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Western Journal of Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920351/effects-of-pediatric-anticipatory-guidance-on-mothers-of-young-children
#1
Hui-Chin Hsu, Shih-Yu Lee, Chin-Man Lai, Wan-Ling Tsai, Hsiao-Tung Chiu
Provision of anticipatory guidance to parents during well-child visits is a defining component of pediatric primary care. Using nationally representative data from the 2000 U.S. National Survey of Early Childhood Health, this study addressed the questions of whether, how, and what mothers of children below age 3 with different ethnic/racial background could benefit from anticipatory guidance. Structural equation modeling results showed that across ethnic/racial groups, guidance was directly associated with decreased maternal stress and directly and indirectly associated with effective parenting practices in child development, discipline, and safety...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920350/symptom-cluster-research-with-biomarkers-and-genetics-using-latent-class-analysis
#2
Samantha Conley
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of latent class analysis (LCA) and examples from symptom cluster research that includes biomarkers and genetics. A review of LCA with genetics and biomarkers was conducted using Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Google Scholar. LCA is a robust latent variable model used to cluster categorical data and allows for the determination of empirically determined symptom clusters. Researchers should consider using LCA to link empirically determined symptom clusters to biomarkers and genetics to better understand the underlying etiology of symptom clusters...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920349/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-in-latina-women-a-systematic-review
#3
Marlene Tovar, Janiece L Walker, Lynn Rew
The purpose of this systemic literature review is to unveil a greater understanding of Physical Activity in Latinas. We used PubMed and PsycInfo databases to search for articles published between 1991 and August 2016, examining physical activity and its correlates exclusively in adult Latinas. Only 21 primary studies met the inclusion criteria. Although physical activity derives from body movements in various domains, the leisure domain led the focus of research interest. The use of self-reports, cross-sectional design, and the ecological framework predominated...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920348/confirmatory-factor-analysis-alternative-free-accessible-cbid-software
#4
Marjorie Bott, Alex G Karanevich, Lili Garrard, Larry R Price, Dinesh Pal Mudaranthakam, Byron Gajewski
New software that performs Classical and Bayesian Instrument Development (CBID) is reported that seamlessly integrates expert (content validity) and participant data (construct validity) to produce entire reliability estimates with smaller sample requirements. The free CBID software can be accessed through a website and used by clinical investigators in new instrument development. Demonstrations are presented of the three approaches using the CBID software: (a) traditional confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), (b) Bayesian CFA using flat uninformative prior, and (c) Bayesian CFA using content expert data (informative prior)...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920347/effectiveness-of-pediatric-palliative-care-education-on-pediatric-clinicians
#5
Niang-Huei Peng, Cheng-Han Lee, Min-Chun Lee, Li-Chi Huang, Yue-Cune Chang, Joetta DeSwarte-Wallace
A lack of knowledge and skills in pediatric palliative care may create hesitation in caring for children with serious life-threatening conditions and their families. Our research examined the effectiveness of pediatric palliative care training for pediatric clinicians. A pretest-posttest study provided educational training in pediatric palliative care to pediatric clinicians and used a pretest and a posttest to assess outcomes. Fifty pediatric clinicians attended this research with 83.3% response rate. After training, participants reported significantly increased confidence in a variety of areas, including providing emotional support to clinicians, personal knowledge, skills, and communication; ethical and legal concerns; and providing emotional support to dying children and their families...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920346/how-transformational-leadership-influences-work-engagement-among-nurses-does-person-job-fit-matter
#6
Ibeawuchi K Enwereuzor, Leonard I Ugwu, Onyinyechi A Eze
The current study examines whether person-job fit moderates the relationship between transformational leadership and work engagement. Data were collected using cross-sectional design from 224 (15 male and 209 female) hospital nurses. Participants completed measures of transformational leadership, person-job fit, and work engagement. Moderated multiple regression results showed that transformational leadership had a significant positive predictive relationship with work engagement, and person-job fit had a significant positive predictive relationship with work engagement...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920345/nurse-bullying-impact-on-nurses-health
#7
Penny A Sauer, Thomas P McCoy
Workplace bullying has been experienced by 27% to 80% of nurses who have participated in studies. Bullying behaviors negatively impact the health of nurses. This study examined whether nurses' resilience had an impact on the effects of bullying on the nurse's health. This cross-sectional descriptive study surveyed licensed registered nurses in one state. The sample (N = 345) was predominately female (89%) and Caucasian (84%), with an average age of 46.6 years. In this sample, 40% of nurses were bullied. Higher incidence of bullying was associated with lower physical health scores (p = ...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903829/long-term-adherence-to-low-sodium-diet-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Misook L Chung, Linda Park, Susan K Frazier, Terry A Lennie
Although following a low-sodium diet (LSD) for heart failure (HF) has been recommended for decades, little is known about factors related to long-term patient adherence. The purposes of this study were to (a) compare sodium intake and factors affecting adherence in a long-term adherent group and in a non-adherent group and (b) examine predictors of membership in the long-term adherent group. Patients with HF (N = 74) collected 24-hr urine samples and completed the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
November 30, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903828/staff-nurse-decisional-involvement-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#9
Esra Ugur, Cindy A Scherb, Janet P Specht, Sevim Sen, Lydia K Lazzara
: The purpose of this descriptive comparative study is to compare the levels of decisional involvement of staff nurses between one Midwestern health care system in the United States with a nongovernmental University hospital in Turkey. The Decisional Involvement Scale was used for data collection. U.S. (n = 163) and Turkey (n = 50) staff nurses were included in the study. Both samples preferred more decisional involvement than they currently experienced. However, Turkish nurses experienced and preferred lower levels of decisional involvement than the U...
November 30, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903827/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-constipation-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Jeongran Shin, Hyojung Park
The purpose was to examine the effects of auricular acupressure to relieve constipation in patients with breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy. Participants were 52 patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy at E University Hospital, Seoul, Korea, randomized into two groups of equal size. For the experimental group, auricular acupressure was applied to seven auricular acupoints for 6 weeks using vaccaria seeds, whereas the control group received the usual care. Constipation-assessment scores of the experimental group were significantly lower compared with the control group (p < ...
November 30, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885157/arab-american-adolescents-perceived-stress-and-bullying-experiences-a-qualitative-study
#11
Maha Albdour, Linda Lewin, Karen Kavanaugh, Jun Sung Hong, Feleta Wilson
In 2012, 20% of high school students were bullied in the United States. Bullying is more prevalent among minority populations. Arab American adolescents receive little research attention and are described as the invisible population. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted with 10 Arab American adolescent bullying victims to describe their bullying experiences and related stress. In addition to being bullied because of health problems or social disadvantages, Arab American adolescents reported that they were bullied because of their ethnic/racial background and religious affiliation...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885156/namaste-care%C3%A2-a-person-centered-care-approach-for-alzheimer-s-and-advanced-dementia
#12
Paula McNiel, Judith Westphal
New methods of care are required to meet the needs of people with dementia and their caregivers. The Namaste Care™ program provides a person-centered approach through meaningful activities and loving touch. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of residents, staff, and family involved in the Namaste Care™ program at a long-term care facility in the United States. A descriptive approach was used to interview 14 staff members. The findings revealed six themes: peaceful sanctuary, relating their way, transforming experiences, connections and community, positive moments, and awakened to the possibilities...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885155/job-crafting-employee-well-being-and-quality-of-care
#13
Montserrat Yepes-Baldó, Marina Romeo, Kristina Westerberg, Maria Nordin
The main objective is to study the effects of job crafting activities of elder care and nursing home employees on their perceived well-being and quality of care in two European countries, Spain and Sweden. The Job Crafting, the General Health, and the Quality of Care questionnaires were administered to 530 employees. Correlations and hierarchical regression analyses were performed. Results confirm the effects of job crafting on quality of care (r = .291, p < .01; β = .261, p < .01; ΔR(2) = .065, p < ...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885154/the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-health-promoting-behaviors-in-pregnant-women
#14
Natalie A Cyphers, Andrea D Clements, Glenda Lindseth
Pender's health promotion model guided this descriptive/correlational study exploring the relationship between religiosity and health-promoting behaviors of pregnant women at Pregnancy Resource Centers (PRCs). A consecutive sample included women who knew they were pregnant at least 2 months, could read/write English, and visited PRCs in eastern Pennsylvania. Participants completed self-report surveys that examined religiosity, demographics, pregnancy-related variables, services received at PRCs, and health-promoting behaviors...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881811/perceived-social-support-and-physical-activity-among-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Mi Hwa Won, Youn-Jung Son
Adherence to recommended physical activity after a cardiac event is important to prevent cardiac recurrence. Social support from peers and family is known to improve self-care in chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between social support from health care providers and physical activity among patients with coronary artery disease remains unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the relationship between perceived social support from health care providers and physical activity among patients with stable coronary artery disease...
November 23, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837160/patient-health-goals-elicited-during-home-care-admission-a-categorization
#16
Paulina Sockolow, Kavita Radhakrishnan, Edgar Y Chou, Christine Wojciechowicz
Home care agencies are initiating "patient health goal elicitation" activities as part of home care admission planning. We categorized elicited goals and identified "clinically informative" goals at a home care agency. We examined patient goals that admitting clinicians documented in the point-of-care electronic health record; conducted content analysis on patient goal data to develop a coding scheme; grouped goal themes into codes; assigned codes to each goal; and identified goals that were in the patient voice...
November 10, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784835/explorative-analyses-of-nursing-research-data
#17
Hyeoneui Kim, Imho Jang, Jimmy Quach, Alex Richardson, Jaemin Kim, Jeeyae Choi
As a first step of pursuing the vision of "big data science in nursing," we described the characteristics of nursing research data reported in 194 published nursing studies. We also explored how completely the Version 1 metadata specification of biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem (bioCADDIE) represents these metadata. The metadata items of the nursing studies were all related to one or more of the bioCADDIE metadata entities. However, values of many metadata items of the nursing studies were not sufficiently represented through the bioCADDIE metadata...
October 26, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784834/the-role-of-heart-failure-daytime-sleepiness-and-disturbed-sleep-on-cognition
#18
Chooza Moon, Ju Young Yoon, Lisa C Bratzke
Disturbed sleep and daytime sleepiness may interfere with possible direct relationships between heart failure (HF) and cognition, yet there is limited research investigating this relationship. We aimed to investigate possible mediating roles of disturbed sleep and daytime sleepiness on the relationship between HF and selected cognitive domains among individuals with and without HF. In a cross-sectional design study, we examined the data of 841 older adults with and without HF from the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS)...
October 26, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784833/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-berg-balance-scale-in-predicting-falls
#19
Seong-Hi Park, Young-Shin Lee
This study aimed to evaluate the predictive validity of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) as a screening tool for fall risks among those with varied levels of balance. A total of 21 studies reporting predictive validity of the BBS of fall risk were meta-analyzed. With regard to the overall predictive validity of the BBS, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.72 and 0.73, respectively; the accuracy curve area was 0.84. The findings showed statistical heterogeneity among studies. Among the sub-groups, the age group of those younger than 65 years, those with neuromuscular disease, those with 2+ falls, and those with a cutoff point of 45 to 49 showed better sensitivity with statistically less heterogeneity...
October 26, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756853/novel-analytic-methods-needed-for-real-time-continuous-core-body-temperature-data
#20
Vicki Hertzberg, Valerie Mac, Lisa Elon, Nathan Mutic, Abby Mutic, Katherine Peterman, J Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Eugenia Economos, Joan Flocks, Linda McCauley
Affordable measurement of core body temperature (Tc) in a continuous, real-time fashion is now possible. With this advance comes a new data analysis paradigm for occupational epidemiology. We characterize issues arising after obtaining Tc data over 188 workdays for 83 participating farmworkers, a population vulnerable to effects of rising temperatures due to climate change. We describe a novel approach to these data using smoothing and functional data analysis. This approach highlights different data aspects compared with describing Tc at a single time point or summaries of the time course into an indicator function (e...
October 18, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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