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International Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825165/presumed-autoimmune-retinopathy-following-chickenpox-a-case-report
#1
Zak Prime, Jo Sims, Helen Danesh-Meyer
PURPOSE: To report a case of presumed autoimmune retinopathy in a patient who had been diagnosed with chickenpox immediately prior to symptom onset. METHOD: This is a retrospective case report with fundus autofluorescence and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: A 29-year-old immunocompetent man presented with a two-month history of photopsia and a bluish light predominantly in the left eye with onset immediately following a diagnosis of chickenpox...
August 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822031/advances-in-the-management-of-thyroid-eye-diseases-an-overview
#2
REVIEW
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid eye disease (TED) remains a notorious ailment for both patients and the treating ophthalmologists. Recent years have witnessed considerable research in the immunopathogenic mechanism of TED that has resulted in an expansion and modification of the available management options. AIM: Purpose of this review is to summarise the advances in the management of thyroid ophthalmopathy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A thorough literature search and of the past 10 years web search with words Thyroid ophthalmopathy, recent, advances...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822028/effect-of-diquafosol-tetrasodium-3-on-the-conjunctival-surface-and-clinical-findings-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-dry-eye
#3
Lian Cui, Ying Li, Hyo Seok Lee, Jee Myung Yang, Won Choi, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of diquafosol tetrasodium (DT) 3% on conjunctival impression cytologic findings in addition to clinical symptoms and signs after cataract surgery in patients with preexisting dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: Ninety-four eyes of 94 patients with DED who underwent uneventful cataract surgery were included. In total, 50 patients were treated with DT 3% (group A), while 44 patients were treated with sodium hyaluronate 0.1% (group B) postoperatively, along with topical antibiotics and steroids...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822026/corneal-thickness-residual-stromal-thickness-and-its-effect-on-opaque-bubble-layer-in-small-incision-lenticule-extraction
#4
Jiaonan Ma, Yan Wang, Liuyang Li, Jiamei Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the central corneal thickness (CCT) and residual stromal thickness (RST) on the formation of opaque bubble layer (OBL) during small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: A total of 345 eyes from Refractive Surgery Center database at Tianjin Eye Hospital that had been subjected to SMILE surgery and followed for 6 months were included in this study and divided into OBL and OBL-free groups. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data for all eyes were evaluated and analyzed using multivariate regression analysis...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819785/assessment-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-primary-retropupillary-fixation-of-iris-claw-intraocular-lenses-in-children-with-large-lens-subluxations
#5
Anju Rastogi, Apurva Goray, Prolima Thacker, Kamlesh, Babita
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether retropupillary fixation of the iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) is a safe and effective treatment option in children with large lens subluxations. METHODS: Fourteen eyes of children between the ages of 8-17 years with lens subluxations more than 7 clock hours underwent pars plana lensectomy-vitrectomy with implantation of the iris-claw IOL in the retropupillary position as a primary procedure. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal endothelial count (EC) and the lens position using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) were assessed pre- and postoperatively...
August 17, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815393/pattern-noise-pano-a-new-automated-functional-glaucoma-test
#6
Sylvain El-Khoury, Thomas Hannen, Diana Carmen Dragnea, Faustin Ngounou, Paul-Rolf Preußner
PURPOSE: To present a newly developed visual field device (pattern noise: PANO) designed to be sensitive to glaucoma defects, cost-effective, material-practical and easy to repair and therefore particularly suited for low-income countries, where glaucoma can be highly prevalent (e.g. sub-Saharan Africa). METHODS: This is primarily a descriptive paper, but it also includes a prospective matched case-control pilot study. Hardware, stimulus, target configuration, testing strategy and result sheet are described...
August 16, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803418/clinical-results-after-microincision-biaxial-cataract-surgery-and-implantation-of-an-incise-intraocular-lens
#7
Wojciech Lubiński, Marta Kirkiewicz, Karolina Podborączyńska-Jodko
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes after uncomplicated microincision biaxial cataract surgery and implantation of Incise intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: This study included 47 eyes of 29 patients (mean age 62.2 ± 8.6 years), who underwent 1.4-mm biaxial cataract surgery with implantation of the Incise IOL (Bausch and Lomb). At third month, surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) was calculated. Three, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corrected near visual acuity (CNVA) LogMAR ETDRS, spherical equivalent refraction (SER), photopic distance corrected contrast sensitivity (CS) with and without glare (85 cd/m(2)) (CSV-1000) were assessed...
August 12, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803395/isolated-severe-microblepharon-in-a-neonate-a-rare-case
#8
Rachna Meel, Saranya Devi, Anita Ganger, Manasa S, Neelam Pushker
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of isolated severe microblepharon in a neonate. METHODS: A 27 days old male child was brought by parents with redness, photophobia and discharge for two weeks. Thorough ophthalmological and systemic examination was performed. RESULTS: The diagnosis of isolated severe microblepharon with infectious keratitis was made. After the appropriate management of infectious keratitis and achieving complete resolution, the child was subjected to bilateral lid reconstruction was done in the form of upper lid skin grafting and tarsorrhaphy and the patient is being followed up...
August 12, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801741/scleral-suture-fixation-technique-for-dislocated-plate-haptic-toric-iol
#9
Remzi Karadag, Bahar Gunes, Veysel Aykut, Halit Oguz, Ahmet Demirok
Purpose We describe a scleral suture fixation technique for dislocated plate haptic toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Materials and methods A double-armed 10-0 straight polypropylene suture was passed into the eye from the sclera (2 mm away from the limbus). A suture needle was passed through the hole on the corner of the IOL and pulled out from the paracentesis with a 27-gauge needle. Afterward, the suture needle was reinserted from the same paracentesis and then removed from the eye with the help of a 27-gauge needle entering the eye from a nearby point to the first scleral entrance...
August 11, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801700/evaluation-of-the-learning-curve-of-non-penetrating-glaucoma-surgery
#10
Fatih Aslan, Berna Yuce, Zafer Oztas, Halil Ates
PURPOSE: To evaluate the learning curve of non-penetrating glaucoma surgery (NPGS). METHODS: The study included 32 eyes of 27 patients' (20 male and 7 female) with medically uncontrolled glaucoma. Non-penetrating glaucoma surgeries performed by trainees under control of an experienced surgeon between 2005 and 2007 at our tertiary referral hospital were evaluated. Residents were separated into two groups. Humanistic training model applied to the one in the first group, he studied with experimental models before performing NPGS...
August 11, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799080/visual-acuity-and-corneal-higher-order-aberrations-after-ex-press-or-trabeculectomy-and-the-determination-of-associated-factors-that-influence-visual-function
#11
Nobuko Kobayashi, Kazuyuki Hirooka, Eri Nitta, Kaori Ukegawa, Akitaka Tsujikawa
PURPOSE: This study investigated postoperative visual acuity and corneal higher-order aberrations following EX-PRESS or trabeculectomy. METHODS: Out of 56 eyes of 56 patients analyzed, 30 eyes were treated using trabeculectomy, while 26 eyes were treated with EX-PRESS. Visual acuity and corneal higher-order aberrations were analyzed in both groups before and at 2 weeks, 1, 2, and 3 months after the surgeries. Risk factors that could potentially influence corneal higher-order aberrations were evaluated...
August 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798995/splenic-tuberculosis-and-multifocal-serpiginoid-choroiditis
#12
Pradeep Kumar, Prateek Kakkar, Raghav Ravani, R Karthikeya, Atul Kumar
Serpiginoid multifocal choroiditis is a distinct morphological identity with a reported causal association with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report a case of serpiginoid multifocal choroiditis in a 17-year-old boy who was suffering from isolated splenic tuberculosis. He was treated with systemic steroids along with anti-tubercular treatment with good visual recovery. This case was unique as no other organs except spleen and choroid showed tubercular involvement. We hereby emphasize association of extrapulmonary sites with multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis and propose a thorough investigation for primary to be included in routine protocol of choroiditis workup...
August 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795246/bilateral-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome
#13
Chiara Veronese, Chiara Maiolo, Mariachiara Morara, Grayson W Armstrong, Antonio P Ciardella
PURPOSE: To present a single case of bilateral multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS). METHODS: A single case with three months of follow-up using imaging studies including fundus color photography (FP), fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), en face SD-OCT and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is presented. RESULTS: The patient presented with bilateral MEWDS, ultimately with complete resolution of symptoms...
August 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785876/comparative-proteome-analysis-of-the-tear-samples-in-patients-with-low-grade-keratoconus
#14
Fatih Yenihayat, Özgül Altıntaş, Murat Kasap, Gürler Akpınar, Nil Güzel, Onur Sinan Çelik
PURPOSE: To elucidate the metabolic processes playing roles in the formation of keratoconus (KC). METHODS: Tears samples were collected using capillary glass tubes without stimulation and without prior anesthesia from 17 patients and 16 controls. Proteomic analysis by fluorescent 2D gel electrophoresis (DIGE) coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF was performed. The identified proteins that were differentially regulated were subjected to Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). Corneal topography analyses with Sirius topography system (Costruzioni Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy) were performed on all participants...
August 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785875/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-daily-activities-on-intraocular-pressure-in-healthy-people-is-the-20%C3%A2-mmhg-border-safe
#15
Gonen Baser, Eyyup Karahan, Sinan Bilgin, Ugur Unsal
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) variations during daily activities such as reading, speaking and carrying in regard to investigating whether an elevation or decrease exists. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 healthy subjects were evaluated. The IOP was measured in relaxation and after reading, speaking and carrying a shopping bag for 5 min on different days, respectively. The subjects rested for 15 min between the activities...
August 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780619/evaluation-of-optic-disc-retinal-nerve-fiber-and-macular-ganglion-cell-layers-in-pediatric-diabetes
#16
Evre Pekel, Selda Ayça Altıncık, Gökhan Pekel
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare optic disc parameters, retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell layers between children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus (type 1) and healthy controls. METHODS: Sixty-three eyes of 63 pediatric diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy and 44 eyes of 44 healthy controls were included in this cross-sectional and comparative study. Diabetic and control groups were similar in the aspect of age, gender and refractive error...
August 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780618/upregulated-irak1-and-irak4-promoting-the-production-of-ifn-%C3%AE-and-il-17-in-behcet-s-disease
#17
Min Sun, Peizeng Yang, Yan Yang, Jian Ye
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression and function of IRAK1 and IRAK4 involved in the development of Behcet's disease. METHODS: Twenty-eight Behcet's patients and thirty-two normal subjects were involved in this study. The mRNA levels of IRAK1 and IRAK4 from active Behcet's patients, inactive Behcet's patients and normal controls were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. CD4(+)T cells were extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of active Behcet's patients and normal controls...
August 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780617/the-association-of-helicobacter-pylori-with-choroidal-and-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness
#18
Mehmet Erol Can, Fatma Efe Kaplan, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Mustafa Cagri Ergun, Mustafa Koc, Gülcin Simsek
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on choroidal thickness (CT) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT). METHODS: The study included 25 patients with H. pylori infection and 25 healthy individuals as the control group. Helicobacter pylori patients were classified as the pre-treatment (Group 1; n: 25) and the post-treatment (Group 2; n: 25). RNFLT and CT were measured before and after treatment of H. pylori infection, using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
August 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780616/the-analysis-of-posterior-segment-findings-in-term-and-premature-infants-using-retcam-images
#19
Huseyin Gursoy, Mustafa Deger Bilgec, Nazmiye Erol, Hikmet Basmak, Ertugrul Colak
OBJECTIVE: To analyze posterior segment findings in term and premature infants using the RetCam image database. METHODS: RetCam images taken of infants born between January 2012 and December 2015 were reviewed. Group 1 included infants with posterior segment findings other than retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Group 2 included infants with mild-to-severe ROP. The baseline characteristics, anterior segment findings, and percentage of infants who received treatment were compared among the 2 groups...
August 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779271/choriocapillaris-alterations-in-the-presence-of-reticular-pseudodrusen-compared-to-drusen-study-based-on-octa-findings
#20
Irini Chatziralli, George Theodossiadis, Dimitrios Panagiotidis, Paraskevi Pousoulidi, Panagiotis Theodossiadis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the qualitative changes of choriocapillaris in the presence of reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) and compare them with conventional small drusen due to dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). PROCEDURES: Participants in this study were 59 patients with non-neovascular AMD, presenting either RPD (23 patients) or drusen (36 patients) of similar size. All patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography...
August 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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