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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30616409/gender-differences-in-research-productivity-among-academic-psychiatrists-in-canada
#1
Sarah Chauvin, Benoit H Mulsant, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Valerie H Taylor, Simone N Vigod
OBJECTIVES: Gender inequity in academic medicine persists despite increases in the number of women physicians. We sought to explore gender differences in research productivity for academic psychiatrists in Canada. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of the 3379 psychiatrists in all 17 university departments of psychiatry in Canada, research productivity, as measured by the h-index and number of publications, was compared between women and men using a negative log binomial regression model to generate relative rates (RRs), adjusted for career duration (aRR)...
January 7, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612450/the-impact-of-housing-first-on-criminal-justice-outcomes-among-homeless-people-with-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#2
Marichelle C Leclair, Félicia Deveaux, Laurence Roy, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Eric A Latimer, Anne G Crocker
OBJECTIVE: Housing First is increasingly put forward as an important component of a pragmatic plan to end homelessness. The literature evaluating the impact of Housing First on criminal justice involvement has not yet been systematically examined. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the impact of Housing First on criminal justice outcomes among homeless people with mental illness. METHOD: Five electronic databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science) were searched up until July 2018 for randomised and nonrandomised studies of Housing First among homeless people with a serious mental disorder...
January 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30602305/cannabis-use-for-medicinal-purposes-among-canadian-university-students
#3
Jacqueline M Smith, Joel Mader, Andrew C H Szeto, Amelia M Arria, Ken C Winters, T Chris R Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: The study sought to describe a Canadian sample of university students' medicinal use of cannabis, including prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD) and replacement of traditional treatments with cannabis. METHOD: A random sample of 4000 university students was asked to complete a cross-sectional web-based survey. The survey was completed by 2212 (average age 23.2 years, SD = 5.2 years), representing a 55.3% response rate. To be eligible, students had to be enrolled in a class on campus and were 18 years or older...
January 2, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30602296/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-kessler-psychological-distress-scale-k6-in-an-epidemiological-sample-of-canadian-youth
#4
Mark A Ferro
OBJECTIVE: This study (1) describes the distribution of Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) scores in an epidemiological sample of youth, (2) reports its item correlations and internal consistency reliability, (3) tests for measurement invariance by age (youth vs. adults) and sex, and (4) examines its predictive power for past-year psychiatric disorders. METHOD: Youth aged 15 to 19 years ( n = 2010) and adults aged 20 to 64 years ( n = 2010) from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health who completed the K6 were included...
January 2, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30602291/are-new-standards-for-assessing-and-managing-suicidal-patients-needed-in-canada
#5
Paul S Links, Rahel Eynan, Ravi Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30599763/incidence-and-management-of-clozapine-induced-myocarditis-in-a-large-tertiary-hospital
#6
Julia M Higgins, Cindy San, Gillian Lagnado, Doson Chua, Tamara Mihic
OBJECTIVE: Clozapine, an antipsychotic reserved for management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is associated with severe adverse effects, including myocarditis. This study aims to determine the incidence of clozapine-induced myocarditis at a large tertiary hospital compared to what is reported in the literature. METHODS: Medical records of adult patients admitted to psychiatry units receiving clozapine between January 1, 2010, and July 31, 2016, were retrospectively reviewed...
January 1, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30599762/comorbidity-patterns-of-psychiatric-conditions-in-canadian-armed-forces-personnel
#7
J Don Richardson, Amanda Thompson, Lisa King, Felicia Ketcheson, Philippe Shnaider, Cherie Armour, Kate St Cyr, Jitender Sareen, Jon D Elhai, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often accompanied by other mental health conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), substance misuse disorders, and anxiety disorders. The objective of the current study is to delineate classes of comorbidity and investigate predictors of comorbidity classes amongst a sample of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel. METHODS: Latent class analyses (LCAs) were applied to cross-sectional data obtained between April and August 2013 from a nationally representative random sample of 6700 CAF Regular Force personnel who deployed to the mission in Afghanistan...
January 1, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595044/the-mental-health-of-young-canadians-who-are-not-working-or-in-school
#8
Geneviève Gariépy, Srividya Iyer
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that youth who have a mental health problem are more likely to be NEET-not in education, employment, or training-but findings remain mixed, and evidence from Canada is limited. We examined this association across a range of mental and substance disorders in a representative sample of Canadian youth. METHOD: Data were from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health ( n = 5622; ages 15-29). The survey identified past-year mental (depression, bipolar, generalized anxiety) and substance (alcohol, cannabis, other drugs) disorders from a structured interview and included questions on suicidal ideation...
December 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595040/health-social-education-and-justice-outcomes-of-manitoba-first-nations-children-diagnosed-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-linked-administrative-data
#9
Marni Brownell, Jennifer E Enns, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Dan Chateau, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Deepa Singal, Leonard MacWilliam, Sally Longstaffe, Ab Chudley, Brenda Elias, Noralou Roos
OBJECTIVE: To examine health services, social services, education, and justice system outcomes among First Nations children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, health and social services, education, and justice data were linked with clinical records on First Nations (FN) individuals aged 1 to 25 and diagnosed with FASD between 1999 and 2010 ( n = 743). We compared the FN FASD group to non-FN individuals with FASD (non-FN FASD; n = 315) and to First Nations individuals (matched on age, sex, and income) not diagnosed with FASD (FN non-FASD; n = 2229)...
December 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595039/development-and-evaluation-of-a-recovery-college-fidelity-measure
#10
Rebecca Toney, Jane Knight, Kate Hamill, Anna Taylor, Claire Henderson, Adam Crowther, Sara Meddings, Skye Barbic, Helen Jennings, Kristian Pollock, Peter Bates, Julie Repper, Mike Slade
OBJECTIVE: Recovery Colleges are widespread, with little empirical research on their key components. This study aimed to characterize key components of Recovery Colleges and to develop and evaluate a developmental checklist and a quantitative fidelity measure. METHODS: Key components were identified through a systematized literature review, international expert consultation ( n = 77), and semistructured interviews with Recovery College managers across England ( n = 10)...
December 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545249/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-symptoms-in-fathers-of-children-aged-6-months-to-17-years-in-qu%C3%A3-bec
#11
Marie-Ève Clément, Véronique Menand, Geneviève Piché, Diane Dubeau
OBJECTIVES: In fathers, depression symptoms experienced during pregnancy and after childbirth represent a depression risk factor during the child first months. Since depression can have a huge impact on their subsequent involvement with the child, this issue is worrisome and requires consideration. Until now, however, few studies have dealt with paternal depression and its determinants beyond the perinatal period. METHOD: This study uses data from a representative provincial survey conducted with 1342 fathers of children aged 6 months to 17 years...
December 13, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30453771/persistent-depression-should-such-a-dsm-5-diagnostic-category-persist
#12
Gordon Parker, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419759/access-and-health-system-impact-of-an-early-intervention-treatment-program-for-emerging-adults-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#13
Kelly K Anderson, Ava John-Baptiste, Arlene G MacDougall, Lihua Li, Paul Kurdyak, Elizabeth A Osuch
OBJECTIVES: Early intervention programs are effective for improving outcomes in first-episode psychosis; however, less is known about their effectiveness for mood and anxiety disorders. We sought to evaluate the impact of an early intervention program for emerging adults with mood and anxiety disorders in the larger health system context, relative to standard care. METHODS: Using health administrative data, we constructed a retrospective cohort of cases of mood and anxiety disorders among emerging adults aged 16 to 25 years in the catchment of the First Episode Mood and Anxiety Program (FEMAP) in London, Ontario, between 2009 and 2014...
November 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384775/outcome-of-psychoanalytic-and-cognitive-behavioural-long-term-therapy-with-chronically-depressed-patients-a-controlled-trial-with-preferential-and-randomized-allocation
#14
Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber, Martin Hautzinger, Georg Fiedler, Wolfram Keller, Ulrich Bahrke, Lisa Kallenbach, Johannes Kaufhold, Mareike Ernst, Alexa Negele, Margerete Schoett, Helmut Küchenhoff, Felix Günther, Bernhard Rüger, Manfred Beutel
OBJECTIVE: For chronic depression, the effectiveness of brief psychotherapy has been limited. This study is the first comparing the effectiveness of long-term cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and long-term psychoanalytic therapy (PAT) of chronically depressed patients and the effects of preferential or randomized allocation. METHODS: A total of 252 adults met the inclusion criteria (aged 21-60 years, major depression, dysthymia, double depression for at least 24 months, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms [QIDS] >9, Beck Depression Inventory II [BDI] >17, informed consent, not meeting exclusion criteria)...
November 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380909/migrations-matrimoniales-facteurs-de-risque-en-sant%C3%A3-mentale
#15
Altay Manço, Ertugrul Tas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376365/the-2014-ontario-child-health-study-emotional-behavioural-scales-ochs-ebs-part-i-a-checklist-for-dimensional-measurement-of-selected-dsm-5-disorders
#16
Laura Duncan, Katholiki Georgiades, Li Wang, Jinette Comeau, Mark A Ferro, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett, Harriet L MacMillan, Ellen L Lipman, Magdalena Janus, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and psychometric properties of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) for dimensional measurement of 7 disorders based on criteria from the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5). METHODS: Scale items were selected by agreement among 19 child psychologists and psychiatrists rating the correspondence between item descriptions and DSM-5 symptoms...
October 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376363/the-2014-ontario-child-health-study-emotional-behavioural-scales-ochs-ebs-part-ii-psychometric-adequacy-for-categorical-measurement-of-selected-dsm-5-disorders
#17
Michael H Boyle, Laura Duncan, Katholiki Georgiades, Li Wang, Jinette Comeau, Mark A Ferro, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Peter Szatmari, Harriet L MacMillan, Kathryn Bennett, Magdalena Janus, Ellen L Lipman, Anna Kata
OBJECTIVES: To compare the reliability and convergent validity of parent assessments from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID -a structured diagnostic interview) and the Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) symptom checklist for classifying conduct disorder (CD), conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (CD-ODD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and separation anxiety disorder (SAD) based on DSM-5 criteria...
October 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373388/the-effect-of-age-of-initiation-of-cannabis-use-on-psychosis-depression-and-anxiety-among-youth-under-25-years
#18
Shera Hosseini, Mark Oremus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to review the current state of evidence on the association between age of initiation of cannabis use and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety among youth under 25 years of age. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published prior to March 2018 by searching OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the references of included studies. We included comparative studies (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional) that reported on cannabis use in persons <25 years of age (exposure) and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety (outcome)...
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373372/early-risk-factors-for-daily-cannabis-use-in-young-adults
#19
Erika Nicole Dugas, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Esthelle Ewusi-Boisvert, Michael Chaiton, Annie Montreuil, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Daily cannabis use can portend problematic use or dependence. We aimed to identify early risk factors for daily cannabis use in young adults. METHODS: Data were available in a longitudinal investigation of 1294 grade 7 students age 12 to 13 years at inception recruited in 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, in 1999. Data on daily cannabis use were collected in mailed self-report questionnaires from 878 participants (67.9% of 1294) at age 20. The associations between each of 23 potential risk factors measured in grade 7 and daily cannabis use at age 20 were modeled using logistic regression...
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370781/traffic-violations-among-young-people-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Mark A Ferro, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Evidence whether individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for traffic violations/collisions is mixed. This study investigated the association between ADHD and traffic violations among youth and young adults; examined whether this association differed by age, sex, or comorbid mental or physical problems; and modelled factors associated with traffic violations among individuals with ADHD. METHODS: Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH), a cross-sectional epidemiological study...
October 28, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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