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Western Journal of Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322638/barriers-in-transitioning-patients-with-severe-obesity-from-hospitals-to-nursing-homes
#1
Christine Bradway, Holly C Felix, Tonya Whitfield, Xiaocong Li
This cross-sectional, descriptive study explored perspectives of discharge planners regarding transitions of hospitalized patients who are severely obese seeking discharge to a nursing home. Attention has been focused on care transitions regarding high hospital readmission rates, yet specific needs of patients who are severely obese have been largely overlooked. Ninety-seven (response rate 39.8%) discharge planners returned surveys addressing frequency of, and issues encountered when, arranging placements. Community and hospital characteristics were also collected...
December 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436266/the-identity-threat-of-weight-stigma-in-adolescents
#2
Wren B Hand, Jennifer C Robinson, Mary W Stewart, Lei Zhang, Samuel C Hand
Obesity remains a serious public health issue in adolescents, who may be subjected to weight stigma leading to increased stress and poor health outcomes. Stigma can be detrimental to adolescents during self-identity formation. The purpose of this study was to examine weight stigma in adolescents in light of the Identity Threat Model of Stigma. A cross-sectional correlational design was used to examine the relationships among the variables of weight stigma, psychosocial stress, coping styles, disordered eating, and physical inactivity...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436265/recruiting-african-american-children-for-research-an-ecological-systems-theory-approach
#3
Diane Graves, Jane P Sheldon
With health disparities still pervasive and persistent in the United States, medical researchers and social scientists continue to develop recruitment strategies to increase the inclusion of racial/ethnic minority groups in research and interventions. Effective methods for recruiting samples of African American participants for pediatric research may be best understood when situated within an overarching conceptual model-one that serves to organize and explain effective recruitment strategies. A theoretical framework well suited for this purpose is Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, which views individuals as influencing and being influenced by (both directly and indirectly) a series of interconnected social systems...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436264/interventions-to-improve-grandparent-caregivers-mental-and-physical-health-an-integrative-review
#4
Jen'nea Sumo, JoEllen Wilbur, Wrenetha Julion, Susan Buchholz, Michael Schoeny
The aim of this integrative review is to appraise grandparent caregiver interventions that are designed to improve their physical and mental health. A database search was performed to identify relevant studies published between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 2014. Thirteen publications, including 11 studies, met all inclusion and exclusion criteria. All studies included grandparent mental health outcomes with fewer focusing on physical health and social relations. Improvements were found in all three areas with fewer improvements seen in physical health...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436263/modern-methods-for-modeling-change-in-obesity-research-in-nursing
#5
Susan M Sereika, Yaguang Zheng, Lu Hu, Lora E Burke
Persons receiving treatment for weight loss often demonstrate heterogeneity in lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes over time. Traditional repeated measures approaches focus on the estimation and testing of an average temporal pattern, ignoring the interindividual variability about the trajectory. An alternate person-centered approach, group-based trajectory modeling, can be used to identify distinct latent classes of individuals following similar trajectories of behavior or outcome change as a function of age or time and can be expanded to include time-invariant and time-dependent covariates and outcomes...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424028/church-based-recruitment-to-reach-korean-immigrants-an-integrative-review
#6
Chorong Park, Myoungock Jang, Soohyun Nam, Margaret Grey, Robin Whittemore
Although the Korean church has been frequently used to recruit Korean immigrants in research, little is known about the specific strategies and process. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe recruitment strategies in studies of Korean immigrants and to identify the process of Korean church-based recruitment. Thirty-three studies met inclusion criteria. Four stages of church-based recruitment were identified: initiation, endorsement, advertisement, and implementation. This review identified aspects of the church-based recruitment process in Korean immigrants, which are different from the Black and Hispanic literature, due to their hierarchical culture and language barriers...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397571/symptom-clusters-and-quality-of-life-according-to-the-survivorship-stage-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#7
Minhae Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Changwon Lim, Ji-Su Kim
This cross-sectional study evaluated a convenience sample comprising 182 ovarian cancer survivors to identify symptom clusters according to the cancer survivorship stage and to determine their effects on quality of life using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-C30 and -OV28 questionnaires. Factor and multiple regression analyses were performed to identify symptom clusters according to the cancer survivorship stage and the symptom clusters that affected the quality of life in each cancer survivorship stage, respectively...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395593/nurse-led-self-management-educational-intervention-improves-symptoms-of-patients-with-functional-constipation
#8
Qiong Shen, Hongqin Zhu, Guixiang Jiang, Xueqin Liu
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of self-management educational intervention on the symptoms of patients with functional constipation. From January 2014 to April 2015, 66 patients with functional constipation were randomly assigned into intervention group receiving intensive educational interventions and control group receiving routine nursing care. The constipation score of all clinical symptoms (Bristol stool form scale, defecation interval, incomplete evacuation, evacuatory difficulty) at 1 month postdischarge were all significantly lower in the intervention group than in the control group (all, p < ...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395592/nurses-perceptions-of-self-as-role-models-of-health
#9
Shelia Hurley, Joellen Edwards, Jann Cupp, Michael Phillips
This study purposed to determine the relationship between nurses' personal health practices and their perceptions of themselves as role models for health promotion, and assess the relationship of personal and professional characteristics both on perception of self as role model and on the practice of healthy behaviors. In this study of 804 Tennessee registered nurses, 4% report smoking, 24.9% drink alcohol, 34% are overweight, and 30% are obese. Approximately 70% do not meet the weekly physical activity recommendations of 150 min, and 36...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381113/informal-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-review-of-interventions-care-activities-and-outcomes
#10
Dawn Frambes, Barbara Given, Rebecca Lehto, Alla Sikorskii, Gwen Wyatt
Family and friends are important resources for patients during cancer treatment and warrant an expanded review of not only what they contribute to patient care but also the support they need and the personal consequences of caregiving. A review of 14 randomized controlled trials published between 2009 and 2016 was completed utilizing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The results of this review expand the scope of what is known regarding relationships among supportive interventions for caregivers, activities performed to care for cancer patients, caregiver characteristics, and health outcomes of caregivers...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367725/evaluating-situation-awareness-an-integrative-review
#11
Sabrina B Orique, Laurel Despins
Situation awareness (SA) refers to the conscious awareness of the current situation in relation to one's environment. In nursing, loss or failure to achieve high levels of SA is linked with adverse patient outcomes. The purpose of this integrative review is to examine various instruments and techniques used to measure SA among nurses across academic and clinical settings. Computerized database and ancestry search strategies resulted in 40 empirical research reports. Of the reports included in the review, 24 measured SA among teams that included nurses and 16 measured SA solely in nurses...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367716/psychometric-testing-of-the-smoking-cessation-counseling-scale-among-magnet%C3%A2-hospital-nurses
#12
Wen Liu, Meg Johantgen, Robin Newhouse
Psychometrics of the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale, which measures adherence to evidence-based smoking cessation counseling practice, were originally estimated among rural hospital nurses. The purpose of this study was to estimate the scale's reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure among 289 nurses from 27 acute care Magnet® hospitals. The scale demonstrated acceptable estimates for internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .95, 95% CI = [0.94, 0.96]). Convergent validity was supported by the association with comfort in conducting smoking cessation counseling (coefficient = 3...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367680/nurses-experiences-empowering-hospitalized-patients
#13
Teresa Jerofke-Owen, Margaret Bull
Four focus groups were conducted to explore acute care nurses' experiences empowering patients and the facilitators and barriers they encountered during the process. Thirty-four nurses employed at four hospitals in the Midwestern United States participated in the study between February and April 2015. Facilitators of empowerment included establishing a therapeutic relationship, fostering communication, providing education, respecting patient autonomy, engaging support systems, and lifting spirit/giving hope...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367677/community-advisory-board-members-perspectives-regarding-opportunities-and-challenges-of-research-collaboration
#14
Mary E Cramer, Stephen Lazoritz, Ken Shaffer, David Palm, Amy L Ford
This case study examines the perspectives of rural community advisory board (CAB) members regarding the opportunities and challenges of partnering with academic investigators on funded research. We used a sequential exploratory design to evaluate the phenomena. Qualitative and quantitative data from CAB members were integrated to gain better understanding. Results showed that CAB members valued professional networking and gaining new evidence-based knowledge to enhance their professional practices. They identified rurality, the academic research process, and fulfilling research roles as the most significant challenges...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359188/the-effectiveness-of-simulation-on-recognizing-and-managing-clinical-deterioration
#15
Sabrina B Orique, Lorraine J Phillips
The purpose of these meta-analyses was to quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of simulation on student nurses' and registered nurses' ability to recognize and manage clinical deterioration in the acute care setting. A search of the literature resulted in 22 reports and 19 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Four random-effects analyses were conducted to examine two-group posttest and single-group pre-posttest intervention effect sizes for knowledge and performance. A total of 41 effect sizes were calculated from the data extracted...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349744/treatment-of-obesity-among-youth-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#16
Elizabeth Anne Bennett, Rachel Pearl Kolko, Lichun Chia, Jennifer Padden Elliott, Melissa Ann Kalarchian
Childhood obesity is a serious health issue, associated with medical comorbidity and psychosocial impairment that can persist into adulthood. In the United States, youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities are more likely to be obese than youth without disabilities. A large body of evidence supports the efficacy of family-based treatment of childhood obesity, including diet, physical activity, and behavior modification, but few interventions have been developed and evaluated specifically for this population...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335711/peer-group-and-text-message-based-weight-loss-and-management-intervention-for-african-american-women
#17
Sohye Lee, Erica Schorr, Chih-Lin Chi, Diane Treat-Jacobson, Michelle A Mathiason, Ruth Lindquist
About 80% of African American (AA) women are overweight or obese. Accessible and effective weight management programs targeting weight loss, weight maintenance and the prevention of weight regain are needed to improve health of AA women. A feasibility study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of a 16-week intervention protocol for weight loss and management that combined daily text messages and biweekly peer group sessions. Modest but statistically significant reductions were detected in weight and body mass index from baseline to 16 weeks...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335698/person-centered-communication-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#18
Kristine N Williams, Yelena Perkhounkova, Ying-Ling Jao, Ann Bossen, Maria Hein, Sophia Chung, Anne Starykowicz, Margaret Turk
Person-centered communication recognizes the individual as a person and responds to the individual's feelings, preferences, and needs. This secondary analysis tested four interdisciplinary strategies to measure changes in person-centered communication used by nursing home staff following an intervention. Thirty-nine nursing assistants were recruited from 11 nursing homes and participated in the three-session Changing Talk communication training. Video recordings were collected at baseline, immediately postintervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335697/investigation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-women-at-high-risk-of-breast-cancer
#19
Claire J Han, Larissa A Korde, Scott Reding, Kristen Allott, Matt Van Doren, Yvonne Schwarz, Catalina Vaughan, Kerryn W Reding
One fourth of breast cancer can be attributed to sedentary lifestyles and being overweight or obese. This pilot study was conducted to explore whether a 6-month lifestyle intervention affected body composition and obesity-related biomarkers among women at high risk of breast cancer. Overweight/obese women at high risk of breast cancer were randomized to the control group or to the intervention. The intervention was an individually tailored, cognitive-behavioral therapy program that assists women in identifying strategies to improve their nutrition and physical activity habits with the goal of reduced adiposity...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335688/predictors-of-resourcefulness-in-preadolescent-children
#20
Ya-Fen Wang, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
Resourcefulness is a set of cognitive-behavioral self-control skills for coping with stress to maintain quality of life. However, research examining precursors in the development of resourcefulness in preadolescents is scant. A cross-sectional approach was used to investigate hypothesized predicting effects of intrinsic contextual factors (children's age, gender, and school performance), extrinsic contextual factors (parents' age, gender, education, income, and resourcefulness), and process regulators (academic stress and dispositional optimism) in a convenience sample of 361 preadolescent-parent dyads...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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