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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668329/depressive-symptomatology-syndromal-depression-and-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-hand
#1
Karl Goodkin, Scott B Patten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668328/use-of-placebo-in-clinical-trials-of-psychotropic-medication
#2
Mehrul Hasnain, Abraham Rudnick, Weldon S Bonnell, Gary Remington, Raymond W Lam
This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Research Committee and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on March 31, 2017. The original position paper1 was developed by the Scientific and Research Council and approved by the Board of Directors on October 4, 1996.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630854/international-medical-graduates-in-psychiatry-cultural-issues-in-training-and-continuing-professional-development
#3
Laurence J Kirmayer, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Kenneth Po-Lun Fung, William P Fleisher, Ademola Adeponle, Venkat Bhat, Alpna Munshi, Soma Ganesan
A position paper developed by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Education Committee and approved by the CPA's Board of Directors on August 15, 2016.
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528720/patient-treatment-and-health-care-utilization-variables-associated-with-adherence-to-metabolic-monitoring-practices-in-children-and-adolescents-taking-second-generation-antipsychotics
#4
Mary Coughlin, Catherine Lindsay Goldie, Joan Tranmer, Sarosh Khalid-Khan, Deborah Tregunno
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with a range of psychiatric disorders are increasingly being prescribed atypical or second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). While SGAs are effective at treating conduct and behavioural symptoms, they infer significant cardiometabolic risk. This study aims to explore what patient, treatment, and health care utilization variables are associated with adherence to Canadian Alliance for Monitoring Effectiveness and Safety of Antipsychotics in Children (CAMESA) metabolic monitoring guidelines...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528719/youth-mental-health-should-be-a-top-priority-for-health-care-in-canada
#5
Ashok Malla, Jai Shah, Srividya Iyer, Patricia Boksa, Ridha Joober, Neil Andersson, Shalini Lal, Rebecca Fuhrer
In this article we have provided a perspective on the importance and value of youth mental health services for society and argued that advancing youth mental health services should be the number one priority of health services in Canada. Using the age period of 12-25 years for defining youth, we have provided justification for our position based on scientific evidence derived from clinical, epidemiological and neurodevelopmental studies. We have highlighted the early onset of most mental disorders and substance abuse as well as their persistence into later adulthood, the long delays experienced by most help seekers and the consequence of such delays for young people and for society in general...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513631/media-guidelines-for-reporting-on-suicide-2017-update-of-the-canadian-psychiatric-association-policy-paper
#6
Mark Sinyor, Ayal Schaffer, Marnin J Heisel, André Picard, Gavin Adamson, Christian P Cheung, Laurence Y Katz, Rakesh Jetly, Jitender Sareen
This paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Research Committee and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on May 3, 2017. The original policy paper1 was developed by the Scientific and Research Affairs Standing Committee and approved by the Board of Directors on November 10, 2008.
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513630/quality-review-in-psychiatry
#7
Jeffrey P Reiss, Sarah Jarmain, Kamini Vasudev
This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Professional Standards and Practice Committee and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on August 31, 2016. The original position paper1 was developed by the Professional Standards and Practice Council and approved by the Board of Directors on April 9, 1994.
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513629/death-by-suicide-among-canadian-medical-students-a-national-survey-based-study
#8
Rebecca Zivanovic, Janette McMillan, Chris Lovato, Christina Roston
OBJECTIVE: To estimate a rate of death by suicide in the Canadian medical student population and examine the prevalence of institutional response policies for suicide. METHODS: A survey was sent to all 17 Canadian medical undergraduate programs (MDUPs) to collect information on deaths by suicide over the past 10 years. In the case of a reported suicide, basic demographic data was collected. Respondents were asked to indicate whether internal statistics or response policies for suicide existed at their MDUP...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202664/suicide-attempts-and-completions-among-mothers-whose-children-were-taken-into-care-by-child-protection-services-a-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#9
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau, Deepa Singal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine suicide attempts and completions among mothers who had a child taken into care by child protection services (CPS). These mothers were compared with their biological sisters who did not have a child taken into care and with mothers who received services from CPS but did not have a child taken into care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of mothers whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada, between April 1, 1992, and March 31, 2015, is used...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121806/les-soins-m%C3%A3-dicaux-de-jeunes-hommes-et-de-jeunes-femmes-qui-d%C3%A3-c%C3%A3-dent-par-suicide
#10
Anne E Rhodes, Michael H Boyle, Jeffrey A Bridge, Mark Sinyor, Laurence Y Katz, Kathryn Bennett, Amanda S Newton, Paul S Links, Lil Tonmyr, Robin Skinner, Amy Cheung, Jennifer Bethell, Corine Carlisle
OBJECTIVE: Prior year medical care was compared among youth dying by suicide to their peers. Effect modification of these associations by age or place of residency (rural versus larger community sizes) was examined in a large, medically insured population. METHOD: This population-based case control study used data from the Office of the Chief Coroner in Ontario, Canada, linked to health care administrative data to examine associations between medical care for mental health or other reasons (versus no medical care) and suicide...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056088/comparison-of-vital-statistics-definitions-of-suicide-against-a-coroner-reference-standard-a-population-based-linkage-study
#11
Evgenia Gatov, Paul Kurdyak, Mark Sinyor, Laura Holder, Ayal Schaffer
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the utility of health administrative databases for population-based suicide surveillance, as these data are generally more accessible and more integrated with other data sources compared to coroners' records. METHOD: In this retrospective validation study, we identified all coroner-confirmed suicides between 2003 and 2012 in Ontario residents aged 21 and over and linked this information to Statistics Canada's vital statistics data set...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356612/gaps-in-psychiatric-training-could-challenge-delivery-of-optimal-schizophrenia-pharmacotherapy
#12
Anees Bahji, Neeraj Bajaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291622/temporal-trends-in-mental-health-service-utilization-across-outpatient-and-acute-care-sectors-a-population-based-study-from-2006-to-2014
#13
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Simone N Vigod, Abigail Amartey, Natasha R Saunders, Zhan Yao, Priscila Pequeno, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Although evidence suggests that treatment seeking for mental illness has increased over time, little is known about how the health system is meeting the increasing demand for services. We examined trends in physician-based mental health service use across multiple sectors. METHOD: In this population-based study, we used linked health-administrative databases to measure annual rates of mental health-related outpatient physician visits to family physicians and psychiatrists, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations in adults aged 16+ from 2006 to 2014...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216738/medical-assistance-in-dying-and-mental-health-a-legal-ethical-and-clinical-analysis
#14
Alexander I F Simpson
Medical assistance in dying (MAiD) legislation is now over a year old in Canada, and consideration is turning to whether MAiD should be extended to include serious mental illness as the sole qualifying condition for being eligible for MAiD. This article considers this question from ethical and clinical perspectives. It argues that extending the eligibility for MAiD to include those with a serious mental illness as the sole eligibility criterion is not ethical, necessary, or supported current psychiatric practice or opinion...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186973/exercise-for-cognitive-symptoms-in-depression-a-systematic-review-of-interventional-studies
#15
Meng Sun, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann, Damien Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of exercise on cognition in depression as well as the impact of potential moderators and intervention type. METHOD: Controlled and uncontrolled interventional studies that described an exercise intervention and cognitive outcomes in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) were included following a search of Pubmed, Ovid Medline, PsycInfo and Embase from inception to January 2017. Meta-analyses were conducted to calculate Hedges' g using a random-effects model...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129113/seclusion-and-restraint-the-voice-of-the-patient
#16
Kim J Masters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069981/variables-associated-with-the-subjective-experience-of-coercive-measures-in-psychiatric-inpatients-a-systematic-review
#17
Carlos Aguilera-Serrano, Jose Guzman-Parra, Juan A Garcia-Sanchez, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Fermin Mayoral-Cleries
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review presents evidence regarding factors that may influence the patient's subjective experience of an episode of mechanical restraint, seclusion, or forced administration of medication. METHOD: Two authors searched CINAHL, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and Psych-Info, considering published studies between 1 January 1992 and 1 February 2016. Based on the inclusion criteria and methodological quality, 34 studies were selected, reporting a total sample of 1,869 participants...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056085/patient-satisfaction-with-mental-health-services-based-on-andersen-s-behavioral-model
#18
Marilyn Fortin, Jean-Marie Bamvita, Marie-Josée Fleury
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to assess the satisfaction of adult patients who received mental health services (MHS) in healthcare networks staffed by multidisciplinary professionals and offering a range of MHS, and to identify variables associated with patient satisfaction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 325 patients with mental disorders (MDs) among 4 Quebec health service networks. Data were collected using 9 standardized instruments and participant medical records...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511595/presence-and-predictive-value-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#19
Mieke Klein Hofmeijer-Sevink, Neeltje M Batelaan, Harold J G M van Megen, Marcel A van den Hout, Brenda W Penninx, Anton J L M van Balkom, Danielle C Cath
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) co-occur frequently with anxiety and depressive disorders, but the nature of their relationship and their impact on severity of anxiety and depressive disorders is poorly understood. In a large sample of patients with anxiety and depressive disorders, we assessed the frequency of OCS, defined as a Young Adult Self-Report Scale-obsessive-compulsive symptoms score >7. The associations between OCS and severity of anxiety and/or depressive disorders were examined, and it was investigated whether OCS predict onset, relapse, and persistence of anxiety and depressive disorders...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788774/the-standardization-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-population-health
#20
Jasmine M Brown, Roger Bland, Egon Jonsson, Andrew J Greenshaw
OBJECTIVE: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable disorder caused by maternal alcohol consumption and marked by a range of physical and mental disabilities. Although recognized by the scientific and medical community as a clinical disorder, no internationally standardized diagnostic tool yet exists for FASD. METHODS AND RESULTS: This review seeks to analyse the discrepancies in existing diagnostic tools for FASD, and the repercussions these differences have on research, public health, and government policy...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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