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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157680/the-public-cost-of-mental-health-and-addiction-related-services-for-youth-ages-12-17-in-alberta
#1
Philip Jacobs, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To measure the provincial government cost of mental health-related activities for youth ages 12 to 17 in Alberta in 2014 to 2015. METHODS: The target population was Alberta youth ages 12 to 17 (the federal justice definition) who received or were funded for mental health-related or complementary services from Alberta Health Services, Alberta Health, Alberta Human Services, Alberta Justice and Solicitor General, and Alberta Education (public schools). Data on services and expenditures were obtained from each source for the target youth population...
August 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081648/prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-following-road-traffic-accidents-a-meta-analysis
#2
Wenjie Dai, Aizhong Liu, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Shi Wu Wen
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents are among the most vulnerable road users, and road traffic accidents (RTAs) can lead to not only physical injuries but also adverse psychological outcomes, particularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, estimates of the prevalence of PTSD among children and adolescents following RTAs varied considerably across studies. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of PTSD among this population. METHODS: A systematic search for literature was performed in the electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Embase...
August 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079763/effectiveness-of-community-treatment-order-in-patients-with-a-first-episode-of-psychosis-a-mirror-image-study
#3
Emmanuelle Levy, Sally Mustafa, Kanza Naveed, Ridha Joober
OBJECTIVE: Poor adherence to antipsychotic medications is strongly associated with psychotic relapses and hospitalizations. This may hinder patients' ability to function, particularly in a first episode of psychosis (FEP). Poor adherence to treatment may be due to poor insight that can alter the capacity to consent to care, including pharmacotherapy. When patients are judged legally lacking the capacity to consent to care, treatment can be mandated through community treatment orders (CTOs)...
August 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071756/two-challenges-affecting-access-to-care-for-inmates-with-serious-mental-illness-detecting-illness-and-acceptable-services
#4
Alexander I F Simpson, Roland M Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071752/an-epidemiological-study-of-substance-use-disorders-among-emerging-and-young-adults
#5
Rana A Qadeer, Kathy Georgiades, Michael H Boyle, Mark A Ferro
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among emerging adults and quantified the extent to which emerging adults, compared with young adults, have increased odds for SUDs. METHODS: Data were from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH). Respondents were 15 to 39 y of age ( n = 9228) and were categorized as: early emerging adults (15 to 22 y); late emerging adults (23 to 29 y); and, young adults (30 to 39 y)...
August 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071747/treatment-history-of-youth-at-risk-for-serious-mental-illness
#6
Megan S Farris, Glenda MacQueen, Benjamin I Goldstein, JianLi Wang, Sidney H Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Jean Addington
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe treatment history including medications, psychosocial therapy and hospital visits of participants in the Canadian Psychiatric Risk and Outcomes Study (PROCAN). METHODS: PROCAN is a 2-site study of 243 youth/young adults aged 12 to 25 y, categorized into 4 groups: healthy controls ( n = 42), stage 0 (non-help seeking, asymptomatic with risk mainly family history of serious mental illness (SMI); n = 41), stage 1a (distress disorders; n = 52) and stage 1b (attenuated syndromes; n = 108)...
August 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068224/risk-for-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-by-ethnicities-in-canada-from-pregnancy-through-the-preschool-years
#7
Christoffer Dharma, Diana L Lefebvre, Zihang Lu, Wendy Y W Lou, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Theo J Moraes, Meghan B Azad, Edith Chen, Susan J Elliott, Anita L Kozyrskyj, Malcolm R Sears, Padmaja Subbarao
OBJECTIVE: Past cross-sectional studies have reported that mothers from ethnic minorities experience higher levels of prenatal and post-partum psychosocial distress compared with mothers from ethnic majorities. However, no studies have examined how the pattern varies longitudinally in a Canadian population of heterogeneous ethnicity. METHODS: We analyzed data from 3,138 mothers participating in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study, a longitudinal multi-center study incorporating 10 distinct waves of psychosocial data collection from pregnancy until the index child was aged 5 y...
August 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058372/mental-health-stigma-explicit-and-implicit-attitudes-of-canadian-undergraduate-students-medical-school-students-and-psychiatrists
#8
Harman S Sandhu, Anish Arora, Jennifer Brasch, David L Streiner
OBJECTIVES: To compare explicit and implicit stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness among undergraduate students, medical school students, and psychiatrists, and to assess whether attitudes are associated with education level, exposure to, and personal experience with mental illness. METHODS: Participants from McMaster University were recruited through email. Participants completed a web-based survey consisting of demographics; the Opening Minds Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC) 12-item survey, which measures explicit stigma; and an Implicit Association Test (IAT), measuring implicit bias toward physical illness (diabetes mellitus) or mental illness (schizophrenia)...
July 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141988/book-review-treating-sleep-problems-a-transdiagnostic-approach-treating-sleep-problems-a-transdiagnostic-approach-harvey-allison-g-buysse-daniel-j-new-york-ny-guilford-2018-192-p-us-30-reviewer-rating-good
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141987/men-s-mental-health-beyond-victim-blaming
#10
Rob Whitley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792077/symptoms-of-ptsd-in-frontline-journalists-a-retrospective-examination-of-18-years-of-war-and-conflict
#11
Anthony Feinstein, Jonas Osmann, Viral Patel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to determine the frequency and severity of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in journalists covering conflict. METHODS: PTSD data (Impact of Event Scale-Revised) collected over an 18-year period from 684 conflict journalists were analyzed retrospectively for frequency and severity of reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal symptoms. Conflicts covered were civil wars in the Balkans ( n = 140 journalists), 9/11 attack in New York City ( n = 46), Iraq war ( n = 84), Mexico drug wars ( n = 104), civil war in Syria ( n = 59), Kenya election violence/Al-Shabab terror ( n = 57), state-sanctioned media intimidation in Iran ( n = 114), and the current migration crisis in Europe ( n = 80)...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#12
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673270/men-s-mental-health-social-determinants-and-implications-for-services
#13
William Affleck, Victoria Carmichael, Rob Whitley
Numerous scholars have stated that there is a silent crisis in men's mental health. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of core issues in the field of men's mental health, including a discussion of key social determinants as well as implications for mental health services. Firstly, we review the basic epidemiology of mental disorders with a high incidence and prevalence in men, including suicide and substance use disorder. Secondly, we examine controversies around the low reported rates of depression in men, discussing possible measurement and reporting biases...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673269/dual-diagnosis-a-problematic-construct-when-applied-to-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
John D McLennan
The term dual diagnosis can refer to the co-occurrence of an intellectual disability and a mental disorder. While such a term may have some advocacy rationale aimed at facilitating improved mental health care for those with intellectual disabilities, it is proposed that the construct has flawed underpinnings, and its application may problematize mental health service delivery. A core concern is the promotion of categorical diagnostic models, whereas dimensional models may more accurately reflect underlying continuums for both cognitive and mental health challenges...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490473/mental-disorder-psychological-distress-and-functional-status-in-canadian-military-personnel
#15
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Mark A Zamorski, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: We examined the overlap between mood and anxiety disorders and psychological distress and their associations with functional status in Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel. METHOD: Data on Regular Forces personnel ( N = 6700) were derived from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a nationally representative survey of the CAF personnel. Current psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler K10 scale. Past-month mood and anxiety disorders were assessed using the World Health Organization World Mental Health Composite Diagnostic Interview...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439596/do-investments-in-mental-health-systems-result-in-greater-use-of-mental-health-services-national-trends-in-mental-health-service-use-mhsu-in-the-canadian-military-and-comparable-canadian-civilians-2002-2013
#16
Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Mark Allen Zamorski, Corneliu Rusu, Rakesh Jetly
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders constitute a significant public health problem worldwide. Ensuring that those who need mental health services access them in an appropriate and timely manner is thus an important public health priority. We used data from 4 cross-sectional, nationally representative population health surveys that employed nearly identical methods to compare MHSU trends in the Canadian military versus comparable civilians. METHOD: The surveys were all conducted by Statistics Canada, approximately a decade apart (Military-2002, Military-2013, Civilian-2002, and Civilian-2012)...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304289/risk-factors-clinical-presentations-and-functional-impairments-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-military-personnel-and-the-general-population-in-canada
#17
Tamara L Taillieu, Tracie O Afifi, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Janique Fortier, Mark Zamorski, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine differences in sociodemographic risk factors, comorbid mental conditions, clinical presentations, and functional impairments associated with past-year generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) between Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel and the Canadian general population (CGP). METHOD: Data were from 2 nationally representative surveys collected by Statistics Canada: 1) the Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health, collected in 2012 ( N = 25,113; response rate = 68...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097003/advancing-integrated-care-through-psychiatric-workforce-development-a-systematic-review-of-educational-interventions-to-train-psychiatrists-in-integrated-care
#18
Nadiya Sunderji, Allyson Ion, Dan Huynh, Paul Benassi, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Adriana Carvalhal
OBJECTIVE: Integrated or collaborative care is a well-evidenced and widely practiced approach to improve access to high-quality mental health care in primary care and other settings. Psychiatrists require preparation for this emerging type of practice, and such training is now mandatory for Canadian psychiatry residents. However, it is not known how best to mount such training, and in the absence of such knowledge, the quality of training across Canada has suffered. To guide integrated care education nationally, we conducted a systematic review of published and unpublished training programs...
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097002/collaborative-care-or-the-pinball-syndrome
#19
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097001/response-to-comment-regarding-medical-assistance-in-dying-and-mental-health-a-legal-ethical-and-clinical-analysis
#20
Alexander I F Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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