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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785972/association-between-autistic-traits-in-preschool-children-and-later-emotional-behavioral-outcomes
#1
Aya Saito, Andrew Stickley, Hideyuki Haraguchi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Makoto Ishitobi, Yoko Kamio
Although children with a greater number of autistic traits are likely to have other mental health problems, research on the association between earlier autistic traits in preschool children and later emotional/behavioral outcomes is scarce. Using data from 189 Japanese community-based children, this study examined whether autistic traits at age 5 were related to emotional/behavioral outcomes at age 7. The results showed that prior autistic traits were subsequently associated with all emotional/behavioral domains...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776120/structural-and-pragmatic-language-in-children-with-asd-longitudinal-impact-on-anxiety-and-externalizing-behaviors
#2
Naomi V Rodas, Abbey Eisenhower, Jan Blacher
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at heightened risk for developing comorbid psychological disorders, including anxiety disorders, which may be further exacerbated by the presence of externalizing behaviors. Here, we examined how structural language and pragmatic language predicted anxiety and externalizing behaviors. Participants were 159 young children (4-7 years old) with ASD and their mothers. Utilizing structural equation modeling we examined associations among structural language, pragmatic language, anxiety symptoms, and externalizing behaviors...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770527/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-versus-a-counselling-intervention-for-anxiety-in-young-people-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Suzanne M Murphy, Uttom Chowdhury, Susan W White, Laura Reynolds, Louisa Donald, Hilary Gahan, Zeinab Iqbal, Mahesh Kulkarni, Louise Scrivener, Hadi Shaker-Naeeni, Dee A Press
The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as a treatment for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been explored in a number of trials. Whilst CBT appears superior to no treatment or treatment as usual, few studies have assessed CBT against a control group receiving an alternative therapy. Our randomised controlled trial compared use of CBT against person-centred counselling for anxiety in 36 young people with ASD, ages 12-18. Outcome measures included parent- teacher- and self-reports of anxiety and social disability...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770526/increased-prevalence-of-unusual-sensory-behaviors-in-infants-at-risk-for-and-teens-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Hannah M Van Etten, Maninderjit Kaur, Sudha M Srinivasan, Shereen J Cohen, Anjana Bhat, Karen R Dobkins
The current study investigated the prevalence and pattern of unusual sensory behaviors (USBs) in teens with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and infants (3-36 months) at risk for ASD. From two different sites (UCSD and UConn), caregivers of infants at high (n = 32) and low risk (n = 33) for ASD, and teenagers with (n = 12) and without ASD (n = 11), completed age-appropriate Sensory Profile questionnaires (Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile; Dunn 2002; Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile; Brown and Dunn 2002)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770525/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-resilience-intervention-to-prevent-depressive-symptoms-for-young-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Bethany A Mackay, Ian M Shochet, Jayne A Orr
Despite increased depression in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), effective prevention approaches for this population are limited. A mixed methods pilot randomised controlled trial (N = 29) of the evidence-based Resourceful Adolescent Program-Autism Spectrum Disorder (RAP-A-ASD) designed to prevent depression was conducted in schools with adolescents with ASD in years 6 and 7. Quantitative results showed significant intervention effects on parent reports of adolescent coping self-efficacy (maintained at 6 month follow-up) but no effect on depressive symptoms or mental health...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770524/interactive-effects-of-prenatal-antidepressant-exposure-and-likely-gene-disrupting-mutations-on-the-severity-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Sean Ackerman, Sarah Schoenrbun, Caitlin Hudac, Raphael Bernier
To examine the interactive effects of two proposed risk factors which may contribute to symptom severity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): prenatal antidepressant exposure and likely gene-disrupting (LGD) mutations. Participants included 2748 individuals with ASD from the Simons Simplex Collection. We examined the effects of prenatal antidepressant exposure, maternal depression, presence of an LGD mutation and their interaction on ASD severity. We found a significant interactive effect between antidepressant exposure and the presence of an LGD mutation on ASD severity in the ADOS and ADI-R verbal communication domains...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762160/parental-outcomes-following-participation-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Andrea L Maughan, Jonathan A Weiss
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) benefit from parent involvement in their therapy, and there is evidence that this involvement may improve parent functioning as well. We examined changes in parent mental health, parenting, and expressed emotion, following participation in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy for 57 children with ASD. Post-intervention, improvements occurred in the treatment group in parent depression and emotion regulation, compared to waitlisted parents. Treatment effects also occurred across all parents in depression, emotion regulation, perceptions of their children and mindful parenting...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762159/accurate-autism-screening-at-the-18-month-well-child-visit-requires-different-strategies-than-at-24-months
#8
Raymond Sturner, Barbara Howard, Paul Bergmann, Tanya Morrel, Rebecca Landa, Kejuana Walton, Danielle Marks
Accuracy of autism screening using M-CHAT plus the follow-up interview (M-CHAT/F) for children screened positive at 18-months was compared to screening at 24-months. Formal ASD testing was criterion for a community sample of M-CHAT positive children (n = 98), positive predictive value (PPV) was 0.40 for the M-CHAT and 0.58 for the M-CHAT/F. MCHAT/F PPV was 0.69 among children 20+ months compared to 0.36 for <20 months. Multivariate analyses incorporating data from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory, M-CHAT and M-CHAT/F results, and M-CHAT items suggest language variables carry greatest relative importance in contributing to an age-based algorithm with potential to improve PPV for toddlers <20 months to the same level as observed in older toddlers...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756552/perspectives-of-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Anastasia H Anderson, Mark Carter, Jennifer Stephenson
Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at heightened risk of post-secondary educational failure and account for approximately 1% of students in post-secondary education. Findings from an on-line survey of students with ASD attending university in Australian are reported in this study. Respondents indicated high rates of academic and non-academic difficulties but low usage of supports. Ratings for supports were idiosyncratic, and some students indicated discomfort from using supports or disclosing their disability...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756551/family-centered-services-for-children-with-asd-and-limited-speech-the-experiences-of-parents-and-speech-language-pathologists
#10
Kelsey Mandak, Janice Light
Although family-centered services have long been discussed as essential in providing successful services to families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ideal implementation is often lacking. This study aimed to increase understanding of how families with children with ASD and limited speech receive services from speech-language pathologists (SLPs). 99 parents of children with ASD and limited speech and 211 SLPs who served children with ASD and limited speech completed questionnaires measuring their experiences with the provision of family-centered services...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756550/a-pilot-study-assessing-performance-and-visual-attention-of-teenagers-with-asd-in-a-novel-adaptive-driving-simulator
#11
Joshua Wade, Amy Weitlauf, Neill Broderick, Amy Swanson, Lian Zhang, Dayi Bian, Medha Sarkar, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), compared to typically-developed peers, may demonstrate behaviors that are counter to safe driving. The current work examines the use of a novel simulator in two separate studies. Study 1 demonstrates statistically significant performance differences between individuals with (N = 7) and without ASD (N = 7) with regards to the number of turning-related driving errors (p < 0.01). Study 2 shows that both the performance-based feedback group (N = 9) and combined performance- and gaze-sensitive feedback group (N = 8) achieved statistically significant reductions in driving errors following training (p < 0...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756549/a-scoping-review-of-health-disparities-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Amy J H Kind
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience increased morbidity and decreased life expectancy compared to the general population, and these disparities are likely exacerbated for those individuals who are otherwise disadvantaged. We conducted a review to ascertain what is known about health and health system quality (e.g., high quality care delivery, adequate care access) disparities in ASD. Nine studies met final inclusion criteria. Seven studies identified racial disparities in access to general medical services for children with ASD...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755035/brief-report-what-happens-when-i-can-no-longer-support-my-autistic-relative-worries-about-the-future-for-family-members-of-autistic-adults
#13
Renske Herrema, Deborah Garland, Malcolm Osborne, Mark Freeston, Emma Honey, Jacqui Rodgers
Very little is known about autism and adulthood. Family members are often the primary support for autistic adults and frequently express concerns about what the future will hold and what support will be available for their relative. 120 family members of autistic adults completed an online survey exploring concerns about the future for their relative. The most endorsed concerns were "their needs won't be met" (77% worried weekly), "whether they will be happy" (72% worried weekly) and "who will care for them" (58% worried weekly)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755034/proneness-to-self-conscious-emotions-in-adults-with-and-without-autism-traits
#14
Denise Davidson, Sandra B Vanegas, Elizabeth Hilvert
Self-conscious emotions, such as shame, guilt and pride, facilitate our social interactions by motivating us to adhere to social norms and external standards. In this study, we examined proneness to shame, guilt, hubristic pride and authentic pride in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder traits (ASD-T) and in neurotypical (NT) adults. Relations between proneness to self-conscious emotions and theory of mind (ToM), fear of negative evaluation, and social functioning were also assessed. Adults with ASD-T showed greater proneness to shame, and less proneness to guilt and pride than NT adults...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755033/the-actions-and-feelings-questionnaire-in-autism-and-typically-developed-adults
#15
Justin H G Williams, Isobel M Cameron
Impaired motor cognition may underpin empathy problems in autism. The actions and feelings questionnaire (AFQ), designed to examine individual differences in motor cognition, was completed fully by 1391 adults, of whom 326 reported a diagnosis of an autism spectrum condition (ASC). A confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3 factor model. The AFQ total and 'feelings' subscale scores correlated highly with the EQ and ROC curves were similar. Our findings suggest that individual differences in empathic traits are heavily accounted for by variance in mechanisms that serve sensorimotor learning (motor cognition) in relation to emotional states...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755032/diagnosing-asd-in-adults-without-id-accuracy-of-the-ados-2-and-the-adi-r
#16
Laura Fusar-Poli, Natascia Brondino, Matteo Rocchetti, Cristina Panisi, Umberto Provenzani, Stefano Damiani, Pierluigi Politi
Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adulthood often represents a challenge in clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the ADOS and ADI-R in diagnosing ASD in adults. 113 subjects with an IQ of 70 or above were assessed through an extensive clinical evaluation. The ADOS-2 Module 4 and the ADI-R were separately administered by staff members blind to clinical judgment. Our results cautiously confirm the accuracy of ADOS-2 Module 4, while suggest that ADI-R might not be reliable in adults without intellectual disability...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748335/the-broader-autism-phenotype-in-mothers-is-associated-with-increased-discordance-between-maternal-reported-and-clinician-observed-instruments-that-measure-child-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Eric Rubenstein, Rebecca Edmondson Pretzel, Gayle C Windham, Laura A Schieve, Lisa D Wiggins, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Andrew F Olshan, Annie G Howard, Brian W Pence, Lisa Young, Julie Daniels
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis relies on parent-reported and clinician-observed instruments. Sometimes, results between these instruments disagree. The broader autism phenotype (BAP) in parent-reporters may be associated with discordance. Study to Explore Early Development data (N = 712) were used to address whether mothers with BAP and children with ASD or non-ASD developmental disabilities were more likely than mothers without BAP to 'over-' or 'under-report' child ASD on ASD screeners or interviews compared with clinician observation or overall impression...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748334/effect-of-omega-3-and-6-supplementation-on-language-in-preterm-toddlers-exhibiting-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms
#18
Kelly W Sheppard, Kelly M Boone, Barbara Gracious, Mark A Klebanoff, Lynette K Rogers, Joseph Rausch, Christopher Bartlett, Daniel L Coury, Sarah A Keim
Delayed language development may be an early indicator of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Early intervention is critical for children with ASD, and the present study presents pilot data on a clinical trial of omega-3 and -6 fatty acid supplementation and language development, a secondary trial outcome, in children at risk for ASD. We randomized 31 children to receive an omega-3 and -6 supplement or a placebo for 3 months, and measured their language abilities at baseline and after supplementation. Gesture use, but not word production, increased for children in the treatment group more than children in the placebo group...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748333/evaluation-of-motor-skills-in-children-with-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#19
Jean René Cazalets, Emma Bestaven, Emilie Doat, Marie Pierre Baudier, Cécile Gallot, Anouck Amestoy, Manuel Bouvard, Etienne Guillaud, Isabelle Guillain, Emelyne Grech, Julien Van-Gils, Patricia Fergelot, Sonia Fraisse, Emmanuelle Taupiac, Benoit Arveiler, Didier Lacombe
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare genetic disease that associates intellectual disability with somatic characteristics. We have conducted a study of the overall motor abilities of RTS participants. Static postural performance as well as gait parameters were somewhat decreased, although not significantly compared to typically developing (TD) participants. In contrast, the motor skills requiring a high level of visuomotor coordination were considerably degraded in RTS participants compared to TD participants...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748332/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-associated-with-engagement-in-behavioral-health-treatment-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Lisa A Croen, Naomi Shankute, Meghan Davignon, Maria L Massolo, Cathleen Yoshida
This study investigates demographic and clinical factors associated with initiation, continuation, and adherence to behavioral health treatment (BHT) among children with autism spectrum disorder. Among 293 insured children referred for applied behavior analysis (ABA) based BHT, 23% never initiated treatment. Among those initiating treatment, 31% discontinued treatment within 1 year of treatment initiation, and only 15% received 80% or more of recommended treatment hours. Younger age at referral to treatment, private health insurance, and receiving more than 10 h/week of BHT were associated with treatment engagement...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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