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Western Journal of Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322638/barriers-in-transitioning-patients-with-severe-obesity-from-hospitals-to-nursing-homes
#1
Christine Bradway, Holly C Felix, Tonya Whitfield, Xiaocong Li
This cross-sectional, descriptive study explored perspectives of discharge planners regarding transitions of hospitalized patients who are severely obese seeking discharge to a nursing home. Attention has been focused on care transitions regarding high hospital readmission rates, yet specific needs of patients who are severely obese have been largely overlooked. Ninety-seven (response rate 39.8%) discharge planners returned surveys addressing frequency of, and issues encountered when, arranging placements. Community and hospital characteristics were also collected...
December 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325117/psychometric-summary-of-the-technology-delivered-tension-scales-for-weight-management
#2
Kelli L Kramer-Jackman, Sue Popkess-Vawter
The purpose of this article is to summarize the psychometric results from studies of the last 25 years of the Overeating Tension Scale, Exercise Tension Scale, Feelings Tension Scale, and Feelings About Weight Tension Scale. These reliable and valid technology-delivered weight management scales can be used by clinicians independently or in combination to longitudinally identify specific triggers of overeating, skipping exercise, feeling low or down, and strong feelings about one's body weight; motivational states, and related tension levels...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325111/test-of-mindfulness-based-psychosocial-skills-training-to-%C3%A4-mprove-insight-and-functional-recovery-in-schizophrenia
#3
Emine Yılmaz, Ayşe Okanlı
This study was conducted with two groups (training and control) using a pretest/posttest design to determine the effect of mindfulness-based psychosocial skills training for improving insight and functional recovery levels in patients with schizophrenia. The study sample included 45 patients with schizophrenia (21 were in the training group/mindfulness-based psychosocial skills training and 24 were in the control group/standard drug medication). The data were collected using a Personal Information Form, Functional Remission of General Schizophrenia (FROGS) scale, and Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS)...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303755/development-of-the-systems-thinking-scale-for-adolescent-behavior-change
#4
Shirley M Moore, Vilailert Komton, Clara Adegbite-Adeniyi, Mary A Dolansky, Heather K Hardin, Elaine A Borawski
This report describes the development and psychometric testing of the Systems Thinking Scale for Adolescent Behavior Change (STS-AB). Following item development, initial assessments of understandability and stability of the STS-AB were conducted in a sample of nine adolescents enrolled in a weight management program. Exploratory factor analysis of the 16-item STS-AB and internal consistency assessments were then done with 359 adolescents enrolled in a weight management program. Test-retest reliability of the STS-AB was ...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303750/the-gut-microbiome-obesity-and-weight-control-in-women-s-reproductive-health
#5
K Leigh Greathouse, Mary Ann Faucher, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
The microbes residing in the human gut, referred to as the microbiome, are intricately linked to energy homeostasis and subsequently obesity. Integral to the origins of obesity, the microbiome is believed to affect not only health of the human gut but also overall health. This microbiome-obesity association is mediated through the process of energy extraction, metabolism, and cross talk between the brain and the gut microbiome. Host exposures, including diet, that potentially modify genetic predisposition to obesity and affect weight management are reviewed...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281387/barriers-and-motives-to-pa-in-south-asian-indian-immigrant-women
#6
Manju Daniel, Maryann Abendroth, Judith A Erlen
The high prevalence of chronic illnesses in South Asian Indian immigrant women underscores the need for identifying factors that could influence their PA. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the perspectives of South Asian Indian immigrant women related to barriers to and motives for lifestyle PA within the PA Framework for South Asian Indian Immigrants. Forty women participated in focus groups that were conducted in English and Hindi. Focus group questions were open-ended and semistructured...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322670/the-impact-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-on-depressive-symptoms-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Shirin Mohammadi-Kalaveh, Tahereh Toulabi, Shirin Hasanvand, Mohammad Gholami, Fatemeh Ghasemi
Depressive symptom is the most frequent psychological problem reported among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients being treated by hemodialysis. This article evaluates the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation on depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients and clarifies the role of nurses. This quasi-experimental study was done on 30 patients in the hemodialysis center (educational hospital) in 2013. Eight rehabilitation plans were conducted by nurses. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used before and after intervention...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322669/acculturation-and-physical-activity-among-latinas-enrolled-in-a-12-month-walking-intervention
#8
Rodney P Joseph, Tanya J Benitez, Barbara E Ainsworth, Michael Todd, Colleen Keller
This report evaluates the relationship between acculturation and assimilation with the physical activity (PA) outcomes of a 12-month walking intervention for postpartum Latinas ( n = 81, M age = 29.2 years, M BMI [body mass index] = 30.0). PA was measured by ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers. Acculturation and assimilation were measured by the Hazuda Acculturation and Assimilation Scales. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Results showed a trend for participants classified in the least acculturated groups to engage in more moderate-to-vigorous PA than participants classified in the higher acculturated/assimilated groups for two dimensions of acculturation (Adult Proficiency in English Versus Spanish, p = ...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322668/african-americans-in-standard-behavioral-treatment-for-obesity-2001-2015
#9
Rachel W Goode, Mindi A Styn, Dara D Mendez, Tiffany L Gary-Webb
African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large ( N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322667/facilitating-self-transcendence
#10
Valerie Lander McCarthy, Lynne A Hall, Timothy N Crawford, Jennifer Connelly
This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the effects of the Psychoeducational Approach to Transcendence and Health (PATH) Program, an 8-week intervention hypothesized to increase self-transcendence and improve well-being in community-dwelling women aged 60 years and older ( N = 20). The PATH combined mindfulness exercises, group processes, creative activities, and at-home practice using community engaged research methods. Findings provided some support for the effectiveness of PATH. Although there was no significant Group × Time interaction, self-transcendence, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction differed significantly pre- and postintervention in the wait-listed control group, which received a revised version of the program...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322666/parks-as-social-and-cultural-spaces-among-u-s-and-foreign-born-latinas
#11
Frances Munet-Vilaró, Sabrina Marie Chase, Sandra Echeverria
Parks provide opportunities for people to engage in activities that can promote physical and emotional well-being. Using focus groups and personal interviews conducted in select neighborhoods of a Northeastern city with a high rate of obesity, we examined perceptions of barriers and facilitators regarding the use of parks and park features that would promote physical activity among Latina women ( N = 39). Foreign-born Latinas emphasized the environmental characteristics of parks and the types of amenities that can support preferred cultural and social activities, while U...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322665/effect-of-positive-psychological-intervention-on-well-being-2-week-illness-prevalence-and-salivary-immunoglobulin-a
#12
Miaomiao Jiang, Zhiqin Yi, Sijiao Li, Xiaolin Chen, Jiahuan Gu
The study aims to explore the effect of positive psychological intervention (fun activities combined with positive mental health education) on the well-being, 2-week illness prevalence, and salivary immunoglobulin A of empty nesters. Ninety-two empty nesters were divided into intervention ( n = 49) and control ( n = 43) groups. The empty nesters in the intervention group performed the intervention in addition to routine community activities. The intervention group scored significantly higher on well-being ( p< ...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322664/trust-development-with-the-spanish-speaking-mexican-american-patient
#13
Sharon M Jones
Interpersonal trust between patient and nurse is important in patient-centered care. Trust development may be more difficult if the patient and nurse do not speak the same language. In this grounded theory study, Spanish-speaking Mexican American adults ( n = 20) hospitalized on a medical-surgical or obstetric unit in the Midwestern United States were interviewed. Through data analysis, a model of how trust develops between nurse and patient revealed eight categories and the core category Caring for Me Well Even When Not Understanding Me...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322663/factors-affecting-korean-neonatal-infant-pain-care
#14
Haeyoung Min, Catherine Vincent, Alicia K Matthews, Linda L McCreary, Chang G Park, Margot Latimer
This study aimed to translate three English-language instruments-Pain Knowledge and Use (PKU), Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions (CSACD), and Environmental Complexity Scale (ECS)-into Korean and evaluate the equivalence of the instrument versions. Three Korean translators and two senior reviewers translated the instruments' 56 items using a committee approach. Eight Korean experts evaluated the cultural relevance of the translated instruments using a content validity index (CVI), and 12 Korean neonatal nurses were interviewed to assess their understanding of items...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322662/engaging-adults-with-chronic-disease-in-online-depressive-symptom-self-management
#15
Marian Wilson, Casey Hewes, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Anne Mason, Katherine A Wuestney, Jessica A Shuen, Michael P Wilson
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate participant engagement and effects of an Internet-based, self-directed program for depressive symptoms piloted among adults with a chronic disease. Eligible participants ( N = 47) were randomly assigned to either the "Think Clearly About Depression" online depression self-management program or the control group. The Patient Health Questionnaire-8 and Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scales were administered at baseline and at Weeks 4 and 8 after initiating the intervention...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322661/cell-phone-information-seeking-explains-blood-pressure-in-african-american-women
#16
Lenette M Jones, Tiffany C Veinot, Susan J Pressler
Although cell phone use and Internet access via cell phone is not marked by racial disparities, little is known about how cell phone use relates to blood pressure and health information seeking behaviors. The purposes of this study were to (a) describe Internet activities, cell phone use, and information seeking; (b) determine differences in blood pressure and information seeking between cell phone information seekers and nonseekers; and (c) examine cell phone information seeking as a predictor of blood pressure in African American women...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322660/influence-of-social-support-and-self-efficacy-on-resilience-of-early-career-registered-nurses
#17
Lin Wang, Hong Tao, Barbara J Bowers, Roger Brown, Yaqing Zhang
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among social support, self-efficacy, and resilience in early career registered nurses. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 747 early career registered nurses. Data collection was performed between August and November 2015. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Among the three factors of social support, only the impact of coworker support on nurse resilience is fully mediated by self-efficacy; friend support had a significant positive direct effect on self-efficacy and an indirect effect on nurse resilience...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322659/celebrating-40-years-of-the-midwest-nursing-research-society
#18
Patricia E Hershberger, Christine A Wynd, Laurie K Glass, Karen M O'Connell, Joyce J Fitzpatrick, Nancy Bergstrom, Sally Lechlitner Lusk
The Midwest Nursing Research Society (MNRS) recently held its 40th annual conference and celebrated four decades of nursing research in the Midwest. MNRS continues to be one of the largest nursing research societies in the United States. Over the years, a vast majority of programmatic initiatives included education and tangible support for novice and experienced nurse researchers. In this article, the background for development of MNRS is reviewed with examination of driving forces that led to its creation...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322658/on-the-frontlines
#19
Benissa E Salem, Jordan Kwon, Masha Ames
Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs ( N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration. Five focus groups were conducted with HSPs in Central City East, Los Angeles...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322657/data-quality-in-electronic-health-records-research
#20
Shelli L Feder
The proliferation of the electronic health record (EHR) has led to increasing interest and opportunities for nurse scientists to use EHR data in a variety of research designs. However, methodological problems pertaining to data quality may arise when EHR data are used for nonclinical purposes. Therefore, this article describes common domains of data quality and approaches for quality appraisal in EHR research. Common data quality domains include data accuracy, completeness, consistency, credibility, and timeliness...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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