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Nutrition and Cancer

Ahmad Salimi, Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar, Leila Sadeghi, Alireza Mohseni, Enayatollah Seydi, Nahal Pirahmadi, Jalal Pourahmad
The present study investigates the in vitro and in vivo effect of acacetin (4'-methoxy-5,7-dihydroxyflavone) on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B-lymphocytes and mitochondria. CLL B-lymphocytes and healthy B-lymphocytes were obtained from CLL patients and healthy donors, respectively. Mitochondria were isolated from B-lymphocytes of both groups. Xenografts in severe combined immune deficient mice were used to examine the toxicity and anti CLL activity of acacetin. We evaluated and compared the mechanism of action of acacetin on CLL and healthy B-lymphocytes and their mitochondria...
October 25, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Dong Hwan Jun, Beom Jin Kim, Ji Hoon Park, Jae G Kim, Kyong-Choun Chi, Joong-Min Park, Mi Kyung Kim, Hyun Kang
Radical gastrectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer causes serious nutritional impairment. Our study evaluated the clinical impact of body mass index (BMI) on the long-term outcomes of advanced gastric cancer (stage II and III). We analyzed 211 cases of stage II and III gastric cancer between January 2005 and December 2010 at Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI: underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. In addition, we divided patients into two groups: BMI-High (BMI ≥ 23 kg/m(2)) vs...
October 7, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Erica C Borresen, Dustin G Brown, Greg Harbison, Lynn Taylor, Amanda Fairbanks, Joanne O'Malia, Marlon Bazan, Sangeeta Rao, Susan M Bailey, Melissa Wdowik, Tiffany L Weir, Regina J Brown, Elizabeth P Ryan
Consumption of navy beans (NB) and rice bran (RB) have been shown to inhibit colon carcinogenesis. Given the overall poor diet quality in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors and low reported intake of whole grains and legumes, practical strategies to increase consumption merit attention. This study determined feasibility of increasing NB or RB intake in CRC survivors to increase dietary fiber and examined serum inflammatory biomarkers and telomere lengths. Twenty-nine subjects completed a randomized controlled trial with foods that included cooked NB powder (35 g/day), heat-stabilized RB (30 g/day), or no additional ingredient...
September 30, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Stine Ostenfeldt Rasmussen, Marianne Boll Kristensen, Irene Wessel, Jens Rikardt Andersen
This study aimed to determine the incidence rates of refeeding phenomena (defined as a decline in p-phosphate) and refeeding syndrome (RFS; defined as development of clinical symptoms in addition to a decline in p-phosphate) in head and neck cancer patients, and to identify risk factors. Fifty-four head and neck cancer patients referred for surgery were included. Forty-six potential risk factors were registered at the baseline, and p-phosphate was measured at Days 2, 4, and 7. Eleven patients (20%) developed RFS, and twenty-eight (52%) developed refeeding phenomena...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Nopparat Songserm, Somkiattiyos Woradet, Pattaraporn Charoenbut
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) caused by opisthorchiasis is a specific public health problem in the Greater Mekong subregional countries. The Northeast Thailand is considered a world's prime area of CCA. Many epidemiological studies found the association between fruit and vegetables consumption and CCA, but their results were inconclusive. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to investigate the relationship between fruit and vegetables consumption and CCA prevention in the Northeast Thailand. The authors conducted a comprehensive search of scholarships on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS published during 1990 and 2015...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Yukyung Go, Minsung Chung, Yongsoon Park
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a common subtype of breast cancer among women with dense breasts and is associated with a poor prognosis. Diet is a modifiable risk factor for breast cancer, but the association between the risk of TNBC and diet has not been studied. The present study investigated the hypothesis that a healthy dietary pattern was negatively associated with risk of TNBC in women with dense breasts (density types 3 and 4). After total mastectomy or breast conserving surgery, patients with TNBC (n = 38) and non-TNBC (n = 178) were recruited...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Patrícia Aparecida Vieira de Barros, Simone de Vasconcelos Generoso, Maria Emília Rabelo Andrade, Marco Antonio Sundfeld da Gama, Fernando Cesar Ferraz Lopes, Éricka Lorenna de Sales E Souza, Flaviano Dos Santos Martins, Sued Eustáquio Mendes Miranda, Simone Odília Antunes Fernandes, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso
Mucositis is the most common side effect due to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. It refers to the inflammation of intestinal mucous membranes, and it is associated with complications such as diarrhea, weight loss, and increased intestinal permeability (IP). This study was designed to evaluate the effect of diet containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-enriched butter on intestinal damage and inflammatory response after 24 h of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced mucositis. Mice were divided into four groups: CTL; CLA; 5-FU, and CLA 5-FU, and they were fed for 31 days...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Iftekhar Hassan, Imrana Naseem, Shazia Aman, Ibrahim M Alhazza
Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CP), a prominent anticancer drug, exerts toxic insults that are functional to various factors that compromise its antineoplastic activity. Riboflavin (RF) is an essential vitamin and photosensitizer that ameliorates CP-induced toxic insults in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. The aim of the present study is to investigate how age can influence the ameliorative effect of RF against CP-induced toxicity. Ninety male mice were divided into three age groups: young, adult, and old for the present investigation under an established treatment strategy with CP, RF, and their combinations under photoillumination for 1 mo...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Abimbola Peter Oluyori, Arun Kumar Shaw, Gabriel Ademola Olatunji, Preeti Rastogi, Sanjeev Meena, Dipak Datta, Ashish Arora, Sammajay Reddy, Saidha Puli
A bioassay-guided fractionation of an alcoholic extract from the peels of Ipomoea batatas Lam has been carried out. Sulforhodamine B and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays were used to evaluate the anticancer and antioxidant potential, respectively, while silica gel column chromatography (CC) was used to isolate compounds that were characterized using 1D- and 2D-NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) and mass spectrometry. The alcoholic extract was fractionated into n-hexane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Gang Wang, Jun-Jie Wang, Li Du, Li Fei, Shing-Shun Tony To
This proposal seeks to study the potential therapeutic modality of chemoprevention and anticancer effects and mechanisms of the flavonoids from Cotinus coggygria Scop. on glioblastoma cancer. In the current study, the total flavonoids (TFs) isolated from Cotinus coggygria Scop. var. cinerea Engl. (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) and the major flavonoids of Cotinus coggygria Scop. (CCFs) were identified, and the inhibitory kinetics of TF and CCF on glioblastoma cell lines were calculated. We also investigated whether TF or CCF regulated the apoptotic mechanism in cellular models of glio-blastoma cells...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Sameera Nallanthighal, Amit B Shirode, Julius A Judd, Ramune Reliene
Ionizing radiation (IR) is a well-documented human carcinogen. The increased use of IR in medical procedures has doubled the annual radiation dose and may increase cancer risk. Genomic instability is an intermediate lesion in IR-induced cancer. We examined whether pomegranate extract (PE) suppresses genomic instability induced by x-rays. Mice were treated orally with PE and exposed to an x-ray dose of 2 Gy. PE intake suppressed x-ray-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in peripheral blood and chromosomal damage in bone marrow...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Dalton Luiz Schiessel, Ricardo K Yamazaki, Marcelo Kryczyk, Isabela Coelho de Castro, Adriana A Yamaguchi, Danielle C T Pequito, Gleisson A P Brito, Gina Borghetti, Júlia Aikawa, Everson A Nunes, Kátia Naliwaiko, Luiz C Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Polyunsaturated fatty acids n-3 (PUFA n-3) have shown effects in reducing tumor growth, in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) abundantly present in fish oil (FO). When these fatty acids are provided in the diet, they alter the functions of the cells, particularly in tumor and immune cells. However, the effects of α-linolenic fatty acid (ALA), which is the precursor of EPA and DHA, are controversial. Thus, our objective was to test the effect of this parental fatty acid...
September 21, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Colin Berry, David Brusick, Samuel M Cohen, Jerry F Hardisty, V Lee Grotz, Gary M Williams
Regulatory authorities worldwide have found the nonnutritive sweetener, sucralose, to be noncarcinogenic, based on a range of studies. A review of these and other studies found through a comprehensive search of electronic databases, using appropriate key terms, was conducted and results of that review are reported here. An overview of the types of studies relied upon by regulatory agencies to assess carcinogenicity potential is also provided as context. Physiochemical and pharmacokinetic/toxicokinetic studies confirm stability under conditions of use and reveal no metabolites of carcinogenic potential...
September 21, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Zhenzhen Zhang, Mark Garzotto, Tomasz M Beer, Philippe Thuillier, Stephen Lieberman, Motomi Mori, Wesley A Stoller, Paige E Farris, Jackilen Shannon
Animal and human studies suggest fish oil and green tea may have protective effect on prostate cancer. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been hypothesized to be linked to chemoprotective effects of both compounds. This study evaluated the independent and joint effects of fish oil (FO) and green tea supplement (epigallocatechin-3-gallate, EGCG) on FAS and Ki-67 levels in prostate tissue. Through a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial with 2 × 2 factorial design, 89 men scheduled for repeat prostate biopsy following an initial negative prostate biopsy were randomized into either FO alone (1...
September 20, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Katarzyna Lubelska, Katarzyna Wiktorska, Lidia Mielczarek, Małgorzata Milczarek, Ilona Zbroińska-Bregisz, Zdzisław Chilmonczyk
Sulforaphane (SFN), a naturally occurring chemopreventive and anticancer agent, is a nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2/Nrf2) inducer. Nrf2 plays a critical role in coordinating the cell defense system by initiating the transcription of cytoprotective genes, including detoxification enzymes such as NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) and transport proteins such as ATP-binding cassette, subfamily C (CFTR/MRP). Recently, the essential role of Nrf2 in tumor development and progression and in the development of multidrug resistance in cancer cells has been highlighted...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Monica Ferraroni, Carlo La Vecchia, Marta Rossi
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and gastric cancer risk in an Italian case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases were 230 patients with incident, histologically confirmed cases of gastric cancer from the Greater Milan area, Northern Italy. Controls were 547 frequency-matched subjects admitted to the same network of hospitals as cases for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Danielle N Christifano, Tera L Fazzino, Debra K Sullivan, Christie A Befort
PURPOSE: Obesity and diet quality are two distinct lifestyle factors associated with morbidity and mortality among breast cancer survivors. The purposes of this study were to examine diet quality changes during a weight loss intervention among breast cancer survivors and to examine whether diet quality change was an important factor related to weight loss. METHODS: Participants were overweight/obese breast cancer survivors (n = 180) participating in a weight loss intervention...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Daxuan Wang, Xueqin Qu, Xibin Zhuang, Guojun Geng, Jihuan Hou, Nengluan Xu, Wenlan Li, Tianhui Hu, Yu-Sheng Chen
Brucea javanica oil (BJO), a traditional herbal medicine extracted from the seeds of B. javanica, has been clinically used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy in China. However, how BJO exerts this antitumor effect is still largely unknown. Here, effects of BJO on the growth of NSCLC and SCLC cell lines were investigated by the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenytetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay, and the results showed that BJO inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells (NSCLC) and H446 cells (SCLC)...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Mir Zahoor Gul, Sambamurthy Chandrasekaran, Manjulatha K, Mohd Yasin Bhat, Radheshyam Maurya, Insaf Ahmed Qureshi, Irfan Ahmad Ghazi
ABSTACT Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) is a widely used medicinal herb in Indian traditional system of medicine. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of A. nilagirica extracts/fractions on inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis in a human monocytic leukemia (THP-1) cell line. The crude extracts (A. nilagirica ethyl acetate extract [ANE] and A. nilagirica methanolic extract [ANA]) showed cytotoxic activity toward THP-1 cells with the IC50 values of 38.21 ± 7.37 and 132.41 ± 7...
October 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Suzanne Mashtoub, Lorrinne S Lampton, Georgina L Eden, Ker Y Cheah, Kerry A Lymn, Juliana E Bajic, Gordon S Howarth
Chemotherapy-induced mucositis is characterized by inflammation and ulcerating lesions lining the alimentary tract. Emu Oil and Lyprinol™ have independently demonstrated their therapeutic potential in intestinal inflammatory disorders, including mucositis. We investigated Emu Oil and Lyprinol™ in combination for their further potential to alleviate chemotherapy-induced mucositis in rats. Rats were gavaged with (1 ml) water, Olive Oil, Emu Oil + Olive Oil, Lyprinol™ + Olive Oil or Emu Oil + Lyprinol™ from Days 0 to 7, injected with saline (control) or 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) on Day 5 and euthanized on Day 8...
October 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
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