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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303420/aging-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-the-comorbidities-and-behavioral-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-adults-with-asd
#1
Elizabeth A Wise, Marcia D Smith, Peter V Rabins
Little is known about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in persons over age 50. In a retrospective, naturalistic review of 74 individuals aged 30 and older meeting DSM-5 criteria for ASD, the point prevalence of behavioral and neuropsychiatric symptoms (BNPS) declined significantly for 12 of 13 BNPS over a mean of 25 years while many other features of ASD remained stable. GI disorders (68.9%) and seizure disorders (23%) were common, and 25.7% of the sample had a BMI >30. Females were more likely to engage in screaming (p < 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299510/psychosexual-functioning-of-cognitively-able-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-typically-developing-peers-the-development-and-testing-of-the-teen-transition-inventory-a-self-and-parent-report-questionnaire-on-psychosexual-functioning
#2
Linda P Dekker, Esther J M van der Vegt, Jan van der Ende, Nouchka Tick, Anneke Louwerse, Athanasios Maras, Frank C Verhulst, Kirstin Greaves-Lord
To gain further insight into psychosexual functioning, including behaviors, intrapersonal and interpersonal aspects, in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), comprehensive, multi-informant measures are needed. This study describes (1) the development of a new measure of psychosexual functioning in both parent- and self-reports (Teen Transition Inventory; TTI) covering all three domains of psychosexual functioning (i.e. psychosexual socialization, psychosexual selfhood, and sexual/intimate behavior)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299509/symptom-recognition-and-diagnosis-of-cerebral-palsy-in-nepal
#3
Ritesh Thapa
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder of childhood. Parents recognized the symptoms of CP at mean age of 13 months. However there was a mean delay of going to a doctor by 23 months and the mean age of diagnosis was 5½ years. Less than half of the CP children were diagnosed by a pediatrician and were receiving treatment methods with weak evidence base of efficacy. Delay in recognition of symptoms and help seeking due to lack of awareness and access to proper medical care and prevalent false beliefs were the leading reason for late diagnosis of CP in Nepal and thus children loose valuable time for intervention in their early developmental stage...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293754/impact-of-a-teacher-as-coach-model-improving-paraprofessionals-fidelity-of-implementation-of-discrete-trial-training-for-students-with-moderate-to-severe-developmental-disabilities
#4
Rose A Mason, Alana G Schnitz, Howard P Wills, Raia Rosenbloom, Debra M Kamps, Darcey Bast
Ensuring educational progress for students with moderate-to-severe developmental disabilities requires exposure to well executed evidence-based practices. This necessitates that the special education workforce, including paraprofessionals, be well-trained. Yet evidence regarding effective training mechanisms for paraprofessionals is limited. A multiple baseline design across five teachers was used to evaluate the impact of online instructional modules and a Practice-Based Coaching (PBC) model with teacher-as-coach on their paraprofessionals' fidelity of discrete trial training (DTT)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289979/association-of-rigid-compulsive-behavior-with-functional-constipation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Sarah Marler, Bradley J Ferguson, Evon Batey Lee, Brittany Peters, Kent C Williams, Erin McDonnell, Eric A Macklin, Pat Levitt, Kara Gross Margolis, David Q Beversdorf, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
Based upon checklist data from the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network, we hypothesized that functional constipation (FC) would be associated with rigid-compulsive behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We used the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III to assess FC symptoms in 108 children with ASD. As hypothesized, FC was associated with parent ratings on the Repetitive Behavior Scales-Revised (RBS-R) Compulsive, Ritualistic, and Sameness subscales in the overall population...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286917/characterizing-sleep-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
S E Goldman, M L Alder, H J Burgess, B A Corbett, R Hundley, D Wofford, D B Fawkes, L Wang, M L Laudenslager, B A Malow
We studied 28 adolescents/young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 13 age/sex matched individuals of typical development (TD). Structured sleep histories, validated questionnaires, actigraphy (4 weeks), and salivary cortisol and melatonin (4 days each) were collected. Compared to those with TD, adolescents/young adults with ASD had longer sleep latencies and more difficulty going to bed and falling asleep. Morning cortisol, evening cortisol, and the morning-evening difference in cortisol did not differ by diagnosis (ASD vs...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283846/intervention-for-anxiety-and-problem-behavior-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#7
Lauren J Moskowitz, Caitlin E Walsh, Emile Mulder, Darlene Magito McLaughlin, Greg Hajcak, Edward G Carr, Jennifer R Zarcone
There is little research on the functional assessment and treatment of anxiety and related problem behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly those with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD). In a recent study, we evaluated a multimethod strategy for assessing anxiety in children with ASD and IDD (Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 118:419-434, 2013). In the present study, we developed treatments for the anxiety and associated problem behavior in these same children. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention package, incorporating individualized strategies from Positive Behavior Support and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283845/brief-report-biological-sound-processing-in-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#8
Melissa Lortie, Léa Proulx-Bégin, Dave Saint-Amour, Dominique Cousineau, Hugo Théoret, Jean-François Lepage
There is debate whether social impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are truly domain-specific, or if they reflect generalized deficits in lower-level cognitive processes. To solve this issue, we used auditory-evoked EEG responses to assess novelty detection (MMN component) and involuntary attentional orientation (P3 component) induced by socially-relevant, human-produced, biological sounds and acoustically-matched control stimuli in children with ASD and controls. Results show that early sensory and novelty processing of biological stimuli are preserved in ASD, but that automatic attentional orientation for biological sounds is markedly altered...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281129/autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-in-infants-with-fragile-x-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#9
Abigail L Hogan, Kelly E Caravella, Jordan Ezell, Lisa Rague, Kimberly Hills, Jane E Roberts
No studies to date have prospectively examined early autism spectrum disorder (ASD) markers in infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS), who are at elevated risk for ASD. This paper describes the developmental profiles of eight infants with FXS from 9 to 24 months of age. Four meet diagnostic criteria for ASD at 24 months of age, and four do not. Trends in these case studies suggest that early social-communicative deficits differentiate infants with and without later ASD diagnoses in ways that are similar to later-born siblings of children with ASD...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281128/editorial-2016-in-review
#10
EDITORIAL
Fred R Volkmar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275928/daily-couple-experiences-and-parent-affect-in-families-of-children-with-versus-without-autism
#11
Sigan L Hartley, Leann Smith DaWalt, Haley M Schultz
We examined daily couple experiences in 174 couples who had a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relative to 179 couples who had a child without disabilities and their same-day association with parent affect. Parents completed a 14-day daily diary in which they reported time with partner, partner support, partner closeness, and positive and negative couple interactions and level of positive and negative affect. One-way multivariate analyses of covariance and dyadic multilevel models were conducted. Parents of children with ASD reported less time with partner, lower partner closeness, and fewer positive couple interactions than the comparison group...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275927/measuring-theory-of-mind-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Neil Brewer, Robyn L Young, Emily Barnett
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)-the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions-undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's (Instructions for theory of mind story task, 1999) Strange Stories test. The final items discriminated IQ-matched adults with ASD from controls on the social but not the physical items...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275926/john-miller-decoding-dating-jessica-kingsley-london-2015-216-pp-19-95
#13
Fred R Volkmar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271179/brief-report-factors-influencing-healthcare-satisfaction-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Alan H Gerber, Carolyn E B McCormick, Todd P Levine, Eric M Morrow, Thomas F Anders, Stephen J Sheinkopf
The current study investigated healthcare satisfaction and factors related to satisfaction in 92 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Participants or their caregiver completed a survey about their experiences with primary care and specialty physicians. Respondents reported a high level of satisfaction with their healthcare. The only factor significantly associated with satisfaction was age, with participants under age 26 reporting significantly higher levels of satisfaction than participants above age 26...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265796/expressive-incoherence-and-alexithymia-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Andreia P Costa, Georges Steffgen, Andrea C Samson
Expressive incoherence can be implicated in socio-emotional communicative problems in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study examined expressive incoherence in 37 children with ASD and 41 typically developing (TD) children aged 3-13 years old during a frustration task. The role of alexithymia in expressive incoherence was also assessed. Compared to TD children, children with ASD had higher expressive incoherence, such as more neutral and positive emotion expressions during negative behaviors, but not in the expression of negative emotions during positive behaviors...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265795/brief-report-the-ados-calibrated-severity-score-best-measures-autism-diagnostic-symptom-severity-in-pre-school-children
#16
Lisa D Wiggins, Brian Barger, Eric Moody, Gnakub Soke, Juhi Pandey, Susan Levy
The severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often measured by co-occurring conditions, such as intellectual disability or language delay, rather than deficits in social interaction, and restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule calibrated severity score (ADOS CSS) was created to facilitate comparison of the diagnostic features of ASD independent of related conditions over time. We examined the relationship between the ADOS CSS, ADOS total score, and clinician rated degree of impairment (DOI) in the Study to Explore Early Development...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260182/brief-report-examining-executive-and-social-functioning-in-elementary-aged-children-with-autism
#17
Laura MacMullen Freeman, Jill Locke, Erin Rotheram-Fuller, David Mandell
There is a paucity of literature examining the relationship between executive and social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-three school-aged children with ASD participated. Executive functioning was measured using the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second Edition and Differential Ability Scales, Second Edition, and the teacher-rated Behavior Rating of Inventory of Executive Function. Independent assessors observed children's social functioning on the playground while children with ASD and their peers completed a survey to measure peer friendships and rejections...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258351/predicting-intentional-communication-in-preverbal-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Micheal Sandbank, Tiffany Woynaroski, Linda R Watson, Elizabeth Gardner, Bahar Keçeli Kaysili, Paul Yoder
Intentional communication has previously been identified as a value-added predictor of expressive language in preverbal preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. In the present study, we sought to identify value-added predictors of intentional communication. Of five theoretically-motivated putative predictors of intentional communication measured early in the study (at study entry and 4 months after), three had significant zero-order correlations with later intentional communication (12 months after study entry) and were thus added to a linear model that predicted later intentional communication scores controlling for initial intentional communication scores at study entry...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258350/an-italian-prospective-experience-on-the-association-between-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#19
Francesca Garofoli, Giuseppina Lombardi, Simona Orcesi, Camilla Pisoni, Iolanda Mazzucchelli, Micol Angelini, Umberto Balottin, Mauro Stronati
The aim of this retrospective study, with prospective data collection, was to correlate congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to define its prevalence. Seventy proven congenitally-infected infants, born between 2007 and 2012, were referred to our centre for CMV diagnosis and follow-up, which consisted of a consolidated protocol allowing an early evaluation of autism. We considered four children 2-year old, two of whom, at the age of 3, were diagnosed with ASD demonstrating a 2-3 fold higher prevalence (2...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258349/erratum-to-reactive-aggression-among-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Erja Pelkonen, Petri Juujärvi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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