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Western Journal of Nursing Research

Della J Derscheid, Louis F Fogg, Wrenetha Julion, Mary E Johnson, Sharon Tucker, Kathleen R Delaney
This study used a cross-sectional design to conduct a subgroup psychometric analysis of the Emotional Availability Scale among matched Hispanic ( n = 20), African American ( n = 20), and European American ( n = 10) English-speaking mother-child dyads in the United States. Differences by race/ethnicity were tested ( p < .05) among (a) Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with ANOVA, and (b) relationships of Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with select Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System variables with Pearson correlation and matched moderated regression...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Jacinda L Bunch, Patricia S Groves, Yelena Perkhounkova
The purpose of this study was to describe and explore differences between rapid response system events in a Midwestern community hospital through context, mechanism, and outcome factors. The design was a retrospective review of 1,939 adult inpatient events that occurred on medical (62.8%) and surgical units (37.2%) over 92 months. The immediate outcomes of the events were stabilization (59.0%), transfer to a higher level of care (39%), and cardiopulmonary arrest (2%). Nurses activated 94% of all rapid response events; respiratory (38...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Maichou Lor, Tolu Oyesanya, Chen X Chen, Catherine Cherwin, Chooza Moon
Before completing a nursing PhD program, doctoral students are encouraged to seek out and apply for a position in one of many, often highly competitive postdoctoral programs. These programs include the more traditional National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded experiences, such as the T32, as well as the nontraditional institution funded positions, including the associate faculty role. Graduates often need guidance on which postdoctoral programs are available, the resources each program offers to promote development of the applicant's program of research, the disadvantages of each program, and what each program uses as benchmarks for success...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Manhua Zuo, Changping Gan, Tingting Liu, Jun Tang, Jianping Dai, Xiuying Hu
The purpose of the study was to examine the independent associations of each individual physical performance measure (i.e., grip strength, walking speed, repeated chair stands, and balance test) with subdomains of cognitive function and to determine predictors for each subdomain of cognitive function. A secondary data analysis was performed using a nationally representative middle-aged and older sample of hypertensive population. The findings showed that after adding all four physical performance measures, stronger grip strength was significantly associated with better visuospatial abilities, episodic memory, orientation/attention, and overall cognitive function...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Pamela G Bowen, Olivio J Clay, Loretta T Lee, Wesley Browning, Yu-Mei Schoenberger, Michelle Y Martin
The purpose of our two-phase study was to develop acceptable text messages to increase physical activity. Four focus groups (two for each phase) were conducted with older African American women who had access to texting-capable mobile phones and were in the contemplation stage for physical activity. The mean age of Phase 1 participants ( n = 12) was 71 and ranged from 65 to 86 years. Content analysis was used to identify fundamental themes that were later used to develop text messages. Six categories emerged from the data and 31 text messages were developed based on focus group input and national recommendations...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Dawon Baik, Brenda Zierler
Despite continuing interest in interprofessional teamwork to improve nurse outcomes and quality of care, there is little research that focuses on nurse job satisfaction and retention after an interprofessional team intervention. This study explored registered nurse (RN) job satisfaction and retention after a purposeful interprofessional team training and structured interprofessional bedside rounds were implemented. As part of a larger study, in this comparative cross-sectional study, pre- and post-intervention data on RN job satisfaction and turnover rate were collected and analyzed...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
The Modified Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory (MEPSI) is an 80-item, comprehensive measure of psychosocial development based on Erikson's theory with published reliability and validity data. Although designed as a comprehensive measure, some researchers have used individual subscales for specific developmental stages as a measure; however, these subscale reliability scores have not been generally shared. This article reviewed the literature to evaluate the use of the MEPSI: the major research questions, samples/populations studied, and individual subscale and total reliability and validity data...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Urmeka T Jefferson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Kristin Stegenga, Rebecca D Pentz, Melissa A Alderfer, Wendy Pelletier, Diane Fairclough, Pamela S Hinds
Pediatric stem cell transplant processes require information sharing among the patient, family, and clinicians regarding the child's condition, prognosis, and transplant procedures. To learn about perceived access to transplant information and involvement in decision making among child family members (9-22 years old), we completed a secondary analysis of 119 interviews conducted with pediatric patients, sibling donors, nondonor siblings/cousins, and guardians from 27 families prior to transplant. Perceptions of information access and involvement in transplant-related decisions were extracted and summarized...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Agatha M Gallo, Crystal Patil, Tokunbo Adeniyi, Lewis L Hsu, Damiano Rondelli, Santosh Saraf
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor offers a unique therapy to reverse SCD. This mixed-methods study explores recipients' perception of HSCT success, personal life goals, and associated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) more than 1 year after HSCT. Recipients completed the Short Form-36, version 1 (SF-36v1) HRQOL survey followed by a 60- to 90-min face-to-face or telephone audio-recorded interview. Eleven of 15 eligible recipients participated in the study...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Eun-Ok Im, Yun Hu, Ching-Yu Cheng, Young Ko, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
The purpose of this study was to explore racial/ethnic differences in midlife women's cognitive symptoms among four major racial/ethnic groups in the United States and to determine multiple factors that influenced the women's cognitive symptoms. This was a secondary analysis of the data from two larger studies among 1,054 midlife women. The instruments included multiple questions on background characteristics and health and menopausal status, and the Cognitive Symptom Index for Midlife Women. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic and Poisson regression analyses...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Arunas Ziedelis
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of perceived calling and work engagement in nursing over and above major work environment factors. In all, 351 nurses from various health care institutions completed the survey. Data were collected about the most demanding aspects of nursing, major job resources, the degree to which nursing is perceived as a meaningful calling, work engagement, and main demographic information. Hierarchical linear regression was applied to assess the relation between perceived calling and work engagement, while controlling for demographic and work environment factors, and perceived calling was significantly related to two out of three components of nurses' work engagement...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Sonja Kalinowski, Dagmar Dräger, Ronny Kuhnert, Reinhold Kreutz, Andrea Budnick
The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of being pain-affected and fear of falling on functional performance among nursing home residents, longitudinally. We used 6-month follow-up data from a cluster-randomized trial of 12 nursing homes (cluster level) with 239 nursing home residents at baseline (mean age, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 83.04 [81.40, 84.69], 70% women). The longitudinal analysis provided data on pain, fear of falling, functional mobility, and activities of daily living (individual level)...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Hyesil Jung, Hyeoun-Ae Park
Cumulative data on patient fall risk have been compiled in electronic medical records systems, and it is possible to test the validity of fall-risk assessment tools using these data between the times of admission and occurrence of a fall. The Hendrich II Fall Risk Model scores assessed during three time points of hospital stays were extracted and used for testing the predictive validity: (a) upon admission, (b) when the maximum fall-risk score from admission to falling or discharge, and (c) immediately before falling or discharge...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Yu-Ching Tu, Yi-Jung Lin, Lir-Wan Fan, Tung-I Tsai, Hsiu-Hung Wang
The purposes of this study were to develop gain-framed (benefits of performing behaviors) and loss-framed (costs of not performing behaviors) messages and to identify the effects of these messages on human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical cancer awareness and vaccination intention. Self-administered questionnaires and effect-size measurements were used to evaluate the effects of the framed HPV vaccination messages delivered through multimedia. The results showed that gain-framed and loss-framed messages equally improved HPV knowledge ( d = 2...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Erin Vigne, Sarah Holmes, Steven Fix, Shijun Zhu
The purpose of this study was to consider the feasibility, reliability, and validity of MotionWatch 8. A total of 249 residents were recruited from 26 assisted living settings. Data collection included demographics, comorbidities, function (Barthel Index), physical activity (MotionWatch 8), and falls. The mean age of participants was 86.86 ( SD = 7.0), the majority were women 179 (74%) and White ( N = 232, 96%). A total of 86% of participants wore the MotionWatch 8. There were no significant differences in physical activity over 3 days of testing...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Jee Young Joo, Diane L Huber
Case management is a cost-effective strategy for coordinating chronic illness care. However, research showing how case management affects health care is mixed. This study systematically synthesizes and critically evaluates evidence in systematic reviews of health care utilization outcomes from case management interventions for the care of chronic illnesses. Results are synthesized from seven English language systematic reviews published between January 1990 and June 2017. Hospital readmissions, length of hospital stay, institutionalization, emergency department visits, and hospitals/primary care visits were all identified as health care utilization outcomes of case management interventions...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Laurel A Despins, Bonnie J Wakefield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Huei-Mein Chen, Hsou-Mei Hu
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a modified stretching exercise program on young women with menstrual low back pain. Overall, 127 young women were randomly assigned to the experimental ( n = 63) and control ( n = 64) groups. The experimental group followed the modified stretching exercise program, whereas the control group performed their usual activities. At 1, 4, 8, and 12 months, the experimental group had significantly lower scores on the visual analog scale for pain (95% confidence interval [CI] = [0...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Sarah Oerther, Rebecca Lorenz
Telomere biology shows promise as an integrative biomarker of exposures and increased occurrence of chronic disease and early mortality. This integrative review examined the state of the science regarding toxicokinetic risks and maternal factors in humans and in vivo models that are correlated with telomere length during the first 1,000 days of life. The Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework assisted in guiding this integrative by aiding researchers in identifying, selecting, and critically appraising the literature...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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