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Western Journal of Nursing Research

Melinda L Jenkins
One of the best ways to contribute to multidisciplinary research and to improve your own knowledge of the review process at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is to serve as a peer reviewer for research, traineeship, and small business innovation research proposals. Proactive targeted outreach to Scientific Review Officers (SROs) at NIH will increase your chances to become a reviewer. Reviewers with nursing expertise are especially welcome as multidisciplinary research is becoming more prevalent. Steps to identify a likely study section, contact the correct SRO, and review responsibly are described in this article, written by an experienced NIH review officer...
July 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Tingting Liu
The purpose of this study was to compare baseline health status in overweight/obese adults with and without prediabetes and to determine whether a health partner program improved health status at 1-year follow-up from 2010 to 2011. Sociodemographic information, body composition, blood work, and health status were obtained from both baseline and 1-year follow-up visit. Healthy overweight/obese participants with prediabetes were likely to self-report poorer physical functioning compared with those without prediabetes at baseline...
June 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Karen Pridham, Tondi M Harrison, Anne Chevalier McKechnie, Roger Brown
This study described co-parenting motivations and quality of co-parenting features for parents of infants with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD), including differences over time by illness severity. Existing transcripts of parenting experience at infant age 1 and 12 months for 23 parent couples were analyzed using directed content analysis. Data were quantitized for additional description. Six co-parenting motivations and five co-parenting features were identified. Two co-parenting motivations had not been previously described: Developing the Co-Parenting Relationship and Maintaining the Couple Relationship...
June 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Claire Su-Yeon Park, Eunok Park
This study aimed to identify factors that significantly affect patient-perceived satisfaction with community-based case management services and provide practical strategies for improving patient-perceived quality of care. Secondary data analyses were performed in 2010, 2013, 2015, and 2016, which included Pearson's and Spearman's correlation, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and stepwise multiple regression. The response variable was measured by the Korean Patient-Perceived Satisfaction Scale of Community-Based Case Management Services (Korean-PSCCM; a 10-level Likert-type scale), whereas explanatory variables were derived from prior studies...
June 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Leigh Small, Leroy Thacker, Heather Aldrich, Darya Bonds-McClain, Bernadette Melnyk
The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to intervene with parents of overweight/obese 4- to 8-year-old children to improve child internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Parent-child dyads ( N = 60) were randomly assigned to treatment or comparison conditions. Parents attended four intervention sessions at their child's primary health care office over 3 months. Child behaviors were assessed at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months post intervention. Parental beliefs in their skills/abilities increased in the experimental group parents, but there was no statistical difference between groups at any time...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Heather Dunn, Laurie Quinn, Susan J Corbridge, Kamal Eldeirawi, Mary Kapella, Eileen G Collins
The use of cluster analysis in the nursing literature is limited to the creation of classifications of homogeneous groups and the discovery of new relationships. As such, it is important to provide clarity regarding its use and potential. The purpose of this article is to provide an introduction to distance-based, partitioning-based, and model-based cluster analysis methods commonly utilized in the nursing literature, provide a brief historical overview on the use of cluster analysis in nursing literature, and provide suggestions for future research...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Joan Kub, Melissa H Bellin, Arlene Butz, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Cassia Lewis-Land, Philip Osteen
Depression can disproportionately affect low-income women. The purpose of this study was to explore the chronicity of depressive symptoms in a sample of 276 low-income inner-city mothers of children with high-risk asthma. The aims were to identify factors (asthma health status, stress, social support) associated with change in depressive symptomatology over 12 months as well as to ascertain what factors are most consistently associated with depressive symptoms. Using latent growth curve analysis, demographic variables, asthma severity, stress, and social support failed to explain changes in depressive symptomatology...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Nicole Loew, Melissa Lehan Mackin, Lioness Ayres
Promoting responsible sexual behavior (RSB) is a public health strategy to decrease unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Current definitions of RSB in the literature have been developed by providers and policy makers; little is known about adult women's perspectives. Interventions inconsistent with women's definitions of RSB may be less effective; therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how a sample of college women defined RSB. Data was collected from interviews as part of a mixed methods study of college women and unintended pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Helen W Lach, Janet L Larson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Lora E Burke, Melanie T Turk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Wren B Hand, Jennifer C Robinson, Mary W Stewart, Lei Zhang, Samuel C Hand
Obesity remains a serious public health issue in adolescents, who may be subjected to weight stigma leading to increased stress and poor health outcomes. Stigma can be detrimental to adolescents during self-identity formation. The purpose of this study was to examine weight stigma in adolescents in light of the Identity Threat Model of Stigma. A cross-sectional correlational design was used to examine the relationships among the variables of weight stigma, psychosocial stress, coping styles, disordered eating, and physical inactivity...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Rachel W Goode, Mindi A Styn, Dara D Mendez, Tiffany L Gary-Webb
African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large ( N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Lucine Petit Francis, Erin Spaulding, Ruth-Alma Turkson-Ocran, Jerilyn Allen
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether nurse-delivered weight management interventions improve weight outcomes across the life span. We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. We graded the trials using an adapted Jadad approach for methodological quality. The search identified a total of 1,159 citations; 23 articles from 20 studies were eligible for this review. Sixty-five percent of the studies reported significant findings related to body mass index (BMI) or weight reduction...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Christine Bradway, Holly C Felix, Tonya Whitfield, Xiaocong Li
This cross-sectional, descriptive study explored perspectives of discharge planners regarding transitions of hospitalized patients who are severely obese seeking discharge to a nursing home. Attention has been focused on care transitions regarding high hospital readmission rates, yet specific needs of patients who are severely obese have been largely overlooked. Ninety-seven (response rate 39.8%) discharge planners returned surveys addressing frequency of, and issues encountered when, arranging placements. Community and hospital characteristics were also collected...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Helen Lach, Janet L Larson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Catherine E Vanderboom, Diane E Holland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Catherine E Vanderboom, Diane E Holland, Jay Mandrekar, Christine M Lohse, Stephanie G Witwer, Vicki L Hunt
To be effective, nurse care coordination must be targeted at individuals who will use the service. The purpose of this study was to identify variables that predicted use of care coordination by primary care patients. Data on the potential predictor variables were obtained from patient interviews, the electronic health record, and an administrative database of 178 adults eligible for care coordination. Use of care coordination was obtained from an administrative database. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed using a bootstrap sampling approach...
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Lingying Liu, Jiemin Zhu, Jinqiu Yang, Min Wu, Benlan Ye
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a self-efficacy intervention on primiparous mothers' breastfeeding behaviors. Participants were recruited from an antenatal clinic at a university-affiliated hospital. Seventy-five primiparous mothers were recruited from November 2013 to February 2014 for the control group, and 75 primiparous mothers were recruited from March to June 2014 for the intervention group. The intervention group participated in a 1-hr prenatal breastfeeding workshop and a 1-hr breastfeeding counseling session within 24 hr after delivery...
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Miriam O Ezenwa, Marie L Suarez, Jesus D Carrasco, Theresa Hipp, Anayza Gill, Jacob Miller, Robert Shea, David Shuey, Zhongsheng Zhao, Veronica Angulo, Timothy McCurry, Joanna Martin, Yingwei Yao, Robert E Molokie, Zaijie Jim Wang, Diana J Wilkie
This purpose of this article is to describe how we adhere to the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute's (PCORI) methodology standards relevant to the design and implementation of our PCORI-funded study, the PAIN RelieveIt Trial. We present details of the PAIN RelieveIt Trial organized by the PCORI methodology standards and components that are relevant to our study. The PAIN RelieveIt Trial adheres to four PCORI standards and 21 subsumed components. The four standards include standards for formulating research questions, standards associated with patient centeredness, standards for data integrity and rigorous analyses, and standards for preventing and handling missing data...
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Zorica Kauric-Klein, Rosalind M Peters, Hossein N Yarandi
This study examined the effects of an educative, self-regulation intervention on blood pressure self-efficacy, self-care outcomes, and blood pressure control in adults receiving hemodialysis. Simple randomization was done at the hemodialysis unit level. One hundred eighteen participants were randomized to usual care ( n = 59) or intervention group ( n = 59). The intervention group received blood pressure education sessions and 12 weeks of individual counseling on self-regulation of blood pressure, fluid, and salt intake...
July 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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