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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562094/cyberbullying-prevention-and-intervention-efforts-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#1
Dorothy L Espelage, Jun Sung Hong
Bullying is a serious public health concern that is associated with significant negative mental, social, and physical outcomes. Technological advances have increased adolescents' use of social media, and online communication platforms have exposed adolescents to another mode of bullying- cyberbullying. Prevention and intervention materials, from websites and tip sheets to classroom curriculum, have been developed to help youth, parents, and teachers address cyberbullying. While youth and parents are willing to disclose their experiences with bullying to their health care providers, these disclosures need to be taken seriously and handled in a caring manner...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562093/child-abuse-experiences-and-perceived-need-for-care-and-mental-health-service-use-among-members-of-the-canadian-armed-forces
#2
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Mark Zamorski, David Boulos, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse is associated with poor mental health outcomes in adulthood. However, little is known about how a history of child abuse may be related to perceived need for care (PNC) and mental health service use (MHSU) among Canadian military personnel. The objectives of this study were to determine 1) the relationship between child abuse history and PNC and 2) the relationship between child abuse history and MHSU in the Canadian military. METHOD: Data were drawn from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey ( n = 6692 Regular Force personnel between the ages of 18 and 60 years)...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562092/the-role-of-health-care-providers-in-cyberbullying
#3
Megan A Moreno, Tracy Vaillancourt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562091/cyberbullying-in-children-and-youth-implications-for-health-and-clinical-practice
#4
Tracy Vaillancourt, Robert Faris, Faye Mishna
We review the recent literature on cyberbullying and its effects on victimised youth, identifying key points. We conclude that cyberbullying, while following many of the underlying dynamics of more traditional forms of bullying, features some unique qualities that can both magnify the damage caused and make it more difficult to detect. These features include the pervasive, never-ending nature of cyberbullying and the ability to quickly reach large audiences. The potential for anonymity and the related distance afforded by screens and devices compared to in-person interaction allow the cruelty of cyberbullying to go unchecked...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562089/paving-the-way-to-change-for-youth-at-the-gap-between-child-and-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services
#5
Sabina Abidi
By 2020 mental illness will be one of the 5 most common illnesses causing morbidity, mortality and disability among youth. At least 20% of Canadian youth have a psychiatric disorder the impact of which can dramatically alter their life trajectory. Focus on the factors contributing to this problem is crucial. Lack of coordination between child and adolescent mental health systems (CAMHS) and adult mental health systems (AMHS) and consequent disruption of care during this vulnerable time of transition is one such factor...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388224/assessment-and-treatment-of-oppositional-behaviour-conduct-problems-and-aggression-in-children-and-adolescents-creation-and-dissemination-of-a-national-curriculum
#6
Tamara Pringsheim, Brendan Andrade, Asif Doja, Daniel A Gorman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355491/suicide-ideation-and-attempts-among-first-nations-peoples-living-on-reserve-in-canada-the-intergenerational-and-cumulative-effects-of-indian-residential-schools
#7
Robyn Jane McQuaid, Amy Bombay, Opal Arilla McInnis, Courtney Humeny, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates among Indigenous peoples in Canada are at least twice that of their non-Indigenous counterparts. Although contemporary stressors contribute to this increased risk, historical experiences such as the Indian Residential School (IRS) system may also have continuing links with the risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The current investigation examined the intergenerational and cumulative links between familial IRS attendance in relation to lifetime suicide ideation and attempts among First Nations adults living on-reserve...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#8
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103079/adhd-treatment-in-primary-care-demographic-factors-medication-trends-and-treatment-predictors
#9
Tanya S Hauck, Cindy Lau, Laura Li Foa Wing, Paul Kurdyak, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of youth with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Ontario, Canada, and to determine the predictors of psychotropic medication prescriptions in youth with ADHD. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart abstraction of more than 250 000 medical records from youth aged 1 to 24 years in a large geographical region in Ontario, Canada, linked to population-based health administrative data...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407073/school-and-community-based-youth-suicide-prevention-interventions-hot-idea-hot-air-or-sham
#10
Stan Kutcher, Yifeng Wei, Pegah Behzadi
Suicide in young people is a significant health concern, with numerous community- and school-based interventions promising to prevent suicide currently being applied across Canada. Before widespread application of any one of these, it is essential to determine its effectiveness and safety. We systematically reviewed the global literature on one of the most common community suicide prevention interventions in Canada and summarized data on 2 commonly applied school-based suicide prevention programmes. None of these has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing youth suicide or safety in application...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525733/contemporary-psychiatry-psychoanalysis-and-psychotherapy
#11
Paula Ravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525732/predictors-of-recovery-from-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-a-longitudinal-study-from-childbirth-to-6-years
#12
Radhika Shankar, Rinette Badker, Ursula Brain, Tim F Oberlander, Shaila Misri
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively examined maternal biopsychosocial predictors of recovery from comorbid depression and anxiety from 25 weeks' gestation to 6 years postbirth. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of 1) maternal factors and 2) the child's behaviours and physical health on the course of the mother's depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: Eighty-six women diagnosed with antenatal depression/anxiety were recruited through the Reproductive Mental Health Program and family practices in Vancouver...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525731/erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
Kisely S, Hall K. An updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled evidence for the effectiveness of community treatment orders. Can J Psychiatry. 2014;59(10):561-564. (Original DOI: 10.1177/070674371405901010) On page 563, Figure 1 was printed with incorrect values. The correct values for Figure 1 are below: [Figure: see text].
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525730/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525728/response-to-letter-regarding-canmat-recommendations-for-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-late-life-depression
#15
Raymond W Lam, Zahinoor Ismail, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Sagar V Parikh, Arun V Ravindran, Sidney H Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525727/some-of-the-canmat-recommendations-for-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-late-life-depression-are-not-congruent-with-available-evidence-or-expert-opinion
#16
Daniel Blumberger, David Conn, John S Kennedy, Benoit H Mulsant, Bruce G Pollock, Kiran Rabheru, Mark J Rapoport, Dallas Seitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403655/prevalence-mortality-and-health-care-use-among-patients-with-cluster-b-personality-disorders-clinically-diagnosed-in-quebec-a-provincial-cohort-study-2001-2012
#17
Lionel Cailhol, Éric Pelletier, Louis Rochette, Lise Laporte, Pierre David, Évens Villeneuve, Joel Paris, Alain Lesage
BACKGROUND: Cluster B personality disorders (PDs) are prevalent mental health conditions in the general population (1%-6% depending on the subtype and study). Affected patients are known to be heavier users of both mental and medical health care systems than patients with other clinical conditions such as depression. METHODS: Several rates were estimated using data from the integrated monitoring system for chronic diseases in the province of Quebec, Canada. It provides a profile of annual and period prevalence rates, mortality rates, and years of lost life as well as health care utilisation rates for Quebec residents...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346831/anxiety-and-depression-as-longitudinal-predictors-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#18
Antônio Carlos Cruz Freire, Milena Pereira Pondé, Aihua Liu, Jean Caron
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have dealt with the potential correlation between anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: This longitudinal study was conducted in the city of Montreal, Canada, with 352 older adults aged 55 years or more. The participants were interviewed at baseline and again 2 years later. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score was estimated and compared between the 2 time points, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to assess major depression and anxiety, and the K10 measured high psychological distress...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141952/is-psychoanalysis-still-relevant-to-psychiatry
#19
Joel Paris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095259/impact-of-skill-based-approaches-in-reducing-stigma-in-primary-care-physicians-results-from-a-double-blind-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tara Beaulieu, Scott Patten, Stephanie Knaak, Rivian Weinerman, Helen Campbell, Bianca Lauria-Horner
OBJECTIVE: Most interventions to reduce stigma in health professionals emphasize education and social contact-based strategies. We sought to evaluate a novel skill-based approach: the British Columbia Adult Mental Health Practice Support Program. We sought to determine the program's impact on primary care providers' stigma and their perceived confidence and comfort in providing care for mentally ill patients. We hypothesized that enhanced skills and increased comfort and confidence on the part of practitioners would lead to diminished social distance and stigmatization...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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