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General Hospital Psychiatry

Hong-Ming Chen, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Tsu-Nai Wang, Mong-Liang Lu, Yin-Cheng Huang, Michael E Dewey, Johnny Kuang-Wu Lee, Ching-Piao Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Diseases of the pancreas, especially pancreatitis, have been implicated as possible risk factors for psychiatric illnesses, such as depression and anxiety disorder. This nested case-control study aimed to investigate the association between diseases of the pancreas and completed suicide in a psychiatric population-based study. METHODS: The case group comprised 6568 completed suicides (ICD-9: E950-E959, E980-989) patients from the national mortality database between January 1, 2002 and December 1, 2010...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Seon-Young Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Min-Ho Park, Jung-Han Yoon, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although breast cancer patients' depression changes over time, most longitudinal studies have assessed the influence of only baseline depression on quality of life (QoL). Therefore, this study investigated the influence of changes in depression status on QoL in the year after surgery. METHODS: Participants were interviewed at 2-5days and at 1year after surgery. Depression was diagnosed at both time points, and participants were classified into four groups: no, recovered, incident, and persistent depression...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
D Vancampfort, B Stubbs, M P Herring, M Hallgren, A Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety, and explored factors that influence this relationship in six low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between anxiety and self-reported SB. Potentially influential factors were examined with mediation analysis...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Joseph Chilcot, Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Amy Carroll, David Game, Anna Simpson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: To validate the factor structure of the Patient Health Questionnaire Anxiety and Depression Scale (PHQ-ADS)- which is a composite measure of depression and anxiety using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), in a sample of haemodialysis patients. METHOD: Screening data (n=182) used to select entry into a feasibility study of an online cognitive-behavioural therapy intervention for distress in dialysis patients were analysed here...
September 28, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Amin Mohamadi, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: Type D personality - the joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) - is associated with greater symptom perception and negative health outcomes among various patient populations. We investigated Type D personality among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness. METHOD: In cross-sectional design, we estimated the prevalence of Type D personality in this population and explored the associations of two different Type D conceptualizations (i...
September 27, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Shira Maguen, Claire Hebenstreit, Yongmei Li, Julie V Dinh, Rosemary Donalson, Sarah Dalton, Emma Rubin, Robin Masheb
OBJECTIVE: To develop a primary care eating disorder screen with greater accuracy and greater potential for generalizability, compared to existing screens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey to assess discriminative accuracy of a new screen, Screen for Disordered Eating (SDE), compared to Eating Disorders Screen for Primary Care (EDS-PC) and SCOFF screener, using prevalence rates of Binge Eating Disorder (BED), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and Any Eating Disorder (AED), as measured by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q)...
September 27, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Giulia Trotta, Mattia Bava, Enrico Capuzzi, Gloria Castagna, Lia Chiara Colzani, Maria Rosaria Malerba, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Jonna F van Eck van der Sluijs, Hilde Castelijns, Vera Eijsbroek, Cees A Th Rijnders, Harm W J van Marwijk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
OBJECTIVE: Collaborative care (CC) improves depressive symptoms in people with comorbid depressive disorder in chronic medical conditions, but its effect on physical symptoms has not yet systematically been reviewed. This study aims to do so. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the European and US Clinical Trial Registers. Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CC compared to care as usual (CAU), in primary care and general hospital setting, reporting on physical and depressive symptoms as outcomes...
September 13, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Van Nguyen, John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Raj C Shah, Elsdon Storey, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory Wolfe, Jessica E Lockery, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: The 10-item Center for the Epidemiological Studies of Depression Short Form (CES-D-10) is a widely used self-report measure of depression symptomatology. The aim of this study is to investigate the psychometric properties of the CES-D-10 in healthy community dwelling older adults. METHODS: The sample consists of 19,114 community-based individuals residing in Australia and the United States who participated in the ASPREE trial baseline assessment. All individuals were free of any major illness at the time...
August 18, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Sherilyn Chang, Esmond Seow, Sok Hian Doris Koh, Swapna K Verma, Yee Ming Mok, Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: To understand treatment preferences and help-seeking behaviors among psychiatric patients for their sleep problems, and to examine determinants of problem recognition and help-seeking among patients with sleep difficulties. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among psychiatric outpatients in Singapore (n=400). Participants completed questionnaires that assessed their sleep quality, daytime fatigue, help-seeking behavior, treatment preferences for sleep problems, and sociodemographic information...
August 12, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann, Marion Hagemann-Goebel, Bernd Löwe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
OBJECTIVE: The SSS-8 is a brief questionnaire for the assessment of somatic symptom burden. This study examines its sensitivity to change and the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in patients with mental disorders. METHOD: 55 outpatients with mental disorders completed the SSS-8 and measures of anxiety, depression, and disability before and after receiving treatment. Effect sizes and correlations between the change scores were calculated. The MCID was estimated using a one standard error of measurement threshold and the change in disability as an external criterion...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Christina D Dutcher, Anka A Vujanovic, Daniel J Paulus, Brooke A Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation difficulties are a potentially key mechanism underlying the association between childhood maltreatment and alcohol use in adulthood. The current study examined the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between childhood maltreatment severity (i.e., Childhood Trauma Questionnaire total score) and past-month alcohol use severity, including alcohol consumption frequency and alcohol-related problems (i.e., number of days of alcohol problems, ratings of "bother" caused by alcohol problems, ratings of treatment importance for alcohol problems)...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Revital Amiaz, Elad Asher, Guy Rozen, Efrat Czerniak, Linda Levi, Mark Weiser, Michael Glikson
OBJECTIVE: Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs), have previously been associated with the onset of depression and anxiety. The aim of this one-year prospective study was to evaluate the rate of new onset psychopathological symptoms after elective ICD implantation. METHODS: A total of 158 consecutive outpatients who were scheduled for an elective ICD implantation were diagnosed and screened based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Farnaz Amoozegar, Scott B Patten, Werner J Becker, Andrew G M Bulloch, Kirsten M Fiest, W Jeptha Davenport, Christopher R Carroll, Nathalie Jette
OBJECTIVES: Migraine and depression are common comorbid conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess how well the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) perform as depression screening tools in patients with migraine. METHODS: Three hundred consecutive migraine patients were recruited from a large headache center. The PHQ-9 and HADS were self-administered and validated against the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV, a gold standard for the diagnosis of depression...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Katherine R Buchholz, Kipling M Bohnert, Paul N Pfeiffer, Marcia Valenstein, Dara Ganoczy, RaeAnn E Anderson, Rebecca K Sripada
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify patient characteristics and care processes related to reengagement in VA psychotherapy. METHODS: Using national VA data, a retrospective cohort was constructed (N=24,492) of veterans who received a new PTSD diagnosis in FY08/FY09 and attended only one to five PTSD psychotherapy sessions. A nested case-control study was conducted comparing veterans who reengaged in psychotherapy (n=9649) in a 1:5 ratio with those who did not reengage by the end of FY12...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Scott R Beach, Federico Gomez-Bernal, Jeff C Huffman, Gregory L Fricchione
BACKGROUND: Catatonia is a commonly encountered syndrome, affecting 10-20% of various psychiatric populations and carrying significant medical co-morbidities. However, there are few established alternative treatment strategies when benzodiazepines are ineffective and electroconvulsive therapy is unavailable. OBJECTIVE: The authors systematically review evidence for alternative treatment strategies for catatonia using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Gala True, Rosemary Frasso, Sara W Cullen, Richard C Hermann, Steven C Marcus
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify risk factors and protective factors in hospital-based mental health settings in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), with the goal of informing interventions to improve care of persons with serious mental illness. METHODS: Twenty key informants from a stratified sample of 7 VHA inpatient psychiatric units were interviewed to gain their insights on causes of patient safety events and the factors that constrain or facilitate patient safety efforts...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
James J Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
Jessica A Harper, Charles South, Madhukar H Trivedi, Marisa S Toups
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether depressed or anxious patients experience greater affective change than mentally healthy individuals following influenza vaccination. METHODS: Participants (n=112) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) before influenza vaccination and 1-2days post-vaccination (M=32.3h). Pre- and post-vaccination PANAS scores were compared using two-tailed, paired-samples t-tests. Change in positive affect between participants with depression or anxiety and those without was compared using two-way ANOVA...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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