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Quan Sun, Lin Fu, Chaoqun Shang
Open-framework chalcogenides are potential electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their architectures with fast-ion conductivity. Herein, we report on the successful synthesis of open-framework Cu-Ge-based chalcogenides [Cu 8 Ge 6 Se 19 ](C 5 H 12 N) 6 (CGSe) and the research of their energy storage application as SIB anodes for the first time. As a result, the CGSe anode exhibited good electrochemical performances such as high reversible capacity (463.3 mAh g -1 ), excellent rate performance, and considerable cycling stability...
2017: Scanning
Qiang Zheng, Kejian Li, Xueguo Yin, Bingbing Li, Chunhong Li, Yilong Ma, Jianchun Sun, Dengming Chen
A nanocrystalline layer was prepared on the surface of 34CrMo4 steel by time controlling shot peening (SP, i.e., 1, 5, 10, and 20 minutes). Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were applied to analyze the surface, cross-sections, and grain size of the specimens before and after SP. The electrochemical corrosion behavior was used to simulate a liquid under the oil and gas wells environment. It was characterized by the potentiodynamic polarization test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)...
2017: Scanning
Xinyao Zhu, Lanjiao Liu, Zuobin Wang, X Liu
Nanoindentation technology has proven to be an effective method to investigate the viscoelastic properties of biological cells. The experimental data obtained by nanoindentation are frequently interpreted by Hertz contact model. However, in order to validate Hertz contact model, some studies assume that cells have infinite thickness which does not necessarily represent the real situation. In this study, a rigorous contact model based upon linear elasticity is developed for the interpretation of indentation tests of flattened cells...
2017: Scanning
Liu Han, Haohao Dong, Dong Mao, Baolv Hua, Qinyu Li, Dong Fang
Heterojunction system has been proved as one of the best architectures for photocatalyst owing to extending specific surface area, expanding spectral response range, and increasing photoinduced charges generation, separation, and transmission, which can provide better light absorption range and higher reaction site. In this paper, Indium Sulfide/Flexible Electrospun Carbon Nanofiber (In2S3/CNF) heterogeneous systems were synthesized by a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The results from characterizations of SEM, TEM, XRD, Raman, and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy displayed that flower-like In2S3 was deposited on the hair-like CNF template, forming a one-dimensional nanofibrous network heterojunction photocatalyst...
2017: Scanning
Yuzhou Fan, Liangping Luo, Marija Djuric, Zhiyu Li, Djordje Antonijevic, Petar Milenkovic, Yueyang Sun, Ruining Li, Yifang Fan
Cross-sectional imaging is considered the gold standard in diagnosing a range of diseases. However, despite its widespread use in clinical practice and research, no widely accepted method is available to reliably match cross-sectional planes in several consecutive scans. This deficiency can impede comparison between cross-sectional images and ultimately lead to misdiagnosis. Here, we propose and demonstrate a method for finding the same imaging plane in images obtained during separate scanning sessions. Our method is based on the reconstruction of a "virtual organ" from which arbitrary cross-sectional images can be extracted, independent of the axis orientation in the original scan or cut; the key is to establish unique body coordinates of the organ from its principal axes of inertia...
2017: Scanning
Kejian Li, Qiang Zheng, Chunhong Li, Bin Shao, Donglin Guo, Dengming Chen, Jianchun Sun, Jiling Dong, Pengjun Cao, Keesam Shin
Plastic deformations, such as those obtained by shot peening on specimen surface, are an efficient way to improve the mechanical behavior of metals. Generally, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) are commonly used to observe the complex microstructural evolutions, such as grain refinement and phase transformation, induced by the surface treatment. In this work, the microstructure of 347 stainless steel, after ultrasonic shot peening (USP) treatments, was investigated...
2017: Scanning
Hongyu Yang, Erting Dong, Bingqi Zhang, Yanyan Yuan, Shili Shu
The in situ SiC/Al composites were fabricated in Al-Si-C systems with different Si/C mass ratios and holding time by the method of combustion synthesis and hot press consolidation. The influences of Si/C mass ratio and holding time on the phase constitution, microstructure, and hardness of the composites were investigated. The results indicate that the increase of Si/C mass ratio leads to more uniform size distribution of the SiC particles in the Al matrix. Moreover, by improving the Si/C mass ratio from 4 : 1 to 5 : 1, the maximum size of SiC particle was reduced from 4...
2017: Scanning
Hao Zhang, Xianqi Li, Yunmei Chen, Jewook Park, An-Ping Li, X-G Zhang
We present an image postprocessing framework for Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) to reduce the strong spurious oscillations and scan line noise at fast scan rates and preserve the features, allowing an order of magnitude increase in the scan rate without upgrading the hardware. The proposed method consists of two steps for large scale images and four steps for atomic scale images. For large scale images, we first apply for each line an image registration method to align the forward and backward scans of the same line...
2017: Scanning
Zhiyuan Zhu, Chun Ouyang, Yanxin Qiao, Xiaowei Zhou
The microstructure and wear resistance of Stellite 6 alloy hardfacing layer at two different temperatures (room temperature and 300°C) were investigated by plasma arc surfacing processes on Q235 Steel. Tribological test was conducted to characterize the wear property. The microstructure of Stellite 6 alloy coating mainly consists of α-Co and (Cr, Fe)7C3 phases. The friction coefficient of Stellite 6 alloys fluctuates slightly under different loads at 300°C. The oxide layer is formed on the coating surface and serves as a special lubricant during the wear test...
2017: Scanning
Burcu Ozses Ozkaya, Kamran Gulsahi, Mete Ungor, Julide Sedef Gocmen
This study evaluated the antimicrobial efficacy of Er:YAG laser activation with photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming (PIPS), Nd:YAG laser disinfection, and conventional irrigation on Enterococcus faecalis biofilms using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Biofilms were grown on 110 root halves and divided into the following: Groups 1 and 2 (saline and 1% NaOCl with apical position of PIPS, resp.), Groups 3 and 4 (saline and 1% NaOCl with coronal position of PIPS, resp.), Groups 5 and 6 (Nd:YAG laser after saline and 1% NaOCl irrigation, resp...
2017: Scanning
Xu Chen, Tengfei Guo, Yubin Hou, Jing Zhang, Wenjie Meng, Qingyou Lu
A new scan-head structure for the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is proposed, featuring high scan precision and rigidity. The core structure consists of a piezoelectric tube scanner of quadrant type (for XY scans) coaxially housed in a piezoelectric tube with single inner and outer electrodes (for Z scan). They are fixed at one end (called common end). A hollow tantalum shaft is coaxially housed in the XY-scan tube and they are mutually fixed at both ends. When the XY scanner scans, its free end will bring the shaft to scan and the tip which is coaxially inserted in the shaft at the common end will scan a smaller area if the tip protrudes short enough from the common end...
2017: Scanning
Guoqing Xu, Changchun Hao, Lei Zhang, Runguang Sun
Langmuir monolayers of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and a mixture of DPPC with curcumin (CUR) have been investigated at the air-water interface through a combination of surface pressure measurements and atomic force microscopy (AFM) observation. By analyzing the correlation data of mean molecular areas, the compressibility coefficient, and other thermodynamic parameters, we obtained that the interaction between the two components perhaps was mainly governed by the hydrogen bonding between the amino group of DPPC and the hydroxyl groups of CUR...
2017: Scanning
Lei Zhang, Changchun Hao, Guoqing Xu, Runguang Sun
Predicting the mechanism of MBP binding to cholesterol is meaningful in understanding how MBP participate in lateral membrane organization. The interaction of MBP with cholesterol monolayer was investigated at three surface pressures on 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer with the different concentrations of MBP. The results show that π-A isotherms shift to larger molecular area at all pressures. By means of analyzing π-T curves, a surface pressure increase was obtained. Results indicated that the greater the protein concentration in the subphase, the larger the increase of surface pressure...
2017: Scanning
Jennifer G Michaeli, Matthew C DeGroff, Roman C Roxas
This work aims to study the aggregation of dimensional errors in the reengineering processes using 3D scanning and printing without initial design drawings. A 57-tooth spur gear is used as an example to facilitate the discussion. Two approaches are investigated. The first one builds the gear model based upon measurement taken from a caliper, and the second approach uses a 3D scanner to collect geometry data. Dimensional errors in each stage of these two approaches are investigated. Particular attention is paid to the geometry data flow in the reengineering process from data acquisition and editing to model construction...
2017: Scanning
Yang Lu, Yajing Shen, Xinyu Liu, Mohd Ridzuan Bin Ahmad, Yan Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Scanning
Zhiwei Chen, Dan Guo, Lina Si, Guoxin Xie
Tetraalkylammonium salts have larger ions than metal ions, which can greatly change the interlayer space and energy, and then potentially tune the properties of graphite. In this work, various graphite intercalation compounds (GICs) have been synthesized by intercalating tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB) ions into graphite through electrochemical interactions under different reduction potentials. Different degrees of expansion between graphite layers as well as their corresponding structures and topographies have been characterized by different analytical techniques...
2017: Scanning
M Winnicki, A Baszczuk, M Rutkowska-Gorczyca, M Jasiorski, A Małachowska, W Posadowski, Z Znamirowski, A Ambroziak
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/4058636.].
2017: Scanning
Chenchen Jiang, Haojian Lu, Hongti Zhang, Yajing Shen, Yang Lu
In the past decades, in situ scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has become a powerful technique for the experimental study of low-dimensional (1D/2D) nanomaterials, since it can provide unprecedented details for individual nanostructures upon mechanical and electrical stimulus and thus uncover the fundamental deformation and failure mechanisms for their device applications. In this overview, we summarized recent developments on in situ SEM-based mechanical and electrical characterization techniques including tensile, compression, bending, and electrical property probing on individual nanostructures, as well as the state-of-the-art electromechanical coupling analysis...
2017: Scanning
Daming Shen, Donglei Chen, Zhan Yang, Huicong Liu, Tao Chen, Lining Sun, Toshio Fukuda
This paper reported a method of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) fusion inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM). A CNT was picked up by nanorobotics manipulator system which was constructed in SEM with 21 DOFs and 1 nm resolution. The CNT was picked up and placed on two manipulators. The tensile force was 140 nN when the CNT was pulled into two parts. Then, two parts of the CNT were connected to each other by two manipulators. The adhered force between two parts was measured to be about 20 nN...
2017: Scanning
Minghong Chen, Huiming Zhao, Hongwei Fang, Yuefeng Zhang
The interaction between pollutants and sediment particles often occurs on the particle surface, so surface properties directly affect surface reaction. The physical and chemical processes occurring on sediment particle surfaces are microscopic processes and as such need to be studied from a microscopic perspective. In this study, field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) were adopted to observe and analyze the pore structure and element distribution of sediment particles...
2017: Scanning
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