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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136481/are-we-ready-for-mental-health-aging
#1
Tarek K Rajji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814099/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-older-chinese-people-in-tianjin-city
#2
Guangming Xu, Gong Chen, Qin Zhou, Ning Li, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Population aging is accelerating across the world, and older people have a higher risk of mental disorders. Most studies focus on one mental disorder, and only report the current prevalence. Besides, these studies use screening scales for symptoms of mental disorders, which may induce biased results. In this study, we used data for diagnoses based on SCID that had been administered by trained psychiatrists to explore the 1-month and lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among a Chinese aged cohort...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718325/collaborative-care-for-psychiatric-disorders-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Pallavi Dham, Sarah Colman, Karen Saperson, Carrie McAiney, Lillian Lourenco, Nick Kates, Tarek K Rajji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mode of implementation, clinical outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and the factors influencing uptake and sustainability of collaborative care for psychiatric disorders in older adults. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Primary care, home health care, seniors' residence, medical inpatient and outpatient. PARTICIPANTS: Studies with a mean sample age of 60 years and older. INTERVENTION: Collaborative care for psychiatric disorders...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703016/strategies-for-preventing-cognitive-decline-in-healthy-older-adults
#4
Julie A Dumas
OBJECTIVE: Many advances have been made in the understanding of age-related changes in cognition. As research details the cognitive and neurobiological changes that occur in aging, there is increased interest in developing and understanding methods to prevent, slow, or reverse the cognitive decline that may occur in normal healthy older adults. The Institute of Medicine has recently recognized cognitive aging as having important financial and public health implications for society with the increasing older adult population worldwide...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655284/clozapine-response-rates-among-people-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-data-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Dan Siskind, Victor Siskind, Steve Kisely
Clozapine is the most effective antipsychotic for the 25% to 33% of people with schizophrenia who are treatment resistant, but not all people achieve response. Using data from a previously published clozapine systematic review and meta-analysis, we explored the proportion of people who achieved response and examined the absolute and percentage change in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores. Overall, 40.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 36.8%-43.4%) responded, with a mean reduction in PANSS of 22...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548865/a-national-survey-of-canadian-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-medical-assistance-in-death
#6
Skye Rousseau, Sarah Turner, Harvey Max Chochinov, Murray W Enns, Jitender Sareen
BACKGROUND: Bill C-14 allows for medical assistance in dying (MAID) for patients who have intolerable physical or psychological suffering that occurs in the context of a reasonably foreseeable death. In Canada, psychiatrist support for MAID on the basis of mental illness and beliefs influencing level of support are unknown. The objectives of this research were to 1) determine if psychiatrists are supportive of MAID under certain conditions and on the basis of mental illness and 2) determine what factors are related to psychiatrist support for MAID on the basis of mental illness...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490190/deployment-related-traumatic-events-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-armed-forces-personnel
#7
Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Murray B Stein, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, there has been substantial controversy with respect to whether military deployment is a risk factor for suicidal behaviour. The present study examined the relationship between lifetime exposure to deployment and deployment-related traumatic events (DRTEs) and past-year suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal plans (SP), and suicidal attempts (SA). METHOD: Data were analysed from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (8161 respondents; response rate, 79...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985701/book-review-a-concise-introduction-to-mental-health-in-canada-a-concise-introduction-to-mental-health-in-canada-second-edition-goldner-elliott-m-jenkins-emily-bilsker-dan-toronto-ontario-canadian-scholars-press-2016-371-pages-book-3731-cdn-79-95-reviewer-rating
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985700/telepsychiatry-2-0
#9
David Goldbloom, David Gratzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985699/book-review-still-down-what-to-do-when-antidepressants-fail-still-down-what-to-do-when-antidepressants-fail-mackinnon-dean-f-baltimore-md-johns-hopkins-university-press-2016-140-p-us-18-95-book-3734-reviewer-rating-good
#10
Ayal Schaffer, Daniela Morera Gonzalez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884606/stigma-resistance-in-stable-schizophrenia-the-relative-contributions-of-stereotype-endorsement-self-reflection-self-esteem-and-coping-styles
#11
Yu-Chen Kao, Yin-Ju Lien, Hsin-An Chang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chin-Bin Yeh, Ching-Hui Loh
OBJECTIVE: Stigma resistance (SR) has recently emerged as a prominent aspect of research on recovery from schizophrenia, partly because studies have suggested that the development of stigma-resisting beliefs may help individuals lead a fulfilling life and recover from their mental illness. The present study assessed the relationship between personal SR ability and prediction variables such as self-stigma, self-esteem, self-reflection, coping styles, and psychotic symptomatology. METHOD: We performed an exploratory cross-sectional study of 170 community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697626/newspaper-articles-related-to-the-not-criminally-responsible-on-account-of-mental-disorder-ncrmd-designation-a-comparative-analysis
#12
Rob Whitley, JiaWei Wang, Victoria Carmichael, Ruth Wellen
OBJECTIVE: The not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder (NCRMD) designation remains widely misunderstood by the public. Such misunderstandings may also be reflected in the media. As such, the aim of this study is to conduct a preliminary examination of the tone and content of recent Canadian newspaper articles where NCRMD is a major theme, comparing these to generic articles about mental illness. METHODS: Articles about mental illness were gathered from major Canadian newspapers...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673099/suicidal-ideation-and-schizophrenia-contribution-of-appraisal-stigmatization-and-cognition
#13
Emmanuel Stip, Jean Caron, Michel Tousignant, Yves Lecomte
OBJECTIVE: To predict suicidal ideation in people with schizophrenia, certain studies have measured its relationship with the variables of defeat and entrapment. The relationships are positive, but their interactions remain undefined. To further their understanding, this research sought to measure the relationship between suicidal ideation with the variables of loss, entrapment, and humiliation. METHOD: The convenience sample included 30 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662590/the-true-north-strong-and-free-opportunities-for-improving-canadian-mental-health-care-and-education-by-adopting-the-who-s-icd-11-classification
#14
Cary S Kogan, Sabrina Paterniti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622747/reducing-stigma-in-media-professionals-is-there-room-for-improvement-results-from-a-systematic-review
#15
Alessandra Maiorano, Antonio Lasalvia, Gaia Sampogna, Benedetta Pocai, Mirella Ruggeri, Claire Henderson
OBJECTIVE: The mass media may increase stigma against people with mental health problems by reinforcing common stereotypes. Media professionals thus represent a target group for antistigma interventions. This paper aims to review available literature on antistigma interventions for mass media professionals, seeking to clarify what kind of interventions have been found to be effective in reducing mental health stigma among mass media professionals. METHOD: Six electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Reviews Library and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts) were systematically searched through March 2017 for studies addressing antistigma interventions on mass media professionals...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541753/implementation-and-utilisation-of-telepsychiatry-in-ontario-a-population-based-study
#16
Eva Serhal, Allison Crawford, Joyce Cheng, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Rural areas in Ontario have fewer psychiatrists, making access to specialist mental health care challenging. Our objective was to characterise psychiatrists delivering and patients receiving telepsychiatry in Ontario and to determine the number of patients who accessed a psychiatrist via telepsychiatry following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation. METHOD: We conducted a serial panel study to evaluate the characteristics of psychiatrists providing telepsychiatry from April 2007 to March 2013...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886671/canadian-schizophrenia-guidelines-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-with-coexisting-substance-use-disorders
#17
David Crockford, Donald Addington
OBJECTIVE: Persons with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders frequently have coexisting substance use disorders that require modifications to treatment approaches for best outcomes. The objectives of this review were to identify evidence-based practices best practices that improve outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia and substance used disorders. METHOD: We reviewed guidelines that were published in the last 5 years and that included systematic reviews or meta-analyses...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886670/canadian-treatment-guidelines-on-psychosocial-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-children-and-youth
#18
Tania Lecomte, Sabina Abidi, Iliana Garcia-Ortega, Irfan Mian, Kevin Jackson, Kim Jackson, Ross Norman
OBJECTIVE: A panel of experts, including researchers, clinicians and people with lived experience, was brought together to develop the new Canadian schizophrenia guidelines for the psychosocial treatment of children and youth with schizophrenia or psychotic disorders. METHOD: The ADAPTE process, which relies on adapting existing high-quality guidelines, was used. Existing guidelines for children and youth (mostly from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence [NICE]), as well as CPA adult guidelines, were reviewed and discussed in terms of their adaptability to the Canadian context and their level of recommendation for children and youth...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886669/canadian-practice-guidelines-for-comprehensive-community-treatment-for-schizophrenia-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#19
Donald Addington, Elizabeth Anderson, Martina Kelly, Alain Lesage, Chris Summerville
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify the features and components of a comprehensive system of services for people living with schizophrenia. A comprehensive system was conceived as one that served the full range of people with schizophrenia and was designed with consideration of the incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia. The system should provide access to the full range of evidence-based services, should be recovery oriented, and should provide patient-centred care...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789558/canadian-schizophrenia-guidelines-introduction-and-guideline-development-process
#20
Tamara Pringsheim, Donald Addington
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the Canadian Schizophrenia Guidelines is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The target users are health care professionals. Recommendations are provided as guidance to physicians and patients, with the goal of improving the overall standard of care of individuals with schizophrenia. METHODS: The guidelines were developed using the ADAPTE process, a systematic approach and alternative to de novo guideline development, in which an existing guideline is customised to suit the local context...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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