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General Hospital Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190571/patterns-and-predictors-of-pain-following-lung-transplantation
#1
Julia M Farquhar, Patrick J Smith, Laurie Snyder, Alice L Gray, John M Reynolds, James A Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine variability in pain levels following lung transplantation, and examine individual biopsychosocial factors influencing changes in pain. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study of a cohort of 150 patients transplanted and discharged from Duke University Hospital between January 2015 and September 2016. During hospitalization and at clinic visits up to two months after discharge, subjective pain ratings were obtained using a 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale...
November 21, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156396/determining-code-status-on-inpatient-psychiatry
#2
EDITORIAL
David Y Harari, Robert C Macauley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241089/association-of-psychosis-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#3
Asma Hallab, Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Altibi, Mariam Abdelkhalek, Huyen Thi Ngo, Thao Phuong Le, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we reviewed the association between Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and psychosis and focused on the prevalence, clinical presentation, immunologic and neurological workup, treatment options, and clinical outcomes. METHODOLOGY: We performed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)'s guidelines. We searched eight databases for potential articles and manually searched references and relevant articles of included studies...
November 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190572/increased-prevalence-and-risk-of-anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-tinnitus-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#4
Ching-En Lin, Li-Fen Chen, Po-Han Chou, Chi-Hsiang Chung
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is a common disorder that may cause psychological distress and anxiety. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between anxiety disorders (ADs) and tinnitus in a large population. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Study subjects included 14,772 patients with tinnitus and 709,963 people in the general population who sought treatment in 2005. Distributions in ADs, age, sex, and medical comorbidities were compared between groups using chi-squared tests...
November 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153598/nmda-antagonists-in-the-treatment-of-catatonia-a-review-of-case-studies-from-the-last-10years
#5
LETTER
Heather P M Theibert, Brendan T Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156252/factors-associated-with-physician-self-efficacy-in-mental-illness-management-and-team-based-care
#6
Danielle F Loeb, Erin Leister, Evette Ludman, Ingrid A Binswanger, Lori Crane, Miriam Dickinson, Danielle M Kline, Frank V deGruy, Donald Nease, Elizabeth A Bayliss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153482/level-of-magnesium-in-psychiatry-what-is-the-cause-of-ambiguous-results
#7
LETTER
Michal Ordak, Elzbieta Muszynska, Tadeusz Nasierowski, Magdalena Maj-Zurawska, Magdalena Bujalska-Zadrozny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153783/patterns-and-correlates-of-medical-cannabis-use-for-pain-among-patients-prescribed-long-term-opioid-therapy
#8
Shannon M Nugent, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Ning X Smith, Steven K Dobscha, Richard A Deyo, Carla A Green, Benjamin J Morasco
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about co-occurring long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) and medical cannabis use. We compared characteristics of patients prescribed LTOT who endorsed using medical cannabis for pain to patients who did not report cannabis use. METHOD: Participants (n=371) prescribed LTOT completed self-report measures about pain, substance use, and mental health. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of participants endorsed using medical cannabis for pain...
November 8, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127812/optimism-as-predictor-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-data-from-the-webcare-study
#9
M Habibović, E Broers, D Heumen, J Widdershoven, S S Pedersen, J Denollet
OBJECTIVE: The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the treatment of choice for prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, a subgroup of ICD patients experiences psychological adjustment problems post implant. To date, positive psychological constructs (e.g. optimism) have been understudied in this population. Hence, we examined the association between optimism and anxiety, depression, and health status at 12-months post implant. METHODS: Patients (N=171) enrolled in the WEB-based distress management study for ICD patients were included in the analyses...
November 8, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157952/caregiver-burden-regarding-elderly-with-bipolar-disorder-an-underrecognized-problem
#10
LETTER
Glenda D Santos, Rodolfo B Ladeira, Jouce G Almeida, Ivan Aprahamian, Orestes V Forlenza, Beny Lafer, Paula V Nunes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128281/psychiatry-residents-confidence-in-integrated-care-skills-on-a-collaborative-care-rotation-at-a-safety-net-health-care-system
#11
LETTER
Gaddy Noy, Alecia Greenlee, Hsiang Huang
OBJECTIVE: This letter to the editor describes how psychiatry residents' confidence in delivering population based care improved after working within a collaborative care system. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was delivered to 24 psychiatry residents who matriculated through Cambridge Health Alliance residency from 2012 to 2014 and participated in the collaborative care rotation. During the rotation, residents provided direct and indirect consultations, used measurement-based care (MBC) and took a population approach to patient management...
October 31, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161582/the-role-of-emotional-clarity-and-distress-tolerance-in-deliberate-self-harm-in-a-sample-of-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents-at-risk-for-suicide
#12
Andres G Viana, Emma C Woodward, Elizabeth M Raines, Abigail E Hanna, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine distress tolerance as a moderator of the relationship between emotional clarity and deliberate self-harm (DSH) in a diverse sample of trauma-exposed adolescents in acute psychiatric care at high risk of suicidal behavior. It was hypothesized that distress tolerance would emerge as a significant moderator, such that the association between emotional clarity and DSH would be significant among youth with high, but not low, distress tolerance...
October 28, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120733/heart-focused-anxiety-and-health-care-seeking-in-patients-with-non-cardiac-chest-pain-a-prospective-study
#13
Marie-Andrée Tremblay, Isabelle Denis, Stéphane Turcotte, Richard P Fleet, Patrick Archambault, Clermont E Dionne, Guillaume Foldes-Busque
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the incidence of medical consultations six months after an emergency department (ED) consultation for non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). It also investigated the role of heart-focused anxiety (HFA) and other factors in predicting an increased healthcare utilization in these patients. METHOD: This was a prospective study of 428 patients who came to an ED with NCCP. Patients completed an interview and questionnaires assessing HFA, psychological distress, the characteristics of NCCP, and comorbidities...
October 26, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054016/job-burnout-predicts-decline-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-one-year-follow-up-study-in-female-nurses
#14
Min Zhang, Adrian Loerbroks, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether job burnout is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in employees with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we included 305 female hospital nurses with cardiovascular disease. Job burnout was measured by the 6-item Copenhagen Burnout Inventory at baseline. We categorized study participants into low, intermediate and high levels of job burnout based on tertiles. HRQOL at baseline and at one-year follow-up was operationalized in terms of the physical and mental functioning summary scores of the short form 8-item health survey (SF-8), which is an abbreviated version of the widely used SF-36 with score ranges of 0-100...
October 17, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065338/differences-in-the-association-of-inflammation-and-tryptophan-with-depressive-symptoms-between-white-and-non-white-chronic-dialysis-patients
#15
Gertrud L Haverkamp, Wim L Loosman, Robbert W Schouten, Casper F Franssen, Ido P Kema, Merel van Diepen, Friedo W Dekker, Carl E Siegert, Adriaan Honig
OBJECTIVE: Possibly, different biochemical parameters are involved in the development of depressive symptoms in white and non-white dialysis patients. We examined whether the association between inflammation and depressive symptoms and between tryptophan and depressive symptoms differs between white and non-white dialysis patients and whether the association between inflammation and depressive symptoms is mediated by tryptophan degradation along the kynurenine pathway in both groups. METHOD: Depressive symptoms were measured with the BDI-II...
October 13, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127813/the-effectiveness-of-culturally-sensitive-collaborative-treatment-of-depressed-chinese-in-family-medicine-clinics-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hui-Chun Huang, Shen-Ing Liu, Lee-Ching Hwang, Fang-Ju Sun, Jin-Jin Tjung, Chiu-Ron Huang, Tsai-Chung Li, Yo-Ping Huang, Albert Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the Culturally Sensitive Collaborative Treatment (CSCT) would improve outcomes for patients with major depression who were managed in family medicine clinics in Taiwan. METHOD: A single-blinded randomized trial was conducted in 26 family medicine clinics. Patients with major depressive disorder were consecutively randomized to either CSCT or treatment as usual (TAU). The primary outcome was the severity of depression. Secondary outcomes included treatment response, treatment remission, quality of life, and medication adherence...
October 10, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078170/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-depressed-coronary-patients-with-and-without-type-d-personality-results-of-the-multi-center-spirr-cad-trial
#17
Frank Lambertus, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Kurt Fritzsche, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Jana Jünger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Matthias Michal, Joram Ronel, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Frank Vitinius, Cora Weber, Christian Albus
OBJECTIVE: Type D personality, as with formal mental disorders, is linked to increased mortality in coronary heart disease (CHD). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among depressed CHD patients with and without Type D personality. METHODS: Depressive symptoms (HADS, HAM-D), Type D personality (DS-14) and mental disorders based on DSM-IV (SCID I and II) were assessed. Results were calculated by Kruskal-Wallis tests, Fisher's exact tests and logistic regression analyses...
October 7, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017085/diseases-of-the-pancreas-and-suicide-mortality-a-nationwide-nested-case-control-study-among-patients-with-mental-health-disorders-in-taiwan
#18
Hong-Ming Chen, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Tsu-Nai Wang, Mong-Liang Lu, Yin-Cheng Huang, Michael E Dewey, Johnny Kuang-Wu Lee, Ching-Piao Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Diseases of the pancreas, especially pancreatitis, have been implicated as possible risk factors for psychiatric illnesses, such as depression and anxiety disorder. This nested case-control study aimed to investigate the association between diseases of the pancreas and completed suicide in a psychiatric population-based study. METHODS: The case group comprised 6568 completed suicides (ICD-9: E950-E959, E980-989) patients from the national mortality database between January 1, 2002 and December 1, 2010...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987920/changes-in-depression-status-during-the-year-after-breast-cancer-surgery-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functioning
#19
Seon-Young Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Min-Ho Park, Jung-Han Yoon, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although breast cancer patients' depression changes over time, most longitudinal studies have assessed the influence of only baseline depression on quality of life (QoL). Therefore, this study investigated the influence of changes in depression status on QoL in the year after surgery. METHODS: Participants were interviewed at 2-5days and at 1year after surgery. Depression was diagnosed at both time points, and participants were classified into four groups: no, recovered, incident, and persistent depression...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987919/sedentary-behavior-and-anxiety-association-and-influential-factors-among-42-469-community-dwelling-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
D Vancampfort, B Stubbs, M P Herring, M Hallgren, A Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety, and explored factors that influence this relationship in six low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between anxiety and self-reported SB. Potentially influential factors were examined with mediation analysis...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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