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Neurological Research

Hua Gao, Xiaolong Sun, Wen Li, Qiong Gao, Jing Zhang, Yi Zhang, Yue Ma, Xiai Yang, Xiaogang Kang, Wen Jiang
Objective Stroke due to atrial fibrillation (AF) is common and frequently devastating. However, there is no specific tool to accurately estimate the risk of mortality. This study aims to develop and validate a comprehensive risk score for predicting 30-day mortality in the patients with AF-related stroke. Methods A retrospective multi-center clinical study was performed based on the data from the project of secondary prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular AF in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 1077 consecutive patients were randomly classified into derivation (66...
March 16, 2018: Neurological Research
Xiaoyan Cui, Zhenqiang Fu, Menghan Wang, Xiaofei Nan, Boai Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Along with their lipid-lowering effect, statins have been reported to have neuroprotective function in both in vivo and in vitro models of neurodegenerative diseases. We conducted this study in order to uncover the he neuroprotective effect of the lipophilic statin pitavastatin (PTV) and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms using primary cultured cerebral neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). METHODS: The primary cultured cerebral neurons were randomly assigned into four groups: the control group, the pitavastatin treatment group, the OGD group and the OGD + pitavastatin treatment group...
March 16, 2018: Neurological Research
Hui Zhu, Zhixing Li, Jinglei Lv, Renliang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) describes a syndrome of neuroimaging, pathological, and associated clinical features caused by small intracranial vascular lesions, which commonly coexists with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and has been identified as a major cause of motor impairment over time. In this review, we aim to summarize the relationship between CSVD and LAA, and discuss the effects of CSVD on the clinical outcome of patients with ischemic stroke caused by LAA...
March 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Weiwei Lin, Hongtao Xu, Guman Duan, Jinjin Xie, Yisheng Chen, Baohua Jiao, Haitao Lan
Purpose Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is the clinical manifestation of an abnormal stretch on the spinal cord, caused by several pathological conditions. Tethered cord release is the gold standard treatment for TCS. However, direct untethering carries potential risks of spinal cord injury, post-operative retethering, and CSF-related complications. Spine-shortening osteotomy (SSO) has recently been performed as an alternative technique to avoid these risks. We aimed to systematically review the literature on indications and outcome of SSO in TCS patients...
March 12, 2018: Neurological Research
Aysun Türkanoğlu Özçelik, Tuğçe Öner, Birsen Can Demirdöğen, Vedat Semai Bek, Şeref Demirkaya, Orhan Adalı
Objective Vitamin D deficiency is known as an important risk factor in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, which contributes to stroke development. Genetic variations including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in enzymes involved in vitamin D metabolism can affect susceptibility to the development of stroke. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms of vitamin D metabolizing enzymes (rs927650 SNP in CYP24A1, and rs10741657 SNP in CYP2R1 genes,) and ischemic stroke risk in Turkish population...
March 12, 2018: Neurological Research
Jianguo Li, Deping Yan, Xiaoyan Liu, Ye Wang, Xin Zhao, Yu Zhang, Ce Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral ischemia can trigger the ERK1/2 signaling cascade that enables the brain to adapt to ischemic injury. However, the mechanism of ERK1/2 in ischemic brain injury remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the roles of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway and NMDA receptors in the apoptosis of CA1 pyramidal neurons after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to a sham or transient forebrain ischemia procedure. Animals received the intracerebroventricular injection of U0126 (5 μl, 0...
February 23, 2018: Neurological Research
Yasmin S Abulfadl, Nabila N El-Maraghy, Amany Ali Eissa Ahmed, Shahira Nofal, Osama A Badary
OBJECTIVES: Thymoquinone (TQ), the main active ingredient in Nigella sativa oil, exhibits various bioactivities. This study aimed to investigate the effect of TQ on neurobehavioral and neuropathological alterations induced by aluminum trichloride (AlCl3 ) and D-galactose (D-gal)-in male rats and to explore the related mechanisms. METHODS: D-gal (60 mg/kg day) and AlCl3 (10 mg/kg day) were given intraperitoneally (i.p.) once daily for 42 days and after 4 weeks TQ was concomitantly administered intragastrically (i...
February 21, 2018: Neurological Research
Manikandan Samidurai, Vijay S Ramasamy, Jihoon Jo
Objective The suppressive action of the acute application of oligomeric amyloid-β (Aβ) on hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) has been reported widely. Many mechanisms have been proposed for Aβ inhibited LTP induction. The inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) has also been reported to play a key role in this LTP inhibition through Aβ. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the link between Aβ- and TNF-α-mediated hippocampal LTP inhibition...
February 20, 2018: Neurological Research
Corinne A Jones, Mary K Duffy, Sarah A Hoffman, Nancy J Schultz-Darken, Katarina M Braun, Michelle R Ciucci, Marina E Emborg
Objectives In order to facilitate the study of vocalizations in emerging genetic common marmoset models of neurodegenerative disorders, we aimed to analyze call-type changes across age in a translational research environment. We hypothesized that acoustic parameters of vocalizations would change with age, reflecting growth of the vocal apparatus and a maturation of control needed to make adult-like calls. Methods Nineteen developing common marmosets were longitudinally video- and audio-recorded between the ages of 1-149 days in a naturalistic setting without any vocalization elicitation protocol...
February 19, 2018: Neurological Research
Jian Guo, Wei Su, Jinhuan Fang, Ning Chen, Muke Zhou, Yang Zhang, Li He
OBJECTIVES: Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have been associated with cognitive deficits in certain patient populations, but whether this is also true of ischemic stroke patients is controversial. This study aims to examine the possible association between CRP concentration and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) in Han Chinese patients and to determine whether this association depends on intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS). METHODS: Patients with mild or moderate stroke admitted to a large regional medical center in Western China were consecutively enrolled in our study...
February 16, 2018: Neurological Research
Ruwei Ou, Yanbing Hou, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Yongping Chen, Bei Cao, Xiaoqin Yuan, Huifang Shang
Background The number of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with disease duration of more than 20 years (long disease duration PD, LPD) is on the rise. Objectives This study aims to describe the clinical profiles and the quality of life (QoL) of LPD patients from a cohort of the Chinese population. Methods We compared 71 LPD subjects to 60 PD patients who died less than 20 years after the onset of PD (control PD, CPD). A regression model was constructed to assess the determinants for 20 years survival and the QoL of LPD patients...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Giovanna Albertin, Christian Hofer, Sandra Zampieri, Michael Vogelauer, Stefan Löfler, Barbara Ravara, Diego Guidolin, Caterina Fede, Damiana Incendi, Andrea Porzionato, Raffaele De Caro, Alfonc Baba, Andrea Marcante, Francesco Piccione, Paolo Gargiulo, Amber Pond, Ugo Carraro, Helmut Kern
Our studies have shown that atrophic Quadriceps muscles from spinal cord injury patients suffering with permanent denervation-induced atrophy and degeneration of muscle fibers, were almost completely rescued to normal size after two years of home-based functional electrical stimulation (h-bFES). Because we used surface electrodes to stimulate the muscle, we wanted to know how the skin was affected by the treatments. Here, we report preliminary data from histological morphometry of Hematoxylin-Eosin-stained paraffin-embedded skin sections harvested from the legs of three SCI patients before and after two years of h-bFES...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Hilal Yesil, Sibel Eyigor, Meral Kayıkcıoglu, Ruchan Uslu, Menekse Inbat, Benay Ozbay
Objective Heart rate variability (HRV) is a good indicator of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. A few studies have been conducted recently and have shown a relationship between reduced HRV and conditions that lead to neuropathic pain (NP). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether NP is associated with changes in cardiac sympathovagal activity in patients with breast cancer (BC). Methods We used the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) questionnaire to evaluate NP in 70 patients with BC...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Yinglin Yan, Suying Gao, Hongna Yang, Shangmin Qin, Fang Li, Guangbo Zhang, Bo Yang, Yan He, Yongna Zhao, Enjing Li, Lihua Xu, Na Zhang, Dongna Fan, Dongliang Liu, Kai Yu, Ruijun Ji
Background and purpose To develop and validate a risk model (Extracranial Carotid Artery Stenosis score, ECAS score) to predict moderate and severe ECAS. Furthermore, we compared discrimination of the ECAS score and three existing models with regard to both moderate and severe ECAS. Methods The ECAS score was developed based on the Renqiu Stroke Screening Study (RSSS), in which eligible patients were randomly divided into derivation (60%) and validation (40%) cohorts. ECAS was diagnosed by carotid duplex ultrasound according to the published criteria...
February 2, 2018: Neurological Research
Eva Szekiova, Lucia Slovinska, Juraj Blasko, Jana Plsikova, Dasa Cizkova
Objectives In this study, a new approach was used with an in vitro model in which neural cells were exposed to conditioned media from the injured spinal cord (SCI-CM) mimicking a local inflammatory microenvironment . Subsequently, the neuroprotective effect of rat adipose tissue-derived msesenchymal stem cell-conditioned media (ATMSC-CM) was investigated through a cell-free based therapy, which was used to treat cortical neurons and astrocytes under inflammation. Methods Primary cell cultures isolated from postnatal day (P6) Wistar rat brain cortex were exposed to SCI-CM derived from the central lesion, rostral and caudal segments of injured spinal cord...
January 31, 2018: Neurological Research
Antonino Scibilia, Alfredo Conti, Giovanni Raffa, Francesca Granata, Rosaria Viola Abbritti, Stefano Maria Priola, Carmela Sindorio, Salvatore Cardali, Antonino Germanò
Objectives Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising tool for treatment of chronic pain. We describe the use of navigated rTMS to treat a patient affected by phantom limb pain (PLP) and to modulate brain functional connectivity. We reviewed the literature on the use of rTMS as a tool for relieving central pain by promoting brain plasticity. Methods A 69-year-old patient came to our observation blaming severe pain (Visual Analog scale, VAS, score 9) to a phantom right lower limb. We mapped left primary motor area (PMA) by navigated TMS and assessed connectivity with resting-state functional MR (rsfMR)...
January 30, 2018: Neurological Research
Xiang Tan, Shuyao Wang, Changyun Guo, Min Qian, Xinli Zhang, Peng Wan, Chao Yu, Baojian Geng, Kaifu Ke, Jiabing Shen, Yan Song, Min Yu
Objective SSTR2 is a member of superfamily of SST receptor (SSTR), and widely expressed in the brain; however, the knowledge of its functions in area adjacent to hematoma after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is still limited. Method The role of SSTR2 in the processes of ICH was explored by conducting an ICH rat model. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were employed to examine the level of SSTR2 in area adjacent to hematoma after ICH. Immunofluorescent staining was used to observe the spatial correlation of SSTR2 with cellular types adjacent to hematoma after ICH...
January 30, 2018: Neurological Research
Guo-Zhong Chen, Xiao-Yun Shan, Xu-Sheng Li, Hong-Miao Tao
OBJECTIVE: Remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) has been recognized as an applicable strategy for protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study was performed to examine the effect of RIPostC on cerebral I/R and to explore its underlying mechanism. METHODS: Healthy male SD rats (N = 36) were assigned randomly into 3 groups of 12 each: sham group, I/R model group and RIPostC group. Animal models were performed by filament insertion for 2 h with middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) followed by 24 h of reperfusion...
January 25, 2018: Neurological Research
Xia Ling, Shuang-Mei Yan, Bo Shen, Xu Yang
Objective The Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) is widely used to predict the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke but may not have sufficient discriminatory ability for predicting early recurrence. In this study, we developed a modified ESRS for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke at one year based on Chinese population. Methods Eight hundred and three consecutive patients were included in the study. We performed a univariate analysis to investigate the effect of previously identified risk factors on recurrent stroke at one year...
January 25, 2018: Neurological Research
Gonul Vural, Hesna Bektas, Sadiye Gumusyayla, Orhan Deniz, Murat Alışık, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine thiol-disulphide homeostasis in patients with polyneuropathy dominated by diabetic or non-diabetic axonal degeneration. MATERIALS-METHODS: Fifty-four patients diagnosed with polyneuropathy dominated by axonal damage and 41 healthy subjects were included in the study. The patients were grouped into two groups according to whether or not they had diabetes. The native thiol and total thiol concentrations were measured with the newly developed automated method...
January 23, 2018: Neurological Research
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