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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384775/outcome-of-psychoanalytic-and-cognitive-behavioural-long-term-therapy-with-chronically-depressed-patients-a-controlled-trial-with-preferential-and-randomized-allocation
#1
Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber, Martin Hautzinger, Georg Fiedler, Wolfram Keller, Ulrich Bahrke, Lisa Kallenbach, Johannes Kaufhold, Mareike Ernst, Alexa Negele, Margerete Schoett, Helmut Küchenhoff, Felix Günther, Bernhard Rüger, Manfred Beutel
OBJECTIVE: For chronic depression, the effectiveness of brief psychotherapy has been limited. This study is the first comparing the effectiveness of long-term cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and long-term psychoanalytic therapy (PAT) of chronically depressed patients and the effects of preferential or randomized allocation. METHODS: A total of 252 adults met the inclusion criteria (aged 21-60 years, major depression, dysthymia, double depression for at least 24 months, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms [QIDS] >9, Beck Depression Inventory II [BDI] >17, informed consent, not meeting exclusion criteria)...
November 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380909/migrations-matrimoniales-facteurs-de-risque-en-sant%C3%A3-mentale
#2
Altay Manço, Ertugrul Tas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376365/the-2014-ontario-child-health-study-emotional-behavioural-scales-ochs-ebs-part-i-a-checklist-for-dimensional-measurement-of-selected-dsm-5-disorders
#3
Laura Duncan, Katholiki Georgiades, Li Wang, Jinette Comeau, Mark A Ferro, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett, Harriet L MacMillan, Ellen L Lipman, Magdalena Janus, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and psychometric properties of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) for dimensional measurement of 7 disorders based on criteria from the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5). METHODS: Scale items were selected by agreement among 19 child psychologists and psychiatrists rating the correspondence between item descriptions and DSM-5 symptoms...
October 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376363/the-2014-ontario-child-health-study-emotional-behavioural-scales-ochs-ebs-part-ii-psychometric-adequacy-for-categorical-measurement-of-selected-dsm-5-disorders
#4
Michael H Boyle, Laura Duncan, Katholiki Georgiades, Li Wang, Jinette Comeau, Mark A Ferro, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Peter Szatmari, Harriet L MacMillan, Kathryn Bennett, Magdalena Janus, Ellen L Lipman, Anna Kata
OBJECTIVES: To compare the reliability and convergent validity of parent assessments from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID -a structured diagnostic interview) and the Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) symptom checklist for classifying conduct disorder (CD), conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (CD-ODD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and separation anxiety disorder (SAD) based on DSM-5 criteria...
October 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373388/the-effect-of-age-of-initiation-of-cannabis-use-on-psychosis-depression-and-anxiety-among-youth-under-25-years
#5
Shera Hosseini, Mark Oremus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to review the current state of evidence on the association between age of initiation of cannabis use and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety among youth under 25 years of age. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published prior to March 2018 by searching OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the references of included studies. We included comparative studies (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional) that reported on cannabis use in persons <25 years of age (exposure) and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety (outcome)...
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373372/early-risk-factors-for-daily-cannabis-use-in-young-adults
#6
Erika Nicole Dugas, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Esthelle Ewusi-Boisvert, Michael Chaiton, Annie Montreuil, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Daily cannabis use can portend problematic use or dependence. We aimed to identify early risk factors for daily cannabis use in young adults. METHODS: Data were available in a longitudinal investigation of 1294 grade 7 students age 12 to 13 years at inception recruited in 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, in 1999. Data on daily cannabis use were collected in mailed self-report questionnaires from 878 participants (67.9% of 1294) at age 20. The associations between each of 23 potential risk factors measured in grade 7 and daily cannabis use at age 20 were modeled using logistic regression...
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370781/traffic-violations-among-young-people-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Mark A Ferro, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Evidence whether individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for traffic violations/collisions is mixed. This study investigated the association between ADHD and traffic violations among youth and young adults; examined whether this association differed by age, sex, or comorbid mental or physical problems; and modelled factors associated with traffic violations among individuals with ADHD. METHODS: Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH), a cross-sectional epidemiological study...
October 28, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360655/in-memoriam-dr-roger-bland-1937-2018
#8
Scott Patten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282479/emergency-department-presentations-and-youth-suicide-a-case-control-study
#9
Anne E Rhodes, Mark Sinyor, Michael H Boyle, Jeffrey A Bridge, Laurence Y Katz, Jennifer Bethell, Amanda S Newton, Amy Cheung, Kathryn Bennett, Paul S Links, Lil Tonmyr, Robin Skinner
OBJECTIVE: We estimate associations between emergency department (ED) diagnoses and suicide among youth to guide ED care. METHOD: This ED-based case-control study used data from the Office of the Chief Coroner and all EDs in Ontario, Canada. Cases ( n = 697 males and n = 327 females) were aged 10 to 25 years who died by suicide in Ontario between April 2003 and March 2014, with an ED contact in the year before their death. Same-aged ED-based controls were selected during this time frame...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278788/-clinical-profile-of-adolescents-being-treated-for-problematic-internet-use
#10
Magali Dufour, Sylvie R Gagnon, Louise Nadeau, Andrée-Anne Légaré, Émélie Laverdière
OBJECTIVES: This study highlights the clinical profile of adolescents having consulted with an addiction treatment center (ATC) in Québec for a problematic internet use (PIU) to develop knowledge about these specific clients and precisely target their needs relative to treatment. METHOD: The study was conducted with 80 adolescents between ages 14 and 17 (M = 15.59) who had consulted with an ACT for a PIU. Adolescents have participated in an interview documenting internet use patterns and their consequences, mental health disorder co-occurrence, and family and social relationships...
October 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260680/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-cannabis-use-and-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-depression-and-psychological-distress-among-canadians
#11
Jillian E Halladay, Michael H Boyle, Catharine Munn, Susan M Jack, Katholiki Georgiades
BACKGROUND: Depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders are leading causes of morbidity worldwide. The most commonly used illicit substance is cannabis and there is some evidence that the association between cannabis use and poor mental health is more pronounced among females compared with males. This analysis examines sex differences in the association between cannabis use and major depressive episode (MDE), suicidal thoughts and attempts, and psychological distress. METHODS: This study uses data from the 2002 and 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey's Mental Health Component, repeated cross-sectional surveys of nationally representative samples of Canadians 15 years of age and older ( n = 43,466)...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252505/adherence-to-and-persistence-with-antidepressant-medication-during-pregnancy-does-it-differ-by-the-class-of-antidepressant-medication-prescribed
#12
Kamala Adhikari, Scott B Patten, Sangmin Lee, Amy Metcalfe
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women are often concerned about the impact of medication use on their pregnancy, such as congenital abnormalities. This study examined the rate of adherence to and persistence with antidepressant medications during pregnancy based on the class of antidepressants prescribed. METHODS: Women who gave birth between 2012 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada; had ≥1 diagnosis of depression within 1 year of preconception in outpatient physician claims, emergency department, or hospitalization administrative data; and were adherent (medication possession ratio ≥80%) to ≥2 consecutive antidepressant prescriptions during the preconception year ( n = 1865) were included in this retrospective cohort study...
September 25, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157680/the-public-cost-of-mental-health-and-addiction-related-services-for-youth-ages-12-17-in-alberta
#13
Philip Jacobs, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To measure the provincial government cost of mental health-related activities for youth ages 12 to 17 in Alberta in 2014 to 2015. METHODS: The target population was Alberta youth ages 12 to 17 (the federal justice definition) who received or were funded for mental health-related or complementary services from Alberta Health Services, Alberta Health, Alberta Human Services, Alberta Justice and Solicitor General, and Alberta Education (public schools). Data on services and expenditures were obtained from each source for the target youth population...
August 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071756/two-challenges-affecting-access-to-care-for-inmates-with-serious-mental-illness-detecting-illness-and-acceptable-services
#14
Alexander I F Simpson, Roland M Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916269/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-and-mental-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#15
G Camelia Adams, Andrew J Wrath, Xiangfei Meng
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown a relationship between individual attachment and various aspects of treatment utilization in individuals with medical problems as well as mental health disorders. This review systematically evaluates existing literature targeting the relationship between attachment and all aspects of treatment utilization, such as engagement, participation, and completion, in adults with mental health problems. METHOD: A computerized search of PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Healthstar and a manual search were employed...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890856/challenges-in-correctional-psychiatry-off-label-prescribing
#16
Johann Brink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865900/harms-of-antipsychotics-in-children-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-update
#17
Jennifer Pillay, Khrista Boylan, Amanda Newton, Lisa Hartling, Ben Vandermeer, Megan Nuspl, Tara MacGregor, Robin Featherstone, Normand Carrey
OBJECTIVE: To update and extend our previous systematic review on first- (FGAs) and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) for treatment of psychiatric and behavioral conditions in children, adolescents, and young adults (aged ≤24 years). This article focuses on the evidence for harms. METHOD: We searched (to April 2016) 8 databases, gray literature, trial registries, Food and Drug Administration reports, and reference lists. Two reviewers conducted study screening and selection independently, with consensus for selection...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706116/approved-and-off-label-use-of-prescribed-psychotropic-medications-among-federal-canadian-inmates
#18
Gregory P Brown, Lynn A Stewart, Terry Rabinowitz, Harold Boudreau, Angela J Wright
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychotropic medication prescription practices in federal Canadian penitentiaries. METHOD: 468 files were drawn from a purposive sample of thirteen Canadian federal institutions representing the five regions, different security levels, and male and female designated facilities. Information on the names of all psychotropic medications prescribed, indications for use, dosage, frequency, and route of administration was retrieved. Designation of approved or off-label use of medications was determined by consulting: (1) the Health Canada (2016) Drug Product Database, (2) the Canadian Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties 2016, and (3) the American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information 2016...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699416/-bill-c-14-important-modifications-to-the-criminal-code-example-of-the-first-case-in-canada
#19
Andréanne Filion-Quenneville, Kim Bédard-Charette, Jocelyne Brault, Frédéric Millaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514506/neighbourhood-material-and-social-deprivation-and-exposure-to-antidepressant-drug-treatment-a-cohort-study-using-administrative-data
#20
Sophie Lauzier, Hichem Kadachi, Jocelyne Moisan, Alain Vanasse, Alain Lesage, Marie-Josée Fleury, Jean-Pierre Grégoire
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether neighbourhood deprivation is associated with exposure to an antidepressant drug treatment (ADT) and its quality among individuals diagnosed with unipolar depression and insured by the Quebec public drug plan. METHOD: We conducted an administrative database cohort study of adults covered by the Quebec public drug plan who were diagnosed with a new episode of unipolar depression. We assessed material and social deprivation using an area-based index...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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