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International Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074420/efficacy-of-systemic-diclofenac%C3%A2-sodium-on%C3%A2-intravitreal-concentration
#1
Yunes Panahi, Mostafa Naderi, Khosrow Jadidi, Hadise Hoseini, Mojtaba Abrishami
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as an alternative, are replacing corticosteroids in ocular inflammatory diseases. Diclofenac has been used mainly topically, and recent focus has been on intravitreal delivery. Both of these methods have been shown to have complications in long-term application. PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of slow release oral diclofenac sodium on intravitreal concentration in experimental model of chemically injured eyes...
January 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070744/changes-in-patterns-of-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-northern-italy-analysis-of-990-consecutive-cases
#2
Cimino Luca, Aldigeri Raffaella, Marchi Sylvia, Mastrofilippo Valentina, Viscogliosi Fabiana, Coassin Marco, Soldani Annamaria, Savoldi Luisa, De Fanti Alessandro, Belloni Lucia, Zerbini Alessandro, Parmeggiani Maria, Chersich Matthew, Soriano Alessandra, Salvarani Carlo, Fontana Luigi
PURPOSE: The role of uveitis, an uncommon ocular disease, is often neglected in research and treatment of autoimmune conditions. The study described the spectrum of uveitis at a referral center in North Italy, and compared that to a previously published series of patients. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with uveitis diagnosed from 2013 to 2015 at the Immunology Eye Unit, Arcispedale S. M. Nuova-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. We examined patient characteristics, disease spectrum, and etiologies...
January 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064423/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-glaucoma-associated-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Usman Javaid, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition which includes leptomeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus, and ocular changes. SWS can lead to severe complications of anterior segment involving conjunctiva and eyelids, whereas posterior segment of the eye may also be affected by diffuse choroidal hemorrhages. This article was written with the objectives to determine the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glaucoma associated with this rare and challenging disorder...
January 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063100/efficacy-and-safety-of-adding-ripasudil-to-existing-treatment-regimens-for-reducing-intraocular-pressure
#4
Kenji Inoue, Ryoko Okayama, Minako Shiokawa, Kyoko Ishida, Goji Tomita
PURPOSE: Ripasudil accelerates aqueous humour drainage along the trabecular meshwork-Schlemm's canal route and has been approved for clinical use in Japan. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy and safety of adding ripasudil to existing treatment regimens to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma. METHODS: A total of 119 eyes from 119 subjects (61 men, 58 women) with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who had ripasudil added to their treatment regimens between December 2014 and June 2015 were included...
January 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063099/comparative-study-of-25-versus-20-gauge-pars-plana-capsulotomy-and-vitrectomy-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#5
Anju Rastogi, Manisha Mishra, Yashpal Goel, Prolima Thacker, Kamlesh
PURPOSE: To compare 25- and 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for the management of pediatric cataract. METHODS: 20 eyes of 15 patients were randomly divided into two groups to undergo pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy by either 25-gauge (group A) or 20-gauge (group B) PPV after lens aspiration and IOL implantation. The two groups were compared for total surgical time, time taken in doing pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy, and the size of posterior capsulotomy...
January 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058667/evaluation-of-high-risk-features-of-primary-enucleation-of-patients-with-retinoblastoma-in-a-tertiary-center-of-a-developing-country-in-the-era-of-intra-arterial-chemotherapy
#6
Funda Dikkaya, Ahmet Murat Sarıcı, Firuze Erbek, Tiraje Celkan, Mehmet Serhat Mangan, Övgü Aydın, Cuyan Demirkesen, Halit Pazarlı
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of high-risk histopathologic factors in Turkish children enucleated for retinoblastoma and to analyze the association between growth pattern, rosetta formation, tumor thickness, presence of necrosis, calcification, neovascularization, rate of mitosis, and high-risk histopathologic factors. METHODS: Pathology reports of 59 eyes who had received enucleation for retinoblastoma were reviewed retrospectively. The histopathologic data included presence of choroidal invasion, optic nerve invasion, scleral extension, tumor thickness, presence of necrosis, calcification, neovascularization, rosetta formation and lymphocyte infiltration, rate of mitosis, and growth pattern...
January 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054213/visual-outcome-and-refractive-status-in-first-3%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-preterm-infants-suffered-from-laser-treated-type-1-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-a-6-year-retrospective-review-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-hong-kong
#7
Julie Y C Lok, Wilson W K Yip, Abbie S W Luk, Joyce K Y Chin, Henry H W Lau, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To report the visual outcome and refractive status in first 3 years of age in preterm infants suffered from laser-treated Type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP): a 6-year review in Hong Kong DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODOLOGY: Clinical records of all infants suffered from Type 1 ROP who had undergone laser therapy between 2007 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Basic demographic data, serial changes of refractive error, visual acuity, severity of ROP and laser were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054212/assessing-posterior-ocular-structures-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-minor
#8
Hasan Basri Arifoglu, Bekir Kucuk, Necati Duru, Orhan Altunel, Ahmet Gulhan, Mustafa Ozen, Bilal Aygun, Mustafa Atas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of β-thalassemia minor on choroidal, macular, and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness. METHODS: To form the sample, we recruited 40 patients with β-thalassemia minor and 44 healthy participants. We used spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to take all measurements of ocular thickness, as well as measured intraocular pressure, axial length, and central corneal thickness. We later analyzed correlations of hemoglobin levels with ocular parameters...
January 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054211/management-of-sulcus-fixated-single-piece-intraocular-lens-induced-pigmentary-glaucoma-with-3-piece-iol-exchange
#9
Hossein Mohammad Rabie, Hamed Esfandiari, Mohammad Hassan Rikhtegar, Vahid Hekmat
PURPOSE: To describe our experience with exchanging sulcus-fixated single-piece intraocular lens (IOL) with 3-piece IOLs for management of pigmentary glaucoma. METHOD: In this retrospective study, records of patients who underwent sulcus-fixated single-piece IOL exchanged with 3-piece IOLs were retrieved, and demographic and baseline data of patients, type of IOL, pre- and post-IOL exchange BCVA, IOP, number of anti-glaucoma medications, and optic nerve head examination were documented...
January 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054210/total-resection-combined-with-osteotomy-is-more-effective-for-orbital-solitary-fibrous-tumor-excision-a-report-of-three-cases
#10
Katsuya Tanaka, Hiroki Yano, Hiroko Hayashi, Akiyoshi Hirano
A solitary fibrous tumor is a neoplasm generally arising from the mesothelial surfaces of the pleura and mesothelium. In this paper, we describe three cases of rare solitary fibrous tumors arising from the orbit and discuss the management of the tumors, including diagnosis and treatment. All three cases were treated by surgical resection and showed satisfactory aesthetic and functional results. For a definitive diagnosis, immunohistochemical staining for proteins such as vimentin, CD34 and bcl-2 and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining for identifying the morphological characteristics of spindle cell tumors with a partially storiform pattern and staghorn vessels are indispensable...
January 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050731/septo-optic-dysplasia
#11
Vinod Kumar, Anjana Karunakaran, Jineesh Valakada
A seven-month-old child with congenital poor vision was referred for evaluation. Fundus examination revealed bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia with disc macula distance of approximately ten disc diameters. Neuroimaging revealed finding consistent with septo-optic dysplasia.
January 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050730/factors-associated-with-corneal-epithelial-defects-after-pars-plana-vitrectomy
#12
Wei-Yu Chiang, Jong-Jer Lee, Hsi-Kung Kuo, Yi-Hao Chen, Chih-Hsin Chen, Yung-Jen Chen, Pei-Chang Wu, Yun-Wen Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors associated with corneal epithelial defects (CED) and delayed healing (exceeding 1 week) following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent PPV at a single center in Taiwan between 2011 and 2012. Medical records were reviewed, including demographic, underlying disease, surgical indication, operation parameters, and existence of CED. These data were statistically analyzed...
January 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050729/acute-lupus-choroidopathy-multimodal-imaging-and-differential-diagnosis-from-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#13
Murat Hasanreisoglu, Gokcen D Gulpinar Ikiz, Hamit Kucuk, Ozkan Varan, Sengul Ozdek
IMPORTANCE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a thoroughly examined multi-organ disease whose common ocular complications are also well documented. However, SLE choroidopathy, being a rare ocular complication, is needed to be better understood, in order to make the differential diagnosis from clinical conditions such as central serous chorioretinopathy and provide adequate prompt treatment. OBJECTIVE: To provide a clear understanding for the clinical course of SLE choroidopathy by the help of enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine angiography...
January 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044216/effects-of-age-and-gender-on-macular-thickness-in-healthy-subjects-using-spectral-optical-coherence-tomography-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy
#14
Mehmet Çubuk, Burcu Kasım, Yusuf Koçluk, Emine Alyamaç Sukgen
PURPOSE: To examine healthy subjects for normal macular thickness values and determine the effects of gender and age in a Turkish population, using spectral optical coherence tomography/scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (OCT/SLO). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Six hundred fourteen eyes of 307 subjects with no history of ocular diseases and normal ophthalmic examination were recruited in this cross-sectional, prospective study. The participants were divided into three groups based on age (between 20 and 29 years: group 1, between 30 and 39 years: group 2, between 40 and 49 years: group 3)...
January 2, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040851/impact-of-laser-pulse-duration-on-the-reduction-of-intraocular-pressure-during-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty
#15
Spela Stunf Pukl, Brigita Drnovšek-Olup
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal tension glaucoma (NTG) or ocular hypertension (OHT), when performed with laser pulse duration of 1 ns compared with standard 3-5 ns. METHODS: Bilateral SLT with a 532 nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser was conducted in 30 patients (60 eyes) with POAG (n = 5), NTG (n = 2) or OHT (n = 23)...
December 31, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039673/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-fluorescein-angiography-on-retinal-vessel-diameter-an-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#16
Metin Unlu, Duygu Gülmez Sevim, Cagatay Karaca, Bahadir Duzgun, Ayse Ozturk Oner, Ertugrul Mirza
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fluorescein angiography on retinal vessel diameter with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 81 eyes of 81 patients who were performed fluorescein angiography (FA) procedure were included. Retinal vessels were examined with the Spectral-domain OCT at baseline and immediately after FA procedure. A cube scan consisting of seven horizontal scans were placed at the inferior border of the disk to include the inferior temporal retinal vessels...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039672/two-cases-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma-a-diagnostic-challenge-the-supporting-role-of-multimodal-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma
#17
Mariachiara Morara, Federico Foschi, Chiara Veronese, Carlo Torrazza, Francesco Bacci, Vittorio Stefoni, P Antonio Ciardella
PURPOSE: To report two cases of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), which presented as intermediate and posterior uveitis. METHODS: Combined clinical assessment, multimodal imaging with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, brain magnetic resonance imaging and vitreous and retinal biopsy. Case 1 was a 48-year-old woman who complained of visual loss in her right eye secondary to a diffuse vitreous opacification and multiple chorioretinal lesions...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039671/ocular-acne-rosacea-in-tertiary-eye-center-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Huda A Al-Ghadeer
PURPOSE: To report the most common presenting signs and symptoms of ocular rosacea for timely diagnosis and management. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 23 patients with a diagnosis of acne rosacea or a non-specific diagnosis was performed at a tertiary eye hospital. Patients with lid changes such as recurrent blepharitis; meibomianitis; recurrent chalazia; facial skin change such as papules, telangiectatic blood vessels, and/or rhinophyma were included...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035499/treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-presumed-tubercular-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-eye-care-centre-in-singapore
#19
Leslie Ang, Aera Kee, Tun Hang Yeo, V G Dinesh, Su Ling Ho, Stephen C Teoh, Rupesh Agrawal
AIM: To report the clinical features and outcome of patients with presumed tubercular uveitis (TBU). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with presumed TBU at a tertiary referral eye care centre in Singapore between 2007 and 2012 was done. Main outcome measures were failure of complete resolution of uveitis or recurrence of inflammation. RESULTS: Fifty three patients with mean age of 44.18 ± 15.26 years with 54.72% being males were included...
December 29, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035498/accelerated-versus-conventional-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-patients-with-keratoconus-an-intrapatient-comparative-study
#20
Mohammad Mehdi Sadoughi, Bahram Einollahi, Alireza Baradaran-Rafii, Danial Roshandel, Hamidreza Hasani, Mehrdad Nazeri
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of the conventional and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus (KC). METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients with bilateral progressive KC were enrolled. In each patient, the fellow eyes were randomly assigned to the conventional CXL (3 mW/cm(2) for 30 min) or accelerated CXL (ACXL) (9 mW/cm(2) for 10 min) groups. Manifest refraction; uncorrected and corrected distant visual acuity; maximum and mean keratometry; corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor; endothelial cell density and morphology; central corneal thickness; and wavefront aberrations were measured before and 12 months after the CXL...
December 29, 2016: International Ophthalmology
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