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Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry

Ying Huang, Fang Liu, Fang Zhang, Pingsheng Liu, Tao Xu, Wenjun Ding
Numerous studies have demonstrated that vanadium compounds are able to improve lipemia and triglyceridemia in both humans and animals. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. The present study was conducted to investigate the anti-hyperlipidemic effect of vanadium(IV) complex with 4-chlorodipicolinic acid (VOdipic-Cl)-induced autophagy on hepatic lipid accumulation. To explore the possible underlying mechanisms, primary rat hepatocytes, human hepatoma cell line HepG2, and liver tissue from C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) were used...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Ngo Fung Lee, Dharmesh Patel, Haiyan Liu, Rui Zhang
Iron(IV)-oxo porphyrins [FeIV (Por)O] (Por = poprhyrin), commonly called compound II models, were produced in three electron-deficient ligands by visible light irradiation of highly photo-labile porphyrin-iron(III) bromates or chlorates. The kinetics of oxygen transfer atom (OAT) reactions with aryl sulfides by these photo-generated [FeIV (Por)O] (3) were studied in CH3 CN solutions. The iron(IV)-oxo porphyrins under study include 5,10,15,20-tetra(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3a), 5,10,15,20-tetra(2,6-difluorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3b), and 5,10,15,20-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3c)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Isabel de la Cueva-Alique, Sara Sierra, Laura Muñoz-Moreno, Adrián Pérez-Redondo, Ana M Bajo, Isabel Marzo, Lourdes Gude, Tomás Cuenca, Eva Royo
New water soluble, enantiopure arene ruthenium compound SRu SN -(1R,4S)-[(η6 -p-cymene)Ru{ĸNH(Bn),ĸNOH}Cl]Cl (Bn = benzyl, 1a') has been synthesized. The novel compound along with that previously described RRu RN -(1S,4R)-[(η6 -p-cymene)Ru{ĸNH(Bn),ĸNOH}Cl]Cl (1a) was evaluated by polarimetry, ultra-violet and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The structure of novel ruthenium derivative 1a' was determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Both enantiomers have been tested against several cancer cell lines in vitro: prostate PC-3, lung A-549, pancreas MIA PaCa-2, colorectal HCT-116, leukemia Jurkat and cervical HeLa...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Pengfei Zhang, Lu Ma, Zhen Yang, Hailing Li, Zhonghong Gao
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron(III) chloride (FeTPPS) is a water-soluble heme analog, which has been used as a scavenger of peroxynitrite in many studies. Similar to heme, it may also possess pseudo-peroxidase activity that could cause protein tyrosine nitration through the peroxidase-H2 O2 -NO2 - pathway. In this paper, we used western blotting and spectrophotometry analysis to study the capability of FeTPPS in catalyzing protein tyrosine nitration. Furthermore, the capability of FeTPPS in catalyzing protein nitration in tissue homogenate and cultured cells was also investigated...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Elisa Boanini, Paola Torricelli, Felix Sima, Emanuel Axente, Milena Fini, Ion N Mihailescu, Adriana Bigi
The chemistry, structure and morphology of the implant surface have a great influence on the integration of an implant material with bone tissue. In this work, we applied Combinatorial Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (C-MAPLE) to deposit gradient thin films with variable compositions of Sr-substituted hydroxyapatite (SrHA) and Zn-substituted β-tricalcium phosphate (ZnTCP) on Titanium substrates. Five samples with different SrHA/ZnTCP composition ratios were fabricated by a single step laser procedure...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Shaghayegh Dezvarei, Hiroki Onoda, Osami Shoji, Yoshihito Watanabe, Stephen G Bell
The wild-type cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase enzyme CYP102A1 (P450Bm3) has low activity for cycloalkane oxidation. The oxidation of these substrates by variants of this enzyme in combination with perfluorinated decoy molecules (PFCs) was investigated to improve productivity. The use of rate accelerating variants, which have mutations located outside of the substrate binding pocket as well as an active site variant of CYP102A1 (A74G/F87V/L188Q) all enhanced cycloalkane oxidation (C5 to C10). The addition of the decoy molecules to the wild-type and the rate accelerating mutants of CYP102A1 boosted the substrate oxidation rates even further...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Valerio Ferrario, Niels Hansen, Jürgen Pleiss
The experimentally determined Michaelis constant Km c results from a combination of two effects: the recognition of the substrate by the enzyme and the molecular interactions between substrate and solvent. By separating substrate recognition from solvent effects, the thermodynamic activity-based Michaelis constant Km a allows for an unambiguous comparison of how different substrates fit into the substrate binding site. Km a of a poorly water-soluble substrate is calculated from the experimentally determined concentration-based Michaelis constant Km c and its activity coefficient at infinite dilution γ∞ ...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Nicola Salvarese, Barbara Spolaore, Selena Marangoni, Anna Pasin, Alessandro Galenda, Sergio Tamburini, Gianfranco Cicoria, Fiorenzo Refosco, Cristina Bolzati
An assessment study involving the use of the transglutaminase (TGase) conjugation method and the nitride-technetium-99m labelling on a bis(thiosemicarbazone) (BTS) bifunctional chelating agent is presented. The previously described chelator diacetyl-2-(N4 -methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone)-3-(N4 -amino-3-thiosemicarbazone), H2 ATSM/A, has been functionalized with 6-aminohexanoic acid (ε-Ahx) to generate the bifunctional chelating agent diacetyl-2-(N4 -methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone)-3-[N4 -(amino)-(6-aminohexanoic acid)-3-thiosemicarbazone], H2 ATSM/A-ε-Ahx (1), suitable for conjugation to glutamine (Gln) residues of bioactive molecules via TGase...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Dipanwita Batabyal, Thomas L Poulos
We have compared the thermodynamics of substrate and redox partner binding of P450cam to its close homologue, CYP101D1, using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). CYP101D1 binds camphor about 10-fold more weakly than P450cam which is consistent with the inability of camphor to cause a complete low- to high-spin shift in CYP101D1. Even so molecular dynamics simulations show that camphor is very stable in the CYP101D1 active site similar to P450cam. ITC data on the binding of the CYP101D1 ferredoxin redox partner (abbreviated Arx) shows that the substrate-bound closed state of CYP101D1 binds Arx more tightly than the substrate-free open form...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Haotian Lei, Bruce E Bowler
Structural studies of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c (L.J. McClelland, T.-C. Mou, M.E. Jeakins-Cooley, S.R. Sprang, B.E. Bowler, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111 (2014) 6648-6653) show that modest movement of Ω-loop D (residues 70-85, average RMSD versus the native structure: 0.81 Å) permits loss of Met80-heme ligation creating an available coordination site to catalyze the peroxidase activity mediated by cytochrome c early in apoptosis. However, Ala81 and Gly83 move significantly (RMSDs of 2.18 and 1.26 Å, respectively)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Jiaxin Liu, Lei Chen, Jan Felix Joseph, Alexandra Naß, Anna Stoll, Xavier de la Torre, Francesco Botrè, Gerhard Wolber, Maria Kristina Parr, Matthias Bureik
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are misused very frequently in sport competitions as performance enhancing agents. One of the doping compounds that has been detected with increased frequency in the last few years is dehydrochloromethyltestosterone (DHCMT, 4-chloro-17β-hydroxy-17α-methylandrosta-1,4-dien-3-one; brand name Oral Turinabol). The long-term DHCMT metabolite 20βOH-NorDHCMT (4-chloro-17β-hydroxymethyl-17α-methyl-18-norandrosta-1,4,13-trien-3-one) was reported earlier to be detectable in urine samples for more than 22 days after DHCMT administration; however, purified reference material was not available so far...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Molly M Lockart, Carlo A Rodriguez, William M Atkins, Michael K Bowman
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) monoxygenses utilize heme cofactors to catalyze oxidation reactions. They play a critical role in metabolism of many classes of drugs, are an attractive target for drug development, and mediate several prominent drug interactions. Many substrates and inhibitors alter the spin state of the ferric heme by displacing the heme's axial water ligand in the resting enzyme to yield a five-coordinate iron complex, or they replace the axial water to yield a nitrogen-ligated six-coordinate iron complex, which are traditionally assigned by UV-vis spectroscopy...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Chandrasekar Balachandran, Jebiti Haribabu, Kumaramangalam Jeyalakshmi, Nattamai S P Bhuvanesh, Ramasamy Karvembu, Nobuhiko Emi, Suresh Awale
Three novel complexes (1, 3 and 4) ligating N-substituted isatin thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized and their structural and biological characteristics have been compared with those of the known analogs (2, 5-7 and 8). In addition, the structure of the representative ligands (L1, L3 and L4) and complex (4) was confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. All the complexes (1-8) were assessed for their cytotoxic property against a panel of four human cancer cells such as HepG-2 (liver), MOLM-14 (acute monocytic leukemia), U937 (histiocytic lymphoma)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Ari Dwi Nugraheni, Chunguang Ren, Yorifumi Matsumoto, Satoshi Nagao, Masaru Yamanaka, Shun Hirota
The Met80-heme iron bond of cytochrome c (cyt c) is cleaved by the interaction of cyt c with cardiolipin (CL) in membranes. The Met80 dissociation enhances the peroxidase activity of cyt c and triggers cyt c release from mitochondrion to the cytosol at the early stage of apoptosis. This paper demonstrates the selective oxidation of Met80 for the reaction of ferric cyt c with a peroxide, meta-chloroperbenzoic acid (mCPBA), in the presence of CL-containing liposomes by formation of a ferryl species (Compound I)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Bing-Xin Chu, Rui-Feng Fan, Shu-Qian Lin, Du-Bao Yang, Zhen-Yong Wang, Lin Wang
Autophagy and apoptosis are two different biological processes that determine cell fates. We previously reported that autophagy inhibition and apoptosis induction are involved in lead(II)-induced cytotoxicity in primary rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells, but the interplay between them remains to be elucidated. Firstly, data showed that lead(II)-induced elevation of LC3-II protein levels can be significantly modulated by 3-methyladenine or rapamycin; moreover, protein levels of Autophagy-related protein 5 (Atg5) and Beclin-1 were markedly up-regulated by lead(II) treatment, demonstrating that lead(II) could promote the autophagosomes formation in rPT cells...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Brendan G Dwyer, Emily Johnson, Efren Cazares, Karen L McFarlane Holman, Sarah R Kirk
The ruthenium-based anticancer agent NAMI-A (ImH[trans-RuCl4 (dmso)(Im)], where Im = imidazole) has been shown to interact with RNA in vivo and in vitro. We hypothesized that the similarly structured drug KP1019 (IndH[trans-RuCl4 (Ind)2 ], where Ind = indazole) binds to RNA as well. Fluorescence spectroscopy was employed to assay the interactions between either NAMI-A or KP1019 and tRNAPhe through an intrinsic fluorophore wybutosine (Y) base and by extrinsic displacement of the intercalating agent ethidium bromide...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Gautam Achar, C R Shahini, Siddappa A Patil, Jan Grzegorz Małecki, Szu-Hua Pan, Albert Lan, Xuan-Ren Chen, Srinivasa Budagumpi
In this contribution, a series of sterically-encumbered coumarin substituted benzimidazole-based N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) precursors (1-12) and their silver(I)-NHC complexes (13-24) are reported. Molecular structure of NHC precursors 8 and 12 and cationic complexes 15 and 16 was established by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. The silver(I) complexes demonstrated various significant intramolecular agostic-like interactions operating between the metal center and the hydrogen atoms of the substituents alongside a variety of feeble π-π stacking interactions...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Yaqiong Kong, Feng Chen, Zhi Su, Yong Qian, Fang-Xin Wang, Xiuxiu Wang, Jing Zhao, Zong-Wan Mao, Hong-Ke Liu
Metal-arene complexes containing bioactive natural-product derived ligands can have new and unusual properties. We report the synthesis, characterization and antiproliferative activity of two new Ru(II) arene complexes with imidazole (dichlorido complex 1) or bipyridyl (chlorido complex 2) ligands conjugated to 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid, an active triterpenoid metabolite of Glycyrrhiza glabra. In general, the conjugated ligands and complexes showed only moderate activity against HeLa (cervical), MCF-7 (breast) and A2780 (ovarian) cancer cells, although the activity of complex 2 in the former two cell lines approached that of the drug cisplatin...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Eolann Kitteringham, Dan Wu, Shane Cheung, Brendan Twamley, Donal F O'Shea, Darren M Griffith
The successful design and pre-clicked synthesis of a non-toxic and cytosol trackable carboplatin-like near infrared fluorophore conjugate via strain-promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) is reported. Reaction of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] (cbdca = cyclobutane-1,1-dicarboxylato) and a bicyclo[6.1.0]non-4-yne near-infrared (NIR) azadipyrromethene fluorophore gave the corresponding clicked Pt-Fluorophore conjugate. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] was determined featuring the azide on the bidentate 1,3-diaminopropane ligand...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Hui-Min Cheng, Hong Yuan, Xiao-Juan Wang, Jia-Kun Xu, Shu-Qin Gao, Ge-Bo Wen, Xiangshi Tan, Ying-Wu Lin
The structure and function of heme proteins are regulated by diverse post-translational modifications including heme-protein cross-links, with the underlying mechanisms not well understood. In this study, we introduced a Cys (K42C) close to the heme 4-vinyl group in sperm whale myoglobin (Mb) and solved its X-ray crystal structure. Interestingly, we found that K42C Mb can partially form a Cys-heme cross-link (termed K42C Mb-X) under dithiothreitol-induced reductive conditions in presence of O2 , as suggested by guanidine hydrochloride-induced unfolding and heme extraction studies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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