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General Hospital Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779589/pilot-investigation-into-the-sickness-response-to-influenza-vaccination-in-adults-effect-of-depression-and-anxiety
#1
Jessica A Harper, Charles South, Madhukar H Trivedi, Marisa S Toups
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether depressed or anxious patients experience greater affective change than mentally healthy individuals following influenza vaccination. METHODS: Participants (n=112) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) before influenza vaccination and 1-2days post-vaccination (M=32.3h). Pre- and post-vaccination PANAS scores were compared using two-tailed, paired-samples t-tests. Change in positive affect between participants with depression or anxiety and those without was compared using two-way ANOVA...
July 25, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806572/globalization-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#2
EDITORIAL
James J Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690019/evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-exercise-on-cognition-in-major-depressive-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Tracy L Greer, Jennifer L Furman, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is increasingly recognized as a significant symptom in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). While exercise is already recommended in many treatment guidelines for patients with MDD and has been shown to improve cognition in other disorders (e.g., Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, schizophrenia), limited research is available evaluating the effect of exercise on cognition in MDD. METHODS: We provide a narrative review of existing literature regarding the effect(s) of exercise on cognition across several neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases, and particularly in MDD, with specific emphasis on study design and methodology that may impair adequate synthesis of the results...
July 6, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662896/response-to-mild-to-moderate-clozapine-induced-gastrointestinal-hypomotility-should-not-require-cessation-of-clozapine
#4
LETTER
Stephen West, David Rowbotham, Glen Xiong, Chris Kenedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662898/insomnia-as-an-additional-clinical-correlate-of-suicidal-ideation-after-stroke
#5
LETTER
Francesco Bartoli, Massimo Clerici, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Carrà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734622/mild-to-moderate-clozapine-induced-gastrointestinal-hypomotility-should-not-require-cessation-of-clozapine
#6
LETTER
Susanna Every-Palmer, Pete M Ellis, Robert J Flanagan, Trino Baptista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662897/effects-of-a-randomized-exercise-trial-on-physical-activity-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#7
Elizabeth A Awick, Diane K Ehlers, Susan Aguiñaga, Ana M Daugherty, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests improvements in positive psychological health indices (e.g., self-esteem) may explain the relationship between physical activity and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Less is known about the role of reductions in negative psychological health indices (e.g., depression). The present study examined the effects of changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychological distress on change in QoL in older adults enrolled in an exercise program...
June 15, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645661/postoperative-delirium-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-patients
#8
LETTER
Brajesh Mahawer, Navratan Suthar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625704/mental-health-consequences-of-exercise-withdrawal-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ali A Weinstein, Christine Koehmstedt, Willem J Kop
OBJECTIVE: A sedentary lifestyle has been associated with mental health disorders. Many medical conditions result in the cessation of exercise, which may increase the risk of developing mental health problems. The purpose of this article is to systematically review the literature examining the effects of exercise withdrawal on mental health. METHOD: Literature was searched using PubMed, PsycINFO, and SPORTdiscus for studies that experimentally manipulated the withdrawal of exercise and included mental health as outcome measure...
June 6, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583700/how-changes-in-physical-activity-relate-to-fatigue-interference-mood-and-quality-of-life-during-treatment-for-non-metastatic-breast-cancer
#10
Hannah M Fisher, Jamie M Jacobs, Chloe J Taub, Suzanne C Lechner, John E Lewis, Charles S Carver, Bonnie B Blomberg, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) following surgery for breast cancer may improve depressive symptoms and quality of life (QoL) via reduction in fatigue-related daily interference (FRDI). Less is known about how change in PA may relate to these psychosocial factors throughout the course of treatment. In a secondary analysis of a previous psychosocial intervention trial, we examined relationships between change in PA, depressive symptoms, and functional QoL, as mediated by change in FRDI, and whether naturally occurring change in PA provided benefit independent of the intervention...
May 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807143/lifestyle-interventions-for-weight-loss-among-overweight-and-obese-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Karen L Whiteman, Gregory J McHugo, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Lisa A Marsch, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate effects of lifestyle intervention participation on weight reduction among overweight and obese adults with serious mental illness. METHOD: We systematically searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials comparing lifestyle interventions with other interventions or usual care controls in overweight and obese adults with serious mental illness, including schizophrenia spectrum or mood disorders...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807142/efficacy-of-lurasidone-in-the-treatment-of-agitation-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-five-short-term-studies-in-acutely-ill-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Michael H Allen, Leslie Citrome, Andrei Pikalov, Jay Hsu, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: This post hoc analysis evaluated the effect of lurasidone on agitation in acutely ill patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: Patient-level data were pooled from five 6-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of fixed-dose, once-daily, oral lurasidone (40, 80, 120, or 160 mg/d). Agitation was assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale-Excited Component (PANSS-EC) score, utilizing a mixed model for repeated measurement analysis...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807141/psychosocial-predictors-of-quality-of-life-and-weight-loss-two-years-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-study
#13
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Vincent Santiago, Matthew Kowgier, Timothy Jackson, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie Cassin
OBJECTIVES: Studies exploring the impact of pre-surgery psychiatric status as a predictor of health related quality of life (QOL) after bariatric surgery have been limited to short-term follow-up and variable use of psychosocial measures. We examined the effect of pre-operative psychiatric factors on QOL and weight loss 2-years after surgery. METHODS: 156 patients participated in this prospective cohort study, the Toronto Bariatric Psychosocial Cohort Study, between 2010 and 2014...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807140/acute-psychological-trauma-in-the-critically-ill-patient-and-family-perspectives
#14
Volha Dziadzko, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Margaret M Johnson, Ognjen Gajic, Lioudmila V Karnatovskaia
OBJECTIVE: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which encompasses profound psychological morbidity, affects many survivors of critical illness. We hypothesize that acute psychological stress during the intensive care unit (ICU) confinement likely contributes to PICS. In order to develop strategies that mitigate PICS associated psychological morbidity, it is paramount to first characterize acute ICU psychological stress and begin to understand its causative and protective factors. METHODS: A structured interview study was administered to adult critical illness survivors who received ≥48h of mechanical ventilation in medical and surgical ICUs of a tertiary care center, and their families...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807139/recognition-of-anxiety-depression-and-ptsd-in-patients-with-copd-and-chf-who-gets-missed
#15
Chelsea G Ratcliff, Terri L Barrera, Nancy J Petersen, Shubhada Sansgiry, Michael R Kauth, Mark E Kunik, Melinda A Stanley, Jeffrey A Cully
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify patient factors associated with mental health (MH) recognition and treatment in medically ill Veterans. METHOD: Retrospective data from patient electronic medical records (EMR) and self-report data were reviewed for 180 Veterans with cardiopulmonary conditions who met diagnostic criteria for anxiety, depression, or posttraumatic stress disorder on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Multivariate logistic regression examined the association of medical record MH recognition and MH service use with patient factors, including anxiety and depression severity, self-efficacy, locus of control, coping, illness intrusiveness, and health-related quality of life (QOL)...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807138/prevalence-and-predictors-of-post-stroke-mood-disorders-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-depression-anxiety-and-adjustment-disorder
#16
Alex J Mitchell, Bhavisha Sheth, John Gill, Motahare Yadegarfar, Brendon Stubbs, Mohammad Yadegarfar, Nick Meader
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence and predictors of mood disorders, determined by structured clinical interviews (ICD or DSM criteria) in people after stroke. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2016 for studies involving major depression (MDD), minor depression (MnD), dysthymia, adjustment disorder, any depressive disorder (any depressive disorder) and anxiety disorders. Studies were combined using both random and fixed effects meta-analysis and results were stratified as appropriate...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807137/association-of-anxiety-sensitivity-physical-concerns-and-fvc-with-dyspnea-severity-in-sarcoidosis
#17
Pawel Holas, Julia Szymańska, Anna Dubaniewicz, Małgorzata Farnik, Agnieszka Jarzemska, Izabela Krejtz, Marta Maskey-Warzechowska, Joanna Domagala-Kulawik
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship of an objective functional lung parameter (FVC) and a subjective psychological factor (physical symptom concerns) with dyspnea in sarcoidosis. Dyspnea constitutes one of the most common and burdensome symptoms in sarcoidosis, yet little is known about its mechanisms and, in particular, psychological. METHOD: A total of 107 hospitalized sarcoidosis patients (Female=50, Mage=45.3years) volunteered to take part in the correlational research study...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807136/misuse-of-prescription-opioids-among-chronic-pain-patients-suffering-from-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Daniel Feingold, Silviu Brill, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Yael Delayahu, Shaul Lev-Ran
OBJECTIVE: In the past two decades, chronic pain has been increasingly treated with prescription opioids, particularly in developed countries. This has drawn public concern of possible risks associated with the potential misuse of prescriptions opioids. Previous research has indicated that this may be particularly true among individuals suffering from co-occurring psychiatric disorders. The present study sought to explore rates of misuse among chronic pain patients prescribed opioids, comparing individuals with and without anxiety...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807135/suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-self-directed-violence-following-clinician-initiated-prescription-opioid-discontinuation-among-long-term-opioid-users
#19
Michael I Demidenko, Steven K Dobscha, Benjamin J Morasco, Thomas H A Meath, Mark A Ilgen, Travis I Lovejoy
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about patient outcomes following discontinuation of opioid therapy, which may include suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal self-directed violence (SSV). The purpose of this study was to examine correlates of SI and non-fatal SSV in a sample of patients discontinued from long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). METHOD: Five hundred-nine Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients whose clinicians discontinued them from LTOT were selected from a national cohort of VHA patients who discontinued opioids in 2012...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807134/classification-of-suicide-attempters-in-schizophrenia-using-sociocultural-and-clinical-features-a-machine-learning-approach
#20
Nuwan C Hettige, Thai Binh Nguyen, Chen Yuan, Thanara Rajakulendran, Jermeen Baddour, Nikhil Bhagwat, Ali Bani-Fatemi, Aristotle N Voineskos, M Mallar Chakravarty, Vincenzo De Luca
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a major concern for those afflicted by schizophrenia. Identifying patients at the highest risk for future suicide attempts remains a complex problem for psychiatric interventions. Machine learning models allow for the integration of many risk factors in order to build an algorithm that predicts which patients are likely to attempt suicide. Currently it is unclear how to integrate previously identified risk factors into a clinically relevant predictive tool to estimate the probability of a patient with schizophrenia for attempting suicide...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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