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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683228/effect-of-housing-first-on-suicidal-behaviour-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-homeless-adults-with-mental-disorders
#1
Joshua P Aquin, Leslie E Roos, Jino Distasio, Laurence Y Katz, Jimmy Bourque, James M Bolton, Shay-Lee Bolton, Jacquelyne Y Wong, Dan Chateau, Julian M Somers, Murray W Enns, Stephen W Hwang, James C Frankish, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine if Housing First (HF) decreased suicidal ideation and attempts compared to treatment as usual (TAU) amongst homeless persons with mental disorders, a population with a demonstrably high risk of suicidal behaviour. METHOD: The At Home/Chez Soi project is an unblinded, randomised control trial conducted across 5 Canadian cities (Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, Moncton) from 2009 to 2013. Homeless adults with a diagnosed major mental health disorder were recruited through community agencies and randomised to HF ( n = 1265) and TAU ( n = 990)...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683227/supervised-injectable-heroin-a-clinical-perspective
#2
James Bell, Rob van der Waal, John Strang
BACKGROUND: Six recent randomised control trials (RCTs) have suggested that supervised injectable heroin (SIH) can be effective in patients who persist in street heroin use during methadone treatment. However, short-term randomised control trials have limitations in assessing the effectiveness of treatments for addictive disorders, which are chronic and relapsing disorders of motivation. These RCTs particularly fail to capture the process of the SIH treatment and the diversity of influence and change over time...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683226/olanzapine-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Hubertus Himmerich, Katie Au, Julia Dornik, Jessica Bentley, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683225/book-review-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-poland-j-tekin-s-editors-cambridge-ma-mit-press-2017-327-p-us-50-cloth
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683224/canada-is-in-urgent-need-to-expand-opioid-agonist-treatment
#5
Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683223/homelessness-and-mental-health
#6
Scott B Patten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558256/-case-formulation-in-early-psychosis-what-are-the-tools-for-teamwork
#7
Philipp S Baumann, Julien Elowe, Nadir Mebdouhi, Alessandra Solida, Philippe Conus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525964/an-observational-study-of-suicide-death-in-homeless-and-precariously-housed-people-in-toronto
#8
Mark Sinyor, Nicole Kozloff, Catherine Reis, Ayal Schaffer
OBJECTIVE: Homelessness has been identified as an important risk factor for suicide death, but there is limited research characterising homeless people who die by suicide. The goal of this study is to identify personal, clinical, and suicide method-related factors that distinguish homeless and precariously housed people who die from suicide from those who are not homeless at the time of suicide. METHODS: Coroner records were reviewed for all suicide deaths in Toronto from 1998 to 2012...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525291/the-state-of-opioid-agonist-therapy-in-canada-20-years-after-federal-oversight
#9
Joseph K Eibl, Kristen Morin, Esa Leinonen, David C Marsh
Opioid agonist therapy was introduced in Canada in 1959 with the use of methadone for the treatment of opioid dependence. The regulation of methadone was the responsibility of Health Canada until 1995, when oversight was transferred to the provincial health systems. During the more than 20 years since the federal health authority transferred oversight of methadone to the provincial level, methadone programming has evolved differently in every province. The landscape of opioid dependence treatment is varied across the country, with generally increasing treatment capacity in all provinces and dramatic increases in some...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521111/the-role-of-gender-in-suicidal-ideation-among-long-term-opioid-users
#10
Kirsten Marchand, Heather Palis, Jill Fikowski, Scott Harrison, Patricia Spittal, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine factors associated with suicidal ideation among people with opioid dependence and to explore whether these factors are gender-specific. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected among long-term opioid-dependent individuals ( n = 176; 46.0% women). Lifetime histories of suicidal ideation were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and additional data were collected regarding sociodemographic characteristics, drug use, health, and adverse life events...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372467/the-2015-national-canadian-homeless-youth-survey-mental-health-and-addiction-findings
#11
Sean A Kidd, Stephen Gaetz, Bill O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to provide a representative description of the mental health of youth accessing homelessness services in Canada. It is the most extensive survey in this area to date and is intended to inform the development of mental health and addiction service and policy for this marginalized population. METHODS: This study reports mental health-related data from the 2015 "Leaving Home" national youth homelessness survey, which was administered through 57 agencies serving homeless youth in 42 communities across the country...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562094/cyberbullying-prevention-and-intervention-efforts-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#12
Dorothy L Espelage, Jun Sung Hong
Bullying is a serious public health concern that is associated with significant negative mental, social, and physical outcomes. Technological advances have increased adolescents' use of social media, and online communication platforms have exposed adolescents to another mode of bullying- cyberbullying. Prevention and intervention materials, from websites and tip sheets to classroom curriculum, have been developed to help youth, parents, and teachers address cyberbullying. While youth and parents are willing to disclose their experiences with bullying to their health care providers, these disclosures need to be taken seriously and handled in a caring manner...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562093/child-abuse-experiences-and-perceived-need-for-care-and-mental-health-service-use-among-members-of-the-canadian-armed-forces
#13
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Mark Zamorski, David Boulos, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse is associated with poor mental health outcomes in adulthood. However, little is known about how a history of child abuse may be related to perceived need for care (PNC) and mental health service use (MHSU) among Canadian military personnel. The objectives of this study were to determine 1) the relationship between child abuse history and PNC and 2) the relationship between child abuse history and MHSU in the Canadian military. METHOD: Data were drawn from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey ( n = 6692 Regular Force personnel between the ages of 18 and 60 years)...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562092/the-role-of-health-care-providers-in-cyberbullying
#14
Megan A Moreno, Tracy Vaillancourt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562091/cyberbullying-in-children-and-youth-implications-for-health-and-clinical-practice
#15
Tracy Vaillancourt, Robert Faris, Faye Mishna
We review the recent literature on cyberbullying and its effects on victimised youth, identifying key points. We conclude that cyberbullying, while following many of the underlying dynamics of more traditional forms of bullying, features some unique qualities that can both magnify the damage caused and make it more difficult to detect. These features include the pervasive, never-ending nature of cyberbullying and the ability to quickly reach large audiences. The potential for anonymity and the related distance afforded by screens and devices compared to in-person interaction allow the cruelty of cyberbullying to go unchecked...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562089/paving-the-way-to-change-for-youth-at-the-gap-between-child-and-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services
#16
Sabina Abidi
By 2020 mental illness will be one of the 5 most common illnesses causing morbidity, mortality and disability among youth. At least 20% of Canadian youth have a psychiatric disorder the impact of which can dramatically alter their life trajectory. Focus on the factors contributing to this problem is crucial. Lack of coordination between child and adolescent mental health systems (CAMHS) and adult mental health systems (AMHS) and consequent disruption of care during this vulnerable time of transition is one such factor...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388224/assessment-and-treatment-of-oppositional-behaviour-conduct-problems-and-aggression-in-children-and-adolescents-creation-and-dissemination-of-a-national-curriculum
#17
Tamara Pringsheim, Brendan Andrade, Asif Doja, Daniel A Gorman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355491/suicide-ideation-and-attempts-among-first-nations-peoples-living-on-reserve-in-canada-the-intergenerational-and-cumulative-effects-of-indian-residential-schools
#18
Robyn Jane McQuaid, Amy Bombay, Opal Arilla McInnis, Courtney Humeny, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates among Indigenous peoples in Canada are at least twice that of their non-Indigenous counterparts. Although contemporary stressors contribute to this increased risk, historical experiences such as the Indian Residential School (IRS) system may also have continuing links with the risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The current investigation examined the intergenerational and cumulative links between familial IRS attendance in relation to lifetime suicide ideation and attempts among First Nations adults living on-reserve...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#19
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103079/adhd-treatment-in-primary-care-demographic-factors-medication-trends-and-treatment-predictors
#20
Tanya S Hauck, Cindy Lau, Laura Li Foa Wing, Paul Kurdyak, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of youth with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Ontario, Canada, and to determine the predictors of psychotropic medication prescriptions in youth with ADHD. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart abstraction of more than 250 000 medical records from youth aged 1 to 24 years in a large geographical region in Ontario, Canada, linked to population-based health administrative data...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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