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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918568/brief-report-an-evaluation-of-an-instructional-package-for-teaching-sentence-construction-to-students-with-asd
#1
Robert C Pennington, Jessica Rockhold
In the current study, we investigated the effects of an instructional package on the construction of sentences writing by four children ages 6-9, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We employed a multiple probe across behaviors design to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention package and also conducted probes to assess generalization and increases in the use of spoken sentences. Data indicated that the package was effective and produced variable levels of maintenance and generalized responding across three of the participants...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918532/an-evaluation-of-specialist-mentoring-for-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-mental-health-conditions
#2
Rebecca Lucas, Alana I James
Mentoring is often recommended to universities as a way of supporting students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and/or mental health conditions (MHC), but there is little literature on optimising this support. We used mixed-methods to evaluate mentees' and mentors' experiences of a specialist mentoring programme. Mentees experienced academic, social and emotional support, although subtle group differences emerged between students with ASD and MHC. The quality of the mentee-mentor relationship was especially important...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918443/brief-report-personality-mediates-the-relationship-between-autism-quotient-and-well-being-a-conceptual-replication-using-self-report
#3
Jonathan D Rodgers, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Patrick L Hill, Seth M Spain, Christopher Lopata, Marcus L Thomeer
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impacts well-being across the lifespan. Individuals with ASD evidence differences in personality traits and self-concept clarity that are predictors of well-being in typically-developing individuals. The current research replicates a growing body of evidence demonstrating differences in well-being and personality between individuals low in ASD characteristics (n = 207) and individuals high in ASD characteristics (n = 46) collected from the general population using an online survey...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905160/school-age-outcomes-of-children-diagnosed-early-and-later-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Megan Louise Erin Clark, Zoe Vinen, Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
Early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is considered best practice, increasing access to early intervention. Yet, many children are diagnosed after 3-years. The current study investigated the school age outcomes of children who received an early and later diagnosis of ASD. The cognitive and behavioural outcomes of children diagnosed early (n = 48), were compared to children diagnosed after 3-years (n = 37). Children diagnosed early accessed more intervention, demonstrated better verbal and overall cognition at school age, were more likely to attend mainstream school and required less ongoing support than children diagnosed later...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900800/resting-state-neurophysiological-activity-patterns-in-young-people-with-asd-adhd-and-asd%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adhd
#5
Elizabeth Shephard, Charlotte Tye, Karen L Ashwood, Bahar Azadi, Philip Asherson, Patrick F Bolton, Grainne McLoughlin
Altered power of resting-state neurophysiological activity has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which commonly co-occur. We compared resting-state neurophysiological power in children with ASD, ADHD, co-occurring ASD + ADHD, and typically developing controls. Children with ASD (ASD/ASD + ADHD) showed reduced theta and alpha power compared to children without ASD (controls/ADHD). Children with ADHD (ADHD/ASD + ADHD) displayed decreased delta power compared to children without ADHD (ASD/controls)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900771/health-concerns-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-population-cohort-of-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Jonathan A Weiss, Barry Isaacs, Heidi Diepstra, Andrew S Wilton, Hilary K Brown, Caitlin McGarry, Yona Lunsky
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have many health needs that place demands on the health service sector. This study used administrative data to compare health profiles in young adults 18-24 years of age with ASD to peers with and without other developmental disability. Young adults with ASD were more likely to have almost all the examined clinical health issues and health service use indicators compared to peers without developmental disability. They were more likely to have at least one psychiatric diagnosis, and visit the family physician, pediatrician, psychiatrist, and emergency department for psychiatric reasons, compared to peers with other developmental disability...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900778/early-gesture-and-vocabulary-development-in-infant-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Jana M Iverson, Jessie B Northrup, Nina B Leezenbaum, Meaghan V Parladé, Erin A Koterba, Kelsey L West
This study examined longitudinal growth in gestures and words in infants at heightened (HR) versus low risk (LR) for ASD. The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory was administered monthly from 8 to 14 months and at 18 and 24 months to caregivers of 14 HR infants diagnosed with ASD (HR-ASD), 27 HR infants with language delay (HR-LD), 51 HR infants with no diagnosis (HR-ND), and 28 LR infants. Few differences were obtained between LR and HR-ND infants, but HR-LD and HR-ASD groups differed in initial skill levels and growth patterns...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900768/maternal-and-paternal-infertility-disorders-and-treatments-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-findings-from-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#8
Laura A Schieve, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Shericka Harris, Craig Newschaffer, Julie Daniels, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lisa A Croen, Gayle C Windham
Previous studies of associations between ASD and conception using assisted reproductive technology (ART) are inconsistent and few studies have examined associations with other infertility treatments or infertility disorders. We examined associations between ASD and maternal/paternal infertility disorders and numerous maternal treatments among 1538 mother-child pairs in the Study to Explore Early Development, a population-based case-control study. ASD was associated with any female infertility diagnosis and several specific diagnoses: blocked tubes, endometriosis, uterine-factor infertility, and polycystic ovarian syndrome...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895015/does-quality-of-life-differ-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability-compared-to-peers-without-autism
#9
Víctor B Arias, Laura E Gómez, Mª Lucía Morán, Mª Ángeles Alcedo, Asunción Monsalve, Yolanda Fontanil
The main goal was to test if children with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show lower quality of life (QOL) in comparison to those with only ID. The KidsLife Scale was applied to 1060 children with ID, 25% of whom also had ASD, aged 4-21 years old. Those with ASD showed lower scores in several QOL domains but, when the effect of other variables was controlled, lower scores were only kept for interpersonal relationships, social inclusion, and physical wellbeing. Slightly higher scores were found for material wellbeing...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894999/needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-comparisons-of-young-people-and-parent-perspectives
#10
Hanna Eklund, James Findon, Tim Cadman, Hannah Hayward, Declan Murphy, Philip Asherson, Karen Glaser, Kiriakos Xenitidis
This study used the Camberwell Assessment of Need for adults with Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities (CANDID) to examine the social, physical health and mental health needs of 168 young people (aged 14-24 years) with neurodevelopmental disorders and compared young person and parent ratings of need. Agreement was poor in 21 out of 25 domains. Parents consistently reported higher levels of need than young people in the majority of domains although young people with ADHD reported significantly more needs in physical health, eyesight/hearing, seizures, other mental health problems and safety of others than their parents...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894969/categorical-speech-perception-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#11
Mary E Stewart, Alexandra M Petrou, Mitsuhiko Ota
This study tested whether individuals with autism spectrum conditions (n = 23) show enhanced discrimination of acoustic differences that signal a linguistic contrast (i.e., /g/ versus /k/ as in 'goat' and 'coat') and whether they process such differences in a less categorical fashion as compared with 23 IQ-matched typically developed adults. Tasks administered were nonverbal IQ, verbal IQ, 5 language measures, a speech perception task, and the ADOS. The speech perception task measured the discrimination of paired exemplars along the /g/-/k/ continuum...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889325/brief-report-discrimination-of-foreign-speech-pitch-and-autistic-traits-in-non-clinical-population
#12
Lai-Sang Iao, Anna Wippich, Yu Hin Lam
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) are widely suggested to show enhanced perceptual discrimination but inconsistent findings have been reported for pitch discrimination. Given the high variability in ASC, this study investigated whether ASC traits were correlated with pitch discrimination in an undergraduate sample when musical and language experiences were taken into consideration. Results indicated that the social skills subscale of the Autism Spectrum Quotient was associated with foreign speech pitch discrimination, suggesting that individuals who were less sociable and socially skillful were less able to discriminate foreign speech pitch...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889315/brief-report-executive-function-as-a-predictor-of-academic-achievement-in-school-aged-children-with-asd
#13
Tanya St John, Geraldine Dawson, Annette Estes
The contributions of Executive Function (EF) to academic achievement in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are not well understood. Academic achievement and its association with EF is described in 32, 9-year-old children with ASD. EF at age 6 and 9, and academic achievement at age 9 were assessed as part of a larger longitudinal study. Better performance on a Spatial Reversal task but not A-not-B with Invisible Displacement at age 6 was associated with better math achievement at age 9. No relationship was found between these EF measures at age 6 and reading or spelling achievement at age 9...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889253/evaluating-parental-autism-disclosure-strategies
#14
Jillian E Austin, Ratka Galijot, W Hobart Davies
The relative effects of different autism disclosure methods on the perceptions of a mother-child dyad were investigated. Using three conditions, disclosure card, disclosure bracelet, and no disclosure, U.S. community parents (N = 383) were asked 18 questions about their perceptions of the dyad. An ANOVA revealed significant protection from stigma for those in either disclosure condition compared to the no disclosure condition on two factors, Critical of the Mother/Child and Need to Protect Own Child, as well as a single item, Embarrassment for the Mother...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889215/brief-report-postsecondary-work-and-educational-disruptions-for-youth-on-the-autism-spectrum
#15
Julie Lounds Taylor, Leann Smith DaWalt
This study examined vocational/educational disruption in the 2-3 years after high school for 36 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data were collected three times from parents: during youth's last year of high school and two times after high school exit. Data were coded into categories indicating any versus no disruptions in postsecondary vocation/education, and group differences in individual (behavior problems, IQ, adaptive behavior, autism severity, stress reactivity) and family (parent depression, anxiety, quality of life; family income and climate) factors were examined...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887608/erratum-to-interactive-effects-of-prenatal-antidepressant-exposure-and-likely-gene-disrupting-mutations-on-the-severity-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Sean Ackerman, Sarah Schoenbrun, Caitlin Hudac, Raphael Bernier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879490/homogeneous-subgroups-of-young-children-with-autism-improve-phenotypic-characterization-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#17
Lisa D Wiggins, Lin H Tian, Susan E Levy, Catherine Rice, Li-Ching Lee, Laura Schieve, Juhi Pandey, Julie Daniels, Lisa Blaskey, Susan Hepburn, Rebecca Landa, Rebecca Edmondson-Pretzel, William Thompson
The objective of this study was to identify homogenous classes of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to improve phenotypic characterization. Children were enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development between 2 and 5 years of age. 707 children were classified with ASD after a comprehensive evaluation with strict diagnostic algorithms. Four classes of children with ASD were identified from latent class analysis: mild language delay with cognitive rigidity, mild language and motor delay with dysregulation, general developmental delay, and significant developmental delay with repetitive motor behaviors...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875421/brief-report-relationship-between-ados-2-module-4-calibrated-severity-scores-css-and-social-and-non-social-standardized-assessment-measures-in-adult-males-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#18
Michael J Morrier, Opal Y Ousley, Gabriella A Caceres-Gamundi, Matthew J Segall, Joseph F Cubells, Larry J Young, Elissar Andari
The ADOS-2 Modules 1-3 now include a standardized calibrated severity score (CSS) from 1 to 10 based on the overall total raw score. Subsequent research published CSS for Module 4 (Hus, Lord, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 44(8):1996-2012, 2014); however more research is needed to examine the psychometric properties of this CSS. Forty males with ASD completed an assessment battery consisting of ADOS-2 Module 4 and other clinical measures assessing core ASD symptomology and comorbidity. Pearson correlation analyses found that CSS did not correlate with measures that assessed core social deficits of ASD or general psychiatric co-morbidity, but CSS did correlate negatively with intellectual quotient...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871495/responding-to-other-people-s-direct-gaze-alterations-in-gaze-behavior-in-infants-at-risk-for-autism-occur-on-very-short-timescales
#19
Pär Nyström, Sven Bölte, Terje Falck-Ytter
Atypical gaze processing has been reported in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here we explored how infants at risk for ASD respond behaviorally to others' direct gaze. We assessed 10-month-olds with a sibling with ASD (high risk group; n = 61) and a control group (n = 18) during interaction with an adult. Eye-tracking revealed less looking at the adult in the high risk group during 300-1000 ms after the adult initiated direct gaze: a short alteration that is likely to go unnoticed by the naked eye...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871461/relationship-satisfaction-and-dyadic-coping-in-couples-with-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Angela Sim, Reinie Cordier, Sharmila Vaz, Richard Parsons, Torbjörn Falkmer
Dyadic coping strategies may play a pivotal role in relationship satisfaction and explain why some couples adapt positively to the challenges associated with raising a child with ASD and others do not. Survey data from 127 caregivers of a child with ASD were used in generalized estimating equation analyses to investigate the factors associated with relationship satisfaction, including socio-demographics, parenting stress and dyadic coping. Results showed that over two-thirds of the sample reported satisfaction, which was associated with low parenting stress, increased use of positive and decreased use of negative dyadic coping strategies...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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