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International Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233223/retinal-arteriolar-macroaneurysm-associated-with-congenital-retinal-macro-vessel
#1
LETTER
Vinod Kumar, Neha Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233222/bilateral-optic-disc-pathologies-as-an-accompanying-feature-of-comitant-strabismus-in-children
#2
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Sekeroglu, Irem Koc, Ali Sefik Sanac
PURPOSE: To describe and report accompanying bilateral optic disc pathologies in children with comitant strabismus. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients (16 female, 12 male) aged between 1 and 12 years who had comitant strabismus and bilateral optic disc pathologies were included in the study. Visual acuity, refractive errors, amount of deviation and types of optic disc pathologies were all recorded. Each patient underwent complete neurological and ophthalmological examination...
February 23, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229322/endoscopic-features-of-lacrimal-sac-in-a-case-of-lichen-planus
#3
Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224303/conjunctival-cytologic-features-in-patients-with-unilateral-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#4
Nilay Yuksel, Melek Mutlu, Aydan Kilicarslan, Emine Akcay
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cytologic features of conjunctival epithelium in patients with unilateral primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) using impression cytology. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with unilateral PANDO for at least 1 year were enrolled in this study. The healthy eyes of the patients are assessed as control group. All patients were subjected to ophthalmic surface examination with conjunctival impression cytology analysis. Squamous metaplasia and goblet cell density were graded according to Nelson grading system...
February 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224302/retinal-cavernous-haemangioma-treated-by-proton-beam-therapy
#5
Amir Mahdjoubi, Rémi Dendale, Livia Lumbroso-Le Rouic, Laurence Desjardins, Nathalie Cassoux
As one of intraocular tumours, retinal cavernous haemangioma is a benign vascular lesion that is mostly unilateral. Very few cases about cavernous haemangioma treatment are reported, and there is currently no consensus on the most effective treatment. This clinical case reports on a 40-year-old male, presenting a peripheral retinal cavernous haemangioma, complicated with a repetitive vitreous haemorrhage causing bad vision. Several therapeutic methods were unsuccessfully attempted to stop haemorrhagic recurrences...
February 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224301/surgical-outcomes-of-perforated-and-unperforated-corneal-descemetocele
#6
Evin Singar Ozdemir, Ayse Burcu, Zuleyha Yalnız Akkaya, Firdevs Ornek
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in perforated and non-perforated corneal descemetocele. METHOD: In this study, we retrospectively examined 48 eyes of 48 patients operated with AMT, and 32 eyes of 32 patients operated with PK for perforated and non-perforated descemetocele. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to age, sex, laterality, follow-up duration, cause of descemetocele, and localization (p > 0...
February 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220378/glaucoma-and-driving-are-we-documenting-driving-status-and-advising-patients-with-glaucoma-appropriately-about-their-driving
#7
Amun Sachdev, Mazen Tahhan, Velota Ching Tak Sung
PURPOSE: Guidelines from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) in the UK state that patients with bilateral glaucomatous visual field defects must stop driving unless confirmed able to meet minimum visual field requirements. Guidelines from the Royal College of Ophthalmologists state that ophthalmologists must consider driving status in every consultation, provide appropriate information if visual problems may affect driving and document any advice that has been given. The authors aimed to investigate whether in glaucoma clinics: (1) driving status is being documented, (2) appropriate patients have been advised to inform DVLA and (3) there is documentation that this advice was provided...
February 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204988/outcome-of-solid-state-532%C3%A2-nm-green-laser-in-high-risk-retinopathy-of-prematurity-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#8
Kanika Chhabra, Prempal Kaur, Karamjit Singh, Anand Aggarwal, Dharamvir Chalia
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the outcome of solid-state green laser in high-risk retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at a tertiary centre in India. METHODS: Fifty-nine eyes of 30 infants with high-risk ROP were recruited in this prospective, interventional study. High-risk ROP included prethreshold type 1 ROP and APROP. Laser photocoagulation was performed with 532 nm solid-state green laser (Novus Spectra, Lumenis, GmbH, Germany). RESULTS: Of the 30 infants, 18 were males (60%) and 12 were females (40%)...
February 15, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204987/the-effects-of-topical-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitor-in-treatment-of-nystagmus
#9
Ebru Demet Aygit, Osman Bulut Ocak, Aslı İnal, Korhan Fazıl, Serpil Akar, Birsen Gokyigit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (CAI), brinzolamide (Azopt), for treatment of nystagmus patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who used Brinzolamide for treatment of nystagmus were retrospectively analyzed. 23 patients were included in this study. The patients' diagnosis were idiopathic infantile nystagmus 18 (78.2%) and oculocutaneous albinism in 5 (21.8%). Azopt eye drop was used in both eyes, 3 times a day. Detailed eye examination in all of the patients before treatment and repeated at the end of the first week after treatment...
February 15, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197814/choroidal-thickness-changes-determined-by-edi-oct-on-acute-anterior-uveitis-in-patients-with-hla-b27-positive-ankylosing-spondylitis
#10
Berna Basarir, Ugur Celik, Cigdem Altan, Nimet Burcu Celik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the choroidal thickness on acute anterior uveitis in patients with HLA-B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: In this study, 32 eyes of 16 HLA-B27 positive AS patients with anterior uveitis and age-matched 19 eyes for control group were analyzed between January 2014 and April 2015. Assessment criteria were uveitis activity, visual acuity, flare existence, subfoveal choroidal thickness and central macular thickness measurements. RESULTS: The mean subfoveal choroidal thicknesses in affected eye group (Group 1), unaffected eye group (Group 2) and control group (Group 3) were 348...
February 14, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194551/changes-in-choroidal-thickness-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Zaigen Ohara, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Shunsuke Nakakura, Yuki Yoshizumi, Hitomi Sumino, Yukiko Maeda, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
PURPOSE: To investigate the changes in choroidal thickness (ChT) following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and compare ChT in relation to DR severity. METHODS: Thirty-two eyes [19 eyes with proliferative DR (PDR) and 13 eyes with severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR)] for which PRP was necessary were analyzed. ChT was measured before PRP and at 1, 3, and 6 months after PRP using the swept-source optical coherence tomography. ChT of the 61 eyes matched with the PDR patients for the mean age and axial length was also measured and statistically compared in relation to severity...
February 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185180/primary-iris-claw-iol-retrofixation-with-intravitreal-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-cases-of-inadequate-capsular-support
#12
Aditya Kelkar, Rachana Shah, Viraj Vasavda, Jai Kelkar, Shreekant Kelkar
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes and analyze complication rates following primary iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. METHODS: This is a retrospective interventional case series. Patients with poor capsular support-diagnosed preoperatively or owing to intraoperative complications-were treated with iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. The data were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: 104 eyes of 102 patients with poor capsular support who underwent the procedure between 2010 and 2013 were analyzed...
February 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181061/changing-trend-in-referral-to-secondary-care-specialist-thyroid-eye-disease-clinic-following-the-amsterdam-declaration
#13
Annika S Quinn, Leticia R Dujardin, Bridget Knight, James Benzimra, Anthony G Quinn, Bijay Vaidya
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis and treatment of thyroid eye disease (TED) improves outcomes. Previous studies have highlighted delays in diagnosis and referral to specialist centres. The Amsterdam declaration (2009) aimed to halve the time from presentation to diagnosis and from diagnosis to referral to a specialist centre in five years. A recent study from the European group on Graves' orbitopathy tertiary centres showed a trend for earlier referral of patients to the centres. It is unknown whether similar improvements are occurring in secondary care hospitals in the UK...
February 8, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176171/comparison-of-efficacy-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-between-non-vitrectomized-and-vitrectomized-eyes-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#14
Yen-Yi Chen, Pei-Ying Chen, Fang-Ting Chen, Yun-Ju Chen, Jia-Kang Wang
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab between non-vitrectomized and vitrectomized eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, nonrandomized, and comparative study. METHODS: From May 2013 to March 2016, 148 eyes of 148 patients with treatment-naïve center-involving DME were reviewed in one institution. Forty-six eyes underwent prior vitrectomy at least 3 months ago, and 102 eyes did not receive any vitrectomy...
February 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176170/suturing-repair-of-subtotal-iridodialysis
#15
Yoko Okamoto, Shogo Yamada, Masayuki Akimoto
PURPOSE: To report a case of subtotal iridodialysis that was repaired using suturing with the assistance of a guide needle. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 52-year-old man had subtotal iridodialysis of approximately 300° with massive hyphema and vitreous hemorrhage after blunt trauma. The patient was treated with pars plana vitrectomy, and then suturing repair of iridodialysis was performed. RESULTS: After the surgeries, the ratio of pupil area to corneal area is improved from 82...
February 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168569/bilateral-acute-angle-closure-developing-due-to-use-of-ipratropium-bromide-and-salbutamol
#16
Mehmet Kola, Dilek Hacıoğlu, Hidayet Erdöl, Adem Türk
Acute angle closure can be seen as a side effect of some medications that can be used systemically. In this article, clinical characteristics of 54-year-old female patient who applied to our clinic with bilateral acute angle closure and has been received nebulized form of salbutamol and ipratropium bromide due to asthma for 4 days was evaluated. Right and left eye IOP were measured as 50 and 48 mmHg. IOP was reduced with anti-glaucomatous treatment. and peripheral iridectomy was done, and then the patient was discharged...
February 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168568/purtscher-like-retinopathy-associated-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#17
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Jonathan Smith, Stephen James Talks
PURPOSE: To describe a previously unreported case of Purtscher-like retinopathy secondary to severe acute renal failure associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. METHODS: This is a case report. RESULTS: A 31-year-old female presented with a week history of acute abdominal pain, vomiting and severe renal failure followed by a sudden onset of bilateral visual loss. Vision was hand movement in either eye with central scotoma. Ophthalmic examination demonstrated bilateral retinal thickening and whitening with intraretinal hemorrhages localized to the peripapillary area, consistent with the diagnosis of Purtscher-like retinopathy...
February 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168567/extended-targeted-retinal-photocoagulation-versus-conventional-pan-retinal-photocoagulation-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Homayoun Nikkhah, Hossein Ghazi, Mohammad Reza Razzaghi, Saeed Karimi, Alireza Ramezani, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical efficacy of extended targeted retinal photocoagulation (ETRP) compared to conventional panretinal photocoagulation (CPRP) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: In a single-masked randomized clinical trial, 270 eyes of 234 patients with naïve early or high-risk PDR were randomly assigned to receive either CPRP or ETRP (135 eyes, each treatment arm). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, fundus examination, wide-field fluorescein angiography (WFFA) and optical coherence tomography were carried out before and 3 months after retinal photocoagulation...
February 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161802/influence-of-across-pupil-sutures-on-the-optical-quality-of-intraocular-lenses
#19
Chang Rae Rho, Min-Ji Kim, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: In cases of pupillary capture after previous transscleral fixation of an intraocular lens (IOL), an across-pupil suture technique is sometimes used to stabilize the IOL. We investigated the optical effects of 10-0 polypropylene sutures placed across the pupil. METHODS: Optical performance was evaluated using the optical bench metrology system, and a single-piece IOL was used in an optical bench system consisting of a model eye, a high-resolution Hartmann-Shack wave front sensor, and an image capturing device with 2...
February 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160192/study-of-aqueous-cytokines-in-patients-with-different-patterns-of-diabetic-macular-edema-based-on-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Mita Saha, Abhik Sinha
PURPOSE: To compare aqueous angiogenic and inflammatory cytokine concentrations in different patterns of diabetic macular edema (DME) based on optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted between July 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016, for 9 months. Aqueous samples were obtained from 52 consecutive DME patients and 16 controls. DME patients were divided according to OCT patterns into diffuse retinal thickening (DRT; n = 17), cystoid macular edema (CME; n = 20) and serous retinal detachment (SRD; n = 15) groups...
February 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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