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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836931/mental-health-status-health-care-utilisation-and-service-satisfaction-among-immigrants-in-montreal-an-epidemiological-comparison
#1
Rob Whitley, JiaWei Wang, Marie-Josee Fleury, Aihua Liu, Jean Caron
OBJECTIVE: To examine variations between immigrants and nonimmigrants in 1) prevalence of common mental disorders and other mental health variables; 2) health service utilisation for emotional problems, mental disorders, and addictions, and 3) health service satisfaction. METHODS: This article is based on a longitudinal cohort study conducted from May 2007 to the present: the Epidemiological Catchment Area Study of Montreal South-West (ZEPSOM). Participants were followed up at 4 time points (T1, n = 2433; T4, n = 1095)...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777274/involuntary-outpatient-commitment-and-the-elusive-pursuit-of-violence-prevention-a-view-from-the-united-states
#2
Marvin S Swartz, Sayanti Bhattacharya, Allison G Robertson, Jeffrey W Swanson
OBJECTIVE: Involuntary outpatient commitment (OPC)-also referred to as 'assisted outpatient treatment' or 'community treatment orders'-are civil court orders whereby persons with serious mental illness and repeated hospitalisations are ordered to adhere to community-based treatment. Increasingly, in the United States, OPC is promoted to policy makers as a means to prevent violence committed by persons with mental illness. This article reviews the background and context for promotion of OPC for violence prevention and the empirical evidence for the use of OPC for this goal...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777273/good-news-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-newspaper-portrayals-of-mental-illness-in-canada-2005-to-2015
#3
Rob Whitley, JiaWei Wang
OBJECTIVES: The overarching aim of this article is to assess media portrayals of mental illness in Canada. We hypothesise that portrayals have improved over time, related to the various antistigma activities of organisations such as the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). Specific objectives are to assess 1) overall tone and content of newspaper articles, 2) change over time, and 3) variables associated with positive or negative content. METHODS: We collected newspaper articles from print and online editions of over 20 best-selling Canadian newspapers from 2005 to 2015 (N = 24,570) that mentioned key search terms such as mental illness or schizophrenia...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777272/book-review-changing-behavior-in-dbt-problem-solving-in-action
#4
Gail Myhr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738261/factors-associated-with-timely-physician-follow-up-after-a-first-diagnosis-of-psychotic-disorder
#5
Kelly K Anderson, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Physician follow-up after a first diagnosis of psychotic disorder is crucial for improving treatment engagement. We examined the factors associated with physician follow-up within 30 days of a first diagnosis of schizophrenia. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using linked health administrative data to identify incident cases of schizophrenia between 1999 and 2008 among people aged 14 to 35 years in Ontario. We estimated the proportion of patients who had physician follow-up within 30 days of the index diagnosis...
October 13, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729573/major-depression-prevalence-increases-with-latitude-in-canada
#6
Scott B Patten, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Jian Li Wang, Andrew G M Bulloch
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between latitude and annual major depressive episode (MDE) prevalence in Canada. METHODS: Data from 2 national survey programs (the National Population Health Survey and the Canadian Community Health Survey) were used, providing 10 data sets collected between 1996 and 2013, together including 922,260 respondents, of whom 495,739 were assessed for MDE using 1 of 2 versions of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, a short-form version (8 studies), and a Canadian adaptation of the World Mental Health version (2 studies)...
October 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681143/genetic-determinants-of-clozapine-induced-metabolic-side-effects
#7
Kamini Vasudev, Yun-Hee Choi, Ross Norman, Richard B Kim, Ute I Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: Atypical antipychotics are linked to a higher incidence of metabolic side effects, including weight gain, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. In this study, we examined the prevalence and potential genetic predictors of metabolic side effects in 60 adult patients on clozapine. METHOD: Genetic variants of relevance to clozapine metabolism, clearance, and response were assessed through targeted genotyping of cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A2 and CYP2C19, the efflux transporter ABCB1, the serotonin receptor (HTR2C), leptin (LEP), and leptin receptor (LEPR)...
September 28, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638424/reliability-validity-and-clinical-utility-of-the-dominic-interactive-for-adolescents-revised-a-dsm-5-based-self-report-screen-for-mental-disorders-borderline-personality-traits-and-suicidality
#8
Lise Bergeron, Nicole Smolla, Claude Berthiaume, Johanne Renaud, Jean-Jacques Breton, Marie St-Georges, Pauline Morin, Elissa Zavaglia, Réal Labelle
OBJECTIVES: The Dominic Interactive for Adolescents-Revised (DIA-R) is a multimedia self-report screen for 9 mental disorders, borderline personality traits, and suicidality defined by the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed to examine the reliability and the validity of this instrument. METHODS: French- and English-speaking adolescents aged 12 to 15 years (N = 447) were recruited from schools and clinical settings in Montreal and were evaluated twice...
September 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620981/trends-in-psychological-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents-from-2002-to-2014-gender-and-socioeconomic-differences
#9
Geneviève Gariépy, Frank J Elgar
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in psychological health symptoms in Canadian youth from 2002 to 2014 and examine gender and socioeconomic differences in these trends. METHOD: We used data from the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. We assessed psychological symptoms from a validated symptom checklist and calculated a symptom score (range, 0-16). We stratified our analyses by gender and affluence tertile based on an index of material assets...
September 12, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605579/new-clinically-relevant-findings-about-violence-by-people-with-schizophrenia
#10
Sheilagh Hodgins, Sanja Klein
OBJECTIVE: To review findings with clinical relevance that add to knowledge about antisocial and aggressive behaviour among persons with schizophrenia. METHOD: Nonsystematic literature review. RESULTS: Recent evidence shows that individuals who develop schizophrenia present cognitive deficits, psychotic-like experiences, and internalizing and externalizing problems from childhood onwards. Many of their relatives present not only schizophrenia-related disorders but also antisocial behaviour...
September 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600531/assessing-fidelity-to-suicide-reporting-guidelines-in-canadian-news-media-the-death-of-robin-williams
#11
Michael Creed, Rob Whitley
OBJECTIVE: Mindset is a short recently-published booklet funded by the Mental Health Commission of Canada outlining evidence-based guidelines and best practices for journalists writing about mental health and suicide. Our study aimed to assess fidelity to Mindset recommendations in Canadian newspaper reports of a recent celebrity suicide. A secondary aim is to identify common themes discussed in these newspaper articles. METHODS: Articles about Robin Williams' suicide from major Canadian newspapers were gathered and coded for presence or absence of each of the 14 recommendations in the "Covering Suicide" section of Mindset...
September 6, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738253/book-review-integrated-treatment-for-personality-disorder-a-modular-approach
#12
Joel Paris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738252/unravelling-the-relationship-between-physician-burnout-and-depression
#13
LETTER
David Kealy, Priyanka Halli, John S Ogrodniczuk, George Hadjipavlou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738251/burnout-and-depression-in-psychiatric-residents
#14
LETTER
Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent, Pierre Vandel, Renzo Bianchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738250/indigenous-knowledge-approach-to-successful-psychotherapies-with-aboriginal-suicide-attempters
#15
Lewis Mehl-Madrona
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is disproportionately common among Aboriginal people in Canada. METHODS: Life stories were collected from 54 Aboriginal suicide attempters in northern Saskatchewan. Constant comparison techniques and modified grounded theory identified common themes expressed. RESULTS: Three common plots/themes preceded suicide attempts: 1) relationship breakup, usually sudden, unanticipated, involving a third person; 2) being publicly humiliated by another person(s), accompanied by high levels of shame; and 3) high levels of unremitting, chronic life stress (including poverty) with relative isolation...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738249/suicide-and-suicide-prevention-among-inuit-in-canada
#16
Michael J Kral
Inuit in Canada have among the highest suicide rates in the world, and it is primarily among their youth. Risk factors include known ones such as depression, substance use, a history of abuse, and knowing others who have made attempts or have killed themselves, however of importance are the negative effects of colonialism. This took place for Inuit primarily during the government era starting in the 1950s, when Inuit were moved from their family-based land camps to crowded settlements run by white men, and children were removed from their parents and placed into residential or day schools...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738248/indigenous-suicide-a-global-perspective-with-a-new-zealand-focus
#17
Simon Hatcher
This perspective article describes the problem of Canadian indigenous suicide from a non-Canadian viewpoint. In particular, the article compares both similarities and differences in suicide prevention between Māori in New Zealand and indigenous peoples in Canada. It emphasises that the problem of indigenous suicide is not being indigenous but coping with losses secondary to colonisation. A useful way to translate this into helpful clinical conversations and actions is to think about loss of belonging. Culture and belonging are key components of identity and as such should be considered in all psychiatric encounters, not just in those who are considered minorities or "other...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738247/suicide-among-aboriginals-a-burning-public-health-issue-in-need-of-solutions
#18
EDITORIAL
Raymond Tempier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470154/gambling-and-problem-gambling-among-canadian-urban-aboriginals
#19
Robert J Williams, Yale D Belanger, S Yvonne Prusak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of gambling and problem gambling in urban Aboriginals in the Canadian Prairie provinces and to determine the predictors of problem gambling. METHOD: In total, 1114 Aboriginals living in 15 cities in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba were recruited via posters and direct solicitation at Native Friendship Centres, shopping malls, and other locations where Aboriginals congregated. They each completed a self-administered 5- to 10-minute survey...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310242/perinatal-health-of-women-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-and-comorbid-mental-illness
#20
Hilary K Brown, Virginie Cobigo, Yona Lunsky, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Simone Vigod
OBJECTIVE: Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the perinatal health of women with co-occurring IDD and mental illness (dual diagnosis) is largely unknown. Our objectives were to 1) describe a cohort of women with dual diagnosis in terms of their social and health characteristics and 2) compare their risks for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes to those of women with IDD only. METHOD: We conducted a population-based study using linked Ontario (Canada) health and social services administrative data to identify singleton obstetric deliveries to women with dual diagnosis (n = 2080) and women with IDD only (n = 1852; 2002-2012)...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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