ICBT-program for depression as well as assessing acceptability and adherence DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628767/multi-modal-neuroimaging-of-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#20
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Bryon A Mueller, Lynn E Eberly, Kristina M Reigstad, Patricia A Carstedt, Kathleen M Thomas, Ruskin H Hunt, Kelvin O Lim, Kathryn R Cullen
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health problem among adolescents. Research is needed to clarify the neurobiology of NSSI and identify candidate neurobiological targets for interventions. Based on prior research implicating heightened negative affect and amygdala hyperactivity in NSSI, we pursued a systems approach to characterize amygdala functional connectivity networks during rest (resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC)]) and a task (task functional connectivity [TFC]) in adolescents with NSSI...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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