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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349671/is-older-age-associated-with-higher-self-and-other-rated-asd-characteristics
#1
Anne G Lever, Hilde M Geurts
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) characteristics seem to abate over time, but whether this protracts until late adulthood is largely unknown. We cross-sectionally investigated self- and other-reported ASD characteristics of adults with (ASD: Nmax-self = 237, Nmax-other = 130) and without ASD (COM: Nmax-self = 198, Nmax-other = 148) aged 19-79 years. Within the ASD group, self-reported ASD characteristics, and sensory sensitivities were highest in middle adulthood, while age was not associated to empathy...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344761/construct-validity-of-the-autism-impact-measure-aim
#2
Micah O Mazurek, Coleen Carlson, Mary Baker-Ericzén, Eric Butter, Megan Norris, Stephen Kanne
The Autism Impact Measure (AIM) was designed to track incremental change in frequency and impact of core ASD symptoms. The current study examined the structural and convergent validity of the AIM in a large sample of children with ASD. The results of a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded a final model with five theoretically and empirically meaningful subdomains: Repetitive Behavior, Atypical Behavior, Communication, Social Reciprocity, and Peer Interaction. The final model showed very good fit both overall and for each of the five factors, indicating excellent structural validity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332179/profiles-and-correlates-of-parent-child-agreement-on-social-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Catherine A Burrows, Lauren V Usher, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Camilla M McMahon, Peter C Mundy, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Heather A Henderson
This study characterized patterns and correlates of parent-youth agreement on social anxiety in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants (279 verbally-fluent youth aged 8-16 years, NASD = 144, NTD = 135) completed the SASC-R. Youth with ASD exhibited higher social anxiety across informants. While TD youth endorsed higher anxiety than did parents, self- and parent-reports did not differ in youth with ASD. For children with ASD, higher parent-youth agreement was associated with lower lifetime ASD symptoms and higher adaptive skills...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#4
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322385/associations-between-resilience-and-the-well-being-of-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-other-developmental-disabilities
#5
Elizabeth Halstead, Naomi Ekas, Richard P Hastings, Gemma M Griffith
There is variability in the extent to which mothers are affected by the behavior problems of their children with developmental disabilities (DD). We explore whether maternal resilience functions as a protective or compensatory factor. In Studies 1 and 2, using moderated multiple regression models, we found evidence that maternal resilience functioned as a compensatory factor-having a significant independent main effect relationship with well-being outcomes in mothers of children with DD and autism spectrum disorder...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322384/the-relationship-between-social-affect-and-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-measured-on-the-ados-2-and-maternal-stress
#6
Claire Schutte, Wendy Richardson, Morgan Devlin, Jeanna Hill, Maliki Ghossainy, Laura Hewitson
This study investigated categories of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Second Edition and their association with maternal stress. Social affect and restricted and repetitive behaviors were compared with levels of maternal stress, measured by the Parenting Stress Index, in 102 children with ASD ages 2-12 years of age. Results indicated that social affect and restricted and repetitive behaviors were associated with the mother's stress regarding acceptability of the child's condition...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318434/social-support-as-mediator-and-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-parenting-stress-and-life-satisfaction-among-the-chinese-parents-of-children-with-asd
#7
Ming-Hui Lu, Guang-Hai Wang, Hao Lei, Meng-Liang Shi, Rui Zhu, Fan Jiang
Although numerous studies have demonstrated that social support affects a range of life experiences, few have examined its moderating and mediating effects. In the current study, 479 Chinese parents of children with ASD (aged 3-18 years) completed the surveys assessing parenting stress, social support and life satisfaction. Results indicated that parenting stress, social support and life satisfaction were significantly related. Moreover, social support both mediated and moderated the influence of parenting stress on life satisfaction...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318433/amor-and-social-stigma-asd-beliefs-among-immigrant-mexican-parents
#8
Shana R Cohen, Jessica Miguel
This study examined cultural beliefs about ASD and its causes among Mexican-heritage families. In focus group interviews, we asked 25 immigrant parents of children with ASD to identify words they associated with ASD and its causes. Participants free-listed, ranked, and justified their responses. Mixed methods analyses utilized saliency scores to calculate responses. Deductive interview analyses justified participants' responses. Salient responses for ASD perceptions included specific characteristics about the child (e...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313179/protective-factors-against-distress-for-caregivers-of-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Rebecca A Lindsey, Tammy D Barry
Caregivers of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience elevated distress. The current study examined potential protective factors against caregiver distress when child externalizing and internalizing behaviors are present: family resources, perceived social support, parenting efficacy, knowledge of ASD, and the agreement between actual and perceived knowledge of ASD. Caregivers of a child with ASD completed an online questionnaire. Results demonstrated main effects for externalizing behavior, family resources, and perceived social support...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313178/brief-report-caregiver-strategy-implementation-advancing-spoken-communication-in-children-who-are-minimally-verbal
#10
Stephanie Y Shire, Wendy Shih, Connie Kasari
Research has demonstrated that caregivers' use of intervention strategies can support their children's social engagement and communication. However, it is not clear to what degree caregivers must master the strategies to effectively support gains in social communication, specifically, core challenges such as joint attention language (comments). Twenty-two minimally verbal school-age children with autism received a social communication intervention with caregiver coaching. Through 10 min caregiver-child play interactions at eight time points, significant increase were found in children's spontaneous language...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313177/high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adults-consequences-for-primary-caregivers-compared-to-schizophrenia-and-depression
#11
Inge A C Grootscholten, Bob van Wijngaarden, Cornelis C Kan
Primary caregivers experience consequences from being in close contact to a person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study used the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire to explore the level of consequences of 104 caregivers involved with adults with High Functioning ASD (HF-ASD) and compared these with the consequences reported by caregivers of patients suffering from depression and schizophrenia. Caregivers involved with adults with an HF-ASD experience overall consequences comparable to those involved with patients with depression or schizophrenia...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313176/effectiveness-of-a-multisystem-aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
Giovanni Caputo, Giovanni Ippolito, Marina Mazzotta, Luigi Sentenza, Mara Rosaria Muzio, Sara Salzano, Massimiliano Conson
Aquatic therapy improves motor skills of persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but its usefulness for treating functional difficulties needs to be verified yet. We tested effectiveness of a multisystem aquatic therapy on behavioural, emotional, social and swimming skills of children with ASD. Multisystem aquatic therapy was divided in three phases (emotional adaptation, swimming adaptation and social integration) implemented in a 10-months-programme. At post-treatment, the aquatic therapy group showed significant improvements relative to controls on functional adaptation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales), emotional response, adaptation to change and on activity level (Childhood Autism Rating Scale)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307041/an-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-joint-attention-protocol
#13
Sallie W Nowell, Linda R Watson, Richard A Faldowski, Grace T Baranek
The goal of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of a live-coded behavioral measure of joint attention, the Attention-Following and Initiating Joint Attention Protocol (JA Protocol), in order to assist researchers and clinicians in identifying when this measure may meet their joint attention assessment needs. Data from 260 children with autism spectrum disorder, developmental delay, or typical development between the ages of 2 and 12 years were used to evaluate this measure using quality standards for measurement...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307040/parental-broad-autism-phenotype-and-the-language-skills-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Michelle Flippin, Linda R Watson
Father-child and mother-child interactions were examined in order to investigate concurrent associations between three characteristics of parental broad autism phenotype (i.e., aloofness, rigidity, pragmatic language deficits), parental verbal responsiveness, and language skills of children with ASD. Results for mothers indicated that aloofness and rigidity were negatively associated with both child-initiated engagement and child language skills. Maternal aloofness was also negatively correlated with verbal responsiveness to their children, but rigidity was not...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307039/subgrouping-autism-based-on-symptom-severity-leads-to-differences-in-the-degree-of-convergence-between-core-feature-domains
#15
Allison Whitten, Kathryn E Unruh, Robin L Shafer, James W Bodfish
Existing models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) disagree as to whether the core features should be conceptualized as convergent (related) or divergent (unrelated), and the few previous studies addressing this question have found conflicting results. We examined standardized parent ratings of symptoms from three domains (social, communication, repetitive behaviors) in large samples of typically developing children, children with ASD, and ASD subgroups. Our results suggest that the most evidence for divergence lies in typically developing children and lower severity ASD cases, while more evidence for convergence is found in a subset of cases with more severe impairment on any core feature...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307038/an-evaluation-of-behavioral-skills-training-for-teaching-caregivers-how-to-support-social-skill-development-in-their-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Mahfuz Hassan, Andrea Simpson, Katey Danaher, James Haesen, Tanya Makela, Kendra Thomson
Limited research has explored how to best train caregivers to support their child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) despite caregivers being well suited to promote generalization and maintenance of their child's skills in the natural environment. Children with ASD have been shown to benefit from social skill training, which is not always conducted in the natural context. This research examined the efficacy of behavioral skills training (BST) with, and without in situ training (IST), for teaching caregivers how to also use BST to support their child's context-specific social skills...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307037/autism-spectrum-symptomatology-among-children-with-duplication-7q11-23-syndrome
#17
Bonita P Klein-Tasman, Carolyn B Mervis
Gold-standard diagnostic assessments of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology were conducted on 63 children (mean CA: 8.81 years) with 7q11.23 duplication syndrome, one of the copy number variants identified by Sanders et al. (Neuron 70:863-885, 2011a) as associated with ASD. ASD classification rate was 39.6% for the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and 25.4% for the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2). Based on these assessments combined with clinical judgment, 19.0% of children were diagnosed with ASD...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307036/acceptance-or-despair-maternal-adjustment-to-having-a-child-diagnosed-with-autism
#18
Nikko S Da Paz, Bryna Siegel, Michael A Coccia, Elissa S Epel
Psychological adjustment to having one's child diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder has important implications for a parent's mental health. In a longitudinal study, we examined the association between maternal adjustment to the diagnosis and measures of distress and well-being in 90 mothers of children with autism (baseline and 18 months). We used a novel 30-item scale "Adjustment to the Diagnosis of Autism." Factor analysis identified three dimensions of adjustment: acceptance, self-blame, and despair...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282584/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-broad-autism-phenotype-questionnaire-strengths-weaknesses-and-future-improvements
#19
Marta Godoy-Giménez, Antonio González-Rodríguez, Fernando Cañadas, Angeles F Estévez, Pablo Sayans-Jiménez
The Broad autism phenotype (BAP) refers to a set of subclinical behavioural characteristics qualitatively similar to those presented in Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The BAP questionnaire (BAPQ) has been widely used to assess the BAP both in relatives of ASD people and within the general population. The current study presents the first Spanish version of the BAPQ (BAPQ-SP) and analyses its psychometric properties, including validity evidences based on the BAPQ scores relationship with other variables. Our results only support the use of the Aloof and Rigid sub-scales to assess this phenotype, whereas Pragmatic Language sub-scale seems to be the main source of misfit...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275509/examining-the-links-between-challenging-behaviors-in-youth-with-asd-and-parental-stress-mental-health-and-involvement-applying-an-adaptation-of-the-family-stress-model-to-families-of-youth-with-asd
#20
Hillary K Schiltz, Alana J McVey, Brooke Magnus, Bridget K Dolan, Kirsten S Willar, Sheryl Pleiss, Jeffrey Karst, Audrey M Carson, Christina Caiozzo, Elisabeth Vogt, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
Raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) poses unique challenges that may impact parents' mental health and parenting experiences. The current study analyzed self-report data from 77 parents of youth with ASD. A serial multiple mediation model revealed that parenting stress (SIPA) and parental mental health (BAI and BDI-II) appears to be impacted by challenging adolescent behaviors (SSIS-PBs) and, in turn, affect parental involvement (PRQ), controlling for social skills (SSIS-SSs). Further, the study explored the malleability of parents' mental health over the course of a social skills intervention, and provides modest evidence that parent depressive symptoms decline across intervention...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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